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Curso Bsico

Operacin del CMTS

Temario
1.- Intoduccin a DOCSIS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Stack y especificaciones.
Tipos de DOCSIS.
Caractersticas de Downstream.
Caractersticas de DOCSIS 1.X
Caractersticas de DOCSIS 2.0
Especificaciones tcnicas.
Modulaciones y anchos de banda Downstream.
Algoritmo de carrier to noice.
Introduccin a DOCSIS.
Modulaciones y ancho de banda Upstream .
Etapas de registro.
Archivos DOCSIS.
Troubleshooting.
Estados de inicio de un cable mdem.

Confidencial

Temario
2.- uBR10012 Carrier class
1.
2.

Hardware components.
Configuracin.
1. Caractersticas de hardware.
2. Bundling.
3. Source-Verify.
4. DHCP-giaddr.
5. Time server
6. Configuracin de downstream.
7. Configuracin de upstream.
8. Verificacin Upstream y Downstream
9. Modulation profiles

Temario
3.- HCCP
1.
2.
3.

Componentes fsicos.
Configuracin.
Verificacin

4.- MPLS
1.
2.

Configuracin.
Diagrama.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Modelo OSI

Confidencial

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Tipos de canales DOCSIS

Tipo 1 - Docsis 1.0 y 1.1


Tipo 2 - Docsis 1.X y 2.0 ATDMA (Mixed Mode)
Utiliza alta modulacin, flujos de servicio y modulation profiles
Tipo 3 - Docsis 2.0
Docsis tipo tres tiene 2 subtipos:
Subtipo 3A para ATDMA
Subtipo 3S para SCDMA

Introduccin a DOCSIS
DOCSIS - Caractersticas Downstream

Rango de frecuencias : 54 750 o 860 MHz


Modulacin : 64 QAM 256 QAM
Ancho del Canal : 6 MHz ( Docsis Americano )
Velocidad bruta : 30.34 Mbps 40.44 Mbps
Transporte : Frames MPEG2 de 188 bytes
1 byte Sync + 3 bytes header + 184 bytes payload
Multiplexin : TDM = Time Division Multiplexing
Correccin errores : FEC = Foward Error Correction
Red Solomon Coding = 16 bytes
Total = 188 bytes mpeg2 + 16 bytes FEC = 204 bytes
Encriptacin : DES = Data Encryption Standard

Introduccin a DOCSIS
DOCSIS 1.X - Caractersticas Upstream

Rango de frecuencias : 5 a 42 MHz


Modulacin : QPSK 16 QAM
Ancho del canal : Variable entre 200 KHz hasta 3.2 MHz
Velocidad Bruta : 320 Kbps - 10 Mbps
Transporte : Paquetes Ethernet de 18 1518 bytes
Multiplexin : TDMA Time Divisin Multiple Access
Correccin errores : FEC = Foward Error Correction
Red Solomon Coding = 10 bytes
Niveles de Transmisin de Seal :
QPSK y 16QAM.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
DOCSIS 2.0 - Caractersticas Upstream

Rango de frecuencias : 5 a 42 MHz


Modulacin : QPSK 64 QAM
Ancho del canal : Variable entre 200 KHz hasta 6.4 MHz
Velocidad Bruta : Hasta 30.72 Mbps
Transporte : Paquetes Ethernet de 18 1518 bytes
Multiplexin : TDMA, ATDMA y SCDMA.
Correccin errores : FEC = Foward Error Correction
Red Solomon Coding = 16 bytes
Niveles de Transmisin de Seal :
QPSK,16QAM y 64QAM

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Especificaciones del Downstream
Downstream

Assumes nominal analog video carrier level

Parameter.

(peak envelope power) in a 6MHz channel with


all conditions present concurrently and referenced
to frequencies greater than 88 MHz.

RF channel spacing (BW)

6 MHz

Transit delay, CMTS to most distant


customer

Less than or equal to 0.800 ms

CNR in a 6-MHz band

Not less than 35 dB (analog video level)

C/I ratio for total power (discrete and


broadband ingress signals)

Not less than 35 dB within the design BW

Composite triple-beat distortion for


analog-modulated carriers

Not greater than -50 dBc within the design BW

Composite second-order distortion for


analog-modulated carriers

Not greater than -50 dBc within the design BW

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Especificaciones del Downstream / Cont.
Cross-modulation level

Not greater than -40 dBc within the design BW

Amplitude ripple

0.5 dB within the design BW

Group delay ripple in the spectrum


occupied by the CMTS

75 ns within the design BW

Microreflections bound for dominant


echo

-10 dBc at less than or equal to 0.5 ms


-15 dBc at less than or equal to 1.0 ms
-20 dBc at less than or equal to 1.5 ms
-30 dBc at less than or equal to 1.5 ms

Carrier hum modulation

Not greater than -26 dBc (5 percent)

Burst noise

Less than 25 ms at a 10 Hz average rate

Seasonal and diurnal signal level


variation

8 dB

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Especificaciones del Downstream / Cont.

Signal level slope (50 to 750 MHz)

16 dB

Maximum analog video carrier level at


the CM input, inclusive of above
signal level variations

17 dBmV

Lowest analog video carrier level at


the CM input, inclusive of above
signal level variation

-5 dBmV

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Especificaciones del Upstream
Upstream

Assumes all conditions present concurrently

Frequency range

5 to 42 MHz, edge to edge

Transit delay, most distant CM to nearest CM or


CMTS

Less than or equal to 0.800 ms

Carrier-to-noise ratio

Not less than 25 dB

Carrier-to-ingress power (the sum of discrete


and broadband ingress signals) ratio

Not less than 25 dB

Carrier-to-interference (the sum of noise,


distortion, common path distortion, and
cross-modulation) ratio

Not less than 25 dB

Carrier hum modulation

Not greater than -23 dBc (7 percent)

Burst noise

Not longer than 10 ms at a 1 kHz average rate for most cases

Amplitude ripple

0.5 dB/MHz (5 - 42 MHz)

Group delay ripple

200 ns/MHz (5 - 42 MHz)

Microreflections: single echo

-10 dBc at less than or equal to 0.5 ms


-20 dBc at less than or equal to 1.0 ms
-20 dBc at less than or equal to 1.0 ms

Seasonal and diurnal signal level variation

Not greater than 8 dB min to max

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Modulacin - Velocidad

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Requerimiento Relacin C/N+I

Eb/No: C/N+10 log (1/data rate in bit/s)


+ 10 log (tx-bandwidth in Hz)

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Docsis 1.1 VS Docsis 1.0
Calidad de Servicio (QoS) : Permite priorizar el trfico de
paquetes segn la aplicacin o la importancia del cliente.
Fragmentacin : Fragmentacin de paquetes grandes para
facilitar la asignacin de capacidad para servicios tipo CBR (ej
voz y video)
Concatenacin : Agrupacin de paquetes pequeos para
incrementar el throughput.
Mejora de la Seguridad : Permite autenticacin
Supresin del Encabezamiento del Payload : Mejora la
utilizacin del ancho de banda.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Docsis 2.0
Agrega codificacin S-CDMA
(Synchronous code division multiple access)
Incorpora mayores velocidades de transmisin :
5.12 Msimbolos/seg (canal de 6.4 MHz de BW)
Utiliza modulaciones de mayor orden :
8QAM , 32QAM , 64QAM.
Utiliza mayor correccin de errores (FEC)
Agrega mayor proteccin frente a rafagas de ruido (Reed
Solomon Interleaving).
Agrega mayor proteccin frente a reflexiones

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Docsis 2.0 Velocidades Upstream
Ancho
del canal
6.4 MHz

3.2 MHz

1.6 MHz
0.8 MHz

0.4 MHz
0.2 MHz

Esquema
de Modula
64 QAM
16 QAM
QPSK
64 QAM
16 QAM
QPSK
64 QAM
16 QAM
QPSK
64 QAM
16 QAM
QPSK
64 QAM
16 QAM
QPSK
64 QAM
16 QAM
QPSK

Baud Rate
Sym/sec
5.12 Msym/s
2.56 Msym/s
1.28 Msym/s
640 ksym/s

320 ksym/s
160 ksym/s

Raw Bit Rate


Mbit/sec
30.72
20.48
10.24
15.36
10.24
5.12
7.68
5.12
2.56
3.84
2.56
1.28
1.92
1.28
0.64
1.28
0.64
0.32

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Docsis 2.0
Deben poder coexistir en el mismo dominio MAC
canales tipo TDMA con otros tipos S-CDMA

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Beneficios de Docsis 2.0

Mejora la utilizacin del ancho de banda de upstream al


permitir trabajar en bandas antes prohibidas por problemas de
ruido.
Mejor eficiencia espectral al incorporar modulaciones de
mayor orden.
Permite transmisiones simtricas.
(igual velocidad downstream-upstream)
Mas robusto frente a problemas de ruido
Incorpora canales de mayor ancho de banda lo cual mejora la
multiplexacin estadstica.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de registro de un CM.

Adquisicin del canal.


