# Difference in Circumferences through the Lens of Complex Analysis

by Parker Emmerson
This paper places some of the ideas presented in other, earlier papers in terms of the designated variables of complex analysis. The forms are the same as the other papers, but new contour is elucidated through use of complex analysis.
r = Abs@zD = Abs@x + Â yD =
In[26]:=

x2 + y2

SolveBAbs@zD == ::y Ø -

x2 + y2 , yF - x2 + Abs@zD2 >>

Out[26]=

- x2 + Abs@zD2 >, :y Ø

q Abs@zD = 2 p Abs@zD - 2 p x q Abs@zD = 2 p Abs@zD - 2 p
In[58]:=

HAbs@zD ^ 2 - y ^ 2L

RevolutionPlot3D@q Abs@zD, 8q, - 2 p, 2 p<, 8z, - 1, 1<D

Out[58]=

Skipping ahead for just a moment, it will be shown later that parameters of the cone can be assigned in terms of the difference in circumferences of two circles.

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

In[57]:=

ContourPlot3DB 2 p Abs@x + Â yD - 2 p

Abs@x + Â yD ^ 2 -

4 p Abs@x + Â yD2 q - Abs@x + Â yD2 q2 2p

^2 ,

8x, - 1, 1<, 8y, - 1, 1<, 8q, - 4 p, 4 p<F

Out[57]=

In[55]:=

Plot3DB 2 p Abs@x + Â yD - 2 p

HAbs@x + Â yD ^ 2 - y ^ 2L , 8x, - 1, 1<, 8y, - 1, 1<F

Out[55]=

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

3

In[22]:=

SolveBq Abs@zD == 2 p Abs@zD - 2 p 4p-q q Abs@zD 2p

HAbs@zD ^ 2 - y ^ 2L , yF 4p-q q Abs@zD 2p 4p-q

Out[22]=

::y Ø -

>, :y Ø

>>

y = Abs@zD Sin@bD = 4p-q 2p >> q

- x2 + Abs@zD2 = q r

q Abs@zD 2p

In[31]:=

SolveBy ==

, rF

Out[31]=

::r Ø

2py 4p-q

In[38]:=

SolveBy ==

4p-q

q Abs@zD 2p

, qF 2 p Abs@zD2 + >, :q Ø - y2 Abs@zD2 + Abs@zD4 Abs@zD2 >>

2 p Abs@zD2 Out[38]=

- y2 Abs@zD2 + Abs@zD4 Abs@zD2

::q Ø

2 p Abs@zD2 +

-y2 Abs@zD2 +Abs@zD4 Abs@zD
2

2 p Abs@zD2 +

-y2 Abs@zD2 +Abs@zD4 Abs@zD2

4p-q

q Abs@zD 2p

4p=

Abs@zD =

2p - y2 Abs@zD2 + Abs@zD4 Abs@zD2 Abs@zD =

1 2p

2 p Abs@zD2 + 4p-q

1 2p

2 p Abs@zD2 + 4p-

- y2 Abs@zD2 + Abs@zD4 Abs@zD2 q Abs@zD =

2 p Abs@x+Â yD2 +

-y2 Abs@x+Â yD2 +Abs@x+Â yD4 Abs@x+Â yD2

4p-

q Abs@x + Â yD =

2p 2 p Abs@x + Â yD2 + 4p-q

- y2 Abs@x + Â yD2 + Abs@x + Â yD4 Abs@x + Â yD2 Abs@x + Â yD

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

In[44]:=

Plot3DB

1 2p

2 p Abs@zD2 + 4p-

- y2 Abs@zD2 + Abs@zD4 Abs@zD2

2 p Abs@zD2 +

- y2 Abs@zD2 + Abs@zD4 Abs@zD2 Abs@zD, 8y, - 1, 1<, 8z, - 1, 1<F

Out[44]=

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

5

In[47]:=

ContourPlot3DB

1 2p

2 p Abs@zD2 + 4p-q

- y2 Abs@zD2 + Abs@zD4 Abs@zD2 Abs@zD,

8y, - 1, 1<, 8z, - 1, 1<, 8q, - 2 p, 2 p<F

Out[47]=

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

In[48]:=

ContourPlot3DB

1 2p

2 p Abs@zD2 + 4p-

- y2 Abs@zD2 + Abs@zD4 Abs@zD2 q Abs@zD,

8y, - 1, 1<, 8z, - 1, 1<, 8q, - 2 p, 2 p<F

Out[48]=

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

7

2 p Abs@x+Â yD2 +

-y2 Abs@x+Â yD2 +Abs@x+Â yD4 Abs@x+Â yD2

4pIn[45]:=

q Abs@x + Â yD ,

ContourPlot3DB 8x, - 1, 1<, 8y, - 1, 1<, 8q, - 2 p, 2 p<F

2p

Out[45]=

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

In[46]:=

ContourPlot3DB

1 2p

2 p Abs@x + Â yD2 + 4p-q

- y2 Abs@x + Â yD2 + Abs@x + Â yD4 Abs@x + Â yD2 Abs@x + Â yD,

8x, - 1, 1<, 8y, - 1, 1<, 8q, - 2 p, 2 p<F

Out[46]=

Abs@zD =

2py 4p-q q

=

2 p Abs@zD Sin@bD 4 p q - q2 == Abs@zD, qF

In[23]:=

SolveB

2 p Abs@zD Sin@bD 4pq-q
2

Out[23]=

::q Ø 2 p -

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2

>, :q Ø 2 p +

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2

>>

4p-q

q Abs@zD 2p

4p-2 p+ =

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2

2 p+ 2p

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2

Abs@x + Â yD =

4p-2 p+

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2 2p

q Abs@zD =

4p-q

2 p+

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2 2p

Abs@zD =

4p-q

q Abs@x + Â yD 2p

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

9

4p-2 p+
In[42]:=

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2

2 p+ 2p

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2

Abs@x + Â yD ,

ContourPlot3DB 8x, - 1, 1<, 8b, - p, p<, 8y, - 1, 1<F

Out[42]=

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

4p-2 p+
In[52]:=

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2 2p

q Abs@zD , 8z, - 1, 1<, 8b, - p, p<, 8q, - 2 p, 2 p<F

ContourPlot3DB

Out[52]=

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

11

4p-q
In[53]:=

2 p+

p2 - p2 Sin@bD2 2p

Abs@zD , 8z, - 1, 1<, 8b, - p, p<, 8q, - 2 p, 2 p<F

ContourPlot3DB

Out[53]=

In[54]:=

ContourPlot3DB

4p-q

q Abs@x + Â yD 2p

, 8x, - 1, 1<, 8y, - 1, 1<, 8q, - 2 p, 2 p<F

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

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Difference in Circumference through Complex Analysis by Parker Emmerson, © February 8, 2010.nb

13

Out[54]=

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