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# Chapter 10

Example 10.1

Example 10.2

Example 10.3

Example 10.4

Example 10.5

Example 10.6

## Example 10.1 Axial+Bending Reinforcement Design

Example 10.1
Axial+Bending Reinforcement
Check According to EC2
Example Description
A double T cross section beam is loaded as shown bellow. For this beam check the
reinforcement under axial+bending combined action according to Eurocode No.2
provisions.
Geometric Properties
a = 10 m
DEPTH = 1.10 m
TW = 0.15 m
BFTOP = 0.90 m
TFTOP = 0.18 m
BFBOT = 0.50 m
TFBOT = 0.20 m
Geometrical cover = 0.03 m

q = Self Weigh
Px = 380 KN
Py = 250 KN

Material
Concrete = C40/50
Steel reinforcement = S500
Py
q

Px

a/2
a

10-1

BFTOP

TFTOP

DEPTH

TFBOT

TW

BFBOT

10 10

11

## Figure 10.1-2 Representative Finite Element Model

Analysis Assumptions and Modeling Notes
Meters and Newton are used as length and force units. For this example BEAM3
elements have been used.
Input Data Listing
FINISH
~CFCLEAR,,1
! Title
/TITLE, EC2: Axial+Bending Checking
! CivilFEM Setup: Code & Units
~UNITS,SI
! m, sg, N
~CODESEL,EC3,EC2,,,EC8
! Concrete code: EC2
/PREP7
! CivilFEM Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Materials
~CFMP,1,LIB,CONCRETE,EC2,C40/50,0,0,0
~CFMP,2,LIB,REINF,EC2,S500,0,0,0
! Element Types
ET,1,BEAM3 ! Type 1: 2D Beam
! Cross Section
~CSECDMS,1,I,1,1.1,0.15,0.9,0.18,0.5,0.2,0,0,0,0
! Constant reinforcement (Group 1)
~RNFDEF,1,1,2,1,1,0.03, , ,16.00,6,,,4
! Scalable reinforcement (Group 2)
~RNFDEF,1,2,2,2,0,0.03, , ,20.00,4,,,4

10-2

## ! Beam & Shell Property

~BMSHPRO,1,BEAM,1,1,,,3,1,0, ! Beam Property 1
! Ansys Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Nodes
N,1 \$ N,11,10 \$ FILL,1,11
! Elements
REAL,1 \$ E,1,2 \$ EGEN,10,1,1,1
/SOLU
! Ansys Solution
! -------------------------------------------------! Constrains
D, 1,UX,0,,,,UY
D,11,UY,0
ACEL,,9.81,
F,6,FY,-250E3
F,6,FX,-380E3
! Solve
SOLVE
/POST1
! CivilFEM Postprocessor

~CFSET,,1,1

! Axial+bending checking
~CHKCON,2DB,,0
! Plot elements OK and No OK
~PLLSCON,ELM_OK
! Plot axial+bending criterion
~PLLSCON,CRT_TOT
! Plot interaction diagrams
~PL2DINT,BEAM,6,J,,,,,,MZ ! Element: 6, section: J

CivilFEM Results

10-3

1

ANSYS 5.6
DEC 5 2000
11:09:14
PLOT NO.
1
LINE STRESS
STEP=1
SUB =1
TIME=1
CFETAB_ICFETAB_J
MIN =.515E-15
ELEM=10
MAX =1.313
ELEM=6
.515E-15
.145925
.29185
.437774
.583699
.729624
.875549
1.021
1.167
1.313

