Chapter 3
Materials
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
CivilFEM Theory Manual
Chapter 3 Table of Contents
3.1
Introduction ................................................................................................ 1
3.2
General Properties..................................................................................... 3
3.3
Specific Material Properties ....................................................................... 7
3.4
3.3.1
Structural Steel ......................................................................... 7
3.3.2
Concrete ................................................................................. 16
3.3.3
Reinforcement Steel ............................................................... 22
3.3.4
Prestessing Steel .................................................................... 23
3.3.5
Soils ........................................................................................ 24
3.3.6
Rocks ...................................................................................... 27
Specific Code Properties ......................................................................... 31
3.4.1
Eurocode 3 (Structural Steel).................................................. 31
3.4.2
Spanish EA code (Structural Steel) ........................................ 31
3.4.3
LRFD (Structural Steel)........................................................... 32
3.4.4
BS59501985 (Structural Steel) .............................................. 32
3.4.5
BS59502000 (Structural Steel) .............................................. 32
3.4.6
GB50017 (Structural Steel) ..................................................... 33
3.4.7
Eurocode 2 (Concrete)............................................................ 33
3.4.8
Eurocode 2 (Reinforcement Steel) .......................................... 38
3.4.9
Eurocode 2 (Prestressing steel) .............................................. 41
3.4.10
ACI (Concrete) ........................................................................ 44
3.4.11
ACI (Reinforcement steel)....................................................... 47
3.4.12
ACI (Prestressing steel) .......................................................... 49
3.4.13
CEBFIP (Concrete) ................................................................ 51
3.4.14
CEBFIP (reinforcement steel) ................................................ 56
3.4.15
EHE (Concrete) ...................................................................... 58
3.4.16
EHE (Reinforcement Steel)..................................................... 63
3.4.17
EHE (Prestressing steel)......................................................... 66
3.4.18
BS8110 (Concrete) ................................................................. 70
3.4.19
BS8110 (Reinforcement steel) ................................................ 74
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.5
3.4.20
GB50010 (Concrete) ............................................................... 76
3.4.21
GB50010 (Reinforcement steel) ............................................. 80
3.4.22
AS3600 ................................................................................... 83
3.4.23
NBR6118 (Concrete) .............................................................. 83
3.4.24
NBR6118 (Reinforcement Steel) ............................................ 85
3.4.25
Indian Standard 456 (Concrete) .............................................. 88
3.4.26
Indian Standard 456 (Reinforcement Steel) ............................ 90
3.4.27
Russian Code SP52101 (C
52101) (Concrete) ................ 92
3.4.28
Russian Code SP52101 (C
52101) (Reinforcement Steel)96
3.4.29
ITER Structural Design Code for Buildings ............................. 98
FLAC3D Properties.................................................................................. 99
3.5.1
FLAC3D material properties for soil and rock elements .......... 99
3.5.2
FLAC3D material properties for structural elements ............. 104
3.6
Active Properties.................................................................................... 109
3.7
Material Properties Dependence ........................................................... 111
3.7.1
External Data ........................................................................ 111
3.7.2
General Properties ................................................................ 111
3.7.3
Structural Steel Specific Properties ...................................... 112
3.7.4
Concrete Specific Properties ................................................ 112
3.7.5
Soil Specific Properties ......................................................... 112
3.7.6
Rock Specific Properties ....................................................... 113
3.7.7
Specific Code Properties ...................................................... 115
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.1 Introduction
3.1
Introduction
Material properties considered by CivilFEM include ANSYS standard properties, as
well as other properties necessary for CivilFEM specific calculations, such as
properties related to codes: characteristic strengths, yield strengths, reduction
coefficients, etc.
When defining a material within CivilFEM, ANSYS standard properties are
automatically defined, assigning to ANSYS materials the same numbering as
CivilFEM materials. Thus, it is not recommended to directly modify ANSYS' material
properties, to avoid unexpected behaviors between ANSYS and CivilFEM databases.
CivilFEM materials have four different kinds of properties:
General properties : Common properties for all kinds of materials
Material properties : Reserved for steels, concretes, etc.
Code properties
: Related to Eurocode 2, Eurocode 3, ACI, CEBFIP, etc.
Active properties
: Obtained for the actual active time
FLAC3D properties : Properties to be applied when exporting the model to FLAC3D
General properties are common to all CivilFEM kinds of materials and contain data
identifying the materials (number, reference, type), mechanical properties being
transferred to ANSYS materials, as well as costs and the activation times of each
material.
Specific material properties are always available for a particular material, regardles of
the code under which the material was defined.
Specific code properties contain exclusive material data for each code.
Active material properties depend on the age of the material, and are calculated for
the active time (see section 3.6 for more information).
FLAC3D properties are divided in two groups:
Terrain properties:
Soils (type 5)
Rocks (type 6)
Structural properties:
Structural steel (type 1)
Concrete (type 2)
Reinforcing steel (type 3)
Prestressing steel (type 4)
These properties will be used to define the constitutive models and the structural
element properties in the exporting process to FLAC3D.
CivilFEM material definition (see ~CFMP command) is achieved by selecting one of
the materials included in its libraries. The following types of materials can be defined
in the current version:

Structural steels
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
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Chapter 3 Materials
Concretes
Reinforcing steels
Prestressing steels
Soils
Rocks
Once the material is defined, the material is labeled with a reference which relates it
to the chosen library material. The user can modify all those properties that are not
associated to the library. In order to modify the data associated to a library reference,
one should make the material lose that reference and become User Def.
The following labels characterize the type of datum regarding the possibility of
changes made by the user:
LIBR:
Data associated to a library reference. In ordert to modify a property with
this label, the material should first become User Def.
LOCK:
Blocked data. The will in no way be allowed to modify them.
MODF:
Data may be modified by the user.
On the other hand, there are several dependencies in the materials data which are
automatically updated. Therefore, the user must take into account these
dependencies when modifying those related properties (see chapter 3.7 for further
details).
32
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.2 General Properties
3.2
General Properties
General properties are those properties common to all kinds of materials (concrete,
structural steel and reinforcing steel). These properties have the labels and values
described hereafter:
Umat
Material number defined by the user.
(MODF)
Ref8
Reference.
(LOCK)
Name
User material name.
(MODF)
Type
(LOCK)
Material type defined by the user.
0 = Generic Material.
1 = Structural steel
2 = Concrete
3 = Reinforcing steel
4 = Prestressing steel
5 = Soils
6 = Rocks
TAct
Material activation time
(MODF)
TDeact
Material deactivation time
(MODF)
Ex
(LOCK)
(MODF)
(LIBR)
Modulus of elasticity of the material.
If Type=0
User Defined (generic material).
If Type =1 or 2 Its value depends on the active code. It equals ExLn
(this label is defined later on).
If Type =5 or 6 Its value depends on the material. It is equal to ExCal.
Otherwise
NUxy
(LIBR)
Automatically defined from the material's library.
Poisson's modulus. Depends on the active code and the material type
(0 Nuxy < 0.5).
Eurocode 3
(Structural steel)
NUxy = 0.3
Art 3.2.5
EA
(Structural steel)
NUxy = 0.3
Art 3.1.9
LRFD
(Structural steel)
NUxy = 0.3
BS 5950
(Structural steel)
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Chapter 3 Materials
NUxy = 0.3
Art 3.1.2
GB50017
(Structural steel)
NUxy = 0.3
Eurocode 2
(Concrete)
NUxy = 0.2
Art 3.1.2.5.3
Eurocode 2
(Reinforcing steel)
NUxy = 0.3
Art 3.1.2
Eurocode 2
(Prestressing steel)
NUxy = 0.3
ACI
(Concrete)
NUxy = 0.2
Art 116R45
ACI
(Reinforcing steel)
NUxy = 0.3
Art 116R45
ACI
(Prestressing steel)
NUxy = 0.3
CEBFIP
(Concrete)
NUxy = 0.2
Art 2.1.4.3
CEBFIP
(Reinforcing steel)
NUxy = 0.3
Art 2.1.4.3
EHE
(Concrete)
NUxy = 0.2
Art 39.9
EHE
(Reinforcing steel)
NUxy = 0.3
Art 39.9
EHE
(Prestessing steel)
NUxy = 0.3
BS 8110
(Concrete)
NUxy = 0.2
Art 2.4.2.4
BS 8110
(Reinforcing steel)
NUxy = 0.3
GB50010
(Concrete)
NUxy = 0.2
GB50010
(Reinforcing steel)
NUxy = 0.3
If Type = 5 or 6 then its value depends on NuxyCal one.
Gxy
34
Shear modulus. It is calculated using the following formula:
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.2 General Properties
(MODF)
Gxy
ALP
(MODF)
Ex
2 1 NUxy
Coefficient of linear thermal expansion. Its initial value depends on the
active code:
Eurocode 3
(Structural steel)
ALP = 1.2E5 (C1)
Art 3.2.5
EA
(Structural steel)
1
ALP = 1.2E5 (C )
Art 3.1.10
LRFD
(Structural steel)
1
ALP = 1.2E5 (C )
BS 5950
(Structural steel)
1
ALP = 1.2E5 (C )
Art 3.1.2
GB50017
(Structural steel)
ALP = 1.2E5 (C1)
Art 3.4.3
Eurocode 2
(Concrete)
ALP = 1.0E5 (C1)
Art 3.1.2.5.4
Eurocode 2
(Reinforcing steel)
ALP = 1.0E5 (C1)
Art 3.2.3
Eurocode 2
(Prestressing steel)
ALP = 1.0E5 (C1)
Art 3.2.3
ACI
(Concrete)
ALP = 1.0E5 (C1)
ACI
(Reinforcing steel)
1
ALP = 1.0E5 (C ))
ACI
(Prestressing steel)
1
ALP = 1.0E5 (C ))
CEBFIP
(Concrete)
1
ALP = 1.0E5 (C )
Art 2.1.8.3
CEBFIP
(Reinforcing steel)
1
ALP = 1.0E5 (C )
Art 2.2.5.4
EHE
(Concrete)
1
ALP = 1.0E5 (C )
Art 39.10
EHE
(Reinforcing steel)
ALP = 1.0E5 (C1)
Art 39.10
EHE
(Prestressing steel)
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Chapter 3 Materials
ALP = 1.0E5 (C1)
BS 8110
(Concrete)
1
ALP = 1.0E5 (C )
Part 2: 7.5
BS 8110
(Reinforcing steel)
1
ALP = 1.0E5 (C )
GB50010
(Concrete)
1
ALP = 1.0E5 (C )
Part 2: 7.5
GB50010
(Reinforcing steel)
1
ALP = 1.0E5 (C )
SOILS
ALP = 1.0E5 (C1)
ROCKS
ALP = 1.0E5 (C1)
RHO
Density value of the material.
(MODF)
GAM
RHO = GAM/g
If Type= 0, 1, 2, 3
RHO is free
If Type =5 or 6
RHO = RHOcal
Specific weight of the material.
(MODF)
DAMP
(MODF)
GAM = RHO*g
If Type= 0, 1, 2, 3
GAM is free
If Type =5 or 6
GAM = GAMcal
Damping of the material.
For transient analyses: K matrix multiplier ( ) for damping.
For spectral analyses: critical damping ratio.
VCost
(MODF)
MCost
Cost per volume unit.
Vcost = Mcost*RHO = Wcost*GAM
Cost per mass unit.
(MODF)
WCost
(MODF)
36
Mcost = Vcost/RHO = Wcost*g
Cost per weight unit.
Wcost = Vcost/GAM = Mcost/g
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.3 Specific Material Properties
3.3
Specific Material Properties
3.3.1
Structural Steel
Command ~CFMP, defines all material properties for structural steel, including those
properties that are necessary to carry out an ANSYS analysis. Specific structural
steel material properties supported by CivilFEM are described hereafter:
3.3.1.1
NThk
Thickness table and dependent properties
Refers to the range number for the different material's thickness.
(LIBR)
Thik
NThk
Thik
Thickness table.
(NThk)
(LIBR)
ExLn
(LIBR)
Modulus of elasticity for linear analysis. ExLn
depends on the active code:
0. The initial value
Eurocode 3
ExLn = 21E4 MPa
Art. 3.2.5
EA
ExLn = 2.1E6 kp/cm2
Art. 3.1.9
LRFD
ExLn = 29000 ksi
BS 5950
ExLn = 205 kN/mm2
Art 3.1.2
GB50017
ExLn = 206 kN/mm2
3.3.1.2
KPLA
(MODF)
PLRAT
Art 3.4.3
Plastic behavior in ANSYS
Refers to the type of behavior.
0
Elastic (default value)
Bilinear Kinematic
Bilinear Isotropic
Multilinear Kinematic Hardening
Multilinear Isotropic
DruckerPrager
Elastic/Plastic modulus ratio. This ratio is by default equal to 10000.
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
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Chapter 3 Materials
(MODF)
PLThk
PLRAT
Thickness used to define the plastic behavior.
(MODF)
3.3.1.3
PLThk
Stress strain diagram for structural analysis
TSASSD
Type of stressstrain diagram. Each different type of stressstrain
diagrams available depends on the code for which the material was
defined. Apart from available diagrams supported by the codes, it is
possible to define new ones by selecting the User defined option.
NPSASSD
Number of diagram points.
SAEPS
Strain values corresponding to a point of the diagram.
SASGM
Stress values corresponding to a point of the diagram.
3.3.1.3.1
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to Eurocode 3
The available stressstrain diagrams for Eurocode 3 are:
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SAEPS (2) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SASGM (1) =
SAEPS(1)*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
SAEPS(2)*ExLn
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
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CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.3 Specific Material Properties
A total of 4 points (NPSASSD = 4) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values have been taken conforming to article Art. 5.2.1.4 and
are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SAEPS (2) =
fy / ExLn
SAEPS (3) =
fy / ExLn
SAEPS (4) =
1.0E2
Stress values have also been taken conforming to article Art. 5.2.1.4 and are the
following:
SASGM (1) =
fy+(SAEPS (1)  SAEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
fy
SASGM (3) =
fy
SASGM (4) =
fy + (SAEPS (4)  SAEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn
3.3.1.3.2
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to the Spanish EA code
The different stressstrain diagrams according to EA code are:
TSASSD= 0 User defined
TSASSD= 1 Elastic
TSASSD= 2 Bilinear
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SAEPS (2) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SASGM (1) =
SAEPS(1)*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
SAEPS(2)*ExLn
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
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Chapter 3 Materials
A total of 4 points (NPSASSD = 4) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SAEPS (2) =
SIGe / ExLn
SAEPS (3) =
SIGe / ExLn
SAEPS (4) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SASGM (1) =
 SIGe +(SAEPS (1)  SAEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
 SIGe
SASGM (3) =
SIGe
SASGM (4) =
SIGe + (SAEPS (4)  SAEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn
3.3.1.3.3
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to LRFD
The available stressstrain diagrams for LRFD are:
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SAEPS (2) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SASGM (1) =
SAEPS(1)*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
SAEPS(2)*ExLn
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 4 points (NPSASSD = 4) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
310
1.0E2
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.3 Specific Material Properties
SAEPS (2) =
fy / ExLn
SAEPS (3) =
fy / ExLn
SAEPS (4) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SASGM (1) =
fy+(SAEPS (1)  SAEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
fy
SASGM (3) =
fy
SASGM (4) =
fy + (SAEPS (4)  SAEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn
3.3.1.3.4
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to BS 5950
The available stressstrain diagrams for BS 5950 are:
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SAEPS (2) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SASGM (1) =
SAEPS(1)*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
SAEPS(2)*ExLn
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 4 points (NPSASSD = 4) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SAEPS (2) =
fy / ExLn
SAEPS (3) =
fy / ExLn
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Chapter 3 Materials
SAEPS (4) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SASGM (1) =
fy+(SAEPS (1)  SAEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
fy
SASGM (3) =
Fy
SASGM (4) =
fy + (SAEPS (4)  SAEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn
3.3.1.3.5
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to GB50017
The available stressstrain diagrams for GB50017 are:
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SAEPS (2) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SASGM (1) =
SAEPS(1)*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
SAEPS(2)*ExLn
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 4 points (NPSASSD = 4) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SAEPS (2) =
fy / ExLn
SAEPS (3) =
fy / ExLn
SAEPS (4) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
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3.3 Specific Material Properties
SASGM (1) =
fy+(SAEPS (1)  SAEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn
SASGM (2) =
fy
SASGM (3) =
Fy
SASGM (4) =
fy + (SAEPS (4)  SAEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn
3.3.1.4
Stressstrain diagram for section analysis
SDEPS
Strain values corresponding to a point of the diagram.
SDSGM
Stress values corresponding to a point of the diagram.
TSDSSD
Type of stressstrain diagram. The different type of stressstrain
diagrams available depend on the code for which the material was
defined. Apart from available diagrams supported by codes, it is
possible to define new ones by selecting the User defined option.
NPSDSSD
Number of diagram points.
3.3.1.4.1
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to Eurocode 3
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available according to Eurocode 3 are:
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 4 points (NPSDSSD = 4) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values have been taken conforming to article Art. 5.2.1.4 and
are the following:
SDEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SDEPS (2) =
fy / ExLn / GAMM0
SDEPS (3) =
fy / ExLn / GAMM0
SDEPS (4) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SDSGM (1) =
(fy+(SDEPS (1)  SDEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn) / GAMM0
SDSGM (2) =
fy / GAMM0
SDSGM (3) =
fy / GAMM0
SDSGM (4) =
(fy + (SDEPS (4)  SDEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn) / GAMM0
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313
Chapter 3 Materials
3.3.1.4.2
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to the spanish EA code
The different stressstrain diagrams according to the EA code are:
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1)
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 4 points (NPSDSSD = 4) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SDEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SDEPS (2) =
SIGe / ExLn / GAMa
SDEPS (3) =
SIGe / ExLn / GAMa
SDEPS (4) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SDSGM (1) =
( SIGe +(SDEPS (1)  SDEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn) / GAMa
SDSGM (2) =
 SIGe / GAMa
SDSGM (3) =
SIGe / GAMa
SDSGM (4) =
(SIGe + (SDEPS (4)  SDEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn) / GAMa
3.3.1.4.3
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to the LRFD code
The different stressstrain diagrams according to LRFD code are:
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1)
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 4 points (NPSDSSD = 4) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SDEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SDEPS (2) =
fy / ExLn
SDEPS (3) =
fy / ExLn
SDEPS (4) =
1.0E2
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3.3 Specific Material Properties
Stress values are the following:
SDSGM (1) =
(fy+(SDEPS (1)  SDEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn)
SDSGM (2) =
fy
SDSGM (3) =
fy
SDSGM (4) =
(fy + (SDEPS (4)  SDEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn)
3.3.1.4.4
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to the BS5950 code
The different stressstrain diagrams according to the BS5950 code are:
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1)
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 4 points (NPSDSSD = 4) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SDEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SDEPS (2) =
ROy / ExLn
SDEPS (3) =
ROy / ExLn
SDEPS (4) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SDSGM (1) =
(fy+(SDEPS (1)  SDEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn)
SDSGM (2) =
ROy
SDSGM (3) =
ROy
SDSGM (4) =
(fy + (SDEPS (4)  SDEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn)
3.3.1.4.5
Stressstrain diagrams conforming to the GB50017 code
The different stressstrain diagrams according to the GB50017 code are:
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1)
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
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A total of 4 points (NPSDSSD = 4) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SDEPS (1) =
1.0E2
SDEPS (2) =
f / ExLn
SDEPS (3) =
f / ExLn
SDEPS (4) =
1.0E2
Stress values are the following:
SDSGM (1) =
f+(SDEPS (1)  SDEPS (2)) / PLRAT*ExLn)
SDSGM (2) =
f
SDSGM (3) =
SDSGM (4) =
f + (SDEPS (4)  SDEPS (3)) / PLRAT*ExLn)
3.3.1.5
EPSmax
(MODF)
Strain limits for steelconcrete composite sections design
Maximum permisible strain in tension at any point of the section
(Point A in the pivot diagram).
