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Repair welding of in-service plant and equipment may be more difficult than making

repairs during initial fabrication because ........


a)
the material may be contaminated
b)
access to repair area may be difficult
c)
positional welding may be needed
d)
of any of the above

During PWHT of a complex fabrication, it is heated to the soak temperature at a much


higher rate than specified by the procedure. This may .........
a)
cause excessive oxidation
b)
not allow sufficient time to relieve stresses
c)
introduce excessive compressive stresses
d)
cause distortion

Exceeding the maximum inter-pass temperature specified for a C-Mn steel weld joint,
may give .......
a)
excessive porosity
b)
burn through
c)
lower toughness
d)
all of the above

Which of the following cutting methods is suitable for cutting stainless steel?
a)
plasma
b)
oxy-acetylene
c)
oxy-propane
d)
all of the above

When welding thin plate, distortion can be minimised by ......


a)
using back-step welding
b)
minimising weld volume
c)
using bridge tacks
d)
all of the above

Typical temperatures used for normalising a C-Mn steel plate are ........
a)
600 to 650C
b)
1000 to 1100C
c)
700 to 800C
d)
880 to 920C

The property of a material that has the greatest influence on welding distortion is the.....
a)
yield strength
b)
co-efficient of thermal expansion
c)
elastic modulus
d)
co-efficient of electrical conductivity

Hydrogen controlled electrodes were developed principally for:


a)

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The prevention of porosity

b)
c)
d)

When hydrogen control is specified for a manual metal arc-welding project the
electrode would normally be:
a)
b)
c)
d)
You would with
from its:
a)
b)
c)
d)

The core wire


The flux coating
Iron powder with the flux coating

Iron powder
Calcium fluoride
Silicon
Calcium carbonate

The use of cellulosic electrode is often made when welding the root pass of pipes
in the field. This is because?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Color
Length
Trade name
AWS/BS639 Code Letter

What constituent is needed in coating of electrode of an electrode to prevent


formation of porosity in welding of rimming steel?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Cellulosic
Iron oxide
Acid
Basic
certainty recognize a hydrogen controlled flux covered electrode

The weld metal deposits of manual metal arc electrode achieves its mechanical
strength through?
a)
b)
c)

The prevention of cracking


The enhancement of arc voltage
Their ease of arc starting

Hydrogen control is needed


Iron powder in the electrode
Higher arc voltage can be obtained
Shorter arc length can be achieved

In the welding of Austenitic stainless steels, the electrode and plate material can
be purchased with low carbon contents. The reason for this is to prevent?
a)
b)
c)

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Cracking I the HAZ


The formation of chromium carbides
Cracking in the weld metal

d)
Distortion
Submerged arc fluxes can be supplied in two forms; these are?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Sintered and agitated


Agitated and fused
Crushed and agglomerated
Fused and agglomerated

Manual metal arc electrodes can be grouped into three main types. Thses are:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Basic cellulosic and rutile


Neutral cellulosic and rutile
Basic cellulosic and neutral
None of the above

Flame cut preparations may, during welding, increase the likelihood of:

a)
Cracking
b)
Misalignment problems
c)
Inclusions
d)
All of the above
Macroscopic examination requires any specimen to be inspected:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Which electrode classification would be relevant AWS A 5.1-81:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Rutile
Cellulosic
Basic
Oxidizing

The type of SAW flux is more resistance to moisture absorption:


a)
b)
c)
d)

E 6013
E 5133
E 7018 G
Fleet weld 5

Which of the following coating is associated with Stove welding;


a)
b)
c)
d)

Once, after etching


Twice, before and after etching
Using a microscope
None of the above

Fused
Agglomerated
Basic
All of about the same resistance

A basic electrode would normally:

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a)
b)
c)
d)

Which of the following is not an inert gas?


a)
b)
c)
d)

Have superior mechanical properties


Require baking before use
Not be used on low carbon steels
Both a) and b)

Argon
Xenon
Carbon dioxide
Helium

Why is welding is shielded?


a)
To eliminate hydrogen
b)
To retard the cooling rate of the weld
c)
To eliminate the atmosphere
d)
To ensure maximum heat input
Which electrodes are very susceptible to causing porosity in the deposited
welds if long arc employed?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Basic
Cellulosic
Rutile
None of the above

Which of the following electrode is classified to BS EN 499?


a. E 38 3 R
b. E 6013
c. E 7018-G
d. E 51 33 B

Which type of electrode is used for vertical-down welding C & C-Mn steel are
a. Basic
b. Cellulosic
c. High recovery rutile
d. All of the above

MMA electrodes, with the flux covering removed, should not be used as filler rods
for TIG welding because..
a. Welding cost will be much higher
b. The rod diameter will be too large
c. The weld metal composition may be wrong
d. The rod will be too short

