Está en la página 1de 53

Syrus

Installation and Configuration Manual


V1 - December 2013

Digital Communication Technologies

www.digitalcomtech.com

Contents
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................... 4
COMPATIBILITY .............................................................................................................................................. 4
SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................................................. 5
LEDS ................................................................................................................................................................... 7
SYS ..................................................................................................................................................................................................7
GPS .................................................................................................................................................................................................7
NET .................................................................................................................................................................................................7
INPUTS AND OUTPUTS .................................................................................................................................. 8
CARE AND CAUTION ....................................................................................................................................... 9
OPERATING TEMPERATURE ...........................................................................................................................................................9
HOW TO REMOVE SIM CARD..........................................................................................................................................................9
HOW TO REMOVE THE INTERNAL BATTERY ...............................................................................................................................9
SET UP THE CORRECT PIN FOR THE SIM CARD.........................................................................................................................9
DO NOT LEAVE THESE WIRES UNPROTECTED .........................................................................................................................9
INSTALLATION .............................................................................................................................................. 10
GETTING STARTED....................................................................................................................................... 12
Support Site Getting Started Section ........................................................................................................................... 12
Setting the unit's ID ............................................................................................................................................................. 12
Setting the APN and PIN.................................................................................................................................................... 12
Creating a Destination Point (DP) ................................................................................................................................ 13
Creating a Destination Address (DA) .......................................................................................................................... 14
Creating a time-period criterion ................................................................................................................................... 14
Tying a signal to an event ................................................................................................................................................. 15
EVENT MACHINE ........................................................................................................................................... 19
TRIGGERS..........................................................................................................................................................................................19
ACTIONS............................................................................................................................................................................................20
EVENTS .............................................................................................................................................................................................20
SIGNALS.............................................................................................................................................................................................21
Examples ................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
DETAILED COMMAND EXPLANATION ..................................................................................................... 22
UNIT'S ID ......................................................................................................................................................... 22
IMEI AS ID ....................................................................................................................................................... 22
ENABLING THE UNIT ON GSM AND GPRS ............................................................................................... 23
DESTINATIONS (DPS AND DAS) ................................................................................................................ 25
SYRUS COMMANDS ....................................................................................................................................... 27
DA - DESTINATION ADDRESS .....................................................................................................................................................27
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 27
Examples:.................................................................................................................................................................................. 27
ED - EVENT DEFINITION ..............................................................................................................................................................28
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 28
EV - EVENT MESSAGE ...................................................................................................................................................................29

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

Qualifiers: R. ............................................................................................................................................................................ 29
Example: ................................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Extended EV Tags formats: .............................................................................................................................................. 30
Example: ................................................................................................................................................................................... 30
GC - COUNTERS, TIMERS, DISTANCERS....................................................................................................................................31
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 31
Examples:.................................................................................................................................................................................. 32
GS - SPEED LIMIT ...........................................................................................................................................................................33
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 33
Examples:.................................................................................................................................................................................. 33
ID - IDENTIFICATION.....................................................................................................................................................................34
PV - POSITION-VELOCITY.............................................................................................................................................................35
Qualifiers: Q, R. ....................................................................................................................................................................... 35
RF - RADIO FREQUENCY MODULE CONFIGURATION ............................................................................................................36
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 36
Examples:.................................................................................................................................................................................. 36
RT - RESET MESSAGE ....................................................................................................................................................................37
Qualifiers: S, R......................................................................................................................................................................... 37
SI - SIM CARD ID ...........................................................................................................................................................................38
Qualifiers: Q, R. ....................................................................................................................................................................... 38
Examples:.................................................................................................................................................................................. 38
SS - SIGNAL STATUS ......................................................................................................................................................................39
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 39
Examples:.................................................................................................................................................................................. 39
ST - STATUS.....................................................................................................................................................................................40
Qualifiers: Q, R. ....................................................................................................................................................................... 40
TD - TIME AND DISTANCE ...........................................................................................................................................................41
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 41
Examples:.................................................................................................................................................................................. 41
VR - VERSION NUMBER ................................................................................................................................................................42
Qualifiers: Q, R. ....................................................................................................................................................................... 42
XADP - DESTINATION POINTS ...................................................................................................................................................43
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 43
Examples:.................................................................................................................................................................................. 44
XAEF - EXTENDED-EV MESSAGE FORMATS ...........................................................................................................................45
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 45
Example: ................................................................................................................................................................................... 45
XAID - IMEI AS ID ........................................................................................................................................................................46
Qualifiers: Q, S, R. .................................................................................................................................................................. 46
XAIM - IMEI CONSULT ................................................................................................................................................................46
Qualifiers: Q, R. ....................................................................................................................................................................... 46
XANS - NETWORK STATUS .........................................................................................................................................................47
Qualifiers: Q, R. ....................................................................................................................................................................... 47
ERROR LIST .................................................................................................................................................... 50
SIGNAL LIST.................................................................................................................................................... 51
SCRIPT EXAMPLE .......................................................................................................................................... 52

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

Introduction
This manual is intended for Syrus firmware 2 only
The following is an introduction manual for the DCT Syrus GPS tracking device, its main
purpose is to provide a quick reference for the installation and configuration of the device.

Compatibility
The Syrus firmware 2 is only compatible with the most recent Syrus hardware. Likewise,
the most recent hardware is not backwards compatible with the firmware 1 family.
The benefits of the most recent hardware and the new firmware 2, are the many
accessories and functionalities only available to the firmware 2, such as:

ECU Monitor accessory.


I/Os Expander accessory.
Time Windows.
Sim Card ID.
GPS Back and Forward Logs.
Register status.
UDP Network.
Virtual Hour Meter.
Commands associated to the ECU Monitor.
New signals:
o GPS antenna connection status.
o Output short-circuits.
o Idle signal.
o And others...

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

Specifications
Power

DC Voltage: 8V - 32 V
Current consumption:
o With Internal battery at null charge (IDLE)
o Long term average: 50 mA @ 12V.
o Long term average while on power saving mode: 6mA @ 12V.
Reverse voltage polarity protection.
High transient voltage (as seen on automotive applications) protection.
Thermal shutdown and current limit protection.

Inputs/Ignition

3 Auxiliary Inputs + 1 Ignition Input. Max 30V.


Impedance: 50 K-ohms (Pull-Up)
1 Analog to Digital Input. 0V - 10V. This input has a protection against voltages greater
than 10V.

Outputs

2 Open Drain Outputs.


Continuous current capacity: 1.8A
Maximum instantaneous current (< 1 sec): 10A
Maximum switching voltage: 30V
Over temperature shutdown at 165 C.
Over current shutdown. The output restarts automatically after the over current state
finishes, this can take up to 5 seconds. The G07 signal transitions to True when the over
current state is detected.
ESD protection.

Environment

Charging temperature: 0 C to +45 C


Operating temperature: -20 C to +70 C
Storage temperature: -30 C to +85 C
Humidity: up to 95% non-condensing

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

GPS Module
GPS Solution
Frequency

MTK MT3329
L1, 1575.42MHz

Sensitivity

Acquisition -148dBm, cold start

Channels

Reacquisition -160dBm
Tracking -165dBm
66

TTFF

Hot start: 1 second typical


Warm start: 33 seconds typical
Cold start: 35 seconds typical

Altitude
Velocity
Acceleration

Maximum 18,000m (60,000 feet)


Maximum 515m/s (1000 knots)
Maximum 4G

Update Rate

1Hz (default), maximum 10Hz

DGPS
AGPS

RTCM protocol / SBAS (default) [WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN]


Support

GPRS Module
Data transmission

Dimensions

rev1 Dec 2013

GPRS Class 12 & Class 10 Max. 86 kbps (DL and UL) Coding schemes.
CS 1-4
LxWxH = 135 mm

x 79 mm x 31 mm

www.digitalcomtech.com

LEDs
SYS

RED LED is not a power indicator; it is a system fault or system abnormal status indicator. Under
normal operation this LED is OFF, it will also flash once when the unit has successfully restarted
and initialized the Syrus application. To verify if the unit is ON, check the state of the GPS and NET
LEDs, which will always show some kind of activity.
- 2 seconds ON 1 second OFF (SYS Error) general system error, lack of SIM or other
hardware related issue.
- Flashes twice rapidly (Airplane Mode) indicates RF Module is Off, and no communication
via Syrus commands is available.
- Short 0.5 sec flash every 5 seconds (Power Saving Mode) indicates the unit is sleeping or in
Power Saving Mode.
- On/Off repeatedly every 0.5 seconds (Jamming Detected) communication jamming was
detected (this could be from an external jammer)

GPS

When both the Red and Yellow LEDs flash in unison, it indicates a GPS Error.
External GPS Antenna in short circuit or internal hardware fault.