Sign criterion: + Tension,  Compression
EPSmax = 0.010 (default value)
If EPSmax = 0 then there is no limit
EPSmin
(MODF)
Maximum permisible strain in compression at any point of the
section (Point B in the pivot diagram).
Sign criterion: + Tension,  Compression
EPSmin = 0.010 (default value)
If EPSmin = 0 then there is no limit
3.3.2
Concrete
Command ~CFMP, defines all concrete material properties including those properties
required for an ANSYS analysis.
Note: CivilFEM does not contain the material data conforming to the Australian Standard
AS3600. If this code is activated, the selected material (concrete or reinforcement steel) will
be filled out with the same parameters as the ACI318 code requires.
Specific concrete material properties supported by CivilFEM are described hereafter:
3.3.2.1
Time dependent properties
NAge
(MODF)
Number of material age points defined. This value must be between
0 and 50. A different stressstrain diagram is defined for each of the
age points defined.
Age(NAge)
Age tables, in days (Age
316
0).
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.3 Specific Material Properties
(MODF)
MatAge
Material age. It will be calculated using the following formula:
(LOCK)
MatAge = ActTime  TmAct
The initial values of Nage and Age depend on the active code under which the
material is defined.
Eurocode 2:
NAge = 20
Age =
1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 200, 365, 600, 1000, 1800,
3000, 6000, 10000 days
ACI318:
NAge = 20
Age =
1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 200, 365, 600, 1000, 1800,
3000, 6000, 10000 days
EHE:
NAge = 20
Age =
1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 200, 365, 600, 1000, 1800,
3000, 6000, 10000 days
CEBFIP:
NAge = 20
Age =
1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 200, 365, 600, 1000, 1800,
3000, 6000, 10000 days
BS8110
NAge = 20
Age =
1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 200, 365, 600, 1000, 1800,
3000, 6000, 10000 days
GB50010:
NAge = 20
Age =
1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 200, 365, 600, 1000, 1800,
3000, 6000, 10000 days
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Chapter 3 Materials
NBR6118:
NAge = 20
Age =
1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 200, 365, 600, 1000, 1800,
3000, 6000, 10000 days
IS456:
NAge = 20
Age =
1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 200, 365, 600, 1000, 1800,
3000, 6000, 10000 days
SP52101:
NAge = 20
Age =
3.3.2.2
TpEx
(MODF)
1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 200, 365, 600, 1000, 1800,
3000, 6000, 10000 days
Linear structural analysis properties
Type of elastic modulus used. The different types, admited by CivilFEM
are the following:
1: Tangent modulus of elasticity
2: Initial modulus of elasticity
3: Secant modulus of elasticity
4: Design modulus of elasticity
5: Reduced modulus of elasticity
ExLn
(LIBR)
Modulus of elasticity for linear analysis. The different options for the
elastic modulus will vary depending on the active code. These are the
types of modulus available for each one of the codes:
Eurocode 2
TpEx = 1
ExLn = Ec
TpEx = 3
ExLn = Ecm (by default)
TpEx = 4
ExLn = Ecd
ACI
TpEx = 1
ExLn = Ec (by default)
CEBFIP
TpEx = 1
ExLn = Eci
TpEx = 3
ExLn = Eci
TpEx = 5
ExLn = Ec (by default)
EHE
318
TpEx = 1
ExLn = Eci
TpEx = 2
ExLn = E0
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.3 Specific Material Properties
TpEx = 3
ExLn = Ej (by default)
BS8110
TpEx = 1
ExLn = Ec (by default)
GB50010
TpEx = 1
ExLn = Ec (by default)
NBR6118
TpEx = 1
ExLn = Ei
TpEx = 3
ExLn = Ecs (by default)
IS456
TpEx = 1
ExLn = Ec (by default)
SP52101
TpEx = 2
3.3.2.3
EPSmin
(LIBR)
ExLn = Eb (by default)
Strain limits for section's design
Maximum admissible strain in compression at any point of the section
(Point B of the pivots diagram).
Sign criterion: + Tension,  Compression
Eurocode 2
EPSmin = 0.0035
If concrete has fck > 50 MPa, the concrete strain limit is:
EPSmin = (2.6+35[(90fck)/100]4) 103 (with fck in MPa).
ACI
EPSmin = 0.0030
CEBFIP
For this code, the maximum admissible strains depend on the selected
stressstrain diagram. The initial values taken as the Maximum
admissible strain in compression at any point of the section are the
following:
If TSDSSD = 0 then EPSmin = 0.0035
If TSDSSD = 1 then EPSmin = EPScuB
If TSDSSD = 2 then EPSmin = EPScuU
EHE
EPSmin = 0.0035
If concrete has fck > 50 MPa, the concrete strain limit is:
EPSmin = (2.6+14.4[(100fck)/100]4) 103 (with fck in MPa).
BS8110
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
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Chapter 3 Materials
EPSmin = 0.0035
GB50010
EPSmin =  EPScu
NBR6118
EPSmin = 0.0035
IS456
EPSmin = 0.0035
SP52101
EPSmin = EPSb2
EPSint
(LIBR)
Maximum permisible strain in compression at interior points of the
section (Point C of the pivot diagram).
Sign criterion:+ Tension,  Compression
Eurocode 2
EPSint = 0.0020
If concrete has fck > 50 MPa, the concrete strain limit is:
EPSint = (2.0+0.085(fck50)0.53) 103 (with fck in MPa).
ACI
EPSint = 0 (there is no limit).
CEBFIP
For this code, the maximum admissible strains depend on the selected
stressstrain diagram. The initial values taken as the Maximum
admissible strain in compression at any point of the section are the
following:
If TSDSSD = 0 then EPSmin = 0.0020
If TSDSSD = 1 then EPSmin = EPScuC
If TSDSSD = 2 then EPSmin = 0 (there is no limit).
EHE
EPSint = 0.0020
If concrete has fck > 50 MPa, the concrete strain limit will then be:
EPSint = (2.0+0.085(fck50)0.5) 103 (with fck in MPa).
BS8110
EPSint = 0 (there is no limit).
GB50010
EPSint = EPS0
NBR6118
EPSint = 0.0020
320
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3.3 Specific Material Properties
IS456
EPSint = 0.0020
SP52101
EPSint = EPSb0
PCLevel
(LIBR)
This value referes to the vertical distance in the section between the
most compressed fiber and Point C of the pivot diagram.
PCLevel = 3/7
3.3.2.4
Shrinkage and creep
NApt
Number of load application ages defined.
(MODF)
Apt(NApt)
Load application age tables, in days (Apt
0).
(MODF)
KCREEP
Creep method
(MODF)
KSHRINK
No creep.
Step by step.
Shrinkage method.
(MODF)
AGECOEFF
No shrinkage.
By temperatures.
Aging coefficient (by default 0.8).
(MODF)
CREEPCF(NAge,NApt) Creep coefficient.
(MODF)
EPSSHRNK(NAge)
Shrinkage strain
(MODF)
KCRCOD
(MODF)
Calculation method selected for the definition of shrinkage
strains and creep coefficients curves.
0
User defined
Eurocode 2 Model (default value)
CEB Model
ACI Model
EHE Model
Each calculation method has its own parameters:
EC2:
RH
Relative humidity (%). Default value = 60%.
(MODF)
Fictitious thickness in milimeters. Default value = 600mm.
(MODF)
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Chapter 3 Materials
CEB:
RH
Relative humidity (%). Default value = 60%.
(MODF)
Fictitious thickness in milimeters. Default value = 600mm.
(MODF)
EHE:
RH
Relative humidity (%). Default value = 60%.
(MODF)
Fictitious thickness in milimeters. Default value = 600mm.
(MODF)
ACI:
PSI
Creep factor. Default value = 0.60.
(MODF)
Creep age (days). Default value = 10 days.
(MODF)
NUU
Ultimate (in time) creep coefficient. Default value = 2.35.
(MODF)
ALPHA
Shrinkage factor. Default value = 1.0.
(MODF)
Shrinkage age. Default value = 55 days.
(MODF)
EPSSLU
Ultimate (in time) shrinkage strain. Def. value = 780106.
(MODF)
3.3.3
Reinforcement Steel
The ~CFMP command defines all reinforcement steel material properties including
those properties that are necessary to carry out an ANSYS analysis. Specific
reinforcement steel material properties supported by CivilFEM are described
hereafter:
3.3.3.1
EPSmax
(MODF)
Strain limits used for concrete sections checking and design
Refers to the maximum admissible strain in tension at any point of the
section (Point A in the pivot diagram).
Sign criterion: + Tension,  Compression
The initial value depends on the active code:
Eurocode 2
EPSmax = 0.010 (Art. 4.3.1.2 and Art. 4.2.2.3.2)
ACI
EPSmax = 0 (there is no limit).
CEBFIP
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3.3 Specific Material Properties
EPSmax = 0.010
EHE
EPSmax = 0.010
BS8110
EPSmax = 0
GB50010
EPSmax = 0.010
NBR6118
EPSmax = 0.010
IS456
EPSmax = 0
SP52101
EPSmax = 0.025
3.3.4
Prestessing Steel
The ~CFMP command defines all the prestressing steel material properties, including
those properties that are necessary to carry out an ANSYS analysis. Specific
prestessing steel material properties supported by CivilFEM are described hereafter:
3.3.4.1
MU
(MODF)
Data for calculating prestressing losses
Friction coefficient between the tendons and their casing (by default
MU=0.20)
(MODF)
Unintentional angular displacement per unit lenght (by default K=
0.01m1)
Anchorage slip (by default a= 0.006m)
(MODF)
EPSsr
Concrete skrinkage strain (by default = 0.0004)
(MODF)
PHI
Concrete creep strain (by default = 2.00)
(MODF)
3.3.4.2
EPSmax
(MODF)
Strain limits used for concrete sections checking and design
Indicates the maximum admissible strain in tension at any point of the
section (Point A of the pivot diagram).
Sign criterion: + Tension,  Compression
EPSmax 0, if EPSmax=0, there is no limit
The initial value depends on the active code:
Eurocode 2
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
323
Chapter 3 Materials
EPSmax = 0.010
EHE
EPSmax = 0.010
ACI
EPSmax = 0.00
3.3.5
Soils
The ~CFMP command defines all soil material properties including the properties
necessary to carry out an ANSYS analysis. Specific soil material properties
supported by CivilFEM are described hereafter:
TpEx
(MODF)
Type of elasticity modulus used in structural analysis:
1: Use static elasticity modulus (default)
2: Use dynamic modulus
ExCal
Elasticity modulus used in structural analysis:
(LOCK)
TpNUxy
(MODF)
Type of Poisson coefficient used in structural analysis:
1: Use static Poissons ratio
2: Use dynamic Poissons ratio
NUxycal
Poisson coefficient used in structural analysis:
(LOCK)
TpRHO
(MODF)
Type of density used in structural analysis:
1: Use bulk density (default)
2: Use submerged density
RHOcal
Density used in structural analysis:
(LOCK)
KPLA
(MDF)
Behavior type:
0: Elastic
1: DruckerPrager
2: MohrCoulomb for plane strain models
ExSt
Static elasticity modulus
(MODF)
NUxySt
Static Poisson modulus
(MODF)
Vp
P waves velocity
(MODF)
Vs
S waves velocity
(MODF)
Exd
Dynamic elasticity modulus
(MODF)
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3.3 Specific Material Properties
NUxyd
Dynamic Poisson modulus
(MODF)
GAMd
Dry specific weight
(MODF)
GAMs
Solid specific weight:
(LOCK)
GAMsat
(LOCK)
GAMsub
GAMs = GAMd/(1n)
Saturated specific weight:
GAMsat = (GAMs + GAMw*e) / (1+e) = GAMs*(1n)+ GAMw*n
Submerged specific weight:
(LOCK)
GAMap
GAMsub = GAMsat  GAMw
Apparent specific weight:
(LOCK)
GAMw
GAMap = GAMd*(1+W)
Water specific weight
(MODF)
RHOd
Dry density
(MODF)
RHOs
RHOd = GAMd/g
Solid density
(LOCK)
RHOsat
RHOs = GAMs/g
Saturated density
(LOCK)
RHOsub
RHOsat = GAMsat/g
Submerged density
(LOCK)
RHOap
RHOsub = GAMsub/g
Apparent density
(LOCK)
RHOrel
RHOap = GAMap/g
Relative density (by default 0.5)
(MODF)
Porosity (1 > n 0)
(MODF)
Void ratio
(LOCK)
e = n/(1n)
Moisture content.
(MODF)
Sw
(LOCK)
D10
(MODF)
D30
(MODF)
Saturation degree
Sw = W*GAMs / (e*GAMw) = W*GAMd / (n*GAMw)
Diameter that allows more than 10% of material to pass through (In
millimeters).
Diameter that allows more than 30% of material to pass through (In
millimeters).
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
325
Chapter 3 Materials
D60
(MODF)
Diameter that allows more than 60% of material to pass through (In
millimeters).
Ccurv
Curvature coefficient
(LOCK)
Cunif
Ccurv = D302/(D60*D10)
Uniformity coefficient
(LOCK)
SPT
Cunif = D60/D10
Standard penetration test. SPT 0
(MODF)
CPT
Cone penetration test. CPT 0
(MODF)
qu
Resistance to simple compression. qu 0
(MODF)
Em
Oedometric modulus. Em 0
(MODF)
qa
Maximum admissible load.
(MODF)
wl
Liquid limit percentage
(MODF)
wp
Plastic limit percentage
(MODF)
Ip
Plasticity index [%]: Ip = wl  wp
(LOCK)
PHIMCeff
Angle of effective internal friction for MohrCoulomb (in degrees).
(MODF)
cMCeff
90 > PHIMCeff 0
Effective Cohesion. ceff 0
(MODF)
PHIDPeff
Angle of effective internal friction for DruckerPrager.
(MODF)
cDPeff
90 > PHIDPeff 0
Effective Cohesion for DruckerPrager. cDPeff 0
(MODF)
DELeff
Angle of dilation. 90 > DELeff 0
(MODF)
K0
Earth pressure coefficient at rest. K0 0
(MODF)
Ka
Active earth pressure coefficient. Ka 0
(MODF)
Kp
Passive earth pressure coefficient. Kp 0
(MODF)
Kac
(MODF)
Kpc
Cohesion complementary component of active earth pressure.
Kac 0
Cohesion complementary component of passive earth pressure.
(MODF)
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3.3 Specific Material Properties
Kpc 0
RuSI
(MODF)
Susceptibility to pore pressure:
0: Not susceptible
1: Susceptible
Ru
Coefficient for pore pressure after consolidation.
(MODF)
kx
X Permeability. Kx 0
(MODF)
ky
Y Permeability. Ky 0
(MODF)
kz
Z Permeability. Kz 0
(MODF)
cv
Consolidation coefficient. cv 0
(MODF)
Skempton law's coefficient. A 0
(MODF)
Skempton law's coefficient. 1 B 0
(MODF)
BET
Skempton law's coefficient.
(MODF)
3.3.6
Rocks
The ~CFMP command defines all rock material properties including those properties
that are necessary to carry out an ANSYS analysis. Specific rock material properties
supported by CivilFEM are described hereafter:
RType
Type
(MODF)
RSubType
Subtype
(MODF)
RClass
Class
(MODF)
RockName
Name
(MODF)
TpEx
(MODF)
Type of elasticity modulus used in structural analysis:
1: Use static elasticity modulus (default)
2: Use dynamic modulus
Excal
Elasticity modulus used in structural analysis
(LOCK)
TpNUxy
(MODF)
Type of Poissons ratio coefficient used in structural analysis:
1: Use static Poissons ratio
2: Use dynamic Poissons ratio
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327
Chapter 3 Materials
NUxycal
Poissons ratio used in structural analysis
(LOCK)
TpRHO
(MODF)
Type of density used in structural analysis:
1: Use bulk density (default)
2: Use submerged density
RHOcal
Density used in structural analysis
(LOCK)
KPLA
(MODF)
Behavior type:
0: Elastic
1: DruckerPrager
2: MohrCoulomb for plane strain models
ExSt
Static elasticity modulus
(MODF)
NUxySt
Static Poisson modulus
(MODF)
Vp
P waves velocity
(MODF)
Vs
S waves velocity
(MODF)
Exd
Dynamic elasticity modulus
(MODF)
NUxyd
Dynamic Poisson modulus
(MODF)
qu
Resistance to simple compression. qu 0
(MODF)
GAMd
Dry specific weight
(MODF)
GAMs
(LOCK)
GAMsat
(LOCK)
GAMsub
(LOCK)
GAMap
(LOCK)
GAMw
Solid specific weight
GAMs = GAMd/(1n)
Saturated specific weight
GAMsat = (GAMs + GAMw*e) / (1+e)
Submerged specific weight
GAMsub = GAMsat  GAMw
Apparent specific weight
GAMap = GAMd*(1+W)
Water specific weight
(MODF)
RHOd
(LOCK)
RHOs
328
Dry density
RHOd = GAMd/g
Solid density
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.3 Specific Material Properties
(LOCK)
RHOsat
(LOCK)
RHOsub
(LOCK)
RHOap
(LOCK)
RHOrel
RHOs = GAMs/g
Saturated density
RHOsat = GAMsat/g
Submerged density
RHOsub = GAMsub/g
Apparent density
RHOap = GAMap/g
Relative density (by default 0.5)
(MODF)
Porosity (1 > n 0)
(MODF)
e
(LOCK)
Void ratio
e = n/(1n)
Moisture content.
