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Maintenance

STEERING AXLE
GC/GLC030VX, GC/GLC035VX, GC/GLC040SVX [C809];
GLP/GDP16VX, GLP/GDP18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/
GDP030VX, GP/GLP/GDP035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) [C810];
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX, GC/GLC055SVX) [A910];
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX) [B875]; GLC40,
45, 55VX; GLC55SVX (GC/GLC080, 100, 120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) [E818, F818];
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5, GLP/GDP45VX6;
GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110,
120VX) [F813, G813, H813, J813]; GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX
(GC/GLC/GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) [C879, D879, E879,
F879]; GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/GDP135VX,
GP/GLP/GDP155VX) [C878, D878, E878]; GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,GLP/GDP90VX (GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP175VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) [A909, B909]

PART NO. 524223764

1600 YRM 1133

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR
The Service Manuals are updated on a regular basis, but may not reflect recent design changes to the product.
Updated technical service information may be available from your local authorized Yale dealer. Service Manuals
provide general guidelines for maintenance and service and are intended for use by trained and experienced technicians. Failure to properly maintain equipment or to follow instructions contained in the Service Manual could result in
damage to the products, personal injury, property damage or death.
When lifting parts or assemblies, make sure all slings, chains, or cables are correctly fastened, and that the load being
lifted is balanced. Make sure the crane, cables, and chains have the capacity to support the weight of the load.
Do not lift heavy parts by hand, use a lifting mechanism.
Wear safety glasses.
DISCONNECT THE BATTERY CONNECTOR before doing any maintenance or repair on electric lift trucks. Disconnect the battery ground cable on internal combustion lift trucks.
Always use correct blocks to prevent the unit from rolling or falling. See HOW TO PUT THE LIFT TRUCK ON BLOCKS
in the Operating Manual or the Periodic Maintenance section.
Keep the unit clean and the working area clean and orderly.
Use the correct tools for the job.
Keep the tools clean and in good condition.
Always use YALE APPROVED parts when making repairs. Replacement parts must meet or exceed the specifications
of the original equipment manufacturer.
Make sure all nuts, bolts, snap rings, and other fastening devices are removed before using force to remove parts.
Always fasten a DO NOT OPERATE tag to the controls of the unit when making repairs, or if the unit needs repairs.
Be sure to follow the WARNING and CAUTION notes in the instructions.
Gasoline, Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG), Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), and Diesel fuel are flammable. Be sure to
follow the necessary safety precautions when handling these fuels and when working on these fuel systems.
Batteries generate flammable gas when they are being charged. Keep fire and sparks away from the area. Make sure
the area is well ventilated.

NOTE: The following symbols and words indicate safety information in this manual:

WARNING
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.

CAUTION
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor
or moderate injury and property damage.
On the lift truck, the WARNING symbol and word are on orange background.
The CAUTION symbol and word are on yellow background.

Steering Axle

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
General................................................................................................................................................................
Steering Axle Assembly Repair ...........................................................................................................................
Remove ...........................................................................................................................................................
Disassemble....................................................................................................................................................
Clean...............................................................................................................................................................
Inspect.............................................................................................................................................................
Assemble ........................................................................................................................................................
Install...............................................................................................................................................................
Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair............................................................................................................
Spindles and Bearings ....................................................................................................................................
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX, GC/GLC055SVX) (A910), GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX;
(GC/GLC080, 100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS)
(E818, F818), GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5, GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813, H813, J813), GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879, E879, F879),
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878), GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX (GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909)..................................................................................................................
Remove ..................................................................................................................................................
Disassemble ...........................................................................................................................................
Clean ......................................................................................................................................................
Inspect ....................................................................................................................................................
Assemble................................................................................................................................................
Install ......................................................................................................................................................
Spindles and Bearings ....................................................................................................................................
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX) (B875), GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX
(C809) and GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX,
GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810) ...................................................................................................................
Remove and Disassemble......................................................................................................................
Assemble and Install ..............................................................................................................................
Tie Rods..........................................................................................................................................................
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX, GC/GLC055SVX) (A910), and GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX;
(GC/GLC080, 100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS)
(E818, F818) ...............................................................................................................................................
Remove ..................................................................................................................................................
Install ......................................................................................................................................................
Tie Rods..........................................................................................................................................................
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX) (B875), GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX
(C809), GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX)
(C810), GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5, GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813, H813, J813), GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879, E879, F879),
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878, E878),
and GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX (GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909)..................................................................................................................
Remove ..................................................................................................................................................
Install ......................................................................................................................................................
Steering Cylinder Repair .....................................................................................................................................
Remove and Disassemble ..............................................................................................................................
Clean and Inspect ...........................................................................................................................................
Assemble and Install .......................................................................................................................................

2013 Yale Materials Handling Corp.

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Table of Contents

Steering Axle

TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)


Torque Specifications ..........................................................................................................................................
This section is for the following models:
GC/GLC030VX, GC/GLC035VX, GC/GLC040SVX [C809];
GLP/GDP16VX, GLP/GDP18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/GDP030VX,
GP/GLP/GDP035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) [C810];
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX, GC/GLC055SVX) [A910];
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX) [B875];
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX (GC/GLC080, 100, 120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) [E818, F818];
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5, GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) [F813, G813, H813, J813];
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX (GC/GLC/GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX)
[C879, D879, E879, F879];
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX)
[C878, D878, E878];
GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9,GLP/GDP90VX (GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP175VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) [A909, B909]

ii

38

1600 YRM 1133

General

General
This section has the description and repair procedures
for the steering axle.
The steering axle assembly includes an axle frame,
steering cylinder, and two spindle and hub assemblies.
See Figure 1. The steering axle is articulated and is
connected to the frame by center pivot mounts. The
center pivot mounts permit the steering axle to move in
the frame mount when the lift truck travels over rough
surfaces.

The end caps of the steering cylinder are also the


mounts for the cylinder and are held to the shell by
the mount capscrews. There are O-rings, seals, and
wipers in the end caps to seal the caps to the shell
and rod. The ends of the piston rod extend from both
ends of the cylinder. A single piston and the seal are at
the center of the rod. Oil pressure on one side of the
piston moves the piston in the bore. The piston pushes
an equal amount of oil from the opposite side of the
cylinder.

General

1600 YRM 1133

A. CUSHION TRUCKS ONLY

B. PNEUMATIC TRUCKS ONLY

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.

AXLE FRAME
MOUNT
BRACKET
STEERING CYLINDER

TIE ROD
SPINDLE
MOUNT
HUB ASSEMBLIES

Figure 1. Steering Axle

1600 YRM 1133

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

When the piston reaches the end of the stroke, a relief valve in the steering circuit controls the oil pressure.
The tie rods that connect the spindle arms to the cylinder are not adjustable.
Each spindle turns on two tapered roller bearings in
mounts in the axle frame. The preload on the bearings
is controlled by shims at the lower bearing cap.

The wheels rotate on two tapered roller bearings and


are held on the spindles by a castle nut. The bearing
preload of the wheels is adjusted by the castle nut. The
grease seals protect the bearings from dirt and water.
Wear sleeves protect the hub from wear by the seals.

