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Tesauro de gnero:

lenguaje con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres


INMUJERES
Compiladora: Dra. Nattie Liliana Golubov Figueroa
Primera edicin: junio de 2006
ISBN: 968-5552-73-8
Alfonso Esparza Oteo 119
Col. Guadalupe Inn
C.P. 01020, Mxico, D.F.
www.inmujeres.gob.mx

El Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres agradece la valiosa colaboracin del maestro Rodrigo Jos Parrini Roses y a quienes asistieron a los Talleres de
Validacin los das 17 y 18 de agosto de 2005, por sus invaluables observaciones: Mtra. Mercedes Barquet Montane, Programa Interdisciplinario de Estudios
de la Mujer de El Colegio de Mxico; Dra. Ana Lau Jaiven, Maestra en Estudios de la Mujer de la UAM-Xochimilco; Lic. Camelia Romero Milln, Centro de
Documentacin del Programa Interdisciplinario de Estudios de la Mujer de El Colegio de Mxico; Lic. Nancy Almaraz Navarrete, Centro de Documentacin
de UNIFEM; Mtra. Margarita Almada de Ascencio, Centro Universitario de Investigaciones Bibliotecolgicas de la UNAM; Dra. Catalina Naumis Pea,
Centro Universitario de Investigaciones Bibliotecolgicas de la UNAM; Mtro. Jos Luis Ascrraga Rossete, Instituto Mexicano de la Administracin del
Conocimiento; Lorenzo Villana Bernues, Centro de Documentacin del Instituto de la Mujer de Espaa.

Impreso en Mxico/Printed in Mexico

Introduccin

Descripcion del Tesauro

Caracteristicas del Tesauro

Marco conceptual: gnero, lenguaje y equidad

1. Gnero
2. Lenguaje
3. Gnero, lenguaje y equidad

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Biblografa y recursos electrnicos

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Marco conceptual
Tesauro

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18

Tesauro

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Presentacin jerrquica
Presentacin alfabtica
Presentacin sistemtica

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Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

INTRODUCCIN

I N T R O D U C C I N

El tesauro que aqu se presenta ha sido elaborado por el Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres con el objetivo
de proporcionar a las bibliotecas y a los centros de documentacin del pas, dedicados a la temtica de
gnero y mujeres, una herramienta completa y actualizada para la clasificacin de sus materiales. Asimismo, se pone a disposicin de las usarias y los usarios de dichos centros y bibliotecas, un instrumento de
bsqueda que ha sido realizado de manera especfica para catalogar y acceder a bibliografa sobre gnero
y mujeres. Tanto para las personas que trabajen en bibliotecas y centros de documentacin, como para
sus usuarios/as, el tesauro contiene una breve introduccin terica al campo de los estudios de gnero y
su relacin con el lenguaje. Esto, con el objetivo de clarificar el aporte de ambos conceptos a la consecucin de la meta central del Instituto, a saber, permitir la equidad de gnero entre hombres y mujeres, en
el marco de una sociedad democrtica y pluralista, en la que cada persona est llamada a desarrollar su
potencial y sus capacidades. En ese sentido, esta es una iniciativa pionera en Amrica Latina, en cuanto a
la envergadura de su uso y a la diversidad de instituciones favorecidas.
En los ltimos aos se ha producido un aumento sostenido de la produccin bibliogrfica y documental
sobre gnero, tanto en el mundo como en Mxico. Este incremento responde, por un lado, a una creciente atencin, por parte de amplios sectores acadmicos de diversas disciplinas, a los temas que el gnero
involucra. Por otro, al diseo de polticas pblicas orientadas al logro de la equidad de gnero, objetivo
que han asumido los gobiernos democrticos y los Estados modernos como un factor central para sus
orientaciones y su gestin. Es as como en el Programa Nacional para la Igualdad de Oportunidades y
No Discriminacin contra las Mujeres 2001-2006, PROEQUIDAD, elaborado por el Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres, se seala que la equidad de gnero ha sido asumida por el Estado Mexicano como
una orientacin y una voluntad que busca incorporarla de manera transversal en el diseo, gestin y
evaluacin de las polticas pblicas; pero, ante todo, responde a una voluntad poltica y tica que asume
dicha equidad como una meta del Estado en su conjunto.
Dada esta interseccin, la produccin bibliogrfica y documental sobre temas de gnero y de equidad es
variada, mltiple y compleja. Por ello, en vista de la novedad del campo al que nos referimos y a su innovacin permanente, un tesauro actualizado sobre gnero y equidad permitir generar formas estndares
que faciliten la clasificacin de los materiales, su gestin y su uso. As tambin, favorecer el intercambio
y el dilogo entre los centros de documentacin y las bibliotecas dedicadas a temas de gnero en el pas.
En este sentido, el tesauro pretende responder de manera efectiva y precisa a la complejidad del campo
que aborda.
Aunque los estudios de gnero renen diversas disciplinas, enfoques e intereses, son en s mismos un
campo temtico especfico, por lo que es necesario contar con un tesauro que normalice la clasificacin
y el acceso a los materiales que se producen en dicho mbito. Dada la amplia produccin de materiales
en idioma ingls y el creciente intercambio entre pases y culturas, se ha elaborado un tesauro bilinge
espaol/ingls en sus trminos principales.

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

DESCRIPCIN DEL TESAURO

Un tesauro es un conjunto de trminos denominados descriptores y no descriptores que sirven como instrumentos de clasificacin temtica. En su conjunto, conforma un vocabulario controlado de descriptores con significados especficos, que tiene como finalidad facilitar la organizacin de documentos por
medio de la estandarizacin del lenguaje utilizado. El uso de un descriptor de tesauro slo tiene una
significacin nica y precisa, definida por el sistema de indexacin especfico al que corresponde; de este
modo, un tesauro constituye un compendio de palabras utilizadas comnmente en un campo de estudio
determinado.

I N T R O D U C C I N

Un tesauro se distingue de un simple vocabulario porque las palabras utilizadas corresponden a un concepto, por lo cual se tornan en descriptores, en trminos que se relacionan entre s. Estos descriptores o
trminos se usan para definir el contenido temtico de los documentos de una biblioteca o de una base de
datos informtica, de suerte que puedan buscarse o encontrarse con relacin al tema al que se refieren.
Este Tesauro fue realizado segn las necesidades y requerimientos del campo que aborda y de las instituciones a las que servir. De este modo, si bien se consultaron normas para la construccin de tesuaros
(como la Norma ISO 2788) y manuales para esta labor, se adaptaron a las demandas especficas del
Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres, de su Centro de Documentacin y, por su intermedio, de otros centros y bibliotecas, que forman parte de la Red Nacional de Centros de Documentacin y Bibliotecas
Especializados en Gnero.
Para la construccin del Tesauro, se recurri a diversas fuentes de descriptores: en primer lugar, los trminos que se utilizan en el Centro de Documentacin del Instituto; en segundo, otros tesauros, fueran de
gnero o de temas especializados; as como a enciclopedias y diversos diccionarios.
El Tesauro fue sometido a una validacin por parte de dos grupos de especialistas. Uno, formado por
acadmicas expertas en temas de gnero, y otro por bibliotecnomos/as con amplio conocimiento y
experiencia, tanto en la clasificacin de materiales bibliogrficos como en la construccin de tesauros
y/o en la administracin y gestin de centros de documentacin y bibliotecas. Las observaciones de los
grupos de expertos/as en los dos talleres de validacin fueron incorporadas a la versin final del Tesauro,
segn los requerimientos sealados y las opciones metodolgicas que se tomaron en su construccin y
que a continuacin se detallan.

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

CARACTERSTICAS DEL TESAURO

El Tesauro tiene las siguientes caractersticas:


a) Contiene 3,104 trminos. De ellos, 2,573 son descriptores y 531 son no-descriptores.
b) Los no-descriptores son todos aquellos trminos que pueden figurar en el mbito bibliogrfico al
que se aboca el Tesauro, pero que no deben ser utilizados en los procesos especficos de un centro de
documentacin o una biblioteca. Los trminos que se anotaron como no-descriptores son aquellos
menos precisos en su definicin y en su uso, pero ante todo, aquellos que tienen un contenido discriminatorio y/o excluyente y que no cooperan con la consecucin de la equidad de gnero.
c) Cada descriptor en espaol tva acompaado del respectivo en ingls.

I N T R O D U C C I N

d) Se eligieron aquellos descriptores que fueran ms pertinente para el tema central del Tesauro, que es
el gnero. Adems se indican una serie de recursos bibliogrficos y electrnicos en los que pueden
buscarse trminos ms especficos, si fuera necesario.
e) Dado que el Tesauro tiene como eje central el gnero, a la vez que pretende ser una herramienta
para la consecucin de la equidad, se ha optado por diferenciar gramaticalmente los descriptores
femeninos y masculinos. No hemos utilizado el universal, que en espaol habitualmente es masculino. De modo que, para mbitos como las profesiones y las edades, entre otros, se consignan
descriptores en femenino y masculino y se deben utilizar de modo diferenciado, segn el material
que deba clasificarse.
f) Para los estudios de gnero, el feminismo y los estudios de las mujeres, el uso del singular y el plural
es un tema de debate. En este tesauro se elegieron, cuando correspondiera, los trminos en plural. Por
ejemplo, en vez de mujer joven se anota mujeres jvenes.
g) Los trminos aparecen ordenados en tres: jerrquica, alfabtica, y sistemtica.
h) La presentacion jerrquica consta de 18 temas diferentes. Cada uno est ordenado alfabticamente,
dividido en subtemas, que a su vez contienen una serie de descriptores. La jerarqua de cada trmino
est marcada por espacios con respecto al margen, de modo que los trminos ms inclusivos estn
pegados a la izquierda del documento y, progresivamente, mientras ms especficos sean, se mueven
hacia la derecha. Los temas son:






Ciencias y tecnologas
Cultura y comunicacin
Demografa y poblacin
Desarrollo social y polticas pblicas
Economa
Educacin
Estado, gobierno y poltica

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

Estudios de gnero y feminismo


Familia y hogares
Historia, filosofa, tica y religin
Legislacin y derecho
Movimientos, organizaciones y actores sociales
Psicologa e identidad
Salud
Sexualidad
Teora, metodologa y anlisis social
Trabajo
Violencia

i) La presentacin sistemtica incluye las siguientes relaciones y especificaciones para cada descriptor:

I N T R O D U C C I N

Nota de alcance (NA), que permite especificar o clarificar el uso de ciertos trminos o restringirlo.
Relaciones jerrquicas entre trmino genrico (TG) y trmino especfico (TE): entre los descriptores se
establecen relaciones de jerarqua conceptual que permite remitirlos unos a otros en cierto orden
de precedencia. Son relaciones recprocas.
Relaciones de trmino relacionado (TR): algunos descriptores se siguen de un listado de trminos
relacionados que se estiman conceptualmente cercanos. Son formas de contactar cadenas jerrquicas y de ampliarlas.
Usado por (UP): Acompaa a los trminos que no se utilizan y significa que en su lugar debe emplearse el descriptor que se indica.

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

MARCO CONCEPTUAL: GNERO, LENGUAJE Y EQUIDAD

Lenguaje y gnero son dos conceptos centrales en los debates contemporneos. El lenguaje ha sido
postulado como la capacidad humana diferencial para generar un mundo particular, distinto de los designios de la naturaleza. Ha sido un mbito de discusin y de reflexin intensa durante casi cien aos y
mantiene hasta hoy un lugar central en el estudio de los fenmenos humanos. Por su parte, el concepto
de gnero, aunque es de uso ms reciente, ha implicado un reordenamiento de las coordenadas con las
que se pensaba un cmulo importante de realidades sociales y subjetivas. Ambos, gnero y lenguaje, se
han interceptado, y una parte significativa de la reflexin de los ltimos aos en los estudios de gnero se
ha abocado a los nexos y a las relaciones entre ambos.

I N T R O D U C C I N

El lenguaje, en su funcionamiento social e ideolgico, juega un papel importante en el proceso de naturalizacin de las relaciones sociales, en general, y las de gnero, en particular. Contribuye a su esencializacin y borra su conformacin histrica. Se debe atender a que las esencias hacen referencia a cierta
naturaleza, que se supone previa a cualquier contexto sociohistrico, desdibujando su carcter construido
y determinndolas como inamovibles y no transformables. Este proceso se sustenta, en gran parte, en
una operacin del lenguaje que intenta significar de modo directo un referente, sin mencionar el proceso
mismo de construccin sociolingstica de la realidad y de las relaciones sociales, entre ellas las de gnero.
En este contexto, el gnero como categora permite, y busca, desnaturalizar las relaciones entre hombres
y mujeres, as como sus identidades y subjetividades; develando el funcionamiento de la naturalizacin
que opera mediante el lenguaje y se sedimenta en la ideologa.
En esta introduccin conceptual hemos trabajado, primero, el concepto de gnero. Articulado con l,
se encuentra la nocin de lenguaje, en una relacin intencionada: el lenguaje puede ser una herramienta
para conseguir y fomentar la equidad de gnero. Sin embargo, hay que leer esta discusin desde los
propsitos mencionados, pues no pretende dar cuenta de todos los debates y matices que suponen cada
uno de los conceptos anotados, sino problematizar la relacin existente entre ellos, enfatizando el logro
de la equidad de gnero, que no es slo un desafo terico o analtico, sino, ante todo, uno de carcter
poltico, tico y cultural.
En este sentido, si bien un tesauro es una herramienta para clasificar material bibliogrfico mediante formas normalizadas, es tambin un instrumento que podra reproducir la naturalizacin que mencionamos
antes, as como transformarla. Para evitar la reproduccin de los usos naturalizados del lenguaje, que corresponden con formas esencializadas de construir el gnero, presentamos esta introduccin conceptual
y analtica, que da sustento conceptual al Tesauro como herramienta de clasificacin til para centros de
documentacin, bibliotecas y acervos documentales, entre otros.
1. Gnero
El concepto de gnero es utilizado por las ciencias sociales y humanas desde fines de la dcada de los
sesenta, dada la coincidencia de dos circunstancias favorables para su instauracin terica: el avance de
la segunda ola de pensamiento feminista, que adquiere especial fuerza en esa dcada, y su penetracin en
mbitos acadmicos, especialmente en los Estados Unidos y Europa. En esos aos, el concepto es propuesto por la psicologa como una nocin que permite diferenciar el sexo anatmico de las repercusiones


Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

psquicas y sociales que conlleva la diferencia sexual en los sujetos; de este modo, en 1968 Robert Stoller,
como resultado de sus investigaciones con nios y nias que fueron educados de acuerdo con un sexo
que anatmicamente no era el suyo, establece la diferencia conceptual entre sexo y gnero, sealando al
primero como un hecho biolgico y al segundo como la construccin cultural, social y subjetiva que se
realiza a partir de este hecho la diferencia anatmica de los sexos.
Pero, tal vez, el anlisis que instala la categora de gnero en las ciencias sociales y en los debates acadmicos y polticos es el que realiza Gayle Rubin en su Trfico de Mujeres, artculo publicado en 1976
en los Estados Unidos. En l, Rubin utiliza el gnero como un vector de la lectura que efecta de las
teoras que gozaban de cierta hegemona en los debates antropolgicos en ese momento: el psicoanlisis,
el estructuralismo y el marxismo. En su escrito, Rubin ocupa la categora de gnero como una herramienta que permite reinterpretar tradiciones intelectuales y ubicar el punto en el que stas deniegan la
construccin histrica de las diferencias que se reconocen entre hombres y mujeres (Rubin, 1996). El
gnero, desde estos inicios reflexivos, es un concepto que opera de dos maneras diferenciadas: en la primera, devela una epistemologa que da por sentada la diferencia sexual y que, si bien problematiza una serie
de relaciones sociales, deja intactas las relaciones de gnero. Mediante la segunda operacin, especifica en
cada fenmeno social su marca genrica y sexual.

I N T R O D U C C I N

De este modo, el gnero surge como una categora que permite formular una serie de problemticas, cuyo
elemento central es la diferencia sexual y la divisin sexual de las sociedades humanas. A su vez, posibilita
una revisin y reconsideracin de diversos tpicos de las ciencias humanas, lo que da origen a mltiples
niveles de anlisis. De este modo, algunos autores ponen el acento en la subjetividad y postulan una
dimensin genrica constitutiva de ella (Dio Bleichmar, 1996); otros destacan el proceso histrico-antropolgico que se urde con la diferencia sexual (Lealock, 1991; Godelier, 1981) y otros ms lo sealan
como un elemento estructurador de las relaciones sociales (Ortner y Whitehead, 1996).
Estas diferenciaciones analticas no seran externas a la categora misma, sino que la constituiran, de
manera que podran distinguirse cuatro elementos interrelacionados: a) los smbolos y los mitos culturalmente disponibles que evocan representaciones mltiples; b) los conceptos normativos que manifiestan
las interpretaciones de los significados de los smbolos y en doctrinas religiosas, educativas, cientficas,
legales y polticas que afirman, de modo categrico, un significado para lo masculino y lo femenino; c)
las instituciones y organizaciones sociales de las relaciones de gnero: el sistema de parentesco, la familia,
el mercado de trabajo segregado por sexo, las instituciones educativas, la poltica; y d) la identidad, individual y/o colectiva, entendindola como una construccin histricamente situada (Scott, 1996: 310).
En sentido coincidente, De Barbieri (1992) sostiene que utilizar una perspectiva de gnero implicara,
terica y empricamente, analizar los sistemas de parentesco; la divisin social del trabajo segn los gneros; el sistema de gnero como un sistema de poder y la subjetividad.
Con la paulatina difusin del concepto de gnero y con su integracin en diversas disciplinas se
crean los estudios de gnero, herederos de una tradicin feminista que busca develar y transformar un orden social y simblico sostenido en la diferencia sexual, en el binarismo y en una consecuente divisin del mundo, de los roles, del poder, del placer y del mismo futuro. Denostando
este ordenamiento, que parecera natural y necesario, se sostiene el carcter construido tanto de
las relaciones entre hombres y mujeres, como de las subjetividades y los atributos. El gnero es
un aviso sobre los modos histricamente determinados y situados que organizan las relaciones
sociales construidas en torno a lo que el sentido comn llama sexo. ste es un primero objetivo:
desmitificar y desmentir la determinacin del sexo como un resultado de una naturaleza inmutable, no histrica y obligatoria.
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Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

Si tomamos como punto de partida el artculo de Rubin ya citado, se acumulan treinta aos de debate
terico y poltico en el campo de los estudios de gnero. En los ltimos quince aos suceden una serie de
acontecimientos, por as llamarlos, en este mbito y en el debate poltico, que los acompaan o de los que
participan. Primero, la Conferencia Internacional sobre Poblacin y Desarrollo de El Cairo (1994) y la
Conferencia Mundial sobre la Mujer de Beijing (1995), suscitan discusiones nacionales e internacionales
que ponen en liza el trmino de gnero; luego, se intensifica el movimiento por los derechos sexuales y
reproductivos, para integrarlos a dichas plataformas. Emerge con fuerza, y con mayor visibilidad poltica y
acadmica, el movimiento lsbico y gay, as como las teoras y prcticas queer; del mismo modo, se diversifica el feminismo segn adscripciones e identidades de clase y etnia. Se comienzan a realizar los primeros
estudios sobre masculinidad, que se desarrollarn de modo significativo entre los aos 1995 y 2000 y que
permitirn, al menos en Amrica Latina, explorar un mbito desconocido para los estudios de gnero.

I N T R O D U C C I N

Pero, asimismo, cuando los estudios de gnero se consolidan como campo acadmico y logran cierta hegemona terica y analtica, sustentada en la ya citada frase: el gnero es la construccin social de la diferencia sexual,
se inicia un cuestionamiento serio a la nocin misma de gnero, como recurso terico que sedimenta un
nuevo sentido comn y que ha perdido, en algn sentido, su capacidad crtica. El sexo, como lo dado de
la diferencia, tambin fue trado a las aguas de la construccin social. Esto desbarat, en algn sentido,
la oposicin sexo/gnero. Judith Butler (2001 y 2002a) dio un paso definitivo cuando sostuvo que el
sexo tambin era gnero.1
Ahora bien, el gnero como categora permite seis operaciones analticas relevantes, vinculadas a las ya
citadas, propuestas por Scott y por De Barbieri:
a. Considerar cualquier relacin social en la perspectiva de su configuracin genrica.
b. Revisar las representaciones y la ideologa como formas de produccin y reproduccin de un ordenamiento de gnero.
c. Estimar las relaciones de poder organizadas segn una matriz genrica.
d. Considerar la subjetividad y la identidad como dimensiones que son conformadas segn los designios
del gnero.
e. Desnaturalizar la sexualidad y vincularla con la produccin social y cultural del gnero.
f. Estudiar ciertos procesos polticos e institucionales que permiten integrar la perspectiva de gnero a
la accin del Estado
1.1 La institucionalizacin y la transversalizacin de la perspectiva de gnero
De esta seis operaciones, nos detendremos en una muy relevante para este documento en su totalidad: la
integracin de la perspectiva de gnero en el aparato y la accin del Estado, procesos que se conococen
como institucionalizacin y tranversalizacin. Parte de las demandas del movimiento de mujeres y del
feminismo comienzan a ser consideradas por instancias estatales y a transformarse en polticas pblicas.
Especialmente durante los aos noventa, se inicia la institucionalizacin de la perspectiva de gnero en
Amrica Latina y la creacin de una institucionalidad y una burocracia que responda a los temas de
gnero. Siguen siendo las mujeres las receptoras de esas polticas, pero ha sucedido un desplazamiento
paulatino hacia la categora de gnero, que tendr indudablemente, un impacto profundo sobre los estudios de gnero en su conjunto (Guzmn, 1998).

La evidencia del sexo, su naturalidad, en contraste con la artificialidad del gnero, es un tema en debate. Al respecto, es interesante considerar los planteamientos de Thomas Laqueur (1995) acerca de una construccin cultural del sexo; aquello que parece dado naturalmente
en la empiria del cuerpo, el autor lo problematiza histricamente, mostrando el carcter diverso en el tiempo de lo que se entenda, en
Occidente, por sexo, cuerpo y diferencia (cfr. La construccin del sexo. Cuerpo y gnero desde los griegos hasta Freud).

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Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

La institucionalizacin de la perspectiva de gnero supone la introduccin del tema de la equidad entre


hombres y mujeres en los procedimientos de anlisis y de diagnstico de los problemas sociales, pero
tambin en los diversos sistemas de evaluacin y programacin. Dicha institucionalizacin debera conducir a su transversalizacin en todos los quehaceres del Estado: un proceso de transversalizacin de la
perspectiva de gnero implica considerar la equidad de gnero en todos los organismos e instituciones
que componen el sistema estatal, as como en sus tareas ms cotidianas y complejas (Byrne, Koch, Baden
y Marcus, 1996).
Lo anterior, envuelve el reconocimiento de la lgica patriarcal que domina las funciones del Estado y la
identificacin de distintos actores o coaliciones defensoras en palabras de Inchastegui (1999) que
pugnan por la institucionalizacin del gnero en el Estado. Entre dichos actores, se destacan los distintos
movimientos sociales de mujeres y feministas, los organismos internacionales que ejercen presin a partir
de sus agendas de gnero, los grupos polticos y las comunidades epistmicas encargadas de generar los
conocimientos y las herramientas conceptuales, as como la legitimidad pertinente.

I N T R O D U C C I N

Seala Molyneux (2003) que el feminismo devel el contrato sexual subyacente al contrato social, que
fundamenta mticamente a las sociedades liberales (por tanto, a los proyectos polticos hegemnicos
que hoy se globalizan). Una vez sealado este contrato oculto, el Estado mismo emerge signado por un
sesgo de gnero, por una marca sexual. La ciudadana, como forma de relacin entre el Estado y sus integrantes, estaba cruzada por ideologas de gnero. Surgen, entonces, dos mbitos de lucha poltica para
el movimiento de mujeres y para el feminismo: lograr la ciudadana y, una vez conseguida, profundizarla
y transformar el Estado en pos de la consecucin de relaciones de gnero igualitarias y/o en pos de la
equidad de gnero (que abarca en sus postulados mbitos ms amplios que el Estado, incorporando al
sistema poltico, econmico, a las producciones culturales y las relaciones cotidianas, entre otras).
Molyneux, en el esbozo de una definicin o una caracterizacin del Estado, seala que puede ser descrito
como () un conjunto de instituciones coercitivas y administrativas que tienen por objeto el ejercicio
de diversas formas de poder () Los Estados modernos se componen, agrega, de un aparato coercitivo
para garantizar el orden pblico y la seguridad internacional; un aparato administrativo de servicio pblico
() un aparato poltico de gobierno nacional y local; y un complejo jurdico de leyes y tribunales (Ibid.:
67-68). Seala, asimismo, que las reconceptualizaciones realizadas en torno al Estado permiten concebirlo
hoy como un espacio de lucha, con un poder limitado de transformacin y con relaciones de sinergia con
la ciudadana y no de simple jerarqua. Estos puntos desmitifican una nocin monoltica y todopoderosa
de aqul, en palabras de la autora. Asimismo, contextualiza las posibilidades y las estrategias de institucionalizacin de la perspectiva de gnero y su transversalizacin, dado que, no obstante se cuente con la
voluntad estatal para conseguir estos objetivos, sus capacidades pueden encontrarse menoscabadas, por
ejemplo, por la internacionalizacin de la economa, la presencia de poderes trasnacionales en su territorio
(desde empresas, seales satelitales, hasta mafias), adems de problemas estructurales a escala organizativa.
En un sentido semejante, Stallings seala que una serie de cambios internacionales han reordenado dramticamente el escenario en donde se desenvuelven los pases menos desarrollados (y todos los pases, en
ltimo trmino); consigna algunos relevantes, a saber: el fin de la guerra fra, las nuevas relaciones entre los
poderes capitalistas avanzados, la creciente globalizacin del comercio y la produccin, los cambios en los
patrones de las finanzas internacionales y nuevas corrientes ideolgicas (Stallings, 1995:2).
No obstante, los Estados y el Estado como institucin son sostenedores y reproductores de relaciones
de gnero. El gnero, dice Molyneux, es una categora fundamental de organizacin social y un vehculo
esencial para estructurar las relaciones sociales y la desigualdad (Ibid.: 70). Las polticas de los estados
en Amrica Latina se han fundamentado en un ordenamiento jerrquico de las relaciones de gnero, que
12

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

produce y reproduce la desigualdad. Pero, considerando lo mencionado anteriormente sobre el carcter fragmentado y mltiple del Estado, ste puede contribuir a mantener las relaciones jerrquicas
y desiguales sealadas o a socavarlas. La accin del Estado en torno a las relaciones de gnero no est
signada por un fin permanente, sino que ser contextual e histrica, de alguna manera abierta a la
accin de la sociedad civil y de los movimientos sociales.
Esta apertura del Estado es lo que permite, entonces, proponer una perspectiva que integre al gnero
en sus programas, planes y acciones y que, ms radicalmente, permee su institucionalidad completa.
Es as como, segn seala Inchustegui, la integracin de la perspectiva de gnero en las polticas pblicas permitira () introducir la cuestin de la equidad entre los sexos no slo en los mtodos de
anlisis y de diagnstico de la realidad social () sino tambin en los procedimientos de evaluacin,
reprogramacin y desempeo global de las mismas (Inchustegui, 1999: 2).

I N T R O D U C C I N

La institucionalizacin es definida por Rees como la integracin sistemtica de la equidad de gnero en todos los sistemas y estructuras, polticas, programas, procesos y proyectos, en las formas de
ver y hacer, en las culturas y sus organizaciones (2002: 2). Es una aproximacin estratgica a largo
plazo para conseguir la equidad de gnero. Su consideracin implica incluir las dimensiones relativas
al gnero tanto en los proyectos como en las polticas, de forma sistemtica, desde su concepcin a
su diseo, en su implementacin y en su evaluacin. Rees seala que no es una forma aadida para
operar en una institucin, cualquiera que ella sea, sino que es un modo nuevo de gestionarlas. Inchustegui indica, por su parte, que este proceso requiere la visibilidad de una serie de variables sociales y econmicas vinculadas a las mujeres. Asimismo, Rees consigna algunos requisitos o elementos
bsicos para posibilitar la institucionalizacin: estadsticas desagregadas segn gnero; indicadores
de equidad; medicin del impacto de gnero (en polticas y legislaciones); monitoreo, evaluacin y
auditora; equilibrio de gnero en la toma de decisiones, presupuestos con perspectiva de gnero o
generizados y, por ltimo, visualizacin (reconocimiento del sesgo genrico de las prcticas y arreglos institucionales).
As tambin, este proceso corresponde a la asuncin de un nuevo paradigma en poltica pblica
() con el correspondiente desarrollo del instrumental terico-conceptual, metodolgico y operativo; stos seran los indicadores, las bases de datos, el desarrollo de instrumentos de poltica y los
mecanismos de gestin (incluyendo los de gestin financiera) (Inchustegui, 1999: 4). Se involucran, tambin, leyes, normas y procedimientos, que en su conjunto implican una reforma de considerables proporciones en la institucionalidad del Estado, su gestin y operacin. Atiende, por tanto,
a la produccin de determinadas relaciones de gnero, como a su reproduccin, en estas instancias.
Dota de estructuras de significados y de una ptica para plantear problemas y formular estrategias,
as como provee de valores y de orientaciones ticas y culturales tendientes al cambio.
2. Lenguaje
Sealamos en la introduccin que este marco conceptual tiene dos temas principales. Ahora atendemos al segundo tema: el lenguaje. Este es un mbito amplsimo que sera imposible abarcar en estas
secciones, por lo cual nos hemos limitado a elaborar y desarrollar algunas nociones que nos parecen
relevantes para conformar la idea que orienta este documento, a saber, que el lenguaje puede constituir una herramienta para la consecucin de la equidad de gnero. Si bien enunciamos este principio,
no es nuestra intencin resolver la relacin posible entre lenguaje, gnero y equidad; no conocemos
ninguna teora y/o autor/a que lo consiga y, por lo tanto, se trata de encontrar caminos analticos
para explorar y comprender dicho vnculo y sus implicancias.
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Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

I N T R O D U C C I N

Por otra parte, tal vez de modo ms intenso que en el caso de la categora de gnero, el lenguaje no
tiene definiciones universales y acotadas. La variedad de perspectivas que compromete suponen un
campo complejo y hasta divergente. La perspectiva que asumimos postula que el lenguaje es una
dimensin constitutiva de lo humano y que no se limita a la comunicacin de ideas o intenciones,
sino que permite el fenmeno humano en su totalidad. El ser humano es un ser de lenguaje, sostiene
la tradicin hermneutica, que tiene sus mximos representantes durante el siglo XX en Heidegger y
Gadamer. No nos aproximamos al lenguaje para saber, ante todo, qu se dice ni qu se quiere decir,
sino que para comprender cmo se conforma un mundo, cmo se organizan las relaciones sociales
y simblicas y cmo se estructura la subjetividad. ste ser un vnculo crucial para comprender la
importancia del lenguaje en la configuracin de las relaciones de gnero, pues as como el mundo
social es organizado por un lenguaje, la subjetividad tambin lo es. Las investigaciones ms avanzadas en este campo, como el psicoanlisis lacaniano, se sostienen en esta dimensin estructurante del
lenguaje para la subjetividad humana.

Si bien sealamos la importancia de este giro lingstico en la investigacin de las ciencias humanas, debemos anotar que no se puso atencin a la marca sexual que el lenguaje instauraba, reproduca y supona, sino hasta la emergencia de una academia feminista activa e influyente (Colaizzi,
1990). A partir de las investigaciones feministas, y luego, con el desarrollo de los estudios de
gnero en sus diversas variantes y especificidades, el lenguaje ha comenzado a ocupar un papel cada
vez ms relevante para comprender tanto las relaciones de gnero, las relaciones de poder, como las
subjetividades generizadas. Textos que ya son clsicos, como el de Rubin (1996) sobre el Trfico
de Mujeres, el de Scott (1996) sobre gnero e historia y el de Ortner y Whitehead (1996), que
se podran sealar como fundantes de los estudios de gnero, sealan la importancia del lenguaje
para estudiar el gnero, pero no profundizan en ella. De todos modos, las aproximaciones se haban desarrollado a travs de la nocin de representacin, como una forma culturalmente signada
de ordenar relaciones, posiciones y valores, mediante ciertos dispositivos simblicos (De Lauretis,
1991a y 1991b) y mediante el concepto de ideologa, como una forma de anudamiento simblico
que naturalizaba relaciones sociales y que ordenaba un universo de significaciones. Se podra decir
que las representaciones son formas especficas de expresin y actuacin de una ideologa, que
aglutina al conjunto de representaciones en un campo determinado, por ejemplo, la religin o la
poltica.
Pero, tal vez, la nocin que permiti avanzar ms rpida y profundamente en este mbito fue la
de discurso. ste fue un concepto que surgi de la lingstica, pero que prontamente fue tomado
por otras disciplinas y permiti un estudio del lenguaje como una forma especfica y concreta de
estructuracin y conformacin de las relaciones sociales y simblicas. El discurso superaba un
dicotoma que separaba prcticas de significados y permita estudiar las prcticas sociales y los
significados como dimensiones y modos mediante los cuales se desplegaban los discursos; por
ejemplo, aquellos relativos al gnero. Nos interesa destacar aqu que el gnero podra entenderse,
de este modo, como un dispositivo discursivo que dispone de prcticas y significados y que funciona de modo especfico. Quizs la consumacin de esta lnea de investigacin, por as decirlo,
se encuentra en la teora sobre la performatividad de gnero que desarrolla Judith Butler (2001a,
2001b, 2002).
Existen investigaciones que exploran especficamente la relacin gnero y lenguaje, muchas en un
mbito emprico antes que terico (Colaizzi, 1990; Crawford, 1997; Talbot, 1998; Tannen, 1996).
Tal vez el enunciado comn a todas ellas, diversas en sus orientaciones tericas y disciplinarias, es
que el lenguaje es un campo estructurador de las relaciones de gnero, de los significados y las prc14

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

ticas vinculados a l y de las subjetividades. Por ejemplo, cuando a un/a recin nacido/a se le asigna un
nombre, se realiza una operacin simblica de gran alcance que engarza al nuevo individuo en la trama de
elaboraciones simblicas de las que dispone una sociedad determinada, en un tiempo histrico especfico.
Podramos decir que los sujetos humanos no nacen sino en el lenguaje mismo y que ste dispone una
diferencia sexual binaria en su funcionamiento. Luego, el lenguaje funcionar de modo especfico para
la nia y el nio, no slo en el trato que recibirn, las formas en las que se relacionarn con los adultos,
con otros infantes y consigo mismos, sino que tambin en un conjunto de prcticas que los rodearn
desde el primer momento, construyendo una identidad y una adscripcin de gnero, en muchos sentidos
definitiva.
3. Gnero, lenguaje y equidad

I N T R O D U C C I N

Pero as como el lenguaje entrega procedimientos convencionales y normativos, tambin es un campo


de disputa poltica y social. Un posible error que podramos cometer es comprenderlo como algo inamovible y no transformable. Si bien es una dimensin profunda, que no se modifica en su estructura
fcilmente y, adems, cualquier operacin que busque su transformacin implica recurrir al lenguaje
mismo, por lo que de algn modo est enmarcada y limitada por l es un mbito en el que se despliegan
pugnas simblicas y culturales significativas que pasan por cambios en los usos del lenguaje mismo, para
que, por ejemplo, d paso a discursos igualitarios y tolerantes en vez de otros discriminatorios e intolerantes. No es lo mismo se pueda insultar pblicamente a las mujeres a que no se lo pueda hacer. No es
lo mismo, tampoco, llamar de modo despectivo a ciertos grupos que utilizar palabras que tienen menos
connotacin discriminante y/o que son los trminos que esos mismos grupos prefieren o crean (sera el
caso paradigmtico de la palabra gay).
De este modo, el lenguaje es una herramienta para la construccin de sociedades y de culturas democrticas e igualitarias. As entendido, participa de las luchas por conseguir la equidad de gnero. Si
tomamos como ejemplo el PROEQUIDAD del Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres (2002), veremos que
el texto mismo supone un desplazamiento en el lenguaje y que, como marco orientador de las polticas
estatales, implica un desafo simblico que busca transformar las relaciones de gnero en pos de la
igualdad y la plena participacin de las mujeres en todos los mbitos de la vida social y cultural del
pas. Seala, dicho texto, que [E]l reto es hacer visibles y medibles las condiciones especficas en que
mujeres y hombres enfrentan su cotidianeidad para modificarlas (Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres,
2002: 33).
Hacer visibles las condiciones de la cotidianeidad de mujeres y hombres implica detectar y sealar las
formas en que dichas condiciones se producen y reproducen simblicamente, sostenidas en un lenguaje, para transformar aquellos puntos en los que se asientan la desigualdad, la violencia, la discriminacin o la desvaloracin. Si atendemos a los resultados de la Primera Encuesta Nacional sobre Discriminacin en
Mxico, presentados en mayo del 2005, vemos que uno de cada cuatro encuestados est de acuerdo con
que muchas mujeres son violadas porque provocan a los hombres (SEDESOL, 2005: 37); por otro
lado, 40 por ciento considera que las mujeres que quieran trabajar deben hacerlo en tareas propias de
su sexo. Ambos ejemplos, entre los muchos que podran citarse, nos llevan hasta la cotidianeidad de
las personas, hasta las opiniones y creencias que organizan o que orientan su vida diaria y sus relaciones ms cercanas. Ah, en ese mismo punto, donde cada cual esperara los recursos para un desarrollo
pleno, encontramos opiniones que revelan no slo un potencial discriminatorio significativo, sino que,
peor an, una justificacin sin tapujos de la violencia (sexual en este caso). De hecho, la misma encuesta seala que las mujeres se sienten discriminadas, principalmente, en su trabajo y en sus familias,
dos mbitos cotidianos y cercanos.
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Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

Debemos interrogar las razones y los elementos que permiten este cuadro discriminatorio (que tiene,
debemos decirlo, una expresin dramtica en la violencia que experimentan las mujeres en el pas). Y si retomamos lo que hemos dicho anteriormente, podemos ver que se vincula con dimensiones ideolgicas y
discursivas que estructuran las relaciones entre los gneros y que las dotan de significados determinados.
Cuando algunos opinan que la mujer provoca al hombre para que ste la viole, lo que se despliega es una
ideologa sobre la sexualidad, las relaciones entre hombres y mujeres, el uso de los espacios pblicos, las
relaciones de poder entre ambos, por mencionar algunas dimensiones, que dispone a las mujeres en un rol
subordinado, a la vez que como objeto de la sexualidad masculina, pero en tanto culpable de la incitacin
que provoca sobre ella. Es una ideologa que sita a la mujer como objeto de uso y como sujeto culpable,
a la misma vez, configurando un doble vnculo.

I N T R O D U C C I N

Imaginemos que el alumno de alguna escuela seala en clases que las mujeres merecen ser violadas porque
provocan a los hombres (lo decimos de manera elegante, aunque suponemos que se dira de forma soez):
cul es el deber del/a maestro/a? Su deber tico y cultural es rechazar estas afirmaciones, mostrar su
inconveniencia y plantear formas democrticas e igualitarias ante la misma afirmacin. Todo, tanto lo que
el alumno podra decir como lo que el o la maestro/a podra responder, sucede en el plano del discurso y
supone una pugna simblica en torno a las relaciones entre hombres y mujeres. Por esta razn, el mismo
PROEQUIDAD indica que se deben considerar los mecanismos, causas y circunstancias culturales que
permiten, a la vez que reproducen, la desigualdad de gnero; y del mismo modo seala que el eje se debe
desplazar desde la atencin exclusiva de las mujeres como grupo a las relaciones entre hombres y mujeres,
como () un eje generador de la desigualdad social que atraviesa el conjunto de las relaciones sociales y
jerarquiza, en detrenimiento de ellas, oportunidades, habilidades, capacidades, roles y funciones, mritos
y recompensas para unas y otras (Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres, 2002: 29). Tenemos, entonces, dos
polos: el alumno (y los encuestados) que considera que una mujer violada ha provocado sexualmente a
los hombres, y que all reside la causa del acto, afirmacin que se nutre de lo que Butler llama prcticas
autoritarias del lenguaje, en su versin ms patriarcal y violenta, y un enunciado de un organismo pblico que atiende a las condiciones socioculturales que permiten la desigualdad. Ambos estn formulados
en alguna forma de lenguaje, en contextos muy diversos, pero atienden al eje generador de desigualdad
social; uno reafirmndolo y reproducindolo, el otro develndolo y cuestionndolo. Como ejemplos,
permiten verificar la potencialidad ambigua y ambivalente del lenguaje, en tanto refrendan la violencia y
promueven la equidad con una misma gramtica y una misma sintaxis.
El desafi ser, por tanto, generar las condiciones que permitan la emergencia de un lenguaje que consienta la equidad entre hombres y mujeres, que enuncie antes la inclusin que la discriminacin, el pleno
desarrollo de las personas y no su encasillamiento, as como su libertad y su dignidad. Ha sidos y es un
desafi histrico, y al menos la democracia y la modernidad estn marcadas por la asuncin plena de este
mandato tico y poltico.

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Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

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Code, Lorraine, editor (2000), Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories, Routledge, Londres/Nueva York.
Comisin Europea (1998), Cien palabras para la igualdad. Glosario de trminos relativos a la igualdad de mujeres y hombres. Comisin Europea, Direccin General de Empleos, Relaciones Laborales y Asuntos Sociales, Alemania.
Commission of the European Union, 1999, Tesauro multilinge europeo sobre el sida y la infeccin por VIH Versin 2.0 en
lengua castellana [en Lnea], Commission of the European Union [citado 16 de Julio de 2005]. En
http://edoa.bdsp.tm.fr/
Dorso, Laura; Giancarlo Pocetta and Kerstin Karlstrm, 2001, European multilingual thesaurus on health promotion in 12
languages [en Lnea]: European Commission [citado 19 de Julio de 2005]. En www.hpmulti.net/pdf
/Spanishpor ciento20relationspor ciento20pdf.PDF
Dueck, Judith; Manuel Guzman and Bert Verstappen, 2001, Micro-thesauri: A Tool for Documenting Human Rights Violations [en Lnea], HURIDOCS [citado 23 de Julio de 2005]. En www.huridocs.org/mt.htm
Gabriele Beissel-Durrant (2004), A Typology of Research Methods Within the Social Sciences ESRC [en Lnea],
National Centre for Research Methods (NCRM) and Southampton Statistical Sciences Research
Institute (S3RI) [citado 28 de Julio de 2005]. En www.ncrm.ac.uk/publications/documents/NCRMResearch MethodsTypology.pdf
Hansen, Stephen A. [fecha desconocida], Tesauro de los Derechos Econmicos, Sociales y Culturales Terminologa y Violaciones Potenciales [en Lnea], American Association for the Advancement of Science, HURIDOCS and AAA Science
and Human Rights Program [citado 11 de junio de 2005].En http://ip.aaas.org/sthesaurus.nsf
Heritage Lottery Fund, University of London Computer Centre and the National Archives, (2004), UK Archival
Thesaurus (UKAT) [en Lnea], Heritage Lottery Fund, University of London Computer Centre and
the National Archives [citado 24 de Junio de 2005]. En www.ukat.org.uk/
Hirata, Helena; Laborie, Franoise; La Doar, Hlne y Senotier, Danile (2002), Diccionario Crtico del Feminismo
(traduccin de Teresa Agustn), Sntesis, Madrid.

19

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

International Information Centre and Archives for the Womens Movement (1993), Womens Thesaurus [en Lnea], International Information Centre and Archives for the Womens Movement [citado 11 junio de 2005].
En www.iiav.nl/eng/databases/thesaurus/index.html
ISIS International, Categoras temticas y descriptores [en Lnea], ISIS International [citado 25 de junio de
2005]. En www.isis.cl/centrodoc/ categ.htm
Kantebeen, G. W. (1996), Information services on social research and methodology. The SRM- Documentation
Centre, en International Journal of Special Libraries, No. 30, vol. 4; pp. 357-366 [en Lnea], IFLA Division
of Special Libraries [citado 17 de julio de 2005]. En http://forge.fh-potsdam.de/~IFLA/INSPEL/contall.htm
NIAAA (2000), AOD Thesaurus. The Alcohol and Other Drug Thesaurus A Guide to Concepts and Terminology in Substance Abuse
and Addiction Third Edition [en Lnea], The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [citado
16 de Julio de 2005]. En http://etoh.niaaa.nih.gov/AODVol1 /aodwsrch.htm
OECD (1991), OECD Macrothesaurus Chapter Headings [en Lnea] Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development [citado 28 de junio de 2005]. En http://info.uibk.ac.at/info/oecd-macroth/es/

I N T R O D U C C I N

ProQuest, [fecha desconocida], Softline Subjects ProQuest Vocabulary Terms [en Lnea], ProQuest [citado 21
de Junio de 2005]. En http://training.proquest.com/trc/splash/enw/en/thes.htm
R. Hankinson (1993), Tesauro de Popin. Tesauro multilinge sobre poblacin, tercera edicin [en Lnea], POPIN, CICRED,
FNUAP [citado 16 de junio de 2005]. En www.cicred.org/Eng/Publications/Books/thesaurusS/
thesaurusS. htm
RDS Contemporary Womens Issues, [fecha desconocida], CWI Subject Thesaurus [en Lnea], RDS Contemporary
Womens Issues [citado 15 de julio de 2005]. En http://rdsweb1.rdsinc.com/help/cwi_thesaurus_
index.html#top
Simen, Liz (2005), Health and Ageing Thesaurus, 7th edition [en Lnea], Commonwealth of Australia [citado 22 de Julio de
2005], Autralia. En www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/healththesaurus.htm l
The Dutch Research Database (2004), NIWI Thesaurus of social sciences index terms [en Lnea], The Dutch Research Database [citado 19 de Julio de 2005]. En www.onderzoekinformatie.nl/en/oi/producten/niwithesaurus/
The IBE Documentation Centre (2002), UNESCO: IBE Education Thesaurus 6th Edition [en Lnea], The IBE Documentation Centre [citado 17 de julio de 2005]. En www.ibe.unesco.org/International/DocServices/
Thesaurus/ibethes.htm
The Wordl Bank Group, [fecha desconocida], World Bank Thesaurus [en Lnea], The Wordl Bank Group [citado 12
de julio de 2005]. En www.multites.com/wb/
Tierney, Helen, editora (1989), Womens Studies Encyclopedia, tres volmenes, Greenwood Press, Westport.
UNESCO [fecha desconocida], Tesauro de la UNESCO [en Lnea], Organizacin de las Naciones Unidas para la Educacin, la Ciencia y la Cultura [citado 25 de junio de 2005]. En http://databases.unesco.org/thessp/
UNESCO (1995), UNESCO Thesaurus [en Lnea], United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation [citado 11 Junio de 2005]. En www.ulcc.ac.uk/unesco/thesaurus.htm

20

T e s a Pur ers eon t a c i n

Jerrquica

ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)


UP: administracin de la investigacin (research administration), gestin
de la investigacin (research management), administracin tecnolgica
(technological administration)
ORGANIZACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific organizations)
UP: instituciones de investigacin (research institutions), instituciones
cientficas (scientific institutions)
CENTROS DE INVESTIGACIN (research centers)
UP: institutos de investigacin (research institutes), departamentos de
investigacin (research units)
FUNDACIONES DE INVESTIGACIN (research foundations)

CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)


ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)
ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ANTROPOLOGA FSICA (physical anthropology)
ANTROPOLOGA SOCIAL (social anthropology)
TEORA ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological theory)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EVOLUCIONISMO (evolutionism)
RELATIVISMO CULTURAL (cultural relativism)
ECONOMA (economy)
ECONOMETRA (econometrics)
ECONOMA AGRARIA (agrarian economy)
ECONOMA AMBIENTAL (environmental economy)
ECONOMA DE LA CULTURA (cultural economy)
ECONOMA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational economy)
ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)
ECONOMA DEL TRANSPORTE (transportation economy)
MACROECONOMA (macroeconomics)
MICROECONOMA (microeconomics)
EDUCACIN (education)
CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)
HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)
PSICOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational psychology)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
EDUCACIN COMPARADA (comparative education)
ESTADSTICAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational statistics)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (pedagogical research)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
HISTORIA DE LAS MUJERES (womens history)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)

HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)


HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y LA TCNICA (history of science
and technique)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS HISTRICAS (methods and historical
techniques)
ANLISIS HISTRICO (historical analysis)
MTODO HISTRICO (historical methods)
HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)
TIEMPO HISTRICO (historical time)
ACONTECIMIENTOS HISTRICOS (historical events)
TEORA DE LA HISTORIA (theory of history)
FILOSOFA DE LA HISTORIA (philosophy of history)
INTERPRETACIN HISTRICA (historical interpretation)
PENSAMIENTO HISTRICO (historical thought)
SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
RDENES RELIGIOSAS (religious orders)
SECTAS (sects)
SOCIOLOGA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (sociology of knowledge)
CONSTRUCCIN SOCIAL DE LA REALIDAD (social
construction of reality)
PARADIGMAS (paradigms)
TEORA SOCIOLGICA (sociological theory)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
HERMENUTICA (hermeneutics)
IDEOLOGA (ideology)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)

DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)


UP: desarrollo tecnolgico (technological development)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
UP: nuevas tecnologas (new technologies), revolucin tecnolgica (technological revolution)
INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)
UP: invenciones (inventions), descubrimientos cientficos (scientific discoveries), progresos cientficos (scientific progresses), progreso tecnolgico
(technical progress), descubrimiento tecnolgico (technological discoveries),
innovaciones tecnolgicas (technological innovations)
CIENCIA Y DESARROLLO (science and development)

DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientific subjects)


CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
BOTNICA (botany)
UP: investigacin botnica (botanical research), biologa de las plantas
(plant biology)
ETNOBOTNICA (ethnobotany)
HISTORIA NATURAL (natural history)
UP: estudio de la naturaleza (nature study)
ZOOLOGA (zoology)
UP: biologa animal (animal biology)

23

P R E S E N T A C I N

1. Ciencias y tecnologas
(science and technologies)

J E R R Q U I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ESPECIES (species)
ANIMALES (animals)
MAMFEROS (mammalians)
ESPECIE HUMANA (human race)
UP: seres humanos (human beings), humanidad (mankind)
PRIMATOLOGA (primate science)
CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
UP: medicina (medicine)
ANATOMA (anatomy)
CIRUGA (surgery)
TRASPLANTE DE RGANOS (organ transplantation)
CARDIOLOGA (cardiology)
ENDOCRINOLOGA (endocrinology)
GERONTOLOGA (gerontology)
UP: geriatra (geriatrics)
GINECOLOGA (gynaecology)
MEDICINA CLNICA (clinical medicine)
MEDICINA DEL TRABAJO (occupational medicine)
UP: ergoterapia (ergotherapy), mdico de empresa (industrial doctor),
terapia ocupacional (occupational therapy)
MEDICINA DEPORTIVA (sports medicine)
UP: medicina del deporte (sports medicine)
MEDICINA FORENSE (forensic medicine)
UP: medicina judicial (judicial medicine), medicina legal (forensic
medicine or legal medicine)
MEDICINA SOCIAL (social medicine)
NEUROLOGA (neurology)
NEUROPSICOLOGA (neuropsychiatry)
ODONTOLOGA (dentistry)
OFTALMOLOGA (ophthalmology)
PEDIATRA (paediatrics)
SERVICIO DE ENFERMERA (nursing)
VETERINARIA (veterinary)
UP: medicina veterinaria (veterinary medicine), ciencia veterinaria
(veterinary science)
INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)
UP: investigacin biomdica (biomedical research), investigacin sanitaria (sanitary research)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)

ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)


UP: economa de la investigacin (economics research), economa de la
tecnologa (economics of technology)
FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA CIENCIA (science financing or science
funding)
UP: financiamiento de la investigacin (research financing), financiamiento
de la tecnologa (technology financing)
PRESUPUESTO PARA LA CIENCIA (science budgets)

24

BECAS PARA LA INVESTIGACIN (research grants)


GASTOS CIENTFICOS (scientific expenditure)
UP: gastos de investigacin (research expenditure), gastos tecnolgicos
(technological expenditure)
TENDENCIAS DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research trends)

ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (science studies)


UP: ciencia de la tecnologa (science of technology)
TICA DE LA CIENCIA (ethics of science)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA (history of science)
UP: historia de la tecnologa (history of technology)

INVESTIGACIN
UP: investigacin cientfica (scientific research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
INVESTIGACIN Y DESARROLLO (research and development)
UP: investigacin industrial (industrial research), investigacin y desarrollo experimental (experimental research and development)
INVESTIGACIN FUNDAMENTAL (fundamental research)
UP: investigacin bsica (basic research), investigacin libre (free research),
investigacin pura (pure research)
INVESTIGACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary research)
UP: investigacin multidisciplinaria (multidisciplinary research)

MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)


UP: mtodos de investigacin (research methods)
ANLISIS CAUSAL (causal analysis)
UP: causalidad (causality)
ANLISIS COMPARATIVO (comparative analysis)
ANLISIS CUALITATIVO (qualitative analysis)
ANLISIS CUANTITATIVO (quantitative analysis)
APROXIMACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary approach)
EVALUACIN (evaluation)
MTODOS DE EVALUACIN (evaluation methods)
UP: tcnicas de evaluacin (evaluation techniques)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)
UP: aproximacin emprica (empirical approach)
MTODOS EXPERIMENTALES (experimental methods)
UP: experimentacin (experimentation)
MODELOS DE SIMULACIN (simulation models)
UP: modelos cibernticos (cybernetic models), tcnicas de simulacin
(simulation techniques)
OBSERVACIN (observation)
TIPOLOGA (typology)
UP: taxonoma (taxonomy), anlisis tipolgico (typological analysis)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

PERSONAL CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)


UP: personal tcnico (technical personnel), personal tecnolgico (technological personnel)
CIENTFICAS (women scientists)
CIENTFICOS (men scientists)
TCNICAS (men technicians)
TCNICOS (women technicians)

POLTICA CIENTFICA (science policy)


UP: poltica de investigacin (research policy), poltica tecnolgica
(technology policy)
COOPERACIN CIENTFICA (scientific cooperation)
UP: cooperacin en investigacin (research cooperation), cooperacin
tecnolgica (technological cooperation)

TECNOLOGA (technology)
UP: ciencia y tecnologa (science and technology)
BIOTECNOLOGA (biotechnology)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
CONOCIMIENTOS TECNOLGICOS (technological knowledge)
DEPENDENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological dependence)
DIFUSIN TECNOLGICA (technology diffusion)
UP: difusin de innovaciones (innovations diffusion)
INNOVACIONES (innovations)
INVENTOS (inventions)
TRANSFERENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological transfer)
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL (artificial intelligence)
CYBORGS (cyborgs)
ROBTICA (robotics)
TECNOLOGA (technology)
NUEVAS TECNOLOGAS (new technologies)
TECNOLOGA ALIMENTARIA (food technology)
TECNOLOGA ALTERNATIVA (optional technology)
TECNOLOGA TRADICIONAL (traditional technology)
TECNOLOGA AUDIOVISUAL (audiovisual technology)

TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)


DISEO (design)
METODOLOGA (methodology)
ESTUDIOS DE CASO (case studies)
EXPERIMENTOS (experiments)
MONITOREO (monitoring)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN
CUESTIONARIOS (questionnaires)
ENTREVISTAS (interviews)
EXPEDICIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific expeditions)
ENCUESTAS (surveys)
GRUPOS FOCALES (focus group)
HISTORIAS DE VIDA (life story)
TRABAJO DE CAMPO (field work)

J E R R Q U I C A

ACTIVIDADES CIENTFICAS (scientific activities)


UP: actividades de investigacin (research activities)
PROGRAMAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research programmes)
PROYECTOS DE INVESTIGACIN (research projects)
ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
PROYECTO PILOTO (pilot projects)
UP: proyecto experimental (experimental projects)
PLANEACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science planning)
UP: planeacin de la investigacin (research planning), planeacin de la
tecnologa (technology planning)
PROGRAMAS CIENTFICOS (scientific programmes)
UP: programas tecnolgicos (technological programmes)

TECNOLOGA DE LA INFORMACIN (information technology)


TECNOLOGA EDUCATIVA (educational technology)
UP: tecnologa endgena (endogenous technology)
TECNOLOGA Y GNERO (technology and gender)
TECNOLOGAS REPRODUCTIVAS (reproductive technologies)
USO DE LA TECNOLOGA (use of technology)

2. Cultura y comunicacin
(culture and communication)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ORGANIZACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN
(research organization)
UP: coordinacin de la investigacin (research coordination)

ARTES (arts)
ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARQUITECTAS (architect women)
ARQUITECTOS (architect men)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
UP: teatro (theatre), drama (drama)
ACTRICES (actresses)
ACTORES (actors)
REPRESENTACIN (performance)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
DISEADORAS (women designers)
DISEADORES (men designers)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
UP: msica (music)
CANTANTES (singers)
INTRPRETES (performers)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTESANA (craftsmanship)
ARTESANAS (craftswomen)
ARTESANOS (craftsmen)
ESCULTURA (sculpture)
ESCULTORAS (sculptress)
ESCULTORES (sculptor)
PINTURA (painting)

25

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

PINTORAS (women painters)


PINTORES (men painters)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
CINE (cinema)
CINEASTAS (film makers)
CINE DE MUJERES (womens cinema)
DOCUMENTAL (documentary)
DOCUMENTALISTAS (documentary maker)
VIDEO (video)
VIDEASTAS (video makers)
DANZA (dance)
UP: coreografa (choreography)
BAILARINAS (women dancer)
BAILARINES (men dancer)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)
FOTGRAFAS (women photographer)
FOTGRAFOS (man photographer)

CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)


UP: mutacin cultural (cultural mutation)
CRISIS CULTURALES (cultural crisis)
DINMICAS CULTURALES (cultural dynamics)
INNOVACIONES CULTURALES (cultural innovations)
REVOLUCIN CULTURAL (cultural revolution)

CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)


UP: situacin cultural (cultural situation)
AMBIENTE CULTURAL (cultural environment)
ESTILOS DE VIDA (life styles)
FACTORES CULTURALES (cultural factors)
VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)

COMUNICACIN (communication)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
research)
HISTORIA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication history)
INVESTIGACIN DE AUDIENCIAS (audience research)
IMPACTO DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication impact)
PSICOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication psychology)
TEORA DE LA INFORMACIN (information theory)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (sociology of
communication)

OPININ PBLICA (public opinion)


PLANIFICACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
planning)
COMUNICACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (communication
organizations)
POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)
CONTROL COMUNICACIONAL (communication control)

26

ACCESO A LA INFORMACIN (access to information)


PROTECCIN DE DATOS (data backup)
CENSURA (censorship)
ESTRATEGIAS COMUNICACIONALES (communication strategies)
TICA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication ethics)
PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication process)
COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
INFORMACIN PBLICA (public information)
RELACIONES PBLICAS (public relations)
COMUNICACIN GRUPAL (group communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERACTIVA (interactive communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural communication)
UP: dilogo intercultural (intercultural dialogue)
COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpersonal communication)
UP: comunicacin humana (human communication), comunicacin
individual (individual communication)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
COMUNICACIN NO VERBAL (nonverbal communication)
ESCRITURA (writing)
HABLA (speech)
UP: comunicacin verbal (verbal communication)
EXPRESIN ORAL (oral expression)
LECTURA (reading)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
technologies)
NUEVAS TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN
(new communication technologies)
INTERNET (internet)
TRANSFERENCIA DE LA INFORMACIN (information transfer)

CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)


ACCIN CULTURAL (cultural action)
ACTIVIDADES CULTURALES (cultural activities)
ANIMACIN CULTURAL (cultural animation)
ADMINISTRACIN CULTURAL (cultural administration)
GESTIN CULTURAL (cultural management)
ORGANIZACIONES CULTURALES (cultural organizations)
UP: asociaciones culturales (cultural associations), fundaciones culturales (cultural foundations), instituciones culturales (cultural institutions)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
PARTICIPACIN CULTURAL (cultural participation)
RELACIONES CULTURALES (cultural relations)
POLTICAS CULTURALES (cultural policy)
ACUERDOS CULTURALES (cultural agreements)
COOPERACIN CULTURAL (cultural cooperation)
INTERCAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural exchange)
USUARIOS DE LA CULTURA (cultural users)
UP: audiencias (audiences), consumidores de cultura (cultural consumers),
espectadores (spectator)

COSTUMBRES Y TRADICIONES (customs and traditions)


UP: tradiciones (traditions)
COSTUMBRES CULINARIAS (culinary customs)
FIESTAS Y CELEBRACIONES (feast and celebrations)
FOLCLORE (folklore)
RITOS (rites)
RITOS DE INICIACIN (initiation rites)
RITOS RELIGIOSOS (religious rites)
TRADICIN ORAL (oral tradition)
VALORES CULTURALES (cultural values)
VESTIMENTA (clothing)
TRAJES TRADICIONALES (traditional clothing)

DIFERENCIACIN CULTURAL (cultural differentiation)


DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL (cultural discrimination)
MINORAS CULTURALES (cultural minorities)
UP: culturas minoritarias (minority cultures)

IDENTIDAD CULTURAL (cultural identity)


UP: identificacin cultural (cultural identification), identidad tnica
(ethnic identity)
ACULTURACIN (acculturation)
UP: asimilacin cultural (cultural assimilation), integracin cultural (cultural integration) y enculturacin (enculturation)
IDENTIDAD NACIONAL (national identity)
UP: carcter nacional (national character), conciencia nacional (national
consciousness)

INTERACCIN CULTURAL (cultural interaction)


UP: contacto cultural (cultural contact), influencia cultural (cultural
influence )
AISLAMIENTO CULTURAL (cultural isolation)
CONFLICTOS CULTURALES (cultural conflicts)

INVESTIGACIN CULTURAL (cultural research)


ANLISIS INTERCULTURAL (cross cultural analysis)
ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ESTUDIOS CULTURALES (cultural studies)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA CULTURA (cultural sociology)

LITERATURA (literature)
ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analysis)
UP: filologa (philology)
CRTICA LITERARIA (literary criticism)
ESTILOS (literary style)
HISTORIA DE LA LITERATURA (literary history)
PREMIOS LITERARIOS (literary prizes)
AUTORES (men authors)

ESCRITORES (men writers)


POETAS (men poets)
POETISAS (women poets)
AUTORAS (women authors)
ESCRITORAS (women writers)
GNEROS Y FORMAS LITERARIAS (genres and literary forms)
DRAMA (drama)
UP: tragedia (tragedy), comedia (comedy)
LITERATURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary literature)
FICCIN (fiction)
CIENCIA FICCIN (science fiction)
LITERATURA POPULAR (popular literature)
CMICS (comics)
LITERATURA TRADICIONAL (folk literature)
LEYENDAS (legends)
PROVERBIOS (proverbs)
PROSA (prose)
AUTOBIOGRAFA (autobiography)
BIOGRAFA (biography)
CUENTO (short story)
ENSAYO (essay)
NOVELA (novel)
POESA (poetry)
UP: alegora (allegory), verso (verse)

MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (media)


CINE (cinema)
CINE ARTE (art cinema)
CINE COMERCIAL (commercial cinema)
FILMES (films)
UP: pelculas (films) (movies)
INDUSTRIA CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic industry)
PRODUCCIN CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic
production)
LIBROS (books)
EDITORIALES (publishing house)
PROMOCIN DE LA LECTURA (reading promotion)
PERIDICOS (newspapers)
UP: prensa (press)
PERIDICOS LOCALES (local newspapers)
PERIDICOS NACIONALES (national newspapers)
PERIDICOS REGIONALES (regional newspapers)
RADIO (radio) (broadcast)
PROGRAMAS DE RADIO (radio programmes)
RADIOS COMUNITARIAS (communitarian radios)
RADIOS LOCALES (local radio)
REVISTAS (magazines) (journals)
TELEVISIN (television)
COBERTURA (coverage)
TELEVISIN NACIONAL (national television)
TELEVISIN POR CABLE (cable television)

27

P R E S E N T A C I N

CULTURA TRADICIONAL (tradicional culture)

J E R R Q U I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

TELEVISIN REGIONAL (regional television)


PROGRAMACIN (programme, scheduling)
CONTENIDO DE LA PROGRAMACIN (programme contents)
TIPO DE PROGRAMACIN (programme types)
TELEVISIN COMERCIAL (commercial television)
TELEVISIN EDUCATIVA (educative television)

PATRIMONIO CULTURAL (cultural heritage)


PATRIMONIO DOCUMENTAL (documentary heritage)
PROPIEDAD CULTURAL (cultural property)

BICULTURALISMO (biculturalism)
CULTURAS EXTINTAS (disappearing cultures)
CULTURAS TRADICIONALES (traditional cultures)
MULTICULTURALISMO (multiculturalism)
SUBCULTURAS (subcultures)

3. Demografa y poblacin
(demography and population)
DEMOGRAFA (demography)

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

PERIODISMO (journalism)
AGENCIAS DE NOTICIAS (news agencies)
LIBERTAD DE PRENSA (freedom of the press)
PERIODISTAS (journalists)
MUJERES PERIODISTAS (journalist women)

PUBLICIDAD (advertising)
CAMPAAS (campaign)
CAMPAAS COMERCIALES (commercial campaign)
CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES (public or
governmental campaign)
CAMPAAS DE ALFABETIZACIN (literacy campaign)
CAMPAAS DE SALUD (health campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN (prevention campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN DEL CNCER (cancer
prevention campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN DEL SIDA (AIDS prevention campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN (promotion campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA EQUIDAD DE
GNERO (promotion campaign for gender equity)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women
promotion campaign)
CAMPAAS PUBLICITARIAS (advertising campaign)
MERCADEO (marketing)
UP: marketing (marketing)
MERCADEO SOCIAL (social marketing)
UP: marketing social (social marketing)
PERSUASIN (persuasion)
PROPAGANDA (advertising)

SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)


UP: tipos culturales (cultural types)
CULTURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary culture)
CULTURAS DOMINANTES (dominant cultures)
UP: dominacin cultural (cultural domination), imperialismo cultural
(cultural imperialism)
CONTRACULTURAS (countercultures)
PLURALISMO CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)
UP: diversidad cultural (cultural diversity)

28

CENSOS DE POBLACIN (population censuses)


DATOS CENSALES (census data)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN (population distribution)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA POBLACIN (population research)
ESTADSTICAS DEMOGRFICAS (demographic statistics)
ESTADSTICAS DE HOGARES (household statistics)
ESTADSTICAS DE MIGRACIN (migration statistics)
NMERO DE NACIMIENTOS (births numbers)
PROYECCIONES POBLACIONALES (population projections)
TASA DE MORTALIDAD (mortality rate)

DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)


DECREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population decrease)
UP: disminucin de la poblacin (population decrease)
ENVEJECIMIENTO (ageing population)
ESPERANZA DE VIDA (life expectancy)
INCREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population increase)
UP: crecimiento de la poblacin (population growth)
MORBILIDAD (morbidity) (sick rate)
MORTALIDAD (mortality) (death rate)
MORTALIDAD INFANTIL (child mortality)
MORTALIDAD MATERNA (maternal mortality)
NUPCIALIDAD (nuptiality)
PROBLEMAS DE POBLACIN (population problems)
DENSIDAD DE POBLACIN (population density)
SOBREPOBLACIN (overpopulation)
TASA DE FECUNDIDAD (fertility rate)
TASA DE NATALIDAD (birth rate)

DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN POR SEXO (population


distribution by sex)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN ESTUDIANTE POR
SEXO (student population distribution by sex)
SEXO (sex)
HOMBRES (men)
MUJERES (women)
MUJERES JVENES (young women)

DISTRIBUCIN POR EDAD (age distribution)


GRUPOS DE EDAD (age groups)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

ASENTAMIENTO HUMANO (human settlement)


ZONA RURAL (rural area)
ZONA URBANA (urban area)
DESARROLLO COMUNITARIO (community development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO RURAL (rural development)
DESARROLLO URBANO (urban development)
VIVIENDA (housing)

MIGRACIN (migration)
EMIGRACIN (emigration)
INMIGRACIN (immigration)
ACULTURACIN (acculturation)
INMIGRACIN ILEGAL (illegal immigration)
NATURALIZACIN (naturalization)
MIGRACIN INFANTIL (children migration)
NIAS MIGRANTES (migrant girls)
NIOS MIGRANTES (migrant boys)
MIGRACIN INTERNA (internal migration)
MIGRACIN RURAL (rural migration)
MIGRACIN LABORAL (labour migration)
MIGRACIN DE RETORNO (return migration)
MOVILIDAD RESIDENCIAL (residential mobility)
NOMADISMO (nomadism)
POLTICA MIGRATORIA (migration policy)
LEYES MIGRATORIAS (migration laws)
DEPORTACIN (deportation)
SERVICIOS DE INMIGRACIN (immigration services)

MIGRANTES (migrants)
EXILIADAS (exiled women)
ASILADAS (asylum seekers women)
EXILIADOS (exiled men)
ASILADOS (asylum seekers men, inmates, refugees)
EXTRANJERAS (foreigner women)
EXTRANJEROS (foreigner men)
INMIGRANTES (immigrants)
TRABAJADORAS MIGRANTES (migrant female workers)
TRABAJADORES MIGRANTES (migrant workers)
NMADAS (nomads)
REFUGIADAS (refugee women)

POBLACIN (population)
POBLACIN MUNDIAL (world population)
POBLACIN RURAL (rural population)
MUJERES RURALES (rural women)
POBLACIN URBANA (urban population)
MUJERES URBANAS (urban women)

POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)


PROGRAMAS DE POBLACIN (population programmes)
PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning)
SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ABORTO (abortion)
ABORTO ESPONTNEO (miscarriage)
ABORTO ILEGAL (illegal abortion)
ABORTO LEGAL (legal abortion)
ABORTO PROVOCADO (abortion)
ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)
ANTICONCEPCIN DE EMERGENCIA (emergency contraception)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS MECNICOS (mechanic contraceptives)
DIAFRAGMA (diaphragm, cap)
DIU (IUD)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS ORALES (oral contraceptives)
PRESERVATIVO (condom)
PRESERVATIVO FEMENINO (female condom)
PRESERVATIVO MASCULINO (male condom)
ESTERILIZACIN (sterilization)
ESTERILIZACIN FEMENINA (female sterilization)
SALPINGOCLASIA (tubal ligation)
ESTERILIZACIN MASCULINA (male sterilization)
VASECTOMA (vasectomy)
COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive behaviour)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
EMBARAZO (pregnancy)
EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent pregnancy)
EMBARAZO NO DESEADO (unwanted pregnancy)
LIBRE DECISIN (free decision) (free choice)
CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO (informed consent)
SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)
SEXO SEGURO (safe sex)

REGISTRO CIVIL (civil register)


REGISTRO DE MATRIMONIOS (marriage register)
REGISTRO DE MUERTES (death register)
REGISTRO DE NACIMIENTOS (birth register)

29

J E R R Q U I C A

ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)

DESPLAZADAS (displaced women)


REFUGIADAS POLTICAS (political refugees men)
REFUGIADOS (refugees)
DESPLAZADOS (displaced men)
REFUGIADOS POLTICOS (political refugees men)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ADOLESCENCIA (adolescence)
ADULTEZ (adulthood)
ADULTAS MAYORES (old adult women) (older women)
ADULTOS MAYORES (older adult men) (older men)
INFANCIA (childhood)
UP: niez (childhood)
JUVENTUD (youth)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

4. Desarrollo social y polticas pblicas


(social development and public policy)

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)


UP: estado de bienestar (welfare status), medidas sociales (social
measures)
BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)
UP: asistencia social (social work), ayuda social (social aid), planificacin de la ayuda social (social aid planning), proteccin social (social
protection)
BIENESTAR DE LA INFANCIA (child welfare)
UP: proteccin de la infancia (child protection)
ADOPCIN (adoption)
ORFANATO (orphanage)
UP: orfanatorio (orphanage), orfelinato (orphanage)
POLTICA SOCIAL (social policy)
COSTES SOCIALES (social costs)
JUSTICIA SOCIAL (social justice)
LEGISLACIN SOCIAL (social legislation)
PLANIFICACIN SOCIAL (social planning)
UP: organizacin social (social organization)
NECESIDADES SOCIALES (social needs)
PROGRAMAS SOCIALES (social programmes)
UP: accin social (social action)
POLTICA DE VIVIENDA (housing policy)
PROGRAMAS DE VIVIENDA (housing programmes)
PROYECTOS DE VIVIENDA (housing projects)
PROGRAMAS DE COMBATE A LA POBREZA (programmes of
fighting against poverty)
REFORMAS SOCIALES (socials reforms)
RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL (social responsibility)

DESARROLLO (development)
ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development administration)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
AYUDA BILATERAL (bilateral aid)
AYUDA ECONMICA (economic aid)
AYUDA MULTILATERAL (multilateral aid)
AYUDA PRIVADA (private aid)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
COOPERACIN TCNICA (technical cooperation)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
DESARROLLO ECONMICO (economic development)
DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO SOCIAL (social development)
DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE (sustainable development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
ESTRATEGIAS DE DESARROLLO (development strategies)
PROGRAMAS DE DESARROLLO (development programmes)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)

30

PLANES NACIONALES (national plans)


PLANES REGIONALES (regional plans)
PLANES URBANOS (urban plans)
PROYECTOS PBLICOS (public schemes)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
ESTUDIOS DE FACTIBILIDAD (feasibility studies)
PROYECTOS AGRCOLAS (agricultural projects)
PROYECTOS CONJUNTOS (joint projects)
PROYECTOS DE VIVIENDA (housing projects)
PROYECTOS MULTIVALENTES (multipurpose projects)
PROYECTOS INDUSTRIALES (industrial projects)
PROYECTOS PILOTO (pilot projects)
PROYECTOS PRODUCTIVOS (productive projects, profitable projects)
TEORAS DEL DESARROLLO (development theory)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE DESARROLLO (development research)
INDICADORES DE DESARROLLO (development indicators)
MODELOS DE DESARROLLO (development models)
PASES EN DESARROLLO (developing countries)
PASES SUBDESARROLLADOS (underdeveloped countries)
TERCER MUNDO (the Third World)

DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)


CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)
EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)
AGENCIA (agency)
CAPACITACIN (qualification)
NDICE DE DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development rate)
NDICE DE DESARROLLO RELATIVO AL GNERO (development rating related with gender)
NA: mide el logro en las mismas dimensiones y con las mismas
variables que el IDH, pero toma en cuenta la desigualdad entre
mujeres y hombres
LNEA DE POBREZA (poverty line)
NECESIDADES BSICAS (basic needs)
NECESIDADES ALIMENTARIAS (food requirements)
NECESIDADES DE EDUCACIN (educational needs)
NECESIDADES DE INFORMACIN (information needs)
NECESIDADES DE RECURSOS HDRICOS (water requirements)
NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
SEGURIDAD PERSONAL (people security)

GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)


UP: grupo desamparado (helpless group), grupo sin privilegios (group
without privileges), grupo vulnerable (vulnerable group)
ANCIANAS (elderly women)
ANCIANOS (elderly men)
UP: viejos (old men or women)
DESEMPLEADAS (unemployed women)
DESEMPLEADOS (unemployed)
UP: inactivo (non working), parado (unemployed), sin empleo (unemployed),
sin trabajo (unemployed)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

BUROCRACIA (bureaucracy) (civil service)


GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
GNERO Y PLANES DE DESARROLLO (gender and development plans)
MAQUINARIA DE LAS MUJERES (women machinery)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal
opportunities policy)
ACCESO A LA EDUCACIN (equal access to education)
ACCESO A LA PROPIEDAD (equal access to property)
ACCESO AL TRABAJO (equal access to work)
TRANSVERSALIDAD (gender mainstreaming)
NA: integracin de la perspectiva de gnero en el conjunto de las
polticas, esto es integrar sistemticamente las situaciones, prioridades y necesidades respectivas de mujeres y hombres en todas las
polticas, con vistas a promover la igualdad.
SISTEMA DE GESTIN DEL GNERO (gender
management system)
NA: interconexin de procesos, mecanismos y estructuras para
guiar, monitorizar y evaluar los procesos de transversalizacin
del gnero en todas las polticas, programas y actividades de
gobierno
GESTIN PBLICA (public management)
POLTICA CULTURAL (cultural policy)
POLTICA DE DESARROLLO (developmental policy)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
POLTICA ECONMICA (economical policy)
POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
UP: poltica educativa (educational policy)
POLTICA SOCIAL (social policy)
POLTICA DE VIVIENDA (housing policy)
POLTICA FAMILIAR (family policy)

PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)


ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)
UP: nios abandonados (abandoned children)
ACCIDENTES (accidents)
ACCIDENTES DE TRABAJO (industrial accidents)
ACCIDENTES DE TRNSITO (traffic accidents)
ADICCIONES (addictions)
ALIENACIN SOCIAL (social alienation)
UP: aislamiento social (social alienation)
CONFLICTO SOCIAL (social conflict)
UP: agitacin social (social agitation), conflictos de clases (class conflicts),
tensin social (social tension)

31

J E R R Q U I C A

POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)


UP: poltica del estado (state policy), poltica estatal (state policy),
poltica nacional (national policy), poltica oficial (official policy),
poltica gubernamental (governmental policy)

P R E S E N T A C I N

DESFAVORECIDAS EDUCACIONALES (educationally


disadvantaged women)
ANALFABETAS (illiterate women)
UP: iletradas (illiterate women)
DESFAVORECIDOS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged men)
ANALFABETOS (illiterate men)
UP: iletrados (illiterate men)
DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
UP: incapacitada (handicapped woman), invlida (disabled woman), minusvlida (handicapped woman)
DISCAPACITADAS FSICAS (physically disabled women)
CIEGAS (blind women)
UP: deficientes visuales (visually handicapped person), invidentes
(blind person)
SORDAS (deaf women)
UP: deficientes auditivos (hearing handicapped person)
DISCAPACITADAS MENTALES (mentally disabled women)
UP: deficientes mentales (mentally disabled person), retrasados mentales
(mentally handicapped)
MULTIMINUSVLIDA (multiply disabled woman)
SORDOMUDA (deaf-mute woman)
DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
UP: incapacitado (handicapped man), invlido (disabled man), minusvlido
(handicapped man)
DISCAPACITADOS FSICOS (physically disabled men)
CIEGOS (blind men)
UP: deficientes visuales (visually handicapped person), invidentes (blind
person)
SORDOS (deaf men)
UP: deficientes auditivos (hearing handicapped person)
DISCAPACITADOS MENTALES (mentally disabled men)
UP: deficientes mentales (mentally disabled person), retrasados mentales
(mentally handicapped)
MULTIMINUSVLIDO (multiply disabled man)
SORDOMUDO (deaf-mute man)
POBRES (poor)
MUJERES POBRES (poor women)
PERSONAS SIN HOGAR (homeless)
NIAS DE LA CALLE (street kid)
NIOS DE LA CALLE (street kid)
PRISIONERAS (prisoner women)
UP: detenida (prisoner woman), encarcelada (prisoner woman), presa (prisoner woman)
PRISIONEROS (prisoner men)
UP: detenido (prisoner man), encarcelado (prisoner man), preso (prisoner man)
TRABAJADORAS SEXUALES (sexual female workers)
UP: prostitutas (prostitute), meretrices (whore), putas (whore)

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

DELINCUENCIA (delinquency)
DELINCUENCIA JUVENIL (juvenile delinquency)
UP: criminalidad juvenil (juvenile delinquency)
DELITOS (crime)
ABUSO DE MENORES (child abuse)
UP: agresin infantil (child assault), violencia infantil (child violence)
ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
CONTRABANDO (smuggling)
CONTRABANDO DE ARMAS (gun-running)
CORRUPCIN (corruption)
CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against humanity)
GENOCIDIO (genocide)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
FEMINICIDIOS (feminicide, female murders)
CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
TRFICO DE DROGA (drug traffic)
CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS (racially
motivated crimes)
EVASIN FISCAL (tax evasion)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
INFANTICIDIO (infanticide)
ROBO (robbery)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
SECUESTRO DE MUJERES (women kidnapping)
TERRORISMO (terrorism)
UP: piratera area (highjacking), secuestro de avin (hijacking), terrorismo areo (air terrorism)
TORTURA (torture)
TRFICO DE PERSONAS (human trafficking)
DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)
UP: desintegracin familiar (family disintegration)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN DE GNERO (gender discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN POR EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sex discrimination)
MALNUTRICIN (undernourishment)
HAMBRE (famine) (starvation)
UP: desnutricin (undernourishment), inanicin (starvation)
POBREZA (poverty)
UP: escasez (scarcity), miseria (poverty)
POBREZA RURAL (rural poverty)
POBREZA URBANA (urban poverty)
PORNOGRAFA (pornography)
PORNOGRAFA INFANTIL (child pornography)
PROSTITUCIN (prostitution)
UP: explotacin sexual (sexual exploitation)
SUICIDIO (suicide)
SUICIDIO ASISTIDO (assisted suicide)

32

VIOLENCIA (violence)
UP: ataque (attack)
VIOLENCIA SEXUAL (sexual violence)
VIOLACIN (rape)

SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)


ATENCIN PRIMARIA DE LA SALUD (primary health care)
NA: atencin mdica bsica que incluye diagnsticos y tratamientos
AUTORIDADES DE SALUD (health authorities)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
ASILOS (asylums)
BANCOS DE SANGRE (blood banks)
CENTROS DE SALUD (health centers)
CENTROS DE SALUD RURALES (rural health centers)
CENTROS DE SALUD URBANOS (urban health centers)
CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)
DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
HOSPITALES REGIONALES (regional hospitals)
HOSPITALES CENTRALES (central hospitals)
INTEGRACIN DE LOS SERVICIOS (service integration)
SERVICIOS DE ASISTENCIA SOCIAL (social work services)
SERVICIOS DE BIENESTAR SOCIAL (welfare services)
SERVICIOS DE EMERGENCIA (emergency health services)
SERVICIOS DE ENFERMERA (nursing services)
SERVICIOS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation services)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD MENTAL (mental health services)
SERVICIOS PREVENTIVOS (preventive services)
SERVICIOS TERAPUTICOS (therapeutic services)

SERVICIO SOCIAL (social services)


ASESORAMIENTO JURDICO (juridical advice)
UP: asesoramiento legal (legal advice), asistencia judicial (judicial assistance),
asistencia jurdica (juridical assistance), asistencia legal (legal aid)
ASISTENCIA PBLICA (public assistance)
AYUDA A LA INFANCIA (child aid)
NA: conjunto de actividades destinadas a mejorar la situacin de las
nias y nios
CENTROS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation centers)
SEGURIDAD SOCIAL (social security)
UP: ayudas familiares (family aids), ayudas sociales (social aids), cotizacin social (contributions), pensin de invalidez (disability allowance),
prestaciones familiares (family allowance), prestaciones sociales (social
security benefit), subsidio al desempleo (unemployment benefit)
PENSIONES (pension, allowance)
SUBSIDIOS DE MATERNIDAD (maternity allowance)
SUBSIDIOS FAMILIARES (family allowance)
SERVICIOS JUVENILES (youth services)
UP: servicios para los jvenes (youth services)
SERVICIOS SOCIALES RURALES (rural social services)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

5. Economa (economy)
CICLOS ECONMICOS (economic cycles)
INFLACIN (inflation)
RECESIN ECONMICA (economic recession)
RECUPERACIN ECONMICA (recovery economic)
TASAS DE INTERS (interest rates)

CONDICIONES ECONMICAS (economic conditions)


COMPORTAMIENTO ECONMICO (economic behaviour)
CONSUMO (consumption)
COMPRA (shopping)
PRODUCCIN (production)
FACTORES DE LA PRODUCCIN (production factors)
PRODUCTIVIDAD (productivity)
PRODUCTIVIDAD INDUSTRIAL (industrial productivity)

CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)


CONDICIONES DE VIDA (living conditions)
COSTO DE LA VIDA (cost of living)
NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
ESTRUCTURA ECONMICA (economic structure)
MODELOS DE CRECIMIENTO (growth models)
RECURSOS ECONMICOS (economic resources)
TASA DE CRECIMIENTO (growth rate)

ECONOMA Y RELACIONES SOCIALES


(economy and social relations)
ECONOMA Y GNERO (economy and gender)
DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA DE LA MUJER (woman
economic dependence)
DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)
ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
FEMINIZACIN DE LA POBREZA (feminization of poverty)
IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
UP: discriminacin positiva (positive discrimination)
PARTICIPACIN ECONMICA DE LA MUJER (womens
economic participation)

TRABAJO (work) (job)


DISCRIMINACIN EN EL TRABAJO (discrimination at the
workplace)
DISCRIMINACIN SALARIAL (wage discrimination)
EXPLOTACIN ECONMICA (economic exploitation)
SEGREGACIN EN EL MERCADO DE TRABAJO (sexual segregation in the labour market)
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
TRABAJADORAS DOMSTICAS (domestic workers)

INGRESO Y RIQUEZAS (income and wealth)


DISTRIBUCIN DEL INGRESO (income distribution)
INGRESO (income)
INGRESO REAL (real income)
POBREZA (poverty)
RIQUEZA (wealth)

INTERDEPENDENCIA (interdependence)
CUENTAS NACIONALES (national accounting)
ECONOMA NACIONAL (national economy)
ECONOMA REGIONAL (regional economy)
INGRESOS NACIONALES (national income)
PRODUCTO NACIONAL BRUTO (gross national product)
RELACIONES ECONMICAS (economic relations)
RELACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES (international economic relations)
ASUNTOS ECONMICOS INTERNACIONALES (international economics affaires)
DEPENDENCIA (dependence)
GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)
ORGANIZACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES (international economic organizations)

POLTICA ECONMICA (economic policy)


AJUSTE ESTRUCTURAL (structural adjustment)
COOPERACIN ECONMICA (economic cooperation)
INTEGRACIN ECONMICA (economic integration)
CONCENTRACIN ECONMICA (economic concentration)
INTEGRACIN ECONMICA INTERNACIONAL (international economic integration)
MERCADOS COMUNES (common markets)
MONOPOLIOS (monopolies)
NACIONALIZACIN (nationalization)
PLANEACIN ECONMICA (economic planning)
ESTADSTICAS ECONMICAS (economic statistics)
ESTADSTICAS COMERCIALES (trade statistics)
ESTADSTICAS FINANCIERAS (financial statistics)
POLTICAS DE PRECIOS (price policy)
PRECIOS (prices)
POLTICA INFLACIONARIA (counter-inflation policy)
PRIVATIZACIN (privatization)
REFORMA ECONMICA (economic reform)

