Está en la página 1de 31

2G/3G Interoperability (TDD) Feature

Parameter Description
Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

Contents

Contents
1 Introduction to This Document .............................................................................................1-1
1.1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 Intended Audience ........................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.3 Change History.............................................................................................................................. 1-1

2 Overview .....................................................................................................................................2-1
3 Technical Description ..............................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Measurement of Neighboring UMTS Cells ................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 2G/3G Inter-RAT Cell Reselection ................................................................................................ 3-2
3.2.1 Inter-RAT Cell Reselection from UMTS to GSM .................................................................. 3-2
3.2.2 Inter-RAT Cell Reselection from GSM to UMTS .................................................................. 3-2
3.2.3 Fast 3G Reselection at 2G CS Call Release ....................................................................... 3-3
3.2.4 NACC and NC2 .................................................................................................................... 3-5
3.3 2G/3G Inter-RAT Handover........................................................................................................... 3-5
3.3.1 Inter-RAT Handover from UMTS to GSM ............................................................................. 3-6
3.3.2 Inter-RAT Handover from GSM to UMTS ............................................................................. 3-6
3.3.3 2G/3G Inter-RAT Load Handover ......................................................................................... 3-6
3.3.4 2G/3G Inter-RAT Service Handover ..................................................................................... 3-7
3.4 GSM/TD-SCDMA Interoperability Optimization ............................................................................ 3-7
3.5 PS GSM and TD-SCDMA Interoperability Optimization................................................................ 3-7

4 Engineering Guidelines...........................................................................................................4-1
5 Parameters .................................................................................................................................5-1
6 Counters......................................................................................................................................6-1
7 Glossary ......................................................................................................................................7-1
8 Reference Documents .............................................................................................................8-1

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

iii

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

1 Introduction to This Document

1 Introduction to This Document


1.1 Scope
This document describes the 2G/3G interoperability feature of Huawei GBSS. It covers the functions of
and technologies related to this feature, including measurement of neighboring 3G cells, inter-RAT cell
reselection, and inter-RAT handover.

1.2 Intended Audience


It is assumed that users of this document are familiar with GSM basics and have a working knowledge of
GSM telecommunication.
This document is intended for:
z

Personnel working on Huawei GSM products or systems

System operators who need a general understanding of this feature

1.3 Change History


The change history provides information on the changes on the 2G/3G interoperability (TDD) feature in
different document versions.
There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows:
z

Feature change
Feature change refers to the change in the 2G/3G interoperability (TDD) feature of a specific product
version.

Editorial change
Editorial change refers to the change in wording or the addition of the information that was not
described in the earlier version.

Document Issues
The document issues are as follows:
z

02 (2009-09-30)

01 (2009-06-30)

02(2009-09-30)
This is the second commercial release of GBSS9.0.
Compared with issue 01 (2009-06-30) of GBSS9.0, issue 02 (2009-09-30) of GBSS9.0 incorporates the
changes described in the following table.
Change
Type

Change Description

Parameter Change

Feature
change

None.

None.

Editorial
change

The structure of the document


is optimized.

None.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

1-1

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

1 Introduction to This Document

01(2009-06-30)
This is the first commercial release of GBSS9.0.
Compared with issue 01 (2009-04-30) of GBSS8.1, issue 01 (2009-06-30) of GBSS9.0 incorporates the
changes described in the following table.
Change
Type

Change Description

Parameter Change

Feature
change

More information on fast 3G


reselection at 2G CS call
release, see 3.2.3 Fast 3G
Reselection at 2G CS Call
Release.

The parameters added are as


follows:

None.

None.

Editorial
change

1-2

Select 3G Cell After Call


Release

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

2 Overview

2 Overview
The UMTS network and the GSM network will coexist and provide services together for a long time. To
facilitate the service provision by both the networks, Huawei introduces 2G/3G interoperability into the
BSS, which consists of two functions: inter-RAT handover and inter-RAT cell reselection between GSM
and UMTS.
Through 2G/3G interoperability, a smooth evolution from GSM to UMTS can be achieved, thus saving
the investment. For the operator that has both the UMTS network and the GSM network, 2G/3G
interoperability enables the GSM network and the UMTS network to complement each other, thus
expanding the network coverage and improving the service quality. For example, when a dual-mode MS
moves to an area without UMTS coverage, it can reselect or be handed over to a GSM cell through
2G/3G interoperability. The continous coverage brought by this feature improves the user experience.
For the areas covered by both the GSM network and the UMTS network, 2G/3G interoperability can be
performed to achieve traffic balance between the GSM system and the UMTS system. For example,
when the traffic load in a GSM cell is too heavy, 2G/3G interoperability can be performed to hand over
some calls from the GSM cell to a UMTS cell.
With 2G/3G interoperability, the access policy for the GSM network can be different from that for the
UMTS network in the areas covered by both the GSM network and the UMTS network. For example, the
GSM network can be preferentially selected by CS services and the UMTS network can be preferentially
selected by PS services. In this way, the advantages of both networks can be achieved.
All the MSs involved in this feature are dual-mode MSs.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