(MODF)
Sw
(LOCK)
PHIeff
Saturation degree
Sw = W*GAMs / (e*GAMw) = W*GAMd / (n*GAMw)
Angle of internal friction angle. 90 > PHIeff 0
(MODF)
ceff
Effective cohesion. ceff 0
(MODF)
PHIDPeff
Angle of internal friction angle for DruckerPrager. 90 > PHIDPeff 0
(MODF)
cDPeff
Effective cohesion. cDPeff 0
(MODF)
DELeff
Angle of dilation (degrees). 90 > DELeff 0
(MODF)
K0
Earth pressure coefficient at rest. K0 0
(MODF)
RuSI
(MODF)
Susceptibility to pore pressure:
0: Not susceptible
1: Susceptible
Ru
Coefficient for pore pressure after consolidation.
(MODF)
kx
Permeability. Kx 0
(MODF)
ky
Permeability. Ky 0
(MODF)
kz
Permeability. Kz 0
(MODF)
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Chapter 3 Materials
GSI
Geological strength index. 100 GSI 0
(MODF)
HB_m
Hoek & Brown coefficient m
(MODF)
HB_s
Hoek & Brown coefficient s
(MODF)
HB_mr
Hoek & Brown residual coefficient m
(MODF)
HB_sr
Hoek & Brown residual coefficient s
(MODF)
HB_n
Hoek & Brown coefficient n. 0.5 n < 0.65
(MODF)
HB_m0
Hoek & Brown coefficient m for unfractured rock. m0 0
(MODF)
HB_s0
Hoek & Brown coefficient s for unfractured rock. s0 1
(MODF)
HB_ALF
Fragility / ductility limit coefficient.
(MODF)
HB_md
Factor for dilatancy calculation. By default HB_md=1
(MODF)
HB_bd
Factor for dilatancy calculation. By default HB_bd=0
(MODF)
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4
Specific Code Properties
There are some properties in CivilFEM that are code dependent. This code
dependent properties are described hereafter for each one of the materials supported
by CivilFEM.
3.4.1
Eurocode 3 (Structural Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 1) the following properties are considered:
3.4.1.1
GAMM0
(MODF)
GAMM1
(MODF)
GAMM2
(MODF)
3.4.1.2
fy (Thk)
Partial safety factors
Partial safety factor for calculating the resistance of class 1, 2 or 3
sections (GAMM0 1) M0=1.1 (Default value)
Partial safety factor for calculating the resistance of class 4 sections
and sections subjected to buckling (GAMM1 1) M1=1.1 (Default
value)
Partial safety factor for calculating the resistance of net sections
(GAMM2 1) M2=1.25 (Default value)
Mechanical properties
Yield strength of the material (fy
0).
(LIBR)
fu (Thk)
Ultimate strength (fu
0).
(LIBR)
3.4.2
Spanish EA code (Structural Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 1) the following properties are considered:
3.4.2.1
GAMa
(MODF)
3.4.2.2
SIGe(Thk)
Partial safety factors
Partial safety factor (Art.3.1.7 GAMa
1)
Ma =1(Default
value)
Mechanical properties
Elastic limit (Art.3.1.7) SIGe
(LIBR)
SIGr(Thk)
Tension resistance (Art.3.1.7) SIGr
(LIBR)
SIGu(Thk)
Design resistance (Art.3.1.7) SIGu = SIGe/GAMa
(LOCK)
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Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.3
LRFD (Structural Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 1) the following properties are considered:
3.4.3.1
fy (Thk)
Mechanical properties
Yield strength of the material (fy
0).
(LIBR)
fu (Thk)
Ultimate strength (fu
0).
(LIBR)
3.4.4
BS59501985 (Structural Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 1) the following properties are considered:
3.4.4.1
Ys (Thk)
(LIBR)
Us (Thk)
Mechanical properties
Yield strength of the material (Ys
0).
Ultimate strength Art. 5.1.1 (Us 0).
(LIBR)
ROy (Thk)
Design resistance. BS 5950 Art 3.1.1
(LIBR)
Ke (Thk)
(LIBR)
ROy = 1.0Ys 0.84Us
Effective area/Net area ratio Art. 3.3.3 BS 5950
Ke = 1.2 grade 40 or 43
Ke = 1.1 grade 50 or WR50
Ke = 1.0 grade 55
Ke = 0.75Us/Ys 1.2 in any other case
3.4.5
BS59502000 (Structural Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 1) the following properties are considered:
3.4.5.1
Ys (Thk)
Mechanical properties
Yield strength of the material (Ys
0).
(LIBR)
Us (Thk)
Ultimate strength Art. 3.1.1 (Us 0).
(LIBR)
ROy (Thk)
(LIBR)
Ke (Thk)
(LIBR)
332
Design resistance. BS 5950 Art 3.1.1
ROy = 1.0Ys 0.84Us
Effective area/Net area ratio Art. 3.4.3 BS 5950
Ke = 1.2 grade 40 or 43
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
Ke = 1.1 grade 50 or WR50
Ke = 1.0 grade 55
Ke =
3.4.6
Us
in any other case
1.2 ROy
GB50017 (Structural Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 1) the following properties are considered:
3.4.6.1
f (Thk)
Mechanical properties
Tensile, compressive or bending strength.
(LIBR)
(LIBR)
Compressive strength when the ending section is under compressive
load.
fv (Thk)
Shear strength.
fce (Thk)
(LIBR)
3.4.7
Eurocode 2 (Concrete)
For this type of materials (Type = 2) the following properties are considered:
3.4.7.1
CeTp
(MODF)
Type of cement
Refers to the different types of cement used:
S:
Slow hardening cements
N:
Slow hardening cements (Default value)
R:
Rapid hardening cements
RS: Rapid hardening high strength cements
3.4.7.2
GAMc
(MODF)
ALP
(MODF)
Partial safety factors
Partial safety factor for concrete (GAMc
1) ( c=1.5 default value).
Additional reduction factor for sustained compression (0 ALP 1). The
default values are
ALP = 0.85 for Eurocode 2 1991.
ALP = 1.00 for Eurocode 2 2008.
3.4.7.3
fck
(LIBR)
Mechanical properties
Concrete characteristic 28day compressive strength (+Compression
fck 0)
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Chapter 3 Materials
fcm
(MODF)
fcd
Mean 28day compressive strength (+ Compression) fcm
fcm = fck + 8 N/mm2, in which fcm, and fck are in MPa.
Design 28day compressive strength (+Compression) fcd = fck/GAMc
(LOCK)
fctm
(MODF)
Mean tensile strength (+ Tension)
fctm = 0.3*(fck2/3); fck
50 MPa
fctm = 2.12*ln(1+(fcm/10)); fck > 50 MPa (fctm, fcm and fctk in MPa)
fctk_005
(MODF)
fctk_095
(MODF)
EPSc1
(LIBR)
Lower characteristic tensile strength (percentile5%) (+Tension)
fctk_005 = 0.7*(fctm)
Upper characteristic tensile strength (percentile95%) (+Tension)
fctk_095 = 1.3*(fctm)
Strain value of the peak compressive strength ( Compression). The
default value is:
EPSc1 = 0.0022 for Eurocode 2 1991 and fck
50MPa
EPSc1 = 0.7*fcm0.31 < 2.8 for Eurocode 2 2008
EPScu
Ultimate strain in compression (Compression).
(LIBR)
Coefficient which depends on the type of cement.
(MODF)
S:
s = 0.38
N:
s = 0.25
R:
s = 0.25
RS:
s = 0.20
3.4.7.4
Time dependent mechanical properties
BETcc
Coefficient which depends on the concrete age.
(LOCK)
BETcc = exp {s*[1(28/Age)1/2]} (Age is expressed in days)
fcm_t(Age) Mean compressive strength. (+ Compression)
(MODF)
fcm_t = BETcc*fcm
fck_t(Age) Characteristic tday compressive strength. (+ Compression)
(MODF)
fck_t = fcm_t  8 (fck_t and fcm in MPa)
fcd_t(Age) Design tday compressive strength (+Compression) fcd_t = fck_t/GAMc
(LOCK)
Ecm(Age)
(MODF)
Ec(t)
Secant modulus of elasticity.
Ecm = 9500*[(fck_t+8)1/3] (fck_t and Ecm in MPa)
Tangent modulus of elasticity, Ec = 1.05*Ecm
(MODF)
Ecd(t)
334
Design modulus of elasticity, Ecd = Ecm/GAMc
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
(LOCK)
3.4.7.5
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain concrete diagrams available according to
Eurocode 2 are:
3.4.7.5.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Shortterm loads
Definition of the elastic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been selected for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
102
SAEPS (2)
102
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (i) = SAEPS (i) * Ex
3.4.7.5.2
Definition of the stressstrain diagram for short term loads (TSASSD
= 2):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 20 points (NPSDSSD = 20) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. The strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
1.000*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (2)
0.793*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (3)
0.617*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (4)
0.468*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (5)
0.342*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (6)
0.234*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (7)
0.143*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (8)
0.066*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (9)
1.000*EPSc1
SAEPS (10)
0.964*EPSc1
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Chapter 3 Materials
SAEPS (11)
0.922*EPSc1
SAEPS (12)
0.873*EPSc1
SAEPS (13)
0.816*EPSc1
SAEPS (14)
0.749*EPSc1
SAEPS (15)
0.669*EPSc1
SAEPS (16)
0.575*EPSc1
SAEPS (17)
0.465*EPSc1
SAEPS (18)
0.335*EPSc1
SAEPS (19)
1.181*EPSc1
SAEPS (20)
0.000
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM(i) = [(k*Eta(i) Eta(i) 2)/((1+(k2)*Eta(i))]*fcm_t
Where:
K=
1.10*Ecm*EPSc1/(fcm_t) for Eurocode 2 1991
1.05*Ecm*EPSc1/(fcm_t) for Eurocode 2 2008
Eta(i) = SAEPS(i) / EPSc1
3.4.7.6
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to
Eurocode 2 are the following:
336
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Parabolicrectangular
TSDSSD= 2
Bilinear
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.7.6.1
Definition of the parabolicrectangular stressstrain diagram
(TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 12
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for this diagram are the following:
SDEPS (1)
cu2
SDEPS (2)
c2
SDEPS (3)
= 0.9 *
c2
SDEPS (4)
= 0.8 *
c2
SDEPS (5)
= 0.7 *
c2
SDEPS (6)
= 0.6 *
c2
SDEPS (7)
= 0.5 *
c2
SDEPS (8)
= 0.4 *
c2
SDEPS (9)
= 0.3 *
c2
SDEPS (10)
= 0.2 *
c2
SDEPS (11)
= 0.1 *
c2
SDEPS (12)
= 0.0
where:
cu2
= 0.0035 if fck
cu2
= (2.6+35[(90fck)/100]4)/1000 if fck > 50 MPa
c2
= 0.0020 if fck
cu2
50 MPa
50 MPa
= (2.0+0.085(fck50)0.53)/1000 if fck > 50 MPa
(fck in MPa)
The corresponding stress values are the following:
For the first 11 points:
SDSGM(i) = 1000*SDEPS(i) *(250*SDEPS(i) +1)*ALP*fcd_t for Eurocode 2 1991
SDSGM(i) = [1(1SDEPS(i) /
n = 2.0 for fck
n
c2) ]*ALP*fcd_t
for Eurocode 2 2008
50 MPa
n = 1.4+23.4*[(90fck)/100]4 for fck > 50 MPa
For point 12:
SDSGM(i) = ALP*fcd_t
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337
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.7.6.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 3
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 3 points (NPSDSSD = 3) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values have been taken conforming to article Art. 4.2.1.3.3 (b)
of Eurocode 2 and are the following:
SDEPS (1) =
cu3
SDEPS (2) =
c3
SDEPS (3) = 0.000
Where
cu3
= 0.0035 for fck
50 MPa
cu3
= 0.001*(2.6+35*[(90fck)/100]4) for fck > 50 MPa
c3
= 0.00135 for fck
50 MPa and Eurocode 2 1991
c3
= 0.00175 for fck
50 MPa and Eurocode 2 2008
c3
= 0.001*(1.75+0.55*(fck50)/40) for fck > 50 MPa
Stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1) = ALP*fcd_t
SDSGM (2) = ALP*fcd_t
SDSGM (3) = 0.000
3.4.8
Eurocode 2 (Reinforcement Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 3) the following properties are defined:
3.4.8.1
GAMs
(MODF)
3.4.8.2
fyk
Partial safety factors
Steel partial safety factor (GAMs
0)
= 1.15 (default value)
Mechanical properties
(LIBR)
Characteristic yield stress Indicates the characteristic value of the
applied load over the area of the transverse section.
fyd
Design yield stress. fyd = fyk/GAMs
(LIBR)
ftk
(LIBR)
Characteristic tensile stress. Refers to the characteristic value of the
maximum axial load in tension over the area of the transverse section.
EPSuk
Characteristic elongation at maximum load. EPSuk
338
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
(LIBR)
3.4.8.3
Duct
(LIBR)
3.4.8.4
Ductility
Ductility The default value depends on ftk, fyk and EPSuk
If EPSuk > 0.050 and ftk/fyk > 1.08
Duct = HIGH
If EPSuk > 0.025 and ftk/fyk > 1.05
Duct = NORMAL
Any other case
Duct = NONE
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available are the following:
3.4.8.4.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points:
NPSASSD = 2
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 1.0E2
SAEPS (2)
= 1.0E2
Stress points are the following:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS(1)*Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS(2)*Ex
3.4.8.4.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagram points:
NPSASSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= EPSuk
SAEPS (2)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= EPSuk
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339
Chapter 3 Materials
Stress points are the following:
SASGM (1) = ftk
SASGM (2) = fyk
SASGM (3) = fyk
SASGM (4) = ftk
3.4.8.5
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available are the following:
3.4.8.5.1
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear with horizontal top branch
TSDSSD= 2
Bilinear with inclined top branch
Definition of the bilinear diagram with horizontal top branch stressstrain (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SDEPS (1)
= EPSuk
SDEPS (2)
= fyd/Ex
SDEPS (3)
= fyd/Ex
SDEPS (4)
= EPSuk
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1)
= fyd
SDSGM (2)
= fyd
SDSGM (3)
= fyd
SDSGM (4)
= fyd
3.4.8.5.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram with inclined top branch stressstrain (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 4
340
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SDEPS (1) = EPSuk
SDEPS (2) = fyd/Ex
SDEPS (3) = fyd/Ex
SDEPS (4) = EPSuk
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1) = ftk/GAMs
SDSGM (2) = fyd
SDSGM (3) = fyd
SDSGM (4) = ftk/GAMs
3.4.9
Eurocode 2 (Prestressing steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 4) the following properties are defined:
3.4.9.1
Safety factors
GAMs
Safety factor (GAMs
(MODF)
3.4.9.2
fpk
(LIBR)
fp01
(LIBR)
EPSuk
(LIBR)
3.4.9.3
Ro_60
1)
Mechanical properties
Characteristic tensile strength. fpk 0
0.1% Proofstress. fp01 0
Characteristic elongation at maximum load. EPSuk
0.035)
0 (by default =
Relaxation
Relaxation for 1000hours and 60%fmax.
(MODF)
Ro_70
Relaxation for 1000hours and 70%fmax.
(MODF)
Ro_80
Relaxation for 1000hours and 80%fmax.
(MODF)
LtRat
(MODF)
Ratio between longterm relaxation losses and 1000 hours relaxation
losses.
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341
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.9.4
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams are the following:
TSASSD= 0: User defined
TSASSD= 1: Elastic
TSASSD= 2: Bilinear
3.4.9.4.1
Definition of the Bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 2
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 102
SAEPS (2)
= 102
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS (1)Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS (2)Ex
3.4.9.4.2
Definition of the Bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 3
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.0
SAEPS (2)
= 0.9fpk/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= EPSuk
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SASGM (1) = 0.0
SASGM (2) = 0.9fpk
SASGM (3) = fpk
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.9.5
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams are the following:
TSDSSD= 0: Userdefined
TSDSSD= 1: Bilinear with horizontal top branch
TSDSSD= 2: Bilinear with inclined top branch
3.4.9.5.1
Definition of the bilinear diagram with horizontal top branch stressstrain (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points:
NPSDSSD = 3
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SDEPS (1)
= 0.0
SDEPS (2)
= 0.9fpk/(Ex.GAMs)
SDEPS (3)
= EPSuk
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1)
= 0.0
SDSGM (2)
= 0.9fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (3)
= 0.9fpk/GAMs
3.4.9.5.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram with inclined top branch stressstrain (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 3
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SDEPS (1) = 0.0
SDEPS (2) = 0.9fpk/(Ex.GAMs)
SDEPS (3) = EPSuk
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1) = 0.0
SDSGM (3) = 0.9fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (4) = fpk/GAMs
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343
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.10
ACI (Concrete)
For this type of materials (Type = 2) the following properties are defined:
3.4.10.1
CuTp
(MODF)
Type of cement and curing
Type of curing (ACI219R4 Art. 2.2.1)
MOIST: moist cured (default value)
STEAM: steam cured
CeTp
(MODF)
Type of cement (ACI219R4 Art. 2.2.1)
I: cement type I (default value)
III: cement type III
3.4.10.2
fc
Mechanical properties
Specified compressive strength (Art. 5.1 of the ACI318) (+ Compression)
(LIBR)
a
(MODF)
Constant which depends on the type of cement and curing (table 2.2.1 of
the ACI209R4).
Cutp = Moist
CeTp = I
Cutp = Moist
CeTp = III a = 4.00
Cutp = Steam CeTp = I
a = 4.00
a = 4.00
Cutp = Steam CeTp = III a = 4.00
BET
(MODF)
Constant which depends on the type of cement and curing (table 2.2.1 of
the ACI209R4).