The chemical composition of weld metal deposited by a C-Mn steel electrode is


controlled mainly by.
a. The core wire composition
b. The transfer of alloying additions from flux covering

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c. The transfer of iron powder from the flux covering


d. Dilution from the base metal
Silicon is added to steel, and the covering of MMA electrodes, for the purposes
of
a. De-oxidation
b. Improving strength
c. Improving toughness
d. Giving better resistance to hydrogen cracking
When a fusible insert is for TIG welding it can be very beneficial because.
a. It eliminates porosity
b. It gives controlled root penetration
c. It avoids the need for back purging
d. All of the above

A hydrogen controlled MMA electrode can always be recognized by the..


a. EN code letter or AWS code number stamped on the covering
b. Thickness of the electrode covering
c. Trade name
d. Colour of the flux covering

The electrode polarity that is usually used for TIG welding of steel is ..
a. DC negative
b. DC positive
c. AC
d. Any polarity can be used

Which type of SAW flux requires careful control of storage, issue and handling to
avoid moisture pick-up?
a. Neutral
b. Agglomerated
c. Fused
d. They are all about the same

Electrodes with a basic covering are used:


a. For welding high strength low alloy steels
b. When low temperature toughness is specified for the weld metal
c. When low hydrogen electrodes are specified
d. When any of the above are applicable

A fusible insert is
a. Filler material placed in the weld joint before welding
b. Permanent backing strip
c. The core wire in a manual metal arc welding electrode
d. Applicable only to brazing
To ensure that low hydrogen electrodes have very low moisture content, a typical
baking temperature would be:
a. 120o C
b. 350o C

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c. 450o C
d. 200o C

Cellulosic electrode are characterized by:


a. Being used for joints requiring high toughness
b. Being giving very high hydrogen weld metal
c. Having deep penetration characteristics
d. Both b and c
The flux covering on a MMA electrode.
a. Generates slag and gas to protect the molten weld pool from
contamination by air
b. Adds elements to strengthen and toughen the weld
c. Contains arc stabilizing compounds
d. All of the above

When "hydrogen control" is specified for a manual metal arc-welding


project the electrode would normally be:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Cellulosic
Iron oxide
Acid
Basic

You would with certainty recognize a hydrogen controlled flux covered


electrode from its:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Which electrode classification would be relevant to AWS A5.1-81?


a.
b.
c.
d.

E6013
E5133
E 7018 - G
Fleet weld

Which of the following coatings is associated with "Stove" welding:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Color
Length
Trade Name
AWS/BS639 Code Letter

Rutile
Cellulosic
Basic
Oxidizing

The type of SAW flux is more resistant to moisture absorption:


a.
b.
c.
d.

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Fused
Agglomerated
Basic
All of about the same resistance

Which is the compulsory part of an electrode classified to BS EN as E46 3B


160 20 H

a.
b.
c.
d.

In Manual Metal Arc Welding which type of flux covering gives the highest
hydrogen level to produce deep penetration?
a.
b.
c.
d.

E 46 3 B 160
E 46 3 B 160 20
E463B
All of the above

Iron oxide
Acid and oxidizing
Rutile with addition of iron powder
Cellulose

Before use, electrodes classified as BS 639: 1986 E 42 43 R 10 or AWS


type E6013 need to be:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Dried for 1 hour at 45 C


Dried for 2 hour at above 120 C
No drying or whatsoever
Dried for 1 hour at 120 C max.

Which of the following are functions of the flux coating of a MMA


electrode?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Insulating
Alloying
Deoxidation
Shielding
All of the above

An MMA electrode classified as E7018 is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

A basic low hydrogen electrode containing iron powder.'


A rutile electrode containing iron powder.
A cellulose electrode suitable for welding in all positions.
A basic electrode depositing welds metal with yield strength
of a least 70,000 psi.
e. Both a and d.

Which of the following is the most likely to be considered an essential


variable for a welder qualification test?
a. A change from an electrode classified to BS EN 499 as an E46
3 INI B to an electrode classified to AWS A5.1 as an E7018.
b. A change of pipe wall thickness by at least 15 mm.
c. A change in pre-heat temperature from 50C to 100C.
d. A change from PC welding position to PA welding position.
e. All of the above.

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In EN 499, what does the number 50 represent in the following electrode


classification? E5031NiB16001 H5.

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Cellulose electrodes are often used for the deposition of a root pass on
pipes welded in the field. This is because?
a.
b.
c.
d.

A minimum of 50 N/mm2 yield strength.


A minimum of 500 N/mm2 tensile strength.
A minimum of 50000 psi yield strength
A minimum of 50000 psi tensile strength
None of the above.

