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OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY

REGULATIONS
REGULATION NO. IO-001
5th EDITION February 2010

Free Zone and Industrial Operations


ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY DIVISION

PREAMBLE

The Occupational Safety Regulations for Dubai World clients and all Business Units of Dubai world
operating within the area of Dubai World Jurisdiction, provide broad standards for ensuring a high
level of safety of people, property, equipment and environment against hazards associated with
industrial, and commercial operations areas under Dubai world/PCFC jurisdiction. This document
should be read in conjunction with other Trakhees regulatory documents Regulations and also other
applicable local / federal HSE requirements.
The (Authority) operates under a system of prior and continuous approval and no operation may
commence until the facility/operations have been inspected and the Authority is satisfied that the
facility meets its requirements and is fit to operate. When the Authority is satisfied with the facility and
operational /HSE controls, then an Operation Fitness Certificate will be issued, to be signed by
officials of Environment, Health & Safety (EHS), and the Competent Department of the Authority. The
licensee/lessee is also responsible by the Law under Ministerial Decision No. (32) of 1982 and other
federal /state regulations, for the protection of their labour/staff from risks at work, injuries, disease,
fire etc. that may result, and he must take the appropriate precautions to the satisfaction of the
Authority. Relevant international Regulations & Guidelines such as Health & Safety Executive (HSE UK), OSHA, NFPA, IAEA, API, ASME and ASHRAE standards will be the baseline/ reference line
for any requirements that have not been referred to these regulations.
The Scope of these Regulations covers the following areas:

Occupational Health & Safety

Public Health

Electrical Regulations

General Commodity storage

Chemicals & Petroleum Products

Equipment Operations

Basic Operational requirements on Fire Protection, Prevention &Control


EHS is authorized to make visits to all facilities/operations to ensure that the standards and
requirements are being met. During these visits, unsatisfactory circumstances may be found, which
need correction and these are drawn to the attention of the Companys senior management. Should any
company / lessee not respond positively to notifications from EHS, then EHS will be constrained to
take necessary actions /apply appropriate sanctions to ensure a safe and clean environment. Please
ensure that you study this book and keep this publication readily for your reference. We look forward
to your cooperation to enhance Environment, Health & Safety Standards.

SULTAN AHMED BIN SULAYEM


Chairman, PCFC & Dubai World

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Division

SECTION 1
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9

Description

Page No.

PREAMBLE

APPLICATIONS & SCOPE

DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS

ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES:


Major Articles (Employer & Worker Responsibilities)
Role of the Authority/ Competent Department
Enforcement by the Authority
HS&E Representative / HS&E Officer
Qualification of HS&E Officer
Duty and Responsibility of HS&E Officer
Responsibility of Medical Practitioner
Responsibility of Companies towards 3rd. Party Contractors/ Visitors
Responsibility of 3rd. Party Contractors/ Visitors
Responsibility of Consultants

3
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
8
8

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY


Scope
Protection of employees
Duties of Employees
Safe Working Conditions
Safety Policy
Safety management
Occupational H&S Risks
Occupational H&S precautions
Indoor Air Quality - Occupational Health: Exposure Standards
Medical Examinations - Occupational Health
Enforcement of Medical Examination Requirements
Warning Signs
Housekeeping
Noise Exposure
Electric Welding
Gas welding and Gas Installations
Ventilation
Lighting
Radioactive Works
Abrasive Blasting
Painting Operations
Boilers
Electrical Equipment

9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
13
13
14
14
14
15
15

SECTION 2
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.20
2.21
2.22

2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29

Hand Tools
Dangerous Operations and Hazardous Works
First Aid
Accident Reporting
Transportation of Goods/ Material
Chemicals & Dangerous Goods
Occupational Health & Safety Management Audit

15
15
16
16
19
19
20

SECTION 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
3.15
3.16
3.17
3.18
3.19
3.20
3.21
3.22
3.23
3.24
3.25
3.26
3.27

PUBLIC HEALTH
Prohibited Disposals
Oil/Chemical/Wastewater Discharges
Hazardous Chemicals
Display of Goods
Littering
Cleanliness
Advertisements
Disposal of Light Waste
Skip Service
Sanitary Facilities
Walls
Drinking Water
Water tanks
Water Taps
Mess Hall
A/c Condensed Water
Septic Tank
Collection of Waste
Pet Animals
Prevention of Rodents
Termites Control
Pest Infestations
Arosol Agents
Commercial Pest Control
Fumigation
Infections
Public Nuisance

21
21
21
21
22
22
22
22
22
22
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
25
25

SECTION 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5

ELECTRICAL REGULATIONS
Workmanship & Material
Electrical Conductors
Over current Protective Devices
Precautions against Earth Leakage And Earth fault Currents
Position of protective Devices, Switches and Electrical Equipment

25
25
25
26
26

4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13

Precautions in adverse conditions


Nature of Supply
Installation of Circuit Arrangements
Additions and Alterations to an Installation
Filtration Device
P.F. Correction.
Inspection and testing
Electrical Equipment/Installations

SECTION 5

GENERAL COMMODITY STORAGE

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5

Wood/Lumber/Board Storage
Flat Glass
Steel form work/Plates/Coils
Paper Storage
General Requirements

29
34
34
35
36

SECTION 6
6.1.
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11

CHEMICALS & PETROLEUM PRODUCTS


Application
Engineering Control
Environmental Safety Control
Liquid Chemical Storage Tank Above Ground
Liquid Chemical Storage Tank Under Ground
Storage of Gases & Volatile Liquids
Storage of Solids
Drums & Non Stationery Containers
Labeling of Chemicals
Training of Employees
Storage With Compatibility

37
37
38
39
41
43
45
45
48
49
50

SECTION 7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13

EQUIPMENT OPERATIONS & MACHINERY INSTALATIONS


Forklift
Mobile Crane
Overhead & Gantry Crane
Personnel Platforms on crane operations
Hand Tools & Portable Power Equipment
Machinery Installation
Abrasive wheel grinder
Band Saw
CNC Machine
Compacting & Bailing Machines
Cut-Off Saw
Drill Press
Iron Worker

53
57
59
59
60
61
61
62
62
63
63
63
64

26
27
27
27
27
27
28
28

7.14
7.15
7.16
7.17
7.18
7.19
7.20
7.21
7.22
7.23
7.24
7.25
7.26
7.27
7.28
7.29

Metal Lathe
Wood Lathe
Milling Machine
Planer Machine
Portable Abrasive Grinder
Portable Belt Sander
Portable Circular Saw
Power Press
Power Roll forming & Bending Machine
Belt Sander
Disk Sander
Shear Machine
Table Saw
Air Receiver Tank and Distribution Lines
Dead Mans Switch
Portable Ladder / A Frame Ladder or Step Ladder

64
64
65
65
65
65
65
66
66
67
67
67
68
68
70
70

Table No. 1

Reportable/ Occupational Diseases

72

Table No. 2

Maximum Allowable Limits for Indoor Air Pollutants (Gas)

79

APPENDICES

Table No. 2-A Maximum Allowable Limits for Indoor Air Pollutants (Dust)

80

Table No. 3

Testing Lifting Equipment, Boilers and Pressure Vessels

81

Table No. 4

Occupational Noise

82

Table No. 5

Suitable Lighting

83

Table No. 6

Steam Boiler Installation Guidelines

84

Table No. 7

First Aid Training

85

Table No. 8

Notification of Accidents

87

SECTION 8 FIRE PROTECTION, FIRE PREVENTION & FIRE/EMERGENCY


CONTROL
8.0
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8

Scope
Equivalences
Waiver
Existing Buildings & Facilities
Plans/Fire Layout Drawings
Interior Finish including floor finish, Content & Furnishings
Lifts/Elevators and Conveyors system
Building Service and Fire Protection System & Equipment
Means of Access & Accessibility

88
90
90
90
92
93
93
93
96

8.9
8.10

8.11
8.12

Means of Egress
Miscellaneous
Covered Temporary Structures
Standby Powers
Basement
Electrical Services /Systems
Transformers
Stationery Combustion Engines, Gas Turbines and Generators
Gas Service
Information Technology Facilities
Utility Rooms, Shop Areas and Incidental Use Spaces
Trash Dumpsters
Laboratories
Flammable and Combustible Liquids
Signboards & Nameplates for Company Premises
Lightening Protection
Certification & Approvals
Fire Preventions
Fire/Emergency Control

96
99
99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
101
101
101
102
102
102
102
103
106

APPENDICES
APPENDIX - 1 Dimensional Criteria Concerning

110

APPENDIX - 2 Occupant load factor

113

APPENDIX - 3 Common path, Dead-End and Travel Distance limits

114

APPENDIX - 4 Criteria for storage configuration for JAFZA PBUs / LIUs

115

APPENDIX - 5 EHS-Fire Dept requirements for Covered temporary structures

116

APPENDIX - 6 Fire Training Requirements

118

APPENDIX - 7 Avoidance of False Alarms from Automatic Smoke Detector

119

APPLICATION & SCOPE


These regulations apply to all the companies and organizations establishing a facility in the Economic Zone
world, the area falling under the jurisdiction of Dubai World. Neither non-possession nor ignorance of these
regulations will be considered a reason of non-imposition of a penalty for violation of these regulations. These
Regulations are issued to empower the EHS-Free Zone & Industrial Operations to make and enforce
Regulations to ensure safe and efficient operations within the client facility as well as in the area of Dubai
World. Nothing in these Regulations shall be construed as over-riding or contradicting to:
a) The Laws of the UAE
b) Local Authority Regulations ( Emirate of Dubai)
c) The provisions of international, national or regional regulations as applicable.
Nothing contained herein shall be construed as relieving the employer and/or employees of any organization
from his/their responsibility for the safety of the operations/activity of the license(s) issued by relevant
business unit of Dubai world. Trakhees reserves the right at any time, to alter, change or amend any or all of
the provisions contained in these Regulations with or without prior notice. All provisions of these regulations
are based on almost functional requirements and do not encompass detailed dimensional and technical
specifications. The provisions specified in this regulation are mandatory. Also, all requirements placed
hereunder shall be fully complied with wherever applicable and the ones contained in Appendices to these
regulations are mandatory with relation to the principal matter to which they stand as requirements.

DEFINITIONS & ABBREVIATIONS


Access
ACGIH
API
ASHRAE
ASME
Authority
Authorized person
Civil Defense
Competent Department
Consultant
Contractor

Developer
DM
DoH&MS
DPA
DPW
EHS
Gas-free certificate

includes egress
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
American Petroleum Institute
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Shall mean Trakhees-EHS
Means a person authorized by the authority, responsible to undertake a
specific task or tasks and possessing the necessary technical knowledge.
Civil Defense of any of the Emirates of UAE.
Shall mean Environment, Health & Safety (EHS) Department of Trakhees
(Also referred as Authority Having Jurisdiction -AHJ)
Registered consultant holding a valid consulting Engineers license from the
Dubai Economic Department.
Registered contractor holding a valid contracting license from the Dubai
Economic Department.
Lessee/Occupier or his authorized Agent who submits an application to the
concerned Authority on behalf of the lessee for facility
construction/development works.
Dubai Municipality
Department of Health & Medical Services, Government of Dubai.
Dubai Ports Authority
DP World
Environment, Health & Safety
A certificate, on a special form, issued by an authorized, duly qualified person
confirming that the tank; compartment or container was gas free at the time of
testing.

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Hot or cold work permits


IAEA
Inhabited
JAFZA
Lessee
Licensee
Lifting appliance

Loose gear
Main Contractor
NFPA
PCFC
Permanent Building
Practicable
Project
Reasonably Practicable
Regulation
Responsible person

Shall
Site
Special tools
Subcontractor
SWL
Temporary Building
Uninhabited Facilities
Water Pollution

Iron Workers

Document issued by an authorized person permitting hot or cold work to be


carried out during a specific time period in a clearly determined area within
the port limits.
International Atomic Energy Agency
Involving routine occupation by human beings.
Jebel Ali Free Zone Authority.
Occupier/tenant/owner/Client who occupies and/or operates within a premises
within Trakhees jurisdiction
Occupier/tenant/owner/Client having a license to operate in any areas falling
within Trakhees jurisdiction.
All stationary or mobile cargo-handling appliances, including shore-based
power-operated ramps, used on shore or on board ship for suspending, raising
or lowering loads or moving them from one position to another while
suspended or supported;
Any gear by means of which a load can be attached to a lifting appliance but
which does not form an integral part of the appliance or load
The employer who is responsible for the compliance with the EHS & DM
Regulations for all parties on a project under their contract.
National Fire Protection Agency - US : All official definitions contained in
NFPA and its companion codes, standards & publications shall apply
Ports, Customs & Free Zone Corporation
A building designed and constructed with concrete/steel; with block or metal
cladding or other durable material.
A level of duty defined by international law where by action must be taken
where it is physically possible to do so. If it can be done it must be done.
The construction of a permanent building, any other civil work on a leased
property including any modifications or installations in pre-built facilities
within Trakhees area of jurisdiction.
A level of duty defined by international law where a decision can be reached
based on the level of risk versus the cost which can be in terms of time,
money or effort.
these and other regulations issued by the Authority
A person appointed by the employer, the master of the ship or the owner of
the gear, as the case may be, to be responsible for the performance of a
specific duty or duties and who has sufficient knowledge and experience and
the requisite authority for the proper performance of the duty or duties.
indicates mandatory
A location with construction or modification works of any kind within
Trakhees EHS designated areas.
Tools that require training in their use from the manufacturer.
Means an employer of workmen who is working under the main contractor
and abides by the main contractors requirements and complies with site EHS
requirements.
Safe Working Load
A building used as a site office or to house construction equipment during the
construction period.
The facilities, buildings or structures not involving routine occupation by
human beings.
Introduction of any substance or energy into water environment by intentional
or unintentional, direct or indirect means which may adversely affect living or
nonliving resources endangers human health or impedes water activities
including fishing and tourism or impairs the quality for use or changes the
properties of water.
Ironworkers are versatile, multi station metal fabricating machines that offer
component tooling options to perform punching, shearing, notching-coping
including bending operations. The workstations can work singly or
simultaneously and all tooling moves vertically. Ironworkers are normally
powered hydraulically.
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OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY REGULATIONS


SECTION 1
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
1.0 MAJOR ARTICLES (EMPLOYER & WORKER RESPONSIBILITIES)
Article 1
Every employer shall provide adequate preventive and protective equipment /conditions to protect workers
against the dangers of accidents and occupational diseases that may occur during the work, and also against fire
hazards and other hazards that may result from the use of machines, equipment or any operations. He shall also
adopt all Regulations, guidelines, work instructions etc. issued by the Competent Department from time to
time. Every worker shall use the protective equipment and the clothing supplied to him for this purpose, shall
comply with all instructions given by the employer to protect him against hazards, and shall not take any action
liable to hamper compliance with such instructions. In the same regard, all facilities, machinery/ equipment
installation, material storage, and/or operations shall need to be approved by the Competent Department prior
to operating therein.

Article 2
Every employer shall display detailed instructions in a conspicuous position at the workplace indicating the
measures to be taken to prevent fire and/or protect the workers against hazards to which they may be exposed
while performing their work. Such instructions shall be in English / Arabic and in another language understood
by the worker.

Article 3
Every employer shall provide one or more first-aid boxes (see Table 7) containing medicines, bandages,
antiseptics and such other first-aid material as may be required depending on the nature of work and as per
guidelines of the Competent Department. There shall also be at least one first-aid box for every 100 workers
regardless of nature of volume & nature of operations in the client premises or facility. The box shall be located
in a conspicuous place and within easy reach of the workers. Use of the box shall be entrusted to a person
specialized in giving first aid.

Article 4
Without prejudice to the provisions of the regulations and orders issued by the Competent Department, an
employer shall ensure adequate safety, cleanliness and ventilation in each workplace and shall provide each
workplace with adequate lighting, drinking water, worker amenities and sanitation/toilets.

Article 5
Notifiable Diseases - An employer shall arrange for, medical institutions approved (by DoHMS & EHS) to
carry out pre-employment and subsequently, periodic detailed medical examinations at intervals of not more
than six months on those of his workers (in the opinion of the Competent Department) who are exposed to the
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danger of contracting any of the infectious/ occupational diseases. These diseases could fall under a) Diseases
caused by agents (chemical, physical, biological); b) Diseases of target organ systems (respiratory, skin,
musculoskeletal) c) Occupational cancer. Table 1 indicates some of the typical occupational diseases that need
to be assessed and reported. Any abnormal results of the periodic medical examinations shall be brought to the
notice of the Competent Department immediately after the facts have been ascertained by means of medical
and laboratory tests/ the necessary procedures and the employer shall enter the findings of such examinations
in his records and in the workers' files. The medical practitioner carrying out the periodic examination may
require any worker who is exposed to occupational disease to be re-examined at suitable intervals, depending
on the worker's condition. The Competent Department may direct the employer to take suitable preventive
and/or corrective actions in regard to the workers well being.
Article 6
An employer shall provide his workers with medical care facilities corresponding to the standards laid down by
the Country and the Emirate of Dubai.
Article 7
The Competent Department is authorized to prescribe the general and/or specific HS&E precautions and health
protection measures applicable to all establishments employing workers under the jurisdiction of Trakhees
from time to time and it remains the responsibility of the lessee/employer to update himself with the relevant
HS&E requirements to ensure that all such precautions are taken.
Article 8
The employer or his representative shall inform each worker at the time of his recruitment of the dangers
associated with his occupation and of the protective measures he must take, and shall post detailed written
instructions in this regard at the workplaces. The employer shall also ensure that all possible/required
training/licensing requirements are met prior to permitting the employee to work on any equipment/area.
Article 9
Every worker shall comply with the instructions and orders respecting industrial and personal safety
precautions, use the necessary Protective devices and treat any such devices in his possession with due care. It
shall be unlawful for a worker to commit any act leading to non-compliance with such instructions, to the
misuse of the equipment provided for protecting the health and safety of the workers or to the damage or
destruction of such equipment. An employer may, include in the disciplinary code, penalties to be imposed on
workers contravening the provisions of the same. However, it remains the responsibility of the employer to
ensure that all employees are fully aware of HS&E requirements at his workplace through suitable documented
training, awareness drives etc.

Article 10
An Operation Fitness Certificate (OFC) or EHS-No Objection Certificate (EHS-NOC) for Activity
Verification upon receipt of Building Completion Certificate from Civil Engineering Dept of Trakhees for any
facility at plot of land or leased built-up facility from EZW/Dubai Worlds respective business unit, shall be
obtained by any client (company/project) operating in the area of EZW/Dubai World Jurisdiction. Applications
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should be made by the client as per the Procedures to obtain Operation Fitness Certificate or EHS-NOC in the
first instance to EHS:Trakhees and it covers (but not limits) all clients/companies/ projects operating in
EZW/Dubai World areas, that have a Lease and/or a license issued by relevant authority of Dubai World and
carry out either Service/ Trading /Manufacturing activities. This requirement also covers (but not limits) all
clients/ companies/ projects operating in the FZ that have a DPA Lease and carry out either Service/Trading
/Manufacturing activities. The Process of Operation Fitness Certification & EHS-No Objection Certification
(NOC) ensures Environment, Health & Safety requirements compliance of all commercial and industrial
establishments operating from any facility within PCFC business Units/Dubai Worlds jurisdiction. The
requirement of this Certificate is mandatory for all companies prior to commercial operations. Application of
EHS: NOC is only for those functioning with activities in office facility without any physical
storage/operational activity

& shops (except

Grocery, Super Market,

Cafeteria)

as per their

commercial/industrial/trading license issued by respective Dubai Worlds Business unit. "Operation Fitness
Certificate (OFC)/EHS-NOC for Activity Verification" shall be issued with validly which will eventually be in
line with the client(s)' license expiry date, thereafter it shall be renewed prior to expiry (whichever is earlier)
with the maximum period of fifteen months.

Article 11
Wherever an existing company/client modifies/adds to his facilities/ activities, his existing OFC/NOC needs to
be amended to reflect the changes in facilities/ activities. In the same regard, Procedures to obtain OFC/EHSNOC shall be followed prior to physically incorporate those changes/activity in the existing facility/activity.
This is also applicable for sub-leases.

Article 12
Any client facility/premises damaged either partially or fully due to fire incident/structural collapse/ any
incident/accident within the facility or at nearby/other facility shall not be operated (commercially or on trail
run basis) unless authority of EHS, Civil Engineering Department & Fire Dept Trakhees inspected &
approved with issuance of Operation Fitness Certificate.

Article 13
The Client shall be solely subject to the laws of the UAE for losses or damages in terms of life and property
stemming from design errors, implementation errors, deficiencies of inspections, failure to comply with the
required standards & rules of Professional ethics, failure to use knowledge and experience to the contracting
entity, and similar reasons; and successively (severally) liable with the contractors where the consultants have
undertaken design control and inspection services on works. The consultants shall be caused to complete and
compensate for any such losses or damages pursuant to the laws of the UAE.
EHS-Trakhees & Authority having jurisdiction or any other departments of PCFC and their directors, officers
& other concerned personnel shall not be held responsible or liable for any such losses or damages, errors,
deficiencies and failures on the part of the consultants.

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Article 14 SANCTIONS & PENALTIES


There are three broad types of unsatisfactory circumstances that have been identified:
Grade 1 - Where there is a serious con-conformity and/or imminent danger to health or safety of the workers
or other persons of the general public, a Prohibition Notice will be issued requiring immediate closure of the
offending unit until the fault is corrected.
Grade 2 - Where there is a major fault with a potential danger to the health or safety of workers/public, but
where it is considered that time can be given for correction; a Correction Notice will be issued setting out a
time schedule for correction.
Grade 3 - There could be other circumstances which detract from the appearance and proper functioning of the
works with a potential for HS&E impacts and which are drawn to the attention of works management either
orally or by letter. Where the works/licensees are persistent offenders or ignore persuasion, a Warning Notice
will be sent, setting out a schedule of correction.
The Employer/Owner/Company/Occupier has the ultimate responsibility to ensure adherence to the above
Articles mandatorily and failure to comply with the Articles as above, may result in Sanctions (administrative/
legal/operational) as determined by the Competent Department and /or Penalties as laid down in the EHS
Tariff.

1.1 ROLE OF AUTHORITY / COMPETENT DEPARTMENT


Without limiting the actions of the Competent Department of the Authority (EHS-Trakhees) in the protection
of Health & Safety, the Competent Department is empowered to and responsible for:
a)

Issue/amend necessary Regulations, guidelines and codes of practice for the safe conduct of work

b)

Inspect all work places, take samples or photographs and issue directions/instructions to ensure
compliance with Health & Safety requirements

c)

Issue Correction/Warning/Prohibition Notices and/or penalties where deemed required.

d)

Prepare and execute education/training/awareness programs and / or recommend programs in Health &
Safety and/or Fire protection

e)

Liaise with and advise Local/Federal Government Departments (where applicable) on status of noncompliant companies/ licensees to enable necessary actions.

1.2 ENFORCEMENT BY THE AUTHORITY


The Competent Department (EHS) shall be responsible for the enforcement and implementation of these
regulations for the protection of the Health & Safety of workers at all sites/locations under the jurisdiction of
Trakhees and operating under Dubai World or PCFC.
1.2.1 BARRING OF EHS INSPECTORATE
Any occupiers / contractors who refuses EHS inspectorate to enter into the premises to conduct inspection
or perform EHS role shall be subjected to appropriate sanctions (administrative/ legal/operational) as
determined by the Competent Department and /or Penalties provided in the existing EHS Tariff.
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1.3 HS&E REPRESENTATIVE / HS&E OFFICER


The occupier of all industrial/commercial establishments shall appoint at least one HS&E representative for
each workplace. The HS&E representative shall be competent to address the Health & Safety Requirements of
the organization and shall at all time ensure that HS&E Requirements of the Authority are met. Where an
employer employs in excess of 100 persons (or where, in the opinion of the Competent Department, any
activity, manufacturing process or operation is carried out, where the process or operation involves any risk of
life or bodily injury, poisoning or disease, or any other hazard to health to the persons employed), a full time
HS&E qualified Officer shall be employed in the factory.

1.4 QUALIFICATION OF HS&E OFFICER


The duties, qualifications of the HS&E Officer shall include the following:
a)

Practical experience of working in a similar establishment in a supervisory capacity for a period of not
less than three years, or experience not less than three years in training, education, consultancy or
research in Health & Safety and

b)

Possesses

A Degree/Diploma in any branch of Engineering or Technology or a Degree in Science with

A 1 year Diploma/Certificate course in Industrial Safety and

Adequate knowledge of English and the native language(s) of the worker(s). Knowledge of Arabic is
an advantage.

1.5 DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITY OF HS&E OFFICER


The duties of the HS&E Officer shall include the following:
a)

Ensure that his facility/operations at all times are in compliance with EHS requirements.

b)

Inspection of all work places, the promotion of the safe conduct of work, hazard identification
techniques and communication of corrective measures to management

c)

Issuance of Hot/Cold Work permits for all non-routine works.

d)

Maintaining Eye wash/Safety Shower (if required), first aid facilities and personal protective
equipment as demanded by the nature of the work/Material Safety Data Sheets.

e)

Investigating of all types of accidents & Reporting to EHS as well as accident prevention and
maintaining accident records

f)

Training of workers and ensuring that they are issued with adequate instructions and creating
awareness of safe work practice among them.

g)

Carrying out Job Safety Analysis to determine Hazards of the operations/activity and facilitating
suitable solutions.

h)

Ensuring that the provisions of this Document, its references and Dubai Municipality Local Orders/
Regulations /guidelines (where applicable) are complied with. (See also www.dm.gov.ae)

i)

Maintain a record for all chemicals/dangerous goods used/stored at the premises, their Material
Safety Data Sheets and advice management/staff on safe handling/transport & storage practices. (Refer
also DM Code of Practice for Management of Dangerous Goods in the Emirate of Dubai)

j)

Conducting HS&E Audits on regular basis & advice management for necessary action.
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k)

Liaise with members of EHS on a regular basis to ensure that all Local/State/Federal Health & Safety
Requirements are met.

1.6 RESPONSIBILITY OF MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS


Any medical practitioner/institution and/or any employer, aware of any occupational illness affecting any
worker in establishments under Trakhees jurisdiction must inform the Competent Department and recommend
suitable medical actions required by the employer which may be enforced by the Competent Department.

1.7 -RESPONSIBILITY OF COMPANIES TOWARDS THIRD PARTY CONTRACTORS / VISITORS


All companies/lessees shall be responsible to ensure that contractors/third party workers operate within their
premises only after the written approval from the Competent Department(s). The health and safety of all
visitors to the premises of any tenant shall remain the responsibility of the main tenant. It is not permitted to
allow access of minors/medically unfit/challenged persons into an industrial premise.

1.8 - RESPONSIBILITY OF THIRD PARTY CONTRACTORS / VISITORS


All third party contractors /visitors to the premises of a licensee/lessee under PCFC / Dubai World shall abide
by the Rules and Regulations as set out by the Authority as well as the conditions that may be issued by the
lessee/licensee during the period of his visit/duties at the lessees premises.

1.9 - RESPONSIBILITY OF CONSULTANTS


All consultants in Engineering/HS&E aspects shall be subject to the laws of the UAE for losses or damages in
terms of life and property stemming from design/reporting errors, supervision and/or implementation errors,
deficiencies of inspections, failure to construct in compliance with the required standards, failure to comply
with rules of Professional ethics, and similar reasons. The consultants shall be caused to complete and
compensate for any such losses or damages pursuant to the laws of the UAE. EHS or any other departments of
PCFC and their directors, officers & other concerned personnel shall not be held responsible or liable for any
such losses or damages, errors, deficiencies and failures on the part of the consultants.

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SECTION 2
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY
2.0 SCOPE
This Section addresses broadly the major Occupational Health & Safety aspects that need to be adhered to by
companies/ establishments during their operations in Trakhees jurisdictional areas.

2.1- PROTECTION OF EMPLOYEES


Employers must provide appropriate proactive and preventive measures for protection of their employees from
risk of injury or occupational disease, fire risks or other kinds of risks which may result from the use of
machinery and other equipment, handling of chemicals/ toxic substances or performing any other work at the
work place. All employees must use the protective equipment and clothing provided for this purpose.

2.2 DUTIES OF EMPLOYEES


Employees are to be informed of their responsibilities which are:
1.

Follow correct instructions, dont take chances, if you dont know, ask.

2.

Correct / Report unsafe conditions, and help to keep everything clean and orderly.

3.

Use right tools and equipment for the job, use them safe.

4.

Report all injuries, get first aid promptly.

5.

Use, adjust and repair equipment only when authorized.

6.

Use prescribed equipment, wear safe clothing, and keep them in good condition.

7.

Dont horseplay, avoid distracting others.

8.

When lifting, bend your knees, get help for heavy load.

9.

Comply with all safety rules and signs.

2.3 SAFE WORKING CONDITIONS


The employer and occupier of any work place/industry/factory/construction site has a responsibility to provide
safe working conditions/environment, Safety Gears/ Personal Protective Equipment for all employees and take
necessary actions to prevent incidents and accidents at the work place.

2.4 - SAFETY POLICY


The occupier of any work place employing over 100 staff and/or carrying out activities with potential risks
shall prepare a Safety policy and HS&E manual to the satisfaction of the Competent Department and shall post
this manual/policy in prominent locations at the workplace in languages generally understandable by the
workers.

2.5 SAFETY MANAGEMENT


Depending on the needs, EHS may formulate and adopt relevant and suitable codes of practice (not included in
this document) or Issue additional guidelines to ensure the protection of the Health & Safety of the workers.

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2.6 - OCCUPATIONAL H&S RISKS


Lessees or their representatives must initially ensure that the employee(s) are trained, licensed (where
applicable) and competent in the nature of work, and brief their employees before starting work of the risks and
dangers involved in the profession they are engaging in, such as fire, machinery risk, risk from vapor or dust of
toxic substances, danger of falling and relevant occupational diseases etc. Suitable training should be given to
all staff involved in any potentially dangerous/hazardous operation/activity and such training shall be
ongoing/periodic.

2.7 OCCUPATIONAL H&S PRECAUTIONS


Particular attention should be given to the following at the place of work.
a)

The floor of the work place must have an even surface and be trip free.

b)

Sufficient space must be provided around machinery (Minimum 1MR. From extendable machinery
parts) and between machinery/storage and walls, giving the workers room to move and carry out their
ordinary duties without obstacle, and allowing for repair of their machinery and the transfer of items
used at work.

c)

Passages are to be free from goods, holes, uncovered manholes, projecting nails, pipes, cables etc. or
other installation, which could cause a hazard.

d)

Fire (emergency) exits/access, fire equipment and/or electrical panels/installations should not be
obstructed by any means.

e)

Preventive/Corrective measures should be taken in areas/activities with potential occupational health


risks. This could include (but not limit itself to), indoor air quality monitoring, noise monitoring, staff
medical evaluations etc.

2.8 INDOOR AIR QUALITY - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH - EXPOSURE STANDARDS


For the maximum indoor concentration levels of gas, fumes, vapor or dust at any industrial operation, refer
Tables 2 & 2A.
2.8.1. Purpose: A purpose for establishing acceptable concentrations is to provide a basis for interpretations of
the results of air analysis as an indication of the severity of potential exposure. Comparison of air
analysis results with acceptable concentrations indicates acceptable conditions or otherwise need,
extent & urgency of control measures.
2.8.2. Sampling and analysis shall be performed by DM/ EHS- registered third party laboratories (See H, S
&F Guidelines) to provide an independent reliable indication of potential exposure.
2.8.3. The Acceptable concentrations are the highest allowable concentration in the normal working
atmosphere.
2.8.4. Employer/Lessee shall hold responsibility to maintain the required concentration levels as specified.
2.8.5

The Competent Department may require the Employer/Lessee to undertake studies by an approved
Laboratory periodically to ensure compliance with Regulations.

2.8.6

An occupier in control of any workplace covered by a code of practice or handling any substance, for
which an exposure standard is specified, shall comply with the technical and management directions
stated therein.
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2.9 MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH


The employer shall arrange for a medical examination of all workers engaged in manufacturing or allied
activities, at the expense of the employer within 30 days of initial recruitment and every 12 months thereafter
and maintain a register/record of these results at the place of employment. All medical examinations carried out
for this purpose shall be conducted at the Ministry of Health/ Dubai Municipality clinic or any other clinic or
hospital approved by the Competent Department. Special emphasis needs to be given to processes/activities
that are hazardous and/or pose a potential threat to the health of workers (See Article 5). It remains the
employers responsibility to assess (in such cases, every 6 months) such potential health impacts and take all
suitable measures to consistently record workers health parameters during the period of employment and
ensure that any identified problem is addressed immediately.