Y
Z

## Figure 10.1-4 Axial + Bending Criterion

CivilFEM Example 0801. EC2: Axial+Bending Checking

10-4

10-5

## Example 10.2 Axial+Bending Reinforcement Design

Example 10.2
Axial+Bending Reinforcement
Design According to EC2
Example Description
A double T cross section beam is loaded as shown bellow. For this beam design the
necessary reinforcement under axial+bending combined action according to
Eurocode No.2 provisions.
Geometric Properties
a = 10 m
DEPTH = 1.10 m
TW = 0.15 m
BFTOP = 0.90 m
TFTOP = 0.18 m
BFBOT = 0.50 m
TFBOT = 0.20 m
Geometrical cover = 0.03 m

q = Self Weigh
Px = 380 KN
Py = 250 KN

Material
Concrete = C40/50
Steel reinforcement = S500
Py
q

Px

a/2
a

10-7

BFTOP

TFTOP

DEPTH

TFBOT

TW

BFBOT

10 10

11

## Figure 10.2-2 Representative Finite Element Model

Analysis Assumptions and Modeling Notes
Meters and Newton are used as length and force units. For this example BEAM3
elements have been used.
Input Data Listing
FINISH
~CFCLEAR,,1
! Title
/TITLE, EC2: Axial+Bending Design
! CivilFEM Setup: Code & Units
~UNITS,SI
~CODESEL,EC3,EC2,,,EC8
/PREP7
! CivilFEM Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Materials
~CFMP,1,LIB,CONCRETE,EC2,C40/50,0,0,0
~CFMP,2,LIB,REINF,EC2,S500,0,0,0
! Element Types
ET,1,BEAM3 ! Type 1: 2D Beam
! Cross Section
~CSECDMS,1,I,1,1.1,0.15,0.9,0.18,0.5,0.2,0,0,0,0
! Constant reinforcement (Group 1)
~RNFDEF,1,1,2,1,1,0.03, , ,16.00,6,,,4
! Scalable reinforcement (Group 2)

10-8

## Example 10.2 Axial+Bending Reinforcement Design

~RNFDEF,1,2,2,2,0,0.03, , ,20.00,4,,,4
! Beam & Shell Property
~BMSHPRO,1,BEAM,1,1,,,3,1,0, ! Beam Property 1
! Ansys Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Nodes
N,1 \$ N,11,10 \$ FILL,1,11
! Elements
REAL,1 \$ E,1,2 \$ EGEN,10,1,1,1
/SOLU
! Ansys Solution
! -------------------------------------------------! Constrains
D, 1,UX,0,,,,UY
D,11,UY,0
ACEL,,9.81,
F,6,FY,-250E3
F,6,FX,-380E3
! Solve
SOLVE
/POST1
! CivilFEM Postprocessor
~CFSET,,1,1
! Axial+bending design
~DIMCON,2DB,,0,0.25,5
! Wmin=0.25, Wmax=5.0
! Plot reinforcement factor
~PLLSCON,REINFACT

CivilFEM Results

10-9

ANSYS 5.6
DEC 5 2000
11:15:25
PLOT NO.
1
LINE STRESS
STEP=1
SUB =1
TIME=1
CFETAB_ICFETAB_J
MIN =.25
ELEM=1
MAX =1.316
ELEM=6
.25
.368498
.486996
.605494
.723991
.842489
.960987
1.079
1.198
1.316

Y
Z

## Figure 10.2-3 Reinforcement Factor

CivilFEM Example 0802. EC2: Axial+Bending Design

10-10

## Example 10.3 Biaxial Bending+Axial Force Checking

Example 10.3
Biaxial Bending + Axial Force
Checking According to EC2
Example Description
A frame having two different cross sections, one for the piers and other for the
beams, is subjected to the loads shown bellow. Using the data provided, check this
structure under axial+ biaxial bending.
Geometric Properties
H = 3m
B = 4m
D = 5m

FX =

6 Ton

FY = 15 Ton
FZ =

6 Ton

Material
Concrete = C30/37
Steel reinforcement = S500

D
B

FY
H

FZ

FX

Z
X
Figure 10.3-1 Problem Sketch

10-11

## Section A-A (Piers)

d = 0.30 m
b = 0.30 m
Bending Reinforcement of Section A-A
= 16 mm
No. Bars = 3
Gc = 3 cm
Y

## Figure 10.3-2 Section A-A

Section B-B (Beams)
d = 0.30 m
b = 0.25 m
Bending Reinforcement of Section B-B
Total Area at Top

= 6E-3 m2

Y

10-12

## Analysis Assumptions and Modeling Notes

Meters and Tons are used as length and force units. For this example BEAM4
elements have been used.

