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genius by Pradeep Kshetrapal

Thermodynamic Processes 119

Problems based on Q, U and W
1.

Work done in the given P-V diagram in the cyclic process is
[RPET 2000; Kerala (Med.) 2002]

(a) PV

(2P,
V)

P

(2P,
2V)

(b) 2PV
(c) PV/2

(P, 2V)

(P, V)
V

(d) 3PV
2.

Which of the following is not a thermodynamics co-ordinate
[AIIMS 2001]

(a) P
3.

(b) T

(d) R

Which of the following can not determine the state of a thermodynamic system
(a) Pressure and volume

[AFMC 2001]

(b) Volume and temperature

(c) Temperature and pressure
temperature
4.

(c) V

(d)

Any one of pressure, volume or

In the figure given two processes A and B are shown by which a thermo-dynamical system goes from initial to
final state F. If QA and QB are respectively the heats supplied to the systems then
[RPET 1999]
P

A

(a) QA  QB

f

i

(b) QA  QB

B

(c) QA  QB

V

(d) QA  QB
5.

In the cyclic process shown in the figure, the work done by the gas in one cycle is

[MP PMT 1999]

P
7P1

(a) 28 p1V1
(b) 14 p1V1

P1

(c) 18 p1V1

V1

(d) 9 p1V1
6.

The internal energy of an ideal gas depends upon

4V1 V

[RPMT 1997; MP PMT

1999]

(a) Specific volume

(b) Pressure

(c) Temperature

(d) Density

the rise in temperature of water will be [MP PMT 2001] (a) 0. P-V diagram of an ideal gas is as shown in figure. (b) 125°C Joule Calorie (b) Joule / Calorie [MP PMT/PET 1998] (c) Calorie Erg (d) Erg/ Calorie A lead ball moving with a velocity V strikes a wall and stops. In a water-fall the water falls from a height of 100 m.23°C 12. (c) 150°C The mechanical equivalent of heat J is (a) A constant 14. If the entire kinetic energy of water is converted into heat.023°C A lead bullet of 10 g travelling at 300 m/s strikes against a block of wood and comes to rest.I. K) [EAMCET 2001] (a) 100°C 13. its internal energy increases (b) Internal energy of a gas must increase when its temperature is increased (c) Internal energy of a gas may be increased even if heat is not supplied to the gas (d) Internal energy of a gas is proportional to square of the velocity of the vessel in which gas is contained 10. If 50% of its energy is converted into heat. The internal energy U is a unique function of any state . unit of mechanical equivalent of heat is (a) 15. Work done by the gas in process ABCD is P (a) 4 P0V0 P0 (c) 3 P0V0 D C 2P0 (b) 2 P0V0 B A V0 2V 3V (d) P0V0 0 V 0 Problems based on Joule's law 11. Assuming 50% of heat is absorbed by the bullet. The net work done by the gas during the cycle is equal to P B 3P1 [CPMT 1991] (a) 12 P1V1 P1 (b) 6 P1V1 (c) 3 P1V1 C A V1 3V1 (d) P1V1 8.46°C (c) 2.genius 120 Thermodynamic Processes 7. (b) 0.3°C (d) 0. An ideal gas is taken around the cycle ABCA as shown in the P-V diagram. because change in U (a) Does not depend upon path (c) Corresponds to an adiabatic process 9. (b) [CPMT 1980] Depend upon the path (d) Corresponds to an isothermal process Which of the following statements is/are correct (a) Whenever heat is supplied to a gas. the increase in its temperature is (specific heat of lead = 150J/kg. then what will be the increase in temperature (Specific heat of lead is S) [RPMT 1996] (a) 2V 2 JS (b) V2 4 JS (c) V 2S J (d) V 2S 2J . (d) 200°C (b) A physical quantity [MP PET 2000] (c) A conversion factor (d) None of these The S.