2.10 ENFORCEMENT OF MEDICAL EXAMINATION REQUIREMENT


The Competent Department may at any time, direct any employer or occupier to conduct a medical
examination of workers under his control, at a nominated government clinic or hospital, if, in the opinion of the
Competent Department, their health may be at risk. The employer shall ensure that any medical evaluation
described in is relevant to the nature of the risks of the job as advised by the Competent Department.
2.11 - WARNING SIGNS
Lessees must provide warning signs in all potentially dangerous areas, such as chemical/ gas cylinder storage
areas, machinery, drills etc. Lessees must provide safety signs for protective clothing as per working hazard,
such as WEAR SAFETY GEAR for noisy areas, WEAR MASK for dusty operational areas, in addition to
other signs like NO SMOKING, FLAMMABLE STORAGE AREA etc.

2.12 HOUSEKEEPING
Proper housekeeping and stacking of materials within the buildings/warehouses must be practiced. Areas
outside pre-built warehouses, corridors between offices of leased buildings, open areas between plots of land
and Authority property are not to be used for placement of equipment, materials, waste or other items. Open
storage within a lessee premises is normally not advised, but where inevitable shall necessitate approvals from
the Competent Department with due consideration for setback distances, Fire Protection, emergency access/
egress, safety of vehicles/equipment and dust from vehicle movement areas. All such open storage grounds
shall be hard surfaced and fenced/covered to maintain good aesthetics. Open areas within a lessees premises
shall not be used for storage/dumping of any wastes/unused materials which either pose an HS&E problem or
affect aesthetics. Use of Shipping Containers for storage/industrial activities, office space and/ or Port Cabins
within the premises is not permitted during the operations.

2.13 NOISE EXPOSURE


Noise Exposure The maximum continuous exposure level is 85 dB (A) for 40-hour working week. For levels
above 85 dB (A) the allowable exposure duration is reduced. (Refer to Table 4.)
2.14 - ELECTRIC WELDING:
a)

A Work Permit should be issued by the Company/Lessee while carrying out any such works.
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b)

A welding helmet/ welding visor in good condition is to be used. Ultraviolet radiation from electric arc
can cause WELDERS blindness and eye inflammation.

c)

Gauntlet gloves of suitable type in good condition are to be used.

d)

Radiation from electric welding can cause skin injuries and for this reason, the body must be properly
covered. The use of overalls and aprons is recommended.

e)

Ear protectors must be used by electric welders and gas torch operators while working in the overhead
position or in other positions when welding bead can fall into the ear and cause severe injuries.

f)

Protective goggles must be used when knocking up slag etc.

g)

Live electrodes or electrode holders must always be placed in the correct holder when not in use.

h)

Any welding arc is to be screened as much as possible to avoid other people being affected or exposed
by the welding glare.

i)

Welding equipment is to be checked for correct voltage, and the feed, earth and welding cables and
electrode holders are to be free from defects. Defective cables and electrode holders are to be replaced.

j)

Welding equipment is to be switched off when not in use.

k)

The current is to be switched off when the welding cable is being pulled from one place to another.

l)

Welding cable should not be laid on gas cylinders, oil containers or through wet areas etc.

m)

It is forbidden to lay welding cables over hot steam boilers, steam pipes etc.

n)

Welding cables are to be cleaned and coiled when welding work is finished.

o)

Proper ventilation and welding fumes extraction system for confined places and factory buildings
should be provided as per Authority requirements.

p)

When X-ray control is being carried out, this work is to be done by an expert and nobody is to stand
behind the weld being examined or within a distance of at least 10 meters from the X-ray tube.

q)

Precautions are to be taken to prevent adjacent objects from catching fire due to welding operations.

2.15 -GAS WELDING AND GAS INSTALLATION:


a)

All gas cylinders should be treated carefully. Protective covers are to be fitted during storage and
transport.

b)

Gas cylinders must not be subjected to impact and must not be placed in intense sunshine or close to
any object radiating heat or fire.

c)

Gas cylinders are to be stored in shaded area, away from heat and ignition sources, placed upright and
accessible from at least two sides.

d)

Oxygen and other gas cylinders should not be kept together, considerable distances of about 6 meters to
be maintained if possible.

e)

Defective gas cylinders are to be marked DEFECTIVE and must be returned to the supplier as soon
as possible.

f)

Oxygen cylinders and oxygen equipment must not be placed in oily locations and handled with oily
hands or gloves.

g)

Valves on all gas cylinders must always be closed during pause in work, or on work completion. Valve
covers are to be fitted when cylinders are not in use.

h)

Acetylene gas hoses are to be red; oxygen hoses are to be blue.

i)

Hoses and other equipment must not be hung on gas cylinders, values or other fixtures.
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j)

Gas hoses must not be laid over hot steam boilers or steam pipes etc.

k)

Defective gas hoses must not be used. The only permissible way join to hoses is to use junction
nipples.

l)

Gas cylinders are to be fitted with Flame Arresters & Flash Back fire valves.

m)

It is not permissible to use defective or damaged gauges on gas cylinders.

n)

No welding/cutting work is to be carried out on/near oil/gas/chemical installations, pipelines, tanks,


drums etc. Defective sections must be dismantled and taken to a safe place for repairing.

o)

It is prohibited to manufacture acetylene gas by means of Calcium Carbide in a gas cylinder.

p)

Fire extinguishing equipment must always be available during welding/cutting work.

q)

Flammable/combustible substances/materials must be kept at a safe distance from a welding/cutting hot


work area.

r)

Approval from the Authority is required for transporting vehicle of gas cylinder/bulk gas to PCFC
areas.

s)

The design, construction and installation of bulk gas storage tanks should meet relevant international
standards such as NFPA, API, ASME or any other relevant current standards and prior approval from
Trakhees should be obtained

t)

Adequate work permit procedure (hot work, cold work permit) should be implemented by the company
management prior to commencement of any hot and cold works.

u)

All welding areas shall be provided with suitable extraction/filtration systems to dissipate welding
fumes.

2.16 - VENTILATION:
a)

Adequate Local Ventilation (with filtration/mitigation arrangements where required) is to be arranged


in connection with all types of works involving injurious or irritating gases/smoke/ fumes, which may
occur or may form while the work is going on.

b)

Ventilation is to start up before work commences; a check is to be made by Foreman/Safety Officer.

c)

When welding and cutting work is being carried out in tanks and confined spaces, ventilation is to be
arranged, preferably with both extraction and feed method with another person outside the tank as
lifeguard.

d)

Gases which form in connection with painting of tanks etc. are generally heavier than air and for this
reason extraction is to be arranged in the bottom of the tank.

e)

Spark free fan must be used while ventilating spaces where explosive gases occur.

f)

The ventilation and air-conditioning of any facility should be designed based on ASHRAE Guidelines
or any other relevant international standards. However, the ventilation for the hazardous chemicals
storage and other critical areas should be re-evaluated by the Competent Department or the registered
Risk Assessment Consultants.

2.17 LIGHTING
Employers shall provide adequate illumination in the work place to ensure the safe conduct of work. Minimum
illumination intensities should not be below those specified in Table 5. Further, lights and light fittings should
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avoid dazzle and glare and be so positioned that they do not cause hazards. Moreover, where persons are
particularly exposed to danger, in the event of failure of artificial lighting, emergency lights must be provided.

2.18 - RADIOACTIVE WORKS:


a)

Radioactive/Radiography work permit (on S3 Form) from EHS -Trakhees is required before carrying
out radiography work involving radioactive materials (See H, S&F Guidelines).

b)

For import/export of any radioactive sources, License from Ministry of Energy (Radiation Control
Section -RCS, Radiation Protection & Control Department -RPCD, Ministry of Energy. MoER,
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (UAE), P.O.Box 99979 DUBAI, Tel.: + 971 4 2945555 Ext. 310, Fax: +
971 4 2945005 shall be obtained by filling and submitting the relevant forms /details (See H, S&F
Guidelines).

c)

For Importing, Exporting, Storage and handling of radioactive isotopes in the PCFC DW communities
areas approval from the Authority is required (See H, S&F Guidelines). The current IAEA, local rules
and regulations shall apply. For import of radioactive isotopes, S1 Form and for Export S2 Form
should be filled and submitted to EHS.

d)

Monthly report for all import and export of Radioactive Isotopes from PCFC - DW communities areas
is to be submitted to EHS by 5th of each following month.

2.19 - ABRASIVE BLASTING:


Abrasive blasting has several Environment, Health & Safety implications and requirements (See H, S&F
Guidelines) for the same should be adhered to strictly. It should be noted that no open to air blasting shall be
carried out under any circumstances and such uncontrolled activities shall invite serious action from the
Authority (See Article 14 of Section 1). All measures shall be taken to protect workers, land and ambient air
from any contamination due to this activity.

2.20 PAINTING OPERATIONS


Painting Operations in Open air/atmosphere is strictly prohibited. Any requirement for painting (e.g. for large
structures) outside designated paint booths/rooms/buildings shall necessitate requisite HS&E Controls and
written approvals from the Competent Department on a case-to-case basis. Otherwise, all painting Activity
should be carried out thus:
1.

Painting booth/room/building approved by the Competent Department (See H,S&F and DM-ET
Guidelines)

2.

Painting booth shall be substantially constructed of steel or other non-combustible material, securely
and rigidly supported.

3.

Designed to sweep air current towards the exhaust outlet.

4.

Adequate storage areas for all paints and solvent should be provided.

5.

All Electrical installation in the painting booth/storage area should be explosion proof category.

6.

Adequate warning signs should be posted at all spraying areas and paints storage rooms.

7.

All PPE related to painting shall be provided

8.

All wastes from such operations shall be treated/recycled/reused as far as possible and any requirement
for disposal shall be as per EHS/DM requirements.
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9.

Fire fighting equipment should be installed as per EHS - Fire Department requirements.

10.

Maximum 20 liters of paint material should be stored in the painting booth area. More than 20 liters of
paint drums/material etc. should be stored outside the painting booth in proper Fire Proof Steel Cabinet
or paint storage room designed/constructed with Fire Resistance material, spillage collection,
Ventilation, Lighting and Fire detection/protection arrangement.

2.21 - BOILERS
Installation and operation of boilers/oil heaters etc. shall meet the Guidelines (See Table 6) of the Authority
and no such equipment should be installed/operated without written approval from the Competent Department.

2.22 - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT


All Electrical installations shall be approved by the Authority prior to installation / operations. It shall remain
the responsibility of the lessee/licensee/Consultant/Main contractor (where applicable) to obtain relevant
approvals from DEWA for such installations.

2.23 PORTABLE TOOLS:


Each employer of the Company shall be held responsible for providing safe condition of tools and equipment
used by employees, including tools and equipment which may be furnish by employees/contractors of the
company

2.23.1. Power Tools


a) Electrical hand tools are to be connected only to appropriate safe-voltage outlets.
b) 110 Voltage Power shall be given to such hand tools for its intended operations whenever possible.
c) For the case where a 220 Voltage Power hand tool is being used in the operation, its wirings must be
covered with appropriate double insulated materials.
d) Selection of Hand Held Power Tools to be with the basis of (i) suitable to the operations/activities
decided to perform (ii) suitable to the environment in which they are used (iii) employees capability to
handle them.
e) Power Tools shall be maintained in an efficient & working condition and also in good repair.
f) All portable circular saws fitted with a blade having diameter larger than 2in. must be equipped with
suitable guards above & below the base plate or shoe.

2.23.2 Hand Tools


a) Handles on hammers, sledgehammers, hand tools etc. are to be firmly in position before use.
b) Repair or replacement parts shall be examined for possible defects.
2.24- DANGEROUS OPERATIONS AND HAZARDOUS WORKS:
All dangerous operations such as deep excavations, confined space entry, higher elevation works, hot works etc
should be controlled by proper work permit procedures and risk associated with such operations should be
evaluated and accordingly proactive safety measures should be adopted by the Company management prior to
commencement of any such operation.
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2.25. - FIRST AID


a)

All premises must be provided with adequate first aid facilities with at least two trained first aiders
during working hours.

b)

An employer must provide or ensure that there is provided, such equipment and facilities as are
adequate and appropriate in the circumstances for enabling first aid to be rendered to his employees if
they are injured or become ill at work.

c)

An employer must provide or ensure that there are an adequate and appropriate number of suitable
persons for rendering first aid. A first aider is a person who has received training and who holds a
current first aid certificate from an organization or employer whose training and qualification for first
aiders are approved by authority. See Table 7 for more details on First Aid Training.

2.26 ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS AT WORKPLACE /CONSTRUCTION SITES


General Requirements
Accident Prevention measures should be given maximum importance which may be achieved by regular Risk
Assessment, Safety Audits, medical screening etc. One should not wait for a serious injury to occur before
appropriate steps are taken to control a hazard. Action taken after a near miss can prevent future injuries and
losses resulting from damage. However, any HS&E accident/incident at the workplace needs to be addressed
adequately by the occupier.
Responsibility
In operating companies/establishments that hire contracting companies/labor, the Management of such
companies operating within the PCFC DW communities areas shall be responsible for ensuring the Health &
Safety of the Contract Workers employed at their respective premises during their operations. Irrespective of
whichever Contracting Company is involved, the concerned Management of companies operating within the
PCFC DW communities areas shall also be accountable for any accident/incident that may involve the external
company workers within the respective premises of the Company operating within the PCFC DW communities
areas. It is hence recommended that contracts with such 3rd. parties include relevant clauses on HS&E
Responsibilities. However, at construction sites, it remains the responsibility of the Main contractor to follow
the provisions of this regulation.
Duty to Notify
The occupier/client/main contractor will ensure that the following types of accidents/incidents (including Fire
incidents) are reported to EHS (Emergency Control Center) immediately by telephone on 04 8833111. This
number is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The types of accidents that require immediate notification
are as follows:A

Fatality

Any fracture other than finger, thumbs or toes

Any amputation

Dislocation of the shoulder, hip, knee or spine

Loss of sight (temporary or permanent)


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A chemical or hot metal burn to the body

Penetrating eye injury

Any injury resulting from an electric shock which causes unconsciousness

Any injury resulting from an electric shock which requires resuscitation

Any injury resulting from an electric shock which requires hospital admittance for more than 24
hours.

Any other injury that results in unconsciousness or the casualty needing resuscitation

Any injury resulting in the casualty being admitted to hospital for more than 24 hours

Any major injury suffered as a result of an accident arising out of or in connection with any work
carried out in the premises

Any injury suffered by a person not at work (e.g. a visitor, customer, client, passenger, by-stander) as
a result of an accident arising out of or in connection with work where that person is taken from the
accident site to hospital for treatment.

Any chemical/Gas/waste leak/discharge with a potential for HS&E Impacts

Accidents that include non-consensual physical acts of violence done to a person at work, suicide
in/out of work.

Occupational/Reportable/Infectious Diseases (See Table 1 for Guidance)

The above injury conditions must also be reported to EHS in writing within 24 hours of the accident on the
relevant Accident/Incident Notification Form (See Page 86). The completed form must be submitted to EHS
and /or faxed to 04 8818857/8817023. It remains the responsibility of the Occupier/Owner/ Contractor to
ensure that this form is received by EHS. Employers and employees are obliged under duty & law to disclose
accident data to Safety representatives and Authorities.

Over 3 Day Injuries


Also, the occupier/main contractor must report all accidents where a worker is absent from work for more than
3 days, not including the day of the accident. The completed form must be completed and faxed to 04
8818857/8817023 or an alternative number provided by EHS on site, within 24 hours of the accident becoming
reportable.

Minor injuries
In addition to the requirements specified under the title of " Duty to Notify and Over 3 Day Injuries" in this
clause, any injuries requiring or not requiring first aid treatment (or damaged only) or injuries resulting in an
absence from work / being unable to undertake normal active duties for less than 3 days shall be reported by
the occupier / main contractor to EHS within 24 hours of the accident through email with filled-up
Accident/Incident Notification Form.

Investigation of Accidents
All accidents should be investigated with a view to determining their cause and to determining the action that
should be taken to prevent any similar accident in the future. The formality and depth of the investigation
should be proportional to the severity or potential severity of the accident. The names of witnesses should be
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recorded and any relevant photographs taken should be identified, captioned and dated. The investigation
should consider all the relevant evidence. This may include the site where the incident occurs, plant, the type of
cargo being handled or substances being used, systems of work, responsibilities and people involved, including
their physical or mental condition, training and competencies. It is important to investigate not only the direct
cause of an accident, but also to determine the underlying cause or causes, which are often the real cause of an
accident.

Accident/Incident Records
The occupier of any workplace shall establish and maintain an accident/incident record system at the
workplace and shall make this record available to EHS. This system shall contain the following information
a.

Nature of accident

b.

Description and cause

c.

Name/details of worker affected

d.

Treatment given

e.

Days of absence

f.

Corrective action taken

In addition, they must keep for a minimum of three years, records that should contain the following:
a)

Reportable deaths/injuries arising out of or in connection with work

b)

Reportable Occupational diseases

c)

Reportable dangerous occurrences

d)

Road accident/injuries arising out of or in connection with work

e)

Gas/chemical/environmental incidents

Sanctions & Penalties


Contravention of any of the provisions above is an offence. Inability by the owner/main contractor/occupier to
ensure accident free operations shall also invite sanctions/penalties from the Authority, especially where it is
established that adequate safeguards were not taken to prevent the accident/incident. The maximum penalty is
a fine of AED Dh. 200,000/ as per current EHS Rules.

Compensation for Fatalities/ Work Injuries/Diseases


An employee who is the victim of an accident at work (Industrial accident) which results in total or partial
disability will be eligible for financial compensation in accordance with current Legal/Administrative Rules of
the respective Business Unit (NAKHEEL/JAFZA/Techno Park Rules etc.).
An employee who suffers from an occupational disease related to a particular activity or process as specified in
Table 1 will be eligible for financial compensation once he/she receives a written statement from the doctor
who diagnoses the disease as an occupational disease that has resulted due to employees duties. In case of a
deceased person, it is required that the death certificate must include particulars as to whether death might have
been due to, or contributed to by the deceased employment. Such particulars must be supplied by the doctor
who attended the deceased, during the last illness.
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2.27 - TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS/ MATERIAL


Before departing from the lessees premises, the truck/trailer/pickup with general load/cargo, the
lessee/licensee should ensure that all loads are well secured and lashed properly for traveling on the road. The
Lessee/Licensee shall ensure that the vehicles used for such purposes and the drivers shall be suitably
registered / licensed with the respective Police Department(s). Transportation of Dangerous Goods shall follow
DM Code of Practice for Management of Dangerous Goods as well as Civil Defence Requirements and
lessee/licensee/transporters shall ensure that suitable procedures are established and followed in the same
regard. Only suitable vehicles shall be used for this purpose and drivers of such vehicles shall be specially
trained on the requirements for transportation of dangerous goods.

2.28 CHEMICALS & DANGEROUS GOODS


Chemicals are to be handled and stored very carefully. The employer /lessee shall be fully responsible for the
Handling/storage and transportation of his Chemicals/dangerous Goods. Best International Practices shall be
followed for Management of Dangerous Goods, including mandatory Local/state regulations. All hazardous
chemicals and substances must be stored in a protected /secured place with limited access. Chemicals handling,
storage and Chemical Safety Data Sheets/manuals, supplied by the manufacturer or supplier, must be observed
strictly. It is the responsibility of the lessees to obtain Material Safety Data Sheets, share them with the
concerned employees and display them. The lessee shall maintain at all times records of dangerous goods
used/stored/traded and shall regularly update records of the Competent Department on the same in the
prescribed format. (Refer to Section 6: Chemical & Petroleum Products).
No chemicals and/or dangerous goods are permitted for storage/handling without prior approval from the
Competent Department. The storage area

has to be approved by the Authority and accordingly a Risk

Assessment (RA) study has to be carried out by the client through a Trakhees-EHS Registered Consultant prior
to commencement of construction. The RA study requirements (including site suitability) shall need to be
assessed by the Competent Department based on quantity and flammability/ toxicity/ hazardous nature of the
chemicals/products. All Risk Assessment Studies shall assess relevant Environment, Health and Safety Risks
associated with the project. No storage/handling of chemicals is permitted in the lessee premises unless
specifically approved by the Competent Department. There shall be no open storage of any type of chemical in
the lessee premises and any such storage/placement (unless specifically approved for a temporary period) shall
be considered a serious violation of EHS requirements. Dangerous Goods are not permitted in Standard prebuilt units.
Perfumery products, alcohol, tires and other highly flammable products storage/manufacturing such as cigarette
lighters etc should be stored in a controlled temperature and all the electrical fittings should be under classified
category as per International standards. The fire protection requirements shall be as per Trakhees-EHS: Fire
Department requirements.
Dubai Municipality Code of Practice for Management of Dangerous Goods is to be referred and adhered to. It
should be noted that from time to time various U.A.E. Government Departments issue Controlled and
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Prohibited Chemicals. It remains the responsibility of the lessee/trader to ensure that he does not deal with such
substances without requisite approvals from the various Departments and/or EHS.

2.29 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY MANAGEMENT AUDIT


2.29.1 AUDIT REQUIREMENTS
1. Establishments which operate & handle large quantities of hazardous substances or equipment
including those establishments with critical EHS issues are required to undergo EHS Audit in order to
examine whether their operations & systems are in line with the existing EHS regulations & standards
and to be able to drawing up plan for corrective action whenever necessary.
2. Establishments will be audited according to EHS predetermined agenda, at least once every three (3)
years. However, more frequent audits may be necessary for facilities where potential HSE risks,
liabilities and compliance issues exist.

2.29.2 Audit Process:


A. Audit Proper
Evaluate facility HSE Management System
Interview Personnel to ensure systems are deployed to appropriate levels
Check facility workplace compliance with JAFZA and EHS requirements
Review accuracy of data submitted for EHS reports
Discuss nonconformance with operating management team

B. Post-Audit
Distribute final report
Operating unit evaluates findings and develops action plan for closure of findings
Follow-up on completion of corrective action

C. Audit Summary
Summary of the Audit will be submitted to the client with:
Audit criteria
Organization Strengths
Level of compliance with JAFZA and EHS regulations
Areas of EHS concerns
Improvement recommendations
Re-audit comments.

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SECTION 3
PUBLIC HEALTH
3.1 PROHIBITED DISPOSALS
It is prohibited to throw down, place, abandon or discharge any materials/wastes in any public/communal/
private areas (e.g. roads, sewers, open lands, quay areas, roofs, others skips/garbage bins, fence etc.).Such
prohibitions include (but are not limited to):
a)

All kinds of waste and/or unwanted materials such as garbage, waste paper, waste packing materials,
cut pieces or metal or metal chips, grit or sandblasting waste, waste water, wash water including
overflowing manholes, septic tank/soak away and A/C condensed water.

b)

Anything which may hinder the free passage of vehicles and pedestrians or adversely affect the
environment of PCFC DW communities areas or cause contamination or any other breach or threat to
public health and safety.

c)

Throwing or disposing of cloths, plastics, papers, cigarette tips etc... In the sewerage line or drainage
pipe line & appurtenances is strictly prohibited and doing so attracts penalty.

d)

Unauthorized disposal (without the approval/Permit of the Competent Department/DM).

e)

Waste generators who require sell/recycle wastes/scrap materials shall ensure that third party recycling
companies are approved by Dubai Municipality Environment Department.

3.2 OIL/CHEMICAL/WASTEWATER DISCHARGES


It is prohibited to discharge waste oil or throw down any kind of unwanted or used /spent oils/chemicals or
litter from any Industries/Factories, Establishments, Ship, Boat, Launch or any other craft into Drainage
networks, Manholes, Storm water line/stream and Harbor. Any discharge of industrially generated
wastewaters/ cooling waters/boiler discharges etc. into land/sewer/harbor shall be permitted only after
obtaining a Permit from the Competent Department/DM. Contraventions shall invite sanctions/penalties as per
EHS Rules.

3.3 - HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS


It is prohibited to dispose of chemicals or other hazardous materials like toxic waste; corrosive chemical waste
or their empty cans into ordinary skips. Separate Special Waste Containers should be used for interim
collection of such wastes prior to disposal/recycling. Prior approval must be taken from the Competent
Department/DM before disposing of such waste. It remains the responsibility of the occupier/owner/licensee
that generates the waste to ensure that approvals/permits are obtained from the Competent Department/DM for
disposal of that waste. Such waste generators who require to sell/recycle wastes/scrap materials shall ensure
that third party recycling companies are approved by Dubai Municipality Environment Department.

3.4 DISPLAY OF GOODS


It is prohibited for any client to display, store or abandon goods, deposit waste, park containers/vehicles or
carry out any sort of activity outside of their premises and they are to ensure that the footway fronting them is
clear, clean and safe.
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3.5 LITTERING
Littering is an offence and shall be penalized.

3.6 - CLEANLINESS
It is the responsibility of the occupants/licensee to maintain good housekeeping, keep their area clean and tidy,
including fences which must be free from flying waste such as polybags, papers etc.

3.7 ADVERTISEMENTS
It is prohibited to fix any bill, notice, placards or other paper or means of advertisement upon any building,
against any wall or places other than the places designated by PCFC.

3.8 DISPOSAL OF LIGHT WASTE


Light waste such as papers, polybags or light packing materials which may move or fly easily by wind must not
be disposed of untidily into skips or in any uncovered bins.

3.9 SKIP SERVICE


Permanent garbage skip placing area and Garbage Skip must be provided (within the plot limit only) for the
disposal of domestic refuse and it should be cleared regularly. It remains the responsibility of the lessee to
establish suitable contracts with the Service provider and ensure that advance notice is given to enable regular
clearing of waste from skips. Adequate access to garbage skips should be ensured to enable safe collection of
wastes.

3.10 SANITARY FACILITIES


Provision of sanitary facilities (Industrial/warehousing):
a)

Adequate sanitary facilities including water closets, wash hand basins with running hot and cold water,
liquid soap dispenser and hand drying are to be provided in every premises conveniently placed in
sufficient numbers and separate for each sex.

b)

Scale of provision of sanitary facilities:

Male:
Where no urinals are provided:
1WC and 1 wash basin for every 10 (Up-to 100 men)
1WC and 1 wash basin for every 20 (Over 100 men)
Where urinals are provided (Up-to 100 men):
1 WC & 1 Urinal and 1 wash basin for every 25
Where urinals are provided (over 100 men):
1 WC & 1 urinal and 1 wash basin for every 40
Female:
1 WC and 1 wash basin for every 10 (up to 100 women)
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1 WC and 1 wash basin for every 20 (Over100 women)


c)

Toilets; Toilet rooms should be well lit, ventilated to the external air and should have self-closing and
tight-fitting doors. European type water closet apartments should always be provided with supply of
toilet paper and Asiatic type water closet apartments should be fitted with water tap at approximately 1
foot from floor level on the user's left hand side. All toilet rooms and fixtures should be kept in good
repair and in a sanitary condition.

d)

The use of common toilets in case both sexes are employed is strictly prohibited.

e)

In certain cases where the premises/plot is used for only open storage (without any regular employee
presence), suitable sanitary facilities shall be provided on site (with the permission from the Competent
Department) to cater to workers/drivers etc. during loading/unloading/stocking operations.

f)

Sanitary Facilities for other than Industrial, Warehouse & Factory Buildings shall be as per of the
latest edition issued by the Civil Engineering Department, Building Regulations & Design
Guidelines Edition 2006.

3.11 WALLS
a)

Mess, pantry and toilet walls to be tiled to a minimum height of 2.1 meters above floor level with
glazed ceramic tiles and flooring with unglazed ceramic tiles.

b)

Adequate provision of Messing Room, Changing room with locker facility for the employees should be
provided at each facility.

3.12 DRINKING WATER


Clean & Safe Drinking water shall be provided with one point per 50 persons or as agreed with the Authority

3.13 WATER TANKS


All potable fresh water tanks must be kept in good condition, cleaned and maintained regularly and properly as
per EHS Requirements (See Food Regulations).

3.14 WATER TAPS


All external water taps should also be fitted with proper drainage system.

3.15 MESS HALLS


Eating facilities: There should be provision of mess hall with A.C. Ventilation, sitting and dining arrangement
as per hygienic standards.

3.16 A/C CONDENSED WATER


A/C condensed water and uncontaminated rain water drainage must be connected with suitable soak pit or
drainage system.

3.17 SEPTIC TANKS


For domestic waste, where there is no provision for drainage network, the lessee must provide suitable
septic/holding tank and it should be maintained in proper conditions. Lessee should construct holding tank
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with level indicator and buzzer and should make arrangement for pumping out by tanker service on a regular
basis to avoid any overflow.
3.18 COLLECTION OF WASTE
All putrescent refuse must be collected in plastic dust bins with inner bags and covering lids before being
disposed of in the skip. All non-hazardous waste shall be disposed of in the skips/bins provided by the Service
Providers and it shall remain the responsibility of the lessee to maintain such areas in a clean/safe manner.
Collection/interim storage and disposal requirements of hazardous/industrial wastes shall be as advised by the
Competent Department and suitable segregated areas should be provided for this purpose within the clients
premises.

3.19 PET ANIMALS


No pet animals, birds or live stock are allowed to be kept or fed in the area/premises without prior permission
from the Competent Department.

3.20 PREVENTION OF RODENTS


At points where pipe works/ vents/ services etc. pass into buildings, maximum care should be taken to ensure
that rodents cannot gain access. It remains the responsibility of the Lessee/company to maintain regular
contracts with service providers to prevent infestations.

3.21 TERMITES CONTROL


Pre-construction termite treatment is strongly recommended for companies constructing their own buildings.

3.22 PEST INFESTATIONS


It is the responsibility of all the companies to report to the Competent Department in case of any pest
infestation. The lessee shall be responsible to take necessary preventive/corrective actions in this regard.

3.23 AEROSOL AGENTS


Companies may not use any form of residual pesticide but may use aerosol/flushing agents, which are properly
labeled. With the exceptions of domestic aerosol products, companies are not permitted to use any pesticides in
the zone without first consulting the Competent Department.

3.24 COMMERCIAL PEST CONTROL


Companies may not have the services of private pest control services without written permission from the
Competent Department, except for Structural pest control (Termite treatment) & Pest Control to Marine
Vessels (subject to EHS approval/procedures).

3.25 FUMIGATION
All private companies who conduct fumigation in companies in the zone should obtain a No Objection
Certificate from the Dubai Municipality Authority and a copy should be submitted to the Competent
Department prior to the operation (at least 24 hours early).
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3.26 INFECTIONS
The company must immediately inform the Competent Department in case of outbreak of any infectious
disease and food poisoning cases.
3.27-

PUBLIC NUISANCE

No activities shall be carried out by any lessee/licensee/occupier that shall cause a potential hazard or nuisance
to his neighbors and/or public. Such instances could be of air pollution/emissions, noisy operations, improper
storage, poor housekeeping, waste discharges, odorous releases etc. All facility operators shall ensure that their
operations are carried out safely and in an environmentally sustainable manner with due consideration to their
neighbors and public health.

SECTION 4
ELECTRICAL SAFETY REGULATIONS
4.1

WORKMANSHIP & MATERIAL

a)

Good workmanship and proper materials of internationally acceptable standards shall be used in all
electrical installation.

b)

All material/equipment shall be so constructed, installed, protected and shall be capable of being
maintained, inspected and tested, so as to prevent danger so far as reasonably practicable.

c)

All installations shall be suitable for the maximum power demanded by the current-using equipment
when it is functioning in its intended manner.

d)

The Power Factor of electrical loads shall be controlled such that the Power Factor, when the load is in
operation, shall remain between 0.9 and 1.0 (lagging).

4.2

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS:

4.2.1

All conductors shall be of sufficient size and current carrying capacity for the purposes for which they
are intended.

4.2.2

All conductors shall either-

i)

Be so insulated, and where necessary, further effectively protected, or,

ii)

Be so placed and safeguarded as to prevent danger so far as reasonably practicable.

4.2.3. Every electrical joint and connection shall be of proper construction as regards conductance, insulation,
mechanical strength and protection.

4.3

OVERCURRENT PROTECTIVE DEVICES:

4.3.1

Where necessary to prevent danger, every installation and every circuit thereof shall be protected
against over current.

4.3.2

The above protection shall be effected by devices which:


i) Will operate automatically at values of current which are suitably related to the safe current ratings of
the circuit.
ii) Are of adequate current breaking/making capacity, and,

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iii) Are suitably located and are constructed so as to prevent danger from overheating, arcing or the
scattering of hot particles when they come into operation and to permit ready restoration of the supply
without danger.

4.4

PRECAUTIONS AGAINST EARTH LEAKAGE AND EARTHFAULT CURRENTS:

4.4.1

Where metal works of electrical equipment, other than current carrying conductors, may become
charged with electricity in such a manner as to cause danger if the installation of a conductor should
become defective or if a fault should occur in any equipment:
i) The metal work shall be earthed in such a manner as will cause discharge of electrical energy without
danger, or
ii) Other equally effective precautions shall be taken to prevent danger.

4.4.2

Every circuit shall be arranged so as to prevent the persistence of dangerous earth leakage currents by
i)

The over current protective devices mentioned at Sec.4.3 above, and,

ii) A residual current device or equally effective device.


4.4.3

Where necessary to prevent danger, where metal work of electrical equipment is earthed for
compliance with section 4.4.1 above, and is simultaneously accessible with exposed metal parts of
other services, the latter parts shall be effectively connected to the main earthing terminal of the
installation.

