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February 2005

Report 05015
Wide bore CT scanner
comparison report version 12

best choice best practice

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Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

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Wide bore CT scanner


comparison report version 12

David Platten, Nicholas Keat


Maria Lewis, Sue Edyvean
ImPACT
Bence Jones Offices
St Georges Hospital
London SW17 0QT

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Tel: +44 (0) 20 8725 3366


Fax: +44 (0) 20 8725 3969
e-mail: impact@impactscan.org
For more information on ImPACT visit www.impactscan.org

Crown Copyright 2005


Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism, or review, as
permitted under the Copyright, Designs & Patents Act, 1998, this publication may only be reproduced,
stored, or transmitted in any form or by any means with the prior permission, in writing, of the
Controller of Her Majestys Stationery Office (HMSO).
Information on reproduction outside these terms can be found on the HMSO website
(www.hmso.gov.uk) or e-mail: hmsolicensing@cabinet-office.x.gsi.gov.uk.
The MHRA is an executive agency of the Department of Health.
ISBN 1 84182 946 3

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Contents
Introduction
5
Purpose of this report .............................................................................5
Comparison method ...............................................................................5
Specification comparison........................................................................5
Scanners covered in this report ..............................................................6
Table 1: Scanners covered in this report ................................................6
Specification comparison
7
Table 2: Scanner gantry .........................................................................7
Table 3: Couch .......................................................................................7
Table 4: X-ray generator.........................................................................8
Table 5: X-ray tube .................................................................................8
Table 6: Detection system ......................................................................9
Table 7: System start-up and calibration ................................................9
Table 8: Scan parameters ....................................................................10
Table 9: Helical scanning......................................................................11
Table 10: Scan projection radiography (SPR) ......................................11
Table 11: Manufacturers' performance data .........................................12
Table 12: Factors affecting image quality .............................................13
Table 13: Operator's console................................................................14
Table 14: Main computer ......................................................................14
Table 15: Image storage.......................................................................15
Table 16: Image reconstruction on main console .................................16
Table 17: 3D reconstruction display......................................................17
Table 18: Optional facilities...................................................................18
Table 19: Installation requirements.......................................................19
Table 20: Independent workstation.......................................................20
Table 21: Image transfer and connectivity ............................................21
Appendix 1: ImPACT and the MHRA
22
Background ..........................................................................................22
ImPACT ................................................................................................22
MHRA support to purchasers and users...............................................22

Introduction
Purpose of this report
In May 2003 the UK Government announced a 90 million fund to replace all CT and
MRI scanners installed before 1997 as part of the NHS Cancer Plan.
ImPACT have produced comparison reports for each phase of the purchase
program. The primary aim of these reports is to aid the equipment selection process
by providing comparisons of CT scanners that are currently on the market.
This report is for phase 7 of the Cancer Plan funding. There are four separate reports
for six to ten, sixteen, and 32 to 64 slice CT scanners, as well as a report on wide
bore systems.
The scope of this report is limited to CT scanners that have a gantry bore wider than
a standard system. These systems have been developed primarily for applications in
radiotherapy planning.

Comparison method

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

The data given in this report are representative of the scanners as of February 2005,
and are liable to change as the performance of individual scanner models is changed
and upgraded. In particular, optional features such as workstations and software
packages may be listed as standard for the scanner replacement programme, but
may not be included in other, separate scanner purchases.
There are two main areas for comparison of the scanners: performance and
specification. None of the scanners in this report have been tested by ImPACT at the
time of publication, so the scope of this document is restricted to a comparison of
system specifications.

Specification comparison
The specification comparison is presented as a side-by-side summary comparison of
the specification of each scanner, workstation and related equipment. It is grouped
into a series of sub-sections relating to different aspects of the scanner, such as
gantry, tube and detectors etc. Manufacturers supplied the specification data in
response to a template issued by ImPACT. The data has not been verified by
ImPACT.

