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....[stuff deleted]....

this gem of an ascii dictionary that contains


all you need to know about Urdu words to post lyrics properly. I
believe this was created by Dinesh Prabhu who's clearly spent a lot
of effort and produced a great source of reference.
Use it.
http://smriti.com/urdu/urdu.dictionary.html
With acknowledgements to DINESH PRABHU (prabhu@amelia.nas.nasa.gov)
###########################################################################
#####
Alphabet
-------Vowel Pronunciation Key
----------------------a : "u" in "but"
aa : "a" in "far"
e : "e" in "bed"
i : "i" in "fit"
ee : "ee" in "feet"
o : "o" in "code"
u : "u" in "put"
oo : "oo" in "booed"
au : "ow" in "how"
ai : "ei" in "neighbor"
Notes: 1. ' indicates a glottal stop (pronounced like "uh") in very
careful
----speech. Normally, however, it is not pronounced at the beginning
of a word and in other positions it represents 'aa'.
2. The combination 'ah' at the end of a word is pronounced like
'aa'
or 'e'. For example: 'jagah' could be 'jagaa' or 'jage', i.e.,
the
h is silent.
3. The combination 'ah' or 'aH' in the middle of a word is
pronounced
like 'e'.
4. n. (n period) indicates nasalization.
5. a - is used to distinguish between sh and s+h, kh and k+h, etc.
Letter
-----'alif
be
pe
te
Te
se
jeem
che
baRi he
khe
daal
Daal
zaal
re
Re
ze

Transcription
------------:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

a
b
p
t
T
s
j
ch
H
kh
d
D
z
r
R
z

Remarks
------Could also stand for an unspecified initial vowel
Does
Used
Does
Used

not occur in Arabic


in native words
not occur in Arabic and Persian
in loan words

Does not occur in Arabic


Used in loan words
Does not occur in Arabic and Persian
Used in loan words
Does not occur in Arabic and Persian
Used in native words

zhe
seen
sheen
saad
zaad
to-e
zo-e
ain
ghain
fe
qaaf
kaaf
gaaf
laam
meem
noon
vaa-o

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

zh
s
sh
s
z
t
z
'
gh
f
q
k
g
l
m
n
w

chhoTi he:
chhoTi ye:

h
y

baRi ye :

Does not occur in Arabic


Used in loan words
Used in loan words
Used in loan words
Used in loan words
Could also stand for an unspecified initial vowel

Does not occur in Arabic

Stands for oo/o/au at the end of a word. In the


middle it could stand for w/oo/o/au
Used in native words
Stand for ee/e/ai at the end of a word. In the
middle it could stand for y/ee/e/ai
Occurs only at the end of a word and stands for
e or ai

###########################################################################
#####
Abbreviations
-------------

n.f.
n.m.
pron.
adj.
v.
adv.
conj.
intj.
prep.
suff.
pref.
fig.
plu.
lit.
poet.

Grammatical
----------: noun feminine
: noun masculine
: pronoun
: adjective
: verb
: adverb
: conjunction
: interjection
: preposition
: suffix
: prefix
: figurative
: plural
: literal
: poetic

Word Origin
----------P : Persian
A : Arabic
T : Turkish
H : Hindi
S : Sanskrit
G : Greek

###########################################################################
#####
Vocabulary
----------

aab:
aab:

P
P

n.m.
n.f.

aab-e-aa'inah: n.f.
aab-e-talkh:
n.m.

'alif (long)
-----------water
splendor/elegance/polish/brightness/
temper(steel)/lustre(gems)/sharpness(sword)
polish of a mirror
bitter water/tears/wine

aab-e-chashm:
aabaad:
P
aabru:
P
aap:
H
aatish:
P
aatmaa:
S
aasim:
A
aakhir:
A
aadaab:
A
aadmi:
P
aadmiyyat:
A
aaraa:
P
aaraam:
P
aara'ish
P
aarzoo:
P
aaz:
P
aazaad:
P
aazardah:
P
aazmaa'ish:
P
aas:
H
aasaan:
P
aasraa:
H
aasmaan:
P
aasmaani:
P
aasoodah:
P
aashaa:
S
aashuftah:
P
aashnaa:
P
aashiyaan.:
P
aakhaaz:
P
aaghosh:
P
aafaat:
A
aaftaab:
P
aag:
H
aalaap:
H
aan.ch:
H
aan.chal:
H
aan.dhee:
H
aan.soo:
H
aawaarah:
P
aawaarah:
P
aawaaz:
P
aawaazah:
P
aah:
P
aahistah:
P
aa'inah:
P
aayandah:
P

n.m.
adj.
n.f.
pron.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.
adj.
n.f.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f/m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
adv.
n.m.
adj.

tears
populated/inhabited/peopled/prosperous/happy
honor/fame/good name/dignity
self/selves/respectful term of address
fire
soul/spirit/mind
sinner/culprit
last/final
manners (plu. of adab)
man (lit. offspring of Adam)
humanity/human nature/civility
embellishing/adorning
rest/repose/respite/relief/ease/comfort
decoration/adornment/beauty
yearning/desire/wish/longing
ardent desire/lust/covetousness
free/unrestrained
annoyed/dejected/uneasy/gloomy/sad
trial/experiment/testing/proving
longing/desire/hope/faith/shelter/refuge
light/facile/easy
means of subsistence/protection/shelter
heaven/sky
heavenly/celestial/azure
opulent/rich/satisfied
desire/hope/longing
perplexed/careworn/distracted/confused
aquaintance/friend/lover
nest/house
commencement/outset/beginning
embrace/lap/bosom
evils/disasters/misfortunes (plu. of aafat)
sun
flame/fire (fig. anger/passion/love/lust)
conversation/preparatory tuning
flame/warmth/fervor/loss/grief
corner of the 'dopaTTa' worn by women
dust-storm/hurricane
tears
without home
wanderer/vagrant/destitute
noise/sound/cry/shout
rumor/fame/report/reputation
sigh
softly/leisurely/slowly
mirror
hereafter/in the future

###########################################################################
#####

ab:
ubaal:
ibtidaa':
abtar:
ibtisaam:
ibtilaa:
abad:
abr:

H
H
A
P
A
A
A
P

adv.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.

'alif (short)
------------now/presently
boiling/rage/anger
commencement/beginning
ruined/scattered/worthless
smile/cheerfulness
trial/misfortune/suffering
eternity
cloud

abroo:
P
n.m.
eyebrow
absaar:
A
n.m.
eyes (plu. of basr)
ibn:
A
n.m.
son
abnaa':
A
n.m.
sons (plu. of ibn)
ittiHaad:
A
n.m.
union/alliance
ittifaaq:
A
n.m.
agreement/concord/chance/event/opportunity
ittifaaqaan:
A
adv.
accidentally
ittikaa':
A
n.m.
dependence/reliance
itlaaf:
A
n.m.
loss/ruin/decay
itmaam:
A
n.m.
completion/perfection
ittihaam:
A
n.m.
charge/imputation/blame
aTak:
H
n.f.
obstacle/obstruction
isbaat:
A
n.m.
proof
asar:
A
n.m.
mark/sign/trace/effect
ujaaR:
H
adj.
ruined/waste/abandoned
ijaazat:
A
n.f.
permission/leave/sanction
ajnabee:
A
n.m.
stranger/foreigner/alien
iHtiyaaj:
A
n.f.
need
iHtiyaat:
A
n.f.
caution/heed
aHzaan:
A
n.m.
sorrows (plu. of huzn)
iHsaas:
A
n.m.
feeling/emotion
iHsaan:
A
n.m.
beneficence/favor/good deed
akhbaar:
A
n.m.
news/newspaper
ikhtiyaar:
A
n.m.
choice/option/power/influence/control/authority
akhz:
A
n.m.
grasping/seizing/taking
ikhlaas:
A
n.m.
sincerity/purity/love/selfless worship
adaa:
A
n.f.
payment of debt/settlement
adaa:
P
n.f.
charm/grace/beauty
idraak:
A
n.m.
perception/comprehension
adib:
A
n.m.
learned, man of letters
(plu. udabaa')
iraadah:
A
n.m.
aim/object/will/desire
arjmand:
P
adj.
exalted
urdoo:
T
n.f.
army/camp
irshaad:
A
n.m.
instruction/order/command/guidance
arz:
A
n.f.
land/region/earth
armaan:
P
n.m.
desire/yearning/wish
azal:
A
n.f.
eternity/without beginning
asaas:
A
n.f.
foundation
asbaab:
A
n.m.
causes/motives/means
ustaad:
P
n.m.
master/professor
isti'faa:
A
n.m.
resignation
isti'maal:
A
n.m.
application/usage/use
asad:
A
n.m.
lion
asraar:
A
n.m.
secrets (plu. of sirr)
israaf:
A
n.m.
waste/extravagance
asfaar:
A
n.m.
voyages/travels (plu. of safar)
asqaam:
A
n.m.
evils/weaknesses/defects (plu. of suqm)
asir:
A
n.m.
prisoner/captive
ishaarah:
P
n.m.
gesture/symbol/wink/sign
ishtihaar:
A
n.m.
notification/poster/reputation/renown
ishtiyaaq:
A
n.m.
longing/craving/desire
ishraaq:
A
n.m.
dawn/day break/lustre
ashfaaq:
A
n.m.
favors (plu. of shafaq)
ishfaaq:
A
n.m.
compassion/kindness
ashqiyaa':
A
n.m.
cruel/heartless (plu. of shaqi)
ashk:
P
n.m.
tearS
as-haab:
A
n.m.
lords/masters (plu. of saahib)
israar:
A
n.m.
obduracy/persistence/obstinacy
asl:
A
n.m.
root/foundation/essence (plu. usool)
asli:
A
adj.
original/genuine/real/true