Obtencin de los parmetros de upstream.
Ajuste fino de los parmetros (ranging)
Respuesta del CMTS
Asignacin de IP
Registro

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Diagrama de registro de un CM.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro - Adquisicin del Canal.
El mdem barre toda la banda buscando un canal de
downstream
Cuando encuentra una seal QAM se detiene e identifica si
transporta informacin mpeg2
Dentro de los paquetes mpeg busca el PID para ver si existen
datos Docsis.
Cuando el mdem encuentra una seal mpeg que transporta
informacin Docsis la adquisicin del canal se considera
exitosa.
La informacin de MAC se pasa a la siguiente capa

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro - Obtencin Parmetros Upstream
El mdem espera recibir Tres mensajes MAC que el CMTS
enva repetidamente en todos los canales de downstream.
El primer mensaje es el Tiempo de sincronizacin (SYNC) que
provee una referencia de tiempo comn a todos los mdems.
El segundo mensaje es un Descriptor del canal de upstream
(UCD) donde se especifica frecuencia de transmisin y
modulacin .
El ultimo mensaje es un Mapa de asignacin de ancho de
banda (MAP) que describe cuando puede transmitir y por
cuanto tiempo.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro - Ranging
El procedimiento de ranging involucra un ajuste fino de los
parmetros de transmisin :
- Ajuste fino de la Referencia de tiempo.
- Ajuste fino de la Frecuencia de transmisin.
- Ajuste fino del Nivel de transmisin (potencia).
Como cada mdem esta a una distancia diferente del CMTS
estos ajustes resultan diferentes para cada equipo

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro - Ranging
El mdem transmite un mensaje al CMTS durante una ventana
de mantenimiento definida en el MAP.
El mdem transmite su pedido de ajuste de ranging basado en su
interpretacin del SYNC y del MAP
EL CMTS debe responder al cable mdem.
Si despus de un tiempo el cable mdem no recibe respuesta
pueden suceder dos cosas:
- Se produjo una colisin con otro cable mdem.
- El nivel de transmisin era muy bajo.
Si el mdem no recibe respuesta a su pedido, deja pasar un
numero aleatorio de ventanas de mantenimiento y vuelve a
transmitir con mayor nivel.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro Respuesta del CMTS
Cuando el CMTS recibe el pedido del mdem detecta :
- Desplazamiento dentro de la ventana de mantenimiento.
- Frecuencia de transmisin del mdem.
- Nivel de seal recibida en el puerto de upstream .
Basado en esta informacin el CMTS determina las correcciones
y se las enva al cable mdem.
Una vez que el CMTS recibe el pedido de mantenimiento el resto
del proceso de ranging se realiza utilizando mini-slots de tiempo
sin que exista riesgo de colisiones.
Al recibir la respuesta del CMTS el mdem ajusta sus parmetros
y emite un segundo pedido de ranging.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro Respuesta del CMTS
El dialogo entre el CMTS y el mdem continua hasta que el
CMTS queda satisfecho con los parmetros que utiliza el
mdem :
- Sincronismo con errores inferiores a 1 microseg.
- Frecuencia de transmisin dentro de +/- 10 Hz.
- Nivel de transmisin dentro de +/- 0.5 dB
Este ciclo de ajuste se realiza cuando el mdem se conecta por
primera vez a la red y se repite segn ciclos de mantenimiento
pre-establecidos en el CMTS para asegurar una comunicacin
continua y confiable.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro Ajuste de SYNC
El ajuste de SYNC requiere compensar los retrasos por :
- Latencia.
- Retardos en la propagacin.
- Tiempos de procesamiento en CMTS y mdem.
Un desplazamiento de tiempo precalculado fuerza al mdem a
transmitir antes del mini-slot asignado.
Todas las transmisiones basadas en ciclos
Request-Grant
Cuando un mdem necesita transmitir pide se le asigne ancho de
banda (request) utilizando una ventana definida en el MAP y el
CMTS le asigna una ventana de transmisin (grant)

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro Asignacin de IP
El mdem requiere establecer conectividad IP
El mdem obtiene una IP a travs del protocolo DHCP
(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
El DHCP corre entre el Mdem y un Servidor de DHCP
administrado por el MSO u otro prestador.
Mientras el Mdem esta activo mantiene su IP pero despus de
un cierto tiempo de inactividad el servidor de DHCP libera esa
IP y la misma puede ser tomada por otro equipo.
Con esta asignacin dinmica se optimiza el uso del rango de
direcciones IP.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro Obtencin de ToD
Una vez que el Mdem obtiene una IP solicita el ToD al server
(Time of Day) para sincronizar su fecha y hora.
El SYNC y el TOD son dos cosas diferentes.
El SYNC es un contador de 32 bits que coloca marcas de
tiempo para el correcto funcionamiento de la capa MAC
(evitar colisiones).
El ToD es informacin de fecha y hora actuales que el mdem
utiliza con ciertos mensajes y archivos log para identificar
cuando se generaron (timestamp) o sincronizar sus mensajes
cuando se utiliza BPI.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Etapas de Registro Registro
El proceso de registro comienza cuando el mdem baja el
archivo de configuracin
La direccin IP del servidor que contiene el nombre del archivo
de configuracin y el nombre del archivo estn en la respuesta
del servidor de DHCP al Mdem.
Para bajar el archivo de configuracin utiliza protocolo TFTP
(Trivial File Transfer Protocol)
El archivo de configuracin lleva informacin de :
- Anchos de banda de Upstream y Downstream.
- Flujos de servicios asignados al cable mdem, BPI, etc.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Tabla de estado de registro.
CM States (as shown in the CMTS)

Meaning

offline

Cable modem considered offline

init(r1)

Cable modem sent initial ranging

init(r2)

Cable modem is ranging

init(rc)

Cable modem ranging complete

init(d)

Dhcp request received

init(i)

Dhcp reply received; IP address assigned

init(t)

TOD exchange started

init(o)

Option file transfer started

online

Cable modem registered, enabled for data

online(d)

Cable modem registered, but network access for the cable modem is disabled

online(pk)

Cable modem registered, BPI enabled and KEK assigned

online(pt)

Cable modem registered, BPI enabled and TEK assigned

reject(pk)

KEK modem key assignment rejected

reject(pt)

TEK modem key assignment rejected

reject(m)

Cable modem did attempt to register; registration was refused due to bad MIC (
Message Integrity Check )

reject(c)

Cable modem did attempt to register; registration was refused due to bad COS (
Class of Service )

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Archivo de configuracin DOCSIS CPE.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Archivo de configuracin DOCSIS RF Info.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Archivo de configuracin DOCSIS Up flujo de Serv.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Archivo de configuracin DOCSIS Ds flujo de Serv.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Archivo de configuracin DOCSIS Us QoS.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Archivo de configuracin DOCSIS Ds QoS.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Ambiente Lab.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.
Leon# show cable modem
Interface
Cable2/0/U0
Cable2/0/U0
Cable2/0/U0
Cable2/0/U0
Cable2/1/U0
Cable2/0/U0
Cable2/0/U0
Cable2/0/U0
Cable3/0/U2
Cable3/0/U2
Cable3/0/U2

Prim Online Timing Rec


Sid State
Offset Power
4
online(d) 2814 -0.50
5
online(pt) 2290 !-0.25
6
offline 2287 -0.25
7
online(d) 2815 -0.25
8
reject(pk) 2856 0.50
9
init(r1) 2813 12.00
10 init(r2) 2289 *4.00
11 init(d)
2813 0.50
12 init(i)
2816 -0.25
13 init(t)
2817 -1.25
14 init(o)
2327 -1.50

QoS CPE IP address


6
5
2
6
7
2
2
2
7
2
6

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

10.1.1.20
10.1.1.25
10.1.1.26
10.1.1.27
10.1.1.30
10.1.1.22
10.1.1.21
0.0.0.0
10.1.1.29
10.1.1.35
10.1.1.40

MAC address
0030.96f9.65d9
0050.7366.2223
0050.7366.2221
0001.9659.4461
00.50.7366.2250
0050.7366.1e01
0050.7366.2224
0050.7366.1e02
0030.96f9.65da
0030.96f9.64de
0030.96f9.65df

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.
Cable2/0/U0 6

offline

2287

-0.25 2

10.1.1.26

0050.7366.2221

El cable mdem no se encuentra conectado a la red de RF o esta apagado.


Dbil carrier signal
Frecuencia central de downstream incorrecta
Frecuencia de downstream incorrecta provisionada en el archivos de DOCSIS
Ausencia de seal de modulacin QAM en el downstream
Incorrecta especificacin de frecuencia central en el CMTS
Incorrecta configuracin de la interfase de cable

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.

Cable2/0/U0 4

online(d) 2814

-0.50 6

10.1.1.20

0030.96f9.65d9

El cable mdem no se encuentra aprovisionado para brindar servicio debido a falta


de pago por parte del subscriptor o por mantenimiento por parte del proveedor de
servicio.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.
Cable2/0/U0 5

online(pt) 2290

-0.25 5

10.1.1.25

0050.7366.2223

El cable mdem se encuentra aprovisionado para brindar servicio, el anexo (pt) indica que
el cable mdem fue aprovisionado para BPI o BPI+.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.
Cable2/1/U0 8

reject(pk) 2856

0.50

10.1.1.30

00.50.7366.2250

El cable mdem no se encuentra aprovisionado de manera adecuada en el token de


autenticamiento.
Alguna sentencia de SNMP provista en el archivo DOCSIS es incorrecta.
El cable mdem no soporta la versin BPI+ o la versin a la cual que quiere
aprovisionar .