33

J E R R Q U I C A

ASESORAMIENTO (counselling, advice)


GRUPOS DE APOYO (support groups)
MUJERES VCTIMAS DE ABUSO SEXUAL (women victims of
sexual abuse)
MUJERES VCTIMAS DE VIOLENCIA (women victims of violence)
TRABAJADOR SOCIAL (male social worker)
TRABAJADORA SOCIAL (female social worker)
VOLUNTARIO (volunteer)
UP: ayudante voluntario (voluntary assistant), trabajador voluntario (voluntary
worker), trabajo voluntario (voluntary work), voluntariado (voluntary workers)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TRABAJO SOCIAL (social work)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)


INDUSTRIA (industry)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
INDUSTRIA ALIMENTARIA (food industry)
INDUSTRIA TEXTIL (textile industry)
SECTOR PRIMARIO (primary sector)
AGRICULTURA (agriculture)
GANADERA (stockbreeding)
MINERA (mining industry)
PESCA (fishing)
SECTOR SERVICIOS (tertiary sector) (services sector)
BANCA (banking)
COMERCIO (trade)
HOTELERA (hotel trade) (hotel industry)
SEGUROS (insurances)
TRANSPORTES (transports)

SISTEMA ECONMICO (economic system)


ECONOMA COLECTIVA (collective economy)
PROPIEDAD PBLICA (public ownership)
ECONOMA DE MERCADO (market economy)
PROPIEDAD PRIVADA (private ownership)
ECONOMA DUAL (dual economy)
ECONOMAS EN TRANSICIN (economies in transition)
SECTOR INFORMAL (informal sector)
SECTOR PRIVADO (private sector)
SECTOR PBLICO (public sector)

TEORA ECONMICA (economic theory)


DIVISIN INTERNACIONAL DEL TRABAJO (international division of labour)
DOCTRINAS ECONMICAS (economic doctrines)
CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
COMUNISMO (communism)
SOCIALISMO (socialism)
EQUILIBRIO ECONMICO (economic equilibrium)

6. Educacin (education)
AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
UP: contexto de aprendizaje (learning context), entorno educacional
(educational environment), medio de aprendizaje (learning environment)
AMBIENTE DE LA CLASE (classroom environment)
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL DOCENTE (teachers behaviour)
UP: comportamiento del profesor (teachers behaviour)
ACTITUD DEL DOCENTE (teachers attitudes)
AUTORIDAD DEL DOCENTE (teachers authority)
UP: autoridad del profesor (teachers authority)
PARTICIPACIN DEL PROFESOR (teachers participation)
DISCIPLINA ESCOLAR (school discipline)
UP: autoridad escolar (school authority)

34

CASTIGO ESCOLAR (school punishment)


UP: expulsin escolar (school expulsion), sancin escolar (school
punishment)
PREMIO ESCOLAR (school rewards)
RELACIONES ENTRE PARES (peer relationship)
AMISTAD (friendship)
COMPAERISMO (comradeship, friendship)
COMPETENCIA (competition)
GRUPOS (groups)
COMPORTAMIENTO GRUPAL (group behaviour)
DINMICAS DEL GRUPO (group dynamics)
RELACIONES DE GNERO EN EL CONTEXTO ESCOLAR (gender relations in school environment)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
USO DE LOS ESPACIOS (use of spaces)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
AGRESIN (assault)
RIA (quarrel)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)
UP: violencia contra las mujeres (violence against women)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
RELACIN ESCUELA-COMUNIDAD (school-community relationship)
RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student relationship)
UP: relacin alumno-escuela (school-student relationship)
ACTITUD DEL ESTUDIANTE (students attitudes)
UP: actitud estudiantil (student attitudes)
ADAPTACIN DEL ESTUDIANTE (student adjustment)
UP: adaptacin escolar (student adjustment)
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL ALUMNO (students behaviour)
UP: comportamiento del estudiante (students behaviour)
RELACIN PADRES-ESCUELA (parents-school relationship)
RELACIN PADRES-DOCENTE (parents-teacher relationship)
UP: relacin padres-profesor (parents-teacher relationship)
RELACIN PROFESOR-ALUMNO (student-teacher relationship)
UP: relacin alumno-docente (student-teacher relationship)
PARTICIPACIN ESTUDIANTIL (students participation)

APRENDIZAJE (learning)
APRENDIZAJE DE ADULTOS (adult learning)
DIFICULTAD EN EL APRENDIZAJE (learning disabilities)
UP: problemas de aprendizaje (learning problems), problemas de asimilacin (assimilation problems)
DISLEXIA (dyslexia)
INTERS (APRENDIZAJE) (interest) (learning)
UP: curiosidad (curiosity)
RETENCIN (retention)
RETROINFORMACIN (APRENDIZAJE) (feedback) (learning)
DISPONIBILIDAD PARA EL APRENDIZAJE (learning readiness)
PREPARACIN PARA LA LECTURA (reading readiness)
PROCESO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning processes)

CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)


UP: pedagoga (pedagogy)
ANTROPOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational anthropology)
FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)
UP: filosofa educativa (educative philosophy)
HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
UP: investigacin sobre la educacin (research into education)
CRTICA FEMINISTA (feminist criticism)
EDUCACIN COMPARADA (comparative education)
DISCRIMINACIN EN LOS LIBROS DE TEXTO (discrimination in textbooks)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)
LENGUAJE NO SEXISTA (non-sexist language)
SEXISMO EN EL CURRCULO (sexism in the curriculum)

INVESTIGACIN SOBRE EL CURRCULO (research into the


curriculum)
PSICOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational psychology)
UP: psicologa educativa (educational psychology), psicopedagoga (psychopedagogy)
PSICOLOGA DEL ADOLESCENTE (adolescent psychology)
PSICOLOGA DEL NIO (child psychology)
UP: psicologa infantil (child psychology)
PSICOSOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational psychosociology)
UP: psicosociologa educativa (educational psychosociology)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
UP: sociedad y educacin (society and education)
ESTRATEGIAS EDUCATIVAS (educational strategies)
INDICADORES EDUCATIVOS (educational indicators)
OBJETIVO EDUCACIONAL (educational objectives)
SOCIOLOGA DEL ESTUDIANTE (student sociology)
UP: vida del estudiante (student life), vida escolar (school life), vida
estudiantil (student life)
MOVIMIENTO ESTUDIANTIL (students movements)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
UP: principio educacional (educational principle), principio educativo (educational principle), teora educacional (educational theory), teora educativa
(educational theory)
MODELO EDUCACIONAL (educational models)
UP: modelo educativo (educational model)

ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching institutions)


ESCUELA (schools)
COLEGIO INTERNADO (boarding school)
ESCUELA COMUNITARIA (community school)
ESCUELA CONFESIONAL (denominational school)
UP: escuela catlica (catholic school)

ESCUELA ESPECIAL (special school)


UP: centro de educacin especial (special education center), colegio
especial (special school)
ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)
UP: estudios internacionales (international studies)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
UP: colegio mixto (coeducational school)
ESCUELA NOCTURNA (evening school)
ESCUELA PREESCOLAR (kindergarten)
UP: escuela de prvulos (nursery school, kindergarten)
ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)
UP: escuela elemental (primary school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)
INSTITUCIONES DE EDUCACIN PARA ADULTOS (adult
education institutions)
CENTRO DE FORMACIN (training centers)
INSTITUCIONES DE ENSEANZA SUPERIOR (higher education
institutions)
ESCUELA PROFESIONAL (vocational school)
UP: escuela de negocios (business school), escuela profesional superior
(higher professional school), escuela profesional y tcnica (technical and
professional school)
ESCUELA DE PROFESORES (teacher education school)
UP: centro de formacin de profesores (center of teacher training),
escuela de educacin (school of education), escuela de formacin de
docentes (school of teacher education), escuela normal superior (teacher
training college)
CENTRO PEDAGGICO (teacher centers)
UNIVERSIDAD (university)
UP: colegio universitario (university college), facultad (faculty)
INSTITUTO TECNOLGICO (technological institute)
UP: escuela politcnica (polytechnical school), escuela tcnica (technical
school), instituto politcnico (polytechnical institute), instituto tcnico
(technical institute)
UNIVERSIDAD ABIERTA (open university)
UP: teleuniversidad (teleuniversity), universidad a distancia (open
university), universidad on line (on line university), universidad sin
barreras (open university), universidad virtual (virtual university)
UNIVERSIDAD INTERNACIONAL (international university)

NIVEL DE ENSEANZA (educational levels)


NA: grandes etapas que sealan el progreso en un sistema formal
de educacin; emplear como punto de referencia para la organizacin y las estadsticas educacionales
MEDIO SUPERIOR (higher education)
POSGRADO (postgraduate course)
PREESCOLAR (nursery school)
PRIMARIA (primary education)
SECUNDARIA (secondary education)
SUPERIOR (university)

35

P R E S E N T A C I N

ATENCIN (attention)
COMPRENSIN (comprehension)

J E R R Q U I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)


ADMINISTRADOR DE LA EDUCACIN (educational administrator)
UP: decano (dean), director de colegio (school principal), inspector de la
educacin (education inspector), rector (rector)
DOCENTE (teacher)
UP: maestro (teacher), profesor (teacher), alfabetizador (literacy tutor)
DOCENTE MUJER (woman teacher)
UP: maestra (woman teacher), profesora (woman teacher)
EDUCADOR DE ADULTOS (adult educators man)
EDUCADORA DE ADULTOS (adult educators woman)
FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)
UP: formador de profesores (teacher trainer)
INSTRUCTORA (trainers woman)
INSTRUCTOR (trainers man)
PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching personnel)
UP: catedrtico (professor), director de estudios (director of studies), director de tesis (director of thesis), encargado del curso (form master/mistress), profesor de enseanza superior (higher school teacher), profesor de
universidad (university teacher), tutor de clase (form master/mistress)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational personnel)
UP: personal de apoyo escolar (educational support personnel), personal
de orientacin escolar (guidance school personnel)
AUXILIAR DOCENTE (teacher assistant)
BIBLIOTECARIO ESCOLAR (school librarian)
UP: bibliotecario de colegio (school librarian)
TRABAJADORA SOCIAL (social worker)

POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)


NA: anuncio oficial de los objetivos que deben regir un sistema
educativo.
UP: poltica educativa (educational policy)
ANALFABETISMO (illiteracy)
ALFABETIZACIN DE ADULTOS (adult literacy)
ANALFABETISMO FUNCIONAL (functional illiteracy)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)
INTEGRACIN ESCOLAR (school integration)
DESAGREGACIN (disintegration)
DESIGUALDADES (inequalities)
DIFERENCIAS (differences)
DIVERSIDAD (diversity)
ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
IGUALDAD DE GNERO (gender equality)
RACISMO (racism)
SEXISMO (sexism)
EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)
ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)
ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)
IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
EDUCACIN BILINGE (bilingual education)

36

INDUSTRIA Y EDUCACIN (industry and education)


INFORMTICA EDUCATIVA (computer uses in education)
TECNOLOGA EDUCATIVA (educational technology)
UP: tecnologas para la educacin (technologies for education)

SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)


NA: configuracin en un todo orgnico de instituciones y de programas de educacin formal y no formal.
UP: sistema educacional (educational system), sistema educativo
nacional (national educational system)
EDUCACIN ALTERNATIVA (alternative education)
EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES (adolescent and
young education)
UP: educacin de las chicas (young girls education)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
EDUCACIN DE LOS PADRES (parents education)
EDUCACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers education)
EDUCACIN DE LA MUJER (womens education)
EDUCACIN FSICA (physical education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)
ENSEANZA PRIVADA (private education)
ENSEANZA PBLICA (public education)
EDUCACIN RELIGIOSA (religious education)
EDUCACIN TRADICIONAL (traditional education)

7. Estado, gobierno y poltica


(state, government and politics)
CIENCIA POLTICA (political science)
FILOSOFA POLTICA (political philosophy)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
PLANEACIN POLTICA (political planning)
PODER POLTICO (political power)
UP: poder ejecutivo (executive power), poder judicial (judicial power)
POLTICA (politics)
UP: desarrollo poltico (political development), vida poltica (political life)
ACTIVIDADES POLTICAS (political activities)
REFORMA POLTICA (political reform)
REFORMA ELECTORAL (electoral reform)
PRCTICA POLTICA (political practice)
PROCESOS POLTICOS (political process)
REPRESENTACIN POLTICA (political representation)
TEORA POLTICA (political theory)

DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)


UP: ideologa poltica (political ideologies)
ANARQUISMO (anarchism)
CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
COMUNISMO (communism)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

GOBIERNO (government)
ADMINISTRACIN PBLICA (public administration)
FUNCIN PBLICA (civil service)
FUNCIONARIA PBLICA (civil servant)
FUNCIONARIO PBLICO (civil servant)
UP: agente del Estado (state agent), cargo pblico (public servants)
SECRETARA (secretary)
UP: ministerio (ministry, department)
INSTITUCIONES POLTICAS (political institutions)
NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
GOBIERNO FEDERAL (federal government)
UP: gobierno central (central government), gobierno nacional (national
government)
INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE LAS MUJERES (national
institute for women)
PRESIDENTE DE LA REPBLICA (president of the republic)
UP: jefe de Estado (head of state)
GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)
UP: administracin local (local administration), administracin regional
(regional administration), autoridad local (local authority), autoridad
regional (regional authority), gobierno regional (regional government)
GOBERNADORA (madam governor)
GOBERNADOR (governor)
INSTITUTO ESTATAL DE LAS MUJERES (state institute for
women)

GOBIERNO MUNICIPAL (municipal government)


UP: administracin municipal (municipal administration), autoridad
municipal (municipal authority)
PRESIDENTA MUNICIPAL (head of municipality)
PRESIDENTE MUNICIPAL (head of municipality)

AUDITORA GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental audit)


CUENTA PBLICA (public account and)
GOBIERNO DIGITAL (digital government)
INDICADORES DE CALIDAD DE LA GESTIN (quality management indicators)
INFORMES DE GOBIERNO (governmental reports)
MODERNIZACIN ADMINISTRATIVA (administrative modernization)
PROGRAMAS DE DESARROLLO INSTITUCIONAL (institutional
development programmes)
SISTEMA DE RESPONSABILIDADES DE LOS FUNCIONARIOS PBLICOS (civil servants responsibilities system)
SECRETARA DE LA FUNCIN PBLICA (ministry of civil service)

MOVIMIENTO POLTICO (political movement)


MOVIMIENTO DE PROTESTA (protest movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES (womens movement)
MOVIMIENTOS DE LIBERACIN (liberation movements)
MOVIMIENTO DE LIBERACIN FEMENINA (womens
liberation movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MINORAS SEXUALES (gay liberation movement)
MOVIMIENTO POR LOS DERECHOS CIVILES (civil rights
movements)
MOVIMIENTO POR LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights
movement)
MOVIMIENTO POR LA PAZ (peace movement)
MOVIMIENTO REVOLUCIONARIO (revolutionary movement)
NO VIOLENCIA (nonviolence)
OPRESIN (oppression)
UP: abuso de autoridad (misuse of authority), abuso de poder (misuse of power)
RESISTENCIA A LA OPRESIN (resistance to oppression)
PROTESTAS POLTICAS (protest movement)
MARCHAS POLTICAS (political marches)
RESISTENCIA CIVIL (civil resistance)
REVOLUCIN (revolutionary movement)

PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)


UP: cmaras (chamber), parlamento (parliament), legislatura (legislature)
AGENDA DE GNERO (gender agenda)
ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
CMARA DE DIPUTADOS (representatives chamber)
CMARA DE SENADORES (senate)
CONTROL GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental control)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)

37

J E R R Q U I C A

GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)

P R E S E N T A C I N

SOCIALISMO (socialism)
CONSERVATISMO (conservatism)
UP: conservadurismo (conservatism), tradicionalismo (traditionalism)
FEDERALISMO (federalism)
IMPERIALISMO (imperialism)
COLONIALISMO (colonialism)
NEOCOLONIALISMO (neocolonialism)
INTERNACIONALISMO (internationalism)
LIBERALISMO (liberalism)
UP: radicalismo (radicalism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
MILITARISMO (militarism)
NACIONALISMO (nationalism)
PACIFISMO (pacifism)
UP: antibelicismo (anti war pacifism), antimilitarismo (antimilitarism)
OBJECIN DE CONCIENCIA (conscientious objection)
PLURALISMO (pluralism)
REGIONALISMO (regionalism)
SEPARATISMO (separatism)
UP: independentismo (independence movement)
TECNOCRACIA (technocracy)
TOTALITARISMO (totalitarianism)
UP: absolutismo (absolutism), autocracia (autocracy), tirana (tyranny)
FASCISMO (fascism)
NAZISMO (nazism)
UTOPA (utopia)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

COMISIN PERMANENTE (standing committee)


COMISIONES DE TRABAJO (work committee)
COMISIN DE DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights committee)

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

COMISIN DE LA MUJER (woman committee)


DECRETOS (decree)
GRUPOS PARLAMENTARIOS (parliamentary groups)
INICIATIVAS (initiative)
LEYES (laws)
PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)

POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)


UP: asuntos domsticos (domestic affairs), poltica autonmica (policy
concerning the autonomies), poltica domstica (domestic politics), poltica
interior (national politics)
CABILDEO (lobbying)
CRISIS POLTICA (political crisis)
CONFLICTO POLTICO (political conflicts)
UP: discrepancia poltica (political disagreement), tensin poltica (political tension)
DISTURBIO (riots)
GOLPE DE ESTADO (coups detat)
GUERRA CIVIL (civil war)
GUERRILLA (guerrilla)
UP: guerra de guerrillas (guerrilla warfare)
GRUPOS DE INTERS (groups of interest)
UP: grupos de presin (groups of pressure)
NA: utilcese en relacin con entidades capaces de ejercer presin
EMPRESAS TRANSNACIONALES (transnational corporations)
ORGANIZACIONES CAMPESINAS (peasant organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE TRABAJADORES (workers organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES PATRONALES (employers organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional organizations)
SINDICATOS (trade unions)
LIDERAZGO POLTICO (political leadership)
POLTICO (politicians)
UP: hombre de estado (statesman), hombre poltico (political man)
MUJERES EN POLTICA (women in politics)
UP: mujer poltica (political woman)
OMBUDSMAN (ombudsman)
UP: protector del ciudadano (citizen protector), presidente de la comisin
nacional de derechos humanos (president of the human rights national commission)
PARTIDO POLTICO (political party)
SISTEMA ELECTORAL (electoral systems)
ELECCIONES (elections)
UP: comicios (elections), escrutinio (scrutiny), plebiscito (plebiscite),
referndum (referendum), sufragio (suffrage), votacin (voting)
CAMPAAS ELECTORALES (election campaign)
CANDIDATAS (candidates)
COMPORTAMIENTO ELECTORAL DE LAS MUJERES
(electoral behaviour of women)

38

ELECTORADO (electorate, voters)


ELECTORADO FEMENINO (female electorate)
VOTO (vote)
VOTO FEMENINO (womens suffrage)
INSTITUCIONES ELECTORALES (electoral institutions)
PADRN ELECTORAL (electoral register)
ELECTORADO FEMENINO (female electorate)

SISTEMA POLTICO (political system)


UP: estructura poltica (political structures), organizacin poltica
(political organization), rgimen poltico (political regimes)
AUTOGESTIN (self government)
UP: estado autnomo (autonomous state)
DEMOCRACIA (democracy)
DFICIT DEMOCRTICO (democratic deficit)
NA: repercusin que tiene para la legitimidad de la democracia, entre otras cosas, la participacin desequilibrada de hombres y mujeres
DEMOCRACIA PARITARIA (parity democracy)
NA: concepto de sociedad integrada a partes iguales por mujeres y
por hombres, en la cual la representacin equilibrada de ambos en
las funciones decisorias de la poltica es condicin previa al disfrute
pleno y en pie de igualdad de la ciudadana
DIVISIN DE PODERES (power division)
UP: sistema parlamentario (parliamentary systems), sistema bicameral
(bicameral system, two chamber system)
DICTADURA (dictatorship)
FEDERACIN (federation)
UP: confederacin (confederation), sistema federal (federal systems)
ESTADO (state)
UP: estado nacin (national state), estado soberano (sovereign state)
GOBIERNO MUNDIAL (worldwide government)
MONARQUA (monarchy)
PAS COLONIAL (colonial countries)
UP: colonia (colonies)
COLONIZACIN (colonization)
DESCOLONIZACIN (decolonization)
REPBLICA (republic)
UP: sistema presidencial (presidential systems)

SOCIOLOGA POLTICA (political sociology)


COMPORTAMIENTO POLTICO (political behaviour)
CORRUPCIN POLTICA (political corruption)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA (political participation)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES (womens
political participation)
COMUNICACIN POLTICA (political communication)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LOS CONFLICTOS (conflict research)
RESOLUCIN DE CONFLICTOS (conflicts resolution)

CUERPO (body)
CORPORALIDAD (embodiment)
CUERPO FEMENINO (female body)
CUERPO MASCULINO (male body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
IMAGEN DE LAS MUJERES (women appearance)
BELLEZA (beauty)
COSMTICA (cosmetics)
CIRUGA PLSTICA (plastic surgery)
DIETAS (diets)
PLACER (pleasure)

DIFERENCIA (difference)
DIFERENCIA SEXUAL (sexual difference)
BINARISMO (binarism)
DESCONSTRUCCIN (deconstruction)
ESENCIALISMO (essentialism)
TRANSGRESIN (transgression)

DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN CONTRA LA MUJER (discrimination against
women)
DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL DE LA MUJER (cultural
discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN JURDICA DE LA MUJER (judicial discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL DE LA MUJER (labour discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (politic discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)
HOMOFOBIA (homophobia)
LESBOFOBIA (lesbophobia)
SEXISMO (sexism)
ANDROCENTRISMO (male centredness, androcentricity)
ANDROFOBIA (androphobia)
HETERONORMATIVA (heteronormative)
HETEROSEXISMO (heterosexism)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD COMPULSIVA (compulsive heterosexuality)
MISOGINIA (misogyny)

FEMINISMO (feminism)
AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)
ANTIFEMINISMO (antifeminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)

FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)


FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
CRTICA FEMINISTA (feminist criticism)
ESCRITURA FEMENINA (feminine writing)
NARRATIVA FEMENINA (feminine narrative)
CULTURA DE LAS MUJERES (womens culture)
EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
PUNTO DE VISTA FEMINISTA (feminist standpoint)
TICA FEMINISTA (feminist ethics)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
ACTIVISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist activist)
ARTISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist artist)
AUTORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist authors)
ESCRITORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist writers)
JURISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist lawyers)
TERICAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist theoreticians)
ECONOMISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist economists)
FILSOFAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist philosophers)
FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (Anglo-Saxon feminism)
FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)
FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)
FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American feminism)
FEMINISMO MEXICANO (Mexican feminism)
GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)
GRUPOS DE AUTOAYUDA (self help groups)
GRUPOS DE AUTOCONCIENCIA (self conscience groups)
MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
ORGANIZACIONES FEMINISTAS (feminist organizations)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES (womens movement)
ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)
TEOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist theology)
TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)
SORORIDAD (sorority, sisterhood)

GNERO (gender)
DISTINCIN PBLICO PRIVADO (public-private distinction)
ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
PERSPECTIVA DE GNERO (gender perspective)
INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
UP: corrientes de gnero (gender mainstream)
TRANSVERSALIZACIN (transversalization)
TEORAS DE GNERO (gender theories)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (womens studies)

39

P R E S E N T A C I N

8. Estudios de gnero y feminismo


(gender studies and feminism)

J E R R Q U I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

CONDICIN DE LA MUJER (women conditions)


ESTUDIOS GAY Y LSBICOS (gay and lesbian studies)
TEORA QUEER (queer theory)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)
DOMINACIN MASCULINA (masculine domination)
ANDROCENTRISMO (androcentrivity, male centrednes)
FALOCENTRISMO (male supremacy) (male chauvinism)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
MACHISMO (male chauvinism, machismo)
MASCULINIDAD HEGEMNICA (hegemonic masculinity)
MODELOS DE MASCULINIDAD (masculinity models)
NUEVA MASCULINIDAD (new masculinity)
PATERNIDAD (paternity)
PADRES (fathers)
PATERNIDAD RESPONSABLE (responsible paternity)
IDEOLOGA DE GNERO (gender ideology)
RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
SISTEMAS DE GNERO (gender systems)
SISTEMA SEXO/GNERO (sex/gender system)
SOCIALIZACIN DE GNERO (gender socialization)
ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)

CONTRATO SEXUAL (sexual contract)


DERECHOS (rights)
DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)
DERECHOS REPRODUCTIVOS (reproductive rights)
DERECHOS SEXUALES (sexual rights)
EMANCIPACIN DE LA MUJER (womens emancipation)
EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
OPRESIN (oppression)
SUBALTERNIDAD (subordination)
SUBORDINACIN (subordination)
SUBORDINACIN DE LAS MUJERES (women subordination)

GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)


DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)
DOBLE JORNADA (double day, double shift)
DOMESTICIDAD (domesticity)
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
TRABAJO FEMENINO (female labour)

IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)


GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES (womens political
participation)
CUOTAS (quotas)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
UP: discriminacin positiva (positive discrimination)
PARIDAD (parity)
REPRESENTACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (political representation of women)

GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)


EQUIDAD (equity)
ESTATUS DE LA MUJER (women status)
EQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender equity)
POLTICAS PARA LA EQUIDAD (equity policies)
PROGRAMAS PARA LA EQUIDAD (equity programmes)
INEQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender inequity)
GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO (gender in development)
FEMINIZACIN DE LA POBREZA (feminization of poverty)
MUJERES EN EL DESARROLLO (women at development)
PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women promotion)
IGUALDAD (equality)
IGUALDAD DE DERECHOS (equality of rights)
IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
DESIGUALDAD (inequality)

GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)


AUTONOMA (autonomy)

40

ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)


FEMINIDAD (feminity)
MUJERES (women)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
ORIENTACIN SEXUAL (sexual orientation)
UP: preferencia sexual (sexual preference)
BISEXUALIDAD (bisexuality)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD (heterosexuality)
HOMOSEXUALIDAD (homosexuality)
UP: homosexualismo (homosexualism)
ROLES SEXUALES (sexual roles)
MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)
HOMBRES (men)
ANDROGINIA (androgyny)
VIRILIDAD (virility)
POLTICAS DE LA IDENTIDAD (identity policies)
CYBORGS (cyborgs)
POLTICAS SEXUALES (sexual politics)
PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)
UP: roles de gnero (gender roles)
TRANSGNERO (transgender)
UP: travestis (transvestite), trasvestidos (transvestite)
TRANSEXUALES (transsexuals)

VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)


ESFERA PRIVADA (sphere of privacy)
EXPERIENCIA (experience)
INTIMIDAD (intimacy)

DERECHO DE LA FAMILIA (family law)


UP: derecho familiar (family law), derecho matrimonial (marriage law)
ABANDONO DEL HOGAR (desertion)
ADOPCIN (adoption)
CUSTODIA (custody)
CUSTODIA COMPARTIDA (shared custody)
EMANCIPACIN FAMILIAR (emancipation)
FILIACIN (affiliation)
LEGISLACIN FAMILIAR (family legislation)
MATRIMONIO (marriage)
DIVORCIO (divorce)
NULIDAD DEL MATRIMONIO (marriage nullity)
OBLIGACIN DE ALIMENTOS (food obligations)
PENSIN ALIMENTICIA (alimony, maintenance)
SEPARACIN LEGAL (legal separation)
MEDIACIN FAMILIAR (family mediation)
PATRIA POTESTAD (paternal authority)

MATRIMONIO (marriage)
UP: unin conyugal (conjugal union), unin matrimonial (matrimonial
union)
COHABITACIN (cohabitation)
UP: concubinato (concubinage)
DOTE (dowry)
EDAD DEL MATRIMONIO (age of marriage)
ESTADO CIVIL (marital status)
UP: situacin familiar (family situation), situacin matrimonial (matrimonial situation)
HOMBRE CASADO (married man)
UP: cnyuge (partner), esposo (husband), marido (spouse)
MUJER CASADA (married woman)
UP: esposa (wife)
SOLTERA (single woman)
SOLTERO (single man)
VIUDA (widowed woman)
VIUDO (widowed man)
MATRIMONIO MIXTO (mixed marriages)
NUPCIALIDAD (nuptiality)
PAREJA DE HECHO (unmarried couple)
POLIGAMIA (polygamy)
RGIMEN ECONMICO DEL MATRIMONIO (economic rules of
marriage)
MANCOMUNADOS (joint goods)
SEPARACIN DE BIENES (division of property)

PARENTESCO (kinship)
UP: grado de parentesco (kinship degree), relacin de familia (family
relations), vnculo familiar (family ties)

ABUELA (grandmother)
ABUELO (grandfather)
HERMANA (sister)
HERMANO (brother)
HIJA (daughter)
HIJO (son)
MADRE (mother)
MADRE ADOLESCENTE (adolescent mother)
MADRE ADOPTIVA (adoptive mother)
MADRE SOLTERA (single mother)
MADRE TRABAJADORA (working mother)
PADRE (father)
PADRE ADOLESCENTE (adolescent father)
PADRE ADOPTIVO (adoptive father)

PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning)


UP: planes familiares (family planning), planificacin de la familia
(family planning)
ABORTO (abortion)
AGENCIAS DE PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning agency)
CONTROL DE LA NATALIDAD (birth control)
ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)
UP: contracepcin (contraception)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS MECNICOS (mechanic contraceptives)
DIU (IUD)
DIAFRAGMA (diaphragm, cap)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS ORALES (oral contraceptives)
PRESERVATIVO (condom)
PRESERVATIVO FEMENINO (female condom)
PRESERVATIVO MASCULINO (male condom)
ESTERILIZACIN (sterilization)
ESTERILIZACIN FEMENINA (female sterilization)
SALPINGOCLASIA (tubal ligation)
ESTERILIZACIN MASCULINA (male sterilization)
VASECTOMA (vasectomy)
COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive behaviour)
EMBARAZO (pregnancy)
EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent pregnancy)
EMBARAZO NO DESEADO (unwanted pregnancy)
MORTALIDAD MATERNA E INFANTIL (maternal and infant
mortality)
INSEMINACIN ARTIFICIAL (artificial insemination)
INSEMINACIN ARTIFICIAL POR DONADOR (artificial
insemination by donor)
POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)
PROGRAMAS DE PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning
programmes)

RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)


DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)

41

P R E S E N T A C I N

9. Familia y hogares
(family and home)

J E R R Q U I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

UP: disolucin de la familia (family dissolution), separacin (separation),


desintegracin de la familia (family break up)
ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)
HURFANOS (orphan)
AUSENCIA MATERNAL (maternal absence)
UP: ausencia materna (maternal absence)
AUSENCIA PATERNAL (paternal absence)
UP: ausencia paterna (paternal absence)
RELACIN INTERGENERACIONAL (intergenerational relation)
UP: conflicto de generaciones (generation conflict), brecha generacional
(generation gap)
DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)
DOBLE JORNADA (double day, double shift)
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
AMA DE CASA (housewife)
ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
CONSUMO DOMSTICO (home consumption)
GASTOS DE CONSUMO (consumption expenses)
GASTOS DE VIVIENDA (housing expenses)
DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA (economic dependence)
INGRESOS DE HOGARES (home income)
PRESUPUESTO FAMILIAR (family budget)
REMESAS (remittance)
UP: ingreso familiar (family income)
ENTORNO FAMILIAR (family environment)
UP: medio familiar (family environment)
RELACIN PADRES-HIJAS/HIJOS (parents sons/daughters relation)
ACTITUD DE LOS PADRES (parents attitudes)
UP: actitud parental (parents attitudes)
COMUNICACIN (communication)
COMUNICACIN SOBRE SEXUALIDAD (communication
about sexuality)
PAPEL DE LA FAMILIA (family roles)
UP: rol de la familia
PAPEL DE LOS PADRES (parents role)
UP: influencia de la familia (family influence), influencia familiar
(family influence), responsabilidad de los padres (parents responsibility),
responsabilidad familiar (family responsibility)
PARTICIPACIN DE LOS PADRES (parents participation)
PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)
UP: roles sexuales (sex roles), roles de gnero (gender roles)
MATERNIDAD (maternity, motherhood)
MUJERES JEFAS DE HOGAR (head of the household women)
PATERNIDAD (paternity)
REPARTO DE RESPONSABILIDADES FAMILIARES (distribution of family responsabilities)
CONCILIACIN FAMILIA-TRABAJO (family-work reconciliation)
POLTICA SOCIAL (social policy)
POLTICA FAMILIAR (family policy)
PENSIN (pension, allowance)
SUBSIDIOS DE MATERNIDAD (maternity allowance)

42

SUBSIDIOS FAMILIARES (family allowance)


UP: asignaciones familiares (family allowance), subvenciones
familiares (family allowance)
TAMAO DE LA FAMILIA (family size)
UNIDAD DOMSTICA (home unit)

TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of families)


UP: modelos familiares (family models)
ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)
NA: caractersticas familiares tales como el tamao, estructura, salud,
datos socioeconmicos, etnicidad, etc.
CLAN (clan)
FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)
NA: grupo o unidad familiar compuesta no nicamente por padres e
hijos/as sino tambin por parientes inmediatos, y algunas veces por
personas no relacionadas biolgicamente con el grupo
FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)
FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)
FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)
FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)
FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)
FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)
NA: familia en la que al menos uno de los hijos/as es de un matrimonio previo de cualquiera de los padres
FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)
FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)

VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)


VIOLENCIA DOMSTICA (domestic violence)
UP: violencia conyugal (marital violence), maltrato conyugal (wife battering), violencia en el hogar (violence at home), violencia en el medio familiar
(home violence), violencia familiar (family violence)
MALTRATO INFANTIL (child battering)
ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)
INFANTICIDIO (infanticide)
MALTRATO FSICO (child physical abuse)
MALTRATO EMOCIONAL (psychological abuse)
PREVENCIN DEL MALTRATO INFANTIL (child abuse
prevention)
NA: estrategias y programas establecidos para educar, informar o
apoyar a las nias y nios, padres y a la comunidad para prevenir
el maltrato infantil
VIOLENCIA SEXUAL (sexual violence)
ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
INCESTO (incest)
PEDOFILIA (paedophilia)
VIOLENCIA ECONMICA (economic violence)
VIOLENCIA FSICA (physical violence)
VIOLENCIA PSICOLGICA (psychological violence)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
ANGLO-CATOLICISMO (Anglo-Catholicism)
CATOLICISMO ROMANO (Roman Catholicism)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO (orthodox Christianity)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO GRIEGO (Greek orthodox)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO ORIENTAL (eastern orthodox)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO RUSO (Russian orthodox)
ECUMENICALISMO (ecumenicalism)
IGLESIAS ORIENTALES (eastern churches)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
CALVINISMO (Calvinism)
IGLESIA ANGLICANA (Anglican church)
IGLESIA DE INGLATERRA (church of England)
IGLESIA EPISCOPAL (Episcopal church)
IGLESIA EVANGLICA (Evangelic church)
IGLESIA REFORMADA (reformed church)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
CIENCIA CRISTIANA (Christian science)
CONGREGACIONALISMO (congregationalism)
METODISTA (Methodism)
PRESBITERIANA (Presbyterianism)
PURITANISMO (Puritanism)

EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
CONOCIMIENTOS (knowledge)
ESTRUCTURA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (structure of knowledge)
SOCIOLOGA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (sociology of knowledge)
JUICIO DE VALOR (value judgment)
EPISTMICOS (epistemics)

ESOTERISMO (estorecism)
ADIVINACIN (divination)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
MAGIA (magic)
PARASICOLOGA (parapsychology)
PROFECA (prophecy)

TICA (ethics)
COMPORTAMIENTO MORAL (moral behaviour)
CONCEPTOS MORALES (moral concepts)
CARIDAD (charity)
CRISIS MORAL (moral crisis)
DISCIPLINA (discipline)
LEALTAD (allegiance)
RESPONSABILIDAD (responsibility)
DEONTOLOGA (deontology)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethical orientations)
ESTOICOS (stoics)

FILOSOFA (philosophy)
CRITICISMO (criticism)
TEORA CRTICA (theory critical)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
ATESMO (atheism)
DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
ESENCIA (essence)
FILOSOFA ALEMANA (German philosophy)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
ESTOICOS (stoics)
FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)
FILOSOFA DE LA ACCIN (philosophy of action)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
FILOSOFA FRANCESA (French philosophy)
FILOSOFA INGLESA (English philosophy)
IDEOLOGAS (ideologies)
SECULARISMO (secularism)
LGICA (logic)
METAFSICA (metaphysics)
ALMA (soul)
CUALIDADES (qualities)
BELLEZA (beauty)
HUMOR (humour)
JUICIO (judgement)
LEALTAD (allegiance)
VOLUNTAD (will)

J E R R Q U I C A

CRISTIANISMO (Christinanity)

TICA CRISTIANA (Christian ethics)


TICA JUDA (Jewish ethics)
TICA MEDIOAMBIENTAL (environmental ethics)
TICA SOCIAL (social ethics)
UTILITARISMO (utilitarianism)
VALORES (values)
VALORES MORALES (moral values)
MORALIDAD PERSONAL (personal morality)
VALORES SOCIALES (social values)
VALORES RELIGIOSOS (religious values)

P R E S E N T A C I N

10. Historia, filosofa, tica y religin


(history, philosophy and religion)

43

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

NATURALEZA HUMANA (human nature)


VICIOS (vices)
ONTOLOGA (ontology)
SIMBOLISMO (symbolism)
ALEGORA (allegory)

FILOSOFA Y TICA (philosophy and ethics)

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religous groups)


CLERO (clergy)
ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)
DISCPULOS (disciples)
DISIDENTES RELIGIOSOS (dissenter)
EVANGELISTAS (evangelists)
LDERES RELIGIOSOS (religious leaders)
PADRES DE LA IGLESIA (fathers of the church)
IMANES (imams)
PATRIARCAS (patriarchs)
PAPAS (popes)
RABINOS (rabbis)
MRTIRES (martyrs)
MISIONEROS (missionaries)
MONJES (monks)
PREDICADORES (preachers)
MUJER PREDICADORA (preacher woman)
SACERDOTES (priest)
SANTOS (saints)

HISTORIA (history)
FILOSOFA DE LA HISTORIA (philosophy of history)
HISTORIA ANTIGUA (ancient history)
ANTIGEDAD (antiquity)
CIVILIZACIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient civilizations)
CIVILIZACIONES CLSICAS (classical civilizations)
HISTORIA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary history)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)

44

HISTORIA DE LA MEDICINA (history of medicine)


HISTORIA MEDIEVAL (medieval history)
HISTORIA MILITAR (military history)
HISTORIA MODERNA (modern history)
HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
HISTORIA EUROPEA (European history)
HISTORIA LATINOAMERICANA (Latin American history)
HISTORIA DE MXICO (history of Mexico)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA REGIONAL (local history)
HISTORIA RELIGIOSA (religious history)
MITOLOGA (mythology)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
GNERO E HISTORIA (gender and history)
HISTORIA DE LAS MUJERES (womens history)
HISTORIA DE LA FAMILIA (history of family)
HISTORIA DE LA INFANCIA (history of the child)
HISTORIA DE LOS JVENES (history of the youth)
INVESTIGACIN HISTRICA (historical research)
PREHISTORIA (prehistory)
SOCIOLOGA HISTRICA (historical sociology)

INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)


ACADEMIAS EVANGLICAS (evangelical academies)
COMUNIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious communities)
IGLESIA (church)
MISIN DE LA IGLESIA (mission of the church)
INQUISICIN (inquisition)
MOVIMIENTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious movements)
CONTRARREFORMA (counter-reformation)
MOVIMIENTOS PURITANOS (puritan movements)
REFORMA (reformation)
OFICIOS RELIGIOSOS (religious offices)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS DE BENEFICENCIA
(religious charities)
SEMINARIOS TEOLGICOS (theological seminaries)
SOCIEDADES MISIONERAS (missionary societies)

MTODOS HISTRICOS (historical methods)


ANLISIS HISTRICO (historical analysis)
CRONOLOGA (chronology)
FECHADO (dating)
HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)
PALEOGRAFA (palaeography)

RELIGIN (religion)
ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS
CONVERSIN RELIGIOSA (religious conversion)
CULTOS (cults)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

CIENCIOLOGA (scientology)
NA: una nueva religin creada por L. Ron Hubbard en 1955 y que se
caracteriza por creer en el poder del espritu de una persona
RELIGIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient religions)
BRAHMANISMO (Brahmanism)
BUDISMO (Buddhism)
CHAMANISMO (shamanism)
CONFUCIONISMO (Confucianism)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
HINDUISMO (Hinduism)
ISLAM (Islam)
JUDASMO (Judaism)
PAGANISMO (paganism)
TAOSMO (Taoism)
RELIGIONES PRIMITIVAS (primitive religions)
ANIMISMO (animism)
SECTAS RELIGIOSAS (religious sects)
SECTAS CRISTIANAS (Christian sects)

SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)


ARTCULOS RELIGIOSOS (religious articles)
CONFLICTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious conflicts)
CISMA (schism)
COMPORTAMIENTO RELIGIOSO (religious behaviour)
COOPERACIN RELIGIOSA (religious cooperation)
PIEDAD (piety)
DISCRIMINACIN RELIGIOSA (religious discrimination)
EXPERIENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious experience)
MILAGRO (miracles)
MINORAS RELIGIOSAS (religious minorities)

TEOLOGA (theology)
CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
AFILIACIN RELIGIOSA (religious affiliation)
CREENCIAS RELIGIOSAS PERSONALES (personal religious
beliefs)
DEIDADES (deities)
DIOSES (gods)
DIOSAS (goddesses)
ESPIRITUALIDAD (spirituality)
INMORTALIDAD (immortality)
RESURRECCIN (resurrection)
RITUALISMO (ritualism)
TRINIDAD (trinity)
DOCTRINAS RELIGIOSAS (religious doctrines)
HEREJA (heresy)
HERMENUTICAS (hermeneutics)
REVELACIN (revelation)
TEOLOGA CRISTIANA (Christian theology)
TEOLOGA DOCTRINAL (doctrinal theology)
TEOLOGA DE LA LIBERACIN (liberation theology)
TEOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist theology)
TEOLOGA JUDA (Jewish theology)
TEOLOGA NATURAL (natural theology)
TEOLOGA PASTORAL (pastoral theology)
TEOLOGA PRCTICA (practical theology)
TRADICIN (tradition)

TEORA DE LA HISTORIA (theory of history)


FILOSOFA DE LA HISTORIA (philosophy of history)
INTERPRETACIN HISTRICA (historical interpretation)
PENSAMIENTO HISTRICO (historical thought)

11. Legislacin y derecho


(law and legislation)
ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
UP: accin judicial (judicial action), accin jurdica (juridical action),
prctica del derecho (law practice), prctica jurdica (juridical practice)
APLICACIN DE LA LEY (law application)
POLICA (police)
PREVENCIN DEL DELITO (crime prevention)
PROTECCIN CONTRA EL ROBO (theft protection)
CDIGOS (codes)
CDIGO CIVIL (civil code)
MATRIMONIO (marriage)
DIVORCIO (divorce)

45

J E R R Q U I C A

RELIGIONES (religions)

SEGREGACIN RELIGIOSA (religious segregation)


TOLERANCIA RELIGIOSA (religious toleration)

P R E S E N T A C I N

EVANGELIZACIN (evangelism)
FESTIVALES RELIGIOSOS (religious festivals)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)
COMUNIN (communion)
CONFIRMACIN (confirmation)
CONSAGRACIN (consecration)
LITURGIA (liturgy)
ORACIN (prayer)
ORDENACIN (ordination)
ORDENACIN DE MUJERES (ordination of women)
PENITENCIA (penance)
PEREGRINACIN (pilgrimages)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA PERSONAL (personal religious practice)
PRDICA (sermon)
SACRAMENTOS (sacraments)
REFORMA RELIGIOSA (religious reform)
TRABAJO MISIONERO (missionary work)
MISIONES (missions)
VISITAS ECLESISTICAS (visitations ecclesiastical)

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

MATRIMONIOS ARREGLADOS (arranged marriages)


NA: matrimonios concertados por las familias de los novios
MATRIMONIOS ENTRE HOMOSEXUALES (gay marriages)
MATRIMONIO ENTRE LESBIANAS (lesbian marriage)
ADOPCIN (adoption)
CDIGO LABORAL (labour code, labour law)
CDIGO MERCANTIL (commercial code)
CDIGO PENAL (penal code)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
CONTRATOS DE TRABAJO (contracts of employment or contracts of
service)
CONTRATOS PBLICOS (public contracts or government contracts)
HIPOTECAS (mortgage)
DERECHOS Y PRIVILEGIOS (rights and privileges)
MEDIACIN (mediation)
UP: conciliacin (conciliation), intermediacin (mediation)
PRIVILEGIOS E INMUNIDADES (privileges and immunities)
PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)
UP: contencioso (contentious), juicio (trial), litigio (litigation), procedimiento judicial (judicial proceedings), proceso (trial)
SANCIN PENAL (penal sanctions)
UP: castigo (punishment), inhabilitacin (disqualification), sancin (sanction)
PENA DE MUERTE (death penalty)
UP: pena capital (capital punishment)
PRISIN (prison)
UP: calabozo (prison cell), crcel (prison or jail), celda (cell), centro
penitenciario (penitentiary centre), establecimiento penitenciario
(penitentiary centre), presidio (prison)
SENTENCIA JUDICIAL (judicial sentence)
UP: decisin del tribunal (judgement or ruling), decisin judicial
(judgement or ruling), fallo (judgement or ruling), fallo judicial (judgement or
ruling), resolucin judicial (legal ruling), veredicto (verdict)
TRIBUNALES (courts)
UP: corte de justicia (court of justice), corte suprema (high court or supreme
court), magistratura (judges or magistracy), tribunal criminal (criminal court),
tribunal administrativo (administrative court)
TRIBUNALES CIVILES (civil courts)
TRIBUNALES DEL TRABAJO (labour courts)
TRIBUNALES PENALES (criminal courts)

DERECHO (law)
NA: aplquese a los estudios referentes a las ciencias jurdicas
DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)
DERECHO DE LA FAMILIA (family law)
UP: derecho familiar (family law), derecho matrimonial (matrimonial law)
DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)
DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)
DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)
DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)

46

DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO (administrative law)


DERECHO CONSTITUCIONAL (constitutional law)
DERECHO DEL TRABAJO (labour law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
DERECHO FISCAL (fiscal law)
DERECHO MERCANTIL (commercial law)
DERECHO DE PATENTE (patent law)
DERECHO PENAL (criminal law)
EXTRADICIN (extradition)
FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)
PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
UP: abogaca (legal profession), abogado (lawyer), profesin de abogado
(legal profession), licenciado (lawyer)
JURISTA (jurist)
UP: hombre de leyes (lawyer), juez (judge), magistrado (magistrate or judge)
PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)
REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)
NA: situacin ante la ley de las personas o grupos sociales
TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)
JUSTICIA (justice)
JUSTICIA SOCIAL (social justice)

DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)


DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
ASILO (asylum)
CIUDADANA (citizenship)
CIUDADANA DE LAS MUJERES (womens citizenship)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES (womens
political participation)
DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right to justice)
DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)
CONFIDENCIALIDAD (confidentiality)
DERECHO A LA PROPIEDAD (right to property)
DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)
EUTANASIA (euthanasia)
DERECHO A VOTAR (right to vote)
DERECHOS DERIVADOS (derived rights)
NA: derechos, especialmente de seguridad social o de residencia, que
se le reconocen a una persona y que son resultantes y dependientes
de su relacin (generalmente de parentesco, matrimonio o cohabitacin) con otra persona
DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)
UP: derechos humanos para las mujeres (human rights for women), derechos humanos de la mujer (human rights of women), movimiento por la
liberacin de la mujer (womens liberation movement), derechos especficos
de la mujer (womens specific rights)
DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual and reproductive rights)
ABORTO (abortion)
ABORTO INSEGURO (unsafe abortion)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human rights)


DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
TERRITORIOS OCUPADOS (occupied territories)
CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crime against humanity)
GENOCIDIO (genocide)
HOLOCAUSTO (holocaust)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
CRMENES SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
VIOLACIN COLECTIVA (collective rape)
FEMINICIDIO (feminicide, female murderess)
CRMENES DE GUERRA (war crimes)
CAMPOS DE CONCENTRACIN (concentration camps)
DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special groups)
DERECHOS DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)
DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)

DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN ANTE LA LEY (discrimination before the law)

DISCRIMINACIN BASADA EN EL SEXO (sexual discrimination)


DISCRIMINACIN BASADA EN LA EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN ECONMICA (economic discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL (labour discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RELIGIOSA (religious discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
CONFLICTOS RACIALES (racial conflict)
ANTISEMITISMO (anti-Semitism)
APARTHEID (apartheid)
POLTICA RACIAL (racial policy)

LEGISLACIN AMBIENTAL (environmental legislation)


LEGISLACIN ANTIDISCRIMINACIN (antidiscrimination
legislation)
LEGISLACIN ECONMICA (economic legislation)
LEGISLACIN INDUSTRIAL (industrial legislation)
LEGISLACIN LABORAL (labour legislation)
LEGISLACIN SOBRE EL ABORTO (abortion legislation)
LEY DE ABORTO (abortion law)
LEGISLACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family legislation)
LEGISLACIN SOBRE SALUD (health legislation)
LEGISLACIN SOCIAL (social legislation)

J E R R Q U I C A

LEGISLACIN (legislation)

LIBERTAD (freedom)
LIBERTAD ECONMICA (economic freedom)
LIBERTAD POLTICA (politic freedom)
LIBERTAD DE ASOCIACIN (freedom of association)
LIBERTAD DE REUNIN (freedom of assembly)
LIBERTAD DE EXPRESIN (freedom of expression)
LIBERTAD DE PRENSA (freedom of the press)
CENSURA (censorship)
DERECHO A LA INFORMACIN (right to information)
LIBERTAD DE MOVIMIENTO (freedom of movement)
LIBERTAD DE PENSAMIENTO (freedom of thought)
LIBERTAD DE RELIGIN (freedom of religion)
UP: libertad de culto (freedom of worship)

P R E S E N T A C I N

LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)


UP: descriminalizacin del aborto (abortion decriminalization), despenalizacin del aborto (abortion legalize)
BIOTICA (bioethics)
CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO (informed consent)
LIBRE DECISIN (free decision) (free choice)
DERECHO DE LOS HOMOSEXUALES (gays rights)
DERECHO DE LAS LESBIANAS (lesbians rights)
DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and economic rights)
IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
UP: discriminacin positiva (positive discrimination), tratamiento
preferencial (preferential treatment)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EDUCACIN (educational opportunities)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
DERECHO A LA ALIMENTACIN (right to food) (food security)
DERECHO A LA EDUCACIN (right to education)
DERECHO A LA SALUD (right to health)
DERECHO A LA VIVIENDA (right to housing)
DERECHO AL TRABAJO (right to work)
PROMOCIN DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights
promotion)
RESPETO A LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (respect of human rights)
VIOLACIN A LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (violations of the
human rights)
PERSECUCIN (persecution)
PERSECUCIN POLTICA (political persecution)

12. Movimientos, organizaciones


y actores sociales
(movements, organizations
and social actors)

ACTORES SOCIALES (social actors)


GOBIERNO (government)
BUROCRACIA (bureaucracy) (civil service)
EMPLEADAS DEL GOBIERNO (women government employees)
EMPLEADOS DEL GOBIERNO (men government employees)
LDERES DEL GOBIERNO (government leaders)
GRUPOS (groups)
GRUPOS DE ACCIN (groups of action)

47

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

GRUPOS DE INTERS (groups of interest)


UP: grupos de presin (groups of pressure)
NA: utilcese en relacin con entidades capaces de ejercer presin
EMPRESAS TRANSNACIONALES (transnational corporations)
GRUPOS TNICOS (ethnical groups)
LIDERAZGO (leadership)
LEGISLADORES (legislators)
MUJERES LEGISLADORAS (women legislators)
MUJERES ARTISTAS (women artists)
MUJERES CIENTFICAS (women scientists)
MUJERES CAMPESINAS (women farmers)
MUJERES EMPRESARIAS/EJECUTIVAS (business women)
MUJERES ESCRITORAS (women writers)
MUJERES INTELECTUALES (intellectual women)
MUJERES JVENES (young women)
MUJERES POPULARES URBANAS (popular urban women)
MUJERES PROFESIONALES (professional women)
MUJERES RURALES (rural women)
ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
PARTICIPACIN SOCIAL (social participation)
PARTIDOS POLTICOS (political parties)
LDERES POLTICOS (political leaders)
MUJERES POLTICAS (women politics)
REDES (nets) (networks)
REFUGIADOS (refugees)
REFUGIADOS POLTICOS (political refugees)
SOCIEDAD CIVIL (civil society)

MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES (social movements)


DA INTERNACIONAL DE LA MUJER (international day womens)
MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
DEMANDAS DE LAS MUJERES (womens claims)
FEMINISMO DE LA PRIMERA OLA (first wave feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA SEGUNDA OLA (second wave feminism)
MOVIMIENTO ANARCOFEMINISTA (anarcho-feminist movement)
MOVIMIENTO ECOFEMINISTA (ecofeminist movement)
MOVIMIENTOS COOPERATIVOS (cooperative movement)
MOVIMIENTOS DE HOMOSEXUALES Y LESBIANAS
(homosexuals and lesbians movements)
MOVIMIENTOS DE HOMBRES (mens movement)
MOVIMIENTOS DE LIBERACIN NACIONAL (national liberation
movements)
MOVIMIENTOS DE MUJERES (womens movements)
MOVIMIENTO CONTRA EL ABORTO (movement against abortion)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES NEGRAS (black womens movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES DE CLASE MEDIA (middle class
womens movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES SOCIALISTAS (socialist womens
movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES LIBERALES (liberal womens
movement)

48

MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES DEL TERCER MUNDO (third


world womens movement)
MOVIMIENTOS ECOLOGISTAS (ecological movements)
MOVIMIENTOS ESTUDIANTILES (students movements)
MOVIMIENTOS OBREROS (workers movements)
MOVIMIENTOS PACIFISTAS (pacifist movements)
MOVIMIENTO PACIFISTA DE MUJERES (womens peace movement)

ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)


CENTROS COMUNITARIOS (communitarian centers)
CENTROS DE LA MUJER (womens centers)
ONG (NGOs)
UP: organizaciones no gubernamentales (non-governmental organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES CIVILES (civil organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES COMUNITARIAS (community organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE ALFABETIZACIN (literacy organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE JVENES (youth organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE SUBSISTENCIA (subsistence organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE TRABAJADORES (workers organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES FEMINISTAS (feminist organizations)
FORMAS ORGANIZACIONALES FEMINISTAS (feminist
organizational forms)
NA: formas de organizacin usadas en crculos feministas, tales
como relaciones de trabajo horizontales, trabajos colectivos, autonoma o que no exigen como requisito una formacin o capacitacin
especfica
ORGANIZACIONES INTERNACIONALES (international organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES NACIONALES (national organizations)
ASOCIACIONES DE PADRES DE FAMILIA (parents associations)
ASOCIACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional associations)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE ESTUDIANTES (students organizations)
ASOCIACIN DE PROFESORES (teachers associations)
UNIN DE SINDICATOS (trade unions)
SINDICATOS (trade union)
HUELGAS (strikes)
TRABAJADORAS (women workers)
UNIN DE SINDICATOS DE MUJERES (womens trade unions)
ORGANIZACIONES SOBRE EL SIDA (AIDS organizations)

13. Psicologa e identidad


(psychology and identity)
ACTITUDES (attitudes)
ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)
INTOLERANCIA (intolerance)
PREJUICIOS (prejudice)
CLASISMO (class-feeling)
RACISMO (racism)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

CONDUCTA (conduct)
AGRESIN (aggression)
FRUSTRACIN (frustration)
ROL (role)

CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)


ADOLESCENCIA (adolescence)
ADOLESCENTES (adolescents)
PBERES (adolescents)
ADULTEZ (adulthood)
ADULTAS (adult women)
ADULTOS (adult men)
INFANCIA (childhood)
UP: niez (childhood)
NIAS (girls)
NIOS (boys)
JUVENTUD (youth)
JVENES (young people)
PUBERTAD (puberty)
TERCERA EDAD (older people)
UP: vejez (old age), ancianidad (old age)
ADULTAS MAYORES (old adult women) (older women)
ADULTOS MAYORES (older adult men) (older men)

COGNICIN (cognition)
UP: mente (mind)
APTITUDES (aptitude)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
MOTIVACIN (motivation)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
ATENCIN (attention)
PERCEPCIN (perception)
PROCESOS COGNITIVOS (cognitive processes)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
INTUICIN (intuition)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
UP: procesos del pensamiento (thought processes)
RAZONAMIENTO (reasoning)

DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)


DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)
DESARROLLO EMOCIONAL (emotional development)
DESARROLLO INFANTIL (child development)
DESARROLLO MORAL (moral development)
DESARROLLO PERSONAL (personal development)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)

EMOCIONES (emotions)
UP: sentimientos (feelings)

J E R R Q U I C A

COMPORTAMIENTO (behaviour)

UP: razonamiento abstracto (abstract reasoning), deduccin (deduction),


induccin (induction)

AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
AMISTAD (friendship)
AUTONOMA (autonomy)
AMOR (love)
ANSIEDAD (anxiety)
CELOS (jealousy)
CULPA (guilt)
DEPENDENCIA (dependence)
CODEPENDENCIA (codependence)
MIEDO (fear)
ODIO (hate)
PASIN (passion)
PLACER (pleasure)
SOLEDAD (loneliness)
TRISTEZA (sadness)

P R E S E N T A C I N

SEXISMO (sexism)
MISOGINIA (misogyny)
HOMOFOBIA (homophobia)
LESBOFOBIA (lesbophobia)
XENOFOBIA (xenophobia)
CAMBIO DE ACTITUDES (attitude change)
TOLERANCIA (tolerance)

IDENTIDAD (identity)
AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)
AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)
AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
FEMINIDAD (femininity)
MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)
TRANSGNERO (transgender)
UP: travesti (transvestite), travestido (transvestite)
TRANSEXUAL (transsexual)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
ORIENTACIN SEXUAL (sexual orientation)
UP: preferencia sexual (sexual preference)
BISEXUALIDAD (bisexuality)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD (heterosexuality)
HOMOSEXUALIDAD (homosexuality)
UP: homosexualismo (homosexualism)
IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)

49

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)
INCONSCIENTE (unconscious)
INCONSCIENTE SOCIAL (social unconscious)
SUBCONSCIENTE (subconscious)

TERAPIA DE FAMILIA (family therapy)


TERAPIA DE GRUPO (group therapy)
GRUPOS DE SOPORTE (support groups)
TERAPIA DE PAREJA (couple therapy)
TERAPIA FEMINISTA (feminist therapy)

TRASTORNOS (disorders)

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

PERSONALIDAD (personality)
UP: temperamento, carcter (temperament, character)
RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality traits)
ASERTIVIDAD (assertiveness)
AUTOCONTROL (self-control)
AUTORITARISMO (authoritarianism)
CONFORMIDAD (conformity)
EGOSMO (egoism)
EMPATA (empathy)
FANATISMO (fanaticism)
PASIVIDAD (passivity)
TEORA DE LA PERSONALIDAD (personality theory)

PSIQUIATRA (psychiatry)
NEUROCIENCIAS (neurosciences)
NEUROPSIQUIATRA (neuropsychiatry)
PSICOFRMACOS (psychotropic drug, mood altering drug)
PSICOPATOLOGAS (psychopathology)

RAMAS DE LA PSICOLOGA (branches of psychology)


PSICOANLISIS (psychoanalysis)
PSICOBIOLOGA (psychobiology)
PSICOLOGA CLNICA (clinical psychology)
PSICODIAGNSTICO (psychodiagnostic)
PRUEBAS PSICOLGICAS (psychological tests)
PSICOLOGA DEL DESARROLLO (developmental psychology)
UP: psicologa gentica (genetic psychology), desarrollo individual (individual development)
PSICOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist psychology)
PSICOLOGA SOCIAL (social psychology)
COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
CONFLICTO (conflict)
GRUPOS (groups)
DINMICAS GRUPALES (groupal dynamics)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
INTERVENCIN SOCIAL (social intervention)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
PSICOTERAPIA (psychotherapy)
PSICOTERAPIA BREVE (short psychotherapy)
PSICOTERAPIA INDIVIDUAL (individual psychotherapy)

50

ADICCIONES (addictions)
ALCOHOLISMO (alcoholism)
TABAQUISMO (smoking habit)
TOXICOMANA (drug abuse)
UP: abuso de droga (drug abuse), adiccin a las drogas (drug addiction),
dependencia de las drogas (drug dependency), drogadiccin (drug addiction), farmacodependencia (dependence on drugs), narconomana (drug
dependency)
DEMENCIA (dementia)
DEPRESIN (depression)
DEPRESIN POSTNATAL (postnatal depression)
SNDROME DEL NIDO VACO (empty-nest syndrome)
SNDROME PREMENSTRUAL (pre-menstrual syndrome)
FOBIAS (phobias)
AGORAFOBIA (agoraphobia)
CLAUSTROFOBIA (claustrophobia)
NEUROSIS (neuroses)
HISTERIA (hysteria)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
UP: locura (madness), enfermedad mental (mental illness)
ALUCINACIN (hallucination)
DELIRIO (delirium)
ESQUIZOFRENIA (squizophrenia)
PARANOIA (paranoia)
PSICOSIS MANIACA DEPRESIVA (manic depressive psychosis)
TRASTORNOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality disorders)
UP: desrdenes mentales (mental disorders)
TRASTORNOS AFECTIVOS (affective disorders)
TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural disorders)
TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA (eating
disorders)
ANOREXIA (anorexia)
BULIMIA (bulimia)
TRASTORNOS PSICOSOMTICOS (psychosomatics)
TRAUMAS (traumas)

14. Salud (health)


FARMACOLOGA (pharmacology)
UP: farmacia (pharmacy)
MEDICAMENTO (drugs)
UP: antdoto (antidote), droga (drug), droga con fines mdicos (drug with
medicinal use), frmaco (drug, medicine), producto farmacutico (pharmaceutical product)

INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)


UP: investigacin biomdica (biomedical research), investigacin sanitaria (sanitary research)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE EL CNCER CRVICO-UTERINO (cervical cancer research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE FERTILIDAD (fertility research)
FERTILIDAD FEMENINA (female fertility)
FERTILIDAD MASCULINA (male fertility)

PROFESIN MDICA (medical profession)


TICA MDICA (medical ethics)
UP: deontologa mdica (medical ethics, medical deontology)
PERSONAL MDICO (medical personnel)
UP: mdicos (physicians)
MDICA (physicians)
UP: cirujana (surgeon), dentista (dentist), doctora (physician), psiquiatra
(psychiatrist)
MDICO (physicians)
UP: cirujano (surgeon), dentista (dentist), doctor (physician), psiquiatra
(psychiatrist)
PERSONAL PARAMDICO (paramedical personnel)
UP: auxiliar paramdico (paramedical assistant), dietista (dietician),
enfermera (nurse), enfermero (male nurse), fisioterapeuta (physiotherapist),
paramdico (paramedical personnel), partera (midwife), personal sanitario
auxiliar (medical assistan personnel)

SALUD (health)
ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
ADMINISTRACIN DE LA SALUD (health administration)
CENTROS DE SALUD (health centers)
ECONOMA DE LA SALUD (health economics)
UP: costes de salud (health costs), costes sanitarios (health costs), gastos
sanitarios (health spending)
EDUCACIN PARA LA SALUD (health education)
ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)
UP: estadsticas de la salud pblica (public health statistics)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
UP: poltica sanitaria (health policy), salud pblica (public health), sanidad
pblica (public health)
EPIDEMIOLOGA (epidemiology)
HIGIENE AMBIENTAL (environmental health)
UP: higiene del entorno (environmental hygiene), higiene medioambiental (environmental hygiene)
POLTICA SOBRE DROGAS (drug policy)

SALUD DE LAS MUJERES (womens health)


SALUD MATERNO-INFANTIL (maternal and child health)
UP: salud de la madre y del hijo (maternal and child health)
SALUD DE LOS ADOLESCENTES (adolescent health)
SALUD DE LOS ANCIANOS (aged health)
SALUD DE LOS HOMBRES (mens health)
SALUD DE LOS JVENES (youth health)
SALUD DENTAL (dental health)
SALUD INFANTIL (child health)
SALUD LABORAL (occupational health)
SALUD MENTAL (mental health)
PROMOCIN DE LA SALUD (health promotion)
SEGURO DE SALUD (health insurance)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TRABAJADORES DE LA SALUD (health workers)

SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)


ATENCIN PRIMARIA DE LA SALUD (primary health care)
NA: atencin mdica bsica que incluye diagnsticos y tratamientos
AUTORIDADES DE SALUD (health authorities)
CUIDADOS (care)
CUIDADO POSNATAL (postnatal care)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
ASILOS (asylums)
BANCOS DE SANGRE (blood banks)
CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)
CLNICAS PRIVADAS (private clinics)
CLNICAS PSIQUITRICAS (psychiatrics clinics)
DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)
UP: hospital de la mujer (woman hospital)
HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)
UP: hospital del nio (childs hospital)
HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)
HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)
HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)
HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)
PACIENTES (patients)
INTEGRACIN DE LOS SERVICIOS (service integration)
SERVICIOS DE ASISTENCIA SOCIAL (welfare work services)

SERVICIOS DE EMERGENCIA (emergency health services)


SERVICIOS DE ENFERMERA (nursing services)
SERVICIOS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation services)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD MENTAL (mental health services)
SERVICIOS PREVENTIVOS (preventive services)
SERVICIOS TERAPUTICOS (therapeutic services)

51

P R E S E N T A C I N

ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)


UP: cannabis (cannabis), cocana (cocaine), droga alucingena (hallucinogenic drug), drogas psicotrpicas (psychotropic drug), hachs (hashish), herona
(heroin), LSD (LSD, lysergic acid diethylamide), narctico (narcotic), opio
(opium), sustancia alucingena (hallucinogenic substance)

J E R R Q U I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

SISTEMA MDICO (medical system)


ACUPUNTURA (acupuncture)
DIETTICA (dietetics)
UP: dieta (diet), rgimen alimenticio (diet)
HOMEOPATA (homeopathy)
UP: fitoterapia (phytotherapy), medicina natural (natural medicine), naturopata (naturopathy)
MEDICINA PREVENTIVA (preventive medicine)
UP: deteccin de enfermedades (disease detection), diagnstico de enfermedades (disease diagnosis), prevencin de enfermedades (disease prevention)
HIGIENE (hygiene)
VACUNACIN (vaccination)
UP: inmunizacin (immunization), inoculacin (inoculation), vacuna
(vaccine)
MEDICINA TRADICIONAL (traditional medicine)
UP: etnomedicina (ethnomedicine), medicina casera (home medicine), medicina popular (popular medicine), remedios caseros (home remedy)

TECNOLOGA MDICA (medical technology)


UP: ciruga con lser (laser surgery), ingeniera biomdica (biomedical
engineering), ingeniera mdica (medical engineering), medicina nuclear
(nuclear medicine), tcnica biomdica (biomedical technique), tcnica
mdica (medical technique), tecnologa biomdica (biomedical technology)
TERAPIA (therapy)
UP: teraputica (therapeutics)
TRATAMIENTO MDICO (medical treatment)
UP: asistencia clnica (hospital treatment), asistencia mdica (medical
treatment), asistencia sanitaria (health care), cuidados mdicos (medical
care), cuidados sanitarios (health care)

15. Sexualidad (sexuality)


COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
UP: conducta sexual (sexual behaviour), conducta psicosocial (psychosocial behaviour)
ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
ACTITUD SEXUAL (sexual attitude)
NA: opiniones y creencias acerca de la conducta y el desarrollo sexual
AUTOEROTISMO (autoeroticism)
MASTURBACIN (masturbation)
MASTURBACIN FEMENINA (female masturbation)
MASTURBACIN MASCULINA (male masturbation)
ATRACCIN SEXUAL (sexual attraction)
DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
EXCITACIN (excitation)
ERECCIN (erection)
LiBIDO (libido)
ORGASMO (orgasm)
ANORGASMIA (anorgasmia)
PAREJA SEXUAL (sexual partners)

52

NOVIAZGO (engagement)
PAREJA SENTIMENTAL (sexual partnerships)
RELACIN EXTRAMARITAL (extramarital relation)
UP: adulterio (adultery)
PRCTICAS SEXUALES (sexual practices)
UP: coito (coitus)
RELACIONES SEXUALES (sexual intercourse)
SEXO ANAL (anal sex)
SEXO ORAL (oral sex)
RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
RELACIONES DE PODER (power relations)
NEGOCIACIN (negotiation)
NA: envuelve el sexo seguro donde las parejas desarrollan una
poltica del uso del condn entre ellos mismos y con otras
parejas

DELITOS SEXUALES (sexual crimes)


ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
ABUSO SEXUAL INFANTIL (child sexual abuse)
INCESTO (incest)
PEDOFILIA (paedophilia)
VIOLACIN (rape)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
ACOSO SEXUAL EN EL LUGAR DE TRABAJO (sexual harassment at work)
ESTUPRO (statutory rape)
EXPLOTACIN SEXUAL (sexual exploitation)
PORNOGRAFA (pornography)
PORNOGRAFA INFANTIL (child pornography)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)
VIOLENCIA SEXUAL (sexual violence)
VIOLACIN (rape)
VIOLACIN COLECTIVA (collective rape)

DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual and


reproductive rights)
ABORTO (abortion)
ABORTO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent abortion)
ABORTO INSEGURO (unsafe abortion)
EMBARAZO (pregnancy)
EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent pregnancy)
LIBRE DECISIN (free decision) (free choice)
CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO (informed consent)

DIFERENCIAS SEXUALES (sexual differences)


ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)
UP: estereotipos sexuales (sex stereotypes)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
FEMINIDAD (femininity)
MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)
TRANSGNERO (transgender)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

EDUCACIN SEXUAL FORMAL (formal sex education)


CURRCULA (curriculum)
PAPEL DE LOS PROFESORES (teachers role)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL INFORMAL (informal sexual education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL NO FORMAL (no formal sex education)
ONG (NGOs)
IGLESIA (church)
SABERES SEXUALES (sexual knowledge)

INDUSTRIA DEL SEXO (sex industry) (adult industry)


NA: cualquier forma de comercio sexual por el que se obtienen
beneficios econmicos
UP: turismo sexual (sex tourism), trfico de mujeres (trafficking of
women)
PORNOGRAFA (pornography)
PORNOGRAFA DURA (hardcore pornography)
PORNOGRAFA INFANTIL (child pornography)
PORNOGRAFA SUAVE (softcore pornography)
REVISTAS PORNOGRFICAS (pornographic, adult magazines)
PROSTITUCIN (prostitution)
ECONOMA DE LA PROSTITUCIN (economics of prostitution)
PROSTITUCIN FEMENINA (female prostitution)
TRABAJADORA SEXUAL (sexual female worker)
UP: prostituta (prostitute), puta (whore), meretriz (whore)
PROSTITUCIN MASCULINA (male prostitution)
TRABAJADOR SEXUAL (sexual male worker)
UP: mayate (mayate), chapero (hustler)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA PROSTITUCIN (sociology of prostitution)

PARAFILIAS (paraphilias)
NA: cualquier tipo de comportamiento sexual que difiera de las
normas sociales de una cultura dada
UP: aberraciones sexuales (sexual aberrations), desviaciones sexuales
(sexual desviations), perversiones sexuales (sexual perversion)
EXHIBICIONISMO (exhibitionism)
FETICHISMO (fetishism)
NECROFILIA (necrophilia)
PEDOFILIA (paedophilia)
SADOMASOQUISMO (sado-masochism)

POLTICA SEXUAL (sexual policy)


NA: se refiere a las dinmicas de poder entre los sexos
ANDROCENTRISMO (male centredness, androcentricity)
ANDROFOBIA (androphobia)
HETERONORMATIVA (heteronormative)
HETEROSEXISMO (heterosexism)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD COMPULSIVA (compulsive heterosexuality)
MISOGINIA (misogyny)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)
HOMOFOBIA (homophobia)
LESBOFOBIA (lesbophobia)
INICIACIN SEXUAL (sexual initiation)
INICIACIN SEXUAL FEMENINA (female sexual initiation)
INICIACIN SEXUAL MASCULINA (male sexual initiation)
VIRGINIDAD (virginity)
MUTILACIN GENITAL (genital mutilation)
MUTILACIN GENITAL FEMENINA (female circumcision)
MUTILACIN GENITAL MASCULINA (circumcision)
RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
SEXISMO (sexism)

J E R R Q U I C A

EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)

VOYEURISMO (voyeurism)
ZOOFILIA (zoophilia)

SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)


INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIN SEXUAL (sexual transmitted
infections)
UP: enfermedades de transmisin sexual (sexual transmitted infections),
enfermedades venreas (venereal diseases)
INFECCIN VIRAL (viral infection)
VIRUS DE INMUNODEFICIENCIA HUMANA (VIH) (human immunodeficiency virus (HIV))
SNDROME DE INMUNODEFICIENCIA ADQUIRIDA
(SIDA) (acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
HEPATITIS (hepatitis)
INFECCIN BACTERIAL (bacterial infections)
CLAMIDIA (Chlamydia)
GONORREA (gonorrhea)
SFILIS (syphilis)
TRANSMISIN (transmission)
TRANSMISIN HETEROSEXUAL (heterosexual transmission)
TRANSMISIN HOMOSEXUAL (homosexual transmission)
SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
SEXO SEGURO (safe sex)
PRCTICAS DE RIESGO (risky practices)
UP: prcticas sexuales desprotegidas (unprotected sexual practices), no
uso del condn (no use of condom)
PREVENCIN (prevention)
CONDN (condom)
ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)

53

P R E S E N T A C I N

UP: travesti (transvestite), travestido (transvestite)


TRANSEXUAL (transsexual)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
ORIENTACIN SEXUAL (sexual orientation)
UP: preferencia sexual (sexual preference)
BISEXUALIDAD (bisexuality)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD (heterosexuality)
HOMOSEXUALIDAD (homosexuality)
UP: homosexualismo (homosexualism)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

EMBARAZO (pregnancy)
EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent pregnancy)
EMBARAZO NO DESEADO (unwanted pregnancy)
PROBLEMAS SEXUALES (sexual disorders)
UP: trastorno sexual (sexual disorders) (outrage)
IMPOTENCIA (impotence)

PSICOLOGA SEXUAL (sexual psychology)


COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
UP: conducta sexual

16. Teora, investigacin y anlisis social


(Theory, research and social analysis)

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)
SEXUALIDAD INFANTIL (child sexuality)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
FASE ANAL (anal phase)
FASE FLICA (phallic phase)
FASE GENITAL (genital phase)
FASE ORAL (oral phase)
PERIODO DE LATENCIA (latent period)
SEXUALIDAD ADOLESCENTE (adolescent sexuality)
PUBERTAD (puberty)
DISMENORREA (painful menstruation)
EYACULACIN (ejaculation)
SEXUALIDAD DE LOS ADULTOS MAYORES (elderly sexuality)

TEORAS DE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)


BIOLOGICISMO (biologicism)
BIOLOGA SEXUAL (sexual biology)
HORMONAS SEXUALES (sexual hormones)
ESTRADIOL (estradiol)
ESTRGENO (estrogen)
TESTOSTERONA (testosterone)
INSTINTO SEXUAL (sexual instinct)
SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)
SEXO (sex)
HEMBRA (female)
MACHO (male)
CONSTRUCCIONISMO SOCIAL (social constructionism)
ANTROPOLOGA SOCIAL (social anthropology)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA DE LA SEXUALIDAD (sexuality history)
POSESTRUCTURALISMO (post-structuralism)
SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
RELIGIN (religion)
ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
CASTIDAD (purity)
VIRGINIDAD (virginity)
CELIBATO (celibacy)
PECADO (sin)
SEXOLOGA (sexology)

HIGIENE SEXUAL (sexual hygiene)


PEDAGOGA SEXUAL (sexual pedagogy)
PSICOANLISIS (psychoanalysis)
CONSEJERO SEXUAL (sexual counsellor)
TERAPIA SEXUAL (sexual therapy)

54

CAMBIO SOCIAL (social change)


DEMOCRATIZACIN (democratization)
DESARROLLO (development)
EXCLUSIN SOCIAL (social exclusion)
GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)
MODERNIZACIN (modernization)
MOVILIDAD SOCIAL (social mobility)
RESISTENCIA AL CAMBIO (resistance to change)

CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)


CIENCIAS DEL COMPORTAMIENTO (behavioural sciences)
CIENCIAS GEOGRFICAS (geographical sciences)
UP: geografa (geography)
CIENCIAS SOCIOCULTURALES (socio-cultural sciences)
ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)
ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
UP: estudios de la mujer (womens studies)
SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
INVESTIGACIN SOCIOLGICA (sociological research)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (sociology of education)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA FAMILIA (sociology of the family)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
UP: sociologa religiosa (religious sociology)
SOCIOLOGA DEL ARTE (art sociology)
SOCIOLOGA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (sociology of knowledge)
SOCIOLOGA DEL DERECHO (sociology of law)
SOCIOLOGA DEL TRABAJO (occupational sociology)
SOCIOLOGA MDICA (medical sociology)
SOCIOMETRA (sociometry)
INVESTIGACIN DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science
research)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research methods
and techniques)
SEXOLOGA (sexology)

COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)


ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)
ADAPTACIN SOCIAL (social adaptation)
COMPORTAMIENTO GRUPAL (group behaviour)
DEMOSTRACIONES (demonstrations)
DINMICAS DE GRUPO (group dynamics)
MANIFESTACIONES (marches)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)


COHABITACIN (cohabitation)
CONDICIONES SOCIALES (social conditions)
FACTORES SOCIALES (social factors)
INTEGRACIN (integration)
SEGREGACIN RELIGIOSA (religious segregation)

ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)


CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
ALTA BURGUESA (gentry)
CAMPESINOS (peasant)
CLASE ALTA (upper class)
CLASE BAJA (lower class)
CLASE MEDIA (middle class)
CLASES POPULARES (working class)
UP: clase trabajadora (working class)
POBRES (poor) (gender and social stratification)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ESTATUS SOCIAL (social status)
INDICADORES SOCIALES (social indicators)
INDICADORES DE GNERO (gender indicators)
INEQUIDADES SOCIALES (social inequality)
GNERO Y ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (gender and social
stratification)
ROLES SOCIALES (social roles)
PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)
UP: roles de gnero (gender roles)

ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social strucure)


ARISTOCRACIA (aristocracy)
CASTAS (caste)
CLASE GOBERNANTE (ruling class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ELITE (elite)
ELITE INTELECTUAL (intelligentsia)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)

INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)


COMUNIDADES SOCIALES (social communities)
COMUNIDAD GAY (gay community)
COOPERACIN (cooperation)
REDES SOCIALES (social networks)
APOYO SOCIAL (social support)
RELACIONES EXTERNAS (external relations)
RELACIONES INTERGRUPALES (intergroup relations)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
RELACIONES AFECTIVAS (relationship)
AMISTAD (friendship)
AMOR (love)
RELACIONES PERSONALES (relationship)
RELACIONES SEXUALES (sexual intercourse)
PAREJAS SEXUALES (sexual partnerships)
RELACIONES HETEROSEXUALES (heterosexual relations)
RELACIONES HOMOSEXUALES (homosexual relations)

INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)


ANLISIS ESTADSTICO Y MODELOS (statistical analysis and models)
ANLISIS MULTIVARIADO (multivariate analysis)
ANLISIS DE REGRESIN (regression analysis)
ANLISIS DE COHORTES (cohort analysis)
MODELOS (models)
MODELOS LINEALES (linear models)
MODELOS NO LINEALES (non-linear models)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public opinion
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN
(mass communication research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
UP: investigacin educativa (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
SONDEOS (election polls)
INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)

55

J E R R Q U I C A

ENTORNO SOCIAL (social enviroment)

PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
REALEZA (royalty)

P R E S E N T A C I N

PROTESTAS PACFICAS (peaceful protest)


MIEMBROS (membership)
CONTROL SOCIAL (social control)
INCLUSIN SOCIAL (social inclusion)
INFLUENCIA SOCIAL (social influence)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
NORMAS SOCIALES (social norms)
PARTICIPACIN SOCIAL (social participation)
PARTICIPACIN JUVENIL (juvenile participation)
UP: participacin de los jvenes (youth participation)
PATRIOTISMO (patriotism)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)


ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)

METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research methods)


CONCEPTUALIZACIN (conceptualization)
DISEO DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research design)
FORMULACIN DE LAS HIPTESIS (formulation of hypotheses)
FORMULACIN DEL PROBLEMA (formulation of problem)
METODOLOGA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (methodology of
the social sciences)
APROXIMACIONES METODOLGICAS (methodological approaches)
FILOSOFA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (philosophy of the social
sciences)
FORMACIN TERICA (theory formation)
RAZONAMIENTO LGICO (logical reasoning)
TEORA E INVESTIGACIN (theory and research)
MTODOS DE MEDIDA (measurement methods)
MODELOS DE MEDIDA (measurement models)
NIVELES DE MEDIDA (levels of measurement)
TEORA DE LA MEDIDA (measurement theory)
ORGANIZACIN Y APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN
(organization and application of research)
ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA
UP: administracin de la investigacin (research administration), gestin
de la investigacin (research administration)
APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (application of research)
CALIDAD DE LA INVESTIGACIN (quality of research)
POLTICA CIENTFICA (science policy)
UP: poltica de investigacin (research policy)
PROCESAMIENTO DE DATOS E INTERPRETACIN (data
processing and interpretation)
ANLISIS DE CONTENIDO (content analysis)
ANLISIS SECUNDARIO (secondary analysis)
CODIFICACIN (coding)
ELABORACIN (elaboration)
INTERPRETACIN (interpretation)
METAANLISIS (meta analysis)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
ANLISIS GRUPAL (group analysis)
ANLISIS INDIVIDUAL (individual analysis)
ANLISIS RELACIONAL (relational analysis)
MLTIPLES NIVELES DE ANLISIS (multi-level analysis)

56

RECOLECCIN DE LOS DATOS (data collection)


CUESTIONARIO (questionnaire)
ENCUESTA POR CORREO (mail survey)
ENTREVISTA (interview)
ENTREVISTADORES (interviewers)
INFORMANTES (respondents)
RESPUESTAS (responses)
SITUACIN DE LA ENTREVISTA (interview situation)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
ENTREVISTA COMPUTARIZADA (computerized interview)
ENTREVISTA CUALITATIVA (qualitative interview)
ENTREVISTA ESTANDARIZADA (standardized interview)
ENTREVISTA GRUPAL (group interview)
ENTREVISTA NO ESTANDARIZADA (unstandardized
interview)
ENTREVISTA TELEFNICA (telephone interview)
OBSERVACIN (observation)
TCNICAS DE RECOLECCIN DE LOS DATOS (data collection
techniques)
UNIDADES DE INVESTIGACIN (research units)
CENSO (census)
MUESTREO (sampling)
DISEO DE LA MUESTRA (sampling design)
MUESTREO ESTADSTICO (sampling statistics)
MUESTREO TERICO (sampling theory)

MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES (social movements)


MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
MOVIMIENTOS COOPERATIVOS (cooperative movement)
MOVIMIENTOS DE HOMOSEXUALES Y LESBIANAS
(homosexuals and lesbians movements)
MOVIMIENTOS DE LIBERACIN NACIONAL (national liberation
movements)
MOVIMIENTOS DE MUJERES (womens movements)
MOVIMIENTOS ECOLOGISTAS (ecological movements)
MOVIMIENTOS ESTUDIANTILES (students movements)
MOVIMIENTOS OBREROS (workers movements)
MOVIMIENTOS PACIFISTAS (pacifist movements)

SISTEMA DE VALORES (values system) (moral code)


ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)
ESTEREOTIPOS NACIONALES (national stereotypes)
VALORES SOCIALES (social values)
VALORES MORALES (moral values) (moral code) (moral sense)
VALORES RELIGIOSOS (religious values)

SISTEMA SOCIAL (social system)


IMPERIOS (empires)
NACIONES (nations)
CONSTRUCCIN DE LA NACIN (nation building)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)


ESTRUCTURAL-FUNCIONALISMO (structural-functionalism)
ETNOMETODOLOGA (ethnomethodology)
INTERACCIONISMO SIMBLICO (symbolic interactionism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSESTRUCTURALISMO (post-structuralism)
POSMODERNISMO (post-modernism)
PRAGMATISMO (pragmatism)
SOCIOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural sociology)
TEORA DE LA ACCIN SOCIAL (social action theory)
TEORA DEL CONFLICTO (conflict theory)
TEORAS DEL CONTROL (control theories)
TEORA DEL INTERCAMBIO (interchange theory)
TEORA SOBRE LA ORGANIZACIN (theory on organization)
TEORA SOCIAL CLSICA (classic social theory)
TEORA SOCIAL CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary social theory)

17. Trabajo (work) (job)


EMPLEO (employment)
DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
UP: paro (unemployment)
DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)
DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)
NA: desempleo peridico debido a variaciones del ciclo econmico
DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (underemployment)
NA: se refiere a la mano de obra potencial que no se considera
DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
UP: desempleo tcnico (technical unemployment), desempleo tecnolgico (technological unemployment), paro tcnico (technical unemployment), paro
tecnolgico (technological unemployment)
NA: desempleo causado por los cambios de la estructura de la
economa
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)
UP: desempleo de los jvenes (youth unemployment)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)

