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WelcometoISPTIsilon Fundamentals.

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RevisionDate:November2013
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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals

This coursecoversEMCIsilons ScaleoutStoragePlatformpoweredbytheOneFSoperating


system. ItalsocoversEMCIsilons productlinesand broadrangeofoptionsandsoftware
applications.Thiscourseisintendedforanyoneseekingtoestablishabasicunderstanding

oftheEMCIsilonplatform.

Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. Do not copy - All Rights Reserved.

ISPT Isilon Fundamentals

This moduledescribesEMC Isilons scaleoutsolution.Businessrequirementsbyindustryarealso


presentedalongwithinformationonhowEMCIsilonmeets theserequirements.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals

LetsstartwithLifeSciencesresearch.Capacityandperformancearetwokey
considerations.Researchersplanforhundredsofterabytestopetabytes.
Storagesystemscanbecomearesearchbottleneckwithouttherightlevelofperformance.
Theabilitytodeliverhighperformancedataaccessinparalleltoalargeaggregateof
clientsistypicallythedeterminingfactorfortotalprocessingtime.
Mostresearchfacilitiessimplydonthavethestafftomanagecomplexstoragesolutions.
Themanagementofanidealstoragesystemshouldnotrequireanyadditionalordedicated
workers.
Thesurveillanceindustryisinterestedindatasecurity,inadditiontomassivestorage
capacityrequirements.Protectingvideosurveillancedatafromaccidentalormaliciousalteration
ordeletionisamust.Videostreams,especiallyhigherresolutionandwithlongerretention
periods,canconsumestoragerapidly,whichmeansstorage
Administratorsmustbeabletoscaletheirstorageinfrastructurequicklyandnondisruptively.A

videosurveillancestoragesystemcanquicklybecomeoverloadedasmorecamerasare
broughtonline.Systemsthatcannotkeepupwithagrowingsurveillanceworkloadwill
causedatatobedropped.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals

Whenitcomestofinancialinstitutions,speedanddepthforperformingquantitativeanalysisis
vitalingainingacompetitiveedge.Theseanalysisrequirehighperformanceandscalability.
Companiesoftencantaffordworkstoppagesorslowdownstoupgradeequipment.
Themediaandentertainmentindustryismadeupofavarietyoforganizationsandworkflows.
Broadcastorganizationsneedtoreducecapitalandoperationalexpensesforstorageequipment.
Postproductioncompaniesneedtostorevideoandaudiomodelswiththousandsofframes
resultinginhundredsofterabytesofdata.Thereisconstantpressuretomeetaggressivetimeto
productiondeadlines,whichaddscomplexitytomanagement.Today,mediafilesizescontinueto
increaseasresolutionsgrowfromHDto2K,4K,and8K,makingscalabilityanimportantissueto
consider.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals

WiththetechnologicaladvancesinHealthcareapplications,thedatabeinggeneratedis
growingatanunprecedentedrate.Applicationsareincreasinglydensewithmillionsof
slidesand3Drendering.Havingastoragesystemthatcangrowlargeenoughtosupport
theseapplicationsischallenging.
ThedifferentrequirementsforstoragewithintheHealthcareenvironmentareoftensolved
bycreatingmultiple"silos"ofstorage.Datawithdifferentretentionguidelinesor
performanceneedscannotexistwithinthesamestoragesystemintraditional
environments.Managingmultiple,differentiatedstoragesolutionsfordifferent
departmentsrequiresalargeITworkforceandisbecomingincreasinglydifficulttomanage.
ThereisahugeamountofdatagrowthintheOilandGasindustryasdemandforenergy
hasneverbeenhigher.Inordertomakethemassiveamountsofdatauseful,therearetwo
keychallenges;processingthedatainanadequate,timelymannerandenablingmore
detaileddatatobeavailableandcorrelatedwhennecessary.Thesearetechnical,
algorithmicandorganizationchallengesandleadtolargeexpendituresofcompute,
storage,andnetworkpower.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals

In ordertomeetallthepreviousbusinessrequirements,asolutionshouldbedesignedwith the
capabilitytoscalecapacity,memory,CPUsandnetworkingbysimplyaddingnodestoacluster.
Nodescanbeaddedtotheclusterwhenevermoreperformance,connectivity,orcapacityis
needed.Theresourcesofallnodesarepooledtocreateapowerfulaggregatesystem.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals

EMCIsilonprovideshighlyscalable,ultrahighperformance,modularstoragesystems.In
storagesystemswithlimitedprocessingcapabilities,thereisacleartradeoffintermsof
IOPSorthroughput.InascaleoutsystemsuchasIsilon,atradeoffisnotnecessary;files
anddirectorieswhichrequirehighIOPScanbeoptimizedforsuch,whereasotherswhich
requirehighthroughputcanbeoptimizedforthroughput.EMCIsiloncancontrol
performanceandlayoutcharacteristicsonaperfile,perdirectorybasisaswellasscaleout
bothCPU,cachememory,anddiskinasinglevolume.
EMCIsilonscaleoutstoragesolutionsprovidesignificantvalueintheareasofsimplicity,scalability,
performance,efficiency,dataprotectionandsecurity.Pleasetakeamomenttoreviewtheseareas
displayedontheslide.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals

EMCIsilonwillmeetanyofthebusinessandtechnicalrequirements.

Scalability Manyorganizations faceunpredictable storage and capacityrequirements.


EMCIsilon scaleout NASsolutionsprovidenondisruptivescaleperformanceandcapacity
intherightcombination,dependingontheusageaccesspatternorcontenttype.
Availability EMCIsilonofferstheindustry'shighestlevelofendtoenddataprotection.
Byofferinguptoquadruplefailureprotection,EMCIsilonensuresthatevenifuptofour
nodesordrivesfailsimultaneously,100%ofyourdataisstillavailable.Automatic
replicationofdatatoremotesitescanbeperformedwithoutimpactonothernetwork
resources.
ComplexityoftheEnvironment EMCIsilonissimpletobuy,build,maintain,andgrow.Its
easytomanagescaleoutNASsignificantlyreducesTCO.
AdministrationoftheEnvironment WithEMCIsilonscaleoutNASyoudon'tneedtoadd
storageadministratorsasyourstoragegrows.Onepersoncanmanagepetabytesofdata,
minimizingoperatingexpendituresandkeepingtheITstafffocusedonmanagingtheirdata,
andnottheirstorage.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals

ScaleupNetworkAttachedStorageisthetraditionalfilebasedstorageplatform.Ina
Scaleuptechnology,scalabilityisachievedbyaddingmoredisks.Thereisaphysical
limitationtonumberofdisksthatonecanaddtoScaleupNASplatform.There
performanceofascaleupNASplatformcanbeimprovedonlybyreplacingtheprocessing
sytems (NAShead/filer).EMCofferstwoscaleupNASdevices.
TheEMCVNXesystemisaunifiedblockandfileplatform,specificallyIPstorage,i.e.iSCSI
andtheNASprotocols.
EMCVNXconfigurationsmaybefileonly,blockonly,orunified.CoreITapplicationswith
transactionalworkloads,suchasOracle,SQL,Exchange,orSharePointareagoodfit.
AnothergoodfitforVNXistier1or2servervirtualization&endusercomputing/VDI.
EMCIsilonfallsintolargescalefileonlyenvironments,startingatgreaterthan50terabytes
orsupportinggreaterthanonehundredterabytehomedirectories.Wheneverafile
systemlargerthan16terabytesisneeded,EMCIsilonwouldbethecorrectoption.EMC
IsilonisveryeffectiveasalargeNASarchiveorsupportingbigdataneeds.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 10

ThismodulecoveredthebenefitsandusesofanEMCIsilonsolution.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 11

ThismoduledescribesEMCIsilons networkarchitecture andprovidesanintroductionoftheOneFS


operating system.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 12

Thislessoncovers anoverviewofeachlayeroftheEMCIsilonclusteringarchitecture,including
EMCIsilons networktopology.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 13

EMCIsilon's distributedscaleoutstoragesolutioncontainsclusterednodesencapsulated
inaprivatenetwork.Inatruescaleoutarchitecture,thetasksaredistributeduniformly
acrossallnodes enhancingscalability,accesstodata,performance,andavailability.The
EMCIsilonclusteringarchitectureconsistsoffourlayers:theclient/applicationlayer,theexternal
networklayer,thestoragelayer,andtheinternalnetworklayer.Inthefollowingslideswewill
revieweachlayer.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 14

EMCIsilonsupportsseveralclientaccessprotocolsenablinguseraccesstothefilesstoredona
cluster.Multipleaccessprotocolscanbeconfiguredifanetworksupportsmanytypesofclients.
EMCIsilonprovidesoperationalflexibilitythat includesintegratedsupportforawiderangeof
industrystandardprotocolssuchasNFS,SMB,HTTP,FTP,andHDFS.Theoperationalflexibilityalso
allowsforflexibleclientconnectioncapabilitieswithoutclientsidedrivers.VMware integration,
includingVASAandVAAIAPIstosimplifystoragemanagementinyourvirtualizedinfrastructure
environmentisalsopartoftheflexibility.Asis,aPlatformRESTAPItoenableintegrationwitha
widerangeofthirdpartyapplications.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 15