Hydrogen control is required


The high deposition rate due to the iron powder content
The hydrogen gas produced in the flux increases the arc voltage
All of the above

Basic coated electrodes have which of the following properties


a. High mechanical properties may be used to produce welds of high
deposition rates and to produce welds of low hydrogen content
b. Friable slag, high mechanical strength, and to produce welds of a low
hydrogen content
c. Low hydrogen content welds, good stop / start properties and high
strength
d. Low carbon content welds, friable slag and high strength

What does the 70 represent on an E70 10 AWS A5.1 classified electrode?


a.
b.
c.
d.

70 N/mm2 minimum UTS


70 joules minimum impact strength
70,000 p.s.i Minimum yield strength
70,000 psi minimum UTS

Cellulose electrodes have which of the following properties?


a. Viscous slag, large volumes of shielding gas and UTS values above 90,000
psi
b. Large volumes of shielding gas, high spatter contents and hydrogen levels
< 15 ml per 100g of weld metal deposited
c. Large volumes of shielding gas, hydrogen contents > 15 ml per 100g of
weld metal deposited and should be never baked
d. High spatter contents, high deposition and large volumes of gas shield

From the following electrode coding in BS EN 499, E50 3 1Ni B 140 0 1


H5 , what does the 3 represent
a.
b.
c.
d.

A minimum charpy value of a 30 joules


A minimum impact value of 47 Joules
A minimum impact temperature of -30C at a given Joule value
None of the above

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Which of the following is applicable to electrode efficiency?


a. The mass of metal deposited as a percentage of the mass of core wire
melted
b. Iron powder electrodes have efficiencies above 100%
c. Electrodes of high efficiencies tend to produce welds of a smooth flat
profile
d. Both a and b
e. All of the above

Which of the following electrodes is classified to BS EN 499 ?


a. E 38 3 R
b. E 6013
c. E 7018 - G
d. E 51 33 B
Which of type of electrode is used for 'stove-pipe' welding for overland pipelines
construction?
a.
b.
c.
d.

rutile
cellulosic
high recovery rutile
all of the above

The three main types of MMA electrodes used for welding C & C-Mn steels are ........
a. basic, cellulosic and rutile
b. neutral, cellulosic and rutile
c. basic, cellulosic and neutral
d. rutile, low hydrogen and basic

When low hydrogen MMA electrodes are specified for what type of covering will they
have?
a. cellulosic
b. rutile
c. acid
d. basic
A hydrogen controlled MMA electrode can always be recognised by the ........
a. EN code letter (or AWS code number)
b. electrode length
c. Trade Name
d. colour of the covering

Which type of submerged arc welding flux is susceptible to moisture pick-up?


a. neutral
b. agglomerated
c. fused
d. they are all about the same
Which type of SAW flux is susceptible to breaking down into fine particles during
circulation?

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a.
b.
c.
d.

fused
neutral
alloyed
agglomerated

Which of the following AWS A5.1 electrodes has a rutile covering .........
a. E 6010
b. E 7016
c. E 7018
d. E 6013

What type of covering will an electrode have that is suitable for welding 60mm C-Mn
steel and can give good weld metal toughness at -50C? .......
a. rutile
b. basic
c. cellulosic
d. choice will depend on the welding position

Which of the following is likely to give the highest impact strength in ferritic weld
metal?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Cellulosic electrodes
Submerged arc with acid flux
Spray transfer Co-2-welding
Basic coated normal metal arc electrodes

You noticed manual metal arc welding electrodes, stripe of flux, are being used
as filler wire, for TIG welding. You would object because:
a)
It is too expensive
b)
The wire would be too thick
c)
The weld metal composition may be wrong
d)
The wire is too short

Which of the following additions to an electrode flux acts as a stabilizer?


a.
b.
c.
d.

E6013 electrode would most probably used for welding :


a.
b.
c.
d.

Sodium silicate.
Silicon.
Phosphorous.
Sulphur.

Low pressure pipe work


High-pressure pipe work
Vertical down welding on storage tanks
In a situation where low hydrogen welds are specified

Silicon is added to steel, and the covering of MMA electrodes, in order to give .........

a. deoxidation
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b. improve strength
c. improve toughness
d. more resistance to hydrogen cracking

A fusible insert for TIG welding helps to ...........

a.
b.
c.
d.