## Input Data Listing

FINISH
~cfclear,,1
/TITLE, Biaxial bending + axial force checking
! CivilFEM Setup: Code & Units
~UNITS,,LENG,M
~UNITS,,TIME,S
~UNITS,,FORC,MP
~CODESEL,EC3,EC2,,,EC8
/PREP7
! CivilFEM Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Material Definition
~CFMP,1,LIB,CONCRETE,EC2,C30/37,0,0,0
~CFMP,2,LIB,REINF,EC2,S500,0,0,0
! Element Type Definition
ET,1,Beam4
! Element Type 1: 3D Beam
! Cross-section definition
~CSECDMS,1,REC,1,0.30,0.30,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
~CSECDMS,2,REC,1,0.30,0.25,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0

!Piers
!Beams

! Reinforcement definition
! Cross Section 1 longitudinal reinforcement
~RNFDEF,1,1,2,1,0,0.03, , ,16.00,3, ,,4
~RNFDEF,1,2,2,2,0,0.03, , ,16.00,3, ,,4
~RNFDEF,1,3,2,3,0,0.03, , ,16.00,3, ,,4
~RNFDEF,1,4,2,4,0,0.03, , ,16.00,3, ,,4
! Cross Section 2 longitudinal reinforcement
~RNFDEF,2,1,2,2,0,0.030,0.600E-02
!Top Reinf.
~RNFDEF,2,2,2,4,0,0.030,0.100E-02
!Bottom Reinf.
! Beam & Shell property
~BMSHPRO,1,BEAM,1,,,,4,1,0, ! Beam property 1
~BMSHPRO,2,BEAM,2,,,,4,1,0, ! Beam property 2
! Ansys Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Model Construction
H=3
! 3m
B=4
! 5m
D=5
! 4m
! View direction
/VIEW, 1 ,1,1,1
K,1
! Keypoints input
K,2,0,H
K,3,0,H,-B
K,4,D,H,-B
K,5,D,H
K,6,0,0,-B
K,7,D,0,-B
! Lines
LSTR,
1,
2

10-13

## Chapter 10 Concrete Structures - Eurocode 2

LSTR,
LSTR,
LSTR,
LSTR,
LSTR,
LSTR,

2,
3,
2,
5,
6,
7,

3
4
5
4
3
4

! Piers Meshing
TYPE, 1
REAL, 1
ESIZE,1
LSEL,S,LENGTH,,H
LMESH,ALL
LSEL,ALL
! Beams Meshing
TYPE, 1
REAL, 2
ESIZE,1
LSEL,U,REAL,,1
LMESH,ALL
LSEL,ALL
FINISH
! Preprocessor output
/SOLU
! Ansys Solution
! -------------------------------------------------! Constrains
KSEL,S,LOC,Y,0
DK,ALL,ALL
KSEL,ALL
FY=-15.000
FZ=6.000
FX=6.000
FK,5,FX,FX
FK,5,FY,FY
FK,5,FZ,FZ
SOLVE
! Calculation
FINISH
! Finish calculation module
/POST1
! CivilFEM Postprocessor
~CFSET,,1,1
! Axial+Biaxial bending checking according to EC2
~CHKCON,3DB
! Plot axial+biaxial bending total criterion
~PLLSCON,CRT_TOT
! Plot elements OK & NO OK
~PLLSCON,ELM_OK
! Plot 3D interaction diagram
~PLCSCON,BEAM,1,J

CivilFEM Results

10-14

ANSYS 5.6
DEC 5 2000
11:19:10
PLOT NO.
1
LINE STRESS
STEP=1
SUB =1
TIME=1
CFETAB_ICFETAB_J
MIN =.094579
ELEM=6
MAX =1.742
ELEM=7
.094579
.277606
.460634
.643661
.826689
1.01
1.193
1.376
1.559
1.742