YELLOW LED is a GPS Signal indicator.


3 states that indicate GPS Signal Quality (We refer to the adquisicion of GPS Coordinates, latitude and
longitude, as the GPS Fix fixing its position).
- No GPS Fix the LED does not flash at all and is always off.
- Low GPS Quality Show flash every 1 second indicates low GPS quality
- High GPS Quality Shows 2 rapid flashes every 1 second

NET

Network Error: indicates a GSM Registration Error. Possible causes:


- No SIM Card inserted, PIN error, or network rejects the SIM card registration

4 States:
On 0.5 seconds / Off 0.5 seconds Not registered to either GSM or GPRS
On 0.5 seconds / Off 3 seconds Registered to GSM network, but not GPRS network
Rapid flash twice attached to the GPRS Network
Solid On Voice call in progress

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

Inputs and Outputs

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

Care and Caution


Operating Temperature
Due to the limitations on the operation of the Lithium polymer battery, the temperature while charging the battery
must be 0C to 45C, and the regular operating temperature must be -20C to 70C. For more information about the
Lithium polymer batteries, visit:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium-ion_polymer_battery orhttp://www.batteryuniversity.com/parttwo-34.htm

How to remove SIM Card


Always send an >SRT< command before removing the SIM card, due to the risk of possible damage to the SIM
card. Follow these steps in order to prevent these issues:
- Send a Reset (>SRT< command) via Serial port.
- Remove SIM card after sending the >SRT< command. That means you have around 10 seconds to
remove the SIM card.

How to remove the internal battery


Always send a >SRT< command before removing the battery if the external power supply is not connected, due to
the risk of possible data loss or data corruption in the device memory. Follow these steps in order to prevent these
issues:
- Send a Reset (>SRT< command) via Serial port.
- Remove the battery after sending the >SRT< command. That means you have around 10 seconds to
remove the battery.
If the external power supply is connected, the battery can be replaced without sending the >SRT< command.

Set up the correct PIN for the SIM card.


The SIM card may be blocked if the PIN parameter is configured using the >SRFI< command with a wrong SIM
card PIN.

Do Not Leave These Wires Unprotected


All the wire end tips must be kept insulated when not in use to prevent damage and undesired behavior on the unit.
This is especially important for the following wires:
o
o
o

Pin 7 - Green
Pin 8 - Orange
Pin 14 - White/Red

For more details of each wire, please consult the Inputs/Outputs section.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

Installation
The SyrusTM can be installed in any location of any type of vehicle as long as some
environmental conditions are met:
No exposure to water.
No direct exposure to sun light.
Away from excessive heat sources like the motor or the exhaust's path.
Away from excessive cold sources like a truck's refrigerator or AC system.
Not attached to a highly vibrating structure.
The Syrus has an internal GSM antenna that will assure GPRS communication
under normal vehicular conditions. The unit must not be installed inside a metal
structure that could act as a Faraday cage, which could lower the signal strength.
o The Syrus has an internal GPS antenna, and a connector for an optional external
GPS antenna. When using the internal antenna, the units must be located so that
it has minimal metal obstructions to the sky view and with the upper part facing
up. It is recommended to use the external GPS antenna in most cases.
o
o
o
o
o
o

The unit's location/position can be such that it remains hidden. The LEDs indicators do
not have to be visible but it is recommended some access to them for
failure/diagnostics situations. The same recommendation holds for physical access to
the unit's serial port.

Power Supply
The unit's power cables should be directly connected to the vehicle's battery (12V or
24V). The unit supports an operating voltage range from 8V to 32V.
When the unit is not being used in a vehicle (e.g. lab testing) it must be powered by a
12V DC adapter that supplies a minimum current of 800mA.

Warning: The internal lithium polymer battery has an integrated automatic cut off

circuit to protect against over-charge, over-current and over-discharge. After long


disconnection periods, the battery may activate its over discharge protection circuit.
The unit is shipped with an unplugged battery connector to help prevent this state.
Plug this connector in before connecting the main power and wait for activity
indication on the green LED. It is not recommended to unplug the battery, except for
seldom-long storage periods. Refer to Care & Caution Section to see how to remove
the Battery or the SIM card.
Even though it is possible for the unit to work with no internal battery, it is
recommended to always use the battery; this is to prevent any data loss or memory
corruption that can be caused due to momentary external power loss.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

10

Vehicles with a main power switch


When the vehicle has a main power switch to cut/restore the battery voltage, some
recommendations have to be followed:
o

If the switch disconnects the positive voltage of the vehicle's battery,


the Syrus can be connected before or after the switch. When connected before it
will keep on receiving the vehicle's power whenever the switch is off. If it is
connected after the switch, the unit will run with its optional back up battery
whenever the switch is turned off.

See the following figures for a better understanding of connecting the unit when the
vehicle uses a main power switch:

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

11

Getting Started
Support Site Getting Started Section
On the DCT support site (support.digitalcomtech.com) upon registering you have the
option to visit the getting started page. We recommend you go here first and refer to the
following for examples on how to further configure the device and get started
programming. Also we recommend using Syrus Desk software and test all these commands
so you can see first-hand how the device responds.
Setting the unit's ID
The default Syrus behavior is to use the unit's IMEI as ID. It is recommended to use this
setting as the IMEI is unique for each unit. However it is possible to use a user defined ID in
order for the unit to be identified on the AVL server. The default value for the unit's ID is
0000. This field may be any string of 10 characters maximum.
For this example lets call our unit EXAMPLE:
>SIDEXAMPLE<
To enable the unit to use the user defined ID, use:
>SXAID0<
To disable the use of user defined ID and instead use the IMEI of the device as the ID, use:
>SXAID1<

Setting the APN and PIN


After configuring an ID, the next step is enabling the unit on the GSM/GPRS network. For
this an APN provided by the cellular carrier is required and depending on the SIM card
configuration a PIN value could also be required. For this example we will use
APN internet.carrier-name.com and PIN 1234.
Setting the SIM card's PIN:
>SRFI1234<
If your SIM card does not requires a PIN you can omit this step.
Setting the APN:
>SRFAinternet.carrier-name.com<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

12

At this point the unit will try to register on GSM and on GPRS (you can see this status live
on SyrusDesk).
Although PIN and APN parameters take effect immediately the unit may take up some time
on registering to the network if previous erroneous information was used. You can wait for
the unit to register or you can speed up the process by resetting the communications
module with the>SXAGP1< command.
Using the XANS command it is possible to query the current GSM and GPRS registration
status. Please refer to the LEDs section and to the XANS command, for an more information
on the unit's current registration status.

Creating a Destination Point (DP)


Now that we have the unit working on the GSM/GPRS network the unit is ready to send and
receive communications from IP servers and phone numbers. For our example we need to
create a Destination Point (DP) which holds our remote server IP number or address and
the serving port that it is using for listening to TCP connections or UDP datagrams.
Refer to the section below for building your own TCP/UDP listener
For this example we will use a server located on the address avl.server.com , which
listens for TCP connections on the port 2145. Since it is a TCP server we must choose an
index from 00 to 03. In this example the index 00 will be used for no particular reason:
>SXADP0000avl.server.com;2145<
An IP address could also be specified. Supposing we wanted to use the IP number
192.168.0.1 we would have to send:
>SXADP0000192.168.0.1;2145<
Having set the DP, the unit will automatically start opening a TCP connection with the
server (as long as GPRS is ready) even if it has no messages to send to it. This is a
programmed feature of the unit that makes it reopen the TCP connection whenever the
network is available after being down or whenever the connection gets closed.
Use the XANS command to consult the state of the current DP:
>QXANS<
The unit might reply like this:
>RXANS1,internet.carriername.com,1234,,;1,1,null,1,22,1,1,18.18.9.8,1;socket://avl.serve
r.com:2145,0, -1,,1,,,,0,0,0,,,,0,,,,25\;0,0,0,0,,,17;28,3,101,0,0,,5,42,
socket://avl.server.com:2145;<
rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

13

Indicating that the connection to the DP has not been established yet. If this state persists,
some considerations have to be taken:
The AVL software server is not running or it is running but it is not listening for TCP
connections.
The listening port and/or address is wrong.
The server is behind a firewall/router/NAT that prevents the TCP listener from receiving
the incoming connections.
The server is accepting the connection but it is closing it immediately, or a few seconds
later.
The Syrus is behind a cellular carrier's NAT which has the selected port blocked.
The selected APN has no Internet access. Or in case of a private network, the APN has no
access to the network where the AVL server is running.
There are network related problems that prevent the unit from communicating, even if it is
GPRS attached.
When the unit has connected to the server, the XANS reply could be something like:
>RXANS1,internet.carriername.com,1234,,;1,1,null,1,22,1,1,18.18.9.8,1;socket://avl.serve
r.com:2145,3, -1,,1,,,,0,0,0,,,,0,,,,25\;0,0,0,0,,,17;28,3,101,0,0,,5,42,
socket://avl.server.com:2145;<
Please refer to the XANS command for more information on the values returned by
this message.
Creating a Destination Address (DA)
As mentioned on the Destinations (DPs and DAs) section a Destination Address (DA) must be
created so that an event's routing option can be completed. In our example we only have to
create a DA with a single Destination Point which is the one we just created. We have no
restrictions for the DA range (0-9) so we chose DA 4 for no special reason:
>SDA4;P00<
Indicating that Destination Address 4 is the grouping of the single Destination Point 00.