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show int cable 2/0 upstream 0 .
Leon# show interfaces cable 2/0 upstream 0
Cable2/0: Upstream 0 is up
Received 46942 broadcasts, 0 multicasts, 205903 unicasts
0 discards, 12874 errors, 0 unknown protocol
252845 packets input, 1 uncorrectable
12871 noise, 0 microreflections
Total Modems On This Upstream Channel : 3 (3 active)
Default MAC scheduler
Queue[Rng Polls] 0/64, fifo queueing, 0 drops
Queue[Cont Mslots] 0/104, fifo queueing, 0 drops
Queue[CIR Grants] 0/64, fair queueing, 0 drops
Queue[BE Grants] 0/64, fair queueing, 0 drops
Queue[Grant Shpr] 0/64, calendar queueing, 0 drops
Reserved slot table currently has 0 CBR entries
Req IEs 77057520, Req/Data IEs 0
Init Mtn IEs 1194343, Stn Mtn IEs 117174
Long Grant IEs 46953, Short Grant IEs 70448
Avg upstream channel utilization : 1%
Avg percent contention slots : 96%
Avg percent initial ranging slots : 4%
Avg percent minislots lost on late MAPs : 0%
Total channel bw reserved 0 bps
CIR admission control not enforced
Current minislot count : 7192093 Flag: 0
Scheduled minislot count : 7192182 Flag: 0

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Debug cable-modem mac log verb.
5w0d: 3084365.172 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE ds_channel_scannie
5w0d: 3084365.172 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 99/805790200/99770
5w0d: 3084365.176 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 98/601780000/79970
5w0d: 3084365.176 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 97/403770100/59570
5w0d: 3084365.176 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 96/73753600/115750
5w0d: 3084365.180 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 95/217760800/39770
5w0d: 3084365.180 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 94/121756000/16970
5w0d: 3084365.180 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 93/175758700/21170
5w0d: 3084365.184 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 92/79753900/857540
5w0d: 3084365.184 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 91/55752700/677530
5w0d: 3084365.188 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 90/177000000/21300
5w0d: 3084365.188 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 89/219000000/22500
5w0d: 3084365.188 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 88/141000000/17100
5w0d: 3084365.192 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 87/135012500/13500
5w0d: 3084365.192 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 86/123012500/12900
5w0d: 3084365.192 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 85/405000000/44700
5w0d: 3084365.196 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 84/339012500/39900
5w0d: 3084365.196 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 83/333025000/33300
5w0d: 3084365.200 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 82/231012500/32700
5w0d: 3084365.200 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 81/111025000/11700
5w0d: 3084365.200 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 80/93000000/105000
5w0d: 3084365.204 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_DS_FREQUENCY_BAND 79/453000000/85500
5w0d: 3084365.204 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_SAVED_DS_FREQUENCY 453000000
5w0d: 3084366.324 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 453000000
5w0d: 3084366.324 CMAC_LOG_DS_TUNER_KEEPALIVE
5w0d: 3084367.440 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 453000000
5w0d: 3084368.556 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 453000000
5w0d: 3084369.672 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 459000000
5w0d: 3084370.788 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 465000000
5w0d: 3084371.904 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 471000000
5w0d: 3084373.020 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 477000000
5w0d: 3084374.136 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 483000000
5w0d: 3084375.252 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 489000000
5w0d: 3084376.368 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 495000000
5w0d: 3084376.368 CMAC_LOG_DS_TUNER_KEEPALIVE
5w0d: 3084377.484 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 501000000
5w0d: 3084378.600 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 507000000
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::::::::::

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Debug cable-modem mac log verb.
4d00h: 345773.916 CMAC_LOG_WILL_SEARCH_SAVED_DS_FREQUENCY 453000000
4d00h: 345774.956 CMAC_LOG_UCD_MSG_RCVD 1
4d00h: 345775.788 CMAC_LOG_DS_64QAM_LOCK_ACQUIRED 453000000
4d00h: 345775.792 CMAC_LOG_DS_CHANNEL_SCAN_COMPLETED
4d00h: 345775.794 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE wait_ucd_state
4d00h: 345776.946 CMAC_LOG_UCD_MSG_RCVD 1
4d00h: 345778.960 CMAC_LOG_UCD_MSG_RCVD 1
4d00h: 345778.962 CMAC_LOG_ALL_UCDS_FOUND
4d00h: 345778.966 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE wait_map_state
4d00h: 345778.968 CMAC_LOG_FOUND_US_CHANNEL 1
4d00h: 345780.996 CMAC_LOG_UCD_MSG_RCVD 1
4d00h: 345781.000 CMAC_LOG_UCD_NEW_US_FREQUENCY 27984000
4d00h: 345781.004 CMAC_LOG_SLOT_SIZE_CHANGED 8 4d00h: 345781.084 CMAC_LOG_UCD_UPDATED
4d00h: 345781.210 CMAC_LOG_MAP_MSG_RCVD
4d00h: 345781.212 CMAC_LOG_INITIAL_RANGING_MINISLOTS 40
4d00h: 345781.216 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE ranging_1_state
4d00h: 345781.220 CMAC_LOG_RANGING_OFFSET_SET_TO 9610
4d00h: 345781.222 CMAC_LOG_POWER_LEVEL_IS 22.0 dBmV (comma)
4d00h: 345781.226 CMAC_LOG_STARTING_RANGING
4d00h: 345781.228 CMAC_LOG_RANGING_BACKOFF_SET 0
4d00h: 345781.232 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_QUEUED 0
4d00h: 345781.272 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
4d00h: 345781.280 CMAC_LOG_RNG_RSP_MSG_RCVD
4d00h: 345781.282 CMAC_LOG_RNG_RSP_SID_ASSIGNED 3
4d00h: 345781.284 CMAC_LOG_ADJUST_RANGING_OFFSET 2288
4d00h: 345781.288 CMAC_LOG_RANGING_OFFSET_SET_TO 11898
4d00h: 345781.292 CMAC_LOG_ADJUST_TX_POWER 7
4d00h: 345781.294 CMAC_LOG_POWER_LEVEL_IS 24.0 dBmV (comma)
4d00h: 345781.298 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE ranging_2_state
4d00h: 345781.302 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_QUEUED 3
4d00h: 345782.298 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
4d00h: 345782.300 CMAC_LOG_RNG_RSP_MSG_RCVD
4d00h: 345782.304 CMAC_LOG_RANGING_SUCCESS
4d00h: 345782.316 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE dhcp_state

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Debug cable-modem mac log verb.
4d00h: 345782.450 CMAC_LOG_DHCP_ASSIGNED_IP_ADDRESS 10.1.1.25
4d00h: 345782.452 CMAC_LOG_DHCP_TFTP_SERVER_ADDRESS 172.17.110.136
4d00h: 345782.456 CMAC_LOG_DHCP_TOD_SERVER_ADDRESS 172.17.110.136
4d00h: 345782.460 CMAC_LOG_DHCP_SET_GATEWAY_ADDRESS
4d00h: 345782.464 CMAC_LOG_DHCP_TZ_OFFSET 0
4d00h: 345782.466 CMAC_LOG_DHCP_CONFIG_FILE_NAME frequency.cm
4d00h: 345782.470 CMAC_LOG_DHCP_ERROR_ACQUIRING_SEC_SVR_ADDR
4d00h: 345782.474 CMAC_LOG_DHCP_COMPLETE
4d00h: 345782.598 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE establish_tod_state
4d00h: 345782.606 CMAC_LOG_TOD_REQUEST_SENT
4d00h: 345782.620 CMAC_LOG_TOD_REPLY_RECEIVED 3178880491
4d00h: 345782.628 CMAC_LOG_TOD_COMPLETE
4d00h: 345782.630 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE security_associate_state
4d00h: 345782.634 CMAC_LOG_SECURITY_BYPASSED
4d00h: 345782.636 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE configuration_file
4d00h: 345782.640 CMAC_LOG_LOADING_CONFIG_FILE frequency.cm
4d00h: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface cable-modem0, changed state to up
4d00h: 345783.678 CMAC_LOG_CONFIG_FILE_PROCESS_COMPLETE
4d00h: 345783.682 CMAC_LOG_DS_FREQ_OVERRIDE 535250000
4d00h: 345783.686 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE reset_hardware_state
4d00h: 345784.048 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE wait_for_link_up_state
4d00h: 345784.052 CMAC_LOG_DRIVER_INIT_IDB_RESET 0x082A5226
4d00h: 345784.054 CMAC_LOG_LINK_DOWN
4d00h: 345784.056 CMAC_LOG_LINK_UP
4d00h: 345784.062 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE ds_channel_scanning_state
4d00h: 345785.198 CMAC_LOG_DS_NO_QAM_FEC_LOCK 535250000
4d00h: 345785.212 CMAC_LOG_DS_TUNER_KEEPALIVE 4d00h: 345787.018 CMAC_LOG_UCD_MSG_RCVD 1
4d00h: 345787.022 CMAC_LOG_DS_64QAM_LOCK_ACQUIRED 453000000

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Debug cable-modem mac log verb.
Cable2/0/U0 6

init(r1)

2813 12.00

10.1.1.22

1w3d: 871160.618 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE ranging_1_state


1w3d: 871160.618 CMAC_LOG_RANGING_OFFSET_SET_TO 9610
1w3d: 871160.622 CMAC_LOG_POWER_LEVEL_IS 19.0 dBmV (comman)
1w3d: 871160.622 CMAC_LOG_STARTING_RANGING
1w3d: 871160.622 CMAC_LOG_RANGING_BACKOFF_SET 0
1w3d: 871160.622 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_QUEUED 0
1w3d: 871160.678 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
1w3d: 871160.682 CMAC_LOG_RNG_RSP_MSG_RCVD
1w3d: 871160.682 CMAC_LOG_RNG_RSP_SID_ASSIGNED 6
1w3d: 871160.682 CMAC_LOG_ADJUST_RANGING_OFFSET 2813
1w3d: 871160.682 CMAC_LOG_RANGING_OFFSET_SET_TO 12423
1w3d: 871160.686 CMAC_LOG_ADJUST_TX_POWER -48
1w3d: 871160.686 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE ranging_2_state
1w3d: 871160.686 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_QUEUED 6
1w3d: 871161.690 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
1w3d: 871161.690 CMAC_LOG_RNG_RSP_MSG_RCVD
1w3d: 871161.694 CMAC_LOG_ADJUST_TX_POWER -36
1w3d: 871161.694 CMAC_LOG_RANGING_CONTINUE
1w3d: 871162.698 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
1w3d: 871162.898 CMAC_LOG_T3_TIMER
1w3d: 871163.734 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
1w3d: 871163.934 CMAC_LOG_T3_TIMER
1w3d: 871164.766 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
1w3d: 871164.966 CMAC_LOG_T3_TIMER 131.CABLEMODEM.CISCO:
1w3d: %UBR900-3-RESET_T3_RETRIES_EXHAUSTED: R03.0 Ranging
1w3d: 871164.966 CMAC_LOG_RESET_T3_RETRIES_EXHAUSTED
1w3d: 871164.966 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE reset_interface_state
1w3d: 871164.966 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE reset_hardware_state

0050.7366.1e01

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.
Cable2/0/U0 10

init(r2)

2289 *4.00

10.1.1.21

0050.7366.2224

El smbolo * en la columna Rec Power indica que el cable mdem se encuentra


utilizando el mtodo de ajuste de ruido.
El smbolo ! en la misma columna indica que en algn momento de su estado de
registro lleg a su mxima potencia de transmisin o existen problemas de atenuacin
en la trayectoria desde el CMTS hasta la acometida a la cual se conecta el cable
mdem.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Debug ip udp.

