Está en la página 1de 6

Aleaciones base cobre

UNS No
Aleaciones para forja
Cobres
Aleaciones de altas en cobre
Latones
Latones al plomo
Latones al estao
Bronces fosforados
Cobres-fosforados y aleaciones cobre-plata-fsforos
Bronces fosforados al plomo
Bronces al aluminio
Bronces al silicio
Otras aleaciones cobre-zinc
Cupronqueles
Cu-Ni-Zn

C10100-C15760
C16200-C19600
C20500-C28580
C31200-C38590
C40400-C49080
C50100-C52400
C55180-C55284
C53200-C54800
C60600-C64400
C64700-C66100
C66400-C69900
C70000-C79900
C73200-C79900

Aleaciones moldeadas
Cobres
Aleaciones altas en cobre
Latones rojos y latones rojos al plomo
Latones amarillos y latones amarillos al plomo
Bronces al manganeso y Bronces al manganeso con plomo
Bronces al silicio bronces, latones al silicio
Bronces al estao y bronces estaados al plomo
Bronces estaados al nquel
Bronces al aluminio
Cupronqueles
Ni-Cu-Zn-Pb-Sn
Cobres al plomo
Aleaciones especiales

C80100-C81100
C81300-C82800
C83300-C85800
C85200-C85800
C86100-C86800
C87300-C87900
C90200-C94500
C94700-C94900
C95200-C95810
C96200-C96800
C97300-C97800
C98200-C98800
C99300-C99750

Composicin
>99% Cu
>96% Cu
Cu-Zn
Cu-Zn-Pb
Cu-Zn-Sn-Pb
Cu-Sn-P
Cu-P-Ag
Cu-Sn-Pb-P
Cu-Al-Ni-Fe-Si-Sn
Cu-Si-Sn
...
Cu-Ni-Fe
Cu-Ni-Zn

>99% Cu
>94% Cu
Cu-Zn-Sn-Pb (75-89% Cu)
Cu-Zn-Sn-Pb (57-74% Cu)
Cu-Zn-Mn-Fe-Pb
Cu-Zn-Si
Cu-Sn-Zn-Pb
Cu-Ni-Sn-Zn-Pb
Cu-Al-Fe-Ni
Cu-Ni-Fe
Cu-Ni-Zn-Pb-Sn
Cu-Pb
...

Copper-nickel alloys
Composition, wt%
Copper
alloy No.

Previous
tradename

Cu
(includin
g Ag)

Pb

Fe

C70100

...

bal(p)

...

...

(p)

C70200

bal

(p)

Zn

Ni
(including
Co)

Sn

Mn

Other
named elements

0.05

0.25

3.0-4.0

...

0.50

...

0.05

0.10

...

2.0-3.0

...

0.40

...

C70400

Copper-nickel,
5%

rem

0.05

1.3-1.7

1.0

4.8-6.2

...

0.30-0.8

...

C70500

Copper-nickel,
7%

bal(p)

0.05

0.10

0.20

5.8-7.8

...

0.15

...

C70600

Copper-nickel,
10%

bal(p)

0.05(ii)

1.0-1.8

1.0(ii)

9.0-11.0

...

1.0

(ii)

C70610

...

bal(p)

0.01

1.0-2.0

...

10.0-11.0

...

0.50-1.0

0.05S; 0.05C

C71500

Copper-nickel,
30%

bal(p)

0.05(ii)

0.40-1.0 1.0(ii) 29.0-33.0

...

1.0

(ii)

C71580

...

bal(p)

0.05

0.50

0.05

29.0-33.0

...

0.30

(kk)

C71581

...

bal(p)

0.02

0.40-0.7

...

29.0-32.0

...

1.0

(ll)

C71590

...

bal

0.001

0.15

0.50

(jj)

C71700

...

bal(p)

...

0.40-1.0

...

0.30-0.7Be

0.001 29.0-31.0 0.001


...

29.0-33.0

...

Copper-zinc alloys (brasses)


Composition, wt%
Copper
alloy No.
C21000
C22000
C22600
C23000
C23030
C23400
C24000
C24080
C26000
C26130
C26200
C26800
C27000
C27200
C27400
C28000

Previous tradename

Cu

Pb

Other
Fe Zn named elements

94.0-96.0

(t)

0.03 0.05 bal

...

Commercial bronze, 90% 89.0-91.0

(t)

0.05 0.05 bal

...

86.0-89.0

(t)

0.05 0.05 bal

...

84.0-86.0

(t)

0.05 0.05 bal

...

83.5-85.5

(t)

0.05 0.05 bal

0.20-0.40Si

81.0-84.0

(t)

0.05 0.05 bal

...

78.5-81.5

(t)

0.05 0.05 bal

...