Creating a time-period criterion


For this example we want the unit to send a report based on a time-only criterion which
will make the unit send a reporting message every x elapsed minutes. There are several
ways of doing this but one of the most common is to configure a Time And Distance (TD)
signal with no Maximum Time Between Reports and no Distance Threshold parameters so

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

14

it triggers a TD signal on a time-only basis set by the Minimum Time Between Reports
parameter. Please refer to the TD message for more information.
Let's use a reporting period of 5 minutes (300 seconds). For no special reason let's choose
TD signal 8 to do the job:
>STD80300<
This will make the unit activate signal TD8 every 5 minutes so we can create an event
triggered by this signal which is going to generate the periodic report. Note that in order to
keep this example simple, we are using a basic time only report, but this approach is not
advised on a real world scenario where a vehicle remains at rest most of the time and
where having a time-only criterion will generate several unnecessary reports. It is
recommended to use the three parameters of the Time And Distance definition to achieve a
more intelligent report.
Tying a signal to an event
With the signal TD8 generating a pulse every 5 minutes the only thing left to do is defining
an event that triggers with this condition. At this point we need to ask ourselves what event
code to choose and what kind of message send to the AVL server. The answer lies on the
AVL server configuration: The event code has to have any meaning for the AVL software
and the type of message depends on the kind of information we will like to get from the
unit's report.
As event code we chose for no special reason, code 37:
>SED37NV4;TD8+<
Notice we are using DA 4. This will make the report generated by event 37 to be sent to the
single DP 00 which is our AVL server. For more information refer to the ED message.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

15

Examples:
Periodic report:
To define event 05 to send an EV Event Message every 3 minutes, use the TD message to
configure a Time & Distance signal to trigger every 3 minutes:
>STD70180<
Define the event with signal TD7 as trigger:
>SED05NV0;TD7+<
Note that DA0 (Destination Address 0 ) must be defined so that the Event Message can be
routed to any IP address(es) and/or SMS receiver(s). If the message were not to be routed,
the Event Definition message should be:
>SED05SV0;TD7+<
The only purpose of this event is to drive the E05 signal true or false according to the
event's trigger (TD7+) in order to trigger any other event(s) that include E05 as part of its
trigger definition.
Adding an Input report
Now we will like to create an Input report to the AVL server using the event code 05
whenever the Input 3 goes high. This is a simple event that depends on a single signal
transition, signal IP3:
>SED05NV4;IP3+<
Now our unit is generating a 5 minutes periodic report and also a special report whenever
the Input 3 transitions to high (or true). An input transitions to high whenever it is
connected to GND.
Panic button:
Send an Event Message when an input gets active:
>SED31NV0;IP3+<
This definition will make the unit send an EV Event Message with code 31 every time the
input 3 becomes true.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

16

Several actions per event:


Have the unit initiate a time counter, set an user signal true and reset a distance counter
whenever the vehicle's ignition goes high:
>SED35SV0;F00+;ACT=SGC05TC;ACT=SSSU041;ACT=SGC07U<

Checking the host software/server


At this point and as long as the unit remains GPRS attached, an EV message should be
arriving to the AVL server every 5 minutes. The software must be able to interpret
the EV messages generated by the unit. If you run into troubles checking your AVL
application you can always shut it down an use some popular free TCP listener applications
that will show you the RAW data received, and confirm that the reports from Syrus are
being received properly by the server. Another useful tool is a network sniffer that allows
you to analyze the traffic on a given TCP/UDP connection while the the AVL server is
running.
Some examples of such tools can be found at:
TCP client and listener: TCP Test ToolTM from www.simplecomtools.com
UDP client and listener: UDP Test ToolTM from www.simplecomtools.com
Network sniffer: WiresharkTM from http://www.wireshark.org/

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

17

Script
The example so far can be summarized with the following script:
#Syrus SB script
#Getting Started example

#Delete any previous configuration


>SRT;CONFIG<
>SXADP**U<
#Unit's ID
>SIDEXAMPLE<
#Use user set ID
>SXAID0<
#configuring the SIM's PIN
>SRFI1234<
#configuring the APN
>SRFAinternet.carrier-name.com<
#The remote AVL server address and port
>SXADP0000avl.server.com;2145<
#A Destination Address holding the server destination
>SDA4;P00<
#Time-only Time And Distance signal definition
>STD80300<
#Event triggered by T&D signal
>SED37NV4;TD8+<
#Input report event
>SED05NV4;IP3+<
#end

You can copy and paste this script to a new empty text file and have it save with a .tmf
extension and load it with Syrus Desk.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

18

Event Machine
The unit's reporting is controlled by an Event Machine which constantly evaluates user
defined events. These events allow the user to create a reporting schema and
functionality controlled by triggers and actions. Events can be consulted or configured at
any time with the ED message throughout the Command Console, enabling the user to
alter the Event Machine parameters at any time locally or over the air.
Up to 100 events may be defined on the unit. These events are evaluated on a
sequential order based on the event's ID. This means that lower IDs are evaluated first.
Having this in mind an event's ID may be relevant if its trigger depends on other events'
signals and/or on other events' user-defined actions.
This section examines the events components: triggers and actions. Then it gives an
overview of the events definition. Finally explains one of the most important components
of the events triggers: Signals.

Triggers
A trigger is determined by the logical combination of several situations (also called
signals). A logical combination is basically an equation (specifically: a boolean equation)
that combines signals (situations) with the logical operators AND, OR and NOT. In
SyrusTM, these boolean equations use the post fixed notation, meaning that the
operator is at the end of the signals to be evaluated. When more than three signals are
being evaluated, a logical operator must be inserted every two signals in the equation.
These are some examples of the post fixed notation syntax:
A or B AB|
A and B AB&
A and B and C AB&C&
To determine how the signals will trigger the report a plus (+) or minus (-) sign is added
at the end of the equation. A plus sign (+) indicates that the report is generated when a
signal or an equation becomes "true". Consequently, a minus (-) sign indicates that the
report is generated when the signal or the equation becomes "false".
When A or B becomes true AB|+
When A and B and C becomes false AB&C&
If the report must be generated when one signal becomes true and another becomes
false one of the signals must be negated using the boolean operator not. Either the plus
or minus sign can be used, but for it is easier to understand the equation when the plus
sign is used.
When A becomes "true" and B becomes "false" A!B&+

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

19

Actions
Once you have defined a trigger (and/or a set of triggers) the next step for configuring
the Syrus TM event machine, is to tell the unit what to do when a trigger goes off. There
are two types of actions the unit may take when a trigger goes off. These are the report
action and the user-defined action.
When the event machine detects that a trigger goes off it uses the configuration of the
report action to generate a report. A report action configuration includes routing options
and a type of report.
The routing options tell the unit where to report the occurrence of the specific event. The
report destinations may be IP addresses (or host names), cellular phone numbers or the
unit's serial port. It could also be a silent report which is not reported to any destination.
It is possible to send the same report to several destination at the same time by defining
a group of destinations using the DA command.
The type of report used by the unit is called "EV Event report". The information
contained in this type of report is described in the EV command. The EV report can
include extra information tags, called "Extended EV Tags". This tags are included in the
report by defining an event using the A, B or C Message IDs. The information that each
tag contains can be defined using the XAEF command.
A user-defined action is defined by a user-specified command (or set of commands)
that are appended at the end of a regular event definition using the "ACT=" or "XCT="
string. This enables the user to predefine commands that the unit will only process
whenever the trigger of a defined event goes off.