Leon# debug ip udp


2w5d: UDP: rcvd src=0.0.0.0(68), dst=255.255.255.255(67), length=584
2w5d: UDP: sent src=10.1.1.10(67), dst=172.17.110.136(67), length=604
2w5d: UDP: rcvd src=172.17.110.136(67), dst=10.1.1.10(67), length=308
2w5d: UDP: sent src=0.0.0.0(67), dst=255.255.255.255(68), length=328
2w5d: UDP: rcvd src=0.0.0.0(68), dst=255.255.255.255(67), length=584
2w5d: UDP: sent src=10.1.1.10(67), dst=172.17.110.136(67), length=604
2w5d: UDP: rcvd src=172.17.110.136(67), dst=10.1.1.10(67), length=308
2w5d: UDP: sent src=0.0.0.0(67), dst=255.255.255.255(68), length=328

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Debug cable-modem mac log verb.
1w3d: 865015.920 CMAC_LOG_RANGING_SUCCESS
1w3d: 865015.920 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE dhcp_state
1w3d: 865053.580 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
1w3d: 865053.584 CMAC_LOG_RNG_RSP_MSG_RCVD
1w3d: 865055.924 CMAC_LOG_WATCHDOG_TIMER 131.CABLEMODEM.CISCO:
1w3d: %UBR900-3-RESET_DHCP_WATCHDOG_EXPIRED: Cable Interface Reset due to DHCP watchdog timer expiration
1w3d: 865055.924 CMAC_LOG_RESET_DHCP_WATCHDOG_EXPIRED
1w3d: 865055.924 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE reset_interface_state
1w3d: 865055.924 CMAC_LOG_DHCP_PROCESS_KILLED
1w3d: 865055.924 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE reset_hardware_state

Cable2/0/U0 9

init(d)

2813 0.50

0.0.0.0

0050.7366.1e01

Nota: Cuando un CM se queda en este estado es un claro sntoma que el helper-address esta incorrecto,
se tienen problemas de configuracin en el sistema de aprovisionamiento o ausencia de los comandos
en el CMTS para la opcin 82 de DHCP.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.

Cable3/0/U2 12

init(i)

2815

-0.25

10.1.1.29

0030.96f9.65da

El archivo DOCSIS que se intenta enviar al CM especificado en la poltica es incorrecto.


Problemas en el TFTP server con posibles causas como que es inalcanzable por problemas
de ruteo o incorrecta ip del TFTP en la poltica.
Problemas con el ToD server o Time Offset incorrecto.
Incorrecto configuracin del router en la configuracin de la poltica.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.
Cable3/0/U2 13

init(t)

2817

-1.25

10.1.1.35

Las posibles causas de que este CM se mantenga en este estado son la


ausencia en la configuracin sobre el CMTS de las siguientes lineas:
Leon(config)# cable time-server
Leon(config)# service udp-small-servers max-servers 25

0030.96f9.64de

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.
Cable3/0/U2 14

init(o)

2327

-1.50

10.1.1.40

0030.96f9.65df

La permanencia en este estado de inicializacin es debido a que comenz el envo del


archivo DOCSIS pero fall por alguna de las siguientes causas:
Archivo DOCSIS incorrecto, corrupto o problemas con la configuracin del
archivo.
TFTP inalcanzable o con excesiva carga de trabajo.
Parmetros incorrectos en el contenido del archivo DOCSIS.
O falta de permisos en los archivos de configuracin (UNIX).

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show Cable Modem.
Cable2/0/U0 4 online
2810 -0.75 6 0 10.1.1.20 0030.96f9.65d9
Cable2/0/U0 5 online(pt) 2290 0.25 5 0 10.1.1.25 0050.7366.2223
Cable2/0/U0 7 online(d) 2815 0.00 6 0 10.1.1.27 0001.9659.4461

En este estado con excepcin de online(d), cualquier estado indica


que el registro del cable mdem fue satisfactorio y se encuentra en
operacin.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Debug cable privacy.
Cable2/1/U0 8

reject(pk) 2856

0.50

10.1.1.30

00.50.7366.2250

Leon# debug cable privacy


02:32:08: CMTS Received AUTH REQ.
02:32:08: Created a new CM key for 0030.96f9.65d9.
02:32:08: CMTS generated AUTH_KEY.
02:32:08: Input : 70D158F106B0B75
02:32:08: Public Key:
02:32:08: 0x0000: 30 68 02 61 00 DA BA 93 3C E5 41 7C 20 2C D1 87
02:32:08: 0x0010: 3B 93 56 E1 35 7A FC 5E B7 E1 72 BA E6 A7 71 91
02:32:08: 0x0020: F4 68 CB 86 A8 18 FB A9 B4 DD 5F 21 B3 6A BE CE
02:32:08: 0x0030: 6A BE E1 32 A8 67 9A 34 E2 33 4A A4 0F 8C DB BD
02:32:08: 0x0040: D0 BB DE 54 39 05 B0 E0 F7 19 29 20 8C F9 3A 69
02:32:08: 0x0050: E4 51 C6 89 FB 8A 8E C6 01 22 02 34 C5 1F 87 F6
02:32:08: 0x0060: A3 1C 7E 67 9B 02 03 01 00 01
02:32:08: RSA public Key subject:
02:32:08: 0x0000: 30 7C 30 0D 06 09 2A 86 48 86 F7 0D 01 01 01 05
02:32:08: 0x0010: 00 03 6B 00 30 68 02 61 00 DA BA 93 3C E5 41 7C
02:32:08: 0x0020: 20 2C D1 87 3B 93 56 E1 35 7A FC 5E B7 E1 72 BA
02:32:08: 0x0030: E6 A7 71 91 F4 68 CB 86 A8 18 FB A9 B4 DD 5F 21
02:32:08: 0x0040: B3 6A BE CE 6A BE E1 32 A8 67 9A 34 E2 33 4A A4
02:32:08: 0x0050: 0F 8C DB BD D0 BB DE 54 39 05 B0 E0 F7 19 29 20
02:32:08: 0x0060: 8C F9 3A 69 E4 51 C6 89 FB 8A 8E C6 01 22 02 34
02:32:08: 0x0070: C5 1F 87 F6 A3 1C 7E 67 9B 02 03 01 00 01
02:32:08: RSA encryption result = 0
02:32:08: RSA encrypted output:
02:32:08: 0x0000: B6 CA 09 93 BF 2C 05 66 9D C5 AF 67 0F 64 2E 31
02:32:08: 0x0010: 67 E4 2A EA 82 3E F7 63 8F 01 73 10 14 4A 24 ED

02:32:08: 0x0020: 65 8F 59 D8 23 BC F3 A8 48 7D 1A 08 09 BF A3 A8
02:32:08: 0x0030: D6 D2 5B C4 A7 36 C4 A9 28 F0 6C 5D A1 3B 92 A2
02:32:08: 0x0040: BC 99 CC 1F C9 74 F9 FA 76 83 ED D5 26 B4 92 EE
02:32:08: 0x0050: DD EA 50 81 C6 29 43 4F 73 DA 56 C2 29 AF 05 53
02:32:08: CMTS sent AUTH response.
02:32:08: CMTS Received TEK REQ.
02:32:08: Created a new key for SID 2.
02:32:08: CMTS sent KEY response.

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Debug cable privacy.
Cable2/1/U0 8

reject(pk) 2856

0.50

10.1.1.30

00.50.7366.2250

Leon# debug cable privacy (Cuando falla la autorizacin).


6d02h: 527617.480 CMAC_LOG_CONFIG_FILE_PROCESS_COMPLETE
6d02h: 527617.480 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE registration_state
6d02h: 527617.484 CMAC_LOG_REG_REQ_MSG_QUEUED
6d02h: 527617.488 CMAC_LOG_REG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
6d02h: 527617.492 CMAC_LOG_REG_RSP_MSG_RCVD
6d02h: 527617.492 CMAC_LOG_COS_ASSIGNED_SID 1/2
6d02h: 527617.492 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_QUEUED 2
6d02h: 527617.492 CMAC_LOG_REGISTRATION_OK
6d02h: 527617.496 CMAC_LOG_STATE_CHANGE establish_privacy_state
6d02h: 527617.496 CMAC_LOG_PRIVACY_FSM_STATE_CHANGE machine: KEK, event/state: EVENT_1_PROVISIONED/STATE_A_START,
new state: STATE_B_AUTH_WAIT
6d02h: 527617.504 CMAC_LOG_BPKM_REQ_TRANSMITTED
6d02h: 527617.504 CMAC_LOG_BPKM_RSP_MSG_RCVD
6d02h: 527617.508 CMAC_LOG_PRIVACY_FSM_STATE_CHANGE machine: KEK, event/state: EVENT_2_AUTH_REJECT/STATE_B_AUTH_WAIT,
new state: STATE_E_AUTH_REJ_WAIT 129.CABLEMODEM.CISCO:
6d02h: %CMBPKM-1-AUTHREJECT: Authorization request rejected by CMTS: Unauthorized CM
6d02h: 527618.588 CMAC_LOG_RNG_REQ_TRANSMITTED
6d02h: 527618.592 CMAC_LOG_RNG_RSP_MSG_RCVD

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Debug cable privacy.

Cable2/1/U0 8

reject(pk) 2856

0.50

10.1.1.30

00.50.7366.2250

02:47:00: CMTS Received AUTH REQ.