TheExternalNetworklayer,alsoknownasthefrontendnetwork,providescommunication
betweenclientsandclusternodes.EMCIsilon nodessupport1GigabitEthernetand10Gigabit
Ethernetconnectionstothecluster.
TheInternalNetworkLayer,alsoknownasthebackendnetwork,enablescommunicationbetween
nodesinacluster.CommunicationovertheinternalnetworkoccursthroughInfiniBand
connections.InfiniBand isacopperbased,pointtopoint,interconnectavailablein10gigabitsper
second,20gigabitspersecond,and40gigabitspersecond.InfiniBand deliverstheextremelylow
latencythatenablesthenodestoseamlesslyfunctioninasinglechassis.Usingaswitchedstar
topology,eachnodeintheclusterisonlyonehopawayfromanyothernode.Whiletheclustercan
operateononeInfiniBand switch,twoswitchesarerecommendedforhighavailability.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 16

Theinternalnetworkactsasthebackplaneofthecluster,enablingeachnodetobepartofthe
cluster.
Theexternalnetworkenablesclientstoaccessanode.OneFSsupportsnetworksubnets,IP
addresspools,andnetworkprovisioningrulestofacilitatetheexternalnetworkconfiguration
process.OneFSsupportsbothIPv4andIPv6addressschemes.However,therearesomeexternal
servicessuchasActiveDirectoryauthenticationandtheinternalInfiniBand networkthatstill
supportonlyIPv4.
Redundantinternalandexternalnetworksshouldbeusedforhighavailability.Theprimaryinternal
InfiniBand networkusesasecondInfiniBand switchasastandby.Failovertothestandbyinternal
networktakesplaceintheeventofprimaryinternalnetworkfailureoranytimeapartona nodeis
disconnected.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 17

EMCIsilonStorageincludesallIsilonseriesnodesinacluster.Eachnodeinanclusterisapeerto
everyothernodeinthecluster.Aseachnodeisaddedtoacluster,itincreasestheaggregatedisk,
RAM,CPU,andnetworkcapacityofthecluster.Thenodesaddressfilerequestsfromclients.
ThekeytoEMCIsilon's storageclustersolutionisthearchitectureofOneFS,whichisadistributed
clusteredfilesystem.Asinglefilesystemspansacrosseverynodeinastorageclusterand,asnoes
areadded,thatfilesystemautomaticallyredistributescontentacrosstheentirecluster.Thereisno
singlemasterdevicethatcontrolsthecluster.Asthesystemwritesdata,italsoprotectsthedataat
thespecifiedprotectionlevel.Thesystemcontinuouslyrebalancesdatabetweenthenodeswhich
makestoragespacemoreefficient.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 18

ThislessoncoversthebasicsofEMCIsilons OneFSdistributedfilesystem.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 19

InscaleupNASsystems,thefilesystem,volumemanager,andtheimplementationofRAIDareall
separateentities.Thefilesystemisresponsibleforthehigherlevelfunctionsofauthenticationand
authorization.ThevolumemanagercontrolsthelayoutofthedatawhileRAIDcontrolsprotection
ofthedata.
OneFScreatesasinglefilesystemfortheclusterthatalsoperformsthedutiesofthevolume
managerandappliesprotectiontothedata.EMCIsilonusessoftwarebaseprotectionalgorithms
insteadofhardwarebasedRAID.Thereisnopartitioning,andnoseparatevolumes.Theentirefile
systemisaccessiblebyclientsconnectingtoanynodeinthecluster.Bycombiningthefilesystem,
volumemanagement,dataprotection,intooneunifiedsoftwarelayer,managementoftheNAS
environmentissimplified.Sincethesinglefilesystemspanstheentirecluster,managementofa
singlenamespacealsosimplifiesadministrativetaskslikemanuallymigrating datatorebalance
content.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 20

Therearetwowaystoaccessthecluster.Thefirstisthewebadministrationinterface andthe
secondistheCLI.Bothallowtheadministratortomonitorandmanagethecluster.
Ifusingthewebadministrationinterface,allanadministratormustdoisentertheIPaddressof
oneofthenodesintoawebbrowser.ThenameoftheclustercanalsobeusedinsteadoftheIP
address.Onceinthewebadministrationinterface,theadministratorisablethemonitor,configure,
andmanagetheentireclusterfromasingleinterface.