iztiraab:
A
n.m.
restlessness/perturbation/anxiety
iztiraar:
A
n.m.
helplessness/agitation/constraint
atfaal:
A
n.m.
children/offspring (plu. of tifl)
iz-haar:
A
n.m.
disclosure/proclamation/statement/testimony
i'tibaar:
A
n.m.
trust/confidence/faith/reliance
i'tiraaz:
A
n.m.
objection/criticism/protest
i'jaaz:
A
n.m.
miracle/marvel/wonder
i'laam:
A
n.m
announcing/notifying
aghlaat:
A
n.f.
mistakes (plu. of ghalat)
aghyaar:
A
n.m.
strangers/rivals (plu. of ghair)
uftaad:
P
n.f.
misery/distress/mishap/foundation
iftikhaar:
A
n.m.
honor/glory/repute/distinction
ifraat:
A
n.f.
excess/exuberance/plenty
afsaanah:
P
n.m.
tale/legend/fiction
afsurdah:
P
adj.
melancholy/depressed
afsos:
P
n.m.
regret/remorse/dejection
ufaq:
A
n.m.
horizon
iqbaal:
A
n.m.
prosperity/good fortune/success/confession
iqraar:
A
n.m.
promise/pledge/confession/declaration/covenant
iqtizaa':
A
n.m.
requirement/need/demand
akbar:
A
adj.
greatest (sup. of kabir)
aksar:
A
adj.
most/much/many/frequent
aksar:
A
adv.
frequently/usually/generally/often
agar:
P
conj.
if/in case
al:
A
art.
the
iltifaat:
A
n.m.
regard/kindness/favor/friendship
alfaaz:
A
n.m.
words (plu. of lafz)
amaanat:
A
n.f.
something given in trust/deposit/security
imtiHaan:
A
n.m.
examination/test/trial/proof/experiment
imtiyaaz:
A
n.m.
discrimination/discernment/distinction
ummid:
P
n.f.
hope/expectation/trust
intikhaab:
A
n.m.
selection/choice/election
intizaar:
A
n.m.
waiting (anxiously)/expectation
intizaam:
A
n.m.
management/order/method/arrangement
intiqaam:
A
n.m.
revenge/reprisal
anjaam:
A
n.m.
end/conclusion/result/issue
anjuman:
P
n.f.
assembly/meeting/society/council
andaazah:
P
n.m.
measurement/guess/rough estimate
an.dar:
P
prep.
within/inside/inward
insaan:
A
n.m.
man/human being/mankind
insaaniyyat:
A
n.m.
humanity/civility
in'aam:
A
n.m.
gift/reward/largesse
inqilaab:
A
n.m.
revolution
inkaar:
A
n.m.
denial/contradiction
auqaat:
A
n.m.
times (plu. of waqt)
auqaat:
A
n.f.
status/position
awwaal:
A
adj.
first/excellent/best
aulaad:
A
n.f.
children (plu. of walad)
imaan:
A
n.m.
belief/faith/creed/conscience
###########################################################################
#####

bi:

prep.

ba:

prep.

baa:

prep.

be
-by/with/from/in/into/near/on/for/towards
(Always prefixed to another word)
by/with/from/in/into/to/on/upon/for/upto
(Always prefixed to another word)
with/by/possessed of

baab:
baabul:
baat:

A
n.m.
door/gate/chapter/topic/subject
H
n.m.
father
H
n.f.
word/saying/speech/tale/news/question/business
proposal/point/gossip/substance
baad:
P
n.f.
wind/air/breeze
baadshaah:
P
n.m.
emperor/king
baadal:
H
n.m.
cloud(s)
baadah:
P
n.m.
wine/spirits
baadiyah:
A
n.m.
wilderness/desert
baadiyah:
P
n.m.
goblet/cup
baar:
H
n.m.
time/turn/chance/opportunity/delay/obstacle
baar:
P
n.m.
burden/load/permission/grief/court
baarish:
P
n.m.
rain
baarah:
P
n.m.
time/turn/about/in regard of
baareek:
P
adj.
fine/slender/delicate/difficult/subtle
baaz:
P
suff.
denotes doer/agent
baaz:
P
n.m.
falcon
baaz:
P
adv.
again/back/refusing
baazaar:
P
n.m.
market
baazaaree:
P
adj.
common/low/vulgar/relating to the market
baazoo:
P
n.m.
arm/fold of a door/flank of an army
baazi:
P
n.f.
sport/game/wager
baazichah:
P
n.m.
toy/fun/sport
baagh:
P
n.m.
garden/orchard/grove
baaqee:
A
adj.
remaining/lasting
baaqee:
A
n.f.
residue/remainder/arrears
baalam:
S
n.m.
a lover/sweet-heart/husband
baam:
P
n.m.
upper storey/terrace/balcony
baan:
P
suff.
signifying keeper or guardian
baan.kaa:
H
adj.
curved/crooked/sly/cunning
baano:
P
n.f.
lady/gentlewoman
bachchah:
P
n.m.
child
baHaal:
A
adj.
status quo/refreshed/happy
baHs:
A
n.f.
dispute/argument/debate/controversy
bukhaar:
A
n.m.
steam/temperature/fever/rage
bakht:
P
n.m.
good fortune/luck/prosperity
bakhshish:
P
n.f.
gift/donation/reward/alms/tip
bad:
P
adj.
bad/wicked/evil
bad akhtar:
adj.
unfortunate
bad anjaam:
adj.
having a bad end
bad tar:
adj.
worse/inferior
bad chalan:
adj.
of bad conduct/ill-mannered/immoral
bad khwaab:
n.m./f. nightmare
bad du'aa:
n.f.
curse/malediction
bad sirat:
adj.
ill-tempered
bad soorat:
adj.
ugly
bad m'aash:
adj.
roguish
bad naam:
adj.
disreputable/notorious/ignominous
bad naseeb:
adj.
unfortunate/unlucky
badr:
A
n.m.
full moon
badal:
A
n.m.
exchange/change/substitution
badlaa:
n.m.
exchange/retaliation/revenge
badan:
A
n.m.
body
baraabar:
P
adj.
equal/even/level/alike/opposite/accurate
bardaasht:
P
n.f.
endurance/tolerance/patience
barsaat:
H
n.f.
rain/rainy season
barkat:
A
n.f.
abundance/prosperity/blessing/auspiciousness
baRhiyaa:
H
adj.
superior/of good quality/expensive
buzurg:
P
adj.
great/venerable/aged/noble

bazm:
P
n.f.
entertainment)
bas:
P
adj.
bisaat:
A
n.f.
bast:
P
n.m.
bistar:
P
n.m.
bismil:
P
n.m.
baseraa:
H
n.m.
bashar:
A
n.m.
basheer:
A
adj.
basar:
A
n.f.
baghaawat:
A
n.f.
baghal:
P
n.f.
balaa:
A
n.m.
buland:
P
adj.
billaur:
P
n.m.
ban.dish:
P
adj.
style/plan/obstruction
ban.dagi:
P
n.f.
bandah:
P
n.m.
bunyaad:
A
n.f.
bood:
P
n.f.
bahaadur:
P
adj.
bahaar:
P
n.f.
bahaanah:
P
n.m.
bhool:
H
n.f.
bhool bhulayyaan.:
be:
P
pref.
be aabroo:
adj.
be ittifaaqi: n.f.
be iHtiyaati: n.f.
be ikhtiyaari: n.f.
be adab:
adj.
be i'tibaar:
adj.
be imtiyaaz:
adj.
be an.daazah: adj.
be insaaf:
adj.
be imaan:
adj.
be bas:
adj.
be pardah:
adj.
be parwaa:
adj.
be taab:
adj.
be taasir:
adj.
be tameez:
adj.
be jaan:
adj.
be jurm:
adj.
be chain:
adj.
be Hadd:
adj.
be Hayaa:
adj.
be khabar:
adj.
be khataa:
adj.
be khud:
adj.
be daad:
n.f.
be daagh:
adj.
be dard:
adj.
be rahm:
adj.
be riyaa:
adj.
be zaar:
adj.
be zabaan:
adj.
be zar:
adj.
be sakhtah:
adj.

assembly/company (at a feast or


sufficient/enough/plenty
bedding/carpet/chess board/extent/capacity
obstacle/knot/asylum/sanctuary
bed
sacrificial animal/a lover
roosting/a night's lodging/shelter
man/mortal
a messenger of good news
sight/vision/the eye
revolt/rebellion/disloyalty
armpit/side
calamity/distress/trial/misfortune
high/lofty/sublime/exalted/tall/loud
crystal/crystal glass/transparent
composition/elegance of
devotion/worship/service
slave/servant/individual/man
foundation
being/existence
brave/valiant/high-spirited
spring/prime/bloom/beauty/glory/delight
excuse/pretext/evasion/reason
forgetfulness/omission/mistake/lapse/fault
a maze/labyrinth
without/void of
dishonorable
discord/disunity
incautiousness
helplessness/without choice
rude/unmannerly
untrustworthy/discredit
indiscriminating
unlimited/endless
unfair/unjust
faithless/liar/cheat
helpless/weak
unveiled/immodest/exposed
heedless/indifferent/above want
restless/powerless/impatient
ineffectual/useless
indiscreet/rude/uncultured
lifeless
faultless
restless/uneasy
endless/boundless
shameless/impudent/bare-faced
uninformed/ignorant/stupid
faultless/innocent
enraptured/in ecstasy/delirious/senseless
iniquity/injustice/oppression
spotless/without blemish/innocent
without feeling/pitiless/merciless
merciless/cruel
without guile/candid/sincere
disgusted/displeased
dumb/speechless/modest
destitute/poor
artless/unaffected/natural/plain

be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
be
bayaabaan:
bayaan:
bait:
bait:
bedaar:
bezaar:
begaanah:
bimaar:

saaz:
sabab:
sharm:
sabr:
taaqat:
'izzat:
gham:
fikr:
qadr:
qaraar:
qusoor:
kaar:
kas:
gunaah:
ma'ni:
naam:
naseeb:
nazir:
wajh:
wafaa:
waqoof:
hunar:
hosh:
P
A
A
A
P
P
P
P

adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.

without tools or apparatus


without cause or reason
shameless/immodest
impatient
powerless
without honor or respect
happy/without sorrow
free from care or worry
worthless
uneasy/restless/unsettled
innocent/not guilty
idle/unemployed/useless
friendless/lonely
innocent/guiltless
meaningless/absurd
without name, character or reputation
unfortunate
unequalled/matchless/unique
without cause
faithless/ungrateful/treacherous
foolish/stupid/dolt
unskilled
unconscious
desert/wilderness
description/statement/account
house/abode
couple/verse
awake/alert/vigilant
displeased/angry/out of humor
strange/alien/foreign
sick/ill