UP: trabajo a jornada partida (split shift employment), trabajo a media


jornada (half day employment), trabajo a medio tiempo (half day employment)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
UP: trabajo de las mujeres (womens work)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)
EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ANLISIS DE GNERO (gender based analysis)
UP: anlisis por gnero (analysis by gender)
NA: estudio de las diferencias de condiciones, necesidades, ndices
de participacin, etc., entre hombres y mujeres
TASAS DE PARTICIPACIN (participation level) (participation rates)
NA: ndice de participacin de hombres y mujeres.
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
UP: perspectivas de empleo (employment prospects), posibilidades de empleo (employment possibilities), salidas laborales (job opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
CREACIN DE EMPLEOS (job creation)
UP: creacin de puestos (job creation), creacin de puestos de trabajo
(job creation)
SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
UP: subcontratacin (subcontracting), subcontratos (subcontracts)
SUSPENSIN LABORAL (suspension from work)
NA: terminacin del empleo por el empleador
TRABAJO COMPARTIDO (job sharing)
TRABAJO A DOMICILIO (homeworking)
NA: trabajo remunerado realizado por una persona en su hogar o
en otro lugar que decida, con excepcin del lugar de trabajo de su
empresario
TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)
UP: empleo ilegal (illegal employment), trabajo ilegal (illegal employment),
trabajo negro (clandestine employment)
TRABAJO FORZADO (hard labour)
TRABAJO INFANTIL (child labour)
UP: trabajo de menores (child labour)

MERCADO DE TRABAJO (labour market)


UP: mercado de empleo (labour market)
DIVISIN DEL TRABAJO (division of labour)
DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)
CONCILIACIN FAMILIA-TRABAJO (family-work reconciliation)
NA: introduccin de sistemas de permiso por razones familiares
y de permiso parental, de atencin a la infancia y a personas de
edad avanzada, y creacin de estructura y organizacin del entorno laboral que facilite a hombres y a mujeres la combinacin
del trabajo y de las responsabilidades familiares y hogareas
PROTECCIN DE LA MATERNIDAD (motherhood protection)

57

J E R R Q U I C A

TEORA SOCIAL (social theory)

EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)

P R E S E N T A C I N

SOCIEDADES CONTEMPORNEAS (contemporary society)


SOCIEDADES INDUSTRIALES (industrial societies)
SOCIEDAD DE LA INFORMACIN (information society)
SOCIEDADES POSINDUSTRIALES (post-industrial societies)
SOCIEDADES NO INDUSTRIALIZADAS (non-industrialized societies)
PASES DEL TERCER MUNDO (Third World countries)
PASES EN VAS DE DESARROLLO (developing countries)
SOCIEDADES TRADICIONALES (traditional societies)

P R E S E N T A C I N

J E R R Q U I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

SEGREGACIN EN EL TRABAJO/EMPLEO (job segregation/


employment segregation)
NA: concentracin de mujeres y hombres en tipos y niveles diferentes de actividad y empleo.
SEGREGACIN HORIZONTAL (horizontal segregation)
NA: concentracin de mujeres y de hombres en sectores y empleos especficos.
SEGREGACIN VERTICAL (vertical segregation)
NA: concentracin de mujeres y hombres en grados y niveles
especficos de responsabilidad o de puestos.
TECHO DE VIDRIO (glass ceiling)
NA: barrera invisible resultante de un complejo entramado de
estructuras en organizaciones dominadas por varones, que impide
que las mujeres accedan a puestos importantes
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)
ESTABILIDAD LABORAL (labour stability)
ESTADSTICAS DEL TRABAJO (labour statistics)
ANLISIS DE GNERO (gender based analysis )
UP: anlisis por gnero (analysis by gender)
NA: estudio de las diferencias de condiciones, necesidades, ndices
de participacin, etc., entre hombres y mujeres
MANO DE OBRA (manpower)
UP: poblacin activa (labour force), trabajadores (working population)
OFERTA DE MANO DE OBRA (labour supply)
NECESIDAD DE MANO DE OBRA (need of manpower)
UP: demanda de mano de obra (labour demand), demanda de trabajadores (labour demand)
MOVILIDAD LABORAL (labour mobility)
UP: movilidad de la mano de obra (manpower mobility)
POLTICA LABORAL (labour policy)
DESARROLLO DE RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources
development)
UP: gestin de los recursos humanos (human resources management)
PRODUCTIVIDAD LABORAL (labour productivity)
UP: rendimiento laboral (performance at work)
RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources)
UP: capital humano (human capital)

RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)


UP: relaciones de trabajo (labour relations), relaciones patronales
(employers relations), relaciones patronos-sindicatos (employers-trades
union relations), relaciones patronos-trabajadores (employer-worker
relations), relaciones profesionales (professional relations), relaciones
sindicales (trade union relations)
CONFLICTO LABORAL (industrial dispute)
UP: conflicto de trabajo (labour conflict), disputa laboral (industrial dispute), enfrentamiento laboral (industrial confrontation), tensiones laborales
(industrial tension)
AUSENTISMO (absenteeism)
CIERRE PATRONAL (lockout)

58

CIERRES DE EMPRESAS (lockout)


DESPIDO (dismissal)
DISCIPLINA (discipline)
HUELGA (strikes)
HUELGAS ILEGALES (illegal strikes)
HUELGUISTAS (strikers)
JUBILACIN (retirement)
JUBILACIN ANTICIPADA (early retirement)
JUBILACIN FORZOSA (compulsory retirement)
JUBILACIN VOLUNTARIA (voluntary retirement)
LICENCIA (leave)
LICENCIA POR ESTUDIOS (studies leave)
UP: permiso por estudio (studies leave)
LICENCIA POR MATERNIDAD (maternity leave)
LICENCIA POR PATERNIDAD (paternity leave)
LICENCIA POR RAZONES FAMILIARES (family matter leave)
MOVIMIENTO OBRERO (workers movement)
PARTICIPACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers participation)
UP: democracia empresarial (business democracy), democracia industrial
(industrial democracy), participacin de los empleados (workers participation)
PERMISO (leave)
POLTICA SALARIAL (wage policy)
IGUALDAD DE RETRIBUCIN POR TRABAJO DE IGUAL
VALOR (equal pay for work of equal value)
NA: igualdad de remuneracin por un trabajo al que se le atribuye
un valor igual, sin que haya discriminacin por razones de sexo o de
estado civil
SALARIOS (wages)
ASALARIADOS (wage earner)
DETERMINACIN DEL SALARIO (wage determination)
ESCALA DE SALARIOS (pay scale)
INCENTIVOS SALARIALES (wage incentives)
INDEMNIZACIN POR CESANTA (redundancy pay)
SALARIO BASE (basic wage)
SALARIO MNIMO (minimum wage)
SALARIO MNIMO INTERPROFESIONAL (guaranteed
minimum wage)
TASA DEL SALARIO (wage rate)
SISTEMAS DE REMUNERACIN (wage payment systems)
NA: diversas maneras de calcular la remuneracin de una empleada
o empleado
READAPTACIN PROFESIONAL (retraining)
REASIGNACIN (relocation)
RENUNCIA (resignation)
SINDICATO (trade unions)
UP: asociacin sindical (trade union association), organizacin sindical
(trade union organization)
NEGOCIACIN COLECTIVA (collective bargaining)
CONVENIOS COLECTIVOS (collective bargain or general wages
agreement)
ORGANIZACIONES DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers organizations)

SEGURIDAD LABORAL (industrial safety)


ACCIDENTES DEL TRABAJO (industrial accidents)
DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD (safety devices)
ENFERMEDADES OCUPACIONALES (occupational diseases)
NA: consecuencias nocivas de la actividad y del ambiente
HIGIENE DEL TRABAJO (occupational hygiene)
MEDICINA DEL TRABAJO (occupational medicine)

TRABAJO (work) (job)


NA: utilcese para documentos muy generales

18. Violencia (violence)


MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA (methods of violence)
MTODOS DE ATAQUE INDISCRIMINADO (methods of indiscriminate attacks)
BOMBARDEO (bombing)
FUSILAMIENTO (shooting)
INCENDIO (arson)
NA: se trata del incendio provocado
USO DE GAS (use of gas)
MTODOS DE ENCARCELAMIENTO (imprisonment methods)
MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA CONTRA UNA PERSONA
(TORTURA) (methods of violence against a person) (torture)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
AMENAZAS (threats)
AMENAZAS DE MUERTE (death threats)
DEGRADACIN (degradation)
NA: por medio del abuso verbal, al hacerlas/os desnudarse o al
forzarla/lo a hacer un acto degradante
PRIVACIONES (deprivation)
NA: privar de alimentos, atencin mdica o medicamentos, sueo, etc.
TORTURA (torture)
TORTURA PSICOLGICA (psychological torture)
VIOLACIN (rape)
MTODOS PARA MATAR (methods for killing)

VIOLENCIA (violence)
ASALTO (assault)
ASALTO CON VIOLENCIA (assault with violence)
VCTIMAS DE VIOLENCIA (violence victims)
ASESORAMIENTO PSICOLGICO POR VIOLENCIA
(violence counselling)
GRUPOS DE APOYO (support groups)
VIOLENCIA COLECTIVA (collective violence)
DISTURBIO (riot)

VANDALISMO (vandalism)
VIOLENCIA CONTRA ADULTOS MAYORES (violence against old
people)
VIOLENCIA DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass
media violence)
NA: fuerza fsica contra personas o propiedades tal como se describe a
travs del cine, televisin, peridicos o radio
VIOLENCIA EN LA TELEVISIN (violence in television)
VIOLENCIA EN LAS INSTITUCIONES (violence in the institutions)
MOTN (mutiny)
VIOLENCIA EN EL LUGAR DE TRABAJO (violence in the
workplace)
VIOLENCIA EN LA ESCUELA (school violence)
VIOLENCIA HOMOFBICA (homophobic violence)
VIOLENCIA CONTRA LOS HOMOSEXUALES (violence against
gays)
VIOLENCIA CONTRA LAS LESBIANAS (violence against lesbians)
VIOLENCIA JUVENIL (youth violence)
UP: violencia de los jvenes (youth violence)
VIOLENCIA POLTICA (political violence)
TERRORISMO (terrorism)
MUJERES TERRORISTAS (terrorist women)
TERRORISMO ISLMICO (Islamic terrorism)
VIOLENCIA RACIALMENTE MOTIVADA (motivated violence by the
race)
VIOLENCIA RELIGIOSAMENTE MOTIVADA (motivated violence
by the religion)
VIOLENCIA SOCIALMENTE APROBADA (socially approved violence)
VIOLENCIA ESPONTNEA (spontaneous violence)
NA: comportamiento violento no premeditado o aparentemente no
motivado

VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)


VIOLENCIA CONTRA LAS MUJERES (violence against women)
FEMINICIDIOS (feminicide, female murders)
HOMBRES VIOLENTOS (violent men)
VIOLENCIA DOMSTICA (domestic violence)
UP: violencia conyugal (marital violence), violencia en el hogar (violence
at home), violencia en el medio familiar (home violence), violencia familiar
(family violence)
ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)
ABUSO SEXUAL INFANTIL (child sexual abuse)
INCESTO (incest)
MALTRATO INFANTIL (child abuse)
VIOLENCIA SEXUAL (sexual violence)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
VIOLACIN (rape)
VIOLENCIA ECONMICA (economical violence)
VIOLENCIA FSICA (physical violence)
VIOLENCIA PSICOLGICA (psychological violence)

59

P R E S E N T A C I N

ORGANIZACIONES PATRONALES (employers organizations)


ORGANIZACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional organizations)

J E R R Q U I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

T e s a Pur ers eon t a c i n

Alfabtica

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)


ABERRACIONES SEXUALES (sexual aberrations),
use PARAFILIAS (paraphilias)
ABOGACA (legal profession), use PROFESIN JURDICA (legal
profession)
ABOGADO (lawyer), use PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
ABORTO (abortion)
ABORTO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent abortion)
ABORTO ESPONTNEO (miscarriage)
ABORTO ILEGAL (illegal abortion)
ABORTO INSEGURO (unsafe abortion)
ABORTO LEGAL (legal abortion)
ABORTO PROVOCADO (abortion)
ABSOLUTISMO (absolutism), use TOTALITARISMO (totalitarianism)

ACCIN JUDICIAL (judicial action), use ADMINISTRACIN DE


JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
ACCIN JURDICA (juridical action), use ADMINISTRACIN
DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
ACCIN SOCIAL (social action), use PROGRAMAS SOCIALES
(social programmes)
ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
ACONTECIMIENTOS HISTRICOS (historical events)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
ACOSO SEXUAL EN EL LUGAR DE TRABAJO (sexual harassment in the work place)
ACTITUD DE LOS PADRES (parents attitudes)
ACTITUD DEL DOCENTE (teachers attitudes)
ACTITUD DEL ESTUDIANTE (students attitudes)
ACTITUD ESTUDIANTIL (student attitudes), use ACTITUD DEL
ESTUDIANTE (students attitudes)

ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)

ACTITUD PARENTAL (parents attitudes), use ACTITUD DE LOS


PADRES (parents attitudes)

ABUELA (grandmother)

ACTITUD SEXUAL (sexual attitude)

ABUELO (grandfather)

ACTITUDES (attitudes)

ABUSO DE AUTORIDAD (misuse of authority), use OPRESIN


(oppression)

ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)

ABUSO DE DROGA (drug abuse), use TOXICOMANA (drug abuse)

ACTIVIDADES CULTURALES (cultural activities)

ABUSO DE MENORES (child abuse)


ABUSO DE PODER (misuse of power), use OPRESIN (oppression)

ACTIVIDADES DE INVESTIGACIN (research activities), use


ACTIVIDADES CIENTFICAS (scientific activities)

ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)

ACTIVIDADES POLTICAS (political activities)

ABUSO SEXUAL INFANTIL (child sexual abuse)

ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS

ACADEMIAS EVANGLICAS (evangelical academies)

ACTIVISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist activist)

ACCESO A LA EDUCACIN (equal access to education)

ACTORES (actors)

ACCESO A LA PROPIEDAD (equal access to property)

ACTORES SOCIALES (social actors)

ACCESO AL AGUA POTABLE (drinking water facilities)

ACTRICES (actresses)

ACCESO AL TRABAJO (equal access to work)

ACUERDOS CULTURALES (cultural agreements)

ACCESO A LA INFORMACIN (access to information)

ACULTURACIN (acculturation)

ACCIDENTES (accidents)

ACUPUNTURA (acupuncture)

ACCIDENTES DE TRABAJO (industrial accidents)

ADAPTACIN DEL ESTUDIANTE (student adjustment)

ACCIDENTES DE TRNSITO (traffic accidents)

ADAPTACIN ESCOLAR (student adjustment), use ADAPTACIN


DEL ESTUDIANTE (student adjustment)

ACTIVIDADES CIENTFICAS (scientific activities)

63

A L F A B T I C A

ABANDONO DEL HOGAR (desertion)

ACCIN CULTURAL (cultural action)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ADAPTACIN SOCIAL (social adaptation)

AFILIACIN RELIGIOSA (religious affiliation)

ADICCIN A LAS DROGAS (drug addiction), use TOXICOMANA


(drug abuse)

AGENCIA (agency)

ADICCIONES (addictions)
ADIVINACIN (divination)
ADMINISTRACIN CULTURAL (cultural administration)
ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)


ADMINISTRACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN
(research administration), use ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)
ADMINISTRACIN DE LA SALUD (health administration)
ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development
administration)
ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
ADMINISTRACIN LOCAL (local administration), use GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)
ADMINISTRACIN MUNICIPAL (municipal administration), use
GOBIERNO MUNICIPAL (municipal government)
ADMINISTRACIN PBLICA (public administration)
ADMINISTRACIN REGIONAL (regional administration), use
GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)
ADMINISTRACIN TECNOLGICA (technological administration),
use ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)
ADMINISTRADOR DE LA EDUCACIN (educational administrator)

AGENCIAS DE NOTICIAS (news agencies)


AGENCIAS DE PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning agency)
AGENDA DE GNERO (gender agenda)
AGENTE DEL ESTADO (state agent), use FUNCIONARIO PBLICO (civil servant)
AGITACIN SOCIAL (social agitation), use CONFLICTO SOCIAL
(social conflict)
AGORAFOBIA (agoraphobia)
AGRESIN (aggression)
AGRESIN (assault)
AGRESIN INFANTIL (child assault), use ABUSO
DE MENORES (child abuse)
AGRICULTURA (agriculture)
AISLAMIENTO CULTURAL (cultural isolation)
AISLAMIENTO SOCIAL (social alienation), use ALIENACIN
SOCIAL (social alienation)
AJUSTE ESTRUCTURAL (structural adjustment)
ALCOHOLISMO (alcoholism)
ALEGORA (allegory), use POESA (poetry)
ALFABETIZACIN DE ADULTOS (adult literacy)
ALFABETIZADOR (literacy tutor), use DOCENTE (teachers)
ALIENACIN SOCIAL (social alienation)
ALMA (soul)

ADOLESCENCIA (adolescence)

ALTA BURGUESA (gentry)

ADOPCIN (adoption)

ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)

ADULTAS (adult women)

ALUCINACIN (hallucination)

ADULTAS MAYORES (old adult women) (older women)

AMA DE CASA (housewife)

ADULTAS MAYORES (old adult women) (older women)

AMAS DE CASA (housewives)

ADULTERIO (adultery), use RELACIN EXTRAMARITAL


(extramarital relation)

AMBIENTE CULTURAL (cultural environment)

ADULTEZ (adulthood)

AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)

ADULTOS (adult men)

AMENAZAS (threats)

ADULTOS MAYORES (old adult men)

AMENAZAS DE MUERTE (death threats)

AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)

AMISTAD (friendship)

AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)

AMOR (love)

64

AMBIENTE DE LA CLASE (classroom environment)

ANOREXIA (anorexia)

ANALFABETISMO (illiteracy)

ANORGASMIA (anorgasmia)

ANALFABETISMO DE LOS ADULTOS (illiteracy of adults)

ANSIEDAD (anxiety)

ANALFABETISMO FUNCIONAL (functional illiteracy)

ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

ANALFABETO (illiterate man)

ANTIBELICISMO (anti war pacifism), use PACIFISMO (pacifism)

ANLISIS CAUSAL (causal analysis)

ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)

ANLISIS COMPARATIVO (comparative analysis)

ANTICONCEPCIN DE EMERGENCIA (emergency contraception)

ANLISIS CUALITATIVO (qualitative analysis)

ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)

ANLISIS CUANTITATIVO (quantitative analysis)

ANTICONCEPTIVOS MECNICOS (mechanic contraceptives)

ANLISIS DE COHORTES (cohort analysis)

ANTICONCEPTIVOS ORALES (oral contraceptives)

ANLISIS DE CONTENIDO (content analysis)

ANTDOTO (antidote), use MEDICAMENTO (drugs)

ANLISIS DE GNERO (gender based analysis)

ANTIFEMINISMO (antifeminism)

ANLISIS DE REGRESIN (regression analysis)

ANTIGEDAD (antiquity)

ANLISIS GRUPAL (group analysis)

ANTIMILITARISMO (antimilitarism), use PACIFISMO (pacifism)

ANLISIS HISTRICO (historical analysis)

ANTISEMITISMO (anti-Semitism)

ANLISIS INDIVIDUAL (individual analysis)

ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)

ANLISIS INTERCULTURAL (cross cultural analysis)

ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)

ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analysis)

ANTROPOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational anthropology)

ANLISIS MULTIVARIADO (multivariate analysis)

ANTROPOLOGA FSICA (physical anthropology)

ANLISIS POR GNERO (analysis by gender), use ANLISIS DE


GNERO (gender based analysis)

ANTROPOLOGA SOCIAL (social anthropology)

ANLISIS RELACIONAL (relational analysis)


ANLISIS SECUNDARIO (secondary analysis)
ANLISIS TIPOLGICO (typological analysis), use TIPOLOGA
(typology)
ANARQUISMO (anarchism)
ANATOMA (anatomy)
ANCIANIDAD (old age), use TERCERA EDAD (older people)
ANCIANO (elderly people)
ANDROCENTRISMO (male centeredness, androcentricity)
ANDROFOBIA (androphobia)
ANDROGINIA (androgyny)
ANGLICANISMO (Anglicanism)
ANGLOCATOLICISMO (Anglo-Catholicism)
ANIMACIN CULTURAL (cultural animation)
ANIMALES (animals)
ANIMISMO (animism)

APARTHEID (apartheid)
APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (application of research)
APLICACIN DE LA LEY (law application)
APOYO SOCIAL (social support)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
APRENDIZAJE DE ADULTOS (adult learning)
APROXIMACIN EMPRICA (empirical approach), u
se INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)
APROXIMACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary
approach)
APROXIMACIONES METODOLGICAS (methodological
approaches)
APTITUDES (aptitude)
ARISTOCRACIA (aristocracy)
ARQUITECTAS (architect women)
ARQUITECTOS (architect men)
ARQUITECTURA (architecture)

65

P R E S E N T A C I N

ANALFABETA (illiterate woman)

A L F A B T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ARTES (arts)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)

ASISTENCIA SANITARIA (health care), use TRATAMIENTO


MDICO (medical treatment)
ASISTENCIA SOCIAL (welfare work or social work), use BIENESTAR
SOCIAL (social welfare)

ARTESANAS (craftswomen)

ASOCIACIN DE PROFESORES (teachers associations)

ARTESANA (craftsmanship)

ASOCIACIN SINDICAL (trade union association), use SINDICATO


(trade unions)

ARTCULOS RELIGIOSOS (religious articles)

A L F A B T I C A

ASISTENCIA PBLICA (public assistance)

ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)

ARTESANOS (craftsmen)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ASISTENCIA MDICA (medical treatment), use TRATAMIENTO


MDICO (medical treatment)

ARTISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist artist)


ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
ASALARIADOS (wage earner)
ASALTO (assault)
ASALTO CON VIOLENCIA (assault with violence)

ASOCIACIONES CULTURALES (cultural associations), use


ORGANIZACIONES CULTURALES (cultural organizations)
ASOCIACIONES DE PADRES DE FAMILIA (parents associations)
ASOCIACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional associations)
ASUNTOS DOMSTICOS (domestic affairs), use POLTICA
INTERNA (internal politics)

ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)

ASUNTOS ECONMICOS INTERNACIONALES (international


economics affaires)

ASENTAMIENTO HUMANO (human settlement)

ATAQUE (attack), use VIOLENCIA (violence)

ASERTIVIDAD (assertiveness)

ATESMO (atheism)

ASESORAMIENTO (counselling, advice)

ATENCIN (attention)

ASESORAMIENTO JURDICO (juridical advice)

ATENCIN PRIMARIA DE LA SALUD (primary health care)

ASESORAMIENTO LEGAL (legal advice), use ASESORAMIENTO JURDICO (juridical advice)

ATRACCIN SEXUAL (sexual attraction)

ASIGNACIONES FAMILIARES (family allowance), use SUBSIDIOS


FAMILIARES (family allowance)
ASILADAS (asylum seekers women, inmates, refugees)

AUDIENCIAS (audiences), use USUARIOS DE LA CULTURA


(cultural users)
AUDITORA GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental audit)

ASILADOS (asylum seekers men, inmates, refugees)

AUSENCIA MATERNA (maternal absence), use AUSENCIA


MATERNAL (maternal absence)

ASILO (asylum)

AUSENCIA MATERNAL (maternal absence)

ASILOS (asylums)

AUSENCIA PATERNA (paternal absence), use AUSENCIA


PATERNAL (paternal absence)

ASIMILACIN CULTURAL (cultural assimilation), use ACULTURACIN (acculturation)

AUSENCIA PATERNAL (paternal absence)

ASISTENCIA CLNICA (hospital treatment), use TRATAMIENTO


MDICO (medical treatment)

AUSENTISMO (absenteeism)

ASISTENCIA JUDICIAL (judicial assistance), use ASESORAMIENTO JURDICO (juridical advice)

AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)

ASISTENCIA JURDICA (juridical assistance), use ASESORAMIENTO JURDICO (juridical advice)

AUTOCRACIA (autocracy), use TOTALITARISMO (totalitarianism)

ASISTENCIA LEGAL (legal aid), use ASESORAMIENTO JURDICO (juridical advice)

66

AUTOBIOGRAFA (autobiography)

AUTOCONTROL (self-control)

AUTOEROTISMO (autoeroticism)
AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

AUTOGESTIN (self government)


AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)

AUTOMATIZACIN (automation)

AUTORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist authors)


AUTORES (men authors)
AUTORIDAD DEL DOCENTE (teachers authority)
AUTORIDAD DEL PROFESOR (teachers authority), use AUTORIDAD DEL DOCENTE (teachers authority)

BAILARINAS (women dancer)


BAILARINES (men dancer)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
BANCA (banking)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
BANCOS DE SANGRE (blood banks)

AUTORIDAD ESCOLAR (school authority), use DISCIPLINA


ESCOLAR (school discipline)

BECAS PARA LA INVESTIGACIN (research grants)

AUTORIDAD LOCAL (local authority), use GOBIERNO ESTATAL


(state government)

BIBLIOTECARIO DE COLEGIO (school librarian), use BIBLIOTECARIO ESCOLAR (school librarian)

AUTORIDAD MUNICIPAL (municipal authority), use GOBIERNO


MUNICIPAL (municipal government)

BIBLIOTECARIO ESCOLAR (school librarian)

AUTORIDAD REGIONAL (regional authority), use GOBIERNO


ESTATAL (state government)
AUTORIDADES DE SALUD (health authorities)
AUTORITARISMO (authoritarianism)
AUXILIAR DOCENTE (teacher assistant)
AUXILIAR PARAMDICO (paramedical assistant), use PERSONAL
PARAMDICO (paramedical personnel)

BELLEZA (beauty)

BICULTURALISMO (biculturalism)
BIENES MANCOMUNADOS (joint goods)
BIENESTAR DE LA INFANCIA (child welfare)
BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)
BINARISMO (binarism)
BIOTICA (bioethics)
BIOGRAFA (biography)

AYUDA A LA INFANCIA (child aid)

BIOLOGA ANIMAL (animal biology), use ZOOLOGA (zoology)

AYUDA BILATERAL (bilateral aid)

BIOLOGA DE LAS PLANTAS (plant biology), use BOTNICA


(botany)

AYUDA ECONMICA (economic aid)


AYUDA MULTILATERAL (multilateral aid)
AYUDA PRIVADA (private aid)
AYUDA SOCIAL (social aid), use BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social
welfare)
AYUDANTE VOLUNTARIO (voluntary assistant), use
VOLUNTARIOS (volunteers)
AYUDAS FAMILIARES (family aids), use SEGURIDAD SOCIAL
(social security)

BIOLOGA SEXUAL (sexual biology)


BIOLOGICISMO (biologicism)
BIOTECNOLOGA (biotechnology)
BISEXUALIDAD (bisexuality)
BOMBARDEO (bombing)
BOTNICA (botany)
BRAHMANISMO (Brahmanism)

AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)

BRECHA GENERACIONAL (generation gap), use RELACIN


INTERGENERACIONAL (intergenerational relation)

AYUDAS SOCIALES (social aids), use SEGURIDAD SOCIAL (social


security)

BUDISMO (Buddhism)
BUDISTAS (Buddhists)
BULIMIA (bulimia)
BUROCRACIA (bureaucracy) (civil service)

67

A L F A B T I C A

AUTORAS (women authors)

P R E S E N T A C I N

AUTONOMA (autonomy)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

CANNABIS (cannabis), use ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)

CAPACITACIN (qualification)

CALABOZO (prison cell), use PRISIN (prison)

CAPITAL HUMANO (human capital), use RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources)

CALIDAD DE LA INVESTIGACIN (quality of research)

CAPITALISMO (capitalism)

CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)

CARCTER (temperament, character), use PERSONALIDAD (personality)

CALIDAD DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE (environmental quality)


CALVINISMO (Calvinism)

CARCTER NACIONAL (national character), use IDENTIDAD


NACIONAL (national identity)

A L F A B T I C A

CAPELLANES (chaplains)

CMARA DE DIPUTADOS (representatives chamber)

CRCEL (prison or jail), use PRISIN (prison)

CMARA DE SENADORES (senate)

CARDENALES (cardinals)

CMARAS (chamber), use PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)

CARDIOLOGA (cardiology)

CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)

CARGO PBLICO (public servants), use FUNCIONARIO PBLICO (civil servant)

P R E S E N T A C I N

CABILDEO (lobbying)

CANTANTES (singers)

CAMPAAS COMERCIALES (commercial campaign)

CAMBIO DE ACTITUDES (attitude change)


CAMBIO SOCIAL (social change)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
CAMPAAS (campaign)

CAMPAAS DE ALFABETIZACIN (literacy campaign)

CARIDAD (charity)
CASTAS (caste)
CASTIDAD (purity)
CASTIGO (punishment), use SANCIN PENAL (penal sanctions)
CASTIGO ESCOLAR (school punishment)

CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN (prevention campaign)

CATEDRTICO (professor), use PERSONAL ACADMICO


DOCENTE (academic teaching personnel)

CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN DEL CNCER (cancer prevention


campaign)

CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)

CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN DEL SIDA (AIDS prevention


campaign)

CATOLICISMO ROMANO (Roman Catholicism)


CAUSALIDAD (causality), use ANLISIS CAUSAL (causal analysis)

CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN (promotion campaign)

CELDA (cell), use PRISIN (prison)

CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA EQUIDAD


DE GNERO (promotion campaign for gender equity)

CELIBATO (celibacy)

CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women promotion


campaign)

CELOS (jealousy)
CENSO (census)
CENSOS DE POBLACIN (population censuses)

CAMPAAS DE SALUD (health campaign)

CENSURA (censorship)

CAMPAAS ELECTORALES (election campaign)

CENTRO DE EDUCACIN ESPECIAL (special education center), use


ESCUELA ESPECIAL (special school)

CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES (public or


governmental campaign)
CAMPAAS PUBLICITARIAS (advertising campaign)
CAMPESINOS (peasant)
CAMPOS DE CONCENTRACIN (concentration camps)
CANDIDATAS (election campaign)

68

CENTRO DE FORMACIN (training centers)


CENTRO DE FORMACIN DE PROFESORES (center of teacher
training), use ESCUELA DE PROFESORES (teacher education school)
CENTRO PEDAGGICO (teacher centers)
CENTRO PENITENCIARIO (penitentiary centre), use PRISIN
(prison)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

CINE DE MUJERES (womens cinema)

CENTROS DE INVESTIGACIN (research centers)

CINEASTAS (film makers)

CENTROS DE LA MUJER (womens centers)

CIRUGA (surgery)

CENTROS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation centers)


CENTROS DE SALUD (health centers)

CIRUGA CON LSER (laser surgery), use TECNOLOGA MDICA


(medical technology)

CENTROS DE SALUD RURALES (rural health centers)

CIRUGA PLSTICA (plastic surgery)

CENTROS DE SALUD URBANOS (urban health centers)

CIRUJANA (surgeon), use MDICA (physicians)

CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)

CIRUJANO (surgeon), use MDICO (physicians)

CHAPERO (hustler), use TRABAJADOR SEXUAL (sexual male worker)

CISMA (schism)

CHAMANISMO (shamanism)

CIUDADANA (citizenship)

CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)

CIUDADANA DE LAS MUJERES (womens citizenship)

CICLOS ECONMICOS (business cycles)

CIVILIZACIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient civilizations)

CIEGAS (blind women)

CIVILIZACIONES CLSICAS (classical civilizations)

CIEGOS (blind men)

CLAMIDIA (Chlamydia)

CIENCIA CRISTIANA (Christian science)

CLAN (clan)

CIENCIA DE LA TECNOLOGA (science of technology), use ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (science studies)

CLASE ALTA (upper class)

CIENCIA POLTICA (political science)


CIENCIA Y DESARROLLO (science and development)
CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGA (science and technology), use
TECNOLOGA (technology)
CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
CIENCIAS DEL COMPORTAMIENTO (behavioural sciences)
CIENCIAS GEOGRFICAS (geographical sciences)
CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)

CLASE BAJA (lower class)


CLASE GOBERNANTE (ruling class)
CLASE MEDIA (middle class)
CLASE TRABAJADORA (working class), use CLASES POPULARES
(working class)
CLASES POPULARES (working class)
CLASES SOCIALES (social classes)
CLASISMO
CLAUSTROFOBIA (claustrophobia)
CLERO (clergy)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)

CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)

CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)

CIENCIAS SOCIOCULTURALES (socio-cultural sciences)

CLNICAS PRIVADAS (private clinics)

CIENCIOLOGA (scientology)

CLNICAS PSIQUITRICAS (psychiatrics clinics)

CIENTFICAS (women scientists)

COBERTURA (coverage)

CIENTFICOS (scientists)

COCANA (cocaine), use ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)

CIERRE PATRONAL (lockout)

CODEPENDENCIA (codependence)

CIERRES DE EMPRESAS (lockout)

CODIFICACIN (coding)

CINE (cinema)

CDIGO CIVIL (civil code)

CINE ARTE (art cinema)

CDIGO LABORAL (labour code, labour law)

CINE COMERCIAL (commercial cinema)

CDIGO MERCANTIL (commercial code)

69

P R E S E N T A C I N

CIENCIA FICCIN (science fiction)

A L F A B T I C A

CENTROS COMUNITARIOS (communitarian centers)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

CDIGO PENAL (penal code)

COMPORTAMIENTO POLTICO (political behaviour)

CDIGOS (codes)

COMPORTAMIENTO RELIGIOSO (religious behaviour)

COGNICIN (cognition)

COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive behaviour)

COHABITACIN (cohabitation)

COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)

COITO (coitus), use PRCTICAS SEXUALES (sexual practices)

COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)

COLEGIO ESPECIAL (special school), use ESCUELA ESPECIAL


(special school)

COMPRA (shopping)

COLEGIO INTERNADO (boarding school)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

COLEGIO MIXTO (coeducational school), use ESCUELA MIXTA


(coeducational school)
COLEGIO UNIVERSITARIO (university college), use UNIVERSIDAD (university)
COLONIA (colonies), use PAS COLONIAL (colonial countries)

COMPRENSIN (comprehension)
COMUNICACIN (communication)
COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
COMUNICACIN GRUPAL (group communication)
COMUNICACIN HUMANA (human communication), use COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpersonal communication)

COLONIZACIN (colonization)

COMUNICACIN INDIVIDUAL (individual communication), use


COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpersonal
communication)

COMEDIA (comedy), use DRAMA (drama)

COMUNICACIN INTERACTIVA (interactive communication)

COMERCIO (trade)

COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural communication)

COMICIOS (elections), use ELECCIONES (elections)

COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpersonal communication)

CMICS (comics)

COMUNICACIN NO VERBAL (nonverbal communication)

COMISIN DE DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights committee)

COMUNICACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (communication


organizations)

COLONIALISMO (colonialism)

COMISIN DE LA MUJER (woman committee)


COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
COMISIN PERMANENTE (standing committee)
COMISIONES DE TRABAJO (work committee)
COMPAERISMO (comradeship, friendship)

COMUNICACIN POLTICA (political communication)


COMUNICACIN SOBRE SEXUALIDAD (communication about
sexuality)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)

COMPETENCIA (competition)

COMUNICACIN VERBAL (verbal communication), use HABLA


(speech)

COMPORTAMIENTO (behaviour)

COMUNIDAD GAY (gay community)

COMPORTAMIENTO DEL ALUMNO (students behaviour)

COMUNIDADES CIENTFICAS (scientific communities), use


CIENTFICOS (scientists)

COMPORTAMIENTO DEL DOCENTE (teachers behaviour)


COMPORTAMIENTO DEL ESTUDIANTE (students behaviour),
use COMPORTAMIENTO DEL ALUMNO (students behaviour)

COMUNIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious communities)

COMPORTAMIENTO DEL PROFESOR (teachers behaviour), use


COMPORTAMIENTO DEL DOCENTE (teachers behaviour)

COMUNIN (communion)

COMPORTAMIENTO ECONMICO (economic behaviour)


COMPORTAMIENTO ELECTORAL DE LAS MUJERES
(electoral behaviour of women)
COMPORTAMIENTO GRUPAL (group behaviour)
COMPORTAMIENTO MORAL (moral behaviour)

70

COMUNIDADES SOCIALES (social communities)

COMUNISMO (communism)
CONCENTRACIN ECONMICA (economic concentration)
CONCEPTOS MORALES (moral concepts)
CONCEPTUALIZACIN (conceptualization)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

CONCILIACIN FAMILIA-TRABAJO (family-work reconciliation)

CONSEJERO SEXUAL (sexual counsellor)


CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO (informed consent)

CONCUBINATO (concubinage), use COHABITACIN (cohabitation)

CONSERVADURISMO (conservatism), use CONSERVATISMO


(conservatism)

CONDICIN DE LA MUJER (women conditions)

CONSERVATISMO (conservatism)

CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)

CONSTRUCCIN DE LA NACIN (nation building)

CONDICIONES DE VIDA (living conditions)

CONSTRUCCIN SOCIAL DE LA REALIDAD (social construction of reality)

CONDICIONES ECONMICAS (economic conditions)


CONDICIONES SOCIALES (social conditions)
CONDN (condom)
CONDUCTA (conduct)
CONDUCTA PSICOSOCIAL (psychosocial behaviour), use COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
CONDUCTA SEXUAL (sexual behaviour), use COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
CONFEDERACIN (confederation), use FEDERACIN (federation)
CONFIDENCIALIDAD (confidentiality)
CONFIRMACIN (confirmation)
CONFLICTO (conflict)

CONSTRUCCIONISMO SOCIAL (social constructionism)


CONSUMIDORES DE CULTURA (cultural consumers), use USUARIOS DE LA CULTURA (cultural users)
CONSUMO (consumption)
CONSUMO DOMESTICO (home consumption)
CONTACTO CULTURAL (cultural contact), use INTERACCIN
CULTURAL (cultural interaction)
CONTENCIOSO (contentious), use PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL
(legal procedure)
CONTENIDO DE LA PROGRAMACIN (programme contents)
CONTEXTO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning context), use
AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)

CONFLICTO DE GENERACIONES (generation conflict), use


RELACIN

CONTRA CULTURAS (countercultures)

CONFLICTO DE TRABAJO (labour conflict), use CONFLICTO


LABORAL (industrial dispute)

CONTRABANDO DE ARMAS (gun-running)

CONFLICTO LABORAL (industrial dispute)

CONTRACEPCIN (contraception), use ANTICONCEPCIN


(contraception)

CONFLICTO POLTICO (political conflicts)


CONFLICTO SOCIAL (social conflict)
CONFLICTOS CULTURALES (cultural conflicts)
CONFLICTOS DE CLASES (class conflicts), use CONFLICTO
SOCIAL (social conflict)
CONFLICTOS RACIALES (racial conflict)
CONFLICTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious conflicts)
CONFORMIDAD (conformity)
CONFUCIONISMO (Confucianism)
CONGREGACIONALISMO (congregationalism)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
CONOCIMIENTOS (knowledge)
CONOCIMIENTOS TECNOLGICOS (technological knowledge)

CONTRABANDO (smuggling)

CONTRARREFORMA (counter-reformation)
CONTRATO SEXUAL (sexual contract)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
CONTRATOS DE TRABAJO (contracts of employment or contracts of service)
CONTRATOS PBLICOS (public contracts or government contracts)
CONTROL COMUNICACIONAL (communication control)
CONTROL DE LA NATALIDAD (birth control)
CONTROL GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental control)
CONTROL SOCIAL (social control)
CONVENIOS COLECTIVOS (collective bargain or general wages agreement)
CONVERSIN RELIGIOSA (religious conversion)
CNYUGE (partner), use HOMBRE CASADO (married man)

71

A L F A B T I C A

CONCILIACIN (conciliation), use MEDIACIN (mediation)

CONSAGRACIN (consecration)

P R E S E N T A C I N

CONCIENCIA NACIONAL (national consciousness), use IDENTIDAD NACIONAL (national identity)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

COOPERACIN (cooperation)

CREATIVIDAD (creativity)

COOPERACIN CIENTFICA (scientific cooperation)

CRECIMIENTO DE LA POBLACIN (population growth), use


INCREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population increase)

COOPERACIN CULTURAL (cultural cooperation)


COOPERACIN ECONMICA (economic cooperation)
COOPERACIN EN INVESTIGACIN (research cooperation), use
COOPERACIN CIENTFICA (scientific cooperation)

CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)


CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
CREENCIAS RELIGIOSAS PERSONALES (personal religious beliefs)

COOPERACIN RELIGIOSA (religious cooperation)

CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)

COOPERACIN TCNICA (technical cooperation)

CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against humanity)

COOPERACIN TECNOLGICA (technological cooperation), use


COOPERACIN CIENTFICA (scientific cooperation)

CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)

A L F A B T I C A

CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)

CRISIS MORAL (moral crisis)

CORRUPCIN (corruption)

CRISIS POLTICA (political crisis)

P R E S E N T A C I N

CRMENES DE GUERRA (war crimes)

COORDINACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research coordination), use ORGANIZACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN


(research organization)

CORRUPCIN POLTICA (political corruption)

CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)

CORTE DE JUSTICIA (court of justice), use TRIBUNALES (courts)

CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO (orthodox Christianity)

CORTE SUPREMA (high court or supreme court), use TRIBUNALES


(courts)

CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO GRIEGO (Greek orthodox)

COSMTICA (cosmetics)

CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO RUSO (Russian orthodox)

COSTES DE SALUD (health costs), use ECONOMA DE LA


SALUD (health economics)

CRISTIANOS (Christians)

COSTES SANITARIOS (health costs), use ECONOMA DE LA


SALUD (health economics)

CRTICA LITERARIA (literary criticism)

CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)


CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS (racially motivated crimes)

COREOGRAFA (choreography), use DANZA (dance)

CRMENES SEXUALES (sexual crimes)

CORPORALIDAD (embodiment)

CRIMINALIDAD JUVENIL (juvenile delinquency), use DELINCUENCIA JUVENIL (juvenile delinquency)

CORRIENTES DE GNERO (gender mainstream), use INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)

CRISIS CULTURALES (cultural crises)

CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO ORIENTAL (eastern orthodox)

CRTICA FEMINISTA (feminist criticism)

COSTES SOCIALES (social costs)

CRITICISMO (criticism)

COSTO DE LA VIDA (cost of living)

CRONOLOGA (chronology)

COSTUMBRES CULINARIAS (culinary customs)

CUALIDADES (qualities)

COSTUMBRES Y TRADICIONES (customs and traditions)

CUENTA PBLICA E INFORMES DE GOBIERNO (public


account and governmental reports)

COTIZACIN SOCIAL (contributions), use SEGURIDAD SOCIAL


(social security)

CUENTAS NACIONALES (national accounting)

CREACIN DE EMPLEOS (job creation)

CUENTO (short story)

CREACIN DE PUESTOS (job creation), use CREACIN DE


EMPLEOS (job creation)

CUERPO (body)

CREACIN DE PUESTOS DE TRABAJO (job creation), use


CREACIN DE EMPLEOS (job creation)

CUERPO FEMENINO (female body)

72

CUERPO DE LAS MUJERES (womens body)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

CUERPO MASCULINO (male body)

DECRETOS (decree)

CUESTIONARIO (questionnaire)

DEDUCCIN (deduction), use RAZONAMIENTO (reasoning)

CUESTIONARIOS (questionnaires)

DEFICIENTES AUDITIVOS (hearing handicapped person), use


SORDAS (deaf women)

CUIDADOS SANITARIOS (health care), use TRATAMIENTO


MDICO (medical treatment)
CULPA (guilt)
CULTOS (cults)
CULTURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary culture)
CULTURA DE LAS MUJERES (womens culture)

DEFICIENTES AUDITIVOS (hearing handicapped person), use SORDOS (deaf men)


DEFICIENTES MENTALES (mentally disabled person), use DISCAPACITADAS MENTALES (mentally disabled women)
DEFICIENTES MENTALES (mentally disabled person), use DISCAPACITADOS MENTALES (mentally disabled men)
DEFICIENTES VISUALES (visually handicapped person), use CIEGAS
(blind women)

CULTURA TRADICIONAL (traditional culture)

DEFICIENTES VISUALES (visually handicapped person), use CIEGOS


(blind men)

CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)

DFICIT DEMOCRTICO (democratic deficit)

CULTURAS DOMINANTES (dominant cultures)

DEGRADACIN (degradation)

CULTURAS EXTINTAS (disappearing cultures)

DEIDADES (deities)

CULTURAS TRADICIONALES (traditional cultures)

DELINCUENCIA (delinquency)

CUOTAS (quotas)

DELINCUENCIA JUVENIL (juvenile delinquency)

CURAS (mass priests)

DELIRIO (delirium)

CURIOSIDAD (curiosity), use INTERS (APRENDIZAJE) (interest) (learning)

DELITOS (crime)

CURRCULA (curriculum)

DEMANDA DE MANO DE OBRA (labour demand), use NECESIDAD DE MANO DE OBRA (need of manpower)

CUSTODIA (custody)
CUSTODIA COMPARTIDA (shared custody)
CYBORGS (cyborgs)

DELITOS SEXUALES (sexual crimes)

DEMANDA DE TRABAJADORES (labour demand), use NECESIDAD DE MANO DE OBRA (need of manpower)
DEMANDAS DE LAS MUJERES (womens claims)
DEMENCIA (dementia)

D
DANZA (dance)
DATOS CENSALES (census data)

DEMOCRACIA (democracy)
DEMOCRACIA EMPRESARIAL (business democracy), use PARTICIPACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers participation)
DEMOCRACIA INDUSTRIAL (industrial democracy), use PARTICIPACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers participation)

DECANO (dean), use ADMINISTRADOR DE LA EDUCACIN


(educational administrator)

DEMOCRACIA PARITARIA (parity democracy)

DECISIN DEL TRIBUNAL (judgement or ruling), use SENTENCIA JUDICIAL (judicial sentence)

DEMOGRAFA (demography)

DECISIN JUDICIAL (judgement or ruling), use SENTENCIA


JUDICIAL (judicial sentence)

DENSIDAD DE POBLACIN (population density)

DECREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population decrease)

DEMOCRATIZACIN (democratization)

DEMOSTRACIONES (demonstrations)

DENTISTA (dentist), use MDICO (physicians)

73

A L F A B T I C A

CUIDADOS MDICOS (medical care), use TRATAMIENTO


MDICO (medical treatment)

P R E S E N T A C I N

CUIDADO POSTNATAL (postnatal care)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

DEONTOLOGA (deontology)

DERECHO DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)

DEONTOLOGA MDICA (medical ethics, medical deontology), use


TICA MDICA (medical ethics)

DERECHO DE LOS HOMOSEXUALES (gays rights)

DEPARTAMENTOS DE INVESTIGACIN (research units), use


CENTROS DE INVESTIGACIN (research centers)
DEPENDENCIA (dependence)
DEPENDENCIA DE LAS DROGAS (drug dependency), use TOXICOMANA (drug abuse)
DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA (economic dependence)

DERECHO DEL TRABAJO (labour law)


DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
DERECHO FAMILIAR (family law), use DERECHO DE LA
FAMILIA (family law)
DERECHO FISCAL (fiscal law)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)

A L F A B T I C A

DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)

DEPENDENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological dependence)

P R E S E N T A C I N

DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA DE LA MUJER (woman economic


dependence)

DERECHO DE PATENTE (patent law)

DERECHO A LA EDUCACIN (right to education)

DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special groups)

DERECHO A LA INFORMACIN (right to information)

DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)

DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right to justice)

DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)

DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)

DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)

DERECHO A LA PROPIEDAD (right to property)

DERECHOS DERIVADOS (derived rights)

DERECHO A LA SALUD (right to health)

DERECHOS ESPECFICOS DE LA MUJER (womens specific rights),


use DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)

DEPORTACIN (deportation)
DEPRESIN (depression)
DEPRESIN POST-NATAL (postnatal depression)
DERECHO (law)
DERECHO A LA ALIMENTACIN (right to food) (food security)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to selfdetermination)

DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)


DERECHO A LA VIVIENDA (right to housing)
DERECHO A VOTAR (right to vote)
DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO (administrative law)
DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)

DERECHO MATRIMONIAL (marriage law), use DERECHO DE


LA FAMILIA (family law)
DERECHO MERCANTIL (commercial law)
DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)
DERECHO PENAL (criminal law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
DERECHOS (rights)
DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)

DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)


DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human rights)
DERECHOS HUMANOS DE LA MUJER (human rights of women),
use DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)

DERECHO AL TRABAJO (right to work)

DERECHOS HUMANOS PARA LAS MUJERES (human rights for


women), use DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)

DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)

DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)

DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)

DERECHOS REPRODUCTIVOS (reproductive rights)

DERECHO CONSTITUCIONAL (constitutional law)

DERECHOS SEXUALES (sexual rights)

DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)

DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual and


reproductive rights)

DERECHO DE LA FAMILIA (family law)


DERECHO DE LAS LESBIANAS (lesbians rights)

74

DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and economic


rights)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

DERECHOS Y PRIVILEGIOS (rights and privileges)

DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)

DESAGREGACIN (disintegration)

DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)

DESARROLLO (development)

DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)

DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)

DESEMPLEO DE LOS JVENES (youth unemployment), use DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)

DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)


DESARROLLO DE RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources
development)
DESARROLLO ECONMICO (economic development)
DESARROLLO EMOCIONAL (emotional development)

DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (underemployment)


DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)
DESEMPLEO TCNICO (technical unemployment), use DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)

DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)

DESEMPLEO TECNOLGICO (technological unemployment), use


DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)

DESARROLLO INDIVIDUAL (individual development), use


PSICOLOGA DEL DESARROLLO (developmental psychology)

DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)

DESARROLLO INFANTIL (child development)

DESFAVORECIDA EDUCACIONAL (educationally disadvantaged


woman)

DESARROLLO MORAL (moral development)


DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
DESARROLLO PERSONAL (personal development)
DESARROLLO POLTICO (political development), use POLTICA
(politics)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)

DESFAVORECIDO EDUCACIONAL (educationally disadvantaged man)


DESIGUALDAD (unequality)
DESIGUALDADES (unequalities)
DESINTEGRACIN DE LA FAMILIA (family break up), use DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)

DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)

DESINTEGRACIN FAMILIAR (family disintegration), use DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)

DESARROLLO RURAL (rural development)

DESNUTRICIN (undernourishment), use HAMBRE (famine) (starvation)

DESARROLLO SOCIAL (social development)

DESRDENES MENTALES (mental disorders), use TRASTORNOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality disorders)

DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE (sustainable development)


DESARROLLO TECNOLGICO (technological development), use
DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)

DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)

DESARROLLO URBANO (urban development)

DESPENALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize), use LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)

DESCOLONIZACIN (decolonization)

DESPIDO (dismissal)

DESCONSTRUCCIN (deconstruction)

DESPLAZADAS (displaced women)

DESCRIMINALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion decriminalization), use LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)

DESPLAZADOS (displaced men)

DESCUBRIMIENTO TECNOLGICO (technological discoveries), use


INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)
DESCUBRIMIENTOS CIENTFICOS (scientific discoveries), use INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)

A L F A B T I C A

DESARROLLO COMUNITARIO (community development)

DESVIACIONES SEXUALES (sexual deviations) use PARAFILIAS


(paraphilias)
DETECCIN DE ENFERMEDADES (disease detection), use MEDICINA PREVENTIVA (preventive medicine)
DETENIDA (prisoner woman), use PRISIONERAS (prisoner women)

DESEMPLEADO (unemployed)

DETENIDO (prisoner man), use PRISIONEROS (prisoner men)

DESEMPLEO (unemployment)

DETERMINACIN DEL SALARIO (wage determination)

75

P R E S E N T A C I N

DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

DETERMINISMO (determinism)

DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)

DA INTERNACIONAL DE LA MUJER (international day of women)

DISCAPACITADAS FSICAS (physically disabled women)

DICONOS (deaconesses)

DISCAPACITADAS MENTALES (mentally disabled women)

DIAFRAGMA (diaphragm, cap)

DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)

DIAGNSTICO DE ENFERMEDADES (disease diagnosis), use


MEDICINA PREVENTIVA (preventive medicine)

DISCAPACITADOS FSICOS (physically disabled men)

DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
DILOGO INTERCULTURAL (intercultural dialogue), use COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural communication)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

DICTADURA (dictatorship)
DIETA (diet), use DIETTICA (dietetics)
DIETAS (diets)
DIETTICA (dietetics)
DIETISTA (dietician), use PERSONAL PARAMDICO (paramedical
personnel)
DIFERENCIA (difference)
DIFERENCIA SEXUAL (sexual difference)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
DIFERENCIACIN CULTURAL (cultural differentiation)

DISCAPACITADOS MENTALES (mentally disabled men)


DISCIPLINA ESCOLAR (school discipline)
DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientific subjects)
DISCPULOS (disciples)
DISCREPANCIA POLTICA (political disagreement), use CONFLICTO POLTICO (political conflicts)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN ANTE LA LEY (discrimination before the law)
DISCRIMINACIN BASADA EN EL SEXO (sexual discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN BASADA EN LA EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN CONTRA LA MUJER (discrimination against
women)
DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL (cultural discrimination)

DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)

DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL DE LA MUJER (cultural


discrimination against women)

DIFERENCIAS (differences)

DISCRIMINACIN DE GNERO (gender discrimination)

DIFERENCIAS SEXUALES (sexual differences)

DISCRIMINACIN ECONMICA (economic discrimination)

DIFICULTAD EN EL APRENDIZAJE (learning disabilities)

DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)

DIFUSIN DE INNOVACIONES (innovations diffusion), use


DIFUSIN TECNOLGICA (technology diffusion)

DISCRIMINACIN EN EL TRABAJO (discrimination in the workplace)

DIFUSIN TECNOLGICA (technology diffusion)


DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
DINMICAS CULTURALES (cultural dynamics)
DINMICAS DE GRUPO (group dynamics)
DINMICAS GRUPALES (groupal dynamics)
DIOS (god)
DIRECTOR DE COLEGIO (school principal), use ADMINISTRADOR DE LA EDUCACIN (educational administrator)
DIRECTOR DE ESTUDIOS (director of studies), use PERSONAL
ACADMICO DOCENTE (academia teaching personnel)
DIRECTOR DE TESIS (director of thesis), use PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching personnel)
DISCIPLINA (discipline)

76

DISCRIMINACIN EN LOS LIBROS DE TEXTO (discrimination


in textbooks)
DISCRIMINACIN JURDICA DE LA MUJER (judicial discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL (labour discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL DE LA MUJER (labour discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (politic discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN POR EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN POSITIVA (positive discrimination), use
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RELIGIOSA (religious discrimination)

DISCRIMINACIN SALARIAL (wage discrimination)

DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)

DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)

DOBLE JORNADA (double day, double shift)

DISEADORAS (women designers)

DOCENTE (teacher)

DISEADORES (men designers)

DOCENTE MUJER (woman teacher)

DISEO (design)

DOCENTE-ADMINISTRACIN (teacher-administration relationship)

DISEO DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research design)

DOCTOR (physician), use MDICO (physician)

DISEO DE LA MUESTRA (simple design)

DOCTORA (physician), use MDICA (physician)

DISIDENTES RELIGIOSOS

DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)

DISLEXIA (dyslexia)

DOCTRINAS ECONMICAS (economic doctrines)

DISMENORREA (painful menstruation)

DOCTRINAS RELIGIOSAS (religious doctrines)

DISMINUCIN DE LA POBLACIN (population decrease), use


DECREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population decrease)

DOCUMENTAL (documentary)
DOCUMENTALISTAS (documentary maker)

DISOLUCIN DE LA FAMILIA (family dissolution), use DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)

DOMESTICIDAD (domesticity)

DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)

DOMINACIN CULTURAL (cultural domination), use CULTURAS


DOMINANTES (dominant cultures)

DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD (safety devices)


DISPUTA LABORAL (industrial dispute), use CONFLICTO LABORAL (industrial dispute)
DISTINCIN PBLICO PRIVADO (public-private distinction)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN (population distribution)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN ESTUDIANTE POR
SEXO (student population distribution by sex)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN POR SEXO (population
distribution by sex)

DOMINACIN MASCULINA (masculine domination)


DOTE (dowry)
DRAMA (drama) use ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
DROGA (drug), use MEDICAMENTO (drugs)
DROGA ALUCINGENA (hallucinogenic drug), use ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)
DROGA CON FINES MDICOS (drug with medicinal use), use MEDICAMENTO (drugs)
DROGAS PSICOTRPICAS (psychotropic drug), use ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)

DISTRIBUCIN DEL INGRESO (income distribution)


DISTRIBUCIN POR EDAD (age distribution)
DISTURBIO (riot)

DIU (IUD)
DIVERSIDAD (diversity)
DIVERSIDAD CULTURAL (cultural diversity), use PLURALISMO
CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)
DIVISIN DE PODERES (power division)
DIVISIN DEL TRABAJO (division of labour)
DIVISIN INTERNACIONAL DEL TRABAJO (international
division of labour)

ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
ECONOMETRA (econometrics)
ECONOMA (economy)
ECONOMA AGRARIA (agrarian economy)
ECONOMA AMBIENTAL (ambient economy) (environmental economy)
ECONOMA COLECTIVA (collective economy)

DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)

ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)

DIVORCIO (divorce)

ECONOMA DE LA CULTURA (cultural economy)

77

P R E S E N T A C I N

DISPONIBILIDAD PARA EL APRENDIZAJE (learning readiness)

A L F A B T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ECONOMA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational economy)

EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)

ECONOMA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (economics research), use


ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)

EDUCACIN PARA LA SALUD (health education)

ECONOMA DE LA PROSTITUCIN (economics of prostitution)


ECONOMA DE LA SALUD (health economics)
ECONOMA DE LA TECNOLOGA (economics of technology), use
ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)
ECONOMA DE MERCADO (market economy)
ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

ECONOMA DEL TRANSPORTE (transportation economy)


ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
ECONOMA DUAL (dual economy)
ECONOMA NACIONAL (national economy)
ECONOMA REGIONAL (regional economy)
ECONOMA Y GNERO (economy and gender)
ECONOMA Y RELACIONES SOCIALES (economy and social
relations)

EDUCACIN RELIGIOSA (religious education)


EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL FORMAL (formal sex education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL INFORMAL (informal sexual education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL NO FORMAL (no formal sex education)
EDUCACIN TRADICIONAL (traditional education)
EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
EDUCADOR DE ADULTOS (adult educator man)
EDUCADORA DE ADULTOS (adult educator woman)
EGOSMO (egoism)
ELABORACIN (elaboration)
ELECCIONES (elections)
ELECTORADO (electorate, voters)
ELECTORADO FEMENINO (female electorate)

ECONOMAS EN TRANSICIN (economies in transition)

ELITE (elite)

ECONOMISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist economists)

ELITE INTELECTUAL (intelligentsia)

ECUMENICALISMO (ecumenicalism)

EMANCIPACIN DE LA MUJER (womens emancipation)

EDAD DEL MATRIMONIO (age of marriage)

EMANCIPACIN FAMILIAR (emancipation)

EDITORIALES (publishing)

EMBARAZO (pregnancy)

EDUCACIN (education)

EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent pregnancy)

EDUCACIN ALTERNATIVA (alternative education)

EMBARAZO NO DESEADO (unwanted pregnancy)

EDUCACIN BILINGE (bilingual education)

EMIGRACIN (emigration)

EDUCACIN COMPARADA (comparative education)

EMOCIONES (emotions)

EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES (adolescent and


young education)

EMPATA (empathy)

EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)

EMPLEADAS DEL GOBIERNO (women government employees)

EDUCACIN DE LA MUJER (womans education)

EMPLEADOS DEL GOBIERNO (government employees)

EDUCACIN DE LAS CHICAS (young girls education), use EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES (adolescent and
young education)

EMPLEO (employment)

EDUCACIN DE LOS PADRES (parents education)

EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)

EDUCACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers education)

EMPLEO ILEGAL (illegal employment), use TRABAJO


CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)

EDUCACIN FSICA (physical education)


EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)

78

EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)

EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)

EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)


EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)

ENTREVISTA TELEFNICA (telephone interview)

EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)

ENTREVISTADORES (interviewers)

EMPRESAS TRANSNACIONALES (transnational corporations)

ENTREVISTAS (interviews)

ENCARCELADA (prisoner woman), use PRISIONERAS (prisoner


women)

ENVEJECIMIENTO (ageing population)

ENCUESTA POR CORREO (mail survey)


ENCUESTAS (surveys)
ENCULTURACIN (enculturation), use ACULTURACIN
(acculturation)

EPISTMICOS (epistemics)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
EQUIDAD (equity)
EQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender equity)
EQUILIBRIO ECONMICO (economic equilibrium)

ENDOCRINOLOGA (endocrinology)

ERECCIN (erection)

ENFERMEDAD MENTAL (mental illness), use PSICOSIS (psychosis)

ERGOTERAPIA (ergotherapy), use MEDICINA DEL TRABAJO


(occupational medicine)

ENFERMEDADES DE TRANSMISIN SEXUAL (sexual


transmitted infections), use INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIN
SEXUAL (sexual transmitted infections)

ESCALA DE SALARIOS (pay scale)


ESCASEZ (scarcity), use POBREZA (poverty)

ENFERMEDADES OCUPACIONALES (occupational diseases)

ESCRITORAS (women writers)

ENFERMEDADES VENREAS (venereal diseases), use INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIN SEXUAL (sexual transmitted infections)

ESCRITORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist writers)

ENFERMERA (nurse), use PERSONAL PARAMDICO (paramedical personnel)

ESCRITURA (writing)

ESCRITORES (men writers)

ENFERMERO (male nurse), use PERSONAL PARAMDICO


(paramedical personnel)

ESCRITURA FEMENINA (feminine writing)

ENFRENTAMIENTO LABORAL (industrial confrontation), use


CONFLICTO LABORAL (industrial dispute)

ESCUELA (school)

ENSAYO (essay)

ESCRUTINIO (scrutiny), use ELECCIONES (elections)

ESCUELAS (schools)

ENSEANZA PRIVADA (private education)

ESCUELA CATLICA (Catholic school), use ESCUELA CONFESIONAL (denominational school)

ENSEANZA PBLICA (public education)

ESCUELA COMUNITARIA (community school)

ENTORNO EDUCACIONAL (educational environment), use AMBIENTE EDUCACIONA


L (educational environment)

ESCUELA CONFESIONAL (denominational school)

ENTORNO FAMILIAR (family environment)


ENTORNO SOCIAL (social environment)
ENTREVISTA (interview)
ENTREVISTA COMPUTARIZADA (computerized interview)
ENTREVISTA CUALITATIVA (qualitative interview)

ESCUELA DE EDUCACIN (school of educational), ESCUELA DE


PROFESORES (teacher education school)
ESCUELA DE FORMACIN DE DOCENTES (school of teacher
education), ESCUELA DE PROFESORES (teacher education school)
ESCUELA DE NEGOCIOS (business school), use ESCUELA
PROFESIONAL (vocational school)

ENTREVISTA ESTANDARIZADA (standardized interview)

ESCUELA DE PRVULOS (nursery school, kindergarten), use ESCUELA PREESCOLAR (kindergarten)

ENTREVISTA GRUPAL (group interview)

ESCUELA PREESCOLAR (kindergarten)

ENTREVISTA NO ESTANDARIZADA (unstandardized interview)

ESCUELA DE PROFESORES (teacher education school)

79

A L F A B T I C A

ENCARGADO DEL CURSO (form master/mistress), use PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching personnel)

EPIDEMIOLOGA (epidemiology)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ENCARCELADO (prisoner man), use PRISIONEROS (prisoner men)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ESCUELA ELEMENTAL (primary school), use ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)

ESTABLECIMIENTO PENITENCIARIO (penitentiary centre), use


PRISIN (prison)

ESCUELA ESPECIAL (special school)

ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching institutions)

ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)

ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS Y USO DE LA TIERRA


(human settlements and use of land)

ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)


ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
ESCUELA NOCTURNA (evening school)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

ESCUELA NORMAL SUPERIOR (teacher training college), ESCUELA DE PROFESORES (teacher education school)

ESTADSTICAS COMERCIALES (trade statistics)


ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ESTADSTICAS DE HOGARES (household statistics)
ESTADSTICAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational statistics)

ESCUELA POLITCNICA (politechnical school), use INSTITUTO


TECNOLGICO (technological institute)

ESTADSTICAS DE LA SALUD PBLICA (public health statistics),


use ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)

ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)

ESTADSTICAS DE GENERO (gender statistics)

ESCUELA PROFESIONAL (vocational school)

ESTADSTICAS DE MIGRACIN (migration statistics)

ESCUELA PROFESIONAL SUPERIOR (higher professional school),


use ESCUELA PROFESIONAL (vocational school)

ESTADSTICAS DEL TRABAJO (labour statistics)

ESCUELA PROFESIONAL Y TCNICA (technical and professional


school), use ESCUELA PROFESIONAL (vocational school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)
ESCUELA TCNICA (technical school), use INSTITUTO
TECNOLGICO (technological institute)

ESTADSTICAS DEMOGRFICAS (demographic statistics)


ESTADSTICAS ECONMICAS (economic statistics)
ESTADSTICAS FINANCIERAS (financial statistics)
ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)
ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)

ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)

ESTADO (state)

ESCULTORAS (sculptress)

ESTADO AUTNOMO (autonomous state), use AUTOGESTIN


(self government)

ESCULTORES (sculptor)
ESCULTURA (sculpture)
ESENCIA (essence)
ESENCIALISMO (essentialism)
ESFERA PRIVADA (sphere of privacy)
ESPECIE HUMANA (human race)
ESPECIES (species)
ESPECTADORES (spectator), use USUARIOS DE LA CULTURA
(cultural users)
ESPERANZA DE VIDA (life expectancy)
ESPIRITUALIDAD (spirituality)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESPOSA (wife), use MUJER CASADA (married woman)
ESPOSO (husband), use HOMBRE CASADO (married man)
ESQUIZOFRENIA (squizophrenia)
ESTABILIDAD LABORAL (labour stability)

80

ESTADO CIVIL (marital status)


ESTADO DE BIENESTAR (welfare state), use BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social policy and welfare)
ESTADO NACIN (national state), use ESTADO (state)
ESTADO SOBERANO (sovereign state), use ESTADO (state)
ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)
ESTATUS DE LA MUJER (woman status)
ESTATUS SOCIAL (social status)
ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)
ESTEREOTIPOS NACIONALES (national stereotypes)
ESTEREOTIPOS SEXUALES (sex stereotypes), use ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)
ESTERILIZACIN (sterilization)
ESTERILIZACIN FEMENINA (female sterelization)
ESTERILIZACIN MASCULINA (male sterilization)

TICA DE LA CIENCIA (ethics of science)

ESTILOS (literary style)

TICA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication ethics)

ESTILOS DE VIDA (life styles)

TICA FEMINISTA (feminist ethics)

ESTOICOS (stoics)

TICA JUDA (Jewish ethics)

ESTRADIOL (estradiol)

TICA MDICA (medical ethics)

ESTRATEGIAS COMUNICACIONALES (communication strategies)

TICA MEDIOAMBIENTAL (environmental ethics)

ESTRATEGIAS DE DESARROLLO (development strategies)

TICA SOCIAL (social ethics)

ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)

ETNOBOTNICA (ethnobotany)

ESTRATEGIAS EDUCATIVAS (educational strategies)

ETNOMEDICINA (ethnomedicine), use MEDICINA


TRADICIONAL (traditional medicine)

ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)


ESTRGENO (estrogen)
ESTRUCTURA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (structure of knowledge)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
ESTRUCTURA ECONMICA (economic structure)
ESTRUCTURA POLTICA (political structures), use SISTEMA
POLTICO (political system)
ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social structure)
ESTRUCTURAL-FUNCIONALISMO (structural-functionalism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
ESTUDIO DE LA NATURALEZA (nature study), use HISTORIA
NATURAL (natural history)

ETNOMETODOLOGA (ethnomethodology)
EUTANASIA (euthanasia)
EVALUACIN (evaluation)
EVANGELISTAS (evangelists)
EVANGELIZACIN (evangelism)
EVASIN FISCAL (tax evasion)
EVOLUCIONISMO (evolutionism)
EXCITACIN (excitation)
EXCLUSIN SOCIAL (social exclusion)
EXHIBICIONISMO (exhibitionism)
EXILIADAS (exiled women)
EXILIADOS (exiled men)

ESTUDIOS CULTURALES (cultural studies)

EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)

ESTUDIOS DE CASO (case studies)

EXPEDICIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific expeditions)

ESTUDIOS DE FACTIBILIDAD (feasibility studies)


ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)

EXPERIENCIA (experience)
EXPERIENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious experience)

ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (science studies)

EXPERIMENTACIN (experimentation), use MTODOS EXPERIMENTALES (experimental methods)

ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)

EXPERIMENTOS (experiments)

ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (womens studies)

EXPLOTACIN ECONMICA (economic exploitation)

ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)

EXPLOTACIN SEXUAL (sexual exploitation)

ESTUDIOS GAY Y LSBICOS (gay and lesbian studies)

EXPRESIN ORAL (oral expression)

ESTUDIOS INTERNACIONALES (international studies), use ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)

EXPULSIN ESCOLAR (school expulsion), use CASTIGO ESCOLAR (school punishment)

ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)

EXTRADICIN (extradition)

ESTUPRO (statutory rape)

EXTRANJERAS (foreigners women)

TICA (ethics)

EXTRANJEROS (foreigners men)

TICA CRISTIANA (Christian ethics)

EYACULACIN (ejaculation)

81

P R E S E N T A C I N

ESTTICA (aesthetics)

A L F A B T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

F
FACTORES CULTURALES (cultural factors)
FACTORES DE LA PRODUCCIN (production factors)
FACTORES SOCIALES (social factors)
FACULTAD (faculty), use UNIVERSIDAD (university)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

FALLO (judgement or ruling), use SENTENCIA JUDICIAL


(judicial sentence)

FEMINISMO (feminism)
FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (Anglo Saxon feminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO DE LA PRIMERA OLA (first wave feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA SEGUNDA OLA (second wave feminism)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)

FALLO JUDICIAL (judgement or ruling), use SENTENCIA


JUDICIAL (judicial sentence)

FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)

FALOCENTRISMO (male supremacy) (male chauvinism)

FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American feminism)

FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)

FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)

FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)

FEMINISMO MARXISTA (Marxist feminism)

FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)

FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)

FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)

FEMINISMO MEXICANO (Mexican feminism)

FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)

FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)

FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)

FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)

FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)

FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)

FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)

FEMINISTAS (feminists)

FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)

FEMINIZACIN DE LA POBREZA (feminization of poverty)

FANATISMO (fanaticism)

FERTILIDAD FEMENINA (female fertility)

FARMACIA (pharmacy), use FARMACOLOGA (pharmacology)

FERTILIDAD MASCULINA (male fertility)

FRMACO (drug, medicine), use MEDICAMENTO (drugs)

FESTIVALES RELIGIOSOS (religious festivals)

FARMACODEPENDENCIA (dependence on drugs), use TOXICOMANA (drug abuse)

FETICHISMO (fetishism)

FARMACOLOGA (pharmacology)
FASCISMO (fascism)
FASE ANAL (anal phase)
FASE FLICA (phallic phase)
FASE GENITAL (genital phase)
FASE ORAL (oral phase)
FECHADO (dating)
FEDERACIN (federation)
FEDERALISMO (federalism)
FEMINICIDIOS (feminicide, female murders)
FEMINIDAD (feminity)

82

FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)

FICCIN (fiction)
FIESTAS Y CELEBRACIONES (feast and celebrations)
FILIACIN (affiliation)
PELCULAS (films)
FILOLOGA (philology), use ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analysis)
FILSOFAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist philosophers)
FILOSOFA (philosophy)
FILOSOFA ALEMANA (German philosophy)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)
FILOSOFA DE LA ACCIN (philosophy of action)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)

FUNCIONARIA PBLICA (civil servant)

FILOSOFA DE LA HISTORIA (philosophy of history)

FUNCIONARIO PBLICO (civil servant)

FILOSOFA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (philosophy of the


social sciences)

FUNDACIONES CULTURALES (cultural foundations), use ORGANIZACIONES CULTURALES (cultural organizations)

FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)

FUNDACIONES DE INVESTIGACIN (research foundations)

FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)

FUSILAMIENTO (shooting)

FILOSOFA EDUCATIVA (educative philosophy), use FILOSOFA


DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)
FILOSOFA FRANCESA (French philosophy)

G
GANADERA (stockbreeding)

FILOSOFA Y TICA

GASTOS CIENTFICOS (scientific expenditure)

FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA CIENCIA (science financing or science


funding)

GASTOS DE CONSUMO (consumption expenses)

FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research financing), use FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA CIENCIA (science financing or science funding)
FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA TECNOLOGA (technology financing),
use FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA CIENCIA (science financing or
science funding)
FISIOTERAPEUTA (physiotherapist), use PERSONAL
PARAMDICO (paramedical personnel)

GASTOS DE INVESTIGACIN (research expenditure), use GASTOS CIENTFICOS (scientific expenditure)


GASTOS DE VIVIENDA (housing expenses)
GASTOS SANITARIOS (health spending), use ECONOMA DE LA
SALUD
GASTOS TECNOLGICOS (technological expenditure), use GASTOS
CIENTFICOS (scientific expenditure)
GNERO (gender)

FITOTERAPIA (phytotherapy), use HOMEOPATA (homeopathy)

GNERO E HISTORIA (gender and history)

FOBIAS (phobias)

GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO (gender in development)

FOLCLORE (folklore)

GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)

FORMACIN TERICA (theory formation)

GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)

FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)

GNERO Y ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (gender and social


stratification)

FORMADOR DE PROFESORES (teacher trainer), use FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)


FORMAS ORGANIZACIONALES FEMINISTAS (feminist
organizational forms)

GNERO Y PLANES DE DESARROLLO (gender and development


plans)
GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)

FORMULACIN DE LAS HIPTESIS (formulation of hypotheses)

GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)

FORMULACIN DEL PROBLEMA (formulation of problem)

GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)

FOTGRAFAS (women photographer)

GNEROS Y FORMAS LITERARIAS (genres and literary forms)

FOTOGRAFA (photography)

GENOCIDIO (genocide)

FOTGRAFOS (man photographer)

GEOGRAFA (geography), use CIENCIAS GEOGRFICAS (geographical sciences)

FRAILES (friars)
FRUSTRACIN (frustration)

GESTIN CULTURAL (cultural management)

FUNCIN PBLICA (civil service)

GESTIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research management), use


ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)

FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)

GESTIN DE LOS RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources

83

P R E S E N T A C I N

FILOSOFA POLTICA (political philosophy)

A L F A B T I C A

FILOSOFA INGLESA (English philosophy)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

management), use DESARROLLO DE RECURSOS


HUMANOS (human resources development)

GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)

GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)

GRUPOS DE PRESIN (groups of pressure), use GRUPOS DE


INTERS (groups of interest)

GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)

GRUPOS DE SOPORTE (support groups)

GESTIN PBLICA (public management)

GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)

GINECOLOGA (gynaecology)

GRUPOS TNICOS (ethnical groups)

GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)

GRUPOS FOCALES (focus group)

GOBERNADOR (governor)

GRUPOS PARLAMENTARIOS (parliamentary groups)

GOBERNADORA (governor)

GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS

GOBIERNO (government)

GUERRA CIVIL (civil war)

GOBIERNO CENTRAL (central government), use GOBIERNO


FEDERAL (federal government)

GUERRA DE GUERRILLAS (guerrilla warfare), use GUERRILLA


(guerrilla)

GOBIERNO DIGITAL (digital government)

GUERRILLA (guerrilla)

GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)


GOBIERNO FEDERAL (federal government)
GOBIERNO MUNDIAL (worldwide government)

GOBIERNO MUNICIPAL (municipal government)


GOBIERNO NACIONAL (national government), use GOBIERNO
FEDERAL (federal government)

HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)

GOBIERNO REGIONAL (regional government), use GOBIERNO


ESTATAL (state government)

HABLA (speech)

HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)

GOLPE DE ESTADO (coups detat)

HACHS (hashish), use ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)

GONORREA (gonorrhea)

HAMBRE (famine) (starvation)

GRADO DE PARENTESCO (kinship degree), use PARENTESCO


(kinship)

HEMBRA (female)

GRUPO DESAMPARADO (helpless group), use GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)

HEREJA (heresy)

GRUPO SEXUAL MINORITARIO (minority sexual group)


GRUPO SIN PRIVILEGIOS (group without privileges), use GRUPOS
DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)

HEPATITIS (hepatitis)

HERMANA (sister)
HERMANO (brother)
HERMENUTICA (hermeneutics)

GRUPO VULNERABLE (vulnerable group), use GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)

HERMENUTICAS (hermeneutics)

GRUPOS (groups)

HETERONORMATIVA (heteronormative)

GRUPOS DE ACCIN (groups of action)

HETEROSEXISMO (heterosexism)

GRUPOS DE APOYO (support groups)

HETEROSEXUALIDAD (heterosexuality)

GRUPOS DE AUTOAYUDA (self help groups)

HETEROSEXUALIDAD COMPULSIVA (compulsive heterosexuality)

GRUPOS DE AUTOCONCIENCIA (self conscience groups)

HIGIENE (hygiene)

GRUPOS DE EDAD (age groups)

HIGIENE AMBIENTAL (environmental health)

GRUPOS DE INTERS (groups of interest)

84

HERONA (heroin), use ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

HIGIENE MEDIOAMBIENTAL (environmental hygiene), use HIGIENE AMBIENTAL (environmental health)


HIGIENE SEXUAL (sexual hygiene)

HISTORIA MEDIEVAL (medieval history)


HISTORIA MODERNA (modern history)
HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
HISTORIA NATURAL (natural history)

HIJA (daughter)

HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)

HIJO (son)

HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)

HINDES (Hindis)

HISTORIA REGIONAL (local history)

HINDUISMO (Hinduism)

HISTORIA RELIGIOSA (religious history)

HIPOTECAS (mortgage)

HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)

HISTERIA (hysteria)

HISTORIAS DE VIDA (life history)

HISTORIA (history)

HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)

HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)

HOLOCAUSTO (holocaust)

HISTORIA ANTIGUA (ancient history)

HOMBRE CASADO (married man)

HISTORIA CONTEMPORNEA (cotemporary history)

HOMBRE DE ESTADO (statesman), use POLTICO (politicians)

HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)

HOMBRE DE LEYES (lawyer), use JURISTA (jurist)

HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)

HOMBRE POLTICO (political man), use POLTICO (politicians)

HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA (history of science)

HOMBRES (men)

HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y LA TCNICA (history of science


and technique)

HOMBRES VIOLENTOS (violent men)

HISTORIA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication history)


HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)
HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)
HISTORIA DE LA FAMILIA (history of family)
HISTORIA DE LA INFANCIA (history of the child)
HISTORIA DE LA LITERATURA (literary history)

HOMEOPATA (homeopathy)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
HOMOFOBIA (homophobia)
HOMOSEXUALES (homosexual), use GRUPO SEXUAL
MINORITARIO (minority sexual group)
HOMOSEXUALIDAD (homosexuality)

HISTORIA DE LA MEDICINA (history of medicine)

HOMOSEXUALISMO (homosexualism), use HOMOSEXUALIDAD


(homosexuality)

HISTORIA DE LA SEXUALIDAD (sexuality history)

HORMONAS SEXUALES (sexual hormones)

HISTORIA DE LA TECNOLOGA (history of technology), use


HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA (history of science)

HOSPITAL DE LA MUJER (womens hospital), use HOSPITAL DE


LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)

HISTORIA DE LAS MUJERES (history of women)

HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)

HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)


HISTORIA DE LOS JVENES (history of the youth)

HOSPITAL DEL NIO (childs hospital), use HOSPITAL


INFANTIL (child hospital)

HISTORIA DE MXICO (history of Mexico)

HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)

HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)

HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)

HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)

HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)

HISTORIA EUROPEA (European history)

HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)

85

A L F A B T I C A

HIGIENE DEL TRABAJO (occupational hygiene)

HISTORIA LATINOAMERICANA (Latin-American history)

P R E S E N T A C I N

HIGIENE DEL ENTORNO (environmental hygiene), use HIGIENE


AMBIENTAL (environmental health)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)

IGLESIA DE INGLATERRA (church of England)

HOSPITALES (hospitals)

IGLESIA EPISCOPAL (Episcopal church)

HOSPITALES CENTRALES (central hospitals)

IGLESIA EVANGLICA (Evangelic church)

HOSPITALES REGIONALES (regional hospitals)

IGLESIA PENTECOSTS (Pentecostal church)

HOTELERA (hotel trade) (hotel industry)

IGLESIA REFORMADA (reformed church)

HUELGA (strikes)

IGLESIAS ORIENTALES (eastern churches)

HUELGAS (strikes)

IGUALDAD (equality)

HUELGAS ILEGALES (illegal strikes)

IGUALDAD DE DERECHOS (equality of rights)

HUELGUISTAS (strikers)

IGUALDAD DE GNERO (gender equality)

HURFANOS (orphans)

IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)

HUMANIDAD (mankind), use ESPECIE HUMANA (human race)

IGUALDAD DE RETRIBUCIN POR TRABAJO DE IGUAL


VALOR (equal pay for work of equal value)

HUMANISMO (humanism)
HUMOR (humour)

ILETRADA (illiterate woman), use ANALFABETA (illiterate woman)


ILETRADO (illiterate man), use ANALFABETO (illiterate man)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)

IMAGEN DE LAS MUJERES (women appearance)


IMAGINACIN (imagination)

IDEALISMO (idealism)
IDENTIDAD (identity)
IDENTIDAD CULTURAL (cultural identity)

IMANES (imams)
IMPACTO DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication impact)
IMPERIALISMO (imperialism)

IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)

IMPERIALISMO CULTURAL (cultural imperialism), use


CULTURAS DOMINANTES (dominant cultures)

IDENTIDAD TNICA (ethnic identity), use IDENTIDAD


CULTURAL (cultural identity)

IMPERIOS (empires)

IDENTIDAD NACIONAL (national identity)


IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
IDENTIFICACIN CULTURAL (cultural identification), use IDENTIDAD CULTURAL (cultural identity)
IDEOLOGA (ideology)
IDEOLOGA DE GNERO (gender ideology)
IDEOLOGA POLTICA (political ideologies), use DOCTRINA
POLTICA (political doctrine)
IDEOLOGAS (ideologies)
IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
IGLESIA (church)
IGLESIA ANGLICANA (Anglican church)

86

IMPOTENCIA (impotence)
INACTIVO (non working), use DESEMPLEADO (unemployed)
INANICIN (starvation), use HAMBRE (famine) (starvation)
INCAPACITADA (handicapped woman), use DISCAPACITADAS
(disabled women)
INCAPACITADO (handicapped man), use DISCAPACITADOS
(disabled men)
INCENDIO (arson)
INCENTIVOS SALARIALES (wage incentives)
INCESTO (incest)
INCLUSIN SOCIAL (social inclusion)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
INCONSCIENTE (unconscious)
INCONSCIENTE SOCIAL (social unconscious)

INFORMANTES (respondents)

INDEMNIZACIN POR CESANTA (redundancy pay)

INFORMTICA EDUCATIVA (computer uses in education)

INDEPENDENTISMO (independence movement), use SEPARATISMO (separatism)

INGENIERA BIOMDICA (biomedical engineering), use


TECNOLOGA MDICA (medical technology)

INDICADORES DE CALIDAD DE LA GESTIN (quality


management indicators)

INGENIERA MDICA (medical engineering), use TECNOLOGA


MDICA (medical technology)

INDICADORES DE DESARROLLO (development indicators)

INGRESO (income)

INDICADORES EDUCATIVOS (educational indicators)

INGRESO FAMILIAR (family income), use REMESAS (remittance)

INDICADORES SOCIALES (social indicators)

INGRESO REAL (real income)

NDICE DE DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development rate)

INGRESO Y RIQUEZAS (income and wealth)

NDICE DE DESARROLLO RELATIVO AL GNERO


(development rating related with gender)

INGRESOS DE HOGARES (home income)

INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)

INGRESOS NACIONALES (national income)

INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)

INHABILITACIN (disqualification), use SANCIN PENAL (penal


sanctions)

INDUCCIN (induction), use RAZONAMIENTO (reasoning)

INICIACIN SEXUAL (sexual initiation)

INDUSTRIA (industry)

INICIACIN SEXUAL FEMENINA (female sexual initiation)

INDUSTRIA ALIMENTARIA (food industry)

INICIACIN SEXUAL MASCULINA (male sexual initiation)

INDUSTRIA CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic industry)

INICIATIVAS (initiative)

INDUSTRIA DEL SEXO (sex industry) (adult industry)

INMIGRACIN (immigration)

INDUSTRIA TEXTIL (textile industry)

INMIGRACIN ILEGAL (illegal immigration)

INDUSTRIA Y EDUCACIN (industry and education)

INMIGRANTES (immigrants)

INEQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender inequity)

INMORTALIDAD (immortality)

INEQUIDADES SOCIALES (social inequality)

INMUNIZACIN (immunization), use VACUNACIN (vaccination)

INFANCIA (childhood)

INNOVACIONES (innovations)

INFANTICIDIO (infanticide)

INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)

INFECCIN BACTERIAL (bacterial infections)

INNOVACIONES CULTURALES (cultural innovations)

INFECCIN VIRAL (viral infection)

INNOVACIONES TECNOLGICAS (technological innovations), use


INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)

INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIN SEXUAL (sexual transmitted


infections)

INOCULACIN (inoculation), use VACUNACIN (vaccination)

INFLACIN (inflation)

INQUISICIN (inquisition)

INFLUENCIA CULTURAL (cultural influence), use INTERACCIN CULTURAL (cultural interaction)

INSEMINACIN ARTIFICIAL (artificial insemination)

INFLUENCIA DE LA FAMILIA (family influence), use PAPEL DE


LOS PADRES (parents role)
INFLUENCIA FAMILIAR (family influence), use PAPEL DE LOS
PADRES (parents role)
INFLUENCIA SOCIAL (social influence)
INFORMACIN PBLICA (public information)

INSEMINACIN ARTIFICIAL POR DONADOR (artificial


insemination by donor)
INSPECTOR DE LA EDUCACIN (education inspector), use ADMINISTRADOR DE LA EDUCACIN (educational administrator)
INSTINTO SEXUAL (sexual instinct)
INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
INSTITUCIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific institutions), use

87

P R E S E N T A C I N

INCREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population increase)

A L F A B T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ORGANIZACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific organizations)