Y
Z

## Figure 10.3-4 Total Criterion

CivilFEM Example 0803, Biaxial bending + axial force checking

10-15

10-16

## Example 10.4 Biaxial Bending+Axial Force Design

Example 10.4
Biaxial Bending + Axial Force
Design According to EC2
Example Description
A frame having two different cross sections, one for the piers and other for the
beams, is subjected to the loads shown bellow. Using the data provided, design the
necessary reinforcement to resist the axial+ biaxial bending combined actions
according to Eurocode No.2.
Geometric Properties
H = 3m
B = 4m
D = 5m

FX =

6 Ton

FY = 15 Ton
FZ =

6 Ton

Material
Concrete = C30/37
Steel reinforcement = S500

D
B

FY
H

FZ

FX

Z
X
Figure 10.4-1 Problem Sketch

10-17

## Section A-A (Piers)

d = 0.30 m
b = 0.30 m
Bending Reinforcement of Section A-A
= 16 mm
No. Bars = 3
Gc = 3 cm
Y

## Figure 10.4-2 Section A-A

Section B-B (Beams)
d = 0.30 m
b = 0.25 m
Bending Reinforcement of Section B-B
Total Area at Top

= 6E-3 m2

Y

10-18

## Analysis Assumptions and Modeling Notes

Meters and Tons are used as length and force units. For this example BEAM4
elements have been used.

## Input Data Listing

FINISH
~cfclear,,1
/TITLE, Biaxial bending + axial force design
! CivilFEM Setup: Code & Units
~UNITS,,LENG,M
~UNITS,,TIME,S
~UNITS,,FORC,MP
~CODESEL,EC3,EC2,,,EC8
/PREP7
! CivilFEM Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Material Definition
~CFMP,1,LIB,CONCRETE,EC2,C30/37,0,0,0
~CFMP,2,LIB,REINF,EC2,S500,0,0,0
! Element Type Definition
ET,1,Beam4
! Element Type 1: 3D Beam
! Cross-section definition
~CSECDMS,1,REC,1,0.30,0.30,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
~CSECDMS,2,REC,1,0.30,0.25,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0

!Piers
!Beams

! Reinforcement definition
! Cross Section 1 longitudinal reinforcement
~RNFDEF,1,1,2,1,0,0.03, , ,16.00,3, ,,4
~RNFDEF,1,2,2,2,0,0.03, , ,16.00,3, ,,4
~RNFDEF,1,3,2,3,0,0.03, , ,16.00,3, ,,4
~RNFDEF,1,4,2,4,0,0.03, , ,16.00,3, ,,4
! Cross Section 2 longitudinal reinforcement
~RNFDEF,2,1,2,2,0,0.030,0.600E-02
!Top Reinf.
~RNFDEF,2,2,2,4,0,0.030,0.100E-02
!Bottom Reinf.
! Beam & Shell property
~BMSHPRO,1,BEAM,1,,,,4,1,0, ! Beam property 1
~BMSHPRO,2,BEAM,2,,,,4,1,0, ! Beam property 2
! Ansys Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Model Construction
H=3
! 3m
B=4
! 5m
D=5
! 4m
! View direction
/VIEW, 1 ,1,1,1
K,1
! Keypoints input
K,2,0,H
K,3,0,H,-B
K,4,D,H,-B
K,5,D,H
K,6,0,0,-B
K,7,D,0,-B
! Lines
LSTR,
1,
2