4.5

POSITION OF PROTECTIVE DEVICES, SWITCHES AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS.

4.5.1

No fuse or circuit breaker other than a linked circuit breaker, shall be inserted in an earthed neutral
conductor and any linked circuit breaker so inserted shall be arranged to break also all the related phase
conductors.

4.5.2

Every single-pole switch shall be inserted in the phase conductor only and any switch connected in an
earthed neutral conductor shall be a linked switch which shall also break the related phase conductors.

4.5.3

Effective means of isolation and switching, suitably placed for ready operation, shall be provided so
that all voltage may be cut off from the installation, circuit or equipment served by such devices, as
may be necessary to prevent or remove danger.

4.5.4

For every electric motor an efficient means of disconnection shall be provided which shall be readily
accessible, easily operated and so placed as to prevent danger.

4.5.5

Every piece of equipment which requires operation or attention by a person in normal use shall be so
installed that adequate and safe means of access and working space are afforded for such operation or
attention.

4.6 PRECAUTIONS IN ADVERSE CONDITIONS:


4.6.1

All equipment likely to be exposed to weather, corrosive atmosphere, or other adverse conditions, shall
be so constructed or otherwise protected that danger arising from such exposure is prevented.

4.6.2

All equipment situated in surroundings susceptible to risk of fire or explosion precautionary measures
shall be taken, as may be necessary to prevent danger.

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4.7

NATURE OF SUPPLY:

4.7.1

Following aspects of electrical power supply source shall be considered while designing electrical
systems:
i) Nominal voltage
ii) Nature of current and frequency
iii) Prospective short circuit current at the origin of the installation
iv) Type and rating of over current protective device acting at origin of the installation
v) Suitability of the source to meet requirements of installation including the maximum demand
vi) The earth loop impedance of that part of the system external to the installation

4.7.2. Supplies for Safety and Standby Purposes: Where a supply for safety purposes or standby purposes is
specified, such supplies shall have adequate capacity, reliability and rating and appropriate changeover
time for the operation specified.

4.8

INSTALLATION CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS

4.8.1

Every installation shall be divided into circuits as necessary to


i) Avoid danger and minimize inconvenience in the event of a fault
ii) Facilitate safe operation, inspection, testing and maintenance

4.8.2

Separate circuits shall be provided for parts of installation, which need to be controlled, in such a way
that these circuits are not affected by failure of other circuits.

4.8.3

The number of final circuits required and the number of points served by each circuit shall be such as
to comply with the requirements for suitable over current protection, isolation, switching and the
current carrying capacities of the conductors.

4.9

ADDITIONS AND ALTERATIONS TO AN INSTALLATION:

No additions or alterations, temporary or permanent, shall be made to an existing installation, unless it has been
ascertained that the ratings and the condition of any existing equipment which shall have to carry an additional
load is adequate for the altered circumstances and that the earthing arrangements are also adequate.

4.10

FILTRATION DEVICE

Adequate Filtering/Smothering devices shall be introduced between incoming main supply and such electrical
devices like Arc Furnaces etc, which are likely to transmit harmful harmonic radiations, voltage spikes, or such
other disturbances, back to the transmission/ distribution network.

4.11

P.F CORRECTION

All capacitive devices like P.F. correction equipments etc. shall have arrangement for safe conducting the
charges to the earth upon disconnection of incoming power supply. Enclosures containing such devices shall
have a caution notice displayed prominently on the front panel stating that the inner circuits could be alive even
when the main incoming supply is switched off.

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4.12

INSPECTION AND TESTING

On completion of an installation or an extension or alteration of an installation, appropriate tests and inspection


shall be made to verify, so far as reasonably practicable, that the requirements of Regulations 4.1 to 4.11 have
been met.

4.13

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT/INSTALLATIONS

a)

All Equipment/machinery and installations in industrial premises shall be approved by EHS prior to
operations. It remains the responsibility of the lessee/licensee to ensure that all such installations are
safe with all relevant approvals/certifications from DEWA prior to EHS approvals.

b)

Defective electric cables, apparatus, motors, fans, welding gears etc. must be rectified before work
commences.

c)

It is forbidden to replace burnt-out fuses with fuses which have a higher rating than the specified rating.

d)

Electric inspection lamps are to be fitted with protective glass and a protective mesh. More powerful
bulbs than those for which the inspection lamps are designed may not be used.

e)

Electric inspection lamps, floodlights, etc. are to be hung up.

f)

Electric heaters, motors, fans, transformers, welding apparatus etc. must not be covered, but are to be
protected so that they are not subjected to moisture, water, oil or steam.

g)

During break in the work and also when work is finished for the day, lighting, electric motors,
inspection lamps and welding apparatus are to be switched off.

h)

Isolation and, where necessary, earthing at appropriate place to be done before undertaking any
repair/maintenance work on electrical installations.

i)

Use of Generators in FZ Pre-built Unit Areas is not advised. Use of Generators in other areas shall need
to be approved on a case-to-case basis by CED and EHS.

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SECTION 5
GENERAL COMMODITY STORAGE

5.1. Wood/Lumber/Board Storage:


5.1.1. Ground and environmental conditions:
a) The ground where stacks are to be assembled shall be flat and even with a slope of no more than
2, ideally with a top surface of asphalt, interlock or concrete, and well maintained with no
potholes.
b) The ground should be strong enough to withstand the load of both stacks and machinery, be well
consolidated, and its stability should not be affected by weather conditions such as heavy rain.
Good drainage should be provided.
c) Clear any obstacles such as waste timber or unused bearers from the stacking area as they may
make stacks unstable.
d) Stacks which are outside may be affected by wind, so where possible construct them so a small
cross section is facing the prevailing wind direction. Check external stacks after high winds.
Securely attach any protective sheeting.

5.1.2. Bearers:
a) Bearers support packs of timber, keeping them off the ground and allowing space for fork-lift
trucks to lift the pack. They also support the timber within the pack.
b) Select bearers carefully. They should be straight and identical in length and cross-section
(preferably square). If they are rectangular in section they are most stable when the long edge is
horizontal.
c) The length of the bearer should be equal to the width of the pack. If too long they protrude,
encouraging climbing of the stack, or can be easily struck by passing vehicles. Short or offset
bearers do not fully support the pack above and increase the load on banding.
d) Bearers should be in good condition and should be destroyed if rotten, damaged or split. They
should be made of a material strong enough to withstand the environment where the stack is
constructed.
e) Position the bearers carefully to prevent timber in the supported pack from sagging and to avoid
offsets in the stack. Figure 1 shows the effect of a short or offset bearer. The tip line of the stack
moves inwards from the edge since part of the width of the stack is not supported.
f) The same problem occurs if bearers are placed to run the length of the pack as shown in Figure 2.
In this case the supported width of the pack is from the outside edge to outside edge of the bearers
and the stack is less likely to be stable.

5.1.3. Banding:
a) Before banding look at the requirements of the band and what will happen to the banded pack.
Consider whether the timber is likely to expand or contract due to the surrounding storage
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conditions or treatment (i.e. timber with a high moisture content will shrink and the banding may
come loose and need to be reapplied).
b) Select a banding material that is suitable for the demands to which it will be subjected. For
example, 12 mm wide polypropylene banding should not be used to band timber packs with crosssections of greater than 0.5 m2 and masses greater than 400 kg. Use polyester or steel instead.
c) To ensure a tight and secure pack is achieved, assemble packs carefully, minimizing the space
between timbers.
d) Take care when applying bands. Apply them squarely (i.e. Parallel to the plane of the end face)
close to columns of sticks within the pack. They should be tight to the face of the pack and not be
applied over the ends of protruding sticks or bearers. Banding fasteners also need to be suitable for
the pack and banding material.
e) Wear eye protection when banding is being removed. When cutting tensioned metal banding, use
safety cutters.
f)

Periodic inspection will highlight deficiencies in the banding, for example, loose bands and loss of
pack shape. If problems are detected, the packs concerned should be rebanded.

Figure 1- Schematic showing the movement of the tip line and tip point due to a short or offset bearer

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Figure 2-Supported width

5.1.4. Pack characteristics:


a) Where possible the timber in the pack should all be of the same cross-section and length. Do not
leave timber protruding from the end faces of the pack for the purpose of climbing the stack.
b) Out-of-square or lozenge-shaped packs affect the stability of the stack and cause an increase in
tension in the banding material. Figure 3 shows how a lozenged pack shifts the centre of gravity of
packs above.
c) Packs can also ball or roll (Figure 4), moving the tipping line inwards, having the effect of
reducing the width of the pack (i.e. only part of the width of the pack is supported). This makes the
stack far less stable.
d) Do not stack collapsed or partially collapsed packs or transport them off site - reassemble them. If
identified in a stack, remove and rectify them using an established safe system of work.
e) Keep the tops of packs level which will help to form a vertical stack. If the top row is not
complete, any bearer placed on top should be flat and supported by timbers placed at the edge of
the pack.
f) Separating sticks (dunnage) can be beneficial within the pack, helping to form a tight square pack
and preventing balling or rolling. Like bearers, stick length should equal pack width. Sticks may
increase the tendency for the pack to lozenge and this should be monitored.

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Figure 3-, The effect of out-of-shape packs on stability - lozenged packs

Figure 4-The effect of out-of-shape packs on stability - balled packs

5.1.5. Stack height and stacking practices:


In an indoor environment, the maximum height of the stack should not be more than four times the shortest
width of the pack (i.e. a ratio of 4:1). Outside where wind may affect the stack, the ratio should be reduced to
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3:1. These ratios are general guidelines - the actual stacking height should be determined after considering the
results of your risk assessment. For example, where there is a risk of vehicle strikes against the stack, the stack
is on a slope of more than 2, or there is frequent public access, then the ratios should be reduced to 3:1
indoors and 2:1 outside. However, if these and other risks are absent (e.g. in a tightly packed kiln or outside on
level concrete in a sheltered area) these ratios may be increased. Short or offset bearers, and balled or rolled
racks, may result in the supported width of the stack being less than it appears and the stack height should be
reduced. See the Bearers and Pack characteristics sections.
5.1.5. Safe working practices:
a) Un-stacking
a) Before un-stacking, examine the stack to see how it was constructed and to check for signs of
instability or faults such as broken bands, bearers or sticks, and pack balling. It is important to identify
any packs which are bridging other stacks or packs.
b) Take down packs tier by tier. Move only one at a time. Do not leave isolated single stacks. Do not
remove individual pieces of timber from packs until they are on the ground and the working area is
safe.
c) If you need access to the top of the stack, use a mobile elevating work platform, suitable work
platform on a fork-lift truck, or secured ladder. It should not be necessary to work at height directly on
top of the stack. If such work has to be done then it must be strictly controlled and only done when all
other options are not reasonably practicable.
b) Stacking timber and board material
a) Position centre of gravity of stacked packs directly above one another. Packs should not be offset so
they protrude from the stack.
b) Consider the size and shape of packs before stacking. Place smaller/lighter packs on top of
larger/heavier packs. Packs should not bridge across two stacks or cross other packs. Do not allow
loose material on top of stacks.
c) Stacks should not lean against or be supported by other stacks.
d) If fork-lift truck or side-loader forks protrude beyond the load being lifted, they may strike packs
behind.
e) Store boards and similar flat articles (i.e. doors or windows) flat on a level surface. Use suitable
pallets, wood or chipboard battens, or a purpose-built racking system.
f) Never stack boards on edge without adequate support as they can tip out of control from a vertical
position. It is common for boards that have just been delivered, and propped up temporarily, to topple
before they are moved to the storage area. Staff should be told about the dangers of propping boards
without support, and erecting warning signs in the delivery area may help.
g) An alternative to storing the materials flat is the pigeon hole or toast rack system (Figure 5). Boards
are stored in compartments preventing sideways movement and allowing the removal of individual
boards.
h) Fix racking securely to the floor, mark it with maximum load information and regularly check it for

damage. Protect exposed corners at the ends of aisles with, for example, bollards or stanchions.
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Figure 5-Pigeon hole stacking

5.2. FLAT GLASS:


a) The ground where stacks are to be assembled shall be flat and even with a slope of no more than 2,
ideally with a top surface of asphalt, interlock or concrete, and well maintained with no potholes.
b) The ground should be strong enough to withstand the load of stacks.
c) Adequate safe clearances shall be maintained from warehouse walls and adequate space for handling
equipment to be used safely.
d) Flat Glass should be stored in dry conditions with the aid of racking.
e) The glass should not be in contact with any substance harder than itself.
f) The angle of inclination is critical and should be at least 3 from the vertical on static racks and 5 - 6
for transportable racks, pallets and stillages.
g) Glass stored on its edge should be supported as evenly as possible over its surface
h) Mesh fencing or other barriers should be provided at the sides of racks to contain any glass that may
suddenly vent and fall out sideways during handling.
i)

Depending on the size and substance of the glass to be carried there are single-, double-, and multihanded techniques. Equipment available for use might include straps or slings, suction pads (Josters),
warehouse trucks and glass carrier.

5.3. Steel Formwork/ Plates/Coils:


a) The ground where stacks are to be assembled shall be flat and even with a slope of no more than 2,
ideally with a top surface of asphalt, interlock or concrete, and well maintained with no potholes.
b) The ground should be strong enough to withstand the load of both stacks and machinery, be well
consolidated, and its stability should not be affected by weather conditions such as heavy rain. Good
drainage should be provided.
c) Adequate safe clearances shall be maintained from walls/fence and adequate space for handling
equipment to be used safely.
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d) Clear any obstacles such as waste timber or unused bearers from the stacking area as they may make
stacks unstable.
e) Use suitable wood/metal battens and no undue bow or sag. Bearers support packs of steel form
work/plates, keeping them off the ground and allowing space for fork-lift trucks to lift the pack.
f) Ensure that safe stacking methods (i.e. no fouling other materials) are implemented.
g) Select a banding material that is suitable and sufficient strength for the demands to which it will be
subjected. Banding fasteners also need to be suitable for the pack and banding material.
h) Without fixed support, sheets and plates should only be stacked horizontally.
i)

Particular care in the stocking of oiled sheets.

j)

Special recommended considerations relating to the storage of coil, slit coil and general steel bars. See
Figure for recommended storage practice.

k) Supported or racked (i.e. subject to permanent or semi-permanent storage e.g. Toast racking, Tree
racking etc.) should be level and adequate in strength with sufficient space.
l)

Racks to be of sound design and construction; designed to prevent materials falling and for them to be
adequately supported along their lengths.

m) Maximum weight capacity to be displayed.

Figure 1 Recommended Steel Coil Storage

5.4. Paper Storage


5.4.1. Storage Considerations: impair
a)

Stacking of bales shall be impaired by variation in bale size and in bale shape and density.

b)

Loose bales, soft bales, and bales that are poorly tied /in the warehouse shall not be stacked as they are
required to be reworked for safe storage.

c)

The bales shall be segregated according to size and stack-ability by uniformity.

d)

The stack height shall be determined by the size and stability of these bales and shall varies from about
four to six high.

e)

Bales in the wall are often placed so that a bale's center is over the juncture of two bales below it,
forming an interlocking pattern for additional stability. The other bales are then stacked against the

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retaining wall bales, which gives them added support. Smaller bales shall be placed nearer the top of
the stacks.
f)

Adequate safe clearances shall be maintained from warehouse walls and adequate space for handling
equipment to be used safely.

g)

Unloading/ Transporting Equipment - Fork trucks should be sized to handle up to three bales at a time
and are generally be designed for heavy-duty industrial applications. Additional items to consider are
type of mast, reinforced cabs to protect the driver from falling bales, fuels compatible with the
warehouse environment, floor conditions and type of tires to be provided for safety and non-marking.

5.4.2. Roll Paper:


a)

Paper of all grades shall be winded up to reels at the end of the paper machine. As these reels may
have diameters of 1.5m to 2.5 m and a weight of several tons, storage & handling should be of very
safe manner.

b)

The individual rolls may be considered for storing vertically on end directly on the floor. Storing the
rolls on-side shall require pallets or in special rack systems.

c)

Storage heights shall be assessed based on the size & dia of the roll paper in order to have safe storage
practice.

d)

Handling within the storage areas shall be of mainly by special clamp type fork lift trucks.

5.5. General Requirements:


a) All workers should be provided with adequate personal protective equipment.
b) Storage arrangement should consider how fork-lift trucks and other vehicles operate in and around the
storage area.
c) Arrange storage areas to give good visibility for pedestrians and vehicles. It may be necessary to
position mirrors around the area or provide extra mirrors on vehicles to reduce blind spots.
d)

Pedestrians should use designated walkways, segregated from vehicles where possible, and be
excluded from active stacking areas. Stacking areas should have adequate lighting.

e) A one-way traffic system and speed restrictions may add to site safety.
f) Roadways or aisles should be clearly defined and strong enough to withstand the weight of loaded
vehicles.
g) Make sure roads/aisles are maintained (i.e. repair pot holes). Fit reversing alarms to vehicles with
restricted rear vision.
h) Stack condition should be regularly monitored by adequately trained staff that can identify stack faults.

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SECTION 6
CHEMICALS & PETROLEUM PRODUCTS STORAGE FACILITIES
6.1.

APPLICATION

This section is intended for use by the employer/employees / operators / designers of chemical and waste
storage facilities. This document will aid the reader in assessing the necessary safety & health protection
measures for Chemicals & Petroleum products storage areas. This document can be used to participate in the
plan for execution of safe operations of the facilities involved in chemicals & petroleum products handling &
storage activities
This section is also intended to supplement, not replace any existing codes and regulations of local & federal
Authority. Owners of chemical and Petroleum storage & handling facilities must comply with all other
applicable legislation and obtain Certificates of Approval in the form of Operations Fitness Certificate (OFC)
as applicable
OFC for chemicals may not be required for companies/facilities dealing with any activities/operations other
than chemicals & petroleum products or with minimum quantity of chemicals & petroleum products as
accepted and accepted by the authority of EHS at the time of issuance of NOC for license
Other jurisdictions legislation/local authority in the emirate of Dubai approval is also required to be obtained
as & when applicable prior to commence physical operations in the client facility. These regulations are
presented for the benefit and consideration of the users/clients and not to limit how risk can be minimized or
eliminated.
The purpose & part of this section is to ensure the containment of all spills and accidental losses of chemicals
or its wastes from storage systems (above & on word storage tanks) for liquids with true vapour pressures
below 76 kPa consistent with the following objectives:
a. Environmental protection (air, surface and groundwater);
b. Personnel protection; and,
c. Fire protection.
In applying this regulation, consideration shall be given to the potential for releases to enter the natural
environment, including sewer systems, in relation to applicable sections of the EHS regulations adopted in
accordance with the degree of risk (e.g., indoor tanks remote from exterior doors and sewer drains may not
require the same degree of secondary containment as an outdoor tank)

6.2.

ENGINERING CONTORLS

6.2.1.

All storage facilities shall be designed, fabricated & installed and provided with adequate protection in
such a manner that risk of loss is minimized

6.2.2.

Materials of construction of storage facilities shall be consistent with the safe long term storage of the
chemicals or industrial wastes under consideration.
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6.2.3.

Changes in the chemicals or its process or part of operational wastes to be stored in a given facility
shall not be permitted until authority of EHS-Trakhees has given necessary approval for such a change
in service.

6.2.4.

The degree to which measures are taken to ensure the integrity of a storage facility shall be dictated by
the severity of the potential environmental, health and safety effects of the loss of the product to be
stored.

6.2.5.

Where possible, storage facilities shall not be located where, in the event of a spill, waste product may
enter a natural watercourse or a sewage or drainage system, or contaminate potable surface or
groundwater supplies, or contribute to air contamination.

6.2.6.

The following measures for worker protection must be considered at each chemical and waste storage
facility,
a) The employer/ owner of the chemical and/or waste storage facility must conduct a risk assessment,
taking into account of Regulation respecting Control of Exposure to Biochemical or any Chemical
Agents. The risk assessment must include: details of engineering controls; work practices; hygiene
facilities and practices; and, personal protective equipment (PPE) required to be worn by the
operator/carrier.
b) PPE should include the use of impervious gloves ( type and material), coveralls, boots (rubber or
safety), eye protection (safety glasses/chemical goggles), details of respiratory equipment
(particulate respirator, half face piece respirator, full face piece respirator, self contained breathing
apparatus or supply air respirator certified by NIOSH) if required.
c) Emergency measures such as eye wash fountains, deluge showers, etc. must be provided and
maintained in good repair, commensurate with the identified level of Risk
d) Worker training in the proper use, care and maintenance of any required personal protective
equipment, including fit testing of respiratory equipment, if used, must be provided

6.3.

ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY CONTROLS


a) Environmental protection measures are required for all chemicals facilities and their waste storage.
b) Specific environmental protection measures shall be based on sound engineering principles taking
into account the diverse risks and properties of the materials being stored.
c) Required Measures shall be provided at chemical and waste storage facilities to prevent the
uncontrolled release of chemicals and wastes into the environment, consistent with public health
and safety.
d) Human health and safety shall take precedence over environmental protection in cases of
emergency.
e) In applying these Guidelines, consideration shall be given to the potential for releases to enter the
natural environment, with applicable sections of the Guideline adopted in accordance with the
degree of risk.
f)

Reference to Environmental Regulations shall be made for strict compliance with the
environmental requirements as mentioned therein and also in local regulations (Dubai
Municipality) including all applicable Federal Regulations & Standards.

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6.4.

LIQUID STORAGE TANKS ABOVE GROUND

6.4.1.

Consideration should be given to reducing emission losses from fixed roof tanks by installing an
internal floating roof and seals to minimize storage evaporative losses. For floating roof tanks, primary
seals and secondary seals should be provided and maintained in good repair to serve as a vapor
conservation device by closing the annular space between the edge of the floating deck and the tank
wall. Aboveground storage tanks and associated piping and equipment (storage tank system) shall be
of sufficient structural strength to withstand normal handling and installed on foundation stable under
all operating conditions.

6.4.2.

Aboveground storage tank systems and foundations shall be protected from, or resistant to, all forms
of internal and external wear, vibration, shock, corrosion, fire, heat, vacuum and pressure which might
cause the storage tank system or foundation to fail where failure could result in personal or
environmental damage.

6.4.3.

Overhead piping is preferred over underground piping for filling tanks from the process or from raw
material sources such as tank car or tank truck unloading stations. Should underground piping be used,
piping shall be installed and protected in accordance with Guideline requirements for underground
tank systems.

6.4.4.

Overflow lines from tanks should be extended to near the floor of the dike area.

6.4.5.

All storage tanks which rest on the ground shall be constructed with a double bottom or underlain by a
barrier which will not deteriorate with a permeability rate to the material stored.

6.4.6.

Materials of construction of storage tank systems, foundations, dykes and dyke accessories shall be
consistent with safe long-term storage of the chemical or waste being stored.

6.4.7.

Changes in the facility service shall not be permitted until authority of EHS-Trakhees has given
necessary approval for such a change in service. (E.g. material compatibility, pressure and vacuum
relief systems) for such a change in service.

6.4.8.

If the tank is lined or internally coated, the coatings must be compatible with the substance stored,
with coating specifications adhering to good engineering practice and relevant Standard requirements

6.4.9.

The exposed exterior surfaces of all aboveground tanks, piping and ancillary equipment shall be
protected from corrosion. Protection shall be provided by using one or a combination of corrosion
resistant materials, non-metallic cladding or coatings, cathodic protection, or paints. Design and
installation of cathodic protection shall be in accordance with specified codes and standards.

6.4.10. Bottoms of tanks which are in contact with soil and are subject to corrosion shall be protected from
external corrosion by either corrosion resistant materials or cathodic protection system.
6.4.11. Tank and piping connections of two different metals which create a corrosion inducing galvanic cell
shall be avoided.
6.4.12. The practice of placing gravel and spill absorbents around the base of the tank may increase the
likelihood of bottom corrosion and shall be avoided. Over time, the bottom of some tanks, especially
older ones, may be below ground level, thereby trapping moisture and increasing the rate of corrosion.
Therefore, this practice should be avoided
6.4.13. Instrumentation shall be provided on all storage tanks and piping to and from the tanks in order to keep
operating personnel informed as to the existing conditions.
6.4.14. Alarms shall be provided to give warning of conditions, such as high pressures or liquid levels, which,
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if not corrected, may result in a spill.


6.4.15. For toxic and/or non-biodegradable materials a back-up method of detecting high levels should be
provided.
6.4.16. All remote or instrument-operated valves should be set to fail in the safest position.
6.4.17. Tanks shall be protected from over-pressurization, excessive vacuums or thermal excursions that may
be caused by operator error, filling, emptying, atmospheric temperature changes, reactions, pumping,
refrigeration, heating and fire exposure by one or a combination of:
a.

open vents;

b.

rupture discs;

c.

pressure/vacuum relief devices gauges and controllers;

d.

thermal alarms;

e.

fail-safe vessel designs; or,

f.

Other means determined by a qualified engineer.

6.4.18. Discharge from vents shall not terminate in, near or underneath any building if the discharge could
pose a fire, health or safety problem.
6.4.19. Discharge from vents shall not terminate in, near or underneath any building if the discharge could
pose a fire, health or safety problem.
6.4.20. Locations of the various components of any chemical or waste storage system shall consider the safety
of the operating personnel, public health and safety, and environmental protection.
6.4.21. Tanks, piping and ancillary equipment shall be located in such a way to protect them from physical
damage that may result from moving vehicles.
6.4.22. All aboveground tanks shall be accessible by fire fighting and other emergency response equipment.
6.4.23. If an aboveground storage tank is not used for up to 180 days, the flow of product into the piping shall
be blocked or valves closed and locked to isolate the disused tank. The tank shall be gauged monthly
for necessary/immediate action if required to maintain safety of the tanks & its associated accessories.
6.4.24. When an aboveground storage tank is decommissioned permanently, the fluid content of the tank and
all connected piping shall be emptied and the tank and connected piping made vapor-free followed by
obtaining gas free certificate from competent authority's approved third party agency.
6.4.25. Before reuse, a tank temporarily taken out of service shall be inspected to ensure it is in a safe
condition.
6.4.26. Permanently closed tanks shall be decommissioned with measures implemented to remediate or
manage any associated environmental contamination
6.4.27. Secondary containment, with sufficient capacity to accommodate overfills and spills which are likely
to occur during the transfer including leaks or spills from connections, couplings, vents, pumps and
valves, and hose failure should be provided for transfer loading/unloading areas. The ground around
the loading/unloading system area shall be sloped a minimum of 1.5% toward a containment system.
6.4.28. Where secondary containment is not provided, alternate measures offering an equivalent level of
protection shall be implemented to reduce spill risk
6.4.29. All the personnel involved in the transfer and loading/unloading operation shall be provided with
personal protective equipment as required to protect against any associated hazards. Procedures shall
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be in place to ensure that the personnel are trained for using such equipment during the transfer and
loading/unloading operation.
6.4.30. All connections shall be leak free, undamaged and fully functional and checked for leakage before and
after the transfer has been initiated.
6.4.31. During unloading/loading from/to a tank car, brakes must be set and wheels must be chocked.
6.4.32. Where a fire hazard exists, sources of ignition shall be controlled.
6.4.33. Where a product transfer line or fill line is not drained of liquid upon completion of a transfer
operation, the line should be equipped with a valve such as a dry disconnect shutoff valve which
prevents discharges from the line.
6.4.34. Where siphoning or back flow is possible, fill pipes should be equipped with a properly functioning
check valve, siphon break or equivalent device or system which provides automatic protection against
backflow.
6.4.35. Overfill and spill prevention equipment and practices shall be employed for all storage tank fill
systems, and could include one or more of:
a. operator controls;
b. high-level alarms or trips;
c. automatic by-pass to an overflow tank if the overflow tank is equipped with overflow protection; or,
d. other equivalent systems for preventing overfills.
6.4.36. Where feasible, consideration should be given to use of vapor balance systems to minimize emissions
(working losses) generated during the loading/unloading of tanks and during the dispensing of
products from tanks.
6.4.37. Submerged fill should be used where practical to reduce vapor losses during loading/unloading
operations.

6.5.

LIQUID CHEMICALS STORAGE TANK UNDER GROUND

6.5.1.

Underground storage tanks and associated piping and equipment (storage tank system) shall be of
sufficient structural strength to withstand normal handling and installed on foundation stable under all
Operating Conditions

6.5.2.

Underground storage tank systems shall be protected from, or resistant to, all forms of internal and
external wear, vibration, shock, corrosion, fire, heat, vacuum and pressure which might cause the
storage tank system or foundation to fail where failure could result in personal or environmental
damage.

6.5.3.

Materials of construction of storage tank systems shall be consistent with safe long-term storage of the
chemical or industrial liquid waste being stored.

6.5.4.

Changes in the facility service shall not be permitted until authority of EHS-Trakhees has been given
necessary approval for such a change in service. (e.g. material compatibility, pressure and vacuum
relief systems).

6.5.5.

If the tank is lined or internally coated, the coatings must be compatible with the substance stored,
with coating specifications adhering to good engineering practice and relevant Standard requirements

6.5.6.

Steel underground storage tanks and piping which are in contact with soil shall be protected from
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corrosion using one or a combination of corrosion resistant materials or cathodic protection. Design
and installation of cathodic protection, monitoring, isolation form stray currents, and sacrificial anodes
shall be in accordance with acceptable standard of Authority having Jurisdiction.
6.5.7.

Tank and piping connections of two different metals which create a corrosion inducing galvanic cell
shall be avoided.

6.5.8.

Instrumentation shall be provided on all storage tanks and piping to and from the tanks in order to keep
operating personnel informed as to the existing conditions.

6.5.9.

For toxic and/or non-biodegradable materials a back-up method of detecting high levels should be
provided.

6.5.10. All remote or instrument-operated valves should be set to fail in the safest position.
6.5.11. In locating the components of any underground chemical or waste storage system the safety of the
operating personnel, public health and safety and environmental protection shall be considered.
Consideration must be given to nearby underground infrastructure (such as underground pipes, sewers,
and wires/ cables).
6.5.12. If an underground storage tank is temporarily removed from service, routine inspections, at least
monthly, shall be conducted to verify that the fill pipe caps and dispensers are secured and locked, no
loss of product or water infiltration has occurred, the tank has not been dislodged, and corrosion
protection systems are operating. Should this situation be anticipated for an extended period of time
(e.g., greater than 180 days) tank contents shall be removed & Purged followed by a testing &
certification of approved third party.
6.5.13. Before reuse, a tank temporarily taken out of service shall be inspected to ensure it is in a safe
condition for use.
6.5.14. Permanently closed tanks shall be removed and decommissioned where possible, with measures
implemented to remediate or manage any associated environmental contamination or residual risk
should the tank be left in place.
6.5.15. Underground storage tanks must be monitored for leakage using one or more of the following
methods:
a.

Inventory monitoring;

b.

Routine monitoring of the interstitial space of a double-walled tank;

c.

Vapor wells for monitoring soils in the excavation zone;

d.

Groundwater monitoring wells;

e.

Automatic tank gauging equipment; or

f.

Other equivalent methods as approved by relevant Codes and Standards.

6.5.16. All leak detection systems shall be designed by qualified engineers according to codes & standards
acceptable to the Authority having jurisdiction.
6.5.17. Transfer, loading & offloading of the underground storage tank shall follow the applicable

requirements specified in the sub-section: 6.4 (between 6.4.27 to 6.4.37).

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6.6.

STORAGE OF GASES & VOLATILES LIQUIDS

6.6.1.

The purpose of this clause is to minimize the potential adverse effects of spills and accidental losses of
gaseous or volatile liquid chemicals or wastes with true vapour pressures above 76 kPa consistent with
the objectives of (i) Environmental protection (air, surface and groundwater); (ii) Personnel protection;
(iii) Fire protection.

6.6.2.

The primary approach to this part of the section will be the application of loss control technology and
optimum dispersion into the atmosphere of uncontrollable losses.

6.6.3.

Storage of many volatile materials such as ammonia and chlorine has been the subject of extensive
development of safety systems in response to major disasters (e.g. NFPA 58 Standard for the Storage
and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases). Reference should be made to available sources of
information for safety procedures and emergency response plans for such storage systems.

6.6.4.

In orienting pressurized cylinders, consideration shall be given to minimizing impingement to person


or property by a chemical release, a fire, or a projectile.

6.6.5.

Storage of flammable liquids (defined as a flammable liquid having a flash point below 37.8C and
having a vapour pressure not more than 275.8 kPa (absolute) at 37.8C as determined by ASTM D
323,"Vapour Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method) for the purpose of the Fire Code) and
gaseous fuels must be stored in conformance with the applicable codes & standards ( e.g. Propane
Handling and Storage Regulation and Code, Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations)
acceptable to Authority having jurisdiction.

6.6.6.

Storage tanks and associated piping and equipment (storage tank system) shall be of sufficient
structural strength to withstand normal handling and installed on foundation stable under all operating
conditions.

6.6.7.

