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Authorities

Head of Government

Mauricio Macri
Minister of Education

Esteban Bullrich
Cabinet Chief

Diego Fernandez
Undersecretary for Educational Management and
Pedagogical Coordination

Maximiliano Gulmanelli
Undersecretary for Economic and Financial
Management and Resource Administration

Carlos Javier Regazzoni


Undersecretary for Educational Policy
and Teaching Training

Alejandro Oscar Finocchiaro


Undersecretary for Educational Equity

Soledad Acua
General Director of Educational Technology

Jorge Aguado
General Director of Planning and
Educational Innovation

Mercedes Miguel
Operational Manager for the Incorporation
of Technologies

Mara Florencia Ripani

Index
Prologue Esteban Bullrich...................... 4
1. Introduction....................................................... 5
2. Vision.......................................................................... 7
3. Implementation............................................ 12
4. Evaluation............................................................ 28
5. Testimonials....................................................... 30
6. Exchange of experiences................. 33
7. Further information................................. 37

Prologue

Esteban Bullrich
We live in a world in which the largest population is that of internet users. Two billion
people log on to the internet every day. And that not only has an impact at the communicational
level, it also has a huge impact on the way in which we interact and the way in which we function
as a society.
Todays much more dynamic world demands a much greater dynamism of us, too. And the
Plan S@rmiento BA is designed to make a large contribution in this regard, because we all now
have a part to play in the construction of knowledge.
Access to the internet and to information, which is so democratic, so open and egalitarian,
makes this possible. It enables us to work together so that, for example, a child can teach a
parent how to write an e-mail. And that dynamic, in which a child teaches a parent, also takes
place between teachers and pupils. And that is a good thing. It is great when that can happen.
The Plan S@rmiento BA is thus one more tool in this changing world, which seeks quite
simply to make accessible to everyone the information on the internet that we all need to know
and to be able to use.
That is why the Plan S@rmiento BA is not just about handing out computers; it is much
more than that. It is the possibility for all teachers, supervisors - and now we are even going to
include pre-school teachers - and, obviously, all the pupils in the primary education system, to
access the internet. At school and at home, with their families, with their parents. And for this
tool that is the Plan S@rmiento BA to serve to unite us as a community: all of us who live in this
city and who participate in some way in the educational system.
Because at the end of the day, what matters most is for all the school pupils in the City
of Buenos Aires to learn. To learn everything they need to be able to fulfil their dreams. To
learn everything they need to be able to go to secondary school, to technical school, to follow
whatever path they choose, to be better citizens and people.
Our aim at the Buenos Aires City Government is for the Plan S@rmiento BA to be a tool for
building better quality education. But above all, for it to make us all much freer and make society
much more just, inclusive and democratic.

Esteban Bullrich
Minister of Education CABA,
Argentina

1
Introduction

The Plan S@rmiento BA, the pedagogical innovation project based on the oneto-one learning model, was developed in the framework of the Comprehensive
Plan for Digital Education entitled Plan Integral de Educacin Digital (PIED),
a proposal put together by the Buenos Aires City Ministry of Education,
which seeks to integrate the teaching and learning processes of educational
institutions into digital culture.
This requires that our schools be transformed into places for building knowledge
that helps pupils become inserted into a society that, in recent years, has
undergone dramatic changes related to the emergence of Information and
Communication Technologies (ICTs).
Providing portable computers and connectivity is only a starting point for
this programme, the aim of which is pedagogical innovation. The narrowing
of the digital divide is not guaranteed by mere access to technology, instead
it requires the building of skills and competencies to ensure the integration of
pupils into twenty-first century society.
The Directorate General for Educational Planning and Innovation (DGPLINED),
through the Operational Unit for the Incorporation of Technologies (GOINTEC),
which is in charge of the pedagogical implementation of the Plan S@rmiento
BA, presents this document detailing the strategy and execution for addressing
these major challenges from the start of the Plan, in 2010, up to 2014. It also
includes the voices of the main actors in the educational community: pupils,
teachers and families, who with their enthusiasm and creativity give real
meaning to this project.
We aim to share the experiences and the steps taken on a path that is still
under construction, and along which all of us actors are learning together to
progress, day by day, in order for state schools pupils in the City of Buenos
Aires to receive a quality education that will guarantee their future.