10-19

## Chapter 10 Concrete Structures - Eurocode 2

LSTR,
LSTR,
LSTR,
LSTR,
LSTR,
LSTR,

2,
3,
2,
5,
6,
7,

3
4
5
4
3
4

! Piers Meshing
TYPE, 1
REAL, 1
ESIZE,1
LSEL,S,LENGTH,,H
LMESH,ALL
LSEL,ALL
! Beams Meshing
TYPE, 1
REAL, 2
ESIZE,1
LSEL,U,REAL,,1
LMESH,ALL
LSEL,ALL
FINISH
! Preprocessor output
/SOLU
! Ansys Solution
! -------------------------------------------------! Constrains
KSEL,S,LOC,Y,0
DK,ALL,ALL
KSEL,ALL
FY=-15.000
FZ=6.000
FX=6.000
FK,5,FX,FX
FK,5,FY,FY
FK,5,FZ,FZ
SOLVE
! Calculation
FINISH
! Finish calculation module
/POST1
! CivilFEM Postprocessor
~CFSET,,1,1
! Axial+Biaxial bending design according to EC2
~DIMCON,3DB,,,1,3
! Plot axial+biaxial bending total criterion
~PLLSCON,REINFACT
! Plot elements designed and not designed
~PLLSCON,DS_OK

CivilFEM Results

10-20

ANSYS 5.6
DEC 5 2000
11:43:23
PLOT NO.
1
LINE STRESS
STEP=1
SUB =1
TIME=1
CFETAB_ICFETAB_J
MIN =1
ELEM=4
MAX =2.03
ELEM=7
1
1.114
1.229
1.343
1.458
1.572
1.686
1.801
1.915
2.03

Y
Z

## Figure 10.4-4 Reinforcement Factor

CivilFEM Example 0804, Biaxial bending + axial force design

10-21

## Example 10.5 Shear and Torsion Reinforcement Check

Example 10.5
Shear and Torsion Reinforcement
Check According to EC2
Example Description
A rectangular beam having two different cross sections is loaded as shown bellow.
Using the data provided, check the beam under shear and torsion.
Geometric Properties
a = 10 m
b = 3m

q = 2500 Nw
p = 50000 Nw

Material
Concrete = C25/30
Steel reinforcement = S400
X

A
A

a/2

q
B

Z
B
b

p
Y

## Figure 10.5-1 Problem Sketch

Section A-A
d = 0.40 m
b = 0.50 m
Shear Reinforcement of Section A-A

10-23

## Total Area = 16E-4 m2

Distance = 0.20 m
Torsion Transversal Reinforcement of Section A-A
= 12 mm
Distance = 0.20 m
Torsion Longitudinal Reinforcement of Section A-A
= 20 mm
No. Bars = 4
Y

## Figure 10.5-2 Section A-A

Section B-B
d = 0.40 m
b = 0.25 m
Shear Reinforcement of Section B-B
Total Area = 8E-4 m2
Distance = 0.20 m
Torsion Transversal Reinforcement of Section B-B
= 12 mm
Distance = 0.20 m
Torsion Longitudinal Reinforcement of Section B-B
= 16 mm
No. Bars = 4

10-24

11

12

12

13

13

14

14

15

15
16

10

10

11

16
17

## Figure 10.5-4 Representative Finite Element Model

Analysis Assumptions and Modeling Notes
Meters and Newton are used as length and force units. For this example BEAM4
elements have been used.
Input Data Listing
FINISH
~CFCLEAR,,1 ! Not needed
! Title
/TITLE, EC2: Shear & Torsion Checking
! CivilFEM Setup: Code & Units
~UNITS,SI
! m, s, N
~CODESEL,EC3,EC2,,,EC8
! Concrete code: EC2
/PREP7
! CivilFEM Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Materials
~CFMP,1,LIB,CONCRETE,EC2,C25/30,0,0,0
~CFMP,2,LIB,REINF,EC2,S400,0,0,0
! Element Types
ET,1,BEAM4 ! Type 1: 3D Beam
! Cross Sections
~CSECDMS,1,REC,1,0.5,0.4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
~CSECDMS,2,REC,1,0.25,0.4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
! Reinforcement of rectangular section 1
! Shear reinforcement
~RNFDEF,1,SHEAR,2,0.000,0.000, , , ,16E-4,0.20