INSTITUCIONES CULTURALES (cultural institutions), use
ORGANIZACIONES CULTURALES (cultural organizations)
INSTITUCIONES DE EDUCACIN PARA ADULTOS (adult
education institutions)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

INSTITUCIONES DE ENSEANZA SUPERIOR (higher education institutions)

INTERCAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural exchange)


INTERDEPENDENCIA (interdependence)
INTERS (APRENDIZAJE) (interest) (learning)
INTERGENERACIONAL (intergenerational relation)
INTERMEDIACIN (mediation), use MEDIACIN (mediation)
INTERNACIONALISMO (internationalism)

INSTITUCIONES DE INVESTIGACIN (research institutions), use


ORGANIZACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific organizations)

INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)

INSTITUCIONES ELECTORALES (electoral institutions)

INTERPRETACIN (interpretation)

INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)

INTERPRETACIN HISTRICA (historical interpretation)

INSTITUCIONES POLTICAS (political institutions)

INTRPRETES (performers)

INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)

INTERVENCIN SOCIAL (social intervention)

INSTITUTO ESTATAL DE LAS MUJERES (state institute of women)

INTIMIDAD (intimacy)

INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE LAS MUJERES (national institute


for women)

INTOLERANCIA (intolerance)

INSTITUTO POLITCNICO (polytechnical institute), use


INSTITUTO TECNOLGICO (technological institute)

INVLIDA (disabled woman), use DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)

INSTITUTO TCNICO (technical institute), use INSTITUTO


TECNOLGICO (technological institute)
INSTITUTO TECNOLGICO (technological institute)

INTERNET (internet)

INTUICIN (intuition)

INVLIDO (disabled man), use DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)


INVENCIONES (inventions), use INNOVACIONES
CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)

INSTITUTOS DE INVESTIGACIN (research institutes), use


CENTROS DE INVESTIGACIN (research centers)

INVENTOS (inventions)

INSTRUCTOR (trainer man)

INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)

INSTRUCTORA (trainer woman)

INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological research)

INTEGRACIN (integration)

INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)

INTEGRACIN CULTURAL (cultural integration), use


ACULTURACIN (acculturation)

INVESTIGACIN BSICA (basic research), use INVESTIGACIN


FUNDAMENTAL (fundamental research)

INTEGRACIN DE LOS SERVICIOS (service integration)


INTEGRACIN ECONMICA (economic integration)

INVESTIGACIN BIOMDICA (biomedical research), use INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)

INTEGRACIN ECONMICA INTERNACIONAL (international economic integration)

INVESTIGACIN BOTNICA (botanical research), use


BOTNICA (botany)

INTEGRACIN ESCOLAR (school integration)

INVESTIGACIN CIENTFICA (scientific research), use


INVESTIGACIN (investigation)

INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)


INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL (artificial intelligence)
INTERACCIN CULTURAL (cultural interaction)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
INTERACCIONISMO SIMBLICO (symbolic interactionism)

88

INVESTIGACIN (investigation)

INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)


INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CULTURAL (cultural research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public opinion


research)

INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)


INVESTIGACIN PURA (pure research), use INVESTIGACIN
FUNDAMENTAL (fundamental research)

INVESTIGACIN DE LA POBLACIN (population research)

INVESTIGACIN SANITARIA (sanitary research), use


INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)

INVESTIGACIN DE AUDIENCIAS (audience research)

INVESTIGACIN SOBRE DESARROLLO (development research)

INVESTIGACIN DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science


research)

INVESTIGACIN SOBRE EL CNCER


CRVICO-UTERINO (cervical cancer research)

INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN


(mass communication research)

INVESTIGACIN SOBRE EL CURRCULO (research into the


curriculum)

INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)

INVESTIGACIN SOBRE FERTILIDAD (fertility research)

INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)

INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA EDUCACIN (research into education), use INVESTIGACIN

INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)


INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN EDUCATIVA (educational research), use INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)

INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)


INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LOS CONFLICTOS (conflict research)
INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)

INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)

INVESTIGACIN SOCIOLGICA (sociological research)

INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)

INVESTIGACIN Y DESARROLLO (research and development)

INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)


INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)

INVESTIGACIN Y DESARROLLO EXPERIMENTAL (experimental research and development), use INVESTIGACIN Y DESARROLLO (research and development)

INVESTIGACIN FUNDAMENTAL (fundamental research)

INVIDENTES (blind person), use CIEGAS (blind women)

INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)

INVIDENTES (blind person), use CIEGOS (blind men)

INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)

ISLAM (Islam)

INVESTIGACIN HISTRICA (historical research)


INVESTIGACIN INDUSTRIAL (industrial research), use
INVESTIGACIN Y DESARROLLO (research and development)
INVESTIGACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary
research)
INVESTIGACIN LIBRE (free research), use INVESTIGACIN
FUNDAMENTAL (fundamental research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)
INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)
INVESTIGACIN MULTIDISCIPLINARIA (multidisciplinary
research), use INVESTIGACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA
(interdisciplinary research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)

J
JEFAS DE HOGAR (women head of the household)
JEFE DE ESTADO (head of state), use PRESIDENTE DE LA
REPBLICA (president of the republic)
JVENES (young people)
JUBILACIN (retirement)
JUBILACIN ANTICIPADA (early retirement)
JUBILACIN FORZOSA (compulsory retirement)
JUBILACIN VOLUNTARIA (voluntary retirement)
JUDASMO (Judaism)
JUDOS (Jews)

89

A L F A B T I C A

INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural research)

INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)

P R E S E N T A C I N

INVESTIGACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication


research)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

JUEZ (judge), use JURISTA (jurist)

LEYES (laws)

JUICIO (judgement)

LEYES MIGRATORIAS (migratory laws)

JUICIO (trial), use PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)

LEYES SOBRE DROGAS (drug laws), use POLTICA SOBRE


DROGAS (drug policy)

JUICIO DE VALOR (value judgment)


JURISTA (jurist)
JURISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist lawyers)
JUSTICIA (justice)
JUSTICIA SOCIAL (social justice)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

JUVENTUD (youth)

LIBERALISMO (liberalism)
LIBERTAD (freedom)
LIBERTAD DE ASOCIACIN (freedom of association)
LIBERTAD DE CULTOS (freedom of worship), use LIBERTAD DE
RELIGIN
LIBERTAD DE EXPRESIN (freedom of expression)
LIBERTAD DE MOVIMIENTO (freedom of movement)

LIBERTAD DE PENSAMIENTO (freedom of thought)


LIBERTAD DE PRENSA (freedom of the press)
LIBERTAD DE RELIGIN (freedom of religion)

LEALTAD (allegiance)
LECTURA (reading)
LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)
LEGISLACIN (legislation)
LEGISLACIN AMBIENTAL (environmental legislation)
LEGISLACIN ANTIDISCRIMINACIN (antidiscrimination laws)
LEGISLACIN ECONMICA (economic legislation)
LEGISLACIN FAMILIAR (family legislation)
LEGISLACIN INDUSTRIAL (industrial legislation)
LEGISLACIN LABORAL (labour legislation)
LEGISLACIN SOBRE DROGAS (drug laws), use POLTICA
SOBRE DROGAS (drug policy)
LEGISLACIN SOBRE EL ABORTO (abortion laws)
LEGISLACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family laws)
LEGISLACIN SOBRE SALUD (health legislation)
LEGISLACIN SOCIAL (social legislation)
LEGISLADORES (legislators)
LEGISLATURA (legislature), use PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative
power)

LIBERTAD DE REUNIN (freedom of assembly)


LIBERTAD ECONMICA (economic freedom)
LIBERTAD POLTICA (politic freedom)
LIBIDO (libido)
LIBRE DECISIN (free decision) (free choice)
LIBROS (books)
LICENCIA (leave)
LICENCIA POR ESTUDIOS (studies leave)
LICENCIA POR MATERNIDAD (maternity leave)
LICENCIA POR PATERNIDAD (paternity leave)
LICENCIA POR RAZONES FAMILIARES (family matter leave)
LICENCIADO (lawyer), use PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
LIDERAZGO (leadership)
LIDERAZGO POLTICO (political leadership)
LDERES DEL GOBIERNO (government leaders)
LDERES POLTICOS (political leaders)
LDERES RELIGIOSOS (religious leaders)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)

LENGUAJE NO SEXISTA (non-sexist language)

LNEA DE POBREZA (poverty line)

LESBOFOBIA (lesbophobia)

LITERATURA (literature)

LEY DE ABORTO (abortion law)

LITERATURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary literature)

LEYENDAS (legends)

LITERATURA POPULAR (popular literature)


LITERATURA TRADICIONAL (folk literature)

90

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

LITIGIO (litigation), use PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)

MRTIRES (martyrs)

LITURGIA (liturgy)

MARXISMO (Marxism)

LOCURA (madness), use PSICOSIS (psychosis)

MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)

LGICA (logic)

MASCULINIDAD HEGEMNICA (hegemonic masculinity)

LSD (LSD, lysergic acid diethylamide), use ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)

MASTURBACIN (masturbation)
MASTURBACIN FEMENINA (female masturbation)

MASTURBACIN MASCULINA (male masturbation)


MATERIALISMO (materialism)

MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)

MACHO (male)

MATRIMONIO (marriage)

MACROECONOMA (macroeconomics)

MATRIMONIO ENTRE LESBIANAS (lesbian marriage)

MADRE (mother)

MATRIMONIO MIXTO (mixed marriages)

MADRE ADOLESCENTE (adolescent mother)

MATRIMONIOS ARREGLADOS (arranged marriages)

MADRE ADOPTIVA (adoptive mother)

MATRIMONIOS ENTRE HOMOSEXUALES (gay marriages)

MADRE SOLTERA (single mother)

MAYATE (mayate), use TRABAJADOR SEXUAL (sexual male worker)

MADRE TRABAJADORA (working mother)

MECANIZACIN (mechanization)

MAESTRA (woman teacher), use DOCENTE MUJER (woman teacher)

MEDIACIN (mediation)

MAESTRO (teacher), use DOCENTE (teacher)

MEDIACIN FAMILIAR (family mediation)

MAGIA (magic)

MDICA (physicians)

MAGISTRADO (magistrate or judge), use JURISTA (jurist)

MEDICAMENTO (drugs)

MAGISTRATURA (judges or magistracy), use TRIBUNALES (courts)

MEDICINA (medicine), use CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)

MALNUTRICIN (undernourishment)

MEDICINA CASERA (home medicine), use MEDICINA


TRADICIONAL (traditional medicine)

MALTRATO CONYUGAL (wife battering), use VIOLENCIA DOMSTICA (domestic violence)


MALTRATO EMOCIONAL (psychological abuse)
MALTRATO FSICO (child physical abuse)
MALTRATO INFANTIL (child-battering)
MAMFEROS (mammalians)
MANIFESTACIONES (marches)
MANO DE OBRA (manpower)
MAQUINARIA DE LAS MUJERES (women machinery)
MARCHAS POLTICAS (political marches)
MARIDO (spouse), use HOMBRE CASADO (married man)

MEDICINA CLNICA (clinical medicine)


MEDICINA DEL DEPORTE (sports medicine), use MEDICINA
DEPORTIVA (sports medicine)
MEDICINA DEL TRABAJO (occupational medicine)
MEDICINA DEPORTIVA (sports medicine)
MEDICINA FORENSE (forensic medicine)
MEDICINA JUDICIAL (judicial medicine), use MEDICINA FORENSE (forensic medicine)
MEDICINA LEGAL (forensic medicine or legal medicine), use MEDICINA FORENSE (forensic medicine)

MARKETING (marketing), use MERCADEO (marketing)

MEDICINA NATURAL (natural medicine), use HOMEOPATA


(homeopathy)

MARKETING SOCIAL (social marketing), use MERCADEO


SOCIAL (social marketing)

MEDICINA NUCLEAR (nuclear medicine), use TECNOLOGA


MDICA (medical technology)

91

P R E S E N T A C I N

MACHISMO (male chauvinism, machismo)

A L F A B T I C A

MATERNIDAD (maternity, motherhood)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

MEDICINA POPULAR (popular medicine), use MEDICINA


TRADICIONAL (traditional medicine)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

MEDICINA PREVENTIVA (preventive medicine)

MTODOS DE ENCARCELAMIENTO (imprisonment methods)


MTODOS DE EVALUACIN (evaluation methods)

MEDICINA SOCIAL (social medicine)

MTODOS DE INVESTIGACIN (research methods), use MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)

MEDICINA TRADICIONAL (traditional medicine)

MTODOS DE MEDIDA (measurement methods)

MEDICINA VETERINARIA (veterinary medicine, veterinary science), use


VETERINARIA (veterinary)

MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA (methods of violence)

MDICO (physicians)

MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA CONTRA UNA PERSONA


(TORTURA) (methods of violence against a person) (torture)

MDICO DE EMPRESA (industrial doctor), use MEDICINA DEL


TRABAJO (occupational medicine)

MTODOS EXPERIMENTALES (experimental methods)

MDICOS (physicians), use PERSONAL MDICO (medical personnel)

MTODOS HISTRICOS (historical methods)

MEDIDAS SOCIALES (social measures), use BIENESTAR SOCIAL


(social policy and welfare)

MTODOS PARA MATAR (methods for killing)

MEDIO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning environment), use


AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
MEDIO FAMILIAR (family environment), use ENTORNO FAMILIAR (family environment)
MEDIO SUPERIOR (higher education)
MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (media)
MEMORIA (memory)
MENTE (mind), use COGNICIN (cognition)
MERCADEO (marketing)
MERCADEO SOCIAL (social marketing)
MERCADO DE EMPLEO (labour market), use MERCADO DE
TRABAJO (labour market)

MTODOS Y TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research


methods and techniques)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS HISTRICAS (methods and historical
techniques)
MICROECONOMA (microeconomics)
MIEDO (fear)
MIEMBROS (membership)
MIGRACIN (migration)
MIGRACIN DE RETORNO (return migration)
MIGRACIN INFANTIL (children migration)
MIGRACIN INTERNA (internal migration)
MIGRACIN LABORAL (labour migration)

MERCADO DE TRABAJO (labour market)

MIGRACIN RURAL (rural migration)

MERCADOS COMUNES (common markets)

MIGRANTES (migrants)

MERETRIZ (whore), use TRABAJADORA SEXUAL (sexual female


worker)

MILAGRO (miracles)

METAANLISIS (meta analysis)


METAFSICA (metaphysics)
METODISTA (Methodism)

MILITARISMO (militarism)
MINERA (mining industry)
MINISTERIO (ministry, department), use SECRETARA (secretary)

MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)

MINORAS CULTURALES (cultural minorities), use MINORAS


CULTURALES (cultural minorities)

MTODO HISTRICO (historical methods)

MINORAS RELIGIOSAS (religious minorities)

METODOLOGA (methodology)

MINORAS SEXUALES (sexual minorities), use GRUPO SEXUAL


MINORITARIO (minority sexual group)

METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research methods)


METODOLOGA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (methodology of
the social sciences)
MTODOS DE ATAQUE INDISCRIMINADO (methods of indiscriminate attacks)

92

MINUSVLIDA (handicapped woman), use DISCAPACITADAS


(disabled women)
MINUSVLIDO (handicapped man), use DISCAPACITADOS
(disabled men)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

MISERIA (poverty), use POBREZA (poverty)

MOTIVACIN (motivation)

MISIN DE LA IGLESIA (mission of the church)

MOVILIDAD DE LA MANO DE OBRA (manpower mobility), use


MOVILIDAD LABORAL (labour mobility)

MISOGINIA (misogyny)
MISTICISMO (mysticism)
MITOLOGA (mythology)
MODELO EDUCACIONAL (educational models)
MODELO EDUCATIVO (educational model), use MODELO EDUCACIONAL (educational models)
MODELOS (models)
MODELOS CIBERNTICOS (cybernetic models), use MODELOS
DE SIMULACIN (simulation models)
MODELOS DE CRECIMIENTO (growth models)
MODELOS DE DESARROLLO (development models)
MODELOS DE MASCULINIDAD (masculinity models)
MODELOS DE MEDIDA (measurement models)
MODELOS DE SIMULACIN (simulation models)
MODELOS FAMILIARES (family models), use TIPOS DE
FAMILIA (kinds of families)
MODELOS LINEALES (linear models)

MOVILIDAD LABORAL (labour mobility)


MOVILIDAD RESIDENCIAL (residential mobility)
MOVILIDAD SOCIAL (social mobility)
MOVIMIENTO ANARCOFEMINISTA (anarcho-feminist movement)
MOVIMIENTO CONTRA EL ABORTO (movement against abortion)
MOVIMIENTO DE HOMBRES (mens movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MINORAS SEXUALES (gay liberation
movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE LIBERACIN FEMENINA (womens liberation movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES (womens movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES DE CLASE MEDIA (middle class
womens movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES DEL TERCER MUNDO (third
world womens movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES LIBERALES (liberal womens
movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES NEGRAS (black womens movement)

MODELOS NO LINEALES (non-linear models)

MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES SOCIALISTAS (socialist womens


movement)

MODERNIZACIN (modernization)

MOVIMIENTO DE PROTESTA (protest movement)

MODERNIZACIN ADMINISTRATIVA (administrative


modernization)

MOVIMIENTO ECOFEMINISTA (ecofeminist movement)

MONARQUA (monarchy)

MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)

MONITOREO (monitoring)

MOVIMIENTO OBRERO (workers movement)

MONJES (monks)
MONOPOLIOS (monopolies)

MOVIMIENTO PACIFISTA DE MUJERES (womens peace


movement)

MORALIDAD PERSONAL (personal morality)

MOVIMIENTO POLTICO (political movement)

MORBILIDAD (morbidity) (sick rate)


MORTALIDAD (mortality) (death rate)

MOVIMIENTO POR LA LIBERACIN DE LA MUJER


(womens liberation movement), use DERECHOS DE LAS
MUJERES (womens rights)

MORTALIDAD INFANTIL (child mortality)

MOVIMIENTO POR LA PAZ (peace movement)

MORTALIDAD MATERNA (maternal mortality)

MOVIMIENTO POR LOS DERECHOS CIVILES (civil rights


movements)

MORTALIDAD MATERNA E INFANTIL (maternal and infant


mortality)
MOTN (mutiny)

MOVIMIENTO ESTUDIANTIL (students movements)

MOVIMIENTO POR LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (human


rights movement)

93

A L F A B T I C A

MISIONES (missions)

P R E S E N T A C I N

MISIONEROS (missionaries)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

MOVIMIENTO REVOLUCIONARIO (revolutionary movement)

MUJERES POPULARES URBANAS (popular urban women)

MOVIMIENTOS COOPERATIVOS (cooperative movement)

MUJERES PROFESIONALES (professional women)

MOVIMIENTOS DE HOMOSEXUALES Y LESBIANAS


(homosexuals and lesbians movements)

MUJERES REFUGIADAS (refugee women)

MOVIMIENTOS DE LIBERACIN (liberation movements)

MUJERES RURALES (rural women)


MUJERES TERRORISTAS (terrorist women)

MOVIMIENTOS DE LIBERACIN NACIONAL (national liberation movements)

MUJERES URBANAS (urban women)

MOVIMIENTOS DE MUJERES (womens movements)

MUJERES VCTIMAS DE ABUSO SEXUAL (women victims of


sexual abuse)

MOVIMIENTOS ECOLOGISTAS (ecological movements)

MUJERES VCTIMAS DE VIOLENCIA (women victims of violence)

A L F A B T I C A

MULTICULTURALISMO (multiculturalism)

MOVIMIENTOS OBREROS (workers movements)

MUESTREO ESTADSTICO (sampling statistics)

MUTACIN CULTURAL (cultural mutation), use CAMBIO


CULTURAL (cultural change)

MUESTREO TERICO (sampling theory)

MUTILACIN GENITAL (genital mutilation)

P R E S E N T A C I N

MOVIMIENTOS ESTUDIANTILES (students movements)

MUJER CASADA (married woman)

MUTILACIN GENITAL FEMENINA (female circumcision)

MUJERES EN POLTICA (women in politics)

MUTILACIN GENITAL MASCULINA (circumcision)

MOVIMIENTOS PACIFISTAS (pacifist movements)


MOVIMIENTOS PURITANOS (puritan movement)
MOVIMIENTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious movements)
MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES (social movements)
MUESTREO (sampling)

MULTIMINUSVLIDA (multiply disabled woman)


MULTIMINUSVLIDO (multiply disabled man)
MLTIPLES NIVELES DE ANLISIS (multi-level analysis)
MSICA (music), use ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
MUSULMANES (Muslims)

MUJER POLTICA (political woman), use MUJERES EN POLTICA (women in politics)


MUJER PREDICADORA (preacher woman)

MUJERES (women)
MUJERES ARTISTAS (women artists)
MUJERES CAMPESINAS (women farmers)
MUJERES CIENTFICAS (women scientists)
MUJERES EMPRESARIAS/ EJECUTIVAS (business women)

NACIONALISMO (nationalism)
NACIONALIZACIN (nationalization)
NACIONES (nations)

MUJERES EN EL DESARROLLO (women at development)

NARCONOMANA (drug dependency), use TOXICOMANA (drug


abuse)

MUJERES ESCRITORAS (women writers)

NARCTICO (narcotic), use ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)

MUJERES INTELECTUALES (intellectual women)

NARRATIVA FEMENINA (feminine narrative)

MUJERES JEFAS DE HOGAR (head of the household women)

NATURALEZA HUMANA (human nature)

MUJERES JVENES (young women)

NATURALIZACIN (naturalization)

MUJERES LEGISLADORAS (legislator women)

NATUROPATA (naturopathy), use HOMEOPATA (homeopathy)

MUJERES PERIODISTAS (journalist women)

NAZISMO (Nazism)

MUJERES POBRES (poor women)

NECESIDAD DE MANO DE OBRA (need of manpower)

MUJERES POLTICAS (women politics)

NECESIDADES ALIMENTARIAS (food requirements)

94

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

NECESIDADES BSICAS (basic needs)

NUEVA MASCULINIDAD (new masculinity)

NECESIDADES DE EDUCACIN (educational needs)

NUEVAS TECNOLOGAS (new technologies), use CAMBIO


TECNOLGICO (technological change)

NECESIDADES DE INFORMACIN (information needs)


NECESIDADES DE RECURSOS HDRICOS (water requirements)
NECESIDADES SOCIALES (social needs)
NECROFILIA (necrophilia)
NEGOCIACIN (negotiation)

NUEVAS TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (new


communication technologies)
NULIDAD DEL MATRIMONIO (marriage nullity)
NMERO DE NACIMIENTOS (births numbers)
NUPCIALIDAD (nuptiality)

NEGOCIACIN COLECTIVA (collective bargaining)


NEOCOLONIALISMO (neocolonialism)

NEUROPSICOLOGA (neuropsychiatry)
NEUROPSIQUIATRA (neuropsychiatry)
NEUROSIS (neuroses)
NIAS DE LA CALLE (street kid)
NIAS (girls)
NIAS MIGRANTES (migrant girls)
NIEZ (childhood), use INFANCIA (childhood)

O
OBISPOS (bishops)
OBJECIN DE CONCIENCIA (conscientious objection)
OBJETIVO EDUCACIONAL (educational objectives)
OBLIGACIN DE ALIMENTOS (food obligations)
OBSERVACIN (observation)
ODIO (hate)
ODONTOLOGA (dentistry)

NIOS DE LA CALLE (street kid)

OFERTA DE MANO DE OBRA (labour supply)

NIOS (boys)

OFICIOS RELIGIOSOS (religious offices)

NIOS ABANDONADOS (abandoned children), use ABANDONO


INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)

OFTALMOLOGA (ophthalmology)

NIOS MIGRANTES (migrant boys)


NIVEL DE ENSEANZA (educational levels)
NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
NIVELES DE MEDIDA (levels of measurement)
NO USO DEL CONDN (no use of condom), use PRCTICAS DE
RIESGO (risky practices)
NO VIOLENCIA (nonviolence)
NMADAS (nomads)
NOMADISMO (nomadism)
NORMAS SOCIALES (social norms)
NOVELA (novel)
NOVIAZGO (engagement)

A L F A B T I C A

NEUROLOGA (neurology)

OMBUDSMAN (ombudsman)
ONG (NGOs)
ONTOLOGA (ontology)
OPININ PBLICA (public opinion)
OPIO (opium), use ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EDUCACIN (educational opportunities)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
OPRESIN (oppression)
ORACIN (prayer)
ORDENACIN (ordination)
ORDENACIN DE MUJERES (ordination of women)
RDENES RELIGIOSAS (religious orders)
ORFANATO (orphanage)
ORFANATORIO (orphanage), use ORFANATO (orphanage)
ORFELINATO (orphanage), use ORFANATO (orphanage)

95

P R E S E N T A C I N

NEUROCIENCIAS (neurosciences)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ORGANIZACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research organization)


ORGANIZACIN POLTICA (political organization), use SISTEMA
POLTICO (political system)
ORGANIZACIN SINDICAL (trade union organization), use
SINDICATO (trade unions)

PACIENTES (patients)
PACIFISMO (pacifism)

ORGANIZACIN Y APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN


(organization and application of research)

PADRE ADOLESCENTE (adolescent father)

ORGANIZACIONES CAMPESINAS (peasant organizations)

PADRE (fathers)

ORGANIZACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific organizations)

PADRES ADOPTIVOS (adoptive parents)

A L F A B T I C A

PADRE (father)

ORGANIZACIONES CIVILES (civil organizations)

PADRES DE LA IGLESIA (fathers of the church)

ORGANIZACIONES COMUNITARIAS (community organizations)

PADRN ELECTORAL (electoral register)

ORGANIZACIONES CULTURALES (cultural organizations)

PAGANISMO (paganism)

ORGANIZACIONES DE ALFABETIZACIN (literacy organizations)

PAS COLONIAL (colonial countries)

ORGANIZACIONES DE ESTUDIANTES (students organizations)

PASES DEL TERCER MUNDO (Third World countries)

ORGANIZACIONES DE JVENES (youth organizations)

PASES EN DESARROLLO (developing countries)

ORGANIZACIONES DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers organizations)

PASES EN VAS DE DESARROLLO (developing countries)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ORGANIZACIN SOCIAL (social organization), use


PLANIFICACIN SOCIAL (social planning)

ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)


ORGANIZACIONES DE SUBSISTENCIA (subsistence organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE TRABAJADORES (workers organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES
(international economic organizations)

PADRE ADOPTIVO (adoptive father)

PASES SUBDESARROLLADOS (underdeveloped countries)


PALEOGRAFA (palaeography)
PAPAS (popes)
PAPEL DE LA FAMILIA (family roles)
PAPEL DE LOS PADRES (parents role)

ORGANIZACIONES FEMINISTAS (feminist organizations)

PAPEL DE LOS PROFESORES (teachers role)

ORGANIZACIONES INTERNACIONALES (international


organizations)

PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)

ORGANIZACIONES NACIONALES (national organizations)

PARADO (unemployed), use DESEMPLEADO (unemployed)

ORGANIZACIONES NO GUBERNAMENTALES (non-governmental organizations), use ONG (NGOs)

PARAFILIAS (paraphilias)

PARADIGMAS (paradigms)

ORGANIZACIONES PATRONALES (employers organizations)

PARAMDICO (paramedical personnel), use PERSONAL PARAMDICO (paramedical personnel)

ORGANIZACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional organizations)

PARANOIA (paranoia)

ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)

PARASICOLOGA (parapsychology)

ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS DE BENEFICENCIA


(religious charities)

PAREJA DE HECHO (unmarried couple)

ORGANIZACIONES SOBRE EL SIDA (AIDS organizations)


ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
ORGASMO (orgasm)
ORIENTACIN SEXUAL (sexual orientation)

96

PAREJA SENTIMENTAL (sexual partnerships)


PAREJA SEXUAL (sexual partners)
PAREJAS SEXUALES (sexual partnerships)
PARENTESCO (kinship)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

PARIDAD (parity)

PATRIOTISMO (patriotism)

PARLAMENTO (parliament), use PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative


power)

PECADO (sin)
PEDAGOGA (pedagogy), use CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN
(educational sciences)

PARO TCNICO (technical unemployment), use DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)

PEDAGOGA SEXUAL (sexual pedagogy)

PARO TECNOLGICO (technological unemployment), use DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)

PEDIATRA (paediatrics)

PARTERA (midwife), use PERSONAL PARAMDICO (paramedical


personnel)

PELCULAS (films), use FILMES (films)

PARTICIPACIN CULTURAL (cultural participation)


PARTICIPACIN DE LOS EMPLEADOS (workers participation),
use PARTICIPACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers
participation)

PEDAGGICA (educational research)

PEDOFILIA (paedophilia)

PENA CAPITAL (capital punishment), use PENA DE MUERTE (death


penalty)
PENA DE MUERTE (death penalty)
PENITENCIA (penance)

PARTICIPACIN DE LOS JVENES (youth participation), use


PARTICIPACIN JUVENIL (juvenile participation)

PENSAMIENTO (thought)

PARTICIPACIN DE LOS PADRES (parents participation)

PENSIN (pension, allowance)

PARTICIPACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers participation)

PENSIN ALIMENTICIA (alimony, maintenance)

PARTICIPACIN DEL PROFESOR (teachers participation)

PENSIN DE INVALIDEZ (disability allowance), use SEGURIDAD


SOCIAL (social security)
PENSIONES (pension, allowance)

PARTICIPACIN ESTUDIANTIL (students participation)

PERCEPCIN (perception)

PARTICIPACIN JUVENIL (juvenile participation)

PEREGRINACIN (pilgrimages)

PARTICIPACIN POLTICA (political participation)

PERIDICOS (newspapers)

PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES (womens political participation)

PERIDICOS LOCALES (local newspapers)

PARTICIPACIN SOCIAL (social participation)


PARTIDO POLTICO (political party)

P R E S E N T A C I N

PARTICIPACIN ECONMICA DE LA MUJER (womens


economic participation)

PENSAMIENTO HISTRICO (historical thought)

PERIDICOS NACIONALES (national newspapers)


PERIDICOS REGIONALES (regional newspapers)
PERIODISMO (journalism)

PARTIDOS POLTICOS (political parties)

PERIODISTAS (journalists)

PASIN (passion)

PERIODO DE LATENCIA (latent period)

PASIVIDAD (passivity)

PERMISO (leave)

PASTORES (pastors, ministers)


PATERNIDAD (paternity)

PERMISO POR ESTUDIO (studies leave), use LICENCIA POR


ESTUDIOS (studies leave)

PATERNIDAD RESPONSABLE (responsible paternity)

PERSECUCIN (persecution)

PATRIA POTESTAD (paternal authority)

PERSECUCIN POLTICA (political persecution)

PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)

PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching personnel)

PATRIARCAS (patriarchs)

PERSONAL CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)

PATRIMONIO CULTURAL (cultural heritage)

PERSONAL DE APOYO ESCOLAR (educational support personnel),


use PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational
personnel)

PATRIMONIO DOCUMENTAL (documentary heritage)

A L F A B T I C A

PARO (unemployment), use DESEMPLEO (unemployment)

97

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

PERSONAL DE ORIENTACIN ESCOLAR (guidance school


personnel), use PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional
educational personnel)
PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
PERSONAL MDICO (medical personnel)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational personnel)
PERSONAL PARAMDICO (paramedical personnel)
PERSONAL SANITARIO AUXILIAR (medical assistant personnel),
use PERSONAL

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

PERSONAL TCNICO (technical personnel), use PERSONAL


CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)
PERSONAL TECNOLGICO (technological personnel), use PERSONAL CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)
PERSONALIDAD (personality)
PERSONAS SIN HOGAR (homeless)
PERSPECTIVA DE GNERO (gender perspective)
PERSPECTIVAS DE EMPLEO (employment prospects), use
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PERSUASIN (persuasion)
PERVERSIONES SEXUALES (sexual perversion), use PARAFILIAS
(paraphilias)

PLANES REGIONALES (regional plans)


PLANES URBANOS (urban plans)
PLANIFICACIN DE LA AYUDA SOCIAL (social aid planning),
use BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)
PLANIFICACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
planning)
PLANIFICACIN DE LA FAMILIA (family planning), use PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning)
PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning)
PLANIFICACIN SOCIAL (social planning)
PLEBISCITO (plebiscite), use ELECCIONES (elections)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
PLURALISMO (pluralism)
PLURALISMO CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)
POBLACIN (population)
POBLACIN ACTIVA (labour force), use MANO DE OBRA
(manpower)
POBLACIN MUNDIAL (world population)
POBLACIN RURAL (rural population)
POBLACIN URBANA (urban population)

PESCA (fishing)

POBRES (poor)

PIEDAD (piety)

POBREZA (poverty)

PINTORAS (women painters)

POBREZA RURAL (rural poverty)

PINTORES (men painters)

POBREZA URBANA (urban poverty)

PINTURA (painting)

PODER EJECUTIVO (executive power), use PODER POLTICO


(political power)

PIRATERA AREA (highjacking), use TERRORISMO (terrorism)


PLACER (pleasure)
PLANEACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science planning)
PLANEACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research planning), use
PLANEACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science planning)
PLANEACIN DE LA TECNOLOGA (technology planning), use
PLANEACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science planning)

PODER JUDICIAL (judicial power), use PODER POLTICO


(political power)
PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
PODER POLTICO (political power)
POESA (poetry)
POETAS (men poets)

PLANEACIN ECONMICA (economic planning)

POETISAS (women poets)

PLANEACIN POLTICA (political planning)

POLICA (police)

PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)

POLIGAMIA (polygamy)

PLANES FAMILIARES (family planning), use PLANIFICACIN


FAMILIAR (family planning)

POLTICA (politics)

PLANES NACIONALES (national plans)

98

POLTICA AUTONMICA (policy concerning the autonomies), use


POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

POLTICA CIENTFICA (science policy)

POLTICA SEXUAL (sexual policy)

POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)

POLTICA SOBRE DROGAS (drug policy)

POLTICA CULTURAL (cultural policy)

POLTICA SOCIAL (social policy)

POLTICA DE DESARROLLO (developmental policy)

POLTICA TECNOLGICA (technology policy), use POLTICA


CIENTFICA (science policy)

POLTICA DE INVESTIGACIN (research policy), use POLTICA


CIENTFICA (science policy)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
POLTICA DE VIVIENDA (housing policy)
POLTICA DEL ESTADO (state policy), use POLTICA PBLICA
(public policy)
POLTICA DOMSTICA (domestic politics), use POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)

POLTICAS CULTURALES (cultural policy)


POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
POLTICAS DE LA IDENTIDAD (identity policies)
POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)
POLTICAS DE PRECIOS (price policy)

A L F A B T I C A

POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities policy)

POLTICAS PARA LA EQUIDAD (equity policies)


POLTICAS SEXUALES (sexual politics)
POLTICO (politicians)
PORNOGRAFA (pornography)

POLTICA ECONMICA (economical policy)

PORNOGRAFA DURA (hardcore pornography)

POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)

PORNOGRAFA INFANTIL (child pornography)

POLTICA EDUCATIVA (educational policy), use POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)

PORNOGRAFA SUAVE (softcore pornography)

POLTICA ESTATAL (state policy), use POLTICA PBLICA


(public policy)

POSGRADO (postgraduate course)

POSESTRUCTURALISMO (post-structuralism)

POLTICA FAMILIAR (family policy)

POSIBILIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment possibilities), use


OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)

POLTICA GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental policy), use POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)

POSITIVISMO (positivism)

POLTICA INFLACIONARIA (counter-inflation policy)


POLTICA INTERIOR (national politics), use POLTICA
INTERNA (internal politics)
POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)

POSMODERNISMO (post-modernism)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
PRCTICA DEL DERECHO (law practice), use ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)

POLTICA LABORAL (labour policy)

PRCTICA JURDICA (juridical practice), use ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)

POLTICA MIGRATORIA (migration policy)

PRCTICA POLTICA (political practice)

POLTICA NACIONAL (national policy), use POLTICA PBLICA


(public policy)

PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)

POLTICA OFICIAL (official policy), use POLTICA PBLICA


(public policy)

PRCTICAS DE RIESGO (risky practices)

PRCTICA RELIGIOSA PERSONAL (personal religious practice)

POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)

PRCTICAS SEXUALES (sexual practices)

POLTICA RACIAL (racial policy)

PRCTICAS SEXUALES DESPROTEGIDAS (unprotected sexual


practices), use PRCTICAS DE RIESGO (risky practices)

POLTICA SALARIAL (wage policy)


POLTICA SANITARIA (health policy), use POLTICA DE LA
SALUD (health policy)

PRAGMATISMO (pragmatism)
PRESBITERIANA (Presbyterianism)
PRECIOS (prices)

99

P R E S E N T A C I N

POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

PRINCIPIO EDUCATIVO (educational principle), use TEORA DE


LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)

PREDICADORES (preachers)
PREDICA (sermon)

PRISIN (prison)

PREESCOLAR (nursery school)


PREFERENCIA SEXUAL (sexual preference), use ORIENTACIN
SEXUAL (sexual orientation)

A L F A B T I C A

PRISIONEROS (prisoner men)

PREHISTORIA (prehistory)

PRIVACIONES (deprivation)

PREJUICIOS (prejudice)

PRIVATIZACIN (privatization)

PRELADO (prelate)

PRIVILEGIOS E INMUNIDADES (privileges and immunities)

PREMIO ESCOLAR (school rewards)

PROBLEMAS DE APRENDIZAJE (learning problems),


DIFICULTAD EN EL APRENDIZAJE (learning disabilities)

PREMIOS LITERARIOS (literary prizes)

P R E S E N T A C I N

PRISIONERAS (prisoners women)

PRENSA (press), use PERIDICOS (newspapers)


PREPARACIN PARA LA LECTURA (reading readiness)
PRESA (prisoner woman), use PRISIONERAS (prisoner women)
PRESERVATIVO (condom)

PRESERVATIVO FEMENINO (female condom)


PRESERVATIVO MASCULINO (male condom)
PRESIDENTE DE LA COMISIN NACIONAL DE
DERECHOS HUMANOS (president of the human rights national
commission), use OMBUDSMAN (ombudsman)
PRESIDENTE DE LA REPBLICA (president of the republic)
PRESIDENTE MUNICIPAL (head of municipality)
PRESIDIO (prison), use PRISIN (prison)
PRESO (prisoner man), use PRISIONEROS (prisoner men)
PRESTACIONES FAMILIARES (family allowance), use SEGURIDAD SOCIAL (social security)
PRESTACIONES SOCIALES (social security benefit), use SEGURIDAD SOCIAL (social security)
PRESUPUESTO FAMILIAR (family budget)
PRESUPUESTO PARA LA CIENCIA (science budgets)
PREVENCIN (prevention)
PREVENCIN DE ENFERMEDADES (disease prevention), use
MEDICINA PREVENTIVA (preventive medicine)
PREVENCIN DEL MALTRATO INFANTIL (child abuse
prevention)
PRIMARIA (primary education)
PRIMATOLOGA (primate science)
PRINCIPIO EDUCACIONAL (educational principle), use TEORA
DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)

100

PROBLEMAS DE ASIMILACIN (assimilation problems), use DIFICULTAD EN EL APRENDIZAJE (learning disabilities)


PROBLEMAS DE POBLACIN (population problems)
PROBLEMAS SEXUALES (sexual disorders)
PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
PROCEDIMIENTO JUDICIAL (judicial proceedings), use PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)
PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)
PROCESAMIENTO DE DATOS E INTERPRETACIN (data
processing and interpretation)
PROCESO (trial), use PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)
PROCESO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning processes)
PROCESO DE INTERACCIN EDUCATIVA (educational interaction process)
PROCESOS COGNITIVOS (cognitive processes)
PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication process)
PROCESOS DEL PENSAMIENTO (thought processes), use PENSAMIENTO (thought)
PROCESOS POLTICOS (political process)
PRODUCCIN (production)
PRODUCCIN CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic production)
PRODUCTIVIDAD (productivity)
PRODUCTIVIDAD INDUSTRIAL (industrial productivity)
PRODUCTIVIDAD LABORAL (labour productivity)
PRODUCTO FARMACUTICO (pharmaceutical product), use
MEDICAMENTO (drugs)
PRODUCTO NACIONAL BRUTO (gross national product)
PROFECA (prophecy)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

PROFESIN MDICA (medical profession)

PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women promotion)


PROMOCIN DE LA SALUD (health promotion)

PROFESIONAL (vocational school)

PROMOCIN DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights


promotion)

PROFESOR (teacher), use DOCENTE (teachers)

PROPAGANDA (advertising)

PROFESOR DE ENSEANZA SUPERIOR (higher school teacher),


use PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching
personnel)

PROPIEDAD CULTURAL (cultural property)

PROFESOR DE ENSEANZAS TCNICAS (technical school


teacher), use DOCENTE DE ESCUELAS TCNICAS (technical
school teachers)
PROFESOR DE ESCUELAS PROFESIONALES (professional school
teacher), use DOCENTE PROFESOR DE UNIVERSIDAD
(university teacher), use PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE
(academic teaching personnel)

PROPIEDAD PRIVADA (private ownership)


PROPIEDAD PBLICA (public ownership)
PROSA (prose)
PROSTITUCIN (prostitution)
PROSTITUCIN FEMENINA (female prostitution)
PROSTITUCIN MASCULINA (male prostitution)

PROFESOR ESPECIALIZADO (special education teachers)

PROSTITUTA (prostitute), use TRABAJADORA SEXUAL (sexual


female worker)

PROFESORA (woman teacher), use DOCENTE MUJER (woman


teacher)

PROSTITUTAS (prostitute), use TRABAJADORAS SEXUALES


(sexual workers)

PROGENITORES (parents)

PROTECCIN CONTRA EL ROBO (theft protection)

PROGRAMACIN (programme, scheduling)

PROTECCIN DE DATOS (data backup)

PROGRAMAS CIENTFICOS (scientific programmes)

PROTECCIN DE LA INFANCIA (child protection), use


BIENESTAR DE LA INFANCIA (child welfare)

PROGRAMAS DE COMBATE A LA POBREZA (programmes of


fighting against poverty)

PROTECCIN DE LA MATERNIDAD (motherhood protection)

PROGRAMAS DE DESARROLLO (development programmes)

PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)

PROGRAMAS DE DESARROLLO INSTITUCIONAL (institutional development programmes)

PROTECCIN SOCIAL (social protection), use BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)

PROGRAMAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research programmes)

PROTECTOR DEL CIUDADANO (citizen protector), use OMBUDSMAN (ombudsman)

PROGRAMAS DE PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning


programmes)

PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)

PROGRAMAS DE POBLACIN (population programmes)

PROTESTAS PACFICAS (peaceful protest)

PROGRAMAS DE RADIO (radio programmes)

PROTESTAS POLTICAS (protest movement)

PROGRAMAS DE VIVIENDA (housing programmes)

PROVERBIOS (proverbs)

PROGRAMAS PARA LA EQUIDAD (equity programmes)

PROYECCIONES POBLACIONALES (population projections)

PROGRAMAS SOCIALES (social programmes)

PROYECTO EXPERIMENTAL (experimental projects), use


PROYECTO PILOTO (pilot projects)

PROGRAMAS TECNOLGICOS (technological programmes), use


PROGRAMAS CIENTFICOS (scientific programmes)

PROYECTO PILOTO (pilot projects)

PROGRESO TECNOLGICO (technical progress), use INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)

PROYECTOS AGRCOLAS (agricultural projects)

PROGRESOS CIENTFICOS (scientific progresses), use INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)

PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)

PROYECTOS CONJUNTOS (joint projects)

101

A L F A B T I C A

PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)

PROMOCIN DE LA LECTURA (reading promotion)

P R E S E N T A C I N

PROFESIN DE ABOGADO (legal profession), use PROFESIN


JURDICA (legal profession)

A L F A B T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

PROYECTOS DE INVESTIGACIN (research projects)

PSICOTERAPIA BREVE (short psychotherapy)

PROYECTOS DE VIVIENDA (housing projects)

PSICOTERAPIA INDIVIDUAL (individual psychotherapy)

PROYECTOS INDUSTRIALES (industrial projects)

PSIQUIATRA (psychiatrist), use MDICA (physicians)

PROYECTOS MULTIVALENTES (multipurpose projects)

PSIQUIATRA (psychiatrist), use MDICO (physicians)

PROYECTOS PILOTO (pilot projects)

PSIQUIATRA (psychiatry)

PROYECTOS PRODUCTIVOS (productive projects, profitable projects)

PBERES (adolescents)

PROYECTOS PBLICOS (public schemes)

PUBERTAD (puberty)

PRUEBAS PSICOLGICAS (psychological tests)

PUBLICIDAD (advertising)

PSICOANLISIS (psychoanalysis)

PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)

PSICOBIOLOGA (psychobiology)

PUNTO DE VISTA FEMINISTA (feminist standpoint)

PSICODIAGNSTICO (psychodiagnostic)

PURITANISMO (Puritanism)

PSICOFRMACOS (psychotropic drug, mood altering drug)

PUTA (whore), use TRABAJADORA SEXUAL (sexual female worker)

PSICOLOGA CLNICA (clinical psychology)


PSICOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication psychology)
PSICOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational psychology)
PSICOLOGA DEL ADOLESCENTE (adolescent psychology)
PSICOLOGA DEL DESARROLLO (developmental psychology)
PSICOLOGA DEL NIO (child psychology)

P R E S E N T A C I N

PSICOLOGA EDUCATIVA (educational psychology), use PSICOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational psychology)


PSICOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist psychology)
PSICOLOGA GENTICA (genetic psychology), use PSICOLOGA
DEL DESARROLLO (developmental psychology)
PSICOLOGA INFANTIL (child psychology), use PSICOLOGA DEL
NIO (child psychology)

RABINOS (rabbis)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
RACISMO (racism)
RADICALISMO (radicalism), use LIBERALISMO (liberalism)
RADIO (radio) (broadcast)
RADIOS COMUNITARIAS (communitarian radios), use RADIOS
LOCALES (local radio)
RADIOS LOCALES (local radio)

PSICOLOGA SEXUAL (sexual psychology)

RAMAS DE LA PSICOLOGA (branches of psychology)

PSICOLOGA SOCIAL (social psychology)

RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality traits)

PSICOPATOLOGAS (psychopathology)

RAZONAMIENTO (reasoning)

PSICOPEDAGOGA (psychopedagogy), use PSICOLOGA DE LA


EDUCACIN (educational psychology)

RAZONAMIENTO ABSTRACTO (abstract reasoning), use RAZONAMIENTO (reasoning)

PSICOSIS (psychosis)

RAZONAMIENTO LGICO (logical reasoning)

PSICOSIS MANIACA DEPRESIVA (manic depressive psychosis)

READAPTACIN PROFESIONAL (retraining)

PSICOSOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational


psychosociology)

REALEZA (royalty)

PSICOSOCIOLOGA EDUCATIVA (educational psychosociology),


use PSICOSOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational
psychosociology)

RECESIN ECONMICA (economic recession)

PSICOTERAPIA (psychotherapy)

102

REASIGNACIN (relocation)

RECOLECCIN DE LOS DATOS (data collection)


RECTOR (rector), use ADMINISTRADOR DE LA EDUCACIN (educational administrator)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

RECUPERACIN ECONMICA (recovery economic)

RELACIN PADRES-ESCUELA (parents-school relationship)

RECURSOS ECONMICOS (economic resources)

RELACIN PADRES-HIJAS/HIJOS (parents sons/daughters relation)

RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources)

RELACIN PADRES-PROFESOR (parents-teacher relationship), use


RELACIN PADRES-DOCENTE (parents-teacher relationship)

REFERNDUM (referendum), use ELECCIONES (elections)


REFORMA (reformation)
REFORMA ECONMICA (economic reform)
REFORMA ELECTORAL (electoral reform)
REFORMA POLTICA (political reform)
REFORMA RELIGIOSA (religious reform)

RELACIN PROFESOR-ALUMNO (student-teacher relationship)


RELACIONES AFECTIVAS (relationship)
RELACIONES CULTURALES (cultural relations)
RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
RELACIONES DE GNERO EN EL CONTEXTO ESCOLAR
(gender relations in school environment)
RELACIONES DE PODER (power relations)

REFORMAS SOCIALES (socials reforms)

RELACIONES DE TRABAJO (labour relations), use RELACIONES


LABORALES (industrial relations)

REFUGIADAS POLTICAS (political refugees men)

RELACIONES ECONMICAS (economic relations)

REFUGIADOS (refugees)
REFUGIADOS POLTICOS (political refugees men)

RELACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES (international economic relations)

RGIMEN ALIMENTICIO (diet), use DIETTICA (dietetics)

RELACIONES ENTRE PARES (peer relationship)

RGIMEN ECONMICO DEL MATRIMONIO (economic rules


of marriage)

RELACIONES EXTERNAS (external relations)

RGIMEN POLTICO (political regimes), use SISTEMA


POLTICO (political system)

RELACIONES HETEROSEXUALES (heterosexual relations)

REGIONALISMO (regionalism)
REGISTRO CIVIL (civil register)
REGISTRO DE MATRIMONIOS (marriage register)
REGISTRO DE MUERTES (death register)
REGISTRO DE NACIMIENTOS (birth register)
REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
RELACIN ALUMNO-DOCENTE (student-teacher relationship), use
RELACIN PROFESOR-ALUMNO (student-teacher relationship)
RELACIN ALUMNO-ESCUELA (school-student relationship), use
RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student relationship

RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)

RELACIONES HOMOSEXUALES (homosexual relations)


RELACIONES INTERGRUPALES (intergroup relations)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
RELACIONES PATRONALES (employers relations), use
RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
RELACIONES PATRONOS-TRABAJADORES (employer-worker
relations), use RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
RELACIONES PATRONOS-SINDICATOS (employers-trades union
relations), use RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
RELACIONES PERSONALES (relationship)

RELACIN DE FAMILIA (family relations), use PARENTESCO


(kinship)

RELACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional relations), use RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)

RELACIN ESCUELA-COMUNIDAD (school-community relationship)

RELACIONES PBLICAS (public relations)

RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student relationship)

RELACIONES RACIALES (racial relations)

RELACIN EXTRAMARITAL (extramarital relation)

RELACIONES SEXUALES (sexual intercourse)

RELACIN INTERGENERACIONAL (intergenerational relation)

RELACIONES SINDICALES (trade union relations), use


RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)

RELACIN PADRES-DOCENTE (parents-teacher relationship)

A L F A B T I C A

REDES SOCIALES (social networks)

RELATIVISMO CULTURAL (cultural relativism)

103

P R E S E N T A C I N

REDES (nets)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

RELIGIN (religion)

REVISTAS (magazines)

RELIGIONES (religions)

REVISTAS PORNOGRFICAS (pornographic, adult magazines)

RELIGIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient religions)

REVOLUCIN (revolutionary movement)

RELIGIONES PRIMITIVAS (primitive religions)

REVOLUCIN CULTURAL (cultural revolution)

REMEDIOS CASEROS (home remedy), use MEDICINA TRADICIONAL (traditional medicine)

REVOLUCIN TECNOLGICA (technological revolution), use


CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)

REMESAS (remittance)

RIA (quarrel)

RENDIMIENTO LABORAL (performance at work), use PRODUCTIVIDAD LABORA


L (labour productivity)

RIQUEZA (wealth)

A L F A B T I C A

RENUNCIA (resignation)
REPARTO DE RESPONSABILIDADES FAMILIARES (distribution of family responsibilities)
REPRESENTACIN (performance)
REPRESENTACIN POLTICA (political representation)
REPRESENTACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (political representation of women)

RITOS DE INICIACIN (initiation rites)


RITOS RELIGIOSOS (religious rites)
RITUALISMO (ritualism)
ROBO (robbery)
ROBTICA (robotics)
ROL (role)

REPBLICA (republic)

ROL DE LA FAMILIA, use PAPEL DE LA FAMILIA (family roles)

RESISTENCIA A LA OPRESIN (resistance to oppression)

ROLES DE GNERO (gender roles), use PAPELES DE GNERO


(gender roles)

RESISTENCIA AL CAMBIO (resistance to change)

P R E S E N T A C I N

RITOS (rites)

RESISTENCIA CIVIL (civil resistance)

ROLES SEXUALES (sexual roles)

RESOLUCIN DE CONFLICTOS (conflicts resolution)

ROLES SEXUALES (sex roles), use PAPELES DE GNERO


(gender roles)

RESOLUCIN JUDICIAL (legal ruling), use SENTENCIA JUDICIAL (judicial sentence)

ROLES SOCIALES (social roles)

RESPETO A LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (respect of human rights)


RESPONSABILIDAD (responsibility)
RESPONSABILIDAD DE LOS PADRES (parents responsibility), use
PAPEL DE LOS PADRES

RESPONSABILIDAD FAMILIAR (family responsibility), use PAPEL


DE LOS PADRES (parents role)

SABERES SEXUALES (sexual knowledge)

RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL (social responsibility)

SACRAMENTOS (sacraments)

RESPUESTAS (responses)

SADOMASOQUISMO (sado-masochism)

RESURRECCIN (resurrection)

SALARIO BASE (basic wage)

RETENCIN (retention)

SALARIO MNIMO (minimum wage)

RETRASADAS MENTALES (mentally handicapped), use


DISCAPACITADAS MENTALES (mentally disabled women)

SALARIO MNIMO INTERPROFESIONAL (guaranteed minimum


wage)

RETRASADOS MENTALES (mentally handicapped), use DISCAPACITADOS MENTALES (mentally disabled men)

SALARIOS (wages)

SACERDOTES (priest)

RETROINFORMACIN (APRENDIZAJE) (feedback) (learning)

SALIDAS LABORALES (job opportunities), use OPORTUNIDADES


DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)

REVELACIN (revelation)

SALPINGOCLASIA (tubal ligation)

104

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

SALUD (health)

SECTORES MEDIOS (middle sectors)

SALUD DE LA MADRE Y DEL HIJO (maternal and child health), use


SALUD MATERNO-INFANTIL (maternal and child health)

SECUESTRO (kidnapping)

SALUD DE LOS ANCIANOS (aged health)


SALUD DE LOS HOMBRES (mens health)
SALUD DE LOS JVENES (youth health)
SALUD DENTAL (dental health)
SALUD INFANTIL (child health)
SALUD LABORAL (occupational health)
SALUD MATERNO-INFANTIL (maternal and child health)
SALUD MENTAL (mental health)
SALUD PBLICA (public health), use POLTICA DE LA SALUD
(health policy)

SECUESTRO DE MUJERES (women kidnapping)


SECULARISMO (secularism)
SECUNDARIA (secondary education)
SEGREGACIN EN EL MERCADO DE TRABAJO (sexual
segregation in the labour market)
SEGREGACIN EN EL TRABAJO/EMPLEO (job segregation/
employment segregation)
SEGREGACIN HORIZONTAL (horizontal segregation)

A L F A B T I C A

SALUD DE LOS ADOLESCENTES (adolescent health)

SECUESTRO DE AVIN (hijacking), use TERRORISMO (terrorism)

SEGREGACIN RELIGIOSA (religious segregation)


SEGREGACIN VERTICAL (vertical segregation)
SEGURIDAD LABORAL (industrial safety)
SEGURIDAD PERSONAL (people security)

SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)

SEGURIDAD SOCIAL (social security)

SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)

SEGURO DE SALUD (health insurance)

SANCIN (sanction), use SANCIN PENAL (penal sanctions)

SEGUROS (insurances)

SANCIN ESCOLAR (school punishment), use


CASTIGO ESCOLAR (school punishment)

UNIDADES DE INVESTIGACIN (selection of research units)

SANCIN PENAL (penal sanctions)

SEMINARIOS TEOLGICOS (theological seminaries)


SENTENCIA JUDICIAL (judicial sentence)

SANIDAD PBLICA (public health), use POLTICA DE LA


SALUD (health policy)

SENTIMIENTOS (feelings), use EMOCIONES (emotions)

SANTOS (saints)

SEPARACIN (separation), use DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR


(family disorganization)

SECRETARA (secretary)
SECRETARA DE LA FUNCIN PBLICA (ministry of civil service)
SECTAS (sects)
SECTAS CRISTIANAS (Christian sects)

SEPARACIN DE BIENES (division of property)


SEPARACIN LEGAL (legal separation)
SEPARATISMO (separatism)

SECTAS RELIGIOSAS (religious sects)

SERES HUMANOS (human beings), use ESPECIE HUMANA (human race)

SECTOR INFORMAL (informal sector)

SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)

SECTOR PRIMARIO (primary sector)

SERVICIO DE ENFERMERA (nursing)

SECTOR PRIVADO (private sector)

SERVICIO SOCIAL (social services)

SECTOR PBLICO (public sector)

SERVICIOS DE ASISTENCIA SOCIAL (social work services)

SECTOR SERVICIOS (tertiary sector)

SERVICIOS DE EMERGENCIA (emergency health services)

SECTORES ALTOS (upper sectors)

SERVICIOS DE ENFERMERA (nursing services)

SECTORES BAJOS (lower sectors)

SERVICIOS DE INMIGRACIN (immigration services)

SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)

SERVICIOS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation services)

105

P R E S E N T A C I N

SALUD DE LAS MUJERES (womens health)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)


SERVICIOS DE SALUD MENTAL (mental health services)
SERVICIOS JUVENILES (youth services)
SERVICIOS PARA LOS JVENES (youth services), use SERVICIOS
JUVENILES (youth services)
SERVICIOS PREVENTIVOS (preventive services)
SERVICIOS SOCIALES RURALES (rural social services)
SERVICIOS TERAPUTICOS (therapeutic services)
SEXISMO (sexism)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

SEXISMO EN EL CURRCULO (sexism in the curriculum)


SEXO (sex)

SISTEMA EDUCACIONAL (educational system), use SISTEMA


EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
SISTEMA EDUCATIVO NACIONAL (national educational system),
use SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
SISTEMA ELECTORAL (electoral systems)
SISTEMA FEDERAL (federal systems), use FEDERACIN (federation)
SISTEMA MDICO (medical system)
SISTEMA PARLAMENTARIO (parliamentary systems), use
DIVISIN DE PODERES (power division)
SISTEMA POLTICO (political system)

SEXO ANAL (anal sex)

SISTEMA PRESIDENCIAL (presidential systems), use REPBLICA


(republic)

SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)

SISTEMA SEXO/GNERO (sex/gender system)

SEXO ORAL (oral sex)

SISTEMA SOCIAL (social system)

SEXO SEGURO (safe sex)

SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)

SEXOLOGA (sexology)

SISTEMAS DE GNERO (gender systems)

SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)

SISTEMAS DE REMUNERACIN (wage payment systems)

SEXUALIDAD ADOLESCENTE (adolescent sexuality)


SEXUALIDAD DE LOS ADULTOS MAYORES (elderly sexuality)

SITUACIN CULTURAL (cultural situation), use CONDICIONES


CULTURALES (cultural conditions)

SEXUALIDAD INFANTIL (child sexuality)

SITUACIN DE LA ENTREVISTA (interview situation)

SFILIS (syphilis)

SITUACIN FAMILIAR (family situation), use ESTADO CIVIL


(marital status)

SIMBOLISMO (symbolism)
SIN EMPLEO (unemployed), use DESEMPLEADO (unemployed)

SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)

SIN TRABAJO (unemployed), use DESEMPLEADO (unemployed)

SITUACIN MATRIMONIAL (matrimonial situation), use


ESTADO CIVIL (marital status)

SINDICATOS (trade unions)

SOBREPOBLACIN (overpopulation)

SNDROME DE INMUNODEFICIENCIA ADQUIRIDA


(SIDA) (acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS))

SOCIALISMO (socialism)

SNDROME DEL NIDO VACO (empty-nest syndrome)


SNDROME PREMENSTRUAL (pre-menstrual syndrome)
SISTEMA BICAMERAL (bicameral system, two chamber system), use
DIVISIN DE PODERES (power division)
SISTEMA DE GESTIN DEL GNERO (gender management system)
SISTEMA DE RESPONSABILIDADES DE LOS FUNCIONARIOS PBLICOS (civil servants responsibilities system)

SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
SOCIALIZACIN DE GNERO (gender socialization)
SOCIEDAD CIVIL (civil society)
SOCIEDAD DE LA INFORMACIN (information society)
SOCIEDAD Y EDUCACIN (society and education), use
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
SOCIEDADES CONTEMPORNEAS (contemporary society)

SISTEMA DE VALORES (value systems)

SOCIEDADES INDUSTRIALES (industrial societies)

SISTEMA ECONMICO (economic system)

SOCIEDADES MISIONERAS (missionary societies)


SOCIEDADES NO INDUSTRIALIZADAS (non-industrialized
societies)

106

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

SOCIEDADES POSINDUSTRIALES (post-industrial societies)

SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)

SOCIEDADES TRADICIONALES (traditional societies)

SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)

SOCIOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural sociology)

SUBORDINACIN (subordination)

SOCIOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (sociology of communication)

SUBORDINACIN DE LAS MUJERES (women subordination)

SOCIOLOGA DE LA CULTURA (cultural sociology)

SUBSIDIO AL DESEMPLEO (unemployment benefit), use


SEGURIDAD SOCIAL (social security)

SOCIOLOGA DE LA FAMILIA (sociology of the family)


SOCIOLOGA DE LA PROSTITUCIN (sociology of prostitution)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
SOCIOLOGA DEL ARTE (art sociology)
SOCIOLOGA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (sociology of knowledge)
SOCIOLOGA DEL DERECHO (sociology of law)
SOCIOLOGA DEL ESTUDIANTE (student sociology)
SOCIOLOGA DEL TRABAJO (occupational sociology)
SOCIOLOGA HISTRICA (historical sociology)

SUBSIDIOS DE MATERNIDAD (maternity allowance)


SUBSIDIOS FAMILIARES (family allowance)
SUBVENCIONES FAMILIARES (family allowance), use SUBSIDIOS FAMILIARES (family allowance)
SUFRAGIO (suffrage), use ELECCIONES (elections)

A L F A B T I C A

SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)

SUICIDIO (suicide)
SUICIDIO ASISTIDO (assisted suicide)
SUPERIOR (university)
SUSTANCIA ALUCINGENA (hallucinogenic substance), use
ESTUPEFACIENTE (narcotic drugs)

SOCIOLOGA MDICA (medical sociology)


SOCIOLOGA POLTICA (political sociology)

P R E S E N T A C I N

SOCIOLOGA RELIGIOSA (religious sociology), use SOCIOLOGA


DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
SOCIOMETRA (sociometry)
SOLEDAD (loneliness)

TABAQUISMO (smoking habit)

SOLTERA (single woman)

TAMAO DE LA FAMILIA (family size)

SOLTERO (single man)

TAOSMO (Taoism)

SONDEOS (election polls)

TASA DE CRECIMIENTO (growth rate)

SORDAS (deaf women)

TASA DE FECUNDIDAD (fertility rate)

SORDOMUDA (deaf-mute woman)

TASA DE MORTALIDAD (mortality rate)

SORDOMUDO (deaf mute man)

TASA DE NATALIDAD (birth rate)

SORDOS (deaf men)

TASA DEL SALARIO (wage rate)

SORORIDAD (sorority, sisterhood)

TASAS DE INTERS (interest rates)

SUBALTERNIDAD (subordination)

TASAS DE PARTICIPACIN (participation level) (participation rates)

SUBCONSCIENTE (subconscious)

TAXONOMA (taxonomy), use TIPOLOGA (typology)

SUBCONTRATACIN (subcontracting), use SUBEMPLEO


(underemployment)

TEATRO (theatre), use ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)

SUBCONTRATOS (subcontracts), use SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)


SUBCULTURAS (subcultures)

TECHO DE VIDRIO (glass ceiling)


TCNICA BIOMDICA (biomedical technique), use TECNOLOGA
MDICA (medical technology)
TCNICA MDICA (medical technique), use TECNOLOGA
MDICA (medical technology)

107

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

TCNICAS (technicians)

TENDENCIAS DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research trends)

TCNICAS DE EVALUACIN (evaluation techniques), use MTODOS DE EVALUACIN (evaluation methods)

TENSIN POLTICA (political tension), use CONFLICTO


POLTICO (political conflicts)

TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research techniques)

TENSIN SOCIAL (social tension), use CONFLICTO SOCIAL


(social conflict)

TCNICAS DE RECOLECCIN DE LOS DATOS (data collection


techniques)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

TCNICAS DE SIMULACIN (simulation techniques), use


MODELOS DE SIMULACIN (simulation models)

TENSIONES LABORALES (industrial tension), use CONFLICTO


LABORAL (industrial dispute)
TEOLOGA (theology)

TCNICOS (technicians)

TEOLOGA CRISTIANA (Christian theology)

TECNOCRACIA (technocracy)

TEOLOGA DE LA LIBERACIN (liberation theology)

TECNOLOGA (technology)

TEOLOGA DOCTRINAL (doctrinal theology)

TECNOLOGA ALIMENTARIA (food technology)

TEOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist theology)

TECNOLOGA ALTERNATIVA (optional technology)

TEOLOGA JUDA (Jewish theology)

TECNOLOGA AUDIOVISUAL (audiovisual technology)

TEOLOGA NATURAL (natural theology)

TECNOLOGA BIOMDICA (biomedical technology), use


TECNOLOGA MDICA (medical technology)

TEOLOGA PASTORAL (pastoral theology)

TECNOLOGA DE LA INFORMACIN (information technology)


TECNOLOGA EDUCATIVA (educational technology)
TECNOLOGA ENDGENA (endogenous technology), use TECNOLOGA TRADICIONAL (traditional technology)
TECNOLOGA ESPACIAL (space technology)
TECNOLOGA MDICA (medical technology)
TECNOLOGA TRADICIONAL (traditional technology)
TECNOLOGA Y GNERO (technology and gender)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
technologies)

TEOLOGA PRCTICA (practical theology)


TEORA ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological theory)
TEORA CRTICA (theory critical)
TEORA DE LA ACCIN SOCIAL (social action theory)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
TEORA DE LA HISTORIA (theory of history)
TEORA DE LA INFORMACIN (information theory)
TEORA DE LA MEDIDA (measurement theory)
TEORA DE LA PERSONALIDAD (personality theory)
TEORA DEL CONFLICTO (conflict theory)

TECNOLOGAS PARA LA EDUCACIN (technologies for education),


use TECNOLOGA EDUCATIVA (educational technology)

TEORA DEL INTERCAMBIO (interchange theory)

TECNOLOGAS REPRODUCTIVAS (reproductive technologies)

TEORA ECONMICA (economic theory)

TELEUNIVERSIDAD (teleuniversity), use UNIVERSIDAD


ABIERTA (open university)

TEORA EDUCACIONAL (educational theory), use TEORA DE LA


EDUCACIN (educational theory)

TELEVISIN (television)
TELEVISIN COMERCIAL (commercial television)

TEORA EDUCATIVA (educational theory), use TEORA DE LA


EDUCACIN (educational theory)

TELEVISIN EDUCATIVA (educative television)

TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)

TELEVISIN NACIONAL (national television)

TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)

TELEVISIN POR CABLE (cable television)

TEORA POLTICA (political theory)

TELEVISIN REGIONAL (regional television)

TEORA QUEER (queer theory)

TEMPERAMENTO, use PERSONALIDAD (personality)

TEORA SOBRE LA ORGANIZACIN (theory on organization)

108

TEORA E INVESTIGACIN (theory and research)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

TEORA SOCIAL (social theory)

TOLERANCIA RELIGIOSA (religious toleration)

TEORA SOCIAL CLSICA (classic social theory)

TORTURA (torture)

TEORA SOCIAL CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary social theory)

TORTURA PSICOLGICA (psychological torture)

TEORA SOCIOLGICA (sociological theory)

TOTALITARISMO (totalitarianism)

TEORAS DE GNERO (gender theories)

TOXICOMANA (drug abuse)

TEORAS DE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)

TRABAJADOR SEXUAL (sexual male worker)

TEORAS DEL CONTROL (control theories)

TRABAJADOR SOCIAL (male social worker)

TEORAS DEL DESARROLLO (development theory)

TRABAJADOR VOLUNTARIO (voluntary worker), use VOLUNTARIOS (volunteers)

TERAPIA (therapy)
TERAPIA DE FAMILIA (family therapy)
TERAPIA DE GRUPO (group therapy)
TERAPIA DE PAREJA (couple therapy)
TERAPIA FEMINISTA (feminist therapy)
TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TERAPIA OCUPACIONAL (occupational therapy), use MEDICINA
DEL TRABAJO (occupational medicine)
TERAPIA SEXUAL (sexual therapy)
TERCER MUNDO (the Third World)
TERCERA EDAD (older people)
TERRITORIOS OCUPADOS (occupied territories)

TRABAJADORA SEXUAL (sexual female worker)


TRABAJADORA SOCIAL (female social worker)
TRABAJADORAS (women workers)
TRABAJADORAS DOMSTICAS (domestic workers)
TRABAJADORAS MIGRANTES (migrant female workers)
TRABAJADORES (working population), use MANO DE OBRA
(manpower)
TRABAJADORES DE LA SALUD (health workers)
TRABAJADORES MIGRANTES (migrant workers)
TRABAJO (work) (job)
TRABAJO A DOMICILIO (homeworking)
TRABAJO A JORNADA PARTIDA (split shift employment), use
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)

TERRORISMO (terrorism)

TRABAJO A MEDIA JORNADA (half day employment), use


EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)

TERRORISMO AREO (air terrorism), use TERRORISMO


(terrorism)

TRABAJO A MEDIO TIEMPO (half day employment), use EMPLEO


A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)

TERRORISMO ISLMICO (Islamic terrorism)

TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)

TESTOSTERONA (testosterone)

TRABAJO COMPARTIDO (job sharing)

TIEMPO HISTRICO (historical time)

TRABAJO DE CAMPO (field work)

TIPO DE PROGRAMACIN (programme types)

TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)

TIPOLOGA (typology)

TRABAJO DE LAS MUJERES (womens work), use EMPLEO DE


LAS MUJERES (womens employment)

TIPOS CULTURALES (cultural types), use SISTEMAS


CULTURALES (cultural systems)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of families)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TIRANA (tyranny), use TOTALITARISMO (totalitarianism)
TOLERANCIA (tolerance)

TRABAJO DE MENORES (child labour), use TRABAJO


INFANTIL (child labour)
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
TRABAJO FEMENINO (female labour)
TRABAJO FORZADO (hard labour)
TRABAJO ILEGAL (illegal employment), use TRABAJO
CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)

109

A L F A B T I C A

TERAPUTICA (therapeutics), use TERAPIA (therapy)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TERICAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist theoreticians)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

TRABAJO INFANTIL (child labour)

TRASTORNOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality disorders)

TRABAJO MISIONERO (missionary work)

TRASTORNOS PSICOSOMTICOS (psychosomatics)

TRABAJO NEGRO (clandestine employment), use TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)

TRASVESTIDOS (transvestite), use TRANSGNERO (transgender)

TRABAJO SOCIAL (social work)


TRABAJO VOLUNTARIO (voluntary work), use VOLUNTARIOS
(volunteers)
TRADICIN (tradition)
TRADICIN ORAL (oral tradition)

P R E S E N T A C I N

A L F A B T I C A

TRADICIONALISMO (traditionalism), use CONSERVATISMO


(conservatism)
TRADICIONES (traditions), use COSTUMBRES
Y TRADICIONES (customs and traditions)
TRFICO DE DROGA (drug traffic)
TRFICO DE MUJERES (trafficking of women), use INDUSTRIA
DEL SEXO (sex industry) (adult industry)

TRATAMIENTO MDICO (medical treatment)


TRATAMIENTO PREFERENCIAL (preferential treatment), use ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
TRAUMAS (traumas)
TRAVESTI (transvestite), use TRANSGNERO (transgender)
TRAVESTIDO (transvestite), use TRANSGNERO (transgender)
TRAVESTIS (transvestite), use TRANSGNERO (transgender)
TRAVESTISMO (transvestism)
TRIBUNAL ADMINISTRATIVO (administrative court), use
TRIBUNALES (courts)
TRIBUNAL CRIMINAL (criminal court), use TRIBUNALES (courts)
TRIBUNALES (courts)

TRFICO DE PERSONAS (human trafficking)

TRIBUNALES CIVILES (civil courts)

TRAGEDIA (tragedy), use DRAMA (drama)

TRIBUNALES DEL TRABAJO (labour courts)

TRAJES TRADICIONALES (traditional clothing)

TRIBUNALES PENALES (criminal courts)

TRANSEXUAL (transsexual)

TRINIDAD (trinity)

TRANSEXUALES (transsexuals)

TRISTEZA (sadness)

TRANSEXUALISMO (transsexualism)

TUTOR DE CLASE (form master/mistress), use PERSONAL


ACADMICO DOCENTE (academia teaching personnel)

TRANSFERENCIA DE LA INFORMACIN (information transfer)


TRANSFERENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological transfer)
TRANSGNERO (transgender)
TRANSGRESIN (transgression)

TRANSMISIN (transmission)
TRANSMISIN HETEROSEXUAL (heterosexual transmission)
TRANSMISIN HOMOSEXUAL (homosexual transmission)
TRANSPORTES (transports)
TRANSVERSALIDAD (gender mainstreaming)

UNIDAD DOMSTICA (home unit)


UNIN CONYUGAL (conjugal union), use MATRIMONIO (marriage)
UNIN DE SINDICATOS (trade unions)

TRANVERSALIZACIN (transversalization)

UNIN MATRIMONIAL (matrimonial union), use


MATRIMONIO (marriage)

TRASPLANTE DE RGANOS (organ transplantation)

UNIVERSIDAD (university)

TRASTORNO SEXUAL (sexual disorders), use PROBLEMAS


SEXUALES (sexual disorders)

UNIVERSIDAD A DISTANCIA (open university), use


UNIVERSIDAD ABIERTA (open university)

TRASTORNOS AFECTIVOS (affective disorders)

UNIVERSIDAD ABIERTA (open university)

TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural disorders)

UNIVERSIDAD INTERNACIONAL (international university)

TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA


(eating disorders)

UNIVERSIDAD ON LINE (on line university), use UNIVERSIDAD


ABIERTA (open university)

110

Tesauro de gnero: lenguaje con equidad

USO DE GAS (use of gas)


USO DE LA TECNOLOGA (use of technology)
USO DE LOS ESPACIOS (use of spaces)
USUARIOS DE LA CULTURA (cultural users)
UTILITARISMO (utilitarianism)
UTOPA (utopia)

VIDEASTAS (video makers)


VIDEO (video)
VIEJO (old man or woman), use ANCIANO (elderly people)
VNCULO FAMILIAR (family ties), use PARENTESCO (kinship)
VIOLACIN (rape)
VIOLACIN A LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (violations of the
human rights)
VIOLACIN COLECTIVA (collective rape)
VIOLAR (rape)
VIOLENCIA (violence)

VIOLENCIA COLECTIVA (collective violence)


VIOLENCIA CONTRA ADULTOS MAYORES (violence against
old people)

VACUNA (vaccine), use VACUNACIN (vaccination)

VIOLENCIA CONTRA LAS MUJERES (violence against women)

VACUNACIN (vaccination)

VIOLENCIA CONTRA LOS HOMOSEXUALES (violence


against gays)

VALORES CULTURALES (cultural values)


VALORES MORALES (moral values) (moral code) (moral sense)
VALORES RELIGIOSOS (religious values)
VALORES SOCIALES (social values)
VANDALISMO (vandalism)
VASECTOMA (vasectomy)
VEJEZ (old age), use TERCERA EDAD (older people)
VEREDICTO (verdict), use SENTENCIA JUDICIAL (judicial
sentence)

VIOLENCIA CONTRA LAS LESBIANAS (violence against lesbians)


VIOLENCIA CONYUGAL (marital violence), use VIOLENCIA
DOMSTICA (domestic violence)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)
VIOLENCIA DE LOS JVENES (youth violence), use VIOLENCIA
JUVENIL (youth violence)
VIOLENCIA DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass
media violence)
VIOLENCIA DOMSTICA (domestic violence)

VERSO (verse), use POESA (poetry)

VIOLENCIA ECONMICA (economical violence)

VESTIMENTA (clothing)
VETERINARIA (veterinary)

VIOLENCIA EN EL HOGAR (violence at home), use VIOLENCIA


DOMSTICA (domestic violence)

VICARIOS (vicars)

VIOLENCIA EN EL LUGAR DE TRABAJO (violence in the workplace)

VICIOS (vices)

VIOLENCIA EN EL MEDIO FAMILIAR (home violence), use


VIOLENCIA DOMSTICA (domestic violence)

VCTIMAS DE VIOLENCIA (violence victims)


VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)
VIDA DEL ESTUDIANTE (student life), use SOCIOLOGA DEL
ESTUDIANTE (student sociology)
VIDA ESCOLAR (school life), use SOCIOLOGA DEL
ESTUDIANTE (student sociology)
VIDA ESTUDIANTIL (student life), use SOCIOLOGA DEL
ESTUDIANTE (student sociology)

VIOLENCIA EN LA ESCUELA (school violence)


VIOLENCIA EN LA TELEVISIN (violence in television)
VIOLENCIA EN LAS INSTITUCIONES (violence in the institutions)
VIOLENCIA ESPONTNEA (spontaneous violence)
VIOLENCIA FAMILIAR (family violence), use VIOLENCIA DOMSTICA (domestic violence)
VIOLENCIA FSICA (physical violence)

111

A L F A B T I C A

UNIVERSIDAD VIRTUAL (virtual university), use UNIVERSIDAD


ABIERTA (open university)

VIDA POLTICA (political life), use POLTICA (politics)

P R E S E N T A C I N

UNIVERSIDAD SIN BARRERAS (open university), use UNIVERSIDAD ABIERTA (open university)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

VIOLENCIA HOMOFBICA (homophobic violence)


VIOLENCIA INFANTIL (child violence), use ABUSO DE
MENORES (child abuse)

A L F A B T I C A

VOLUNTARIOS (volunteers)

VIOLENCIA JUVENIL (youth violence)

VOTACIN (voting), use ELECCIONES (elections)

VIOLENCIA POLTICA (political violence)

VOTO (vote)

VIOLENCIA PSICOLGICA (psychological violence)

VOTO FEMENINO (womens suffrage)

VIOLENCIA RACIALMENTE MOTIVADA (motivated violence by


the race)

VOYEURISMO (voyeurism)

VIOLENCIA RELIGIOSAMENTE MOTIVADA (motivated violence


by the religion)

P R E S E N T A C I N

VOLUNTARIADO (voluntary workers), use VOLUNTARIOS


(volunteers)

VIOLENCIA SEXUAL (sexual violence)

VIOLENCIA SOCIALMENTE APROBADA (socially approved violence)


VIRGINIDAD (virginity)

XENOFOBIA (xenophobia)

VIRILIDAD (virility)
VIRUS DE INMUNODEFICIENCIA HUMANA (VIH) (human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV))

VISITAS ECLESISTICAS (visitations ecclesiastical)


VIUDA (widowed woman)

ZONA RURAL (rural area)

VIUDO (widowed man)

ZONA URBANA (urban area)

VIVIENDA (housing)

ZOOFILIA (zoophilia)

VOLUNTAD (hill)

ZOOLOGA (zoology)

112

T e s aP rue sre not a c i n

Sistemtica

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)


TG: VIOLENCIA DOMSTICA (domestic violence)
MALTRATO INFANTIL (child abuse) (child-battering)
TR: HURFANOS (orphan)
INFANTICIDIO (infanticide)
MALTRATO FSICO (child physical abuse)
MALTRATO EMOCIONAL (psychological abuse)
PREVENCIN DEL MALTRATO INFANTIL (child abuse
prevention)
ABORTO (abortion)
TG: PROGRAMAS DE POBLACIN (population programs)
PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive
behaviour)
EMBARAZO (pregnancy)
POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)
TE: ABORTO ESPONTNEO (miscarriage)
ABORTO ILEGAL (illegal abortion)
ABORTO INSEGURO (unsafe abortion)
ABORTO LEGAL (legal abortion)

ABORTO PROVOCADO (abortion)
LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)
ABORTO ESPONTNEO (miscarriage)
TG: SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ABORTO (abortion)
TR: ABORTO ILEGAL (illegal abortion)
ABORTO LEGAL (legal abortion)
ABORTO PROVOCADO (abortion)
LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)
ABORTO ILEGAL (illegal abortion)
TG: SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ABORTO (abortion)
TR: ABORTO ESPONTNEO (miscarriage)
ABORTO INSEGURO (unsafe abortion)

ABORTO INSEGURO (unsafe abortion)


TG: SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ABORTO (abortion)
TR: ABORTO ESPONTNEO (miscarriage)
ABORTO ILEGAL (illegal abortion)
ABORTO LEGAL (legal abortion)

ABORTO PROVOCADO (abortion)
LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)
ABORTO LEGAL (legal abortion)
TG: SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ABORTO (abortion)
TR: ABORTO ESPONTNEO (miscarriage)
ABORTO INSEGURO (unsafe abortion)
ABORTO ILEGAL (illegal abortion)

S I S T E M T I C A

ABANDONO DEL HOGAR (desertion)


TG: DERECHO DE FAMILIA (family law)
TR: ADOPCIN (adoption)
CUSTODIA (custody)
EMANCIPACIN FAMILIAR (emancipation)
FILIACIN (affiliation)
LEGISLACIN FAMILIAR (family legislation)
MEDIACIN FAMILIAR (family mediation)
PATRIA POTESTAD (paternal authority)

ABORTO PROVOCADO (abortion)


LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)

ABORTO PROVOCADO (abortion)


TG: SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ABORTO (abortion)
TR: ABORTO ESPONTNEO (miscarriage)
ABORTO INSEGURO (unsafe abortion)
ABORTO ILEGAL (illegal abortion)
ABORTO LEGAL (legal abortion)
LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ABORTO LEGAL (legal abortion)



ABORTO PROVOCADO (abortion)

LEGALIZACIN DEL ABORTO (abortion legalize)

ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)


TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
TR: ACTITUD SEXUAL (sexual attitude)
AUTOEROTISMO (autoeroticism)
ATRACCIN SEXUAL (sexual attraction)
DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
PAREJA SEXUAL (sexual partners)
PRCTICAS SEXUALES (sexual practices)
ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
TG: TEORAS SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)
RELIGIN (religion)
TR: CASTIDAD (purity)
CELIBATO (celibacy)
PECADO (sin)
ABUELA (grandmother)
TG: PARENTESCO (kinship)
TR: ABUELO (grandfather)
HERMANA (sister)
HERMANO (brother)

115

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

HIJA (daughter)
HIJO (son)
MADRE (mother)
PADRE (father)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ABUELO (grandfather)
TG: PARENTESCO (kinship)
TR: ABUELA (grandmother)
HERMANO (brother)
HIJA (daughter)
HIJO (son)
MADRE (mother)
PADRE (father)
ABUSO DE MENORES (child abuse)
UP: agresin infantil (child assault), violencia infantil (child violence),
abuso sexual infantil (child sexual abuse)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against
humanity)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against
women)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
ESTUPRO (statutory rape)
EXPLOTACIN SEXUAL (sexual exploitation)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
TORTURA (torture)
TE: INCESTO (incest)
PEDOFILIA (paedophilia)
VIOLACIN (rape)
ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: ABUSO DE MENORES (child abuse)
CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against
humanity)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against
women)
CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
EXPLOTACIN SEXUAL (sexual exploitation)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
TORTURA (torture)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)
TE: ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
TG: DELITOS SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
TR: ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)

116

ESTUPRO (statutory rape)


EXPLOTACIN SEXUAL (sexual exploitation)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (sexual violence)
ACADEMIAS EVANGLICAS (evangelical academies)
TG: INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)
TR: COMUNIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious communities)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)
SEMINARIOS TEOLGICOS (theological seminaries)
SOCIEDADES MISIONERAS (missionary societies)
ACCESO A LA EDUCACIN (equal access to education)
TG: GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
TR: GNERO Y PLANES DE DESARROLLO (gender and
development plans)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES
(policy of equality of opportunity)
ACCESO A LA EDUCACIN (equal access to education)
ACCESO A LA PROPIEDAD (equal access to property)
ACCESO AL TRABAJO (equal access to work)
ACCESO A LA INFORMACIN (access to information)
TG: POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)
CONTROL COMUNICACIONAL (communication control)
TR: OPININ PBLICA (public opinion)
CENSURA (access to information)
TE: PROTECCIN DE DATOS (data backup)
ACCESO A LA PROPIEDAD (equal access to property)
TG: GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
TR: GNERO Y PLANES DE DESARROLLO (gender and
development plans)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES
(policy of equality of opportunity)
ACCESO A LA EDUCACIN (equal access to education)
ACCESO AL TRABAJO (equal access to work)
ACCESO AL TRABAJO (equal access to work)
TG: GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
TR: GNERO Y PLANES DE DESARROLLO (gender and
development plans)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES
(equal opportunities policy)
ACCESO A LA EDUCACIN (equal access to education)
ACCESO A LA PROPIEDAD (equal access to property)
ACCIDENTES (accidents)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ACCIDENTES DEL TRABAJO (industrial accidents)


TG: SEGURIDAD LABORAL (industrial safety)
TR: DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD (safety devices)
ENFERMEDADES OCUPACIONALES (occupational diseases)
HIGIENE DEL TRABAJO (occupational hygiene)
MEDICINA DEL TRABAJO (occupational medicine)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
UP: discriminacin positiva (positive discrimination)
TG: GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
TR: CUOTAS (quotas)
EQUIDAD (equity)
IGUALDAD (equality)
PARIDAD (parity)
TE: GNERO Y PLANES DE DESARROLLO (gender and
development plans)
IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
MAQUINARIA DE LAS MUJERES (women machinery)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES
(equal opportunities policy)
ACCESO A LA EDUCACIN (equal access to education)
ACCESO A LA PROPIEDAD (equal access to property)
ACCESO AL TRABAJO (equal access to work)
TRANSVERSALIDAD (gender mainstreaming)
ACCIN CULTURAL (cultural action)
TG: CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN CULTURAL (cultural administration)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
POLTICAS CULTURALES (cultural policy)
USUARIOS DE LA CULTURA (cultural users)
TE: ACTIVIDADES CULTURALES (cultural activities)
ANIMACIN CULTURAL (cultural animation)
ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
TG: SALUD (health)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA SALUD (health administration)
ECONOMA DE LA SALUD (health economics)
ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
PROMOCIN DE LA SALUD (health promotion)
SEGURO DE SALUD (health insurance)