Introduction

Scanners covered in this report


At the time of writing, there are four manufacturers of medical CT scanners that sell
their systems in the UK (in alphabetical order); GE Medical Systems, Philips Medical
Systems, Siemens AG and Toshiba Medical Systems. The wide bore models are
listed below.
Table 1: Scanners covered in this report
Manufacturer

Scanner model

GE

LightSpeedRT

Philips

AcQsim RT Simulator CT

Siemens

Somatom Sensation Open

The GE LightSpeedRT is a four slice system with a gantry aperture of 80 cm. It has a
maximum scan field of view of 50 cm, but is able to reconstruct images up to 65 cm
using extrapolation methods.
The fourth generation AcQsim RT Simulator CT from Philips is a single slice scanner
with a patient bore of 85 cm, and a maximum scan field of view of 60 cm.

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

The 20-slice Siemens Somatom Sensation Open has a gantry bore of 82 cm, with a
maximum scan field of view of 50 cm. It is possible to reconstruct images up to 82 cm
using extrapolation methods. The detector bank consists of 32 x 0.6 mm and
8 x 1.2 mm rows. The Open features the Siemens Straton x-ray tube, a new novel
design of x-ray tube with fast cooling rates.
Toshiba and Philips have recently announced new wide bore systems, but detailed
specifications were not available at the time of publication. The Philips Brilliance CT
Big Bore will be a 16-slice system with an aperture of 85 cm, a scan field of view of
60 cm, and a maximum image size of 60 cm. The Toshiba Aquilion Large Bore will
also be a 16-slice system, with a gantry aperture of 90 cm, a scan field of view of 70
cm, and a maximum image size of 85 cm.

Specification comparison
Table 2: Scanner gantry
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

3rd

4th

3rd

Low voltage

Low voltage

Low voltage

80

85

82

25 and 50

60

50, 82 extended

0.625, 1.25, 2.5,


3.75, 5, 7.5, 10

2, 3, 4, 5, 8

1.5, 2.0, 2.4, 3.0, 4.0,


4.8, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12,
24

Tilt range (degrees)

30

30

30

Type of positioning lights

Laser

Laser

Laser

1 at any laser
to patient distance

0.5 mm at
centre of gantry

GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Carbon fibre

Carbon fibre

Carbon fibre

Couch top length and width (cm)

239 x 62
(42 just for cradle)

168 x 34
(just for cradle)

243 x 40
(just for cradle)

Horizontal movement range (cm)

170

180

200

up to 100

25, 40, 50, 100

1 - 150

0.25

0.25

0.25

Scannable horizontal range without


table top extension (cm)

170 (Axial),
160 (Helical & Scout)

162

157

Scannable horizontal range with


table top extension(s) (cm)

170 (Axial),
160 (Helical & Scout)

162

157

Vertical movement range out of


gantry (cm)

51 - 99

56 - 103

53 - 102

Vertical movement range in gantry


(cm)

72.8 - 99.1

76 - 103

82.5 - 102

Minimum couch top height outside


gantry (cm)

51

56

53

Maximum weight allowed on couch


(kg)

205

205

200

180 (0.25mm)
205 (1mm)

205

200

Generation
Slipring
Aperture (cm)
Scan fields of view (cm)
Nominal slice widths for axial scans
(mm)

Accuracy of positioning lights (mm)

Table 3: Couch

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Couch top material

Horizontal movement speeds


(mm/sec)
Accuracy/reproducibility of table
positioning (mm)

Maximum weight on couch which


still achieves stated performance
specifications (kg)

Specification comparison
Table 4: X-ray generator
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

High frequency

High frequency

High frequency

Rotation assembly

Rotation assembly

Rotation assembly

53.2

56

50

80, 100, 120, 140

80, 100, 120, 130, 140

80, 100, 120, 140

10 - 440
(5mA steps)

30 - 400
(10mA steps)

28 - 400
(1mA steps)

80kV: 400 mA
100kV: 420 mA
120kV: 440 mA
140kV: 380 mA

80kV: 400 mA
100kV: 400 mA
120kV: 400 mA
130kV: 320 mA
140kV: 320 mA

80 kV: 400mA
100kV: 400mA
120kV: 400mA
140kV: 360mA

GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

GE Performix Pro

Philips Rhino

Siemens Straton

0.6 x 0.7
0.9 x 0.9

0.4 x 0.5
0.9 x 0.9

0.8 x 1.1

Settings at which focal spot


changes from small to large

Info. not available

Automatically selected
dependent on scan
protocols

Not applicable

Total filtration (inherent + beam


shaping filter) at central axis
(mm Al equivalent)