Events
Triggers and actions are bound together on a single configuration message called
event. An event is defined or consulted with the ED command. A single event holds a
trigger, a report action and optionally a user action. The following figure gives a global
description of the ED command.

The SyrusTM has 100 events available for the user to configure. They may be defined
all at once in a configuration script or they me be individually defined at any moment as
the user adds/removes functionality. Please refer to the ED command for more
information on each of the message's fields.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

20

Signals
As described in the previous section, the event machine takes actions like reporting or
switching outputs whenever a user defined trigger goes off. This trigger is configured by
the user with the logical combination of situations.
Situations make reference to a vehicle state which is in fact represented by signals and
their state. SyrusTM signals are of boolean nature, meaning that they can only take one
of two possible values: true or false.
Signals and the logical operators AND, OR, NOT are used to create logical equations to
form event triggers.
By using the SS command a signal's state can be consulted, and depending on the
signal's type, this command can be used also to change the signal's state. Signals'
names always have three characters. Please refer to the Signal List section, for a list of
valid signals and their meanings.
Examples
Some examples about the use of the event machine are presented next.
Configuring two events on the Event Machine to generate an ignition report:
The ignition ON event may be defined as:
>SED18NV4;F00+<
And the Ignition OFF event:
>SED19NV4;F00-<
Both events' routing actions indicate that the destination of the report is the DA 4 and
that EV is the reporting message to generate. Both events use a simple trigger
consisting of a one-signal-only condition, F00 which is the vehicle's ignition signal.
Configuring an event that uses two signals:
For this example we will use signal S00, which is associated with a speed limit and
signal J00, which is associated with a heading delta. The event will be triggered when
both signals are true, meaning that the vehicle exceeded the speed limit while making a
turn greater than the heading delta defined:
>SED05NV0;S00J00&+<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

21

Detailed Command Explanation


Unit's ID
Syrus Commands: ID, XAID
This parameter is only meaningful to the AVL software which is going to receive report
messages from the unit. It is not necessary for the unit to work but it may necessary for
making a test with an AVL software.
The unit's default behaviour is to use its IMEI number as ID, but it is possible to use a
custom ID, which is set using the ID command, and then enable using the custom ID with
the XAID command.
The unit's ID is a 10 characters maximum string that may contain any character except: ';',
'<' or '>'. The initial value is 0000. The ID is used every time the unit sends a report
message (EV) by adding the postfix ";ID=0000" to the message. This postfix gives the
AVL software information on who is sending the report.
To set the unit's Id as UNIT-0015, use:
>SIDUNIT-0015<
Warning: It is necessary to reset the unit using the >SRT< message after changing the ID
in order for the current established connections to update the new ID being used by the
unit.

IMEI as ID
Syrus Commands: ID, XAID
Syrus is configured by default to use its International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI)
as ID instead of a user-set value. This is useful for managing units without having to
worry about duplicated or changed IDs. It also eases the programming task as this number
is already stored on every unit. To instruct the unit to use either its IMEI as ID or the ID
set by the user with the ID command, use the XAID command in the following way:
>SXAID1< , will set the unit to use its IMEI as ID (Default setting)
>SXAID0< , will set the unit to use the user set ID
Warning: It is necessary to reset the unit using the >SRT< message after changing
the XAID setting in order for the current established connections to update the new ID
being used by the unit.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

22

Enabling the unit on GSM and GPRS


Syrus Commands: RF, XANS
The GSM registration as well as the GPRS attachment (getting a valid IP address from the
cellular operator) is automatically done by the unit all the time. This means that whenever
there is GSM and GPRS network availability and the unit is correctly configured it is
going to be GPRS attached (The green NET LED will be blinking quickly twice). The
SIM card's PIN and the cellular operator APN (Access Point Name) are required by the
unit to be GPRS attached.
SIM Card's PIN for GSM registration
This parameter is optional because it depends on how the SIM card is configured. Most
cellular operators distribute no-pin SIM cards so you don't have to worry about this
parameter or you can explicitly set it to "empty" if you are unsure of a previous
configuration. But if your SIM card requires a PIN this parameters has to be set or else the
unit will fail to register on GSM. The configuration message for the SIM card's PIN is
the RF message. This message is used as follows:
To set the PIN number 1234 send to the unit:
>SRFI1234<
To set an "empty" PIN:
>SRFI<
Use the Q qualifier to consult the currently set value.
A PIN configuration can be issued at any time but even though the registration process is
always done automatically, the unit will take some time on registering to the GSM
network when a previous erroneous PIN was given or when no PIN was given. So it is
recommended in those cases to reset the unit after the PIN-set command with the >SRT<
reset message. Or better, have the PIN correctly configured before the SIM card is
inserted.
Warning: The Syrus may block the SIM card when a wrong PIN is configured.
The GSM registration status can be consulted with the XANS message and/or with the
NET (green) LED. When the unit is GSM-registered it is able to make or receive
telephone calls and 2-way SMS communication.
Warning: The PIN may be changed over the air which will cause the Syrus to loose
communications with the server.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

23

Access Point Name (APN) for GPRS set up


A GPRS session enables the unit to communicate with IP networks (IP addresses).
Although the most common IP network is the Internet, by specifying an APN the cellular
carrier can enable your unit(s) to work on a user-private IP network that does not
necessarily communicate with the Internet. When using a private APN, devices like
the Syrus, Cellular Phones, PDAs, PCs, Servers, etc can only be accessed by devices on
the same APN. There are several reasons why a cellular carrier may use different APNs,
but the important thing is that an APN is needed for the unit to start a GPRS session, for it
to be able to send and receive data over IP networks.
The most common situation is an APN with Internet access. Any device using this APN
has the ability to communicate with any IP network on the Internet. Specifically if you are
running your AVL (Automated Vehicle Location) server on the Internet, this is the kind
of APN you want.
An APN has the form of a server name on a dot-separated format and it is supplied by the
cellular carrier. For example:
this.is.an.apn.com

or
internet.carrier-name.com

Setting the APN on the Syrus is also done with the RF message. An "empty" APN may be
configured too. An empty value is used when a GPRS session is not desired (GSM
communications only, Voice and/or SMS). This message is used as follows:
To set the APN to internet.carrier-name.com send to the unit:
>SRFAinternet.carrier-name.com<
To leave the APN parameter empty:
>SRFA<
The GPRS registration status can be consulted with the XANS message and/or with the
NET (green) LED.
An APN configuration can be issued at any time and the unit will start registering to the
GPRS network as soon as the GSM registration process is done and the APN parameter is
set.
The Syrus will not start a GPRS session if it is not registered on the GSM network. And
when the GSM network is lost the GPRS session is lost too. However the unit may work
on the GSM network regardless of the GPRS session state.
The GPRS registration process is usually charged by the cellular carrier, having an
incorrect APN will make the unit constantly try on failing GPRS sessions which could
lead to an excess on the unit's bytes consumption.
Warning: The APN may be changed over the air which will cause the Syrus to loose
communications with the server.
rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

24

Once the GPRS session is up the unit is ready to communicate with IP networks (i.e. with
IP addresses). For this, the cellular carrier assigns the unit an IP address that is usually but
not necessarily dynamic, meaning that for every session the unit starts its value changes.
The actual IP address assigned by the operator through the chosen APN can be consulted
with the XANS command.

Destinations (DPs and DAs)


Syrus Commands: XADP, DA
A destination makes reference to the device or user that is receiving and/or sending
messages from/to the Syrus. The possible destination for the unit are:
6 IP hosts. 4 of these hosts are TCP only (00-03) and 2 hosts are UDP only (0405).
o 5 telephone numbers via SMS.
o The unit's serial port
o

Each destination is called a Destination Point (or simply a DP). Destination Points may
be grouped to form a Destination Address (or simply a DA). As you can deduce from the
list, there are 11 DPs. The unit offers 10 possible combinations of DPs, leading to 10
DAs. In the majority of cases DAs are used to tell the unit where to send its report but in
some cases a command may require a DP on its configuration.
Destination Points (DPs)
As mentioned there are 11 DPs, these are divided in the following way:
o

The first 6 DPs (00 to 05) are IP hosts. These are defined with an IP address or a
server name and a TCP or UDP port number. The Syrusis a TCP and/or UDP
client which always starts the communication. This means that the IP host has to
be a TCP or UDP server listening for incoming connections on the same port
specified here. Keep in mind that DPs 00 to 03 are TCP only and the DP 04 and
05 are UDP only.