Cutp = Moist
CeTp = I
Cutp = Moist
CeTp = III BET = 0.92
Cutp = Steam CeTp = I
BET = 0.85
BET = 0.95
Cutp = Steam CeTp = III BET = 0.98
3.4.10.3
fc_t(Age)
(LIBR)
fr (Age)
(LIBR)
Ec(Age)
(LIBR)
BET1
(LIBR)
344
Time dependent mechanical properties
Concrete compressive strength (ACI209R4 Art. 2.2.1) (+ Compression)
fc_t = Age / (a+BET*Age)*fc
Modulus of rupture (ACI318 Art. 9.5.2.3) fr
7.5
fc _ t
Modulus of elasticity (Art. 8.5.1 of the ACI318)
Ec = RHO1.5*fc_t1/2 (with RHO in lb/ft3)
Factor that allows transforming the parabolic stress distribution of the
beam compressive zone to a rectangular one (Art. 10.2.7.3 of the ACI318). This factor 1 varies depending on the concrete characteristic
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
strength. The different values this factor may have are described bellow:
8000 psi
fc
4000 psi
1= 0.85
fc
4000 psi
1= 0.85  0.05*(fc4000)/1000
fc
8000 psi
1= 0.65
Note: All these formulae are valid for a fc of 28 days.
EPS0(Age) Strain of the maximum compressive stress for parabolic stressstrain
(LIBR)
diagram (ACI 31895 article Art. 10.2.7 Figure 68) (+Compression)
EPS0 = 2* (0.85*fc_t)/Ec
3.4.10.4
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to the
ACI code are the following:
3.4.10.4.1
TSASSD= 0:
User defined
TSASSD= 1:
Elastic
TSASSD= 2:
PCA Parabolic
Definition of the elastic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
1.0E2
SAEPS (2)
1.0E2
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (i) = SAEPS (i) * Ex
3.4.10.4.2
Definition of the PCA parabolic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 12
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken according to notes expressed in ACI318 article Art.
10.2.6 and are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.0030
SAEPS (2)
= EPS0
SAEPS (3)
= 9/10*EPS0
SAEPS (4)
= 8/10*EPS0
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Chapter 3 Materials
SAEPS (5)
= 7/10*EPS0
SAEPS (6)
= 6/10*EPS0
SAEPS (7)
= 5/10*EPS0
SAEPS (8)
= 4/10*EPS0
SAEPS (9)
= 3/10*EPS0
SAEPS (10)
= 2/10*EPS0
SAEPS (11)
= 1/10*EPS0
SAEPS (12)
= 0.000
Stress points are the following:
If 0 > SAEPS(i) > (EPS0)
SASGM(i) =
0.85*fc_t*[2*(SAEPS(i) /EPS0)(SAEPS(i) /EPS0)2]
If (EPS0) > SAEPS(i)
SASGM(i) =
0.85*fc_t
3.4.10.5
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to the
ACI code are the following:
3.4.10.5.1
TSDSSD= 0:
User defined
TSDSSD= 1:
PCA Parabolic
TSDSSD= 2:
Rectangular
Definition of the PCA Parabolic diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 12
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken according to notes expressed in ACI318 article Art.
10.2.6 and are the following:
SDEPS (1)
= 0.0030
SDEPS (2)
= EPS0
SDEPS (3)
= 9/10*EPS0
SDEPS (4)
= 8/10*EPS0
SDEPS (5)
= 7/10*EPS0
SDEPS (6)
= 6/10*EPS0
SDEPS (7)
= 5/10*EPS0
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
SDEPS (8)
= 4/10*EPS0
SDEPS (9)
= 3/10*EPS0
SDEPS (10)
= 2/10*EPS0
SDEPS (11)
= 1/10*EPS0
SDEPS (12)
= 0.000
The corresponding stress points are the following:
If 0 > SDEPS(i) > (EPS0)
SDSGM (i) = 0.85*fc_t*[2*(SDEPS(i) /EPS0)(SDEPS(i) /EPS0)2]
If (EPS0) > SDEPS
SDSGM (i) = 0.85*fc_t
3.4.10.5.2
Definition of the rectangular diagram (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagrams points
NPSDSSD = 0
For rectangular diagrams, it does not make sense to consider any specific point in this
diagram because stresses do not depend on strains, but on the distance between the
outer most compressed fiber and the neutral axis.
3.4.11
ACI (Reinforcement steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 3) the following properties are considered:
3.4.11.1
fy
Mechanical properties
Yield strength (Art. 3.5 of the ACI318)
(LIBR)
3.4.11.2
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to the ACI code are the following:
3.4.11.2.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points:
NPSASSD = 2
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347
Chapter 3 Materials
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SAEPS (1)
= 1.0E2
SAEPS (2)
= 1.0E+2
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS(1)*Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS(2)*Ex
3.4.11.2.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points:
NPSASSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.01
SAEPS (2)
= fy/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= fy/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= 0.01
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = fy
SASGM (2) = fy
SASGM (3) = fy
SASGM (4) = fy
3.4.11.3
Stressstrain diagram for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to the ACI code are the following:
3.4.11.3.1
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagrams points
NPSDSSD = 4
348
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SDEPS (1) = 0.01
SDEPS (2) = fy/Ex
SDEPS (3) = fy/Ex
SDEPS (4) = 0.01
The corresponding stress values are:
SDSGM (1) = fy
SDSGM (2) = fy
SDSGM (3) = fy
SDSGM (4) = Fy
3.4.12
ACI (Prestressing steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 4) the following properties are considered:
3.4.12.1
StTp
(MODF)
Mechanical properties
Prestessing steel type
0:
Lowrelaxation
1:
Stressrelieved
fpu
Specific tension strenght
fpy
Yield strength
(LIBR)
(LIBR)
3.4.12.2
Rlcf1
Relaxation
Coefficient 1 for the relaxation calculation
(MODF)
Rlcf2
Coefficient 1 for the relaxation calculation
(MODF)
3.4.12.3
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for prestressing steel,
according to the ACI code are the following:
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
349
Chapter 3 Materials
TSASSD= 2
3.4.12.3.1
Bilinear
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 2
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SAEPS (1)
= 102
SAEPS (2)
= 102
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS (1)Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS (2)Ex
3.4.12.3.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 3
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.0
SAEPS (2)
= fpy/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= 0.035
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = 0.0
SASGM (2) = fpy
SASGM (3) = fpu
3.4.12.4
Stressstrain diagram for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for prestressing steel,
according to the ACI code are the following:
350
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.12.4.1
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagrams points
NPSDSSD = 3
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SDEPS (1) = 0.0
SDEPS (2) = fpy/Ex
SDEPS (3) = 0.035
The corresponding stress values are:
SDSGM (1) = 0.0
SDSGM (2) = fpy
SDSGM (3) = fpu
3.4.13
CEBFIP (Concrete)
For this type of materials (Type = 2) the following properties are defined:
3.4.13.1
CeTp
(MODF)
Type of cement
Type of cement (appendix d.4.2.1)
S:
Slow hardening cements
N:
Normal hardening cements (default value)
R:
Rapid hardening cements
RS: Rapid hardening high strength cements
3.4.13.2
GAMc
(MODF)
3.4.13.3
fck
(LIBR)
fcd
Safety factors
Partial safety factor for concrete (Art. 1.6.4.4) (GAMc
c=1.5 (default value)
1)
Mechanical properties
Characteristic compressive strength (+ Compression) fck
(LOCK)
Design compressive strength at 28 days (Art. 1.4.1 b) (+ Compression)
fcd = fck/GAMc
fcm
Mean compressive strength (Art. 2.1.3.2) (+ Compression fcm
(MODF)
0)
fcm = fck + 8 N/mm2, in which fcm, and fck are in N/mm2.
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351
Chapter 3 Materials
fctk_min
Lower characteristic tensile strength (Art. 2.1.3.3.1 (2.12))
(MODF)
fctk_max
(+ Tension) fctk_min = 0.95*[(fck/10)2/3] (fctk_min and fck in N/mm2)
Upper characteristic tensile strength (Art. 2.1.3.3.1 (2.13))
(MODF)
fctm
(+ Tension) fctk_max = 1.85*[(fck/10)2/3] (fctk_max and fck in N/mm2)
Mean tensile strength (Art. 2.1.3.3.1 (2.14))
(MODF)
s
(MODF)
(+ Tension) fctm = 1.40*[(fck/10)2/3] (fctm and fck in N/mm2)
Coefficient which depends on the type of cement and is used to calculate
the characteristic concrete resistance at a specific age (Art. 2.1.6.1)
3.4.13.4
BETcc(Age)
(LOCK)
fcm_t(Age)
(MODF)
fck_t(Age)
(MODF)
Cetp= S:
s = 0.38
Cetp= N:
s = 0.25
Cetp= R:
s = 0.25
Cetp= RS:
s = 0.20
Time dependent mechanical properties
Coefficient which depends on concrete age (Art. 2.1.6.1 (2.154))
BETcc = exp {s*[1(28/Age)1/2]} (Age is expressed in days.)
Mean t day compressive strength (Art. 2.1.6.1 (2.153))
(+Compression)
fcm_t = BETcc*fcm
Characteristic tday compressive strength (Art. 2.1.3.2)
(+Compression) fck_t = fcm_t  8 (in MPa)
(LOCK)
Design tday compressive strength (Art. 1.4.1 b) (+Compression)
fcd_t = fck_t/GAMc
fcd1(Age)
Uniform strength for uncracked regions (Art. 6.2.2.2)
fcd_t(Age)
(LOCK)
fcd2(Age)
(LOCK)
k
(MODF)
fcd1 = 0.85*(1fck_t/250)*fcd_t (fcd1, fck_t and fcd_t in N/mm2)
Uniform strength for cracked regions (Art. 6.2.2.2)
fcd2 = 0.60*(1fck_t/250)*fcd_t (fcd2, fck_t and fcd_t in N/mm 2)
Strength ratio. This coefficient refers to the ratio of tension over
compression resistance. Its value is taken from article (Art. 2.1.3.4)
K = fctm / fcm
Eci(Age)
(MODF)
Ec(Age)
(MODF)
Ec1(Age)
(MODF)
EPSc1
(LIBR)
352
Tangent modulus of elasticity (Art. 2.1.4.2)
Eci = (BETcc)1/2 *2.15E4*{[(fcm_t)/10]1/3} (in N/mm2)
Reduced modulus of elasticity (article 2.1.4.2)
Ec = 0.85*Eci
Secant modulus of elasticity (Art. 2.1.4.4.1)
Ec1 = (BETcc)1/2 *fcm_t/(EPSc1)
Strain of the maximum compressive stress (Art. 2.1.4.4.1)
(Compression) EPSC1 = 0.0022
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
EPSc_lim(Age) Maximum concrete strain in compression (Art. 2.1.4.4.1)
(LIBR)
c,lim
EPScuB
1
2
1 Eci
1
2 Ec1
2 1
1 1 Eci
1
4 2 Ec1
2
1/ 2
( Compression)
Maximum strain in bending for a parabolic rectangular diagram (Art.
6.2.2.2 (6.22)). This strain varies with the concrete characteristic
strength, following the criteria specified bellow: (+ Compression)
(LOCK)
If fck
50 (in MPa)
If fck 50 (in MPa)
EPScuC
EPScuB = 0.0035
EPScuB = 0.0035*(50/fck) (in N/mm2)
Maximum strain in compression for a parabolic rectangular diagram
(Art. 6.2.2.2 (6.26)) (+ Compression) EPScuC = 0.0035
(LOCK)
EPScuU
Maximum strain for a uniform stress diagram (Art. 6.2.2.2 (6.26))
(+Compression)
(LOCK)
EPScuU = 0.004  0.002*(fck/100) (in N/mm2)
3.4.13.5
Stressstrain diagram for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to
CEBFIP code are the following:
TSASSD= 0: User defined
TSASSD= 1: Elastic
TSASSD= 2: Instantaneous loading
3.4.13.5.1
Definition of the elastic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
102
SAEPS (2)
102
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (i) = SAEPS (i) * Ex
3.4.13.5.2
Definition of the Instantaneous loading stressstrain diagram
(TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 20
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
353
Chapter 3 Materials
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 2.1.4.4.1 and are the
following:
SAEPS (1)
= 1.000*(EPSc_limEPSc1) + EPSc1
SAEPS (2)
= 0.793*(EPSc_limEPSc1) + EPSc1
SAEPS (3)
= 0.617*(EPSc_limEPSc1) + EPSc1
SAEPS (4)
= 0.468*(EPSc_limEPSc1) + EPSc1
SAEPS (5)
= 0.342*(EPSc_limEPSc1) + EPSc1
SAEPS (6)
= 0.234*(EPSc_limEPSc1) + EPSc1
SAEPS (7)
= 0.143*(EPSc_limEPSc1) + EPSc1
SAEPS (8)
= 0.066*(EPSc_limEPSc1) + EPSc1
SAEPS (9)
= 1.000*EPSc1
SAEPS (10)
= 0.964*EPSc1
SAEPS (11)
= 0.922*EPSc1
SAEPS (12)
= 0.873*EPSc1
SAEPS (13)
= 0.816*EPSc1
SAEPS (14)
= 0.749*EPSc1
SAEPS (15)
= 0.669*EPSc1
SAEPS (16)
= 0.575*EPSc1
SAEPS (17)
= 0.465*EPSc1
SAEPS (18)
= 0.335*EPSc1
SAEPS (19)
= 0.181*EPSc1
SAEPS (20)
= 0.000
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (i) = [((Eci/Ec1*SAEPS(i) /EPSc1)(SAEPS(i) /EPSc1)2)/
/(1+(Eci/Ec12)*SAEPS(i) /EPSc1)]*fcm_t
3.4.13.6
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to
CEBFIP code are the following:
354
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Parabolic rectangular
TSDSSD= 2
Uniform stress
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.13.6.1
Definition of the parabolic rectangular diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 12
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 6.2.2.2 and are the
following:
SDEPS (1)
= EPScuB
SDEPS (2)
= EPSc1
SDEPS (3)
= 9/10*EPSc1
SDEPS (4)
= 8/10*EPSc1
SDEPS (5)
= 7/10*EPSc1
SDEPS (6)
= 6/10*EPSc1
SDEPS (7)
= 5/10*EPSc1
SDEPS (8)
= 4/10*EPSc1
SDEPS (9)
= 3/10*EPSc1
SDEPS (10)
= 2/10*EPSc1
SDEPS (11)
= 1/10*EPSc1
SDEPS (12)
= 0.000
The corresponding stress point values are the following:
If SDEPS(i) > EPSc1
SDSGM (i) = 0.85*fcd_t*[2*(SDEPS(i) /EPSc1)+(SDEPS(i) /EPSc1)2]
If SDEPS(i) < EPSc1
SDSGM(i) = 0.85*fcd_t
3.4.13.6.2
Definition of uniform stress stressstrain diagrams (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagram points:
NPSDSSD = 3
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
355
Chapter 3 Materials
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 6.2.2.2 and are the
following:
SDEPS (1) = EPSc1
SDEPS (2) = EPSc1/1000
SDEPS (2) = 0.000
The corresponding stress point values are the following:
SDSGM (1) = fcd2
SDSGM (2) = fcd2
SDSGM (3) = 0.00
3.4.14
CEBFIP (reinforcement steel)
For this type of material (Type = 3) the following properties are defined:
3.4.14.1
GAMs
(MODF)
3.4.14.2
fyk
(LIBR)
fyd
Safety factors
Steel safety factor (Art. 1.6.4.4)
= 1.15
Mechanical properties
Characteristic yield stress (Art. 2.2.4.1) (fyk
0)
Design yield stress (Art. 1.4.1 b) fyd = fyk/GAMs
(LOCK)
ftk
(LIBR)
EPSuk
(LIBR)
Duct
(LIBR)
Characteristic tensile strength (Art. 2.2.4.1) ftk
Characteristic elongation at maximum load (Art. 2.2.4.1) EPSuk
Steel ductility (Art. 2.2.4.4)
If ftk/fyk
1.15 and EPSuk
0.060
Duct = S
If ftk/fyk
1.08 and EPSuk
0.050
Duct = A
If ftk/fyk
1.05 and EPSuk
0.025
Duct = B
In any other case
356
Duct = NONE
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.14.3
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to CEBFIP code are the following:
3.4.14.3.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points:
NPSASSD = 2
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 2.2.4.3 and are the
following:
SAEPS (1)
= 1.0E2
SAEPS (2)
= 1.0E2
The corresponding stress points are:
SASGM (1)
= SAEPS(1)*Ex
SASGM (2)
= SAEPS(2)*Ex
3.4.14.3.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points:
NPSASSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 2.2.4.3 and are the
following:
SAEPS (1)
= EPSuk
SAEPS (2)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= EPSuk
The corresponding stress points are:
SASGM (1)
= fyk
SASGM (2)
= fyk
SASGM (3)
= fyk
SASGM (4)
= fyk
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
357
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.14.4
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to CEBFIP code are the following:
3.4.14.4.1
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 2.2.4.3 and are the
following:
SDEPS (1) = 0.01
SDEPS (2) = fyd/Ex
SDEPS (3) = fyd/Ex
SDEPS (4) = 0.01
The corresponding stress points are:
SDSGM (1) = fyd
SDSGM (2) = fyd
SDSGM (3) = fyd
SDSGM (4) = fyd
3.4.15
EHE (Concrete)
For this type of materials (Type = 2) the following properties according to EHE are
described hereafter:
3.4.15.1
CeTp
(MODF)
3.4.15.2
GAMc
Type of cement
Type of cement. The different types of cement are described in article
Art. 30.4 and are the following:
N:
Normal hardening cements (default value)
R:
Rapid hardening cements
Safety factors
Partial concrete safety factor (Art. 15.3) GAMc =1.5 (default value)
(MODF)
358
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.15.3
fck
Mechanical properties
Characteristic 28day concrete compressive strength
(LIBR)
fcm
(+ Compression fck
0)
Mean 28day concrete compressive strength (Art. 39.6)
(MODF)
(+ Compression fcm
0)
2
fcm = fck + 8 (N/mm ).
