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Oswaldo Guayasamn

(Quito, 1919 - Baltimore, 1999) Pintor ecuatoriano. Comenz a pintar y dibujar


desde su infancia, y venda sus trabajos a los turistas para costearse los
estudios. Aunque debi enfrentar la oposicin paterna para hacerlo, finalmente
se matricul en la Escuela de Bellas Artes de Quito, en la que permaneci
durante siete aos y de la que recibi el ttulo de Pintor y Escultor en 1941,
siendo el mejor alumno de su promocin.
En 1943 pas siete meses en los Estados Unidos recorriendo distintos museos a fin de
estudiar las obras de Goya y El Greco, entre otros maestros. A comienzos de la
dcada de 1940 trab amistad con Pablo Neruda y realiz un largo viaje por Chile,
Per, Argentina, Bolivia y Uruguay, durante el cual tom apuntes para su gran serie
Huacayn ("El camino del llanto"), compuesta por ms de cien telas que giran en
torno a la temtica del indgena, el negro y el mestizo en Amrica. Guayasamn ha
aunado la fuerza de la temtica indgena con los logros de las vanguardias de
principios de siglo, especialmente el cubismo y el expresionismo, elementos que se
advierten en el mural en mosaico de cristal veneciano denominado Homenaje al
Hombre Americano, que realiz en 1954 para el Centro Simn Bolvar de la ciudad de
Caracas, Venezuela. En 1957 recibi el Premio Mejor Pintor de Sudamrica,
concedido por la Bienal de So Paulo, Brasil. Tras varios aos de intenso trabajo, en
1968 present en el Museo de Bellas Artes de la Ciudad de Mxico su segunda serie
de envergadura, titulada La edad de la ira y compuesta por 260 obras.
En 1971 se dedic al monumento escultrico denominado La Patria Joven, que se
encuentra en la ciudad de Guayaquil y, al ao siguiente, el Museo de Arte
Contemporneo de Madrid acogi una muestra de sus ltimas obras.

Oswaldo
Guayasamin
(Quito, 1919 - Baltimore, 1999), Ecuadorian painter. He began drawing and
painting since childhood, and sold his works to tourists to pay for their
studies. Although he had to face the paternal opposition to do so eventually
he enrolled at the School of Fine Arts in Quito, where he remained for seven
years and received the title of painter and sculptor in 1941, being the best
student
in
his
class.
In 1943 he spent seven months in the United States touring various
museums to study the works of Goya and El Greco, among other teachers.
In the early 1940s he befriended Pablo Neruda and made a long trip through
Chile, Peru, Argentina, Bolivia and Uruguay, during which he took notes for
his great Huacayn series ("The trail of tears"), comprising more a hundred
fabrics that revolve around the theme of indigenous, black and mestizo
America. Guayasamin has joined force indigenous issues with the
achievements of the vanguards of the century, especially cubism and
expressionism, elements that are found in the mural Venetian glass mosaic
called Tribute to American Man, who performed in 1954 Center Simon
Bolivar in Caracas, Venezuela. In 1957 he received the Best Artist of South
Prize, awarded by the Bienal de So Paulo, Brazil. After several years of hard

work, in 1968 he presented at the Museum of Fine Arts in Mexico City his
second major series entitled Age of anger and consists of 260 works.
In 1971 he devoted himself to sculpture monument called La Patria Young,
located in the city of Guayaquil, and the next year, the Museum of
Contemporary Art in Madrid hosted an exhibition of his latest works.