78.0-82.0

(t)

0.20 . . . bal

0.10Al

68.5-71.5

(u)

0.07 0.05 bal

...

68.5-71.5

(u)

0.05 0.05 bal

0.02-0.08As

67.0-70.0

(u)

0.07 0.05 bal

...

64.0-68.5

(u)

0.15 0.05 bal

...

63.0-68.5

(u)

0.10 0.07 bal

...

62.0-65.0

(u)

0.07 0.07 bal

...

61.0-64.0

(u)

0.10 0.05 bal

...

59.0-63.0

(u)

0.30 0.07 bal

...

Gilding, 95%

Jewelry bronze, 87
Red brass, 85%
...
...
Low brass, 80%
...
Cartridge brass, 70%
...
...
Yellow brass, 66%
Yellow brass, 65%
...
Yellow brass, 63%
Muntz metal, 60%

Table Compositions of copper tin alloy castings


Applicable
casting
processes(a)

Composition(b), wt%

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

91.094.0

6.0- 0.30 0.50 0.50(i) 0.20 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


8.0
0.05 P(j), 0.005 Al,
0.005 Si

C90300 225, 88-8-0-4, Navy


S, C, CL,
"G" bronze, (SAE 620) PM, I, P

86.089.0

7.5- 0.30 3.09.0


5.0

1.0(i) 0.20 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


0.05 P(j), 0.005 Al,
0.005 Si

C90500 210, 88-10-0-2, gun


metal, (SAE 62)

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

86.089.0

9.0- 0.30 1.011.0


3.0

1.0(i) 0.20 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


0.05 P(j), 0.005 Al,
0.005 Si

C90700 205, 89-11, (SAE 65)

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

88.0- 10.0- 0.50 0.50 0.50(i) 0.15 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


90.0 12.0
0.30 P(j), 0.005 Al,
0.005 Si

C90710

...

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

C90800

...

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

C90810

...

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

UNS
N

Other designations,
descriptive names
(former SAE No.)

C90200 242, 93-7-0-0

Cu

Bal

Sn

Pb

Zn

Ni

Fe

Other

10.0- 0.25 0.05 0.10(i) 0.10 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


12.0
0.05-1.2 P(j), 0.005
Al, 0.005 Si

85.0- 11.0- 0.25 0.25 0.50(i) 0.15 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


89.0 13.0
0.30 P(j), 0.005 Al,
0.005 Si
Bal

11.0- 0.25 0.30 0.50(i) 0.15 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


13.0
0.15-0.8 P(j), 0.005
Al, 0.005 Si

C90900 199, 87-13-0-0

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

86.0- 12.0- 0.25 0.25 0.50(i) 0.15 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


89.0 14.0
0.05 P(j), 0.005 Al,
0.005 Si

C91000 197, 85-14-0-1

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

84.0- 14.0- 0.20 1.5


86.0 16.0

C91100 84-16-0-0

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

82.0- 15.0- 0.25 0.25 0.50(i) 0.25 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S, 1.0
85.0 17.0
P(j), 0.005 Al, 0.005
Si

C91300 194, 81-19

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

79.0- 18.0- 0.25 0.25 0.50(i) 0.25 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S, 1.0
82.0 20.0
P(j), 0.005 Al, 0.005
Si

C91600

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

86.089.0

S, C, CL,
PM, I, P

84.0- 11.3- 0.25 0.25 1.20- 0.20 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


87.0 12.5
2.0(i)
0.30 P(j), 0.005 Al,
0.005 Si

C91700

(a)

205N, 88-10 -0-0-1


, nickel gear bronze
86 -12-0-0-1 ,
nickel gear bronze

9.7- 0.25 0.25


10.8

0.80(i) 0.10 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


0.05 P(j), 0.005 Al,
0.005 Si

1.2- 0.20 0.20 Sb, 0.05 S,


2.0(i)
0.30 P(j), 0.005 Al,
0.005 Si

Casting processes: S, sand; D, die; C, continuous; I, investment; PM, permanent


mold; CL, centrifugal;and P, plaster.
(b)
Composition values are given as maximum percentages, unless shown as a range
or minimum.
Bal= Cu + sum of named elements, 99.5%min.

Temper
designation

Temper name
or material
condition
(a)

Cold-worked tempers

(b)

Cold-worked tempers
H50

Extruded and drawn

H52

Pierced and drawn

H55

Light drawn; light cold


rolled

H00

1/8hard

H01

1/4hard

H02

1/2hard

H58

Drawn general purpose

H03

3/4hard

H60

Cold heading; forming

H04

Hard

H63

Rivet

H06

Extra hard

H64

Screw

H08

Spring

H66

Bolt

H10

Extra spring

H70

Bending

H12

Special spring

H80

Hard drawn

H13

Ultra spring

H85

Medium-hard-drawn
electrical wire

H14

Super spring

H86

Hard-drawn electrical wire

H90

As finned

ALUMINIOS
Table Composition limits for wrought aluminum and aluminum alloys
Composition, wt%
Unspecified
other
elements

Specified
other
elements

Ti

AA
No.