The next 5 (DPs 10 to 14) make reference to phone numbers. These numbers are
used to send SMSs or make voice calls. They are also used as authorization
numbers for replying to receive SMSs commands and/or answering incoming
voice calls. Defining if a report should be sent as a Syrus command or using a
custom user message is also done here.

The last DP (15) makes reference to the serial port.

For more information please refer to the XADP command.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

25

Destination Addresses (DAs)


A Destination Address is a user-defined group of Destination Points. This enables some
reporting commands to route their report to several destinations at the same time with a
single definition. Up to 10 (0 to 9) DAs may be defined. Refer to the DA message for
more information. This command enables the user to group a list of DPs.
The main use for DAs is on the routing options of an event definition. The Event
Machine section gives more information about this. What should be clear on this, is that a
report generated by an event is always sent to a DA, not to a single DP. For this reason
DAs make part of the minimum configuration required by the unit. Some examples of
DAs' definitions are:
Defining DA 5 as the group containing DPs 02, 04, 10 and 15:
>SDA5;P02,P04,P10,P15<
This will make any event using DA 5 as Destination Address on its routing options to
send the same report to the TCP IP host 02, UDP IP host 04, phone number 10 and the
unit's serial port. Such an event could be defined as:
>SED23NV5;TD1+<
To delete the DA 8 definition, use the following message:
>SDA8U<
For more information please refer to the DA command.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

26

Syrus commands
DA - Destination Address
Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
A Destination Address is an association of Destination Points. These allows an event
defined with the ED message to be routed to multiple receivers at the same time by
selecting the Destination Address (or group) that holds all of the desired
destinations (IP-types, Telephones, Serial Port). A Destination Address is not the
actual IP address or SMS telephone of the receivers. The message has the following
format:
A;PBB[,PBB,...,PBB:PBB,...]
A is the Destination Address' index. Its range goes from 0 to 9. Remember that a
Destination Address is a group or an association of Destination Points. A
Destination Point (see XADP message) is the actual IP address or telephone of a
destination.
o B holds a Destination Point's index. You can select multiple Destination Points by
separating them with a ','.
o

Examples:
To create Destination Address 5 as an association of Destination Points 2, 3, 10 and
15 (15 is the unit's serial port):
>SDA5;P02,P03,P10,P15<
To create Destination Address 0 with only one Destination Point, for example the
unit's serial port:
>SDA0;P15<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

27

ED - Event Definition
Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
This message is used to define events. These events define the Event Machine
configuration for the SyrusTM. An event is created by defining a boolean combination
of signals as a trigger, a routing indication for a generated event message and a
possible Configuration Command to be executed when the event occurs. The message
has the following format:
AABCD;EEE{[EEE][F]}G[[;ACT=HH...][;ACT=HH...]...]
o
o

o
o
o

AA: Index. Specifies one of the event definitions associated with an event
definition signal EAA. Ranging from 00 to 99 (or '**').
B: Event Handling. Message Routing. The valid values for this field are:
N: Normal. Route the Event Message to the specified Destination Address
(DA).
X: Serial Port. Route the Event Message to the unit's serial port only.
S: Signal only. Do not generate an Event Message. The event's signal still
follows the event's state.
U: Undefine. Delete the event's definition.
C: Message ID. Generate event message as:
V: EV message.
A: extended-EV message A.
B: extended-EV message B.
C: extended-EV message C.
D: Destination address of the Event Message. The value of this field is the index
of the desired Destination Address (DA) defined with the DA message.
EEE: Signal(s) used to trigger the event. Consult the Signals List for a list of valid
signals.
F: Logical operation used to combine signals:
&: AND
|: OR
!: NOT
G: Event sense. Edge of signals' combination used to trigger the event:
+: Rising edge.
-: Falling edge.
H: Event Action. A valid Configuration Command without the opening (>) and
closing (<) delimiters. Several Configuration Commandactions can be defined on
a single event. There are two valid messages to define the action. 'ACT=' which
will make the event to be sent both through the serial port and over the air and
'XCT=' that will only send the event through the serial port. The only command
that is not valid is the Reset Message (RT) command.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

28

EV - Event Message
Qualifiers: R.
This message is generated when an event is triggered and reported. The message has the
following format:
AABBBBCDDDDDEEEFFFFFGGGGHHHHHIIIJJJKL[EXTENDEDEV TAGS]
o
o
o
o
o

o
o
o

AA: Event index. Range 0-99.


BBBB: Number of weeks since 00:00 AM January 6, 1980.
C: Day of week. From 0 to 6 where 0 is Sunday.
DDDDD: Time of the generated report. Seconds since 00:00 of the current date.
EEEFFFFF: WGS-84 Latitude. It does include the sign: Positive for
north. EEE represents a value in degrees and FFFFF parts of a degree in
decimals.
GGGGHHHHH: WGS-84 Longitude. It does include the sign: Positive for
east. GGGG represents a value in degrees and HHHHHparts of a degree in
decimals.
III: Vehicle velocity in mph.
JJJ: Vehicle heading, in degrees from North increasing eastwardly.
K: Position fix mode:
0: 2D GPS
1: 3D GPS
2: 2D DGPS
3: 3D DGPS
9: Unknown
L: Age of data used for the report:
0: Not available
1: Older than 10 seconds
2: Fresh, less than 10 seconds
9: GPS Failure
[EXTENDED-EV TAGS]: Extended information tags. See the XAEF message for
information on how to set the EV tags, and consult the list below for more
information on the format used by each tag to present the information.

Example:
An Event Message could be like this:
>REV481599462982+2578391-0802945201228512<
Which indicates that the report was generated by the Event Definition 48, on September
2nd, 2010 (1599 4), at 17:29:42 GMT (62982), with the
coordinates +25.78391 latitude and -080.29452 longitude, with a speed
of 012 mph, and a heading of 285 degrees, with a 3D GPS fix mode and the age data
was recent.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

29

Extended EV Tags formats:


o ;AC=AAA...
AAA...: Instant acceleration measured in Miles per hour per seconds
o ;AL=AAA...
AAA...: Altitude is A meters Above Mean Sea Level (AMSL). This value will
be -9999 when no valid GPS data is available.
o ;BL=AAA...
AAA...: Voltage level of the battery in milivolts.
o ;CF=AAA...,BBB...,CCC...
AAA...: Local Area Code (LAC).
BBB...: Cell ID (CID)
CCC...: RSSI level.
o ;CVAA=BBB...
AA: Index of the counter.
BBB...: Value of the counter.
o ;DOP=AAA...,BBB...,CCC...
AAA...: PDOP value. Must be divided by 100 to obtain the real value*.
BBB...: HDOP value. Must be divided by 100 to obtain the real value*.
CCC...: VDOP value. Must be divided by 100 to obtain the real value*.
o ;IO=ABC
A:Bitwise representation of A:
bit0: Ignition (1=ACTIVE, 0=INACTIVE)
bit1: Main Power Source (1=EXT-PWR, 0=BACKUP-BATTERY)
B: Bitwise representation of B (outputs):
bit0: Output 1 (1=ACTIVE, 0=INACTIVE)
bit1: Output 2
C: Bitwise representation of C (inputs):
bit0: Input 1 (1=ACTIVE, 0=INACTIVE)
bit1: Input 2
bit2: Input 3
o ;IP=AAABBBCCCDDD
AAA: First number of the IP number.
BBB: Second number of the IP number.
CCC: Third number of the IP number.
DDD: Fourth number of the IP number.
o ;SV=A...
A... :Number of satellites on view.
o ;VO=AAA...
AAA...: Current value of the virtual odometer.
Example:
>REV401770475916+1672118-0930303000000032;VO=18787159;SV=9;ID=356612022871133<
Event 40 with a Virtual Odometer value of 18,787,159 meters and 9 satellites in view.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