Throughthecommandlineinterface,anadmininstrator hasaccesstothesuiteofisi
commandsusedtomonitorandconfigurethecluster.TheOneFSsystemisafreeBSD
basedUnixoperatingsystem.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 21

TraditionalRAIDsystemsareaggregatedforscaleup,theycompromiseondataprotectionbynot
beingabletoscaleavailabilityalongwithcapacitygrowth.EMCIsilonusesaproprietarysystemjob
calledFlexProtect,whichdetectsandrepairsfilesanddirectoriesthatareinadegradedstate.
Protectionisappliedatthefilelevel,nottheblocklevel.
FlexProtect distributesalldataandprotectioninformationacrosstheentireclusterandensures
thatalldataremainsintactandaccessibleevenintheeventofoneormoresimultaneousdrive
failures.Protectionsettingscanbechangedwithouttakingtheclusterorfilesystemoffline.OneFS
allowsdifferentprotectionlevelsonfiles,directoriesandnodepools.
Ifadrivefailuredoesoccur,FlexProtect willonlyreprotect theactualdataondiskandnotthedisk
itself.Thissignificantlyimprovesrecoverytime.OneFSoffersN+1throughN+4dataprotection.
AnN+4schememeansthatupto4drivesornodesoracombinationofbothcanfailwithoutdata
loss.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 22

DataandmetadatainOneFSarestripedormirroredacrossallnodesinaclusterornode
pool,whichprovidesredundancy,availability,andinsomecasesperformancebenefits.
TherearetwotypesofprotectionthatcomeswithFlexProtect.DatamaybeprotectedusingFEC
(ForwardErrorCorrection)ormirroring.
FECissimilartohowparityisusedintraditionalstorageenvironmentsbutisdifferent.FEC
informationisdistributedacrossnodesandacrossdrives.Intheeventofadriveornodefailure,
themissingdataisrebuiltfromthemirrororcalculatedusingtheFECandtheremainingdata.
Mirroringcopiesdatato multiplelocationsthereforecreating redundancy. Withmirroring,youcan
haveupto8copiesofdatainasinglecluster,comparedtoonly1withthetraditionalRAID1.Both
mirroringandFECprotectiongenerateadditionalstorageoverhead.ThepercentageofFEC
overheadcandeclineastheclusterbecomeslarger,especiallyforlargerfiles.
EMCIsilonallowsyoutodefineprotectiononanodepool(groupofsimilarnodes),adirectoryor
evenanindividualfile,aswellashavemultipleprotectionlevelsconfiguredthroughoutthecluster.
Thisfeaturemakesitpossibletomatchtheprotectionleveltothevalueofthedatathatisbeing
protected.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 23

OneFSusesthebackendInfiniBand networktoautomaticallyallocateandstripedata
verticallyacrossallnodesinthecluster.Asthesystemwritesthedata,itisalsoprotecting
thedataatthespecifiedlevel.Noseparateactionisnecessarytoprotectthedata.
Thesystembreaksfilesintosmallerlogicalchunkscalledstripesunitsbeforewritingthem
todisk.EachOneFSblockis8KBandastripeunitconsistsof16blocksforatotalof128KB
perstripeunit.
Asthesystemwritesdataacrossthecluster,itfillsthestripeunitsuntilthemaximum
widthoftheclusterisreachedandaprotectionstripeunitiscreated.Thestripewidthis
determinedbythenumberofnodesandtheprotectionsetting.Withsmallfiles,dueto
thewaythatOneFSappliesprotectioninaclusterwithN+1protection,filesthatare128
KBorsmalleraremirrored;inaclusterwithN+2protection,filesaretriplemirrored;and
soon.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 24

Theprocessofstripingspreadsallwritesfromaclientacrossthenodesofacluster.Eventhougha
clientisconnectedtoonlyonenode,whenthatclientwritesdatatothecluster,thewrite
operationtakes place onmultiplenodes.
Thewriteprocessfollowsacertainflow:

First,theClientsendsfiledataasawrite,whichisreceivedbythewritecoalescer ontheclient
connectednode.

Then,thenodebreaksthefileinupto128KBstripeunits anda writeplandetermineshowto


aggregatethedatastripeunitsandcalculatesprotectionstripeunits.

Finally,stripeunitsaresenttoparticipantnodesovertheInfiniBand networktodistributethe
stripeandawriteoccur oneachnode.