Storage tank systems and foundations shall be protected from, or resistant to, all forms of internal and
external wear, vibration, shock, corrosion, fire, heat, vacuum and pressure which might cause the
storage tank system or foundation to fail where failure could result in personal or environmental
damage.

6.6.8.

Changes in the facility service shall not be permitted until authority of EHS-Trakhees has given
necessary approval for such a change in service. (E.g. material compatibility, pressure and vacuum
relief systems).

6.6.9.

The exposed exterior surfaces of all aboveground tanks, piping and ancillary equipment shall be
protected from corrosion. Protection must be provided by using one or a combination of corrosion
resistant materials, non-metallic cladding or coatings, or paints.

6.6.10. Bottoms of tanks which are in contact with soil and are subject to corrosion shall be protected from
external corrosion by either corrosion resistant materials or cathodic protection system.
6.6.11. Tank and piping connections of two different metals which create a corrosion inducing galvanic cell
shall be avoided.
6.6.12. Instrumentation shall be provided on all storage tanks and piping to and from the tanks in order to keep
operating personnel informed as to the existing conditions..
6.6.13. Alarms shall be provided to give warning of conditions which, if not corrected, may result in a spill.
6.6.14. For toxic and/or non-biodegradable materials a back-up method of detecting high levels should be
provided. A back-up method of detecting high pressure (including remote alarms) should be provided.
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6.6.15. All remote or instrument-operated valves should be set to fail in the safest position.
6.6.16. Tanks shall be protected by one or a combination of, rupture discs, pressure relief devices, gauges and
controllers, thermal alarms, fail-safe vessel designs, alarms or other means determined by a qualified
engineer from over-pressurization, thermal excursions that may be caused by operator error, filling,
atmospheric temperature changes, reactions, pumping, heating and fire exposure.
6.6.17. Discharge from pressure relief devices shall not terminate in, near or underneath any building if the
discharge could pose a fire, health or safety problem.
6.6.18. For indoor storage of toxic gases, gas detectors/sensors and alarms are strongly recommended.
6.6.19. Locations of the various components of any chemical or waste storage system shall consider the safety
of the operating personnel, public health and safety and environmental protection.
6.6.20. Tank locations are generally based on process needs and accessibility to production equipment so as to
provide good materials flow. However, in locating the tank, consideration shall be given to the hazards
associated with the flammability, and toxicity of the chemical or waste and relevant Codes and
Standards.
6.6.21. Tanks, piping and ancillary equipment shall be located in such a way to protect them from physical
damage that may result from moving vehicles.
6.6.22. All aboveground tanks shall be accessible by fire fighting and other emergency response equipment.
6.6.23. In orienting tanks, consideration shall be given towards minimizing impingement to person or property
by a released chemical or a fire.
6.6.24. If a storage tank is not used for up to 180 days, the flow of product into the piping shall be blocked or
valves closed and locked to isolate the disused tank. The tank shall be gauged monthly.
6.6.25. When a storage tank is not used for more than 180 days, or decommissioned permanently, the contents
of tank and all connected piping shall be emptied and the tank and its connected piping made vaporfree by means of purging those, followed by a testing & certification of approved third party agency.
6.6.26. Before reuse, a tank temporarily taken out of service shall be inspected to ensure it is in a safe
condition for use and necessary certificate from the Approved third party shall be obtained &
submitted to EHS-Trakhees prior to re-use of the tank(s)
6.6.27. Permanently closed tanks shall be decommissioned where possible, with measures implemented to
remediate or manage any associated environmental contamination. EHS-Trakhees shall be notified
with a letter attaching a Gas Free Certificate issued by Approved third party for removal of the tanks
from the premises.
6.6.28. Emergency vents and reliefs for closed system pressurized tanks shall be located to maximize
dispersion of gases in the event of an emergency. In extreme cases, this may require the use of vent
stacks or pipes to disperse gases at a height which does not impinge on personnel or private property.
Alternatively, flammable vapors from vents and reliefs may be directed to flare stacks for combustion.
6.6.29. Transfer, loading/unloading operations shall follow the requirements and specifications provided for
aboveground storage tanks in subsection 6.4 (6.4.27 to 6.4.37)
6.6.30. Transfer, loading & offloading of the underground storage tank shall follow the applicable

requirements specified in the sub-section: 6.4 (between 6.4.27 to 6.4.37)

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6.7.

STORAGE OF SOLIDS

6.7.1.

The purpose of this clause is to ensure the containment of all spills and accidental losses of chemicals
or wastes from storage systems for solid chemicals or wastes (packaged or stockpiled) consistent with
the objectives of (i) Environmental protection (air, surface and groundwater); (ii) Personnel protection;
(iii) Fire protection.

6.7.2.

Bulk solids (not in containers or packages) should be stored inside. If this is not feasible, then all
outside storage areas should be covered with a roof, and bermed, or enclosed to prevent storm water
contact. The enclosure shall be designed to withstand storms and be anchored into the ground.

6.7.3.

Stockpiles of raw materials should be covered and contained to prevent storm-water from running into
the covered piles. The covers must be in place at all times when work with the stockpiles is not
occurring. (Applicable to small stockpiles only).

6.7.4.

If the stockpiles are so large that they cannot feasibly be covered and contained, erosion control
practices shall be implemented at the perimeter of the site and at any catch basins to prevent erosion of
the stockpiled material off site.

6.7.5.

Stockpiles shall be protected from wind erosion. Use of sheltered area or use of crust forming agents is
recommended practice

6.7.6.

Storage area locations will normally be based on process needs and accessibility to materials so as to
provide optimum handling and transportation. However, in locating the storage area, consideration
shall be given to the hazards associated with the flammability, and toxicity of the chemical or waste
and relevant Codes and Standards acceptable to the authority having jurisdictions

6.7.7.

In siting and orienting stockpiles, consideration shall be given to prevailing wind conditions.

6.7.8.

The storage area shall be accessible by fire fighting and other emergency response equipment.

6.7.9. The storage area shall be located in such a way to protect containment structures and packages and

stockpile of the material from moving machinery and vehicles.

6.8.

DRUMS & NON STATIONERY CONTAINERS

6.8.1.

Importance shall be given to the potential for releases to enter the natural environment, including sewer
systems, with applicable sections of this regulation adopted in accordance with the degree of risk (e.g.,
containers stored indoors remote from exterior doors and sewer drains may not require the same degree
of secondary containment as containers stored outdoors).

6.8.2.

Storage of drums containing flammable liquids inside and outside buildings and shelters (e.g., number
of drums per stack, maximum number of drums, fire department access ways) shall be in accordance
with the applicable codes & standards (DM Codes & NFPA) acceptable to authorities having
jurisdiction.

6.8.3.

Drums and non-stationary containers should be clearly identified as to their contents, well sealed and
constructed of materials which are resistant to corrosive attack from the contents.

6.8.4.

An inventory record should be kept for all drums and containers stored within a storage area.

6.8.5.

The method of container storage shall be determined to ensure stability of the stored products. If
containers are to be stacked, they must be stacked on stable platforms or pallets.

6.8.6.

Groups of containers must be arranged such that the contents are compatible and do not increase the
potential for violent chemical reactions or explosive hazards.
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6.8.7.

Storage areas containing materials which could react with water to generate heat, cause fire, explosion
or other adverse reaction shall be provided with an enclosure such as a warehouse or storm shelter to
protect the containers from exposure to the elements. The enclosure shall be designed to withstand
storms and be anchored into the ground.

6.8.8.

Outdoor storage areas shall be kept free of weeds and combustible materials.

6.8.9.

Containers shall be closed at all times when not in use

6.8.10. Containers stored outdoors shall be protected from damage due to weather by means of shelter, drum
lids or other means
6.8.11. Storage area locations will normally be based on process needs and accessibility to materials so as to
provide optimum handling and transportation. However, in locating the storage area, consideration
shall be given to the hazards associated with the flammability, and toxicity of the chemical or waste
and relevant Codes and Standards.
6.8.12. The storage area shall be located in such a way to protect containment structures and containers from
physical damage that may result from moving vehicles.
6.8.13. The storage area shall be accessible by fire fighting and other emergency response equipment.
6.8.14. Container storage areas shall be equipped with secondary containment where this containment is
required to prevent stored materials from entering the natural environment or any storm, sanitary
sewage or water supply system.
6.8.15. Containment areas may be emptied manually, by pumps or by ejectors; however, all should be
manually activated and the condition of the accumulation should be examined before starting to be sure
no contaminants will be discharged into the environment. Examination shall include visual, odor or
analytical tests (by EHS-Trakhees Pre-qualified agency), as applicable to the type of materials
contained.
6.8.16. Accumulations from a secondary containment system shall be treated or decontaminated in accordance
with local requirements (e.g., municipal by-laws & EHS-Trakhees Regulations) for disposal at Dubai
Municipality disposal site.
6.8.17. Container and stockpile storage areas must be protected from unauthorized access. If a facilitys
outdoor compound is completely fenced with a fence substantially constructed to discourage climbing
and unauthorized entry, additional fencing around the immediate storage area shall be assessed by
EHS-Trakhees and advice the clients accordingly for compliance.
6.8.18. Containers, cabinets, drums, tanks, valves and piping containing chemicals or wastes must be visually
inspected for leaks, structural integrity and any sign of deterioration (e.g., corrosion, wearing of
protective coatings) on a routine basis & critical or highly hazardous installations/areas shall require
more frequent inspections by the clients internally and inspection records on the same shall be
maintained at the client premises.
6.8.19. A more detailed inspection for integrity of containment systems (e.g., presence of cracks, condition of
seals) must be completed periodically.
6.8.20. Ventilation systems, sump pumps, emergency alarms, impressed current corrosion protection systems,
level alarms and other mechanical systems must be inspected on a routine basis to ensure proper
functioning based on manufacturer recommendations, regulatory requirements or best practice.
Inspection records on such activity shall be maintained.
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6.8.21. The client internal inspection should include a review of the adequacy, amount and type and
accessibility of spill response equipment.
6.8.22. Routine leak detection and inventory reconciliation measures should be implemented and results
recorded for aboveground and underground tanks, consisting of manual dips (water and product),
monitoring of interstitial spaces, examination of monitoring wells, or other methods, based on the
regulatory requirements.
6.8.23. Tanks and tank systems that contain corrosive materials or are subjected to conditions that may induce
corrosion or deterioration of tank construction materials shall be internally inspected more frequently.
6.8.24. During visual inspections a checklist and log should be maintained that details the following:
a) Person responsible for the inspection;
b) Storage areas and containers subject to the inspection;
c) Condition of containers, cabinets, drums, tanks, valves and piping;
d) Quantity of chemicals and/or wastes in storage; and
e) Condition of leak detection and spills prevention systems (e.g. cathodic protection system,
valves, overfills protection, secondary containment berms).
6.8.25. Many chemicals and wastes can be hazardous or dangerous to the environment if handled or stored
inappropriately. To minimize environmental impacts, facilities shall have an emergency preparedness
plan to deal with events such as chemical spillage, fires, explosions, vandalism and other emergency
situations. The plan shall address: hazard identification; prevention measures; emergency planning;
emergency response; and remedial actions.
6.8.26. In developing an emergency preparedness plan consideration shall be given to:
a. Administrative issues, including management updating and control of the plan;
b. Description of the location (including site plans, floor plans, etc), type and amount of chemicals
and/or wastes typically in storage, including reference to Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS);
c. Identification of environmental emergencies/hazards that can reasonably be expected to occur, the
potential effects of an accidental release and measures required to prevent or respond to the
emergencies;
d. Description of the measures to be used to prevent an environmental emergency, including the
location and type of fire fighting and fire suppressions systems and spills containment measures
(e.g. spill kits, secondary containment berms, double walled storage tanks, etc);
e. Assignment of roles and responsibilities for activating, coordinating and implementing the plan,
including specific medical or rescue duties, fire response and spills response duties;
f. Listing of emergency contact numbers for relevant facility staff, spills clean-up / response
contractors; emergency responders and agency reporting requirements;
g. Community communication and notification requirements, including public education/information
programs
h. Maintenance and inspection requirements for preventive measures (e.g., containment system),
emergency response and personal protective equipment, and fire suppressions systems, including
record keeping requirements;
i. Description of actions facility personnel must take to respond to fires, explosions, or any unplanned
release to air, soil, or surface water, including consideration to provisions for monitoring chemical
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agents during a spill, requirements for personal protective equipment, reporting, recordkeeping,
containment, clean-up and disposal concerns;
j. The steps to take to report/record and contain fires, explosions and other similar emergencies;
k. Steps taken to shut down critical operations (e.g. electricity, natural gas, etc);
l. Evacuation and head count procedures;
m. Training requirements for personnel activating, coordinating and implementing the plan, including
provision of emergency response exercises (administrative, tabletop drills and operational
exercises) and training on the use and maintenance of personal protective equipment.
n. Routine review and evaluation of the plan for effectiveness, including post-incident and post-drill
review.
6.8.27. Incidents and accidents involving spills, fires and other releases shall be reported to Port Emergency
Control Room (04-8833111) followed by notification of separate incident/accident report to EHSTrakhees as early as possible but not later than 24 hrs from the time of accident/incident.
6.8.28. Facilities shall ensure that a record is kept of all incidents involving spills, fires and other releases.
This record should include, as a minimum, the following;a. Date of Occurrence
b. Detailed description of event that lead-up to the occurrences.
c. Amount of Materials released to the environment.
d. The actions taken to control & clean-up the spills.
e. Corrective actions implemented that would prevent reoccurrences

6.9.

LABELLING OF CHEMICALS

6.9.1.

Labels and hazardous safety marks shall provide critical information as required by the authority
having jurisdiction to handlers and transporters of chemicals and wastes. Reference shall be made by
the client on the Code of Practice for the Management of Dangerous Goods in the Emirate of Dubai

6.9.2.

Labels act as a hazard awareness tool for people involved in the handling and transportation of
chemicals and wastes, including truck drivers, loading dock workers and security personnel.

6.9.3.

Labeling shall be placed in such a way that leads to quick identification of storage vessel contents and
hazards for emergency responders in the event of an emergency situation, i.e. An accidental release of
chemicals or wastes from a container or fire incident.

6.9.4.

Containers, cabinets, drums, tanks, valves and piping must be labeled with their contents and any
appropriate hazard communication, fire safety and regulatory labels.

6.9.5.

Hazardous or liquid industrial wastes should also be labeled with a date, which indicates the point at
which the container was filled, sealed and prepared for shipment

6.9.6.

Labels should be visible, legible, of an appropriate size and color, and displayed against a background
of contrasting color.

6.9.7.

Labels should be made of durable and weather-resistant material to withstand conditions that they will
be exposed to without substantial deterioration or detachment of color, symbols, letters, or numbers

6.9.8.

Where practicable, identification codes can be stenciled or printed on the package or container as an
additional means of identification.
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6.9.9.

For wastes, color coding (e.g., banding of drums or alternate method) may be used to identify waste
streams. In the event that labels deteriorate or become dislodged from a container, appropriate
measures shall be employed to ensure that labels are replaced without delay.

6.10.

TRANING OF EMPLOYEES;

6.10.1. Individuals responsible for chemical and waste management must be trained by approved third party
prior to engaging them in the chemicals (including its waste) handling & storage activities.
6.10.2. Training must be specific to the chemicals and/or wastes used/stored at a site and must include:
a. Potential hazards and health effects, including the interpretation and understanding of Material Safety
Data Sheets (MSDS) (e.g. ingredients and properties of substances) and labeling;
b. Procedures and special precautions for safe storage, use and handling, and loading and off-loading,
including use of personal protective equipment;
c. Emergency response procedures, including fire and spill containment / clean-up methods for specific
types of contaminants;
d. Any terms and conditions of a Certificate of Approval, where one has been issued.
6.10.3. Individuals, who handle, offer for transport or transport hazardous materials and chemicals that are
considered Dangerous Goods must be trained. Training must be specific to the types of Dangerous
Goods that the facility manages. Training topics shall include:
a. Transport of Dangerous Goods training requirements and handling responsibilities;
b. Descriptions of Dangerous Goods classes and compatibility / risk groups;
c. Dangerous Goods List data & other sources of information.
d. Dangerous goods safety marks, placards and requirements;
e. Shipping document data and exceptions;
f.

Details of small and large means of containment

g. Emergency actions, information and requirements;


h. Accidental release procedures and responsibilities
6.10.4. Transport of Dangerous Goods training certificates validity shall not be more than three years & within
which time refresher training must be completed.
6.10.5. Where individuals are involved in the transfer, use and handling of flammable and combustible liquids,
including fuel oils and gasoline products, specific training must be provided and may include,
depending on the type of flammable and combustible liquid:
a. Emergency procedures, including fire and spill emergency procedures;
b. Procedures for dispensing product;
c. Importance of constant attendance during all loading or unloading operations,
d. Extinguishing procedures for fires involving flammable and
e. Combustible liquids, and
f.

flammable and combustible liquid color coding and identification system


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6.10.6. Training of personnel should be managed through a formalized education and training program, which
includes consideration of:
a. Job specific training and competency requirements, including the amount and type of introductory
and continuing/refresher training required, required education and experience, specified
certifications (e.g., trades certificate) for a given position;
b. Training program contents;
c. Training program delivery methods (e.g. informal meetings, formal classroom training and on-thejob training);
d. Evaluation of training effectiveness (both training programs and knowledge of trained
individuals);
e. Record keeping.
6.10.7. Refresher training should be completed on a routine basis, as a minimum, in accordance with relevant
Regulations or other frequency, based on risk management decisions.
6.10.8. Only trained persons shall be allowed to use, handle and transport chemicals and wastes. Access to
chemical and waste storage buildings and areas should be limited to trained individuals.
6.10.9. Only trained individuals with valid certificates & employed by approved third party shall be permitted
to install, repair, service or remove storage systems and equipment that contain, or have contained,
flammable or combustible liquids or gases (e.g. fuel oil and gasoline products) and gaseous fuels and
other hazardous materials, chemicals and wastes.
6.10.10. Records of training should be maintained and may include the type and description of the training,
the date the training was completed, the employees attending the training and any expiry dates for
specific training.
6.10.11. Training records should be maintained for a minimum of two (2) years after the expiry of a training
certificate or, if no certificate is issued, records should be retained to demonstrate that employees
have full and current training in accordance with identified training needs.

6.11.

STORAGE WITH COMPATABILITY;

6.11.1. Store Chemicals according to their compatibility with chemicals/materials, rather than in alphabetical
order.
6.11.2. Incompatible chemicals should not be stored in close proximity to each other. Separate the following
groups of chemicals from each other.
a. OXIDIZERS
b. WATER REACTIVES
c. FLAMMABLES
d. ACIDS
e. CAUSTICS (BASES)
Client shall ensure all containers are in good condition and properly labeled as per the sub-section 6.9 of this
regulation.

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6.11.3. COMPATIBLE CHEMICAL GROUPS


The following chemical groups shall be referred to for identification of compatibility of chemicals However,
final decision on chemicals compatibility storage must be based on the requirements as specified in the
relevant Material Safety Data Sheet of the chemicals and also as recommended by the manufacturer.
(i) INORGANIC MATERIALS
a. metals, hydrides
b. halides, sulfates, sulfites, thiosulfates, phosphates, halogens
c. amides, (except ammonium nitrate), nitric acid
d. hydroxides, oxides, silicates, carbonates, carbon
e. sulfides, phosphides, carbides, nitrides
f.

borates, chromates, manganates, permanganates

g. acids (except nitric)


h. sulfur, phosphorus, arsenic,
(ii) ORGANIC MATERIALS
a. acids, anhydrides,
b. alcohols, glycols, amines, amides, imines, imides
c. hydrocarbons, esters, aldehydes
d. ketones, ketenes, halogenated hydrocarbons, ethylene oxide
e. Epoxy compounds.
f.

peroxides, hydro peroxides,

g. sulfides, polysulfides, nitriles


h. phenols, cresols
6.11.4. INCOMPATIBLE CHEMICALS
The previously outlined storage scheme may not suffice to prevent the mixing of incompatible chemicals.
Even chemicals of the same classification may form highly hazardous combinations. So always read the label
and the Material Safety Data Sheet carefully. For compatibility data more specialized literature may have to be
consulted.
Following is a list & example of common incompatible chemicals.

Chemical

Incompatible With
Acetic Acid

Chromic acid, nitric acid, hydroxyl compounds, ethylene


glycol, perchloric acid, peroxides, permanganates

Acetone

Concentrated nitric and sulfuric acid mixtures, chlorinated


solvent/alkali mixtures

Acetylene

Chlorine, bromine, copper, fluorine, silver, mercury

Alkali & alkaline earth metals (such as


Water, carbon tetrachloride or other chlorinated hydrocarbons,
powdered aluminum, or magnesium, calcium,
carbon dioxide, halogens
lithium, sodium, potassium)
Ammonia (anhydrous)

Mercury (in manometers, for example), chlorine, calcium


hypo-chlorite, iodine, bromine, hydro-fluoric acid (anhydrous)

Ammonium nitrate

Acids, powdered metals, flammable liquids, chlorates, nitrites,


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sulfur, finely divided organic or combustible materials


Aniline

Nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide

Arsenical materials

Any reducing agent

Azides

Acids

Bromine

See chlorine

Calcium oxide

Water

Carbon (activated)

Calcium hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents

Carbon tetrachloride

Sodium

Chlorates

Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals, sulfur, finely


divided organic or combustible materials

Chromic acid & chromium trioxide

Acetic acid, naphthalene, camphor, glycerol, alcohol,


flammable liquids in general

Chlorine

Ammonia, acetylene, butadiene, butane, methane, propane (or


other petroleum gases), hydrogen, sodium carbide, benzene,
finely divided metals, turpentine

Chlorine dioxide

Ammonia, methane, phosphine, hydrogen sulfide

Chloroform

Strong bases, ketones and strong base, alkaline metals,


aluminum, strong oxidizers

Copper

Acetylene, hydrogen peroxide

Cumene hydro peroxide

Acids (organic or inorganic)

Flammable liquids

Ammonium nitrate, chromic acid, hydrogen peroxide,


halogens

Fluorine

Everything

Hydrocarbons (such as butane, propane,


benzene)

Fluorine, chlorine, bromine, chromic acid, sodium peroxide

Hydrofluoric acid (anhydrous)

Ammonia (aqueous or anhydrous)

Hydrogen peroxide

Copper, chromium, iron, most metals or their salts, alcohols,


acetone, organic materials, aniline, nitromethane, combustible
materials

Hydrogen sulfide

Fuming nitric acid, oxidizing gases

Hypochlorites

Acids, activated carbon

Iodine

Acetylene, ammonia (aqueous or anhydrous), hydrogen

Mercury

Acetylene, fulminic acid, ammonia

Nitrates

Sulfuric acid

Nitric acid (concentrated)

Acetic acid, aniline, chromic acid, hydrocyanic acid,


hydrogen sulfide, flammable liquids, flammable gases,

Nitrites

Acids

Nitroparaffins

Inorganic bases, amines

Oxalic acid

Silver, mercury

Oxygen

Oils, grease, hydrogen; flammable liquids, solids or gases

Perchloric acid

Acetic anhydride, bismuth and its alloys, alcohol, paper,


wood, grease, oils

Peroxides, organic

Acids (organic or mineral), avoid friction, store cold

Phosphorus (white)

Air, oxygen, alkalis, reducing agents

Potassium

Carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water

Potassium chlorate

Sulfuric and other acids

Potassium perchlorate (see also chlorates)

Sulfuric and other acids

Potassium permanganate

Glycerol, ethylene glycol, benzaldehyde, sulfuric acid


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Silver

Acetylene, oxalic acid, tartaric acid, ammonium compounds,


fulminic acid

Sodium

Carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water

Sodium nitrite

Ammonium nitrate and other ammonium salts

Sodium peroxide

Ethyl or methyl alcohol, glacial acetic acid, acetic anhydride,


benzaldehyde, carbon disulfide, glycerin, ethylene glycol,
ethyl acetate, methyl acetate, furfural

Sulfides

Acids

Sulfuric acid

Potassium chlorate, potassium perchlorate, potassium


permanganate (similar compounds of light metals, such as
sodium, lithium)

Tellurides

Reducing agents

SECTION 7
EQUIPMENT OPERATIONS & MACHINERY INSTALLATIONS
7.1.

FORK LIFTS

7.1.1 Safe System:


a) Employers shall provide a safe and industrious workplace, adequate training, and supervision.
b) Employees engaged in Forklift Training by local authority's approved third party training institute shall
not be allowed to operate forklift at any circumstances with or without load.
c) Operating area of the forklift shall be provided with (i) appropriate traffic signs at strategic locations
(ii) Mirrors and Visual Aids at suitable corners & the area where hidden hazards are likely exists (iii)
adequate lighting facilities (iv) loading & unloading facility isolated from moderate/heavy traffic areas
(v) speed Limitations not to exceed 8 km/hr (vi) flexible or transparent doors wherever
required/practicable (vii) adequate parking facility.
7.1.2 Safe Operations of Forklift:
a) Employers shall ensure that forklifts are operated by a licensed holder & inline with the instructions of
the designers or manufacturer or of any competent person who frames instruction for safe operations of
the forklift.
b) No Employees or training employees or any assistant to forklift or machinery/equipment operators
shall be allowed to operate the forklift unless forklift operating license issued by local authority &
appropriate training in materials handling operations is given.
c) Forklift Operators manuals & operating instruction of the forklift shall be kept readily available to all
the forklift operators.
d) Forklifts shall be provided with reverse warning sound/buzzer. Rotating flashlight to be fitted while
working in dark conditions or in crowded places.
e) No alteration of the forklift or its part of the mechanical or electrical system shall be carried out by any
employees in the organization.
f) Forklift(s) shall be engaged for operations only after obtaining necessary test certificate issued by EHSTrakhees' pre-qualified third party.

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g) Validity of Load Test certificate issued by EHS-Trakhees' pre-qualified third party shall be maintained
always without fail.
h) Copy of Load Test Certificate shall be kept on the forklift for ready reference by Authority having
jurisdiction.
i) Repair, Maintenance of the forklift shall be done by the competent person and also within the approved
facility as per the Manufactures or designers recommendations.
j) Forklift operations shall be withdrawn immediately where the condition of forklift presents an
immediate risk to the safety or health of operators or others working around the forklift until it is
repaired & certified with necessary load test certificate issued by EHS-Trakhees' prequalified third
party.
k) Employer shall ensure that Operator protective devices including roll-over protective structures
(ROPS), falling object protective structures (FOPS) are provided on each forklift engaged for
operations in the facility & also in the area of forklift operations carried out by the employees of the
company or contractors hired by the employers.
l)

Falling object protective structures should not obstruct the vision of the forklift operators.

m) Forklifts hired by employer shall be fitted with Operator protective devices including roll-over
protective structures (ROPS), falling object protective structures (FOPS) prior to engaging them for
operations.
n) So far reasonably practicable, risks to operators of forklifts must be limited by the provision of an
appropriate combination of operator protective devices, provided by Employer(s).
o) Every employer shall effectively carry out maintenance work on the operator protective devices for
maintaining their safety & integrity.
p) The forklift shall be provided with data plate with the forklift's rated capacity as designated by the
manufacturer, relevant information should also be displayed on a data plate.
q) Forklift operators shall be familiar with forklift operating symbols. Forklift controls shall also be
displayed.
r) Every dangerous part of the forklift as far as reasonably practicable shall be fitted with protective guard
and the guard shall be kept in position while the forklift is in operations.
s) Forklifts shall be tested/certified with a Load Certificate at suitable intervals (See Table 3) from EHSTrakhees Pre-qualified third party agency
t)

Sign stating the maximum Safe Working Load capacity of the Lifting Equipment must be displayed on
the Forklift.

u) Approval from the Competent Department (EHS:Trakhees) is required for entry/use of Lifting
Equipment into PCFC/EHS jurisdictional areas. EHS Procedure to obtain permit for Crane & Gas
Cylinders" shall be referred to for submission of applicable/required documents to EHS:Trakhees for
initiation of approval process
v) Forklift Operators Vision shall not be obstructed by any means during operations of the forklift.

7.1.3 Ramps
Ramps shall be:
a) Wide and strong enough to take the maximum combined weight of dynamic forklift and its load.
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b) Under regular maintenance to maintain in good conditions


c) In good traction even in wet weather
d) With side rails to prevent wheels slipping off
e) In a condition to allow smooth weight transfer on & off the ramp with a gradient that does not exceed
the angle recommended for safe forklift operations
Where applicable the forklift operational area shall be provided with mobile ramps in position to prevent
dislodgment.

7.1.4 Hazardous Area


Areas of Forklift operation may have potential to become hazardous due to:

Inadequate illuminations/poor visibility

Wet & slippery floors/ surface area ;

Explosive atmospheres (dust or gas);

Toxic atmospheres;

Poor ventilation system.

Forklifts with internal combustion engines can expose workers to carbon monoxide and irritants such as oxides
of nitrogen. Diesel forklifts produce less carbon monoxide than gas or petrol powered forklifts, but more
irritants such as aldehydes and nitrogen dioxide. In confined spaces or poorly ventilated areas, such as cool
rooms or small rooms, exposure to such gases can reach dangerous concentrations.
To reduce the risk of hazardous substances exceeding exposure standards in confined or poorly ventilated
spaces, use:

electric forklifts, or

regularly tuned forklifts

increased ventilation

diesel forklifts to reduce carbon monoxide levels.

Forklifts used in hazardous areas such as flammable/explosive atmospheres or combustible dusts shall be fitted
with spark proof device. Forklifts certified for use in hazardous areas should be labeled accordingly.

7.1.5 Pre-Operating Check


Forklift Operator, prior to operating the forklift shall:

inspect lift and tilt mechanisms;

inspect tires for inflation (where relevant) and wear;

check its lifting capacity;

Inspect liquid levels (battery, hydraulic oil, engine oil, transmission oil, brake fluid, cooling water and
fuel); and ensure brakes, steering, controls, lights and warning devices operate effectively.

7.1.6 Accident & Maintenance


Any faults or safety problems must be reported to the supervisor immediately. Alterations or adjustments to
the forklift should not be made unless by a company authorized to carry out with a license issued by respective
Dubai world's business unit. Incidents or Accidents that occurred during the operation of forklift shall be
reported by the forklift operator to the immediate supervisor.
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(i). Tip forward


The forklift will tip forward if overloaded with any objects/materials. In such case, the operator shall:

check the load rated capacity of the forklift;

check the load if facing uphill: reverse loaded forklifts down gradient;

check it the load is back on the heel of the fork arms

drive the forklift with the load as low as possible

(ii). Roll over

ensure operators wear seat belt at all times during operation

don't drive the forklift across an incline

drive up and down gradients slowly

at all times keep the load facing upwards

extra care shall be taken with unloaded forklift operations as they are often more unstable than loaded
forklifts

keep the forklift level - avoid uneven driving surfaces, dips and pot-holes

keep the load as low as possible when moving

don't make sharp turns, or turns at high speeds

if the forklift becomes unstable and begins to roll over, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO JUMP CLEAR.
BRACE YOURSELF AND STAY WITH THE FORKLIFT.

(iii). Moving Loads

loads must not be suspended, or travel, over a person

ensure other people are clear when moving and loading objects on the fork

secure the load to prevent it sliding or rolling off the fork arms if necessary

avoid sudden stops and starts

never exceed the recommended load mass.

(iv). Body Position

do not place any part of the body outside the operator's compartment

remain seated at all times during operation

keep clear of the lifting mechanism at all times

seat belt to be worn at all times during operation

(v). Attachments

make sure the attachment used is appropriate for the forklift truck and the job (e.g. fork arms, jib,
clamp, platform)

do not drag loads

do not sling loads from the fork arms, unless using a proper lifting device secured to the forklift
carriage to prevent displacement

do not use damaged pallets, bins or containers as they may collapse

do not modify any attachments without the agreement of the designer or of a competent person

Alternative rated capacity in regards to specific attachment being used must be displayed on forklift.
Never use a forklift for a job it is not designed to do.

(vi). People on forklifts

Do not allow passengers on the forklift for any purpose.


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Never lift a person on the fork arms or a pallet.

(vii). Vision

keep a careful watch on surroundings while working or driving, and reduce speed as appropriate

be aware of doorways, passages or pathways where pedestrians or vehicles may suddenly appear

if the load obscures forward vision, the forklift should be driven in reverse (except up ramps)

keep warning lights flashing when using the forklift

sound the warning device when going through doorways, around blind corners or when starting to
reverse.

7.2.