2-1

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

3 Technical Description

3 Technical Description
3.1 Measurement of Neighboring UMTS Cells
The system information contains the neighboring UMTS cell list and UMTS cell reselection parameters,
based on which the MS measures the neighboring cell information and performs cell reselection and
handover. The system information refers to System Information 2ter, System Information 2Quater, and
Measurement Information. System Information 2ter and System Information 2Quater are sent on the
BCCH, and Measurement Information is sent on the SACCH. The parameter Support Sent 2QUATER
controls whether System Information 2Quater should be sent.
The MSs in a GSM cell measure the information of both neighboring GSM cells and neighboring UMTS
cells. To reduce unnecessary measurements and save power consumption of MSs, the BSS controls the
neighboring cell measurement of MSs through parameters. The MSs in idle mode or packet transfer
mode can perform inter-RAT cell reselection. The MSs in dedicated mode can perform inter-RAT
handover. Operators can set measurement parameters to different values for the MSs in different states.
The MSs in idle mode determine whether to measure the information of neighboring UMTS cells
according to Qsearch I and the receive level of the serving cell. The conditions for triggering the
measurement differ with the value of Qsearch I.
z

If the value of Qsearch I ranges from 0 to 6, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of
the serving cell is lower than the value of Qsearch I.

If the value of Qsearch I ranges from 8 to 14, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of
the serving cell is higher than the value of Qsearch I.

If the value of Qsearch I is 7, the MSs always measure the neighboring UMTS cell information
regardless of the receive level of the serving cell.

If the value of Qsearch I is 15, the MSs never measure the neighboring UMTS cell information
regardless of the receive level of the serving cell.

The MSs in packet transfer mode determine whether to measure the information of neighboring UMTS
cells according to Qsearch P and the receive level of the serving cell. The conditions for triggering the
measurement differ with the value of Qsearch P.
z

If the value of Qsearch P ranges from 0 to 6, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of
the serving cell is lower than the value of Qsearch P.

If the value of Qsearch P ranges from 8 to 14, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of
the serving cell is higher than the value of Qsearch P.

If the value of Qsearch P is 7, the MSs always measure the neighboring UMTS cell information
regardless of the receive level of the serving cell.

If the value of Qsearch P is 15, the MSs never measure the neighboring UMTS cell information
regardless of the receive level of the serving cell.

The MSs in dedicated mode determine whether to measure the information of neighboring UMTS cells
according to Qsearch C and the receive level of the serving cell. The conditions for triggering the
measurement differ with the value of Qsearch C.
z

If the value of Qsearch C is between 0 and 6, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of
the serving cell is lower than the value of Qsearch C.

If the value of Qsearch C is between 8 and 14, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of
the serving cell is higher than the value of Qsearch C.

If the value of Qsearch C is 7, the MSs always measure the neighboring UMTS cell information
regardless of the receive level of the serving cell.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

3-1

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

3 Technical Description
z

If the value of Qsearch C is 15, the MSs never measure the neighboring UMTS cell information
regardless of the receive level of the serving cell.

Qsearch C is contained in the Measurement Information. After entering the dedicated mode, MSs try to
obtain the Qsearch C from the Measurement Information transmitted on the SACCH. Before Qsearch C
is obtained, MSs take the value of Qsearch C Initial that is transmitted on the BCCH as the value of
Qsearch C.

3.2 2G/3G Inter-RAT Cell Reselection


2G/3G inter-RAT cell reselection involves the cell reselection from GSM to UMTS and the cell reselection
from UMTS to GSM. Cell reselection is performed mainly by the MS.
For MSs in idle mode, cell reselection is mainly performed to implement 2G/3G interoperability. A
dual-mode MS camping on a GSM cell can reselect a UMTS cell. It measures the information of the
neighboring UMTS cell, and then decides whether to reselect the UMTS cell according to cell reselection
parameters.
For MSs in packet transfer mode, they can reselect a UMTS cell for data services through autonomous
cell reselection, Network Assisted Cell Change (NACC), or Network Control Mode 2 (NC2). The cell
reselection procedure in packet transfer mode is the same as that in idle mode. The autonomous cell
reselection is performed by the MS without the intervention of the network. In NACC and NC2, the
network affects the cell reselection through signaling so that the MS will camp on the desired cell.
The parameter Inter-RAT Cell Reselection Enable determines whether cell reselection between GSM
and UMTS is enabled. When Inter-RAT Cell Reselection Enable is set to No, the BSS does not send
the neighboring UMTS cell list and the parameters related to 2G/3G inter-RAT cell reselection. In this
way, MSs in a GSM cell cannot select a UMTS cell.

3.2.1 Inter-RAT Cell Reselection from UMTS to GSM


When an MS moves into the GSM coverage area and reselects a GSM cell, the MS initiates the location
update in the GSM network. The GSM network handles the location update regardless of whether the
MS is from a UMTS cell or a GSM cell.
For the BSS, the cell reselection procedure from UMTS to GSM is the same as that between GSM cells.
Thus, it is not repeated in this document.