Theexampleonthisslidedemonstrateshowafileisbrokendownintostripeunitsafterwhichitis
stripedacrossdisksintheclusteralongwithFECalsoknownasprotection.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 25

Whenafilereadisinitiatedbyaclient,thepiecesofthefilesarefetchedfromthenodeswhere
theyarestored.Aclientisconnectedtoonlyonenodeatatime;howeverthedataisdistributed
acrossnodesonthecluster.Theclient'snoderetrievesandrebuildsthefileacrossthebackend
InfiniBand network.Thereassembledfiledataisthensentfromtheclientsnodetotherequesting
clientthroughtheexternalnetwork.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 26

TheOneFSAutoBalance featureenablesadministratorstoaddcapacityorperformance
nodestoanexistingclusterwhilethesystemisonlineandinproduction.
Increasingthecapacityorperformanceofaclusterisasimplethreestepprocess
First,Installthenewnodeintherack
Second,AttachtheInfiniBand networkcableconnectingthenodes
Lastly,EnteracommandforOneFStoaddthenewnodetothecluster
TheAutobalance featurethenautomaticallybalancesthenodecapacityacrossthe
InfiniBand network.Nointerruptionofserviceorperfromance isexperiencedbytheuser.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 27

EMCIsilonsystemscanbeaccessedbyuserson differentplatforms,withWindowsandUNIX/Linux
beingthemostcommon.EachOShasitsownmechanismforassigninguseridentities,and
assigningrightsandpermissionstousers.Asystemcapableofmultiprotocolaccessmustbeable
toallowsimultaneousaccesstofilesfromdifferentplatforms,andcorrectlydeterminewhich
actionsindividualusersarepermittedtoperform.

OneFSisoptimizedforamixedenvironmentinwhichanyfileordirectorycanbegoverned
byeitheraWindowsaccesscontrollist(ACL)orUNIXpermissions.Regardlessofthe
securitymodel,accessrightsareenforcedconsistentlyacrossaccessprotocols;thatis,a
userisgranted(ordenied)thesamerightstoafilewhenusingSMB(Windowsfilesharing)
astheywouldwhenusingNFS(POSIXfilesharing).OneFScanconfigurebothUNIXand
WindowspermissionsontheclusteratthesametimeforthesamedatabystoringWindowsACLs
andPOSIXmodebitsnatively.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 28

ThismodulecoveredtheEMCIsilonclusteringarchitectureincludingthenetworktopologyandthe
OneFSoperatingsystem.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 29

This moduledescribesEMCIsilons hardware,whichincludesstoragenodesandacceleratornodes.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 30

Thearethree differenttypesofstoragenodes:theSSeries,theXSeries,andtheNLSeries.

SSeriesnodesareultraperformanceprimarystorageforhightransactionalandIOPs
intensiveapplicationsthatarefortier0andtier1workflows.
XSeriesnodesmakeabalancebetweenlargecapacityandhighperformancestorage.
Thesenodesarebestforhighthroughputandhighconcurrencyapplicationsfortier1and
tier2workflows.
NLSeriesnodesaredesignedtoprovideacosteffectivehighdensitystoragesolutionfor
tier3workflowsthatareaccessedinfrequently,butstillmustbestoredandprotected.
Inadditiontothestoragenodes,EMCIsilonofferstwoacceleratornodes:Performanceand
BackupAcceleratornodes.TheformeraddsCPU,memoryandnetworkresourcestothe
cluster,whilethelatteraddsCPU,memory,andFibreChannelconnectivityforconnection
totapebackupdevices.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 31

Storagesolutionscanbeexpensive.Tiering classifiesdatasothatitcanbestoredinthe
appropriatecostefficientmanner. Inatieredsystem,timelydatathatneedshighertiersneeds
faster,andmoreexpensive,storage.Inasimple3tieredsystem,tier1dataisaccessedoftenandis
missioncritical.Tier2datamaybeusedlessfrequentlyormayhavefewerusers,butitisstill
importantdatathatusersneedinatimelymanner.Tier3dataisdefinedasseldomaccesseddata
thatisarchivedforhistoricalorregulationpurposes.Additionally,astheuseofsolidstatedrives,or
SSDs,increasesthereisalsoatypeofdatathatissotimesensitiveandcriticaltothebusinessthat
itneedsthemostefficientstoragetype.
InanEMCIsilonstoragecluster,youcancombineSSDandSASorSSDandSATAdrivesinone
chassistomeetspecificstoragerequirements.Youcanconfigureaclustertokeepmetadataordata
onSSDs,andeventouseSSDsinonepartoftheclustertostoremetadatafornodesthathaveno
SSDdrives.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 32