6.8 (70kV, head)


9.5 (70kV, body)

3.2

6.8

Anode heat capacity (MHU)

6.3

6.5

0.6, equiv to 30

Maximum anode cooling rate


(kHU/min)

1386

830

5000

Glycol to air

Oil to air

Oil to air

1 year unlimited
guarantee

100,000 revolutions

1 year unlimited
guarantee

Type
Location
Power rating (kW)
kV settings available
mA Range and Step size

Max. mA allowed for each kV

Table 5: X-ray tube

Type and make

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Focal spot size(s) (mm), quoted to


IEC 336/93 standard

Method of cooling
Guaranteed tube life

Specification comparison
Table 6: Detection system
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Solid state
(HiLight / Lumex)

Solid State
(Cadmium Tungstate)

Solid state
(Ultra Fast Ceramic)

888 (plus 18 reference


elements)

2400

672
(1344 channels)

16

40

16 x 1.25

32 x 0.6,
8 x 1.2

20

28.8

None currently

None currently

Yes

GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Power-on to warm-up time from


fully off (mins)

10

Tube warm-up time from 'cold' to


operating temperature (mins)

0.5

Included in tube warmup

Part of warm-up
procedure

Recommended frequency for any


additional calibration by the
radiographer

Once every 24 hours

Not required

Not required

Time to perform these additional


calibrations (mins)

13 (inc warm-up)

Not required

Not required

<3

Info. not available

Detector type

Number of detectors per row


Number of elements along z-axis
Effective length of each element at
isocentre (mm)
Total effective length of detector
array at isocentre (mm)
Future option for more slices /
rotation

Table 7: System start-up and calibration

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Time to perform detector


calibrations at warm-up (mins)

Total time from fully off to scanning


in an emergency (mins)

Specification comparison
Table 8: Scan parameters
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Reconstruction fields of view (cm)

9.6 to 65

4 - 60

5 - 82

Extended scan field of view (cm)

65

Entire FOV uses


standard reconstruction

82

Nominal slice widths (mm) and


number of simultaneous slices
(axial scans)

2 x 0.625, 1 x 1.25,
4 x 1.25, 1 x 2.5,
4 x 3.75, 4 x 5

2, 3, 4, 5, 8

20 x 1.2, 10 x 2.4, 5 x
4.8, 4 x 6, 1 x 5, 2 x 12,
1 x 10

Scan times for axial scans (s)


* = Partial scans

1, 2, 3, 4

0.6*, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5

0.33*(option), 0.5
(option), 0.67* , 1.0s

80, 100, 120, 140

80, 100, 120, 130, 140

80, 100, 120, 140

10 - 440
(5mA steps)

30 - 400
(10mA steps)

28 - 400
(1mA steps)

80kV: 400 mA
100kV: 420 mA
120kV: 440 mA
140kV: 380 mA

80kV: 400 mA
100kV: 400 mA
120kV: 400 mA
130kV: 320 mA
140kV: 320 mA

80 kV: 400mA
100kV: 400mA
120kV: 400mA
140kV: 360mA

kV settings available
mA Range and Step size

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Max. mA allowed for each kV

10

Specification comparison
Table 9: Helical scanning
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Rotation times for helical scanning


(s)

1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5

0.5 (option), 1.0

Number of simultaneous slices at


each rotation time

20

Pitches available for routine


scanning (range and increment)

2 slice : 1
4-slice : 0.75 & 1.5

0.5-3.0 freeely
selectable

0.45 - 2.0
freely selectable

Recommended pitches for optimal


image quality

2 slice : 1
4-slice : 0.75 & 1.5

None

None

GE Proprietary
algorithms
(SmartHelical & MDMP,
including
CrossBeamTM &
HyperplaneTM)

Fan Beam

SureView, AMPR conebeam artefact


reduction

70sec (350-440 mA)