02:47:00: Sending KEK REJECT.
02:47:05: %UBR7200-5-UNAUTHSIDTIMEOUT: CMTS deleted BPI unauthorized Cable Modem 0030.96f9.65d9

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show controller Int Cable 2/0
Leon# show controllers cable 2/0
Interface Cable2/0
Hardware is MC16B
BCM3210 revision=0x56B0
idb 0x619705D8 MAC regs 0x3D100000 PLX regs 0x3D000000
rx ring entries 1024 tx ring entries 128 MAP tx ring entries 128
Rx ring 0x4B0607C0 shadow 0x6198DDF8 head 272
Tx ring 0x4B062800 shadow 0x6198EE68 head 127 tail 127 count 0
MAP Tx ring 0x4B062C40 shadow 0x6198F2D8 head 33 tail 33 count 0
MAP timer sourced from slot 2
throttled 0 enabled 0 disabled 0
Rx: spurious 769 framing_err 0 hcs_err 1 no_buffer 0 short_pkt 0
no_enqueue 0 no_enp 0 miss_count 0 latency 8
invalid_sid 0 invalid_mac 0 bad_ext_hdr_pdu 0 concat 0 bad-concat 0
Tx: full 0 drop 0 stuck 0 latency 0
MTx: full 0 drop 0 stuck 0 latency 9
Slots 132642 NoUWCollNoEngy 2 FECorHCS 1 HCS 1
Req 1547992064 ReqColl 0 ReqNoise 14211 ReqNoEnergy 1547905820
ReqData 0 ReqDataColl 0 ReqDataNoise 0 ReqDataNoEnergy 0
Rng 89613 RngColl 0 RngNoise 255
FECBlks 248575 UnCorFECBlks 2 CorFECBlks 0
MAP FIFO overflow 0, Rx FIFO overflow 0, No rx buf 0
DS FIFO overflow 0, US FIFO overflow 0, US stuck 0
Bandwidth Requests= 0x11961 Piggyback Requests= 0xECC1 Ranging Requests= 0x15D15 Timing Offset = 0x0 Bad bandwidth Requests= 0x0
No MAP buffer= 0x0
Cable2/0 Downstream is up
Frequency not set, Channel Width 6 MHz, 64-QAM, Symbol Rate 5.056941 Msps
FEC ITU-T J.83 Annex B, R/S Interleave I=32, J=4
Downstream channel ID: 0

Introduccin a DOCSIS
Troubleshooting Show controller Int Cable 2/0 Up 0
Leon#Show controller interface cable 2/0 upstream 0
Cable2/0 Upstream 0 is up
Frequency 27.984 MHz, Channel Width 1.600 MHz, QPSK Symbol Rate 1.280 Msps
Spectrum Group is overridden
SNR 29.8280 dB
Nominal Input Power Level 0 dBmV, Tx Timing Offset 2815
Ranging Backoff automatic (Start 0, End 3)
Ranging Insertion Interval automatic (60 ms)
Tx Backoff Start 0, Tx Backoff End 4
Modulation Profile Group 1
Concatenation is enabled
part_id=0x3137, rev_id=0x03, rev2_id=0xFF
nb_agc_thr=0x0000, nb_agc_nom=0x0000
Range Load Reg Size=0x58
Request Load Reg Size=0x0E
Minislot Size in number of Timebase Ticks is = 8
Minislot Size in Symbols = 64
Bandwidth Requests = 0x11969
Piggyback Requests = 0xECC8
Invalid BW Requests= 0x0
Minislots Requested= 0x1C13EF
Minislots Granted = 0x1C13EF
Minislot Size in Bytes = 16
Map Advance (Dynamic) : 2454 usecs
UCD Count = 40287

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Hardware components.

uBR 10012
Opera con cable mdems o STBs que soporten DOCSIS 1.0, 1.1, 2.0 y soporta canales de
6 MHz acorde al estndar americano ITU J.83 annex B para plantas de RF standard.
Soporta seales de modulacin digital del rango de entre los 70 a los 860 MHz de frecuencia
para el Downstream.
Soporta seales de modulacin digital del rango de entre los 5 a los 65 MHz de frecuencia
para el Upstream.
Soporta voz y datos sobre plantas de cable bidireccionales.
Utiliza la misma tecnologa que los routers de frontera Cisco ESR10000.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Hardware components Descripciones.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Hardware components Descripciones.

Ventiladores

DC Power Entry Modules (DC


PEMs)

Panel de LCD.

Interfases de Cable:
MC520 o MC28

Mdulos de ruteo o
(PRE
performance
routing engine)

Interfases de alta velocidad


como GBics en fibra o
cobre.

Conectores para
tierra fsica.

Tarjetas de sincrona,
comunicacin y control +
TCC+ o TCC

Cable de corriente
DC o AC
dependiendo del
tipo de fuente.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Hardware components Especificaciones.
Table 1 Specifications for Operating and Nonoperating Environments
Specification

Minimum

Maximum

Temperature, ambient operating

41F (5C)

104F (40C)

Temperature, ambient nonoperating and


storage

-40F (-40C)

158F (70C)

Humidity, ambient (nonconducting)


operating

5%

85%

Humidity, ambient (noncondensing)


nonoperating and storage

5%

95%

Altitude, operating and nonoperating

-197 ft (-60 m)

13,123 ft (4000 m)

Vibration, operating

5 to 200 Hz, 0.5 g (1 octet/min.)

Vibration, nonoperating

5 to 200 Hz, 1 g (1 octet/min.)


200 to 500 Hz, 2 g (1 octet/min.)

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Hardware components Acceso.
Consola
Para configurar el uBR10k es necesario contar con un
emulador de terminal con los siguientes parmetros:
9600 baud
8 data bits
1 stop bit
No parity
No flow control

*** Adems del cable para consola provisto en el equipo.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Hardware components Acceso.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Hardware components Almacenamiento.

PCMCIA
El

uBR10012 utiliza PCMCIAs que van desde los 48 Mb hasta los 128 Mb por lo menos una en cada PRE
para el almacenamiento del IOS y otros archivos necesarios para la operacin del CMTS.

Bootflash
El

uBR10012 contiene esta memoria integrada en cada PRE, en este dispositivo de almacenamiento se guardan
el IOS necesario para el reconocimiento de los componentes bsicos del equipo.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Acceso.

Router>
Cuando

el equipo termina su proceso de arranque entrega un prompt Router> el cual indica que es el modo
de usuario en el cual se tienen permisos mnimos.

Router#
Para

tener acceso privilegiado es necesario ejecutar el comando enable sobre prompt de usuario con el cual
nos solicitar el password del mismo y nos mostrar el siguiente prompt Router# con este nivel de acceso
podemos realizar o ejecutar comandos que en el modo de usuario no son permitidos a menos que se configuren
niveles de acceso brindando privilegios a comandos que por default no est permitido ejecutar.

Router(conf)#
Para tener acceso a modo configuracin es necesario encontrarse en el modo privilegiado y ejecutar el
comando configure terminal y con este se tiene acceso a una gama de comandos con los que se puede
aprovisionar el CMTS.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin show version.
Router# Show Version
Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
IOS (tm) 10000 Software (UBR10K2-K8P6U2-M), Version 12.3(23)BC4, RELEASE
SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2008 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Wed 03-Sep-08 14:59 by tinhuang
Image text-base: 0x60010F0C, data-base: 0x62A8DB40
ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.0(20020314:211744) [REL-pulsar_sx.ios-rommon
112], DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE
uBR-Cordoba uptime is 23 hours, 52 minutes
System returned to ROM by power-on
System image file is "disk0:ubr10k2-k8p6u2-mz.123-23.BC4.bin"

This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United


States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and
use. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply
third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption.
Importers, exporters, distributors and users are responsible for
compliance with U.S. and local country laws. By using this product you
agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations. If you are unable
to comply with U.S. and local laws, return this product immediately.
A summary of U.S. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at:
http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg.html
If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to
export@cisco.com.
cisco uBR10000 (PRE2-RP) processor with 946175K/98304K bytes of memory.
Processor board ID SPE1222007P
R7000 CPU at 500MHz, Implementation 39, Rev 5.1, 256KB L2, 8192KB L3 Cache
Backplane version 1.1, 8 slot

Router# Show Version / Continuacin


Last reset from power-on
PXF processor tmc0 is running.
PXF processor tmc1 is running.
PXF processor tmc2 is running.
PXF processor tmc3 is running.
2 TCC card(s)
1 FastEthernet/IEEE 802.3 interface(s)
2 Gigabit Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 interface(s)
10 Cable Modem network interface(s)
2045K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.
125440K bytes of ATA PCMCIA card at slot 0 (Sector size 512 bytes).
65536K bytes of Flash internal SIMM (Sector size 512KB).
Secondary is up.
Secondary has 1044480K bytes of memory.
Configuration register is 0x2102

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin show diag.
Router# Show diag 1/0

Router# Show diag 1/0 /Continuacin.

Slot/Subslot 1/0:
2jacket-1 card, 0 ports
Card is full slot size
Card is analyzed
Card detected 12:16:52 ago
Card uptime 0 days, 12 hours, 16 minutes, 53 seconds
Card idle time 0 days, 11 hours, 3 minutes, 46 seconds
Voltage status: 3.3V Nominal 2.5V Nominal 1.5V Nominal 12V Nominal
EEPROM contents, slot 1/0:
Hardware Revision : 1.0
Top Assy. Part Number : 800-22843-04
Board Revision : 01
Deviation Number : 0-0
Fab Version : 04
PCB Serial Number : CSJ09030613
RMA Test History : 00
RMA Number : 0-0-0-0
RMA History : 00
CLEI Code :
LCMON version, slot 1/0
LCDOS (Ferrari-BOOT : DEVELOPMENT BUILD xxxxxx-flot_spa_lc_2
/vob/lcdos/obj-c10k-pq2-lcmon2 104)
Built by xxxxxx at Mon Apr 17 13:49:38 2006.

Reset reason 0x00000003/0x2 (PRE hard reset).


Operational Image version, slot 1/0
LCDOS (C10000 2 Bay SPA Jacket (JACKET2) Image :
DEVELOPMENT BUILD xxxxxx
/vob/lcdos/obj-c10k-jacket 101) major version 1147325083.
Built by xxxxxx at Wed May 10 22:24:44 2006.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin El orden de los slots.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Recomendaciones de memoria.