fcd
Design 28day concrete compressive strength (Art. 39.4)
(LOCK)
fctm
(+ Compression) fcd = fck/GAMc
Mean tensile strength (Art. 39.1)
(MODF)
fctk_005
(+ Tension) fctm = 0.3*(fck2/3) (N/mm2)
Lower characteristic tensile strength (percentile5%) (Art. 39.1)
(MODF)
fctk_095
(+ Tension) fctk_005 = 0.21*(fck2/3) (N/mm2)
Upper characteristic tensile strength (percentile95%) (Art. 39.1)
(MODF)
EPSc1
(+ Tension) fctk_095 = 0.39*( fck2/3) (N/mm2)
Strain of maximum compressive stress (Art. 21.3.3 which)
(LIBR)
EPSclim
(LIBR)
(+ Compression) EPSc1 = 0.0022 (default value)
Maximum strain in compression (Art. 21.3.3 Table 21.3.3)
(+Compression EPSclim 0):
According to CEBFIP, Art. 2.1.4.4.1:
c,lim
Eci
(LIBR)
1
2
1 Eci
1
2 Ec1
2 1
1 1 Eci
1
4 2 Ec1
2
1/ 2
Tangent modulus of elasticity (Art. 21.3.3 Table 21.3.3) (Eci
0)
According to the Art. 2.1.4.4.1 of the CEBFIP code
Eci=2.15*((fcm/10)1/3) (in MPa)
K
(MODF)
Coefficient which depends on the type of cement used. The value of
this factor can be found in the commentary of article Art. 30.4 which
states the following:
0 K
CeTp = N K = 0.43
CeTp = R K = 0.30
3.4.15.4
Time dependent mechanical properties
BETc(Age) Coefficient which depends on concrete age (Art. 30.4)
(LOCK)
fck_j(Age)
(MODF)
BETc = exp {K*[1(28/Age)1/2]}
(Age is expressed in days)
Characteristic compressive strength (Art. 39.6)
fck_j = fck*BETc
(N/mm2)
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
(+ Compression)
359
Chapter 3 Materials
fcm_j(Age) Mean compressive strength (Art. 39.6) (+ Compression)
(MODF)
fcm_j = fck_j + 8
(N/mm2)
fcd_j(Age)
(LOCK)
BETt(Age)
(LOCK)
Design j day compressive strength (Art. 39.4)
fcd_j = fck_j/GAMc
(+ Compression)
Coefficient which depends on concrete age. This coefficient has been
taken from article (Art. 30.4)
BETt = exp {0.10*[1(28/Age)]} (Age is expressed in days)
fctm_j(Age) Mean tensile strength (Art. 30.4)
(MODF)
E0j (Age)
(+ Tension)
Tangent modulus of elasticity (Art. 39.6)
(MODF)
Ej (Age)
E0j = (BETc)1/2 *10000*(fcm_j1/3) (N/mm2)
Secant modulus of elasticity (Art. 39.6)
(MODF)
3.4.15.5
fctm_j = fctm*BETt
Ej = (BETc)1/2 *8500*(fcm_j1/3) (N/mm2)
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to EHE
code are the following:
3.4.15.5.1
TSASSD= 0:
User defined
TSASSD= 1:
Elastic
TSASSD= 2:
Instantaneous loading
Definition of the elastic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
102
SAEPS (2)
102
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (i) = SAEPS (i) * Ex
3.4.15.5.2
Definition of the instantaneous loading stressstrain diagram
(TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 20
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
360
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 21.3.3 and are the
following:
SAEPS (1)
= EPSclim
SAEPS (2)
= 0.793*(EPSclimEPSc1)EPSc1
SAEPS (3)
= 0.617*(EPSclimEPSc1)EPSc1
SAEPS (4)
= 0.468*(EPSclimEPSc1)EPSc1
SAEPS (5)
= 0.342*(EPSclimEPSc1)EPSc1
SAEPS (6)
= 0.234*(EPSclimEPSc1)EPSc1
SAEPS (7)
= 0.143*(EPSclimEPSc1)EPSc1
SAEPS (8)
= 0.066*(EPSclimEPSc1)EPSc1
SAEPS (9)
= EPSc1
SAEPS (10)
= 0.964*EPSc1
SAEPS (11)
= 0.922*EPSc1
SAEPS (12)
= 0.873*EPSc1
SAEPS (13)
= 0.816*EPSc1
SAEPS (14)
= 0.749*EPSc1
SAEPS (15)
= 0.669*EPSc1
SAEPS (16)
= 0.575*EPSc1
SAEPS (17)
= 0.465*EPSc1
SAEPS (18)
= 0.335*EPSc1
SAEPS (19)
= 0.181*EPSc1
SAEPS (20)
= 0.000
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SASGM(i)= [(k*Eta(i)Eta(i)^2)/(1+(k2)*Eta)]*fcm_j
Where:
K = Eci*EPSc1/(fcm_j(28))
Eta(i) = SAEPS(i)/EPSc1
3.4.15.6
Stressstrain diagram for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to the
EHE code are the following:
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Parabolic rectangular
TSDSSD= 2
Bilinear
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
361
Chapter 3 Materials
TSDSSD= 3
3.4.15.6.1
Rectangular
Definition of the parabolic rectangular stressstrain diagram
(TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 12
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 39.5 a) and are the
following:
SDEPS (1)
= EPSmin
SDEPS (2)
= EPSint
SDEPS (3)
= 9/10* EPSint
SDEPS (4)
= 8/10* EPSint
SDEPS (5)
= 7/10* EPSint
SDEPS (6)
= 6/10* EPSint
SDEPS (7)
= 5/10* EPSint
SDEPS (8)
= 4/10* EPSint
SDEPS (9)
= 3/10* EPSint
SDEPS (10)
= 2/10* EPSint
SDEPS (11)
= 1/10* EPSint
SDEPS (12)
= 0.000
The corresponding stress points are the following:
EHE98
For the first 11 points:
SDSGM (i) = 1000*SDEPS(i) *[250*SDEPS(i) +1]*0.85*fcd_j
For point 12:
SDSGM (i) = 0.85*fcd_j
EHE08
For the first 11 points:
SDSGM (i) = fcd_j*[1(1SDEPS(i) / EPSint)n]
n = 2; fck
50 MPa
n =1.4 + 9.6 * [(100fck)/100]4; fck > 50 MPa
For point 12:
SDSGM (i) = fcd_j
362
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.15.6.2
Definition of the bilinear stressstrain diagram (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 3
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 39.5 a) and are the
following:
SDEPS (1)
=  EPSmin
SDEPS (2)
=  EPSint
SDEPS (3)
= 0.000
The corresponding stress points are the following:
EHE98
SDSGM (1)
= 0.85*fcd_j
SDSGM (2)
= 0.85*fcd_j
SDSGM (3)
= 0.00
EHE08
SDSGM (1)
= fcd_j
SDSGM (2)
= fcd_j
SDSGM (3)
= 0.00
3.4.15.6.3
Definition of the rectangular stressstrain diagram (TSDSSD = 3):
Number of diagram points:
NPSDSSD = 0
For rectangular diagrams, it does not make sense to consider any specific point in
this diagram because stresses do not depend on strains but on the distance between
the outer most compressed fiber and the neutral axis.
3.4.16
EHE (Reinforcement Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 3) the following properties, according to EHE are
described hereafter:
3.4.16.1
GAMs
(MODF)
Safety factors
Steel safety factor (Art. 15.3)
= 1.15
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363
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.16.2
fyk
Mechanical properties
Characteristic yield stress (Art. 31.1 & Art. 38.2) of the EHE code.
(LIBR)
fyd
Design tensile strength Art. 38.3 (+ Tension) fyd = fyk/GAMs
(LOCK)
fycd
(LOCK)
fmax
Design compressive strength. This value has been taken from article (Art.
40.2) (+ Compression) fycd = Min (fyd, 400 Mpa)
(MODF)
Characteristic tensile strength. This value has been taken from article
(Art. 38.2) (+ Tension) fmax = 1.05*fyk
EPSmax
Characteristic elongation at maximum load (Art. 38.2) (EPSuk
(MODF)
3.4.16.3
0)
Stressstrain diagram for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to EHE code are the following:
3.4.16.3.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.010
SAEPS (2)
= 0.010
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS(1)*Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS(2)*Ex
3.4.16.3.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 4
364
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 21.3.3 and are the
following:
SAEPS (1)
= EPSmax
SAEPS (2)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= EPSmax
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = fmax
SASGM (2) = fyk
SASGM (3) = fyk
SASGM (4) = fmax
3.4.16.4
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to EHE code are the following:
3.4.16.4.1
TSDSSD= 0:
User defined
TSDSSD= 1:
Bilinear with horizontal top branch
TSDSSD= 2:
Bilinear with inclined top branch
Definition of the bilinear with horizontal top branch stressstrain
diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 38.4 and are the
following:
SDEPS (1) = 0.010
SDEPS (2) = fyd/Ex
SDEPS (3) = fyd/Ex
SDEPS (4) = 0.010
The corresponding stress values are:
SDSGM (1) = fyd
SDSGM (2) = fyd
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365
Chapter 3 Materials
SDSGM (3) = fyd
SDSGM (4) = fyd
3.4.16.4.2
Definition of the bilinear with sloping top branch stressstrain diagram
(TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 38.4 and are the
following:
SDEPS (1) = 0.010
SDEPS (2) = fyd/Ex
SDEPS (3) = fyd/Ex
SDEPS (4) = 0.010
The corresponding stress values are:
SDSGM (1) = fyd(0.0035fyd/Ex)*(fmaxfyk)/(EPSmaxfyk/Ex)
SDSGM (2) = fyd
SDSGM (3) = fyd
SDSGM (4) = fyd+(0.010fyd/Ex)*(fmaxfyk)/(EPSmaxfyk/Ex)
3.4.17
EHE (Prestressing steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 4) the following properties, according to EHE are
described hereafter:
3.4.17.1
GAMs
(MODF)
3.4.17.2
fmax
(LIBR)
fpk
(LIBR)
fyd
Safety factor
Safety factor (Art. 15.3) GAMs
Mechanical properties
Characteristic tensile strength (Art.32.2) fmax
Characterisitc yield stress (Art. 38.6). fpk
Design tensile strength (Art. 38.6) (+Tension) fpd = fpk/GAMs
(LOCK)
EPSmax
366
Total elongation due to the maximum load (Art. 38.2) (EPSuk
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
0)
3.4 Specific Code Properties
(MODF)
3.4.17.3
AgeR1
Relaxation
Relaxation age 1 (hours).
(MODF)
AgeR1
Relaxation age 2 (hours).
(MODF)
Ro1_60
Relaxation for AgeR1 and 60%fmax
(MODF)
Ro1_70
Relaxation for AgeR1 and 70%fmax
(MODF)
Ro1_80
Relaxation for AgeR1 and 80%fmax
(MODF)
Ro2_60
Relaxation for AgeR2 and 60%fmax
(MODF)
Ro2_70
Relaxation for AgeR2 and 70%fmax
(MODF)
Ro2_80
Relaxation for AgeR2 and 80%fmax
(MODF)
3.4.17.4
Stressstrain diagram for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for prestressing steel,
according to EHE code are the following:
3.4.17.4.1
TSASSD= 0
Userdefined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
TSASSD= 3
Characteristic diagram
Definition of the elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 1.0E2
SAEPS (2)
= 1.0E+2
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS(1)*Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS(2)*Ex
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367
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.17.4.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.823(Fmax/fpk0.7)5+Fmax/Ex)
SAEPS (2)
= fpk/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= fpk/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= 0.823(Fmax/fpk0.7)5+Fmax/Ex)
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = fpk+(SAEPS(1)SAEPS(2))/PLRATEx
SASGM (2) = fpk
SASGM (3) = fpk
SASGM (4) = fpk+(SAEPS(1)SAEPS(2))/PLRATEx
3.4.17.4.3
Definition of the characteristic diagram (TSASSD = 3):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 20
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 38.5 and are the
following:
SAEPS (1) = 0.0
SAEPS (2) = 0.7*fpk/Ex
For the points 3 to 20:
SAEPS (i) = 0.823*(SASGM(i) / fpk0.7)^5+ SASGM(i) / Ex
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SASGM (1)
0.0
SASGM (2)
0.7*fpk
SASGM (3)
0.10*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (4)
0.20*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (5)
0.25*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (6)
0.30*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (7)
0.35*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
SASGM (8)
0.40*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (9)
0.45*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (10) =
0.50*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (11) =
0.55*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (12) =
0.60*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (13) =
0.65*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (14) =
0.70*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (15) =
0.75*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (16) =
0.80*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (17) =
0.85*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (18) =
0.90*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (19) =
0.95*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
SASGM (20) =
1.00*(Fmax0.7*fpk)+0.7*fpk
3.4.17.5
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for prestressing steel,
according to EHE code are the following:
3.4.17.5.1
TSDSSD= 0
Userdefined
TSDSSD= 1
Design diagram
Definition of the design diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Numner of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 20
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain point values have been taken conforming to article Art. 38.6 and are the
following:
SDEPS (1) = 0.0
SDEPS (2) = 0.7*fpk/Ex/GAMs
For the points 3 to 20:
SDEPS(i) = 0.823*(SASGM(i) / fpk*GAMs0.7)^5+ SASGM(i) / Ex
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1)
0.0
SDSGM (2)
0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (3)
0.10*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (4)
0.20*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
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369
Chapter 3 Materials
SDSGM (5)
0.25*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (6)
0.30*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (7)
0.35*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (8)
0.40*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (9)
0.45*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (10) =
0.50*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (11) =
0.55*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (12) =
0.60*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (13) =
0.65*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (14) =
0.70*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (15) =
0.75*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (16) =
0.80*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (17) =
0.85*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (18) =
0.90*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (19) =
0.95*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
SDSGM (20) =
1.00*(Fmax0.7*fpk/GAMs)+0.7*fpk/GAMs
3.4.18
BS8110 (Concrete)
For this type of materials (Type = 2) the following properties are defined:
3.4.18.1
CeTp
(MODF)
Type of cement and curing
Type of cement
S:
Slow hardening cements
N:
Normal hardening cements (default value)
R:
Rapid hardening cements
RS: Rapid hardening high strength cements
3.4.18.2
GAMc
(LIBR)
3.4.18.3
fcu
Safety factors
Safety factor for concrete. Table 2.2. BS 8110: Part 1: 1997
GAMc 1
Mechanical properties
(LIBR)
Specified concrete compressive strength at 28 days (+ Compression) Art
2421. BS 8110: Part 1: 1997 . fcu 0
EPSc1
Strain in concrete at maximum stress. BS8110: Part 2: Figure 2.1
(LIBR)
370
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
EPSc1 0
( Compression).
EPScu
Ultimate strain in compression. ( Compression). EPScu 0
(LIBR)
s
(LIBR)
3.4.18.4
Coefficient which depends on the type of cement concerned. Taken from
CEBFIP code, article 2.1.6.1
Cetp= S:
s = 0.38
Cetp= N:
s = 0.25
Cetp= R:
s = 0.25
Cetp= RS:
s = 0.20
Time dependent mechanical properties
BETcc(Age) Coefficient which depends on concrete age.
(LIBR)
fcu_t (Age)
(LIBR)
BETcc = exp {s*[1(28/Age)1/2]} (Age is expressed in days.)
Characteristic tday compressive strength BS 8110: Part2 Table 7.1
(+ Compression).
fcu_t 0
Ko
fcu_t=BETcc*fcu
(LIBR)
Constant that is closely related to the modulus of elasticity of the
aggregate. BS 8110: Part 2: Art 7.2
Ko 0
Ec28
Modulus of elasticity at 28 days. BS 8110: Part 2: Art 7.2
(LIBR)
Ec_t (Age)
(LIBR)
3.4.18.5
Ec28 0
Ec28=Ko+0.2*fcu*1000
Modulus of elasticity. BS 8110: Part 2: Art 7.2
Ec_t 0
Ec_t=Ec28*(0.4+0.6*fcu_t/fcu)
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to the
BS8110 code are the following:
TSASSD= 0:
User defined
TSASSD= 1:
Elastic
TSASSD= 2:
Structural analysis
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371
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.18.5.1
Definition of the elastic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
102
SAEPS (2)
102
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (i) = SAEPS (i) * Ex
3.4.18.5.2
Definition of the Structural analysis stressstrain diagram (TSASSD =
2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 20
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken according to notes expressed in BS8110 Part 2 Fig,2.1
and are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 1.000*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (2)
= 0.793*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (3)
= 0.617*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (4)
= 0.468*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (5)
= 0.342*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (6)
= 0.234*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (7)
= 0.143*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (8)
= 0.066*(EPScuEPSc1)+EPSc1
SAEPS (9)
= 1.000*EPSc1
SAEPS (10)
= 0.964*EPSc1
SAEPS (11)
= 0.922*EPSc1
SAEPS (12)
= 0.873*EPSc1
SAEPS (13)
= 0.816*EPSc1
SAEPS (14)
= 0.749*EPSc1
SAEPS (15)
= 0.669*EPSc1
SAEPS (16)
= 0.575*EPSc1
SAEPS (17)
= 0.465*EPSc1
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
SAEPS (18)
= 0.335*EPSc1
SAEPS (19)
= 0.181*EPSc1
SAEPS (20)
= 0.000*EPSc1
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SASGM(i)= [(k*Eta(i)Eta(i)^2)/(1+(k2)*Eta)]*0.8*fcu_t
Where:
K = 1.4*Ec_t*EPSc1/(fcu_t)
Eta(i) = SAEPS(i)/EPSc1
3.4.18.6
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to the
ACI code are the following:
3.4.18.6.1
TSDSSD= 0:
User defined
TSDSSD= 1:
Parabolic rectangular
TSDSSD= 2:
Rectangular
Definition of the Parabolic rectangular diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 12
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken according to notes expressed in BS 8110: Part 1.
Figure 2.1 and are the following:
SDEPS (1)
= 0.0035
SDEPS (2)
= 2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (3)
= 0.9*2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (4)
= 0.8*2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (5)
= 0.7*2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (6)
= 0.6*2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (7)
= 0.5*2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (8)
= 0.4*2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (9)
= 0.3*2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (10)
= 0.2*2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (11)
= 0.1*2.4E4*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)
SDEPS (12)
= 0.000
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373
Chapter 3 Materials
The corresponding stress points are the following:
For points 2 to 12:
SDSGM(i)=(0.67E8/2.4/2.4)*SDEPS(i) ^2+(0.67E4/1.2)*(fcu_t/GAMc)^(1/2)*SDEPS(i)
For point 1:
SDSGM(i) = 0.67*fcu_t / GAMc
3.4.18.6.2
Definition of the rectangular diagram (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagrams points
NPSDSSD = 0
For rectangular diagrams, it does not make sense to consider any specific point in this
diagram because stresses do not depend on strains but on the distance between the
outer most compressed fiber and the neutral axis.