A 10kg mass falls through 25 m on to the ground and bounces to a height of 0. RPET 2000. DCE 2000. Then (a) Final pressure of the gas is kx0 S A B Gas Vacuum . (b) W  Q (d) (Q  W) (c) Q  W In a given process on an ideal gas. Part A has an ideal gas at pressure P0 and temperature T0 and in part B is vacuum.genius by Pradeep Kshetrapal Thermodynamic Processes 121 16. W 0 (b) Q  C P (T2  T1). Initially spring is unstretched.95 K 17. Gas in chamber A is allowed to expand.50 m. (a) Newton’s law (b) Law of conservation of energy (c) Charle’s law (d) Law of heat exchange If Q  0 when heat flows into a system. A massless spring of force constant k is connected with piston and the wall of the container as shown. then the final internal energy will be [CPMT 1986] (a) 2 J 24. (b) 300 J (c) 419 J (d) 24 J In a thermodynamic process pressure of a fixed mass of a gas is changed in such a manner that the gas releases 20 joules of heat and 8 joules of work was done on the gas.) 1999] (a) 100 J 23. (b) Q  U  W (c) Q  W  U (d) Q   W  U In thermodynamic process. then the increase in the [AMU (Med. Assume that all potential energy lost is used in heating up the mass. AIEEE 2002.0095 K (d) None of these 4200 J of work is required for [MP PMT 1986] (a) Increasing the temperature of 10 gm of water through 10°C of 100 gm of water through 10°C (b) Increasing the temperature (c) Increasing the temperature of 1 kg of water through 10°C of 10 kg of water through 10°C (d) Increasing the temperature Problems based on First law of thermodynamics  Basic level 18. (b) The volume will increase (d) The temperature will increase If Q and W represent the heat supplied to the system and the work done on the system respectively. dW = 0 and dQ < 0. CBSE PMT 2000. The temperature rise will be (Given specific heat of the material is 252 Joule/kg K) [ISM Dhanbad 1994] (a) 0. First law of thermodynamics is a special case of [CPMT 1985. Then for the gas [IIT-JEE (Screening) 2001] (a) The temperature will decrease (c) The pressure will remain constant 21. The change in internal energy of the gas is [AMU (Engg.) 2001] (a) W  Q 20. W  0 (d) None of these  Advance level 25. (b) 42 J (c) 18 J (d) 58 J In a reversible isobaric heating of an ideal gas from state 1 to state 2. A thermally insulated chamber of volume 2V0 is divided by a frictionless piston of area S into two equal parts A and B. then the first law of thermodynamics can be written as (where U is the internal energy) [Roorkee 2000] (a) Q  U  W 22. W  p(V2  V1) (c) Q  2 C 1 P dT. internal energy U is W  0 when work is done on the system. 200 Joules of heat is given to a gas and 100 Joules of work is also done on it. Let in equilibrium spring is compressed by x0 . (b) 0. AFMC 2002] 19. the equations for heat transfer and work are (a) Q  CP (T2  T1). If the initial internal energy of the gas was 30 joules.095 K (c) 0.

5  104 J. P = 0 (c) In an isothermal process.013 1011 N / m2 When an ideal gas in a cylinder was compressed isothermally by a piston. T = 0 27.6  103 calorie of heat flowed into the gas (c) 1.5  104 calorie of heat flowed out from the gas If a gas is heated at constant pressure.5  104 calorie of heat flowed into the gas 30. Q = 0 Consider the following statements Assertion (A): The isothermal curves intersect each other at a certain point Reason (R) : The isothermal changes take place slowly.013 106 N / m2 29. (a) Remains constant (b) Increases linearly with temperature (c) Decreases linearly with temperature (d) Decreases inversely with temperature N moles of an ideal diatomic gas are in a cylinder at temperature T.genius 122 Thermodynamic Processes 1 2 kx0 2 (b) Work done by the gas is (c) Change in internal energy of the gas is 1 2 kx0 2 (d) Temperature of the gas is decreased Problems based on Isothermal process 26. (c) 1. Heat supplied to the gas is (a) Zero (b) 1 nRT 2 (c) 3 nRT 2 (d) 3 (N  n)RT 2 Problems based on Adiabatic process 32. so the isothermal curves have very little slope Of these statements [AIIMS 2001] (a) Both A and R are true and R is a correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) Both A and R are false (e) A is false but R is true 28. The slopes of isothermal and adiabatic curves are related as [CPMT 1971. (d) 1. its isothermal compressibility [MP PET 1984] 31.6  103 calorie of heat flowed out from the gas (b) 3. The isothermal bulk modulus of a perfect gas at normal pressure is [AFMC 1997] (a) 1. RPET 2003] (a) Isothermal curve slope = Adiabatic curve slope (b) Isothermal curve slope =   Adiabatic curve slope (c) Adiabatic curve slope =   Isothermal curve slope (d) Adiabatic curve slope = 1  Isothermal 2 curve slope 33. (b) In an isochoric process. the work done on the gas was found to be 1. Suppose on supplying heat to the gas.013 105 N / m2 (b) 1. MH CET 1999. its temperature remain constant but n moles get dissociated into atoms. Which is incorrect [DCE 2001] (a) In an isobaric process. The work done in which of the following processes is equal to the change in internal energy of the system [UPSEAT 2003] (a) Adiabatic process (b) Isothermal process (c) Isochoric process (d) None of these .013 1011 N / m2 (d) 1. UPSEAT 2000. During this process about [MP PMT 1987] (a) 3. W = 0 (d) In an isothermal process.