TheSSeriesispurposebuiltforIOPSintensiveapplications.Itprovidesfastprimarystoragefor
missioncritical,hightransactionalandrandomaccessfilebasedapplications.SSeriesnodescan
useSSDstostorefilesystemmetadata,whichimprovesperformanceformetadataintensive
operations,andtostorelatencysensitivefiledata.YoucancombineSSDandSASdrivesinone
chassistomeetspecificstoragerequirementsandcreateatier0fordatatiering.
EMCIsilonSSeriesnodesaresuitablefordigitalmediacompaniesand financialinstitutionsthat
needhightransactionalIOPsforeditingandpostproduction,aswellascalculationsforbusiness
analysis.EnergyandsurveillanceorganizationswouldalsobenefitfromtheSseriesbyusingnodes
forperformanceapplicationsthatneedtier0and1storage.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 33

TheEMCIsilonXSeriesisaflexibleandcomprehensiveseriesthatstrikestherightbalance
betweenlargecapacityandhighperformancestorage.TheEMCIsilonXSeriesaccelerateshigh
concurrentandsequentialthroughputapplications,speedingaccesstomassiveamountsofcritical
data,dramaticallyreducingthecostandcomplexityofmanagingandstoringdata.
Therearetwotypesavailable; the4UX400andthe2UX200platforms.The X400 providesmore
capacityatagivenperformancelevel.Thisnodewouldbeidealforsomeonewhoneedsmore
capacitythenperformanceaccordingtotherequirementstheyhaveprovided. IntheX200space,
thisnodeispurchasedbecausethere aremoreperformancerequirementsthancapacity.Withthe
X200thereisalsoupgradability,SSDscanbeaddedafterthefact,andmemorycanbeupgradedas
well.TheX400cannotbeupgraded orusedwithSSDs.
TheEMCIsilonXSeriessuitableforhomedirectoriesandhealthcareenvironmentsthathavelarge
files.XSeriesnodesarewellsuitedforcompaniesthatproducedigitalmediaordelivervideo,
audio,andimageservices.XSeriesnodesarebestusedfororganizationsthatperformheavy
computationsuchaslifesciencecompaniesorenergyorganizations.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 34

TheNLSeriesispurposebuiltforlargecapacitystorage,enablingnearlinestorageperformanceat
neartapestoragecosts.Highdensity,massivecapacityandmaximumcostperTBarethestrengths
oftheNLseries.NoSSDsaresupportedonthisplatform.
TheEMCIsilonNLSeriesisidealforcomplementingandimprovingacompanysexistingtape
backup,archiving,dataprotectionstrategies,andprovideseconomicalstorage.Thisseriesuseslow
costSATAdrives.NLSeriesproductshavetheflexibilitytoconfiguredifferentdrivesizes,memory,
andnetworkinterfacesgivingcustomerstheabilitytocustomizetheEMCIsilonproductbasedon
theenvironment.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 35

PerformanceAcceleratorsaredisklessnodeswhichincreaseoverallthroughput,CPUmemory,and
networkingsupportthroughputworkflows.ByseamlesslyaddingaPerformanceAcceleratortoan
existingEMCIsilonSSeriesorXSeriescluster,youcanaddmorethan400MB/sofsinglestream
throughoutandupto700MB/sofconcurrentthroughput.Typically,onePerformanceAccelerator
perstoragenodeisrecommendedforsupportingwriteintensiveapplications.Forreadintensive
applications,uptothreeAcceleratorsperstoragenodeisrecommended.
BackupAcceleratorsenablehighspeedbackupoffilesystemdatatolocallyattachedtapelibraries
ormediachangerdevices.TheBackupAcceleratorcanbeseamlesslyaddedtoanyexistingEMC
Isilonclustertodeliverupto480MB/sofperformanceacrossfourconcurrentstreams,speeding
backupoperationsandreducingtheriskofbusinesscriticaldataloss.Itisusedtoprefetchdata
fromthefilesystemandacrosstheInfiniBand networkefficientlypushthedatatotape.Each
BackupAcceleratorcansupportuptofourpathsviaFiberChannelports.WhileEMCIsilonsupports
theuseofNetworkDataManagementProtocol(NDMP)forbackups,theuseofaBackup
Acceleratorenablessignificantlyfasterbackups.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 36