###########################################################################
#####

paa:

P
paa ban.d:
paa maal:
paa yaab:
paar:
H
paas:
P
paas baan:
paar daari:
pak:
P
pakeezah:
P
paagal:
H
paani:
H
pardah:
P
parastish:
P
paraknaa:
H
parwaanah:
P
parwarish:
P
pariwash:
P
pareshaan:
P
pasand:
P
pasinaa:
H
pashemaan:
P
pal:
H
palak:
H

n.m.
n.m
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
v.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.

pe
-leg/foot/root of a tree
fettered/bound/subjugated
trodden under foot/ruined
fordable/within man's depth
opposite bank/the end/termination
custody/regard/supervision
guard/sentinel
favor/partiality/favoritism
pure/holy/immaculate/chaste/undefiled
pure/clean/neat
mad/insane/idiotic/distressed
water/rain/lustre/character/honor
curtain/screen/veil/secrecy/privacy
worship
to examine/to test
moth/lover/warrant/permission
fostering/rearing/sustenance/protecting
fairy-like/beautiful
troubled/distracted/distressed
choice/approval/preference
perspiration/sweat
penitent/repentant/ashamed
a moment
eyelash/a moment/an instant

panaah:
pahlu:
payaam:
peshaah:
paighaam:
paimaan:

P
P
P
P
P
P

n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.

protection/asylum/refuge
side/advantage/flank of an army
message
craft/trade/profession
message/news/advice
promise/agreement/oath/confirmation

###########################################################################
#####
te
-heat/power/endurance/rage
heat/splendour/grief/sorrow
effect/impression
crown/tiara
date/annals
dark/obscure
fresh/new/tender/happy
look/regard/aim/view
ruined/spoiled/depraved/wretched
change
smile/smiling
experience/experiment/test/proof
a gift
throne/seat

taab:
P
n.f.
taabish:
P
n.f.
taasir:
A
n.f.
taj:
P
n.m.
taarikh:
A
n.f.
taarik:
P
adj.
taazah:
P
adj.
taak:
P
n.f.
tabaah:
P
adj.
tabdeel:
A
n.f.
tabassum:
A
n.m.
tajribah:
A
n.m.
toHfaa:
A
n.m.
takht:
P
n.m.
tadbir:
A
n.f.
deliberation/opinion/advice/arrangement/order
taraanah:
P
n.m.
harmony/symphony/a kind of song
tarjumaan:
A
n.m.
interpreter
tars:
P
n.m.
fear/terror
tars:
H
n.m.
compassion/pity/mercy
tarraqqee:
A
n.f.
elevation/promotion/proficiency
tarkeeb:
A
n.f.
composition/mixture/plan/mode/method
tasallee:
A
n.f.
consolation/comfort/satisfaction
tasleem:
A
n.f.
salutation/greeting/resignation/submission
tashreef:
A
n.f.
honoring
tishnagi:
A
n.f.
thirst/desire/longing
tasawwur:
A
n.m.
imagination/fancy/idea
tasawwuf:
A
n.m.
mysticism
tasweer:
A
n.f.
picture/portrait/painting
ta'ajjub:
A
n.m.
wondering/admiration/amazement/surprise
ta'areef:
A
n.f.
explanation/description/praise/definition
ta'alluq:
A
n.m.
connection/relation/consideration
taqaazaa:
A
n.m.
demanding settlement of a debt/importunity
taqdeer:
A
n.f.
fate/luck
taqriban:
A
adv.
approximately
taqwaa:
A
n.f.
piety/abstinence/fear of God
takleef:
A
n.f.
imposition of a
burden/difficulty/inconvenience
talaash:
A
n.f.
search/inquiry/quest
talkh:
P
adj.
bitter/acrimonious/pungent/unpalatable
talwaar:
H
n.f.
sword
tamaashaa:
A
n.m.
entertainment/fun/amusement/sport/spectacle
tamaam:
A
adj.
entire/complete/perfect/end
tameez:
A
n.f.
discernment/judgement/observance of
etiquette
tan:
P
n.m.
body
tanqiH:
A
n.f.
cleaning/investigation/inquiry/issue
tangi:
P
n.f.
narrowness/hardship/poverty
tanhaa:
P
adj.
alone/solitary

taubah:

taubah
tauheen:
taiyaar:
teer:
tez:
tegh:

P
taubah:
A
P
P
P
P

n.m.
intj.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.

repentance
Heaven forbid!
disgrace/contempt/defamation/dishonor/insult
ready/prepared/finished/alert/ripe
arrow
sharp/keen/caustic/pungent/swift/clever
sword/dagger

###########################################################################
#####

Taan.g:
Tapaknaa:
Takkar:
TukRaa:
TooT:
Thikaanaa:
ThanD:
Thokar:
TeRh:

H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H

n.f.
v.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.

Te
-the leg/a share
to leak/to drip/to fall down (fruits)
collision/encounter/rivalry/competition
a piece/a morsel/a part/fraction
breaking/fracture/loss
fixed abode/proper place/goal/limit
cold/chill
obstacle/kick/stumble
crookedness

###########################################################################
#####
se
-confirmed/established/fixed/stable
a fixed star
shining brightly/splendid/sublime
stability/endurance/resolution/constancy
permanence/a seal/writing

saabit:
saabit:
saaqib:
sabaat:
sabt:
suboot:

A
adj.
A
n.m.
A
adj.
A
n.m.
A
n.m.
A
n.m.
evidence/proof/conviction/constancy/stability
saarwat:
A
n.f.
wealth/power/influence
saraa:
A
n.m.
the earth
siqaafat:
A
n.f.
culture
siqaalat:
A
n.f.
burden/weight
siqaahat:
A
n.f.
reliability/trustworthiness
sawaab:
A
n.m.
reward/recompense
sawaabit:
A
n.m.
the fixed stars (plu. of saabit)

###########################################################################
#####

jaadu:
jaazib:
jaaree:
jaagir:
jaam:
jaan:
jaanee:
jaanee:
jaahil:
jaa'edaad:
jaa'iz:
jabeen.:
judaa:

P
A
A
P
P
P
P
P
A
P
H
P
P

n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
adj.
n.f.
adj.

jeem
---magic/conjuring/charm/effect of evil spirits
alluring/attractive
running/flowing/current/continuing
a fief
goblet
soul/life/mind/vigor/sweetheart/beloved
of or relating to life
a beloved/a lover
ignorant/illiterate/barbarous
property/estate/assets
legal/permitted
the forehead
separate/apart/asunder/peculiar

judaaee:
jazb:
jazbah:
jurm:
jurmaanah:
justjoo:
jism:
jashn:
ja'l:
jafaa:
jigar:
jalaal:
jalwah:
jamaal:
janaab:
janaazah:
jumbish:
jannat:
jang:
junoon:
jawaab:
jawaan:
jawaahir:
josh:
jahaaz:
jahaan:
jahaannum:
jeewan:

P
A
A
A
P
P
A
P
A
P
P
A
A
A
A
A
P
A
P
A
A
P
A
P
A
P
A
H

adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m/f.
n.m.
n.m.
intj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.

separation/absence
allurement/attraction
passion/rage/desire/feeling
crime/guilt
fine/penalty
search/inquiry
body
a feast/celebration
counterfeit
oppression/injustice/injury
liver/heart/soul/mind
splendor/majesty
lustre/splendour/display/show
beauty/elegance
sir!/your honor!
corpse/funeral
movement
paradise/garden
battle/war
madness/insanity
answer/equal/parallel/match
young/youth
jewls/gems (plu. of jauhar)
heat/zeal/enthusiasm/passion/lust
ship/vessel
the world
hell
life/existence

###########################################################################
#####
che
--chaarah:
P
n.m.
remedy/cure/help/aid/resource
chaadar:
P
n.f.
a sheet/veil/waterfall
chaaq:
T
adj.
active/alert/healthy/fat/hale and hearty
chaaqoo:
P
n.m.
a small knife
chaal:
H
n.f.
gait/walk/custom/trick/strategem
chaalaak:
P
adj.
clever/expert/cunning/nimble
chaan.d:
H
n.m.
the moon
chaan.dani:
H
n.f.
moonlight
chaan.di:
H
n.f.
silver/wealth
chaah:
H
n.f.
desire/love/affection/need/choice
chitwan:
H
n.f.
look/glance/appearance
charaagh:
P
n.m.
lamp
charaagaah:
P
n.f.
meadow/pasture
chust:
P
adj.
alert/active/clever/quick/tight
cashm:
P
n.f.
eye/hope
chasm-e-baddoor:intj. God preserve from evil eyes!
chashm-o-chiraagh:n.m. light of the eye/dearly beloved
chasmak:
P
n.m.
wink/winking/misunderstanding/spectacles
chakaan.:
P
adj.
dropping/distilling
chilman:
H
n.m.
a venetian blind
chamak:
H
n.f.
glitter/splendour/flash/gleam
chaman:
P
n.m.
flower garden
chand:
P
adj.
how many/how much/few/how often/how long
chah:
P
suff.
used to form dimunitives
chehraa:
P
n.m.
face/visage/a mask
cheez:
P
n.f.
thing/commodity
chain:
H
n.m.
ease/comfort/rest/peace

Word beginning with baRi he/khe


###########################################################################
#####

Haatim:
Haadisah:
Haazir:
Haakim:
Haal:
Haalat:
Hubb:
Habeeb:
Hijaab:
Hadd:
Hadd:
Hiddat:
Hads:
Hudood:
Hizaaqat:
Haraarat:
Haraam:
Hirs:
Hoorriyat:
Hazm:
Huzn:
Hisaab:
Hasrat:
Husn:
Haseen:
Hashmat:
Hisaar:
Husool:
Hissah:
Hazrat:
Huzoor:
Huzoor:
Hifaazat:
Haqq:
Haqeeqat:
Hukm:
Hikmat:
Hakeem:
Halaal:
Himaayat:
Hamlah:
Hawaas:
Hawaalah:
Hoor:
Hausalah:
Hayaa:
Hayaat:
Haiseeyat:
Hairaan:

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

baRi he
------n.m.
generous (derived from Haatim Tai)
n.m.
accident/occurence/calamity/misfortune
adj.
present/ready/in attendance
n.m.
ruler/governor/judge/an official
n.m.
state/condition/narrative/circumstance
n.f.
condition/state/circumstance (plu. Haalaat)
n.f.
love/friendship/desire/affection/wish
n.m.
beloved/sweetheart/comrade/friend
n.m.
veil/modesty/bashfulness/night
n.f.
boundary/limit
adv.
very/at most/utmost point
n.f.
sharpness/fury/acrimony/poignancy
n.m.
novelty/innovation
n.m/f. boundaries/penal laws
n.m.
Intelligence/wisdom
n.f.
heat/fever/ardor/fervor/zeal
adj.
unlawful/forbidden
n.f.
eager/greediness/desire/ambition
n.f.
emancipation/freedom
n.m.
firmness of mind/resolve
n.m.
grief/sadness/sorrow
n.m.
reckoning/account/computation/rate/sense
n.f.
regret/intense sorrow/desire/longing
n.f.
beauty/elegance
adj.
beautiful/elegant/charming/handsome
n.f.
state/dignity/pomp/retinue
n.m.
fort/enclosure/fence
n.m.
acquisition/profit/advantage/achievement
n.m.
share/portion/lot
n.m.
dignity/a title of respect
n.m.
presence of superior authority
intj.
Your Highness!
n.f.
guarding/security/safety
adj.
just/truth/right
n.f.
truth/reality/narration/condition
n.m.
order/decree/statute/law
n.f.
wisdom/knowledge/cleverness/device
n.m.
wise man/doctor/philosopher
adj.
legal/permitted
n.f.
protection/patronage/support/defence
n.m.
attack/assault/invasion
n.m.
the senses
n.m.
charge/custody/care
n.f.
virgin of Paradise/nymph
n.m.
capacity/courage/spirit/resolution/desire
n.f.
modesty/shame
n.f.
life/existence
n.f.
rank/capacity/merit/status/prestige
adj.
amazed/confounded/perplexed/worried

###########################################################################
#####

khe
--khaas:
A
adj.
special/particular/private/noble/unmixed
khaatir:
A
n.f.
the
heart/mind/memory/sake/behalf/choice/favor
khaak:
P
n.f.
dust/earth/ashes
khaalis:
A
adj.
pure/genuine/sincere(friend)
khaam:
P
adj.
raw/green/inexpert/immature/vain
khaamosh:
P
adj.
silent
khaandaan:
P
n.m.
family/lineage/dynasty
khaanum:
P
n.f.
lady/princess/wife
khaanah:
P
n.m.
house/room/compartment/partition
khabar:
A
n.f.
news/information/report/rumor/notice
khatm:
A
n.m.
conclusion/seal
khatm:
A
adj.
finished/done
khajaalat:
A
n.m.
shame/bashfulness
khajaalat:
P
adj.
happy/auspicious/blessed
khuda:
P
n.m.
God
khidmat:
A
n.f.
service/office/duty
kharaab:
A
adj.
bad/depraved/ruined/spoiled/wretched/obscene
khurram:
P
adj.
happy
khareed:
P
n.f.
purchase
khazaan.:
P
n.f.
autumn/decay/old age
khizaanah:
P
n.m.
treasury/treasure
khastah:
P
adj.
wounded/broken/sorrowful
khushk:
P
adj.
dry/withered/cynic
khatt:
A
n.m.
letter/note/mark
khataa:
A
n.f.
mistake/slio/oversight/error
khutbah:
A
n.m.
sermon/oration/introduction
khatrah:
A
n.m.
danger/fear/risk
khafaa:
A
n.f.
concealment/secrecy
khafaa:
P
adj.
angry/displeased
khalaas:
A
n.m.
deliverance/redemption/freedom
khilaaf:
A
n.m.
opposition/contraiety/falsehood
khilaaf:
A
prep.
against
khalish:
P
n.f.
prick/pain/anxiety/apprehension
khumaar:
A
n.m.
intoxication
khanjar:
A
n.m.
dagger
khwaab:
P
n.m.
sleep/dream
khwaar:
P
adj.
wretched/deserted/friendless/poor
khwaahish:
P
n.f.
desire/request/demand
khoob:
P
adj.
good/excellent/beautiful/amiable
khood:
P
n./adj. self/private/personal/own
khoodi:
P
n.f.
egotism/vanity/presence of mind
khoorsheed:
P
n.m.
sun
khoosh:
P
adj.
pleasing/happy
khoon:
P
n.m.
blood/murder
khiyaaban:
P
n.m.
flower-bed/flower garden
khayaal:
A
n.m.
thought/imagination/opinion/care/respect
khair:
A
adj.
good/best
khair:
A
adv.
very well
khair:
A
n.f.
welfare/happiness
###########################################################################
#####

daakhil:
daad:
daar:

A
P
P

adj.
n.m.
n.f.

daal
---entering
justice/appeal/revenge/praise
gallows/a piece of wood

daar:
P
daar:
A
daaraa:
P
daaru:
H
daaru:
P
daastaan:
P
daagh:
P
daam:
P
daam:
H
daaman:
P
daanaa:
P
daanistah:
P
daanish:
P
daa'im:
A
dakhl:
A
dar:
P
dar:
P
durr:
A
daraaz:
P
darbaar:
P
darkhwaasht:
P
dard:
P
dars:
H
durust:
P
durusht:
P
darmiyan:
P
darwaazah:
P
darya:
P
duzd:
P
dastoor:
P
dushman:
P
dushnaam:
P
dushwaar:
P
du'aa:
A
da'wat:
A
da'waa:
A
daghaa:
P
daf'a:
A
dafn:
A
diqqat:
A
dil:
P
dil aawar:
dilbar:
dil band:
dil chasp:
dil kharaash:
dil daar:
dil daar:
dil daari:
dil doz:
dil rubaa:
dil rubaa:
dil rubaa:
dil sokhtah:
dil soz:
dil shaad:
dil fareb:
dil figaar:
dil kash:
dil geer:
dil lagi:

suff.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adv.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
prep.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.f.

having/holding
house/country
holder/sovereign/king
alcohol
medicine/remedy
story/fable/tale
scar/blemish/stain/calamity/grief/loss
net/snare
price/value
skirt/foot of a mountain/a lap
wise/learned
knowingly
knowledge/science/learning
perpetual/permanent
entrance/access/reach/skill
door/gate/entrance
in/into/within/to/about/by
pearl
long/tall/extended
court (royal)
request/petition/appeal
pain/affliction/sympathy/compassion
sight/view/look
right/proper/well/safe/precise
rough/hard/rigid/oppressive/fierce
middle/midst/interval
door/gate
a large river/sea
thief
custom/usage/manner/rule
enemy
abuse/invective
difficult
blessing/prayer/wish
invitation/banquet
claim/law suit/charge/demand/accusation
deceit/treachery/delusion
time/turn/section/class
burial/concealment
difficulty/intricacy/minute point
heart/soul/courage/generosity/wish
brave/valiant
lovely/sweetheart
charming/attractive
interesting/pleasing/delightful
heart rending
charming/beloved
sweetheart
consolation
heart-piercing
fascinating/alluring
fascinating/alluring
sweetheart
grieved/suffering
touching/pathetic/passionate/ardent
cheerful
charming/alluring/enticing/beautiful
melancholy
attractive/winning
melancholy
amusement/diversion

dil nawaaz:
dilaasaa:
P
dam:
P
dimaagh:
A
dunyaa:
A
dawaa:
A
door:
P
daur:
A
dost:
P
daulat:
A
diyaar:
A
deedaar:
P
deedah:
P
deen:
A
deewaar:
P
deewaanah:
P

adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.

soothing (the mind)


consolation/encouragement
breath/vitality/moment/edge of a sword
brain/intellect/airs/conceit
world/worldly goods
medicine
distant/remote/far
revolving/period/cycle/orbit
friend/lover
riches/fortune/happiness/cause/means
country/region
sight/interview
the eye
faith/religion
a wall
madman

###########################################################################
#####

Daabar:
Daakaa:
Dar:
Dagar:

H
H
H
H

n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.

Daal
---lake/pond/water pot
robbery
fear
path/road

###########################################################################
#####

zaat:
zaati:
zaakir:
zaakir:
zikr:
zillaat:
zaleel:
zauq:
zehn:

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.

zaal
---being endowed with/soul/self/caste/race
innate/inherent/essential/natural
remembering/grateful
grateful person/obe who praises God
remembrance/memory/Qur'an recital
insult/dishonor/affront/abjectness
abject/base/wretched/contemptible
taste
acumen/wit/sagacity/understanding

###########################################################################
#####

raaHat:
A
raaz:
P
raast:
P
raastah:
P
raazi:
A
raah:
P
raah bar:
raah numaa:
rabb:
A
rahm:
A
rukh:
P
rukhsaar:
P
rukhsat:
A
radd:
A

n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.

re
-rest/repose/comfort/tranquility/ease
mystery/secret
true/honest/straight/even/level
path/road/manner
willing/satisfied/agreed/pleased
road/pathcustom/journey/method
a guide
conductor/leader/guide
creator/god
mercy/pity/compassion/kindness/tenderness
face/cheek/side/point
face/cheek/complexion/aspect
leave/permission/dismissal/indulgence
rejection/repulsion/returning

razm:
P
rasm:
A
rasan:
P
ruswaa:
A
rasool:
A
rishtah:
P
rashk:
P
raghbat:
P
raftaar:
P
rafi':
A
rafeeq:
A
raqs:
A
raqeeb:
A
ran.j:
P
ran.jish:
P
ran.g:
P
ran.geen:
P
rawaanah:
P
rooH:
A
roz:
P
roz:
P
rozah:
P
raushan/roshan: P
raunaq:
A
resham:
P

n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.

war/battle
marking/writing/established usage/model/law
rope/string/cord
infamous/dishonored/disgraced
a prophet
thread/line/relationship/kinship/alliance
jealousy/envy/malice/spite
strong desire/esteem/pleasure
speed/pace/walk/motion
high/sublime/exalted
friend/ally
dance/dancing
rival/competitor
grief/sorrow/trouble/inconvience
grief/indignation/misunderstanding/anguish
color/dye/fashion/enjoyment
colored/lively/elegant/flowery/figurative
despatched/proceeding
soul/spirit/life/essence/divine revelation
a day
daily
a fast
light/illuminated/bright/clear/splendid
lustre/beauty/elegance/freshness
silk