Mobile Crane

7.2.1. Crane Operations


a) The employer shall comply with the manufacturer's specifications and limitations applicable to the
operation of any and all cranes and derricks. Where manufacturer's specifications are not available, the
limitations assigned to the equipment shall be based on the determinations of a qualified engineer
competent in this field and such determinations will be appropriately documented and recorded.
Attachments used with cranes shall not exceed the capacity, rating, or scope recommended by the
manufacturer.
b) Rated load capacities, and recommended operating speeds, special hazard warnings, or instructions,
shall be conspicuously posted on all equipment. Instructions or warnings shall be visible to the operator
while he is at his control station.
c) Hand signals to crane and derrick operators shall be of acceptable international/local standard for the
type of crane in use. An illustration of the signals shall be posted at the job site.
d) The employer shall designate a competent person who shall inspect equipment, cranes prior to each
use, and during use, to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Any deficiencies shall be repaired, or
defective parts replaced, before continued use.
e) A thorough, annual inspection of the hoisting machinery shall be made by a competent person, of the
EHS-Trakhees' pre-qualified third party and also for issuance of necessary certificate. The employer
shall maintain a record of the dates and results of inspections for each hoisting machine and piece of
equipment.
f) Wire rope shall be taken out of service when any of the following conditions exist:
(i) In running ropes, six randomly distributed broken wires in one lay or three broken wires in one
strand in one lay
(ii) Wear of one-third the original diameter of outside individual wires. Kinking, crushing, bird
caging, or any other damage resulting in distortion of the rope structure
(iii)

Evidence of any heat damage from any cause.

(iv)

In standing ropes, more than two broken wires in one lay in sections beyond end connections

or more than one broken wire at an end connection.


g) Belts, gears, shafts, pulleys, sprockets, spindles, drums, fly wheels, chains, or other reciprocating,
rotating, or other moving parts or equipment shall be guarded if such parts are exposed to contact by
employees, or otherwise create a hazard.
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h) Accessible areas within the swing radius of the rear of the rotating superstructure of the crane, either
permanently or temporarily mounted, shall be barricaded in such a manner as to prevent an employee
from being struck or crushed by the crane.
i) All exhaust pipes shall be guarded or insulated in areas where contact by employees is possible in the
performance of normal duties.
j) Whenever internal combustion engine powered equipment exhausts in enclosed spaces, tests shall be
made and recorded to see that employees are not exposed to unsafe concentrations of toxic gases or
oxygen deficient atmospheres.
k) All windows in cabs shall be of safety glass, or equivalent, that introduces no visible distortion that
will interfere with the safe operation of the machine.
l) Where necessary for rigging or service requirements, a ladder, or steps, shall be provided to give
access to a cab roof.
m) Guardrails, handholds, and steps shall be provided on cranes for easy access to the car and cab.
n) Platforms and walkways shall have anti-skid surfaces.
o) Fuel tank filler pipe shall be located in such a position, or protected in such manner, as to not allow
spill or overflow to run onto the engine, exhaust, or electrical equipment of any machine being fueled.
p) An accessible fire extinguisher shall be available at all operator stations or cabs of equipment.

7.2.2. Electrical Safety in Crane Operations


a) Except where electrical distribution and transmission lines have been de-energized and visibly
grounded at point of work or where insulating barriers, not a part of or an attachment to the equipment
or machinery, have been erected to prevent physical contact with the lines, equipment or machines
shall be operated proximate to power lines only in accordance with the following:(i) For lines rated 50 kV. or below, minimum clearance between the lines and any part of the crane or
load shall be 10 feet/3m.
(ii) For lines rated over 50 kV, minimum clearance between the lines and any part of the crane or load
shall be 10 feet/3m plus 0.4 inch/1cm for each 1 kV. but never less than 10 feet/3m.(redundant)
(iii)

In transit with no load and boom lowered, the equipment clearance shall be a minimum of 4

feet/1.20m for voltages less than 50 kV., and 10 feet/3m for voltages over 50 kV., up to and
including 345 kV., and 16 feet/4.8m for voltages up to and including 750 kV.
(iv)

A person shall be designated to observe clearance of the equipment and give timely warning

for all operations where it is difficult for the operator to maintain the desired clearance by visual
means.
(v) Cage-type boom guards, insulating links, or proximity warning devices may be used on cranes, but
the use of such devices shall not alter the requirements of any other regulation of this part even if
such device is required by law or regulation.
(vi)

Any overhead wire shall be considered to be an energized line unless and until the person

owning such line or the electrical utility authorities indicate that it is not an energized line and it has
been visibly grounded.
b) Combustible and flammable materials shall be removed from the immediate area prior to operations.
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c) No modifications or additions which affect the capacity or safe operation of the equipment shall be
made by the employer. If such modifications or changes are made by any competent person authorized
by local authority or any governing body, the capacity, operation, and maintenance instruction plates,
tags, or decals, shall be changed accordingly. In no case shall the original safety factor of the
equipment be reduced.
d) All employees shall be kept clear of loads about to be lifted and of suspended loads.

7.3.

Overhead & Gantry Crane


a) The rated load of the crane shall be plainly marked on each side of the crane, and if the crane has more
than one hoisting unit, each hoist shall have its rated load marked on it or on its load block, and this
marking shall be clearly legible from the ground or floor.
b) Except for floor-operated cranes, an effective audible warning signal shall be provided for each crane
equipped with a power traveling mechanism.
c) As a general requirements. The use of a crane or derrick to hoist employees on a personnel platform is
prohibited, except when the erection, use, and dismantling of conventional means of reaching the
worksite, such as a personnel hoist, ladder, stairway, aerial lift, elevating work platform or scaffold,
would be more hazardous or is not possible because of structural design or worksite conditions.
d)

Load and boom hoist drum brakes, swing brakes, and locking devices such as pawls or dogs shall be
engaged when the occupied personnel platform is in a stationary position.

e) The crane shall be uniformly level within one percent of level grade and located on firm footing.
Cranes equipped with outriggers shall have them all fully deployed following manufacturer's
specifications, insofar as applicable, when hoisting employees.
7.4.

Personnel Platform on crane operations


a) The total weight of the loaded personnel platform and related rigging shall not exceed 50 percent of the
rated capacity for the radius and configuration of the crane or derrick.
b) Cranes and derricks with variable angle booms shall be equipped with a boom angle indicator, readily
visible to the operator.
c) Cranes with telescoping booms shall be equipped with a device to indicate clearly to the operator, at all
times, the boom's extended length or an accurate determination of the load radius to be used during the
lift shall be made prior to hoisting personnel.
d) The load line hoist drum shall have a system or device on the power train, other than the load hoist
brake, which regulates the lowering rate of speed of the hoist mechanism (controlled load lowering.)
Free fall is prohibited.
e) The personnel platform and suspension system shall be designed by a qualified engineer or a qualified
person competent in structural design.
f) The suspension system shall be designed to minimize tipping of the platform due to movement of
employees occupying the platform.
g) The personnel platform itself, except the guardrail system and personnel fall arrest system anchorages,
shall be capable of supporting, without failure, its own weight and at least five times the maximum
intended load.
h) A grab rail shall be installed inside the entire perimeter of the personnel platform.
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i) Access gates, if installed, shall not swing outward during hoisting.


j) Access gates, including sliding or folding gates, shall be equipped with a restraining device to prevent
accidental opening.
k) In addition to the use of hard hats, employees shall be protected by overhead protection on the
personnel platform when employees are exposed to falling objects.
l) The personnel platform shall be conspicuously posted with a plate or other permanent marking which
indicates the weight of the platform, and its rated load capacity or maximum intended load.
m) The number of employees occupying the personnel platform shall not exceed the number required for
the work being performed.
n) The personnel platform shall not be loaded in excess of its rated load capacity, When a personnel
platform does not have a rated load capacity then the personnel platform shall not be loaded in excess
of its maximum intended load.
o) Personnel platforms shall be used only for employees, their tools and the materials necessary to do
their work, and shall not be used to hoist only materials or tools when not hoisting personnel.
p) Materials and tools for use during a personnel lift shall be secured to prevent displacement.
q) Materials and tools for use during a personnel lift shall be evenly distributed within the confines of the
platform while the platform is suspended.
r) Wire rope, shackles, rings, master links, and other rigging hardware must be capable of supporting,
without failure, at least five times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to that
component. Where rotation resistant rope is used, the slings shall be capable of supporting without
failure at least ten times the maximum intended load
7.5.

HAND TOOLS & PORTABLE POWER EQUIPMENT

7.5.1.

Checking of Tools.

Tools must be inspected prior to use to ensure that:


a) For tools with jaws, jaws are not sprung to the point of slippage.
b) For impact tools, they are free of mushroom heads.
c) For tools with wooden handles, the handles are free of splinters or cracks and are tight in the tool.
d) The tool is otherwise safe for use.
e) The supervisor is notified if tools are in need of repair.
7.5.2.

Checking of Guards.

Tools with guards must meet these minimum general requirements:


a) Be secure - Removable guards are in place on the machine or equipment before use.
b) Prevent contact - Guards prevent any part of any employees body and clothing from making contact
with dangerous moving parts.
c) Protect from falling objects - Guards ensure that no objects can fall into moving parts.
d) Be in working order - If a guard is defective, damaged, or in any way does not meet the

requirements

of these procedures, employees should not use the tool and must immediately notify their supervisor.

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7.5.3.

PPE & WORK AREA CHECKS

a) Employees must locate and put on necessary and appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE)
before using or operating tools.
b) Employees must change clothing or take off jewelry that could become entangled in the tools they are
to use.
c) Employees must make sure that work areas are well lit, dry, and clean before beginning work.
7.5.4.

OPERATIONAL SAFETY.

a) Employees must always use the proper tool for the job.
b) Employees may not remove a guard for any reason while operating tools.
c) Electric cables and cords must be kept clean and free from kinks.
d) Tools must not be carried by their cord.
e) All necessary personal protective equipment (PPE) is worn while using tools.
f) If an employee is distracted or unable to focus on the work involving tool use, they must stop work
with that tool.
g) Upon finishing with a tool, basic maintenance must be performed, for example the tool should be kept
sharp, oiled, and stored properly, as appropriate.
h) Problem tools must be immediately reported to the supervisor so they can be repaired or replaced.

7.6.

Machinery Installation

Installation of Racking/Shelving systems and / or machinery requires the approval from EHS to ensure that
basic requirements of Environment, Health, Safety & Fire are met at the time of installation. DW clients
intended to install any machinery and/or equipment within the client's leased facility as per the relevant
business unit's approved scope of activity shall require to follow the EHS-Trakhees' Procedure to obtain
approval for Machinery or Racking System Installation". Unauthorized installations of any
machinery/equipment by the clients shall be liable for serious action, as per the EHS standards, to be taken by
EHS-Trakhees without any reference.

7.7.

ABRASIVE WHEEL GRINDER

a)

Abrasive wheels used on bench and pedestal grinding machines must be equipped with safety guards.

b)

The safety guard should enclose most of the wheel covering the flange, spindle end, and nut projection
while allowing maximum exposure of the wheel periphery.

c)

The exposure of the wheel should not exceed 90 degrees or one-fourth of the periphery.

d)

This exposure begins at a point that shall not be more than 65 degrees above the horizontal plane of the
wheel spindle

e)

Wherever the nature of the work requires contact with the wheel below the horizontal plane of the spindle,
the exposure must not exceed 125 degrees.

f)

The safety guard shall be designed to restrain the pieces of a shattered grinding wheel, the distance
between the safety guard and the top periphery of the wheel must not be more than 14-inch/6mm. If this
distance is greater because of the decreased size of the abrasive wheel, then a tongue guard must be
installed to protect workers from flying fragments in case of wheel breakage.
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g)

The tongue guard should be adjustable to maintain the maximum 14-inch/6mm distance between it and
the wheel.

h)

An adjustable tool/work rest must also be installed and maintained at a maximum clearance of 18inch/3mm between it and the face of the wheel. In addition to offering a stable working position, this
clearance must be maintained to prevent the operators hands or the work from being jammed between the
wheel and the rest, which may cause serious injury or wheel breakage.

i)

All abrasive wheels must be closely inspected and ring-tested before mounting to ensure that they are free
from cracks or other defects.

j)

Wheels should be tapped gently with a light, nonmetallic instrument. A stable and undamaged wheel shall
give a clear metallic tone or ring. If a wheel sounds cracked (dead), do not use it. (This is known as the
ring test.)

k) The spindle speed of the machine must also be checked before mounting the wheel to be certain that it
does not exceed the maximum operating speed marked on the wheel.
l)

Always follow the manufacturers recommendations.

7.8.

BAND SAW

7.8.1.

HORIZONTAL BAND SAW

a)

Guard the entire blade except at the point of operation (the working portion of the blade between the two
guides). Band saw wheels must be fully encased.

b) Make sure the saw includes a tension-control device to indicate proper blade tension.

7.8.2.

VERTICAL BAND SAW

a) Use an adjustable guard for the portion of the blade above the sliding guide rolls so that it raises and lowers
with the guide. Properly adjust the blade guide to fit the thickness of the stock and ensure the guard is as
close as possible to the stock.
b) Band saw wheels must be fully enclosed.
c) Guard the entire blade except at the point of operation (the working portion of the blade between the
bottom of the sliding guide rolls and the table).

7.9.

CNC Machine

a) To prevent access into the point of operation area, ensure the CNC machine shall be fully enclosed and
equipped with an interlocked guard (door).
b) The cutting tool(s) should not start unless the door is in position and should stop when the door is opened.
c) Many machines lock the guard in position during operation and can only be opened when the tooling stops.
d) If access into the point of operation is infrequent, install a fixed enclosure that can be removed only for
maintenance activities.
e) Automatic loading and unloading methods and automatic tool changing shall be in place so as to further
reduce the exposure to the point of operation.
f) To prevent injury from ejected parts, the polycarbonate vision panels shall be made strong enough to
contain ejected parts.
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g) The appropriate rotational speed shall be verified for the particular work piece and inspect the chuck jaw
assemblies, work piece clamps, and all component parts of the turning fixtures.

7.10.

COMPACTING & BAILING MACHINES

a) Access covers and point-of-operation guarding must be interlocked in such a manner that the compactor
cannot be operated if the guard or loading door is removed or opened.
b) Compactors and balers shall be provided with means of adequate protection so as to prevent workers from
reaching into the point of operation by configuration, cycling controls, and interlock guarding that interrupt
or reverse the rams motion if the compression chamber doors are opened.
c) Older equipment may not have these features and it is wise to consult with the manufacturer for possible
retrofits or upgrades.
d) Whenever un-jamming, adjusting, cleaning, repairing, or performing other maintenance tasks, the machine
must be isolated from all its energy sources and locked out. If conveyors are used, they should be
interconnected so that a single, lockable device can de-energize and isolate the power to both machines.
e) Follow permit-required confined space entry procedures whenever working inside these machines.

7.11.

CUT-OFF SAW

a) Over-table cut-off saws (miter, chop & overhead swing saws) must be provided with fixed hood guards that
enclose the arbor and top half of the saw.
b) All Cut-Off saws also must be equipped with a selfc) Adjusting lower blade guard of the saw shall have provisions to automatically adjust itself to the thickness
of the material being cut and shall provide continuous protection from the blade.
d) Guards shall be designed to move out of the way as the blade nears the cut.
e) If a guard seems slow to return to its normal position, adjust or repair it immediately.
f) Overhead swing saws must be provided with a device (e.g. counterweight)to return the saw automatically
to the back of the table when released at any point of its travel
g) Limit chains must also be pro-vided to keep the saw from swinging beyond the front or back edges of the
table.
h) Cut saws must have a nose guard affixed to the saw table in front of the hood guard (or another method
providing equivalent protection) to prevent accidental entry of fingers or hands into the path of the saw
blade from the front.

7.12 DRILL PRESS


a) Jigs or fixtures shall be used to fasten the stock to the bed and stabilize the work piece in order to allow the
stock to be secured for drilling & operators free hand to be positioned away from the rotating chuck & drill
bit.
b) Drilling applications shall be equipped with specially designed guards or shields installed to protect the
operator from the potential exposure to rotating drill chucks and drill bits.
c) A fixed universal-type shield must be used on larger gang drills.
d) The stock shall be adequately secured to the table to avoid spin
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7.13 IRON WORKER


a) Fixed or adjustable guard shall be provided at all pinch and shear points.
b) Guards should be adjusted down to within 1/4th inch/6mm from the top of the material to the bottom of the
guard (or stripper when punching).
c) Beware of machines with automatic urethane hold- downs.
d) Hold-downs shall be adjusted properly so as to avoid coming down with many tons of force and can be
hazardous pinch points.
e) Proper alignment of the punch and dies shall be done without fail. Cover foot pedals shall be provided

7.14 METAL LATHE


a) Wearing gloves, loose clothing, long hair, jewelry, or other dangling objects near lathe operations shall be
avoided.
b) Close attention shall be paid to work pieces that have keyway slots or other surface profiles that may
increase the risk of entanglement.
c) Assess the need to manually polishing (e.g. emery cloth) rotating material. If necessary, consider milling
keyways or other profiles after polishing or use emery cloth with the aid of a tool.
d) Brush or tool shall be used always to remove chips.
e) Work-holding devices (chucks) and tool trapping space hazards (especially in automatic or semiautomatic
modes) shall be covered with secured fixed or movable guards or shields.
f) Fixed or interlocked guarding shall be provided on lathes (wherever applicable) and controlled turning
centers which prevents access during the automatic cycle.
g) All work pieces and work-holding devices shall be secured and free from defects.
h) Chuck key shall be removed from the chuck after securing the material.
i) Never take your hand off the chuck key until you set it back onto a table. Consider using a spring-loaded
wrench.
j) Provide a chip/coolant shield unless another guard or shield already provides protection. This does not
replace the need for eye and face protection.

7.15 WOOD LATHE


a) All rotating parts and points of operation shall be covered with suitable guards & shields.
b) Cover lathes used for turning long stock with long curved guards that extend over the top of the lathe.
These shields, or guards, must protect the operator if stock comes loose and is thrown from the machine.
c) Tool rest shall be secured and set close to the stock (18-inch/3mm).
d) The stock shall be rotated by hand to make sure it clears the tool rest before turning the lathe on. Guide the
turning tool on the rest only do not attempt to support the tool with hands.
e) The work piece must be secured and should be free of cracks, splits, knots, and other defects. Check for
weak glue joints.
f) Remove chuck keys or adjusting wrenches. Consider using a spring-loaded chuck wrench.
g) Necessary check shall be performed to make sure that the chuck is secured before turning the lathe on.
h) Never permit operators to wear loose clothing, long hair, jewelry, dangling objects, or gloves.
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7.16 MILLING MACHINE


a) Secure the work piece either by clamping it onto the work table or by clamping it securely in a vise that is
clamped tightly to the table.
b) Operators must always keep their hands away from the point of operation.
c) A guard, or shield, that encloses the cutter head or milling bed shall be considered to protect the operator
from the cutting area, flying metal shavings, and lubricating or cooling fluids.
d) Make sure the tightening wrench is removed from the mill

7.17 PLANER MACHINE


a) Machine guards shall be in place at all times.
b) Keep your hands out of the machine feeding area and allow the planer to pull the stock through.
c) Never lower the table during operation and never feed stacked boards.
d) Manufacturers recommendations shall be followed for allowable material dimensions.
e) Keep your body to the side of the stock.

7.18 PORTABLE ABRASIVE GRINDER


a) Manufacturer's safety guard shall be always in place as recommended.
b) Abrasive grinder exposure must not exceed a maximum angle of 180 degrees and the top half of the wheel
must be enclosed at all times.
c) The guard must be mounted so it maintains proper alignment with the wheel.
d) Vertical right angle grinders must have a 180 degree guard between the operator and wheel. The guard
must be adjusted so that pieces of a broken wheel will be deflected away from the operator.
e) Cup wheel grinders must be guarded as described above or be provided with special revolving cup
guards, which mount behind the wheel and turn with it.
f) All abrasive wheels must be closely inspected and ring-tested before mounting to ensure that they are
free from cracks or other defects.
g) The spindle speed of the machine also must be checked before mounting the wheel to be certain that it does
not exceed the maximum operating speed marked on the wheel.
h) Operational safety as recommended by the manufacturer shall be followed always.

7.19 PORTABLE BELT SANDER


a) Both hands should be used to operate the portable belt sander, one on the trigger switch and the other on
the front handle.
b) Guard the unused runs of the sanding belt and all in-running nip points. This is normally accomplished by
the tools casing, enclosing the top portion of the belt and much of the side.
c) The enclosure or guard, on the sides must prevent the operator from contacting the nip points.

7.20 PORTABLE CIRCULAR SAW


a) All saws with a blade diameter greater than two inches must be equipped with guards above and below the
base plate (shoe).
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b) The upper guard must cover the saw to the depth of the teeth, except for the minimum arc required to
permit the base to be tilted for bevel cuts. The lower guard must enclose the teeth as much as possible, and
cover the unused portion of the blade when cutting.
c) When the tool is withdrawn from the work, the lower guard must automatically and instantly return to the
covering position.
d) The lower guard must be equipped with a lug or lever, remote from the blade teeth, which will permit the
operator to shift the guard safely for starting unusual cuts.
e) Never hold or force the retracting lower guard in the open position.
f) Kickbacks can be minimized by setting the proper blade depth so that the lowest tooth extends no more
than 18-inch/3mm beyond the bottom of the material. This should limit the area of the blade in the kerf and
also exposes less of the blade if the saw does kick back.
g) The saw kerf shall be kept open in order to reduce the chance for the saw to bind.
h) The board being cut should be positioned so that the weight of the cutoff keeps the saw kerf open as the cut
is being made.
i) No uphill cutting operations shall be permitted (even the slightest incline can cause the saw to bind).
j) The saw must always move in a straight line.
k) If the saw has to be turned off in the middle of a cut, make sure the blade has stopped spinning before
taking your hand off the saw.
l) Always keep your body out of the line of potential kickback
m) Use two hands whenever possible, one on the trigger switch and the other on a front knob handle. Secure
work being cut to avoid movement.

7.21 POWER PRESS


a) The point of operation of all power presses must be safeguarded.
b) Safeguarding shall be accomplished either by barrier guarding or the use of devices.
c) Barrier guarding shall prevent entry into the die area by physically enclosing the point of operation.
d) Guarding may not be required if the point of operation opening is 14-inch/6mm or less.
e) Safeguarding choices for mechanical power presses depend on the clutch systems and also subject to final
decision of authority on the guarding requirements.
f) Feasible methods for full-revolution presses shall include fixed or adjustable barrier guarding, two-hand
trips, pullbacks, restraints, or type A gates.
g) Part-revolution presses shall be equipped with barrier guarding, presence-sensing devices, two-hand
controls or trips, type A or B gates, pullbacks, or restraints. The safeguarding options for a partrevolution press can also be installed on hydraulic presses.
h) Fixed, interlocked, or adjustable barrier guarding shall be installed where the operator does not need
frequent access to the point of operation, for example, on a mechanical power press in continuous mode.

7.22 POWER ROLL FORMING & BENDING MACHINE


a) Installing fixed or adjustable barrier guarding at the point of operation is usually not practical, primarily
due to the flexibility needed to bend various sizes of stock. Protection for the operator and anyone near the
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machine shall be provided by using devices such as safety trip cables (emergency stop) and hold-down
controls; however, these safety devices do not directly prevent entanglement or entrapment.
b) Safety guards shall be designed in

such a way that they are to help prevent or minimize injury by

stopping the machine quickly.


c) Hold-down button or foot controls shall be designed to actuate roll movement only when held in the run
position. The control should automatically return to the stop position when released.
d) A trip device (bar, tensioned wire/cable, or kick panel) shall be interlocked with the machines control
circuit and positioned so that it may be easily actuated by any person caught or drawn toward the rolls and
will stop the machine before serious injury can occur.
e) A trip device shall run the entire length of the machine at the front and in the back. Also, ensure the
braking system is adequate, as the safety devices are only effective if the dangerous parts of the machine
stop quickly.
f) An emergency stop button should be provided at the machine control console and at any remote work
station. If more than one person is needed to operate the machine, controls should be furnished for each
person.
7.23

BELT SANDER

a) Suitable Guards shall be produced at unused runs of the sanding belt.


b) Do not sand the face of pieces that are less than 34-inch/20mm thick unless you use a push shoe or some
other means of supporting the stock.
c) Guard all nip points. This can normally be accomplished by enclosing the edge of the sanding belt and the
ends of the pulleys.
d) The work table shall be of as close as possible to the sanding belt.

7.24

DISK SANDER

a) Keep hands away from the abrasive surface and use only the downward side of the disk so that the wood is
driven onto the table by the machines rotation.
b) Do not sand pieces that are of a shape or size that can become wedged between the disk and the work
table. Hold small or thin pieces of stock in a jig or holding device to prevent abrasion to the fingers or
hands.
c) Each disk sanding machine must have an exhaust hood (or other guard if no exhaust system is installed)
that encloses the rotating disk, except for the portion of the disk above the table. This applies to drum
(spindle) sanders also.

7.25

SHEAR MACHINE

a) The shear blades shall be guarded as per the manufacturers recommendation. If not, a barrier guard,
capable of adjusting to the thickness of the stock, must be installed in front of the shear blades.
b) An adjustable barrier guard must also be provided in front of the hold-down devices to protect the operator
from the pinch point hazard.
c) Guards must meet the safe opening requirements as recommended by the manufacturer or reasonably
practicable. They must be adjustable so that operators can feed the stock but cannot get their hands or
fingers into the hazard area.
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d) On mechanical shears equipped with a part-revolution clutch or for those that are hydraulically powered,
light curtain presence-sensing devices or two-hand control devices shall be considered to be safeguarding
options.
e) Wear gloves when handling the stock. In addition to gloves, appropriate mechanical devices or assistance
should be used when removing, handling, and installing the blades.
f) Hand/foot controls should be enclosed or shrouded to eliminate accidental cycling.
g) The back of the shear, where sheared debris drops, should be barricaded.

7.26

TABLE SAW

a) The most common blade guard shall be of a self-adjusting guard that encloses the portion of the saw above
the table, and above the stock being cut.
b) The guard shall be designed to automatically adjust to the thickness of the material being cut and remains
in contact with it during the cut.
c) Fixed enclosures, fixed barrier guards, or manually adjusted guards (e.g. Brett-Guards) shall also be used
as point of operation guarding provided its protection is equivalent to the protection of self-adjusting
guards and it prevents employee exposure to the saw blade.
d) Guards must be used under sufficient supervision and in accordance with manufacturers instructions.
e) Prevent exposure to the blade (and belt drive) located underneath and behind the table saw with a fixed
guard.
f) Use a push stick for small pieces of wood and for pushing stock past the blade. Consider using large or
well-designed push sticks that can not only provide a firm and stable grip of the stock but also effectively
push the stock through while keeping your hand away from the blade. Combs (feather boards) or suitable
jigs can be used when a standard guard cannot be used during grooving, jointing, molding.
g) Turn the power off, wait for the blade to stop, and lower the blade before removing scraps or finished
pieces of stock from around the blade.
h) Use a spreader and anti-kickback fingers to prevent material from squeezing the saw or kicking back
during ripping.
i)

Enough clearance behind the blade shall be provided to allow the stock to completely pass through the cut.
Also, provide support for material that will pass beyond the table

7.27 AIR RECEIVER TANK AND ITS ACCESORIES


General Requirements
a) Air hoses shall be kept free from any lubricant in order to prevent the possibility of deterioration.
b) Air hoses shall not be laid down across the floors or aisles to avoid trip or fall of personnel. And, whenever
necessary, air supply hoses should be elevated or otherwise positioned properly on the workplace to
provide adequate access and protection against damage.
c) Air hose shall not be bended or twisted.
d) Air lines / hoses should be inspected frequently for defects, and any defective equipment repaired or
replaced immediately.

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e) Restraining devices such as keepers, chains, slings, proprietary special couplings and whip-checks should
be installed on all pipe-diameters connected with high-pressure compressed air hoses to prevent them
thrashing / whipping about in the event of a hose or coupling failure.
f) EHS Third Party inspection & certificate is required and shall be conducted annually (see Table 3). In
addition to this, the occupier / contractor has to appoint qualified & trained personnel to carry out regular
inspections & preventive maintenance of all parts of compressed air powered equipment including hoses,
couplings, clamps and keepers in order to retain the operational integrity of this equipment and corrective
action shall be taken subsequently where necessary.
g) Only qualified personnel should be allowed to carry out operation, maintenance and repair of this air
receiver tank & its accessories. Upon Carrying out repair work on the tank, EHS Third Party inspection
and shall be conducted & necessary Test certificate for the tank & its system shall be obtained and
submitted to EHS prior to resume its operations.
h) Face shields, goggles or other eye protection must be worn always whenever necessary by personnel
performing cleaning operations on the air receiver.
i)

Air compressor must be grounded or bonded while being used when fuel, flammable vapors or explosive
atmospheres are present.

j)

Effective safety guard shall be installed to all moving parts, such as compressor flywheels, pulleys, and /
or belts etc.

k) Only tanks with "hydrostatic test & appropriate approvals from Competent Authorities" are allowed to be
used in the premises. The maximum allowable working pressures of air receivers should never be
exceeded except when being tested & approved by EHS Third Party.
l)

Receivers should be drained frequently to prevent accumulation of liquid inside the unit and the liquid
waste shall be drained only to proper industrial drainage system.

m) A safety (spring loaded) relief valve shall be installed to prevent the receiver from exceeding the
maximum allowable working pressure.

Pressure Devices:
a) Maintain valves, gauges and other regulating devices in good working condition.
b) Air tank safety valves should never be higher than the maximum allowable working pressure of the air
receiver.
c) Case iron seat or disk safety valves shall be of ASME approved and stamped for intended service
application.
d) Frozen safety valves must be defrost and drained before operating the compressor.
Compressed Air Equipment Maintenance:
a) Compressor shall not be lubricated with high flash point oil or grease.
b) Air compressor shall be frequently cleaned to maintain its workable condition.
c) The air systems should be fully purged every after cleaning.
d) Lock-Out & Tag-Out shall be applied during maintenance work of the compressor.

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7.28 Dead Man's Switch


All equipment such as, but not limited to the, mentioned below table, are required to be provided with Dead
Mans Switched or Dead Mans Control so that, in the event where the operator becomes incapacitated, the
device will respond in a way that a particular equipment will stop safely and reduce the chances of harm to
other person & result to at least minimum damage to properties.
Forklift

Stacker

Mobile Crane

Overhead & Gantry Crane

Blaster Gun

Power Press

Disk or Belt Sander

Compacting & Bailing Machine

Shear Machine

Lathe Machine

Milling Machine Abrasive Grinder


CNC Machine

7.29

Belt Sander

Drill Press

Power Roll forming & Bending Machine

Portable Belt Sander

Portable Circular Saw

Portable Circular Saw

Abrasive Wheel Grinder

Portable Ladder / A Frame Ladder or Step Ladder

a.) Read and follow all labels/markings on the ladder.


b.) Look for overhead power lines before handling a ladder. Avoid electrical hazards - avoid using a metal

ladder near power lines or exposed energized electrical equipment.


c.) Always inspect the ladder prior to use. If the ladder is damaged, it must be removed from service and

tagged until repaired or discarded.


d.) Do not use a self-supporting ladder (e.g., step ladder) as a single ladder or in a partially closed position.
e.) Do not use the top 3 step/rung of a ladder as a step/rung unless it was designed for that purpose.

Always maintain a 3-point (two hands and a


foot, or two feet and a hand) contact on the
ladder when climbing. Keep your body near
the middle of the step and always face the
ladder while climbing (see diagram).

f.) Only use ladders and appropriate accessories (ladder levelers, jacks or hooks) for their designed purposes.
g.) Ladders must be free of any slippery material on the rungs, steps or feet. While using a ladder use only

shoes with non-slip soles.


h.) Do not stand or sit on a step ladder top or pail shelf.
i.) Use a ladder only on a stable and level surface, unless it has been secured (top or bottom) to prevent

displacement.
j.) Do not place a ladder on boxes, barrels or other unstable bases to obtain additional height.
k.) Do not move or shift a ladder while a person or equipment is on the ladder.

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m.) An extension or straight ladder used to access an elevated


surface must extend at least 3 feet above the point of support
(see diagram). Do not stand on the three top rungs of a
straight, single or extension ladder.
n.) The proper angle for setting up a ladder is to place its base a
quarter of the working length of the ladder from the wall or
other vertical surface (see diagram).

o.) A ladder placed in any location where it can be displaced by other work activities must be secured to

prevent displacement or a barricade must be erected to keep traffic away from the ladder.
p.) Be sure that all locks on an extension ladder are properly engaged.
q.) Do not exceed the maximum load rating of a ladder. Be aware of the ladders load rating and of the weight

it is supporting, including the weight of any tools or equipment.


r.) Move materials with extreme caution. Be careful pushing or pulling anything while on a ladder. You may

lose your balance or tip the ladder.

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TABLE NO. 1
REPORTABLE DISEASES/OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES
Diseases
Conditions due to physical agents and the
physical demands of work

Activities

1.

Inflammation, ulceration or malignant disease of the


skin due to ionizing radiation.

2.

Malignant disease of the bones due to ionizing


radiation.

3.

Blood dyscrasia due to ionizing radiation.

4.

Cataract due to electromagnetic radiation.

5.

Decompression illness

6.

Barotraumas resulting in lung or other organ


damage.

7.

Dysbaric osteonecrosis

8.

Cramp of the hand or forearm due to repetitive


movements

Work involving prolonged periods of handwriting, typing or


other repetitive movements of the fingers, hand or arm.