Steering Axle Assembly Repair


REMOVE
WARNING
PUTTING THE LIFT TRUCK ON BLOCKS
The lift truck must be put on blocks for some
types of maintenance and repair. The removal
of the mast, drive axle, battery, or counterweight
assemblies will cause large changes in the center
of gravity. When the lift truck is put on blocks, put
additional blocks in the following positions:
If the mast and drive axle are removed, put blocks
under the counterweight so the lift truck cannot
fall backward.
If the counterweight is removed, put blocks under
the mast so that the lift truck cannot fall forward.
Put the lift truck on blocks on a solid, even, and
level surface. Verify the blocks or stands have
enough capacity to hold the lift truck. Use additional blocks next to the tires as necessary to
prevent movement of the lift truck. Verify the lifting
devices used during repairs can lift the weight of
the parts and assemblies.
See the Operating Manual or Periodic Maintenance
section for your lift truck model, for the procedures
to put the lift truck on blocks.
The steering axle can be removed without removing the
counterweight.
1. Verify wheels are set for straight travel. Put lift truck
on blocks so the steering axle will have enough
clearance to be removed. The top of the axle frame
must have clearance under the bottom of the frame
at the rear of the lift truck.
2. Disconnect hydraulic lines at steering cylinder. Install plug fittings in cylinder and put caps on hydraulic lines. Plug fittings will prevent spindles from
turning as axle is removed from under the lift truck.

NOTE: Steering Axle Assembly may be mounted to the


frame with brackets or plates.
3. Slide floor jack or forks of another lift truck under
steering axle. Raise lifting device until it holds the
weight of the axle assembly.
a. To remove bracket type mounts, remove four
capscrews and nuts that fasten two brackets
under rubber mounts.
See Figure 2 for lift truck model
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
See Figure 3 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP20-35VX
(GP/GLP/GDP040070VX) (B875)
See Figure 5 for lift truck model
GLC40,
45,
55VX;
GLC55SVX;
(GC/GLC080, 100, 120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX;
GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818, F818)
See Figure 6 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6;
GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX)
(F813, G813, H813, J813)
b. To remove plate type mounts, remove four capscrews and washers from two plates.
See Figure 4 for lift truck models
GC/GLC030-035VX,
GC/GLC040SVX
(C809)
GLP/GDP16-18VX,
GLP/GDP20SVX
(GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX,
GP/GLP/
GDP040SVX) (C810)

Steering Axle Assembly Repair


See Figure 7 for lift truck models
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879,
D879, E879, F879)
See Figure 8 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878,
D878, E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX)
(A909, B909)
c. Remove plates and slowly lower steering axle
assembly onto wheels. Carefully roll steering
axle assembly away from lift truck.

DISASSEMBLE
1. Remove ring seal, shims, flange, stub shaft and
bushing from steering axle assembly for lift truck
models below.
See Figure 8 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)
2. Put axle on blocks so the wheels just touch the floor.
Remove hub cap. Remove cotter pin, washer, and
castle nut. Remove bearing cone and discard cotter pin.

1600 YRM 1133


See Figure 2 for lift truck model

GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
See Figure 3 for lift truck model
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875)
See Figure 4 for lift truck models
GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809)
GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/
GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
See Figure 5 for lift truck model
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)
See Figure 6 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/
GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813,
H813, J813)
See Figure 7 for lift truck models
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)
See Figure 8 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)

NOTE: Identify and tag the outer and inner bearing


cones so they can be reassembled in their original
locations.

NOTE: If the bearing is replaced, then the associated


bearing cup must be replaced also.

NOTE: The wear ring may not be present on all steering


axles.

4. If the bearings must be replaced, use a brass drift


pin to remove the bearing cups and wear ring.

3. Slide wheel from spindle. Remove inner bearing


cone, wear ring, and oil seal from spindle.

5. Repeat Step 1 through Step 4 for the other wheel.

1600 YRM 1133

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

MOUNT
STEER AXLE ASSEMBLY
MOUNT
PLATE
WASHER
LOCK NUT
CAPSCREW
STEERING CYLINDER ROD
LUBRICATION FITTING

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

COTTER PIN
OIL SEAL
WEAR RING
BEARING CONE
BEARING CUP
WASHER
CASTLE NUT
HUB CAP
STEERING CYLINDER

Figure 2. Spindle to Tie Rod Assembly for Lift Truck Models GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

MOUNT
STEERING AXLE ASSEMBLY
MOUNT
BRACKET
NUT
WASHER
WASHER
CAPSCREW
STEERING CYLINDER ROD
LUBRICATION FITTING
OIL SEAL

1600 YRM 1133

12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

WEAR RING
BEARING CONE
BEARING CUP
HUB
BEARING CUP
BEARING CONE
CASTLE NUT
HUB CAP
COTTER PIN
STEERING CYLINDER

Figure 3. Spindle to Tie Rod Assembly for Lift Truck Models GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875)

1600 YRM 1133

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

A. PNEUMATIC TRUCKS ONLY


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

MOUNT
STEER AXLE ASSEMBLY
MOUNT
PLATE
CAPSCREW
STEERING CYLINDER ROD
LUBRICATION FITTING
OIL SEAL

9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

BEARING
HUB
BEARING
WASHER
CASTLE NUT
HUB CAP
COTTER PIN
STEERING CYLINDER

Figure 4. Spindle to Tie Rod Assembly for Lift Truck Models GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809)
and GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

HUB CAP
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN
WASHER
BEARING CONE (OUTER)
BEARING CUP (OUTER)
BEARING CUP (INNER)
BEARING CONE (INNER)
WEAR RING

1600 YRM 1133

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

OIL SEAL
STEERING CYLINDER ROD
STEERING CYLINDER
PADS
MOUNT
CAPSCREW
WASHER
PLATE
NUTS

Figure 5. Spindle to Tie Rod Assembly for Lift Truck Models GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818, F818)

1600 YRM 1133

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

HUB CAP
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN
WASHER
BEARING CONE
BEARING CUP
HUB
WEAR RING
OIL SEAL
LUBE FITTING

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

MOUNT
STEERING AXLE ASSEMBLY
MOUNT
CAPSCREW
WASHER
NUT
STEERING CYLINDER ROD
SPINDLE (LEFT SIDE SHOWN)
TIE ROD
STEERING CYLINDER

Figure 6. Spindle to Tie Rod Assembly for Lift Truck Models GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813, H813, J813)

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

HUB CAP
COTTER PIN
CASTLE NUT
WASHER
BEARING CONE (OUTER)
BEARING CUP (OUTER)
BEARING CONE (INNER)
BEARING CUP (INNER)
SEAL

1600 YRM 1133

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

WEAR RING
PAD
MOUNT
PLATE
CAPSCREW
LUBE FITTING
STEERING CYLINDER ROD
STEERING CYLINDER

Figure 7. Spindle to Tie Rod Assembly for Lift Truck Models GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX,
(GC/GLC/GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879, E879, F879)

10

1600 YRM 1133

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

STEER AXLE ASSEMBLY


TIE ROD
PLATE
WASHER
CAPSCREW
RING SEAL
SHIM
FLANGE
SHIM
BUSHING
STUB SHAFT
STEERING CYLINDER
STEERING CYLINDER ROD
GREASE FITTING

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.