90sec (280-415 mA)
110sec (240-345 mA)

Limited by disc
capacity and tube
loading

160 (324mA, .5s)


176 (300mA, .5s)
200 (273mA, .5s)

Maximum continuous scan time (s)

120

Limited by disc
capacity and tube
loading

100

Starting with a cold tube, the


maximum helical scan distance
using a 1 mm imaged slice
thickness and a pitch of 1.5 (mm)

1600

Limited by disc
capacity and tube
loading

1570

Gantry tilt range for helical scanning


(degrees)

30

30

30

GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

1600

1800

1536

500 x 1600

600 x 1800

500 x 1536

0 - 359
(1 steps)

0 - 359

AP, PA, LAT


(1 accuracy)

No

No

Yes

Accuracy of slice prescription from


the scanogram (mm)

0.25

0.25

0.5

Accuracy of distance
measurements from SPR's taken at
isocentre (lateral and axial
directions) (mm)

< 2 x image pixel size

0.25

0.5

Helical interpolation algorithms


available

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Maximum number of rotations in


one helical run at standard
abdomen parameters

Table 10: Scan projection radiography (SPR)

Maximum SPR length (mm)


SPR field dimensions (mm x mm)
Angular positions of X-ray tube
available for SPR
Real time image

11

Specification comparison
Table 11: Manufacturers' performance data
Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

MTF0: 15.4
MTF10: 13.9
(10cm DFOV, Edge
alg, Small Focus)

MTF0 15 lp/cm

MTF0: 15.4 10%


MTF2: 14.5 10%
(1s, 160 mA,
120 kV, 1.2 mm)

5mm @ 0.3% @ 13.3


mGy with 95%CL:
120kVp, 135mAs,
10mm, Std alg

3.5 mm @ 0.35%

Spiral: 5 mm @ 0.3%
@ 21 mGy: 120 kV,
140 mAs 10 mm

CT number accuracy (HU)

Water : 3

Air: 10
Water: 4

CTDI settings for std head

120 kVp, 260 mAs,


2 x 10 mm

130 kV

120 kV, 20 x 1.2 mm

CTDI (mGy/100mAs), centre of


head phantom

12.8

18

18.7

CTDI (mGy/100mAs), periphery of


head phantom

13.8

21.5

19.8

120 kVp, 260 mAs,


2 x 10 mm

130 kV

20 x 1.2 mm

CTDI (mGy/100mAs), centre of


body phantom

4.1

5.2

5.8

CTDI (mGy/100mAs), periphery of


body phantom

8.8

13

11.1

20: 20.6(l)
15: 16.5 (s)
10: 11.5 (s)
5: 6.7 (s)
1.25: 3.5 (s)
2 x 0.63:1.9(s)

10% for all


collimations

Info. not available

GE LightSpeed RT
Spatial resolution (lp/cm) for
sharpest clinical algorithm.
Acquisition parameters in brackets.
Contrast resolution: smallest rod
size (mm) discernable at given
parameters in 20 cm CATPHAN

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

CTDI settings for std body

Dose profile FWHM (mm) (focal


spot size in brackets)

12

Specification comparison
Table 12: Factors affecting image quality
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

No

No

No

Automatic mA control
(AEC / mA modulation) software

3D Dose Modulation

No

Yes
(CAREDose 4D)

- mA adjustment for patient size

Yes

No

Yes

- mA adjustment along the z-axis

Yes

No

Yes

- mA modulation during rotation

Yes

No

Yes

Low signal correction

No

Yes (automatic)

Quarter detector shift

Yes

No

Yes

Moving (dynamic/flying) focal spot

No

No

Yes

Number of imaging detectors per


row

880

2400

672
(1344 channels)

984 @ 1s scan
(hardware capable to
1760)

2400

Max. 2320

Artefact reduction algorithms

Iterative Bone Option


(IBO), Motion
correction, Recon of
thick slices from thinner
ones

No

Modified beam
hardening (abdomen,
pelvis, shoulder),
Motion correction
(sequential modes),
Posterior Fossa
optimisation