3.2.2 Inter-RAT Cell Reselection from GSM to UMTS


The MSs in a GSM cell obtain the neighboring UMTS cell list and cell reselection parameters through
System Information 2ter and System Information 2Quater, and then measure the neighboring UMTS
cells according to the list and parameters. When the MS is in idle mode or packet transfer mode, the
mechanism of cell reselection from the GSM cell to the UMTS cell is the same as that between GSM
cells. The GSM network controls the cell reselection from the GSM cell to the UMTS cell through TDD
Cell Reselect Diversity.
TDD Cell Reselect Diversity indicates the signal strength difference between the candidate UMTS cells
and the serving GSM cell. This parameter is a key factor for controlling the cell reselection from the GSM
cell to the UMTS cell.
When TDD Cell Reselect Diversity is set to a small value, the cell reselection condition is easy to meet.
In this case, the number of MSs that camp on the GSM cell is reduced. When TDD Cell Reselect
Diversity is set to a great value, the cell reselection condition is difficult to meet. In this case, the number
of MSs that camp on the GSM cell is increased.
For the UMTS TDD cell, the measurement quantity to be used is Received Signal Code Power (RSCP)
of the Common Pilot Channel (CPICH). If the measurement result meets the following condition within

3-2

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

3 Technical Description

five seconds, the MS initiates the cell reselection from GSM to UMTS. If there is more than one UMTS
cell that meets the condition, the MS selects a cell with the highest RSCP as the target cell.
z

CPICH RSCP > RLA_C + TDD Cell Reselect Diversity

In the preceding condition, RLA_C refers to the average receive level. The RSCP of the neighboring
UMTS cell must be greater than the sum of the value of TDD Cell Reselect Diversity and the average
receive level of the serving cell. In addition, the RSCP of the neighboring UMTS cell must be greater
than the sum of the value of TDD Cell Reselect Diversity and the receive level of each GSM
neighboring cell.
The inter-RAT cell reselection from GSM to UMTS cannot be triggered within 5s after the cell reselection
from UMTS to GSM. If the inter-RAT cell reselection from GSM to UMTS is triggered within 15s after the
cell reselection from UMTS to GSM, the value of TDD Cell Reselect Diversity must be increased by 5
dB.
When the condition for the cell reselection from GSM to UMTS and the condition for the cell reselection
between GSM cells are met, the MS selects the UMTS cell as the target cell.

3.2.3 Fast 3G Reselection at 2G CS Call Release


Overview
Normally, after an MS terminates a call in a GSM cell, it camps on the GSM cell. When a neighboring
UMTS cell meets the requirements for cell reselection, the MS camps on the UMTS cell after the cell
reselection. Before initiating the UMTS cell reselection, the MS must receive system information and
calculate cell reselection parameters. When the Fast 3G Reselection at 2G CS Call Release feature is
activated, the BSS determines the best neighboring UMTS cell based on the measurement information
on the neighboring UMTS cells after the call termination in a GSM cell. Then, the BSS sends the
frequency information on the neighboring UMTS cell through a Channel Release message to the MS to
instruct it to camp on the UMTS cell. In this way, the MS camps on a UMTS cell without calculating cell
reselection parameters, thus accelerating cell reselection. In addition, the MS camps on the UMTS cell
for a longer period, thus increasing the revenue of operators in the UMTS network.
This feature is activated when Select 3G Cell After Call Release is set to YES.
A UMTS cell is classified into the UTRAN FDD cell and the UTRAN TDD cell.

Procedure
Take the case of call termination by the MS as an example. Figure 3-1 shows the cell reselection
procedure.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

3-3

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

3 Technical Description

Figure 3-1

1.

After receiving the Release Complete message from the MS, the MSC sends a Clear Command
message to the BSC to instruct the BSC to release the occupied resources on the A and Um
interfaces.

2.

The BSC sends a Channel Release message to the MS to instruct the MS to release the TCH or
SDCCH on the Um interface. The Channel Release message may carry the information element
"Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH", which contains the information on the
target neighboring UMTS cell.

3.

After receiving the Channel Release message, the MS disconnects the uplink signaling link. Then,
the MS sends a DISC frame to the BTS to instruct the BTS to release the TCH or SDCCH.

4.

After receiving the UA message, the MS switches to idle mode and initiates cell reselection.

5.

If...

Then...

The Channel Release message


contains the information element
"Cell selection indicator after
release of all TCH and SDCCH",

The MS attempts to camp on the


cell indicated in the Channel
Release message.

The Channel Release message


does not contain the information
element "Cell selection indicator
after release of all TCH and
SDCCH",

The MS attempts to camp on the


cell where the TCH or SDCCH is
already released.

If the 4 fails, the MS performs the normal cell reselection procedure. For details on the normal cell
reselection procedure, see Inter-RAT Cell Reselection from GSM to UMTS.

Before sending the Channel Release message, the BSC determines whether to carry the information
element "Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH" in the message.