2
Vision

The vision of the Plan S@rmiento BA is based on its


objectives, which emphasize its innovative direction and
the development of strategies to lay the foundations
for twenty-first century schools and to promote quality
education.

Objectives
To promote quality education with equal opportunities.
To foster socio-educational inclusion, by prioritizing the most
disadvantaged sectors of society.

To ensure access to literacy in the context of digital society.


To develop pedagogical innovation mechanisms in the context
of the culture of digital society.

To encourage the learning of skills necessary for integration


into digital society.

To promote the construction of spaces of encounter between


schools and the community, mediated by emerging practices in
communication and culture.

To strengthen the role of schools as a driving force for new


ways of constructing knowledge.

To promote knowledge and critical and creative appropriation


of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the
educational community and society in general.

View video

Mercedes Miguel
Director General of
Educational Planning

The S@rmiento BA is based around pedagogical


aspects. And that is why we aim to work very closely with
the most valuable human resource that we have within
schools, which is the teachers. We understood that in
order to make the Plan S@rmiento BA a pedagogical
plan we needed to incorporate the teachers, so that they
could take ownership of this pedagogical tool in order
to be able to transfer knowledge in a different way to
pupils, who are the central focus of all our educational
policies. We now cater to 616 schools, approximately
17,000 teachers and around 170,000 pupils. And this
makes us one of the educational systems with the

largest 1-to-1 learning model in Latin America.

From the outset of the Plan, in 2010, multiple areas for constructing innovative
practices were drawn up, which can be grouped into two main dimensions:
one educational and the other related to pedagogical management.

10

The pedagogical management dimension guides the organizational cultural


model in order to create mechanisms suited to a type of management that
promotes change and innovation. This is reflected in the creation of the PIED,
the pilot test launched in 2010 and the subsequent full-scale implementation
beginning in 2011.
The organizational model based on collaborative management, in line with the
values of the digital culture, proposes a continuous monitoring and evaluation
process for the purpose of ongoing reformulation and improvement of the Plan.

11

3
Implementation

The Plan S@rmiento BA benefits 616 schools, 17,000


teachers and 170,000 pupils. It covers all state-run
primary schools in the City of Buenos Aires, including
both ordinary schools as well as those providing special
needs and adult education, and free private schools, in
addition to teacher training colleges at the primary level.

13

Educational Dimension
Pedagogical innovation strategies
Documents
There are a number of documents that set out the framework for implementing
the Plan in the context of digital culture. The pedagogical framework of the
PIED presents the starting point for thinking about how to promote quality
education and social inclusion, through the integration of innovative practices.
In addition, the pedagogical guidelines of the PIED define the programme
objectives and propose the integration of new educational practices into the
school community.

14

Pedagogical Guidelines
of the PIED
Integrating digital culture
through innovations in teaching
Adopting new roles in the
educational community
Opening the door to continuous
social learning
Exploring new ways of
understanding and constructing
reality
Speaking the language of the
new media
Learning and playing in digital
environments
Constructing a critical,
responsible and caring
perspective
Guaranteeing access to equal
opportunities and chances
Taking advantage of the present
while looking to the future
Learning together

15

View video

Mara Florencia Ripani


Operational Manager for the
Incorporation of Technologies (GOInTec)

Through the Plan S@rmiento BA we are


seeking to integrate schools into digital
culture. This involves promoting learning
through play, creativity and diversity and
creating spaces in which pupils are the real
producers of knowledge, while at the same
time taking into account the importance of
collaborative production and of teachers as
leaders of change. For this reason we have a
vital system of training and accompaniment
and assign a specialist in ICT to each of the
schools impacted by the plan so that they
can help teachers to critically and creatively
integrate computers into teaching and
learning processes.