30

GC - Counters, Timers, Distancers


Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
This message is used to configure and manipulate internal counters. Each counter can be
configured as a user-controlled counter, a timer, or a distancer (counter updated by the
traveled distance). Please refer to the Quick Command Reference section for a few
examples about counter use. The message has the following format.
AAB[C[DDDDD[EEEEE]]]
AA: Index. Range 00-19. Specifies one of the counters associated with a counter
signal CAA. The counter signal becomes "True" when the specified threshold value is
reached. If the Recycle Flag is set to R then the signal transitions back to "False". If
the Recycle Flag is set to C the signal will remain "True".
B: Counter command. The valid values for this field are:
C: Sets the counter type to Counter with a threshold value defined as DDDDD.
The value for this type of counter can only be changed with the increment (I)
or value (V) command.
T: Set and start a Timer counter with a threshold value defined as DDDDD,
time increment 1 or EEEEE seconds.
D: Set and start a Distance counter with a threshold value defined as DDDDD,
distance increment 1 or EEEEE meters.
V: When using the S qualifier: Set the counter's value to DDDDD. Use the Q
qualifier to get the actual counter's value.
U: Undefine counter. The counter's definitions is deleted and the associated
counter signal CAA is reseted.
C: Recycle flag. Action performed when the counter threshold is reached:
C: Continue counter.
R: Recycle counter (set to zero).
DDDDD: Threshold counter increment when used with the I command or set with
the V command.
EEEEE: Data increment value for Counter modes. For Timers, the counter value is
incremented by 1 for every Delta elapsed seconds. For Distancers, the counter value
is incremented by 1 for every Delta accumulated meters traveled.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

31

Examples:
Continuous counter:
Set counter 03 on Timer mode. When the counter's value reaches 5 minutes the C03 signal
should transition to true. The counter shall not recycle its value when reaching the 5
minutes or else we will end up with a periodic C03 signal:
To do this we define a timer with threshold value set to 300 seconds with no delta value:
>SGC03TC00300<
Notice the Recycle Flag set to C so the counter does not resets when reaching the threshold.
Now 5 minutes after entering this command we will have the C03 signal transitioning from
false to true.

Periodic counter:
Use a timer to generate a periodic counter signal having a period of 27 minutes. To do this
we define a timer that recycles whenever the count value reaches the threshold. To show
the use of the delta parameter we are not going to count seconds but minutes:
>SGC07TR0002700060<
Now C07 signal transitions to true every 27 minutes. After all events are evaluated the
signal will transition back to false.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

32

GS - Speed Limit
Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
This message is used to configure the speed limits that can be used to trigger events.
The message has the following format:
AABCCCC
AA: Index. Range 00-09. Specifies one of the speed limits associated with a speed
limit signal SAA.
o B: Active flag:
1: Speed limit is active
U: Delete speed limit
o CCCC: Speed limit in miles per hour times 10.
o

Examples:
To create the speed limit 00 having a value of 55mph send to the unit:
>SGS0010550<
Now an event can be defined so that a report is generated any time that the vehicle
exceeds 55mph. The event 33 is used in this example for no particular reason:
>SED33NV0;S00+<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

33

ID - Identification
Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
This message is used to set/query unit's ID. When changing the ID it is necessary
to reset the unit using the RT command in order to reestablish the current
connections to any Destination Point using the new ID. The message has the
following format:
A[AAA...]
o

A[AAA...]: Identification code assigned to the vehicle. This parameter is alphanumeric and up to 10 characters long. The only forbidden characters are ">", "<"
and ";" . The factory default is 0000.

Please refer to the XAID message, which are closely related to this message.
Examples:
To set the unit's ID:
>SIDTestUnit<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

34

PV - Position-velocity
Qualifiers: Q, R.
This message gives the unit's current position, velocity, heading, source of
information and age of the data. The message has the following format:
AAAAABBBCCCCCDDDDEEEEEFFFGGGHI
o
o

o
o
o

AAAAA: Time of day. Time of the generated report. This number represent the
seconds elapsed since 00:00 of the current day.
BBBCCCCC: WGS-84 Latitude. It does include the sign: Positive for
north. BBB represents a value in degrees and CCCCC parts of a degree in
decimals.
DDDDEEEEE: WGS-84 Longitude. It does include the sign: Positive for
east. DDDD represents a value in degrees and EEEEE parts of a degree in
decimals.
FFF: Vehicle velocity.
GGG: Vehicle heading, in degrees from North increasing eastwardly.
H: Position fix mode:
0: 2D GPS
1: 3D GPS
2: 2D DGPS
3: 3D DGPS
9: Unknown
I: Age of data used for the report:
0: Not available
1: Old, 10 seconds
2: Fresh, <10 seconds
9: GPS Fail

For example, the response for this message could look like this:
>RPV69311+2578378-0802936300125532<
Indicating that the report was generated at 19:15:11 GMT with
coordinates +2578378 latitude and -08029363 longitude, with a speed
of 001mph and a heading of 255 degress, with 3D DGPS fix mode and the age of the
data was recent.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

35

RF - Radio Frequency Module Configuration


Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
This message is used to configure Cellular Network parameters. Any RF parameter can be
left empty by issuing the command without the B string. The message has the following
format
A[BBB...]
A: RF parameter to be configured. The valid values for this field are:
A: GPRS APN (Access Point Name) (40 chars. max.).
I: SIM Card PIN.
L: GPRS Login (40 chars. max.).
P: GPRS Password (40 chars. max.)
[BBB...]: String with the parameter described by A. It cannot contain the "<" or the
";" characters.
Warning:
The SIM card may be blocked if the RFI parameter is configured with a wrong SIM card PIN.
Examples:
To set the PIN number 1234, send to the unit:
>SRFI1234<
If the SIM card does not required a PIN, set an "empty" PIN:
>SRFI<
To set the APN to internet.carrier-name.com send to the unit:
>SRFAinternet.carrier-name.com<
To leave the APN parameter empty:
>SRFA<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

36

RT - Reset message
Qualifiers: S, R.
When used with qualifiers it serves multiple initializations purposes. The valid
options are:
o
o

o
o
o

Without a Qualifier (i.e: >SRT<): Restarts the unit. This option does not delete
any configuration parameter or stored information.
;CONFIG: Resets almost all the configuration of the unit. The preserved
parameters are: PIN, APN, ID, Destination Points, IMEI as ID. This prevents
loosing communication over the air with the unit. In order to delete absolutely
all off the unit's parameters use the ;ALL option.
;ALL: Resets all of the configuration of the unit. This option should not be used
over the air because it will cause the unit to lose communication with the server.
;SFBUFF: Deletes the contents of the Store & Forward buffer.
;GPS: Does a GPS Cold Start and deletes the current position information. It is
important to not use this command often because the GPS will take a long time
to retrieve the position information again.
;SPO: This command will prepare the unit for a safe battery disconnection. If the
main power supply is not present. This command can only be sent over the serial
port.

Warning:
This Configuration Message may not generate a reply (I.E: >RRT<) every time the
message is sent to the unit. If the listener server is designed to wait for a reply to
each configuration command, it may become stuck trying to send this command
even if the unit already accepted it.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

37

SI - SIM Card ID
Qualifiers: Q, R.
This message allows to consult the SIM Card ID of the SIM card currently installed on
the Syrus.
Examples:
To consult the SIM card ID, send:
>QSI<
The Syrus will reply like this:
>RSI8957123310512805597<
If no SIM card is installed, the response will be error 13:
>RER13;QSI<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

38

SS - Signal Status
Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
This message allows for the inspection of signals' state and the setting of outputs and
other user controllable signals. Please refer to the Signal List section, for a list of
valid signals. The message has the following format:
AAA[B]
AAA: Index. 3 character identifier if the signal. See the Signal List section for a
list of valid signals.
o B: Status of the specified signal. The only valid values for this field are 0 or 1.
o

Examples:
To activate output 2:
>SSSXP21<
To deactivate it:
>SSSXP20<
To know the state of the input 2:
>QSSIP2<
If input 2 is inactive the unit returns:
>RSSIP20<
If input 2 is active the unit returns:
>RSSIP21<
To set the user signal 08 to false:
>SSSU080<
To set it true:
>SSSU081<
To know the state of the Ignition Signal F00:
>QSSF00<
If the signal is OFF (the vehicles ignition is OFF) the unit returns:
>RSSF000<
If the signal is ON (the vehicles ignition is ON):
>RSSF001<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

39

ST - Status
Qualifiers: Q, R.
This message provides information about the unit's GPS receiver. The message has the
following format when using no modifier (>QST<):
AABCDDEFGGH
o

o
o
o
o
o
o

AA: GPS satellite signal acquisition and tracking status.