MP PMT 2000] (a) 1/ 39. the internal energy and temperature of the system get decreased Reason (R) : The adiabatic compression is a slow process Of these statements (a) Both A and R are true and R is a correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) Both A and R are false (e) A is false but R is true 38.4) at N.  1   4 0. then the pressure 8 A monoatomic gas ( = 5/3) is suddenly compressed to of the gas will change to [CPMT 1976. MP PMT 1990] (a) 300(4)1. (b) P1V1 1  P2V2 1 (c) T1P1  T2P2 (d) T1V1  T2V2 Pressure-temperature relationship for an ideal gas undergoing adiabatic change is (  C p / Cv) [CPMT 1992.4 / 1.P. T1 to P2. The work done by the gas in this process is [MP PET 1996. [AIIMS 2001] If  denotes the ratio of two specific heats of a gas.4 . (b) PT 1 = constant (c) P  1T  = constant (d) P 1 T  = constant 1 of its original volume adiabatically. V1. 94. 2001. 97] (a) Zero 40. If this tyre suddenly bursts.4) [RPMT 1996. the ratio of slopes of adiabatic and isothermal P-V curves at their point of intersection is [NCERT 1990. 83.4 / 0. The adiabatic elasticity of hydrogen gas ( = 1. V2.genius by Pradeep Kshetrapal Thermodynamic Processes 123 34. the state of a gas is changed from P1. the value of (d) 100 J P is equal to P [CPMT 1983.4 42. PMT 1999. 2001] (a) 37.4 / 1. T2 ./Med. MH CET 1999.) 2000. the internal energy was found to have decreased by 100 J. Pb. (b) – 100 J (c) 200 J For an adiabatic expansion of a perfect gas. UPSEAT 1999. 97.  V V (b)  V V (c)   V V (d)   2 V V The pressure in the tyre of a car is four times the atmospheric pressure at 300 K. MP PMT 1986. Roorkee 2000. is [MP PMT 1990] (d) 300(4)0. AFMC 2002] (a) PT  = constant 36. MP PMT 1990] (a)  41. DCE 2001.4 When a gas expands adiabatically [CPMT 1990] (a) No energy is required for expansion (b) Energy is required and it comes from the wall of the container of the gas (c) Internal energy of the gas is used in doing work (d) Law of conservation of energy does not hold 43.4 (b) 300 (c) 300(2)0.T. Which of the following relation is correct [Orissa JEE 2003] (a) T1V1 1  T2V2 1 35. (b)  (c)  – 1 (d)  + 1 During the adiabatic expansion of 2 moles of a gas. In an adiabatic process.4 / 1. its new temperature will be ( = 1. KCET (Engg. 87. MP PMT 1994. 24 5 40 3 (b) (c) 8 (d) 32 times it’s initial pressure Consider the following statements Assertion (A): In adiabatic compression.

Its volume is increased to 4. The vessels are interconnected with each other by a non-conducting pipe. the volume increases from 1cm3 to 1671 cc. If one kilogram hydrogen gas is heated from 10°C to 20°C at constant pressure. U f1  U f2 U02 P2 U01 P2  . The increase in internal energy of water (a) 2099 J (b) 3000 J (c) 992 J (d) 2122 J Problems based on Cyclic and non-cyclic process 53. (d) 340 kJ (b) 3Q/5 (c) 2Q/5 (d) 2Q/3 540 calories of heat convert 1 cubic centimeter of water at 100°C into 1671 cubic centimeter of steam at 100°C at a pressure of one atmosphere. Then work done by the gas in the expansion is (a) Q 51.genius 124 Thermodynamic Processes (a) 1 105 N / m2 44.4 (d) Zero Problems based on Isobaric process 46. U f1  U f2 U02 P1 (b) (c) U01 P2  . In which process the P-V indicator diagram is a straight line parallel to volume axis [KCET (Engg. If U01 and U02 denote initial internal energy of oxygen in first and second vessel respectively and U f1 and U f 2 denote final internal energy values. (b) 104 calories (c) 103 calories (d) 5 103 calories Two kg of water is converted into steam by boiling at atmospheric pressure. then (a) U01 P1  . The work done by the system is about [Roorkee 2000] (a) – 340 kJ 50. The volume of a gas at two atmospheric pressure is 1 litre. Internal energy of the gas (d) None from (a) and (b) 3 The specific heat of hydrogen gas at constant pressure is C p  3. (b) – 170 kJ (b) 40 cal (c) Zero cal (d) 500 cal When 1 g of water changes from liquid to vapour phase at constant pressure of 1 atmosphere. BHU 2002] (a) 107  J V (litre) 30 (b) 104  J (c) 102 J 10 P (kPa) 10 30 . The heat of vaporisation at this pressure is 540 cal/g.4  103 cal/ kgC .4 N / m2 (d) 1. when heat Q is supplied to it. the external work done on the gas to maintain it at constant pressure is [DPMT 2001] (a) 105 calories 49. U f1  U f2 U02 P2 45.5 litre by adiabatic process. The volume changes from 2  103 m3 to 3. then the heat taken by the gas in calories in this process will be (a) 840 (b) 84 (c) 8.34m3 .4  105 N / m2 Two identical adiabatic vessels are filled with oxygen at pressure P1 and P2 (P1  P2) . (c) 170 kJ A vessel contains an ideal monoatomic gas which expands at constant pressure. then [DPMT 2001] (a) The work is done by the gas increases (b) (c) Both (a) and (b) 48. U f1  U f2 U02 P1 (d) U01 P1  .4  10 cal/ kgC and at constant volume is Cv  2. Heat energy absorbed by a system in going through a cyclic process shown in figure is [AIIMS 1995. (b) Adiabatic (c) Isothermal (d) Isobaric When heat is given to a gas in an isobaric process. (b) 1 108 N / m2 (c) 1./Med. CPMT 2003] (a) Irreversible 47.) 2000. Then the work done against the atmospheric pressure is nearly (a) 540 cal 52.