10-25

## ! Torsion transversal and longitudinal reinforcement

~RNFDEF,1,TORSION,2, , ,0.20,12, ,20,4
! Reinforcement of rectangular section 2
! Shear reinforcement
~RNFDEF,2,SHEAR,2,0.000,0.000, , , ,8E-4,0.20
! Torsion transversal and longitudinal reinforcement
~RNFDEF,2,TORSION,2, , ,0.20,12, ,16,4
!Beam & Shell Properties
~BMSHPRO,1,BEAM,1,1,,,4,1,0 ! Beam Property 1
~BMSHPRO,2,BEAM,2,2,,,4,1,0 ! Beam Property 2
! Ansys Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! View direction
/VIEW,1,1,1,1
/VUP,1,Z
! Nodes
N,1
\$ N,11,10 \$ FILL,1,11
N,12,5,0.5 \$ N,17,5,3 \$ FILL,12,17
! Elements
REAL,1 \$ E,1,2 \$ EGEN,10,1,1
REAL,2 \$ E,6,12 \$ E,12,13 \$ EGEN,5,1,12
/SOLU
! Ansys Solution
! -------------------------------------------------! Constrains
D, 1,ALL
D,11,ALL
Q=2500.0
F=-50E3
SFBEAM,ALL,1,PRES,Q,Q
F,17,FZ,F
! Solve
SOLVE
/POST1
! CivilFEM Postprocessor

~CFSET,,1,1

## ! Shear and torsion checking

~CHKCON,SHT,BOTH,1
! Z direction
! Elements OK & no OK
~PLLSCON,ELM_OK
! Plot combined shear and torsion total criterion
~PLLSCON,CRT_TOT
! List results (element 1)
~PRCON,DETAILED,BOTH,1

CivilFEM Results

10-26

10-27

10-28

## Beam Element 1 - Node I

Result

Value

VRD1

84.370E+03

CRVRD1 488.920E-03
VRD2

753.131E+03

CRVRD2 54.771E-03

Concepts

Description
Design shear resistance without considering the reinforcement
Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the resistance VRd1
Max shear without crushing of the concrete compressive struts
Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the resistance VRd2

VWD

1.154E+06

VRD3

993.886E+03

## Design shear resistance

CRVRD3 41.504E-03

## Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the resistance VRd3

CRTSHR 54.771E-03

Shear Criterion

TENS

312.544E+03

TRD1

81.245E+03

## Max resisted without crushing of the concr. compressive struts

CRTRD1 992.367E-03

TRD2

56.586E+03

reinforcement

CRTRD2

1.425E+00

ALT

1.257E-03

CRTALT

1.000E+00

## Ratio of required to the torsion longitudinal reinforc.

CRTTRS

1.425E+00

Torsion Criterion

CRTCST 987.792E-03
CRT_TOT 1.425E+00

Global Criterion

10-29

## Beam Element 1 - Node J

Result

Value

VRD1

84.370E+03

CRVRD1 459.289E-03
VRD2

753.131E+03

CRVRD2 51.452E-03

Concepts

Description
Design shear resistance without considering the reinforcement
Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the resistance VRd1
Max shear without crushing of the concrete compressive struts
Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the resistance VRd2

VWD

1.154E+06

VRD3

993.886E+03

## Design shear resistance

CRVRD3 38.988E-03

## Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the resistance VRd3

CRTSHR 51.452E-03

Shear Criterion

TENS

187.487E+03

TRD1

81.245E+03

## Max resisted without crushing of the concr. compressive struts

CRTRD1 992.367E-03

TRD2

56.586E+03

reinforcement

CRTRD2

1.425E+00

ALT

1.257E-03

CRTALT

1.000E+00

## Ratio of required to the torsion longitudinal reinforc.

CRTTRS

1.425E+00

Torsion Criterion

CRTCST 987.439E-03
CRT_TOT 1.425E+00

10-30

Global Criterion

## Example 10.6 Shear and Torsion Reinforcement Design

Example 10.6
Shear and Torsion Reinforcement
Design According to EC2
Example Description
A rectangular beam having two different cross sections is loaded as shown bellow.
Using the data provided, check the beam under shear and torsion.
Geometric Properties
a = 10 m
b = 3m