Feature Set
DOCSIS BPI IP Plus

DOCSIS Base 3 DES

Cisco
uBR10012
Route Processor

Software Image

Recommended
Flash
Memory

Recommended
DRAM
Memory1

Runs
From

PRE1

ubr10k-k8p6-mz

48MB

512 MB

RAM

PRE2

ubr10k2-k8p6-mz

48MB

1.0 GB

RAM

PRE1

ubr10k-k9p6-mz

48MB

512 MB

RAM

PRE2

ubr10k2-k9p6-mz

48MB

1.0 GB

RAM

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Conectores e interfases.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Interfases de Cable.
interface Cable5/0/0

Continuacin

Continuacin

description canal 108 F = 705 Mhz


no ip address
cable tftp-enforce
no cable packet-cache
cable insertion-interval automatic 25 500
cable bundle 1
cable downstream channel-id 0
cable downstream annex B
cable downstream modulation 256qam
cable downstream interleave-depth 32
cable downstream frequency 705000000
no cable downstream rf-shutdown
cable upstream max-ports 4
cable upstream 0 description Pluviosilla
cable upstream 0 connector 0
cable upstream 0 frequency 37000000
cable upstream 0 docsis-mode atdma
cable upstream 0 channel-width 6400000 6400000
cable upstream 0 minislot-size 1
cable upstream 0 power-level 1
cable upstream 0 range-backoff 3 6
cable upstream 0 modulation-profile 221
cable upstream 0 rate-limit token-bucket
no cable upstream 0 shutdown

cable upstream 1 description Mariano Escobedo


cable upstream 1 connector 1
cable upstream 1 frequency 36000000
cable upstream 1 docsis-mode tdma-atdma
cable upstream 1 channel-width 3200000 3200000
cable upstream 1 minislot-size 2
cable upstream 1 power-level 1
cable upstream 1 range-backoff 3 6
cable upstream 1 modulation-profile 121
cable upstream 1 rate-limit token-bucket
no cable upstream 1 shutdown
cable upstream 2 description Espinal
cable upstream 2 connector 2
cable upstream 2 frequency 36000000
cable upstream 2 docsis-mode tdma
cable upstream 2 channel-width 3200000 3200000
cable upstream 2 minislot-size 2
cable upstream 2 power-level 0
cable upstream 2 range-backoff 3 6
cable upstream 2 modulation-profile 23
cable upstream 2 rate-limit token-bucket
no cable upstream 2 shutdown

cable upstream 3 description Univo


cable upstream 3 connector 3
cable upstream 3 frequency 36000000
cable upstream 3 docsis-mode tdma
cable upstream 3 channel-width 3200000 3200000
cable upstream 3 minislot-size 2
cable upstream 3 power-level 0
cable upstream 3 range-backoff 3 6
cable upstream 3 modulation-profile 23
cable upstream 3 rate-limit token-bucket
no cable upstream 3 shutdown
cable privacy accept-self-signed-certificate
cable privacy mandatory
cable privacy authenticate-modem
cable privacy tek grace-time 650
!

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Configurando Cable Bundling.

Pasos para la configuracin de interface


Bundle
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. interface cable x/y/z
4. cable bundle n master
5. ip address ip-address subnet
6. (any other Layer 3 configuration parameters)
7. interface cable x/y/z
8. no ip address
9. cable bundle n
10. End
!

Ejemplo:
interface Cable5/0/0
description canal 108 F = 705 Mhz
no ip address
cable tftp-enforce
no cable packet-cache
cable insertion-interval automatic 25 500
cable bundle 1

interface Bundle1
ip address 10.95.0.1 255.255.0.0 secondary
ip address 10.94.0.1 255.255.0.0
.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Configurando Cable Bundling.
Una interfase bundle soporta:
IP Address
IP helper, cable helper
Dhcp-giaddr
Sub-interfases
Source verify
Lease-query
Address Resolution Protocol (Cable ARP filtering y Proxy ARP)
Cable match
Listas de control de acceso (ACLs)
Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM)

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Configurando Cable source-verify.
Configuracin de cable sourceverify
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. interface cable x/y o interface bundle x
4. cable source-verify [dhcp | leasetimer value]
5. no cable arp
6. exit

Ejemplo: de cable source-verify


interface Bundle1
ip address 10.95.0.1 255.255.0.0 secondary
ip address 10.94.0.1 255.255.0.0
cable source-verify dhcp
..

Nota: este comando enriquece la seguridad en DHCP servers externos


obligando a el cable mdem a solo aceptar aprovisionamiento del DHCP
server indicado en la poltica.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Configurando Cable dhcp-giadrr.
Configuracin de cable dhcp-giaddr
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. ip dhcp relay information check
4. ip dhcp smart-relay
5. interface cable x/y o interface bundle
6. cable dhcp-giaddr policy
7. cable helper-address address [cable-modem | host | stb | mta]
8. cable dhcp-giaddr policy
9. exit

Ejemplo: de cable dhcp-giaddr


interface Bundle1
ip address 10.95.0.1 255.255.0.0 secondary
ip address 10.94.0.1 255.255.0.0
ip accounting output-packets
cable arp filter request-send 3 2
cable arp filter reply-accept 3 2
cable source-verify dhcp
cable dhcp-giaddr policy strict
cable helper-address 201.159.1.202

Nota: este comando enriquece la


seguridad en DHCP servers externos
obligando a el cable mdem a solo aceptar
aprovisionamiento del DHCP server
indicado en la poltica, adems de respetar
los pool de direcciones asignados a cada
unos de los segmentos ya sean PCs, MTAs,
STBs o cable mdems.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Configurando ToD server.

Configuracin de cable time-server


1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. service udp-small-servers max-servers no-limit
4. cable time-server
5. exit

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Configurando el downstream.
Configuracin del downstream
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. Interface cable 5/0/0
4. cable downstream annex [A | B]
5. cable downstream modulation [64QAM | 256QAM]
6. cable downstream frequency [54000000 - 860000000]
7. no cable downstream rf-shutdown
8. exit

Ejemplo: de conf. de downstream


interface Cable5/0/0

cable downstream channel-id 0


cable downstream annex B
cable downstream modulation 256qam
cable downstream interleave-depth 32
cable downstream frequency 705000000
no cable downstream rf-shutdown
..

4. Annex A | B: indica si se utilizar DOCSIS o


EURODOCSIS
5. Tipos de modulacin utilizadas en CMTS Cisco 64 o
256QAM
6. Rango de frecuencias permitidas con un ancho de
canal de 6MHz
7. El comando no cable downstream rf-shutdown
activa el modulador integrado de la tarjeta MC520 para
ese downstream en particular ya que de no activarse
genera frecuencia intermedia y se requiere de un
modulador externo.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Configurando el upstream en docsis 2.0.
Configuracin del upstream en 2.0
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. Interface cable 5/0/0
4. cable upstream 0 frequency [5000000-42000000 | spectrum-group]
5. cable upstream 0 docsis-mode [tdma | tdma-atdma | atdma]
6. cable upstream 0 channel-width [200000-6400000]
7. cable upstream 0 modulation-profile [221 230]
8. no cable upstream 0 shutdown
9. exit

Ejemplo: de conf. de downstream


interface Cable5/0/0

cable upstream 0 frequency 37000000


cable upstream 0 docsis-mode atdma
cable upstream 0 channel-width 6400000 6400000
cable upstream 0 modulation-profile 221
no cable upstream 0 shutdown
..

4. Para DOCSIS 2.0 la frecuencia es del tipo narrowcast


lo cual indica que no es posible asignar un grupo de
frecuencias solo una unica freceuncia.
5. Para DOCSIS 2.0 es necesario configurar atdma y
que los cable mdems que se encuentren en ese nodo
sean DOCSIS 2.0
6. El ancho del canal puede ser de 3.2 o 6.4 MHz
aunque lo ptimo es utilizar 6.4 MHz para brindar un
ancho de banda mayor
7. Asignacin del profile de modulacin adecuado para
DOCSIS 2.0.
8. Activa ese puerto de upstream en particular.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Configuracin Configurando el upstream en docsis 2.0 1.X.
Configuracin del upstream en 2.0 - 1.X
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. Interface cable 5/0/0
4. cable upstream 0 frequency [5000000-42000000 | spectrum-group]
5. cable upstream 0 docsis-mode [tdma | tdma-atdma | atdma]
6. cable upstream 0 channel-width [200000-3200000]
7. cable upstream 0 modulation-profile [121 130]
8. no cable upstream 0 shutdown
9. exit

Ejemplo: de conf. de downstream


interface Cable5/0/0

cable upstream 0 frequency 37000000


cable upstream 0 docsis-mode tdma-atdma
cable upstream 0 channel-width 3200000 3200000
cable upstream 0 modulation-profile 121
no cable upstream 0 shutdown
..

5. Para DOCSIS mixed es necesario configurar tdmaatdma ya que soporta cuaquier tipo de cablemodems.
6. El ancho del canal puede ser de 1.6 o 3.2 MHz
aunque lo ptimo es utilizar 3.2 MHz.
7. Asignacin del profile de modulacin adecuado para
DOCSIS 2.0-1.X.
8. Activa ese puerto de upstream en particular.

