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Communication Technology Laboratory

Prof. Dr. H. Blcskei


Sternwartstrasse 7
CH-8092 Zrich

Fundamentals of Wireless Communications


Physical Layer Parameters of Common Wireless Systems
May 3, 2006
The following table contains measurement results for the root-mean-squared (RMS) delay
spread for different environments, carrier frequencies, and measurement bandwidths. If you
want to dig deeper, a good tutorial about general measurement and modeling aspects is [1], an
overview of indoor measurement results is [2]; many European outdoor measurement campaigns
are discussed in [3].
environment carrier freq. bandwidth delay spread
notes
reference
(MHz)
(MHz)
s
urban
910
10
2
Manhattan
[4]
suburban 1
0.24
5 km TxRx separation
910
10
[5]
suburban 2
2
NLOS worst case
urban
0.73
910
10 (?)
Toronto
[6]
suburban
0.59
urban
1.69
Washington, D.C.
urban
892
4
13
Oakland, CA
[7]
residential
1025
San Francisco, CA
urban
<2.7
Hamburg
urban
<2
Stuttgart
942.225
4
[8]
urban
<3
D
usseldorf
urban
<2.9
Frankfurt
urban
910
20
0.30.7
mircrocell
[9]
urban
0.94.7
Bergen,
1718
<8
[10]
rural
2.814.4
Norway
factory
1300
200
0.030.30
several distances
[11]
office
910
?
0.0360.080
LOS & NLOS
[12]
office 1
0.010.05
cubicle offices
1100
400
[13]
office 2
0.020.03
office
1500
200
0.05
clustered arrivals
[14]
office
0.0250.074
LOS &
2400
200
[15]
supermarket
0.0350.083
NLOS
office
2400
500
0.0050.015 small TxRx separation
[16]
office
0.0065
foyer
5200
120
0.0092
[17]
lab
0.0108
office
5250
100
0.0250.05
MIMO
[18]

The following table summarizes key parameters of several common wireless systems.
system

frequency band
uplink (MHz)
890915
17101785
18501910
824849
824849
18852025
18801900
24002484
51505350
57255825
24002484

GSM
IS-136
IS-95
UMTS
DECT
IEEE 802.11b
IEEE 802.11a
IEEE 802.11g

frequency band
downlink (MHz)
935960
18051880
19301990
869894
869894
2110-2200
18801900
24002484
51505350
57255825
24002484

channel
bw (MHz)

frame/slot
length (ms)

access

duplex

0.2

0.577

TDMA

FDD

0.03
1.25
5
1.728
22

6.667
20
10
0.417
<18.96

TDMA
CDMA
CDMA
TDMA
CSMA/CA

FDD
FDD
FDD/TDD
TDD
TDD

20

<5.476

CSMA/CA

TDD

Acronyms
GSM
UMTS
DECT
TDMA
FDMA
CDMA
CSMA/CA
TDD
FDD

Groupe Speciale Mobile / Global System for Mobile Communications


Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications
time-division multiple access
frequency-dicision multiple access
code-division multiple access
carrier-sense multiple access with collision avoidance
time-division duplex
frequency-division duplex

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