ACONTECIMIENTOS HISTRICOS (historical events)


TG: MTODOS Y TCNICAS HISTRICAS (methods and
historical techniques)
TIEMPO HISTRICO (historical time)
TR: CRONOLOGA (chronology)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
TG: DELITOS SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
TR: ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
ESTUPRO (statutory rape)
EXPLOTACIN SEXUAL (sexual exploitation)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (sexual violence)
TE: ACOSO SEXUAL EN EL LUGAR DE TRABAJO (sexual
harassment at work)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
TG: DELITOS (crime)
ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
TR: VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)
TE: ACOSO SEXUAL EN EL LUGAR DE TRABAJO (sexual
harassment in the work place)
ACOSO SEXUAL EN EL LUGAR DE TRABAJO (sexual harassment at work)
TG: DELITOS SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
TR: VIOLENCIA SEXUAL (sexual violence)
VIOLENCIA EN EL LUGAR DE TRABAJO (violence in the
work place)
ACOSO SEXUAL EN EL LUGAR DE TRABAJO (sexual harassment in the work place)
TG: ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
ACTITUD DE LOS PADRES (parents attitudes)
UP: actitud parental (parents attitudes)
TG: ENTORNO FAMILIAR (family environment)
RELACIN PADRES-HIJAS/HIJOS (parents sons/daughters
relation)
TR: COMUNICACIN SOBRE SEXUALIDAD (communication
about sexuality)
ACTITUD DEL DOCENTE (teachers attitud)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL DOCENTE (teachers behaviour)
TR: AUTORIDAD DEL DOCENTE (teachers authority)
PARTICIPACIN DEL PROFESOR (teachers participation)

117

S I S T E M T I C A

ACCIDENTES DE TRNSITO (traffic accidents)


TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
ACCIDENTES (accidents)
TR: ACCIDENTES DE TRABAJO (industrial accidents)

SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)


TRABAJADORES DE LA SALUD (health workers)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: VIOLENCIA (violence)


TE: ACCIDENTES DE TRABAJO (industrial accidents)
ACCIDENTES DE TRNSITO (traffic accidents)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ACTITUD DEL ESTUDIANTE (students attitudes)


UP: actitud estudiantil (student attitudes)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student
relationship)
TR: ADAPTACIN DEL ESTUDIANTE (student adjustment)
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL ALUMNO (students behaviour)
ACTITUD SEXUAL (sexual attitude)
NA: opiniones y creencias acerca de la conducta y el desarrollo
sexual
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
TR: ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
AUTOEROTISMO (autoeroticism)
ATRACCIN SEXUAL (sexual attraction)
DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
PAREJA SEXUAL (sexual partners)
PRCTICAS SEXUALES (sexual practices)
ACTITUDES (attitudes)
TG: PSICOLOGA E IDENTIDAD (psychology and identity)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO (behaviour)
EMOCIONES (emotions)
PERSONALIDAD (personality)
TE: ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)
TOLERANCIA (tolerance)
CAMBIO DE ACTITUDES (attitude change)
ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)
TG: ACTITUDES (attitudes)
TR: TOLERANCIA (tolerance)
CAMBIO DE ACTITUDES (attitude change)
TE: INTOLERANCIA (intolerance)
PREJUICIOS (prejudice)
ACTIVIDADES CIENTFICAS (scientific activities)
UP: actividades de investigacin (research activities)
TG: ORGANIZACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
organization)
TR: PLANEACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science planning)
TE: PROGRAMAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research programmes)
ACTIVIDADES CULTURALES (cultural activities)
TG: CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
ACCIN CULTURAL (cultural action)
TR: ANIMACIN CULTURAL (cultural animation)
ACTIVIDADES POLTICAS (political activities)
TG: CIENCIA POLTICA (political science)
POLTICA (politics)
TR: PRCTICA POLTICA (political practice)
REFORMA POLTICA (political reform)

118

ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)


TG: RELIGIN (religion)
TR: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)
RELIGIONES (religions)
TE: CONVERSIN RELIGIOSA (religious conversion)
CULTOS (cults)
EVANGELIZACIN (evangelism)
FESTIVALES RELIGIOSOS (religious festivals)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)
REFORMA RELIGIOSA (religious reform)
TRABAJO MISIONERO (missionary work)
VISITAS ECLESISTICAS (visitations ecclesiastical)
ACTIVISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist ctivist)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
FEMINISTAS (feminist)
TR: ARTISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist artist)
AUTORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist authors)
ESCRITORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist writers)
JURISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist lawyers)
TERICAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist theoreticians)
ACTORES (actors)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
TR: ACTRICES (actresses)
REPRESENTACIN (performance)
DRAMA (drama)
ACTORES SOCIALES (social actors)
TG: MOVIMIENTOS, ORGANIZACIONES Y ACTORES
SOCIALES (movements, organizations and social actors)
TR: MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES (social movements)
ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
TE: GOBIERNO (government)
GRUPOS (groups)
GRUPOS TNICOS (ethnical groups)
LIDERAZGO (leadership)
LEGISLADORES (legislators)
ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
PARTICIPACIN SOCIAL (social participation)
PARTIDOS POLTICOS (political parties)
REDES (nets)
REFUGIADOS (refugees)
SOCIEDAD CIVIL (civil society)
ACTRICES (actresses)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
TR: ACTORES (actors)
REPRESENTACIN (performance)
DRAMA (drama)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ACUPUNTURA (acupuncture)
TG: SISTEMA MDICO (medical system)
TR: DIETTICA (dietetics)
HOMEOPATA (homeopathy)
MEDICINA PREVENTIVA (preventive medicine)
MEDICINA TRADICIONAL (traditional medicine)

ADIVINACIN (divination)
TG: ESOTERISMO (esotericism)
TR: ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
MAGIA (magic)
PARAPSICOLOGA (parapsychology)
PROFECA (prophecy)
ADMINISTRACIN CULTURAL (cultural administration)
TG: CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
TR: ACCIN CULTURAL (cultural action)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
POLTICAS CULTURALES (cultural policy)
USUARIOS DE LA CULTURA (cultural users)
TE: GESTIN CULTURAL (cultural management)
ORGANIZACIONES CULTURALES (cultural organizations)

ADAPTACIN SOCIAL (social adaptation)


TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
TR: ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)
ADAPTACIN SOCIAL (social adaptation)
INCLUSIN SOCIAL (social inclusion)
INFLUENCIA SOCIAL (social influence)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
NORMAS SOCIALES (social norms)
PARTICIPACIN SOCIAL (social participation)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)

ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)


UP: accin judicial (judicial action), accin jurdica (juridical action), prctica del derecho (law practice), prctica jurdica (juridical
practice)
TG: LEGISLACIN Y DERECHO (law and legislation)
TR: DERECHO (law)
DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
LEGISLACIN (legislation)
LIBERTAD (freedom)
TE: APLICACIN DE LA LEY (law application)
CDIGOS (codes)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
DERECHOS Y PRIVILEGIOS (rights and privileges)
MEDIACIN (mediation)
PRIVILEGIOS E INMUNIDADES (privileges and immunities)
PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)
TRIBUNALES (courts)

ADICCIONES (addictions)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
DEMENCIA (dementia)
DEPRESIN (depression)
FOBIAS (phobias)
NEUROSIS (neuroses)
HISTERIA (hysteria)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
TRASTORNOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality disorders)
TRASTORNOS PSICOSOMTICOS (psychosomatics)
TRAUMAS (traumas)

ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)


UP: administracin de la investigacin (research administration), gestin
de la investigacin (research management), administracin tecnolgica
(technological administration)
TG: CIENCIAS Y TECNOLOGAS (science and technology)
TR: DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)
ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)
PERSONAL CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)
TE: ORGANIZACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific organizations)
CENTROS DE INVESTIGACIN (research centers)
FUNDACIONES DE INVESTIGACIN (research foundations)

ADAPTACIN DEL ESTUDIANTE (student adjustment)


UP: adaptacin escolar (student adjustment)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student
relationship)
TR: ACTITUD DEL ESTUDIANTE (students attitudes)
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL ALUMNO (students behaviour)

119

S I S T E M T I C A

ACULTURACIN (acculturation)
UP: asimilacin cultural (cultural assimilation), integracin cultural
(cultural integration) y enculturacin (enculturation)
TG: IDENTIDAD CULTURAL (cultural identity)
TR: IDENTIDAD NACIONAL (national identity)

TE: ALCOHOLISMO (alcoholism)


TABAQUISMO (smoking habit)
TOXICOMANA (drug abuse)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ACUERDOS CULTURALES (cultural agreements)


TG: CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
POLTICAS CULTURALES (cultural policy)
TR: COOPERACIN CULTURAL (cultural cooperation)
INTERCAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural exchange)
PARTICIPACIN CULTURAL (cultural participation)
RELACIONES CULTURALES (cultural relations)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development


administration)
TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administattion)
TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
TR: GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)
HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)
HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)
HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)
HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)
HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)
ADMINISTRACIN PBLICA (public administration)
TG: GOBIERNO (government)
TR: INSTITUCIONES POLTICAS (political institutions)
NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
TE: FUNCIN PBLICA (civil service)
SECRETARA (secretary)
ADMINISTRACIN DE LA SALUD (health administration)
TG: SALUD (health)
TR: ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
ECONOMA DE LA SALUD (health economics)
EDUCACIN PARA LA SALUD (health education)
ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
PROMOCIN DE LA SALUD (health promotion)
SEGURO DE SALUD (health insurance)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TRABAJADORES DE LA SALUD (health workers)
TE: CENTROS DE SALUD (health centers)
ADMINISTRADOR DE LA EDUCACIN (educational
administrator)
UP: decano (dean), director de colegio (school principal), inspector de la
educacin (education inspector), rector (rector)

TG: PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)


TR: DOCENTE (teacher)
ADOLESCENCIA (adolescence)
TG: CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)
TR: PUBERTAD (puberty)
ADULTEZ (adulthood)

120

INFANCIA (childhood)
JUVENTUD (youth)
TERCERA EDAD (older people)
TE: ADOLESCENTES (adolescents)
ADOLESCENTES (adolescents)
TG: CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycles)
ADOLESCENCIA (adolescence)
TR: PBERES (adolescents)
JVENES (young people)
ADOPCIN (adoption)
TG: BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)
BIENESTAR DE LA INFANCIA (child welfare)
TR: ORFANATO (orphanage)
ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)
ADOPCIN (adoption)
TG: DERECHO DE FAMILIA (family law)
TR: ABANDONO DEL HOGAR (desertion)
CUSTODIA (custody)
EMANCIPACIN FAMILIAR (emancipation)
FILIACIN (affiliation)
LEGISLACIN FAMILIAR (family legislation)
MEDIACIN FAMILIAR (family mediation)
PATRIA POTESTAD (paternal authority)
ADULTAS (adult women)
TG: CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)
ADULTEZ (adulthood)
TR: ADULTOS (adult men)
ADULTAS MAYORES (old adult women) (older women)
TG: CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)
TERCERA EDAD (older people)
TR: ADULTOS MAYORES (old adult men)
ADULTEZ (adulthood)
TG: CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)
TR: ADOLESCENCIA (adolescence)
PUBERTAD (puberty)
INFANCIA (childhood)
JUVENTUD (youth)
TERCERA EDAD (older people)
TE: ADULTAS (adult women)
ADULTOS (adult men)
ADULTOS (adult men)
TG: CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)
ADULTEZ (adulthood)
TR: ADULTAS (adult women)

AGENCIAS DE NOTICIAS (news agencies)


TG: PERIODISMO (journalism)
TR: LIBERTAD DE PRENSA (freedom of the press)
PERIODISTAS (journalists)

AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
TG: EMOCIONES (emotions)
TR: AMOR (love)
ANSIEDAD (anxiety)
CELOS (jealousy)
CULPA (guilt)
MIEDO (fear)
ODIO (hate)
PASIN (passion)
PLACER (pleasure)
SOLEDAD (loneliness)
TRISTEZA (sadness)
TE: AMISTAD (friendship)
AUTONOMA (autonomy)
DEPENDENCIA (dependence)

AGENDA DE GNERO (gender agenda)


TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
TR: ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
INICIATIVAS (initiative)
LEYES (laws)
PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)

AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)
TG: FEMINISMO
TR: AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)
TICA FEMINISTA (feminist ethics)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)
SORORIDAD (sorority, sisterhood)
AFILIACIN RELIGIOSA (religious affiliation)
TG: TEOLOGA (theology)
CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
TR: CREENCIAS RELIGIOSAS PERSONALES (personal
religious beliefs)
DEIDADES (deities)
ESPIRITUALIDAD (spirituality)
INMORTALIDAD (immortality)
RESURRECCIN (resurrection)
RITUALISMO (ritualism)
TRINIDAD (trinity)
AGENCIA (agency)
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)
TR: CAPACITACIN (qualification)
AGENCIAS DE LA PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family
planning agency)
TG: PROGRAMAS DE POBLACIN (population programs)
PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning)
TR: CONTROL DE LA NATALIDAD (birth control)
COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive
behaviour)
POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)

AGORAFOBIA (agoraphobia)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
FOBIAS (phobias)
TR: CLAUSTROFOBIA (claustrophobia)
AGRESIN (agression)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO (behaviour)
CONDUCTA (conduct)
TR: FRUSTRACIN (frustration)
AGRICULTURA (agricultural)
TG: SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)
SECTOR PRIMARIO (primary sector)
TR: GANADERA (stockbreeding)
ECONOMA AGRARIA (agrarian economy)
MINERA (mining industry)
PESCA (fishing)
AISLAMIENTO CULTURAL (cultural isolation)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
INTERACCIN CULTURAL (cultural interaction)
TR: CONFLICTOS CULTURALES (cultural conflicts)
AJUSTE ESTRUCTURAL (structural adjustment)
TG: POLTICA ECONMICA (economic policy)
TR: COOPERACIN ECONMICA (economic cooperation)
NACIONALIZACIN (nationalization)
PLANEACIN ECONMICA (economic planning)
POLTICAS DE PRECIOS (price policy)
POLTICA INFLACIONARIA (counter-inflation policy)
PRIVATIZACIN (privatization)

REFORMA ECONMICA (economic reform)
ALCOHOLISMO (alcoholism)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
ADICCIONES (addictions)
TR: TABAQUISMO (smoking habit)
TOXICOMANA (drug abuse)

121

P R E S E N T A C I N

ADULTOS MAYORES (old adult men)


TG: CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)
TERCERA EDAD (older people)
TR: ADULTAS MAYORES (old adult women) (older women)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ALFABETIZACIN DE ADULTOS (adult literacy)


TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
ANALFABETISMO (illiteracy)
TR: NECESIDADES DE EDUCACIN (educational needs)
ALINEACIN SOCIAL (social alienation)
UP: Aislamiento social (social alienation)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
CONFLICTO SOCIAL (social conflict)
DELINCUENCIA (delinquency)
DELITOS (crime)
DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
MALNUTRICIN (undernourishment)
POBREZA (poverty)
SUICIDIO (suicide)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
ALMA (soul)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
METAFSICA (metaphysics)
TR: NATURALEZA HUMANA (human nature)
VICIOS (vices)
TE: CUALIDADES (qualities)
ALTA BURGUESA (gentry)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
TR: CAMPESINOS (peasant)
CLASE ALTA (upper class)
CLASE BAJA (lower class)
CLASE MEDIA (middle class)
CLASES POPULARES (working class)
POBRES (poor)
ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)

122

ALUCINACIN (hallucination)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
TR: DELIRIO (delirium)
ESQUIZOFRENIA (squizophrenia)
PARANOIA (paranoia)
PSICOSIS MANIACA DEPRESIVA (manic depressive psychosis)
AMBIENTE DE LA CLASE (classroom environment)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO DEL DOCENTE (teachers behaviour)
DISCIPLINA ESCOLAR (school discipline)
RELACIONES ENTRE PARES (peer relationship)
RELACIN ESCUELA-COMUNIDAD (school-community
relationship)
RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student
relationship)
RELACIN PROFESOR-ALUMNO (student-teacher
relationship)
AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
UP: contexto de aprendizaje (learning context), entorno educacional
(educational environment), medio de aprendizaje (learning environment)
TG: EDUCACIN (education)
TR: ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching institutions)
PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
TE: AMBIENTE DE LA CLASE (classroom environment)
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL DOCENTE (teachers behaviour)
DISCIPLINA ESCOLAR (school discipline)
RELACIONES ENTRE PARES (peer relationship)
RELACIN ESCUELA-COMUNIDAD (school-community
relationship)
RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student
relationship)
RELACIN PADRES-ESCUELA (parents-school relationship)
RELACIN PROFESOR-ALUMNO (student-teacher relationship)
AMBIENTES CULTURALES (cultural environment)
TG: CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)
TR: ESTILOS DE VIDA (life styles)
FACTORES CULTURALES (cultural factors)
VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)
AMENAZAS (threats)
TG: MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA (methods of violence)
MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA CONTRA UNA PERSONA (TORTURA) (methods of violence against a person)
(torture)
TR: ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
DEGRADACIN (degradation)
PRIVACIONES (deprivation)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

AMISTAD (friendship)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
RELACIONES ENTRE PARES (peer relationship)
TR: COMPAERISMO (comradeship, friendship)
COMPETENCIA (competition)
GRUPOS (groups)
USO DE LOS ESPACIOS (use of spaces)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
AMISTAD (friendship)
TG: EMOCIONES (emotions)
AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
TR: AUTONOMA (autonomy)
DEPENDENCIA (dependence)
AMOR (love)
TG: EMOCIONES (emotions)
TR: ANSIEDAD (anxiety)
CELOS (jealousy)
CULPA (guilt)
MIEDO (fear)
ODIO (hate)
PASIN (passion)
PLACER (pleasure)
SOLEDAD (loneliness)
TRISTEZA (sadness)
AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
ANALFABETAS (illiterate women)
UP: iletradas (illiterate women)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantage groups)
DESFAVORECIDAS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged women)
TR: NECESIDADES EDUCACIONALES (educational needs)
ANALFABETISMO (illiteracy)
ANALFABETISMO (illiteracy)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: ANALFABETAS (illiterate women)

ANALFABETISMO FUNCIONAL (functional illiteracy)


TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
ANALFABETISMO (illiteracy)
TR: ANALFABETAS (illiterate women)
ANALFABETOS (illiterate men)
UP: iletrados (illiterate men)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantage groups)
DESFAVORECIDAS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged women)
TR: NECESIDADES EDUCACIONALES (educational needs)
ANALFABETISMO (illiteracy)
ANLISIS COMPARATIVO (comparative analysis)
TG: MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TR: ANLISIS CAUSAL (causal analysis)
ANLISIS CUALITATIVO (qualitative analysis)
ANLISIS CUANTITATIVO (quantitative analysis)
APROXIMACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary approach)
EVALUACIN (evaluation)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)
TIPOLOGA (typology)
ANLISIS CAUSAL (causal analysis)
UP: causalidad (causality)
TG: MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TR: ANLISIS COMPARATIVO (comparative analysis)
ANLISIS CUALITATIVO (qualitative analysis)
ANLISIS CUANTITATIVO (quantitative analysis)
APROXIMACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary approach)
EVALUACIN (evaluation)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)
TIPOLOGA (typology)
ANLISIS CUALITATIVO (qualitative analysis)
TG: MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TR: ANLISIS CAUSAL (causal analysis)
ANLISIS COMPARATIVO (comparative analysis)
ANLISIS CUANTITATIVO (quantitative analysis)

123

S I S T E M T I C A

AMENAZAS DE MUERTE (death threats)


TG: MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA CONTRA UNA PERSONA (TORTURA) (methods of violence against a person)
(torture)
AMENAZAS (threats)
TR: TORTURA PSICOLGICA (psychological torture)

ANALFABETOS (illiterate men)


CAMPAAS DE ALFABETIZACIN (literacy campaign)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational
discrimination)
ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)
TE: ALFABETIZACIN DE ADULTOS (adult literacy)
ANALFABETISMO FUNCIONAL (functional illiteracy)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TORTURA (torture)
VIOLACIN (rape)
TE: AMENAZAS DE MUERTE (death threats)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

APROXIMACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA
(interdisciplinary approach)
EVALUACIN (evaluation)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)
TIPOLOGA (typology)
ANLISIS CUANTITATIVO (quantitative analysis)
TG: MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TR: ANLISIS CAUSAL (causal analysis)
ANLISIS COMPARATIVO (comparative analysis)
ANLISIS CUALITATIVO (qualitative analysis)
APROXIMACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA
(interdisciplinary approach)
EVALUACIN (evaluation)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)
TIPOLOGA (typology)
ANLISIS DE COHORTES (cohort analysis)
TG: ANLISIS ESTADSTICO Y MODELOS (statistical analysis
and models)
TR: ANLISIS MULTIVARIADO (multivariate analysis)
ANLISIS DE REGRESIN (regression analysis)
MODELOS (models)
ANLISIS DE CONTENIDO (content analysis)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
PROCESAMIENTO E INTERPRETACIN DE DATOS
(data processing and interpretation)
TR: ANLISIS SECUNDARIO (secondary analysis)
CODIFICACIN (coding)
ELABORACIN (elaboration)
INTERPRETACIN (interpretation)
METAANLISIS (meta analysis)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
ANLISIS DE GNERO (gender based analysis)
UP: analysis por gnero (analysis by gender)
NA: estudio de las diferencias de condiciones, necesidades, ndices
de participacin, etc., entre hombres y mujeres
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
TR: TASAS DE PARTICIPACIN (participation level) (participation
rates)
ANLISIS DE REGRESIN (regresin analysis)
TG: ANLISIS ESTADSTICO Y MODELOS (statistical analysis
and models)
TR: ANLISIS MULTIVARIADO (multivariate analysis)

124

ANLISIS DE COHORTES (cohort analysis)


MODELOS (models)
ANLISIS ESTADSTICO Y MODELOS (statistical analysis
and models)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TR: INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TE: ANLISIS MULTIVARIADO (multivariate analysis)
ANLISIS DE REGRESIN (regression analysis)
ANLISIS DE COHORTES (cohort analysis)
MODELOS (models)
ANLISIS GRUPAL (group analysis)
TG: PROCESAMIENTO E INTERPRETACIN DE DATOS
(data processing and interpretation)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
TR: ANLISIS INDIVIDUAL (individual analysis)
ANLISIS RELACIONAL (relational analysis)
MLTIPLES NIVELES DE ANLISIS (multi-level analysis)
ANLISIS HISTRICO (historical analysis)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS HISTRICAS (methods and
historical techniques)
TR: MTODO HISTRICO (historical methods)
TIEMPO HISTRICO (historical time)
ANLISIS INDIVIDUAL (individual analysis)
TG: PROCESAMIENTO E INTERPRETACIN DE DATOS
(data processing and interpretation)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
TR: ANLISIS GRUPAL (group analysis)
ANLISIS RELACIONAL (relational analysis)
MLTIPLES NIVELES DE ANLISIS (multi-level analysis)
ANLISIS INTERCULTURAL (cross cultural analysis)
TG: INVESTIGACIN CULTURAL (cultural research)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ESTUDIOS CULTURALES (cultural studies)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA CULTURA (cultural sociology)
ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analysis)
UP: filologa (philology)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
TR: AUTORES (men authors)
AUTORAS (women authors)
GNEROS Y FORMAS LITERARIAS (genres and literary forms)
LITERATURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary literature)
LITERATURA POPULAR (popular literature)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ANLISIS RELACIONAL (relational analysis)


TG: PROCESAMIENTO E INTERPRETACIN DE DATOS
(data processing and interpretation)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
TR: ANLISIS GRUPAL (group analysis)
ANLISIS INDIVIDUAL (individual analysis)
MLTIPLES NIVELES DE ANLISIS (multi-level analysis)
ANLISIS SECUNDARIO (secondary analysis)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
PROCESAMIENTO E INTERPRETACIN DE DATOS
(data processing and interpretation)
TR: ANLISIS DE CONTENIDO (content analysis)
CODIFICACIN (coding)
ELABORACIN (elaboration)
INTERPRETACIN (interpretation)
METAANLISIS (meta analysis)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
ANARQUISMO (anarchism)
TG: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)
TR: ANARQUISMO (anarchism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
SEPARATISMO (separatism)
UTOPA (utopia)
ANATOMA (anatomy)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
TR: CIRUGA (surgery)
MEDICINA CLNICA (clinical medicine)
MEDICINA FORENSE (forensic medicine)
ANCIANAS (elderly women)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
TR: ANCIANOS (elderly men)

ANCIANOS (elderly men)


UP: viejos (old men or women)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
TR: ANCIANAS (elderly women)
DESEMPLEADOS (unemployed)
DESFAVORECIDOS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged men)
DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
POBRES (poor)
ANDROCENTRISMO (androcentrism, male centeredness)
TG : ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)
DOMINACIN MASCULINA (masculinity domination)
TR : FALOCENTRISMO (male supremacy) (male chauvinism)
MACHISMO (male chauvinism, machismo)
ANDROFOBIA (androphobia)
TG: GNERO (gender)
RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
TR: SEXISMO (sexism)
TE: HETERONORMATIVA (heteronormative)
HETEROSEXISMO (heterosexism)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD COMPULSIVA (compulsive heterosexuality)
MISOGINIA (misogyny)
ANDROGINIA (androgyny)
TG: MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)
HOMBRES (men)
TR: VIRILIDAD (virility)
ANGLO-CATOLICISIMO (Anglo-Catholicism)
TG: CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
TR: CATOLICISMO ROMANO (Roman Catholicism)
ANIMACIN CULTURAL (cultural animation)
TG: CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
ACCIN CULTURAL (cultural action)
TR: ACTIVIDADES CULTURALES (cultural activities)
ANIMALES (animals)
TG: CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
ZOOLOGA (zoology)
TR: ESPECIES (species)
MAMFEROS (mammalians)
PRIMATOLOGA (primate science)

125

S I S T E M T I C A

ANLISIS MULTIVARIADO (multivariate analysis)


TG: ANLISIS ESTADSTICO Y MODELOS (statistical analysis
and models)
TR: ANLISIS DE REGRESIN (regression analysis)
ANLISIS DE COHORTES (cohort analysis)
MODELOS (models)

DESEMPLEADAS (unemployed women)


DESFAVORECIDAS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged women)
DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
POBRES (poor)

P R E S E N T A C I N

LITERATURA TRADICIONAL (folk literature)


PROSA (prose)
POESA (poetry)
TE: CRTICA LITERARIA (literary criticism)
ESTILOS (literary style)
HISTORIA DE LA LITERATURA (literary history)
PREMIOS LITERARIOS (literary prizes)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ANIMISMO (animism)
TG: RELIGIONES (religions)
RELIGIONES PRIMITIVAS (primitive religions)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ANOREXIA (anorexia)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TRASTORNOS DE LA PERSONALIDAD (personality
disorders)
TR: TRASTORNOS AFECTIVOS (affective disorders)
TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural disorders)
TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA
(eating disorders)
BULIMIA (bulimia)
ANORGASMIA (anorgasmia)
TG: DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
ORGASMO (orgasm)
TR: IMPOTENCIA (impotence)
ANSIEDAD (anxiety)
TG: EMOCIONES (emotions)
TR: AMOR (love)
CELOS (jealousy)
CULPA (guilt)
MIEDO (fear)
ODIO (hate)
PASIN (passion)
PLACER (pleasure)
SOLEDAD (loneliness)
TRISTEZA (sadness)
AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)
NA: caractersticas familiares tales como el tamao, estructura, salud,
datos socioeconmicos, etnicidad, etc.
TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: CLAN (clan)
FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)
FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)
FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)
FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)
FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)
FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)
FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)
FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)
FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
ANTICONCEPCIN (contacepction)
TG: POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)
SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)

126

TR: ESTERILIZACIN (sterilization)


SEXO SEGURO (safe sex)
TE: ANTICONCEPCIN DE EMERGENCIA (emergency
contraception)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)
ANTICONCEPCIN DE EMERGENCIA (emergency contraception)
TG: SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)
TR: ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)
TG: SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)
TR: ANTICONCEPCIN DE EMERGENCIA (emergency
contraception)
CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO (informed consent)
SEXO SEGURO (safe sex)
TE: ANTICONCEPTIVOS MECNICOS (mechanic contraceptives)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS ORALES (oral contraceptives)
PRESERVATIVO (condom)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS MECNICOS (mechanic contraceptives)
TG: ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)
TR: ANTICONCEPTIVOS ORALES (oral contraceptives)
PRESERVATIVO (condom)
TE: DIAFRAGMA (diaphragm, cap)
DIU (IUD)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS ORALES (oral contraceptives)
TG: ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)
TR: ANTICONCEPTIVOS MECNICOS (mechanic contraceptives)
PRESERVATIVO (condom)
ANTIFEMINISMO (antifeminism)
TG: FEMINISMO
TR: DOMINACIN MASCULINA (masculine domination)
MASCULINIDAD HEGEMNICA (hegemonic masculinity)
ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
TR: HISTORIA (history)
SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
TE: ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ANTROPOLOGA CIENTFICA (physical anthropology)
ANTROPOLOGA SOCIAL (social anthropology)
TEORA DE LA ANTROPOLOGA (anthropological theory)
ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ANTROPOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational anthropology)


TG: CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
TR: FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)
HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
ANTROPOLOGA FSICA (physical anthropology)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ANTROPOLOGA SOCIAL (social anthropology)
TEORA ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological theory)
ANTROPOLOGA SOCIAL (social anthropology)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ANTROPOLOGA FSICA (physical anthropology)
TEORA ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological theory)
APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (application of reserach)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
ORGANIZACIN Y APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (organization and application of reserach)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA
CALIDAD DE LA INVESTIGACIN (quality of research)
POLTICA CIENTFICA (science policy)
APLICACIN DE LA LEY (law application)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
TR: CDIGOS (codes)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
DERECHOS Y PRIVILEGIOS (rights and privileges)
MEDIACIN (mediation)
PRIVILEGIOS E INMUNIDADES (privileges and immunities)
PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)
TRIBUNALES (courts)
TE: POLICA (police)

APRENDIZAJE (learning)
TG: COGNICIN (cognition)
TR: APTITUDES (aptitude)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
INTUICIN (intuition)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
TE: MOTIVACIN (motivation)
APRENDIZAJE DE ADULTOS (adult learning)
TG: APRENDIZAJE (learning)
TR: INSTITUCIONES DE EDUCACIN PARA ADULTOS
(adult education institutions)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
PROCESO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning processes)
APROXIMACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary
approach)
TG: MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TR: ANLISIS CAUSAL (causal analysis)
ANLISIS COMPARATIVO (comparative analysis)
ANLISIS CUALITATIVO (qualitative analysis)
ANLISIS CUANTITATIVO (quantitative analysis)
EVALUACIN (evaluation)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)
TIPOLOGA (typology)
INVESTIGACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary research)
APROXIMACIONES METODOLGICAS (methodological
approaches)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
METODOLOGA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (methodology of the social sciences)
TR: FILOSOFA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (philosophy of
the social sciences)

127

S I S T E M T I C A

ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)


TG: INVESTIGACIN CULTURAL (cultural research)
TR: ANLISIS INTERCULTURAL (cross cultural analysis)
ESTUDIOS CULTURALES (cultural studies)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA CULTURA (cultural sociology)

APRENDIZAJE (learning)
TG: EDUCACIN (education)
TR: ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching institutions)
PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
TE: APRENDIZAJE DE ADULTOS (adult learning)
DIFICULTAD EN EL APRENDIZAJE (learning disabilities)
DISPONIBILIDAD PARA EL APRENDIZAJE (learning
readiness)
PROCESO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning process)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: ANTROPOLOGA FSICA (physical anthropology)


ANTROPOLOGA SOCIAL (social anthropology)
TEORA ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological theory)
ANLISIS INTERCULTURAL (cross cultural analysis)
ESTUDIOS CULTURALES (cultural studies)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

FORMACIN TERICA (theory formation)


RAZONAMIENTO LGICO (logical reasoning)
TEORA E INVESTIGACIN (theory and research)
APTITUD (aptitude)
TG: COGNICIN (cognition)
TR: APRENDIZAJE (learning)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
INTUICIN (intuition)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
ARISTOCRACIA (aristocracy)
TG: ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social structure)
TR: CASTAS (caste)
CLASE GOBERNANTE (ruling class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ELITE (elite)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
REALEZA (royalty)
ARQUITECTAS (architect women)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
TR: ARQUITECTOS (architect men)
ARQUITECTOS (architect men)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARQUITECTURA (architecture)

TR: ARQUITECTAS (architect women)


ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
TG: ARTES (arts)
TR: ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
DANZA (dance)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)
TE: ARQUITECTAS (architect women)
ARQUITECTOS (architect men)
ARTES (arts)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and
communication)

128

TR: LITERATURA (literature)


MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (media)
PATRIMONIO CULTURAL (cultural heritage)
TE: ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
DANZA (dance)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
UP: teatro (theatre), drama (drama)
TG: ARTES (arts)
TR: ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
DANZA (dance)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)
TE: ACTRICES (actresses)
ACTORES (actors)
REPRESENTACIN (performance)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
TG: ARTES (arts)
TR: ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
DANZA (dance)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)
TE: DISEADORAS (women designers)
DISEADORES (men designers)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
UP: msica (music)
TG: ARTES (arts)
TR: ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
DANZA (dance)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)


TG: ARTES (arts)
TR: ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
DANZA (dance)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)
TE: CINE (cinema)
DOCUMENTAL (documentary)
VIDEO (video)
ARTESANAS (craftswomen)
TG: ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTESANA (craftsmanship)
TR: ARTESANOS (craftsmen)
ARTESANA (craftsmanship)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
TR: ESCULTURA (sculpture)
PINTURA (painting)
TE: ARTESANAS (craftswomen)
ARTESANOS (craftsmen)
TG: ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTESANA (craftsmanship)
TR: ARTESANAS (craftswomen)
ARTCULOS RELIGIOSOS (religious articles)
TG: SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
TR: EXPERIENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious experience)
ARTISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist artist)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
FEMINISTAS (feminist)

ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)
ASALARIADOS (wage earner)
TG: RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
POLTICA SALARIAL (wage policy)
TR: IGUALDAD DE RETRIBUCIN POR TRABAJO DE
IGUAL VALOR (equal pay for work of equal value)
SALARIOS (wages)
SISTEMAS DE REMUNERACIN (wage payment systems)
TE: DETERMINACIN DEL SALARIO (wage determination)
ESCALA DE SALARIOS (pay scale)
INCENTIVOS SALARIALES (wage incentives)
INDEMNIZACIN POR CESANTA (redundancy pay)
SALARIO BASE (basic wage)
SALARIO MNIMO (minimum wage)
SALARIO MNIMO INTERPROFESIONAL (guaranteed
minimum wage)
TASA DEL SALARIO (wage rate)
ASALTO (assault)
TG: VIOLENCIA (violence)
TR: VCTIMAS DE VIOLENCIA (violence victims)
VIOLENCIA COLECTIVA (collective violence)
VIOLENCIA CONTRA ADULTOS MAYORES (violence
against old people)
VIOLENCIA JUVENIL (youth violence)
VIOLENCIA ESPONTNEA (spontaneous violence)
TE: ASALTO CON VIOLENCIA (assault with violence)

129

S I S T E M T I C A

ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)


TG: ARTES (arts)
TR: ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
DANZA (dance)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)
TE: ARTESANA (craftsmanship)
ESCULTURA (sculpture)
PINTURA (painting)

TR: ACTIVISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist activist)


AUTORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist authors)
ESCRITORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist writers)
JURISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist lawyers)
TERICAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist theoreticians)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TE: CANTANTES (singers)


INTRPRETES (performers)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ASALTO CON VIOLENCIA (assault with violence)


TG: VIOLENCIA (violence)
ASALTO (assault)
TR: VANDALISMO (vandalism)
ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
TR: AGENDA DE GNERO (gender agenda)
ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
CONTROL GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental control)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
DECRETOS (decree)
GRUPOS PARLAMENTARIOS (parliamentary groups)
INICIATIVAS (initiative)
LEYES (laws)
PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)
ASENTAMIENTO HUMANO (human settlement)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)
TR: DESARROLLO COMUNITARIO (community development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO RURAL (rural development)
DESARROLLO URBANO (urban development)
VIVIENDA (housing)
TE: ZONA RURAL (rural area)
ZONA URBANA (urban area)
ASERTIVIDAD (assertiveness)
TG: PERSONALIDAD (personality)
RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality traits)
TR: AUTOCONTROL (self-control)
AUTORITARISMO (authoritarianism)
CONFORMIDAD (conformity)
EGOSMO (egoism)
EMPATA (empathy)
FANATISMO (fanaticism)
PASIVIDAD (passivity)
ASESORAMIENTO (counselling, advice)
TG: TRABAJO SOCIAL (social work)
TR: GRUPOS DE APOYO (support groups)
TRABAJADOR SOCIAL (male social worker)
TRABAJADORA SOCIAL (female social worker)
VOLUNTARIO (volunteer)
ASESORAMIENTO JURDICO (juridical advice)
UP: asesoramiento legal (legal advice), asistencia judicial (judicial assistance), asistencia jurdica (juridical assistance), asistencia legal (legal aid)
TG: SERVICIO SOCIAL (social services)
TR: ASISTENCIA PBLICA (public assistance)

130

SEGURIDAD SOCIAL (social security)


SERVICIOS SOCIALES RURALES (rural social services)
ASESORAMIENTO PSICOLGICO POR VIOLENCIA
(violence counselling)
TG: VIOLENCIA (violence)
VCTIMAS DE VIOLENCIA (violence victims)
TR: GRUPOS DE APOYO (support groups)
ASILADAS (asylum seekers women)
TG: MIGRANTES (migrants)
EXILIADAS (exiled women)
TR: ASILO (asylum)
DESPLAZADAS (displaced women)
REFUGIADAS POLTICAS (political refugees men)
ASILADOS (asylum seekers man)
TG: MIGRANTES (migrants)
EXILIADOS (exiled men)
TR: ASILO (asylum)
DESPLAZADOS (displaced men)
REFUGIADOS POLTICOS (political refugees men)
ASILO (asylum)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
TR: ASILADAS (asylum seekers women)
ASILADOS (asylum seekers men, inmates, refugees)
DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right to justice)
TE: CIUDADANA (citizenship)
ASILOS (asylums)
TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
TR: BANCOS DE SANGRE (blood banks)
CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)
DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
PACIENTES (patients)
ASISTENCIA PBLICA (public aassistance)
TG: SERVICIO SOCIAL (social services)
TR: ASESORAMIENTO JURDICO (juridical advice)
AYUDA A LA INFANCIA (child aid)
CENTROS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation centers)
SEGURIDAD SOCIAL (social security)
SERVICIOS JUVENILES (youth services)
SERVICIOS SOCIALES RURALES (rural social services)
ASOCIACIN DE PROFESORES (teachers associations)
TG: ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES NACIONALES (national organizations)
TR: ASOCIACIONES DE PADRES DE FAMILIA (parents
associations)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ASOCIACIONES DE PROFESIONALES (profesional associations)


TG: ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES NACIONALES (national organizations)
TR: ASOCIACIONES DE PADRES DE FAMILIA (parents
associations)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE ESTUDIANTES (students
organizations)
ASOCIACIN DE PROFESORES (teachers associations)
UNIN DE SINDICATOS (trade unions)
ASUNTOS ECONMICOS INTERNACIONALES
(international economics affaires)
TG: RELACIONES ECONMICAS (economic relations)
RELACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES
(international economic relations)
TR: DEPENDENCIA (dependence)
GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)
ORGANIZACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES (international economic organizations)
ATESMO (atheism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TR: DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)

ATENCIN (attention)
TG: APRENDIZAJE (learning)
PROCESO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning process)
TR: COMPRENSIN (comprehension)
PREPARACIN PARA LA LECTURA (reading readiness)
ATENCIN (attention)
TG: COGNICIN (cognition)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
TR: PERCEPCIN (perception)
PROCESOS COGNITIVOS (cognitive processes)
ATENCIN PRIMARIA DE LA SALUD (primary health care)
TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TR: AUTORIDADES DE SALUD (health authorities)
CUIDADOS (care)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
INTEGRACIN DE LOS SERVICIOS (service integration)
SERVICIOS DE ASISTENCIA SOCIAL (welfare work services)
SERVICIOS DE EMERGENCIA (emergency health services)
SERVICIOS DE ENFERMERA (nursing services)
SERVICIOS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation services)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD MENTAL (mental health services)
SERVICIOS PREVENTIVOS (preventive services)
SERVICIOS TERAPUTICOS (therapeutic services)
ATRACCIN SEXUAL (sexual attraction)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
TR: ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
ACTITUD SEXUAL (sexual attitude)
AUTOEROTISMO (autoeroticism)
DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
PAREJA SEXUAL (sexual partners)
PRCTICAS SEXUALES (sexual practices)
AUDITORA GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental audit)
TG: GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)
TR: AUDITORA GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental audit)
CUENTA PBLICA (public account and)
INFORMES DE GOBIERNO (governmental reports)
SISTEMA DE RESPONSABILIDADES DE LOS FUNCIONARIOS PBLICOS (civil servants responsibilities system)
AUSENCIA MATERNAL (maternal absence)
UP: ausencia materna (maternal absence)
TG: RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)
DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)
TR: ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)

131

S I S T E M T I C A

ASOCIACIONES DE PADRES DE FAMILIA (parents associations)


TG: ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES NACIONALES (national organizations)
TR: ASOCIACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional associations)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE ESTUDIANTES (students
organizations)
ASOCIACIN DE PROFESORES (teachers associations)
UNIN DE SINDICATOS (trade unions)

MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ASOCIACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional associations)


ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE ESTUDIANTES (students
organizations)
UNIN DE SINDICATOS (trade unions)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

AUSENCIA PATERNAL (paternal absence)


RELACIN INTERGENERACIONAL (intergenerational
relation)

S I S T E M T I C A

AUSENTISMO (absenteeism)
TG: RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
CONFLICTO LABORAL (labour unrest)
TR: DESPIDO (dismissal)

P R E S E N T A C I N

AUSENCIA PATERNAL (paternal absence)


UP: ausencia paterna (paternal absence)
TG: RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)
DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)
TR: ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)
AUSENCIA MATERNAL (maternal absence)
RELACIN INTERGENERACIONAL (intergenerational
relation)

AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-rising)
TG: IDENTIDAD (identity)
TR: AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)
AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)
INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)

AUTOBIOGRAFA (autobiography)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
PROSA (prose)
TR: BIOGRAFA (biography)
CUENTO (short story)
ENSAYO (essay)
NOVELA (novel)

AUTOCONTROL (self-control)
TG: PERSONALIDAD (personality)
RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality traits)
TR: ASERTIVIDAD (assertiveness)
AUTORITARISMO (authoritarianism)
CONFORMIDAD (conformity)
EGOSMO (egoism)
EMPATA (empathy)
FANATISMO (fanaticism)
PASIVIDAD (passivity)

132

AUTOEROTISMO (autoeroticism)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
TR: ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
ACTITUD SEXUAL (sexual attitude)
ATRACCIN SEXUAL (sexual attraction)
DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
PAREJA SEXUAL (sexual partners)
PRCTICAS SEXUALES (sexual practices)
TE: MASTURBACIN (masturbation)
AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)
TG: IDENTIDAD (identity)
TR: AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)
INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)
AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)
AUTOGESTIN (self government)
UP: estado autnomo (autonomous state)
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
TR: DEMOCRACIA (democracy)
ESTADO (state)
REPBLICA (republic)
AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)
TG: IDENTIDAD (identity)
TR: AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)
INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)
AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)
AUTOMATIZACIN (automation)
TG: DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
TR: MECANIZACIN (mechanization)
INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

AUTORAS (women authors)


TG: LITERATURA (literature)
TR: ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analysis)
AUTORES (men authors)
GNEROS Y FORMAS LITERARIAS (genres and literary forms)
LITERATURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary literature)
LITERATURA POPULAR (popular literature)
LITERATURA TRADICIONAL (folk literature)
MUJERES PERIODISTAS (journalist women)
PROSA (prose)
POESA (poetry)
TE: ESCRITORAS (women writers)
POETISAS (women poets)
AUTORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist authors)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
FEMINISTAS (feminist)
TR: ACTIVISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist activist)
ARTISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist artist)
ESCRITORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist writers)
JURISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist lawyers)
TERICAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist theoreticians)
AUTORES (men authors)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
TR: ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analys)
AUTORAS (women authors)
GNEROS Y FORMAS LITERARIAS (genres and literary
forms)
LITERATURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary
literature)
LITERATURA POPULAR (popular literature)
LITERATURA TRADICIONAL (folk literature)
PROSA (prose)
POESA (poetry)
TE: ESCRITORES (men writers)
POETAS (men poets)
AUTORIDAD DEL DOCENTE (teachers authority)
UP: autoridad del profesor (teachers authority)

AUTORIDADES DE SALUD (health authorities)


TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TR: ATENCIN PRIMARIA DE LA SALUD (primary health care)
CUIDADOS (care)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
INTEGRACIN DE LOS SERVICIOS (service integration)
SERVICIOS DE ASISTENCIA SOCIAL (welfare work services)
SERVICIOS DE EMERGENCIA (emergency health services)
SERVICIOS DE ENFERMERA (nursing services)
SERVICIOS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation services)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD MENTAL (mental health services)
SERVICIOS PREVENTIVOS (preventive services)
SERVICIOS TERAPUTICOS (therapeutic services)
AUTORITARISMO (authoritarism)
TG: PERSONALIDAD (personality)
RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality traits)
TR: ASERTIVIDAD (assertiveness)
AUTOCONTROL (self-control)
CONFORMIDAD (conformity)
EGOSMO (egoism)
EMPATA (empathy)
FANATISMO (fanaticism)
PASIVIDAD (passivity)
AUXILIAR DOCENTE (teacher assistant)
TG: DOCENTE (teacher)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational
personnel)
TR: BIBLIOTECARIO ESCOLAR (school librarian)
TRABAJADORA SOCIAL (social worker)
AYUDA A LA INFANCIA (child aid)
NA: conjunto de actividades destinadas a mejorar la situacin de las
nias y nios
TG: SERVICIO SOCIAL (social services)
TR: ASISTENCIA PBLICA (public assistance)
BIENESTAR DE LA INFANCIA (child welfare)
CENTROS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation centers)
SEGURIDAD SOCIAL (social security)
SERVICIOS SOCIALES RURALES (rural social services)
AYUDA BILATERAL (bilateral aid)
TG: DESARROLLO (development)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
TR: AYUDA ECONMICA (economic aid)

133

S I S T E M T I C A

AUTONOMA (autonomy)
TG: EMOCIONES (emotions)
AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
TR: AMISTAD (friendship)
DEPENDENCIA (dependence)

TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)


COMPORTAMIENTO DEL DOCENTE (teachers behaviour)
TR: ACTITUD DEL DOCENTE (teachers attitudes)
PARTICIPACIN DEL PROFESOR (teachers participation)

P R E S E N T A C I N

AUTONOMA (autonomy)
TG: GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)
TR: DERECHOS (rights)
EMANCIPACIN DE LA MUJER (womens emancipation)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

AYUDA MULTILATERAL (multilateral aid)


AYUDA PRIVADA (private aid)

AYUDA MULTILATERAL (multilateral aid)


TG: DESARROLLO (development)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
TR: AYUDA BILATERAL (bilateral aid)
AYUDA ECONMICA (economic aid)
AYUDA PRIVADA (private aid)

BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)


TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)

AYUDA PRIVADA (private aid)


TG: DESARROLLO (development)

AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
TR: AYUDA BILATERAL (bilateral aid)

AYUDA ECONMICA (economic aid)

AYUDA MULTILATERAL (multilateral aid)

BANCA (banking)
TG: SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)
SECTOR SERVICIOS (tertiary sector)
TR: BANCA (banking)
COMERCIO (trade)
SEGUROS (insurances)

AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)


TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development
administration)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
COOPERACIN TCNICA (technical cooperation)
DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
INTERDEPENDENCIA (interdependence)
TE: AYUDA BILATERAL (bilateral aid)
AYUDA ECONMICA (economic aid)
AYUDA MULTILATERAL (multilateral aid)
AYUDA PRIVADA (private aid)

BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)


TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development
administration)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
DESARROLLO ECONMICO (economic development)
DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

AYUDA ECONMICA (economic aid)


TG: DESARROLLO (development)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
TR: AYUDA BILATERAL (bilateral aid)
AYUDA MULTILATERAL (multilateral aid)
AYUDA PRIVADA (private aid)

B
BAILARINAS (women dancer)
TG: ARTES (arts)
DANZA (dance)
TR: BAILARINES (men dancer)
BAILARINES (men dancer)
TG: ARTES (arts)
DANZA (dance)
TR: BAILARINAS (women dancer)

134

BANCOS DE SANGRE (blood banks)


TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
TR: ASILOS (asylums)
CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)
DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
PACIENTES (patients)
BECAS PARA LA INVESTIGACIN (research grants)
TG: ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)
FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA CIENCIA (science financing or
science funding)
TR: PRESUPUESTO PARA LA CIENCIA (science budgets)
GASTOS CIENTFICOS (scientific expenditure)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

BIBLIOTECARIO ESCOLAR (school librarian)


UP: bibliotecario de colegio (school librarian)
TG: DOCENTE (teacher)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational
personnel)
TR: AUXILIAR DOCENTE (teacher assistant)
TRABAJADORA SOCIAL (social worker)

BIOTICA (bioethics)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual
and reproductive rights)
TR: ABORTO (abortion)
DERECHO DE LOS HOMOSEXUALES (gays rights)
DERECHO DE LAS LESBIANAS (lesbians rights)
TE: CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO (informed consent)
LIBRE DECISIN (free decision) (free choice)
BIOGRAFA (biography)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
PROSA (prose)
TR: AUTOBIOGRAFA (autobiography)
CUENTO (short story)
ENSAYO (essay)
NOVELA (novel)

BICULTURALISMO (biculturalism)
TG: SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
PLURALISMO CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)
TR: CULTURAS EXTINTAS (disappearing cultures)
MULTICULTURALISMO (multiculturalism)
SUBCULTURAS (subcultures)

BIOLOGICISMO (biologicism)
TG: TEORAS SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)
TR: BIOLOGICISMO (biologicism)
CONSTRUCCIONISMO SOCIAL (social constructionism)
RELIGIN (religion)
SEXOLOGA (sexology)
TE: HORMONAS SEXUALES (sexual hormones)
INSTINTO SEXUAL (sexual instinct)
SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)

BIENESTAR DE LA INFANCIA (child welfare)


UP: proteccin de la infancia (child protection)
TG: BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)
TR: AYUDA A LA INFANCIA (child aid)
TE: ADOPCIN (adoption)
ORFANATO (orphanage)

BIOTECNOLOGA (biotechnology)
TG: TECNOLOGA (technology)
TR: CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL (artificial intelligence)
TECNOLOGA Y GNERO (technology and gender)
USO DE LA TECNOLOGA (use of technology)

BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)


UP: estado de bienestar (welfare state), medidas sociales (social measures)
TG: DESARROLLO SOCIAL Y POLTICAS PBLICAS
(social development and public policy)
TR: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
SERVICIO SOCIAL (social services)
TE: POLTICA SOCIAL (social policy)

BISEXUALIDAD (bisexuality)
TG: IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
ORIENTACIN SEXUAL (sexual orientation)
TR: HETEROSEXUALIDAD (heterosexuality)
HOMOSEXUALIDAD (homosexuality)

BINARISMO (binarism)
TG: DIFERENCIA (difference)

BOMBARDEO (bombing)
TG: MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA (methods of violence)
MTODOS DE ATAQUE INDISCRIMINADO (methods
of indiscriminate attacks)
TR: FUSILAMIENTO (shooting)
INCENDIO (arson)
USO DE GAS (use of gas)

135

S I S T E M T I C A

BELLEZA (beauty)
TG: CUERPO (body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
TR: IMAGEN DE LAS MUJERES (women appearance)
COSMTICA (cosmetics)
CIRUGA PLSTICA (plastic surgery)
DIETAS (diets)

DIFERENCIA SEXUAL (sexual difference)


TR: DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)

P R E S E N T A C I N

BELLEZA (beauty)
TG: ALMA (soul)
CUALIDADES (qualities)
TR: HUMOR (humour)
JUICIO (judgement)
LEALTAD (allegiance)
VOLUNTAD (will)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

BOTNICA (botany)
UP: investigacin botnica (botanical research), biologa de las plantas
(plant biology)
TG: DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientific subjects)
CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
TR: HISTORIA NATURAL (natural history)
ZOOLOGA (zoology)
TE: ETNOBOTNICA (ethnobotany)
BRAHMANISMO (Brahmanism)
TG: RELIGIONES (religions)
RELIGIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient religions)
TR: BUDISMO (Buddhism)
CONFUCIONISMO (Confucianism)
CHAMANISMO (shamanism)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
HINDUISMO (Hinduism)
ISLAM (Islam)
JUDASMO (Judaism)
PAGANISMO (paganism)
TAOSMO (Taoism)
BUDISMO (Buddhism)
TG: RELIGIONES (religions)
RELIGIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient religions)
TR: BRAHMANISMO (Brahmanism)
CHAMANISMO (shamanism)
CONFUCIONISMO (Confucianism)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
HINDUISMO (Hinduism)
ISLAM (Islam)
JUDASMO (Judaism)
PAGANISMO (paganism)
TAOSMO (Taoism)
BULIMIA (bulimia)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TRASTORNOS DE LA PERSONALIDAD (personality
disorders)
TR: TRASTORNOS AFECTIVOS (affective disorders)
TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural disorders)
TRASTORNOS DE LA CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA
(eating disorders)
ANOREXIA (anorexia)
BUROCRACIA (bureaucracy) (civil service)
TG: POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)
TR: GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)
GOBIERNO (government)
LDERES DEL GOBIERNO (government leaders)
TE: EMPLEADAS DEL GOBIERNO (women government employees)
EMPLEADOS DEL GOBIERNO (men government employees)

136

C
CABILDEO (lobbying)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
TR: CABILDEO (lobbying)
GRUPOS DE INTERS (groups of interest)
PARTIDO POLTICO (political party)
CALIDAD DE LA INVESTIGACIN (quality of reserach)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
ORGANIZACIN Y APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (organization and application of reserach)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA
APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (application of
research)
POLTICA CIENTFICA (science policy)
CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TR: EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)
NDICE DE DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development rate)
NECESIDADES BSICAS (basic needs)
NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
SEGURIDAD PERSONAL (people security)
CALVINISMO (Calvinism)
TG: CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
TR: IGLESIA ANGLICANA (Anglican church)
IGLESIA EPISCOPAL (Episcopal church)
IGLESIA EVANGLICA (evangelic church)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
PURITANISMO (Puritanism)
IGLESIA REFORMADA (reformed church)
CMARA DE DIPUTADOS (representatives chamber)
TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
TR: CMARA DE SENADORES (senate)
CMARA DE SENADORES (senate)
TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
TR: CMARA DE DIPUTADOS (representatives chamber)
CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)
UP: mutacin cultural (cultural mutation)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
TR: CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)


UP: nuevas tecnologas (new technologies), revolucin tecnolgica (technological revolution)
TG: DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)
TR: CIENCIA Y DESARROLLO (science and development)
BIOTECNOLOGA (biotechnology)
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL (artificial intelligence)
TECNOLOGA (technology)
TECNOLOGA Y GNERO (technology and gender)
USO DE LA TECNOLOGA (use of technology)
TE: AUTOMATIZACIN (automation)
MECANIZACIN (mechanization)
INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)
CONOCIMIENTOS TECNOLGICOS (technological knowledge)
DEPENDENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological dependence)
DIFUSIN TECNOLGICA (diffusion of technology)
INNOVACIONES (innovations)
TRANSFERENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological transfer)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
TG: TECNOLOGA (technology)
TR: BIOTECNOLOGA (biotechnology)
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL (artificial intelligence)
TECNOLOGA Y GNERO (technology and gender)
USO DE LA TECNOLOGA (use of technology)
TE: CONOCIMIENTOS TECNOLGICOS (technological
knowledge)

CAMBIOS DE ACTITUDES (attitude change)


TG: ACTITUDES (attitudes)
TE: ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)
TOLERANCIA (tolerance)
CAMPAAS (campaign)
TG: PUBLICIDAD (advertising)
TR: POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)
COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
TE: CAMPAAS COMERCIALES (commercial campaign)
CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
CAMPAAS PUBLICITARIAS (advertising campaign)
MERCADEO (marketing)
PERSUASIN (persuasion)
CAMPAAS COMERCIALES (commercial campaign)
TG: PUBLICIDAD (advertising)
CAMPAAS (campaign)
TR: CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
CAMPAAS PUBLICITARIAS (advertising campaign)
MERCADEO (marketing)
PERSUASIN (persuasion)
CAMPAAS DE ALFABETIZACIN (literacy campaign)
TG: CAMPAAS (campaign)
CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
TR: ALFABETIZACIN DE ADULTOS (adult literacy)
CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN (prevention campaign)
TG: CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
CAMPAAS DE SALUD (health campaign)
TR: EDUCACIN PARA LA SALUD (health education)
TE: CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN DEL CNCER (cancer
prevention campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN DEL SIDA (AIDSs
prevention campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN DEL CNCER
(cancer prevention camping)
TG: CAMPAAS DE SALUD (health campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN (prevention campaign)

137

S I S T E M T I C A

CAMBIO SOCIAL (social change)


TG: TEORA, INVESTIGACIN Y ANLISIS SOCIAL
(theory, research and social analysis)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES (social movements)
TE: DEMOCRATIZACIN (democratization)
DESARROLLO (development)
EXCLUSIN SOCIAL (social exclusion)
GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)
MODERNIZACIN (modernization)
MOVILIDAD SOCIAL (social mobility)
RESISTENCIA AL CAMBIO (resistance to change)

DEPENDENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological dependence)


DIFUSIN TECNOLGICA (technology diffusion)
INNOVACIONES (innovations)
TRANSFERENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological transfer)

P R E S E N T A C I N

CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)


INTERACCIN CULTURAL (cultural interaction)
INVESTIGACIN CULTURAL (cultural research)
SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
TE: CRISIS CULTURALES (cultural crisis)
DINMICAS CULTURALES (cultural dynamics)
INNOVACIONES CULTURALES (cultural innovations)
REVOLUCIN CULTURAL (cultural revolution)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN DEL SIDA


(AIDSs prevention campaign)
TG: CAMPAAS DE SALUD (health camping)
CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN (prevention campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN (promotion campaign)
TG: CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
CAMPAAS DE SALUD (health campaign)
TR: PROMOCIN DE LA SALUD (health promotion)
TE: CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA EQUIDAD DE
GNERO (promotion campaign for gender equity)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women
promotion campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA EQUIDAD
DE GNERO (promotion campaign for gender equity)
TG: CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN (promotion campaign)
TR: CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women
promotion campaign)
POLTICAS PARA LA EQUIDAD (equity policies)
PROGRAMAS PARA LA EQUIDAD (equity programs)
IGUALDAD (equality)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER
(women promotion campaign)
TG: CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN (promotion campaign)
TR: CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA EQUIDAD DE
GNERO (promotion campaign for gender equity)
DA INTERNACIONAL DE LA MUJER (international day
of women)
MOVIMIENTOS DE MUJERES (womens movements)
ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organization)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES
(womens political participation)
REPRESENTACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (political
representation of women)
CAMPAAS DE SALUD (health campaign)
TG: CAMPAAS (campaign)
CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
TR: ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
TE: CAMPAAS DE PREVENCIN (prevention campaign)
CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN (promotion campaign)
CAMPAAS ELECTORALES (election campaign)

138

TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)


SISTEMA ELECTORAL (electoral systems)
TR: ELECCIONES (elections)
CANDIDATAS (candidate)
ELECTORADO (electorate, voters)
VOTO (vote)
INSTITUCIONES ELECTORALES (electoral institutions)
CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
TG: PUBLICIDAD (advertising)
CAMPAAS (campaign)
TR: CAMPAAS COMERCIALES (commercial campaign)
CAMPAAS PUBLICITARIAS (advertising campaign)
MERCADEO (marketing)
PERSUASIN (persuasion)
TE: CAMPAAS DE ALFABETIZACIN (literacy campaign)
CAMPAAS DE SALUD (health campaign)
CAMPAAS PUBLICITARIAS (advertising campaign)
TG: PUBLICIDAD (advertising)
CAMPAAS (campaign)
TR: CAMPAAS COMERCIALES (commercial campaign)
CAMPAAS PBLICAS O GUBERNAMENTALES
(public or governmental campaign)
MERCADEO (marketing)
PERSUASIN (persuasion)
CAMPESINOS (peasant)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
TR: ALTA BURGUESA (gentry)
CLASE ALTA (upper class)
CLASE BAJA (lower class)
CLASE MEDIA (middle class)
CLASES POPULARES (working class)
POBRES (poor)
CAMPOS DE CONCENTRACIN (concentration camps)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
CRMENES DE GUERRA (war crimes)
TR: HOLOCAUSTO (holocaust)
NAZISMO (Nazism)
CANDIDATAS (candidate)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
SISTEMA ELECTORAL (electoral systems)
TR: ELECCIONES (elections)
CAMPAAS ELECTORALES (election campaign)
ELECTORADO (electorate, voters)
VOTO (vote)
INSTITUCIONES ELECTORALES (electoral institutions)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

CAPACITACIN (qualification)
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)
TR: AGENCIA (agency)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)
CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
TG: TEORA ECONMICA (economic theory)
DOCTRINAS ECONMICAS (economic doctrines)
TR: COMUNISMO (communism)
SOCIALISMO (socialism)
CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
TG: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)
TR: COMUNISMO (communism)
SOCIALISMO (socialism)
CONSERVATISMO (conservatism)
FEDERALISMO (federalism)
IMPERIALISMO (imperialism)
INTERNACIONALISMO (internationalism)
LIBERALISMO (liberalism)
TECNOCRACIA (technocracy)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)

CARDIOLOGA (cardiology)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
TR: ANATOMA (anatomy)
CIRUGA (surgery)
GERONTOLOGA (gerontology)
MEDICINA CLNICA (clinical medicine)
MEDICINA DEPORTIVA (sports medicine)
PEDIATRA (paediatrics)
SERVICIO DE ENFERMERA (nursing)
CARIDAD (charity)
TG: TICA (ethics)
CONCEPTOS MORALES (moral concepts)
TR: CRISIS MORAL (moral crisis)
DISCIPLINA (discipline)
LEALTAD (allegiance)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS DE BENEFICENCIA
(religious charities)
RESPONSABILIDAD (responsibility)
CASTAS (caste)
TG: ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social structure)
TR: ARISTOCRACIA (aristocracy)
CLASE GOBERNANTE (ruling class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ELITE (elite)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
REALEZA (royalty)
CASTIDAD (purity)
TG: TEORAS SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)
RELIGIN (religion)
TR: ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
CELIBATO (celibacy)
PECADO (sin)
TE: VIRGINIDAD (virginity)

139

S I S T E M T I C A

CANTANTES (singers)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
TR: INTRPRETES (performers)

ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TE: COMPORTAMIENTO ELECTORAL DE LAS MUJERES (electoral behaviour of women)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

CASTIGO ESCOLAR (school punishment)


UP: expulsin escolar (school expulsion), sancin escolar (school punishment)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
DISCIPLINA ESCOLAR (school discipline)
TR: PREMIO ESCOLAR (school rewards)

CENSOS DE POBLACIN (population censuses)


TG: DEMOGRAFA (demography)
TR: DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN (population distribution)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA POBLACIN (population reserach)
TE: DATOS CENSALES (census data)

CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
TR: CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO (orthodox Christianity)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO GRIEGO (Greek orthodox)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO ORIENTAL (eastern
orthodox)
ECUMENICALISMO (ecumenicalism)
IGLESIAS ORIENTALES (eastern churches)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
TE: ANGLO-CATOLICISIMO (Anglo-Catholicism)
CATOLICISMO ROMANO (Roman Catholicism)

CENSURA (censorship)
TG: POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)
CONTROL COMUNICACIONAL (communication control)
TR: OPININ PBLICA (public opinion)
ACCESO A LA INFORMACIN (access to information)

CATOLICISMO ROMANO (Roman Catholicism)


TG: CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
TR: ANGLO-CATOLICISIMO (Anglo-Catholicism)
CELIBATO (celibacy)
TG: TEORAS SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)
RELIGIN (religion)
TR: ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
CASTIDAD (purity)
PECADO (sin)
CELOS (jealousy)
TG: EMOCIONES (emotions)
TR: AMOR (love)
ANSIEDAD (anxiety)
CULPA (guilt)
MIEDO (fear)
ODIO (hate)
PASIN (passion)
PLACER (pleasure)
SOLEDAD (loneliness)
TRISTEZA (sadness)
AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
CENSO (census)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
UNIDADES DE INVESTIGACIN (research units)
TR: MUESTREO (sampling)

140

CENTROS COMUNITARIOS (communitarian centers)


TG: ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
TR: CENTROS COMUNITARIOS (communitarian centers)
CENTROS DE LA MUJER (womens centers)
ONG (NGOs)
ORGANIZACIONES CIVILES (civil organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES COMUNITARIAS (community
organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE ALFABETIZACIN (literacy
organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE SUBSISTENCIA (subsistence
organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE JVENES (youth organizations)
CENTROS DE FORMACIN (training centers)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching
institutions)
INSTITUCIONES DE EDUCACIN PARA ADULTOS
(adult education institutions)
TR: ESCUELA PROFESIONAL (vocational school)
INSTITUTO TECNOLGICO (technological institute)
CENTROS DE INVESTIGACIN (research centers)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)
ORGANIZACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific organizations)
TR: FUNDACIONES DE INVESTIGACIN (research foundations)
PERSONAL CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)
PLANEACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science planning)
CENTROS DE LA MUJER (womens centers)
TG: ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
TR: CENTROS COMUNITARIOS (communitarian centers)
CENTROS DE LA MUJER (womens centers)
ONG (NGOs)
ORGANIZACIONES CIVILES (civil organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES COMUNITARIAS (community
organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES FEMINISTAS (feminist organizations)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)


TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
TR: ASILOS (asylums)
BANCOS DE SANGRE (blood banks)
DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
PACIENTES (patients)
TE: CLNICAS PRIVADAS (private clinics)
CLNICAS PSIQUITRICAS (psychiatrics clinics)
CHAMANISMO (shamanism)
TG: RELIGIONES (religions)
RELIGIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient religions)
TR: BRAHMANISMO (Brahmanism)
BUDISMO (Buddhism)
CONFUCIONISMO (Confucianism)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
HINDUISMO (Hinduism)
ISLAM (Islam)
JUDASMO (Judaism)
PAGANISMO (paganism)
TAOSMO (Taoism)
CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)
TG: PSICOLOGA E IDENTIDAD (psychology and identity)
TR: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TE: ADOLESCENCIA (adolescence)
PUBERTAD (puberty)
ADULTEZ (adulthood)
INFANCIA (childhood)
JUVENTUD (youth)
TERCERA EDAD (older people)
CICLOS ECONMICOS (business cycles)
TG: ECONOMA (economy)
TR: CONDICIONES ECONMICAS (economic conditions)
CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)

CIEGAS (blind women)


UP: deficientes visuales (visually handicapped person), invidentes
(blind person)
TG: DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
DISCAPACITADAS FSICAS (physically disabled women)
TR: SORDAS (deaf women)
SORDOMUDA (deaf-mute woman)
CIEGOS (blind men)
UP: deficientes visuales (visually handicapped person), invidentes (blind
person)
TG: DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
DISCAPACITADOS FSICOS (physically disabled men)
TR: SORDOS (deaf men)
SORDOMUDO (deaf-mute man)
CIENCIA CRISTIANA (Christian science)
TG: PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
TR: CONGREGACIONALISMO (congregationalism)
METODISTA (Methodism)
PRESBITERIANA (Presbyterianism)
CIENCIA FICCIN (science fiction)
TG: LITERATURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary
literature)
FICCIN (fiction)
TR: CMICS (comics)
CIENCIA POLTICA (political science)
TG: ESTADO, GOBIERNO Y POLTICA (state, government and
politics)
TR: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)
POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
SOCIOLOGA POLTICA (political sociology)
TE: FILOSOFA POLTICA (political philosophy)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
PLANEACIN POLTICA (political planning)
PODER POLTICO (political power)
POLTICA (politics)
PROCESOS POLTICOS (political process)
REPRESENTACIN POLTICA (political representation)
TEORA POLTICA (political theory)

141

S I S T E M T I C A

CENTROS DE SALUD (health centers)


TG: ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
ADMINISTRACIN DE LA SALUD (health administration)
TR: DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)

POLTICA ECONMICA (economic policy)


TE: INFLACIN (inflation)
RECESIN ECONMICA (economic recession)
RECUPERACIN ECONMICA (recovery economic)
TASAS DE INTERS (interest rates)

P R E S E N T A C I N

CENTROS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation centers)


TG: SERVICIO SOCIAL (social services)
TR: ASISTENCIA PBLICA (public assistance)
AYUDA A LA INFANCIA (child aid)
SERVICIOS JUVENILES (youth services)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)


TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)
EDUCACIN (education)
TR: EDUCACIN COMPARADA (comparative education)
ESTADSTICAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational statistics)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (pedagogical research)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
TE: FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational phylosophy)
HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)
PSICOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational psychology)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
UP: pedagoga (pedagogy)
TG: EDUCACIN (education)
TR: CIENCIAS (sciences)
TE: ANTROPOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational
anthropology)
FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)
HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
PSICOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational psychology)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
TG: DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientific subjects)
TR: CIENCIA Y DESARROLLO (science and development)
CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
TE: CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
CIENCIAS DEL COMPORTAMIENTO (behavioural sciences)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)
TR: CIENCIAS SOCIOCULTURALES (socio-cultural sciences)
INVESTIGACIN DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social
sciences research)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research methods and techniques)
CIENCIAS GEOGRFICAS (geographical sciences)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)
TR: INVESTIGACIN DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social
sciences research)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research methods and techniques)
CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
UP: medicina (medicine)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
TR: INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)

142

TE: ANATOMA (anatomy)


CIRUGA (surgery)
CARDIOLOGA (cardiology)
ENDOCRINOLOGA (endocrinology)
GERONTOLOGA (gerontology)
GINECOLOGA (gynaecology)
MEDICINA CLNICA (clinical medicine)
MEDICINA DEL TRABAJO (occupational medicine)
MEDICINA DEPORTIVA (sports medicine)
MEDICINA FORENSE (forensic medicine)
MEDICINA SOCIAL (social medicine)
NEUROLOGA (neurology)
NEUROPSICOLOGA (neuropsychiatry)
ODONTOLOGA (dentistry)
OFTALMOLOGA (ophthalmology)
PEDIATRA (paediatrics)
SERVICIO DE ENFERMERA (nursing)
VETERINARIA (veterinary)
CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
TG: DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientific subjects)
TR: CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
TE: BOTNICA (botany)
HISTORIA NATURAL (natural history)
ZOOLOGA (zoology)
CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
TG: CIENCIAS Y TECNOLOGAS (science and technology)
TR: ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (science studies)
INVESTIGACIN (research)
MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TE: ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)
ECONOMA (economy)
EDUCACIN (education)
HISTORIA (history)
SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
CIENCIAS SOCIOCULTURALES (socio-cultural sciences)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)
TR: CIENCIAS DEL COMPORTAMIENTO (behavioural
sciences)
INVESTIGACIN DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social
sciences research)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research methods and techniques)
TE: ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)
ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
CIENCIAS Y DESARROLLO (science and development)
TG: DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

CIENTFICAS (women scientists)


TG: PERSONAL CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)
TR: CIENTFICOS (scientists)
TCNICOS (technicians)
TCNICAS (technicians)
CIENTFICOS (scientists)
TG: PERSONAL CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)
TR: CIENTFICAS (women scientists)
TCNICOS (technicians)
TCNICAS (technicians)
CIERRE PATRONAL (lockout)
TG: RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
TR: CONFLICTO LABORAL (industrial dispute)
CIERRE PATRONAL (lockout)
MOVIMIENTO OBRERO (workers movement)
PARTICIPACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers
participation)
PERMISO (leave)
RENUNCIA (resignation)
SINDICATO (trade unions)
ORGANIZACIONES DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers
organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES PATRONALES (employers organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional
organizations)
TE: CIERRES DE EMPRESAS (lockout)
DESPIDO (dismissal)
DISCIPLINA (discipline)
HUELGA (strikes)
CIERRES DE EMPRESAS (lockout)
TG: RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
CIERRE PATRONAL (lockout)
TR: DESPIDO (dismissal)

CINE (cinema)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
TR: DOCUMENTALES (documentary)
VIDEO (video)
TELEVISIN (television)
TE: CINEASTAS (film makers)
CINE DE MUJERES (womens cinema)
CINE ARTE (art cinema)
CINE COMERCIAL (commercial cinema)
FILMES (films)
INDUSTRIA CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic
industry)
CINE ARTE (art cinema)
TG: CINE
TR: CINE COMERCIAL (commercial cinema)
FILMES (films)
INDUSTRIA CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic industry)
CINE COMERCIAL (commercial cinema)
TG: CINE
TR: CINE ARTE (art cinema)
FILMES (films)
INDUSTRIA CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic industry)
CINE DE MUJERES (womens cinema)
TG: ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
CINE (cinema)
TR: CINEASTAS (film makers)
CINEASTAS (film makers)
TG: ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
CINE (cinema)
TR: CINE DE MUJERES (womens cinema)
CIRUGA (surgery)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
TR: ANATOMA (anatomy)
CARDIOLOGA (cardiology)
GINECOLOGA (gynaecology)
MEDICINA CLNICA (clinical medicine)
NEUROLOGA (neurology)
ODONTOLOGA (dentistry)
OFTALMOLOGA (ophthalmology)
PEDIATRA (paediatrics)
TE: TRASPLANTE DE RGANOS (organ transplantation)

143

S I S T E M T I C A

CIENCIOLOGA (scientology)
NA: una nueva religin creada por L. Ron Hubbard en 1855 y
que se caracteriza por creer en el poder del espritu de una
persona
TG: RELIGIONES (religions)
TR: RELIGIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient religions)
RELIGIONES PRIMITIVAS (primitive religions)
SECTAS RELIGIOSAS (religious sects)

DISCIPLINA (discipline)
HUELGA (strikes)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)


CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
INVESTIGACIN Y DESARROLLO (research and development)
INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

CIRUGA PLSTICA (plastic surgery)


TG: CUERPO (body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
TR: IMAGEN DE LAS MUJERES (women appearance)
BELLEZA (beauty)
COSMTICA (cosmetics)
DIETAS (diets)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CISMA (schism)
TG: SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
CONFLICTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious conflicts)
CIUDADANA (citizenship)
TG: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
ASILO (asylum)
TE: CIUDADANA DE LAS MUJERES (womens citizenship)
SOCIEDAD CIVIL (civil society)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES
(womens political participation)
CIUDADANA DE LAS MUJERES (womens citizenship)
TG: GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
TR: DA INTERNACIONAL DE LA MUJER (international day
of women)
MOVIMIENTOS DE MUJERES (womens movements)
MOVIMIENTOS DE HOMOSEXUALES Y LESBIANAS (homosexuals and lesbians movements)
ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES
(womens political participation)
REPRESENTACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (political
representation of women)
CIVILIZACIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient civilizations)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIA ANTIGUA (ancient history)
TR: CIVILIZACIONES CLSICAS (classical civilizations)
MITOLOGA (mythology)
CIVILIZACIONES CLSICAS (classical civilization)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIA ANTIGUA (ancient history)
TR: CIVILIZACIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient civilizations)
MITOLOGA (mythology)
CLAMIDIA (chlamydia)
TG: INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIN SEXUAL (sexual
transmitted infections)
INFECCIN BACTERIAL (bacterial infections)
TR: GONORREA (gonorrhea)
SFILIS (syphilis)

144

CLAN (clan)
TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)
FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)
FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)
FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)
FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)
FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)
FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)
FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)
FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)
FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
CLASE ALTA (upper class)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
TR: ALTA BURGUESA (gentry)
CAMPESINOS (peasant)
CLASE BAJA (lower class)
CLASE MEDIA (middle class)
CLASES POPULARES (working class)
POBRES (poor)
CLASE BAJA (lower class)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
TR: ALTA BURGUESA (gentry)
CAMPESINOS (peasant)
CLASE ALTA (upper class)
CLASE MEDIA (middle class)
CLASES POPULARES (working class)
POBRES (poor)
CLASE GOBERNANTE (ruling class)
TG: ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social structure)
TR: ARISTOCRACIA (aristocracy)
CASTAS (caste)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ELITE (elite)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
REALEZA (royalty)
CLASE MEDIA (middle class)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
TR: ALTA BURGUESA (gentry)
CAMPESINOS (peasant)
CLASE ALTA (upper class)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

CLASES SOCIALES (social class)


TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
TR: CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ESTATUS SOCIAL (social status)
INDICADORES SOCIALES (social indicators)
INEQUIDADES SOCIALES (social inequality)
ROLES SOCIALES (social roles)
TE: ALTA BURGUESA (gentry)
CAMPESINOS (peasant)
CLASE ALTA (upper class)
CLASE BAJA (lower class)
CLASE MEDIA (middle class)
CLASES POPULARES (working class)
POBRES (poor)
CLASISMO (classicism)
TG: ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)
PREJUICIO (prejudice)
TR: RACISMO (racism)
SEXISMO (sexism)
XENOFOBIA (xenophobia)
CLAUSTROFOBIA (claustrophobia)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
FOBIAS (phobias)
TR: AGORAFOBIA (agorophobia)
CLERO (clergy)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
TR: CLERO (clergy)
DISCPULOS (disciples)
DISIDENTES RELIGIOSOS (religious dissidents)
EVANGELISTAS (evangelists)
LIDERES RELIGIOSOS (religious leaders)
MISIONEROS (missionaries)

S I S T E M T I C A

CLASES POPULARES (working class)


UP: clase trabajadora (working class)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
TR: ALTA BURGUESA (gentry)
CAMPESINOS (peasant)
CLASE ALTA (upper class)
CLASE BAJA (lower class)
CLASE MEDIA (middle class)
POBRES (poor)

MONJES (monks)
PREDICADORES (preachers)
SACERDOTES (priest)
TE: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
IGLESIA DE INGLATERRA (church of England)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)

P R E S E N T A C I N

CLASE BAJA (lower class)


CLASES POPULARES (working class)
POBRES (poor)

CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)


TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)

145

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

CLNICAS PRIVADAS (private clinics)


TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)
TR: CLNICAS PSIQUITRICAS (psychiatrics clinics)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CLNICAS PSIQUITRICAS (psychiatrics clinics)


TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)
TR: CLNICAS PRIVADAS (private clinics)
COBERTURA (coverage)
TG: MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (media)
TELEVISIN (television)
TR: PROGRAMACIN (programme, scheduling)
TE: TELEVISIN NACIONAL (national television)
TELEVISIN POR CABLE (cable television)
TELEVISIN REGIONAL (regional television)
CODEPENDENCIA (codependence)
TG: AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
DEPENDENCIA (dependence)
TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
CODIFICACIN (coding)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
PROCESAMIENTO E INTERPRETACIN DE DATOS
(data processing and interpretation)
TR: ANLISIS DE CONTENIDO (content analysis)
ANLISIS SECUNDARIO (secondary analysis)
ELABORACIN (elaboration)
INTERPRETACIN (interpretation)
METAANLISIS (meta analysis)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
CDIGO CIVIL (civil code)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
CDIGOS (codes)
TR: CDIGO CIVIL (civil code)
CDIGO LABORAL (labour code, labour law)
CDIGO MERCANTIL (commercial code)
CDIGO PENAL (penal code)
TE: MATRIMONIO (marriage)
ADOPACIN (adoption)
CDIGO LABORAL (labour code, labour law)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
CDIGOS (codes)
TR: CDIGO CIVIL (civil code)
CDIGO MERCANTIL (commercial code)
CDIGO PENAL (penal code)

146

CDIGO MERCANTIL (commercial code)


TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
CDIGOS (codes)
TR: CDIGO CIVIL (civil code)
CDIGO LABORAL (labour code, labour law)
CDIGO PENAL (penal code)
CDIGO PENAL (penal code)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
CDIGOS (codes)
TR: CDIGO CIVIL (civil code)
CDIGO LABORAL (labour code, labour law)
CDIGO MERCANTIL (commercial code)
CDIGOS (codes)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
TR: APLICACIN DE LA LEY (law application)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
DERECHOS Y PRIVILEGIOS (rights and privileges)
MEDIACIN (mediation)
PRIVILEGIOS E INMUNIDADES (privileges and immunities)
PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)
TRIBUNALES (courts)
TE: CDIGO CIVIL (civil code)
CDIGO LABORAL (labour code, labour law)
CDIGO MERCANTIL (commercial code)
CDIGO PENAL (penal code)
COGNICIN (cognition)
UP: mente (mind)
TG: PSICOLOGA E IDENTIDAD (psychology and identity)
TR: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TE: APTITUDES (aptitude)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
INTUICIN (intuition)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
COHABITACIN (cohabitation)
UP: concubinato (concubinage)
TG: MATRIMONIO (marriage)
TR: ESTADO CIVIL (marital status)
PAREJA DE HECHO (unmarried couple)
POLIGAMIA (polygamy)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

COLONIZACIN (colonization)
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (politic systems)
PAS COLONIAL (colonial countries)
TR: DESCOLONIZACIN (decolonization)
COMERCIO (trade)
TG: SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)
SECTOR SERVICIOS (tertiary sector)
TR: BANCA (banking)
HOTELERA (hotel trade) (hotel industry)
SEGUROS (insurances)
CMICS (comics)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
LITERATURA POPULAR (popular literature)
TR: CIENCIA FICCIN (science fiction)
COMISIN DE DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights committee)
TG: COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
COMISIN DE TRABAJO (work committee)
TR: COMISIN DE LA MUJER (woman committee)
COMISIN DE LA MUJER (woman committee)
TG: COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
COMISIN DE TRABAJO (work committee)
TR: COMISIN DE DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights
committee)
COMISIN DE TRABAJO (work committee)
TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
TR: COMISIN PERMANENTE (standing committee)
TE: COMISIN DE DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights
committee)
COMISIN DE LA MUJER (woman committee)

COMISIN PERMANENTE (standing committee)


TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
TR: COMISIN DE TRABAJO (work committee)
COMPAERISMO (comradeship, friendship)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
RELACIONES ENTRE PARES (peer relationship)
TR: AMISTAD (friendship)
COMPETENCIA (competition)
GRUPOS (groups)
USO DE LOS ESPACIOS (use of spaces)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
COMPETENCIA (competition)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
RELACIONES ENTRE PARES (peer relationship)
TR: AMISTAD (friendship)
COMPAERISMO (comradeship, friendship)
GRUPOS (groups)
USO DE LOS ESPACIOS (use of spaces)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
COMPORTAMIENTO (behaviour)
TG: PSICOLOGA E IDENTIDAD (psychology and identity)
TR: ACTITUDES (attitudes)
EMOCIONES (emotions)
PERSONALIDAD (personality)
TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TE: CONDUCTA (conduct)
ROL (role)
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL ALUMNO (students behaviour)
UP: comportamiento del estudiante (students behaviour)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)

147

S I S T E M T I C A

COLONIALISMO (colonialism)
TG: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)
IMPERIALISMO (imperialism)
TR: PAS COLONIAL (colonial countries)
TE: NEOCOLONIALISMO (neocolinialism)

COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)


TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
TR: AGENDA DE GNERO (gender agenda)
ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
CONTROL GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental control)
DECRETOS (decree)
GRUPOS PARLAMENTARIOS (parliamentary groups)
INICIATIVAS (initiative)
LEYES (laws)
PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)
TE: COMISIN PERMANENTE (standing committee)
COMISIN DE TRABAJO (work committee)

P R E S E N T A C I N

COLEGIO INTERNADO (boarding school)


TG: ESCUELA (schools)
TR: ESCUELA CONFESIONAL (denominational school)
ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
ESCUELA PREESCOLAR (kindergarten)
ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student


relationship)
TR: ACTITUD DEL ESTUDIANTE (students attitudes)
ADAPTACIN DEL ESTUDIANTE (student adjustment)
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL DOCENTE (teachers behaviour)
UP: comportamiento del profesor (teachers behaviour)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
TR: AMBIENTE DE LA CLASE (classroom environment)
DISCIPLINA ESCOLAR (school discipline)
RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student
relationship)
RELACIN PROFESOR-ALUMNO (student-teacher relationship)
TE: ACTITUD DEL DOCENTE (teachers attitudes)
AUTORIDAD DEL DOCENTE (teachers authority)
PARTICIPACIN DEL PROFESOR (teachers participation)
COMPORTAMIENTO ECONMICO (economic behaviour)
TG: ECONOMA (economy)
CONDICIONES ECONMICAS (economic conditions)
TR: CONDICIONES DE VIDA (living conditions)
ESTRUCTURA ECONMICA (economic structure)
DISTRIBUCIN DEL INGRESO (income distribution)
TE: CONSUMO (consumption)
PRODUCCIN (production)
COMPORTAMIENTO ELECTORAL DE LAS MUJERES
(electoral behaviour of women)
TG: SISTEMA ELECTORAL (electoral systems)
CANDIDATAS (candidate)
TR: ELECTORADO FEMENINO (female electorate)
VOTO FEMENINO (womens suffrage)
COMPORTAMIENTO GRUPAL (group behaviour)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
GRUPOS (groups)
TR: DINMICAS DEL GRUPO (group dynamics)
RELACIONES DE GNERO EN EL CONTEXTO
ESCOLAR (gender relations in school environment)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
COMPORTAMIENTO MORAL (moral behaviour)
TG: TICA
TR: CONCEPTOS MORALES (moral concepts)
DEONTOLOGA (deontology)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethics orientations)
VALORES (values)
COMPORTAMIENTO POLTICO (political behaviour)
TG: SOCIOLOGA POLTICA (political sociology)
TR: CORRUPCIN POLTICA (political corruption)
COMUNICACIN POLTICA (political communication)