###########################################################################
#####
Re
-This letter does not occur as the first letter of a word and hence
there are no entries. The letter has the sound of a hardened 'r'
and is often used interchangeably with Daal.
###########################################################################
#####

zaar:
zabaan:
zabar:

P
P
P
zabardast:
zaHmat:
A
zakhm:
P
zadah:
P
zar:
P
zukaam:
A
zulf:
P
zamaanah:
P
zameen:
P
zanjeer:
P
zindaan:
P
zindagi:
P
zindah:
P
zinhaar:
P
zinhaar:
P
zood:
P
zor:
P
zahr:
P

n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
adv.
intj.
adv.
n.m.
n.m.

ze
-weeping/lamentation/garden/desire/wish
tongue/language/flame (of a candle)
above/superior/greater/top
vigorous/violent/tyrranical/superior
uneasiness of mind/trouble/pain
wound/damage/loss
struck/stricken/oppressed
gold
cold
curl/ringlet/tress
time/age/period
ground/earth
chain
prison/jail
life/living/existence
alive/living
never/by no means
beware!
quickly/soon/suddenly
force/strength/power/influence/stress
poison

ziyaadah:
ziyaarat:
zebaa:
zeenat:

P
A
P
A

adj.
n.f.
adj.
n.f.

too much/more/excessive
pilgrimage/visit (a shrine)
adorned/beautiful/proper/graceful
decoration/beauty

###########################################################################
#####

zhaalah:
zharf:
zholeedah:
zhiyaan:

P
P
P
P

n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.

zhe
--hail/dew/frost
deep/penetrating/acute of mind
dishevelled/entangled/intricate
terrible/furious/angry/rapacious

###########################################################################
#####
seen
---saajan:
H
n.m.
lover/sweetheart/beloved
saaHir:
A
n.m.
magician
saaHil:
A
n.m.
shore/beach
saadah:
P
adj.
simple/plain/candid/sincere
saaz:
P
n.m.
apparatus/equipment/concord
saazish:
P
n.f.
conspiracy/intrigue/collusion
saaqee:
A
n.m.
cup-bearer/page/beloved
saal:
P
n.m.
year
saalim:
A
adj.
safe/sound/perfect/whole
saamaan:
P
n.m.
apparatus/custom/understanding/power
saan.ch:
H
n.f.
truth/reality
saan.s:
H
n.m./f. breath/sigh
saa'ir:
A
n.m.
thw whole/the
rest/wandering/walking/tax/duty
saayah:
P
n.m.
shadow/shade/shelter/apparition
sabab:
A
n.m.
cause/reason
sabaq:
A
n.m.
lesson/lecture/advancing
subuk:
P
adj.
light/delicate/trivial/frivolous/futile
sitaarah:
P
n.m.
star
sitaan.:
P
adj.
taking/seizing
sitam:
P
n.m.
oppression/tyranny/injustice/violence
sajdah:
A
n.m.
prostration
saHar:
A
n.m.
dawn/morning
sakht:
P
adj.
hard/firm/cruel/harsh/vehement
sukhan:
P
n.m.
speech/words/business/affair
sukhan war:
adj.
eloquence
sar:
P
n.m.
head/top/pinnacle/origin/chief/desire
sar afraaz:
adj.
exalted
sar bastah:
adj.
hidden/secret
sar basar:
adv.
wholly/entirely
sar buland:
adj.
eminent/glorious
sar taabee:
n.f.
rebellion
sar taaj:
n.m.
chief/leader
sar-e dast:
adv.
at present/immediately
sar-e raah:
adv.
on the road
sar zameen:
n.f.
country/limits/region
sar-e shaam:
n.f.
about evening/evening
sar-o saamaan: n.m.
necessities/furniture/luggage
siraaj:
A
n.m.
lamp/candle/sun
surkh:
P
adj.
red
sard:
P
adj.
cold/damp/dull/dead

suroor:
sazaa:
sust:
sifaarish:
safar:
safed:
saktah:
sukoot:
sukoon:
salaam:
silsilah:
saleeqah:
sang:
sanh:
siwaa:
sawaal:
saudaa:
soz:
saugand:
soona:
siyaah:
sair:
seerat:
sailaab:
seenah:

A
P
P
P
A
P
P
A
A
A
A
A
P
A
P
A
P
P
P
H
P
A
A
A/P
P

n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adv.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.

pleasure/joy/exhilaration
correction/punishment/requital
loose/frail/lazy/slow/dull
recommendation
journey
white
trance/swoon/pause
silence/peace/rest/tranquility
peace/rest/tranquility
salutation/peace/safety/compliment
chain/series/pedigree/genealogy
good disposition/good taste/mode/skill
stone/weight
year/era
except/save/but/besides
question/petition/application/request/demand
trade/marketing/goods
burning/passion/vexation
oath
void/empty/desolate/lonely
black/dark/unfortunate/bad
walk/excursion/recreation/amusement
quality/nature/disposition
flood/deluge/torrent
chest/bosom

###########################################################################
#####
sheen
----bravo! well done! (contr. of shaadbaash)
branch/bough/dilemma/difficulty/objection
happy/cheerful/delighted
full of water/fresh/agreeable/verdant
poet
pupil/apprentice/servant
evening

shaabaash:
P
intj.
shaakh:
P
n.f.
shaad:
P
adj.
shaadaab:
P
adj.
shaa'ir:
A
n.m.
shaagird:
P
n.m.
shaam:
P
n.f.
shaamil:
A
adj.
including/comprising/connected/mingled/common
shaan:
A
n.f.
dignity/glory/grandeur
shaah:
P
n.m.
king/prince/monarch
shaahtir:
n.m.
a beam/roof support
shahzaadah:
n.m.
prince
shaayad:
P
adv.
perhaps/probably
shab:
P
n.f.
night
shab bakhair: intj.
goodnight!
shabnam:
n.f.
dew
shabaab:
A
n.m.
youth
shabeenah:
P
adj.
nocturnal
shujaa':
A
adj.
brave
shakhs:
A
n.m.
a person/individual/being/body
sharaab:
A
n.f.
wine/liquor
sharaarah:
A
n.m.
spark/gleam/flash
sharaafat:
A
n.f.
nobility/civility/good manners
shart:
A
n.f.
condition/agreement/wager
sharm:
P
n.f.
shame/modesty
shuroo':
A
n.m.
beginning
shareef:
A
adj.
noble/eminent/honorable
shi'r:
A
n.m.
verse/couplet
shu'lah:
A
n.m.
flame/blaze/flash/light

shu'oor:
shafaqat:
shakk:
shikaar:
shikaayat:
shukr:
shakl:
shikwah:
shumaar:
shams:
shamsher:
shama':
shinaas:
shokh:
shor:
shauq:
shahd:
shahr:
shuhrat:
shaheed:
shaikh:
shekhi:
sher:
shireen:
shishah:
shaitaan:

A
A
A
P
A
A
A
A/P
P
A
P
A
P
P
P
A
P
P
A
A
A
A
P
P
P
A

n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.

wisdom/intellect
kindeness/compassion/mercy
doubt/suspense/hesitation
hunting/prey
complaint/accusation/illness
gratitude
form/appearance/model/image/diagram
complaint/chiding
counting/numbering/estimation/account
the sun
sword
lamp/candle
knowing/acquainted with/intelligence
playful/mischievous/bold/insolent
noise/outcry/tumult/clamor/ardor
taste/fondness/desire/interest
honey
city
renown/fame/rumor
martyr
elder
bragging
lion/tiger/brave man
sweet/pleasant/gentle
glass/bottle/glass pane
satan/devil/demon

###########################################################################
#####

saahib:
saaf:
subH:
sabr:
suHbat:
saHraa:
saHeeH:
sadr:
sadmah:
sirf:
sirf:
sa'oobat:
salaaH:
sanam:
surat:

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adv.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.

saad
---master/lord/ruler/companion/title
clean/pure/innocent/clear/legible/plain
morning/dawn
patience/endurance/submission/suffering
companionship/society/conversation
plain/desert
right/correct/genuine/sound/pure/just
chest/bosom/chief
shock/blow/calamity/collision/suffering
only/mere/sheer
purely/exclusively
difficulty/hardship
peace/treaty/integrity/advice/counsel
idol/sweetheart/mistress
form/figure/countenance/aspect/manner/plight

###########################################################################
#####

zaabit:
zaabit:
zaabitah:
zaamin:
zaa'i:
zidd:
zarb:
zarar:

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.

zaad
---governor/master/possessor
strict/punctual/patient/disciplinarian
rule/custom/canon/law/code
sponsor/surety/guarantor
lost/destroyed/wasted/fruitless
the contrary/opposition/stubborness
injury/beating/impression (plu. zarbaat)
injury/damage/harm/affliction/loss/ruin

zaroor:
zaroor:
zaroorat:
zu'f:
za'if:
zalaal:
zamaanat:
zameer:
zau:
ziyaa:
zeeq:

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

adj.
adv.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.

necessary/expedient/needful
certainly/absolutely
need/compulsion/want/exigency
weakness/feebleness
weak/infirm/feeble/old/faint
error/fault/vice
surety/bond
mind/heart/thought/reflection/sense
light/sunlight
light/splendour/brilliancy
anguish/melancholy/

###########################################################################
#####

taab:
taa'at:
taaq:
taaqat:
taalib:
tabi'at:
tapaan.:
tarh:
tarz:
taraf:
tariqah:
ta'n:
talaaq:
talab:
taur:
toofaan:
taiyyaar:

A
A
A
A
A
A
P
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.

to-e
---sweet/agreeable/pure/excellent
obedience/devotion (plu. taa'aat)
arch/cupola/niche
strength/power/might
seeker/enquirer/lover/candidate
nature/temperament/disposition
palpitating/throbbing
manner/mode/form/design/plan
manner/fashion/way
side/margin/direction
method/custom/path/way
blame/reproach/censure/chide
divorce/repudiation
search/inquiry//wish/demand/request
manner/condition/mode/state
storm/tempest/hurricane
ready