3.4.19
BS8110 (Reinforcement steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 3) the following properties are considered:
3.4.19.1
GAMs
Safety factor
Safety factor for steel. BS 8110: Part 1: Table 2.2
(LIBR)
3.4.19.2
fy
GAMs 1
Mechanical properties
Yield strength. BS 8110: Part 1: Table 3.1
fy 0
(LIBR)
Rm
Characteristic tensile strength. BS 4449: Table 7
(LIBR)
A5
(+ Tension)
Elongation at fracture. BS 4449: Table 7
(LIBR)
3.4.19.3
Rm 0
(+ Tension)
A5 0
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to BS8110 code are the following:
3.4.19.3.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 2
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SAEPS (1)
= 1.0E2
SAEPS (2)
= 1.0E+2
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS(1)*ExLn
SASGM (2) = SAEPS(2)*ExLn
3.4.19.3.2
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.01
SAEPS (2)
= fy/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= fy/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= 0.01
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = fy
SASGM (2) = fy
SASGM (3) = fy
SASGM (4) = fy
3.4.19.4
Stressstrain diagram for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to BS8110 code are the following:
3.4.19.4.1
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagrams points
NPSDSSD = 4
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Chapter 3 Materials
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SDEPS (1) = 0.01
SDEPS (2) = fy/GAMs/Ex
SDEPS (3) = fy/ GAMs/Ex
SDEPS (4) = 0.01
The corresponding stress values are:
SDSGM (1) = fy/GAMs
SDSGM (2) = fy/GAMs
SDSGM (3) = fy/GAMs
SDSGM (4) = fy/GAMs
3.4.20
GB50010 (Concrete)
For this type of materials (Type = 2) the following properties are defined:
3.4.20.1
CeTp
(MODF)
Type of cement and curing
Type of cement
SL:
Slow hardening cements
N:
Normal hardening cements (default value)
R:
Rapid hardening cements
RS: Rapid hardening high strngth cements
3.4.20.2
GAMc
Safety factors
Safety factor for concrete. GAMc 1 Art. 1.6.4.4
(MODF)
3.4.20.3
fcuk
Mechanical properties
(LIBR)
Specified concrete compressive strength at 28 days Art 4.1.1
(+Compression). fcu 0
ALPC1
Prism strength and cube strength ratio.
(MODF)
0.76
For concrete C50
0.82
For concrete C80
These values are obtained from the following formula:
ALPC1=0.76 + 0.06*(fcuk  50.0)/30.0
376
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
( Compression) 0.76 ALPc1 0.821
ALPC2
(MODF)
Brittle reduction coefficient.
1.0
For concrete C40
0.87
For concrete C80
These values are obtained from the following formula:
ALPC2=1  0.13*(fcuk  40.0)/40.0
( Compression) 0.87 ALPc2 1
DELTA
(MODF)
FCK
Variation coefficient (Table 4.1.3).
Fcuk
C15
C20
Delta
0.21 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.11
(MODF)
FTK
(MODF)
FT
C30
(MODF)
n
(MODF)
EPS0
(LIBR)
EPSCu
(LIBR)
3.4.20.4
C40
C45
C50
C55 C60C80
0.10
fck=0.88*ALPc1*ALPc2*fcuk
Design value for axial compressive strength (Art. 4.1.3) (+Compression
fck0).
FC
FC
= FCK / GAMc
Standard tensile strength (Art. 4.1.4) (+Tension ftk>0).
ftk =0.88*0.395*(fcuk**0.55)*(11.645*delta)**0.45*ALPc2
Design value for tensile strength (Art. 2.1.3) (+Compression ft>0):
(MODF)
C35
Standard axial compressive strength.
(LOCK)
FC
C25
fcd = ftk/GAMc
Coefficient which depends on the type of cement (0<s<1):
CeTp=SL :
s= 0.38
CeTp=N :
s= 0.25
CeTp=R :
s= 0.25
CeTp=RS:
s= 0.20
Exponent of the stress strain diagram Art. 7.1.23.
n=2(fcuk50)/60 [MPa]
Compressive strain at Fc Art. 7.1.24:
EPS0 = 0.002+0.5*(fcuk50)*10E5 [MPa]
Limit compressive strain in concrete in Art. 7.1.25:
EPScu = 0.0033(fcuk50)*10E5 [MPa]
Time dependent mechanical properties
BETcc(Age) Coefficient which depends on concrete age. The age index must be
(LOCK)
specified in IDX1.
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Chapter 3 Materials
BETcc=*exp{s*[1(28/Age)^1/2]} (Age is expressed in days.)
Standard t day compressive strength. The age index must be
specified in IDX1.
Fck_t(Age)
(MODF)
fck_t=BETcc*fck
Fc_t(Age)
Design t day compressive strength. The age index must be specified
in IDX1.
(MODF)
fc_t=fck_t/GAMc
Ec_t(Age)
Modulus of elasticity. The age index must be specified in IDX1.
(MODF)
Ec=1.D5/(2.2D0+34.7D0/Fcuk/BETcc) [MPa]
3.4.20.5
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to
GB50010 code are the following:
3.4.20.5.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Structural analysis
Definition of the elastic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
102
SAEPS (2)
102
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (i) = SAEPS (i) * Ex
3.4.20.5.2
Definition of the Structural analysis stressstrain diagram (TSASSD =
2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 20
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken according to notes expressed in GB50010 and are the
following:
SAEPS (1)
378
= 1.000D0*(EPSuEPSc)+EPSc
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
SAEPS (2)
= 0.793D0*(EPSuEPSc)+EPSc
SAEPS (3)
= 0.617D0*(EPSuEPSc)+EPSc
SAEPS (4)
= 0.468D0*(EPSuEPSc)+EPSc
SAEPS (5)
= 0.342D0*(EPSuEPSc)+EPSc
SAEPS (6)
= 0.234D0*(EPSuEPSc)+EPSc
SAEPS (7)
= 0.143D0*(EPSuEPSc)+EPSc
SAEPS (8)
= 0.066D0*(EPSuEPSc)+EPSc
SAEPS (9)
= 1.000D0*EPSc
SAEPS (10)
= 0.964D0*EPSc
SAEPS (11)
= 0.922D0*EPSc
SAEPS (12)
= 0.873D0*EPSc
SAEPS (13)
= 0.816D0*EPSc
SAEPS (14)
= 0.749D0*EPSc
SAEPS (15)
= 0.669D0*EPSc
SAEPS (16)
= 0.575D0*EPSc
SAEPS (17)
= 0.465D0*EPSc
SAEPS (18)
= 0.335D0*EPSc
SAEPS (19)
= 0.181D0*EPSc
SAEPS (20)
= 0.000D0
The corresponding stress points are the following:
If SASGM(i) EPSc
SASGM(i)= [ALPa*GBx+(3D02D0*ALPa)*GBx**2D0+(ALPaD0)*GBx**3D0]*fck_t(i)
Otherwise:
SASGM(i)= [GBx/(ALPd*(GBx1.D0)**2D0+GBx)]*fck_t(i)
Where:
GBx=SAEPS(i)/EPSc
ALPa=2.4D00.0125D0*fck_t(i)
3.4.20.6
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to
GB50010 code are the following:
TSDSSD= 0:
User defined
TSDSSD= 1:
Parabolic rectangular
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379
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.20.6.1
Definition of the Parabolic rectangular diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 12
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken according to notes expressed in GB50010 and are the
following:
SDEPS (1)
= EPScu
SDEPS (2)
= 1.0D0*EPS0
SDEPS (3)
= 0.9D0*EPS0
SDEPS (4)
= 0.8D0*EPS0
SDEPS (5)
= 0.7D0*EPS0
SDEPS (6)
= 0.6D0*EPS0
SDEPS (7)
= 0.5D0*EPS0
SDEPS (8)
= 0.4D0*EPS0
SDEPS (9)
= 0.3D0*EPS0
SDEPS (10)
= 0.2D0*EPS0
SDEPS (11)
= 0.1D0*EPS0
SDEPS (12)
= 0.0D0
The corresponding stress points are the following:
For points 3 to 12:
SDSGM(i) =1.D0(1.D0+ SDEPS(i)/EPS0)**n)*fc_t(i)
For point 1:
SDSGM(1) = fc_t
For point 2:
SDSGM(2) = fc_t
3.4.21
GB50010 (Reinforcement steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 3) the following properties are considered:
3.4.21.1
GAMs
(MODF)
380
Safety factor
Safety factor for steel
GAMs 1
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.21.2
fyk
Mechanical properties
Yield strength; fyk 0
(LIBR)
fy
Characteristic tensile strength.
(MODF)
3.4.21.3
(+ Tension)
fy = fyk/GAMs
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to GB50010 code are the following:
3.4.21.3.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 2
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SAEPS (1)
= 1.0E2
SAEPS (2)
= 1.0E2
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS(1)*Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS(2)*Ex
Number of diagram points:
NPSASSD = 4
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381
Chapter 3 Materials
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.01
SAEPS (2)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= 0.01
The corresponding stress values are:
SASGM (1) = fyk
SASGM (2) = fyk
SASGM (3) = fyk
SASGM (4) = fyk
3.4.21.4
Stressstrain diagram for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to GB50010 code are the following:
TSDSSD= 0: User defined
TSDSSD= 1: Bilinear
3.4.21.4.1
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagrams points
NPSDSSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for the stressstrain diagram have been taken as:
SDEPS (1) = 0.01
SDEPS (2) = fy
SDEPS (3) = fy
SDEPS (4) = 0.01
The corresponding stress values are:
SDSGM (1) = fy
SDSGM (2) = fy
SDSGM (3) = fy
SDSGM (4) = fy
382
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.22
AS3600
CivilFEM does not contain the material data conforming to Australian Standard
AS3600. If this code is activated, the selected material (concrete or reinforcement
steel) will be filled out with the same parameters as the ACI318 code requires.
3.4.23
NBR6118 (Concrete)
For this type of materials (Type = 2) the following properties are considered:
3.4.23.1
CeTp
(MODF)
Type of cement
Refers to the different types of cement used. These types are described
in the Appendix A article A.2.4 and are the following:
CPI:
Normal hardening cements (Default value).
CPII: Normal hardening composite cements.
CPIII: Slow hardening blast furnace cements.
CPIV: Slow hardening puzzolanic cements.
CPV: Rapid hardening high strength cements.
3.4.23.2
GAMc
(MODF)
3.4.23.3
fck
Partial safety factors
Partial safety factor for concrete (Art. 12.4.1 GAMc
c=1.5
1)
(Default value)
Mechanical properties
(LIBR)
Concrete characteristic 28day compressive strength (Art. 8.2.4)
(+Compression fck 0)
fcm
Mean 28day compressive strength (Art. 6.4.3) (+ Compression) fcm 0
(MODF)
fcd
fcm = fck + 1.65*Sd
Design 28day compressive strength (Art. 12.3.3) (+Compression)
(LOCK)
fctm
(MODF)
fctk_inf
(MODF)
fctk_sup
(MODF)
Sd
(MODF)
fcd = fck/GAMc
Mean tensile strength (Art. 8.2.5) (+ Tension)
fctm = 0.3*(fck2/3) (fctm and fctk in MPa)
Lower characteristic tensile strength (Art. 8.2.5) (+Tension)
fctk_inf = 0.21*(fck2/3) (fctk and fctk_inf in MPa)
Upper characteristic tensile strength (Art. 8.2.5) (+Tension)
fctk_inf = 0.39*(fck2/3) (fctk and fctk_sup in MPa)
Standard deviation (Art. 6.4.3) (Sd > 0)
Sd = 4 MPa (default value)
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383
Chapter 3 Materials
Coefficient which depends on the type of cement. (Art. 12.3.3)
(MODF)
CPI:
s = 0.25
CPII: s = 0.25
CPIII: s = 0.38
CPIV: s = 0.38
CPV: s = 0.20
3.4.23.4
BETcc
Time dependent mechanical properties
Coefficient which depends on concrete age. (Art. 12. 3. 3)
(LOCK)
BETcc = exp {s*[1(28/Age)1/2]} (Age is expressed in days)
fcm_t(Age) Mean compressive strength. (+ Compression) (Art. 6.4.3)
(MODF)
fcm_t = fck_t+1.65*Sd
fck_t(Age) Characteristic t day compressive strength. (+ Compression) (Art. 8.2.4)
(MODF)
fck_t = fck * BET1
fcd_t(Age) Design t day compressive strength (Art. 12.3.3) (+Compression)
(LOCK)
If Age < 28 days fcd_t = fck_t/GAMc
If Age
Eci(Age)
Initual modulus of elasticity (Art. 8.2.8).
(MODF)
Ecm(Age)
Eci = 5600 * fck_t
Secant modulus of elasticity (Art. 8.2.8).
(MODF)
3.4.23.5
28 days fcd_t = fck/GAMc
Ecm = 0.85 * Eci
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different type of stressstrain concrete diagrams available according to
NBR6118 are:
TSASSD= 0: User defined
TSASSD= 1: Elastic
3.4.23.5.1
Definition of the elastic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
102
SAEPS (2)
102
384
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (i) = SAEPS (i) * Ex
3.4.23.6
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to
NBR6118 are the following:
3.4.23.6.1
TSDSSD= 0:
User defined
TSDSSD= 1:
Parabolicrectangular
Definition of the parabolicrectangular stressstrain diagram
(TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 12
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for this diagram are the following:
SDEPS (1)
= 0.0035
SDEPS (2)
= 0.0020
SDEPS (3)
= 0.9*(0.0020)
SDEPS (4)
= 0.8*(0.0020)
SDEPS (5)
= 0.7*(0.0020)
SDEPS (6)
= 0.6*(0.0020)
SDEPS (7)
= 0.5*(0.0020)
SDEPS (8)
= 0.4*(0.0020)
SDEPS (9)
= 0.3*(0.0020)
SDEPS (10)
= 0.2*(0.0020)
SDEPS (11)
= 0.1*(0.0020)
SDEPS (12)
= 0.000
The corresponding stress values are the following:
For the first 11 points:
SDSGM(i) = 1000*SDEPS(i) *(250*SDEPS(i) +1)*0.85*fcd_t
For point 12:
SDSGM(i) = 0.85*fcd_t
3.4.24
NBR6118 (Reinforcement Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 3) the following properties are defined:
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385
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.24.1
GAMs
(MODF)
3.4.24.2
fyk
Partial safety factors
Steel partial safety factor (GAMs
0)
= 1.15 (default value)
Mechanical properties
(LIBR)
Characteristic yield stress (Art. 8.3.6) Refers to the characteristic value
of the applied load over the area of the transverse section.
fyd
Design yield stress (Art. 8.3.6) fyd = fyk/GAMs
(LIBR)
ftk
(LIBR)
Characteristic tensile stress (Art. 8.3.6) Refers to the characteristic
value of the maximum axial load in tension over the area of the
transverse section.
EPSuk
Characteristic elongation at maximum load (Art. 8.3.6) EPSuk
(LIBR)
3.4.24.3
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to NBR6118 are the following:
3.4.24.3.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the Elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 2
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken as follows:
SAEPS (1)
= 102
SAEPS (2)
= 102
Stress points have been taken as follows:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS(1)*Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS(2)*Ex
3.4.24.3.2
Definition of the Bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 4
386
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken as the follows:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.01
SAEPS (2)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= fyk/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= 0.01
Stress points have been taken as follows:
SASGM (1) = fyk+(SAEPS(1)SAEPS(2))/PLRAT*Ex
SASGM (2) = fyk
SASGM (3) = fyk
SASGM (4) = fyk+(SAEPS(4)SAEPS(3))/PLRAT*Ex
3.4.24.4
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to NBR6118 are the following:
3.4.24.4.1
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Design diagram
Definition of the Design Diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken as follows:
SDEPS (1)
= 0.01
SDEPS (2)
= fyd/Ex
SDEPS (3)
= fyd/Ex
SDEPS (4)
= 0.01
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1)
= fyd
SDSGM (2)
= fyd
SDSGM (3)
= fyd
SDSGM (4)
= fyd
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387
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.25
Indian Standard 456 (Concrete)
For this type of materials (Type = 2) the following properties are considered:
3.4.25.1
CeTp
(MODF)
Type of cement
Refers to the different types of cement used. These types can be
chosen among those considered in the CEBFIP code:
SL: Slow hardening cements
N:
Slow hardening cements (Default value)
R:
Rapid hardening cements
RS: Rapid hardening high strength cements
3.4.25.2
GAMc
(MODF)
Partial safety factors
Partial safety factor for concrete (Art. 36.4.2.1 GAMc
value)
3.4.25.3
fck
(LIBR)
fcd
(LOCK)
fct
Design 28day compressive strength (Art. 36.3.1) (+Compression) fcd =
fck/GAMc
Ec
28 days elasticity modulus (Art. 6.2.3.1)
(MODF)
3.4.25.4
BETcc
(LOCK)
Ec = 5000*fck (Ec and fck in N/mm2)
Coefficient which depends on the type of cement. (chosen among those
considered in the CEBFIP code)
SL:
s = 0.38
N:
s = 0.25
R:
s = 0.25
RS:
s = 0.20
Time dependent mechanical properties
Coefficient which depends on concrete age.