148

COMPORTAMIENTO RELIGIOSO (religious behaviour)


TG: SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN RELIGIOSA (religious discrimination)
EXPERIENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious experience)
MINORAS RELIGIOSAS (religious minorities)
SEGREGACIN RELIGIOSA (religious segregation)
TOLERANCIA RELIGIOSA (religious toleration)
TE: COOPERACIN RELIGIOSA (religious cooperation)
PIEDAD (piety)
COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive behavior)
TG: POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)
SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
TR: ABORTO (abortion)
ANTICONCEPCIN (contacepction)
ESTERILIZACIN (sterilization)
TE: EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
EMBARAZO (pregnancy)
COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
UP: conducta sexual (sexual behaviour), conducta psicosocial (psychosocial behaviour)
TG: SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)
TR: PARAFILIAS (paraphilias)
SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)
POLTICA SEXUAL (sexual policy)
TE: ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
ACTITUD SEXUAL (sexual attitude)
AUTOEROTISMO (autoeroticism)
ATRACCIN SEXUAL (sexual attraction)
DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
PAREJA SEXUAL (sexual partners)
PRCTICAS SEXUALES (sexual practices)
COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
TG: PSICOLOGA SOCIAL (social psychology)
TR: CONFLICTO (conflict)
GRUPOS (groups)
DINMICAS GRUPALES (groupal dynamics)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
INTERVENCIN SOCIAL (social intervention)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
TG: TEORA, INVESTIGACIN Y ANLISIS SOCIAL
(theory, research and social analysis)
TR: CAMBIO SOCIAL (social change)
ENTORNO SOCIAL (social environment)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
SISTEMA DE VALORES (value systems)

COMPRA (shopping)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO ECONMICO (economic behaviour)
CONSUMO (consumption)
TR: COSTO DE LA VIDA (cost of living)
NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
COMPRENSIN (comprehension)
TG: APRENDIZAJE (learning)
PROCESO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning process)
TR: ATENCIN (attention)
PREPARACIN PARA LA LECTURA (reading readiness)
COMUNICACIN (communication)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
TR: MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (media)
PERIODISMO (journalism)
PUBLICIDAD (advertising)
TE: INVESTIGACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication research)
PLANIFICACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication planning)
POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)
PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication process)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication technologies)
COMUNICACIN (communication)
TG: RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)
ENTORNO FAMILIAR (family environment)
TR: RELACIN PADRES-HIJAS/HIJOS (parents sons/daughters
relation)
TE: COMUNICACIN SOBRE SEXUALIDAD (communication
about sexuality)
COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)

PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication


process)
TR: COMUNICACIN GRUPAL (group communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERACTIVA (interactive communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural communication)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
CAMPAAS (campaign)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication technologies)
TRANSFERENCIA DE LA INFORMACIN (information
transfer)
TE: INFORMACIN PBLICA (public information)
RELACIONES PBLICAS (public relations)
COMUNICACIN GRUPAL (group communication)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
process)
TR: COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERACTIVA (interactive communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpersonal communication)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication technologies)
TRANSFERENCIA DE LA INFORMACIN (information
transfer)
COMUNICACIN INTERACTIVA (interactive communication)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
process)
TR: COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
COMUNICACIN GRUPAL (group communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpersonal communication)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication technologies)
TRANSFERENCIA DE LA INFORMACIN (information
transfer)
COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural communication)
UP: dilogo intercultural (intercultural dialogue)

149

P R E S E N T A C I N

TE: ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)


ADAPTACIN SOCIAL (social adaptation)
COMPORTAMIENTO GRUPAL (group behaviour)
CONTROL SOCIAL (social control)
INCLUSIN SOCIAL (social inclusion)
INFLUENCIA SOCIAL (social influence)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
NORMAS SOCIALES (social norms)
PARTICIPACIN SOCIAL (social participation)
PATRIOTISMO (patriotism)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)


PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
process)
TR: COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
COMUNICACIN GRUPAL (group communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERACTIVA (interactive communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpersonal communication)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication technologies)
TRANSFERENCIA DE LA INFORMACIN (information
transfer)
PLURALISMO CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)
COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpesonal communication)
UP: comunicacin humana (human communication), comunicacin individual (individual communication)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication process)
TR: COMUNICACIN GRUPAL (group communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERACTIVA (interactive communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural communication)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication technologies)
TRANSFERENCIA DE LA INFORMACIN (information
transfer)
COMUNICACIN NO VERBAL (nonverbal communication)
TG: PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
process)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
TR: ESCRITURA (writing)
HABLA (speech)
LECTURA (reading)
COMUNICACIN ORGANIZACIONAL
(communication organizations)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
PLANIFICACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication planning)
COMUNICACIN POLTICA (political communication)
TG: SOCIOLOGA POLTICA (political sociology)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO POLTICO (political behaviour)

150

COMUNICACIN SOBRE SEXUALIDAD


(communication about sexuality)
TG: ENTORNO FAMILIAR (family environment)
COMUNICACIN (communication)
TR: ACTITUD DE LOS PADRES (parents attitudes)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
process)
TR: COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
COMUNICACIN GRUPAL (group communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERACTIVA (interactive communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpersonal communication)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication technologies)
TRANSFERENCIA DE LA INFORMACIN (information
transfer)
COMUNIDAD GAY (gay community)
TG: INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
COMUNIDADES SOCIALES (social communities)
TR: ESTUDIOS GAY Y LSBICOS (gay and lesbian studies)
MATRIMONIOS ENTRE HOMOSEXUALES (gay
marriages)
MATRIMONIO ENTRE LESBIANAS (lesbian marriage)
COMUNIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious communities)
TG: INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)
TR: ACADEMIAS EVANGLICAS (evangelical academies)
IGLESIA (church)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)
SOCIEDADES MISIONERAS (missionary societies)
COMUNIDADES SOCIALES (social communities)
TG: INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
TR: COOPERACIN (cooperation)
REDES SOCIALES (social networks)
RELACIONES EXTERNAS (external relations)
RELACIONES INTERGRUPALES (intergroup relations)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
TE: COMUNIDAD GAY (gay community)
COMUNIN (communion)
TG: ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)
TR: CONFIRMACIN (confirmation)
CONSAGRACIN (consecration)
LITURGIA (liturgy)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

COMUNISMO (communism)
TG: TEORA ECONMICA (economic theory)
DOCTRINAS ECONMICAS (economic doctrines)
TR: CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
SOCIALISMO (socialism)
CONCENTRACIN ECONMICA (economic concentration)
TG: COOPERACIN ECONMICA (economic cooperation)
INTEGRACIN ECONMICA (economic integration)
TR: INTEGRACIN ECONMICA INTERNACIONAL
(international economic integration)
MERCADOS COMUNES (common markets)
MONOPOLIOS (monopolies)
CONCEPTOS MORALES (moral concepts)
TG: TICA
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO MORAL (moral behaviour)
DEONTOLOGA (deontology)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethics orientations)
VALORES (values)
TE: CARIDAD (charity)
CRISIS MORAL (moral crisis)
DISCIPLINA (discipline)
LEALTAD (allegiance)
RESPONSABILIDAD (responsibility)
CONCEPTUALIZACIN (conceptualization)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
TR: DISEO DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research design)

CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
TG: COGNICIN (cognition)
TR: APTITUDES (aptitude)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
INTUICIN (intuition)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
TE: ATENCIN (attention)
PERCEPCIN (perception)
PROCESOS COGNITIVOS (cognitive processes)
CONCILIACIN FAMILIA-TRABAJO (family-work reconciliation)
TG: DIVISIN DEL TRABAJO (division of labour)
DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of
labour)
TR: SEGREGACIN EN EL TRABAJO/EMPLEO (job segregation/employment segregation)
SEGREGACIN HORIZONTAL (horizontal segregation)
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
TE: PROTECCIN DE LA MATERNIDAD (motherhood protection)
CONDICIN DE LA MUJER (women condition)
TG: GNERO (gender)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (women studies)
TR: ESTATUS DE LA MUJER (women status)
VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)
CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)
UP: situacin cultural (cultural situation)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
TR: CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)
CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
CULTURA TRADICIONAL (traditional culture)
DIFERENCIACIN CULTURAL (cultural differentiation)
INTERACCIN CULTURAL (cultural interaction)
SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
TE: AMBIENTES CULTURALES (cultural environment)

151

S I S T E M T I C A

COMUNISMO (communism)
TG: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)
TR: CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
SOCIALISMO (socialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
MILITARISMO (militarism)
NACIONALISMO (nationalism)
PLURALISMO (pluralism)
REGIONALISMO (regionalism)
SEPARATISMO (separatism)
TOTALITARISMO (totalitarianism)

METODOLOGA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (methodology of the social sciences)


MTODOS DE MEDIDA (measurement methods)
ORGANIZACIN Y APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (organization and application of research)
PROCESAMIENTO DE DATOS E INTERPRETACIN
(data processing and interpretation)
RECOLECCIN DE LOS DATOS (data collection)
UNIDADES DE INVESTIGACIN (research units)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ORACIN (prayer)
ORDENACIN (ordination)
PENITENCIA (penance)
PEREGRINACIN (pilgrimages)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA PERSONAL (personal religious practice)
PRDICA (sermon)
SACRAMENTOS (sacraments)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ESTILOS DE VIDA (life styles)


FACTORES CULTURALES (cultural factors)
VIDA COTIDIANA (everyday life)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CONDICIONES DE VIDA (living conditions)


TG: CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)
TR: ESTRUCTURA ECONMICA (economic structure)
RECURSOS ECONMICOS (economic resources)
TE: COSTO DE LA VIDA (cost of living)
NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
CONDICIONES ECONMICAS (economic conditions)
TG: ECONOMA (economy)
TR: CICLOS ECONMICOS (business cycles)
CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)
INGRESOS Y RIQUEZAS (income and wealth)
INTERDEPENDENCIA (interdependence)
POLTICA ECONMICA (economic policy)
TE: COMPORTAMIENTO ECONMICO (economic behaviour)
CONDICIONES SOCIALES (social conditions)
TG: ENTORNO SOCIAL (social environment)
TR: CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)
COHABITACIN (cohabitation)
FACTORES SOCIALES (social factors)
INTEGRACIN (integration)
CONDN (condom)
TG: SEXO SEGURO (safe sex)
PREVENCIN (prevention)
TR: PRESERVATIVO (condom)
CONDN (condom)
TG: SEXO SEGURO (safe sex)
PREVENCIN (prevention)
TR: PRESERVATIVO MASCULINO (male condom)
CONDUCTA (conduct)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO (behaviour)
TR: ROL (role)
TE: AGRESIN (aggression)
FRUSTRACIN (frustration)
CONFIDENCIALIDAD (confidentiality)
TG: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)
CONFIRMACIN (confirmation)
TG: ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)
TR: COMUNIN (communion)
CONSAGRACIN (consecration)

152

LITURGIA (liturgy)
ORACIN (prayer)
ORDENACIN (ordination)
PENITENCIA (penance)
PEREGRINACIN (pilgrimages)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA PERSONAL (personal religious practice)
PREDICA (sermon)
SACRAMENTOS (sacraments)
CONFLICTO (conflict)
TG: PSICOLOGA SOCIAL (social psychology)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
GRUPOS (groups)
DINMICAS GRUPALES (groupal dynamics)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
INTERVENCIN SOCIAL (social intervention)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
CONFLICTO LABORAL (labour unrest)
UP: conflicto de trabajo (labour conflict), disputa laboral (industrial dispute), enfrentamiento laboral (industrial confrontation), tensiones laborales
(industrial tension)
TG: RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
TR: CONFLICTO LABORAL (industrial dispute)
CIERRE PATRONAL (lockout)
MOVIMIENTO OBRERO (workers movement)
PARTICIPACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers
participation)
RENUNCIA (resignation)
SINDICATO (trade unions)
ORGANIZACIONES DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers
organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES PATRONALES (employers organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional
organizations)
TE: AUSENTISMO (absenteeism)
CONFLICTO POLTICO (political conflicts)
UP: discrepancia political (political disagreement), tensin political (political
tension)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
CRISIS POLTICA (political crisis)
TR: DISTURBIO (riots)
GOLPE DE ESTADO (coups detat)
GUERRA CIVIL (civil war)
GUERRILLA (guerrilla)
CONFLICTO SOCIAL (social conflict)
UP: agitacin social (social agitation), conflictos de clases (class conflicts),
tensin social (social tension)

CONFLICTOS CULTURALES (cultural conflicts)


TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
INTERACCIN CULTURAL (cultural interaction)
TR: AISLAMIENTO CULTURAL (cultural isolation)
CONFLICTOS RACIALES (racial conflict)
TG: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
TR: POLTICA RACIAL (racial policy)
TE: ANTISEMITISMO (anti-Semitism)
APARTHEID (apartheid)
CONFLICTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious conflicts)
TG: SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
TR: CONFLICTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious conflicts)
DISCRIMINACIN RELIGIOSA (religious discrimination)
MINORAS RELIGIOSAS (religious minorities)
SEGREGACIN RELIGIOSA (religious segregation)
TOLERANCIA RELIGIOSA (religious toleration)
TE: CISMA (schism)
CONFORMIDAD (conformity)
TG: PERSONALIDAD (personality)
RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality traits)
TR: ASERTIVIDAD (assertiveness)
AUTOCONTROL (self-control)
AUTORITARISMO (authoritarianism)
EGOSMO (egoism)
EMPATA (empathy)
FANATISMO (fanaticism)
PASIVIDAD (passivity)
CONFUCIONISMO (Confucianism)
TG: RELIGIONES (religions)
RELIGIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient religions)
TR: BRAHMANISMO (Brahmanism)
BUDISMO (Buddhism)
CHAMANISMO (shamanism)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
HINDUISMO (Hinduism)
ISLAM (Islam)
JUDASMO (Judaism)
PAGANISMO (paganism)
TAOSMO (Taoism)

CONGREGACIONALISMO (congregationalism)
TG: PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
TR: CIENCIA CRISTIANA (Christian science)
METODISTA (Methodism)
PRESBITERIANA (Presbyterianism)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
TR: AGENDA DE GNERO (gender agenda)
ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
CONTROL GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental control)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
DECRETOS (decree)
GRUPOS PARLAMENTARIOS (parliamentary groups)
INICIATIVAS (initiative)
LEYES (laws)
PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)
TE: CMARA DE DIPUTADOS (representatives chamber)
CMARA DE SENADORES (senate)
CONOCIMIENTOS (knowledge)
TG: FILOSOFA Y TICA (philosophy and ethics)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
TR: SOCIOLOGA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (sociology of knowledge)
JUICIO DE VALOR (value judgment)
EPISTMICOS (epistemics)
CONOCIMIENTOS TECNOLGICOS (technological knowledge)
TG: TECNOLOGA (technology)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
TR: DEPENDENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological dependence)
DIFUSIN TECNOLGICA (technology diffusion)
INNOVACIONES (innovations)
TRANSFERENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological transfer)
CONSAGRACIN (consecration)
TG: ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)
TR: COMUNIN (communion)
CONFIRMACIN (confirmation)
LITURGIA (liturgy)
ORACIN (prayer)
ORDENACIN (ordination)
PENITENCIA (penance)
PEREGRINACIN (pilgrimages)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA PERSONAL (personal religious practice)
PRDICA (sermon)
SACRAMENTOS (sacraments)
CONSEJERO SEXUAL (sexual consellor)
TG: SEXOLOGA (sexology)
PSICOANLISIS (psychoanalysis)
TR: TERAPIA SEXUAL (sexual therapy)

153

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TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)


TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
ALIENACIN SOCIAL (social alienation)
DELINCUENCIA (delinquency)
DELITOS (crime)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
POBREZA (poverty)
VIOLENCIA (violence)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CONSERVATISMO (conservatism)
UP: conservadurismo (conservatism), tradicionalismo (traditionalism)
TG: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)
TR: CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
COMUNISMO (communism)
SOCIALISMO (socialism)
FEDERALISMO (federalism)
IMPERIALISMO (imperialism)
MILITARISMO (militarism)
NACIONALISMO (nationalism)
TOTALITARISMO (totalitarianism)
CONSTRUCCIN DE LA NACIN (nation building)
TG: SISTEMA SOCIAL (social system)
NACIONES (nations)
CONSTRUCCIN SOCIAL DE LA REALIDAD (social construction of reality)
TG: SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
SOCIOLOGA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (sociology of
knowledge)
TR: PARADIGMAS (paradigms)
CONSTRUCCIONISMO SOCIAL (social constructionism)
TG: TEORAS SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)
TR: BIOLOGICISMO (biologicism)
RELIGIN (religion)
SEXOLOGA (sexology)
TE: ANTROPOLOGA SOCIAL (social anthropology)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA DE LA SEXUALIDAD (sexuality history)
POSESTRUCTURALISMO (post-structuralism)
SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
CONSUMO (consumption)
TG: CONDICIONES ECONMICAS (economic conditions)
COMPORTAMIENTO ECONMICO (economic behaviour)
TR: PRODUCCIN (production)
TE: COMPRA (shopping)
CONSUMO DOMSTICO (home consumption)
TG: RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)
ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
TR: DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA (economic dependence)
INGRESOS DE HOGARES (home income)
PRESUPUESTO FAMILIAR (family budget)
REMESAS (remittance)
TE: GASTO DE CONSUMO (consumption expenses)
GASTO DE VIVIENDA (housing expenses)
CONTENIDO DE LA PROGRAMACIN (programme contents)
TG: TELEVISIN (television)

154

PROGRAMACIN (programme, scheduling)


TR: TIPO DE PROGRAMACIN (programme types)
CONTRACULTURAS (countercultures)
TG: SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
TR: CULTURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary culture)
CULTURAS DOMINANTES (dominant cultures)
INNOVACIN CULTURAL (cultural innovation)
PLURALISMO CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)
REVOLUCIN CULTURAL (cultural revolution)
CONTRABANDO (smuggling)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: CORRUPCIN (corruption)
EVASIN FISCAL (tax evasion)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
ROBO (robbery)
TERRORISMO (terrorism)
TE: CONTRABANDO DE ARMAS (gun-running)
CONTRABANDO DE ARMAS (gun-running)
TG: DELITOS (crime)
CONTRABANDO (smuggling)
TR: TRFICO DE DROGAS (drug traffic)
CONTRARREFORMA (counter-reformation)
TG: INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)
MOVIMIENTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious movements)
TR: MOVIMIENTOS PURITANOS (puritan movement)
REFORMA (reformation)
CONTRATO SEXUAL (sexual contract)
TG: GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)
TR: RELACIONES DE PODER (power relations)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
TR: APLICACIN DE LA LEY (law application)
CDIGOS (codes)
DERECHOS Y PRIVILEGIOS (rights and privileges)
MEDIACIN (mediation)
PRIVILEGIOS E INMUNIDADES (privileges and immunities)
PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)
TRIBUNALES (courts)
TE: CONTRATOS DE TRABAJO (contracts of employment or
contracts of service)
CONTRATOS PBLICOS (public contracts or government
contracts)
HIPOTECAS (mortgage)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

CONTROL COMUNICACIONAL (communication control)


TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS COMUNICACIONALES (communication
strategies)
TICA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication ethics)
TE: ACCESO A LA INFORMACIN (access to information)
CENSURA (censorship)
CONTROL DE LA NATALIDAD (birth control)
TG: PROGRAMAS DE POBLACIN (population programs)
PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning)
TR: AGENCIAS DE PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family
planning agency)
COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive
behaviour)
POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)
TE: ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)
ESTERILIZACIN (sterilization)
CONTROL GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental control)
TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
TR: ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
DECRETOS (decree)
GRUPOS PARLAMENTARIOS (parliamentary groups)
INICIATIVAS (initiative)
LEYES (laws)
PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)
CONTROL SOCIAL (social control)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
TR: ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)
INFLUENCIA SOCIAL (social influence)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)

CONVERSIN RELIGIOSA (religious conversin)


TG: RELIGIN (religion)
ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)
TR: EVANGELIZACIN (evangelism)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)
COOPERACIN (cooperation)
TG: INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
TR: COMUNIDADES SOCIALES (social communities)
REDES SOCIALES (social networks)
RELACIONES EXTERNAS (external relations)
RELACIONES INTERGRUPALES (intergroup relations)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
COOPERACIN CULTURAL (cultural cooperation)
TG: CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
POLTICAS CULTURALES (cultural policy)
TR: ACUERDOS CULTURALES (cultural agreements)
INTERCAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural exchange)
PARTICIPACIN CULTURAL (cultural participation)
RELACIONES CULTURALES (cultural relations)
COOPERACIN ECONMICA (economic cooperation)
TG: POLTICA ECONMICA (economic policy)
TR: AJUSTE ESTRUCTURAL (structural adjustment)
NACIONALIZACIN (nationalization)
PLANEACIN ECONMICA (economic planning)
POLTICAS DE PRECIOS (price policy)
POLTICA INFLACIONARIA (counter-inflation policy)
PRIVATIZACIN (privatization)
REFORMA ECONMICA (economic reform)
TE: INTEGRACIN ECONMICA (economic integration)
COOPERACIN RELIGIOSA (religious cooperation)
TG: SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
COMPORTAMIENTO RELIGIOSO (religious behaviour)
TR: PIEDAD (piety)
COOPERACIN TCNICA (technical cooperation)
TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
TEORAS DEL DESARROLLO (development theory)
CORPORALIDAD (embodiment)
TG: CUERPO (body)
TR: CORPORALIDAD (embodiment)

155

S I S T E M T I C A

CONTRATOS PBLICOS (public contracts or government contracts)


TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
TR: CONTRATOS DE TRABAJO (contracts of employment or
contracts of service)
HIPOTECAS (mortgage)

INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
NORMAS SOCIALES (social norms)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)

P R E S E N T A C I N

CONTRATOS DE TRABAJO
(contracts of employment or contracts of service)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of
justice)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
TR: CONTRATOS PBLICOS (public contracts or government contracts)
HIPOTECAS (mortgage)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CUERPO DE LAS MUJERES (womens body)


CUERPO FEMENINO (female body)
CUERPO MASCULINO (male body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TG: FEMINISMO
TR: EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (Anglo Saxon feminism)
FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)
FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)
FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American
feminism)
TEOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist theology)
TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)
TE: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO(post-feminism)
CORRUPCIN (corruption)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: CONTRABANDO (smuggling)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS (racially
motivated crimes)
EVASIN FISCAL (tax evasion)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
ROBO (robbery)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
TORTURA (torture)
CORRUPCIN POLTICA (political corruption)
TG: SOCIOLOGA POLTICA (political sociology)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO POLTICO (political behaviour)
COSMTICA (cosmetics)
TG: CUERPO (body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
TR: IMAGEN DE LAS MUJERES (women appearance)
BELLEZA (beauty)

156

CIRUGA PLSTICA (plastic surgery)


DIETAS (diets)
COSTES SOCIALES (social costs)
TG: POLTICA SOCIAL
TR: JUSTICIA SOCIAL (social justice)
LEGISLACIN SOCIAL (social legislation)
PLANIFICACIN SOCIAL (social planning)
PROGRAMAS SOCIALES (social programmes)
REFORMAS SOCIALES (socials reforms)
RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL (social responsibility)
COSTO DE LA VIDA (cost of living)
TG: CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)
CONDICIONES DE VIDA (living conditions)
TR: NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
COSTUMBRES CULINARIAS (culinary customs)
TG: CULTURA TRADICIONAL (traditional culture)
COSTUMBRES Y TRADICIONES (customs and traditions)
COSTUMBRES Y TRADICIONES (customs and traditions)
UP: tradiciones (traditions)
TG: CULTURA TRADICIONAL (traditional culture)
TR: FIESTAS Y CELEBRACIONES (feast and celebrations)
FOLCLORE (folklore)
RITOS (rites)
TRADICIN ORAL (oral tradition)
VALORES CULTURALES (cultural values)
VESTIMENTA (clothing)
TE: COSTUMBRES CULINARIAS (culinary customs)
CREACIN DE EMPLEO (job creation)
UP: creacin de puestos (job creation), creacin de puestos de trabajo
(job creation)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
TG: COGNICIN (cognition)
TR: APTITUDES (aptitude)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
INTUICIN (intuition)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)
TG: ECONOMA (economy)

CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)


TG: TEOLOGA (theology)
TR: DOCTRINAS RELIGIOSAS (religious doctrines)
HERMENUTICAS (hermeneutics)
REVELACIN (revelation)
TEOLOGA CRISTIANA (Christian theology)
TEOLOGA DOCTRINAL (doctrinal theology)
TEOLOGA DE LA LIBERACIN (liberation theology)
TEOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist theology)
TEOLOGA JUDA (Jewish theology)
TEOLOGA NATURAL (natural theology)
TEOLOGA PASTORAL (pastoral theology)
TEOLOGA PRCTICA (practical theology)
TRADICIN (tradition)
TE: AFILIACIN RELIGIOSA (religious affiliation)
CREENCIAS RELIGIOSAS PERSONALES (personal
religious beliefs)
DEIDADES (deities)
ESPIRITUALIDAD (spirituality)
INMORTALIDAD (immortality)
RESURRECCIN (resurrection)
RITUALISMO (ritualism)
TRINIDAD (trinity)
CREENCIAS RELIGIOSAS PERSONALES (personal religious beliefs)
TG: TEOLOGA (theology)
CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
TR: AFILIACIN RELIGIOSA (religious affiliation)
DEIDADES (deities)
ESPIRITUALIDAD (spirituality)
INMORTALIDAD (immortality)
MORALIDAD PERSONAL (personal morality)
RESURRECCIN (resurrection)
RITUALISMO (ritualism)
TRINIDAD (trinity)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: ABUSO DE MENORES (child abuse)

ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)


CONTRABANDO (smuggling)
CORRUPCIN (corruption)
CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against
humanity)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)
CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS (racially
motivated crimes)
EVASIN FISCAL (tax evasion)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
ROBO (robbery)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
TERRORISMO (terrorism)
TORTURA (torture)
TE: TRFICO DE DROGA (drug traffic)
CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against humanity)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: ABUSO DE MENORES (child abuse)
ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS (racially
motivated crimes)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
ROBO (robbery)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
TERRORISMO (terrorism)
TORTURA (torture)
TE: GENOCIDIO (genocide)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against
humanity)
CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS (racially
motivated crimes)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
TORTURA (torture)
TE: CRMENES SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
FEMINICIDIO (feminicide, female murders)

157

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: CICLOS ECONMICOS (business cycles)


CONDICIONES ECONMICAS (economic conditions)
INGRESO Y RIQUEZA (income and wealth)
INTERDEPENDENCIA (interdependence)
POLTICA ECONMICA (economic policy)
TE: CONDICIONES DE VIDA (living conditions)
ESTRUCTURA ECONMICA (economic structure)
MODELOS DE CRECIMIENTO (growth models)
RECURSOS ECONMICOS (economic resources)
TASA DE CRECIMIENTO (growth rate)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CRMENES DE GUERRA (war crimes)


TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
TR: CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crime against
humanity)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
CRMENES DE GUERRA (war crimes)
TR: CAMPOS DE CONCENTRACIN (concentration camps)
CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against
humanity)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS (racially
motivated crimes)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
ROBO (robbery)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
TERRORISMO (terrorism)
TORTURA (torture)
CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS
(racially motivated crimes)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against
humanity)
CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
TERRORISMO (terrorism)
TORTURA (torture)
CRMENES SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
TG: CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
TR: FEMINICIDIO (feminicide, female murderers)
TE: VIOLACIN COLECTIVA (collective rape)
CRISIS CULTURALES (cultural crisis)
TG: CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)
TR: ASILAMIENTO CULTURAL (cultural isolation)
CONFLICTOS CULTURALES (cultural conflicts)
DINMICAS CULTURALES (cultural dynamics)
INNOVACIONES CULTURALES (cultural innovations)
REVOLUCIN CULTURAL (cultural revolution)
CRISIS MORAL (moral crisis)
TG: TICA (ethics)

158

CONCEPTOS MORALES (moral concepts)


TR: CARIDAD (charity)
DISCIPLINA (discipline)
LEALTAD (allegiance)
RESPONSABILIDAD (responsibility)
CRISIS POLTICA (political crisis)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
TR: GRUPOS DE INTERS (groups of interest)
MOVIMIENTO POLTICO (political movement)
TE: CONFLICTO POLTICO (political conflicts)
DISTURBIO (riots)
GOLPE DE ESTADO (coups detat)
GUERRA CIVIL (civil war)
GUERRILLA (guerrilla)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
TR: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)
RELIGIONES (religions)
TE: CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO (orthodox Christianity)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO GRIEGO (Greek orthodox)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO ORIENTAL (eastern
orthodox)
ECUMENICALISMO (ecumenicalism)
IGLESIAS ORIENTALES (eastern churches)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
CRISTIANISMO ORIENTAL (eastern orthodox)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
TR: CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO (orthodox Christianity)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO GRIEGO (Greek orthodox)
ECUMENICALISMO (ecumenicalism)
IGLESIAS ORIENTALES (eastern churches)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
TE: CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO RUSO (Russian orthodox)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO (orthodox Christianity)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
TR: CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO GRIEGO (Greek orthodox)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO ORIENTAL (eastern
orthodox)
ECUMENICALISMO (ecumenicalism)
IGLESIAS ORIENTALES (eastern churches)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO GRIEGO (Greek orthodox)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

CRTICA LITERARIA (literary criticism)


TG: LITERATURA (literature)
ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analysis)
TR: ESTILOS (literary style)
HISTORIA DE LA LITERATURA (literary history)
PREMIOS LITERARIOS (literary prizes)
CRITICISMO (criticism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: TEORA CRTICA (theory critical)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
CRONOLOGA (chronology)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
MTODOS HISTRICOS (historical methods)
TR: ANLISIS HISTRICO (historical analysis)
CRONOLOGA (chronology)
HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
TE: FECHADO (dating)
CUALIDADES (qualities)
TG: METAFSICA (metaphysics)
ALMA (soul)
TE: BELLEZA (beauty)
HUMOR (humour)
JUICIO (judgement)
LEALTAD (allegiance)
VOLUNTAD (will)

CUENTO (short story)


TG: LITERATURA (literature)
PROSA (prose)
TR: AUTOBIOGRAFA (autobiography)
BIOGRAFA (biography)
CUENTO (short story)
ENSAYO (essay)
NOVELA (novel)
CUERPO (body)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
TR: DIFERENCIAS SEXUALES (sexual differences)
SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)
TE: CORPORALIDAD (embodiment)
CUERPO DE LAS MUJERES (womens body)
CUERPO FEMENINO (female body)
CUERPO MASCULINO (male body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
PLACER (pleasure)
SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)
CUERPO DE LAS MUJERES (womens body)
TG: CUERPO (body)
TR: CORPORALIDAD (embodiment)
CUERPO FEMENINO (female body)
CUERPO MASCULINO (male body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
PLACER (pleasure)
SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)
CUERPO FEMENINO (female body)
TG: CUERPO (body)
TR: CORPORALIDAD (embodiment)
CUERPO DE LAS MUJERES (womens body)
CUERPO MASCULINO (male body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
PLACER (pleasure)

159

S I S T E M T I C A

CRTICA FEMINISTA (feminist criticism)


TG: FEMINISMO
TR: EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
TICA FEMINISTA (feminist ethics)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)
MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)
SORORIDAD (sorority, sisterhood)
TE: ESCRITURA FEMENINA (feminine writing)
NARRATIVA FEMENINA (feminine narrative)

CUENTA PBLICA (public account and)


TG: GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)
TR: AUDITORA GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental audit)
INDICADORES DE CALIDAD DE LA GESTIN (quality management indicators)
INFORMES DE GOBIERNO (governmental reports)
CUENTAS NACIONALES (national accounting)
TG: ECONOMA (economy)
INTERDEPENDENCIA (interdependence)
TR: RELACIONES ECONMICAS (economic relations)
TE: ECONOMA NACIONAL (national economy)
PRODUCTO NACIONAL BRUTO (gross national product)

P R E S E N T A C I N

CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
TR: CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO (orthodox Christianity)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO ORIENTAL (eastern
orthodox)
ECUMENICALISMO (ecumenicalism)
IGLESIAS ORIENTALES (eastern churches)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

CUERPO MASCULINO (male body)


TG: CUERPO (body)
TR: CORPORALIDAD (embodiment)
CUERPO DE LAS MUJERES (womens body)
CUERPO FEMENINO (female body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
PLACER (pleasure)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CUESTIONARIO (questionnarie)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research methods)
RECOLECCIN DE DATOS (data collection)
TR: ENCUESTA POR CORREO (mail survey)
ENTREVISTA (interview)
CUESTIONARIOS (questionnaries)
TG: TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research techniques)
TR: ENTREVISTAS (interviews)
EXPEDICIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific expeditions)
ENCUESTAS (surveys)
GRUPOS FOCALES (focus group)
HISTORIAS DE VIDA (life story)
CUIDADO POSTNATAL (postnatal care)
TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
CUIDADOS (care)
TR: SALUD MATERNO-INFANTIL (maternal and child health)
CUIDADOS (care)
TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TR: ATENCIN PRIMARIA DE LA SALUD (primary health care)
AUTORIDADES DE SALUD (health authorities)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
INTEGRACIN DE LOS SERVICIOS (service integration)
SERVICIOS DE ASISTENCIA SOCIAL (welfare work services)
SERVICIOS DE EMERGENCIA (emergency health services)
SERVICIOS DE ENFERMERA (nursing services)
SERVICIOS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation services)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD MENTAL (mental health services)
SERVICIOS PREVENTIVOS (preventive services)
SERVICIOS TERAPUTICOS (therapeutic services)
TE: CUIDADO POSTNATAL (postnatal care)
CULPA (guilt)
TG: EMOCIONES (emotions)
TR: AMOR (love)
ANSIEDAD (anxiety)
CELOS (jealousy)
MIEDO (fear)
ODIO (hate)
PASIN (passion)

160

PLACER (pleasure)
SOLEDAD (loneliness)
TRISTEZA (sadness)
AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
CULTOS (cults)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)
TR: FESTIVALES RELIGIOSOS (religious festivals)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)
DOCTRINAS RELIGIOSAS (religious doctrines)
CULTURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary culture)
TG: SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
TR: CULTURAS DOMINANTES (dominant cultures)
CONTRACULTURAS (countercultures)
PLURALISMO CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)
CULTURA DE LAS MUJERES (womens culture)
TG: FEMINISMO
TR: AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)
MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
SORORIDAD (sorority, sisterhood)
CULTURA TRADICIONAL (traditional culture)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
TR: CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)
IDENTIDAD CULTURAL (cultural identity)
PATRIMONIO CULTURAL (cultural heritage)
SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
TE: COSTUMBRES Y TRADICIONES (customs and traditions)
FIESTAS Y CELEBRACIONES (feast and celebrations)
FOLCLORE (folklore)
RITOS (rites)
TRADICIN ORAL (oral tradition)
VALORES CULTURALES (cultural values)
VESTIMENTA (clothing)
CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
TR: CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)
CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)
INVESTIGACIN CULTURAL (cultural research)
TE: ACCIN CULTURAL (cultural action)
ADMINISTRACIN CULTURAL (cultural administration)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
POLTICAS CULTURALES (cultural policy)
USUARIOS DE LA CULTURA (cultural users)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

CUOTAS (quotas)
TG: GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES
(womens political participation)
TR: ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
PARIDAD (parity)
CURAS (mass priest)
TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)
CUSTODIA (custody)
TG: DERECHO DE FAMILIA (family law)
TR: ABANDONO DEL HOGAR (desertion)
ADOPCIN (adoption)
EMANCIPACIN FAMILIAR (emancipation)
FILIACIN (affiliation)
LEGISLACIN FAMILIAR (family legislation)
MEDIACIN FAMILIAR (family mediation)
PATRIA POTESTAD (paternal authority)
TE: CUSTODIA COMPARTIDA (shared custody)
CUSTODIA COMPARTIDA (shared custody)
TG: DERECHO DE FAMILIA (family law)

CYBORGS (cyborgs)
TG: TECNOLOGA (technology)
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL (artificial intelligence)
TR: ROBTICA (robotics)

D
DANZA (dance)
UP: coreografa (choreography)
TG: ARTES (arts)
TR: ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
FOTOGRAFA (photographer)
TE: BAILARINAS (women dancer)
BAILARINES (men dancer)

S I S T E M T I C A

CULTURAS EXTINTAS (disappearing cultures)


TG: SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
PLURALISMO CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)
TR: BICULTURALISMO (biculturalism)
MULTICULTURALISMO (multiculturalism)
SUBCULTURAS (subcultures)

CUSTODIA (custody)
TR: DIVORCIO (divorce)

DATOS CENSALES (census data)


TG: CENSOS DE POBLACIN (population censuses)
DEMOGRAFA (demography)

TR: ESTADSTICAS DEMOGRFICAS (demographic statistics)


DECREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population decrease)
UP: disminucin de la poblacin (population decerase)
TG: DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
TR: ENVEJECIMIENTO (ageing population)
ESPERANZA DE VIDA (life expectancy)
MORBILIDAD (morbidity) (sick rate)
MORTALIDAD (mortality) (death rate)
PROBLEMAS DE POBLACIN (population problems)
TASA DE FECUNDIDAD (fertility rate)
DECRETOS (decree)
TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
TR: ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
CONTROL GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental control)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
DECRETOS (decree)
GRUPOS PARLAMENTARIOS (parliamentary groups)
INICIATIVAS (initiative)
LEYES (laws)
PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)

161

P R E S E N T A C I N

CULTURAS DOMINANTES (dominant culture)


UP: dominacin cultural (cultural domination), imperialismo cultural
(cultural imperialism)
TG: SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
TR: CULTURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary culture)
CONTRACULTURAS (countercultures)
PLURALISMO CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

DFICIT DEMOCRTICO (democratic deficit)


NA: repercusin que tiene para la legitimidad de la democracia,
entre otras cosas, la participacin desequilibrada de hombres
y mujeres
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
DEMOCRACIA (democracy)
TR: DEMOCRACIA PARITARIA (parity democracy)
DIVISIN DE PODERES (power division)
DEGRADACIN (degradation)
NA: por medio del abuso verbal, al hacerlas/os desnudarse o al
forzarla/lo a hacer un acto degradante
TG: MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA (methods of violence)
MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA CONTRA UNA PERSONA (TORTURA) (methods of violence against a person)
(torture)
TR: ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
AMENAZAS (threats)
PRIVACIONES (deprivation)
TORTURA (torture)
VIOLACIN (rape)
DEIDADES (deities)
TG: TEOLOGA (theology)
CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
TR: AFILIACIN RELIGIOSA (religious affiliation)
CREENCIAS RELIGIOSAS PERSONALES (personal
religious beliefs)
ESPIRITUALIDAD (spirituality)
INMORTALIDAD (immortality)
RESURRECCIN (resurrection)
RITUALISMO (ritualism)
TRINIDAD (trinity)
TE: DIOS (god)
DIOSAS (goddesses)
DELINCUENCIA (delinquency)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
ALIENACIN SOCIAL (social alienation)
DELITOS (crime)
DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
POBREZA (poverty)
PORNOGRAFA (pornography)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
TE: DELINCUENCIA JUVENIL (juvenile delinquency)
DELINCUENCIA JUVENIL (juvenile delinquency)
UP: criminalidad juvenil (juvenile delinquency)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)

162

DELINCUENCIA (delinquency)
TR: VIOLENCIA JUVENIL (youth violence)
DELIRIO (delirium)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
TR: ALUCINACIN (hallucination)
ESQUIZOFRENIA (squizophrenia)
PARANOIA (paranoia)
PSICOSIS MANIACA DEPRESIVA (manic depressive psychosis)
DELITOS (crime)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
ALIENACIN SOCIAL (social alienation)
DELINCUENCIA (delinquency)
PORNOGRAFA (pornography)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
TE: ABUSO DE MENORES (child abuse)
ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
CONTRABANDO (smuggling)
CORRUPCIN (corruption)
CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against
humanity)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against
women)
CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS (racially
motivated crimes)
EVASIN FISCAL (tax evasion)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
ROBO (robbery)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
TERRORISMO (terrorism)
TORTURA (torture)
TRFICO DE PERSONAS (human trafficking)
DELITOS SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
TG: SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)
TR: INDUSTRIA DEL SEXO (sex industry) (adult industry)
PARAFILIAS (paraphilias)
TE: ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
ESTUPRO (statutory rape)
EXPLOTACIN SEXUAL (sexual exploitation)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (sexual violence)
DEMANDAS DE LAS MUJERES (womens claims)
TG: GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
MOVIMIENTOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens movements)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

DEMOCRACIA (democracy)
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
TR: AUTOGESTIN (self government)
DEMOCRACIA (democracy)
FEDERACIN (federation)
ESTADO (state)
REPBLICA (republic)
TE: DFICIT DEMOCRTICO (democratic deficit)
DEMOCRACIA PARITARIA (parity democracy)
DIVISIN DE PODERES (power division)

DEMOGRAFA (demography)
TG: CENSOS DE POBLACIN
TR: DINMICAS DE POBLACIN (dynamics population)
ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)
MIGRACIN (migration)
POBLACIN (population)
TE: CENSOS DE POBLACIN (population censuses)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN (population distribution)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN POR SEXO
(population distribution by sex)
DISTRIBUCIN POR EDAD (age distribution)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA POBLACIN (population reserach)
DEMOSTRACIONES (demostrations)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
COMPORTAMIENTO GRUPAL (groupal behaviour)
TR: DINMICAS DE GRUPO (group dynamics)
MANIFESTACIONES (marches)
PROTESTAS PACFICAS (peaceful protest)
DENSIDAD DE POBLACIN (population density)
TG: DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
PROBLEMAS DE LA POBLACIN (population problems)
TR: SOBREPOBLACIN (overpopulation)
DEONTOLOGA (deontology)
TG: TICA
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO MORAL (moral behaviour)
CONCEPTOS MORALES (moral concepts)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethics orientations)
VALORES (values)

DEMOCRACIA PARITARIA (parity democracy)


NA: concepto de sociedad integrada a partes iguales por mujeres y
por hombres, en la cual la representacin equilibrada de ambos en las
funciones decisorias de la politica es condicin previa al disfrute pleno
y en pie de igualdad de la ciudadana
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
DEMOCRACIA (democracy)
TR: DFICIT DEMOCRTICO (democratic deficit)
DIVISIN DE PODERES (power division)

DEPENDENCIA (dependence)
TG: RELACIONES ECONMICAS (economic relations)
RELACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES
(international economic relations)
TR: ASUNTOS ECONMICOS INTERNACIONALES
(international economics affaires)
GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)
ORGANIZACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES (international economic organizations)

DEMOCRATIZACIN (democratization)
TG: CAMBIO SOCIAL (social change)
TR: DESARROLLO (development)

DEPENDENCIA (dependence)
TG: EMOCIONES (emotions)
AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
TR: AMISTAD (friendship)

163

S I S T E M T I C A

DEMENCIA (dementia)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
DEPRESIN (depression)
FOBIAS (phobias)
NEUROSIS (neuroses)
HISTERIA (hysteria)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
TRASTORNOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality disorders)
TRASTORNOS PSICOSOMTICOS (psychosomatics)
TRAUMAS (traumas)

EXCLUSIN SOCIAL (social exclusion)


GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)
MODERNIZACIN (modernization)
MOVILIDAD SOCIAL (social mobility)
RESISTENCIA AL CAMBIO (resistance to change)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: MOVIMIENTO CONTRA EL ABORTO (movement against


abortion)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES NEGRAS (black womens
movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES DE CLASE MEDIA
(middle class womens movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES SOCIALISTAS (socialist
womens movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES LIBERALES (liberal
womens movement)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES DEL TERCER MUNDO (third world womens movement)
MOVIMIENTO PACIFISTA DE MUJERES (womens peace
movement)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

AUTONOMA (autonomy)
TE: CODEPENDENCIA (codependence)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA (economic dependence)


TG: RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)
ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
TR: CONSUMO DOMSTICO (home consumption)
INGRESOS DE HOGARES (home income)
PRESUPUESTO FAMILIAR (family budget)
REMESAS (remittance)
DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA DE LA MUJER
(woman economic dependence)
TG: ECONOMA Y RELACIONES SOCIALES (economy and
social relations)
ECONOMA Y GNERO (gender and economy)
TR: DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of
labour)
ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
FEMINIZACIN DE LA POBREZA (feminization of poverty)
DEPENDENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological dependences)
TG: TECNOLOGA (technology)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
TR: CONOCIMIENTOS TECNOLGICOS (technological
knowledge)
DIFUSIN TECNOLGICA (technology diffusion)
INNOVACIONES (innovations)
TRANSFERENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological transfer)
DEPORTACIN (deportation)
TG: POLTICA MIGRATORIA (migration policy)
LEYES MIGRATORIAS (migration laws)
DEPRESIN (depression)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
DEMENCIA (dementia)
FOBIAS (phobias)
NEUROSIS (neuroses)
HISTERIA (hysteria)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
TRASTORNOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality disorders)
TRASTORNOS PSICOSOMTICOS (psychosomatics)
TRAUMAS (traumas)
TE: DEPRESIN POST-NATAL (postnatal depression)
SNDROME DEL NIDO VACO (empty-nest syndrome)
SNDROME PREMENSTRUAL (pre-menstrual syndrome)
DEPRESIN POST-NATAL (postnatal depression)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)

164

DEPRESIN (depression)
TR: SNDROME DEL NIDO VACO (empty-nest syndrome)
SNDROME PREMENSTRUAL (pre-menstrual syndrome)
DERECHO (law)
NA: aplquese a los estudios referentes a las ciencias jurdicas
TG: LEGISLACIN Y DERECHO (law and legislation)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA JUSTICIA (administration of
justice)
DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
LEGISLACIN (legislation)
LIBERTAD (freedom)
TE: DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)
DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)
DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)
DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)
DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)
PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)
REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)
TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)
DERECHO A LA ALIMENTACIN (right of food) (food security)
TG: DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and
economics rights)
TR: IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
DERECHO A LA EDUCACIN (right to education)
DERECHO A LA SALUD (right to health)
DERECHO A LA VIVIENDA (right to housing)
DERECHO AL TRABAJO (right to work)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN
(right to self-determination)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
TR: DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to
self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special
groups)
DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)
DERECHO DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

DERECHO A LA INFORMACIN (right to information)


TG: LIBERTAD (freedom)
TR: LIBERTAD ECONMICA (economic freedom)
LIBERTAD POLTICA (politic freedom)
LIBERTAD DE ASOCIACIN (freedom of association)
LIBERTAD DE EXPRESIN (freedom of expression)
LIBERTAD DE MOVIMIENTO (freedom of movement)
LIBERTAD DE PENSAMIENTO (freedom of thought)
DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)
TG: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
TR: DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right of justice)
DERECHO A LA PROPIEDAD (right to property)
DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)
DERECHO A VOTAR (right to vote)
DERECHOS DERIVADOS (derived rights)
TE: CONFIDENCIALIDAD (confidentiality)
DERECHO A LA PROPIEDAD (right to propiety)
TG: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
TR: DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right of justice)
DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)
DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)
DERECHO A VOTAR (right to vote)
DERECHOS DERIVADOS (derived rights)
DERECHO A LA SALUD (right to health)
TG: DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and
economics rights)
TR: IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
DERECHO A LA ALIMENTACIN (right to food) (food security)
DERECHO A LA EDUCACIN (right to education)
DERECHO A LA VIVIENDA (right to housing)
DERECHO AL TRABAJO (right to work)
DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)
TG: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
TR: ASILO (asylum)
DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right of justice)

DERECHO A LA VIVIENDA (right of housing)


TG: DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and
economics rights)
TR: IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
DERECHO A LA ALIMENTACIN (right to food) (food
security)
DERECHO A LA EDUCACIN (right to education)
DERECHO A LA SALUD (right to health)
DERECHO AL TRABAJO (right to work)
DERECHO A VOTAR (right to vote)
TG: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
TR: ASILO (asylum)
DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right of justice)
DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)
DERECHO A LA PROPIEDAD (right to property)
DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)
DERECHOS DERIVADOS (derived rights)
DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO (administrative law)
TG: DERECHO (law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
TR: DERECHO CONSTITUCIONAL (constitutional law)
DERECHO DEL TRABAJO (labour law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
TR: DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to
self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special groups)
DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)
DERECHOS DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)
DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)
DERECHO AL TRABAJO (right to work)
TG: DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and
economics rights)
TR: IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
DERECHO A LA ALIMENTACIN (right to food) (food security)
DERECHO A LA EDUCACIN (right to education)

165

S I S T E M T I C A

DERECHO A LA EDUCACIN (right of education)


TG: DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and
economics rights)
TR: IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
DERECHO A LA ALIMENTACIN (right to food) (food security)
DERECHO A LA SALUD (right to health)
DERECHO A LA VIVIENDA (right to housing)
DERECHO AL TRABAJO (right to work)

DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)


DERECHO A LA PROPIEDAD (right to property)
DERECHO A VOTAR (right to vote)
DERECHOS DERIVADOS (derived rights)
TE: EUTANASIA (euthanasia)

P R E S E N T A C I N

DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)


DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

DERECHO A LA SALUD (right to health)


DERECHO A LA VIVIENDA (right to housing)
DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)
TG: DERECHO (law)
TR: DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)
DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)
DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)
DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)
PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)
REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)
TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)
TE: DERECHO DE LA FAMILIA (family law)
DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)
TG: DERECHO (law)
TR: DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)
DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)
DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)
DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)
PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)
REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)
TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)
DERECHO CONSTITUCIONAL (constitutional law)
TG: DERECHO (law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
TR: DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO (administrative law)
DERECHO DEL TRABAJO (labour law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)
TG: DERECHO (law)
TR: DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)
DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)
DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)
DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)
PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)
REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)
TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)

166

DERECHO DE LA FAMILIA (family law)


UP: derecho familiar (family law), derecho matrimonial (marriage law)
TG: FAMILIA Y HOGARES (family and home)
TR: MATRIMONIO (marriage)
TE: ABANDONO DEL HOGAR (desertion)
ADOPCIN (adoption)
CUSTODIA (custody)
EMANCIPACIN FAMILIAR (emancipation)
FILIACIN (affiliation)
LEGISLACIN FAMILIAR (family legislation)
MEDIACIN FAMILIAR (family mediation)
PATRIA POTESTAD (paternal authority)
DERECHO DE PATENTE (patent law)
TG: DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
DERECHO MERCANTIL (commercial law)
DERECHO DEL TRABAJO (labour law)
TG: DERECHO (law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
TR: DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO (administrative law)
DERECHO CONSTITUCIONAL (constitutional law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
TG: DERECHO (law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
TR: DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO (administrative law)
DERECHO CONSTITUCIONAL (constitutional law)
DERECHO DEL TRABAJO (labour law)
TE: DERECHO FISCAL (fiscal law)
DERECHO MERCANTIL (commercial law)
DERECHO PENAL (criminal law)
DERECHO FISCAL (fiscal law)
TG: DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
TR: DERECHO MERCANTIL (commercial law)
DERECHO PENAL (criminal law)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human rights)
TR: DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to selfdetermination)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special groups)
DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)
DERECHOS DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)
DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)


TG: DERECHO (law)
TR: DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)
DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)
DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)
DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)
PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)
REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)
TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)
DERECHO PENAL (penal law)
TG: DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
TR: DERECHO FISCAL (fiscal law)
DERECHO MERCANTIL (commercial law)
TE: EXTRADICIN (extradition)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
TG: DERECHO (law)
TR: DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)
DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)
DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)
DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)
DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)
FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)
PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)

DERECHOS (rights)
TG: GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)
TR: AUTONOMA (autonomy)
EMANCIPACIN DE LA MUJER (womens emancipation)
TE: DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right of justice)
TG: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
TR: ASILO (asylum)
DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)
DERECHO A LA PROPIEDAD (right to property)
DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)
DERECHO A VOTAR (right to vote)
DERECHOS DERIVADOS (derived rights)
DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
TR: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)
DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual
and reproductive rights)
DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and
economics rights)
PROMOCIN DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights promotion)
RESPETO A LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (respect of
human rights)
TE: ASILO (asylum)
DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right to justice)
DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)
DERECHO A LA PROPIEDAD (right to property)
DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)
DERECHO A VOTAR (right to vote)
DERECHOS DERIVADOS (derived rights)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special groups)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
TR: DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to
self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)

167

S I S T E M T I C A

DERECHO MERCANTIL (commercial law)


TG: DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)
TR: DERECHO FISCAL (fiscal law)
DERECHO PENAL (criminal law)
TE: DERECHO DE PATENTE (patent law)

PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)


REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)
TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)
TE: DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO (administrative law)
DERECHO CONSTITUCIONAL (constitutional law)
DERECHO DEL TRABAJO (labour law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)

P R E S E N T A C I N

DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)


TG: DERECHO (law)
TR: DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)
DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)
DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)
DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)
PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)
REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)
TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)


DERECHOS DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the
disabled)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)
DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)
DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
TR: DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to
self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special
groups)
DERECHOS DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)
DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)
DERECHOS DE LAS LESBIANAS (lesbians rights)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual
and reproductive rights)
TR: DERECHOS DE LOS HOMOSEXUALES (gays rights)
DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)
UP: derechos humanos para las mujeres (human rights for women), derechos humanos de la mujer (human rights of women), movimiento
por la liberacin de la mujer (womens liberation movement), derechos especficos de la mujer (womens specific rights)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
TR: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual
and reproductive rights)
DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and
economics rights)
PROMOCIN DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights promotion)
RESPETO A LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (respect of
human rights)
DERECHOS DE LOS CAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
TR: DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to
self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special
groups)

168

DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)


DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)
DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)
DERECHOS DE LOS HOMOSEXUALES (gays rights)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual
and reproductive rights)
TR: DERECHO DE LAS LESBIANAS (lesbians rights)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
TR: DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to
self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special
groups)
DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)
DERECHOS DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)
DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
TR: DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to
self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special
groups)
DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)
DERECHOS DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)
DERECHOS DERIVADOS (deriven rights)
NA: derechos, especialmente de seguridad social o de residencia, que
se le reconocen a una persona que son resultantes y dependientes de
su relacin (generalmente de parentesco, matrimonio o cohabitacin)
con otra persona.
TG: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
TR: ASILO (asylum)
DERECHO A LA JUSTICIA (right of justice)
DERECHO A LA PRIVACIDAD (right to privacy)
DERECHO A LA PROPIEDAD (right to property)
DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)
DERECHO A VOTAR (right to vote)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)


TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
TR: DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)

DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS


(sexual and reproductive rights)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
TR: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)
DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and
economics rights)
PROMOCIN DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS
(human rights promotion)
RESPETO A LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (respect of
human rights)
TE: ABORTO (abortion)
BIOTICA (bioethics)
DERECHOS DE LOS HOMOSEXUALES (gays rights)
DERECHOS DE LAS LESBIANAS (lesbians rights)
DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS
(social and economics rights)
TG: DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
TR: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)
DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual
and reproductive rights)
PROMOCIN DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights promotion)
RESPETO A LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (respect of
human rights)
TE: IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
DERECHO A LA ALIMENTACIN (right to food) (food
security)
DERECHO A LA EDUCACIN (right to education)
DERECHO A LA SALUD (right to health)
DERECHO A LA VIVIENDA (right to housing)
DERECHO AL TRABAJO (right to work)
DERECHOS Y PRIVILEGIOS (rigths and privileges)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
TR: APLICACIN DE LA LEY (law application)
CDIGOS (codes)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
MEDIACIN (mediation)

169

S I S T E M T I C A

DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human rights)


TG: LEGISLACIN Y DERECHO
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA JUSTICIA (administration of
justice)
DERECHO (law)
DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
LEGISLACIN (legislation)
LIBERTAD (freedom)
TE: CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crime against
humanity)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
CRMENES DE GUERRA (war crimes)
DERECHO AL DESARROLLO (right to development)
DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to
self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special
groups)
DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)
DERECHOS DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the
disabled)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)
DERECHOS LINGSTICOS (linguistic rights)

DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIN (right to


self-determination)
DERECHO HUMANITARIO (humanitarian law)
DERECHOS DE GRUPOS ESPECIALES (rights of special
groups)
DERECHOS DE LA INFANCIA (rights of the child)
DERECHOS DE LOS DISCAPACITADOS (rights of the disabled)
DERECHOS DE LOS PRISIONEROS (rights of prisoners)
DERECHOS DE LOS SOLDADOS (rights of soldiers)

P R E S E N T A C I N

DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)


TG: LEGISLACIN Y DERECHO (law and legislation)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA JUSTICIA (administration of
justice)
DERECHO (law)
DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
LEGISLACIN (legislation)
LIBERTAD (freedom)
TE: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
DERECHOS DE LAS MUJERES (womens rights)
DERECHOS SEXUALES Y REPRODUCTIVOS (sexual
and reproductive rights)
DERECHOS SOCIALES Y ECONMICOS (social and
economics rights)
PROMOCIN DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights promotion)
RESPETO A LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS (respect of
human rights)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

PRIVILEGIOS E INMUNIDADES (privileges and immunities)


PROCEDIMIENTO LEGAL (legal procedure)
TRIBUNALES (courts)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

DESAGREGACIN (disintegration)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)
TR: INTEGRACIN ESCOLAR (school integration)
DESAGREGACIN (disintegration)
RACISMO (racism)
SEXISMO (sexism)
DESARROLLO (development)
TG: DESARROLLO SOCIAL Y POLTICAS PBLICAS
(social development and public policy)
TR: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)
GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)
TE: ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development
administration)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
COOPERACIN TCNICA (technical cooperation)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
DESARROLLO ECONMICO (economic development)
DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO SOCIAL (social development)
DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE (sustainable development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
TEORAS DEL DESARROLLO (development theory)
DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)
UP: desarrollo tecnolgico (technological development)
TG: CIENCIAS Y TECNOLOGAS (science and technology)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)
DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientifics subject)
POLTICA CIENTFICA (science policy)
TECNOLOGA (technology)
TE: CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
CIENCIAS Y DESARROLLO (science and development)
DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TR: DESARROLLO EMOCIONAL (emotional development)
DESARROLLO INFANTIL (child development)
DESARROLLO MORAL (moral development)
DESARROLLO PERSONAL (personal development)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)

170

SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
DESARROLLO COMUNITARIO (community development)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)
TR: ASENTAMIENTO HUMANO (human settlement)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO RURAL (rural development)
DESARROLLO URBANO (urban development)
VIVIENDA (housing)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
TG: CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
TR: ACCIN CULTURAL (cultural action)
ADMINISTRACIN CULTURAL (cultural administration)
POLTICAS CULTURALES (cultural policy)
USUARIOS DE LA CULTURA (cultural users)
TE: PARTICIPACIN CULTURAL (cultural participation)
RELACIONES CULTURALES (cultural relations)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO SOCIAL (social development)
DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE (sustainable development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
DESARROLLO DE RECURSOS HUMANOS
(human resources development)
UP: gestin de los recursos humanos (human resources management)
TG: MERCADO DE TRABAJO (labour market)
POLTICA LABORAL (labour policy)
TR: RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources)
DESARROLLO ECONMICO (economic development)
TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development
administration)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE (sustainable development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
DESARROLLO EMOCIONAL (emotional development)
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TR: DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)
DESARROLLO INFANTIL (child development)

DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)


TG: DESARROLLO SOCIAL Y POLTICAS PBLICAS
(social development and public policy)
TR: BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)
DESARROLLO (development)
GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
TE: CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)
EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)
NDICE DE DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development rate)
LNEA DE POBREZA (poverty line)
NECESIDADES BSICAS (basic needs)
NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
SEGURIDAD PERSONAL (people security)
DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TG: PSICOLOGA E IDENTIDAD (psychology and identity)
TR: CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)
COGNICIN (cognition)
TE: DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)
DESARROLLO EMOCIONAL (emotional development)
DESARROLLO INFANTIL (child development)
DESARROLLO MORAL (moral development)
DESARROLLO PERSONAL (personal development)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
DESARROLLO INFANTIL (child development)
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TR: DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)
DESARROLLO EMOCIONAL (emotional development)
DESARROLLO MORAL (moral development)
DESARROLLO PERSONAL (personal development)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
DESARROLLO MORAL (moral development)
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TR: DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)
DESARROLLO EMOCIONAL (emotional development)
DESARROLLO INFANTIL (child development)
DESARROLLO PERSONAL (personal development)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)

DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)


TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development
administration)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
COOPERACIN TCNICA (technical cooperation)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
DESARROLLO ECONMICO (economic development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO SOCIAL (social development)
DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE (sustainable development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
DESARROLLO PERSONAL (personal development)
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TR: DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)
DESARROLLO EMOCIONAL (emotional development)
DESARROLLO INFANTIL (child development)
DESARROLLO MORAL (moral development)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TR: DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)
DESARROLLO EMOCIONAL (emotional development)
DESARROLLO INFANTIL (child development)
DESARROLLO MORAL (moral development)
DESARROLLO PERSONAL (personal development)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
TG: SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)
SEXUALIDAD INFANTIL (child sexuality)
TE: FASE ANAL (anal phase)
FASE FLICA (phallic phase)
FASE GENITAL (genital phase)
FASE ORAL (oral phase)
PERIODO DE LATENCIA (latent period)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)
TR: ASENTAMIENTO HUMANO (human settlement)
DESARROLLO COMUNITARIO (community development)
DESARROLLO RURAL (rural development)
DESARROLLO URBANO (urban development)
VIVIENDA (housing)

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DESARROLLO MORAL (moral development)


DESARROLLO PERSONAL (personal development)
DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)


TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development
administration)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
COOPERACIN TCNICA (technical cooperation)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
DESARROLLO ECONMICO (economic development)
DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
DESARROLLO SOCIAL (social development)
DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE (sustainable development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
DESARROLLO RURAL (rural development)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)
TR: ASENTAMIENTO HUMANO (human settlement)
DESARROLLO COMUNITARIO (community development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO URBANO (urban development)
VIVIENDA (housing)
POBLACIN RURAL (rural population)
DESARROLLO SOCIAL (social development)
TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development
administration)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
DESARROLLO CULTURAL (cultural development)
DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)
PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
TEORAS DEL DESARROLLO (development theory)
DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE (sustainable development)
TG: DESARROLLO (development)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DEL DESARROLLO (development
administration)
AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
BANCOS DE DESARROLLO (development banks)
COOPERACIN TCNICA (technical cooperation)
DESARROLLO ECONMICO (economic development)
DESARROLLO PARTICIPATIVO (participatory development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (developmental policies)

172

PLANES DE DESARROLLO (development plans)


PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
TEORAS DEL DESARROLLO (development theory)
DESARROLLO URBANO (urban development)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)
TR: ASENTAMIENTO HUMANO (human settlement)
DESARROLLO COMUNITARIO (community development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO RURAL (rural development)
VIVIENDA (housing)
POBLACIN URBANA (urban population)
DESCOLONIZACIN (decolonization)
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (politic systems)
PAS COLONIAL (colonial countries)
TR: COLONIZACIN (colonization)
DESCONSTRUCCIONISMO (deconstruction)
TG: DIFERENCIA (difference)
TR: ESENCIALISMO (essentialism)
TRANSGRESIN (transgression)
DESEMPLEADAS (unemployed women)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
TR: ANCIANAS (elderly women)
DESEMPLEADOS (unemployed)
DESFAVORECIDAS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged women)
DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
POBRES (poor)
TRABAJADORAS SEXUALES (sexual female workers)
DESEMPLEADOS (unemployed)
UP: inactivo (non working), parado (unemployed), sin empleo (unemployed),
sin trabajo (unemployed)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
TR: ANCIANOS (elderly men)
DESEMPLEADAS (unemployed women)
DESFAVORECIDOS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged men)
DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
POBRES (poor)
DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
UP: paro (unemployment)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
TR: DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)


NA: desempleo peridico debido a variaciones del ciclo econmico
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
TR: DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)
DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (underemployment)
DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)
DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
TR: DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)
DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (underemployment)
DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (undermployment)
NA: se refiere a la mano de obra potencial que no se considera

DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)


TG: EMPLEO (employment)
DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
TR: DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)
DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)
DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (underemployment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
UP: desempleo tcnico (technical unemployment), desempleo tecnolgico
(technological unemployment), paro tcnico (technical unemployment), paro
tecnolgico (technological unemployment)
NA: desempleo causado por los cambios de la estructura de la
economa
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
TR: DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)
DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)
DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (underemployment)
DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)
UP: desempleo de los jvenes (youth unemployment)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
TR: DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)
DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)
DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (underemployment)
DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
TR: ABSTINENCIA SEXUAL (sexual abstinence)
ACTITUD SEXUAL (sexual attitude)
AUTOEROTISMO (autoeroticism)
ATRACCIN SEXUAL (sexual attraction)

173

S I S T E M T I C A

DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)


TG: EMPLEO (employment)
DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
TR: DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)
DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (underemployment)
DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)

TG: EMPLEO (employment)


DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
TR: DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)
DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)
DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)

P R E S E N T A C I N

EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)


EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
SUSPENSIN LABORAL (suspension from work)
TE: DESEMPLEO A LARGO PLAZO (long-term unemployment)
DESEMPLEO CCLICO (cyclical unemployment)
DESEMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (women unemployment)
DESEMPLEO ENCUBIERTO (underemployment)
DESEMPLEO ESTACIONAL (seasonal employment)
DESEMPLEO ESTRUCTURAL (structural unemployment)
DESEMPLEO JUVENIL (youth unemployment)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

PAREJA SEXUAL (sexual partners)


PRCTICAS SEXUALES (sexual practices)
TE: EXCITACIN (excitation)
ERECCIN (erection)
LIBIDO (libido)
ORGASMO (orgasm)
DESFAVORECIDAS EDUCACIONALES
(educationally disadvantaged women)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
TR: ANCIANAS (elderly women)
DESEMPLEADAS (unemployed women)
DESFAVORECIDOS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged men)
DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
POBRES (poor)
PRISIONERAS (prisoner women)
TRABAJADORAS SEXUALES (sexual female workers)
TE: ANALFABETAS (illiterate women)
DESFAVORECIDOS EDUCACIONALES
(educationally disadvantaged men)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
TR: ANCIANOS (elderly men)
DESEMPLEADOS (unemployed)
DESFAVORECIDAS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged women)
DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
POBRES (poor)
PRISIONEROS (prisoner men)
TE: ANALFABETOS (illiterate men)
DESIGUALDAD (unequality)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
IGUALDAD (equality)
TR: IGUALDAD DE DERECHOS (equality of rights)
IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES
(equal opportunities policy)
DESIGUALDADES (inequalities)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)
TR: DIFERENCIAS (differences)
DIVERSIDAD (diversity)
ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
IGUALDAD DE GNERO (gender equality)
RACISMO (racism)
SEXISMO (sexism)

174

DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family desorganization)


UP: desintegracin familiar (family disintegration)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
TR: ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)
ADICCIONES (addictions)
DELINCUENCIA (delinquency)
POBREZA (poverty)
PORNOGRAFA (pornography)
SUICIDIO (suicide)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)
UP: disolucin de la familia (family dissolution), separacin (separation),
desintegracin de la familia (family break up)
TG: RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)
TR: DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of
labour)
ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
ENTORNO FAMILIAR (family environment)
PAPEL DE LA FAMILIA (family roles)
PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)
POLTICA SOCIAL (social policy)
TAMAO DE LA FAMILIA (family size)
UNIDAD DOMSTICA (home unit)
TE: ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)
AUSENCIA MATERNAL (maternal absence)
AUSENCIA PATERNAL (paternal absence)
RELACIN INTERGENERACIONAL (intergenerational
relation)
DESPIDO (dismissal)
TG: RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
CIERRE PATRONAL (lockout)
TR: CIERRES DE EMPRESAS (lockout)
DISCIPLINA (discipline)
HUELGA (strikes)
DESPLAZADAS (displaced women)
TG: MIGRANTES (migrants)
REFUGIADAS (refugee women)
TR: REFUGIADAS POLTICAS (political refugees women)
DESPLAZADOS (displaced men)
TG: MIGRANTES (migrants)
REFUGIADOS (refugees)
TR: REFUGIADOS POLTICOS (political refugees men)
DETERMINACIN DE SALARIO (wage determination)
TG: POLTICA SALARIAL (wage policy)
ASALARIADOS (wage earner)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

DA INTERNACIONAL DE LA MUJER (international day of women)


TG: GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
TR: CAMPAAS DE PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women
promotion campaign)
CIUDADANA DE LAS MUJERES (womens citizenship)
MOVIMIENTOS DE MUJERES (womens movements)
MOVIMIENTOS DE HOMOSEXUALES Y LESBIANAS (homosexuals and lesbians movements)
ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES
(womens political participation)
REPRESENTACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (political
representation of women)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)

DIAFRAGMA (diaphragm, cap)


TG: ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS MECNICOS (mechanic contraceptives)
TR: DIU (IUD)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TR: ATESMO (atheism)
BINARISMO (binarism)
DETERMINISMO (determinism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
DICTADURA (dictatorship)
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
TR: ESTADO (state)
DIETAS (diets)
TG: CUERPO (body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
TR: IMAGEN DE LAS MUJERES (women appearance)
BELLEZA (beauty)
COSMTICA (cosmetics)
CIRUGA PLSTICA (plastic surgery)
DIETTICA (dietetics)
UP: dieta (diet), rgimen alimenticio (diet)
TG: SISTEMA MDICO (medical system)
TR: ACUPUNTURA (acupuncture)
HOMEOPATA (homeopathy)
MEDICINA PREVENTIVA (preventive medicine)
MEDICINA TRADICIONAL (traditional medicine)
DIFERENCIA (difference)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies

175

S I S T E M T I C A

DETERMINISMO (determinism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TR: ATESMO (atheism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)

FRAILES (friars)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: ESCALA DE SALARIOS (pay scale)


INCENTIVOS SALARIALES (wage incentives)
INDEMNIZACIN POR CESANTA (redundancy pay)
SALARIO BASE (basic wage)
SALARIO MNIMO (minimum wage)
SALARIO MNIMO INTERPROFESIONAL (guaranteed
minimum wage)
TASA DEL SALARIO (wage rate)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

and feminism)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
TE: DIFERENCIA SEXUAL (sexual difference)
DESCONSTRUCCIN (deconstruction)
ESENCIALISMO (essentialism)
TRANSGRESIN (transgression)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
TG: IDENTIDAD (identity)
TR: AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)
AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)
INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)
AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)
DIFERENCIACIN CULTURAL (cultural differentiation)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
TR: CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)
IDENTIDAD CULTURAL (cultural identity)
SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
TE: DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL (cultural discrimination)
MINORAS CULTURALES (cultural minorities)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
TR: CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
ESTATUS SOCIAL (social status)
INDICADORES SOCIALES (social indicators)
INEQUIDADES SOCIALES (social inequality)
ROLES SOCIALES (social roles)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
TG: ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social structure)
TR: ARISTOCRACIA (aristocracy)
CASTAS (caste)
CLASE GOBERNANTE (ruling class)
ELITE (elite)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
REALEZA (royalty)
DIFERENCIAS (differences)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)

176

TR: DESIGUALDADES (inequalities)


DIVERSIDAD (diversity)
ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
IGUALDAD DE GNERO (gender equality)
RACISMO (racism)
SEXISMO (sexism)
DIFERENCIAS SEXUALES (sexual differences)
TG: SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)
TR: CUERPO (body)
TE: ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
DIFICULTAD EN EL APRENDIZAJE (learning disabilities)
UP: problemas de aprendizaje (learning problems), problemas de asimilacin (assimilation problems)
TG: APRENDIZAJE (learning)
TR: DISPONIBILIDAD PARA EL APRENDIZAJE (learning
readiness)
PROCESO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning processes)
TE: DISLEXIA (dyslexia)
INTERS (APRENDIZAJE) (interest) (learning)
RETENCIN (retention)
RETROINFORMACIN (APRENDIZAJE) (feedback)
(learning)
DIFUSIN TECNOLGICA (diffusion of technology)
UP: diffusion de innovaciones (innovations diffusion)
TG: TECNOLOGA (technology)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
TE: CONOCIMIENTOS TECNOLGICOS (technological
knowledge)
DEPENDENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological dependence)
INNOVACIONES (innovations)
TRANSFERENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological transfer)
DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
TG: DEMOGRAFA Y POBLACIN (demography and population)
TR: DEMOGRAFA (demography)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN POR SEXO
(population distribution by sex)
DISTRIBUCIN POR EDAD (age distribution)
ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)
MIGRACIN (migration)
POBLACIN (population)
TE: DECREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population decrease)
ENVEJECIMIENTO (ageing population)
ESPERANZA DE VIDA (life expectancy)
INCREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population increase)
MORBILIDAD (morbidity) (sick rate)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

DINMICAS GRUPALES (groupal dynamics)


TG: PSICOLOGA SOCIAL (social psychology)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
CONFLICTO (conflict)
GRUPOS (groups)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
INTERVENCIN SOCIAL (social intervention)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
DIOS (god)
TG: CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
DEIDADES (deities)
TR: DIOSAS (goddesses)
DIOSAS (goddesses)
TG: CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
DEIDADES (deities)
TR: DIOS (god)
DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
UP: incapacitada (handicapped woman), invlida (disabled woman), minusvlida (handicapped woman)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
TR: ANCIANAS (elderly women)
DESEMPLEADAS (unemployed women)
DESFAVORECIDAS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged women)
DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
POBRES (poor)
TE: DISCAPACITADAS FSICAS (physically disabled women)
DISCAPACITADAS MENTALES (mentally disabled women)
MULTIMINUSVLIDA (multiply disabled woman)

DISCAPACITADAS MENTALES (mentally disabled women)


UP: deficientes mentales (mentally disabled person), retrasados mentales
(mentally handicapped)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
TR: DEMENCIA (dementia)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
UP: incapacitado (handicapped man), invlido (disabled man), minusvlido
(handicapped man)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
TR: ANCIANOS (elderly men)
DESEMPLEADOS (unemployed)
DESFAVORECIDOS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged men)
DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
POBRES (poor)
TE: DISCAPACITADOS FSICOS (physically disabled men)
DISCAPACITADOS MENTALES (mentally disabled men)
MULTIMINUSVLIDO (multiply disabled man)
DISCAPACITADOS FSICOS (physically disabled men)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
TR: MULTIMINUSVLIDO (multiply disabled man)
TE: CIEGOS (blind men)
SORDOS (deaf men)
DISCAPACITADOS MENTALES (mentally disabled men)
UP: deficientes mentales (mentally disabled person), retrasados mentales
(mentally handicapped)
TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
TR: DEMENCIA (dementia)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
DISCIPLINA (discipline)
TG: TICA (ethics)
CONCEPTOS MORALES (moral concepts)
TR: CARIDAD (charity)
CRISIS MORAL (moral crisis)
LEALTAD (allegiance)
RESPONSABILIDAD (responsibility)

177

S I S T E M T I C A

DINMICAS CULTURALES (cultural dynamics)


TG: CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)
TR: CRISIS CULTURALES (cultural crisis)
INNOVACIONES CULTURALES (cultural innovations)
REVOLUCIN CULTURAL (cultural revolution)
DINMICAS DEL GRUPO (group dynamics)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
GRUPOS (groups)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO GRUPAL (group behaviour)
RELACIONES DE GNERO EN EL CONTEXTO
ESCOLAR (gender relations in school environment)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)

DISCAPACITADAS FSICAS (physically disabled women)


TG: GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
TR: MULTIMINUSVLIDA (multiply disabled woman)
TE: CIEGAS (blind women)
SORDAS (deaf women)

P R E S E N T A C I N

MORTALIDAD (mortality) (death rate)


NUPCIALIDAD (nuptiality)
PROBLEMAS DE POBLACIN (population problems)
TASA DE FECUNDIDAD (fertility rate)
TASA DE NATALIDAD (birth rate)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

DISCIPLINA (discipline)
TG: RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
CIERRE PATRONAL (lockout)
TR: CIERRES DE EMPRESAS (lockout)
DESPIDO (dismissal)
HUELGA (strikes)
DISCIPLINA ESCOLAR (school discipline)
UP: autoridad escolar (shool authority)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
TR: AMBIENTE DE LA CLASE (classroom environment)
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL DOCENTE (teachers behaviour)
RELACIN ESTUDIANTE-ESCUELA (school-student
relationship)
RELACIN PROFESOR-ALUMNO (student-teacher relationship)
TE: CASTIGO ESCOLAR (school punishment)
PREMIO ESCOLAR (school rewards)
DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientific subjects)
TG: CIENCIAS Y TECNOLOGAS (science and technology)
TR: DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)
ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (science studies)
INVESTIGACIN (research)
MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TE: CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
DISCPULOS (disciples)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
TR: CLERO (clergy)
DISIDENTES RELIGIOSOS (religious dissidents)
EVANGELISTAS (evangelists)
LDERES RELIGIOSOS (religious leaders)
MISIONEROS (missionaries)
MONJES (monks)
PREDICADORES (preachers)
SACERDOTES (priest)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA JUSTICIA (administration of justice)
ALIENACIN SOCIAL (social alienation)
CONFLICTO SOCIAL (social conflict)
DERECHOS HUMANOS (human rights)
DERECHOS HUMANOS COLECTIVOS (collective human
rights)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
TE: DISCRIMINACIN ANTE LA LEY (discrimination before
the law)
DISCRIMINACIN DE GNERO (gender discrimination)

178

DISCRIMINACIN ECONMICA (economic discrimination)


DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL (labour discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN POR EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RELIGIOSA (religious discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sex discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
TR: DIFERENCIA (difference)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)
TE: DISCRIMINACIN CONTRA LA MUJER (discrimination
against women)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN ANTE LA LEY (discrimination before the law)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN DE GNERO (gender discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN ECONMICA (economic discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL (labour discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN POR EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RELIGIOSA (religious discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sex discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN CONTRA LA MUJER
(discrimination against women)
TG: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)
TE: DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL DE LA MUJER
(cultural discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN JURDICA DE LA MUJER
(judicial discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL DE LA MUJER
(labour discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER
(politic discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL (cultural discrimination)
TG: DIFERENCIACIN CULTURAL (cultural differentiation)
TR: MINORAS CULTURALES (culture minorities)
DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL DE LA MUJER
(cultural discrimination against women)
TG: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN CONTRA LA MUJER (discrimination
against women)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN JURDICA DE LA MUJER (judicial
discrimination against women)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

DISCRIMINACIN ECONMICA (economic discrimination)


TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN ANTE LA LEY (discrimination before the
law)
DISCRIMINACIN DE GNERO (gender discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN POR EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL (labour discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)
TE: INTEGRACIN ESCOLAR (school integration)
DESAGREGACIN (disintegration)
DESIGUALDADES (inequalities)
DIFERENCIAS (differences)
DIVERSIDAD (diversity)
ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
IGUALDAD DE GNERO (gender equality)
RACISMO (racism)
SEXISMO (sexism)
DISCRIMINACIN EN EL TRABAJO
(discrimination in the workplace)
TG: ECONOMA Y RELACIONES SOCIALES (economy and
social relations)
TRABAJO (work) (job)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN SALARIAL (wage discrimination)
SEGREGACIN EN EL MERCADO DE TRABAJO
(sexual segregation in the labour market)
EXPLOTACIN ECONMICA (economic exploitation)

DISCRIMINACIN JURDICA DE LA MUJER (judicial discrimination against women)


TG: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN CONTRA LA MUJER (discrimination
against women)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL DE LA MUJER (cultural discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL DE LA MUJER (labour
discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (politic
discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL (labour discrimination)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN ANTE LA LEY (discrimination before the
law)
DISCRIMINACIN DE GNERO (gender discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN ECONMICA (economic discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN POR EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sex discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL DE LA MUJER
(labour discrimination against women)
TG: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN CONTRA LA MUJER (discrimination
against women)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL DE LA MUJER
(cultural discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN JURDICA DE LA MUJER (judicial
discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (politic
discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (politic discrimination against women)
TG: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN CONTRA LA MUJER (discrimination
against women)

179

S I S T E M T I C A

DISCRIMINACIN DE GNERO (gender discrimination)


TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN ANTE LA LEY (discrimination before the
law)
DISCRIMINACIN ECONMICA (economic discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL (labour discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN POR EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sex discrimination)

DISCRIMINACIN EN LOS LIBROS DIDCTICOS


(discrimination in textbooks)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
TR: CRTICA FEMINISTA (feminist criticism)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE EL CURRCULO (research into
the curriculum)
TE: DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)
LENGUAJE NO SEXISTA (non-sexist language)
SEXISMO EN EL CURRCULO (sexism in the curriculum)

P R E S E N T A C I N

DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL DE LA MUJER (labour


discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (politic
discrimination against women)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

TR: DISCRIMINACIN CULTURAL DE LA MUJER


(cultural discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN JURDICA DE LA MUJER (judicial
discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN LABORAL DE LA MUJER (labour
discrimination against women)
DISCRIMINACIN POR EDAD (age discrimination)
UP: discriminacin basada en la edad (age discrimination)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN DE GNERO (gender discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sex discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN DE GNERO (gender discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN POR EDAD (age discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sex discrimination)
TE: CONFLICTOS RACIALES (racial conflict)
POLTICA RACIAL (racial policy)
DISCRIMINACIN RELIGIOSA (religious discrimination)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN ANTE LA LEY (discrimination before the
law)
DISCRIMINACIN RACIAL (racial discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN RELIGIOSA (religious discrimination)
TG: SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
TR: CONFLICTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious conflicts)
COMPORTAMIENTO RELIGIOSO (religious behaviour)
MINORAS RELIGIOSAS (religious minorities)
SEGREGACIN RELIGIOSA (religious segregation)
TOLERANCIA RELIGIOSA (religious toleration)
DISCRIMINACIN SALARIAL (wage discrimination)
TG: ECONOMA Y RELACIONES SOCIALES (economy and
social relations)
TRABAJO (work) (job)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN EN EL TRABAJO (discrimination in the
workplace)
SEGREGACIN EN EL MERCADO DE TRABAJO
(sexual segregation in the labour market)
EXPLOTACIN ECONMICA (economic exploitation)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)
TG: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN CONTRA LA MUJER (discrimination
against women)

180

TE: HOMOFOBIA (homophobia)


LESBOFOBIA (lesbophobia)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD COMPULSIVA (compulsive
heterosexuality)
MISOGINIA (misogyny)
DISEADORAS (women designers)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
TR: DISEADORES (men designers)
DISEADORES (men designers)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
TR: DISEADORAS (women designers)
DISEO (design)
TG: TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TR: METODOLOGA (methodology)
ESTUDIOS DE CASO (case studies)
EXPERIMENTOS (experiments)
MONITOREO (monitoring)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN
TRABAJO DE CAMPO (field work)
DISEO DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research design)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
TR: CONCEPTUALIZACIN (conceptualization)
METODOLOGA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (methodology of the social sciences)
MTODOS DE MEDIDA (measurement methods)
ORGANIZACIN Y APLICACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (organization and application of research)
PROCESAMIENTO DE DATOS E INTERPRETACIN
(data processing and interpretation)
RECOLECCIN DE LOS DATOS (data collection)
UNIDADES DE INVESTIGACIN (research units)
TE: FORMULACIN DE LAS HIPTESIS (formulation of
hypotheses)
FORMULACIN DEL PROBLEMA (formulation of problem)
DISEO DE LA MUESTRA (simple design)
TG: UNIDADES DE INVESTIGACIN (research units)
MUESTREO (sampling)
TR: MUESTREO ESTADSTICO (sampling statistics)
MUESTREO TERICO (sampling theory)
DISIDENTES RELIGIOSOS (religious dissidents)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)
TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
TR: ASILOS (asylums)
BANCOS DE SANGRE (blood banks)
CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
PACIENTES (patients)
DISPONIBILIDAD PARA EL APRENDIZAJE (learning readiness)
TG: APRENDIZAJE (learning)
TR: DIFICULTAD EN EL APRENDIZAJE (learning disabilities)
PROCESO DE APRENDIZAJE (learning processes)
TE: PREPARACIN PARA LA LECTURA (reading readiness)
DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD (safety devices)
TG: SEGURIDAD LABORAL (industrial safety)
TR: ACCIDENTES DEL TRABAJO (industrial accidents)
ENFERMEDADES OCUPACIONALES (occupational diseases)
HIGIENE DEL TRABAJO (occupational hygiene)
MEDICINA DEL TRABAJO (occupational medicine)
DISTINCIN PBLICO Y PRIVADO (public-private distinction)
TG: GNERO (gender)
TR: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (womens studies)
PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)
RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
SISTEMAS DE GNERO (gender systems)
SOCIALIZACIN DE GNERO (gender socialization)
ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)

DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN ESTUDIANTE POR


SEXO (student population distribution by sex)
TG: DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN POR SEXO
(population distribution by sex)
TR: SEXO (sex)
GRUPOS DE EDAD (age groups)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN POR SEXO (population
distribution by sex)
TG: DEMOGRAFA Y POBLACIN (demography and population)
TR: DEMOGRAFA (demography)
DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
DISTRIBUCIN POR EDAD (age distribution)
POBLACIN (population)
TE: DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN ESTUDIANTE
POR SEXO (student population distribution by sex)
SEXO (sex)
DISTRIBUCIN DEL INGRESO (income distribution)
TG: INGRESO Y RIQUEZA (income and wealth)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO ECONMICO (economic behaviour)
TE: INGRESO (income)
POBREZA (poverty)
RIQUEZA (wealth)
DISTRIBUCIN POR EDAD (age distribution)
TG: DEMOGRAFA Y POBLACIN (demography and population)
TR: DEMOGRAFA (demography)
DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN POR SEXO
(population distribution by sex)
POBLACIN (population)
TE: GRUPOS DE EDAD (age groups)
DISTURBIO (riot)
TG: VIOLENCIA (violence)
VIOLENCIA COLECTIVA (collective violence)
TR: VANDALISMO (vandalism)
DISTURBIO (riots)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
CRISIS POLTICA (political crisis)
TR: CONFLICTO POLTICO (political conflicts)
GOLPE DE ESTADO (coups detat)
GUERRA CIVIL (civil war)
GUERRILLA (guerrilla)

