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Anlisis Estructural de

Edificios de Albailera
Confinada
Ing. Gustavo Rimari Egoavil

Contenido
Metrado de cargas y centro de masas.
Tipos de carga y metrado.
Centro de Masas.
Centro de Rigideces.
Anlisis Ssmico.
Fuerzas Ssmicas.
Modelo Estructural.

Proyecto a Desarrollar

Tipo de Cargas
Definido el tipo de losa (aligerada o maciza) se evala la
distribucin de las cargas gravitatorias hacia las vigas.

Losa Aligerada

Losa Maciza

Tipo de Cargas
Cargas Muertas:
Peso de Losa (300kgf/m2)
Peso de Piso Acabado (100kgf/m2)
Peso de Muros (Metrado de Muros)

Cargas Vivas (Segn Tabla 1 de la Norma E020):


Viviendas (200kgf/m2)
Techo plano Azotea (100kgf/m2)

Tipo de Cargas

DENSIDAD DE MUROS

Z=
U=
S=
N=
Ap =
D=

0.4
1
1.4
3
41.775

(Zona 3)
(Edificio Comun)
(Suelo Flexible)
(Numero de Pisos)
m2

0.03

Muro X
A/1-1
A/1-2
A/2-3
B/1-2
B/2-3
B/2-3
B/2-3
C/1-1
C/1-2

L (m)
1.20
1.20
1.20
2.95
2.10
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20

t (m)
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13

h (m)
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60

(tn/m3)
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
Am =
Dm =

Am (m2)
Peso (tn)
0.16
0.73
0.16
0.73
0.16
0.73
0.38
1.79
0.27
1.28
0.16
0.73
0.16
0.73
0.16
0.73
0.16
0.73
1.7485 m2
0.0419 OK

Muro Y
1/A-B
1/B-C
2/B-C
2/B-C
2/B-C
3/A-B
3/B-B

L (m)
3.95
3.70
2.75
1.20
1.20
4.40
2.30

t (m)
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13

h (m)
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60

(tn/m3)
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
Am =
Dm =

Am (m2)
Peso (tn)
0.51
2.40
0.48
2.25
0.36
1.67
0.16
0.73
0.16
0.73
0.57
2.68
0.30
1.40
2.5350 m2
0.0607 OK

Fuerza Ssmica
Definir Parmetros Ssmicos:

Z = 0.4 (Zona 3)
U = 1.0 (Edificacin Comn)
C = 2.5*(Tp/T) = 2.5
T=3*2.6m/60=0.13
S = 1.4 (Suelo Flexible)
Tp=0.9s.
R = 6 (Sismo Moderado)
R = 3 (Sismo Severo)

. . . 
.
=


Fuerza Ssmica

CORTANTE SISMICO

Z=
U=
Ct =
T=
C=
S=
R=
R=
Ap =
Carga Muerta
Techo
Piso
Muros

0.4
1
60
0.13
2.5
1.4
6
3
41.775

(Zona 3)
(Edificio Comun)
(Estructura de Mamposteria)
s
(Suelo Flexible)
Tp =
(Albaileria Sismo Moderado)
(Albaileria Sismo Severo)
m2

Cortante Sismico por Piso


300.00 kgf/m2
100.00 kgf/m2
479.88 kgf/m2

200.00 kgf/m2
100.00 kgf/m2

Piso

Carga Viva
Vivienda
Azotea

0.9 s

Cortante Sismico (Tnf)