3-4

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

3 Technical Description

1. If Select 3G Cell After Call Release is set to YES, the procedure proceeds to 2. Otherwise, the
procedure is complete, and the BSC sends the Channel Release message to the MS. The message
does not carry the information element "Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH".
2. The BSC determines whether an MS supports both GSM and UMTS through the classmark. If the
classmark does not indicate the MS capability of supporting the GSM/UMTS, the procedure proceeds
to 3. Otherwise, the procedure is complete, and the BSC sends the Channel Release message to the
MS. The message does not carry the information element "Cell selection indicator after release of all
TCH and SDCCH".
3. The BSC figures out the best neighboring UMTS cell based on the related measurement report, and
then the procedure proceeds to 4. If there is no measurement report or the measurement report does
not contain the information on the neighboring UMTS cell, the procedure is complete, and the BSC
sends the Channel Release message to the MS. The message does not carry the information
element "Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH".
4. If the measurement report indicates a neighboring UMTS FDD cell, Cell Selection Indicator is set to
UTRAN FDD Description. If the measurement report indicates a neighboring UTRAN TDD cell, Cell
Selection Indicator is set to UTRAN TDD Description, and the procedure is complete. Meanwhile, the
MSC sends the Channel Release message to the MS. The message contains the information
element "Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH".

3.2.4 NACC and NC2


When MS is in packet transfer mode, NACC and NC2 can be performed for inter-RAT cell reselection.
For details, see NACC Parameter Description and NC2 Parameter Description.

3.3 2G/3G Inter-RAT Handover


The 2G/3G inter-RAT handover involves the handover from GSM to UMTS and the handover from
UMTS to GSM. The handover is controlled mainly by the network.
For MSs in dedicated mode, inter-RAT handovers can be performed, including the emergency handover,
better cell handover, inter-RAT load handover, and inter-RAT service handover.
Emergency handover refers to the handover that is triggered when the call cannot be processed in the
serving cell because of poor coverage or other reasons during the CS service of the dual-mode MS. For
example, when an MS during a call in the GSM cell is moving to the outside of the cell, the emergency
handover is triggered to avoid call drops.
Better cell handover refers to the handover that is triggered when the signal quality of the neighboring
cell is better than that of the serving cell, so that better service quality and user experience can be
achieved. For example, when the signal quality of a UMTS cell is better than that of the serving GSM cell,
MSs in the serving cell can be handed over to the UMTS cell to achieve better voice quality.
Inter-RAT load handover refers to the handover wherein some calls served by a GSM cell are handed
over to a UMTS cell or some calls served by a UMTS cell are handed over to a GSM cell because of
heavy load in the serving cell. For an incoming inter-RAT handover to a GSM cell, if the traffic load in the
target GSM cell is also heavy, the target cell rejects the handover to avoid ping-pong handovers.
In the inter-RAT service handover, the operator can choose the network that the MS will access through
the MSC. For a call to be accessed in a GSM cell, if the MSC indicates that the service handover should
be performed, the BSS hands over the call to the UMTS cell. Otherwise, the BSS does not hand over the
call to a UMTS cell when a handover is required during the call.
When the cell delivers the neighboring TD-SCDMA cell information, MSs from certain manufacturers
may be restarted because defects exist in MS chips. To solve the problem, Huawei optimizes
GSM/TD-SCDMA interoperability.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

3-5

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

3 Technical Description

3.3.1 Inter-RAT Handover from UMTS to GSM


MSs in dedicated mode can be handed over from a UMTS cell to a GSM cell. The handover decision
and handover procedure are controlled by the RNC. The BSS considers the incoming handover from
UMTS to GSM as a general inter-BSC handover.
The parameter Inter-RAT In BSC Handover Enable determines whether inter-RAT handover from
UMTS to GSM is enabled. If Inter-RAT In BSC Handover Enable is set to No, the BSS rejects all the
requests for the handover from UMTS to GSM.

3.3.2 Inter-RAT Handover from GSM to UMTS


The parameter Inter-RAT In BSC Handover Enable determines whether the inter-RAT handover from
GSM to UMTS is enabled. If Inter-RAT In BSC Handover Enable is set to NO(No), the BSS rejects all
the requests for the handover from GSM to UMTS and does not select a UMTS cell as the target cell.
In dedicated mode, the MS obtains the neighboring UMTS cell list and other information from the
Measurement Information. Then, the MS reports the measurement result to the BSS through the
measurement report. After receiving the measurement result, the BSS determines whether to initiate the
inter-RAT handover from GSM to UMTS based on the measurement result and the handover algorithm.
The inter-RAT handover from GSM to UMTS can be classified into emergency handover and better 3G
cell handover. The algorithm for the emergency handover from GSM to UMTS is the same as that for the
general emergency handover. For details, see Handover Parameter Description.
In the GSM network, the parameter Inter-rat HO Preference determines whether the GSM cell or the
UMTS cell is preferentially selected as the target cell.
z

When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Pre_2G_Cell(Preference for 2G cell), the BSC preferentially
selects the GSM cell as the target cell.

When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Pre_3G_Cell(Preference for 3G cell), the BSC preferentially
selects the UMTS cell as the target cell.