A typical temperature range for baking low hydrogen electrodes is .........

a.
b.
c.
d.

reduce porosity
give controlled root penetration
avoids the need for a back purge
all of the above

150
200
300
400

to
to
to
to

IN UK practice, BS 499 Part2 specifies that the drawing dimension quoted for a
fillet weld is the:
a)
b)
c)

Leg length
Actual throat thickness
Weld width

Weld symbol placed on a dotted line in accordance with ISO requirements


means:
a)
b)
c)
d)

200C
250C
350C
450C

Weld on arrow side


Weld on other side
Weld on site
Full penetration required

According to AWS 2.4 a weld symbol for the other side is placed
a. Above the dashed line
b. Below the dash line
c. Above the solid line
d. Below the solid line

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The compulsory part of the coding system used for the electrodes
manufactured to EN 499 must include.
a. The covering type and positional capability
b. The covering type and preferred polarity
c. The covering type and minimum strength
d. The covering type and maximum hardness

In UK practice, BS499 Part 2 specifies that the drawing dimension quoted


for a fillet weld is the:
a. Leg length
b. Actual throat thickness
c. Weld width

Which term does not apply for fillet weld?


a.
b.
c.
d.

For plates of unequal thickness the effective throat thickness is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

to
to
to
to

the
the
the
the

thickness
thickness
thickness
thickness

of
of
of
of

the
the
the
the

thinner plate
thinner plate plus 3 mm
thicker plate
thinner plate

Included angle
Leg size
Weld reinforcement
Design throat

The strength of fillet weld is primary control by:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Equal
Equal
Equal
Equal

The shortest distance measured from the root to the face of a fillet weld
excluding weld reinforcement is referred to as:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Actual throat
Toe
Included angle
Leg length

Leg length
length
Weld face width
Throat

What is the ratio between the leg length and the design throat thickness
on a mitre fillet weld with equal leg lengths?
a.
b.
c.
d.

1 to 1
2 to1.
1.414 to 1.
All of the above it depends upon the leg length size

How can you tell the difference between an EN/ISO weld symbol and a BS
weld symbol?

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a. The EN/ISO weld symbol will always have the arrow side weld at the
top of the reference line.
b. The EN/ISO symbol has the welds elementary symbol placed on a
dashed line lying above or below the solid reference line to indicate
a weld on the other side.
c. The EN/ISO symbol has a fillet weld leg length identified by the
letter "a".
d. The EN/ISO symbol has a fillet weld throat thickness identified by
the letter "z".
e. Both b and d.

The number 135 is placed at the end of the reference line on a weld
symbol. According to ISO 2553 what does this number indicate?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

The welding process is stated as MMA


The welding process is stated as TIG
The welding process is stated as SAW
NDT is to be carried out after welding
None of the above

A tee joint on a support bracket is to be welded both sides using 5 mm leg


length fillet welds, each weld is to be intermittent 50 mm in length, and
the gap between each weld is to be 25 mm. In accordance with EN 22553
which of the following symbols gives the correct representation?
a.
b.
5

50 (25)

50 (25)

b.

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5 x 50 (25)
5 x 50 (25)

d
5

25

5 x 50 (25)

25 (50)

5 x 50 (25)

A black triangular flag used in conjunction with a weld symbol as to EN


22553 means:
a. A specific welding process is required.
b. The weld is to be made under constant supervision of a qualified
welding inspector.
c. Welding to be carried out on site (field weld).
d. The weld must be subjected to NDT.

What is the throat thickness of a fillet weld ( equal leg lengths )


a.
b.
c.
d.

The
The
The
The

distance
distance
distance
distance

from
from
from
from

the toe to face


the root to face center
the root to the toe
toe to toe

Which of the following welds would be considered in a situation where two


plates are to be joined that overlap ( assume no external assess )
a. A fillet weld
b. A single-bevel butt weld
c. A plug weld
d. A single-U butt weld

The throat thickness of a inch fillet weld is ?


a.
b.
c.
d.

The strength of a fillet weld is determined by .........

a.
b.
c.
d.

27.5 mm
24 mm
13.5 mm
12.5 mm

leg length
weld profile
weld width
throat thickness

For fillet welds, it is normal practice in the UK & USA to measure .......

a.
b.
c.
d.

throat thickness
leg lengths
penetration depths
both A & C

Which of the following fillet welds is the strongest (assuming they are all made using the
same material and welded using the same WPS)?

a. 8 mm throat of a mitre fillet


b. 7 mm leg + 2 mm excess weld metal
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c. mitre fillet with 10mm leg


d. concave fillet with 11mm leg

A fillet weld has an actual throat thickness of 8mm and a leg length of 7mm. What is the
excess weld metal?

a.
b.
c.
d.

2.1mm
1.8mm
3.1mm
1.4mm

According to AWS 2.4 a weld symbol for the 'other' side is placed ........

a.
b.
c.
d.

above the dashed line


below
D the dashed line
above the solid line
below the solid line

According to BS EN 22553 which of the following symbols requires weld toes to be


smoothly blended on the other side' ?

10sshows weld penetration depth in accordance with BS EN


Which of these drawing symbols
A
22553?
10s

C
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D

s10

10s

s10

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