Core Themes
Based on the objectives and pedagogical guidelines of the PIED, three core
themes are identified:
Collaboration,
creativity and play

New modes of
representation

Critical, responsible and


cooperative participation

These themes help orient the Plan towards collaborative models of knowledge
construction, which invite pupils to understand and explore the new modes of
representation that are emerging along with digital media, thereby enabling
them to produce creatively and participate in cyberspace in a critical,
responsible and cooperative manner.
The core themes include the promotion of networking, the creation of horizontal
ties of collaboration and the emergence of the pupil as the protagonist and
constructor of knowledge, within an emerging communicational ecosystem
that demands changes in the way in which content is produced, among other
aspects.
Within this framework, play is proposed as the element linking motivation and
knowledge production.
17

Video game
Adventures in cyberspace, version 2.0

The video game Adventures in cyberspace is a proposal to guide children


in responsible internet surfing, with a view to promoting a responsible and
cooperative coexistence.

18

Programming and robotics

The Plan encourages children to use critical thinking for solving problems,
through spaces designed for programming and robotics. These activities,
aimed at creating and developing movable objects and simulations, also seek
to promote other digital education skills such as creativity and innovation,
learning and play, exploration and representation of the real.

19

Technological Infrastructure
1-to-1
learning
model

wireless
connectivity

Around 40% of the families that received them did


not have computers prior to the implementation of
the Plan S@rmiento BA.

1-TO-1 LEARNING MODEL

WIRELESS CONNECTIVITY

Pupils receive netbooks: small,


portable and lightweight computers
with long battery life and high
impact resistance.

CABA Schools Network


Unlimited free internet surfing for
users.

Teachers receive notebooks: more


powerful portable computers than
those of pupils, which are equipped
with a DVD compartment.
Everyone can take their computers
home during term time and holidays

Fast broadband
Filter for pornographic content
Updating of software (for example, antivirus) and content
Theft prevention system - based
on certificates for each computer-,
whether or not they are within
the area covered by the Plan
S@rmiento BA

20

Jorge Aguado
General Director of
Educational Technology

A project of these characteristics, which


seeks among other things to provide the
possibility of extending digital inclusion
to the families of pupils and teachers,
demanded the creation of a wireless
connectivity network that we call the Red
de Escuelas CABA. This network makes it
possible for all the pupils netbooks and the

View video

teachers notebooks to be connected both

in schools as well as in any part of the City


of Buenos Aires.

Applications and content for notebooks and netbooks


The computers provided as part of the Plan come with over 120 free
applications, almost all of which are free and open software, in addition to
650 links organized by curriculum areas, more than 3,400 media resources
and 60 books in digital format. This material is presented as a starting point
for teachers and pupils to put together their own projects and trajectories.

22

Exchange of experiences
Integrar: participatory knowledge portal
Exchanging experiences is a central theme of the Plan. To facilitate the
possibility of sharing resources and experiences, the Integrar portal was
created. This is a digital platform set up by the Buenos Aires City Ministry
of Education, which includes a special educational resources section that
invites the whole community to participate in knowledge construction.

23

Special actions and events


These are activities that mainly promote the creative incorporation of ICTs
into educational projects, fun ideas based on digital resources, and the central
role of the pupil.

PIED
awards

Digital
Festival

PIED
meeting of
pupils

International
congress
on Digital
Education

Itinerant
Workshops

24

Skills for the twenty-first century


In order to carry out the pedagogical implementation
of the Plan S@rmiento BA, the Curricular Appendix on
Digital Education at Primary level was specially drawn up.
This document proposes not only access to technology
but also knowledge of how to use it according to different
needs and interests.
Based on the competencies set out in the curricular
document, the Plan S@rmiento BA Taxonomy was designed
to present resources that encourage the development of
twenty-first century skills.