COTTER PIN
HUB CAP
CASTLE NUT
WASHER
HUB
BEARING CUP (OUTER)
BEARING CONE (OUTER)
BEARING CUP (INNER)
BEARING CONE (INNER)
WEAR RING
OIL SEAL
SPINDLE
LUBE FITTING

Figure 8. Spindle to Tie Rod Assembly for Lift Truck Models GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878, E878) and GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX (GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909)

11

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

CLEAN
WARNING
Cleaning solvents can be flammable and toxic and
can cause skin irritation. When using cleaning
solvents, always follow the solvent manufacturers
recommended safety procedures.

WARNING
Compressed air is used for cleaning or drying purposes, or for clearing restrictions. Wear protective
clothing (goggles/shield, gloves, etc.) to avoid injury to personnel.
1. Clean bearings by placing them in a wire basket
and immersing in a container of fresh solvent. Agitate the bearings in the solvent to remove all traces
of old lubricant.
2. After cleaning the bearings, dry them with clean
compressed air. Take care to prevent spinning the
bearings when using a compressed air jet.
3. Immediately wrap bearings in a lint-free cloth to protect them from dust and other foreign matter.

INSPECT
1. Inspect for loose, burned, missing, cracked or damaged hardware.
2. Inspect all parts for dents, holes, bends, burrs, rust,
corrosion or marred finish.
NOTE: If the spindle, bearings or tie rods need to be repaired, go to Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair.

ASSEMBLE
NOTE: For specified lubricant to use, refer to one of the
following sections:
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1150 for lift truck
models

GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910
GLP/GDP20-35VX
(GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1207 for lift truck
models
GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809)
GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/
GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)

12

1600 YRM 1133


Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1248 for lift truck
models
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080, 100,
120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX;
GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818)
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5, GLP/
GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/GDP080,
090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1558 for lift truck
models
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5, GLP/
GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/GDP080,
090, 100, 110, 120VX) (H813)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1604 for lift truck
models
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5, GLP/
GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/GDP080,
090, 100, 110, 120VX) (J813)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1319 for lift truck
models
GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX,
(GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1571 for lift truck
models
GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX
(GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (E879)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1606 for lift truck
models
GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX
(GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (F879)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1322 for lift truck
models
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1407 for lift truck
model
GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/
GDP190VX) (A909)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1586 for lift truck
model
GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(B909)
Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1583 for lift truck
model
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (E878)

1600 YRM 1133

Steering Axle Assembly Repair


Lubricate bearing cones with multipurpose grease.
Verify bearings are filled with grease. Install oil seal,
wear ring (if removed) and inner bearing cone on
spindle.

Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1598 for lift truck


model
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080, 100,
120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX;
GC/GLC120VXPRS) (F818)
1. If necessary, use a press to install new bearing cups
in wheel or hub.
See Figure 9 for lift truck model

GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)

CAUTION
DO NOT damage the seals during installation.
2. Carefully slide wheel onto spindle. Install outer
bearing cone and install washer.

See Figure 10 for lift truck model


GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875)
See Figure 11 for lift truck model
GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809)
See Figure 12 for lift truck model
GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/
GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
See Figure 13 for lift truck model
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)
See Figure 14 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/
GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813,
H813, J813)
See Figure 15 for lift truck models
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)
See Figure 16 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

WASHER
COTTER PIN
HUB CAP
CASTLE NUT
OUTER BEARING CUP AND CONE
INNER BEARING CUP AND CONE
WEAR RING
OIL SEAL

Figure 9. Bearing Arrangement for Lift Truck


Models GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)

13

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

SPINDLE
HUB CAP
COTTER PIN
CASTLE NUT
BEARING CONE

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

1600 YRM 1133

BEARING CUP
BEARING CONE
BEARING CUP
OIL SEAL
WEAR RING

Figure 10. Bearing Arrangement for Lift Truck


Models GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875)

14

1.
2.
3.
4.

HUB
OIL SEAL
BEARING
BEARING

5.
6.
7.
8.

WASHER
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN
HUB CAP

Figure 11. Bearing Arrangement for Lift Truck


Models GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809)

1600 YRM 1133

1.
2.
3.
4.

BEARING
BEARING
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

5. WASHER
6. HUB CAP
7. OIL SEAL

Figure 12. Bearing Arrangement for Lift Truck


Models GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX
(GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX)
(C810)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

WEAR RING
BEARING CONE (INNER)
BEARING CUP (INNER)
BEARING CONE (OUTER)
BEARING CUP (OUTER)
HUB CAP
COTTER PIN
CASTLE NUT
WASHER
OIL SEAL

Figure 13. Bearing Arrangement for Lift


Truck Models GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX;
(GC/GLC080, 100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818, F818)

15

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

1600 YRM 1133

NOTE: RIGHT SIDE IS SHOWN


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

OIL SLEEVE
OUTER BEARING CUP AND CONE
HUB
INNER BEARING CUP AND CONE
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN
HUB CAP
WASHER

Figure 14. Bearing Arrangement for Lift Truck


Models GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/
GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813, H813,
J813)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

BEARING CONE (OUTER)


BEARING CUP (OUTER)
WASHER
HUB CAP
COTTER PIN
CASTLE NUT
BEARING CONE (INNER)
BEARING CUP (INNER)
WEAR RING
OIL SEAL

Figure 15. Bearing Arrangement for Lift


Truck Models GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX,
(GC/GLC/GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879,
D879, E879, F879)

16

1600 YRM 1133

Steering Axle Assembly Repair


NOTE: Ensure that the washer is seated properly
against the bearing cone and not against the shaft
shoulder before tightening the castle nut.
3. Install the castle nut and tighten as follows for your
lift truck:
a. GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910) - Tighten the
castle nut to 68 Nm (50 lbf ft) while rotating
the wheel in both directions to properly seat
the bearings. Loosen the castle nut 1/4 turn.
Tighten nut to 3 Nm (27 lbf in). Pull on the
wheel axially to ensure that there is no end
play. If there is excessive end play, reassemble
washer and repeat Step 1 through Step 3.

NOTE: RIGHT SIDE IS SHOWN


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

HUB ASSEMBLY
HUB CAP
COTTER PIN
CASTLE NUT
WASHER
OUTER BEARING CUP AND CONE
INNER BEARING CUP AND CONE
SEAL

Figure 16. Bearing Arrangement for Lift


Truck Models GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX)
(C878, D878, E878) and GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX (GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909)

b. GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875) - Tighten the castle nut to 200 Nm
(147.5 lbf ft) while rotating the wheel in both directions to properly seat the bearings. Loosen
the castle nut until wheel turns freely with no
end play. Tighten nut to 15 Nm (133 lbf in).
c. GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809)
- Tighten the castle nut to 200 Nm (147.5 lbf ft)
while rotating the wheel in both directions to
properly seat the bearings. Loosen the castle
nut until wheel turns freely with no end play.
Tighten nut to 12 Nm (106 lbf in).
d. GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/
GLP/GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX)
(C810) - Tighten the castle nut to 200 Nm
(147.5 lbf ft) while rotating the wheel in both directions to properly seat the bearings. Loosen
the castle nut until wheel turns freely with no
end play. Tighten nut to 12 Nm (106 lbf in).