9.

Subcutaneous cellulitis of the hand (beat hand)

Physically demanding work causing severe or prolonged


friction or pressure on the hand.

10. Bursitis or subcutaneous cellulitis arising at or about


the knee due to severe or prolonged external friction
or pressure at or about the knee (beat knee)
11. Bursitis or subcutaneous cellulitis arising at or about
the elbow due to severe or prolonged external
friction or pressure at or about elbow (beat elbow)
12. Traumatic inflammation of the tendons of the hand
or forearm or of the associated tendon sheaths.
13. Carpal tunnel syndrome

)
)
)
)
)
)
)

Work with ionizing radiation

Work involving exposure to electromagnetic radiation


(including radiant heat).
Work involving breathing gases at increased pressure
(including diving)

Physically demanding work causing severe or prolonged


friction or pressure at or about the knee.
Physically demanding work causing severe or prolonged
friction or pressure at or about the elbow.
Physically demanding work, frequent or repeated
movements, constrained postures or extremes of extension
or flexion of the hand or wrist.
Work involving the use of hand-held vibrating tools.

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14. Hand-arm vibration syndrome.

Work involving:
(a) the use of chain saws, brush cutters or hand-held or
hand-fed circular saws in forestry or woodworking;
(b) the use of hand-held rotary tools in grinding material
or in sanding or polishing metal;
(c) the holding of material being ground or metal being
sanded or polished by rotary tools;
(d) the use of hand-held percussive metal-working tools
or the holding of metal being worked upon by
percussive tools in connection with riveting,
caulking, chipping, hammering, fettling or swaging;
(e) the use of hand-held powered percussive drills or
hand-held percussive hammers in mining, quarrying
or demolition, or on roads or footpaths (including
road construction); or
(f) the holding of material being worked upon by
pounding machines in shoe manufacture.

Infections due to biological agents


15. Anthrax

(a)
(b)

Work involving handling infected animals, their


products or packaging containing infected
material; or
work on infected sites

16. Brucellosis

Work involving contact with:


(a) Animals or their carcasses (including any parts
thereof) infected by brucella or the untreated
products of same; or
(b) Laboratory specimens or vaccines of or containing
brucella.

17. (a) Avian chlamydiosis

Work involving contact with birds infected with chlamydia


psittaci, or the remains or untreated products of such
birds.
Work involving contact with sheep infected with
chlamydia psittaci or the remains of untreated products
of such sheep.

(b) Ovine chlamydiosis

18. Hepatitis

Work involving contact with;


(a) human blood or human blood products; or
(b) any source of viral hepatitis.

19. Legionellosis

Work on or near cooling systems which are located in the


workplace and use water, or work on hot water service
systems located in the workplace which are likely to be a
source of contamination.

20. Leptospirosis

(a) Work in places which are liable to be infested by


rats, field-mice, voles or other small mammals;
(b) Work at dog kennels or involving the care or
handling of dogs; or
(c) Work involving contact with bovine animals or their
meat products or pigs or their meat products.

21. Lyme disease

Work involving exposure to ticks (including in particular


work by forestry workers, rangers, dairy farmers,
gamekeepers and other persons engaged in countryside
management).

22. Q fever

Work involving contact with animals, their remains or


their untreated products.

23. Rabies

Work involving handling or contact with infected animals.

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24. Streptococcus suis

Work involving contact with pigs infected with


streptococcus suis, or with the carcasses, products or
residues of pigs so affected.

25. Tetanus

Work involving contact with soil likely to be contaminated


by animals.

26. Tuberculosis

Work with persons, animals, human or animal remains or


any other material which might be a source of infection.

27. Any infection reliably attributable to the performance


of the work specified in the entry opposite hereto.

Work with micro-organisms; work with live or dead


human beings in the course of providing any treatment
or service or in conducting any investigation involving
exposure to blood or body fluids; work with animals or
any potentially infected material derived from any of the
above.

Conditions due to substances


28.Poisonings by any of the following:
(a) acrylamide monomer;
(b) arsenic or one of its compounds;
(c) benzene or a homologue of benzene;
(d) beryllium or one of its compounds;
(e) cadmium or one of its compounds;
(f) carbon disulphide;
(g) diethylene dioxide (dioxan);
(h) ethylene oxide;
(i) lead or one of its compounds;
(j) manganese or one of its compounds;
(k) mercury or one of its compounds;
(l) methyl bromide;
(m) nitrochlorobenzene, or a nitro- or amino- or
chloro-derivative of benzene or of a homologue
of benzene;
(n) oxides of nitrogen;
(o) phosphorus or one of its compounds.

Any activity

29. Cancer of a bronchus or lung

(a) Work in or about a building where nickel is produced


by decomposition of a gaseous nickel compound or
where any industrial process which is ancillary or
incidental to that process is carried on; or
(b) Work involving exposure to bis(chloromethyl) ether
or any electrolytic chromium process (excluding
passivation) which involve hexavalent chromium
compounds, chromate production or zinc chromate
pigment manufacture.

30. Primary carcinoma of the lung where there is


accompanying evidence of silicosis

Any
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)

occupation in:
Glass manufacture;
Sandstone tunneling or quarrying;
The pottery industry;
Metal ore mining;
Slate quarrying or slate production;
Clay mining;
The use of siliceous materials as abrasives;
Foundry work;
Granite tunneling or quarrying; or
Stone cutting or masonry;

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31. Cancer of the urinary tract.

1.

Work involving exposure to any of the following


substances:
(a) Beta-napthylamine
or
methylene-bisorthochloroaniline;
(b) Diphenyl substituted by at least one nitro or primary
amino group or by at least one nitro and primary
amino group (including benzidine);
(c) Any of the substances mentioned in sub-paragraph
(b) above if further ring substituted by halogeno,
methyl or methoxy groups, but not by other groups;
or
(d) The salts of any of the substances mentioned in
sub-paragraphs (a) to (c) above
2. The manufacture of auramine or magenta.

32. Bladder cancer

Work involving exposure to aluminium smelting using the


Soderberg process.

33.Angiosarcoma of the liver

(a) Work in or about machinery or apparatus used the


polymerization of vinyl chloride monomer, a process
which, for the purposes of this sub-paragraph,
comprises all operations up to and including the
drying of the slurry produced by the polymerization
and the packaging of the dried product; or
(b) Work in a building or structure in which any part of
the process referred to in the foregoing subparagraph takes place.

34. Peripheral neuropathy

Work involving the use or handling of or exposure to the


fumes of or vapor containing n-hexane or methyl n-butyl
ketone.

35. Chrome ulceration of:


(a) the nose or throat; or
(b) the skin of the hands or forearm

Work involving exposure to chromic acid or to any other


chromium compound.

36. Folliculitis

)
)
) Work involving exposure to mineral oil, tar, pitch or
arsenic.
)

37. Acne
38. Skin cancer
39. Pneumoconiosis (excluding asbestosis)

1.(a) The mining, quarrying or working of silica rock or


the working of dried quartzose sand, any dry deposit
or residue of silica or any dry admixture containing
such materials (including any activity in which any of
the aforesaid operations are carried out incidentally to
the mining or quarrying of other minerals or to the
manufacture of articles containing crushed or ground
silica rock); or
(b)the handling of any of the materials specified in the
foregoing sub-paragraph in or incidentally to any of the
operations mentioned therein or substantial exposure
to the dust arising from such operations.
2. The breaking, crushing or grinding of flint, the working
or handling of broken, crushed or ground flint or
materials containing such flint or substantial exposure
to the dust arising from any such operation.
3. Sand blasting by means of compressed air with the
use of quartzose sand or crushed silica rock or flint or

75 of 119

substantial exposure to the dust arising from such sand


blasting
4. Work in a foundry or the performance of, or
substantial exposure to the dust arising from, any of
the following operations:
(a) the freezing of steel castings from adherent
siliceous substance or;
(b) the freezing of metal castings from adherent
siliceous substance:
(i)

by blasting with an abrasive propelled by

(ii)

compressed air, steam or a wheel, or


by the use of power driven tools.

5. The manufacture of china or earthenware (including


sanitary earthenware, electrical earthenware and
earthenware tiles) and any activity involving
substantial exposure to the dust arising therefrom.
6. The grinding of mineral graphite or substantial
exposure to the dust arising from such grinding.
7. The dressing of granite or any igneous rock by
masons, the crushing of such materials or substantial
exposure to the dust arising from such operations.
8. The use or preparation for use of an abrasive wheel or
substantial exposure to the dust arising therefrom.
9.(a) Work underground in any mine in which one of the
objects of the mining operations is the getting of the
material;
(b) the working or handling above ground at any coal
or tin mine of any materials extracted therefrom or any
operation incidental thereto;
(c) the trimming of coal in any ship, barge, lighter,
dock or harbour or at any wharf or quay; or
(d) the sawing, splitting or dressing of slate or any
operation incidental thereto.
10.

The manufacture or work incidental to the


manufacture of carbon electrodes by an industrial
undertaking for use in the electrolytic extraction of
aluminum from aluminum oxide and any activity
involving substantial exposure to the dust therefrom.

11. Boiler scaling or substantial exposure to the dust


arising therefrom.
40. Byssinosis

The spinning or manipulation of raw or waste cotton of


flax, carried out in each case in a room in a factory,
together with any other work carried out in such a room.

41. Mesothelioma
42. Lung cancer
43. Asbestosis

(a) The working or handling of asbestos or any


admixture of asbestos;
(b) The manufacture or repair of asbestos textiles or
other articles containing or composed of asbestos:
(c) The cleaning of any machinery or plant used in any
of the foregoing operations and of any chambers,
fixtures and appliances for the collection of asbestos
dust; or
(d) Substantial exposure to the dust arising from any of
the foregoing operations.

76 of 119

44. Cancer of the nasal cavity or associated air sinuses

1.(a) Work in or about a building where wooden


furniture is manufactured;
(b) work in a building used for the manufacture of
footwear or components of footwear made wholly
or partly of leather or fibre board; or
(c) Work at a place used wholly or mainly for the
repair of footwear made wholly or partly of leather
or fibre board.
2. Work in or about a factory building where nickel is
produced by decomposition of a gaseous nickel
compound or in any process which is ancillary or
incidental thereto.

45. Occupational dermatitis

Work involving exposure to any of the following agents:


(a) Epoxy resin systems;
(b) Formaldehyde and its resins;
(c) Metalworking fluids;
(d) Chromate (hexavalent and derived from trivalent
chromium);
(e) Cement, plaster or concrete;
(f) Acrylates and methacrylates;
(g) Colophony (rosin) and its modified products;
(h) Glutaraldehyde;
(i) Mercaptobenzothiazole, thiurams, substituted
paraphenylene-diamines and related rubber
processing chemicals;
(j) Biocides,
anti-bacterials,
preservatives
or
disinfectants;
(k) Organic solvents;
(l) Antibiotics
and
other
pharmaceuticals
and
therapeutic agents;
(m) Strong acids, strong alkalis, strong solutions (e.g.
brine) and oxidising agents including domestic
bleach or reducing agents;
(n) Hairdressing products including in particular dyes,
shampoos, bleaches and permanent waving
solutions;
(o) Soaps and detergents;
(p) Plants and plant-derived material including in
particular the daffodil, tulip and chrysanthemum
families, the parsley family (carrots, parsnips,
parsley and celery), garlic and onion, hardwoods
and the pine family;
(q) Fish, shell-fish or meat;
(r) Sugar or flour; or
(s) Any other known irritant or sensitising agent
including in particular any chemical bearing the
warning may cause sensitisation by skin contact or
irritating to the skin.

46. Extrinsic alveolitis (including farmers lung)

Exposure to moulds, fungal spores or heterologous


proteins during work in:
(a)
agriculture, horticulture, forestry, cultivation of
edible fungi or malt working;
(b)loading, unloading or handling mouldy vegetable
matter or edible fungi whilst same is being stored;
(b)
caring for or handling birds; or
(c)
handling bagasse.

47. Occupational asthma

Work involving exposure to any of the following agents:


(a) isocyanates;
(b) platinum salts;
(c) fumes or dust arising from the manufacture,
transport or use of hardening agents (including
epoxy resin curing agents) based on phthalic

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(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)

(h)
(i)
(j)
(k)
(l)

anhydride, tetrachlorophthalic anhydride, trimellitic


anhydride or triethylene-tetramine;
fumes arising from the use of rosin as a soldering
flux;
proteolytic enzymes;
animals including insects and other anthropods used
for the purposes of research or education in
laboratories;
dusts arising from the sowing, cultivation,
harvesting, drying, handling, milling, transport or
storage of barley, oats, rye, wheat or maize or the
handling, milling, transport or storage of flour made
there from;
Antibiotics;
cimetidine;
wood dust;
ispaghula;
castor bean dust;

(m) ipecacuanha;
(n) azodicarbonamide;
(o) animals including insects and other anthropods
(whether in their larval forms or not) used for the
purposes of pest control or fruit cultivation or the
larval forms of animals used for the purposes of
research or education or in laboratories;
(p) glutaraldehyde;
(q) persulphate salts or henna;
(r) crustaceans or fish or products arising from these in
the food processing industry;
(s) reactive dyes;
(t) soya bean;
(u) tea dust;
(v) green coffee bean dust;
(w) fumes from stainless steel welding;
(x) any other sensitizing agent, including in particular
any chemical bearing the warning may cause
sensitization by inhalation.
48. Infectuous Diseases

Cholera, Typhoid, para typhoid, Salmonallosis, Bacillary


Dysentery, Pulmonary Tubercolosis, Brucoliosis, Leprosy,
Diphtheria, Pertusis, Scarlet Fever, Meningococcal
Meningitis, Tetanus, Acute Poliomyelitis, Small Pox,
Chicken Pox, Measles, Rubella, Viral Haemorrhagic fever,
Hepatitis, Rabies, Mumps, Trachoma, Malaria, Opthalmia
(Neonatorum), Leptospirosis, HIV, ARC, Meningitis, Viral
Encephalitis.

78 of 119

TABLE NO. 2
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE LIMITS FOR INDOOR AIR POLLUTANTS (GASES)
Two categories of Threshold Limit Values are shown here:
a) Time Weighed Average (TWA)- the time weighed average concentration for a normal 8-hour workday or
40-hour work-week, to which nearly all workers may be exposed, day to day, without adverse effect.
b) Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL) the maximum concentration to which workers can be exposed for a
period of up to 15 minutes continuously.
Name of the substance
Ammonia
Arsine
Asbestos

TWA

STEL

25 ppm

35 ppm

0.05 ppm

0.05 ppm

5 fibres per ml, more


than 5 um in length

Butyl acetate

150 ppm

200 ppm

Carbon monoxide

50 ppm

400 ppm

Carbon tetrachloride skin

10 ppm

25 ppm

Chlorine gas

1 ppm

3 ppm

Chromic acid

0.1mg/m3

0.1mg/m3

o-Dichlorobenzene C

50 ppm

50 ppm

p- Dichlorobenzene

75 ppm

110 ppm

Dicholoroethyl ether - skin

5 ppm

10 ppm

1.2 Dichloroethylene

200 ppm

250 ppm

Ethyl ether

400 ppm

500 ppm

Ethyl acetate

400 ppm

400 ppm

1 ppm

2 ppm

2 ppm

2 ppm

500 ppm

500 ppm

Hydrogen Chloride C

5 ppm

5 ppm

Hydrogen cyanide - skin

10 ppm

15 ppm

Hydrogen Fluoride

3 ppm

3 ppm

Hydrogen Sulphide

10 ppm

15 ppm

Lead, inorganic, fumes and dusts

0.15 mg/m3

0.45 mg/m3

LPG ( Liquidified Petroleum Gas )

1000 ppm

1250 ppm

Malathion skin

10 mg/m3

10 mg/m3

Mercury (Alkyl compounds ) - skin

0.001 ppm

0.003 ppm

0.05 mg/m3

0.15 mg/m3

Methanol - skin

200 ppm

250 ppm

Monochlorobenzene

75 ppm

75 ppm

Methyl mercaptan

0.5 ppm

0.5 ppm

Methyl methacrylate

100 ppm

125 ppm

2 ppm

4 ppm

- skin

1 ppm

2 ppm

Nitrogen dioxide C

5 ppm

5 ppm

Phosgene (carbonyl chloride)

0.1 ppm

0.05 ppm

Phosphine

0.3 ppm

1 ppm

Fluorine
Formaldehyde

Gasoline

Mercury ( All forms except alkyl)

Nitric acid
Nitrobenzene

79 of 119

Silica dust (50% respirable) various


Sulphur dioxide

0.15 0.3 mg/m3


5 ppm

5 ppm

1 mg/m3

1 mg/m3

Tetra ethyl lead (TEL)

0.1 mg/m3

0.3 mg/m3

Tetra methyl lead (TML)

0.15 mg/m3

0.45 mg/m3

Trichloroethylene

100 mg/m3

150 ppm

Vanadium perntoxide - dust

0.5 mg/m3

1.5 mg/m3

0.05 mg/m3

0.05 mg/m3

5 mg/m3

10 mg/m3

Sulphuric acid

- fume .C
Zinc oxide fume

Notes:
1. p.p.m. Parts of vapour or gas per million parts of air by volume at 25C and 760 mm mercury pressure.
2. mg/m3 - Milligrams of substance per cubic meter of air.
3. C
- The concentration that should not be exceeded even instantaneously.
The above list only represents a few of the substances used in industry. In the case of substances not in the list,
reference must be made to the current issue of Occupational Exposure Limit (year) revised and reprinted
annually by the U.K. Health & Safety Executive as Guidance Note EH40/ (year).

TABLE NO. 2- A
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE LIMITS FOR INDOOR AIR POLLUTANTS (DUST)
SUBSTANCE

MAX. ALLOWABLE LIMITS (mg/m3)

Respirable Dust
Crystallize Silica (quartz)

0.1

Un-crystallize silica (graphite)

2.5

Asbestos (crisotile)

2(fiber/cm3)

Total Dust
Un-crystallize silica (graphite)

10

Stone wool

10

Silica jell

10

Portland cement

10

Dust From Biological Sources


Hard wood vapors

Soft wood vapors

Inorganic Lead

80 of 119

TABLE NO. 3
FREQUENCY OF TESTING OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT AND PRESSURE VESSELS

Boilers/
Pressure Vessels

12 months internal and external, when all parts include


blow down valve, safety valve and pressure gauge
opened for inspection. On completion of inspection
working test has to be carried out and safety valve
floated.

Air Receivers

12 months of the internal and external examination

Passenger Lifts

Inspection every 6 months.

Lifting tackles/
Lifting Equipment

Inspection every 12 months

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TABLE NO. 4
OCCUPATIONAL NOISE
In every workplace, suitable measures shall be taken by the occupier to ensure that no worker is exposed to
continuous sound levels exceeding the maximum exposure level given in the following table:

Sound level in dB(A)

Maximum No. of hours of exposure per


employee per work day hours

Up to 85
92
95
97
100
102
105
110
115
more than 115

8
6
4
3
2
1.5
1
0.5
0.25
0

The following duties are laid on employers:


1. To make (and update where necessary) a formal noise assessment, where employees are likely to be
exposed to:
a) First action level or above 85 dB(A)
b) Peak action level
2. To provide, at the request of an employee, suitable and efficient personal ear protection where
employees are likely to be exposed to 85 dB (A) or above but less than 90 dB (A).
3. To designate ear protection zone.
4. To designate ear protection zone, indicating that it is an ear protection zone with signs, informing that
ear protection must be worn.
5. The manufacturers and suppliers of noisy machinery to design and construct such machinery, so that the
risks from noise emissions are reduced to the lowest level. Information on noise emissions must be
provided when specified levels are reached.

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TABLE NO. 5
SUITABLE LIGHTING
The lighting illuminance levels indicated in the following table shall be the minimum allowed in the listed
operations:
Sr.

Operations

Lux

Operations not requiring accuracy like the ascertainment of large objects.

50

Operations requiring some accuracy like the assembly of machine parts, grinding
of grains and stones and similar primary industrial operations, chambers of steam
boilers, sections where the product is put in large containers, equipment
100
storehouses and apparatuses used in semi-accurate operations.

Assembly of simple parts like turnery and molding which do not require accuracy
and test conducted on products and machines and the sewing of light colored
clothes, the storing of foodstuff, the manufacturing of wooden planks, leather and
200
similar operations.

Operations requiring accuracy like turnery and lathe works which require average
accuracy, and office work, final operations in production and similar operations.
250

Operations which require a great deal of accuracy like the assembly of small parts
and accurate turnery and fitter works, the cutting and reshaping of glass, accurate 300
carpenting, office work, drawing and similar operations.

Operations requiring extreme accuracy and patience such as tests conducted with
extreme accuracy, tests conducted on small or subtle tools and machinery, the
manufacturing of precious stones and watches, assembly of printing press letters,
500
the weaving of dark colored clothes and similar operations.

Notes:
1.

No safety has been considered, because no perception of detail is needed and visual fatigue is unlikely.
However, where it is necessary to see detail to recognize hazards or where error in performing the task
could put someone else at risk, the figure should be increased to that for work requiring the perception
of detail.

2.

The purpose is to avoid visual fatigue; the luminance shall be adequate for safety purposes.

83 of 119

TABLE NO. 6
STEAM BOILER INSTALLATION GUIDELINES
Prior to any steam boiler installation in the Free Zone, the following Health, Safety and Environment Protection
Guidelines are to be fulfilled:

A.

ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION GUIDELINES:


1. Details of steam boiler/heater: capacity, fuel type, fuel rate, sulphur content etc. to be provided.
2. Boiler room height and any adjacent building height to be provided. Boiler chimney height
calculation will be provided by EHS to the client.
3. The fuel tank should be bunded with impervious bund wall including the bund floor. The same
should be designed to confine fuel of 110% fuel tank capacity and underground bunded area to be
lined with HDPE lining. Details of bund wall volume calculation & design should be provided.
4. Proper drainage facility should be provided for the boiler condensate and blow down as approved
by EHS, away from the domestic drainage of the facility. A detailed drawing in this regard should
be provided.
5. Refer PCFC Environmental Guideline. (2004) No. 2 for Large Boilers & Furnaces.
6. Proper sampling point & access ladder to be provided on chimney for emission quality checks.

B.

HEALTH & SAFETY GUIDELINES:


1. Boilers should be installed at a safe distance from production or other working areas and to be
protected (at least 3 mts.). Entry is to be restricted in the boiler rooms for authorized personnel
only.
2. The boiler should be checked and certified by accredited third party (in case of new boiler,
manufacturer's certificate is acceptable) every year. The test & certification should cover all the
boiler's safety devices, gauges, internal and external conditions etc.
3. All Safety devices of the Boiler must be checked before starting and the safety devices as well as
pressure gauges and water level meter should be located at a height of not more than 1.5 m from
the ground level.
4. Boiler design should meet ASME boiler & pressure vessel codes.
5. A suitable stop valve/valves by which the boiler vessel or the boiler system may be isolated from
other vessels or source of supply of pressure to be provided.
6. Conditions mentioned in Article (16) of the Ministerial Decision 32 of 1982 on the prevention of
preventive methods and measures for the protection of labor from the risk of work to be fulfilled
and acknowledged.

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TABLE No. 7
FIRST AID TRAINING
First aid training should be given by EHS Approved agencies (See H, S&F Guidelines) such as:
i.

Registered medical practitioner/nurses with knowledge & experience of first aid in workplace.

ii.

Qualified teachers or graduates/lecturers with current first aid certificates from Authority approved
organization, or Lay trainers holding a certificate from HS&E approved organization, such
certificate being renewable every two years.

The number of first aiders in different workplaces should be in accordance with the following table of
requirements:
Category of Risk

First-aid Personnel

LOW RISK (e.g. shops, offices, libraries):


- fewer than 50 employed
- between 50 & 200 employed
- more than 100 employed
MEDIUM RISK (e.g. light engineering and
assembly work, food processing, warehousing):
- fewer than 20 employed
- between 20 & 100 employed
- more than 100 employed
HIGH RISK (e.g. most construction,
slaughterhouses, chemical manufacture, extensive
work with dangerous machinery):
- fewer than 5 employed
- between 5 & 10 employed
- more than 50 employed
HIGH RISK including risk of poisoning for which
treatment with an antidote may be needed, or where
hazard justifies additional first-aid facility

at least one appointed person


at least one first-aider
one more first-aider to every 100

at least two appointed persons


at least two first-aiders for every 50
one more first-aider for every 100

at least two appointed persons


at least two first-aiders
one more first-aider for every 50 employed

- at least two first-aider trained in the specific


emergency action

A certificate of qualification as a first-Aider is valid for two years, after which a refresher course, followed by
further examination is necessary before the person can be granted a further certificate. First-Aiders should be
trained in following techniques and be knowledgeable about:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Resuscitation;
Treatment and control of bleeding;
Treatment of shock;
Management of unconscious casualty;

j) Treatment of minor injuries;


k) Treatment of burns and scalds;
l) Eye irritation;
m) Poisons;

e) Contents of first-aid rooms;


f) Purchasing first-aid supplies;
g) Transport of casualties;

n) Treatment of a casualty overcome by gas/ fumes


o) Simple record keeping;
p) Personal hygiene in treating wounds; and

h) Recognition of illness;

q) Communication and delegation in an emergency.

i) Treatment to injuries to bones, muscles and joints;


Work places must have first-aid facility established in accordance with the following table:

No. of First-aid boxes stocked


First-aid room
Trained certified first-aid staff
Nurse or Doctor

Number of Employees
1 50
50 - 150
150 - 250
1
2
2
yes

250 1000
More than 1000
In each work area
yes
Yes
yes

Yes
yes
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LIST OF ITEMS IN A FIRST-AID BOX


These are only minimum items to be put in a first aid box, other kits shall be added or increase depending on
the work activities (Ref Dubai Municipality Technical Guidelines No. 25)

Note: All medicine shall be administered only by authorized medical practitioner or to be taken
only after consultation with Medical Doctor.

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IMS-P13

IMS-F13a

Accident Notification Form


Section-1 Details of Person Making This Report
Persons Name

Designation

Contact No. & Address:


Date & Time of Report:

Signature:

Section-2 Accident Details


Name of the Company / Contractor
Name of the Injured Person:
ID Number

Age

Location Of Accident

Male / Female

Date of Accident

Occupation of the Person

Shift Timings

Time Of Accident

Name of Main Contractor (If applicable)

Contact Number

Nature Of Accident causing


(Tick in the appropriate box)

Injury
Fire

Property Damage
Environmental Disturbance

Details Of Plant / Equipment


Involved In Accident
Accident Reported By:
(Name & Position of Supervisor)

Fatality
Amputation

Contact
Number

Section-3 Brief Details of the Accident (Attach Separate Sheet If Required)

Section-4 Immediate Actions Taken (Tick on Y for YES and on N for No)
First Aid given to the injured
Called the Emergency Number
Any Other

Y / N
Y / N

Section -5 Witness to the Accident / Incident


Witnesses Names

Position

Company/Contractor

Contact Nos.

Signature

1.
2.
In the case of all accidents this form must be filled and faxed to EHS within 24 hours of the accident. Fax: 04-8818857 or 04-8817023
For major/significant accidents in BUs, ECC will inform EHS to carry out necessary investigation.

Revision: 02

June 2008

Page 1 of 1

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SECTION 8
FIRE PROTECTION, FIRE PREVENTION & FIRE/EMERGENCY CONTROL
8.0 SCOPE
1. The provisions of these regulations establish minimum fire protection requirements / prescriptive criteria
for buildings, facilities or structures within Trakhees / Ports, Customs & Free Zone Corporation PCFC
jurisdiction. The requirements / criteria reflect the need for the protection of life and property while
taking into account the assessed risks associated with the buildings, facilities or structures, their contents
and *permitted activities. (*Refer to Appendix-1) and quality assurance including management of
changes and safeguards before, during and after construction.
2. The provisions shall be applicable to all new and all types of existing buildings, facilities or structures
and their contents and permitted activities whether considered permanent or temporary, mobile &
stationary equipment, waterfront facilities and shore protection for ships within Trakhees / PCFC
jurisdiction.
3. The provisions shall also be applicable to construction, alteration, repair, equipment, use and occupancy,
maintenance, relocation & demolition of any building, facility or structure or any appurtenances
connected or attached to such buildings, facilities or structures within Trakhees / PCFC jurisdiction.
4. The provisions primarily address maintenance of Fire protection and occupancy features necessary to
minimize danger to life & property.
5. All provisions of these regulations are based almost on functional requirements and do not encompass
detailed dimensional and technical specifications.
6. The provisions are mandatory. Also, all requirements placed hereunder at every Guideline Notes and the
ones contained in Appendices to these regulations are mandatory with relation to the principal matter to
which they stand as requirements.
7. Trakhees / Ports, Customs & Free Zone Corporation (PCFC) has adopted by reference National Fire
Protection Association (NFPA) USA and its companion Codes, standards and publications including their
official definitions, for application of their prescriptive design criteria / requirements within Trakhees /
PCFC jurisdiction. Accordingly, relevant provisions of the most current NFPA codes & standards shall
apply normally to the extent as prescribed.
8. AHJ: (a) The term Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) as used in NFPA codes, standards and
publications referenced in these regulations indicates the office of responsibility i.e. The Competent
Department : EHS & Fire - Trakhees, as represented by its officers including Chief Operating Officer of
EHS, Vice President/Chief Fire Officer (Fire & Emergency Services) and his/their deputy for enforcing
(i) the requirements of NFPA and its companion codes, standards and publications (ii) provisions of these
regulations (iii) requirements of EHS & Fire and (iv) applicable statutes and regulations of UAE / Dubai
Governments; and Chief Operating Officer of EHS , Vice President / Chief Fire Office of EHS-Fire are
the persons who are ultimately responsible to Trakhees / PCFC management for the enforcement of the
foregoing requirements, statutes, rules & regulations and for the delivery of fire, non-fire and emergency
medical services (i.e. ambulance services in accordance with Dubai Government protocol) within the
optimum capabilities of available resources. (b) Vice President/Chief Fire Officer, can therefore, reverse,
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rescind or modify any approval(s) / decision(s) taken and communicated by any officer below his rank in
case such approval or decision is subsequently found to be erroneous on the face of the record. No party
shall be entitled to the benefits of any such erroneous approval or decision & (c) In the event that a
conflict arises on a code application, Vice President / Chief Fire Officer shall make the determinations on
equivalencies, variances and waivers as a part of his code interpretation / administration / enforcement
responsibilities. All such decisions made by him shall be final and binding for the concerned
stakeholders.
9. Certain

requirements

and

recommendations

[that

may

not

be

covered

in

NFPA

codes/publications/standards] that are necessarily recommended by the EHS-Fire: Trakhees on a case-bycase

basis

shall

be

complied

with

notwithstanding

mere

compliance

with

NFPA

codes/publications/standards.
10. In the event of any conflict between the text of the references cited herein in regard to NFPA and its
companion codes, standards and publications, the text of the relevant and applicable codes, standards and
publications shall take precedence.
11. Omission of any specific references or cross references, in regard to any NFPA and its companion codes,
standards and publications, shall not relieve the developers / lessees / licensees of their obligation to
complying with such codes, standards and publications having regulatory jurisdiction effect and force.
12. Where the situation and the context warrants, the stakeholders, including the consultants shall be
obligated to gather the explicit interpretation of the words of any provisions of these regulations from
EHS-Fire Dept / AHJ and not from what they profess it to be when they have translated their selfassumption or intention into requirements.
13. Where appropriate relevant and current statutes and regulations of UAE/Dubai Governments shall be
applicable.
14. Insurance: Developers / lessees / licensees are required to have their lands and premises insured against
Fire, Explosion and Perils.
15. Offences: Appendix -53 in Fire Protection, Fire Prevention & Control Regulations 2010 contains the list
of offences against which appropriate financial penalties shall be imposed.
16. Accreditation:

Accreditation of the consultants, contractors, design team members and installers of

active & passive fire protection systems, equipment, materials or products through competent third party
is mandatory.
17. Precedence: Fire Protection, Fire Prevention & Control Regulations 2010 shall take precedence over any
conflicting situation.
18. If any section, subsection, sentence, clause of phrase of these regulations is, for any reasons, held to be
unenforceable for any reason whatsoever, it shall not affect the remaining portions of these regulations.
Guideline Notes: Change Management
Efficiency, effectiveness or satisfactory performances of any fire protection system or equipment on
demand primarily depend upon adherence to their design criteria and timely maintenance throughout the
life cycle of building/facility. This life cycle may involve changes in individual stakeholders including
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owners, tenants, management, maintenance staff and designed facility configuration and occupancy. It
is, therefore, imperative that these changes be managed through recognition and adherence to (i)
established change management policies & procedures and (ii) building facility maintenance manuals
and established procedures for the approval and documentation of building / facility usage and
confirmation attention.
Operation & Maintenance manual (O & M)
The fire protection operations & maintenance manual clearly stating the requirements of the building /
facility operator to ensure that all installed fire protection systems & their components and fire fighting
equipment are in place and operating properly / efficiently at all times. The O & M shall also contain
appropriate fire prevention checklist, method of implementing such fire prevention measures and
building evacuation plan.