00: Doing position fixes.
01: Don't have GPS time yet.
02: Not used.
03: HDOP is greater than 1.5.
08: No usable satellites.
09: Only 1 usable satellite.
0A: Only 2 usable satellites.
0B: Only 3 usable satellites.
BB: Stationary Mode.
0C: Chosen satellite is unusable.
B: Antenna short circuit state
0: No problems reported.
1: Antenna feed line short fault.
C: Status Codes, Nibble 2:
Currently not in use.
DD: Machine ID. Internal GPS machine ID. Currently not in use.
E: Status Codes, Nibble 3:
Currently not in use.
F: Status Codes, Nibble 4:
Currently not in use.
GG: Hex value. Currently not in use.
H: Indicates if the GPS is on or off. Flag:
0: GPS is off
1: GPS is on

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

40

TD - Time and Distance


Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
The Time and Distance signals are set by its corresponding Time and Distance
counter which is a counter that follows a Time and Distance criteria. This criterion
allows creating a counter that does not follow a time or distance criteria
independently from each other, instead, combines these two variables to generate an
intelligent trigger to be used for a more efficient vehicle tracking. The message has
the following format:
ABBBB[CCCCDDDDEEEE]
o
o

o
o
o

A: Index. Range 0-9. Specifies one of the Time and Distance configurations
associated with a Time and Distance signal TDA.
BBBB: Minimum amount of time elapsing between reports. To enable just time
reporting, this is the only parameter to set, and the others should be set to 0.
Setting this value to 0 disables the report.
CCCC: This parameter is ignored and can have any value.
DDDD: Distance the unit must travel between reports. Each unit represents 100
meters.
EEEE: Maximum amount of time elapsing between signals' activation. This
parameter is only relevant when distance reporting is desired. If set to 0, there is
no limit to the amount of time between reports.

Examples:
In this example we will create a tracking event that sends event code 49 based on a
T&D criterion. A 8km (5miles) report is desired. The criterion must be so that no
more than one hour passes between successive reports, and the minimum time
between successive reports must be 2 minutes.
In this example the T&D index 6 is used for no particular reason. The requirements
call for the following T&D configuration:
o
o
o

Minimum time between reports: 120 seconds (2mins).


Distance Threshold: 80 x 100m (8km).
Maximum time between reports: 3600 seconds (1hr).

This configuration is achieved by sending:


>STD60120000000803600<
Now we create event 49 using the TD6 signal:
>SED49NV0;TD6+<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

41

The T&D could also be configured on a time-only basis by defining the Minimum
Time parameter and setting the others to zero. To define a time only criteria of 15
minutes (900 seconds):
>STD60900000000000000<
or:
>STD60900<

VR - Version Number
Qualifiers: Q, R.
This message returns the unit's firmware version.
For example: Firmware 2.1.18:
>RVR; Syrus 2.1.18;ID=356612024116677<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

42

XADP - Destination Points


Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
This message configures both IP-type (Internet Protocol) and Telephone
destinations. The IP-type destinations support both TCP and UDP.
The Destination Points index from 00 to 03 are reserved for TCP destinations only.
The TCP destinations support both IP number and URL addresses.
The Destination Point with index 04 and 05 are reserved for UDP destinations only.
Please note that the UDP destinations also support both IP number and URL
addresses for reporting, but to send Configuration Commands over the air from a
UDP connection, it must use an IP number address on the destination configuration
of the unit. This restriction is temporary and will be changed in a future firmware
version.
Important:
The UDP DP 05 can only be set if UDP DP 04 is already defined. The port defined for
DP 05 must always be different to the port defined for DP 04. DP 04 can only be
deleted once DP 05 has been deleted first. After configured the DP 05 it is necessary
to restart the Syrus using the>SRT< command.
For IP-type destinations, i.e. Destination Points 00 to 05 use the following format:
AABCD[DDD...];E[EEE...]
AA: Index for IP-Type destination points. Range 00-05.
B: Access flag / Action. The valid values for this field are:
U: Delete the Destination Point.
0: The IP-type host has Command Console access..
o C: Confirmation selection. The valid values for this field are:
For TCP Destination Points (00-03):
0: TCP without confirmation.
1: TCP with confirmation.
For UDP Destination Point (04-05):
2: UDP without confirmation.
3: UDP with confirmation.
o D[D. . . ]: IP address or name of the IP-host. Use the standard dot-separated
numbers or URL names for hosts. Ex: 192.168.0.1 or avl.server.com. Maximum
50 characters.
o E[EEE...]: TCP or UDP port used by the IP server for listening to the unit's
reports.
o
o

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

43

For Telephone destination, i.e. Destination Points 10 to 14 use the following format:
AABCD[DDD...]
AA: Index for Telephone destinations. Range 10-14.
B: DP type/Action:
U: Delete the Destination Point
0: Report messages are sent as Configuration Commands responses to this
destination.
1: User-defined text messages are sent instead of the
regular Configuration Command response.
o C: Access permission for this Telephone:
0: Full Access
o D[DDD...]: Telephone number. Maximum 50 characters.
o
o

Examples:
To set a TCP Destination Point:
>SAXDP0000avl.server.com;57816<
or
>SXADP0100192.168.0.1;57816<
To set a UDP Destination Point:
>SXADP0403avl.udp.server.com;5454<
To set a telephone type Destination Point:
>SXADP10105551234567<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

44

XAEF - Extended-EV message Formats


Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
This message allows the creation and configuration of up to three sets of information
tags to be used by an event having the Message ID qualifier set to A, B or C. The
message has the following format:
A[BBB...]
A: Identifier of the extended-EV format being set or consulted. The valid
identifiers are: A, B or C.
o [BBB...]: Information tag. Enter each tag separated by a ";" character. The valid
tags are:
AC: Instant acceleration measured in Miles per hour per seconds.
AL: Altitude in meters above mean sea level (AMSL).
BL: Battery voltage level. Milivolts.
CF: Cell information.
CVxx: Counter xx value.
DOP: GPS dilution of precision.
IO: Inputs and Outputs state.
IP: IP Address.
SV: Satellites in view.
VO: Virtual Odometer value. Meters.
o

For more information on each tag, refer to the Extended-EV Tags formats list on
the Event Message (EV) section.
Example:
To set event 49 to send an extended-EV message that includes the cell information,
the number of GPS satellites in view and the state of counter 05 whenever the
vehicle's speed goes above 55 mph:
Define the event. Set it to use extended-EV format A
>SED49NA0;S00+<
Define extended-EV format A to include the required tags
>SXAEFA;CF;SV;CV05<
To delete the extended-EV reporting format send
>SXAEFAU<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

45

XAID - IMEI as ID
Qualifiers: Q, S, R.
This message tells the unit whether to use or not its IMEI as ID. When changing this
parameter, it is necessary to reset the unit using the RT command in order to
reestablish the current connections to any Destination Point using the ID
setting. The default is to use the IMEI. The message has the following format:
A
o

A: Flag:
1: Set the unit's ID with the IMEI. This is the default value.
0: Set the unit's ID to the value set by the user with the ID message.

Please refer to the ID and XAIM messages, which are closely related to this message.

XAIM - IMEI Consult


Qualifiers: Q, R.
This message is used to consult the unit's IMEI (International Mobile Equipment
Identity) The message has the following format:
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAB
o
o

AAAAAAAAAAAAAA: Unit's IMEI.


B: IMEI's Checksum.

Please refer to the ID and XAID messages, which are closely related to this message.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

46

XANS - Network Status


Qualifiers: Q, R.
Use this message to consult the state of the GPRS session and the state of the TCP
sockets of every IP-type Destination Point. The response message information is
presented in groups separated by a ";" character and each group separates its data
with a "," character.
A XANS messages interpreter is available, which will show the XANS information in
a easy to read format.
Some information may not be available all the time, in this case the field
corresponding to that data will be empty. It is possible to see more fields than those
explained here on the right side of each group of the message, however that
information can be ignored. The relevant information provided by this message is:
First group:
o
o
o
o
o

Air Interface status.


0= Air Interface is down.
1= Air Interface is up.
APN
SIM PIN
GPRS Login
GPRS Password

Second Group:
o

SIM insert state


0= SIM not inserted
1= SIM inserted
2= SIM hardware off
SIM state
1= SIM ready
2= SIM hardware off
3= SIM inserted
4= SIM removed
5= PIN error
6= waiting PIN
7= SIM lock
8= SIM error
SIM lock reason. This field's value only matters if the SIM state is 7
SIM PIN = waiting for SIM PIN.
SIM PUK = waiting for SIM PUK if PIN was disabled after three failed attempts to enter
PIN.
GSM register state
0= Not registered
1= Registered
2= Not registered, searching.
3= Rejected
4= Error
5= Registered, Roaming.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

47

o
o

o
o
o

GSM RSSI
0 = -113 dBm or less
1= -111 dBm
2 to 30 = -109 to -53 dBm
31 = -51 dBm or greater
99 = not known or not detectable
GPRS attached state
0= Not attached*
1= Attached
GPRS register state
0= Not registered*
1= Registered
2= Not registered, searching.
3= Rejected
4= Error
5= Registered, Roaming.
Local IP address
GPRS bearer state
0 = Bearer is down
1 = Bearer is up
Jamming state:
-2 = Normal state
0-60 = Jamming detection in progress
-3, -1 = Jamming Detected

* This state can be reported when no TCP Destination Point is set. Consult the XADP message for more
information.