q = 2500 Nw
p = 50000 Nw

Material
Concrete = C25/30
Steel reinforcement = S400
X

A
A

a/2

q
B

Z
B
b

p
Y

## Figure 10.6-1 Problem Sketch

Section A-A
d = 0.40 m
b = 0.50 m
Shear Reinforcement of Section A-A

10-31

## Total Area = 3E-4 m2

Distance = 0.20 m
Torsion Transversal Reinforcement of Section A-A
= 10 mm
Distance = 0.20 m
Torsion Longitudinal Reinforcement of Section A-A
= 16 mm
No. Bars = 4
Y

## Figure 10.6-2 Section A-A

Section B-B
d = 0.40 m
b = 0.25 m
Shear Reinforcement of Section B-B
Total Area = 2E-4 m2
Distance = 0.20 m
Torsion Transversal Reinforcement of Section B-B
= 10 mm
Distance = 0.20 m
Torsion Longitudinal Reinforcement of Section B-B
= 16 mm
No. Bars = 4

10-32

11

12

12

13

13

14

14

15

15
16

10

10

11

16
17

## Figure 10.6-4 Representative Finite Element Model

Analysis Assumptions and Modeling Notes
Meters and Newton are used as length and force units. For this example BEAM4
elements have been used.
Input Data Listing
FINISH
~CFCLEAR,,1 ! Not needed
! Title
/TITLE, EC2: Shear & Torsion Design
! CivilFEM Setup: Code & Units
~UNITS,SI
! m, sg, N
~CODESEL,EC3,EC2,,,EC8 ! Concrete code: EC2
/PREP7
! CivilFEM Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! Materials
~CFMP,1,LIB,CONCRETE,EC2,C25/30,0,0,0
~CFMP,2,LIB,REINF,EC2,S400,0,0,0
! Element Types
ET,1,BEAM4 ! Type 1: 3D Beam
! Cross Sections
~CSECDMS,1,REC,1,0.5,0.4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
~CSECDMS,2,REC,1,0.25,0.4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
! Reinforcement of rectangular section 1
! Shear reinforcement

10-33

## Chapter 10 Concrete Structures - Eurocode 2

~RNFDEF,1,SHEAR,2,0.000,0.000, , , ,3E-4,0.20
! Torsion transversal and longitudinal reinforcement
~RNFDEF,1,TORSION,2, , ,0.20,10, ,16,4
! Reinforcement of rectangular section 2
! Shear reinforcement
~RNFDEF,2,SHEAR,2,0.000,0.000, , , ,2E-4,0.20
! Torsion transversal and longitudinal reinforcement
~RNFDEF,2,TORSION,2, , ,0.20,10, ,16,4
!Beam & Shell Properties
~BMSHPRO,1,BEAM,1,1,,,4,1,0 ! Beam Property 1
~BMSHPRO,2,BEAM,2,2,,,4,1,0 ! Beam Property 2
! Ansys Preprocessor
! -------------------------------------------------! View direction
/VIEW,1,1,1,1
/VUP,1,Z
! Nodes
N,1
\$ N,11,10 \$ FILL,1,11
N,12,5,0.5 \$ N,17,5,3 \$ FILL,12,17
! Elements
REAL,1 \$ E,1,2 \$ EGEN,10,1,1
REAL,2 \$ E,6,12 \$ E,12,13 \$ EGEN,5,1,12
/SOLU
! Ansys Solution
! -------------------------------------------------! Constrains
D, 1,ALL
D,11,ALL
Q=2500.0
F=-50E3
SFBEAM,ALL,1,PRES,Q,Q
F,17,FZ,F
! Solve
SOLVE
/POST1
! CivilFEM Postprocessor

~CFSET,,1,1

## ! Shear and torsion design

~DIMCON,SHT,BOTH,1 ! Z direction
! Plot design shear reinforcement
~PLLSCON,ASSH
! Plot design transverse torsional reinforcement
~PLLSCON,ASTT
! Plot design longitudinal torsional reinforcement
~PLLSCON,ASLT
! List results (element 1)
~PRCON,DETAILED,BOTH,1