###########################################################################
#####

zaalim:
zaahir:
zaahiraa:
zarif:
zafar:
zulm:
zann:
zaheer:

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

n.m.
adj.
adv.
adj.
n.m.
n.m
n.m.
n.m.

zo-e
---tyrant/oppressor
manifest/clear/evident
outwardly/manifestly
witty/subtle/fine
victory/triumph/gain
oppression/tyranny
suspicion
ally/associate

###########################################################################
#####

'aajiz:
'aadat:
'aadil:
'aazim:
'aashiq:
'aaqibat:
'aaqibat:

A
A
A
A
A
A
A

adj.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
adv.

ain
--powerless/weak/helpless/dejected
custom/habit/usage/practice/manner
just/sincere/righteous
determined/resolute
lover/suitor
end/conclusion/future life
finally/at last

'aaqil:
'aalam:
'aalim:
'aali:
'aam:
'awaamm)
'ibaadat:
'ibaarat:
'abas:
'abd:
'ibrat:
'itaab:
'ajab:
'ajab:
'ajeeb:
'adaalat:
'adam:
'azaab:
'arsh:
'arz:
'irfaan:
'urooj:
'uryaan:
'izzat:
'azeez:
'ishrat:
'ishq:
'atr:
'atf:
'azeem:
'iffat:
'aql:
'uqoobat:
'ilaaj:
'ilaaqah:
'illat:
'ilm:
'aleem:
'imaarat:
'umr:
'amalan:
'inaad:
'awaam:
'aurat:
'aiyaash:
'aish:

A
A
A
A
A

adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.

wise/sensible
world/universe/regions/public/beauty/period
learned/wise/intelligent
high/sublime/exalted/grand
common/public/general/ordinary (plu.

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

n.f.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.f.
adv.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.

prayers/devotion
composition/style/diction
useless/profitless/trifling/idle
slave/servant of God
warning/admonition
rebuke/reproach/anger/displeasure
wonder/astonishment
wonderful/amazing/strange/rare
wonderful/surprising/rare/admirable/unique
court of justice/tribunal/justice/law
non-existence/nothing/annihilation
torment/pain/punishment
roof/canopy/highest heaven
petition/request/exposition/review
knowledge/science/wisdom
ascension/rising/exaltation
naked/bare/devoid
honor/esteem/glory/reputation
dear/beloved/honored/respected/worthy
pleasure/enjoyment/mirth/society
love/excessive passion
perfume
kindness/favor/affection/present
great/high in dignity/large
purity/chastity
intellect/reason/knowledge
punishment/torment/torture
cure/treatment/antidote
jurisdiction/area/tenure
fault/defect/bad habit/illness/pretext/basis
knowledge/science/doctrine
wise/learned
building/edifice
age/life-time/span of life
practically/truly
enmity/obstinacy
populace/common people (plu. of 'aam)
woman/wife/nudity
luxurious/rakish/addicted to pleasure
pleasure/delight/luxury

###########################################################################
#####

ghaalib:
ghaalib:
ghaa'ib:
ghubaar:
ghaddaar:
gharaz:
ghuroor:
gharib:
ghazal:

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

adj.
adv.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.

ghain
----victorious/predominant
often/likely/most probably
hidden/absent
vapor/fog/mist/dust/vexation
disloyal/treacherous
intention/meaning/design/view/want
pride/vanity
poor/destitute/strange/innocent/wonderful
ode/poem

ghash:
A
ghussah:
A
ghaflat:
A
ghulaam:
A
ghalat:
A
ghaleez:
A
gham:
A
gham khwaar:
gham deedah:
gham gusaar:
ghammaaz:
A
ghaur:
A
ghair:
A
ghair:
A
ghair:
A
ghair:
A
ghairat:
A

n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adv.
adj.
prep.
n.f.

stupor/fainting
anger/passion/rage/anxiety/grief
negligence/drowsiness/stupor
slave/boy/youth
wrong/incorrect/inaccurate
dirty/filthy/gross/coarse/obscene
grief/sorrow/concern/care
consoling
afflicted/grieved
comforter
informer/tattletale/back-biting
deep thought/meditation/close attention
stranger/foreigner
besides
other/different/alien/bad
without/except/but/save
honor/modesty/bashfulness/envy/enmity

###########################################################################
#####

faakhir:
faash:
faasilah:
faazil:
faaqah:
faa'idah:
faa'iq:
fitnah:
fatwaa:
fakhr:
fida:
fidaa'ee:
firaaq:
firdaus:
farishtah:
fursat:
farz:
farq:
furqat:
farmaan:
farmaa'ish:
faro:
faryaad:
fareb:
faza':
fasanah:
fazl:
fitrat:
fughaan.:
faqr:
fikr:
figaar:
falak:
fuwaad:
fauj:
fauran:
fahm:
faisalah:

A
P
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A&P
A
A
P
A
A
A
A
P
P
P
P
P
A
P
A
A
P
A
A
P
A
A
A
A
A
A

fe
-n.m.
a boaster
adj.
apparent/known/notorious
n.m.
distance/space/separation
adj.
superfluous/accomplished person/virtuous
n.m.
starvation/fasting/poverty
n.m.
benefit/profit/utility
adj.
superior/great
n.m.
sedition/revolt/mischief/temptation
n.m.
judicial decree
n.m.
glory/honor/pride/egotism
n.m.
sacrifice/devotion/ransom/exchange
n.m.
lover
n.m.
separation/anxiety/absence/distance
n.m.
garden/paradise
n.m.
angel/apostle/prophet/messenger
n.f.
opportunity/leisure/rest/recovery
n.m.
duty/moral obligation/statute
n.m.
difference/distance/separation/defect
n.f.
separation/disunion/absence (of lovers)
n.m.
mandate/order/royal decree
n.f.
order for goods/requisition/pleasure/will
adj.
down/below/under
n.f.
complaint/cry
n.m.
deceit/trick/fraud
n.f.
lamentation/wailing
n.m.
romance/tale/fable
n.m.
excellence/virtue/reward/wisdom
n.f.
nature/creation/deceit/intrigue/wisdom
n.m.
clamor/lamentation/cry of distress
n.m.
poverty
n.m./f. opinion/notion/care/concern/anxiety/counsel
adj.
wounded/sore/afflicted/confused
n.m.
sky/heaven/fortune/fate
n.m.
the heart
n.f.
army/crowd/multitude
adv.
immediately/quickly/directly
n.m.
understanding/intellect
n.m.
settlement/decree/decision

faiz:

n.m.

liberality/grace/bounty

###########################################################################
#####
qaaf
---worthy/able/competent/deserving/clever
power/command/authority/possession/hold
murderer/assassin/homicide
judge
custom/rule/manners/habit/established order
rhyme/metre/cadence
rule/law/system/state
confessing/agreeing/conceding/subdued
erect/stagnant/firm/durable
grave/tomb
gridp/clutch/possessing/power/hilt of a

qaabil:
A
adj.
qaaboo:
P
n.m.
qaatil:
A
n.m.
qaazee:
A
n.m.
qaa'idah:
A
n.m.
qaafiyah:
A
n.m.
qaanoon:
A
n.m.
qaa'il:
A
adj.
qaa'im:
A
adj.
qabr:
A
n.f.
qabzah:
A
n.m.
sword
qubool:
A
n.m.
consent/acceptance/assent/recognition
qatl:
A
n.m.
killing/murder/assassination
qadd:
A
n.m.
stature/size/height
qadr:
A
n.f.
dignity/honor/worth/value
qudrat:
A
n.f.
power/strength/universe/nature
qadam:
A
n.m.
step/pace/footstep
qaraar:
A
n.m.
residence/stability/rest/patience/satisfaction
qurbaan:
A
n.m.
sacrifice/victim/offering
qarz:
A
n.m.
debt/loan
qareeb:
A
adj.
near/adjacent/akin/approaching
qasam:
A
n.m.
an oath
qism:
A
n.f.
sort/kind/species/portion/nature
qismat:
A
n.f.
fortune/fate/share/portion/head/category
qusoor:
A
n.m.
fault/defect/blame/sin/failure
qissah:
A
n.m.
tale/fable/romance/quarrel/dispute
qazaa:
A
n.f.
fate/destiny/jurisdiction/judgement
qafas:
A
n.m.
cage/network/body
qalb:
A
n.m.
heart/mind/soul/intellect/marrow/pith
qalam:
A
n.m.
reed/pen/handwriting
qamar:
A
n.m.
the moon
qaul:
A
n.m.
word/saying/promise/consent/vow
qaum:
A
n.m.
nation/people
qiyaamat:
A
n.f.
resurrection/Judgement Day/tumult
qaid:
A
n.f.
imprisonment/confinement/obstacle/control
qeemat:
A
n.m.
price/value/woth/cost

###########################################################################
#####

kaatib:
kaazib:
kaar:
kaarwaan:
kaasah:
kaash:
kaashif:
kaaghaz:
kaafir:
kaafir:

A
A
P
P
P
P
A
P
A
A

n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
intj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.

kaaf
---scribe/writer
false
affair/work/labor/duty/profession
caravan/large company of pilgrims
cup/goblet/bowl
would that !
discoverer/revealer
paper/letter/document
infidel/sweetheart/mistress
impious/ungrateful

kaafur:
kaafi:
kaam:

A
n.m.
camphor
P&A
adj.
sufficient/enough
P
n.m.
palate/desire/object/purport/design/intention
kaamraan:
adj.
successful/fortunate/happy/blessed
kaam yaab:
adj.
prosperous/successfulhappy/satisfied
kaahish:
P
n.f.
anxiety/pining/decline/decay
kaahil:
A
adj.
lazy/slow/indolent/relaxed/tardy/ailing
kabootar:
P
n.m.
pigeon/dove
kabeer:
A
adj.
great/large/immense
kitaab:
A
n.m.
book/writing/despatch
kasrat:
A
n.f
abundance/excess/bulk
kadah:
P
n.m.
a place (usually a suff.)
karam:
A
n.m.
kindness/favor/bounty/clemency
kareem:
A
adj.
bountiful/generous/merciful/epithet of God
kas:
P
n.m.
man/person
kasab:
A
n.m.
profession/trade
kasr:
A
n.f.
breach/loss/affliction
kasal:
A
n.m.
laxity/cowardice/depression/sickness
kiswat:
A
n.f.
dress/appearance/habit/figure/form/manner
kashaakash:
P
n.f.
struggle/dilemma/contention/grief and pain
kashti:
P
n.f.
ship/boat/vessel/tray
kashish:
P
n.f.
drawing/attraction/allurement
kufr:
A
n.m.
paganism/infidelity/profanity
kafan:
A
n.m.
shroud
kul:
A
adj.
all/complete/entire/aggregate/universe
kalaam:
A
n.m.
discourse/oration/a
work/composition/objection
kam:
P
adj.
deficient/few/little/rare/scanty
kam bakht:
adj.
unfortunate/wretched
kamzor:
adj.
weak/feeble/powerless
kamaal:
A
n.m.
excellence/perfection/miracle/art
kamaan:
P
n.f.
bow/arch/spring
kamar:
P
n.f.
waist/girdle/zone/army flank/arch
kamee:
P
n.f.
deficiency/loss/abatement/reduction/dearth
kameenah:
P
adj.
mean/vulgar/base/defective
kinaarah:
P
n.m.
shore/river bank/edge/margin/limit
kandah:
P
adj.
carved/engraved
koshish:
P
n.f.
attempt/endeavor/labor/exertion
koft:
P
n.f.
beating/pain/vexation/grief/gilding
kaul:
H
n.m.
mouthful/morsel
koh:
P
n.m.
mountain/hill
kaif:
A
n.m.
intoxication
kaifiyyat:
A
n.f.
narrative/circumstances/explanation/situation
keenah:
P
n.m.
malice/rancor/enmity
###########################################################################
#####

giraan.:
gard:
gird:
girdaab:
gardish:
gardan:
giriftaar:
garm:
girau:

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.m.

gaaf
---precious/costly/dear/important/heavy
trifle/dust
round/circumference/environs
whirlpool/abyss/vortex
revolution/circulation/misfortune/vagrancy
the neck
captured/seized/smitten/prisoner/captivated
hot/burning/ardent/choleric/lively
pledge/pawn

girah:
P
giriyaan.:
P
giryah:
P
gaz:
P
guzaarish:
P
guzaarah:
P
guzar:
P
gazeedah:
P
guzeedah:
P
gusaar:
P
gustaakhee:
P
guftgoo:
P
gul:
P
gul badan:
gul dastah:
gul zaar:
gul sitaan.:
gulshan:
gulaab:
P
gilah:
P
gum:
P
gum raah:
gum sum:
gum gashtah:
gum naam:
gumaan:
P
gunaah:
P
gawaaraa:
P
gawaah:
P
gawaahee:
P
gosh:
P
goshah:
P
goyaa:
P
geer:
P
gesoo:
P
gaihaan.:
P

n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.

knot/joint/knuckle
weeping/crying
weeping/lamentation/crying/plaint
a yard measure
petition/request/explanation
living/subsistence/passage/abode
a pass/a living/a road
stung/bitten
selected/chosen
taking away/dissipating/removing
rudeness/arrogance/audacity
conversation/discourse
rose/flower/ornament/brand
delicate/graceful
a bouquet
flower-bed/garden
rose-garden
a flower or rose garden
the rose
complaint/blame/reproach/lamentation
lost/missing/distracted
astray/lost/wicked/depraved
still/silent
lost/wandering
nameless/anonymous/unknown/inglorious
doubt/surmise/fancy/pride/opinion/distrust
fault/sin/crime/guilt
palatable/agreeable/pleasant/nice
a witness
testimony/evidence
the ear
corner/angle/cell/privacy
speaking/eloquent
taking/holding/seizing/conquering
tresses/locks
the world/the universe

###########################################################################
#####

laa:

A
laa jawaab:
laa chaar:
laa waaris:
laazim:
A
laash:
T
laa'iq:
A
lab:
P
laHzah:
A
lazzat:
A
larzaan.:
P
lataafat:
P
lutf:
A
latmah:
A
lateefah:
A
lughat:
A
lifaafah:
A
lafz:
A
luknat:
A

laam
---suff.
no/not/by no means/without
adj.
rendered speechless/silenced
adj.
helpless/destitute/forlorn/disabled
adj.
heirless
adj.
necessary/compulsory/important
n.f/m. corpse
adj.
worthy/suitable/able/qualified/decent
n.m.
the lip/edge/margin/shore/bank
n.m.
the twinkling of an eye/moment/glance
n.f.
taste/flavor/enjoyment/pleasure
adj.
termbling/tremulous/fearing
n.f.
pleasantness/elegance/subtility
n.m.
kindness/favor/grace/pleasure
n.m.
slap/blow
n.m.
pleasantry/witticism/joke
n.m.
tongue/speech/dialect/word/dictionary
n.m.
cover/envelope/wrapper/secret
n.m.
word/saying
n.f.
stammering/speech impediment

lagaam:
lamHah:
lang:
lan.gar:
lau:
lauH:
liyaaqat:

H
A
P
P
H
A
A

n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.

bridle/rein
minute/moment
lameness/limp
anchor/cable/rope/public kitchen/alms
candle flame/ardent desire/attachment
plank/board/table/tablet/title page
worth/ability/merit/skill

###########################################################################
#####

maa:

A
ba'd:
Haul:
faat:
waraa:
maatam:
A
maal:
A
maalik:
A
maani':
A
maah:
P
maah paaraa:
maah taab:
maah jabeen:
maah wash:
maahir:
A
maayoos:
A
mubaarak:
A
mubaahaat
A
mubtada:
A
mutaassif:
A
mutabassim:
A
mutaHammil:
A
mutaraddid:
A
matrook:
A
muta'assib:
A
matwalaa:
A
mutawaqqi':
A
matin:
A
misaal:
A
masal:
A
majaal:
A
majboor:
A
mujrim:
A
mujrim:
A
majrooh:
A
majma':
A
majnoon.:
A
muHaafiz:
A
maHabbat:
A
maHboob:
A
maHboob:
A
maHboobah:
A
maHboos:
A
muHtaj:
A
maHjoob:
A
maHdood:
A
maHroom:
A
moHzoon:
A
maa
maa
maa
maa

adv.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.

meem
---which/what/that which/whilst/during...
following
surroundings/environs
what is past or dead
what is beyond or behind
mourning/grief
riches/property/merchandise/revenue
master/lord/owner/God
impediment/hinderance/objection/stopper
the moon/month
handsome/beloved
moonlight
a beautiful person
having a face as beautiful as the moon
skilled/expert/master/excel
without hope/disappointed
auspicious/blessed/felicitation
contending for glory/boasting/arrogance
commencement/principle
sorrowful/repentant/grieving
smiling/laughing
affable/tolerant/patient/passive
hesitant/perplexed/wavering/grieved
abandoned/obsolete/rejected
prejudiced/partial/superstitious
intoxicated/inebriated
expecting/hopeful
strong/solid/vigorous/obstinate
simile/likeness/metaphor/example
proverb/example
power/strength/stability/opportunity
compelled/helpless/oppressed
criminal/culpable/faulty
felon/criminal/sinner
wounded/hurt/smitten
congregation/assemblage/crowd/collection
insane/madly in love
protector/guardian/guard
love/friendship
lover/friend/sweetheart
loved/lovely
mistress/sweetheart
confined/imprisoned
needy/poor/defective
modesty/shame/bashfulness
limited/bounded/finite
deprived/unlucky/prohibited/disappointed
grieved/vexed

muHsin:
maHsood:
maHsoos:
maHzooz:
maHfil:
maHfooz:
muHallah:
miHnat:
makhboot:
mukhtasar:
makhmal:
makhmoor:
madaar:
mudaam:
muddat:
madad:
madhosh:
mazaaq:
mazhab:
muraad:
martabah:
marhalah:
marhoom:
mard:
murdah:
murshid:
marghoob:
marqoom:
marmar:
marham:
mareez:
mizaaj:
mazaar:
mazah:
musaafir:
mast:
masroor:
mash'al:
mushkil:
mashhoor:
museebat:
mazboot:
mutaqbiq:
matlab:
mazloom:
mu'aahid:
mu'ijzah:
ma'shooq:
ma'loom:
ma'mool:
ma'nee:
maghz:
maghroor:
maghloob:
muft:
maftoon:
muflis:
maflook:
mufeed:
muqaabil:
maqaal:

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
P
P
A
A
A
G
A
A
A
A
P
A
P
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
P
A
A
P
A
A
A
A
A
A

n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
adv.
n.f.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f./m.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.f.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.m.

patron/benefactor
envied/hated
felt/perceived/sensible
pleased/delighted/rich/contented
congregation/assembly
kept safe/guarded/secure/memorized
quarter(of a city)/street/ward
labor/toil/difficulty/trial
mad/insane
concise/abbreviated
velvet
intoxicated/drunk
circumference/orbit/station/dependence
eternally/always/continually
period(of time)
help/assistance/reinforcement/wages
intoxicated/astonished
joke/taste/relish/perception
religion/sect/doctrine
desire/will/intention/vow/tenor/meaning
degree/office/class/order
stage/inn/day's journey/difficulty
dead/deceased
man/male/hero/husband
dead/weak/decrepit
teacher/spiritual guide
desired/beautiful
written/inscribed
marble
ointment/salve/cure
patient
mixture/temperament/humor/pride
shrine/tomb/grave
taste/relish/enjoyment/pleasure
traveller/stranger
drunk/intoxicated
glad/cheerful/pleased
torch/lantern
difficult/intricate/hard/painful
noted/famous/reported/proclaimed
misfortune/calamity/adversity/evil
strong/firm/resolute/valid
conformable/suitable/like/in accordance with
object/aim/meaning/motive/wish/desire
injure/oppressed/wronged
ally/confederate
miracle
beloved/sweetheart
known/evident/clear
governed/prepared/customary
meaning/intent/signifcance/reality/essence
brain/pith/intellect
proud/arrogant
conquered/subdued
free/gratis
tempted/enamored/charmed/mad (with love)
poor/indigent/bankrupt
indigent/beggarly/destitute
profitable/beneficial/useful
opposite/converse/against/matching
word/speech/saying/proverb