BETcc = exp {s*[1(28/Age)1/2]} (Age is expressed in days)
fcm_t(Age) Mean compressive strength. (+ Compression)
(MODF)
388
(Default
Concrete characteristic 28day compressive strength (Art. 6.1)
(+Compression fck 0)
Characteristic tensile strength (Art. 6.2.2) (+Tension)
fctk = 0.7*(fck)^1/2 (fctk and fck in N/mm2)
c=1
Mechanical properties
(MODF)
(MODF)
1)
fcm_t = BETcc*fcm
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
fck_t(Age) Characteristic tday compressive strength. (+ Compression)
(MODF)
fck_t = fcm_t  8 (fck_t and fcm in N/mm2)
fcd_t(Age) Design tday compressive strength (Art. 4.2.1.3.3 (4) & (11))
(LOCK)
(+Compression) fcd_t = fck_t/GAMc
Ec_t(t)
Modulus of elasticity
(MODF)
3.4.25.5
Ec_t = 5000*fctk_t (Ec_t and fck_t in N/mm2)
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain concrete diagrams available according to IS456
are:
3.4.25.5.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
Definition of the elastic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
102
SAEPS (2)
102
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (i) = SAEPS (i) * Ex
3.4.25.6
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to
Eurocode 2 are the following:
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Parabolicrectangular
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389
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.25.6.1
Definition of the parabolicrectangular stressstrain diagram
(TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 12
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for this diagram are the following:
SDEPS (1)
= 0.0035
SDEPS (2)
= 0.0020
SDEPS (3)
= 0.9*(0.0020)
SDEPS (4)
= 0.8*(0.0020)
SDEPS (5)
= 0.7*(0.0020)
SDEPS (6)
= 0.6*(0.0020)
SDEPS (7)
= 0.5*(0.0020)
SDEPS (8)
= 0.4*(0.0020)
SDEPS (9)
= 0.3*(0.0020)
SDEPS (10)
= 0.2*(0.0020)
SDEPS (11)
= 0.1*(0.0020)
SDEPS (12)
= 0.000
The corresponding stress values are the following:
For the first 11 points:
SDSGM(i) = 1000*SDEPS(i) *(250*SDEPS(i) +1)*0.67*fcd_t
For point 12:
SDSGM(i) = 0.67*fcd_t
3.4.26
Indian Standard 456 (Reinforcement Steel)
For this type of materials (Type = 3) the following properties are defined:
3.4.26.1
GAMs
(MODF)
3.4.26.2
fy
Partial safety factors
Steel partial safety factor (Art. 36.3.1) (GAMs
value)
0)
= 1.0 (default
Mechanical properties
(LIBR)
Characteristic yield stress. Refers to the characteristic value of the
applied load over the area of the transverse section.
fyd
Design yield stress fyd = fyk/GAMs
390
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
(LIBR)
ft
(LIBR)
Characteristic tensile stress. Refers to the characteristic value of the
maximum axial load in tension over the area of the transverse section.
EPSuk
Characteristic elongation at maximum load EPSuk
(LIBR)
3.4.26.3
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to IS456 are the following:
TSASSD= 0: User defined
TSASSD= 1: Elastic
TSASSD= 2: Bilinear
3.4.26.3.1
Definition of the Elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 2
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 102
SAEPS (2)
= 102
Stress points are the following:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS(1)*Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS(1)*Ex
3.4.26.3.2
Definition of the Bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 0.01
SAEPS (2)
= fy/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= fy/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= 0.01
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Chapter 3 Materials
Stress points are the following:
SASGM (1) = fy+(SAEPS(1)SAEPS(2))/PLRAT*Ex
SASGM (2) = fy
SASGM (3) = fy
SASGM (4) = fy+(SAEPS(4)SAEPS(3))/PLRAT*Ex
3.4.26.4
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to IS456 are the following:
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
3.4.26.4.1
Definition of the bilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken according to article Art. 4.2.2.3.2 and are the following:
SDEPS (1)
= 0.01
SDEPS (2)
= fyd/Ex
SDEPS (3)
= fyd/Ex
SDEPS (4)
= 0.01
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1)
= fyd
SDSGM (2)
= fyd
SDSGM (3)
= fyd
SDSGM (4)
= fyd
3.4.27
Russian Code SP52101 (C
52101) (Concrete)
For this type of materials (Type = 2) the following properties are considered:
3.4.27.1
CeTp
(MODF)
Type of cement
Refers to the different types of cement that can be used. Chosen among
those considered in the CEBFIP code:
SL: Slow hardening cements
N:
392
Slow hardening cements (Default value)
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
R:
Rapid hardening cements
RS: Rapid hardening high strength cements
3.4.27.2
GAMb
(MODF)
GAMbt
(MODF)
3.4.27.3
Rbn
(LIBR)
Rb
Partial safety factors
Partial safety factor for compressed concrete (Art. 2.1.2.2. GAMb
b=1.5 (Default value)
Partial safety factor for tensioned concrete (Art. 2.1.2.2. GAMbt
bt=1.3 (Default value)
1)
1)
Mechanical properties
Concrete characteristic 28day compressive strength (Art. 2.1.2.1)
(+Compression Rbn 0)
(LOCK)
Design 28day compressive strength (Art. 2.1.2.2) (+Compression) Rb
= Rbn/GAMb
Rbtn
Concrete characteristic 28 days tensile strength (Art. 2.1.2.1) (+Tension)
(MODF)
Rbt
(MODF)
EPSb0
(LIBR)
EPSb2
(LIBR)
s
(MODF)
3.4.27.4
BETcc
(LOCK)
Design 28 days tensile strength (Art. 2.1.2.2) (+Tension) Rbt =
Rbtn/GAMb
Strain value at the end of the second segment of the strainstress curve
(Art. 21.2.5) ( Compression) EPSc1 = 0.0022 (Default value)
Ultimate strain in compression (Art. 2.1.2.11)
(Compression) EPSb2 = 0.0035 (Default value)
Coefficient which depends on the type of cement. Chosen among those
considered in the CEBFIP code.
SL:
s = 0.38
N:
s = 0.25
R:
s = 0.25
RS:
s = 0.20
Time dependent mechanical properties
Coefficient which depends on concrete age.
BETcc = exp {s*[1(28/Age)1/2]} (Age is expressed in days)
Rbn_t(Age) Characteristic tday compressive strength. (+ Compression)
(MODF)
Rbn_t = BETcc*Rbn
(LOCK)
Design tday compressive strength (Art. 4.2.1.3.3 (4) & (11))
(+Compression) Rb_t = Rbn_t/GAMb
Eb(Age)
Initial modulus of elasticity (Table 2.14)
Rb_t(Age)
(MODF)
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393
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.27.5
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different type of stressstrain concrete diagrams available according to SP 52101 are:
TSASSD= 0: User defined
TSASSD= 1: Elastic
TSASSD= 2: Bilinear
TSASSD= 3: Trilinear
3.4.27.5.1
Definition of the elastic stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 1):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 2 points (NPSASSD = 2) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values are the following:
SAEPS (1)
102
SAEPS (2)
102
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (i) = SAEPS (i) * Ex
3.4.27.5.2
Definition of the bilinear stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 2):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 3 points (NPSASSD = 4) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values have been taken conforming to article Art. 2.1.2.12 and
are the following:
SAEPS (1)
EPSb2
SAEPS (2)
0.0015/GAMb
SAEPS (3)
0.000
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (1)
= Rb_t
SASGM (2)
= Rb_t
SASGM (3)
= 0.000
3.4.27.5.3
Definition of the trilinear stressstrain diagram (TSASSD = 3):
The sign criterion for the definition of stressstrain diagram points is the following
one:
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3.4 Specific Code Properties
+Tension, Compression
A total of 4 points (NPSASSD = 4) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values have been taken conforming to article Art. 2.1.2.11 and
are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= EPSb2
SAEPS (2)
= EPSb0
SAEPS (3)
= 0.6*Rd/Eb
SAEPS (4)
= 0.000
For these points, stress values are the following:
SASGM (1)
= Rb_t
SASGM (2)
= Rb_t
SASGM (3)
= 0.6*Rb_t
SASGM (4)
= 0.000
3.4.27.6
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for concrete, according to SP
52101 are the following:
3.4.27.6.1
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
TSDSSD= 2
Trilinear
Definition of the bilinear stressstrain diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 3
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following (according to Art. 2.1.2.12):
+Tension, Compression
Strain values for this diagram are the following:
SDEPS (1)
EPSb2
SDEPS (2)
0.0015/GAMb
SDEPS (3)
0.000
The corresponding stress values are the following:
SDSGM (1)
= Rb_t
SDSGM (2)
= Rb_t
SDSGM (3)
= 0.000
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395
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.27.6.2
Definition of the trilinear diagram (TSDSSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
A total of 4 points (NPSDSSD = 4) has been chosen for the definition of the stressstrain diagram. Strain values have been taken conforming to article Art. 2.1.2.11 and
are the following:
SDEPS (1)
= EPSb2
SDEPS (2)
= EPSb0
SDEPS (3)
= 0.6*Rd/Eb
SDEPS (4)
= 0.000
Stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1)
= Rb_t
SDSGM (2)
= Rb_t
SDSGM (3)
= 0.6*Rb_t
SDSGM (4)
= 0.000
3.4.28
Russian Code SP52101 (C
(Reinforcement Steel)
52101)
For this type of materials (Type = 3) the following properties are defined:
3.4.28.1
GAMs
(MODF)
3.4.28.2
Rsn
Partial safety factors
Steel partial safety factor (Art. 2.3.3.2) (GAMs
value) (Art. 2.2.2.2)
0)
= 1.00 (default
Mechanical properties
(LIBR)
Characteristic yield stress (Art. 2.2.2.2) Refers to the characteristic
value of the applied load over the area of the transverse section.
Rs
Design yield stress (Art. 2.2.2.2)
(LIBR)
Rsw
(LIBR)
EPSs2
(LIBR)
396
Rs = Rsn/GAMs
Characteristic tensile stress in the stirrups (Art. 2.2.2.3)
Rs = 0.8*Rs
500 MPa
Characteristic elongation at maximum load (Art. 2.2.2.7) EPSs2
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.4 Specific Code Properties
3.4.28.3
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to SP 52101 are the following:
3.4.28.3.1
TSASSD= 0
User defined
TSASSD= 1
Elastic
TSASSD= 2
Bilinear
Definition of the Elastic diagram (TSASSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 2
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= 1.0E2
SAEPS (2)
= 1.0E2
Stress points are the following:
SASGM (1) = SAEPS(1)*Ex
SASGM (2) = SAEPS(2)*Ex
3.4.28.3.2
Definition of the Bilinear diagram (TSASSD = 2):
Number of diagram points
NPSASSD = 3
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken conforming to article Art. 2.2.2.7 and are the following:
SAEPS (1)
= EPSs2
SAEPS (2)
= Rs/Ex
SAEPS (3)
= Rs/Ex
SAEPS (4)
= EPSs2
Stress points have been taken conforming to article Art. 2.2.2.7 and are the following:
SASGM (1) = Rs
SASGM (2) = Rs
SASGM (3) = Rs
SASGM (4) = Rs
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
397
Chapter 3 Materials
3.4.28.4
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
The different types of stressstrain diagrams available for reinforcement steel,
according to SP 52101 are the following:
3.4.28.4.1
TSDSSD= 0
User defined
TSDSSD= 1
Bilinear
Definition of the bilinear stressstrain diagram (TSDSSD = 1):
Number of diagram points
NPSDSSD = 4
The sign criterion for the definition of points of the stressstrain diagram is the
following:
+Tension, Compression
Strain points have been taken according to article Art. 2.2.2.7 and are the following:
SDEPS (1)
= EPSs2
SDEPS (2)
= Rs/Ex
SDEPS (3)
= Rs/Ex
SDEPS (4)
= EPSs2
The corresponding stress points are the following:
SDSGM (1)
= Rs
SDSGM (2)
= Rs
SDSGM (3)
= Rs
SDSGM (4)
= Rs
3.4.29
ITER Structural Design Code for Buildings
This design code specifies the use of the materials defined in Eurocode 2. Therefore,
everytime the ITER design code is selected, the material properties will be those
defined in Eurocode 2, 2008 revision.
398
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3.5 FLAC3D Properties
3.5
FLAC3D Properties
The ~CFMP command defines the material properties that are necessary to carry out
an analysis with FLAC3D, both for structural and soil and rock elements. These
properties have the labels and values described hereafter:
3.5.1
FLAC3D material properties for soil and rock
elements
3.5.1.1
Type of constitutive model
CMOD
Type of constitutive model
3.5.1.2
bu
Null model
Elastic isotropic (default)
Elastic orthotropic
Elastic transversely isotropic
DruckerPrager
MohrCoulomb
Ubiquitousjoint
Strainhardening/softening
Bilinear strainhard/soft ubiquitousjoint
10
Doubleyield
11
Modified CamClay
Elastic isotropic model parameters
Elastic bulk modulus, K
K=E/3/(12*Un)
sh
Elastic shear modulus, G
G=E/2/(1+Nu)
3.5.1.3
Elastic orthotropic model parameters
dd
Dip direction of plane defined by axes 1'2'
dip
Dip angle of plane defined by axes 1'2'
e1
Young's modulus in direction 1'
e2
Young's modulus in direction 2'
e3
Young's modulus in direction 3'
g12
Shear modulus in planes parallel to axes 1'2'
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Chapter 3 Materials
g13
Shear modulus in planes parallel to axes 1'3'
g23
Shear modulus in planes parallel to axes 2'3'
nu12
Poissons ratio characterizing lateral contraction in direction 1' when
tension is applied in direction 2'
nu13
Poissons ratio characterizing lateral contraction in direction 1' when
tension is applied in direction 3'
nu23
Poissons ratio characterizing lateral contraction in direction 2' when
tension is applied in direction 3'
nx
xcomponent of unit normal to plane defined by axes 1'2'
ny
ycomponent of unit normal to plane defined by axes 1'2'
nz
zcomponent of unit normal to plane defined by axes 1'2'
rot
Rotation angle between the 1' axis and the dipdirection vector,
positive clockwise defined, starting at the dipdirection vector
3.5.1.4
Elastic transversely isotropic model parameters
dd
Dip direction of the plane of isotropy
Dip
Dip angle of the plane of isotropy
E1
Young's modulus in the plane of isotropy
E3
Young's modulus normal to the plane of isotropy
G13
Shear modulus for any plane normal to the plane of isotropy
Nu12
Poissons ratio characterizing lateral contraction in the plane of
isotropy when tension is applied in the plane
Nu13
Poissons ratio characterizing lateral contraction in the plane of
isotropy when tension is applied normal to the plane
3.5.1.5
DruckerPrager model parameters
Bu
Elastic bulk modulus, K
Ks
Material parameter, phi
Qd
Material parameter, qpsi
Qv
Material parameter, phi
Sh
Elastic shear modulus, G
ten
Tension limit, SIGt
3.5.1.6
MohrCoulomb model parameters
bu
Elastic bulk modulus, K
Cohesion, c
Di
Dilatancy angle, psi
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3.5 FLAC3D Properties
Fric
Internal angle of friction, phi
Sh
Elastic shear modulus, G
ten
Tension limit, SIGt
3.5.1.7
Ubiquitousjoint model parameters
bu
Elastic bulk modulus, K
Cohesion of matrix, c
Di
Dilation angle of matrix, psi
Fric
Internal angle of friction, phi
Jc
Joint cohesion, cj
Jdd
Dip direction of weakness plane
Jdil
Joint dilation angle, psij
Jdip
Dip angle of weakness plane
Jf
Joint friction angle, phij
Jnx
xcomponent of unit normal to weakness plane
Jny
ycomponent of unit normal to weakness plane
Jnz
zcomponent of unit normal to weakness plane
Jt
Joint tension limit, SIGtj
Sh
Elastic shear modulus, G
ten
Tension limit of matrix, SIGt
3.5.1.8
Strainhardening/softening model parameters
bu
Elastic bulk modulus, K
Cohesion, c
Ct
Number of the table relating cohesion to plastic shear strain
Di
Dilation angle, psi
Dt
Number of the table relating dilation angle to plastic shear strain
Fric
Angle of internal friction, phi
Ft
Number of the table relating friction angle to plastic shear strain
Sh
Elastic shear modulus, G
Ten
Tension limit, SIGt
tt
Number of the table relating tension limit to plastic tensile strain
3.5.1.9
Bij
Bilinear strainhard/soft ubiquitousjoint model parameters
=0 for joint linear model (default)
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3101
Chapter 3 Materials
=1 for joint bilinear model
Bim
=0 for matrix linear model (default)
=1 for matrix bilinear model
bu
Elastic bulk modulus, K
C2
Number of the table relating matrix cohesion c2 to matrix plastic
shear strain
Cj
Number of the table relating joint cohesion cj1 to joint plastic shear
strain
Cj2
Number of the table relating joint cohesion cj2 to joint plastic shear
strain
Matrix cohesion, c1
Co2
Matrix cohesion, c2
Ct
Number of the table relating matrix cohesion c1 to matrix plastic
shear strain
D2
Number of the table relating matrix dilation psi2 to matrix plastic
shear strain
Di2
Matrix dilation angle, psi2
Di
Matrix dilation angle, psi1
Dj
Number of the table relating joint dilation psij1 to joint plastic shear
strain
Dj2
Number of the table relating joint dilation psij2 to joint plastic shear
strain
Dt
Number of the table relating matrix dilation angle psi1 to matrix
plastic shear strain
F2
Number of the table relating matrix friction angle phi2 to matrix
plastic shear strain
Fj
Number of the table relating joint friction angle phij1 to joint plastic
shear strain
Fj2
Number of the table relating joint friction angle phij2 to joint plastic
shear strain
Fr2
Matrix friction angle, phi2
Fric
Matrix friction angle, phi1
Ft
Number of the table relating matrix friction phi1 to matrix plastic
shear strain
Jc2
Joint cohesion,cj2
Jc
Joint cohesion,cj1
Jdd
Dip direction of weakness plane
Jdil
Joint dilation angle, psij1
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3.5 FLAC3D Properties
Jdip
Dip angle of weakness plane
Jd2
Joint dilation angle, psij2
Jf
Joint friction angle, phij1
Jf2
Joint friction angle, phij2
Jnx
xcomponent of unit normal to weakness plane
Jny
ycomponent of unit normal to weakness plane
Jnz
zcomponent of unit normal to weakness plane
Jt
Joint tension limit, SIGtj
Sh
Elastic shear modulus, G
Ten
Matrix tension limit, SIGt
Tj
Number of the table relating joint tension limit SIGtj to joint plastic
tensile strain
Tt
Number of the table relating matrix tension limit SIGtj to joint plastic
tensile strain
3.5.1.10
Doubleyield model parameters
Bu
Elastic bulk modulus, K
Cap_p
Current intersection of the volumetric yield surface (cap) with the
pressure axis (mean stress), pc
Cohesion, c
Cp
Number of the table relating cap pressure to plastic volume strain
Ct
Number of the table relating cohesion to plastic shear strain
Di
Dilation angle, psi
Dt
Number of the table relating dilation angle to plastic shear strain
Ev
Cumulative plastic volumetric strain
Angle of internal friction, phi
Ft
Number of the table relating friction angle to plastic shear strain
Mu
Multiplier on current plastic cap modulus to provide the elastic bulk
and shear moduli, R
Maximum elastic shear modulus, G
Tension limit, SIGt
tt
Number of the table relating tensile limit to plastic tensile strain
3.5.1.11
Modified CamClay model parameters
Bulk_b
Maximum elastic bulk modulus, kmax
Cv
Initial specific volume, v0
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Chapter 3 Materials
Ka
Slope of the elastic swelling line, kappa
Slope of the normal consolidation line, lambda
Mm
Frictional constant, M
Mpc
Preconsolidation pressure, pc0
Mp1
Reference pressure, p1
Mv_l
Specific volume at reference pressure, p1, on the normal
consolidation line, vlambda
Poisson's ratio, nu
sh
Elastic shear modulus, G
3.5.2
FLAC3D material properties for structural
elements
3.5.2.1
Type of constitutive model
TSEL
3.5.2.2
Types of structural elements available
1
BeamSEL (default option)
CableSEL
PileSEL
ShellSEL
GeogridSEL
LinerSEL
BEAM element parameters:
density
Mass density, ro
emod
Youngs modulus, E
Nu
Poissons ratio, nu
pmoment
Plastic moment capacity, Mp
thexp
Thermal expansion coefficient, alphat
3.5.2.3
CABLE element parameters:
density
Mass density, ro
Emod
Young's modulus, E
Gr_coh
Grout cohesive strength (force) per unit of length, cg
Gr_fric
Grout friction angle, phig ()
Gr_k
Grout stiffness per unit length, kg
3104
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3.5 FLAC3D Properties
Gr_per
Grout exposed perimeter, pg
Slide
Largestrain sliding flag (default: OFF)
Slide_to
Largestrain sliding tolerance
Thexp
Thermal expansion coefficient, alphat
Ycomp
Compressive yield strength (force), Fc
ytens
Tensile yield strength (force), Ft
3.5.2.4
PILE element parameters:
Density
Mass density, ro
Emod
Youngs modulus, E
Nu
Poissons ratio, nu
Pmoment
Plastic moment capacity, Mp
Thexp
Thermal expansion coefficient, alphat
Cs_scoh
Shear coupling spring cohesion per unit length, cs
Cs_sfric
Shear coupling spring friction angle, Phis ()
Cs_sk
Shear coupling spring stiffness per unit length, ks
Cs_ncoh
Normal coupling spring cohesion per unit length, cn
Cs_nfric
Normal coupling spring friction angle, phin ()
Cs_ngap
Normal coupling spring gapuse flag, g (default: OFF)
Cs_nk
Normal coupling stiffness per unit length, kn
Slide
Largestrain sliding flag (default: OFF)
Slide_to
Largestrain sliding tolerance
3.5.2.5
Tbeh
Ele
SHELL element parameters:
Type of constitutive behavior
1
Isotropic (default option)
Orthotropic
Finite element type
1
CST
CSTH
DKT
DKT_CST
DKT_CSTH
Density
Mass density, ro
Emod
Young's modulus, E (Isotropic)
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Chapter 3 Materials
Nu
Poisson's ratio, nu (Isotropic)
E11
Orthotropic material property, e11
E12
Orthotropic material property, e12
E22
Orthotropic material property, e22
E33
Orthotropic material property, e33
Thexp
Thermal expansion coefficient, alphat
3.5.2.6
Tbeh
Ele
GEOG element parameters:
Type of constitutive behavior
1
Isotropic (default option)
Orthotropic
Finite element type
1
CST
CSTH
DKT
DKT_CST
DKT_CSTH
Density
Mass density, ro
Emod
Youngs modulus, E (Isotropic)
Un
Poissons ratio, un (Isotropic)
E11
Orthotropic material property e11
E12
Orthotropic material property e12
E22
Orthotropic material property e22
E33
Orthotropic material property e33
Thexp
Thermal expansion coefficient, alphat
Cs_scoh
Coupling spring cohesion (stress units), c
Cs_sfric
Coupling spring friction angle, phi ()
Cs_sk
Coupling spring stiffness per unit area, k
Slide
Largestrain sliding flag (default: OFF)
Slide_to
Largestrain sliding tolerance
3.5.2.7
Tbeh
3106
LINER element parameters:
Type of constitutive behavior
1
Isotropic (default option)
Orthotropic
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.5 FLAC3D Properties
Ele
Finite element type
1
CST
CSTH
DKT
DKT_CST
DKT_CSTH
Density
Mass density, ro
Emod
Young's modulus, E (Isotropic)
Nu
Poisson's ratio, nu (Isotropic)
E11
Orthotropic material property e11
E12
Orthotropic material property e12
E22
Orthotropic material property e22
E33
Orthotropic material property e33
Thexp
Thermal expansion coefficient, alphat
Cs_ncut
Normal coupling spring tensile strength (stress units), ft
Cs_nk
Normal coupling spring stiffness per unit area, kn
Cs_scoh
Shear coupling spring cohesion (stress units), c
Cs_scohr
Shear coupling spring residual cohesion (stress units), cr
Cs_sfric
Shear coupling spring friction angle, phi ()
Cs_sk
Shear coupling spring stiffness per unit area, ks
Slide
Largestrain sliding flag (default: OFF)
Slide_to
Largestrain sliding tolerance
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3.6 Active Properties
3.6
Active Properties
CivilFEM material properties are time dependent. This dependence is controlled by
making use of a global variable called active time (see ~ACTTIME command). This
time is common to all materials and its value is fixed by the user at every moment.