88] D V A B (i) 57.genius by Pradeep Kshetrapal Thermodynamic Processes 125 (d) 103 J 54. A system. A gas is taken along the path ABCD. UPSEAT 2003] A B D C (c) BC and DA (d) BC and CD V . The change in internal energy of the gas will be [CPMT 1986. In the diagrams (i) to (iv) of variation of volume with changing pressure is shown. The heat absorbed by the system is (a)   103 J (b)  J 2 V(in cc)60 30 20 2 (c) 4  10 J 0 (d)  J 58. The P-V graph of an ideal gas cycle is shown here as below. (ii) and (iii) (c) Negative in cases (i). C D V 0 50 100 150 200 P(in kPa) A thermodynamic system undergoes cyclic process ABCDA as shown in figure. after passing through different states returns back to its original state is [MH CET (Med. V C P D C A B (ii) V D C A A B B P P (iii) (iv) P (a) Positive in all cases (i) to (iv) but zero in (iv) case (b) Positive in cases (i). (b) Isobaric process (c) Isothermal process (d) Cyclic process A thermodynamic system is taken from state A to B along ACB and is brought back to A along BDA as shown in the PV diagram.) 2000] (a) Adiabatic process 55. (ii) and (iii) but zero in (iv) case (d) Zero in all four cases A system is taken through a cyclic process represented by a circle as shown. The work done by the system is P 3P0 (a) P0V0 C 2P0 (b) 2P0V0 O P0 P0V0 (c) 2 B A V0 D V 2V0 (d) Zero Problems based on Second law of thermodynamics 59. The net work done during the complete cycle is given by the area P P2 [CBSE PMT 1992] B C (a) P1ACBP2P1 (b) ACBB'A'A D P1 A (c) ACBDA B A V (d) ADBB'A'A 56. The adiabatic process is described by P (a) AB and BC (b) AB and CD [CPMT 1985.

Its efficiency will be (a) 26. 100 23 100 (b) 100 23 100 (c) 100 23 373 (d) 100 23 373 Coefficient of performance of an ideal refrigerator working between temperature T1 and T2 (T1 > T2) is [AFMC 1996] (a) 63.36% (c) 71.23% (d) 85. (a) Conduction of heat from a hot reservoir to a cold reservoir work isobarically (b) Conversion (c) Conversion of heat into internal energy isochorically isochorically Conversion of work into heat (d) of heat into The second law of thermodynamics states that (a) Heat is neither created nor destroyed (b) Heat can be converted into other forms of energy (c) Heat flows from a hot object to a cold one (d) The mechanical equivalent of heat is the amount of energy that must be expended in order to produce heat 65. A measure of the degree of disorder of a system is known as [MH CET 1999] (a) Isobaric 61. (b) Isotropy (c) Enthalpy (d) Entropy The efficiency of Carnot engine operating with reservior temperature at 100 K and –23 K will be [CPMT 1997] (a) 62.genius 126 Thermodynamic Processes 60.   T2 T1  T2 (b)  T2 T1  T2 (c)   T1 T1  T2 (d)  T1 T1  T2 Entropy of a thermodynamic system does not change when this system is used for [AIIMS 1995] 64.42% . A Carnot engine works between ice point and steam point.81% (b) 53.