5.00
10.00
15.00
20.00
6.99

17.18

V=
Piso
3
2
1

22.27

22.27 tn
h (m)
2.60
2.60
2.60
7.80

hi (m)
7.80
5.20
2.60

PD (tn)
16.71
36.76
36.76

25.00

PL (tn) P=PD+25%PL
4.18
17.75
8.36
38.85
8.36
38.85
95.45

hiPi
138.48
202.00
101.00

Fi (tn)
6.99
10.19
5.09
22.27

Vi (tn)
6.99
17.18
22.27

Modelo Anlisis Manual

Modelo Anlisis Manual

Modelo Anlisis Manual

Modelo Anlisis Manual

Modelo Anlisis Manual

Modelo Anlisis Manual


RIGIDECES Y DISTRIBUCION DE CORTANTES
fm =
vm =
Em =

65 kgf/cm2
8.1 kgf/cm2
32500 kgf/cm2

Ve =
Xcm =
Ycm =
Bx =
ex =
By =
ey =

22.27
2.874
3.527
7.50
-0.81
5.95
0.42

tn
m
m
m
m
m
m

Unidad de Arcilla Industrial


Unidad de Arcilla Industrial
Unidad de Arcilla
VE =

44.54 tn

Mx =

-18.04

tn-m

= 0.05 +  

My =

9.26

tn-m

 = 0.05 +  

Ver Norma E030


Articulo 18.2.e

Modelo Anlisis Manual


Muro X
A/1-1
A/1-2
A/2-3
B/1-2
B/2-3
B/2-3
B/2-3
C/1-1
C/1-2

L (m)
1.20
1.20
1.20
2.95
2.10
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20

Centro de Rigidez
Xcr =
Ycr =
Rigidez Torsional
RT =

t (m)
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13

h (m)
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60

2.756 m
3.962 m

462,691.36 tn-m

I (m4)
Kxi (tn/m)
0.02
895.41
0.02
895.41
0.02
895.41
0.28
7,849.40
0.10
3,737.06
0.02
895.41
0.02
895.41
0.02
895.41
0.02
895.41
17,854.32

V1i (tn)
1.12
1.12
1.12
9.79
4.66
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12

V2i (tn)
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.03
-0.05
-0.05
-0.09
-0.12
-0.12

Yi (m)
0.075
0.075
0.075
3.875
4.325
5.425
6.475
7.425
7.425

Ryi (m)
Kxi*Ryi (tn) Kxi*Ryi2 (tn-m)
-3.887
-3,480.15
13,526.19
-3.887
-3,480.15
13,526.19
-3.887
-3,480.15
13,526.19
-0.087
-680.28
58.96
0.363
1,357.80
493.33
1.463
1,310.28
1,917.38
2.513
2,250.46
5,656.16
3.463
3,101.10
10,740.14
3.463
3,101.10
10,740.14
-0.00
70,184.67

Vei (tn)
Me (tn-m)
1.25
6.79
1.25
6.79
1.25
6.79
9.82
53.22
4.61
24.98
1.07
5.78
1.03
5.58
1.00
5.40
1.00
5.40
22.27

AT (m)
0.80
0.80
0.80
1.60
1.60
1.60
0.80
0.80
0.80

Pd (tn)
2.07
2.07
2.07
10.19
7.26
4.15
2.07
2.07
2.07

Pl (tn)
0.48
0.48
0.48
2.36
1.68
0.96
0.48
0.48
0.48

Modelo Anlisis Manual


Muro Y
1/A-B
1/B-C
2/B-C
2/B-C
2/B-C
3/A-B
3/B-B

L (m)
3.95
3.70
2.75
1.20
1.20
4.40
2.30

Centro de Rigidez
Xcr =
Ycr =
Rigidez Torsional
RT =

t (m)
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13

h (m)
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60
2.60

I (m4)
Kyi (tn/m)
0.67 13,561.54
0.55 12,085.03
0.23
6,796.02
0.02
895.41
0.02
895.41
0.92 16,262.22
0.13
4,607.64
55,103.26

V1i (tn)
5.48
4.88
2.75
0.36
0.36
6.57
1.86

2.756 m
3.962 m

462,691.36 tn-m

V2i (tn)
-0.73
-0.65
0.02
0.02
0.04
1.02
0.29

Xi (m)
0.075
0.075
2.875
3.825
4.875
5.875
5.875

Rxi (m)
Kyi*Rxi (tn) Kyi*Rxi2 (tn-m)
-2.681 -36,357.97
97,474.35
-2.681 -32,399.51
86,861.86
0.119
808.98
96.30
1.069
957.22
1,023.31
2.119
1,897.40
4,020.67
3.119
50,722.47
158,205.28
3.119
14,371.40
44,824.92
-0.00
392,506.69

Vei (tn)
Me (tn-m)
4.75
25.77
4.24
22.96
2.76
14.98
0.38
2.07
0.40
2.17
7.59
41.13
2.15
11.65
22.27

AT (m)
1.44
1.44
2.98
0.93
0.95
1.54
1.54

Pd (tn)
12.26
11.49
17.67
2.40
2.46
14.61
7.64

Pl (tn)
2.84
2.66
4.09
0.56
0.57
3.38
1.77