Withgreatercapacity,usuallycomesgreaterperformancerequirementsacrossallstorage.For
unstructuredanddynamicdata,EMCIsilons clusteredstorageprovidespredictablegrowthwith
predictableperformance.
TheSseriesplatformistheanswerforultraperformanceprimarystorage,purposebuiltfor

highIOPSintensiverandomaccessfilebasedapplications.TheEMCIsilonXSeries,isthe
mostflexibleandcomprehensivestorageproductline,strikingtherightbalancebetween
largecapacityandhighperformancestorage.TheNLseriesfocusesoncostandcapacity
withmuchlessattentionpaidtoperformance.TheNLSeriescombineshighdensityand
efficiency,withmassivecapacitycapabilities.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 37

ThismodulecoveredEMCIsilonstorageandacceleratornodes.Nodetypesmaybemixedina
cluster,andoftenwillbeinordertoachievethedesiredbalanceofperformanceandcapacity.
PerformancemayalsobeimprovedthroughtheuseofSSDsinsomenodes.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 38

This modulefocusesonEMCIsilons OneFSsoftwaremoduleswhichprovidearobustsuiteof


managementapplications.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 39

SmartPoolsisasoftwaremodulethatenablesadministratorstodefinesubgroupsofnodeswithina
OneFScluster.UsingSmartPools,multipletiersofEMCIsilonstoragenodescanallcoexistwithina
singlefilesystem,withasinglepointofmanagement.ByusingSmartPools,administratorscan
specifyexactlywhichfilestheywanttoliveonwhichparticularnodesanddisks.
SmartPools maincomponentsarenodepoolsandfilepools.Nodepoolsareasetofnodesthatyou
cangroupintoasinglepoolofstorage.Filepoolsenableyoutofilterfilesanddirectoriesinto
specificnodepools.Filepoolpoliciesalloweasyandpowerfulfiledistributionamongthetiers,cost
alignmentwithagingorinfrequentlyusedcontent,andeliminatetheneedfordatamigrations.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 40

SmartPoolsisrecommendedfororganizationswhohavemultiplestoragetierswhowishto
achievecostefficiencyintheirstoragesystem.Also,companieswithmultiplestorage
performancerequirementsandwhowanttheabilitytohaveindividualfilesorsetsofdata
onaspecificstoragetier.Forexample,clientsthatwanttohaveolderfilesoncheaper,
slower,storageandnewer,frequentlyaccessedfilesonfaststorage.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 41

SnapshotIQisalicenseddataprotectionsoftwaremoduleforEMCIsilon's OneFSoperating
system.Asnapshotrecordsapointintimesnapshotofthedata.Unlikearegularcopyof
datawhichtakessignificantspace,snapshotsonlykeeptrackofchangeddatablocks.In
addition,SnapshotIQhasunlimitednumberofsnapshotsgivingadministratorsanother
optiontomeettheirorganization'srecoverypointandrecoverytimeobjectives.
SnapshotIQ allowsforthedeletionofoutofordersnapshotsandhasbeenintegratedwith
SmartPoolsgivingtheadministratortheabilitytostoresnapdataonlowercosttiersof
storage.WindowsusersmayalsousetheShadowCopy servicetorecoverdeletedfilesor
directories.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 42

SnapshotIQallowsuserstoeasilyrecoverfilesthemselves. Wealsofindusecaseswhere
customershavestringentdatarecoveryrequirementsandwantlowimpactdataprotection.
SnapshotIQisacomplementtoatapeorarchivesolution,butshouldnotbeconsidereda
substitute.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 43

SyncIQisasimpletomanagefileasynchronousreplicationtoolthatenablesadministratorsto
synchronize missioncriticaldatathroughoutagloballydistributednetwork.SyncIQdelivers
replicationoffilesacrossmultipleEMCIsilonclustersovertheWANorLAN.
SyncIQ istheindustry'sonlypolicybasedfilereplicationsystemdesignedexclusivelyforscaleout
storage,combiningarichsetofpoliciesforcreatingandschedulingstoragereplicationjobswith
bandwidththrottlingandclusterutilizationcapabilities.Replicationpoliciescanbesetatthe
cluster,directory,orfilelevels.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 44

SyncIQusecasesincludedisasterrecover,orDR,wherewehaveahighspeedbackupgoing
acrossaWANlink,andavailabilitywheretwoormorecopiesofdataarerequiredacross
sites.Thisisoftenusedforarchivingwheretheproductiondataisreplicatedtoanoffsite
location,andtieredtotapefromthere.Anotherusecaseiscontentdistributionwhere
dataissharedbetweensites.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 45