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Monitoreo Confirmacin de la configuracin de un downstream.
Router# show controller cable 5/0/0 downstream

Cable5/0/0 Upconverter is Enabled Output is Enabled


Model: 74-3153-06 Serial Number: 0WAV112000G8
HW Rev: PC2D0109 SW Rev: 204, NVRAM Rev: 021 ECI number FFFFFF
Downstream Frequency 705.0000 MHz
RF Power 55.0 dBmV
Cable5/0/0 Downstream is up
Frequency 705.0000 MHz, Channel Width 6 MHz, 256-QAM, Symbol Rate 5.360537 Msps
FEC ITU-T J.83 Annex B, R/S Interleave I=32, J=4
Downstream channel ID: 0
Dynamic Services Stats:
DSA: 0 REQs 0 RSPs 0 ACKs
0 Successful DSAs 0 DSA Failures
DSC: 0 REQs 0 RSPs 0 ACKs
0 Successful DSCs 0 DSC Failures
DSD: 0 REQs 0 RSPs
0 Successful DSDs 0 DSD Failures
DCC: 0 REQs 0 RSPs 0 ACKs
0 Successful DCCs 0 DCC Failures
DCC end of transaction counts:
DCC unknown cause(0) offline(0) if down(0) no cm(0)
DCC no resource(0) no retries(0) reject(0) unknown state (0)
DCC rebuild err (0) T15 timeout(0) wrong channel(0) reinit MAC (0)
DCC dcc succeeds(0)
DCC wcm(0)
Local total modems 0, modems active 0, total DS flows 1

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Monitoreo Confirmacin de la configuracin de un Upstream 2.0.
Router# show controller cable 5/0/0 upstream 0
Cable5/0/0 Upstream 0 is up
Frequency 37.000 MHz, Channel Width 6.400 MHz, 64-QAM Symbol Rate
5.120 Msps
This upstream is mapped to physical port 0
Spectrum Group is overridden
MER(SNR) - Unknown - no modems online.
Nominal Input Power Level 1 dBmV, Tx Timing Offset 0
Ranging Backoff Start 3, Ranging Backoff End 6
US timing offset adjustment type 0, value 0
Ranging Insertion Interval automatic (25 ms)
US throttling off
Tx Backoff Start 3, Tx Backoff End 5
Modulation Profile Group 221
Concatenation is enabled
Fragmentation is enabled
part_id=0x3140, rev_id=0x03, rev2_id=0x00
nb_agc_thr=0x0000, nb_agc_nom=0x0000
Range Load Reg Size=0x58
Request Load Reg Size=0x0E
Minislot Size in number of Timebase Ticks is = 1
Minislot Size in Symbols = 32
Bandwidth Requests = 0x0

Router# show controller cable 5/0/0 upstream 0


Continuacion
Piggyback Requests = 0x0
Invalid BW Requests= 0x0
Minislots Requested= 0x0
Minislots Granted = 0x0
Minislot Size in Bytes = 24
Map Advance (Dynamic) : 1880 usecs
Map Count = 34001788
Remote Map Counts: (none)
UCD Count = 35052
Remote UCD Counts: (none)
ATDMA mode enabled
MAP/UCD Replication Instructions:

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Monitoreo Confirmacin de la configuracin de un Ups 2.0-1.X.
Router# show controller cable 5/0/0 upstream 1
Cable5/0/0 Upstream 1 is up
Frequency 36.000 MHz, Channel Width 3.200 MHz, 64-QAM Symbol Rate
2.560 Msps
This upstream is mapped to physical port 1
Spectrum Group is overridden
MER(SNR) - Unknown - no modems online.
Nominal Input Power Level 1 dBmV, Tx Timing Offset 0
Ranging Backoff Start 3, Ranging Backoff End 6
US timing offset adjustment type 0, value 0
Ranging Insertion Interval automatic (25 ms)
US throttling off
Tx Backoff Start 3, Tx Backoff End 5
Modulation Profile Group 121
Concatenation is enabled
Fragmentation is enabled
part_id=0x3140, rev_id=0x03, rev2_id=0x00
nb_agc_thr=0x0000, nb_agc_nom=0x0000
Range Load Reg Size=0x58
Request Load Reg Size=0x0E
Minislot Size in number of Timebase Ticks is = 2
Minislot Size in Symbols = 32
Bandwidth Requests = 0x0

Router# show controller cable 5/0/0 upstream 1


Continuacion
Piggyback Requests = 0x0
Invalid BW Requests= 0x2
Minislots Requested= 0x0
Minislots Granted = 0x0
Minislot Size in Bytes = 24
Map Advance (Dynamic) : 1880 usecs
Map Count = 34001766
Remote Map Counts: (none)
UCD Count = 35052
Remote UCD Counts: (none)
MAP/UCD Replication Instructions:

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Monitoreo Modulation Profiles

Profile Numbers

Linecards

DOCSIS Mode

110

MC28C & MC16x

TDMA

2130

MC5x20S

TDMA

121130

MC5x20S

TDMA-ATDMA

221230

MC5x20S

ATDMA

4150

MC28U

TDMA

141150

MC28U

TDMA-ATDMA

241250

MC28U

ATDMA

361370

MX5x20T

SCDMA

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Monitoreo Show cable modem mac
Router# show cable modem mac
MAC Address MAC
Prim Ver
Prov
Frag Concat PHS Priv DS US
State
Sid
Saids Sids
0007.0e03.69a1 online
2 DOC1.1 DOC1.1 yes yes
yes BPI+ 0
4
0007.0e03.6a05 online
3 DOC1.1 DOC1.1 yes yes
yes BPI+ 0
4
0007.0e03.6981 online
4 DOC1.1 DOC1.1 yes yes
yes BPI+ 0
4
0007.0e03.69e9 online
2 DOC1.1 DOC1.1 yes yes
yes BPI+ 0
4
0090.963e.d312 online(pt) 4 DOC1.1 DOC1.0 no yes
yes BPI 8
4
0008.0e06.7a90 online(pt) 56 DOC1.0 DOC1.0 no yes
no BPI 0
0
0002.8a0e.a392 online(pt) 57 DOC1.0 DOC1.0 no no
no BPI 0
0
0000.39e8.9a4e online(pt) 58 DOC1.0 DOC1.0 no yes
no BPI 0
0
0000.39ac.4e57 online
151 DOC2.0 DOC1.0 no yes
no BPI 0
0
0090.963e.d314 online(pt) 152 DOC1.1 DOC1.0 no yes
yes BPI 8
4
0008.0e06.7ab8 online(pt) 153 DOC2.0 DOC1.1 no yes
no BPI 0
0
0007.0e03.6cf5 online(pt) 154 DOC1.0 DOC1.0 no yes
no BPI 0
0
0007.0e03.69f1 online
155 DOC1.1 DOC1.0 no yes
yes BPI+ 0
4
0007.0e03.6855 online
156 DOC1.1 DOC1.0 no yes
yes BPI+ 0
4
0007.0e03.6ca1 online
157 DOC1.1 DOC1.0 no yes
yes BPI+ 0
4
0050.daf8.0296 online(pt) 158 DOC1.0 DOC1.0 no no
no BPI 0
0
0002.8a0e.a38c online(pt) 159 DOC2.0 DOC2.0 no no
no BPI 0
0
Router#

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Monitoreo Show cable modem mac
Router# show cable modem mac summary
Cable Modem Summary
------------------Mac Version Provision Mode
Interface
Total
Cable3/0/U1 1
Cable3/0/U2 1
Cable3/0/U3 1
Cable3/1/U0 1
Cable3/1/U1 1
Cable3/1/U2 3
Cable6/0/U1 9
Cable6/0/U2 1
Cable6/0/U2 2
Router#

DOC2.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
2

DOC1.1
1
1
1
1
0
1
5
1
0

DOC1.0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
0
0

Reg/Online
1
1
1
1
1
3
9
1
2

DOC 2.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
2

DOC1.1
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0

DOC1.0
0
0
0
1
1
2
8
1
0

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Monitoreo Configuracin de etherchannel
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. interface port-channel number
4. exit
5. interface gigabitethernet slot/{subslot}/port
or
6. interface fastethernet slot/(subslot}/port
7. shutdown
8. channel-group number
9. no shutdown
10. Ctrl-Z

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Monitoreo Configuracin de etherchannel
Router# show interfaces port-channel 1
Port-channel1 is up, line protocol is up
Hardware is FEChannel, address is 000b.bf7d.9c1c (bia 000b.bf7d.9c00)
Description: test
Internet address is 100.100.100.1/24
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 400000 Kbit, DLY 100 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 11/255, rxload 11/255
Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set
Keepalive set (10 sec)
ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00
No. of members in this channel: 4
No. of configured members in this channel: 4
No. of passive members in this channel: 0
No. of active members in this channel: 4
Member 0 : FastEthernet2/1 , Full-duplex, 100Mb/s
Member 1 : FastEthernet2/0 , Full-duplex, 100Mb/s
Member 2 : FastEthernet1/1 , Full-duplex, 100Mb/s
Member 3 : FastEthernet1/0 , Full-duplex, 100Mb/s
No. of Non-active members in this channel: 0
Last input 00:14:48, output never, output hang never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
Input queue: 0/300/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
Queueing strategy: fifo
Output queue: 0/160 (size/max)
30 second input rate 17358000 bits/sec, 9998 packets/sec
30 second output rate 17357000 bits/sec, 9998 packets/sec
869366601 packets input, 3968956491 bytes
Received 3 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored
0 watchdog
0 input packets with dribble condition detected
868944538 packets output, 3876736548 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 interface resets
0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred
0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Monitoreo Show cable flap
uBR7100# show cable flap-list
Mac Addr
CableIF
0010.9500.461f C1/0 U1
0010.9500.446e C1/0 U1
0010.9500.38ec C1/0 U2
0010.9500.4474 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.4672 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.38f0 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.e8cb C1/0 U2
0010.9500.38f6 C1/0 U3
0010.9500.4671 C1/0 U3
0010.9500.38eb C1/0 U0
0010.9500.3ce2 C1/0 U0
0010.9500.e8d0 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.4674 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.4677 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.4614 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.3be9 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.4609 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.3cb8 C1/0 U2
0010.9500.460d C1/0 U3
0010.9500.3cba C1/0 U3
0010.9500.3cb4 C1/0 U3
0010.9500.4612 C1/0 U3
Router#