181

S I S T E M T I C A

DISLEXIA (dyslexia)
TG: APRENDIZAJE (learning)
DIFICULTAD EN EL APRENDIZAJE (learning disabilities)
TR: DESARROLLO COGNITIVO (cognitive development)
RETENCIN (retention)
RETROINFORMACIN (APRENDIZAJE) (feedback)
(learning)

DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN (population distribution)


TG: DEMOGRAFA (demography)
TR: CENSOS DE POBLACIN (population censuses)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA POBLACIN (population reserach)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: CLERO (clergy)


DISCPULOS (disciples)
EVANGELISTAS (evangelists)
HEREJA (heresy)
LDERES RELIGIOSOS (religious leaders)
MISIONEROS (missionaries)
MONJES (monks)
PREDICADORES (preachers)
SACERDOTES (priest)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

DIU (IUD)
TG: ANTICONCEPTIVOS (contraceptives)
ANTICONCEPTIVOS MECNICOS (mechanic contraceptives)
TR: DIAFRAGMA (diaphragm, cap)
DIVERSIDAD (diversity)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)
TR: DESIGUALDADES (inequalities)
DIFERENCIAS (differences)
ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
IGUALDAD DE GNERO (gender equality)
RACISMO (racism)
SEXISMO (sexism)
DIVISIN DE PODERES (power division)
UP: sistema parlamentario (parliamentary systems), sistema bicameral
(bicameral system, two chamber system)
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
DEMOCRACIA (democracy)
TR: DFICIT DEMOCRTICO (democratic deficit)
DEMOCRACIA PARITARIA (parity democracy)
DIVISIN INTERNACIONAL DEL TRABAJO (international
division of labour)
TG: TEORA ECONMICA (economic theory)
TR: DOCTRINAS ECONMICAS (economic doctrines)
EQUILIBRIO ECONMICO (economic equilibrium)
DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)
TG: GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
TR: DOBLE JORNADA (double day, double shift)
DOMESTICIDAD (domesticity)
TECHO DE VIDRIO (glass ceiling)
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
TRABAJO FEMENINO (female labour)
DIVORCIO (divorce)
TG: MATRIMONIO (marriage)
TR: DIVORCIO (divorce)
NULIDAD DEL MATRIMONIO (marriage nullity)
OBLIGACIN DE ALIMENTOS (food obligations)
PENSIN ALIMENTICIA (alimony, maintenance)
POLIGAMIA (polygamy)
RGIMEN ECONMICO DEL MATRIMONIO
(economic rules of marriage)
SEPARACIN LEGAL (legal separation)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double-working)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
TR: DESEMPLEO (unemployment)

182

EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)


EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)
EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
SUSPENSIN LABORAL (suspension from work)
DOBLE JORNADA (double day, double shift)
TG: GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
TR: DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)
DOMESTICIDAD (domesticity)
TECHO DE VIDRIO (glass ceiling)
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
TRABAJO FEMENINO (female labour)
DOCENTE (teacher)
UP: maestro (teacher), profesor (teacher), alfabetizador (literacy tutor)
TG: PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
TR: ADMINISTRADOR DE LA EDUCACIN (educational
administrator)
TE: DOCENTE MUJER (woman teacher)
EDUCADORA DE ADULTOS (adult educators woman)
EDUCADOR DE ADULTOS (adult educators man)
FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)
INSTRUCTORA (trainers woman)
INSTRUCTOR (trainers man)
PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching
personnel)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational
personnel)
DOCENTE MUJER (woman teacher)
UP: maestra (woman teacher), profesora (woman teacher)
TG: PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
DOCENTE (teacher)
TR: DOCENTE MUJER (woman teacher)
EDUCADORA DE ADULTOS (adult educators woman)
FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)
INSTRUCTORA (trainers woman)
PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching
personnel)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational personnel)
DOCTRINAS ECONMICAS (economic doctrines)
TG: TEORA ECONMICA (economic theory)

DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)


UP: ideologa politica (political ideologies)
TG: ESTADO, GOBIERNO Y POLTICA (state, government and
politics)
TR: CIENCIA POLTICA (political science)
MOVIMIENTO POLTICO (political movement)
SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
SOCIOLOGA POLTICA (political sociology)
TE: ANARQUISMO (anarchism)
CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
COMUNISMO (communism)
SOCIALISMO (socialism)
CONSERVATISMO (conservatism)
FEDERALISMO (federalism)
IMPERIALISMO (imperialism)
INTERNACIONALISMO (internationalism)
LIBERALISMO (liberalism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
MILITARISMO (militarism)
NACIONALISMO (nationalism)
PACIFISMO (pacifism)
PLURALISMO (pluralism)
REGIONALISMO (regionalism)
SEPARATISMO (separatism)
TECNOCRACIA (technocracy)
TOTALITARISMO (totalitarianism)
UTOPA (utopia)
DOCTRINAS RELIGIOSAS (religious doctrines)
TG: TEOLOGA (theology)
TR: CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
TRADICIN (tradition)
TE: HEREJA (heresy)
DOCUMENTAL (documentary)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
TR: CINE (cinema)
VIDEO (video)
TE: DOCUMENTALISTAS (documentary maker)
DOCUMENTALISTAS (documentary maker)
TG: ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
DOCUMENTAL (documentary)

DOMESTICIDAD (domesticity)
TG: GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
TR: DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of
labour)
DOBLE JORNADA (double day, double shift)
TECHO DE VIDRIO (glass ceiling)
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
TRABAJO FEMENINO (female labour)
DOMINACIN MASCULINA (masculine domination)
TG: GNERO (gender)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)
TR: MASCULINIDAD HEGEMNICA (hegemonic masculinity)
MODELOS DE MASCULINIDAD (masculinity models)
NUEVA MASCULINIDAD (new masculinity)
TE: ANDROCENTRISMO (androcentrism, male centeredness)
FALOCENTRISMO (male supremacy) (male chauvinism)
MACHISMO (male chauvinism, machismo)
DOTE (dowry)
TG: MATRIMONIO (marriage)
TR: EDAD DEL MATRIMONIO (age of marriage)
NUPCIALIDAD (nuptiality)
DRAMA (drama)
UP: tragedia (tragedy), comedia (comedy)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
GNEROS Y FORMAS LITERARIAS (genres and literary
forms)
TR: ACTRICES (actresses)
ACTORES (actors)
REPRESENTACIN (performance)

E
ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO(post-feminism)

183

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: DIVISIN INTERNACIONAL DEL TRABAJO


(international division of labour)
EQUILIBRIO ECONMICO (economic equilibrium)
TE: CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
COMUNISMO (communism)
SOCIALISMO (socialism)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ECONOMETRA (econometrics)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ECONOMA (economy)
TR: ECONOMA AGRARIA (agrarian economy)
ECONOMA AMBIENTAL (environmental economy)
ECONOMA DE LA CULTURA (cultural economy)
ECONOMA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational economy)
ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)
ECONOMA DEL TRANSPORTE (transportation economy)
MACROECONOMA (macroeconomics)
MICROECONOMA (microeconomics)
ECONOMA (economy)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
TR: HISTORIA (history)
ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)
RECESIN ECONMICA (economic recession)
RECUPERACIN ECONMICA (recovery economic)
COMPORTAMIENTO ECONMICO (economic behaviour)
ESTRUCTURA ECONMICA (economic structure)
RECURSOS ECONMICOS (economic resources)
RELACIONES ECONMICAS (economic relations)
COOPERACIN ECONMICA (economic cooperation)
PLANEACIN ECONMICA (economic planning)
ECONOMA COLECTIVA (collective economy)
ECONOMA DEL MERCADO (market economy)
ECONOMAS EN TRANSICIN (economies in transition)
EQUILIBRIO ECONMICO (economic equilibrium)
TE: ECONOMETRA (econometrics)
ECONOMA AGRARIA (agrarian economy)
ECONOMA AMBIENTAL (environmental economy)
ECONOMA DE LA CULTURA (cultural economy)
ECONOMA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational economy)
ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)
ECONOMA DEL TRANSPORTE (transportation economy)
MACROECONOMA (macroeconomics)
MICROECONOMA (microeconomics)
ECONOMA AGRARIA (agrarian economy)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ECONOMA (economy)
TR: SECTOR PRIMARIO (primary sector)
ECONOMETRA (econometrics)
ECONOMA AMBIENTAL (environmental economy)
ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)
AGRICULTURA (agricultural)
ECONOMA AMBIENTAL (environmental economy)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ECONOMA (economy)
TR: ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)
ECONOMETRA (econometrics)

184

ECONOMA DEL TRANSPORTE (transportation economy)


ASENTAMIENTO HUMANO (human settlement)
ECONOMA COLECTIVA (collective economy)
TG: SISTEMA ECONMICO (economic system)
TR: ECONOMA DE MERCADO (market economy)
ECONOMA DUAL (dual economy)
ECONOMAS EN TRANSICIN (economies in transition)
SECTOR INFORMAL (informal sector)
SECTOR PRIVADO (private sector)
SECTOR PBLICO (public sector)
TE: PROPIEDAD PBLICA (public ownership)
ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)
UP: economa de la investigacin (economics research), economa de la
tecnologa (economics of technology)
TG: CIENCIAS Y TECNOLOGAS (sciences and technology)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)
ECONOMA (economy)
INVESTIGACIN (research)
POLTICA CIENTFICA (science policy)
TE: FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA CIENCIA (science financing or
science funding)
TENDENCIAS DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research trends)
ECONOMA DE LA CULTURA (cultural economy)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ECONOMA (economy)
TR: ECONOMETRA (econometrics)
ECONOMA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational economy)
ADMINISTRACIN CULTURAL (cultural administration)
GESTIN CULTURAL (cultural management)
ECONOMA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational economy)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ECONOMA (educational economy)
TR: EDUCACIN (education)
ECONOMETRA (econometrics)
ECONOMA DE LA CULTURA (cultural economy)
CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
ESTADSTICAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational statistics)
ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)
FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA CIENCIA (science financing or
science funding)
ECONOMA DE LA PROSTITUCIN (economics of prostitution)
TG: INDUSTRIA DEL SEXO (sex industry) (adult industry)
PROSTITUCIN (prostitution)
TR: SOCIOLOGA DE LA PROSTITUCIN (sociology of
prostitution)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)


TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ECONOMA (economy)
TR: ECONOMETRA (econometrics)
ECONOMA AGRARIA (agrarian economy)
ECONOMA DEL TRANSPORTE (transportation economy)
PRODUCCIN (production)
TRABAJO (work) (job)
DIVISIN INTERNACIONAL DEL TRABAJO (international division of labour)
ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)
TG: MERCADO DE TRABAJO (labour market)
TR: DIVISIN DEL TRABAJO (division of labour)
ESTABILIDAD LABORAL (labour stability)
ESTADSTICAS DEL TRABAJO (labour statistics)
ANLISIS DE GNERO (gender analysis)
MANO DE OBRA (manpower)
MOVILIDAD LABORAL (labour mobility)
POLTICA LABORAL (labour policy)
PRODUCTIVIDAD LABORAL (labour productivity)
RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources)
ECONOMA DEL TRANSPORTE (transportation economy)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
ECONOMA (economy)
TR: ECONOMETRA (econometrics)

ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)


TG: RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)
TR: DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)
PAPEL DE LA FAMILIA (family roles)
PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)
POLTICA SOCIAL (social policy)
TAMAO DE LA FAMILIA (family size)
UNIDAD DOMSTICA (home unit)
TE: CONSUMO DOMSTICO (home consumption)
DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA (economic dependence)
INGRESOS DE HOGARES (home income)
PRESUPUESTO FAMILIAR (family budget)
REMESAS (remittance)
ECONOMA DUAL (dual economy)
TG: SISTEMA ECONMICO (economic system)
TR: ECONOMA COLECTIVA (collective economy)
ECONOMA DE MERCADO (market economy)
ECONOMAS EN TRANSICIN (economies in transition)
SECTOR INFORMAL (informal sector)
SECTOR PRIVADO (private sector)
SECTOR PBLICO (public sector)
ECONOMA NACIONAL (national economy)
TG: INTERDEPENDENCIA (interdependence)
CUENTAS NACIONALES (national accounting)
TR: INGRESO (income)
PRODUCTO NACIONAL BRUTO (gross national product)
TE: ECONOMA REGIONAL (regional economy)
INGRESOS NACIONALES (national income)
ECONOMA REGIONAL (regional economy)
TG: CUENTAS NACIONALES (national accounting)
ECONOMA NACIONAL (national economy)
TR: INGRESOS NACIONALES (national income)
ECONOMA Y GNERO (gender and economy)
TG: ECONOMA Y RELACIONES SOCIALES (economy and
social relations)
TR: GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
TE: DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA DE LA MUJER (woman
economic dependence)
DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)
ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
FEMINIZACIN DE LA POBREZA (feminization of poverty)
IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
PARTICIPACIN ECONMICA DE LA MUJER
(womens economic participation)

185

S I S T E M T I C A

ECONOMA DE MERCADO (market economy)


TG: SISTEMA ECONMICO (economic system)
TR: ECONOMA COLECTIVA (collective economy)
ECONOMA DUAL (dual economy)
ECONOMAS EN TRANSICIN (economies in transition)
SECTOR INFORMAL (informal sector)
SECTOR PRIVADO (private sector)
SECTOR PBLICO (public sector)
TE: PROPIEDAD PRIVADA (private ownership)

ECONOMA AMBIENTAL (environmental economy)


SECTOR SERVICIOS (tertiary sector)
TRANSPORTES (transports)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ECONOMA DE LA SALUD (health economics)


UP: costes de salud (health costs), costes sanitarios (health costs), gastos
sanitarios (health spending)
TG: SALUD (health)
TR: ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
ADMINISTRACIN DE LA SALUD (health administration)
EDUCACIN PARA LA SALUD (health education)
ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
PROMOCIN DE LA SALUD (health policy)
SEGURO DE SALUD (health insurance)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TRABAJADORES DE LA SALUD (health workers)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

ECONOMAS EN TRANSICIN (economies in transition)


TG: SISTEMA ECONMICO (economic system)
TR: ECONOMA COLECTIVA (collective economy)
ECONOMA DE MERCADO (market economy)
ECONOMA DUAL (dual economy)
SECTOR INFORMAL (informal sector)
SECTOR PRIVADO (private sector)
SECTOR PBLICO (public sector)

POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)


SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
TE: CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
EDUCACIN COMPARADA (comparative education)
ESTADSTICAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational statistics)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (pedagogical research)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
EDUCACIN ALTERNATIVA (alternative education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
TR: EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES
(adolescent and young education)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
EDUCACIN DE LA MUJER (women education)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)
ENSEANZA PRIVADA (private education)

ECONOMISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist economists)


TG: FEMINISTAS (feminist)

TERICAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist theoreticians)
TR: FILSOFAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist philosophers)

EDUCACIN BILINGE (bilingual education)


TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
TR: ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)

ECUMENICALISMO (ecumenicalism)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
TR: CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO (orthodox Christianity)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO GRIEGO (Greek orthodox)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO ORIENTAL (eastern
orthodox)
IGLESIAS ORIENTALES (eastern churches)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)

EDUCACIN COMPARADA (comparative education)


TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)
EDUCACIN (education)
TR: CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
ESTADSTICAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational statistics)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (pedagogical research)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ECONOMA Y RELACIONES SOCIALES (economy and social


relations)
TG: ECONOMA (economy)
TR: SISTEMA ECONMICO (economic system)
TE: ECONOMA Y GNERO (economy and gender)
TRABAJO (work)

EDAD DEL MATRIMONIO (age of marriage)


TG: MATRIMONIO (marriage)
TR: COHABITACIN (cohabitation)
DOTE (dowry)
MATRIMONIO MIXTO (mixed marriage)
NUPCIALIDAD (nuptiality)
MATRIMONIOS ARREGLADOS (arranged marriages)
MATRIMONIOS ENTRE HOMOSEXUALES (gay marriage)
MATRIMONIO ENTRE LESBIANAS (lesbian marriage)
EDITORIALES (publishing)
TG: MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (media)
LIBROS (books)
TE: PROMOCIN DE LA LECTURA (reading promotion)
EDUCACIN (education)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social science)
TR: HISTORIA (history)
SOCIOLOGA (sociology)

186

EDUCACIN COMPARADA (comparative education)


TG: CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
TR: EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)
EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES
(adolescent and young education)
UP: educacin de las chicas (young girls education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
TR: EDUCACIN ALTERNATIVA (alternative education)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)
ENSEANZA PRIVADA (private education)
ENSEANZA PBLICA (public education)
EDUCACIN RELIGIOSA (religious education)
EDUCACIN TRADICIONAL (traditional education)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)

EDUCACIN DE LA MUJER (women education)


TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
TR: EDUCACIN ALTERNATIVA (alternative education)
EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES
(adolescent and young education)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
EDUCACIN DE LA MUJER (women education)
TE: EDUCACIN FSICA (physical education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
EDUCACIN DE LOS PADRES (parents education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
TR: RELACIN PADRES-ESCUELA (parents-school relationship)
EDUCACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
TR: INDUSTRIA Y EDUCACIN (industry and education)
EDUCACIN FSICA (physical education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
EDUCACIN DE LA MUJER (women education)
TR: EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)
ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)
ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)
IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
TR: EDUCACIN ALTERNATIVA (alternative education)
EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES
(adolescent and young education)
ENSEANZA PRIVADA (private education)
ENSEANZA PBLICA (public education)

EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)


TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)
ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)
IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
EDUCACIN PARA LA SALUD (health education)
TG: SALUD (health)
TR: ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
ADMINISTRACIN DE LA SALUD (health administration)
ECONOMA DE LA SALUD (health economics)
ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
PROMOCIN DE LA SALUD (health policy)
SEGURO DE SALUD (health insurance)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TRABAJADORES DE LA SALUD (health workers)
EDUCACIN RELIGIOSA (religious education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
TR: EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES
(adolescent and young education)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)
ENSEANZA PRIVADA (private education)
EDUCACIN TRADICIONAL (traditional education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
EDUCACIN DE LA MUJER (women education)
TR: EDUCACIN FSICA (physical education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
TG: SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)
TR: CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO (informed consent)
PLANIFICACIN FAMILIAR (family planning)
SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)
TE: EDUCACIN SEXUAL FORMAL (formal sex education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL INFORMAL (informal sexual
education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL NO FORMAL (non formal sex
education)
SABERES SEXUALES (sexual knowledge)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL FORMAL (formal sex education)
TG: EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
TR: EDUCACIN SEXUAL INFORMAL (informal sexual
education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL NO FORMAL (non formal sex
education)

187

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: APRENDIZAJE DE ADULTOS (adults learning)


EDUCACIN ALTERNATIVA (alternative education)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)
ENSEANZA PBLICA (public education)
EDUCACIN RELIGIOSA (religious education)
EDUCACIN TRADICIONAL (traditional education)
TE: EDUCACIN DE LOS PADRES (parents education)
EDUCACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers education)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

SABERES SEXUALES (sexual knowledge)


TE: CURRCULA (curriculum)
PAPEL DE LOS PROFESORES (teachers role)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

EDUCACIN SEXUAL INFORMAL (informal sexual education)


TG: EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
TR: EDUCACIN SEXUAL FORMAL (formal sex education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL NO FORMAL (non formal sex
education)
SABERES SEXUALES (sexual knowledge)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL NO FORMAL (non formal sex education)
TG: EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
TR: EDUCACIN SEXUAL FORMAL (formal sex education)
EDUCACIN SEXUAL INFORMAL (informal sexual
education)
SABERES SEXUALES (sexual knowledge)
TE: ONG (NGOs)
IGLESIA (church)
EDUCACIN TRADICIONAL (traditional education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
TR: EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES
(adolescent and young education)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)
ENSEANZA PBLICA (public education)
EDUCACIN RELIGIOSA (religious education)
EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)
ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)
ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)
IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
EDUCADOR DE ADULTOS (adult educators man)
TG: PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
DOCENTE (teacher)
TR: FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)
INSTRUCTOR (trainers man)
PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching
personnel)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational
personnel)
EDUCADORA DE ADULTOS (adult educators woman)
TG: PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
DOCENTE (teacher)
TR: DOCENTE MUJER (woman teacher)
EDUCADORA DE ADULTOS (adult educators woman)

188

FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)


INSTRUCTORA (trainers woman)
PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching
personnel)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational
personnel)
EGOSMO (egoism)
TG: PERSONALIDAD (personality)
RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality traits)
TR: ASERTIVIDAD (assertiveness)
AUTOCONTROL (self-control)
AUTORITARISMO (authoritarianism)
CONFORMIDAD (conformity)
EMPATA (empathy)
FANATISMO (fanaticism)
PASIVIDAD (passivity)
ELABORACIN (elaboration)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
PROCESAMIENTO E INTERPRETACIN DE DATOS
(data processing and interpretation)
TR: ANLISIS DE CONTENIDO (content analysis)
ANLISIS SECUNDARIO (secondary analysis)
CODIFICACIN (coding)
INTERPRETACIN (interpretation)
METAANLISIS (meta analysis)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
ELECCIONES (elections)
UP: comicios (elections), escrutinio (scrutiny), plebiscito (plebiscite),
referndum (referendum), sufragio (suffrage), votacin (voting)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
SISTEMA ELECTORAL (electoral systems)
TR: CAMPAAS ELECTORALES (election campaign)
CANDIDATAS (candidate)
ELECTORADO (electorate, voters)
VOTO (vote)
INSTITUCIONES ELECTORALES (electoral institutions)
ELECTORADO (electorate, voters)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
SISTEMA ELECTORAL (electoral systems)
TR: ELECCIONES (elections)
CAMPAAS ELECTORALES (election campaign)
CANDIDATAS (candidate)
PADRN ELECTORAL (electoral register)
VOTO (vote)
INSTITUCIONES ELECTORALES (electoral institutions)
TE: ELECTORADO FEMENINO (female electorate)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

EMANCIPACIN DE LA MUJER (womens emancipation)


TG: GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)
TR: AUTONOMA (autonomy)
DERECHOS (rights)
TE: EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)
EMANCIPACIN FAMILIAR (emancipation)
TG: DERECHO DE FAMILIA (family law)
TR: ABANDONO DEL HOGAR (desertion)
ADOPCIN (adoption)
CUSTODIA (custody)
FILIACIN (affiliation)
LEGISLACIN FAMILIAR (family legislation)
MEDIACIN FAMILIAR (family mediation)
PATRIA POTESTAD (paternal authority)
EMBARAZO (pregnancy)
TG: POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)
COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive
behaviour)
TR: EDUCACIN SEXUAL (sexual education)
ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)
TE: EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent pregnancy)
EMBARAZO NO DESEADO (unwanted pregnancy)
MORTALIDAD MATERNA E INFANTIL (maternal and
infant mortality)
EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent pregnancy)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive
behaviour)

EMIGRACIN (emigration)
TG: MIGRACIN (migration)
TR: INMIGRACIN (immigration)
MIGRACIN INFANTIL (children migration)
MIGRACIN INTERNA (internal migration)
MIGRACIN LABORAL (labour migration)
MIGRACIN DE RETORNO (return migration)
MOVILIDAD RESIDENCIAL (residential mobility)
NOMADISMO (nomadism)
POLTICA MIGRATORIA (migration policy)
EXILIADAS (exiled women)
EXILIADOS (exiled men)
EMOCIONES (emotions)
UP: sentimientos (feelings)
TG: PSICOLOGA E IDENTIDAD (psychology and identity)
TR: ACTITUD (attitude)
COMPORTAMIENTO (behaviour)
TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TE: AMOR (love)
ANSIEDAD (anxiety)
CELOS (jealousy)
CULPA (guilt)
MIEDO (fear)
ODIO (hate)
PASIN (passion)
PLACER (pleasure)
SOLEDAD (loneliness)
TRISTEZA (sadness)
AFECTIVIDAD (affectivity)
EMPATA (empathy)
TG: PERSONALIDAD (personality)
RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality traits)
TR: ASERTIVIDAD (assertiveness)
AUTOCONTROL (self-control)
AUTORITARISMO (authoritarianism)
CONFORMIDAD (conformity)
EGOSMO (egoism)

189

S I S T E M T I C A

ELITE INTELECTUAL (intelligensia)


TG: ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social structure)
ELITE (elite)

EMBARAZO (pregnancy)
TR: EMBARAZO NO DESEADO (unwanted pregnancy)
MORTALIDAD MATERNA E INFANTIL (maternal and
infant mortality)
EMBARAZO NO DESEADO (unwanted pregnancy)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive
behaviour)
EMBARAZO (pregnancy)
TR: EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE (adolescent pregnancy)
MORTALIDAD MATERNA E INFANTIL (maternal and
infant mortality)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ELECTORADO FEMENINO (female electorate)


TG: SISTEMA ELECTORAL (electoral systems)
ELECTORADO (electorate, voters)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO ELECTORAL DE LAS MUJERES (electoral behaviour of women)
VOTO FEMENINO (womens suffrage)
ELITE (elite)
TG: ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social structure)
TR: ARISTOCRACIA (aristocracy)
CASTAS (caste)
CLASE GOBERNANTE (ruling class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
REALEZA (royalty)
TE: ELITE INTELECTUAL (intelligentsia)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

FANATISMO (fanaticism)
PASIVIDAD (passivity)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TR: ATESMO (atheism)
DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
EMPLEADAS DEL GOBIERNO (women government employees)
TG: POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)
BUROCRACIA (bureaucracy) (civil service)
TR: EMPLEADOS DEL GOBIERNO (men government employees)
EMPLEADOS DEL GOBIERNO (men government employees)
TG: POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)
BUROCRACIA (bureaucracy) (civil service)
TR: EMPLEADAS DEL GOBIERNO (women government employees)
EMPLEO (employment)
TG: TRABAJO (work) (job)
TR: MERCADO DE TRABAJO (labour market)
RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
SEGURIDAD LABORAL (industrial safety)
TRABAJO (work) (job)
TE: DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)
EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)

190

SUSPENSIN LABORAL (suspension from work)


TRABAJO COMPARTIDO (job sharing)
TRABAJO A DOMICILIO (homeworking)
TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)
TRABAJO FORZADO (hard labour)
TRABAJO INFANTIL (child labour)
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part-tiem employment)
UP: trabajo a jornada partida (split shift employment), trabajo a media
jornada (half day employment), trabajo a medio tiempo (half day employment)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
TR: DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)
EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
TR: DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)
EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
TRABAJO COMPARTIDO (job sharing)
TRABAJO A DOMICILIO (homeworking)
TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)
TRABAJO FORZADO (hard labour)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
TR: DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)


TG: EMPLEO (employment)
TR: DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)

EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)
TG: GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)
EMANCIPACIN DE LA MUJER (womens emancipation)
TR: CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)
NDICE DE DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development rate)
NECESIDADES BSICAS (basic needs)
NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
SEGURIDAD PERSONAL (personal security)
TE: AGENCIA (agency)
CAPACITACIN (qualification)
EMPRESAS TRANSNACIONALES (transnational corporations)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
GRUPOS DE INTERS (groups of interest)
TR: EMPRESAS TRANSNACIONALES (transnational corporations)
ORGANIZACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional
organizations)
SINDICATOS (trade unions)
ENCUESTA POR CORREO (mail survey)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
RECOLECCIN DE DATOS (data collection)
TR: CUESTIONARIO (questionnaire)
ENTREVISTA (interview)
ENCUESTAS (surveys)
TG: TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research techniques)
TR: CUESTIONARIOS (questionnaires)
ENTREVISTAS (interviews)
EXPEDICIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific expeditions)
GRUPOS FOCALES (focus group)
HISTORIAS DE VIDA (life stories)
ENDOCRINOLOGA (endocrynology)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
TR: ANATOMA (anatomy)
GERONTOLOGA (gerontology)
GINECOLOGA (gynaecology)
MEDICINA CLNICA (clinical medicine)

191

S I S T E M T I C A

EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)


TG: EMPLEO (employment)
TR: DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
SUSPENSIN LABORAL (suspension from work)
TRABAJO COMPARTIDO (job sharing)
TRABAJO A DOMICILIO (homeworking)
TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)
TRABAJO FORZADO (hard labour)

SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
SUSPENSIN LABORAL (suspension from work)
TRABAJO COMPARTIDO (job sharing)
TRABAJO A DOMICILIO (homeworking)
TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)
TRABAJO FORZADO (hard labour)
TRABAJO INFANTIL (child labour)

P R E S E N T A C I N

EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)


EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)
POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)
SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
SUSPENSIN LABORAL (suspension from work)
TRABAJO COMPARTIDO (job sharing)
TRABAJO A DOMICILIO (homeworking)
TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)
TRABAJO FORZADO (hard labour)
TRABAJO INFANTIL (child labour)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

MEDICINA DEPORTIVA (sports medicine)


PEDIATRA (paediatrics)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ENFERMEDADES OCUPACIONALES (occupational diseases)


NA: consecuencias nocivas de la actividad y del ambiente
TG: SEGURIDAD LABORAL (industrial safety)
TR: ACCIDENTES DEL TRABAJO (industrial accidents)
DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD (safety devices)
HIGIENE DEL TRABAJO (occupational hygiene)
MEDICINA DEL TRABAJO (occupational medicine)
ENSAYO (essay)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
PROSA (prose)
TR: AUTOBIOGRAFA (autobiography)
BIOGRAFA (biography)
CUENTO (short story)
NOVELA (novel)
ENSEANZA PRIVADA (private education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
TR: EDUCACIN ALTERNATIVA (alternative education)
EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES
(adolescent and young education)
EDUCACIN DE LA MUJER (womens education)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)
ENSEANZA PRIVADA (private education)
EDUCACIN RELIGIOSA (religious education)
ENSEANZA PBLICA (public education)
TG: SISTEMA EDUCATIVO (educational systems)
TR: EDUCACIN DE ADOLESCENTES Y JVENES
(adolescent and young education)
EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (adult education)
EDUCACIN MASIVA (mass education)
ENSEANZA PBLICA (public education)
EDUCACIN TRADICIONAL (traditional education)
ENTORNO FAMILIAR (family environment)
UP: medio familiar (family environment)
TG: RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)
TR: DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of labour)
ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
DESORGANIZACIN FAMILIAR (family disorganization)
PAPEL DE LA FAMILIA (family roles)
PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)
POLTICA SOCIAL (social policy)
TAMAO DE LA FAMILIA (family size)
UNIDAD DOMSTICA (home unit)
TE: RELACIN PADRES-HIJAS/HIJOS (parents sons/daughters
relation)
COMUNICACIN (communication)

192

ENTORNO SOCIAL (social environment)


TG: TEORA, INVESTIGACIN Y ANLISIS SOCIAL
(theory, research and social analysis)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
TE: CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)
COHABITACIN (cohabitation)
CONDICIONES SOCIALES (social conditions)
FACTORES SOCIALES (social factors)
INTEGRACIN (integration)
ENTREVISTA (interview)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
RECOLECCIN DE DATOS (data collection)
TR: CUESTIONARIO (questionnaire)
ENCUESTA POR CORREO (mail survey)
TE: ENTREVISTADORES (interviewers)
INFORMANTES (respondents)
RESPUESTAS (responses)
SITUACIN DE LA ENTREVISTA (interview situation)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
OBSERVACIN (observation)
TCNICAS DE RECOLECCIN DE LOS DATOS (data
collection techniques)
ENTREVISTA COMPUTARIZADA (computarized interview)
TG: ENTREVISTA (interview)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
TR: ENTREVISTA CUALITATIVA (qualitative interview)
ENTREVISTA ESTANDARIZADA (standardized interview)
ENTREVISTA GRUPAL (group interview)
ENTREVISTA NO ESTANDARIZADA (unstandardized
interview)
ENTREVISTA TELEFNICA(telephone interview)
ENTREVISTA CUALITATIVA (qualitative interview)
TG: ENTREVISTA (interview)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
TR: ENTREVISTA COMPUTARIZADA (computerized interview)
ENTREVISTA ESTANDARIZADA (standardized interview)
ENTREVISTA GRUPAL (group interview)
ENTREVISTA NO ESTANDARIZADA (unstandardized
interview)
ENTREVISTA TELEFNICA(telephone interview)
ENTREVISTA ESTANDARIZADA (standarized interview)
TG: ENTREVISTA (interview)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
TR: ENTREVISTA COMPUTARIZADA (computerized interview)
ENTREVISTA CUALITATIVA (qualitative interview)
ENTREVISTA GRUPAL (group interview)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ENTREVISTA NO ESTANDARIZADA (unstandarized interview)


TG: ENTREVISTA (interview)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
TR: ENTREVISTA COMPUTARIZADA (computerized interview)
ENTREVISTA CUALITATIVA (qualitative interview)
ENTREVISTA ESTANDARIZADA (standardized interview)
ENTREVISTA GRUPAL (group interview)
ENTREVISTA TELEFNICA(telephone interview)
ENTREVISTA TELEFNICA (telephone interview)
TG: ENTREVISTA (interview)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
TR: ENTREVISTA COMPUTARIZADA (computerized interview)
ENTREVISTA CUALITATIVA (qualitative interview)
ENTREVISTA ESTANDARIZADA (standardized interview)
ENTREVISTA GRUPAL (group interview)
ENTREVISTA NO ESTANDARIZADA (unstandardized
interview)
ENTREVISTADORES (interviewers)
TG: RECOLECCIN DE DATOS (data collection)
ENTREVISTA (interview)
TR: INFORMANTES (respondents)
RESPUESTAS (responses)
SITUACIN DE LA ENTREVISTA (interview situation)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
OBSERVACIN (observation)
TCNICAS DE RECOLECCIN DE LOS DATOS (data
collection techniques)
ENTREVISTAS (interviews)
TG: TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research techniques)
TR: CUESTIONARIOS (questionnaires)
EXPEDICIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific expeditions)
ENCUESTAS (surveys)
GRUPOS FOCALES (focus group)

ENVEJECIMIENTO (ageing population)


TG: DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
TR: DECREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population decrease)
ESPERANZA DE VIDA (life expectancy)
INCREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population increase)
MORBILIDAD (morbidity) (sick rate)
MORTALIDAD (mortality) (death rate)
PROBLEMAS DE POBLACIN (population problems)
EPIDEMIOLOGA (epidemiology)
TG: ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
TR: ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)
EPISTMICOS (epistemics)
TG: FILOSOFA Y TICA (philosophy and ethics)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
TR: CONOCIMIENTOS (knowledge)
SOCIOLOGA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (sociology of
knowledge)
JUICIO DE VALOR (value judgment)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
TG: FILOSOFA Y TICA (philosophy and ethics)
TR: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TEORA DE LA HISTORIA (theory of history)
TE: CONOCIMIENTOS (knowledge)
SOCIOLOGA DEL CONOCIMIENTO (sociology of
knowledge)
JUICIO DE VALOR (value judgment)
EPISTMICOS (epistemics)
EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
TG: MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
TR: CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreaming)
FEMINISTAS (feminist)
TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)
ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (womens studies)
IDEOLOGA DE GNERO (gender ideology)
EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
TG: FEMINISMO
TR: CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
CRTICA FEMINISTA (feminist criticism)
FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (Anglo Saxon feminism)
FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)

193

S I S T E M T I C A

ENTREVISTA GRUPAL (group interview)


TG: ENTREVISTA (interview)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
TR: ENTREVISTA COMPUTARIZADA (computerized interview)
ENTREVISTA CUALITATIVA (qualitative interview)
ENTREVISTA ESTANDARIZADA (standardized interview)
ENTREVISTA NO ESTANDARIZADA (unstandardized
interview)
ENTREVISTA TELEFNICA(telephone interview)

HISTORIAS DE VIDA (life stories)


HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ENTREVISTA NO ESTANDARIZADA (unstandardized


interview)
ENTREVISTA TELEFNICA(telephone interview)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)


FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American
feminism)
TEOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist theology)
TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)
TE: PUNTO DE VISTA FEMINISTA (feminist standpoint)
EQUIDAD (equity)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
TR: GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO (gender in development)
IGUALDAD (equality)
INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
TE: ESTATUS DE LA MUJER (women status)
EQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender equity)
INEQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender inequity)
EQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender equity)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
EQUIDAD (equity)
TR: ESTATUS DE LA MUJER (women status)
INEQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender inequity)
TE: POLTICAS PARA LA EQUIDAD (equity policies)
PROGRAMAS PARA LA EQUIDAD (equity programmes)
EQUILIBRIO ECONMICO (economic equilibrium)
TG: TEORA ECONMICA (economic theory)
TR: DIVISIN INTERNACIONAL DEL TRABAJO (international division of labour)
DOCTRINAS ECONMICAS (economic doctrines)
ERECCIN (erection)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
TR: EXCITACIN (excitation)
ERECCIN (erection)
LIBIDO (libido)
ORGASMO (orgasm)
ESCALA DE SALARIOS (pay scale)
TG: POLTICA SALARIAL (wage policy)
ASALARIADOS (wage earner)
TR: DETERMINACIN DEL SALARIO (wage determination)
INCENTIVOS SALARIALES (wage incentives)
INDEMNIZACIN POR CESANTA (redundancy pay)
SALARIO BASE (basic wage)
SALARIO MNIMO (minimum wage)
SALARIO MNIMO INTERPROFESIONAL (guaranteed
minimum wage)
TASA DEL SALARIO (wage rate)
ESCRITORAS (women writers)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
AUTORAS (women authors)
TR: POETISAS (women poets)

194

ESCRITORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist writing)


TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
FEMINISTAS (feminist)
TR: ACTIVISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist activist)
ARTISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist artist)
AUTORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist authors)
JURISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist lawyers)
TERICAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist theoreticians)
ESCRITORES (men writers)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
AUTORES (men authors)
TR: POETAS (men poets)
ESCRITURA (writing)
TG: PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication process)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
TR: COMUNICACIN NO VERBAL (nonverbal communication)
HABLA (speech)
LECTURA (reading)
ESCRITURA FEMINISTA (feminine writing)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CRTICA FEMINISTA(feminist criticism)
TR: NARRATIVA FEMENINA (feminine narrative)
ESCUELA (school)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching institutions)
TR: ESCUELA (schools)
INSTITUCIONES DE EDUCACIN PARA ADULTOS
(adult education institutions)
INSTITUCIONES DE ENSEANZA SUPERIOR (higher
education institutions)
UNIVERSIDAD (university)
TE: COLEGIO INTERNADO (boarding school)
ESCUELA COMUNITARIA (community school)
ESCUELA CONFESIONAL (denominational school)
ESCUELA ESPECIAL (special school)
ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
ESCUELA NOCTURNA (evening school)
ESCUELA PREESCOLAR (kindergarten)
ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)
ESCUELA COMUNITARIA (community school)
TG: ESCUELA (schools)
TR: ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ESCUELA DE PROFESORES (teacher education school)


UP: centro de formacin de profesores (center of teacher training), escuela
de educacin (school of educationl), escuela de formacin de docentes
(school of teacher education), escuela normal superior (teacher training college)
TG: INSTITUCIONES DE ENSEANZA SUPERIOR (higher
education institutions)
ESCUELA PROFESIONAL (vocational school)
TR: DOCENTE (teacher)
TE: CENTRO PEDAGGICO (teacher centers)
ESCUELA ESPECIAL (special school)
UP: centro de educacin especial (special education center), colegio
especial (special school)
TG: ESCUELA (schools)
TR: ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
ESCUELA PREESCOLAR (kindergarten)
ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)
ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
TG: ESCUELA (schools)
TR: ESCUELA COMUNITARIA (community school)
ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
ESCUELA PREESCOLAR (kindergarten)
ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)
ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)
UP: estudios internacionales (international studies)
TG: ESCUELA (school)
TR: COLEGIO INTERNADO (boarding school)
EDUCACIN BILINGE (bilingual education)
ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
UP: colegio mixto (coeducational school)

ESCUELA NOCTURNA (evening school)


TG: ESCUELA (schools)
TR: ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
ESCUELA NOCTURNA (evening school)
ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)

S I S T E M T I C A

ESCUELA CONFESIONAL (denominational school)


UP: escuela catlica (catholic school)
TG: ESCUELA (schools)
TR: COLEGIO INTERNADO (boarding school)
ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)

TG: ESCUELA (school)


TR: COLEGIO INTERNADO (boarding school)
ESCUELA COMUNITARIA (community school)
ESCUELA CONFESIONAL (denominational school)
ESCUELA ESPECIAL (special school)
ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)
ESCUELA NOCTURNA (evening school)
ESCUELA PREESCOLAR (kindergarten)
ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)

ESCUELA PREESCOLAR (kindergarten)


UP: escuela de prvulos (nursery school, kindergarten)
TG: ESCUELA (schools)
TR: ESCUELA ESPECIAL (special school)
ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
ESCUELA PRIMARIA (primary school)
UP: escuela elemental (primary school)
TG: ESCUELA (schools)
TR: COLEGIO INTERNADO (boarding school)
ESCUELA COMUNITARIA (community school)
ESCUELA ESPECIAL (special school)
ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)

ESCUELA PROFESIONAL (vocational school)


UP: escuela de negocios (business school), escuela profesional superior
(higher professional school), escuela profesional y tcnica (technical and professional school)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching institutions)
INSTITUCIONES DE ENSEANZA SUPERIOR (higher
education institutions)
TR: CENTROS DE FORMACIN (training centers)
TE: ESCUELA DE PROFESORES (teacher education school)
ESCUELA SECUNDARIA (secondary school)
TG: ESCUELA (schools)
TR: COLEGIO INTERNADO (boarding school)
ESCUELA COMUNITARIA (community school)

195

P R E S E N T A C I N

ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)


ESCUELA NOCTURNA (evening school)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ESCUELA ESPECIAL (special school)


ESCUELA EXPERIMENTAL (experimental school)
ESCUELA INTERNACIONAL (international school)
ESCUELA MIXTA (coeducational school)
ESCUELA NOCTURNA (evening school)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: CRITICISMO (criticism)
TEORA CRTICA (theory critical)
FILOSOFA ALEMANA (German philosophy)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)
FILOSOFA DE LA ACCIN (philosophy of action)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
FILOSOFA FRANCESA (French philosophy)
FILOSOFA INGLESA (English philosophy)
TE: ATESMO (atheism)
DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
ESCULTORAS (sculptress)
TG: ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ESCULTURA (sculpture)
TR: ESCULTORES (sculptor)
ESCULTORES (sculptor)
TG: ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ESCULTURA (sculpture)
TR: ESCULTORAS (sculptress)
ESCULTURA (sculpture)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
TR: ARTESANA (craftsmanship)
PINTURA (painting)
TE: ESCULTORAS (sculptress)
ESCULTORES (sculptor)

196

ESENCIA (essence)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
METAFSICA (metaphysics)
ONTOLOGA (ontology)
SIMBOLISMO (symbolism)
ESENCIALISMO (essentialism)
TG: DIFERENCIA (difference)
TR: DIFERENCIA SEXUAL (sexual difference)
DESCONTRUCCIN (deconstruction)
ESFERA PRIVADA (sphere of privacy)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)
TR:
EXPERIENCIA (experience)
INTIMIDAD (intimacy)
ESOTERISMO (esotericism)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
TR: CIENCIOLOGA (scientiology)
RELIGIONES (religions)
TE: ADIVINACIN (divination)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
MAGIA (magic)
PARAPSICOLOGA (parapsychology)
PROFECA (prophecy)
ESPECIE HUMANA (human race)
UP: seres humanos (human beings), humanidad (mankind)
TG: ZOOLOGA (zoology)
MAMFEROS (mammalians)
ESPECIES (species)
TG: CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
ZOOLOGA (zoology)
TR: ANIMALES (animals)
MAMFEROS (mammalians)
PRIMATOLOGA (primate science)
ESPERANZA DE VIDA (life expectancy)
TG: DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
TR: DECREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population decrease)
ENVEJECIMIENTO (ageing population)
INCREMENTO POBLACIONAL (population increase)
MORBILIDAD (morbidity) (sick rate)
MORTALIDAD (mortality) (death rate)
PROBLEMAS DE POBLACIN (population problems)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TR: ATESMO (atheism)
DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
ESQUIZOFRENIA (squizophrenia)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
TR: ALUCINACIN (hallucination)
DELIRIO (delirium)
PARANOIA (paranoia)
PSICOSIS MANIACA DEPRESIVA (manic depressive psychosis)
ESTABILIDAD LABORAL (labour stability)
TG: MERCADO DE TRABAJO (labour market)
TR: DIVISIN DEL TRABAJO (division of labour)
ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)
ESTADSTICAS DEL TRABAJO (labour statistics)

ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching institutions)


TG: EDUCACIN (education)
TR: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
NIVEL DE ENSEANZA (educational levels)
PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
TE: ESCUELA (schools)
INSTITUCIONES DE EDUCACIN PARA ADULTOS
(adult education institutions)
INSTITUCIONES DE ENSEANZA SUPERIOR (higher
education institutions)
UNIVERSIDAD (university)
ESTABLECIMIENTOS HUMANOS (human settlements)
TG: DEMOGRAFA Y POBLACIN (demography and population)
TR: DEMOGRAFA (demography)
DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
MIGRACIN (migration)
POBLACIN (population)
TE: ASENTAMIENTO HUMANO (human settlement)
DESARROLLO COMUNITARIO (community development)
DESARROLLO REGIONAL (regional development)
DESARROLLO RURAL (rural development)
DESARROLLO URBANO (urban development)
VIVIENDA (housing)

ESTADSTICAS COMERCIALES (trade statistics)


TG: PLANEACIN ECONMICA (economic planning)
ESTADSTICAS ECONMICAS (economic statistics)
TR: ESTADSTICAS FINANCIERAS (financial statistics)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
TR: DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)
EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)

197

S I S T E M T I C A

ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
TG: ESOTERISMO (esotericism)
TR: ADIVINACIN (divination)
MAGIA (magic)
PARAPSICOLOGA (parapsychology)
PROFECA (prophecy)

ANLISIS DE GNERO (gender analysis)


MANO DE OBRA (manpower)
MOVILIDAD LABORAL (labour mobility)
POLTICA LABORAL (labour policy)
PRODUCTIVIDAD LABORAL (labour productivity)
RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ESPIRITUALIDAD (spirituality)
TG: TEOLOGA (theology)
CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
TR: AFILIACIN RELIGIOSA (religious affiliation)
CREENCIAS RELIGIOSAS PERSONALES (personal
religious beliefs)
DEIDADES (deities)
INMORTALIDAD (immortality)
MILAGRO (miracles)
RESURRECCIN (resurrection)
RITUALISMO (ritualism)
TRINIDAD (trinity)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)


SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
SUSPENSIN LABORAL (suspension from work)
TRABAJO COMPARTIDO (job sharing)
TRABAJO A DOMICILIO (homeworking)
TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)
TRABAJO FORZADO (hard labour)
TRABAJO INFANTIL (child labour)
TE: ANLISIS DE GNERO (gender based analysis)
TASAS DE PARTICIPACIN (participation level) (participation rates)
ESTADSTICAS DE GNERO (gender statistics)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO (gender in development)
TR: FEMINIZACIN DE LA POBREZA (feminization of poverty)
INDICADORES DE GNERO
MUJERES EN EL DESARROLLO (women at development)
PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women promotion)
ESTADSTICAS DE HOGARES (home statistics)
TG: INVESTIGACIN DE LA POBLACIN (population research)
ESTADSTICAS DEMOGRFICAS (demographic statistics)
TR: ESTADSTICAS DE MIGRACIN (migration statistics)
NMERO DE NACIMIENTOS (births numbers)
PROYECCIONES POBLACIONALES (population projections)
TASA DE MORTALIDAD (mortality rate)
ESTADSTICAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational statistics)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)
EDUCACIN (education)
TR: CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
EDUCACIN COMPARADA (comparative education)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (pedagogical research)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
ECONOMA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational economy)
ESTADSTICAS DE MIGRACIN (migartion statistics)
TG: INVESTIGACIN DE LA POBLACIN (population research)
ESTADSTICAS DEMOGRFICAS (demographic statistics)
TR: ESTADSTICAS DE HOGARES (home statistics)
NMERO DE NACIMIENTOS (births numbers)
PROYECCIONES POBLACIONALES (population projections)
TASA DE MORTALIDAD (mortality rate)
MIGRACIN (migration)
MIGRANTES (migrants)
ESTADSTICAS DEL TRABAJO (labour statistics)
TG: MERCADO DE TRABAJO (labour market)
TR: DIVISIN DEL TRABAJO (division of labour)
ECONOMA DEL TRABAJO (labour economy)
ESTABILIDAD LABORAL (labour stability)

198

ANLISIS DE GNERO (gender analysis)


MANO DE OBRA (manpower)
MOVILIDAD LABORAL (labour mobility)
POLTICA LABORAL (labour policy)
PRODUCTIVIDAD LABORAL (labour productivity)
RECURSOS HUMANOS (human resources)
TE: ANLISIS DE GNERO (gender based analysis)
ESTADSTICAS DEMOGRFICAS (demographic statistics)
TG: INVESTIGACIN DE LA POBLACIN (population research)
DEMOGRAFA (demography)
TR: DATOS CENSALES (census data)
TE: ESTADSTICAS DE HOGARES (home statistics)
ESTADSTICAS DE MIGRACIN (migration statistics)
NMERO DE NACIMIENTOS (births numbers)
PROYECCIONES POBLACIONALES (population projections)
TASA DE MORTALIDAD (mortality rate)
ESTADSTICAS ECONMICAS (ecnomic statistics)
TG: POLTICA ECONMICA (economic policy)
PLANEACIN ECONMICA (economic planning)
TE: ESTADSTICAS COMERCIALES (trade statistics)
ESTADSTICAS FINANCIERAS (financial statistics)
ESTADSTICAS FINANCIERAS (financial statistics)
TG: PLANEACIN ECONMICA (economic planning)
ESTADSTICAS ECONMICAS (economic statistics)
TR: ESTADSTICAS COMERCIALES (trade statistics)
ESTADSTICAS SANITARIAS (health statistics)
UP: estadsticas de la salud pblica (public health statistics)
TG: SALUD (health)
TR: ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
ADMINISTRACIN DE LA SALUD (health administration)
ECONOMA DE LA SALUD (health economics)
EDUCACIN PARA LA SALUD (health education)
EPIDEMIOLOGA (epidemiology)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
PROMOCIN DE LA SALUD (health policy)
SEGURO DE SALUD (health insurance)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TRABAJADORES DE LA SALUD (health workers)
ESTADO (state)
UP: estado nacin (national state), estado soberano (sovereign state)
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (political system)
TR: AUTOGESTIN (self government)
DEMOCRACIA (democracy)
DICTADURA (dictatorship)
FEDERACIN (federation)
REPBLICA (republic)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ESTATUS DE LA MUJER (women status)


TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
EQUIDAD (equity)
TR: CONDICIN DE LA MUJER (women condition)
EQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender equity)
INEQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender inequity)
VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)
ESTATUS SOCIAL (social status)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
TR: CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
INDICADORES SOCIALES (social indicators)
INEQUIDADES SOCIALES (social inequality)
ROLES SOCIALES (social roles)
ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)
TR: DESIGUALDADES (inequalities)
DIFERENCIAS (differences)
DIVERSIDAD (diversity)
IGUALDAD DE GNERO (gender equality)

ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)


TG: GNERO (gender)
SOCIALIZACIN DE GNERO (gender socialization)
TR: SISTEMA SEXO/GNERO (sex/gender system)
ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)
TG: IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
TR: FEMINIDAD (feminity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)
POLTICAS DE LA IDENTIDAD (identity policies)
TRANSGNERO (transgender)
TRANSEXUALES (transsexuals)
ESTEREOTIPOS NACIONALES (national stereotypes)
TG: SISTEMA DE VALORES (values systems)
ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
TR: ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)
ESTERILIZACIN (sterilization)
TG: POLTICAS DE POBLACIN (population policies)
SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
TR: ANTICONCEPCIN (contraception)
COMPORTAMIENTO REPRODUCTIVO (reproductive
behavior)
TE: ESTERILIZACIN FEMENINA (female sterilization)
ESTERILIZACIN MASCULINA (male sterilization)
ESTERILIZACIN FEMENINA (female sterilization)
TG: SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ESTERILIZACIN (sterilization)
TR: ESTERILIZACIN MASCULINA (male sterilization)
TE: SALPINGOCLASIA (tubal ligation)
ESTERILIZACIN MASCULINA (male sterilization)
TG: SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
ESTERILIZACIN (sterilization)
TR: ESTERILIZACIN FEMENINA (female sterilization)
TE: VASECTOMA (vasectomy)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
TG: ARTES (arts)
TR: ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)

199

S I S T E M T I C A

ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)


TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: ANALFABETISMO (illiteracy)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)
EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)
ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)
IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
INDUSTRIA Y EDUCACIN (industry and education)

RACISMO (racism)
SEXISMO (sexism)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ESTADO CIVIL (marital status)


UP: situacin familiar (family situation), situacin matrimonial (matrimonial situation)
TG: MATRIMONIO (marriage)
TR: COHABITACIN (cohabitation)
DIVORCIO (divorce)
MATRIMONIO MIXTO (mixed marriage)
PAREJA DE HECHO (unmarried couple)
TE: HOMBRE CASADO (married man)
MUJER CASADA (married woman)
SOLTERA (single woman)
SOLTERO (single man)
VIUDA (widowed woman)
VIUDO (widowed man)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

DANZA (dance)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

ESTILOS (literary style)


TG: LITERATURA (literature)
ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analysis)
TR: CRTICA LITERARIA (literary criticism)
HISTORIA DE LA LITERATURA (literary history)
PREMIOS LITERARIOS (literary prizes)
ESTILOS DE VIDA (life styles)
TG: CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)
TR: AMBIENTES CULTURALES (cultural environment)
FACTORES CULTURALES (cultural factors)
VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)
ESTOICOS (stoics)
TG: TICA (ethics)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethics orientations)
TR: TICA CRISTIANA (Christian ethics)
TICA JUDA (Jewish ethics)
TICA MEDIOAMBIENTAL (environmental ethics)
TICA SOCIAL (social ethics)
UTILITARISMO (utilitarianism)
ESTOICOS (stoics)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
TR: MRTIRES (martyrs)
ESTRADIOL (estardiol)
TG: BIOLOGICISMO (biologicism)
HORMONAS SEXUALES (sexual hormones)
TR: ESTRGENO (estrogen)
TESTOSTERONA (testosterone)
ESTRATEGIAS COMUNICACIONALES (communication strategies)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)
TE: CONTROL COMUNICACIONAL (communication control)
TICA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication ethics)
ESTRATEGIAS DE DESARROLLO (development strategies)
TG: DESARROLLO (development)
POLTICAS DE DESARROLLO (development policies)
TR: PROGRAMAS DE DESARROLLO (development programmes)
ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
TG: ACTIVIDADES CIENTFICAS (scientific activities)
PROGRAMAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research programmes)
TR: PROYECTOS DE INVESTIGACIN (research projects)
PROYECTO PILOTO (pilot project)

200

ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)


TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)
ESTRATEGIAS EDUCATIVAS (educational strategies)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
TR: SOCIOLOGA DEL ESTUDIANTE (student sociology)
TE: INDICADORES EDUCATIVOS (educational indicators)
OBJETIVO EDUCACIONAL (educational objectives)
ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
TG: TEORA, INVESTIGACIN Y ANLISIS SOCIAL
(theory, research and social analysis)
TR: ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social structure)
TE: CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ESTATUS SOCIAL (social status)
INDICADORES SOCIALES (social indicators)
INEQUIDADES SOCIALES (social inequality)
ROLES SOCIALES (social roles)
ESTRGENO (estrogen)
TG: BIOLOGICISMO (biologicism)
HORMONAS SEXUALES (sexual hormones)
TR: ESTRADIOL (estradiol)
TESTOSTERONA (testosterone)
ESTRUCTURA DEL EMPLEO (employment structure)
TG: EMPLEO (employment)
TR: DESEMPLEO (unemployment)
DOBLE EMPLEO (double working)
EMPLEO A TIEMPO PARCIAL (part time employment)
EMPLEO DE LAS MUJERES (womens employment)
EMPLEO JUVENIL (youth employment)
EMPLEO RURAL (rural employment)
EMPLEO TEMPORAL (temporary employment)
ESTADSTICAS DE EMPLEO (employment statistics)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
PLENO EMPLEO (full employment)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

ESTRUCTURA SOCIAL (social structure)


TG: TEORA, INVESTIGACIN Y ANLISIS SOCIAL
(theory, research and social analysis)
TR: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
TE:: ARISTOCRACIA (aristocracy)
CASTAS (caste)
CLASE GOBERNANTE (ruling class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ELITE (elite)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
REALEZA (royalty)
ESTRUCTURAL-FUNCIONALISMO (structural-functionalism)
TG: TEORA SOCIAL (social theory)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ETNOMETODOLOGA (ethnomethodology)
INTERACCIONISMO SIMBLICO (symbolic interactionism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSESTRUCTURALISMO (post-structuralism)
POSMODERNISMO (post-modernism)
PRAGMATISMO (pragmatism)
SOCIOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural sociology)
TEORA DE LA ACCIN SOCIAL (social action theory)
TEORA DEL CONFLICTO (conflict theory)
TEORAS DEL CONTROL (control theories)
TEORA DEL INTERCAMBIO (interchange theory)
TEORA SOBRE LA ORGANIZACIN (theory on organization)
TEORA SOCIAL CLSICA (classic social theory)
TEORA SOCIAL CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary
social theory)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
TG: SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
TEORA SOCIOLGICA (sociological theory)

ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)


TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)
ESTUDIOS CULTURALES (cultural studies)
TG: INVESTIGACIN CULTURAL (cultural research)
TR: ANLISIS INTERCULTURAL (cross cultural analysis)
ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA CULTURA (cultural sociology)
ESTUDIOS DE CASO (case studies)
TG: TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TR: DISEO (design)
METODOLOGA (methodology)
EXPERIMENTOS (experiments)
MONITOREO (monitoring)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN
TRABAJO DE CAMPO (field work)
ESTUDIOS DE FACTIBILIDAD (feasibility studies)
TG: DESARROLLO (development)
PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO (development projects)
TR: PROYECTOS CONJUNTOS (joint projects)
PROYECTOS MULTIVALENTES (multipurpose projects)
PROYECTOS PILOTO (pilot projects)
PROYECTOS PRODUCTIVOS (productive projects, profitable
projects)
ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
TG: GNERO (gender)
TR: DISTINCIN PBLICO PRIVADO (public-private distinction)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (womens studies)
ESTUDIOS GAY Y LSBICOS (gay and lesbian studies)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)
IDEOLOGA DE GNERO (gender ideology)

201

S I S T E M T I C A

ESTRUCTURA ECONMICA (economic structure)


TG: CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)
TR: CONDICIONES DE VIDA (living conditions)
MODELOS DE CRECIMIENTO (growth models)
RECURSOS ECONMICOS (economic resources)
TASA DE CRECIMIENTO (growth rate)

TR: HERMENUTICA (hermeneutics)


IDEOLOGA (ideology)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)

P R E S E N T A C I N

POLTICA DE EMPLEO (employment policy)


SERVICIO DE EMPLEO (employment services)
SUBEMPLEO (underemployment)
TRABAJO COMPARTIDO (job sharing)
TRABAJO A DOMICILIO (homeworking)
TRABAJO CLANDESTINO (clandestine employment)
TRABAJO FORZADO (hard labour)
TRABAJO INFANTIL (child labour)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

TE: PERSPECTIVA DE GNERO (gender perspective)


TEORAS DE GNERO (gender theories)
ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (sciences studies)
UP: ciencia de la tecnologa (science of technology)
TG: CIENCIAS Y TECNOLOGAS (science and technology)
TR: DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientific subjects)
INVESTIGACIN (research)
MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TECNOLOGA (technology)
TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TE: TICA DE LA CIENCIA (ethics of science)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA (history of science)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)
TG: GNERO (gender)
TR: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (womens studies)
PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)
RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
SISTEMAS DE GNERO (gender systems)
SOCIALIZACIN DE GNERO (gender socialization)
TE: DOMINACIN MASCULINA (masculine domination)
MASCULINIDAD HEGEMNICA (hegemonic masculinity)
MODELOS DE MASCULINIDAD (masculinity models)
NUEVA MASCULINIDAD (new masculinity)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (women studies)
TG: GNERO (gender)
TR: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)
SISTEMAS DE GNERO (gender system)
TE: CONDICIN DE LA MUJER (women condition)
ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)
ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)
IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
INDUSTRIA Y EDUCACIN (industry and education)
INFORMTICA EDUCATIVA (computer uses in education)
TECNOLOGA EDUCATIVA (educational technology)
ESTUDIOS GAY Y LSBICOS (gay and lesbians studies)
TG: GNERO (gender)
TR: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
MOVIMIENTOS DE HOMOSEXUALES Y LESBIANAS (homosexuals and lesbians movements)

202

PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)


RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
SISTEMAS DE GNERO (gender systems)
SOCIALIZACIN DE GNERO (gender socialization)
TECNOLOGA Y GNERO (technology and gender)
TR: TEORA QUEER (queer theory)
ESTUPEFACIENTES (narcotic drugs)
UP: cannabis (cannabis), cocana (cocaine), droga alucingena (hallucinogenic drug), drogas psicotrpicas (psychotropic drug), hachs (hashish),
herona (heroin), LSD (LSD, lysergic acid diethylamide), narctico (narcotic),
opio (opium), sustancia alucingena (hallucinogenic substance)
TG: FARMACOLOGA (pharmacology)
TR: MEDICAMENTOS (drugs)
ESTUPRO (statutory rape)
TG: DELITOS SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
TR: ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
EXPLOTACIN SEXUAL (sexual exploitation)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (sexual violence)
TICA (ethics)
TG: FILOSOFA Y TICA (philosophy and ethics)
TR: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TE: COMPORTAMIENTO MORAL (moral behaviour)
CONCEPTOS MORALES (moral concepts)
DEONTOLOGA (deontology)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethics orientations)
VALORES (values)
TICA CRISTIANA (Christian ethics)
TG: TICA (ethics)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethics orientations)
TR: ESTOICOS (stoics)
TICA JUDA (Jewish ethics)
TICA MEDIOAMBIENTAL (environmental ethics)
TICA SOCIAL (social ethics)
UTILITARISMO (utilitarianism)
TICA DE LA CIENCIA (ethics of science)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (sciences studies)
TR: FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA (history of science)
TICA (ethics)
TICA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication ethics)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)
TE: CONTROL COMUNICACIONAL (communication control)
ESTRATEGIAS COMUNICACIONALES (communication
strategies)

TICA JUDA (Jewish ethics)


TG: TICA (ethics)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethics orientations)
TR: ESTOICOS (stoics)
TICA CRISTIANA (Christian ethics)
TICA MEDIOAMBIENTAL (environmental ethics)
TICA SOCIAL (social ethics)
UTILITARISMO (utilitarianism)
TICA MDICA (medical ethics)
UP: deontologa mdica (medical ethics, medical deontology)
TG: SALUD (health)
PROFESIN MDICA (medical profession)
TR: PERSONAL MDICO (medical personnel)
PERSONAL PARAMDICO (paramedical personnel)
TICA MEDIOAMBIENTAL (environmental ethics)
TG: TICA (ethics)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethics orientations)
TR: ESTOICOS (stoics)
TICA CRISTIANA (Christian ethics)
TICA JUDA (Jewish ethics)
TICA SOCIAL (social ethics)
HIGIENE AMBIENTAL (environmental health)
UTILITARISMO (utilitarianism)
TICA SOCIAL (social ethics)
TG: TICA (ethics)
ORIENTACIONES TICAS (ethics orientations)
TR: ESTOICOS (stoics)
TICA CRISTIANA (Christian ethics)
TICA JUDA (Jewish ethics)
TICA MEDIOAMBIENTAL (environmental ethics)
UTILITARISMO (utilitarianism)
ETNOBOTNICA (ethnobotany)
TG: CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
BOTNICA (botany)
ETNOMETODOLOGA (ethnomethodology)
TG: TEORA SOCIAL (social theory)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ESTRUCTURAL-FUNCIONALISMO (structural-functionalism)

INTERACCIONISMO SIMBLICO (symbolic interactionism)


MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSESTRUCTURALISMO (post-structuralism)
POSMODERNISMO (post-modernism)
PRAGMATISMO (pragmatism)
SOCIOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural sociology)
TEORA DE LA ACCIN SOCIAL (social action theory)
TEORA DEL CONFLICTO (conflict theory)
TEORAS DEL CONTROL (control theories)
TEORA DEL INTERCAMBIO (interchange theory)
TEORA SOBRE LA ORGANIZACIN (theory on organization)
TEORA SOCIAL CLSICA (classic social theory)
TEORA SOCIAL CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary
social theory)
EUTANASIA (euthanasia)
TG: DERECHOS CIVILES Y POLTICOS (civil and political rights)
DERECHO A LA VIDA (right to life)
EVALUACIN (evaluation)
TG: MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TR: ANLISIS CAUSAL (causal analysis)
ANLISIS COMPARATIVO (comparative analysis)
ANLISIS CUALITATIVO (qualitative analysis)
ANLISIS CUANTITATIVO (quantitative analysis)
APROXIMACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary approach)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)
TIPOLOGA (typology)
INVESTIGACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary research)
TE: MTODOS DE EVALUACIN (evaluation methods)
EVANGELISTAS (evangelists)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
TR: CLERO (clergy)
DISCPULOS (disciples)
DISIDENTES RELIGIOSOS (religious dissidents)
LDERES RELIGIOSOS (religious leaders)
MISIONEROS (missionaries)
MONJES (monks)
PREDICADORES (preachers)
SACERDOTES (priests)
EVANGELIZACIN (evangelism)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)
TR: CONVERSIN RELIGIOSA (religious conversion)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)

203

P R E S E N T A C I N

TICA FEMINISTA (feminist ethics)


TG: FEMINISMO
TR: AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)
CULTURA DE LAS MUJERES (womens culture)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)
MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
SORORIDAD (sorority, sisterhood)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

TRABAJO MISIONERO (missionary work)


VISITAS ECLESISTICAS (visitations ecclesiastical)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

EVASIN FISCAL (tax evasin)


TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)
TR: CONTRABANDO (smuggling)
CORRUPCIN (corruption)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
ROBO (robbery)
EXCITACIN (excitation)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL (sexual behaviour)
DESEO SEXUAL (sexual desire)
TR: EXCITACIN (excitation)
ERECCIN (erection)
LIBIDO (libido)
MASTURBACIN (masturbation)
ORGASMO (orgasm)
EXCLUSIN SOCIAL (social exclusion)
TG: CAMBIO SOCIAL (social change)
TR: DEMOCRATIZACIN (democratization)
DESARROLLO (development)
GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)
MODERNIZACIN (modernization)
MOVILIDAD SOCIAL (social mobility)
RESISTENCIA AL CAMBIO (resistance to change)
EXHIBICIONISMO (exhibitionism)
TG: PARAFILIAS (paraphilias)
TR: FETICHISMO (fetishism)
NECROFILIA (necrophilia)
PEDOFILIA (paedophilia)
SADOMASOQUISMO (sado-masochism)
VOYEURISMO (voyeurism)
ZOOFILIA (zoophilia)
EXILIADAS (exiled women)
TG: MIGRANTES (migrants)
TR: REFUGIADAS (refugee women)
TE: ASILADAS (asylum seekers women)
EXILIADOS (exiled men)
TG: MIGRANTES (migrants)
TR: REFUGIADOS (refugee men)
TE: ASILADOS (asylum seekers men)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)

204

TR: ATESMO (atheism)


DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
EXPEDICIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific expeditions)
TG: TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research techniques)
TR: CUESTIONARIOS (questionnaires)
ENTREVISTAS (interviews)
ENCUESTAS (surveys)
GRUPOS FOCALES (focus group)
HISTORIAS DE VIDA (life stories)
EXPERIENCIA (experience)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)
TR: ESFERA PRIVADA (sphere of privacy)
INTIMIDAD (intimacy)
EXPERIENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious experience)
TG: SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
TR: ARTCULOS RELIGIOSOS (religious articles)
COMPORTAMIENTO RELIGIOSO (religious behaviour)
TE: MILAGRO (miracles)
EXPERIMENTOS (experiments)
TG: TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TR: DISEO (design)
METODOLOGA (methodology)
ESTUDIOS DE CASO (case studies)
MONITOREO (monitoring)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN
TRABAJO DE CAMPO (field work)
EXPLOTACIN ECONMICA (economic exploitation)
TG: ECONOMA Y RELACIONES SOCIALES (economy and
social relations)
TRABAJO (work) (job)
TR: DISCRIMINACIN EN EL TRABAJO (discrimination in the
workplace)

EXPLOTACIN SEXUAL (sexual exploitation)


TG: DELITOS SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
TR: ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
ACOSO SEXUAL (sexual harassment)
ESTUPRO (statutory rape)
VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (sexual violence)
EXPRESIN ORAL (oral expression)
TG: HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication
skills)
HABLA (speech)
EXTRADICIN (extradition)
TG: DERECHO PENAL (penal law)
DERECHO ECONMICO (economic law)

F
FACTORES CULTURALES (cultural factors)
TG: CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)
TR: AMBIENTES CULTURALES (cultural environment)

ESTILOS DE VIDA (life styles)

VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)
FACTORES DE LA PRODUCCIN (production factors)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO ECONMICO (economic behaviour)

PRODUCCIN (production)
TR: PRODUCTIVIDAD (productivity)
FACTORES SOCIALES (social factors)
TG: ENTORNO SOCIAL (social environment)
TR: CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)

COHABITACIN (cohabitation)

CONDICIONES SOCIALES (social conditions)
INTEGRACIN (integration)
FALOCENTRISMO (male supremacy) (male chauvinism)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)

DOMINACIN MASCULINA (masculinity domination)
TR: ANDROCENTRISMO (androcentrism, male centeredness)

MACHISMO (male chauvinism, machismo)
TE: PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)
NA: grupo o unidad familiar compuesta no nicamente por padres e

hijos/as, sino tambin por parientes inmediatos, y algunas veces por


personas no relacionadas biolgicamente con el grupo
TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

CLAN (clan)

FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)

FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)

FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)

FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)

FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)

FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)

FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)

FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)

MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)

PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)
TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

CLAN (clan)

FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)

FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)

FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)

FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)

FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)

FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)

FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)

FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)

MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)

PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)
TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

CLAN (clan)

FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)

FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)

FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)

FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)

FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)

FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)

FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)

FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)

MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)

PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one-parent family)
TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

CLAN (clan)

FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)

205

P R E S E N T A C I N

DISCRIMINACIN SALARIAL (wage discrimination)


SEGREGACIN EN EL MERCADO DE TRABAJO
(sexual segregation in the labour market)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)


FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)
FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)
FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)
FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)
FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)
FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)

FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)


TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

CLAN (clan)

FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)

FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)

FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)

FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)

FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)

FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)

FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)

FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)

MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)

PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)
TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

CLAN (clan)

FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)

FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)

FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)

FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)

FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)

FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)

FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)

FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)

MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)

PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)
NA: familia en la que al menos uno de los hijos/as es de un matrimonio previo de cualquiera de los padres
TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

CLAN (clan)

FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)

FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)

FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)

FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)

FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)

206

FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)


FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)
FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)

FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)


TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

CLAN (clan)

FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)

FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)

FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)

FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)

FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)

FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)

FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)

FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)

MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)

PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
FAMILIA URBANA (urban family)
TG: TIPOS DE FAMILIA (kinds of family)
TR: ANTECEDENTES FAMILIARES (family background)

CLAN (clan)

FAMILIA EXTENDIDA (extended family, spread family)

FAMILIA INTERTNICA (interethnic family)

FAMILIA INTERRACIAL (interracial family)

FAMILIA MONOPARENTAL (one parent family)

FAMILIA NUCLEAR (nuclear family)

FAMILIA NUMEROSA (large family)

FAMILIA RECONSTITUIDA (reconstituted family)

FAMILIA RURAL (rural family)

MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)

PATRIARCADO (patriarchy)
FANATISMO (fanaticism)
TG: PERSONALIDAD (personality)

RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality traits)
TR: ASERTIVIDAD (assertiveness)

AUTOCONTROL (self-control)

AUTORITARISMO (authoritarianism)

CONFORMIDAD (conformity)

EGOSMO (egoism)

EMPATA (empathy)

PASIVIDAD (passivity)
FARMACOLOGA (pharmacology)
UP: farmacia (pharmacy)
TG: SALUD (health)
TR: SALUD (health)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

FASE ANAL (anal phase)


TG: SEXUALIDAD INFANTIL (child sexuality)

DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
TR: FASE FLICA (phallic phase)

FASE GENITAL (genital phase)

FASE ORAL (oral phase)

PERIODO DE LATENCIA (latent period)
FASE FLICA (phallic phase)
TG: SEXUALIDAD INFANTIL (child sexuality)

DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
TR: FASE ANAL (anal phase)

FASE GENITAL (genital phase)

FASE ORAL (oral phase)

PERIODO DE LATENCIA (latent period)
FASE GENITAL (genital phase)
TG: SEXUALIDAD INFANTIL (child sexuality)

DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
TR: FASE ANAL (anal phase)

FASE FLICA (phallic phase)

FASE ORAL (oral phase)

PERIODO DE LATENCIA (latent period)
FASE ORAL (oral phase)
TG: SEXUALIDAD INFANTIL (child sexuality)

DESARROLLO PSICOSEXUAL (psychosexual development)
TR: FASE ANAL (anal phase)

FASE FLICA (phallic phase)

FASE GENITAL (genital phase)

PERIODO DE LATENCIA (latent period)
FEDERACIN (federation)
UP: confederacin (confederation), sistema federal (federal system)
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
TR: DEMOCRACIA (democracy)

ESTADO (state)

REPBLICA (republic)
FEDERALISMO (federalism)
TG: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)
TR: CAPITALISMO (capitalism)

COMUNISMO (communism)

SOCIALISMO (socialism)
CONSERVATISMO (conservatism)
IMPERIALISMO (imperialism)
LIBERALISMO (liberalism)
MILITARISMO (militarism)
NACIONALISMO (nationalism)

FEMINICIDIOS (feminicide, female murders)


TG: CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against
women)
TR: CRMENES SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
FEMINICIDIOS (feminicide, female murders)
TG: VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)

VIOLENCIA CONTRA LAS MUJERES (violence against
women)
TR: HOMBRES VIOLENTOS (violent men)
FEMINIDAD (feminity)
TG: IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
TR: ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)

IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)

MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)

POLTICAS DE LA IDENTIDAD (identity policies)

TRANSGNERO (transgender)

TRANSEXUALES (transsexuals)
TE: MUJERES (women)
FEMINISMO (feminism)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
TR: GNERO (gender)

MUJERES (women)
TE: AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)

ANTIFEMINISMO (antifeminism)

CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)

CRTICA FEMINISTA (feminist criticism)

CULTURA DE LAS MUJERES (womens culture)

EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)

TICA FEMINISTA (feminist ethics)

FEMINISTAS (feminists)

FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (Anglo-Saxon feminism)

FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)

FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)

FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American feminism)

GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)

MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)

TEOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist theology)

TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)

SORORIDAD (sorority, sisterhood)

207

S I S T E M T I C A

FASCISMO (fascism)
TG: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)

TOTALITARISMO (totalitarism)
TR: NAZISMO (Nazism)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TE: MEDICAMENTOS (drugs)



ESTUPEFACIENTES (narcotic drugs)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (Anglo-Saxon feminism)


TG: FEMINISMO
TR: EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)
FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)
FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American
feminism)
FEMINISMO MEXICANO (Mexican feminism)
TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)

208

FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)


FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA PRIMERA OLA (first wave feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
TR: FEMINISMO DE LA SEGUNDA OLA (second wave feminism)
MOVIMIENTO ECOFEMINISTA (ecofeminist movement)
ORGANIZACIONES FEMINISTAS (feminist organizations)
FEMINISMO DE LA SEGUNDA OLA (second wave feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
TR: FEMINISMO DE LA PRIMERA OLA (first wave feminism)
MOVIMIENTO ECOFEMINISTA (ecofeminist movement)
ORGANIZACIONES FEMINISTAS (feminist organizations)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existencialist feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO
TR: EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (anglo-saxon feminism)
FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)
FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American
feminism)
FEMINISMO MEXICANO (Mexican feminism)
TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)
FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO
TR: AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)
EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (anglo-saxon feminism)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)


TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES LIBERALES (liberal
womens movement)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)

FEMINISMO MEXICANO (Mexican feminism)


TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American
feminism)
TR: FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (anglo-saxon feminism)
FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)
FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES NEGRAS (black womens
movement)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)

209

S I S T E M T I C A

FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American feminism)


TG: FEMINISMO
TR: AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)
EPISTEMOLOGA FEMINISTA (feminist epistemology)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
FEMINISMO ANGLOSAJN (anglo-saxon feminism)
FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)
FEMINISMO ITALIANO (Italian feminism)
TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)
TE: FEMINISMO MEXICANO (Mexican feminism)

FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)


FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)

P R E S E N T A C I N

FEMINISMO FRANCS (French feminism)


FEMINISMO LATINOAMERICANO (Latin-American
feminism)
FEMINISMO MEXICANO (Mexican feminism)
TEORA FEMINISTA (feminist theory)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

FEMINISMO SOCIALISTA (socialist feminism)


TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
CORRIENTES DEL FEMINISMO (feminism mainstreams)
TR: ECOFEMINISMO (ecofeminism)
FEMINISMO CULTURALISTA (cultural feminism)
FEMINISMO DE LA DIFERENCIA (feminism of difference)
FEMINISMO DE LA IGUALDAD (feminism of equality)
FEMINISMO EXISTENCIALISTA (existentialist feminism)
FEMINISMO LIBERAL (liberal feminism)
FEMINISMO MARXISTA (marxist feminism)
FEMINISMO MATERIALISTA (materialist feminism)
FEMINISMO NEGRO (black feminism)
FEMINISMO RADICAL (radical feminism)
MOVIMIENTO DE MUJERES SOCIALISTAS (socialist
womens movement)
POSTFEMINISMO (post-feminism)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
TG: FEMINISMO
TR: AFFIDAMENTO (affidamento)
CULTURA DE LAS MUJERES (womens culture)
TICA FEMINISTA (feminist ethics)
FEMINISTAS (feminists)
GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)
MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
SORORIDAD (sorority, sisterhood)
TE: ACTIVISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist activist)
ARTISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist artist)
AUTORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist authors)
ESCRITORAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist writers)
JURISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist lawyers)
TERICAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist theoreticians)
FEMINIZACIN DE LA POBREZA (feminization of poverty)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO (gender in development)
TR: INDICADORES DE GNERO (gender indicators)
LNEA DE POBREZA (poverty line)
MUJERES POBRES (poor women)
FERTILIDAD FEMENINA (female fertility)
TG: INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
TR: FERTILIDAD MASCULINA (male fertility)
FERTILIDAD MASCULINA (male fertility)
TG: INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
TR: FERTILIDAD FEMENINA (female fertility)

210

FESTIVALES RELIGIOSOS (religious festivals)


TG: RELIGIN (religion)
ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)
TR: CULTOS (cults)
PRCTICA RELIGIOSA (religious practice)
FETICHISMO (fetichism)
TG: PARAFILIAS (paraphilias)
TR: EXHIBICIONISMO (exhibitionism)
NECROFILIA (necrophilia)
PEDOFILIA (paedophilia)
SADOMASOQUISMO (sado-masochism)
VOYEURISMO (voyeurism)
ZOOFILIA (zoophilia)
FICCIN (fiction)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
LITERATURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary
literature)
TR: AUTORES (men authors)
AUTORAS (women authors)
TE: CIENCIA FICCIN (science fiction)

FIESTAS Y CELEBRACIONES (feast and celebrations)


TG: CULTURA TRADICIONAL (traditional culture)
TR: COSTUMBRES Y TRADICIONES (customs and traditions)
FOLCLORE (folklore)
RITOS (rites)
TRADICIN ORAL (oral tradition)
VALORES CULTURALES (cultural values)
VESTIMENTA (clothing)
FILIACIN (affiliation)
TG: DERECHO DE FAMILIA (family law)
TR: ABANDONO DEL HOGAR (desertion)
ADOPCIN (adoption)
CUSTODIA (custody)
EMANCIPACIN FAMILIAR (emancipation)
FILIACIN (affiliation)
LEGISLACIN FAMILIAR (family legislation)
MATRIMONIO (marriage)
MEDIACIN FAMILIAR (family mediation)
PATRIA POTESTAD (paternal authority)
FILMES (films)
UP: pelculas (films)
TG: CINE (cinema)
TR: CINE ARTE (art cinema)
CINE COMERCIAL (commercial cinema)
INDUSTRIA CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic industry)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

FILOSOFA ALEMANA (German philosophy)


TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: TEORA CRTICA (theory critical)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
FILOSOFA FRANCESA (French philosophy)
FILOSOFA INGLESA (English philosophy)
IDEOLOGAS (ideologies)
SECULARISMO (secularism)
LGICA (logic)
METAFSICA (metaphysics)
ONTOLOGA (ontology)
SIMBOLISMO (symbolism)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: ESENCIA (essence)
FILOSOFA ALEMANA (German philosophy)
FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
FILOSOFA FRANCESA (French philosophy)
FILOSOFA INGLESA (English philosophy)
METAFSICA (metaphysics)

FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)


TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
ESENCIA (essence)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
METAFSICA (metaphysics)
ONTOLOGA (ontology)
SIMBOLISMO (symbolism)
FILOSOFA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (philosophy of the
social sciences)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
METODOLOGA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (methodology of the social sciences)
TR: APROXIMACIONES METODOLGICAS (methodological
approaches)
FORMACIN TERICA (theory formation)
RAZONAMIENTO LGICO (logical reasoning)
TEORA E INVESTIGACIN (theory and research)
FILOSOFA DE LA ACCIN (philosophy of action)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (sciences studies)
TR: TICA DE LA CIENCIA (ethics of science)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA (history of science)
FILOSOFA (philosophy)
FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)
TG: EDUCACIN (education)
CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
TR: HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)
PSICOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational psychology)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)
UP: filosofa educativa (educative philosophy)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational
anthropology)

211

S I S T E M T I C A

ONTOLOGA (ontology)
SIMBOLISMO (symbolism)
TE: ESTOICOS (stoics)

P R E S E N T A C I N

FILSOFAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist philosophers)


TG: FEMINISTAS (feminists)
TERICAS FEMINISTAS (women feminists theoreticians)
TR: ECONOMISTAS FEMINISTAS (women feminist economist)
FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TG: FILOSOFA Y TICA (philosophy and ethics)
TR: EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
TICA (ethics)
TE: CRITICISMO (criticism)
TEORA CRTICA (theory critical)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
ESENCIA (essence)
FILOSOFA ALEMANA (German philosophy)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)
FILOSOFA DE LA ACCIN (philosophy of action)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
FILOSOFA FRANCESA (French philosophy)
FILOSOFA INGLESA (English philosophy)
IDEOLOGAS (ideologies)
SECULARISMO (secularism)
LGICA (logic)
METAFSICA (metaphysics)
ONTOLOGA (ontology)
SIMBOLISMO (symbolism)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)


INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

FILOSOFA DE LA HISTORIA (philosophy of history)


TG: HISTORIA (history)
TEORA DE LA HISTORIA (theory of history)
TR: INTERPRETACIN HISTRICA (historical interpretation)
PENSAMIENTO HISTRICO (historical thought)
TICA (ethics)
FILOSOFA DEL DERECHO (philosophy of law)
TG: DERECHO (law)
TR: DERECHO CIVIL (civil law)
DERECHO COMPARADO (comparative law)
DERECHO CONSUETUDINARIO (common law)
DERECHO INTERNACIONAL (international law)
DERECHO NATURAL (natural law)
DERECHO PBLICO (public law)
PROFESIN JURDICA (legal profession)
PROTECCIN LEGAL (legal protection)
REGLAMENTOS (regulations)
SITUACIN JURDICA (legal status)
TEORA LEGAL (legal theory)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
ESENCIA (essence)
FILOSOFA ALEMANA (German philosophy)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
FILOSOFA FRANCESA (French philosophy)
FILOSOFA INGLESA (English philosophy)
LGICA (logic)
METAFSICA (metaphysics)
ONTOLOGA (ontology)
SIMBOLISMO (symbolism)
FILOSOFA FRANCESA (French philosophy)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: CRITICISMO (criticism)
TEORA CRTICA (theory critical)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
FILOSOFA ALEMANA (German philosophy)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)
FILOSOFA DE LA ACCIN (philosophy of action)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)

212

FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)


FILOSOFA INGLESA (English philosophy)
FILOSOFA INGLESA (English philosophy)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TR: CRITICISMO (criticism)
TEORA CRTICA (theory critical)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
FILOSOFA ALEMANA (German philosophy)
FILOSOFA ANTIGUA (ancient philosophy)
FILOSOFA CHINA (Chinese philosophy)
FILOSOFA DE LA ACCIN (philosophy of action)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
FILOSOFA DEL ESPRITU (philosophy of mind)
FILOSOFA FRANCESA (French philosophy)
FILOSOFA POLTICA (political philosophy)
TG: CIENCIA POLTICA (political science)
TR: FILOSOFA POLTICA (political philosophy)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
TEORA POLTICA (political theory)
FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA CIENCIA
(science financing or science funding)
UP: financiamiento de la investigacin (research financing), financiamiento de la tecnologa (technology financing)
TG: ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)
TR: TENDENCIAS DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research trends)
PLANEACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science planning)
TE: PRESUPUESTO PARA LA CIENCIA (science budgets)
BECAS PARA LA INVESTIGACIN (research grants)
GASTOS CIENTFICOS (scientific expenditure)
FOBIAS (phobias)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
DEMENCIA (dementia)
DEPRESIN (depression)
NEUROSIS (neuroses)
HISTERIA (hysteria)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
TRASTORNOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality disorders)
TRASTORNOS PSICOSOMTICOS (psychosomatics)
TRAUMAS (traumas)
TE: AGORAFOBIA (agorophobia)
CLAUSTROFOBIA (claustrophobia)
FOLCLORE (folklore)
TG: CULTURA TRADICIONAL (traditional culture)
TR: COSTUMBRES Y TRADICIONES (customs and traditions)
FIESTAS Y CELEBRACIONES (feast and celebrations)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)