17

Steering Axle Assembly Repair


e. GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818) - Tighten the castle nut to 203 Nm
(150 lbf ft) while rotating the wheel in both directions to properly seat the bearings. Loosen
the castle nut until wheel turns freely with no
end play. Tighten nut to 34 Nm (25 lbf ft).
f.

GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/
GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813,
G813, H813, J813) - Tighten castle nut to 200
to 220 Nm (148 to 162 lbf ft) while rotating
the wheel in both directions to properly seat
the bearings. Loosen the castle nut until wheel
turns freely with no end play. Tighten castle
nut to 35 to 40 Nm (26 to 30 lbf ft).

g. GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/


GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878,
D878, E878) - Tighten castle nut to 203 Nm
(150 lbf ft) while rotating the wheel in both directions to properly seat the bearings. Loosen
the castle nut until wheel turns freely with
no end play. Tighten castle nut to 34 Nm
(25 lbf ft).
h. GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX)
(A909, B909) - Tighten castle nut to 203 Nm
(150 lbf ft) while rotating the wheel in both
directions to properly seat the bearings.
Loosen the castle nut until wheel turns freely
with no end play. Tighten castle nut to 34 Nm
(25 lbf ft).
i.

GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/


GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879,
D879, E879, F879) - Tighten castle nut to
203 Nm (150 lbf ft) while rotating the wheel in
both directions to properly seat the bearings.
Loosen the castle nut until wheel turns freely
with no end play. Tighten castle nut to 34 Nm
(25 lbf ft).

4. Install new cotter pin in castle nut. If cotter pin cannot be installed, tighten castle nut to the first alignment position where the cotter pin can be installed.
5. Install hub cap.
6. Repeat Step 1 through Step 5 for other wheel.

18

1600 YRM 1133


NOTE: Apply multipurpose grease to stub shaft prior to
installing.
7. Install stub shaft, bushing, shims, flange, and rig
seal to steering axle assembly.
See Figure 8 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)

INSTALL
1. Install rubber mounts and top mount(s) on axle.
Verify face of rubber mount with the part number
is away from the axle. Verify part number will be
right side up after axle assembly is installed.
See Figure 2 for lift truck model
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
See Figure 3 for lift truck model
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875)
See Figure 4 for lift truck models
GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809)
GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/
GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
See Figure 5 for lift truck model
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)
See Figure 6 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/
GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813,
H813, J813)
See Figure 7 for lift truck models
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)
2. Apply lubricant that is approved for use with rubber
to rubber mount. The lubricant is used to ease assembly of the mount into frame and brackets.

1600 YRM 1133

Steering Axle Assembly Repair

3. Use floor jack or another lift truck to put steering


axle into position in frame. Verify rubber mounts fit
inside frame brackets for mounts.

a. GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910) - tighten four
bracket bolts and nuts to 90 Nm (66.4 lbf ft).

NOTE: Steering axle assembly may be attached to


frame with brackets or plates.

b. GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875) - tighten four bracket bolts and nuts to
88 Nm (65 lbf ft).

a. Install bottom brackets.


See Figure 2 for lift truck models
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)

c. GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809)


- tighten four flange bolts to 41 to 49 Nm (30
to 36 lbf ft).

See Figure 3 for lift truck models


GLP/GDP20-35VX
(GP/GLP/GDP040070VX) (B875)

d. GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/


GLP/GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX)
(C810) - tighten four flange bolts to 41 to
49 Nm (30 to 36 lbf ft).

See Figure 5 for lift truck models


GLC40,
45,
55VX;
GLC55SVX;
(GC/GLC080, 100, 120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX;
GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818, F818)

e. GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,


100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818) - tighten four flange bolts to 215 Nm
(159 lbf ft).

See Figure 6 for lift truck models


GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6;
GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX)
(F813, G813, H813, J813)

f.

b. Install mount plates.


See Figure 4 for lift truck models
GC/GLC030-035VX,
GC/GLC040SVX
(C809)
GLP/GDP16-18VX,
GLP/GDP20SVX
(GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX,
GP/GLP/
GDP040SVX) (C810)
See Figure 7 for lift truck models
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879,
D879, E879, F879)
See Figure 8 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878,
D878, E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX)
(A909, B909)
4. Proceed as follows for your lift truck:

GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/
GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813,
G813, H813, J813) - tighten four bracket bolts
and nuts to 90 Nm (66 lbf ft).

g. GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/


GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879,
D879, E879, F879) - apply thread lock and
washers and tighten four capscrews to 250 to
275 Nm (184 to 203 lbf ft).
h. GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878,
D878, E878) - apply thread lock and washers and tighten four capscrews to 270 Nm
(199 lbf ft).
i.

GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX)
(A909) - apply thread lock and washers and
tighten four capscrews to 270 Nm (199 lbf ft).

5. Remove plugs and caps and connect hydraulic


lines to steering cylinder.
6. Operate steering system to remove air from system. Turn steering wheel several times from one
stop to the other. Check for hydraulic leaks.

19

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

1600 YRM 1133

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair


SPINDLES AND BEARINGS
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910), GLC40, 45, 55VX;
GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080, 100, 120VX;
GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX;
GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818, F818),
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX)
(F813, G813, H813, J813), GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/GDC135VX,
GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879, E879,
F879), GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX)
(C878, D878, E878), GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909)
Remove

WARNING
PUTTING THE LIFT TRUCK ON BLOCKS
The lift truck must be put on blocks for some
types of maintenance and repair. The removal
of the mast, drive axle, battery, or counterweight
assemblies will cause large changes in the center
of gravity. When the lift truck is put on blocks, put
additional blocks in the following positions:

20

If the mast and drive axle are removed, put blocks


under the counterweight so the lift truck cannot
fall backward.
If the counterweight is removed, put blocks under
the mast so that the lift truck cannot fall forward.
Put the lift truck on blocks on a solid, even, and
level surface. Verify the blocks or stands have
enough capacity to hold the lift truck. Use additional blocks next to the tires as necessary to
prevent movement of the lift truck. Verify the lifting
devices used during repairs can lift the weight of
the parts and assemblies.
See the Operating Manual or Periodic Maintenance
section for your lift truck model, for the procedures
to put the lift truck on blocks.
1. Put the lift truck on blocks.
2. Remove the wheel and bearings. See Steering
Axle Assembly Repair, Disassemble.
NOTE: To remove the spindle from the steering rod, the
tie rod can be disconnected at the retaining pin inside
the dust cover.
3. Loosen the clamps on the dust cover and slide the
dust cover off the steering cylinder rod.
See Figure 17 for lift truck models
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)

1600 YRM 1133

1.
2.
3.
4.