Augmented
reality
Atomic

Multimedia
players
VLC
Clementine
Bino 3D

Animations
Scratch
Etoys
Phet

Digital art
Whorld
Processing
OpenTZT

Image
organizer
XnView

Astronomy
Celestia
Stellarium
Complements
Foxit Reader
7-zip
Sound recorder
BleachBit
Adobe Flash Player
WinFF
Security Essential

Telling stories

m
om o
Exp
l o r a ti o n a n d C d c
an
repr
n
o
e s e n t a ti
of the
real world

They seek to organize,


produce and take ownership
of information critically and
creatively in order to build
knowledge

Freemind

AS
@
Educational
games
PyKaraoke
The Butterfly
Gbrainy
Gcompris
Scid

yin

g
ti o

ic a
ti o
rat n
io n

l educa

bo

it a

r m ie nt

They enrich their


learning through
play, in practices
mediated by ICTs,
creating spaces of
trust and motivation

lla

an

ig

ib
a
ns
p o b or
ll a
co

ti

le

ve
They become
integrated into
participative culture
in a framework of
responsibility, solidarity
and civiccommitment

Conceptual maps

E-books
and comics
CDisplayEx
Calibre

Plan
S@rmiento
BA

R es

Sharing

Maps and timelines


Timeline

mpetencie
s
Co

Critical thin
kin
g

Web browser
Mozilla Firefox

Crea
tivi
ty
inno
an
va
tio d
n

rning
Lea
play
and

They plan, research and


carry out projects,
solve problems and
make decisions
critically using the
appropriate digital
applications and
resources

ous
om
on f ICTs
ut
A se o
u

They promote
innovative practices
associated with digital
culture, produce creatively and
construct knowledge by
appropriating ICTs

They become integrated


into cyberspace to
communicate and
collaborate,
contributing to their
own and others
learning

nce
erie
o B A e xp
View video

Graphics
and Design
Blender
Sweet Home 3D
TuxPaint
mtPaint
Inkscape
GreenShot
Gimp
Hugin

a
Learning whil e p l

They understand the


functioning of ICTs and
incorporate them into
teaching and learning
projects

un

O ffi c e a u t o m ation
a n d p u b l i c a t i ons
Libre Oce: text processor,
spreadsheets, presentations,
drawing, mathematics
OpenOce 4 kids
Scribus

CD-DVD
recording
InfraRecorder
Brasero

Geometry
Geogebra
Car Metal

Activity
creation
JClic
EdiLim
Exelearning

Communication
Thunderbird
Pidgin

Typewriting
TuxType

Sound editing
Mixxx
Audacity
Vmpk
TuxGuitar
LMMS
Musescore

Video editing
Kinovea
Aegisub
Movica
Avidemux
CamStudio
Virtualdub
Istanbul
Imagination
Cinelerra
Pitivi
Cheese
WebCam
Companion

25

Training and accompaniment

Guidance
counselors and
reference persons

Pedagogical Consultant

Digital Pedagogy Facilitator

The Plan is supported by a system of training and accompaniment carried out


by a large number of personnel specialized in ICTs, who have a permanent
presence in all the beneficiary schools.
In addition, workshops covering fundamental themes of digital culture are
offered to teachers, pupils and their families
26

Virtual Campus of digital education

This is a training space available to all teachers. It presents workshops organized


according to levels and modalities, in addition to tutorials and educational
documents relating to Digital Education.
http://campusvirtualintec.buenosaires.gob.ar/

Pedagogical-digital help desk


This is a service that provides immediate remote advice on school projects
that include the use of ICTs. It offers collaboration on the selection of materials
and technical and pedagogical assistance for teachers via phone, email and
other digital communication channels.
http://buenosaires.gob.ar/areas/educacion/programas/intec/asist_pedagogica.php?menu_id=33192

Diagnosis and training plan


A diagnosis and training plan is drawn up in each school, which allows the
specific needs of the institution and its teachers to be identified in order to
carry out the training actions necessary to facilitate the use of notebooks and
netbooks in their planning and daily tasks.
27

4
Evaluation

Using various mechanisms, the Plan produces follow-up


reports that provide quantitative and qualitative data.
Actor in the
education
community