When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Pre_2G_CellThres(Preference 2G cell by thresh), the BSC


determines the target cell according to the levels of the neighboring GSM cells and the value of HO
Preference Threshold for 2G Cell. If no neighboring GSM cell has a level higher than HO
Preference Threshold for 2G Cell, the BSC selects a UMTS cell as the target cell.

Better 3G cell handover can be performed only when both Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable and
Better 3G Cell HO Allowed are set to YES(Yes). The system performs a handover decision based on
the measurement result.
z

If there is TDD 3G Better Cell HO Valid Time in TDD 3G Better Cell HO Watch Time and the
measured value meets the following condition, the better 3G cell handover is triggered.
CPICH RSCP > RSCP Threshold for Better 3G Cell HO

3.3.3 2G/3G Inter-RAT Load Handover


The parameters Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable and Allow Inter-RAT Load HO in Connect
State determine whether inter-RAT load handover is enabled.
The algorithm for inter-RAT load handover is the same as that for load handover. For details, see Load
Handover in Handover Parameter Description. The BSC obtains the traffic load on the UMTS cell from
the load information contained in the handover request from UMTS to GSM. To avoid the ping-pong
handover, the system takes the traffic load on the UMTS cell into consideration when initiating the
inter-RAT load handover from GSM to UMTS. If the load on the UMTS cell exceeds Load handover
Load Accept Threshold of the external 3G cell, the BSC does not consider that UMTS cell as the target
cell.

3-6

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

3 Technical Description

3.3.4 2G/3G Inter-RAT Service Handover


The parameters Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable and Service Based Handover Switch
determine whether inter-RAT service handover is enabled.
The inter-RAT service handover is processed according to the service handover indication from the MSC.
The MSC instructs the BSS whether the service handover should be performed through the Service
Handover information element in the Assignment Request or Handover Request. The service handover
indication in the Service Handover information element can be of three values: Handover to UTRAN or
cdma2000 should be performed, Handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 should not be performed, or
Handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 shall not be performed.
The BSC handles the handover request as follows:
z

If the service handover indication is "Handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 should be performed", the
BSC selects a UMTS cell from the neighboring cell list as the target cell, and then initiates the
handover from GSM to UMTS.

If the service handover indication is "Handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 should not be performed", the
BSC does not initiate the handover procedure. If a handover is needed during the call, a GSM cell is
preferentially selected as the target cell.

If the service handover indication is "Handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 shall not be performed", the
call is not allowed to be handed over to a UMTS cell. The BSC selects only the GSM cell as the target
cell during the whole call.

3.4 GSM/TD-SCDMA Interoperability Optimization


After the GSM cell is configured with neighboring TD-SCDMA cells, some MSs restart or stop working.
This is because these MSs have defects in system information decoding. To solve this problem, Huawei
optimizes GSM/TD-SCDMA interoperability. The parameter TDD System Information Optimized
Allowed determines whether to enable GSM/TD-SCDMA interoperability optimization.
If TDD System Information Optimized Allowed is set to YES(Yes) and the neighboring UMTS cell of
the )GSM cell is a TDD cell, the BSS adds a virtual FDD cell description before the TDD cell description
when delivering the System Information 2Quater and Measurement Information. In addition, the BSS
delivers only the frequency information of the TDD cell in the TDD cell description without scrambling
code information. If the GSM cell has multiple neighboring TDD cells with the same frequency and
different scrambling codes, the BSS delivers the description of only one cell in the System Information
2Quater and Measurement Information to the MS, that is, these neighboring TDD cells are regarded as
one neighboring cell. The neighboring TDD cell of a GSM cell can be configured with a maximum of 16
different frequencies.
During network planning, different frequencies must be planned for the neighboring TDD cells of each GSM cell.
Otherwise, the handover from the GSM cell to the TD-SCDMA cell may fail.

In addition, the parameter TDD MI System INFO Broadcasting Prohibit determines whether the BSS
delivers the Measurement Information that contains the neighboring 3G cell information to avoid faults
occurring in some MSs with decoding defects.

3.5 PS GSM and TD-SCDMA Interoperability Optimization


When the network is not configured with the PBCCH, the MS in packet transfer mode performs the cell
reselection procedure in idle mode.
During the PS service, if the MS performs autonomous cell reselection from GSM to TD-SCDMA, the
KPIs may deteriorate after the cell reselection. To solve this problem, the BSC sends the PACKET

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

3-7

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

3 Technical Description

MEASUREMENT ORDER message to the MS, instructing the MS to filter the neighboring TDD cell list.
In this way, the MS in packet transfer mode does not reselect a neighboring TDD cell.
z

Prohibiting cell reselection from GSM to TD-SCDMA


When TDD System Information Optimized Allowed is set to NO(No), the BSC sends the PACKET
MEASUREMENT ORDER message to the MS after the PS service access is successful. The cell
reselection parameter Qsearch P is set to 15 to prohibit the MS from listening to the neighboring TDD
cell list, thus prohibiting the MS from reselecting the neighboring TDD cell.