Cone beam correction

GE Proprietary
algorithms
(SmartHelical & MDMP,
including
CrossBeamTM &
HyperplaneTM)

Not required

Yes, SureView and


AMPR cone-beam
artefact reduction

Post-patient collimation for narrow


slices

Adaptive filtration for noise


reduction

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Sampling frequency (Hz)

13

Specification comparison
Table 13: Operator's console

Diagonal dimension of image


screen (inches)

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

20

21 CRT

18.1

Number of monitors at console


(functions of each if > 1)

2 (patient info and


technique selection /
image display)

1 acquisition and
optional 1 x review and
processing shared
database console

Image area matrix dimensions

512 x 512, 768 x 768,


1024 x 1024

1024 x 1024

1024 x 1024

-31743 to +31743

-1000 to +3094

-1024 to +3071
(-10,240 to 30,710 if
metal implants)

< 2 times
image pixel size

0.25

depends on
pixel size

Weighted CTDI (CTDIw or CTDIvol)


displayed on console

Yes

No

Yes

Dose Length Product (DLP)


displayed on console

Yes

No

Yes

Geometric Efficiency displayed on


console when <70%

Yes

No

No

Mouse, trackball,
keyboard

Mouse, keyboard

Mouse, keyboard

GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Make and model

HP XW8000

Sun Ultrasparc

Siemens PC
compatible with array
processors

Operating system

Linux RedHat 7.3

Unix

Windows XP

2 x 2.66 GHz

64 bit RISC

10 x Pentium Xeon 3.2


GHz

Amount of computer RAM supplied


as standard (Gbytes)

18

Maximum amount of computer RAM


(Gbytes)

12

Info. not available

18

Usual range of CT Number


displayed (HU)
Accuracy of distance
measurements in x-y plane (mm)

Control methods

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

GE LightSpeed RT

Table 14: Main computer

Type and speed of CPU

14

Specification comparison
Table 15: Image storage
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Total standard hard disk capacity


(Gbytes)

254

34

627

Maximum hard disk capacity


(Gbytes)

254

54

627

Hard disk capacity for image


storage (Gbytes and no. of
uncompressed 512x512 images)

146
(250,000 images)

26 (11,000 data files)

146
(260,000 images)

Hard disk capacity for storage of


raw data files (Gbytes and no. of
data files)

72 (9000 4 slice axial


raw data files)

26 (1,000 raw data


files)

300

Archive options

MOD [images] & DVD


[scan data, protocols]
(standard)

Tape (standard)
MOD Option

MOD and CD writer


(standard)

Capacity of a single archive disk


(Gbytes and no. of images)

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Time to mount an archive disk or


tape (s)

Archive data transfer rate


(images / s)

MOD: 4.1GB (26,000


4.6 (9400 losslessly
Tape 6500 Images per lossless images), CDcompressed 512x512
cartridge 2.3 Gb MOD
R: 0.65GB (4100
images or 700 raw data
1400 Images
lossless images) 512 x
files)
512

5-6 in background
operation

Tape - depends upon


images requested
Immediate (disk
continually accessible)

Approx 30
for full disk

1 (read)
0.7 (write)

>1

2-3

15

Specification comparison

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Table 16: Image reconstruction on main console


GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Reconstruction matrix

512

512

512

Minimum reconstruction interval in


helical scanning (mm)

0.1

0.1

0.1

Reconstruction time from the start


of data acquisition to the
appearance of the 30th image of a
series for a standard axial brain
scan (s)

30 (with IBO)

90

3
(up to 20 f/s)

Reconstruction time from the start


of data acquisition to the
appearance of the 30th image of a
series for an axial spine scan (s)

11

90

3
(up to 20 f/s)

Reconstruction time from the start


of data acquisition to the
appearance of the 30th image of a
series for a helical abdomen scan
(s)

11

90

3
(up to 20 f/s)

Simultaneous scanning and


reconstruction

Yes

No

Yes

Any delay in either scanning or


reconstruction when performed
concurrently

No

Info. not available

No

Simultaneous scanning and routine


analysis

Yes

Yes

Yes

Simultaneous scanning and


archiving and/or hard copying

Yes

Yes

Yes

Simultaneous scanning and transfer


to second console/workstation

Yes

Yes

Yes

16

Specification comparison
Table 17: 3D reconstruction display
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