SmartConnectisaclientconnectionmanagementmodulethatenablesclientconnectionstobe
balancedacrossallnodeswithinanEMCIsilonclusteroracrossselectednodesforsecurityor
performancereasons.Itprovidesasinglevirtualhostnameforclientstoconnect.
SmartConnects roundrobinmethodworksonarotatingbasis.AsonenodeIPaddressishanded
out,itmovestotheendofthelist;thenextnodeIPaddressistheused,andsoon.
TheadvancedversionofSmartConnectallowsmultiplenetworkpoolswithinonesubnet.It
supportsDynamicIPallocationandNFSfailover.Itallowsforpolicydrivenconnectionandfailover
basedonmetricssuchasCPUutilization,throughput,andconnectioncount.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 46

Inthisexample,allnodesareofonetype.Wellconfiguredifferentaccesszones,and
createaperformancezonesimplybycreatingapoolwiththeinterfacesfromthefirstset
ofnodesandgivingitadifferentname.Thehighperformanceclientsthenconnecttoa
nameassociatedwiththatpool,sayperformance.isilon.com.
Wethencreateanotherpoolassociatingtheinterfacesfromthenodesonthebottom,and
callthatdesktop.isilon.com,whichwillbeusedforgeneralclients.Wenowhavetheability
tosegmenttheloadfromdifferenttypesofclients;theideabeingtonotallowdesktop
usagetoimpedeanyperformancetothehighperformanceclients.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 47

SmartQuotas isafeaturethatcanprovision,monitor,andreportdiskstorageusageattheuser,
group,anddirectorylevels.Administratorscommonlyusefilesystemquotasasamethodof
tracking,andsometimeslimiting,theamountofstoragethatauser,group,oraprojectisallowed
toconsume.SmartQuotas cansendautomatednotificationswhenstoragelimitsareexceededor
approached.
SmartQuotas allowsforthinprovisioning(alsoknownasoverprovisioning),enabling
administratorstoassignquotasabovetheactualclustersize.Withthinprovisioning,theclustercan
befullwhilesomeusersordirectoriesarewellundertheirquotalimit.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 48

Quotasareausefulwaytoensurethatauserordepartmentdoesnotinfringeontheamountof
storagethatisallocatedtootherusersordepartments.Quotasareusefulinenforcinganinternal
chargebacksystem,whichisoftenfoundinthegovernmentandeducationindustries.
SmartQuotas containflexiblereportingoptionsthatcanhelpadministratorsanalyzedatausage
statisticsfortheircluster.Bothenforcementandaccountingquotasaresupported,andavarietyof
notificationmethodsareavailable.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 49

SmartLockprovidespolicybasedretentionandprotectionagainstaccidentaldeletions.Manybanks
andfinancialinstitutionsusethisfeature.BecauseSmartLockisasoftwarebasedapproachtoan
enterprisefilelevelretentionsolution,youcanstoreSmartLockprotecteddataalongsideother
datatypeswithnoeffectonperformanceoravailability,andwithouttheaddedcostofpurchasing
andmaintainingspecialtyfilelevelretentioncapablehardware.SmartLockisstoredatthe
directorylevelandsetsdefaultretentiontimesonce.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 50

TheusecasesforSmartLockarewhenorganizationsneeddatatoremainavailablebut
unchangedoverextendedperiodsoftime.Examplesincludecorerevenueproducing
workflows,productdesigns,softwareschemas,andproductcomponentelementssuchas
imagefiles,digitalmasters,legaldocuments,andcriticalcommunications.Legislationmay
alsorequirethatdatabekeptunchangedforaspecifictimeperiod.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 51

InsightIQprovidesperformanceandfilesystemanalyticstooptimizeapplications,correlate
workflowandnetworkevents,andaccuratelyforecastfuturestorageneeds.Itelaboratesondrill
downsandbreakoutsandprovidesbothhistoricalandneartimedata.Itisastandalonevirtual
applicationthatisnotpartofOneFSbutsellsasaseparateproduct.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 52

InsightIQisusefulfororganizationswhowantaneasytouse,yetpowerfulanalyticstool.
CompanieswhowanttooptimizetheirEMCIsilonstorageclustersandtheapplications
thatusethemwithoutrequiringprofessionalservices,andwhowanttooffloadprocessing
ofanalyticsfromthestoragesystemtoavirtualappliance.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 53

ThismodulecoveredtheadditionalsoftwaremodulessupportedbyOneFSandtheirvarioususes.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 54

ThiscoursecoveredtheEMCIsilonscaleoutStoragePlatformpoweredbytheOneFSoperating
system.ItintroducedtheEMCIsilonproductlinesanddescribedthebroadrangeofEMCIsilon
optionsandsoftwareapplications.Thisconcludesthetraining.

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ISPT Isilon Fundamentals 55