Ins
56
38
63
65
56
50
0
50
43
57
44
0
56
40
40
63
55
49
46
39
38
38

Hit
Miss CRC P-Adj Flap Time
18857 887 0 1
116
Jun 1 14:09:12
18686 2935 0 1
80
Jun 2 19:03:57
18932 1040 0 8
138 Jun 2 23:50:53
18913 1053 0 3
137 Jun 2 09:30:09
18990 2327 0 6
124 Jun 2 10:44:14
18964 2083 0 5
111 Jun 2 20:46:56
6537 183 0 1
5
Jun 2 22:35:48
19016 2511 0 2 104 Jun 2 07:46:31
18755 3212 1 1
89
Jun 1 19:36:20
36133 1608 0 6 126 Jun 2 20:04:58
35315 1907 0 4
99
Jun 2 16:42:47
13213 246 0 1
5
Jun 3 04:15:30
36037 2379 0 4
121 Jun 3 00:34:12
35781 2381 0 4
91 Jun 2 12:14:38
21810 2362 0 502 586 Jun 2 21:43:02
22862 969 0 0 128 Jun 1 14:09:03
22723 2127 0 0
112 Jun 1 14:08:02
22607 1378 0 0 102 Jun 1 14:08:58
22477 2967 0 2 96 Jun 2 17:03:48
22343 3058 0 0
81 Jun 1 14:13:16
22238 2936 0 0
79 Jun 1 14:09:26
22306 2928 0 0 79 Jun 1 14:09:29

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


HCCP RF-Switch

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


HCCP RF-Switch

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


HCCP RF-Switch Matriz de switcheo

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


HCCP RF-Switch pasos para configurar

1. set mac address mac-address (optional)


2. set ip address ip-address netmask (optional)
3. set slot config {upstreamslots | downstreamslots }
(optional)
4. set snmp community read-write private
(optional)
5. set snmp host ip-address (optional)
6. set snmp traps (optional)
7. set protection {4|8} (required)
8. set password text (optional)
9. set tftp-host ip-address (optional)
10. set switchover-group group-name modulebitmap | all (required)

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


HCCP RF-Switch ejemplo de configuracin
rfswitch>sh conf
IP addr: 172.16.254.2
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
MAC addr: 00-03-8F-01-0F-03
Gateway IP: 172.16.254.1
TFTP host IP: 172.16.254.3
ARP timeout: 14400 secs
DHCP lease time: infinite
TELNET inactivity timeout: 600 secs
TELNET echo mode: on
Password: ********************************
SNMP Community: cisco
SNMP Cache: enabled
SNMP Traps: enabled
SNMP Trap Interval: 300 sec(s)
SNMP Trap Hosts: none
Card Protect Mode: 4+1
Protect Mode Reset: disabled
Slot Config: 0x03ff 0x1c00 (13 cards)
Watchdog Timeout: 20 sec(s)
Group definitions: 1
ALL
0xffffffff
rfswitch>

!
ip host rfsw-1 172.16.254.2
!
redundancy
main-cpu
auto-sync startup-config
linecard-group 1 cable
rf-switch protection-mode 4+1
rf-switch name 1 rfswitch-1
rf-switch snmp-community cisco
member subslot 5/1 protect
member subslot 5/0 working rfsw-slot 4
!

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


HCCP RF-Switch show redundancy line card

Router# show redundancy linecard all


Interface Config Grp Mbr RfSw-Name RfSw-IP-Addr
Ca5/1/0 Protect 1 80 rfsw-2
10.10.107.201
Ca5/1/1 Protect 2 80 rfsw-2
10.10.107.201
Ca5/1/2 Protect 3 80 rfsw-2
10.10.107.201
Ca5/1/2 Protect 3 80 rfsw-1
10.10.107.202
Ca5/1/3 Protect 4 80 rfsw-1
10.10.107.202
Ca5/1/4 Protect 5 80 rfsw-1
10.10.107.202
Ca8/0/0 Working 1 80 rfsw-2
10.10.107.201
Ca8/0/1 Working 2 80 rfsw-2
10.10.107.201
Ca8/0/2 Working 3 80 rfsw-2
10.10.107.201
Ca8/0/2 Working 3 80 rfsw-1
10.10.107.202
Ca8/0/3 Working 4 80 rfsw-1
10.10.107.202
Ca8/0/4 Working 5 80 rfsw-1
10.10.107.202

RfSw-Slot Bitmap
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF
1
0xFFFFFFFF

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


HCCP RF-Switch show hccp

Router# show hccp brief


Interface Config Grp Mbr Status WaitToResync WaitToRestore
Ca5/0/0 Protect 1 3 standby 00:01:50.892
Ca7/0/0 Working 1 3 active 00:00:50.892 00:01:50.892
Router#

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Packetcable Pasos de configuracin y ejemplo

1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. packetcable element-id n
4. packetcable gate maxcount n
5. packetcable timer T0 timer-value
6. packetcable timer T1 timer-value
7. packetcable timer T2 timer-value
8. packetcable timer T5 timer-value
9. int cable X/Y/Z
10. no cable packet-cache
9. exit

packetcable timer T1 200


packetcable

interface Cable5/0/0
no ip address
cable tftp-enforce
no cable packet-cache

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Packetcable Pasos de configuracin y ejemplo

Router# show packetcable global


Packet Cable Global configuration:
Enabled : Yes
Element-ID: 12456
Max Gates : 1048576
Allow non-PacketCable UGS
Default Timer value T0 : 30000 msec
T1 : 300000 msec
Router#

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Packetcable Troubleshooting
Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 enable
Example:
Router> enable
Enables privileged EXEC mode.
Enter your password if prompted.
Step 2 configure terminal
Example:
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)#
Enters global configuration mode.
Step 3 debug packetcable hccp
Example:
Router(config)# debug packetcable hccp
Enables debugging for gate synchronization within
HCCP N+1 Redundancy and RPR+ Redundancy when
they are operational on the network. To disable
debugging, use the no form of this command:
Step 4 Ctrl-Z
Example:
Router(config)# Ctrl^Z
Router#
Returns to Privileged EXEC mode.
Step 5 show packetcable gate summary
Example:
Router# show packetcable gate summary
Displays PacketCable HCCP information, supporting gate
synchronization status and switchover information.

Step 6 show hccp brief


Example:
Router# show hccp brief
Displays general information pertaining to N+1
Redundancy on the Cisco CMTS.
High Availability Stateful Switchover (SSO) for PacketCable and PacketCable MultiMedia
10:58:10: Pktcbl(hccp): Gate=38010 written to service flow dir US SFID=1235
10:58:32: PktCbl(hccp): Parse add gate 38010 sync_len=300 from 5/0 status 2
10:58:32: PktCbl(hccp): Parse add gate 5242 sync_len=300 from 5/0 status 2
10:58:32: PktCbl(hccp): Parse update gate 5242 sync_len=16
10:58:32: PktCbl(hccp): Parse update gate 5242 sync_len=16
10:58:32: PktCbl(hccp): Parse update gate 38010 sync_len=16
10:58:32: PktCbl(hccp): Parse update gate 38010 sync_len=16
10:58:10: Pktcbl(hccp): Gate=38010 written to service flow dir DS SFID=1236
10:58:10: PktCbl(hccp): Grp 1 sync type=update from Cable5/0/0
10:58:10: PktCbl(hccp): Sync gate-update 38010 len=24
10:58:10: PktCbl(hccp): Grp 1 sync type=update from Cable5/0/0
10:58:10: PktCbl(hccp): Sync gate-update 38010 len=24
10:58:11: Pktcbl(hccp): Gate=38010 written to service flow dir US SFID=1235
10:58:11: Pktcbl(hccp): Gate=38010 written to service flow dir DS SFID=1236
10:58:11: PktCbl(hccp): Grp 1 sync type=update from Cable5/0/0
10:58:11: PktCbl(hccp): Sync gate-update 38010 len=24
10:58:11: Pktcbl(hccp): Gate=5242 written to service flow dir US SFID=1233
10:58:11: Pktcbl(hccp): Gate=5242 written to service flow dir DS SFID=1234
10:58:11: PktCbl(hccp): Grp 1 sync type=update from Cable5/0/0
10:58:11: PktCbl(hccp): Sync gate-update 5242 len=24
10:58:34: PktCbl(hccp): Parse update gate 38010 sync_len=16
10:58:34: PktCbl(hccp): Parse update gate 5242 sync_len=16

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


MPLS Configuracin

ip vrf Internet
rd 1:1
route-target export 1:1
route-target import 2:1
route-target import 1:1
!
ip vrf Usuarios
rd 2:1
route-target export 2:1
route-target import 1:1
route-target import 2:1
!

interface GigabitEthernet3/0/0.1
ip vrf forwarding Internet
description Internet
encapsulation dot1Q 7 native
ip address 192.168.59.226 255.255.255.240

interface Bundle1
ip vrf forwarding Internet
ip address 10.95.0.1 255.255.0.0 secondary
ip address 10.94.0.1 255.255.0.0
ip accounting output-packets
cable arp filter request-send 3 2
cable arp filter reply-accept 3 2
cable source-verify dhcp
cable dhcp-giaddr policy strict
cable helper-address 201.159.1.202

router bgp 100


no synchronization
bgp log-neighbor-changes
redistribute connected
redistribute static
no auto-summary
!

address-family ipv4 vrf Usuarios


redistribute connected
redistribute static
no auto-summary
no synchronization
exit-address-family
!
address-family ipv4 vrf Internet
redistribute connected
redistribute static
no auto-summary
no synchronization
exit-address-family

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS


Pagos en Linea Billing
10.0.9.3
10.0.9.2

Ubr-1
10.0.7.253

Corrreo
10.0.8.4

Softswitch
10.22.0.1

SERVERS

Internet

10.0.11.254
PIX
Catalyst

10.2.0.253
HFC-Datos
CPE: 10.20.0.0
CM: 10.20.0.0

DNS
10.0.8.6

Catalyst

CNR
10.0.7.6

HFC-Datos
CPE: 10.21.0.0
CM: 10.21.0.0

Web
10.0.8.1

Catalyst

10.2.0.254

HFC

10.2.0.252

10.0.9.254

Ubr-2
10.0.7.252

HFC-Voz
MTA: 10.22.0.2

Troncal
MPLS Diagrama lgico

OUTSIDE

Router

uBR 10012 carrier class CMTS

Fuentes: www.cisco.com
www.cablelabs.org

Elabor: Ing. Carlos Gobea.


Servicios profesionales.