Si

Fe

Cu

Mn

Mg

Cr

Ni

1035

0.35

0.6

0.10

0.05

0.05

...

. . . 0.10 . . . 0.05

...

0.03

0.03

...

99.35

1040

0.30

0.50

0.10

0.05

0.05

...

. . . 0.10 . . . 0.05

...

0.03

0.03

...

99.40

1045

0.30

0.45

0.10

0.05

0.05

...

. . . 0.05 . . . 0.05

...

0.03

0.03

...

99.45

1050

0.25

0.40

0.05

0.05

0.05

...

. . . 0.05 . . . 0.05

...

0.03

0.03

...

99.50

1230

0.70 Si + Fe

0.10

0.05

0.05

...

. . . 0.10 . . . 0.05

...

0.03

0.03

...

99.30

1135

0.60 Si + Fe

0.050.20

0.04

0.05

...

. . . 0.10 . . . 0.05

...

0.03

0.03

...

99.35

1235

0.65 Si + Fe

0.05

0.05

0.05

...

. . . 0.10 . . . 0.05

...

0.06

0.03

...

99.35

1435

0.15

0.300.50

0.02

0.05

0.05

...

. . . 0.10 . . . 0.05

...

0.03

0.03

...

99.35

1145

0.55 Si + Fe

0.05

0.05

0.05

...

. . . 0.05 . . . 0.05

...

0.03

0.03

...

99.45

2008

0.500.8

0.40

0.7-1.1

0.30

0.25- 0.10 . . . 0.25 . . . 0.05


0.50

...

0.10

0.05

0.15

bal

2009

0.25

0.05

3.2-4.4

...

(c)

...

0.05

0.15

bal

2010

0.50

0.50

0.7-1.3 0.100.40

0.40- 0.15 . . . 0.30 . . . . . .


1.0

...

...

0.05

0.15

bal

2018

0.9

1.0

3.5-4.5

0.20

0.45- 0.10 1.7- 0.25 . . . . . .


0.9
2.3

...

...

0.05

0.15

bal

2218

0.9

1.0

3.5-4.5

0.20

1.2-1.8 0.10 1.7- 0.25 . . . . . .


2.3

...

...

0.05

0.15

bal

2618

0.10- 0.9-1.3 1.9-2.7


0.25

...

1.3-1.8 . . .

...

0.040.10

0.05

0.15

bal

2024

0.50

0.50

3.8-4.9 0.30- 1.2-1.8 0.10 . . . 0.25 . . .


0.9

(g)

0.15

0.05

0.15

bal

2025

0.501.2

1.0

3.9-5.0 0.401.2

...

0.15

0.05

0.15

bal

2034

0.10

0.12

4.2-4.8 0.8-1.3 1.3-1.9 0.05 . . . 0.20 . . . . . .

0.08-0.15
Zr

0.15

0.05

0.15

bal

3002

0.08

0.10

0.15

0.050.25

0.050.20

...

...

0.05 . . . 0.05

...

0.03

0.03

0.10

bal

3102

0.40

0.7

0.10

0.050.40

...

...

...

0.30 . . . . . .

...

0.10

0.05

0.15

bal

3003

0.6

0.7

0.050.20

1.0-1.5

...

...

...

0.10 . . . . . .

...

...

0.05

0.15

bal

3104

0.6

0.8

0.050.25

0.8-1.4

0.81.3

...

...

0.25 0.05 0.05

...

0.10

0.05

0.15

bal

3105

0.6

0.7

0.30 0.30-0.8 0.20- 0.20 . . .


0.8

0.40 . . . . . .

...

0.10

0.05

0.15

bal

3006

0.50

0.7

0.10- 0.50-0.8 0.30- 0.20 . . . 0.15- . . . . . .


0.30
0.6
0.40

...

0.10

0.05

0.15

bal

3007

0.50

0.7

0.05- 0.30-0.8
0.30

0.6

0.20 . . .

0.40 . . . . . .

...

0.10

0.05

0.15

bal

3107

0.6

0.7

0.05- 0.40-0.9
0.15

...

...

...

0.20 . . . . . .

...

0.10

0.05

0.15

bal

3307

0.6

0.8

0.30 0.50-0.9 0.30 0.20 . . .

0.40 . . . . . .

...

0.10

0.05

0.15

bal

1.0-1.6 . . .

0.05

Zn Ga

. . . 0.10 . . . . . .

0.9- 0.10 . . . . . .
1.2

0.10 . . . 0.25 . . . . . .

Each Total

Al,
min