Statement

With netbooks
Pupils

With
videogames

Digital Pedagogy
Facilitator

Teacher

Level of
agreement 1

learning is more fun

91%*

I have more desire to


go to school to learn

83%*

I am more
enthusiastic about
doing homework

73%*

I enjoyed myself
more than in ordinary
classes

76% **

the use of virtual


spaces collaborative
work between pupils
It promoted
the development of
activities in spaces
other than the
classroom
It encouraged the development of
creativity
It facilitated the incorporation of
games as a teaching strategy

93% ***
84% ***

69% ***

79%****
79%****

Management Team

It increased the amount of content and


projects with ICT produced by pupils

85%****

School Supervisors

It encouraged pupils to search for


information and stimulated their
intellectual curiosity

90% *****

*DGECE - Ministerio GCBA. (2013). Informe de resultados alumnos y docentes de educacin comn,
especial y adultos. ** GOInTec - Ministerio de Educacin GCBA. (2014a). Videojuego: Aventuras en
el ciberespacio 2.0. *** GOInTec - Ministerio de Educacin GCBA. (2014b). Informe Preliminar de
Seguimiento Pedaggico. Facilitador Pedaggico Digital. **** GOInTec - Ministerio de Educacin
GCBA. (2013). Expectativas y necesidades de formacin de docentes del Plan S@rmiento BA. *****
GOInTec - Ministerio de Educacin GCBA. (2014c). Encuesta de opinion sobre el Plan S@rmiento
BA- Supervisores.

29

5
Testimonials

Silvia Bisso

Headmistress of School N 17 D.E.* 5.

The institutions learning dynamic has changed


in the sense that there has been an increase in
collaborative work. The children self-manage
and serve as a support for other classmates.
More importantly, it should be emphasized that
these children, who perhaps have never had or
never would have access to a netbook or a
computer or to new technologies, now have
that access since the Plan S@rmiento BA was
implemented.

View video

Margarita Aillapn
Pupils mother.

Since she brought the netbook home, my


daughter seems much more eager to do her
homework, it is an added attraction for her, she
no longer makes excuses not to do it. And well,
my older children also use it and it fulfils the
function it is meant to fulfil.

Mara Laura Moya Aillapn

5th year pupil at School N 17 D.E. 5.

It is a bit difficult to teach my mum, but first I


taught her how to turn it on, then I showed her
how to access the Internet. Now she can log on
and see what friends or relatives send her..

31
* D.E.: School District, which represents a geographical division of the educational system within the City of Buenos Aires.

Gabriela Fernndez

Teacher of 2nd cycle at School N 5 D.E. 2

Every time we propose an activity involving the


netbook, the children are much more interested
in working, and they approach the work in a
different way and with more enthusiasm.

View video

Demin Duarte

5th year pupil at School N 21 D.E. 4.

You can make videos using photos, you can


create characters, animals, whatever you want.

Sol Puca

5th year pupil at School N 17 D.E. 5.

I like bringing the netbook to play and learn


every day.

View video

Zoe Rabovich

2nd year pupil at School N 5 D.E. 2.

I put clothes, rings and dresses on my character.


My avatar was cute and he was funny. When I
moved the mouse, he moved his eyes like this.

32

Laura Mansilla

5th Year teacher at School N 21 D.E. 15.

The children are much keener to work with the


netbooks, they are interested, motivated and
enthusiastic.

Valentina Rodrguez de Rosa

5th Year pupil at School N 21 D.E. 15.

The experience of using Scratch was fun.

Vanesa Kronfli

5th Year teacher at School N 21 D.E. 15.

What the netbooks do in the classroom is, on


the one hand, facilitate access to information, and
on the other, they enable us to create different
learning situations in which knowledge is acquired through experience and by doing.

Fabrizio Puntel

5th Year pupil at School N 21 D.E. 15.

With the netbooks we can do things that arent


possible with other computers.