CivilFEM active time may coincide or not with ANSYS time (ANSYS TIME
command).
On the other hand, each definition of a CivilFEM material contains the materials
activation time that controls the time at which the materials start to exist. Once both
the active and the activation times are established, those materials whose activation
time is not greater than the active time will be active. Those elements whose material
is inactive, do not exist to any effect (either in CivilFEM or in ANSYS). The age of
each material is calculated at every moment using the active time (ActTime) and
activation instant values:
MatAge (Imat) = ActTime TmAct (Imat)
MatAge:
Material Age
ActTime: Active Time
TmAct:
Materials activation time
Imat:
Material taken into account
This MatAge allows to calculate any property of the material at any time just by
means of an interpolation of the corresponding time dependent vectors. Each
property has its own interpolation procedure. When the user modifies the value of
Actime, all the mechanical properties (observed by ANSYS and CivilFEM) of the
affected materials and crosssections being automatically changed.
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3109
3.7 Material Properties Dependence
3.7
Material Properties Dependence
In order to proceed properly to the definition and modification of the material
properties, the dependences among them should be kept in mind, mainly, the
modifying priority order adopted by the program regarding the automatic modification
of related properties.
In case two or more related parameters have the same modifying priority order, the
user can choose which one is to be modified, since the program takes care of
changing the values of the rest of related parameters automatically. Related data
having the same modifying priority order are called coupled data (this fact is
represented by a double arrow in the charts that are shown later on).
In the following tables, all the material properties that are subjected to modifications
as well as the order of priority among them are included. The column on the left
contains those material properties having higher hierarchy (order of priority). When
the user modifies these values, all their dependent parameters (those being on the
second column of the tables) will be modified and recalculated automatically by the
program. It can be easily observed that parameters' dependence is nested.
Therefore, a specific material property may have a higher hierarchy with regard to
other parameters and a lower one regarding others.
Tables are divided according to property types: external data, general properties
(concerning all materials), specific material properties (steel, concrete, reinforcement
steel and prestressing steel) and code properties (properties depending on active
code and material).
3.7.1
External Data
ActTime
3.7.2
MatAge
General Properties
TAct
MatAge
Ex
Gxy
If material is reinforcement steel
Structural and
section stressstrain diagrams change.
NUxy
Gxy
RHO
GAM (coupled data)
RHO
Ec (If ACI318 code is active)
VCos
Mcos
Wcos (coupled data)
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3111
Chapter 3 Materials
3.7.3
Structural Steel Specific Properties
ExLn
Ex
Stressstrain diagrams (structural and sections)
Nthk
Thik
fy of Eurocode 3
fu of Eurocode 3
SIGe of EA code
SIGu of EA code
fy of LRFD
fu of LRFD
Ys of BS5950 (1985)
Us of BS5950 (1985)
Thik
Stressstrain diagrams (structural and sections)
TSASSD
Structural Stressstrain diagrams
TSDSSD
Sections Stressstrain diagrams
PLRAT
Stressstrain diagrams (structural and sections)
3.7.4
Concrete Specific Properties
Concrete Specific Properties
Age_New(1)
BETcc of Eurocode 2
fc_t of ACI
BETcc of model code CEB
BETc of EHE
BETt of EHE
BETcc of BS8110
MatAge
ExLn
TpEx
ExLn
ExLn
Ex
(1) Age_Del and Age_Mov are similar to this parameter, that is to say, they are
related to the same data and having equal hierarchy order.
3.7.5
3112
Soil Specific Properties
TpEx
ExCal
ExCal
Ex
TpNuxy
NuxyCal
NuxyCal
Nuxy
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.7 Material Properties Dependence
TpRHO
RHOCal
RHOCal
RHO
ExSt
ExCal
NuxySt
NuxyCal
ExD
ExCal
NuxyD
NuxyCal
GAMd
GAMs
GAMsat
GAMap
RHOd
SW
GAMs
RHOs
GAMsat
GAMsub
RHOsat
GAMsub
RHOsub
GAMap
RHOap
GAMw
SW
GAMsat
RHOsub
RHOcal
RHOap
RHOcal
E
GAMs
GAMsat
SW
GAMap
SW
D10
CCurv
CUnif
D60
CCurv
CUnif
3.7.6
wl
Ip
wp
Ip
Rock Specific Properties
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Chapter 3 Materials
TpEx
ExCal
ExCal
Ex
TpNuxy
NuxyCal
NuxyCal
Nuxy
TpRHO
RHOCal
RHOCal
RHO
ExSt
ExCal
NuxySt
NuxyCal
ExD
ExCal
NuxyD
NuxyCal
GAMd
GAMs
GAMsat
GAMap
RHOd
SW
GAMs
RHOs
GAMsat
GAMsub
RHOsat
GAMsub
RHOsub
GAMap
RHOap
GAMw
SW
GAMsat
RHOsub
RHOcal
RHOap
RHOcal
E
GAMs
GAMsat
SW
GAMap
SW
GSI
HB_n
HB_m
HB_s
3114
HB_m0
HB_m
HB_s0
HB_s0
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3.7 Material Properties Dependence
3.7.7
Specific Code Properties
3.7.7.1
Specific Code Properties (Eurocode 3)
fy
Stressstrain diagrams (structural and sections)
GAMM0
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
3.7.7.2
Specific Code Properties (EA)
GAMa
SIGu
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
SIGe
SIGu
Stressstrain diagrams (structural and sections)
3.7.7.3
Specific Code Properties (AISCLRFD)
Fy
3.7.7.4
Stressstrain diagrams (structural and sections)
Specific Code Properties (BS59501985 & 2001)
Ys
ROy
Ke
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
Us
ROy
Ke
Stressstrain diagrams for section analysis
Specific Code Properties (Eurocode 2 Concrete)
3.7.7.5
Cetp
GAMc
fcd
fcd_t
Ecd
fck
fcm
fcd
fctm
fcm
fcm_t
fctm
fctk_005
fctk_095
BETcc
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Chapter 3 Materials
BETcc
fcm_t
fcm_t
fck_t
Stressstrain diagrams for structural analysis
fck_t
fcd_t
Ecm
fcd_t
Stressstrain diagrams
Ecm
ExLn (si TpEx = 3)
Ec
Ecd
Stressstrain diagrams (SA:1)
Ec
ExLn (si TpEx = 1)
Ecd
ExLn (si TpEx = 4)
EPSc1
Stressstrain diagrams
EPScu
Stressstrain diagrams
ALP
Stressstrain diagrams
TSASSD
Stressstrain diagrams
TSDSSD
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (Eurocode 2 Reinforcing Steel)
3.7.7.6
GAMs
fyd
Stressstrain diagrams
fyk
fyd
Duct
Stressstrain diagrams
fyd
Stressstrain diagrams
ftk
Duct
Stressstrain diagrams
EPSuk
Duct
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (Eurocode 2 Prestressing Steel)
3.7.7.7
3116
GAMs
Stressstrain diagrams
fpk
Stressstrain diagrams
fp01k
Stressstrain diagrams
EPSuk
Stressstrain diagrams
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.7 Material Properties Dependence
Specific Code Properties (ACI Concrete)
3.7.7.8
Cutp
a
BET
Cetp
a
BET
fc
fc_t
BET1
fc_t
BET
fc_t
fc_t
fr
Ec
EPS0
Stressstrain diagrams
Ec
ExLn (si TpEx = 1)
EPS0
EPS0
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (ACI Reinforcing Steel)
3.7.7.9
fy
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (ACI Pretressing Steel)
3.7.7.10
fpu
fpy
fpy
Stressstrain diagrams
StTp
fpy
Rlcf1
Specific Code Properties (CEBFIP Concrete)
3.7.7.11
Cetp
GAMc
fcd
fcd_t
fck
fcd
fcm
fctk_min
fctk_max
fctm
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Chapter 3 Materials
EPScuB
EPScuU
fcm
fcm_t
k
Eci
Ec1
fctm
BETcc
BETcc
fcm_t
Eci
Ec1
fcm_t
fck_t
Stressstrain diagrams
fck_t
fcd_t
fcd1
fcd2
fcd_t
fcd1
fcd2
Stressstrain diagrams
fcd2
Stressstrain diagrams
Eci
ExLn (si TpEx = 1)
Ec
EPSc_lim
Stressstrain diagrams
Ec
ExLn (si TpEx = 5)
Ec1
ExLn (si TpEx = 3)
EPSc_lim
Stressstrain diagrams
EPSc1
Ec1
Stressstrain diagrams
EPSc_lim
Stressstrain diagrams
EPScuB
EPSmin
Stressstrain diagrams
EPScuC
3118
EPSmin
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3.7 Material Properties Dependence
EPScuU
EPSint
TSDSSD
EPSmin
EPSint
Specific Code Properties (CEBFIP Reinforcing Steel)
3.7.7.12
Specific Code Properties (CEBFIP Reinforcing Steel)
GAMs
fyd
fyk
fyd
Duct
Stressstrain diagrams
fyd
Stressstrain diagrams
ftk
Duct
EPSuk
Duct
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (EHE Concrete)
3.7.7.13
Cetp
GAMc
fcd
fcd_j
fck
fcm
fcd
fctm
fctk_005
fctk_095
fck_j
fcm
Eci
E0_j
Ej
fctm
fctm_j
Eci
ExLn (si TpEx = 1)
EPSclim
Stressstrain diagrams
BETc
BETc
fck_j
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3119
Chapter 3 Materials
E0_j
Ej
fck_j
fcm_j
fcd_j
BETt
fctm_j
fcm_j
EPSclim
Stressstrain diagrams
fcd_j
Stressstrain diagrams
E0_j
ExLn (si TpEx = 2)
Ej
ExLn (si TpEx = 3)
EPSc1
EPSclim
Stressstrain diagrams
EPSclim
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (EHE Reinforcing Steel)
3.7.7.14
GAMs
fyd
fyk
fyd
fmax
Stressstrain diagrams
fyd
fycd
Stressstrain diagrams
fmax
Stressstrain diagrams
EPSmax
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (EHE Prestressing Steel)
3.7.7.15
GAMs
fpd
fpk
fpd
Stressstrain diagrams
fpd
Stressstrain diagrams
fmax
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (BS8110 Concrete)
3.7.7.16
3120
Cetp
GAMc
Stressstrain diagrams
fcu
fcu_t
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.
3.7 Material Properties Dependence
Ec28
Ec_t
EPSc1
Stressstrain diagrams
EPScu
Stressstrain diagrams
BETcc
BETcc
fcu_t
fcu_t
Ec_t
Ko
Ec28
Ec28
Ec_t
Ec_t
ExLn (if TpEx = 1)
Specific Code Properties (BS8110 Reinforcing Steel)
3.7.7.17
GAMs
Stressstrain diagrams
fy
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (GB50010 Concrete)
3.7.7.18
Cetp
GAMc
fc
ft
fc_t
fcuk
Ec_t(NAge)
ALPc1
ALPc2
fck
fck_t(NAge)
ftk
n
EPS0
EPScu
Delta
ALPc1
fck
ALPc2
fck
Delta
ftk
fck
fck_t(NAge)
fc
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Chapter 3 Materials
ftk
ft
BETcc(Nage)
BETcc
(Nage)
fcu_t(NAge)
fck_t
(Nage)
fc_t(NAge)
fc_t
(Nage)
Stressstrain diagrams
Ec_t
(Nage)
ExLn
EPS0
(Nage)
EPSint
EPScu
(Nage)
EPSmin
Ec_t(NAge)
Stressstrain diagrams
Stressstrain diagrams
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (GB50010 Reinforcing Steel)
3.7.7.19
GAMs
fy
Fyk
fy
Stressstrain diagrams
Fy
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (NBR6118 Concrete)
3.7.7.20
Eci
Ecs
GAMc
fcd
fcd_j
Fck
fcm
fcd
fctm
fctk_inf
fctk_sup
fcm_j
fcd_j
Sd
fcd_j
fcm_j
fck_j
fcd_j
Eci
3122
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3.7 Material Properties Dependence
Ex
Stressstrain diagrams
fcd_j
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (IS456 Concrete)
3.7.7.21
Cetp
GAMc
fcd
fcd_t
fck
fct
fcd
fck_t
Ec
BETcc
fck_t
fck_t
fcd_t
Ec_t
BETcc
BETcc
fcm_t
fcd_t
Stressstrain diagrams
Ec_t
TpEx
Specific Code Properties (IS456 Reinforcing Steel)
3.7.7.22
GAMs
fyd
Stressstrain diagrams
fyk
fyd
Stressstrain diagrams
TSASSD
Stressstrain diagrams
KPLA
TSDSSD
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (SP 5210103 Concrete)
3.7.7.23
Cetp
GAMb
Rb
Rb_t
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Chapter 3 Materials
GAMbt
Rbt
Rbtn
Rbt
S65_FT
Rbn
Rbn_t
Eb
BETcc
BETcc
Rbn_t
Rbn_t
Rb_t
Eb
S65_fc
Rb_t
Stressstrain diagrams
Eb
TpEx
EPSb0
Stressstrain diagrams
EPSmin
TSASSD
Stressstrain diagrams
KPLA
TSDSSD
Stressstrain diagrams
Specific Code Properties (SP 5210103 Reinforcing Steel)
3.7.7.24
GAMs
Rs
Rsn
Rs
Rs
Stressstrain diagrams
Rsw
EPSs2
Stressstrain diagrams
TSASSD
Stressstrain diagrams
KPLA
TSDSSD
3124
Stressstrain diagrams
CivilFEM Theory Manual 300609. Ingeciber, S.A.