CivilFEM Results

10-34

Z
X

ANSYS 5.6
DEC 5 2000
12:03:44
PLOT NO.
1
LINE STRESS
STEP=1
SUB =1
TIME=1
CFETAB_ICFETAB_J
MIN =.255E-03
ELEM=5
MAX =.510E-03
ELEM=11
.255E-03
.283E-03
.312E-03
.340E-03
.368E-03
.397E-03
.425E-03
.454E-03
.482E-03
.510E-03

## Figure 10.6-5 Design Shear Reinforcement Area by Length Unit

CivilFEM Example 0806. EC2: Shear & Torsion Design
1

Z
X

ANSYS 5.6
DEC 5 2000
12:03:45
PLOT NO.
2
LINE STRESS
STEP=1
SUB =1
TIME=1
CFETAB_ICFETAB_J
MIN =0
ELEM=11
MAX =.001032
ELEM=4
0
.115E-03
.229E-03
.344E-03
.458E-03
.573E-03
.688E-03
.802E-03
.917E-03
.001032

## Figure 10.6-6 Design Area of Torsional Transversal Reinforc. by Unit Length

CivilFEM Example 0806. EC2: Shear & Torsion Design

10-35

Z
X

ANSYS 5.6
DEC 5 2000
12:03:46
PLOT NO.
3
LINE STRESS
STEP=1
SUB =1
TIME=1
CFETAB_ICFETAB_J
MIN =0
ELEM=11
MAX =.001398
ELEM=7
0
.155E-03
.311E-03
.466E-03
.622E-03
.777E-03
.932E-03
.001088
.001243
.001398

## Figure 10.6-7 Total Area Design for Torsional Longitudinal Reinforcement

CivilFEM Example 0806. EC2: Shear & Torsion Design
EC2
ELEMENT

## SHEAR & TORSION DESIGN

1

RESULT
N Value
Concepts
Description
-------- - -------------- ----------- -------------------------------------------------VRD1
I
84.36960E+03
Design shear resistance without considering the
reinforcement
CRVRD1
I 488.92016E-03
Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the
resistance VRd1
VRD2
I 776.24998E+03
Max shear force allowed without crushing the concrete
CRVRD2
I
53.14010E-03
Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the
resistance VRd2
VWD
I
41.25000E+03
Contribution of the necessary shear reinforcement
TRD1
I
83.73914E+03
Max torsional moment that can be resisted by the
concrete
CRTRD1
I 962.81141E-03
Ratio of the torsional moment (TSd) to the
Resistance TRd1
CRTCST
I 929.82969E-03
Criterion for the ultimate compression strength of
the concrete
ASSH
I 366.03010E-06
Area per unit length of defined shear reinforcement
ASTT
I
1.03162E-03
Area per unit length of torsional transverse reinf.
defined
ASLT
I
1.39842E-03
Total area of torsional longitudinal reinforcement
defined
VRD1
J
84.36960E+03
Design shear resistance without considering the
reinforcement
CRVRD1
J 459.28864E-03
Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the
resistance VRd1
VRD2
J 776.24998E+03
Max shear force allowed without crushing the concrete
CRVRD2
J
49.91949E-03
Ratio of the design shear force (VSd) to the
resistance VRd2
VWD
J
38.75000E+03
Contribution of the necessary shear reinforcement
TRD1
J
83.73914E+03
Max torsional moment that can be resisted by the
concrete

10-36

CRTRD1

962.81141E-03

CRTCST

929.49777E-03

ASSH
ASTT

J
J

343.84646E-06
1.03162E-03

ASLT

1.39842E-03

## Ratio of the torsional moment (TSd) to the

resistanceTRd1
Criterion for the ultimate compression strength of
the concrete
Area per unit length of defined shear reinforcement
Area per unit length of torsional transverse reinf.
defined
Total area of torsional longitudinal reinforcement
defined

10-37