Third Group:
This group holds the information about each Destination Point set. Each destination
point is separated by a "\" character. If no destination point is set this group will be
empty. The Destination Points are listed in the chronological order they were
created. They are not listed by the index used by the XADP message.
The address of the IP destination point.
o Socket connection state
0= Not connected
1= Connecting
2= Closing
3= Connected
4= Connected, limited.
5= Closing, hold.
o Local port
o Remote IP address
o Remote port
o Socket up time
o Socket down time
o Socket down log timer

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

48

An example of the response for this message could be:


>RXANS1,intnet.cxn,,,;1,1,null,5,31,1,5,10.1.17.207,1;socket://visionairegps.com:8040,3,1024,66.228.127.212,804
0,3,,\;,,,;3,1,1,0,4;<

Which indicates that the Air Interface is up, the APN set is internet.cxn, and the PIN is
empty; The SIM is inserted, and ready, registered to GSM and roaming, the RSSI is 31,
registered to GPRS and roaming, and the local address is 10.1.17.207; The Destination
Point set is visionairegps.com:8040 , is connected, with local port 1024, to remote IP
address 66.228.127.212 and remote port 8040 for 3 seconds, and no down time is
registered so far.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

49

Error List

00 - Unrecognized command.
01 - Internal error. Please verify the syntax of the Configuration Command and try
again.
02 - The message is not delimited by > and/or <
03 - ID miss match on incoming post fix ";ID="
06 - Not a valid set message.
07 - Incorrect or missing parameter. Please verify the syntax of the Configuration
Command and try again.
09 - Queries resulting on multiple answers are not supported over the air.
11 - Incorrect ACT, XCT or SMS Alias definition. See ED message.
12 - Destination point is already set. You can consult the destination points configured
with the XADP command.
13 - Error while consulting the IMSI or SIM Card ID. Please verify that the SIM card is
correctly installed and try again.
15 - Change state operation failed. Internal Error.
17 - APN or network problem while trying to run a firmware upgrade over the air.
Please verify the communications state using the XANS command.
19 - Incorrect index.
24 - Invalid characters on string parameter.
25 - Invalid vehicle ID. See the ID message.
36 - Signal sense (+ or -) missing, see ED message.
37 - Non-existent signal or missing operator on event definition, see ED message.
40 - The signal cannot be changed by the user. See the SS message.
42 - Invalid signal index. See the Signal List section.
57 - Could not delete the photos folder because a photo is in use.
59 - Invalid Range or Value.
60 - IP-type destination supplied with no port. See the XADP message.
61 - Telephone-type destination supplied can not include port parameter. See
the XADP message.
62 - Functionality not available on this version.
69 - Exceeded command length.
76 - Invalid counter operation. See the GC message.
78 - Counter operation failed.
96 - Internal flash memory error. Cannot save on flash.
99 - GPS data temporarily unavailable.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

50

Signal List

A00 - A03: Destination Points' state. True when the IP address/port defined on the
corresponding Destination Point's index is accepting a TCP connection (i.e. the TCP
socket is open).
B00 - B04: Battery levels. True when the unit's back-up battery level is above the value
defined.
C00 - C19: Counters, Timers, Distancers. True when the corresponding counter reaches
its defined threshold value. See the GC message.
E00 - E99: Event triggers. True when the corresponding event trigger is True. See
the ED message.
F00: Ignition. True when the ignition input of the unit is on.
F01: GPS Fix. True when doing GPS fixes.
F02: GSM/GPRS Roaming. True when the unit is Roaming on GSM/GPRS.
F03: GSM-Registered. True when the unit is registered in the GSM network.
F04: GPS Antenna Feed-line fault. Indicates a short on the GPS antenna cable.
F05: GPRS Bearer. True when the GPRS bearer is up.
F08: SIM State. True when SIM is inserted. This signal has a persistence time check of
10 seconds.
F12: Motion. True when the movement is detected.
F13: Power. True when the unit's main power supply is on.
F15: Low battery. True when the internal battery charge is below 20%.
F16: Aggressive driving. True when aggressive driving is detected.
F17: Collision. when a collision is detected.
G05: Idle signal. True when Syrus determines that the vehicle is in idle state. This
happens when the vehicle's engine is turned on but the vehicle is not moving.
G06: GPS antenna connection status signal. True when the GPS antenna is connected.
IP1 - IP3: Inputs. True when the corresponding input is activated.
J00 - J04: Heading Deltas. True when the vehicle's heading change is greater than the
corresponding heading change threshold. The signal is immediately reset after
evaluation to achieve a turn-by-turn report.
S00 - S09: Speed thresholds. True when the vehicle's speed is faster than the
corresponding speed threshold. See the GS message.
TD0 - TD9: True when the associated Time and Distance counter has a Time and
Distance condition true. The signal is immediately reset after being evaluated to enable
the counter for further triggers. See the TD message.
U00 - U15: User flags. These signals may be changed by the user at any time with
the SS message.
XP1 - XP2: Outputs. True when the corresponding output is on. See the SS message.

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

51

Script example
#- Syrus 2 Script - Standard Configuration
#- v1 - last edit DEC 2013
#- Extended formats
>SXAEFA;VO<
#- Heading Definition = 45 Degrees
>SXAGH001045<
#Event 00 - Periodic Position Report
>SED00NA0;J00C02|C03|F00&+;XCT=SGC03DR00800;XCT=SGC02TR00120<
#- Idle Condition Event
#- Speed Limit Definition = 6 mph [10kph] - Signal S01
>SGS0110060<
>SED69SV0;S01!F00&+;XCT=SGC05TC0006000010<
>SED68SV0;S01F00!|+;XCT=SGC05U<
#Event 01 - Vehicle in Idle
>SED01NV0;C05+;XCT=SGC05U<
#Event 02 - Ignition ON
>SED02NV0;F00+;XCT=SGC02TR00120;XCT=SGC03DR00800;XCT=SGC07DR00500;XCT=S
GC08TC00300;XCT=SGC11U<
#Event 03 - Ignition OFF
>SED03NV0;F00;XCT=SGC02U;XCT=SGC03U;XCT=SGC07U;XCT=SGC08U;XCT=SGC01TR0006000120<
#- Speeding Condition Event
#- Speed Limit Definition = 70mph [112kph] - Signal S00
>SGS0010700<
>SED67SV0;S00+;XCT=SGC04TC00010<
>SED66SV0;S00-;XCT=SGC04U<
#Event 04 - Speeding
>SED04NA0;C04+;XCT=SGC04U<
#Slow Traffic Condition
>SED65SV0;C07+;XCT=SGC08TC00300<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

52

#Event 05 - Slow Traffic


>SED05NA0;C08+<
#Power Events
#Event 06 - Power Disconnection
>SED06NV0;F13-<
#Event 07 - Power Re-connection
>SED07NV0;F13+<
#Event 08 - Periodic report with Ignition Off
>SED08NV0;C01+<
#- Inputs Detection Events
#Event 09 - Input 1 Activated
>SED09NV0;IP1+<
#Event 10 - Input 2 Activated
>SED10NV0;IP2+<
#Event 11 - Input 2 Deactivated
>SED11NV0;IP2-<
#Event 12 - Input 3 Activated
>SED12NV0;IP3+<
#Event 13 - Input 3 Deactivated
>SED13NV0;IP3-<
#Event 14 - Output 2 Activated
>SED14NV0;XP2+<
#Event 15 - Output 2 Deactivated
>SED15NV0;XP2-<
#Event 16 - Low Battery - (Below 20%)
>SED16NV0;F15+<
#Event 17 - GPS Antenna Short Circuit Detected
>SED17NV0;F04+<
#Event 18 - GPS Antenna Short Circuit Restored
>SED18NV0;F04-<

rev1 Dec 2013

www.digitalcomtech.com

53