8.1 EQUIVALENCIES
1. Equivalencies to any established prescriptive criteria of NFPA and its companion codes, standards and
publications, the provisions of these regulations may be approved by the EHS-Fire / AHJ, if the
alternative fire protection engineering design provides an equivalent level of fire protection and life
safety. Written requests for approval shall include justification, hazard analysis, criteria used and other
pertinent data.
2. Lack of funds and delay in complying with the requirements specified in this regulation shall not be
considered sufficient justification for deviation from the established criteria, requirements or provisions.
3. Approved equivalencies and alternatives shall only apply to the specific building, facility or structure
involved in extraordinary case where no technical alternatives exist; and shall not constitute blanket
approval for similar cases.

8.2 WAIVERS
1. Written request for waiver to any established prescriptive criteria of NFPA and its companion codes,
standards and publications or provisions of these regulations shall be submitted to EHS-Fire Dept/AHJ
for determination prior to commencement of building constructions. The same shall demonstrate that the
provisions, criteria or requirements cannot be technically executed, or their execution will increase a
hazard or create a new hazard and no technical alternatives exist. Written request for waivers shall
include justification, hazard analysis, alternatives considered and other pertinent data.
2. Lack of funds and delay in complying with the requirements specified in this regulation shall not be
considered sufficient justification for deviation from the established criteria, requirements or provisions
3. Waivers, if given expressly by EHS-Fire Dept / AHJ, shall only apply to the specific building, structure,
facility or project involved and shall not constitute blanket approval for similar cases.

8.3 EXISTING BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES


8.3.1.

Existing buildings, facilities or structures:


(i) Existing buildings, facilities or structures that meet the requirements of NFPA 101 for existing
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occupancies do not have to be modified to comply with provisions of these regulations.


(ii) Existing Buildings, facilities or structures that do not meet the requirements of NFPA 101 for
existing
facilities and in the opinion of the Competent Department, present major fire risks, shall be brought
up to, at least, the minimum NFPA 101 requirements, including sprinkler retrofit.
(iii) If the facility cannot be brought up to the minimum requirements for existing occupancies and a
renovation, modernization or rehabilitation project is required, that project shall meet the
requirements for new construction as per the EHS-Fire Requirements.
(iv) Any changes in occupancy shall require the building, facility or structure to meet the requirements
for new construction for the new occupancy as stipulated in these regulations.
8.3.2.

Sustainment and Restoration:


New work accomplished in existing buildings, facilities or structures as part of repair, restoration and
sustainment actions / projects shall meet the requirements for new construction as stipulated in these
regulations. Sustainment and restoration efforts shall look beyond the scope of work to ensure that the
fire protection, including life safety, features are not being compromised or designed only for the
portion of the building, facilities or structure that is being repaired. The repair project, if possible,
shall include a basis to support the entire building, facility or structure i.e. if considering providing a
fire alarm extender panel to the existing antiquated fire alarm control panel, ensure the panel being
provided has the capability to support the entire building facility or structure so that any additional
projects can utilize the new panel without having to remove what was just installed.

8.3.3.

Conversion of use / change of occupancy:

a) When any portion of a building, facility or structure is modified from its current use to that of an
inhabited building, facility, structure for one year or more, the building, facility or structure shall meet
the requirements for new construction as stipulated in Fire regulations. Examples would include a
warehouse (uninhabited) being converted to administrative (inhabited) use; an inhabited administrative
building being converted to uninhabited building, facility or structure; or inhabited building, facility or
structure being altered, modernized, modified, rehabilitated or renovated and converted to uninhabited
building, facility or structure or vice-versa.
b) When any portion of a building, facility or structure is modified from its current use to any other
occupancy use for two years or more, the building, facility or structure shall meet the requirements of
new construction as stipulated in Fire regulations.

Changing groups of occupants within the

occupancy classification does not constitute an occupancy change. An example of modifying from one
occupancy to another would include an office building converted to mercantile. An example of
changing groups of occupants would include an installation personnel function occupying the office
space formally used by an installation contracting function.

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8.4. PLANS/FIRE LAYOUT DRAWINGS


8.4.1.

The EHS-Fire Approved plans/Fire Layout Drawings shall be displayed in the Security Cabin at
entrance of the company/premises or easily accessible or incase of any emergency in the client facility
with the following details ( wherever applicable) : a) Indicate limits of boundary wall.
b) Indicate all buildings/structures/plants, door and window openings,
c) Plans for storied buildings/structures/plants shall include plans of each storey. Also, the locations
of staircases, landing valves/hydrants and fire access details shall be indicated.
d) Layout of fixed fire fighting installations.
e) Layout of fire detection & fire alarm systems.
f) Locations of fire extinguishers, exits & emergency lights/escape lighting luminaries.
g) Use of fire safety symbols as per NFPA 170.
h) Means of Egress plan drawings indicating travel distances.

8.4.2.

Building plans for special structures and high rise buildings shall also indicate the following additional
details ( wherever applicable): a) Access to fire & other emergency vehicles with details of vehicular turning circle and clear motorable access way around the building;
b) Size (width) of main and alternate staircases along with balcony approach, corridor, ventilated
lobby approach;
c) Location size of fire lift and details of lift enclosures;
d) Smoke stop lobby / door;
e) Refuse chutes, refuse chamber, service duct etc;
f) Vehicular Parking Space;
g) Refuge area;
h) Details of Building Services/ Utilities (air conditioning system, dampers, mechanical ventilation
system electrical services, gas tanks & gas pipes etc).
i)

Details of exits including provision of ramps, etc for hospitals, advanced medical care facilities &
other special risks;

j)

Location of generators, transformers, and switchgear rooms.

k) Smoke Management System


l)

Location of centralized control connecting detection & fire alarm systems, built-in protection
system and public address system including one-and-two way voice communication systems.

m) Location and dimension of static water storage tank and pump room; and number and capacity of
fire pumps.
n) Location and details of fixed fire protection systems/ installations such as sprinklers, risers, hose
reels and inert gas / clean agent fire suppression systems etc;
o) Location and details of first aid and fire fighting equipment.
p) Number of stairwells, Pressurized stairwells.
q) Extent of automatic sprinkler system and its location.
r) Number and location of standpipe system and zone control valves.
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s) Buildings height, numbers of stories


t)

Passive Fire Protection, rating of door assemblies, partitions/compartmentation etc.

u) Contact information for building owners and managers.


v) Test & commissioning report format for individual systems as per relevant NFPA standards.
w) Details of Fire Door schedules.
x) Details of Damper (Motorized & Static) locations.
y) Details of Shaft access doors / locations.
z) Details of Shaft ventilations.
aa) Details of lift room.
bb) Details of Secondary Power / ATS locations.
8.5.

cc) Details of Emergency lighting and Central Battery systems.


Interior Finish, including floor finish, Contents & Furnishings: a) Relevant provisions of NFPA 101 and of NFPA 5000 shall apply.
b) Restrict materials used in contents and furnishings to reduce heat release rate and smoke
generation rate & to prevent unusual toxic hazard relative to quantity of smoke generated.
c) Add fire retardants to materials to slow growth of heat release rate.
d) Restrict total fuel load to limit contents based in total fuel potential.
e) Restrict linings of rooms to prevent rapid flame spread (Restrict wall coverings, ceiling coverings,
and floor coverings).
f) Restrict materials in concealed spaces (Restrict concealed combustibles and concealed space
linings).
g) Drop-out ceilings (foam-grid panels) shall not be used

8.6.

Lifts / Elevators and Conveying Systems:a) All the floors shall be accessible for 24 hours by the lifts. The lifts provided in the buildings shall
not be considered as a means of escape in case of emergency.
b) The lift machine room shall be separated and no other machinery shall be installed therein.
c) Lifts designed in accordance with Dubai Municipality standards shall also be approved.
d) Testing & Certification of Lifts/Elevators & Conveying system shall be done by EHS-Trakhees'
pre-qualified agency as advised by Authority having Jurisdiction

8.7.

Buildings Service and Fire Protection Systems & Equipment:Relevant provisions of NFPA 101, 2006 (Chapter 9) and of NFPA 5000, 2006 (Chapter 55) shall
apply.
a) Fire Detection & Fire Alarm Systems: Every building, facility or structure shall be provided &
maintained with suitable fire detection / alarm systems capable of enabling early detection of fire
and warning occupants of the existence of fire. These systems shall be electronically interfaced
with PCFC Emergency Control Centre (ECC) monitoring system through a digital communicator.
b) Portable Fire Extinguishers: Every building, facility or structure shall be provided & maintained
with portable fire extinguishers of types, capacities, numbers, and locations appropriate to the
individual building or structure with due regard to the character of its occupancy. All the fire
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extinguishers shall conform to the standards currently approved by UAE/Civil Defense


Authorities.
c) Fixed Fire Fighting Installations/Systems: Every building, facility or structure shall be provided &
maintained with fixed fire fighting installations/systems as required by relevant NFPA codes /
EHS-Fire : Trakhees. The fixed fire fighting installations/systems, so recommended, shall mostly
include [but not limited to] the following:a) Hose Reel.
b) Sprinkler including Early Suppression Fast Response (ESFR) sprinklers system
c) Water Spray System
d) Automatic Smoke/Heat/ Flame/Low Explosive Limit (LEL) Detectors.
e) Smoke and heat ventilation system.
f) Deluge foam or water sprinkler & foam or water spray systems.
g) Closed-Head foam water sprinkler system.
h) Total flooding systems (of appropriate extinguishing agent (s).)
i)

Foam Pourer System.

j)

Foam/Water monitors.

k) Hydrants and Hose Boxes.


l)

Fire Pumps &

m) Fire Water Tanks.


n) Private Fire Service Mains
o) Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems
Guidance Notes
a.) Smoke & Heat Ventilation System: - Smoke & Heat ventilation system provided in buildings

where a high rate of heat release is anticipated during a fire shall be maintained for instant
operations as & when required. In buildings provided with automatic sprinkler protection, smoke
and heat vents provided shall be maintained effectively to operate in the manual mode only.
Skylights are the preferred method of providing manual smoke and heat vents. NFPA 92A, NFPA
92B and BS EN 12101 shall be applicable where appropriate.
b.) Water demands for sprinklered buildings, facilities or structures: The water demand required for

sprinkler protection shall take into consideration occupancy, discharge density, design area and
type of sprinkler system (wet or dry), type of construction and other building features.
c.) Water demands for hose streams: Hose streams shall be needed concurrently with sprinkler

discharge in order to effect final extinguishment or to wet down adjacent areas / structures.
d.) Total water demand for sprinklered occupancies: The total water demand for sprinklered

occupancies is equal to the sum of the domestic / industrial demand plus the sprinkler system(s)
water demand and hose stream(s) demand. The total demand shall be available at the sprinkler
system connection to the underground main and at the pressure necessary to
a. produce the required sprinkler density over the required hydraulically most remote area of
sprinkler operation.

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b. Water demand for special facilities, family housing, piled or rack storage, rubber tire storage,
flammable & combustible liquid storage shall be determined on the basis of relevant NFPA
codes.
c. Relevant provisions of NFPA 13 shall apply.
e.) Water supply pressure requirements: Pressure required for sprinklered buildings, facilities or

structures shall be the most demanding pressure of the domestic / industrial demand, sprinkler
demand or hose stream demand and shall be determined by hydraulic calculations.
a. Relevant provisions of NFPA 13 shall apply.
f.) Quantities of water required: Requirements for fire protection water storage shall be based on the

assumption that there will be only one fire at a time. The quantity of water required shall be equal
to the product of the fire protection water demand and the required duration. This quantity
represents fire protection requirements only and shall be available at all times. Water supply for
domestic, industrial and other demands shall be added to these requirements to determine the total
amount of water that is necessary at the building, facility or structure. The water storage shall be
self replenishing. It shall reach required volume during normal consumption within 48 hours and
within 24 hours curtailing normal consumption.
a. Relevant provisions of NFPA 13 shall apply.
g.) The pumps: Pumps shall have adequate capacity with reliable power and water supply. They shall

conform to the requirements of NFPA 20. Fire pumps, drivers and other equipment including
automatic accessories shall be listed by UL, approved by FM or listed or classified by NRTL. Fire
pumps shall be located in a detached, noncombustible pump house or located in a 2-hours fire
rated room with direct access from the exterior. A secondary fire pump shall be provided when the
water supply cannot support 25% of the sprinklers in the hydraulically most remote design area
with the primary fire pump out-of-service.
h.) Fire Mains: Use of fire mains for the services like irrigation, process & domestic purposes shall

not be permitted.
a. Pressure-Regulating Valves (PRVs): PRVs are restricted in use on fire protection water
systems by NFPA 24. Where essential, PRVs shall be installed & maintained effectively on
individual service rather than on main piping. Where PRVs are provided in distribution mains
supplying systems or portions of systems with fire hydrants, automatic sprinkler systems or
other installed fire protection, the following features shall be provided to safeguard against
failures and to facilitate maintenance:b. Control valves on each side of the PRVs.
c. Bypass around PRVs.
i.) Foam Systems: Foam installations shall be in accordance with NFPA 11, NFPA 11A and NFPA

16. For more information refer to the NFPA Fire Protection Handbook and FM Global Data
Sheets.
j.) Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems: Dry chemical extinguishing systems shall conform to

NFPA 17. Dry chemical agents shall not be used protect sensitive electronics. Dry chemical
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extinguishing systems are no longer UL listed or FM approved for the protection of cooking
equipment.
k.) Carbon Dioxide Systems: Carbon dioxide systems shall conform to NFPA 12.
l.) Wet Chemicals Extinguishing Systems: Wet Chemical Systems shall conform to NPFA 17 A.
m.) Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems: Clean agent fire extinguishing systems shall conform to

NFPA 2001. Clean agent fire extinguishing systems shall not be installed as a substitute for
required automatic sprinkler systems.
n.) Water Mist Fire Protection Systems: Water mist fire protection systems shall conform to NFPA

750. Water mist fire protection systems shall not be installed as a substitute for required automatic
sprinkler systems.
o.) Emergency Warning System shall include both: audible and visual alarms.

8.8.

Means of Access / Accessibility: i. Relevant provisions of NFPA 5000 shall apply.


No building, facility or structure shall be erected so as to deprive any other building of the means of
access.
ii. The approach road to the building and open spaces on its all sides up to 6m width and the layout for
the same shall be done in consultation with EHS-Fire : Trakhees and the same shall be of all-weather
ground access hard surface capable of taking the weight of the heaviest fire vehicle available with
Fire Dept. /Civil Defence Authority (Refer to EHS-Fire Dept. for the current information).
iii. Main entrances to the premises shall be of adequate width to allow easy access to the fire vehicles
and in no case it shall measure less than 5 meters. The entrance gate shall fold back against the
compound wall of the premises, thus leaving the exterior access way within the plot free for
movement of the Fire/ Civil Defence Vehicles. If archway is provided over the main entrance, the
height of the archway shall not be less that 4 m.
iv. Any locking device controlling vehicle access shall be under control of 24 hour security personnel
located at the specific facility.
v. Buildings, facilities or structures with fire department connections for sprinkler or standpipe systems
shall be provided with suitable all-weather ground access surface for pumper apparatus within 45m
of such fire department connections.
vi. The provisions of Part 8.11 of these regulations shall be complied with.

8.9.

Means of Egress:
i.

Every building, facility or structure shall be provided with safest means of egress and other
safeguards of kinds, numbers, locations and capacities appropriate to the individual building or
structure with due regard to type of occupancy, the capabilities of the occupants, number of persons
exposed, the fire protection available, the type of construction of the building or structure and other
factors necessary to provide all occupants with a reasonable degree of safety. The requisite number
and size of various exits shall be provided based on the population in each room, area and floor based
on the occupant load, capacity of exits, travel distance and height of buildings. (Appendix-3)

ii.

Adequate means of egress shall be provided in every building, facility or structure, where the size,
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area of occupancy and other arrangements [that are likely to endanger the occupants attempting to
use a single means of egress] are blocked by fire or smoke. All such means of egress shall be so
arranged to minimize the possibility of their being rendered impassable by the same emergency
conditions.
iii.

Every exit stairway and other vertical openings between floors of a building, facility or structure shall
be suitably enclosed or protected as necessary to afford reasonable safety to occupants while using
the means of egress and to prevent the spread of fire, smoke or fumes through the vertical openings
from floor to floor before the occupants have reached the nearest exit.

iv.

Exits shall be so arranged that they may be reached without passing through another occupied unit
except in case of residential buildings.

v.

Means of egress component shall comply with NFPA 101 and of NFPA 5000.

vi.

The population in rooms, areas of floors shall be calculated based on the occupant load factors given
in the Appendix-2 to these regulations.

vii.

Common path, Dead-End and Travel Distance limits etc. shall comply with Appendix-3 to these
regulations.

viii.

Illumination of means of Egress shall be provided in accordance with NFPA 101 for every building
and structure.

ix.

Emergency lighting facilities for means of egress shall be provided in accordance with NFPA 101 for
the buildings and structures.

x.

Walking surfaces in means of egress shall comply with NFPA 5000.

xi.

Every ramp used as a component in means of egress shall conform to the general requirements of
NFPA 5000.

xii.

Areas of refuge shall conform to NFPA 5000.

xiii.

Slid Escapes shall be permitted as a component in a means of egress where permitted in NFPA 5000.

xiv.

Locks, latches, alarm devices, delayed egress locks, access controlled egress doors, Panic hardware,
Fire exit hardware, Self closing devices, Powered doors, revolving doors, turnstiles, doors in folding
partitions, balanced doors, horizontal sliding doors, stairs, curved stairs, spiral stairs, winders,
landings, guards, handrails, bridges and balconies etc shall comply with relevant sections of NFPA
5000 & NPFA 101.

xv.

Corridors: Egress corridors shall not be used as a portion of a supply, return or exhaust air system
serving adjoining areas. Air transfer opening(s) shall not be permitted in walls or in doors separating
egress corridors from adjoining areas. Exception: Toilet rooms, bath rooms, shower rooms, sink
closets and similar auxiliary spaces opening directly onto the egress corridor.

xvi.

Stairways: Stairs shall be constructed of concrete, steel or a combination of these two. Wood
construction shall not be used. Treads shall be provided with nonskid nosing or an integral abrasive
in tread surface.

Stairways that are part of the egress pattern shall have widths, run lengths,

landings, treads, risers, handrails, guardrails, headroom, door sizes, door swings, door ratings,
interior finishes, windows and other openings in accordance with NFPA 101 and NFPA 80.
xvii.

Scissor staircases are not permitted

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Guideline notes:
i

Exit shall be either of horizontal or vertical type. An exit may be doorway, corridor and passageways
to an internal staircase or external staircase, ramps or to verandah or terraces which have access to
the street or to roof of a building. Also, an exit leading to an adjoining building at the same level.

ii

Doors of small individual rooms such as offices are not considered as exits unless they actually lead
directly to the open air.

iii

Doors of large rooms are considered to be exits.

iv

An interior passageway does not become part of an exit until it is enclosed as a fire compartment
with at least half an hour fire resistance.

Where an external stairway exists it shall be ensured that the use of it at the time of fire is not
prejudiced by smoke and flame issuing from openings (e.g. Windows, doors) in the external face of
the building.

vi

Internal stairways [as means of escape/egress] shall be suitably enclosed or protected as necessary to
afford reasonable safety to occupants and to prevent spread of fire, smoke or fumes through the
vertical stairway opening.

vii

Lifts, escalators, and revolving doors not to be considered as EXITS.

viii

Adequate capacity of all escapes route paths/passageways.

ix

Protection for escape paths/passageways: Mark/signpost.


Mark exit paths/passageways clearly and light them.
Restrict fuel loads and finishes in exit paths/passageways.
Enclose stairways.
x

Use construction barriers to keep fire out.

xi

Use smoke control methods to protect atmosphere in exit paths.

xii

Escape to outside or to protected place or adequate defense of places where occupants should
remain.

xiii

Avoidance of makeshift security arrangements.

xiv

Escape routes shall be lighted in such a manner that they can be used in a fire when a failure of a
local electrical circuit is probable.

xv

Escape lighting shall be distinguished from the Emergency lighting which might be provided, on
failure of a mains supply, by a standby generator. Such emergency lighting probably will not
function in a fire due to local circuit failure and escape lighting shall be provided by self contained
fittings which are capable of running for a set period of time. The provisions of NFPA 70 (Article
700) shall be complied with.

xvi

Escape lightings shall be provided / sited at but not limited to the following: a) Each Exit Door.
b) Near Each Staircase So Each Flight Receives Direct Light.
c) Each Other Change of Floor.
d) Near Changes of Direction.
e) Near Each Intersection.
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f) Near Each Fire Alarm Call Point.


g) Near Fire Fighting Equipment.
h) Outside Each Final Exit and Close to it.
i) Lift Cars.
j) Plant Rooms
Escape lightings shall also be provided to illuminate exits and safety signs.
xvii

Egress lights are fixtures connected to normal power supply systems and are to function at all
times when the building is occupied.

xviii

Emergency lights or stand-by lights are normally battery-type emergency unit equipment that
provides no illumination until failure of the egress lighting circuit. These units serve as a backup
for egress lights.

xix

8.10.

The colour of the exit signs shall be green.

MISCELLANEOUS

8.10.1. Criteria for storage configuration for JAFZA PBUs / LIUs. (Refer to Appendix - 4)
8.10.2. Hazardous Area Protection concerning Assembly Occupancies, Hotels and Dormitories:Relevant provisions of NFPA 5000 and NFPA 101 shall apply.
8.10.3. Building Rehabilitation
Relevant provisions of NFPA 5000 dealing with repair, renovation, modification, reconstruction,
change of use and change of occupancy classification, addition, damaged or unsafe buildings, historic
buildings & structures etc. shall apply.
8.10.4 Covered temporary structures Enclosed tents normally used for events/activities such as stage
shows, concerts, circus, exhibitions, trade fairs, sporting events & celebratory functions:
(i) Written request for approval for construction of temporary structures shall be submitted to EHS-Fire
Dept.
(ii) EHS-Fire Dept reserves the right to approve such structures.
(iii) (Refer Appendix 5)

8.10.5 Standby Power


i. A stand-by emergency / electric generator shall be installed to provide power to staircase, emergency
lighting systems, fire lifts, fire pumps, pressurization fan and blowers, smoke extraction and damper
system in case of failure of normal electrical supply. The generator shall be capable of taking starting
current of all the machines and circuits stated above simultaneously.
ii. Relevant provisions of NFPA 101, 110 & NFPA 111 shall apply.

8.10.6 Basements
i.

Relevant provisions of NFPA 5000 including that of underground spaces shall apply.

ii.

The basement shall not be normally used for residential purposes.

iii.

The access to the basement shall be separate from the main and alternate staircase providing access
and exit from higher floors. Where the staircase is in continuous the same shall be of enclosed type
serving as a fire separation from the basement floor and higher floors. Open ramps shall be permitted if
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they are constructed within the building line subject to the condition that adequate arrangements are
made to prevent entry of surface drainage into the basement.
iv.

Each basement shall be separately ventilated. The standard of ventilation shall be the same as required
by the particular occupancy or relevant NFPA codes. Any deficiency shall be met by providing
adequate mechanical ventilation in the form of blowers, exhaust fans, air conditioning systems etc.

v.

The basement shall not be partitioned.

8.10.7 Electrical Services / Systems:i.

Relevant provisions of NFPA 5000 shall apply.

ii.

The electrical distribution cables / wiring shall be laid in separate duct. The duct shall be sealed at
every floor with non-combustible materials having the same fire resistance as that of the duct.

iii.

Water mains, telephone lines, gas pipes or any other service line shall not be laid in the duct for
electrical cables.

iv.

Separate circuits for fire and other pumps, water pumps, lifts, staircases, and corridor lighting and
pressurizing system shall be provided directly from the main switchgear panel.

v.

All electrical services shall be subject to DEWA approval.

8.10.8 Transformers: Indoor and outdoor transformers shall be installed and located in accordance with the
requirements / standards of Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA)

8.10.9 Stationery Combustion Engines, Gas Turbines and Generators:


(i) Engines, gas turbines and generators shall be installed in accordance with the requirement of NFPA
37.

8.10.10 Gas Service:


Gas service mains shall be installed in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 54 and NFPA 58
Gas Service mains shall not be permitted within the perimeter of foundation lines. Natural drafts cross
ventilation for building crawl spaces containing gas service piping shall be provided. Supply
connections from the gas service mains above grade outside the foundation wall shall be raised and
passed through a full swing joint or loop of metallic tubing before entering the building. This will
avoid pipe rupture in the event of differential settlement or earthquake. Pressure regulators shall be
located outside of buildings or vent to the outside.
8.10.11 Information Technology Facilities: a) In addition to compliance with NFPA 75, mission critical IT spaces, research laboratories, and other
operations vital to stakeholders/owner shall be protected by the following active and passive fire
protection measures:
i.

2-hour fire rated enclosures.

ii. Very early warning smoke detection.


iii. Clean agent fire suppression system or other approved active system.
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iv. Clean agent, water mist, or CO2 portable fire extinguisher and one water extinguisher for class
A fires.
v. A sign shall be located adjacent to each fire extinguisher to plainly indicate the type of fire for
which it is intended.
vi. Dry chemical fire extinguishers shall not be permitted.
b) Combustible storage, such as paper stock, inks, and unused recording media within the computer
room shall be restricted to the minimum necessary for efficient operations, and shall be stored in
closed metal cabinets.
c) LAN rooms and similar second tier IT spaces shall be enclosed with 1 hour fire rated construction,
be protected with sprinklers and smoke detection, and kept free of combustible storage.
d) Where trash receptacles are specified as part of the design only non-combustible containers shall be
specified.
8.10.12 Utility Rooms, Shop Areas and Incidental Use Spaces
a) Combustible materials (e.g., lumber, plastic, mounting boards, etc.) shall not be stockpiled in shop
areas, but shall be stored in designated storage areas. These areas shall be separated from adjacent
spaces by 1-hour fire-rated construction and protected with fire suppression systems designed
specifically for the fuel load and storage configuration.
b) Unsprinklered storage rooms and sprinklered storage rooms over 100 sq. ft. (9.3 sq m) shall be
enclosed with 1-hour rated fire barriers.
c) Incidental Use areas shall be enclosed with rated barriers as required by applicable codes and
standards. In each case the most restrictive requirement of NFPA codes and these regulations shall
be followed.
8.10.13 Trash Dumpsters
If located inside or within 30 feet (10 m) of a building, trash dumpsters shall be placed within a 2-hour
fire-rated room and protected with automatic sprinklers.
8.10.14 Laboratories
a) All designs for laboratory spaces shall follow the lab unit approach as defined in NFPA 45. Where
quantities of hazardous materials stored within lab units can be shown to also comply with the
control area requirements of NFPA 45 shall apply.
b) Where the quantities of hazardous materials and/or the number of lab units on a given level of a
building exceed the limitations established, the requirements of NFPA 45 shall govern the design.
c) In all cases the sprinkler system requirements of NFPA 45 shall be followed for laboratories.
d) Limitations on allowable quantities of corrosives, toxic chemicals, and other hazardous materials,
not addressed by NFPA 45 shall comply with the requirements of the International Building Code
(IBC)

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8.10.15 Flammable and Combustible Liquids


a) The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids shall comply with NFPA 30
Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, and the following requirements:
i. Flammable liquid storage areas shall be separated from other areas by barriers having a minimum
2-hour fire rating.
ii. In sprinklered flammable/combustible liquids storage areas, containment measures for the
anticipated sprinkler system discharge shall be considered, in addition to the requirements of
diking, remote impounding, and other containment measures.

8.10.16 Signboards and Nameplates for Company Premises:


i. Developers / lessees / licensees are required to erect suitable signboards on their premises for which
they are responsible. The design, size, coloring and location of the signboard must be approved by
PCFC Civil Engineering department.
ii. Self-illuminated signs (e.g. Neon) are not normally permitted.
iii. Written request for installation of self-illuminated signs, where justified, shall be submitted to EHSFire Dept.
iv. EHS-Fire Dept reserves right to approve self-illuminated /neon signs.
v. Signboards are not required for Office Lessees. However, Office Lessees are required to have a
Nameplate installed, manufactured from 3mm thick Bass and grad conforming to American standard
ASTM B26.This shall be located externally, adjacent to the office entrance.
vi. In the event of relocating / vacating premises, all sign boards and nameplates must be transferred /
removed by the developers / lessees / licensees.
8.10.17 Lightening Protection:
The buildings that shall be protected by lightening protection system(s) in accordance with relevant
provisions of NFPA 780 include but not limited to the following: (a) Ordinary structures
(b) Miscellaneous structures, special occupancies & high rise buildings
(c) Heavy duty stacks
(d) Structures containing flammable vapors, flammable gases or liquids that gives off flammable
vapors

8.10.18 Certification and Approval


(i) All fire extinguishers and fixed fire fighting installations/systems, fire protection equipment &
products shall conform to relevant NFPA and its companion codes, standards & publications and EHSFire Dept. requirements.

They shall be of the types, make(s) and brand(s) having valid test

certifications from accredited & approved test certification bodies. (Refer to EHS-Fire Dept. for more
details).
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(ii) Certification of completion pertaining to fire extinguishers and any fire protection installations /
systems [including fire detection & fire alarm systems] shall be made in the prescribed formats (refer
to EHS - Fire Dept. for more details) and submitted prior to building completion.

FIRE PREVENTION

8.11

1. The stakeholders shall be responsible for implementation of appropriate/necessary fire preventive


measures, including housekeeping, at work places to prevent the outbreak of fires or explosions that could
result in loss of valuable lives and property. The fire preventive measures shall include but not be limited
to precautions against (I) sources of ignition including heat transfer (ii) lightning (iii) spontaneous
combustion (iv) explosions (v) flammable/combustible dusts, gases and vapors and wastes (vi) hazardous
processes viz. Welding, cutting, grinding, blasting, chipping, scrapping etc. (vii) naked lights and flames
(viii) hazardous chemicals posing flammability risks and out of place of fie.
2. Relevant provisions of NFPA Fire Prevention code & NFPA Fire Prevention code Handbook shall apply.
3. Cooking in the rooms of accommodation complexes in Free Zones & Economic Zones (other than the
Senior Blocks where kitchens are provided) is prohibited.
4. Fire works displays and burning of fire crackers are prohibited; except from official events of PCFC
subject to compliance with established protocols, SOPs and precautionary measures.
5. Setting of outdoor or indoor fire (including burning of wastes/rubbish) is prohibited; except for permitted
fire places and fire training facilities.
6. Setting of recreational fire is prohibited; except for setting of small fire related to religious ceremonies
may be permitted; for which written permission shall be obtained from EHS-Fire Dept. EHS-Fire Dept
reserves the right to permit setting of such fire.
7. The act of setting fire willfully (i.e. an arson/incendiarism crime) is punishable and subject to Articles
304, 305, 306, 307 and 308 of the Penal Code for UAE. Developers / lessees / incenses shall ensure
compliance with but not limited to the following measures to prevent the crime of arson / incendiarism:
i.

Keep doors and windows locked when a building is unoccupied.

ii. Store all flammable liquids such as paints, gasoline and fuel in an approved storage location: locked
cabinets, locked storage units, and locked garages.
iii. Report suspicious activity to the Police (999) or PCFC Security (8832200)
iv. If an arson / incendiarism crime has been committed or suspected to have been committed or
suspected to be committed; and the suspect or the perpetrator of the crime is known, report the matter
to the police (999), EHS Fire Department (8833111) or PCFC Security (8832200)
8. The stakeholders shall comply with relevant provisions of NFPA 51B Fire Prevention during Welding,
Cutting and Other Hot Work for carrying out hot work. Hot work permit procedures established by EHS
Dept shall also be complied with where applicable.
9. In preparation of a space for hot work and to determine the nature and the extent of the hot work personnel
shall comply with but not be limited to the following requirements as per NFPA 306: i.

Determine the nature and the extent of the hot work.

ii. Determine the nature of other operations in or adjacent to the space that may affect hot work, (such
as painting and cleaning).
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iii. Secure pipelines and other equipment (wherever applicable) in the work space to prevent flammable
or toxic materials from being discharged into the space.
iv. Make space Safe for Workers, including spaces for entry & work, installing appropriate
illumination, means of access (such as ladders), staging, etc.
v. Post warning signs as appropriate.
vi. Install appropriate hot work ventilation.
vii. Before use, ensure that welding and burning equipment is properly grounded, inspected, and
installed.
viii. Ensure that adequate fire protection is available.
ix. Ensure that flammable, combustible, or toxic coatings (preservative coatings or insulation) have been
removed from hot work surfaces.
a. A competent person must perform testing on any surface of which the flammability is not
known.
b. Soft and greasy coatings must be adequately stripped back.
c. Toxic preservative coatings must be stripped back at least 4 inches; otherwise airline
respirators must be used.
x. Ensure that flammable and/or combustible materials (such as trash, rags, open containers of solvents,
etc) have been removed from the area.
xi. Ensure that flammable, combustible, or toxic cargo residues have been removed or are adequately
covered.
xii. Ensure ventilation is adequate to maintain a safe atmosphere during hot work.
xiii. Ensure that adjacent spaces have been inspected and meet requirements for hot work.
a. In lieu of cleaning, adjacent spaces can be inerted.
10. Relevant provisions of NFPA 70 (dealing with electrical fire safety i.e. a zone hazardous area

classification for reducing the risk of fire and electric shock hazards etc) shall apply. Fire risk prohibition
safety signs to identify areas where smoking, naked flames, smoldering and glowing fires are prohibited
shall be displayed in such classified areas conspicuously to avoid fire ignition or explosion.
11. No objection certificate (NOC) for building demolition may be issued by EHS-Fire Dept subject to
compliance with but not limited to the following conditions: i.