CLAMP
DUST COVER
CLAMP
SNAP RING

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

5. STEERING CYLINDER ROD


6. PIN
7. TIE ROD

Figure 17. Tie Rod for Lift Truck Models and GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX, GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080, 100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX;
GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818, F818)

21

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

1600 YRM 1133

4. Remove two snap rings from the pin holding the tie
rod to steering cylinder rod and remove pin.

GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813,


H813, J813)

See Figure 17 for lift truck models


GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX;
GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)

See Figure 22 or Figure 27 for lift truck models


GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)

See Figure 26 for lift truck models


GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/
GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813,
H813, J813)
See Figure 27 for lift truck models
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP175VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)

CAUTION
DO NOT hit the threads or the nut of the tie rod.
NOTE: Rod end may be attached to spindle arm by one
of two methods, castle nut and cotter pin or by snap ring,
washer and pin.
5. Remove the cotter pin and castle nut. Discard cotter pin. Use a puller to remove the tie rod end from
the spindle arm.
See Figure 19 for lift truck model
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
See Figure 20 for lift truck model
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX;
GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)
6. Remove snap rings, washers and pin. Remove tie
rod end from spindle arm.
See Figure 21 or Figure 26 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/

22

See Figure 23 for lift truck models


GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)
7. Remove the snap rings from the pin retaining the
tie rod to the steering cylinder rod, then remove the
pin. If necessary, use a hammer and brass drift to
remove pin. Remove tie rod from steering cylinder
rod.
8. If necessary, repeat the procedure for the other
spindle and tie rod.

Disassemble
1. Remove the grease cap from the spindle. Remove
the capscrews from the bearing cap. Remove the
bearing cap and shims. If necessary, remove the
bearing cup from the bearing cap as shown in Figure 18, for the following lift truck models:
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX,
GP/GLP/GDP155VX)
(C878,
D878, E878) and GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/
GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX (GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)
2. Tilt the spindle and lift the spindle from the axle. If
necessary, remove the bearing and seals from the
spindle. If necessary, remove the wear sleeve and
bearing cup from the axle frame.

1600 YRM 1133


3. If necessary, repeat the procedure for the other
spindle and tie rod.

Clean

WARNING
Cleaning solvents can be flammable and toxic and
can cause skin irritation. When using cleaning
solvents, always follow the solvent manufacturers
recommended safety procedures.

WARNING
Compressed air is used for cleaning or drying purposes, or for clearing restrictions. Wear protective
clothing (goggles/shield, gloves, etc.) to avoid injury to personnel.
1. Clean bearings by placing them in a wire basket
and immersing in a container of fresh solvent. Agitate the bearings in the solvent to remove all traces
of old lubricant.
2. After cleaning the bearings, dry them with clean
compressed air. Take care to prevent spinning the
bearings when using a compressed air jet.
3. Immediately wrap bearings in a lint-free cloth to protect them from dust and other foreign matter.

Inspect
1. Inspect for loose, missing, cracked, burned or damaged hardware.
2. Inspect all parts for dents, holes, bends, burrs, rust,
corrosion, or marred finish.

Assemble
1. Install new seals on the spindle. Lubricate the seals
with grease. If necessary, press new bearing cones
on the spindle.
2. Lubricate the bearings with wheel bearing grease.
Verify the bearings are filled with grease. If necessary, press the new bearing cups into the steering
axle frame and bearing cap. Install the wear sleeve
in the steering axle frame.
3. Install the spindle in the steering axle. Install the
bearing cap without the O-rings.
See Figure 19 for lift truck model
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair


See Figure 20 for lift truck models
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX;
GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)
See Figure 21 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/
GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813,
H813, J813)
See Figure 22 for lift truck models
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)
See Figure 23 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)
Measure the clearance between the bearing cap
and the axle. Remove the bearing cap and install
enough shims to give a preload of 0.00 to 0.13 mm
(0.000 to 0.005 in.).
NOTE: The spindle bearings must have no clearance.
Install shims 0.00 to 0.13 mm (0.000 to 0.005 in.) less
than the measured gap.
4. Install the O-ring on the bearing cap. Apply Loctite 242 to threads of capscrews. Install the bearing cap and capscrews.
a. GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910) - tighten capscrews to 44 Nm (32 lbf ft).
b. GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818) - tighten the capscrews to 52 Nm
(38 lbf ft).
c. GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879,
D879, E879, F879) - tighten the capscrews to
52 Nm (38 lbf ft).

23

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

1600 YRM 1133

Install
NOTE: Tie rod end may be attached to spindle arm by
one of two methods, castle nut and cotter pin or with
snap rings, washers and pins.
1. Install the tie rod to the spindle arm and steering
cylinder.
If removed, tighten the castle nut to 163 Nm
(120 lbf ft) for lift truck models
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
If removed, tighten the castle nut to 175 Nm
(129 lbf ft) for lift truck models
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)
2. Tighten the castle nut until the new cotter pin can
be installed.
3. Install tie rod end to spindle arm and steering cylinder with pins, seals and snap rings.

1. PRY BAR
2. BEARING CUP

3. BEARING CAP
4. O-RING

Figure 18. Bearing Cup Removal


d. GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/
GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813,
G813, H813, J813) - tighten capscrews to 45
to 50 Nm (33 to 37 lbf ft).
e. GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878,
D878, E878) - tighten capscrews to 47 Nm
(35 lbf ft).
f.

GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX)
(A909, B909) - tighten capscrews to 47 Nm
(35 lbf ft).

5. If necessary, repeat the procedure for the other


spindle and tie rod.

See Figure 26 for lift truck models


GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/
GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813,
H813, J813)
See Figure 27 for lift truck models
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)
4. Install the grease cap on the top of the steering axle.
5. Install the bearings and wheel. See section Steering Axle Assembly Repair, Assemble.
6. If necessary, repeat the procedure for the other
spindle and tie rod.
7. Remove the lift truck from blocks.

24

1600 YRM 1133

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

NOTE: THE LUBRICATION FITTING NEEDS TO BE


ORIENTED 45 TO CENTERLINE AND REAR OF LIFT
TRUCK.

NOTE: THE LUBRICATION FITTING NEEDS TO BE


ORIENTED TOWARDS THE CENTERLINE OF THE
LIFT TRUCK.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

GREASE CAP
BEARING ASSEMBLY
WEAR SLEEVE
SEAL
SPINDLE
OIL SEAL
BEARING CONE
BEARING CUP
WASHER
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN
HUB CAP
O-RING
SHIMS (AS REQUIRED)
CAPSCREW AND LOCKWASHER ASSEMBLY
LUBRICATION FITTING
BEARING CAP
TIE ROD
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

HUB CAP
WASHER
BEARING CONE (OUTER)
BEARING CUP (OUTER)
BEARING CONE (INNER)
BEARING CUP (INNER)
WEAR SLEEVE
OIL SEAL
CAPSCREW
LUBE FITTING
CAP ASSEMBLY
SHIM
BEARING CUP
BEARING CONE
SEAL
O-RING
CAP
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN
TIE ROD

Figure 20. Spindle Assembly for Lift Truck Models


GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080, 100,
120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX;
GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818, F818)

Figure 19. Spindle Assembly for Lift Truck Models


GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX, GC/GLC055SVX)
(A910)

25

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

1600 YRM 1133

NOTE: THE LUBRICATION FITTING NEEDS TO BE


ORIENTED 45 TO CENTERLINE AND REAR OF LIFT
TRUCK.