Modifying parameter settings


When the value of TDD MI System INFO Broadcasting Prohibit, Network Control Mode, or Cell
Reselection MR Period in Packet Transfer Mode is changed, the BSC sends the PACKET
MEASUREMENT ORDER message to all the MSs in packet transfer mode in the cell, instructing the
MSs to update the parameter value dynamically.

3-8

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

4 Engineering Guidelines

4 Engineering Guidelines
Related Parameters in the System Information
2G/3G interoperability requires the support of MSs. After 2G/3G interoperability is enabled, the system
should obtain the support capability of MSs. Therefore, the early classmark sending function should be
enabled so that MSs report their support capability as soon as possible. It is recommended that ECSC
be set to YES(Yes).
During the configuration of the inter-RAT cell reselection parameters and handover thresholds, the
consistency between the GSM parameters and the UMTS parameters should be taken into account to
avoid ping-pong handovers.
The network can control the cell reselection between GSM and UMTS through related parameters in the
system information. If the operator requires that MSs access the UMTS network preferentially in the
areas covered by the UMTS network, it is recommended that Qsearch I be set to 7. If Qsearch I be set
to 7, the UMTS cell searching is performed.
The value of TDD Cell Reselect Diversity determines cell reselection. If MSs are expected to camp on
the UMTS network, the value of TDD Cell Reselect Diversity should be changed so that the actual
offset is a negative value.
When the value of TDD Cell Reselect Diversity is smaller than 8, the corresponding actual offset is smaller than 0.

Neighboring UMTS Cell Configuration


Currently, the BSC6900 supports two types of neighboring UMTS cells using different access
technologies. One is the neighboring WCDMA cell, a neighboring UMTS cell using FDD, which is called
neighboring FDD cell. The other is the neighboring TD-SCDMA cell, a neighboring UMTS cell using TDD,
which is called neighboring TDD cell. The neighboring UMTS cells of a cell must be all the neighboring
FDD cells or neighboring TDD cells. The neighboring FDD cells and neighboring TDD cells cannot be
configured for a GSM cell simultaneously.
Before 2G/3G interoperability is enabled, neighboring UMTS cells must be configured. The UMTS cell
can be configured on the BSS side through the addition of external 3G cells. If the UMTS cell is a
TD-SCDMA cell, Utran Cell Type is set to TDD(TDD).
When GSM/TD-SCDMA interoperability optimization is not enabled, a GSM cell can be configured with a
maximum of 64 neighboring TDD cells. These neighboring cells can have a maximum of 3 different
frequencies, and a maximum of 32 neighboring TDD cells can have the same frequency.
When GSM/TD-SCDMA interoperability optimization is enabled, the neighboring TDD cells of a GSM cell
can have a maximum of 16 different frequencies. In addition, a maximum of 64 neighboring TDD cells
can be configured. When GSM/TD-SCDMA interoperability optimization is enabled, the scrambling code
information of TD-SCDMA cells is not delivered in the system information. If multiple neighboring
TD-SCDMA cells of the GSM cell have the same frequency, the BSS cannot determine the mapping
between the measurement information and the neighboring cells. This may cause handover failures
easily. Therefore, when GSM/TD-SCDMA interoperability optimization is enabled, a GSM cell should not
be configured with neighboring TDD cells that have the same frequency and different scrambling codes.

GSM/TD-SCDMA Interoperability Optimization


To avoid communication failures due to MS chip defects, both TDD System Information Optimized
Allowed and TDD MI System INFO Broadcasting Prohibit are set to YES(Yes) in the cell configured
with neighboring TDD cells.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

4-1

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

5 Parameters

5 Parameters
This chapter describes the parameters related to 2G/3G Interoperability (TDD).
For the meaning of each parameter, see Table 5-1. For the default value, value ranges, and MML
commands of each parameter, see Table 5-2.
Table 5-1 Parameter description (1)
Parameter

Description

TDD 3G
Better Cell
HO Watch
Time

According to the P/N rule, if the conditions for the handover to a


better 3G cell are met in P of N measurement reports, the
handover is triggered. This parameter specifies the number N.

Better 3G Cell
HO Allowed

This parameter specifies whether to allow 3G better cell handover


algorithm.

Better Cell
HO Valid
Time

According to the P/N rule, if the conditions for the handover to a


better cell due to interference are met for P seconds within N
seconds, the handover is triggered. This parameter specifies the
number P.

Cell
Reselection
MR Period in
Packet
Transfer
Mode

Cell reselection measurement report period in packet transmission


mode.

ECSC

The early classmark sending control (ECSC) parameter specifies


whether the MSs in a cell use early classmark sending. After a
successful immediate assignment, the MS sends additional
classmark information to the network as early as possible. The
additional classmark information mainly contains the CM3
(classmark 3) information. The CM3 (classmark 3) information
contains the frequency band support capability of the MS (used for
the future channel assignment), power information about each
frequency band supported by the MS (used for the handover
between different frequency bands), and encryption capability of
the MS.

