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How Oculus Rift Work

Fikrian Haikal Bahrul Ilminudin


What is Oculus Rift?

Oculus Rift is a virtual reality head-mounted display(a

display device, worn on the head or as part of a helmet,
that has a small display optic in front ), being developed
by Oculus VR. The Oculus Rift is a new virtual reality
headset that lets players step inside their favorite
games and virtual worlds.

How Oculus Rift Work

The cable
Video is sent to the Oculus Rift via
HDMI, with an optional DVI
adapter for laptops and newer
graphics cards. It also includes
USB, which carries data and
power to the device, and lets your
computer know what this bizarre
gizmo is. This 10-foot cable is just
the right length to provide a
consistently good signal without
any degradation, while remaining

The positional tracker

Tracking the position of
your head in 3D space is
critical to the way the Rift
works. One of the ways it
achieves this is with a
series of infrared LEDs
embedded in the headset,
which are monitored by a
placed nearby

The headset
All this feeds into the headset,
which connects to your head via
vertical and horizontal straps, with
the uppermost strap including the
HDMI and USB cable. Further
customisation is achieved with two
pairs of lenses, which magnify the
screen so it fills your field of view.
Oculus includes a tall set, for those
with normal vision and moderate
nearsightedness, and a shorter set
for very nearsighted users.

The components
Within the headset sits a single
custom motherboard, which includes
an ARM processor and control chips
for the LEDs. But the most insane bit
here is the Adjacent Reality Tracker
which was developed independently
of the Oculus Rift, but has since
become a key component. This
features a magnetometer, a
gyroscope and an accelerometer, all
of which combine to accurately track
the rift across all three dimensions of

The screen
In Oculus Rift Development Kit 2
the screen was essentially an entire
Samsung Galaxy Note 3 phablet
with the smartphone bits removed,
but with the completely useless
touchscreen and logo intact. Its
1920 x 1080 HD resolution delivers
a 960 x 1080 display to each eye; its
refresh rate of 60 Hz keeps things
smooth, and a 100-degree
horizontal field of view means
theres not too much black space
around the edge of the display.

The feedback loop

A huge amount of data is continually sent back and forth
between the positional tracker, the headset, the computer
and its software, and the result is an incredibly smooth VR
experience. Adjustments such as brightness and contrast
are made via Oculus' software, which also includes the
ability to calibrate the Rift, set your height and enter your
interpupillary distance (IPD), aka the size of the gap
between your pupils. Once you've done all this the Oculus
SDK also includes a bunch of natty demos to try out.

The audio
As mentioned in the intro, Oculus gave the headset a
massive boost in January 2015 at CES when it announced
that an upcoming Oculus Audio SDK would allow the use of
Head-Related Transfer Function (HRTF) tech, combined
with the Rifts head tracking to create a sense of true 3D
audio spatialisation. This will allow Rift developers to
immerse users "sonically in a virtual world, surrounded by
realistic sounds in all directions."