NOTE: LEFT SIDE SPINDLE ASSEMBLY SHOWN


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

HUB CAP
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN
WASHER
BEARING CONE
BEARING CUP
HUB
WEAR SLEEVE
OIL SEAL
SPINDLE
LUBE FITTING
CAP
TIE ROD
SEAL
O-RING
SHIM
CAP ASSEMBLY
LOCKWASHER
CAPSCREW

Figure 21. Spindle Assembly for Lift Truck Models


GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5, GLP/
GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/GDP080,
090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813, H813, J813)

26

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

PLUG
BEARING CONE (UPPER)
BEARING CUP (UPPER)
WEAR SLEEVE
OIL SEAL
PIN
SNAP RING
SPHERICAL BEARING
TIE ROD
BEARING CONE (LOWER)
O-RING
BEARING CUP (LOWER)
SHIM
BEARING CAP
CAPSCREW
LUBE FITTING
HUB CAP
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN
WASHER
BEARING CONE (OUTER)
BEARING CUP (OUTER
BEARING CONE (INNER)
BEARING CUP (INNER)

Figure 22. Spindle Assembly for Lift Truck


Models GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX,
(GC/GLC/GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879,
D879, E879, F879)

1600 YRM 1133

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

SPINDLES AND BEARINGS


GLP/GDP20-35VX
(GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX) (B875),
GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX
(C809) and GLP/GDP16-18VX,
GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX,
GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
Remove and Disassemble

WARNING
PUTTING THE LIFT TRUCK ON BLOCKS

NOTE: THE LUBRICATION FITTING NEEDS TO BE


ORIENTED 45 TO CENTERLINE AND REAR OF LIFT
TRUCK.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

SNAP RING
PIN
SEAL
TIE ROD
SEAL
BEARING CONE (LOWER)
O-RING
BEARING CUP (LOWER)
SEAL
SHIM
BEARING CAP
CAPSCREW
LUBE FITTING
OIL SEAL
WEAR SLEEVE
BEARING CONE (INNER)
BEARING CUP (INNER)
BEARING CONE (OUTER)
BEARING CUP (OUTER)
HUB
COTTER PIN
WASHER
CASTLE NUT
HUB CAP
SEAL
WEAR SLEEVE
BEARING CUP (UPPER)
BEARING CONE (UPPER)
PLUG

Figure 23. Spindle Assembly for Lift Truck


Models GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX)
(C878, D878, E878) and GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX (GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909)

The lift truck must be put on blocks for some


types of maintenance and repair. The removal
of the mast, drive axle, battery, or counterweight
assemblies will cause large changes in the center
of gravity. When the lift truck is put on blocks, put
additional blocks in the following positions:
If the mast and drive axle are removed, put blocks
under the counterweight so the lift truck cannot
fall backward.
If the counterweight is removed, put blocks under
the mast so that the lift truck cannot fall forward.
Put the lift truck on blocks on a solid, even, and
level surface. Verify the blocks or stands have
enough capacity to hold the lift truck. Use additional blocks next to the tires as necessary to
prevent movement of the lift truck. Verify the lifting
devices used during repairs can lift the weight of
the parts and assemblies.
See the Operating Manual or Periodic Maintenance
section for your lift truck model, for the procedures
to put the lift truck on blocks.
1. Put the lift truck on blocks.
2. Remove the wheel and if necessary, the bearings.
See Steering Axle Assembly Repair, Disassemble.
3. If the tie rod is to be replaced, remove the two snap
rings and pin. To loosen and remove the pin, use a
brass punch and hammer.
4. Disassemble the bottom half of the spindle as follows:
a. Remove and discard cotter pin from castle nut
and remove castle nut from kingpin. See Figure 24.
b. Remove the oil seal, sleeve, and bearing cone.

27

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair


NOTE: If the bearing cone is being replaced, the bearing cup must be replaced.
c. If necessary, remove the bearing cup.
5. Disassemble the top half of the spindle as follows:

GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS)
(E818, F818)
Remove

WARNING

a. Remove pin and O-ring from kingpin.

PUTTING THE LIFT TRUCK ON BLOCKS

b. Remove spacer, seal, and bearing cone.

The lift truck must be put on blocks for some


types of maintenance and repair. The removal
of the mast, drive axle, battery, or counterweight
assemblies will cause large changes in the center
of gravity. When the lift truck is put on blocks, put
additional blocks in the following positions:
If the mast and drive axle are removed, put blocks
under the counterweight so the lift truck cannot
fall backward.
If the counterweight is removed, put blocks under
the mast so that the lift truck cannot fall forward.

NOTE: If the bearing cone is being replaced, the bearing cup must be replaced.
c. If necessary, remove the bearing cup.
6. Repeat the procedure for the other spindle and tie
rod.

Assemble and Install


1. If new spindle bearings are installed, use a press
to install new bearing cups into spindle. See Figure 24. Lubricate bearing cones and seal lips with
grease.
2. Install bearings, seals, sleeves, and O-rings into
spindle. If the groove pin was removed from the
kingpin, install new groove pin. Apply grease to
kingpin. Position spindle in axle and install kingpin.
3. Install lock nut onto kingpin and tighten lock nut to
90 Nm (66.4 lbf ft). Completely loosen lock nut,
then tighten to 34 Nm (25 lbf ft). Tighten castle nut
until new cotter pin can be installed.
4. Install tie rod to spindle housing. Align holes and
place lubricated pin into the spindle and tie rod. Install the two snap rings on top and bottom of pin.
5. If removed, install the bearings and install the
wheel. See section Steering Axle Assembly Repair, Assemble.
6. Repeat the procedure for the other spindle and tie
rod.
7. Remove the lift truck from blocks.

TIE RODS
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910), and GLC40,
45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS;

28

1600 YRM 1133

Put the lift truck on blocks on a solid, even, and


level surface. Verify the blocks or stands have
enough capacity to hold the lift truck. Use additional blocks next to the tires as necessary to
prevent movement of the lift truck. Verify the lifting
devices used during repairs can lift the weight of
the parts and assemblies.
See the Operating Manual or Periodic Maintenance
section for your lift truck model, for the procedures
to put the lift truck on blocks.
1. Put the lift truck on blocks.
2. Remove the wheel and bearings. See Steering
Axle Assembly Repair, Disassemble.