Prior to commencement of demolition, removal of potentially hazardous building components


(hazardous waste consisting of toxic, flammable & combustible materials) for disposal or recycling
shall be done with express permission from EHS Dept.

ii. Demolition work/activities shall be done in such a manner that the hazards from fire and explosion
are minimized.
iii. A fire watch shall be provided throughout to watch for fires, make use of portable fire extinguishers
or fire hose and perform similar fire prevention & protection duties.
iv. Special precautions must be taken when demolition work is being done in areas where floors are
soaked with oil or other flammable liquid or where combustible insulation may be present in floors,
walls or ceilings/roofs where hot work is being done.
v. Access to utilities including fire hydrants shall be kept unobstructed during demolition.
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vi. All utilities, including gas, electric, water, telephone and cable shall be properly disconnected prior
to commencement of demolition.
vii. Except for the owner, no person shall enter the demolition site/premises unless authorized to
perform inspections, repairs or to demolish and remove the building/structure.
viii. Demolition contractor and his personnel at the site shall have a direct method of notifying Fire Dept
(8833111) in the event of an emergency.
ix. Relevant provisions of NFPA 5000, 2006 (Chapter-14) NFPA 241, NFPA 70 & NFPA 1 shall apply
where appropriate.
12. The stakeholders shall also ensure compliance with but not be limited to the following Dos and Donts at
work places: i.

Do not smoke in forbidden areas or in the areas not designated for smoking.

ii.

Do not cook food in forbidden areas or in the areas not designated for cooking food.

iii.

Avoid careless disposal of burning cigarette butts.

iv.

Check ashtrays for smoldering cigarettes or other combustibles before closing down.

v.

Do not let papers, rags or other rubbish accumulate at place of work.

vi.

Use proper containers for flammable liquids, and not open tins or buckets.

vii. Handle flammable liquids at a safe distance from possible sources of ignition.
viii. Check before and after using blow lamps welding/cutting equipment.
ix.

Do not overload electrical circuits.

x.

Switch off from mains any electrical equipment when not in use.

xi.

Check electrical cables, plug sockets, for damage/fraying.

xii. Wipe out spilled oil, grease or liquids.


xiii. Store tools safely when not in use.
xiv. Clear up turnings, chips or off-cuts.
xv. Use metal containers for oily or greasy rags, scraps and waste
xvi. Do not leave rubbish lying out.
xvii. Do not hang clothing over or near heating element
xviii. Avoid welding near flammable materials.
xix. When welding near flammable materials, beware of flying sparks and hot slag, keep fire
extinguishers standby during welding/cutting work and check the area before leaving.
xx. Keep compressed gas cylinders away from sun, artificial heating, flammable materials, corrosive
chemicals and fumes.
xxi. Do not obstruct access to Fire Extinguishers.
xxii. Make sure that you know the escape routes in case of fire.
xxiii. Keep fire escapes exits unobstructed.
xxiv. Ensure that all fire protection facilities are inspected / maintained / serviced Hose Reels
(monthly), Fire Extinguishers and Fire Detector/Alarm System (quarterly).
xxv. Ensure that employees are trained in the use of Fire fighting equipment, Fire Action and
Evacuation on a yearly basis.
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13. All set-back areas, exits, exit access paths, staircases, fire routes and fire access paths shall be kept free of
any obstructions, combustibles and flammables. Any objects or items, combustibles and flammables
occupying set-back areas or obstructing exits, exit access paths, staircases, fire routes and fire access paths
will be removed without prior notice by EHS-Fire Dept at the expenses of the concerned developers,
lessees and licensees.
14. EHS-Fire Dept officers and staff are authorized to enter and inspect, at all reasonable times, land and
premises for the purposes of assessing fire safety (i.e. safety from the risk that a fire, if started, would
seriously endanger the health and safety of any person or the quality of the natural environment). They
may (i) examine a document or other thing that is relevant to the inspection (ii) demand the production for
inspection of a document or other thing that is relevant to the inspection (iii) remove anything that is
relevant to the inspection for review and examination and remove any document that is relevant to the
inspection for review and copying (iv) conduct tests, take and remove samples, take photographs and
make videotapes and other images, electronic or otherwise, that are relevant to the inspection & (v)
question a person or persons on matters relevant to inspection. If they demand that a document or other
thing be produced for inspection, the person who has the custody of the document or thing shall produce it
and, in the case of a document, shall on request provide any assistance that is reasonably necessary to
interpret the document or to produce it in a readable form. A document or thing that has been removed
from land or premises shall be made available to the person from whom it was removed on request and at
a time and place that are convenient for the person and for the EHS-Fire Dept officers; and shall if it is
possible, return the document or thing to the person, within a reasonable time.
15. Incident of Fire/explosion taking place in the premises of developers, lessees and licensees shall be
reported in the prescribed format. Investigation into the cause thereof shall be carried out by EHS-Fire
Dept with the objective of implementing and/or enforcing appropriate and necessary corrective and
preventive measures.

8.12

FIRE / EMERGENCY CONTROL

1. The stakeholders shall implement appropriate fire control measures in accordance with relevant provisions
of these regulations.
2. Fire Emergency/Evacuation plan shall be in place and it shall be rehearsed/drilled at least annually. The
plan shall be co-coordinated with PCFC Emergency Management Procedures / DPA Marine Emergency
Plan (where appropriate) and updated suitably as may be necessitated by the changed requirements. The
defined scope of work for developing site specific evacuation plan shall include but not be limited to the
following aspects / points: i. Emergency Actions
ii. Plan Description
iii. Process
iv. Emergency Reporting Procedures
v. Alarm-system Description
vi. Evacuation Policy
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vii. Exit Maps or Diagrams


viii. Emergency Plan Training
ix. Procedure for Sheltering in place
x. Procedure for People who remain in place
xi. Procedure for Accounting for all personnel
xii. Rescue and Medical Tasks
xiii. Emergency Communication Plan
3. It shall be ensured that employees are trained & certified in the use of Fire fighting equipment, Fire actions
and Evacuation annually through approved fire training facility / institution. (Refer to Appendix 6)
4. Every vertical way of exit and other vertical opening between floors of a building shall be suitably
enclosed or protected, as necessary, to afford reasonable safety to occupants while using exits and to
prevent spread of fire, smoke or fumes through vertical openings from floor to floor before occupants have
entered exits.
5. In every building, facility or structure, adequate and suitable portable fire extinguishers shall be provided
to extinguish a minor fire. Also, every vehicle or mobile equipment such as forklift, crane and other
similar ones shall be equipped with a fire extinguisher to extinguish a minor fire.
6. EHS-Fire Dept shall be notified in writing of temporary shutdown or disablement of any fire protection
system or installation against which implementation of appropriate countermeasures is necessary. Such
countermeasures shall be recommended by EHS-Fire Dept for implementation by the concerned
lessee/licensee.
(i) Action to be taken in case of fire.
(ii) Raise Alarm By actuating Fire Alarm System or by shouting FIREFIRE.FIRE..
(iii) Attack the fire By using available Fire Extinguishers, if possible.
(iv) Inform PCFC Fire Emergency Control Room (Tel: 8833111).
(v) Evacuate building and assemble outside in case the fire is going out of control. (Senior officer present
to take charge, direct the evacuation and account for all occupants of the building).
(vi) Do not re-enter the building until declared safe by EHSFire Department.
Note: Actions i to iii must be taken to avoid delays
7. No parking of vehicles or trailers is permitted along fire routes / fire access paths / set-back areas.
Vehicles or trailers parked or left along any of the fire routes / fire access paths / set-back areas will be
removed without any/prior notice by EHS-Fire Dept at the expenses of the owners of such vehicles or
trailers.
8. All set-back areas shall be kept free from/of obstructions, combustibles and flammables to maintain
necessary and natural fire break.
9. All buildings, facilities or structures shall be accessible to fire and other emergency vehicles.
10. Relevant provisions of PCFC Emergency Management Procedures and DPA Marine Emergency Plan shall
apply.
11. All PCFC Security/DWS and Dubai Police personnel are authorized to aid/assist EHS-Fire Dept personnel
(Fire Fighting & Ambulance staff and officers) in the execution of their duties so that any measures that
may appear to be expedient for the protection of life and property can be taken speedily.

They may
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barricade the fire scene and also close any road/street in or near which the fire scene exists; and remove
any persons [be they PCFC or non-PCFC employees/personnel] who, by their presence, behavior and
actions, may interfere with the operations of EHS-Fire Department.
12. Licensees of custom-built premises shall ensure that effective Fire Protection Systems including automatic
fire detection and alarm systems, complying with the requirements of EHS-Fire Dept / AHJ (refer to EHSFire Department for details), are installed and that the dedicated telephone connection is also made to the
Central Fire & Security Monitoring Station at PCFC Emergency Control Centre (ECC). Such systems (i)
must be regularly maintained and kept in good repairs and satisfactory working conditions at all times and
(ii) must ensure avoidance of false alarms / calls. (Refer to Appendix 5 for guidance).
13. EHS-Fire Dept personnel (fire fighting staff including officers, & senior officials) are authorized to take
full control of fire & non-fire emergency situations in their operational jurisdiction/turnout areas. Where a
Clients premises are unmanned / unguarded / closed / locked, the Fire Dept personnel are authorized to
make forced entry where there is reasonable justification (including a subsequent false alarm discovery),
and / or where failure to do so could result in significant losses.
14. EHS- Fire Dept personnel (fire fighting & ambulance staff and officers including Vice President/Chief
Fire Officer and his deputy are authorized to enter on land or premises: (i) that are adjacent to the lands or premises on which a fire or emergency has occurred or is occurring for
the purpose of fighting the fire or for providing rescue or emergency services; or
(ii) That is adjacent to the lands or premises on which there is a serious threat to the personal safety of any
person for the purpose of removing or reducing the threat.
15. EHS-Fire Dept personnel (fire fighting & ambulance staff and officers including Vice President/Chief Fire
Officer and his deputy) are authorized to enter on land or premises on which a fire is occurring or that are
adjacent to those lands or premises, for the purpose of pulling down or removing structures or things on or
attached to the lands or premises on which a fire is occurring or that are adjacent to those lands or premises
if, in the opinion of fire officer in charge, it is necessary to do so to prevent the spread of the fire.
16. EHS-Fire Dept personnel (fire fighting and ambulance staff and officers) may be authorized by the Vice
President / Chief Fire Officer or his deputy to enter on lands or premises that are outside their operational
jurisdiction / turnout areas for the purposes of fighting a fire or for providing rescue or emergency services
on such lands or premises if: (i) In the opinion of Vice President / Chief Fire Officer or of his deputy the fire or emergency threatens
persons, property or the environment and
(ii) the emergency response capability of the fire department or civil Defense serving the area in which such
lands or premises are situated is not immediately available or is reported to be deficient and assistance of
EHS-Fire Dept has been requested by such fire department / civil defense or police.
17. EHS-Fire Dept personnel (fire fighting staff and officers including Vice President/Chief Fire Officer and
his deputy) are authorized to enter on land or premises if: (i) A fire has occurred on the land or premises or
(ii) They have reasons to believe that a substance or device that is likely to cause a fire may be situated on
the land or premises
18. Upon entering on the land or premises EHS-Fire Dept officers, including Vice President/Chief Fire Officer
and his deputy, may order to: 108 of 119

a) close and prevent entry to the land or premises for the length of time necessary to complete the
examination of the land or premises,
b) remove from the land or premises, retain and examine any article or material and take such samples or
photographs, make videotapes and other images electronic or otherwise that in their opinion may be of
assistance in determining the cause of the fire under investigation.
c) Make such evacuation on the land or premises as they consider necessary
d) Operate, use or set in motion any machinery, equipment or device
e) Make any reasonable inquiry of any person or persons orally or in writing.
19. EHS-Fire Dept personnel (fire fighting staff and officers including Vice President/Chief Fire Officer and
his deputy) are authorized to enter on land or premises if the entry is necessary for the purpose of
conducting an investigation into the cause of a fire or for determining whether a substance or device that is
likely to cause fire is situated on the land or premises.
20. EHS-Fire Dept personnel (fire fighting & ambulance staff and officers including Vice President/Chief Fire
Officer and his deputy) are authorized to enter waters or board ship, vessel or craft for the purpose of
fighting a fire or for providing rescue or emergency services in compliance with the provisions of DPA
Marine Emergency Plan.
21. Emergencies involving hazardous materials shall be dealt with by EHS-Fire Dept in accordance with all
established Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) as set forth in (i) Procedure for Emergency
Preparedness Response Planning & Execution (PCFZ-EMS-EPR-001) & (ii) relevant NFPA codes and
standards.
22. Any accidental/incidental damage caused or occasioned by EHS-Fire Dept staff (Fire Fighting &

Ambulance personnel) in the due execution of their duties must be deemed/construed to be the damage
caused by fire. No claim shall lie against EHS-Fire Dept / AHJ, EHS Dept or any other departments of
PCFC and their directors, officers and other concerned personnel for compensation for any damage so and
necessarily caused.

109 of 119

APPENDIX-1
Dimensional criteria concerning Fire escape stairs, exit widths etc.
a) Relevant Excerpts from NFPA 101, 2006
Table 7.2.8.4.1(a) Fire Escape Stairs
Feature

Serving More than 10 Occupants

Serving 10 or Fewer
Occupants

Minimum widths

22 in. (560 mm) clear between rails

18 in. (455 mm) clear


between rails

Minimum horizontal dimension


of any landing or platform

22 in. (560 mm) clear

18 in. (455 mm) clear

Maximum riser height

9 in. (230 mm)

12 in. (305 mm)

Minimum tread, exclusive of


nosing
Minimum nosing or projection
Tread construction

9 in. (230 mm)

6 in. (150 mm)

1 in. (25 mm)


Solid in. (13 mm) diameter
perforations permitted

No requirement
Flat metal bars on edge or
square bars secured against
turning, spaced 1 in. (32
mm) maximum on centers

Winders

None

Risers

None

Permitted subject to capacity


penalty
No requirement

Spiral

None

Permitted subject to capacity


penalty

Maximum height between


landings

12 ft (3660 mm)

No requirement

Headroom, minimum

6 ft 8 in. (2030 mm)

6 ft 8 in. (2030 mm)

Access to escape

Door or casement windows, 24 in. x


6 ft 8 in. (610 mm x 2030 mm); or
double-hung windows, 30 in. x 36 in.
(760 mm x 915 mm) clear opening

Windows providing a clear


opening of at least 20 in. (510
mm) in width, 24 in. (610
mm) in height, and 5.7 ft2
(0.53 m2) in area

Level of access opening

Not over 12 in. (305 mm) above


floor; steps if higher

Not over 12 in. (305 mm)


above floor; steps if higher

Discharge to ground

Swinging stair section permitted if


approved by authority having
jurisdiction

Swinging stair, or ladder if


approved by authority having
jurisdiction

Capacity

in (13 mm) per person, if access


by door; 1 in (25 mm) per person, if
access by climbing over windowsill

10 persons; if winders or
ladder from bottom balcony,
5 persons; if both, 1 person

110 of 119

Table 7.2.2.2.1.1(a) New Stairs


Features
Minimum width
Maximum height of risers
Minimum height of risers
Minimum tread depth
Minimum headroom
Maximum height between landings
Landing

Dimensional Criteria
ft/in.
mm
Sec 7.2.2.2.1.2
7 in.
180
4 in.
100
11 in.
280
6 ft 8 in.
2030
12 ft
3660
Sec 7.2.1.3,
7.2.1.4.4 and
7.2.2.3.2

Table 7.2.2.2.1.1(b) Existing Stairs


Dimensional Criteria
ft/in.
mm

Features
Minimum width clear of all obstructions, except
projections not more than 4 in. (114mm) at or
below handrail height on each side
Maximum height of risers
Minimum tread depth
Minimum headroom
Maximum height between landings
Landing

36 in.

915

8 in.
9 in.
6 ft 8 in.
12 ft
Sec 7.2.1.3 and 7.2.1.4.4

205
230
2030
3660

Table 7.2.2.2.1.2 (B) New Stair Width


Total cumulative Occupant Load Assigned to the Stair
<2000 persons
>2000 persons

Width
44in. (1120 mm)
56in. (1420 mm)

Sections 7.2.2.2.1.2 (A), (B), (C ), (D), (E) & (F) of NFPA101, 2006, shall be referred to while
calculating the minimum stair width.
In general, minimum stair width shall be derived from

Maximum Occupant Capacity for any given floor


(Gross floor area / Occupant load factor. Table 7.3.1.2

Egress Capacity factor


(Table 7.3.3.1 of NFPA 101)

of NFPA101)
Exit width: The width of an exit passageway shall be adequate to accommodate the aggregate required
capacity of all exits that discharge through it, unless one of the following conditions applies:
(1) *Where an exit passageway serves occupants of the level of exit discharge as well as other stories, the
capacity shall not be required to be aggregated.
(2) As provided in Chapter 36 and Chapter 37 of NFPA 101, 2006 an exit passageway in a mall building
shall be permitted to accommodate occupant loads independently from the mall and the tenant spaces. (see
36.2.2.7.2 and 37.2.2.7.2).
Note: NFPA 101, 2006 shall be referred to for additional information / details.
111 of 119

b) Other examples of Minimum width of escape routes, exits and minimum numbers of exits from
large spaces (where appropriate and necessary, EHS-Fire Dept shall insist upon compliance with
these requirements)
Minimum Widths of Escape Routes And Exits
No. of People

Width of Exits
800mm
900mm
1000mm
1100mm
1200mm
1300mm
1400mm
1500mm
1600mm
1700mm

1 to 50
51 to 110
111 to 170
171 to 220
221 to 240
241 to 260
261 to 280
281 to 300
301 to 320
321 to 340

Minimum Numbers of Exits from Large Spaces


No. of People
1 to 50
51 to 500
501 to 1000
1001 to 2000
2001 to 4000
4001 to 7000
701 to 11000

Number of Exits
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

112 of 119

APPENDIX 2
Occupant Load Factor
Relevant Excerpts from NFPA 101, 2006
Table 7.3.1.2
Sl
No.
1

Concentrated use, without fixed seating.


Less concentrated use, without fixed seating.

1 person/18 linear in.

1 person/ 455 linear mm

Waiting spaces

See 12.1.7.2 and 13.1.7.2.

See 12.1.7.2 and 13.1.7.2

(vi)

Kitchens

100

9.3

(vi)

Library stack areas

100

9.3

(vii) Library reading room

50 net

4.6 net

(viii) Swimming pools

50 (water surface)

4.6 (water surface)

(ix)

Swimming pool decks

30

2.8

(x)

Exercise rooms with equipment

50

4.6

(xi)

Exercise rooms without equipment

1.4
1.4 net

100 net

9.3 net

(xiv) Casinos and similar gaming areas

11

(xv)

50

4.6
1.9 net

Skating rinks

Educational Use
(i)

Classrooms

20 net

(ii)

Shops, laboratories, vocational rooms

50 net

4.6 net

35 net

3.3 net

Health Care Use

10

15
15 net

(xiii) Lighting and access catwalks, galleries, gridirons

8
9

0.65 net
1.4 net

(v)

Day Care Use

7 net
15 net

(iii) Bench-type seating

(m2 per person)a

Assembly Use

(xii) Stages

(ft per person)

(i)
(ii)

Factor

Use

(i)

Inpatient treatment departments

240

22.3

(ii)

Sleeping departments

120

11.1

(iii)

Ambulatory health care

100

9.3

Detention and Correctional Use

120

11.1

Residential use
(i)

Hotels and dormitories

200

18.6

(ii)

Apartment buildings

200

18.6

(iii) Board and care, large

200

18.6
9.3

Industrial Use
(i)

General and high-hazard industrial

100

(ii)

Special-purpose industrial

NA

NA

100

9.3

Business Use
Storage Use
(i)

In storage occupancies

NA

NA

(ii)

In mercantile occupancies

300

27.9

(iii)

In other than storage and mercantile occupancies

500

46.5
2.8

Mercantile Use
(i)

Sales area on street floor

30

(ii)

Sales area on two or more street floors

40

3.7

(iii)

Sales area on floor below street floor

30

2.8

(iv)

Sales area on floors above street floor

60

5.6

(v)

Floors or portions of floors used only for offices

See business use.

See business use.

300

27.9

Per factors applicable to use


of space

Per factors applicable to use of


space

(vi) Floors or portions of floors used only for storage,


receiving, and shipping, and not open to general public
(vii) Mall buildings

Note: NFPA 101, 2006 shall be referred to for additional information / details.

113 of 119

APPENDIX 3
Relevant excerpts from NFPA 101, 2006
Table A.7.6 Common Path, Dead-End, and Travel Distance Limits (by occupancy)
Common Path Limit
Type of Occupancy
Assembly
New
Existing

Unsprinklered
ft
m
20/75

6.1/23

Dead-End Limit

Sprinklered
ft
m
20/75

Unsprinklered
ft
m

Travel Distance Limit

Sprinklered
ft
m

6.1/23

20

6.1

20

6.1

Unsprinklered
ft
m

Sprinklered
ft
m

150

45

250

76

20/75

6.1/23

20/75

6.1/23

20

6.1

20

6.1

150

45

250

76

Educational
New
Existing
Day Care
New
Existing
Health Care
New
Existing
Ambulatory Health Care
New
Existing
Detention &Correctional
New-Use Condition II, III, IV

75

23

100

30

20

6.1

50

15

150

45

200

61

75
75

23
23

100
100

30
30

20
20

6.1
6.1

50
50

15
15

150
150

45
45

200
200

61
61

75
NR

23
NR

100
NR

30
NR

20
30

6.1
9.1

50
30

15
9.1

150
NA

45
NA

200
200

61
61

NR
75

NR
23

NR
100

NR
30

NR
20

NR
6.1

NR
50

NR
15

150
150

45
45

200
200

61
61

75
50

23
15

100
100

30
30

50
50

15
15

50
50

15
15

150
150

45
45

200
200

61
61

New-Use Condition V
Existing Use condition II, III,
IV, V
Residential
One-and two-family
dwellings
Lodging or rooming houses

50
50

15
15

100
100

30
30

20
NR

6.1
NR

20
NR

6.1
NR

150
150

45
45

200
200

61
61

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

Hotels and dormitories

35

10.7

50

15

35

10.7

50

15

175

53

325

99

Apartments

35
35

10.7
10.7

50
50

15
15

50
35

15
10.7

50
50

15
15

175
175

53
53

325
325

99
99

Board and care

35
NR

10.7
NR

50
NR

15
NR

50
NR

15
NR

50
NR

15
NR

175
NR

53
NR

325
NR

99
NR

Small, new and existing


Large, new
Large, existing

NA
110

NA
33

125
160

38
49

NA
50

NA
15

50
50

15
15

NA
175

NA
53

325
325

99
99

Mercantile

75

23

100

30

20

6.1

50

15

150

45

250

76

Existing
Open air

75
NR
75

23
NR
23

100
NR
100

30
NR
30

50
0
20

15
0
6.1

50
0
50

15
0
15

150
NR
150

45
NR
45

250
NR
400

76
NR
120

New
Existing
New
Existing

Class A, B, C New

Mall

New
Existing

75

23

100

30

50

15

50

15

150

45

400

120

Business
New

75

23

100

30

20

6.1

50

15

200

61

300

91

Existing
Industrial
General
Special purpose
High hazard

75
50

23
15

100
100

30
30

50
50

15
15

50
50

15
15

200
200

61
61

300
250

91
75

50
0
50

15
0
15

100
0
100

30
0
30

50
0
50

15
0
15

50
0
50

15
0
15

300
0
note1

91
0
note1

400
75
note1

50

15

75

23

50

15

50

15

75

23

75

122
23
note
1
23

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

50
0
50

15
0
15

100
0
50

30
0
15

50
0
50

15
0
15

100
0
50

30
0
15

200
75
300

61
23
91

400
100
400

122
30
122

50
50

15
15

50
100

15
30

50
50

15
15

50
50

15
15

150
note1

45
note1

200
note1

50

15

75

23

50

15

50

15

75

23

75

60
note
1
23

50

15

100

30

50

15

100

30

200

61

400

122

Aircraft

servicing hangars, ground


servicing hangars,
Mezzanine floor
Storage
Low hazard
Ordinary hazard
High hazard
Parking structures, open
Parking structures, enclosed
Aircraft servicing hangars,
ground floor
Aircraft servicing hangars,
mezzanine floor
Underground spaces in grain
elevators

Note: NFPA 101, 2006 shall be referred to for additional information / details.

114 of 119

APPENDIX-4

EHS- FIRE DEPARTMENT


Typical layout/plan showing recommended storage configuration for the proposed
activity Trading in ______________ (combustible commodity/commodities) to be
stored at JAFZA PBU/LIU proposed to be leased out to ____________________

OFFICE
ENTRANCE
A

STORAGE

STORAGE

2.4 M

0.5M
17 M

FIRE
EXIT
DOOR

STORAGE

0.5 m

STORAGE

2.4M

0.5M

30 M

NB :(1) Storage configuration, so recommended, may not be suitable/applicable to the commodities


other than the one(s) specified above; and
(2) The mandatory requirement of sprinkler system shall apply axiomatically when the activities
[other than storage] that considerably increase the ignitability and fire-spread potential of the
commodities are involved and/or the storage height exceeds 3.5 meters.

ACCEPTABLE MAXIMUM
STORAGE HEIGHT = 3.5M

115 of 119

APPENDIX - 5
EHS-FIRE REQUIREMENTS FOR COVERED TEMPORARY STRUCTURES ENCLOSED TENTS NORMALLY USED FOR EVENTS/ACTIVITIES SUCH AS STAGE
SHOWS, CONCERTS, CIRCUS, EXHIBITIONS, TRADE FAIRS, SPORTING EVENTS &
CELEBRATORY FUNCTIONS.

a) Layout Planning and Means of Escape


1. The maximum size of a single tent shall not exceed 2,000 square m.
2. Tents shall be separated from the building facades and from other tents by at least a distance equal to
the highest point of the tent.
3. Enclosed tents shall be of material having a minimum surface flame spread class 2 rating (to be
supported by certification).
4. Tents acting as a sheltered link from buildings to tents or from tents to tents shall not be more than
6m wide and 3m high. These tents shall not be enclosed. They shall be spaced at least 36m apart.
5. A minimum of 2 exits shall be provided and each exit shall be of minimum 2m width irrespective of
occupant load. The exit capacity is based on a maximum of 120 persons per meter width of exit.
6. The maximum travel distance from any point within the tent to the nearest exit at the external edge
of the tent shall not exceed 30m.
7. The occupant load shall be based on a minimum of 1.5 square m per person.
8. Seats if are provided, shall be in accordance to plans submitted for approval. Maximum number of
seats in a row shall not exceed 12 and a minimum aisle width of 1.5m shall be provided. Seats shall
be secured properly to the floor.
9. To submit a plan (prepared and endorsed by a qualified person) of the tent layout with calculations
of designed occupant load, travel distance and exit capacity.
10. Any row of stall inside a tent shall not exceed 15m in length.
11. Separation distance of at least 3m between rows of stalls shall be maintained.
12. Tents and event areas are to be provided with sufficient numbers of self-contained emergency
lighting.
13. All designated exits points shall be provided with illuminated Exit signs incorporated with battery
operated standby power supply.
14. All escape routes / passageways shall be free of obstruction. Exit points shall lead directly to open
exterior areas.

b) Fire Fighting Provisions and Structural Fire Precautions

116 of 119

1. All parts of a tent are to be located within 100m of a fire hydrant. And no tent shall be located within
3m of any fire hydrant, breeching inlets of fire fighting rising mains or fire exit staircases of
neighboring buildings. (This requirement may be waived by EHS-Fire Dept for the sites where fire
hydrants are not available).
2. No activity shall be carried out on the fire engine access way / fire engine hard standing (parking
space) or pedestrian walkways.
3. ABC dry chemical powder fire extinguisher (approved type) of 2.5 kg capacity shall be provided
such that no person needs to travel more than 15m to reach them.
4. Two 2.5kg capacity carbon dioxide fire extinguishers (approved type) shall be provided in the
vicinity of each generator / air conditioning set. Generators are to be sited at least 5m away from
buildings and tents / stalls.
5. AC units with return-air shall be fitted with smoke detectors.
6. Roofing or false ceiling of covered booths shall be of non-combustible material or minimum class 2
surface flame spread rating (to be supported by certification.)
7. The erection of multi-storey structures is prohibited.
8. All sides of the timber flooring decking / stage / platform shall be properly sealed with no storage of
goods / materials / electrical services beneath them.
9. Fabric materials / curtains for stage shall be of minimum class 2 surface flame spread rating (to be
supported by certification).
10. Fire Vehicle(s) & ambulance(s) shall be kept on standby at the site throughout the event.

c. Other Fire Safety Precautions


1. Any activity involving the use LPG and flammable liquids / gases is prohibited.
2. Open-flame cooking is not allowed except where solid fuel burners are used to warm food that has
already been prepared and cooked.
3. Combustible materials are kept to a minimum and away from heat sources.
4. Electrical fixtures /wiring are firmly secured away from publics path.
5. The event organizer shall provide a team of personnel for emergency evacuation and for fighting
incipient fires on site.
6. Civil or structural engineers certification is required wherever structural safety is involved.
7. To contact EHS-Fire Dept at 8835999 to arrange for an inspection of the site 2 days before the
commencement of the event.
8. To remove / clear the temporary structures within 3 days upon expiry of the approved period. The
duration of the event is limited to at most 2 months.

117 of 119

APPENDIX 6
FIRE TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
SR.
NO.

TOTAL NO. OF
EMPLOYEES TO BE
TRAINED IN FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

TOTAL NUMBER OF
EMPLOYEES TO BE TRAINED
IN FIRE HOSES, FIXED
INSTALLATIONS, FIRE
ALARM SYSTEMS, AND
AUTOMATIC FIRE
SUPPRESION SYSTEMS. ETC.

5%

5%

(2.1) HIGH RISK

ALL

ALL

(2.2) MEDIUM RISK

10%

10%

(2.3) LOW RISK

5%

5%

(3.1) HIGH FUEL


RISK

ALL

ALL

(3.2) MEDIUM FUEL


RISK

10%

10%

(3.3) LOW FUEL


RISK

5%

5%

OCCUPANCY
CHARACTERISTIC
S

1.

OFFICES,
ASSEMBLY,
COMMERCIAL,
RESIDENTIAL,
SHOPS.

2.

INDUSTRIES

3.

STORAGE

List of approved training facility / institutions


Sl.
No
1

Name

Contact Details

PCFC Training Facility at West Fire Station Near R/A 11.

Tel: 04 - 8835999
Fax: 04 - 8839171

Dubai Civil Defense Training Center, Al Aweer, Dubai.

Tel: 04- 2870666


Fax: 04 2871210

Note : Updated Approved list ( if any) shall always be checked & obtained from EHS: Trakhees

118 of 119

APPENDIX 7
AVOIDANCE OF FALSE ALARMS FROM AUTOMATIC SMOKE DETECTORS
Sl.No

CAUSE

PREVENTIVE/CORRECTIVE MEASURES

Accumulation of dust inside the


detector

1. Monthly cleaning of detectors.


2. Sensitivity adjustment depending on the ambient dust level in
the protected area

Smoking

To avoid smoking in the area protected by smoke detectors.

Artificial simulation of smoke


condition by dust (getting kicked
up) due to clean up activities viz.
sweeping, blowing etc.

Prior intimation to PCFC Emergency Control Centre (Tel:


8833222) before commencing clean-up activities.

Smoke generated by welding &


cutting processes

1. Detectors to be disabled/isolated temporarily (short term


measure).
2. Detectors to be disabled/isolated temporarily through zone
isolation panel(s) (to be installed as long term measure)
3. Prior intimation to PCFC Emergency Control Centre (Tel:
8833222)

Ingress of insects into detectors

Treatment of the protected areas with insecticides at regular


intervals.

Repairs to or periodical checking of


fire alarm panels, circuits & loops
etc.

Prior intimation to PCFC Emergency Control Centre (Tel:


8833222).

Earth fault

To be rectified

Loop fault

To be rectified

Faulty detector

Detector to be replaced

10

Faulty panel

To be rectified

11

Faulty selection of detector

Replacement by appropriate type of detector

119 of 119