UP: formador de profesores (teacher trainer)
TG: PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
DOCENTE (teacher)
TR: DOCENTE MUJER (woman teacher)
EDUCADORA DE ADULTOS (adult educators woman)
EDUCADOR DE ADULTOS (adult educators man)
INSTRUCTORA (trainers woman)
INSTRUCTOR (trainers man)
PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching
personnel)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational
personnel)
FORMAS ORGANIZACIONALES FEMINISTAS (feminist
organizational forms)
NA: formas de organizacin usada en crculos feministas, tales como
relaciones de trabajo horizontales, trabajos colectivos, autonoma o
que no exigen como requisito una formacin o capacitacin especfica
TG: MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
ORGANIZACIONES FEMINISTAS (feminist organizations)
TR: ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)
FORMULACIN DE HIPTESIS (formulation of hypotheses)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
DISEO DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research design)
TR: FORMULACIN DEL PROBLEMA (formulation of problem)
FORMULACIN DEL PROBLEMA (formulation of problem)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
DISEO DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research design)
TR: FORMULACIN DE LAS HIPTESIS (formulation of
hypotheses)

FOTOGRAFA (photography)
TG: ARTES (arts)
TR: ARQUITECTURA (architecture)
ARTES DRAMTICAS (dramatic arts)
ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
ARTES PLSTICAS (plastic arts)
ARTES VISUALES (visual arts)
DANZA (dance)
ESTTICA (aesthetics)
TE: FOTGRAFAS (women photographer)
FOTGRAFOS (man photographer)

S I S T E M T I C A

FORMACIN TERICA (theory formation)


TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
METODOLOGA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (methodology of the social sciences)
TR: APROXIMACIONES METODOLGICAS (methodological
approaches)
FILOSOFA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (philosophy of
the social sciences)
RAZONAMIENTO LGICO (logical reasoning)
TEORA E INVESTIGACIN (theory and research)

FOTGRAFAS (women photographer)


TG: ARTES (arts)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)
TR: FOTGRAFOS (man photographer)

FOTGRAFOS (man photographer)


TG: ARTES (arts)
FOTOGRAFA (photography)
TR: FOTGRAFAS (women photographer)
FRAILES (friars)
TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
CLERO (clergy)
TR: ALTO CLERO (higher clergy)
ARZOBISPOS (archbishops)
BAJO CLERO (coger clergy)
CAPELLANES (chaplains)
CARDENALES (cardinals)
CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
CLERO INDGENA (indigenous clergy)
CURAS (mass priests)
DICONOS (deaconesses)
OBISPOS (bishops)
PASTORES (pastors, ministers)
PRELADO (prelate)
VICARIOS (vicars)

P R E S E N T A C I N

RITOS (rites)
TRADICIN ORAL (oral tradition)
VALORES CULTURALES (cultural values)
VESTIMENTA (clothing)

FRUSTRACIN (frustration)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO (behaviour)
CONDUCTA (conduct)
TR: AGRESIN (aggression)
FUNCIN PBLICA (civil service)
TG: GOBIERNO (government)
ADMINISTRACIN PBLICA (public administration)
TR: SECRETARA DE LA FUNCIN PBLICA (ministry of
civil service)
TE: FUNCIONARIA PBLICA (civil servant)
FUNCIONARIO PBLICO (civil servant)

213

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TR: ATESMO (atheism)
DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
FUNCIONARIA PBLICA (civil servant)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN PBLICA (public administration)
FUNCIN PBLICA (civil service)
TR: FUNCIONARIO PBLICO (civil servant)
FUNCIONARIO PBLICO (civil servant)
UP: agente del Estado (state agent), cargo pblico (public servants)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN PBLICA (public administration)
FUNCIN PBLICA (civil service)
TR: FUNCIONARIA PBLICA (civil servant)
FUNDACIONES DE INVESTIGACIN (research foundations)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science administration)
ORGANIZACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific organizations)
TR: CENTROS DE INVESTIGACIN (research centers)
PERSONAL CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)
PLANEACIN DE LA CIENCIA (science planning)
FUSILAMIENTO (shooting)
TG: MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA (methods of violence)
MTODOS DE ATAQUE INDISCRIMINADO (methods
of indiscriminate attacks)
TR: BOMBARDEO (bombing)
INCENDIO (arson)
USO DE GAS (use of gas)

G
GANADERA (stockbreeding)
TG: SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)

214

SECTOR PRIMARIO (primary sector)


TR: AGRICULTURA (agricultural)
MINERA (mining industry)
PESCA (fishing)
GASTO DE CONSUMO (consumption expenses)
TG: ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
CONSUMO DOMSTICO (home consumption)
TR: GASTO DE VIVIENDA (housing expenses)
GASTO DE VIVIENDA (housing expenses)
TG: ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
CONSUMO DOMSTICO (home consumption)
TR: GASTO DE CONSUMO (consumption expenses)
GASTOS CIENTFICOS (scientific expenditure)
UP: gastos de investigacin (research expenditure), gastos tecnolgicos
(technological expenditure)
TG: ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)
FINANCIAMIENTO DE LA CIENCIA (science financing or
science funding)
TE: PRESUPUESTO PARA LA CIENCIA (science budgets)
BECAS PARA LA INVESTIGACIN (research grants)
GNERO (gender)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
TR: FEMINISMO (feminism)
GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)
GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
TE: DISTINCIN PBLICO PRIVADO (public-private distinction)
ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (womens studies)
ESTUDIOS GAY Y LSBICOS (gay and lesbian studies)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)
IDEOLOGA DE GNERO (gender ideology)
PAPELES DE GNERO (gender roles)
RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
SISTEMAS DE GNERO (gender systems)
SOCIALIZACIN DE GNERO (gender socialization)
TECNOLOGA Y GNERO (technology and gender)
GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO (gender in development)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
TR: EQUIDAD (equity)
INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
TE: FEMINIZACIN DE LA POBREZA (feminization of poverty)
INDICADORES DE GNERO

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)


TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
TR: GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)
GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
NDICE DE DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development rate)
TE: EQUIDAD (equity)
INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO (gender in development)
IGUALDAD (equality)
GNERO Y PLANES DE DESARROLLO
(gender and development plans)
TG: GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
TR: MAQUINARIA DE LAS MUJERES (women machinery)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES
(policy of equality of opportunity)
ACCESO A LA EDUCACIN (equal access to education)
ACCESO A LA PROPIEDAD (equal access to property)
ACCESO AL TRABAJO (equal access to work)
TRANSVERSALIDAD (gender mainstreaming)

GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)


TG: POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)
TR: GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
GESTIN PBLICA (public management)
TE: ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
TR: GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)
TE: DIVISIN SEXUAL DEL TRABAJO (sexual division of
labour)
DOBLE JORNADA (double day, double shift)
DOMESTICIDAD (domesticity)
TECHO DE VIDRIO (glass ceiling)
TRABAJO DOMSTICO (housework)
TRABAJO FEMENINO (female labour)
GNEROS Y FORMAS LITERARIAS (genres and literary forms)
TG: LITERATURA
TR: ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analysis)
AUTORES (men authors)
AUTORAS (women authors)
LITERATURA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary
literature)
LITERATURA POPULAR (popular literature)
LITERATURA TRADICIONAL (folk literature)
PROSA (prose)
POESA (poetry)
TE: DRAMA (drama)
GENOCIDIO (genocide)
TG: DELITOS (crime)

215

S I S T E M T I C A

GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)


TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
TR: AGENDA DE GNERO (gender agenda)
GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)
GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
TE: CIUDADANA DE LAS MUJERES (womens citizenship)
DA INTERNACIONAL DE LA MUJER (international day
of women)
MOVIMIENTOS DE MUJERES (womens movements)
ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)
MOVIMIENTOS DE HOMOSEXUALES Y LESBIANAS (homosexuals and lesbians movements)
PARTICIPACIN POLTICA DE LAS MUJERES
(womens political participation)
REPRESENTACIN POLTICA DE LA MUJER (political
representation of women)

GNERO Y PODER (gender and power)


TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
TR: GNERO Y DEMOCRACIA (gender and democracy)
GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
TE: AUTONOMA (autonomy)
CONTRATO SEXUAL (sexual contract)
DERECHOS (rights)
EMANCIPACIN DE LA MUJER (womens emancipation)
MATRIARCADO (matriarchy)
RELACIONES DE PODER (power relations)

P R E S E N T A C I N

ESTADSTICAS DE GNERO (gender statistics)


MUJERES EN EL DESARROLLO (women at development)
PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women promotion)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against


humanity)
TE: HOLOCAUSTO (holocaust)
GERONTOLOGA (gerontology)
UP: geriatra (geriatrics)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
TR: ANATOMA (anatomy)
CARDIOLOGA (cardiology)
ENDOCRINOLOGA (endocrinology)
MEDICINA CLNICA (clinical medicine)
MEDICINA SOCIAL (social medicine)
NEUROLOGA (neurology)
NEUROPSICOLOGA (neuropsychiatry)
ODONTOLOGA (dentistry)
OFTALMOLOGA (ophthalmology)
SERVICIO DE ENFERMERA (nursing)
TERCERA EDAD
GESTIN CULTURAL (cultural management)
TG: CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
ADMINISTRACIN CULTURAL (cultural administration)
TR: ORGANIZACIONES CULTURALES (cultural organizations)
GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)
TG: GOBIERNO (government)
TR: BUROCRACIA (bureaucracy) (civil service)
DESARROLLO (development)
GESTIN PBLICA (public management)
GOBIERNO (government)
PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
TE: AUDITORA GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental audit)
CUENTA PBLICA (public account and)
GOBIERNO DIGITAL (digital government)
INDICADORES DE CALIDAD DE LA GESTIN (quality management indicators)
INFORMES DE GOBIERNO (governmental reports)
MODERNIZACIN ADMINISTRATIVA (administrative
modernization)
PROGRAMAS DE DESARROLLO INSTITUCIONAL
(institutional development programmes)
SISTEMA DE RESPONSABILIDADES DE LOS FUNCIONARIOS PBLICOS (civil servants responsibilities system)
GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)

216

HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)


HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)
HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)
HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)
HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)
GESTIN PBLICA (public management)
TG: POLTICA PBLICA (public policy)
TR: BUROCRACIA (bureaucracy) (civil service)
GNERO Y POLTICA PBLICA (gender and public policy)
GESTIN PBLICA (public management)
GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)
GINECOLOGA (gynaecology)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
TR: ANATOMA (anatomy)
CIRUGA (surgery)
ENDOCRINOLOGA (endocrinology)
GERONTOLOGA (gerontology)
MEDICINA CLNICA (clinical medicine)
SALUD REPRODUCTIVA (reproductive health)
SALUD DE LAS MUJERES (womens health)
SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)
GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)
TG: RELACIONES ECONMICAS (economic relations)
RELACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES
(international economic relations)
TR: ASUNTOS ECONMICOS INTERNACIONALES
(international economics affaires)
DEPENDENCIA (dependence)
GOBIERNO MUNDIAL (worldwide government)
ORGANIZACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES (international economic organizations)
GOBERNADOR (governor)
TG: NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)
TR: GOBERNADORA (governor)
PRESIDENTE DE LA REPBLICA (president of the republic)
GOBERNADORA (governor)
TG: NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)
TR: GOBERNADOR (governor)
GOBIERNO (government)
TG: ESTADO, GOBIERNO Y POLTICA (state, government and
politics)
TR: BUROCRACIA (bureaucracy) (civil service)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)


UP: administracin local (local administration), administracin
regional (regional administration), autoridad local (local authority), autoridad regional (regional authority), gobierno regional
(regional government)
TG: NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
TR: GOBIERNO FEDERAL (federal government)
GOBIERNO MUNICIPAL (municipal government)
TE: GOBERNADORA (governor)
GOBERNADOR (governor)
INSTITUTO ESTATAL DE LAS MUJERES (state institute
of women)
GOBIERNO FEDERAL (federal government)
TG: NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
TR: GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)
GOBIERNO MUNICIPAL (municipal government)
TE: INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE LAS MUJERES (national
institute of women)
PRESIDENTE DE LA REPBLICA (president of the republic)
GOBIERNO MUNDIAL (worldwide government)
TG: SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
TR: GLOBALIZACIN (globalization)
GOBIERNO MUNICIPAL (municipal government)
UP: administracin municipal (municipal administration), autoridad
municipal (municipal authority)
TG: GOBIERNO (government)
NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
TR: GOBIERNO FEDERAL (federal government)
GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)
TE: PRESIDENTA MUNICIPAL (head of municipality)
PRESIDENTE MUNICIPAL (head of municipality)

GONORREA (gonorrhea)
TG: INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIN SEXUAL (sexual
transmitted infections)
INFECCIN BACTERIAL (bacterial infections)
TR: CLAMIDIA (chlamydia)
SFILIS (syphilis)
GRUPOS (groups)
TG: AMBIENTE EDUCACIONAL (educational environment)
TR: AMISTAD (friendship)
COMPAERISMO (comradeship, friendship)
COMPETENCIA (competition)
USO DE LOS ESPACIOS (use of spaces)
VIOLENCIA (violence)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
TE: COMPORTAMIENTO GRUPAL (group behaviour)
DINMICAS DEL GRUPO (group dynamics)
RELACIONES DE GNERO EN EL CONTEXTO
ESCOLAR (gender relations in school environment)
DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
GRUPOS (groups)
TG: ACTORES SOCIALES (social actors)
TR: GOBIERNO (government)
GRUPOS TNICOS (ethnical groups)
LIDERAZGO (leadership)
ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
PARTICIPACIN SOCIAL (social participation)
PARTIDOS POLTICOS (political parties)
REDES (nets)
SOCIEDAD CIVIL (civil society)
TE: GRUPOS DE ACCIN (groups of action)
GRUPOS DE INTERS (groups of interest)
GRUPOS DE ACCIN (groups of action)
TG: ACTORES SOCIALES (social actors)
GRUPOS (groups)
TR: GRUPOS DE INTERS (groups of interest)
GRUPOS DE APOYO (support groups)
TG: VIOLENCIA (violence)
VCTIMAS DE VIOLENCIA (violence victims)
TR: ASESORAMIENTO PSICOLGICO POR VIOLENCIA
(violence counselling)

217

S I S T E M T I C A

GOBIERNO DIGITAL (digital government)


TG: GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)
TR: INFORMES DE GOBIERNO (governmental reports)
MODERNIZACIN ADMINISTRATIVA (administrative
modernization)
PROGRAMAS DE DESARROLLO INSTITUCIONAL
(institutional development programs)

GOLPE DE ESTADO (coups detat)


TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
CRISIS POLTICA (political crisis)
TR: CONFLICTO POLTICO (political conflicts)
DISTURBIO (riots)
GUERRA CIVIL (civil war)
GUERRILLA (guerrilla)

P R E S E N T A C I N

GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)


PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
SISTEMA POLTICO (political systems)
TE: ADMINISTRACIN PBLICA (public administration)
INSTITUCIONES POLTICAS (political institutions)
NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

GRUPOS DE APOYO (support groups)


TG: TRABAJO SOCIAL (social work)
TR: ASESORAMIENTO (counselling, advice)
TRABAJADOR SOCIAL (male social worker)
TRABAJADORA SOCIAL (female social worker)
VOLUNTARIO (volunteer)
TE: MUJERES VCTIMAS DE ABUSO SEXUAL (women
victims of sexual abuse)
MUJERES VCTIMAS DE VIOLENCIA (women victims of
violence)
GRUPOS DE AUTOAYUDA (self-help groups)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)
TR: GRUPOS DE AUTOCONCIENCIA (self-conscience groups)
GRUPOS DE AUTOCONCIENCIA (self-conscience groups)
TG: FEMINISMO (feminism)
GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)
TR: GRUPOS DE AUTOAYUDA (self-help groups)
GRUPOS DE EDAD (age groups)
TG: DISTRIBUCIN POR EDAD (age distribution)
TR: CICLOS DE VIDA (life-cycle)
TE: ADOLESCENCIA (adolescence)
ADULTEZ (adulthood)
INFANCIA (childhood)
JUVENTUD (youth)
GRUPOS DE INTERS (groups of interest)
UP: grupos de presin (groups of pressure)
NA: utilcese en relacin con entidades capaces de ejercer presin
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
TR: CABILDEO (lobbying)
CRISIS POLTICA (political crisis)
LIDERAZGO POLTICO (political leadership)
PARTIDO POLTICO (political party)
TE: EMPRESAS TRANSNACIONALES (transnational corporations)
ORGANIZACIONES CAMPESINAS (peasant organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE MUJERES (womens organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES DE TRABAJADORES (workers
organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES PATRONALES (employers organizations)
ORGANIZACIONES PROFESIONALES (professional
organizations)
SINDICATOS (trade unions)
GRUPOS DE MUJERES (womens groups)
TG: FEMINISMO
TR: CULTURA DE LAS MUJERES (womens culture)
TICA FEMINISTA (feminist ethics)

218

FEMINISTAS (feminists)
MOVIMIENTO FEMINISTA (feminist movement)
SORORIDAD (sorority, sisterhood)
TE: GRUPOS DE AUTOAYUDA (self-help groups)
GRUPOS DE AUTOCONCIENCIA (self-conscience groups)
GRUPOS DE SOPORTE (support groups)
TG: RAMAS DE LA PSICOLOGA (branches of psychology)
PSICOTERAPIA (psychotherapy)
TR: PSICOTERAPIA BREVE (short psychotherapy)
PSICOTERAPIA INDIVIDUAL (individual psychotherapy)
TERAPIA DE FAMILIA (family therapy)
TERAPIA DE GRUPO (group therapy)
TERAPIA DE PAREJA (couple therapy)
GRUPOS DESFAVORECIDOS (disadvantaged groups)
UP: grupo desamparado (helpless group), grupo sin privilegios (group
without privileges), grupo vulnerable (vulnerable group)
TG: DESARROLLO SOCIAL Y POLTICAS PBLICAS
(social development and public policy)
TR: BIENESTAR SOCIAL (social welfare)
DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
SERVICIO SOCIAL (social services)
TRABAJO SOCIAL (social work)
TE: ANCIANAS (elderly women)
ANCIANOS (elderly men)
DESEMPLEADAS (unemployed women)
DESEMPLEADOS (unemployed)
DESFAVORECIDAS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged women)
DESFAVORECIDOS EDUCACIONALES (educationally
disadvantaged men)
DISCAPACITADAS (disabled women)
DISCAPACITADOS (disabled men)
POBRES (poor)
PRISIONERAS (prisoner women)
PRISIONEROS (prisoner men)
TRABAJADORAS SEXUALES (sexual female workers)
GRUPOS TNICOS (ethnical groups)
TG: ACTORES SOCIALES (social actors)
TR: GOBIERNO (government)
GRUPOS (groups)
ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES (social organizations)
PARTICIPACIN SOCIAL (social participation)
REDES (nets)
REFUGIADOS (refugees)
SOCIEDAD CIVIL (civil society)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)


TG: RELIGIN (religion)
TR: ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
RDENES RELIGIOSAS (religious orders)
TE: CLERO (clergy)
DISCPULOS (disciples)
DISIDENTES RELIGIOSOS (religious dissidents)
EVANGELISTAS (evangelists)
LDERES RELIGIOSOS (religious leaders)
MRTIRES (martyrs)
MISIONEROS (missionaries)
MONJES (monks)
PREDICADORES (preachers)
SACERDOTES (priest)
SANTOS (saints)
GUERRA CIVIL (civil war)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
CRISIS POLTICA (political crisis)
TR: CONFLICTO POLTICO (political conflicts)
DISTURBIO (riots)
GOLPE DE ESTADO (coups detat)
GUERRILLA (guerrilla)
GUERRILLA (guerrilla)
UP: guerra de guerrillas (guerrilla warfare)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
CRISIS POLTICA (political crisis)
TR: CONFLICTO POLTICO (political conflicts)
DISTURBIO (riots)
GOLPE DE ESTADO (coups detat)
GUERRA CIVIL (civil war)

HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual habilities)


TG: COGNICIN (cognition)
TR: APTITUDES (aptitude)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
INTUICIN (intuition)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication skills)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
process)
TR: COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
COMUNICACIN GRUPAL (group communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERACTIVA (interactive communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural
communication)
COMUNICACIN INTERPERSONAL (interpersonal
communication)
COMUNICACIN SOCIAL (social communication)
TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication technologies)
TRANSFERENCIA DE LA INFORMACIN (information
transfer)
TE: COMUNICACIN NO VERBAL (nonverbal communication)
ESCRITURA (writing)
HABLA (speech)
LECTURA (reading)
HABLA (speech)
UP: comunicacin verbal (verbal communication)
TG: PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
process)
HABILIDADES COMUNICACIONALES (communication
skills)
TR: COMUNICACIN NO VERBAL (nonverbal communication)
ESCRITURA (writing)
LECTURA (reading)
TE: EXPRESIN ORAL (oral expression)
HAMBRE (famine) (starvation)
UP: desnutricin (undernourishment), inanicin (starvation)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
MALNUTRICIN (undernourishment)

219

S I S T E M T I C A

GRUPOS PARLAMENTARIOS (parliamentary groups)


TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
TR: ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
CONTROL GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental control)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
DECRETOS (decree)
INICIATIVAS (initiative)
LEYES (laws)
PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)

P R E S E N T A C I N

GRUPOS FOCALES (focus groups)


TG: TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research techniques)
TR: CUESTIONARIOS (questionnaires)
ENTREVISTAS (interviews)
EXPEDICIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific expeditions)
ENCUESTAS (surveys)
HISTORIAS DE VIDA (life story)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

HEMBRA (female)
TG: SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)
SEXO (sex)
TR: MACHO (male)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

HEPATITIS (hepatitis)
TG: INFECCIN VIRAL (viral infection)
SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)
TR: VIRUS DE INMUNODEFICIENCIA HUMANA (VIH)
(human immunodeficiency virus) (HIV)
HEREJA (heresy)
TG: TEOLOGA (theology)
DOCTRINAS RELIGIOSAS (religious doctrines)
TR: DISIDENTES RELIGIOSOS (religious dissidents)
HERMANA (sister)
TG: PARENTESCO (kinship)
TR: ABUELA (grandmother)
ABUELO (grandfather)
HERMANA (sister)
HIJA (daughter)
HIJO (son)
MADRE (mother)
PADRE (father)
HERMANO (brother)
TG: PARENTESCO (kinship)
TR: ABUELA (grandmother)
ABUELO (grandfather)
HERMANA (sister)
HIJA (daughter)
HIJO (son)
MADRE (mother)
PADRE (father)
HERMENUTICA (hermeneutics)
TG: SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
TEORA SOCIOLGICA (sociological theory)
TR: ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
IDEOLOGA (ideology)
INTERPRETACIN HISTRICA (historical interpretation)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
HETERONORMATIVA (heteronormative)
TG: RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
ANDROFOBIA (androphobia)
TR: HETEROSEXISMO (heterosexism)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD COMPULSIVA (compulsive
heterosexuality)
MISOGINIA (misogyny)

220

HETEROSEXISMO (heterosexism)
TG: RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
ANDROFOBIA (androphobia)
TR: HETERONORMATIVA (heteronormative)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD COMPULSIVA (compulsive
heterosexuality)
MISOGINIA (misogyny)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD (heterosexuality)
TG: IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
ORIENTACIN SEXUAL (sexual orientation)
TR: BISEXUALIDAD (bisexuality)
HOMOSEXUALIDAD (homosexuality)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD COMPULSIVA
(compulsive heterosexuality)
TG: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)
TR: HETERONORMATIVA (heteronormative)
HETEROSEXISMO (heterosexism)
HOMOFOBIA (homophobia)
LESBOFOBIA (lesbophobia)
MISOGINIA (misogyny)
HIGIENE (higiene)
TG: SISTEMA MDICO (medical system)
MEDICINA PREVENTIVA (preventive medicine)
TR: VACUNACIN (vaccination)
HIGIENE AMBIENTAL (environmental health)
TG: ACCIONES EN SALUD (health actions)
POLTICA DE SALUD (health policy)
TR: TICA MEDIOAMBIENTAL (environmental ethics)
HIGIENE DEL TRABAJO (occupational higiene)
TG: SEGURIDAD LABORAL (industrial safety)
TR: ACCIDENTES DEL TRABAJO (industrial accidents)
DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD (safety devices)
ENFERMEDADES OCUPACIONALES (occupational
diseases)
MEDICINA DEL TRABAJO (occupational medicine)
HIGIENE SEXUAL (sexual hygiene)
TG: TEORAS SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)
SEXOLOGA (sexology)
TR: PEDAGOGA SEXUAL (sexual pedagogy)
PSICOANLISIS (psychoanalysis)
PSICOLOGA SEXUAL (sexual psychology)
HIJA (daughter)
TG: PARENTESCO (kinship)

HIJO (son)
TG: PARENTESCO (kinship)
TR: ABUELA (grandmother)
ABUELO (grandfather)
HERMANA (sister)
HERMANO (brother)
HIJA (daughter)
MADRE (mother)
PADRE (father)
HINDUISMO (Hinduism)
TG: RELIGIONES (religions)
RELIGIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient religions)
TR: BRAHMANISMO (Brahmanism)
BUDISMO (Buddhism)
PAGANISMO (paganism)
CHAMANISMO (shamanism)
CONFUCIONISMO (Confucianism)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
ISLAM (Islam)
JUDASMO (Judaism)
TAOSMO (Taoism)
HIPOTECAS (mortgage)
TG: ADMINISTRACIN DE JUSTICIA (administration of
justice)
CONTRATOS (contracts)
TR: CONTRATOS DE TRABAJO (contracts of employment or
contracts of service)
CONTRATOS PBLICOS (public contracts or government
contracts)
HISTERIA (histeria)
TG: TRASTORNOS (disorders)
TR: ADICCIONES (addictions)
DEMENCIA (dementia)
DEPRESIN (depression)
FOBIAS (phobias)
NEUROSIS (neuroses)
PSICOSIS (psychosis)
TRASTORNOS DE PERSONALIDAD (personality disorders)
TRASTORNOS PSICOSOMTICOS (psychosomatics)
TRAUMAS (traumas)

HISTORIA (history)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)
ECONOMA (economy)
EDUCACIN (education)
SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
RELIGIN (religion)
FILOSOFA (philosophy)
TICA (ethics)
TE: HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS HISTRICAS (methods and
historical techniques)
TEORA DE LA HISTORIA (theory of history)
FILOSOFA DE LA HISTORIA (philosophy of history)
HISTORIA ANTIGUA (ancient history)
HISTORIA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary history)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
HISTORIA DE LA MEDICINA (history of medicine)
HISTORIA MEDIEVAL (medieval history)
HISTORIA MILITAR (military history)
HISTORIA MODERNA (modern history)
HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA REGIONAL (local history)
HISTORIA RELIGIOSA (religious history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
INVESTIGACIN HISTRICA (historical research)
PREHISTORIA (prehistory)
SOCIOLOGA HISTRICA (historical sociology)
HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)
HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)
HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y DE LA TCNICA (history
of science and technique)
HISTORIA ANTIGUA (ancient history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: FILOSOFA DE LA HISTORIA (philosophy of history)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
HISTORIA DE LA MEDICINA (history of medicine)
HISTORIA MEDIEVAL (medieval history)
HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
PREHISTORIA (prehistory)
TE: CIVILIZACIONES ANTIGUAS (ancient civilizations)
CIVILIZACIONES CLSICAS (classical civilizations)

221

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: ABUELA (grandmother)


ABUELO (grandfather)
HERMANA (sister)
HERMANO (brother)
HIJO (son)
MADRE (mother)
PADRE (father)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

HISTORIA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary history)


TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: FILOSOFA DE LA HISTORIA (philosophy of history)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
HISTORIA DE LA MEDICINA (history of medicine)
HISTORIA MODERNA (modern history)
HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA REGIONAL (local history)
HISTORIA RELIGIOSA (religious history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
INVESTIGACIN HISTRICA (historical research)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
TG: INVESTIGACIN CULTURAL (cultural research)
TR: ANLISIS INTERCULTURAL (cross cultural analysis)
ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ESTUDIOS CULTURALES (cultural studies)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA CULTURA (cultural sociology)
TE: HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)
HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)
HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y DE LA TCNICA
(history of science and technique)
GNERO (gender)
TE: HISTORIA DE LAS MUJERES (womens history)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA (history of science)
UP: historia de la tecnologa (history of technology)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (sciences studies)
TR: TICA DE LA CIENCIA (ethics of science)
FILOSOFA DE LA CIENCIA (philosophy of science)
HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y DE LA TCNICA
(history of science and technique)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)
HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)
HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)

222

CIENCIA (science)
TECNOLOGA (technology)
HISTORIA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication history)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN DE AUDIENCIAS (audience research)
IMPACTO DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication impact)
PSICOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
psychology)
TEORA DE LA INFORMACIN (information theory)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (sociology of
communication)
HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA (anthropology)
HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)
HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y DE LA TCNICA (history
of science and technique)
HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)
TG: EDUCACIN (education)
CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
TR: FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)
PSICOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational psychology)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
HISTORIA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational history)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sciences)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational
anthropology)
FILOSOFA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational philosophy)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
TEORA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational theory)
HISTORIA DE LA FAMILIA (history of family)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
TR: HISTORIA DE LA INFANCIA (history of the child)
HISTORIA DE LOS JVENES (history of the youth)
HISTORIA DE LA INFANCIA (history of the child)
TG: HISTORIA (history)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

HISTORIA DE LA SEXUALIDAD (sexuality history)


TG: TEORAS SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)
CONSTRUCCIONISMO SOCIAL (social constructionism)
HISTORIA DE LAS MUJERES (womens history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
TR: FEMINISMO (feminism)
MUJERES (women)
HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)
HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y DE LA TCNICA (history
of science and technique)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA RELIGIN (sociology of religion)
TE: MITOLOGA (mythology)
HISTORIA DE LOS JVENES (history of the youth)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
TR: HISTORIA DE LA FAMILIA (history of family)
HISTORIA DE LA INFANCIA (history of the child)
HISTORIA DE MXICO (history of Mexico)
TG: HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
HISTORIA LATINOAMERICANA (Latin-American history)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)

HISTORIA DE VIDA (life story)


TG: TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research techniques)
TR: CUESTIONARIOS (questionnaires)
ENTREVISTAS (interviews)
EXPEDICIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific expeditions)
ENCUESTAS (surveys)
GRUPOS FOCALES (focus groups)
HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
TR: HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)
HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y DE LA TCNICA (history
of science and technique)
ECONOMA (economy)
HISTORIA EUROPEA (European history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
TR: HISTORIA LATINOAMERICANA (Latin-American history)
HISTORIA LATINOAMERICANA (Latin-American history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
TR: HISTORIA EUROPEA (European history)
TE: HISTORIA DE MXICO (history of Mexico)
HISTORIA MEDIEVAL (medieval history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
HISTORIA ANTIGUA (ancient history)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
HISTORIA DE LA MEDICINA (history of medicine)
HISTORIA MILITAR (military history)
HISTORIA RELIGIOSA (religious history)
INVESTIGACIN HISTRICA (historical research)
SOCIOLOGA HISTRICA (historical sociology)

223

S I S T E M T I C A

HISTORIA DE LA MEDICINA (history of medicine)


TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
HISTORIA ANTIGUA (ancient history)
HISTORIA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary history)
HISTORIA MEDIEVAL (medieval history)
INVESTIGACIN HISTRICA (historical research)

INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)


INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)

P R E S E N T A C I N

HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)


TR: HISTORIA DE LA FAMILIA (history of family)
HISTORIA DE LOS JVENES (history of the youth)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

HISTORIA MILITAR (militar history)


TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS HISTRICAS (methods and
historical techniques)
HISTORIA ANTIGUA (ancient history)
HISTORIA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary history)
HISTORIA MEDIEVAL (medieval history)
HISTORIA MILITAR (military history)
HISTORIA MODERNA (modern history)
HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA REGIONAL (local history)
INVESTIGACIN HISTRICA (historical research)
HISTORIA MODERNA (modern history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS HISTRICAS (methods and
historical techniques)
HISTORIA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary history)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
INVESTIGACIN HISTRICA (historical research)
SOCIOLOGA HISTRICA (historical sociology)
HISTORIA NACIONAL (national history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TR: HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS HISTRICAS (methods and
historical techniques)
HISTORIA CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary history)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
HISTORIA MILITAR (military history)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA REGIONAL (local history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
INVESTIGACIN HISTRICA (historical research)
SOCIOLOGA HISTRICA (historical sociology)
TE: HISTORIA LATINOAMERICANA (Latin-American history)
HISTORIA EUROPEA (European history)
HISTORIA NATURAL (natural history)
TG: DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientific subjects)
CIENCIAS NATURALES (natural sciences)
TR: BOTNICA (botany)
ZOOLOGA (zoology)
HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)
TG: MTODO HISTRICO (historical methods)
MTODOS Y TCNICAS HISTRICAS (methods and
historical techniques)

224

TR: CRONOLOGA (chronology)


HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
ENTREVISTAS (interviews)
HISTORIAS DE VIDA (life story)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
TR: HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)
HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)
HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y DE LA TCNICA (history
of science and technique)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
TR: HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)
HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)
HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)
HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y DE LA TCNICA (history
of science and technique)
TE: HISTORIA DE LA FAMILIA (history of family)
HISTORIA DE LA INFANCIA (history of the child)
HISTORIA DE LOS JVENES (history of the youth)
HISTORIAS DE LA LITERATURA (literary history)
TG: LITERATURA (literature)
ANLISIS LITERARIO (literary analysis)
TR: CRTICA LITERARIA (literary criticism)
ESTILOS (literary style)
PREMIOS LITERARIOS (literary prizes)
HISTORIOGRAFA (historiography)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
MTODOS HISTRICOS (historical methods)
TR: ANLISIS HISTRICO (historical analysis)
CRONOLOGA (chronology)
HISTORIA ORAL (oral history)
PALEOGRAFA (palaeography)
TE: HISTORIA AGRARIA (agrarian history) (agricultural history)
HISTORIA DE GNERO (history of gender)
HISTORIA POLTICA (political history)
HISTORIA SOCIAL (social history)
HISTORIA ECONMICA (economic history)
HISTORIA DE LAS RELIGIONES (history of religions)

HOLOCAUSTO (holocaust)
TG: CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against
humanity)
GENOCIDIO (genocide)
TR: CAMPOS DE CONCENTRACIN (concentration camps)
NAZISMO (Nazism)
HOMBRE CASADO (married man)
UP: cnyuge (partner), esposo (husband), marido (spouse)
TG: MATRIMONIO (marriage)
ESTADO CIVIL (marital status)
TR: MUJER CASADA (married woman)
SOLTERA (single woman)
SOLTERO (single man)
VIUDA (widowed woman)
VIUDO (widowed man)
HOMBRES (men)
TG: DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN POR SEXO
(population distribution by sex)
SEXO (sex)
TR: MUJERES (women)
HOMBRES (men)
TG: IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)
TR: MUJERES (women)
TE: ANDROGINIA (androgyny)
VIRILIDAD (virility)
HOMBRES VIOLENTOS (violent men)
TG: VIOLENCIA DE GNERO (gender violence) (gender based violence)
VIOLENCIA CONTRA LAS MUJERES (violence against
women)
TR: FEMINICIDIO (feminicide, female murders)
HOMEOPATA (homeopathy)
UP: fitoterapia (phytotherapy), medicina natural (natural medicine), naturopata (naturopathy)
TG: SISTEMA MDICO (medical system)
TR: ACUPUNTURA (acupuncture)
DIETTICA (dietetics)
MEDICINA PREVENTIVA (preventive medicine)
MEDICINA TRADICIONAL (traditional medicine)
HOMICIDIO (homicide)
TG: PROBLEMAS SOCIALES (social problems)
DELITOS (crime)

TR: ABUSO DE MENORES (child abuse)


ABUSO SEXUAL (sexual abuse)
CONTRABANDO (smuggling)
CORRUPCIN (corruption)
CRMENES CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD (crimes against
humanity)
CRMENES CONTRA LAS MUJERES (crimes against women)
CRMENES DE ODIO (hate crimes)
CRIMEN ORGANIZADO (organized crime)
CRMENES RACIALMENTE MOTIVADOS (racially
motivated crimes)
ROBO (robbery)
SECUESTRO (kidnapping)
TERRORISMO (terrorism)
TORTURA (torture)
TE: INFANTICIDIO (infanticide)
HOMOFOBIA (homophobia)
TG: DISCRIMINACIN (discrimination)
DISCRIMINACIN SEXUAL (sexual discrimination)
TR: LESBOFOBIA (lesbophobia)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD COMPULSIVA (compulsive
heterosexuality)
MISOGINIA (misogyny)
HOMOSEXUALIDAD (homosexuality)
UP: homosexualismo (homosexualism)
TG: IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
ORIENTACIN SEXUAL (sexual orientation)
TR: BISEXUALIDAD (bisexuality)
HETEROSEXUALIDAD (heterosexuality)

P R E S E N T A C I N

HISTORIA DE LA CULTURA (history of culture)


HISTORIA DE LA CIENCIA Y DE LA TCNICA (history
of science and technique)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

HORMONAS SEXUALES (sexual hormones)


TG: TEORAS SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)
BIOLOGICISMO (biologicism)
TR: HORMONAS SEXUALES (sexual hormones)
INSTINTO SEXUAL (sexual instinct)
SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)
TE: ESTRADIOL (estradiol)
ESTRGENO (estrogen)
TESTOSTERONA (testosterone)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)
UP: hospital de la mujer (woman hospital)
TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)
HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)

225

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)


HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)
HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)
HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)
UP: hospital del nio (childs hospital)
TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)
HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)
HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)
HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)
HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)
HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospital)
TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)
HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)
HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)
HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)
HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)
HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)
TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)
HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)
HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)
HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)
HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)
HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospital)
TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)
HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)
HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)
HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)
HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)

226

HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospital)


TG: INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)
HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)
HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)
HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)
HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
TR: ASILOS (asylums)
BANCOS DE SANGRE (blood banks)
CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)
DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)
TE: ADMINISTRACIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital administration)
GESTIN HOSPITALARIA (hospital management)
HOSPITAL DE LAS MUJERES (womens hospitals)
HOSPITAL INFANTIL (child hospital)
HOSPITAL MVIL (mobile hospitals)
HOSPITAL PRIVADO (private hospitals)
HOSPITAL PSIQUITRICO (psychiatric hospitals)
HOSPITAL PBLICO (public hospitals)
HOTELERA (hotel trade) (hotel industry)
TG: SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)
SECTOR SERVICIOS (tertiary sector)
TR: COMERCIO (trade)
TRANSPORTES (transports)
HUELGAS ILEGALES (illegal strikes)
TG: HUELGA (strike)
TR: HUELGUISTAS (strikers)
HUELGUISTAS (strikers)
TG: HUELGA (strike)
TR: HUELGAS ILEGALES (illegal strikes)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TR: ATESMO (atheism)
DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

I
IDEALISMO (idealism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TR: ATESMO (atheism)
DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)
EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
IDENTIDAD (identity)
TG: PSICOLOGA E IDENTIDAD (psychology and identity)
TR: PERSONALIDAD (personality)
TE: AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)
AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)
INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)
AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)

IDENTIDAD CULTURAL (culture identity)


UP: identificacin cultural (cultural identification), identidad tnica (ethnic
identity)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
TR: CULTURA TRADICIONAL (traditional culture)
DIFERENCIACIN CULTURAL (cultural differentiation)
PATRIMONIO CULTURAL (cultural heritage)
SISTEMAS CULTURALES (cultural systems)
TE: ACULTURACIN (acculturation)
IDENTIDAD NACIONAL (national identity)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
TR: AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)
TE: ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)
FEMINIDAD (feminity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)
POLTICAS DE LA IDENTIDAD (identity policies)
TRANSGNERO (transgender)
TRANSEXUALES (transsexuals)
IDENTIDAD NACIONAL (national identity)
UP: carcter nacional (national character), conciencia nacional (national
consciousness)
TG: IDENTIDAD CULTURAL (cultural identity)
ACULTURACIN (acculturation)
INTERACCIN CULTURAL (cultural interaction)
TR: IDENTIDAD NACIONAL (national identity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
TG: IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
TR: ESTEREOTIPOS DE GNERO (gender stereotypes)
FEMINIDAD (feminity)
MASCULINIDAD (masculinity)
POLTICAS DE LA IDENTIDAD (identity policies)
TRANSGNERO (transgender)
TRANSEXUALES (transsexuals)
TE: ORIENTACIN SEXUAL (sexual orientation)
ROLES SEXUALES (sexual roles)
IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
TG: IDENTIDAD (identity)

227

S I S T E M T I C A

HUMOR (humour)
TG: ALMA (soul)
CUALIDADES (qualities)
TR: BELLEZA (beauty)
JUICIO (judgement)
LEALTAD (allegiance)
VOLUNTAD (will)

IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)


IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)

P R E S E N T A C I N

EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

TR: AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)


AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)
INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)
AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)
IDEOLOGA (ideology)
TG: SOCIOLOGA (sociology)
TEORA SOCIOLGICA (sociological theory)
TR: ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
HERMENUTICA (hermeneutics)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
IDEOLOGA DE GNERO (gender ideology)
TG: GNERO (gender)
TR: DISTINCIN PBLICO PRIVADO (public-private distinction)
ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MUJER (womens studies)
ESTUDIOS GAY Y LSBICOS (gay and lesbian studies)
ESTUDIOS DE LA MASCULINIDAD (masculinity studies)
IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
EDUCACIN INTERCULTURAL (intercultural education)
EDUCACIN MULTICULTURAL (multicultural education)
ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)
TE: EDUCACIN BILINGE (bilingual education)
IGLESIA (church)
TG: INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)
TR: ACADEMIAS EVANGLICAS (evangelical academies)
COMUNIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious communities)
INQUISICIN (inquisition)
MOVIMIENTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious movements)
OFICIOS RELIGIOSOS (religious offices)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)
SEMINARIOS TEOLGICOS (theological seminaries)
SOCIEDADES MISIONERAS (missionary societies)
TE: MISIN DE LA IGLESIA (mission of the church)
IGLESIA ANGLICANA (Anglican church)
TG: CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)

228

TR: CALVINISMO (Calvinism)


IGLESIA EPISCOPAL (Episcopal church)
IGLESIA EVANGLICA (evangelic church)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
PURITANISMO (Puritanism)
IGLESIA REFORMADA (reformed church)
TE: IGLESIA DE INGLATERRA (church of England)
IGLESIA DE INGLATERRA (church of England)
TG: PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
IGLESIA ANGLICANA (Anglican church)
TR: CLERO ANGLICANO (Anglican clergy)
IGLESIA EPISCOPAL (Episcopal church)
TG: CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
TR: CALVINISMO (Calvinism)
IGLESIA ANGLICANA (Anglican church)
IGLESIA EVANGLICA (evangelic church)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
PURITANISMO (Puritanism)
IGLESIA REFORMADA (reformed church)
IGLESIA EVANGLICA (evangelic church)
TG: CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
TR: CALVINISMO (Calvinism)
IGLESIA ANGLICANA (Anglican church)
IGLESIA EPISCOPAL (Episcopal church)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
PURITANISMO (Puritanism)
IGLESIA REFORMADA (reformed church)
IGLESIA REFORMADA (reformed church)
TG: CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
TR: CALVINISMO (Calvinism)
IGLESIA ANGLICANA (Anglican church)
IGLESIA EPISCOPAL (Episcopal church)
IGLESIA EVANGLICA (evangelic church)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
PURITANISMO (Puritanism)
IGLESIAS ORIENTALES (eastern churches)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
TR: CATOLICISMO (Catholicism)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO (orthodox Christianity)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO GRIEGO (Greek orthodox)
CRISTIANISMO ORTODOXO ORIENTAL (eastern
orthodox)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

IGUALDAD DE DERECHOS (equality of rights)


TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
IGUALDAD (equality)
TR: IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
DESIGUALDAD (unequality)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES
(policy of equality of opportunity)
IGUALDAD DE GNERO (gender equality)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)
TR: INTEGRACIN ESCOLAR (school integration)
DESIGUALDADES (inequalities)
DIFERENCIAS (differences)
DIVERSIDAD (diversity)
ESTEREOTIPOS (stereotypes)
SEXISMO (sexism)
IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
IGUALDAD (equality)
TR: IGUALDAD DE DERECHOS (equality of rights)
DESIGUALDAD (unequality)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES
(policy of equality of opportunity)
TE: OPORTUNIDADES DE EDUCACIN (educational opportunities)
OPORTUNIDADES DE EMPLEO (employment opportunities)
IGUALDAD DE RETRIBUCIN POR TRABAJO DE IGUAL
VALOR (equal pay for work of equal value)
NA: igualdad de remuneracin por un trabajo al que se le atribuye
un valor igual, sin que haya discriminacin por razones de sexo o de
estado civil
TG: RELACIONES LABORALES (industrial relations)
POLTICA SALARIAL (wage policy)
TR: SALARIOS (wages)

IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)


TG: CUERPO (body)
TR: CORPORALIDAD (embodiment)
CUERPO DE LAS MUJERES (womens body)
CUERPO FEMENINO (female body)
CUERPO MASCULINO (male body)
PLACER (pleasure)
SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)
TE: IMAGEN DE LAS MUJERES (women appearance)
BELLEZA (beauty)
COSMTICA (cosmetics)
CIRUGA PLSTICA (plastic surgery)
DIETAS (diets)

S I S T E M T I C A

IGUALDAD (equality)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
TR: EQUIDAD (equity)
GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO (gender in development)
TE: ACCIN AFIRMATIVA (positive action)
IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES (equal opportunities)
DESIGUALDAD (unequality)
POLTICA DE IGUALDAD DE OPORTUNIDADES
(policy of equality of opportunity)

ASALARIADOS (wage earner)


SISTEMAS DE REMUNERACIN (wage payment systems)

IMAGEN DE LAS MUJERES (women appearance)


TG: CUERPO (body)
IMAGEN CORPORAL (body image)
TR: BELLEZA (beauty)
COSMTICA (cosmetics)
CIRUGA PLSTICA (plastic surgery)
DIETAS (diets)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
TG: COGNICIN (cognition)
TR: APTITUDES (aptitude)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
INTUICIN (intuition)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
IMANES (imams)
TG: GRUPOS RELIGIOSOS (religious groups)
LDERES RELIGIOSOS (religious leaders)
TR: PADRES DE LA IGLESIA (fathers of the church)
PATRIARCAS (patriarchs)
PAPAS (popes)
RABINOS (rabbis)
IMPACTO DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication impact)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication research)
TR: HISTORIA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication history)
INVESTIGACIN DE AUDIENCIAS (audience research)

229

P R E S E N T A C I N

ECUMENICALISMO (ecumenicalism)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

PSICOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication


psychology)
TEORA DE LA INFORMACIN (information theory)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (sociology of
communication)
IMPERIALISMO (imperialism)
TG: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)
TR: CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
CONSERVATISMO (conservatism)
FEDERALISMO (federalism)
INTERNACIONALISMO (internationalism)
LIBERALISMO (liberalism)
MILITARISMO (militarism)
NACIONALISMO (nationalism)
TECNOCRACIA (technocracy)
TOTALITARISMO (totalitarianism)
TE: COLONIALISMO (colonialism)
IMPERIOS (empires)
TG: SISTEMA SOCIAL (social system)
TR: NACIONES (nations)
SOCIEDADES CONTEMPORNEAS (contemporary society)
SOCIEDADES INDUSTRIALES (industrial societies)
SOCIEDADES NO INDUSTRIALIZADAS (non-industrialized societies)
SOCIEDADES TRADICIONALES (traditional societies)
IMPOTENCIA (impotence)
TG: SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)
PROBLEMAS SEXUALES (sexual disorders)
TR: ANORGASMIA (anorgasmia)
INCENDIO (arson)
NA: Se trata del incendio provocado
TG: MTODOS DE VIOLENCIA (methods of violence)
MTODOS DE ATAQUE INDISCRIMINADO (methods
of indiscriminate attacks)
TR: BOMBARDEO (bombing)
FUSILAMIENTO (shooting)
USO DE GAS (use of gas)
INCENTIVOS SALARIALES (wage incentives)
TG: POLTICA SALARIAL (wage policy)
ASALARIADOS (wage earner)
TR: DETERMINACIN DEL SALARIO (wage determination)
ESCALA DE SALARIOS (pay scale)
INDEMNIZACIN POR CESANTA (redundancy pay)
SALARIO BASE (basic wage)
SALARIO MNIMO (minimum wage)

230

SALARIO MNIMO INTERPROFESIONAL (guaranteed


minimum wage)
TASA DEL SALARIO (wage rate)
INCESTO (incest)
TG: DELITOS (crime)
ABUSO SEXUAL INFANTIL (child sexual abuse)
TR: PEDOFILIA (paedophilia)
VIOLACIN (rape)
INCLUSIN SOCIAL (social inclusin)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
TR: ADAPTACIN SOCIAL (social adaptation)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
NORMAS SOCIALES (social norms)
PARTICIPACIN SOCIAL (social participation)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
INCONFORMISTAS (nonconformity)
TG: CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
PROTESTANTISMO (Protestantism)
TR: CALVINISMO (Calvinism)
IGLESIA ANGLICANA (Anglican church)
IGLESIA EPISCOPAL (Episcopal church)
IGLESIA EVANGLICA (evangelic church)
PURITANISMO (Puritanism)
IGLESIA REFORMADA (reformed church)
TE: CIENCIA CRISTIANA (Christian science)
CONGREGACIONALISMO (congregationalism)
METODISTA (Methodism)
PRESBITERIANA (Presbyterianism)
INCONSCIENTE (unconscious)
TG: IDENTIDAD (identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)
TR: PSICOANLISIS (psychoanalysis)
TE: INCONSCIENTE SOCIAL (social unconscious)
SUBCONSCIENTE (subconscious)
INCONSCIENTE SOCIAL (social unconscious)
TG: SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)
INCONSCIENTE (unconscious)
TR: SUBCONSCIENTE (subconscious)
INCREMENTO DE LA POBLACIN (population increase)
UP: crecimiento de la poblacin (population growth)
TG: DINMICA POBLACIONAL (dynamics population)
TR: ENVEJECIMIENTO (ageing population)
ESPERANZA DE VIDA (life expectancy)
PROBLEMAS DE POBLACIN (population problems)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

INDICADORES DE CALIDAD DE LA GESTIN


(quality management indicators)
TG: GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)
TR: AUDITORA GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental audit)
INFORMES DE GOBIERNO (governmental reports)
MODERNIZACIN ADMINISTRATIVA (administrative
modernization)
PROGRAMAS DE DESARROLLO INSTITUCIONAL
(institutional development programmes)
INDICADORES DE DESARROLLO (developments indicators)
TG: TEORAS DEL DESARROLLO (development theory)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE DESARROLLO (development
reserach)
TR: NDICE DE DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development rate)
MODELOS DE DESARROLLO (development models)
INDICADORES DE GNERO (gender indicators)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO (gender in development)
TR: FEMINIZACIN DE LA POBREZA (feminization of poverty)
ESTADSTICAS DE GNERO (gender statistics)
MUJERES EN EL DESARROLLO (women at development)
PROMOCIN DE LA MUJER (women promotion)
INDICADORES DE GNERO (gender indicators)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
INDICADORES SOCIALES (social indicators)
TR: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO (gender studies)
GNERO Y DESARROLLO (gender and development)
INDICADORES EDUCATIVOS (educational indicators)
TG: SOCIOLOGA DE LA EDUCACIN (educational sociology)
ESTRATEGIAS EDUCATIVAS (educational strategies)
TR: OBJETIVO EDUCACIONAL (educational objectives)

NDICE DE DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development rate)


TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
TR: CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)
EMPODERAMIENTO (empowerment)
LNEA DE POBREZA (poverty line)
NECESIDADES BSICAS (basic needs)
NIVEL DE VIDA (standard of living)
SEGURIDAD PERSONAL (people security)
TE: NDICE DE DESARROLLO RELATIVO AL GNERO
(development rating related to gender)
NDICE DE DESARROLLO RELATIVO AL GNERO
(development rating related to gender)
NA: mide el logro en las mismas dimensiones y con las mismas variables que el IDH, pero toma en cuenta la desigualdad entre mujeres y hombres
TG: DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development)
NDICE DE DESARROLLO HUMANO (human development rate)
TR: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
GNERO Y TRABAJO (gender and work)
INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)
TG: IDENTIDAD (identity)
TR: AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)
AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)
AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)
IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)
IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)
INDIVIDUALISMO (individualism)
TG: FILOSOFA (philosophy)
ESCUELAS FILOSFICAS (philosophical schools)
TR: ATESMO (atheism)
DETERMINISMO (determinism)
DIALECTICISMO (dialecticism)

231

S I S T E M T I C A

INDEMNIZACIN POR CESANTA (redundancy pay)


TG: POLTICA SALARIAL (wage policy)
ASALARIADOS (wage earner)
TR: DETERMINACIN DEL SALARIO (wage determination)
ESCALA DE SALARIOS (pay scale)
INCENTIVOS SALARIALES (wage incentives)
SALARIO BASE (basic wage)
SALARIO MNIMO (minimum wage)
SALARIO MNIMO INTERPROFESIONAL (guaranteed
minimum wage)
TASA DEL SALARIO (wage rate)

INDICADORES SOCIALES (social indicators)


TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
TR: CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ESTATUS SOCIAL (social status)
INEQUIDADES SOCIALES (social inequality)
ROLES SOCIALES (social roles)
TE: INDICADORES DE GNERO (gender indicators)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TASA DE FECUNDIDAD (fertility rate)


TASA DE NATALIDAD (birth rate)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

EMPIRICISMO (empiricism)
ESPIRITUALISMO (spiritualism)
ESTRUCTURALISMO (structuralism)
EXISTENCIALISMO (existentialism)
FUNCIONALISMO (functionalism)
HUMANISMO (humanism)
IDEALISMO (idealism)
MATERIALISMO (materialism)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSITIVISMO (positivism)
RACIONALISMO (rationalism)
INDUSTRIA (industry)
TG: SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)
TR: PRODUCTIVIDAD INDUSTRIAL (industrial productivity)
SECTOR PRIMARIO (primary sector)
SECTOR SERVICIOS (tertiary sector)
TE: ARTES GRFICAS (graphic arts)
INDUSTRIA ALIMENTARIA (food industry)
INDUSTRIA TEXTIL (textile industry)
INDUSTRIA ALIMENTARIA (food industry)
TG: SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)
INDUSTRIA (industry)
TR: INDUSTRIA TEXTIL (textile industry)
INDUSTRIA CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic industry)
TG: CINE (cinema)
TR: CINE ARTE (art cinema)
CINE COMERCIAL (commercial cinema)
TE: PRODUCCIN CINEMATOGRFICA (cinematographic
production)
INDUSTRIA DEL SEXO (sex industry) (adult industry)
A: cualquier forma de comercio sexual por el que se obtienen beneficios econmicos
UP: turismo sexual (sex tourism), trfico de mujeres (trafficking of women)
TG: SEXUALIDAD (sexuality)
TR: DELITOS SEXUALES (sexual crimes)
TE: PORNOGRAFA (pornography)
PROSTITUCIN (prostitution)
INDUSTRIA TEXTIL (textil industry)
TG: SECTORES ECONMICOS (economic sectors)
INDUSTRIA (industry)
TR: INDUSTRIA ALIMENTARIA (food industry)
INDUSTRIA Y EDUCACIN (industry and education)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: EDUCACIN DE LOS TRABAJADORES (workers education)
EDUCACIN Y CULTURA (education and culture)
ESTADO Y EDUCACIN (state and education)

232

ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)


IDIOMA DE ENSEANZA (language of instruction)
INDUSTRIA Y EDUCACIN (industry and education)
INFORMTICA EDUCATIVA (computer uses in education)
TECNOLOGA EDUCATIVA (educational technology)
INEQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender inequity)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
EQUIDAD (equity)
TR: ESTATUS DE LA MUJER (women status)
EQUIDAD DE GNERO (gender equity)
INEQUIDADES SOCIALES (social inequality)
TG: ESTRATIFICACIN SOCIAL (social stratification)
TR: CLASES SOCIALES (social class)
DIFERENCIACIN DE CLASE (class differentiation)
ESTATUS SOCIAL (social status)
INDICADORES SOCIALES (social indicators)
ROLES SOCIALES (social roles)
INFANCIA (childhood)
UP: niez (childhood)
TG: CICLO DE VIDA (life-cycle)
TR: ADOLESCENCIA (adolescence)
PUBERTAD (puberty)
ADULTEZ (adulthood)
JUVENTUD (youth)
TERCERA EDAD (older people)
TE: NIAS (girls)
NIOS (boys)
INFANTICIDIO (infanticide)
TG: VIOLENCIA DOMSTICA (domestic violence)
MALTRATO INFANTIL (child abuse) (child-battering)
TR: ABANDONO INFANTIL (abandoning of a child)
MALTRATO FSICO (child physical abuse)
MALTRATO EMOCIONAL (psychological abuse)
PREVENCIN DEL MALTRATO INFANTIL (child abuse
prevention)
INFECCIN BACTERIAL (bacterial infection)
TG: SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)
INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIN SEXUAL (sexual
transmitted infections)
TR: INFECCIN VIRAL (viral infection)
TRANSMISIN (transmission)
TE: CLAMIDIA (chlamydia)
GONORREA (gonorrhea)
SFILIS (syphilis)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

INFLACIN (inflation)
TG: CICLOS ECONMICOS (business cycles)
TR: RECESIN ECONMICA (economic recession)
RECUPERACIN ECONMICA (recovery economic)
TASAS DE INTERS (interest rates)
INFLUENCIA SOCIAL (social influence)
TG: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
TR: CONTROL SOCIAL (social control)
INFLUENCIA SOCIAL (social influence)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
NORMAS SOCIALES (social norms)
SOCIALIZACIN (socialization)
INFORMACIN PBLICA (public information)
TG: PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
process)
COMUNICACIN DE MASAS (mass communication)
TR: RELACIONES PBLICAS (public relations)
INFORMANTES (respondents)
TG: RECOLECCIN DE DATOS (data collection)
ENTREVISTA (interview)
TR: ENTREVISTADORES (interviewers)
RESPUESTAS (responses)
SITUACIN DE LA ENTREVISTA (interview situation)
TIPOS DE ENTREVISTA (types of interview)
OBSERVACIN (observation)
TCNICAS DE RECOLECCIN DE LOS DATOS (data
collection techniques)

INFORMES DE GOBIERNO (governmental reports)


TG: GESTIN GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental management)
TR: AUDITORA GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental audit)
CUENTA PBLICA (public account and)
GOBIERNO DIGITAL (digital government)
INDICADORES DE CALIDAD DE LA GESTIN (quality management indicators)
PROGRAMAS DE DESARROLLO INSTITUCIONAL
(institutional development programmes)
SISTEMA DE RESPONSABILIDADES DE LOS FUNCIONARIOS PBLICOS (civil servants responsibilities system)
INGRESO (income)
TG: INGRESO Y RIQUEZA (income and wealth)
DISTRIBUCIN DEL INGRESO (income distribution)
TR: ECONOMA NACIONAL (national economy)
PRODUCTO NACIONAL BRUTO (gross national product)
RELACIONES ECONMICAS INTERNACIONALES
(international economic relations)
TE: INGRESO REAL (real income)
INGRESO Y RIQUEZA (income and wealth)
TG: ECONOMA (economy)
TR: CONDICIONES ECONMICAS (economic conditions)
CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)
INTERDEPENDENCIA (interdependence)
POLTICA ECONMICA (economic policy)
TE: DISTRIBUCIN DEL INGRESO (income distribution)
INGRESOS DE HOGARES (home income)
TG: RELACIONES FAMILIARES (family relations)
ECONOMA DOMSTICA (domestic economics)
TR: CONSUMO DOMSTICO (home consumption)
DEPENDENCIA ECONMICA (economic dependence)
PRESUPUESTO FAMILIAR (family budget)
REMESAS (remittance)
INGRESOS NACIONALES (national income)
TG: CUENTAS NACIONALES (national accounting)
ECONOMA NACIONAL (national economy)
TR: ECONOMA REGIONAL (regional economy)
INICIACIN SEXUAL (sexual initiation)
TG: POLTICA SEXUAL (sexual policy)
TR: MUTILACIN GENITAL (genital mutilation)
RELACIONES DE GNERO (gender relations)
TE: INICIACIN SEXUAL FEMENINA (female sexual initiation)

233

S I S T E M T I C A

INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIN SEXUAL


(sexual transmitted infections)
UP: enfermedades de transmisin sexual (sexual transmitted infections),
enfermedades venreas (venereal diseases)
TG: SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)
TR: SEXO SEGURO (safe sex)
PROBLEMAS SEXUALES (sexual disorders)
TE: INFECCIN VIRAL (viral infection)
INFECCIN BACTERIAL (bacterial infections)
TRANSMISIN (transmission)

INFORMTICA EDUCATIVA (computer uses in eduucation)


TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
TR: ESTUDIOS EN EL EXTRANJERO (study abroad)
INDUSTRIA Y EDUCACIN (industry and education)
TECNOLOGA EDUCATIVA (educational technology)

P R E S E N T A C I N

INFECCIN VIRAL (viral infection)


TG: SALUD SEXUAL (sexual health)
INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIN SEXUAL (sexual
transmitted infections)
TR: INFECCIN BACTERIAL (bacterial infections)
TRANSMISIN (transmission)
TE: VIRUS DE INMUNODEFICIENCIA HUMANA (VIH)
(human immunodeficiency virus) (HIV)
HEPATITIS (hepatitis)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

INICIACIN SEXUAL MASCULINA (male sexual initiation)


VIRGINIDAD (virginity)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

INICIACIN SEXUAL FEMENINA (female sexual initiation)


TG: POLTICA SEXUAL (sexual policy)
INICIACIN SEXUAL (sexual initiation)
TR: INICIACIN SEXUAL MASCULINA (male sexual initiation)
VIRGINIDAD (virginity)
INICIACIN SEXUAL MASCULINA (male sexual initiation)
TG: POLTICA SEXUAL (sexual policy)
INICIACIN SEXUAL (sexual initiation)
TR: INICIACIN SEXUAL FEMENINA (female sexual initiation)
VIRGINIDAD (virginity)
INICIATIVAS (initiative)
TG: PODER LEGISLATIVO (legislative power)
TR: AGENDA DE GNERO (gender agenda)
ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA (legislative assembly)
CONGRESO DE LA UNIN (parliament of union)
CONTROL GUBERNAMENTAL (governmental control)
COMISIN PARLAMENTARIA (parliamentary committee)
DECRETOS (decree)
GRUPOS PARLAMENTARIOS (parliamentary groups)
LEYES (laws)
PUNTO DE ACUERDO (agreement point)
INMIGRACIN (immigration)
TG: MIGRACIN (migration)
TR: EMIGRACIN (emigration)
MIGRACIN INFANTIL (children migration)
MIGRACIN INTERNA (internal migration)
MIGRACIN LABORAL (labour migration)
MIGRACIN DE RETORNO (return migration)
MOVILIDAD RESIDENCIAL (residential mobility)
NOMADISMO (nomadism)
POLTICA MIGRATORIA (migration policy)
EXTRANJERAS (foreigners women)
EXTRANJEROS (foreigners men)
REFUGIADAS (refugee women)
REFUGIADOS (refugees)
TE: ACULTURACIN (acculturation)
INMIGRACIN ILEGAL (illegal immigration)
NATURALIZACIN (naturalization)
INMIGRACIN ILEGAL (illegal immigration)
TG: MIGRACIN (migration)
INMIGRACIN (immigration)
TR: ACULTURACIN (acculturation)
NATURALIZACIN (naturalization)

234

INMORTALIDAD (inmortality)
TG: TEOLOGA (theology)
CREENCIA RELIGIOSA (religious belief, faith)
TR: AFILIACIN RELIGIOSA (religious affiliation)
CREENCIAS RELIGIOSAS PERSONALES (personal
religious beliefs)
DEIDADES (deities)
ESPIRITUALIDAD (spirituality)
RESURRECCIN (resurrection)
RITUALISMO (ritualism)
TRINIDAD (trinity)
INNOVACIONES (innovations)
TG: TECNOLOGA (technology)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
TR: CONOCIMIENTOS TECNOLGICOS (technological
knowledge)
DEPENDENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological dependence)
DIFUSIN TECNOLGICA (technology diffusion)
TRANSFERENCIA TECNOLGICA (technological transfer)
TE: INVENTOS (inventions)
INNOVACIONES CIENTFICAS (scientific innovations)
UP: invenciones (inventions), descubrimientos cientficos (scientific
discoveries), progresos cientficos (scientific progresses), progreso tecnolgico (technical progress), descubrimiento tecnolgico (technological discoveries),
innovaciones tecnolgicas (technological innovations)
TG: DESARROLLO CIENTFICO (scientific development)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
TR: AUTOMATIZACIN (automation)
MECANIZACIN (mechanization)
INNOVACIONES CULTURALES (cultural innovations)
TG: CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)
TR: ASILAMIENTO CULTURAL (cultural isolation)
CONFLICTOS CULTURALES (cultural conflicts)
CRISIS CULTURALES (cultural crisis)
DINMICAS CULTURALES (cultural dynamics)
REVOLUCIN CULTURAL (cultural revolution)
PLURALISMO CULTURAL (cultural pluralism)
INQUISICIN(inquisition)
TG: INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)
TR: IGLESIA (church)
MOVIMIENTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious movements)
OFICIOS RELIGIOSOS (religious offices)
INSTINTO SEXUAL (sexual instinct)
TG: TEORAS SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD (sex theories)
BIOLOGICISMO (biologicism)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

INSTITUCIONES DE EDUCACIN PARA ADULTOS


(adult education institutions)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching
institutions)
TR: APRENDIZAJE DE ADULTOS (adult learning)
ESCUELA (schools)
INSTITUCIONES DE ENSEANZA SUPERIOR
(higher education institutions)
UNIVERSIDAD (university)
TE: CENTROS DE FORMACIN (training centers)
INSTITUCIONES DE ENSEANZA SUPERIOR
(higher education institutions)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching
institutions)
TR: ESCUELA (schools)
INSTITUCIONES DE EDUCACIN PARA ADULTOS
(adult education institutions)
UNIVERSIDAD (university)
TE: ESCUELA PROFESIONAL (vocational school)
INSTITUCIONES ELECTORALES (electoral institutions)
TG: POLTICA INTERNA (internal politics)
SISTEMA ELECTORAL (electoral systems)
TR: ELECCIONES (elections)
CAMPAAS ELECTORALES (election campaign)
CANDIDATAS (candidate)
ELECTORADO (electorate, voters)
VOTO (vote)
TE: PADRN ELECTORAL (electoral register)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TR: ATENCIN PRIMARIA DE LA SALUD (primary health care)
AUTORIDADES DE SALUD (health authorities)
CUIDADOS (care)
INTEGRACIN DE LOS SERVICIOS (service integration)
SERVICIOS DE ASISTENCIA SOCIAL (welfare work services)
SERVICIOS DE EMERGENCIA (emergency health services)

INSTITUCIONES POLTICAS (political institutions)


TG: GOBIERNO (government)
TR: ADMINISTRACIN PBLICA (public administration)
NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
INSTITUCIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious institutions)
TG: RELIGIN (religion)
TR: ACTIVIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious activities)
CRISTIANISMO (Christianity)
RDENES RELIGIOSAS (religious orders)
RELIGIONES (religions)
TE: ACADEMIAS EVANGLICAS (evangelical academies)
COMUNIDADES RELIGIOSAS (religious communities)
IGLESIA (church)
INQUISICIN (inquisition)
MOVIMIENTOS RELIGIOSOS (religious movements)
OFICIOS RELIGIOSOS (religious offices)
ORGANIZACIONES RELIGIOSAS (religious organizations)
SEMINARIOS TEOLGICOS (theological seminaries)
SOCIEDADES MISIONERAS (missionary societies)
INSTITUTO ESTATAL DE LAS MUJERES (state institute of women)
TG: NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
GOBIERNO ESTATAL (state government)
TR: INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE LAS MUJERES (national
institute for women)
INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE LAS MUJERES
(national institute for women)
TG: NIVELES DE GOBIERNO (government levels)
GOBIERNO FEDERAL (federal government)
TR: INSTITUTO ESTATAL DE LAS MUJERES (state institute
for women)
INSTITUTO TECNOLGICO (technological institute)
UP: escuela politcnica (politechnical school), escuela tcnica (technical
school), instituto politcnico (politechnical institute), instituto tcnico
(technical institute)
TG: ESTABLECIMIENTOS DE ENSEANZA (teaching institutions)
UNIVERSIDAD (university)

235

S I S T E M T I C A

INSTITUCIONALIZACIN (institutionalization)
UP: corrientes de gnero (gender mainstream)
TG: GNERO Y EQUIDAD (gender and equity)
TR: EQUIDAD (equity)
GNERO EN EL DESARROLLO
TE: MAQUINARIA DE LAS MUJERES (women machinery)
SISTEMA DE GESTIN DEL GNERO (gender management system)
TRANSVERSALIZACIN (transversalization)

SERVICIOS DE ENFERMERA (nursing services)


SERVICIOS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation services)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD MENTAL (mental health services)
SERVICIOS PREVENTIVOS (preventive services)
SERVICIOS TERAPUTICOS (therapeutic services)
TE: ASILOS (asylums)
BANCOS DE SANGRE (blood banks)
CENTROS MDICOS (medical centers)
DISPENSARIOS (dispensaries)
HOSPITALES (hospitals)
PACIENTES (patients)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TR: HORMONAS SEXUALES (sexual hormones)


SEXO BIOLGICO (biological sex)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

TR: UNIVERSIDAD ABIERTA (open university)


UNIVERSIDAD INTERNACIONAL (international university)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

INSTRUCTOR (trainers man)


TG: PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
DOCENTE (teacher)
TR: EDUCADOR DE ADULTOS (adult educators man)
FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)
INSTRUCTOR (trainers man)
PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching
personnel)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational
personnel)
INSTRUCTORA (trainers woman)
TG: PERSONAL EDUCATIVO (educational personnel)
DOCENTE (teacher)
TR: DOCENTE MUJER (woman teacher)
EDUCADORA DE ADULTOS (adult educators woman)
FORMADOR DE DOCENTES (teacher trainer)
INSTRUCTORA (trainers woman)
PERSONAL ACADMICO DOCENTE (academic teaching
personnel)
PERSONAL PARADOCENTE (paraprofessional educational
personnel)
INTEGRACIN (integration)
TG: ENTORNO SOCIAL (social environment)
TR: CALIDAD DE VIDA (quality of life)
COHABITACIN (cohabitation)
CONDICIONES SOCIALES (social conditions)
FACTORES SOCIALES (social factors)
INTEGRACIN DE LOS SERVICIOS (service integration)
TG: SERVICIOS DE SALUD (health services)
TR: ATENCIN PRIMARIA DE LA SALUD (primary health
care)
AUTORIDADES DE SALUD (health authorities)
CUIDADOS (care)
INSTITUCIONES MDICAS (medical institutions)
SERVICIOS DE ASISTENCIA SOCIAL (welfare work
services)
SERVICIOS DE EMERGENCIA (emergency health services)
SERVICIOS DE ENFERMERA (nursing services)
SERVICIOS DE REHABILITACIN (rehabilitation services)
SERVICIOS DE SALUD MENTAL (mental health services)
SERVICIOS PREVENTIVOS (preventive services)
SERVICIOS TERAPUTICOS (therapeutic services)
INTEGRACIN ECONMICA (economic integration)
TG: POLTICA ECONMICA (economic policy)
COOPERACIN ECONMICA (economic cooperation)

236

TR: RELACIONES ECONMICAS (economic relations)


TE: CONCENTRACIN ECONMICA (economic concentration)
INTEGRACIN ECONMICA INTERNACIONAL
(international economic integration)
MERCADOS COMUNES (common markets)
MONOPOLIOS (monopolies)
INTEGRACIN ECONMICA INTERNACIONAL
(international economic integration)
TG: COOPERACIN ECONMICA (economic cooperation)
INTEGRACIN ECONMICA (economic integration)
TR: CONCENTRACIN ECONMICA (economic concentration)
MERCADOS COMUNES (common markets)
MONOPOLIOS (monopolies)
INTEGRACIN ESCOLAR (school integration)
TG: POLTICA EDUCACIONAL (educational policy)
DISCRIMINACIN EDUCACIONAL (educational discrimination)
TR: DESAGREGACIN (disintegration)
DIVERSIDAD (diversity)
IGUALDAD DE GNERO (gender equality)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
TG: PSICOLOGA SOCIAL (social psychology)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
CONFLICTO (conflict)
GRUPOS (groups)
DINMICAS GRUPALES (groupal dynamics)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
INTERVENCIN SOCIAL (social intervention)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
TG: COGNICIN (cognition)
TR: APTITUDES (aptitude)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
INTUICIN (intuition)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL (artificial intelligence)
TG: TECNOLOGA (technology)
TR: BIOTECNOLOGA (biotechnology)
CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
TECNOLOGA Y GNERO (technology and gender)
USO DE LA TECNOLOGA (use of technology)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)


TG: PSICOLOGA SOCIAL (social psychology)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
CONFLICTO (conflict)
GRUPOS (groups)
DINMICAS GRUPALES (groupal dynamics)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
INTERVENCIN SOCIAL (social intervention)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal
relations)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
TG: TEORA, INVESTIGACIN Y ANLISIS SOCIAL
(theory, research and social analysis)
TR: CAMBIO SOCIAL (social change)
COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
ENTORNO SOCIAL (social environment)
SISTEMA DE VALORES (value systems)
TE: COMUNIDADES SOCIALES (social communities)
COOPERACIN (cooperation)
REDES SOCIALES (social networks)
RELACIONES EXTERNAS (external relations)
RELACIONES INTERGRUPALES (intergroup relations)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
INTERACCIONISMO SIMBLICO (symbolic interactionism)
TG: TEORA SOCIAL (social theory)
TR: ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ESTRUCTURAL-FUNCIONALISMO (structural-functionalism)
ETNOMETODOLOGA (ethnomethodology)
MARXISMO (Marxism)
POSESTRUCTURALISMO (post-structuralism)
POSMODERNISMO (post-modernism)
PRAGMATISMO (pragmatism)
SOCIOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural sociology)
TEORA DE LA ACCIN SOCIAL (social action theory)

INTERCAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural exchange)


TG: CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
POLTICAS CULTURALES (cultural policy)
TR: ACUERDOS CULTURALES (cultural agreements)
COOPERACIN CULTURAL (cultural cooperation)
PARTICIPACIN CULTURAL (cultural participation)
RELACIONES CULTURALES (cultural relations)
INTERDEPENDENCIA (interdependence)
TG: ECONOMA (economy)
TR: AYUDA PARA EL DESARROLLO (development aid)
CONDICIONES ECONMICAS (economic conditions)
CRECIMIENTO ECONMICO (economic growth)
INGRESO Y RIQUEZAS (income and wealth)
TE: CUENTAS NACIONALES (national accounting)
RELACIONES ECONMICAS (economic relations)
INTERS (APRENDIZAJE) (interest) (learning)
UP: curiosidad (curiosity)
TG: APRENDIZAJE (learning)
DIFICULTAD EN EL APRENDIZAJE (learning disabilities)
TR: RETENCIN (retention)
RETROINFORMACIN (aprendizaje) (feedback) (learning)
INTERNACIONALISMO (internationalism)
TG: DOCTRINA POLTICA (political doctrine)
TR: CAPITALISMO (capitalism)
IMPERIALISMO (imperialism)
LIBERALISMO (liberalism)
PLURALISMO (pluralism)
TECNOCRACIA (technocracy)
INTERNALIZACIN (internalization)
TG: IDENTIDAD (identity)
TR: AUTOIMAGEN (self-image)
AUTOESTIMA (self-esteem)
DIFERENCIACIN (differentiation)
IDENTIFICACIN (identification)
INDIVIDUACIN (individualization)
LMITES DEL YO (ego boundaries)
AUTOCONCIENCIA (consciousness-raising)
IDENTIDAD DE GNERO (gender identity)

237

S I S T E M T I C A

INTERACCIN CULTURAL (cultural interaction)


UP: contacto cultural (cultural contact), influencia cultural (cultural
influence)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
TR: CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)
CONDICIONES CULTURALES (cultural conditions)
IDENTIDAD CULTURAL (cultural identity)
TE: AISLAMIENTO CULTURAL (cultural isolation)
CONFLICTOS CULTURALES (cultural conflicts)

TEORA DEL CONFLICTO (conflict theory)


TEORAS DEL CONTROL (control theories)
TEORA DEL INTERCAMBIO (interchange theory)
TEORA SOBRE LA ORGANIZACIN (theory on
organization)
TEORA SOCIAL CLSICA (classic social theory)
TEORA SOCIAL CONTEMPORNEA (contemporary
social theory)

P R E S E N T A C I N

TE: CYBORGS (cyborgs)


ROBTICA (robotics)

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

IDENTIDAD SEXUAL (sexual identity)


IDENTIDAD SOCIAL (social identity)
SUBJETIVIDAD (subjectivity)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

INTERNET (internet)
TG: TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication technologies)
NUEVAS TECNOLOGAS DE LA COMUNICACIN
(new communication technologies)
INTERPRETACIN (interpretation)
TG: METODOLOGA DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
methods)
PROCESAMIENTO E INTERPRETACIN DE DATOS
(data processing and interpretation)
TR: ANLISIS DE CONTENIDO (content analysis)
ANLISIS SECUNDARIO (secondary analysis)
CODIFICACIN (coding)
ELABORACIN (elaboration)
METAANLISIS (meta analysis)
NIVELES DE ANLISIS (levels of analysis)
INTERPRETACIN DE LA HISTORIA (historical interpretation)
TG: HISTORIA (history)
TEORA DE LA HISTORIA (theory of history)
TR: FILOSOFA DE LA HISTORIA (philosophy of history)
PENSAMIENTO HISTRICO (historical thought)
HERMENUTICA (hermeneutics)
INTRPRETES (performers)
TG: ARTES (arts)
ARTES MUSICALES (musical arts)
TR: CANTANTES (singers)
INTERVENCIN SOCIAL (social intervention)
TG: PSICOLOGA SOCIAL (social psychology)
TR: COMPORTAMIENTO SOCIAL (social behaviour)
CONFLICTO (conflict)
GRUPOS (groups)
DINMICAS GRUPALES (groupal dynamics)
INTERACCIN SOCIAL (social interaction)
INTEGRACIN SOCIAL (social integration)
RELACIONES INTERPERSONALES (interpersonal relations)
INTIMIDAD (intimacy)
TG: ESTUDIOS DE GNERO Y FEMINISMO (gender studies
and feminism)
VIDA COTIDIANA (daily life)
TR: ESFERA PRIVADA (sphere of privacy)
EXPERIENCIA (experience)

238

INTOLERANCIA (intolerance)
TG: ACTITUDES (attitudes)
ACTITUDES SOCIALES (social attitudes)
TR: PREJUICIOS (prejudice)
INTUICIN (intuition)
TG: COGNICIN (cognition)
TR: APTITUDES (aptitude)
APRENDIZAJE (learning)
CONCIENCIA (consciousness)
CREATIVIDAD (creativity)
HABILIDADES INTELECTUALES (intellectual skills)
IMAGINACIN (imagination)
INTELIGENCIA (intelligence)
MEMORIA (memory)
PENSAMIENTO (thought)
INVENTOS (inventions)
TG: CAMBIO TECNOLGICO (technological change)
INNOVACIONES (innovations)
INVESTIGACIN (research)
UP: investigacin cientfica (scientific research)
TG: CIENCIAS Y TECNOLOGAS (science and technology)
TR: DISCIPLINAS CIENTFICAS (scientific subjects)
ECONOMA DE LA CIENCIA (economics of science)
ESTUDIOS DE LA CIENCIA (science studies)
MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
ORGANIZACIN DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research
organization)
PERSONAL CIENTFICO (scientific personnel)
TECNOLOGA (technology)
TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIN (research work)
TE: INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
INVESTIGACIN Y DESARROLLO (research and
development)
INVESTIGACIN FUNDAMENTAL (fundamental research)
INVESTIGACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary research)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)


TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)
TR: ANLISIS ESTADSTICO Y MODELOS (statistical analysis
and models)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TE: INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public
opinion research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass communication research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational
research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)

INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)


TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)
INVESTIGACIN CULTURAL (cultural research)
TG: CULTURA Y COMUNICACIN (culture and communication)
TR: CAMBIO CULTURAL (cultural change)
CULTURA Y DESARROLLO (culture and development)
TE: ANLISIS INTERCULTURAL (cross cultural analysis)
ANTROPOLOGA CULTURAL (cultural anthropology)
ESTUDIOS CULTURALES (cultural studies)
HISTORIA CULTURAL (cultural history)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA CULTURA (cultural sociology)

239

S I S T E M T I C A

INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological reserach)


TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public
opinion research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass communication research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational
research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)

INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)


TG: INVESTIGACIN (research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
INVESTIGACIN Y DESARROLLO (research and development)
INVESTIGACIN FUNDAMENTAL (fundamental research)
INVESTIGACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary research)
TENDENCIAS DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research trends)

P R E S E N T A C I N

INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)


INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)


TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
research)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
TR: INVESTIGACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication research)
PLANIFICACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication planning)
POLTICA COMUNICACIONAL (communication policy)
PROCESOS DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication process)
TE: HISTORIA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication history)
INVESTIGACIN DE AUDIENCIAS (audience research)
IMPACTO DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication impact)
PSICOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
psychology)
TEORA DE LA INFORMACIN (information theory)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (sociology of
communication)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public
opinion research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass communication research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational
research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)

240

INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)


INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public opinion
research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass communication research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational
research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA POBLACIN (population research)
TG: DEMOGRAFA (demography)
TR: CENSOS DE POBLACIN (population censuses)
DISTRIBUCIN DE LA POBLACIN (population distribution)
TE: ESTADSTICAS DEMOGRFICAS (demographic statistics)
INVESTIGACIN DE LAS AUDIENCIAS (audience research)
TG: COMUNICACIN (communication)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication research)
TR: HISTORIA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication history)
IMPACTO DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
impact)
PSICOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (communication
psychology)
TEORA DE LA INFORMACIN (information theory)
SOCIOLOGA DE LA COMUNICACIN (sociology of
communication)
INVESTIGACIN DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social
sciences research)
TG: CIENCIAS SOCIALES (social sciences)
TR: CIENCIAS DEL COMPORTAMIENTO (behavioural sciences)

INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN


(mass communication reserach)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public
opinion research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational
research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public
opinion research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass communication research)
INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational
research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)

INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)


TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public
opinion research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass communication research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational
research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public
opinion research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass communication research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)

241

P R E S E N T A C I N

CIENCIAS SOCIOCULTURALES (socio-cultural sciences)


MTODOS Y TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN
(research methods and techniques)

S I S T E M T I C A

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres

P R E S E N T A C I N

S I S T E M T I C A

INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)


INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational
research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)
INVESTIGACIN EMPRICA (empirical research)
UP: aproximacin emprica (empirical approach)
TG: MTODO CIENTFICO (scientific methods)
TR: APROXIMACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary approach)
EVALUACIN (evaluation)
EPISTEMOLOGA (epistemology)
TCNICAS DE INVESTIGACIN ( research techniques)
MTODOS EXPERIMENTALES (experimental methods)
MODELOS DE SIMULACIN (simulation models)
OBSERVACIN (observation)
INVESTIGACIN EVALUATIVA (evaluation research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN ANTROPOLGICA (anthropological
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA CONDUCTA (behavioural
research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LA OPININ PBLICA (public
opinion research)
INVESTIGACIN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIN (mass communication research)
INVESTIGACIN DE MERCADO (marketing research)
INVESTIGACIN DEMOGRFICA (demographic research)
INVESTIGACIN ECOLGICA (ecological research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
INVESTIGACIN ORGANIZACIONAL (organizational
research)
INVESTIGACIN PEDAGGICA (educational research)
INVESTIGACIN POLTICA (political research)
INVESTIGACIN PSICOLGICA (psychological research)
INVESTIGACIN PBLICA (policy research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE LA FAMILIA (family research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory reserach)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)

242

INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)


INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLORATORIA (exploratory research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social reserach)
TIPOS DE INVESTIGACIN (types of research)
TR: ESTRATEGIAS DE INVESTIGACIN (research strategies)
ESTUDIO DE CASO (case study)
HISTORIA DE VIDA (life history)
INVESTIGACIN ACCIN (action research)
INVESTIGACIN COMPARATIVA (comparative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUALITATIVA (qualitative research)
INVESTIGACIN CUANTITATIVA (quantitative research)
INVESTIGACIN DE CAMPO (field research)
INVESTIGACIN DESCRIPTIVA (descriptive research)
INVESTIGACIN EXPLICATIVA (explanatory research)
INVESTIGACIN LONGITUDINAL (longitudinal research)
INVESTIGACIN FUNDAMENTAL (fundamental research)
UP: investigacin bsica (basic research), investigacin libre (free research),
investigacin pura (pure research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN (research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
INVESTIGACIN Y DESARROLLO (research and development)
INVESTIGACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA (interdisciplinary research)
TENDENCIAS DE LA INVESTIGACIN (research trends)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
TG: CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD (health sciences)
TR: CIENCIAS MDICAS (medical sciences)
INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)
INVESTIGACIN FUNDAMENTAL (fundamental research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research)
INVESTIGACIN GENTICA (genetic research)
TG: SALUD (health)
INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)
TE: INVESTIGACIN SOBRE EL CNCER CRVICOUTERINO (cervical cancer research)
INVESTIGACIN SOBRE FERTILIDAD (fertility research)
INVESTIGACIN GRUPAL (group research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN SOCIAL (social research)

Tesauro de gnero: lenguage con equidad

INVESTIGACIN INTERDISCIPLINARIA
(interdisciplinary research)
UP: investigacin multidisciplinaria (multidisciplinary research)
TG: INVESTIGACIN (research)
TR: INVESTIGACIN MDICA (medical research)
INVESTIGACIN APLICADA (applied research