CAUTION
DO NOT hit the threads or the nut of the tie rod.
3. Remove the cotter pin and castle nut. Discard cotter pin. Use a puller to remove the tie rod end from
the spindle arm. To loosen the tie rod end, place
a hammer behind the arm to hold the arm. Hit the
spindle arm with another large hammer.
See Figure 19 for lift truck models
GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
See Figure 20 for lift truck models
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100,
120VX; GC/GLC080,
100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818)

1600 YRM 1133

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair


4. Loosen the clamps on the dust cover and slide the
dust cover off the steering cylinder rod. See Figure 17.
5. Remove the snap rings from the pin retaining the
tie rod to the steering cylinder rod, then remove the
pin.
6. Slide the tie rod from the cylinder rod.
7. Remove the dust cover from the tie rod.
8. If necessary, remove the clamps from the dust
cover.

Install
1. Install the tie rod to the spindle arm. Install the
castle nut.
a. GLC20-35VX
(GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910) - tighten castle
nut to 163 Nm (120 lbf ft).
b. GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818) - tighten castle nut to 175 Nm (129 lbf ft)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

PIN
O-RING
SPACER
SEAL
BEARING CONE
BEARING CUP
SLEEVE
OIL SEAL
CASTLE NUT
COTTER PIN
HUB CAP
WASHER
BEARING (OUTER)
BEARING (INNER)
OIL SEAL
SPINDLE
KINGPIN
SNAP RING
WASHER
TIE ROD
PIN

Figure 24. Spindle Assembly for Lift Truck Models


GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875), GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX
(C809) and GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX
(GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX)
(C810)

c. Tighten castle nut until new cotter pin can be


installed.
2. If removed, slide the clamps onto the dust cover.
3. Slide the dust cover on the tie rod. See Figure 17.
4. Slide the tie rod into the steering cylinder rod.
5. Lubricate and install the pin to retain the tie rod and
steering cylinder rod together.
6. Install the snap rings.
7. Slide the dust cover on to the steering rod cylinder,
against the rod-end shoulder.
8. Slide the clamps flush with the ends of the dust
cover and tighten clamps.
9. Install the bearings and wheel. See section Steering Axle Assembly Repair, Assemble.

29

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair


10. Repeat the procedure for the other tie rod.
11. Remove the lift truck from blocks.

1600 YRM 1133

Remove

WARNING

TIE RODS

PUTTING THE LIFT TRUCK ON BLOCKS

GLP/GDP20-35VX
(GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX) (B875),
GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX
(C809), GLP/GDP16-18VX,
GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX,
GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810),
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX)
(F813, G813, H813, J813), GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/GDC135VX,
GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879, E879,
F879), GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX)
(C878, D878, E878), and GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP170VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909)

The lift truck must be put on blocks for some


types of maintenance and repair. The removal
of the mast, drive axle, battery, or counterweight
assemblies will cause large changes in the center
of gravity. When the lift truck is put on blocks, put
additional blocks in the following positions:
If the mast and drive axle are removed, put blocks
under the counterweight so the lift truck cannot
fall backward.
If the counterweight is removed, put blocks under
the mast so that the lift truck cannot fall forward.

30

Put the lift truck on blocks on a solid, even, and


level surface. Verify the blocks or stands have
enough capacity to hold the lift truck. Use additional blocks next to the tires as necessary to
prevent movement of the lift truck. Verify the lifting
devices used during repairs can lift the weight of
the parts and assemblies.
See the Operating Manual or Periodic Maintenance
section for your lift truck model, for the procedures
to put the lift truck on blocks.

1600 YRM 1133


1. Put the lift truck on blocks.
2. Remove the wheel and if necessary, the bearings.
See Steering Axle Assembly Repair, Disassemble.
3. Remove the snap rings from the pin retaining the tie
rod to the spindle. Remove the pin. To loosen and
remove the pin, use a brass punch and hammer.
See Figure 25 for lift truck models
GC/GLC030VX,
GC/GLC035VX,
GC/GLC040SVX (C809)
GLP/GDP16VX,
GLP/GDP18VX,
GLP/GDP20SVX
(GP/GLP/GDP030VX,
GP/GLP/GDP035VX,
GP/GLP/GDP040SVX)
(C810)
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875)
See Figure 26 for lift truck models
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair


GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813,
H813, J813)
See Figure 27 for lift truck models
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)
GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP175VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)
4. Remove the snap rings from the pin retaining the tie
rod to the steering cylinder rod. Remove the pin.
5. Slide the tie rod and washers from the spindle housing and steering cylinder rod.

31

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

1600 YRM 1133

Legend for Figure 25


A. GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX) (B875)
B. GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809) AND GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX
(GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
1. SNAP RINGS
2. STEERING CYLINDER ROD
3. WASHERS

32

4. TIE ROD
5. PIN
6. SPINDLE

1600 YRM 1133

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

Figure 25. Tie Rod for Lift Truck Models GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875), GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809) and GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX
(GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
33

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

1. SPINDLE (LEFT SIDE SHOWN)


2. SNAP RING
3. SEAL

1600 YRM 1133

4. TIE ROD ASSEMBLY


5. PIN
6. STEERING CYLINDER ROD

Figure 26. Tie Rod Assembly for Lift Truck Models GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5, GLP/GDP45VX6;
GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813, H813, J813)

34

1600 YRM 1133

1. SNAP RING
2. PIN
3. STEERING CYLINDER ROD

Spindles, Bearings, and Tie Rods Repair

4. SEAL
5. TIE ROD ASSEMBLY
6. SPINDLE (LEFT SIDE SHOWN)

Figure 27. Tie Rod Assembly for Lift Truck Models GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX (GC/GLC/GDC135VX,
GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879, E879, F879); GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/GDP135VX,
GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878, E878); and GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP170VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909)

35

Steering Cylinder Repair

1600 YRM 1133

Install
1. Place the tie rod and washers in position in the spindle and steering cylinder rod.

GLP/GDP60VX,
GLP/GDP70VX
(GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878)
GLP/GDP80VX,
GLP/GDP80VX9,
GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX,
GLP/GDP175VX36, GLP/GDP190VX) (A909,
B909)

See Figure 25 for lift truck models


GC/GLC030VX,
GC/GLC035VX,
GC/GLC040SVX (C809)
GLP/GDP16VX,
GLP/GDP18VX,
GLP/GDP20SVX
(GP/GLP/GDP030VX,
GP/GLP/GDP035VX,
GP/GLP/GDP040SVX)
(C810)
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875)

2. Align holes and place lubricated pin into the spindle


and tie rod. Install the two snap rings on top and
bottom of pin.

See Figure 26 for lift truck models


GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6;
GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX (GP/GLP/
GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813, G813,
H813, J813)

4. If removed, install the bearings and install the


wheel. See Steering Axle Assembly Repair, Assemble.

See Figure 27 for lift truck models


GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879)

3. Align holes and place lubricated pin into the steering cylinder rod and tie rod. Install the two snap
rings on top and bottom of pin.