HO
Preference
Threshold for
2G Cell

If the receive level of the neighboring 2G cell that ranks the first in
the candidate cell list is equal to or smaller than this threshold, the
BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 3G cell as the handover
target cell. Otherwise, the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring
2G cell as the handover target cell.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

5-1

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

5 Parameters

Parameter

Description
This parameter specifies whether a 2G cell or to a 3G cell is
preferentially selected asthe target cell for handover.
When this parameter is set to Pre_2G_Cell, the BSC preferentially
selects a 2G candidate cell as the target cell for handover.
When this parameter is set to Pre_3G_Cell, the BSCpreferentially
selects a 3G candidate cell as the target cell for handover.

Inter-rat HO
Preference

When this parameter isset to Pre_2G_CellThres, the BSC


preferentially selects a neighboring 3G cell as thehandover target
cell if the receive level of the neighboring 2G cell that ranks the
firstin the candidate cell list is equal to or smaller than "HO
Preference Threshold for 2GCell". Otherwise, the BSC
preferentially selects a neighboring 2G cell as the handovertarget
cell.

Inter-RAT In
BSC
Handover
Enable

This parameter specifies whether the handover from 3G cells to 2G


cells is allowed.

Inter-RAT Out
BSC
Handover
Enable

This parameter specifies whether the handover from 2G cells to 3G


cells is allowed.

Network
Control Mode

Network control mode for cell reselection of the MS. There are
three modes. NC0: normal MS control. The MS shall perform
autonomous cell re-selection. NC1: MS control with measurement
reports. The MS shall send measurement reports to the network
and the MS shall perform autonomous cell re-selection. NC2:
network control. The MS shall send measurement reports to the
network . The MS shall only perform autonomous cell re-selection
when the reselection is triggered by a downlink signalling failure or
a random access failure.

5-2

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

Parameter

5 Parameters

Description
This parameter specifies the level threshold for cell reselection in
idle mode.
In idle mode, if the signal level of the serving cell is below [0, 7] or
above [8, 15], the MS starts to search for 3G cells. For example, if
this parameter is set to 5 and if the signal level of the serving cell is
lower than 5, the MS starts to search for 3G cells; if this parameter
is set to 10 and if the signal level of the serving cell is above 10,
then the MS starts to search for 3G cells
The values of this parameter correspond to the following decibel
values:
0: -98 dBm
1: -94 dBm
2: -90 dBm
3: -86 dBm
4: -82 dBm
5: -78 dBm
6: -74 dBm
7: (always), that is, the MS keeps searching for 3G cells
8: -78 dBm
9: -74 dBm
10: -70 dBm
11: -66 dBm
12: -62 dBm
13: -58 dBm
14: -54 dBm

Qsearch I

15: (never), that is, the MS does not search for 3G cells

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

5-3

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

5 Parameters

Parameter

Description
This parameter specifies one threshold of the signal level for cell
reselection in packet transfer mode.
In packet transfer mode, if the signal level of the serving cell is
below [0, 7] or above [8, 15], the MS starts to search for 3G cells.
For example, if this parameter is set to 5 and if the signal level of
the serving cell is lower than 5, the MS starts to search for 3G cells;
if this parameter is set to 10 and if the signal level of the serving cell
is above 10, then the MS starts to search for 3G cells.
The values of this parameter correspond to the following decibel
values:
0: -98 dBm
1: -94 dBm
2: -90 dBm
3: -86 dBm
4: -82 dBm
5: -78 dBm
6: -74 dBm
7: (always), that is, the MS keeps searching for 3G cells
8: -78 dBm
9: -74 dBm
10: -70 dBm
11: -66 dBm
12: -62 dBm
13: -58 dBm
14: -54 dBm

Qsearch P

15: (never), that is, the MS does not search for 3G cells

RSCP
Threshold for
Better 3G Cell
HO

The 3G better cell handover is triggered only when the RSCP of a


neighboring 3G cell is greater than this threshold for a period of
time.

Select 3G
Cell After Call
Release

This parameter specifies whether to allow a mobile phone to


preferentially camp on a 3G cell after a call is terminated in the
areas covered by both the GSM network and the UMTS network.

TDD Cell
Reselect
Diversity

A TDD cell can become a candidate cell only when the average
receive level of the TDD cell is greater than the TDD Cell Reselect
Diversity of the serving cell. The value of this parameter
corresponds to the following decibel value: 0: negative infinity 1:
-28 dB 2: -24 dB ... 15: 28 dB

TDD MI
System INFO
Broadcasting
Prohibit

This parameter determines whether the broadcasting of the MI


system information is prohibited.

5-4

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

5 Parameters

Parameter

Description

TDD System
Information
Optimized
Allowed

This parameter determines whether the TDD system information


optimized function is enabled.

Utran Cell
Type

This parameter specifies the type of a 3G cell. A cell type can be


Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) or Time Division Duplex (TDD).