MIPs and MinIPs (maximum and


minimum intensity projections)

MC-standard
WS-standard
(MIP & MinIP)

MC-standard
WS-standard
(Angio MIP)

MC-standard
WS-option

SSD (3D Shaded Surface Display)

MC-option
WS-standard
(3D)

MC-standard
WS-standard
(3D SSD)

MC-standard
WS-option

MC-option
WS-standard
(Volume Rendering)

MC-Option
WS-standard
(Vol Rend 4D Angio)

MC-option
WS-option

MC-option
WS-standard
(Navigator)

Option

MC-option
WS-option

MC-standard
WS-standard
(MPR & MPVR)

MC-standard
WS-standard
(MPR)

MC-standard
WS-option

Axial, para-axial,
sagittal, coronal,
oblique, curvilinear

All planes, any oblique

Axial, sagittal, coronal,


oblique, curvilinear

3D Volume rendering software

3D Virtual endoscopy

MPR (Multi-planar reconstruction)

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Planes available in MPR

17

Specification comparison
Table 18: Optional facilities
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Option

Option

Option

Contrast media bolus tracking

Standard (SmartPrep)

Not available

Standard
(CAREBolus)

CT fluoroscopy software and


hardware

Option (SmartStep)

Not available

Option (CAREVision
with HandCARE)

Option

Option

Option

Option
(RT flat pad and Exact
couch top)

Standard

Option

Option

Option

Option

Option
(Exact couch)

Option

Option

MC-Not available
WS-option
(BMD)

WS-option

MC-option
WS-option
(Osteo CT)

MC-standard
WS-standard
AVA
(Vessel Assessment)
option on WS

WS option

MC-standard basic
package
WS-option

MC-option
WS-option
(Dentascan)

WS option

MC-option
WS-option
(Dental CT)

MC-Not available
WS-option
(CT sim)

MC-option
WS-option

Coherence Dosimetrist
(separate workstation)

Prospective ECG-triggered cardiac


software

MC-option
WS-option
(SmartScore)

Not available

Not available

Retrospective ECG-gated cardiac


software

MC-Not available
MC & WS-option
(Cardiac Imaging)

Not available

Not available

MC-option
WS-option
(CT Perfusion)

WS option

MC-option
WS-option
(Perfusion CT)

Contrast injector

Hard-copy imaging device


Radiotherapy planning table top
Carbon fibre breast board
Means for attaching patient
immobilisation devices and a
stereotactic frame to the end of the
couch
Bone Mineral Densitometry

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

CT Angiography

Dental

Radiotherapy CT simulation
software

CT Perfusion software

18

Specification comparison
Table 19: Installation requirements
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Environmental requirements
(max/min temperature, humidity) in
scanner room

15-26 C, 30-60%
relative humidity

20-24 C, 30-60%
relative humidity

15-28 C, 15-75%
relative humidity

Environmental requirements
(max/min temperature, humidity) in
scanner control room

15-26 C, 30-60%
relative humidity

20-24 C, 30-60%
relative humidity

15-28 C, 15-75%
relative humidity

15.3

21

1.53 (add 0.07 for CT


fluoro)

Output to air

Water - air

Water - water

Recommended

To meet environmental
requirements

None

28

25

30

Gantry dimensions
(H x W x D (mm)) and weight (kg)

1992 x 2439 x 1007,


1701kg

1960 x 2240 x 863,


1532 kg

1990 x 2280 x 940,


2000 kg

Couch dimensions
(H x W x L (mm)) and weight (kg)

1121 x 610 x 2387,


330kg

560 x 340 x 1680,


550kg

1022 x 690 x 2430,


500 kg

Peak heat output from system


during scanning (kW)
System cooling method
Air conditioning requirements for
scanner room of minimum floor
area

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Minimum floor area required for the


system (m)

Supplementary unit dimensions


(H x W x D (mm)) and weight (kg)

Power Unit:
1067 x 711 x 559,
350kg

None

Power unit:
1815 x 905 x 800,
550kg
Cooling unit:
1815 x 905 x 860,
200kg

Power supply requirements

3 phase 380-480V,
150kVA

3 phase 380-480V,
75 kVA

3 phase 380-480V,
66-80kVA

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Specification comparison
Table 20: Independent workstation
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

Is a workstation provided?