5. Repeat the procedure for the other tie rod.


6. Remove the lift truck from blocks.

Steering Cylinder Repair


REMOVE AND DISASSEMBLE
NOTE: The end caps of the steering cylinder are held in
the shell by the installation of cylinder mount capscrews
into the axle frame. To prevent oil leaks at the caps, hold
the caps on the shell during removal.
NOTE: Hydraulic oil is to be disposed of in accordance
with local directives.
1. Disconnect and tag hydraulic lines at steering cylinder. See Figure 28. Install caps in fittings on cylinder and put fittings on hydraulic lines.
2. Remove the tie rods. See Spindles, Bearings, and
Tie Rods Repair, Tie Rods.

36

3. Remove capscrews that fasten cylinder to axle


frame. Hold end caps on shell and remove steering cylinder.
4. Hold end of steering cylinder over a container. Remove plug for hydraulic fitting from each end cap.
Push rod toward end of shell that is over container.
Oil will drain from cylinder. Repeat procedure for
other end.
5. Carefully remove one end cap from shell and slide
off of rod. Carefully pull rod out of shell, keeping
rod centered in shell during removal. Remove other
end cap from shell. Remove all seals, wipers, and
O-rings. See Figure 28.

1600 YRM 1133

Steering Cylinder Repair

6. Remove piston seal. If present, remove two guide


rings.

CLEAN AND INSPECT


WARNING
Cleaning solvents can be flammable and toxic and
can cause skin irritation. When using cleaning
solvents, always follow the solvent manufacturers
recommended safety procedures.
1. Clean all metal parts in solvent.
2. Inspect piston rod for grooves or damage. Remove
small scratches with fine emery cloth.
3. Inspect cylinder bore for damage

ASSEMBLE AND INSTALL


CAUTION
Do not damage the O-rings, seals, or wipers during
installation.

ROD
WIPER
END CAP
O-RING
BACKUP RING
SHELL

2. Lubricate O-rings, seals, and wipers with O-ring lubricant and carefully install one end cap on cylinder
rod.
3. Carefully slide cylinder rod into shell and end onto
into shell. Keep cylinder rod aligned in center of
shell during installation so the parts are not damaged. Install other end cap into shell. Put caps on
hydraulic fittings of end caps.
4. Hold end caps and install cylinder on axle frame
using capscrews. Tighten capscrews to 225 Nm
(166 lbf ft).
5. Install tie rods. See section Spindles, Bearings, and
Tie Rods Repair, Tie Rods.

4. Inspect mounts for cracks.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

1. Put O-rings, seals, guide rings, and wipers in warm


hydraulic oil. Install O-rings, seals, guide rings, and
wipers as shown in Figure 28.

6. Remove plugs and caps and connect hydraulic


lines as tagged during removal, to steering cylinder. Operate steering system to remove air from
cylinders and system. Turn steering wheel several
times from one stop to the other. Check that the
steer cylinder operates lock to lock.

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

PISTON SEAL
ROD SEAL
O-RING
HYDRAULIC LINE PORT
GUIDE RING

Figure 28. Steering Cylinder

37

Torque Specifications

1600 YRM 1133

Torque Specifications
Axle Mounting Bolts and Nuts
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
90 Nm (66.4 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040070VX) (B875)
88 Nm (65 lbf ft)
GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809) and
GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/
GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
41 to 49 Nm (30 to 36 lbf ft)
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818),
F818 215 Nm (159 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX)
(F813, G813, H813, J813) 90 Nm (66.4 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/GDC135VX,
GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879, E879, F879)
250 to 275 Nm (184 to 203 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878) 270 Nm (199 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP175VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909) 270 Nm (199 lbf ft)
Hub Nut (Initial)
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
68 Nm (50 lbf ft)

38

GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875), GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX
(C809), and GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/
GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX,
GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
200 Nm (147.5 lbf ft)
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818) 203 Nm (150 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813,
G813, H813, J813) 200 to 220 Nm (148 to 162 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/GDC135VX,
GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879, E879,
F879) 203 Nm (150 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878) 203 Nm (150 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP175VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909) 203 Nm (150 lbf ft)
Hub Nut (Final)
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
3 Nm (27 lbf in)
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040070VX) (B875)
15 Nm (133 lbf ft)
GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX (C809) and
GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/
GDP030-035VX, GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
12 Nm (106 lbf in)

1600 YRM 1133


GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080, 100,
120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX;
GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818, F818) 34 Nm (25 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX)
(F813, G813, H813, J813) 35 Nm (26 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLC/GDC60VX,
GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/GDC135VX,
GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879, E879,
F879) 35 Nm (26 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878,
D878, E878) 34 Nm (25 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP175VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, b909) 34 Nm (25 lbf ft)
King Pin Lock Nut (Initial)
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875), GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX
(C809), and GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/
GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX,
GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
90 Nm (66.4 lbf ft)
King Pin Lock Nut (Final)
GLP/GDP20-35VX (GP/GLP/GDP040-070VX)
(B875), GC/GLC030-035VX, GC/GLC040SVX
(C809), and GLP/GDP16-18VX, GLP/
GDP20SVX (GP/GLP/GDP030-035VX,
GP/GLP/GDP040SVX) (C810)
34 Nm (25 lbf ft)
Spindle Bearing Cap Capscrews
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
44 Nm (32 lbf ft)

Torque Specifications
GLP/GDP40VX5/VX6; GLP/GDP45SVX5,
GLP/GDP45VX6; GLP/GDP50-55VX
(GP/GLP/GDP080, 090, 100, 110, 120VX) (F813,
G813, H813, J813) 45 to 50 Nm (33 to 37 lbf ft)
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879, D879,
E879, F879) 52 Nm (38 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878,
D878, E878) 47 Nm (35 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP175VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909) 47 Nm (35 lbf ft)
Tie Rod Nut
GLC20-35VX (GC/GLC040-070VX,
GC/GLC055SVX) (A910)
163 Nm (120 lbf ft)
GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080,
100, 120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS;
GC/GLC120SVX; GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818,
F818) 175 Nm (129 lbf ft)
Steer Cylinder Mounting Bolts
GLC/GDC60VX, GLC/GDC70VX, (GC/GLC/
GDC135VX, GC/GLC/GDC155VX) (C879,
D879, E879, F879)
225 Nm (166 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP60VX, GLP/GDP70VX (GP/GLP/
GDP135VX, GP/GLP/GDP155VX) (C878, D878,
E878) 225 Nm (166 lbf ft)
GLP/GDP80VX, GLP/GDP80VX9, GLP/GDP90VX
(GLP/GDP170VX, GLP/GDP175VX36,
GLP/GDP190VX) (A909, B909) 225 Nm (166 lbf ft)

GLC40, 45, 55VX; GLC55SVX; (GC/GLC080, 100,


120VX; GC/GLC080, 100VXBCS; GC/GLC120SVX;
GC/GLC120VXPRS) (E818, F818) 52 Nm (38 lbf ft)

39

NOTES
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____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

40

Yale Europe Materials Handling Limited


Flagship House, Reading Road North, Fleet, Hampshire GU138 HR United Kingdom

1600 YRM 1133


7/13 (3/13)(9/12)(7/12)(1/12)(7/10)(6/10)(4/09)(7/08)(3/07)(6/06)(3/06)(10/05)(5/05)(12/04)
Printed in the United Kingdom