Table 5-2 Parameter description (2)


Parameter

TDD 3G
Better Cell
HO Watch
Time

Default
Value

10

GUI Value
Range

1~32

Actual
Value
Range

1~32,
step:0.5

Uni
t

MML
Comma
nd
ADD
G3GNC
ELL
(Optional
)

Impact

Cell

SET
GCELLH
OUTRA
NFDD
(Optional
)

Better 3G
Cell HO
Allowed

Better Cell
HO Valid
Time

NO

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

NO(No),
YES(Yes)

1~32

NO, YES

1~32,
step:0.5

No
ne

SET
GCELLH
OUTRA
NTDD
(Optional
)

Cell

ADD
G2GNC
ELL
(Optional
)

Cell

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

5-5

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

5 Parameters

Parameter

Cell
Reselection
MR Period
in Packet
Transfer
Mode

ECSC

HO
Preference
Threshold
for 2G Cell

Inter-rat HO
Preference

5-6

Default
Value

GUI Value
Range

0.96sec

0.48sec(0.4
8sec),
0.96sec(0.9
6sec),
1.92sec(1.9
2sec),
3.84sec(3.8
4sec),
7.68sec(7.6
8sec),
15.36sec(1
5.36sec),30
.72sec(30.7
2sec),
61.44sec(6
1.44sec)

NO

NO(No),
YES(Yes)

25

0~63

Pre_2G_
CellThres

Pre_2G_Ce
ll(Preferenc
e for 2G
cell),
Pre_3G_Ce
ll(Preferenc
e for 3G
cell),
Pre_2G_Ce
llThres(Pref
erence 2G
cell by
thresh)

Actual
Value
Range

0.48sec,
0.96sec,
1.92sec,
3.84sec,
7.68sec,
15.36sec,
30.72sec,
61.44sec

NO, YES

0~63

Pre_2G_Cell
,
Pre_3G_Cell
,
Pre_2G_Cell
Thres

Uni
t

MML
Comma
nd

Impact

SET
GCELLN
WCTRL
MSRPA
RA
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

SET
GCELLC
CBASIC
(Optional
)

Cell

dB

SET
GCELLH
OUTRA
NFDD
(Optional
) SET
GCELLH
OUTRA
NTDD
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

SET
GCELLH
OUTRA
NFDD
(Optional
) SET
GCELLH
OUTRA
NTDD
(Optional
)

Cell

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

Parameter

Inter-RAT In
BSC
Handover
Enable
Inter-RAT
Out BSC
Handover
Enable

Network
Control
Mode

Qsearch I

Qsearch P

RSCP
Threshold
for Better
3G Cell HO
Select 3G
Cell After
Call
Release

Default
Value

NO

NO

NC0

15

15

50

NO

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

5 Parameters

GUI Value
Range

NO(No),
YES(Yes)

NO(No),
YES(Yes)

NC0(NC0),
NC1(NC1),
NC2(NC2)

0~15

0~15

0~63

NO(No),
YES(Yes)

Actual
Value
Range

NO, YES

NO, YES

NC0, NC1,
NC2

0~15

0~15

0~63

NO, YES

Uni
t

MML
Comma
nd

Impact

No
ne

SET
GCELLH
OBASIC
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

SET
GCELLH
OBASIC
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

SET
GCELLP
SBASE
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

SET
GCELLC
CUTRA
NSYS
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

SET
GCELLC
CUTRA
NSYS
(Optional
)

Cell

dB

SET
GCELLH
OUTRA
NFDD
(Optional
) SET
GCELLH
OUTRA
NTDD
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

SET
GCELLC
CAD
(Optional
)

Cell

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

5-7

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

5 Parameters

Parameter

TDD Cell
Reselect
Diversity
TDD MI
System
INFO
Broadcastin
g Prohibit
TDD
System
Information
Optimized
Allowed

Utran Cell
Type

5-8

Default
Value

NO

NO

None

GUI Value
Range

0~15

Actual
Value
Range

0~15

NO(No),
YES(Yes)

NO(No),
YES(Yes)

FDD(FDD),
TDD(TDD)

NO, YES

NO, YES

FDD, TDD

Uni
t

MML
Comma
nd

Impact

dB

SET
GCELLC
CUTRA
NSYS
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

SET
GCELLC
CUTRA
NSYS
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

SET
GCELLC
CUTRA
NSYS
(Optional
)

Cell

No
ne

ADD
GEXT3G
CELL(M
andatory
)

Cell

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

6 Counters

6 Counters
For the counters, see the BSC6900 GSM Performance Counter Reference.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

6-1

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

7 Glossary

7 Glossary
For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see the Glossary.

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

7-1

BSS
2G/3G Interoperability (TDD)

8 Reference Documents

8 Reference Documents
z

3GPP TS 45.008 Radio subsystem link control

3GPP TS 44.018 Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification; Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol

3GPP TS 48.008 Mobile Switching Centre - Base Station system (MSC-BSS) interface; Layer 3
specification

BSC6900 Feature List

BSC6900 Optional Feature Description

GBSS Reconfiguration Guide

BSC6900 GSM Parameter Reference

BSC6900 GSM MML Command Reference

BSC6900 GSM Performance Counter Reference

Issue 02 (2009-09-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

8-1