Yes

No, option (Brilliance


Extended Workspace)

No, option
(LEONARDO)

Computer make and model

HP XP8000

Dell Xeon

Siemens Fujitsu Xeon

Linux Red Hat 7.3

Windows XP

Windows XP

2 x 3.06

2 x 3.06

2 x Xeon 3.2

Amount of computer RAM supplied


as standard (Gbytes)

Maximum amount of computer RAM


(Gbytes)

Total hard disk storage capacity


supplied as standard (Gbytes)

163

146

147

Maximum total hard disk storage


capacity (Gbytes)

163

438

147

CD-R standard
MOD optional

CD-R standard
EOD option

CD-R standard
MOD option

4.6

9.1

MOD: 4.1
CD-R: 0.65

10-40 C,
20-80 % relative
humidity

0-40 C

10-35 C, 20-80%
relative humidity

Operating system
Type and speed (GHz) of CPU

Archive options
Capacity of a single archive disk
(Gbytes)

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Environmental requirements
(max/min temperature, humidity) for
workstation

20

Specification comparison
Table 21: Image transfer and connectivity
GE LightSpeed RT

Philips AcQsim RT
Simulator CT

Siemens Sensation
Open

100

100 or 1000

1000

Option

Option (Easyweb)

Option

SCU, SCP

SCU, SCP

SCU, SCP

SCU

SCU

SCU

Query / retrieve

SCU, SCP

SCU, SCP

SCU, SCP

Modality worklist

Option

Option

SCU

Performed procedure step

Option

Option

SCU

Not available

Option

SCU

SCU, SCP

SCU, SCP

SCU, SCP

SCU

SCU

SCU

SCU, SCP

SCU, SCP

SCU, SCP

Modality worklist management

Not available

Not available

Not available

Performed procedure step

Not available

Not available

Not available

Storage commitment

Not available

Not available

SCU

Speed of scanner / workstation


connections to local area networks
(Mbits/s)
Remote PC access to images on
workstation
DICOM services on Main Console
Storage
Print

Storage commitment
DICOM services on Workstation
Storage
Print

Report 05015 Wide bore CT scanner comparison report version 12

Query / retrieve

21

Appendix 1: ImPACT and the MHRA


Background
One of the roles of the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency
(MHRA) is to fund evaluation programmes for medical devices and equipment. The
programme includes evaluation of x-ray Computed Tomography Equipment currently
available on the UK market.
MHRA aims to ensure that evaluation techniques keep abreast of improvements in
CT imaging performance and that MHRA reports present evaluation information that
is timely, useful and readily understood.

ImPACT
ImPACT (Imaging Performance Assessment of Computed Tomography) is the
MHRA's CT evaluation facility. It is based at St George's Hospital, London, part of St
George's Healthcare NHS Trust.
ImPACT have developed test objects and measurement procedures suitable for
inter-comparing CT scanner performance. For each CT evaluation hundreds of
images are obtained from the system under test and subsequently analysed using
custom written software. Dose measurements are made using ion chambers, and xray film is used to obtain additional x-ray dose information.

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MHRA support to purchasers and users


The ImPACT team is available to answer any queries with regard to the details of this
report, and also to offer general technical and user advice on CT purchasing,
acceptance testing and quality assurance.
ImPACT
Bence Jones Offices
St Georges Hospital
London SW17 0QT
T: +44 (0) 20 8725 3366
F: +44 (0) 20 8725 3969
E: impact@impactscan.org
W: www.impactscan.org
MHRA contact point for general information on the CT evaluation programme:
Device Evaluation Service
MHRA
Elephant and Castle
London SE1 6TQ
T: +44 (0) 20 7972 8181
F: +44 (0) 20 7972 8105
E: des@mhra.gsi.gov.uk
W: www.mhra.gov.uk
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