33

6
Noteworthy experiencies

Laugh out loud

School N 5 D.E. 3 Agustn


lvarez. Class teacher: Ana
Lpez Terrones. 2nd year B - 2012

View video

Laugh out loud is an idea that combines


poetry, audiovisual narrative and joy. It is an
example of collaborative work, which proposes
play as a linkage between motivation and
learning.
This project, which links the areas of language
practice, IT and general knowledge, was based
on a reading of the poem Llorar a lgrima
viva by Oliverio Girondo, which served as the
inspiration for pupils to express themselves
and share the everyday situations that make
them laugh. The final production consists of a
video recorded using stop motion and based
on images and sounds obtained by the pupils
using their own netbooks.

http://youtu.be/T44x8K4i9YM0

35

Creating awareness: knowledge leads


to respect - The flower of Yakaira
Teacher: Vernica Linares
School N 19 D.E. 5
Ordinary Primary Level

Ver video

As a production associated with the


language of the new media and emerging
narratives, the pupils collaborated in
creating a legend in audiovisual format.
They used photos and drawings, which
they retouched themselves, and recounted
the story by recording their own voices.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G380YyqC40Q

36

Setting fractions to music


Teachers: Vernica Clelia Brunner
Norma Beatriz Lascurai
School N 2 D.E. 7

In a joint project between the subject


areas of mathematics and music, the
pupils, as protagonists and constructors of
knowledge, created ringtones to be used
in different devices (mobile phones, school
bell, start-up music for their netbooks)
by relating the concepts of fractions to
musical bars.

http://integrar.bue.edu.ar/integrar/blog/
articulo/musicalizando-fracciones/

37

Lets see what we hear


Eje: Programming
Nivel: Ordinary Primary
Escuela: N 21 D.E.15
Docente: Vanesa Kronfli and Laura Mansilla
Grado: 5th

The aim of this project was to interpret and


construct dynamic models of real-world
processes (simulation) and to experiment
with programming. The pupils emulated a
vu meter using the program Scratch with
the Vu meter tool, which enabled them to
visually record the sound intensity generated in different environments.
They created an infographic with the final
project report, along with an audiovisual tutorial detailing the steps to follow in order
to make a VU meter, and they used digital
mapping resources (Google Maps) to geographically locate the places in their neighbourhood where they had surveyed the
sound pollution levels.
Integrar
http://integrar.bue.edu.ar/integrar/blog/
proyecto/vemos-lo-que-escuchamos/

Ver video

Blog
http://escuela21de15.blogspot.com.ar/2014/10/
vemos-lo-que-escuchamos-proyecto-de.html

Tutorial
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wMHhpdv
sqaM&list=UUkWPLwgX6uj4MUGKdIsx5rg
38

7
Further
information

Further information
Pedagogical Guidelines. Plan Integral de Educacin Digital. (Comprehensive
Plan for Digital Education). Plan S@rmiento BA
Pedagogical Framework. Plan Integral de Educacin Digital. (Comprehensive
Plan for Digital Education). Plan S@rmiento BA
Curricular Appendix on Digital Education at Primary Level. Plan Integral
de Educacin Digital. (Comprehensive Plan for Digital Education).
Plan S@rmiento BA
Pedagogical Implementation Video Plan S@rmiento BA.
Video: The Plan S@rmiento BA in schools: Laugh out loud.
Virtual Campus of Digital Education.
Integrar web portal: educational resources.
Booklet: Educational Resources. Plan S@rmiento BA
Document: Internet Safety. Plan S@rmiento BA
Document: Teaching ideas for using netbooks without connectivity. Plan
S@rmiento BA
Document: Resources for the Plan S@rmiento BA netbooks and notebooks.
Plan S@rmiento BA
Document: Responsible use: tips for looking after your computer.
Plan S@rmiento BA
Document: Recommendations to optimize the pedagogical use of
notebooks and netbooks for the Plan S@rmiento BA - Teachers
Document: Recommendations to optimize the pedagogical use of
notebooks and netbooks for the Plan S@rmiento BA - Pupils
Document: Recommendations for using the IWB in the framework of the
PIED. Plan S@rmiento BA
Report on results, pupils and teachers of ordinary, special and adult education.
General Directorate for the Evaluation of Educational Quality (DGECE)
Baseline Assessment Report. Families of ordinary and special education.
Plan S@rmiento BA

40