maqaam:
A
n.m.
dwelling/station/position/basis
maqbarah:
A
n.m.
tomb/grave
maqbool:
A
adj.
accepted/chosen/grateful
muqaddar:
A
n.m.
fate/destiny/predestination
muqaddam:
A
adj.
antecedent/prior/superior/chief
muqir:
A
adj.
confessing/admitting/acknowledging
muqarrar:
A
adj.
established/fixed/certain/customary/permanent
maqsad:
A
n.m.
intention/purpose/aim/goal/desire
maqsood:
A
adj.
intended/proposed
makkaar:
A
adj.
cunning/artful/deceitful
makaan:
A
n.m.
house/place/habitation
mukaddar:
A
adj.
turbid/muddy/sullen/gloomy/vexed
mukarrar:
A
adv.
repeatedly/again
maknoon:
A
adj.
hidden/concealed
magar:
P
conj.
unless/perhaps/except/but/however
mulaazim:
A
n.m.
servant/aide
mulaaqaat:
A
n.f.
meeting/encounter/interview/visit
malaal:
A
n.m.
sadness/grief/langor/fatigue
malaamat:
A
n.f.
censure/rebuke
mulaa'im:
A
adj.
soft/tender/gentle/placid
mulk:
A
n.m.
nation/realm/territory
malool:
A
adj.
sad/depressed/tired/bored
mumtaaz:
A
adj.
exalted/eminent/chosen
mumkin:
A
adj.
possible/feasible
munaasib:
A
n.f.
proper/suitable/fit/apt/congruous
munHasir:
A
adj.
surrounded/besieged/dependent/resting
manzil:
A
n.f.
day's journey/destination/storey/house
manish:
P
n.f.
heart/mind/soul/magnanimity/pride
manzar:
A
n.m.
countenance/visage/sight/aspect/scene
manzoor:
A
adj.
admired/chosen/approved/accepted/granted
mana':
A
n.m.
prohibition/refusal/hindrance/forbidding
maut:
A
n.f.
death/mortality
mauj:
A
n.f.
wave/surge/enjoyment/ecstasy/caprice/plenty
moojib:
A
n.m.
cause/reason
maujood:
A
adj.
present/existing/at hand/ready
mausam:
A
n.m.
season/time
mauqa':
A
n.m.
occasion/opportunity/place/situation
mom:
P
n.m.
wax
mua'yyid:
A
adj.
corroborative/confirmatory
muhaajir:
A
n.m.
refugee/emigrant
mahtaab:
P
n.m.
moonlight
mihrbaani:
P
n.f.
favor/kindness
muhlat:
A
n.f.
retarding/delay/respite/leisure
mihmaan:
P
n.m.
guest
mai:
P
n.f.
wine/liquor
mai khaanah:
n.m.
bar/tavern
mai kadah:
n.m.
bar/tavern
maidaan:
A
n.m.
open field/battlefield/ground
muyassar:
A
adj.
facilitated/easy/possible/feasible
###########################################################################
#####

naa:

naa
naa
naa
naa

P&H
aashnaa:
ittifaaqi:
ummeedee:
insaafi:

pref.
adj.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.

noon
---no/not/termination of the infinitive
not acquainted/stranger
discord/disagreement
hopelessness/despair
injustice

naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa
naa

bood:
adj.
nonexistent/annihilated/extinct
paa'idari: n.f.
inconstancy/frailty
pasand:
adj.
disliked/unacceptable/offensive
tars:
adj.
hard-hearted/severe/pitiless
tamaam:
adj.
incomplete
tawaani:
n.f.
weakness/inability
jaa'iz:
adj.
unlawful
chaar:
adj.
helpless/destitute/forlorn
cheez:
adj.
trifling/insignificant/worthless
khushi:
n.f.
disagreeableness/displeasure
daari:
n.f.
poverty
daanistah: adv.
unwittingly/unknowingly
daani:
n.f.
ignorance
deedah:
adj.
greedy
raasti:
n.f.
dishonesty
raazi:
n.f.
discontent
saaz:
adj.
indisposed/dissonant/uncivil
samajh:
adj.
ignorant/dull/foolish
shaad:
adj.
cheerless/joyless/dull
shukr:
adj.
ungrateful
shinaas:
adj.
ignorant
saaf:
adj.
unclean/impure/unchaste
saboor:
adj.
impatient/restless
taaqat:
adj.
weak/feeble
farmaan:
adj.
disobedient
fahm:
adj.
stupid
qaabil:
adj.
unfit/unworthy/incapable
qadr:
adj.
unappreciative
kaam:
adj.
unsuccessful
kas:
adj.
worthless/base
gawaar:
adj.
unpleasant/unpalatable
laa'iq:
adj.
unworthy/unsuitable/improper
muraad:
adj.
disappointed
mard:
adj.
unmanly
ma'loom:
adj.
unknown
mumkin:
adj.
impossible
manzoor:
adj.
disallowed
yaab:
adj.
scarce/rare
naataa:
H
n.m.
relationship/alliance/kin/affinity
naach:
H
n.m.
dance
naakhun:
P
n.m.
nail/claw
naadir:
A
adj.
rare/singular/precious
naadim:
A
adj.
penitent/ashamed/bashful
naar:
A
n.f.
fire/hell
naaz:
P
n.m.
coquetry/airs/pride/elegance/softness/delicacy
naazish:
P
n.f.
pride/arrogance
naazuk:
P
adj.
thin/slender/fragile/delicate
naasoot:
A
n.m.
humanity/human nature
naafiz:
A
adj.
having effect/piercing
naak:
P
suff.
affected with/full of
naalaan:
P
adj.
lamenting/moaning
naalish:
P
n.f.
complaint/accusation
naam:
P
n.m.
name/title/honor/fame/
naamah:
P
n.m.
treatise/book/history
naa'o:
H
n.f.
boat/ship/vessel
naa-onosh:
P
n.m.
carousing/feasting
naa'ib:
A
n.m
assistant/deputy
nabz:
A
n.f.
the pulse
nabi:
A
n.m.
a prophet
nataa'ij:
A
n.m.
results/consequences (plu. of nateejah)

nateejaa:
A
nisaar:
A
najm:
A
najeeb:
A
nakhraah:
A
nadeem:
A
nar:
S&P
niraalee
H
nargis:
P
narm:
P
nazaakat:
P
nazdeek:
P
nisbat:
A
naseem:
A
nishaan:
P
nishaanee:
P
nashaah:
P
nasheen:
P
nusrat:
A
naseeb:
A
naseeHat:
A
nazaarah:
A
nazaafat:
A
nizaam:
A
nazar:
A
nazm:
A
nazm:
A
na'sh:
A
ni'am:
A
na'eem:
A
naghmaah:
A
nafrat:
A
nafs:
A
naqsh:
A
naqshah:
A
nuqsaan:
A
naql:
A
naqli:
A
nikaah:
A
nakbat:
A
nuktah:
A
nuktah been:
nuktah cheen:
nuktah daan:
nigaar:
P
nigaah:
P
nigaah baan:
nam:
P
nam:
P
namaaz:
A
numaa'ish:
P
namoonah:
P
nau:
P
nau bahaar:
nau jawaani:
nau nihaal:
nawaazish:
P
naubat:
A
noor:
A
nihaal:
P
nihaan.:
P

n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
adj.
n.f.
adj.
n.f
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m
n.m
n.m

result
throwing/dispersion/scattering/sacrifice
star/planet/fortune/horoscope
praiseworthy/noble/generous
airr/coquetry/trick/pretence/swagger
intimate friend
man/male
unequalled/rare/strange
Narcissus/the eye of a mistress
smooth/tender/soft/slow
neatness/elegance/politeness
near
relation/affinity/attribute/comparison
Zephyr/gentle breeze
mark/sign/signal/emblem/target/scar/trace
mark/sign/souvenir/keepsake
intoxication/pride/arrogance
sitting
victory
fortune/fate/destiny
advice/counsel/admonition
sight/view/vista
purity/neatness
order/arrangement/custom/system
look/glance/favor/motive/view/countenance
poetry/verse
order/arangement
coffin/corpse/bier
favors/benefits
pleasure/ease/tranquility
melody/song/musical note
aversion/disgust/fright/terror
soul/spirit/essence
painting/picture/map/mark
portrait/model/design/example
loss
narration/tale/mimicing/copying/aping
artificial/spurious/counterfiet
matrimony
calamity/misfortune
subtlety conceit/point of wit/epigram
hypercritical
captious
sagacious
painting/picture/sweetheart/beloved
look/glance/sight/custody/care
protector/guard
moisture/wetness/dampness
moist/wet/damp
prayer
show/display/sight/spectacle
example/sample/specimen
new/fresh/raw
early spring
youth/prime of life
sapling/young man
kindness/favor/patronage
turn/time
light
sapling
latent/hidden/secret/

niyaaz:
niyyat:
nek:
neelaam:
nim:
niyoosh:

P
A
P
(Port.)
P
P

n.f.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.

desire/plea/poverty/need
intention/purpose/will/aim
good/lucky/virtuous/pious
auction
middle/half
listening/hearing

###########################################################################
#####
vaa-o
----o:
waa:
waa:
waa:
waa
waa
waa
waa
waasiq:
waajib:
waajibaat:
waajid:
waahid:
waar:
waar:
waar:
waaris:
waarid:
waaridaat:
waastah:
waaste:
waazih:
waaqi':
waaqi'i:
waaqi'i:
waalid:
waalidah:
waalah:
waan:
waahimah:
wajaahat:
wajd:
wijdaan:
wujood:
waj-h:
wajeeh:
waHshat:
waHeed:
widaad:
widaa':
wadood:
war:
warnah:
wazn:
waseem:
wash:
wasf:
wusool:
wasiyyat:

P
P
P
P
bastah:
pas:
rastah:
sokht:
A
A
A
A
A
H
P
S
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
H
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
P
P
A
A
P
A
A
A

conj.
adj.
adv.
prep.
adj.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
suff.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
prep.
adj.
adj.
adv.
adj.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
suff.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
adj.
suff.
adv.
n.m.
adj.
suff.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.

and
open
again/back
with
bound together/attached
behind/back/returning again
free/delivered/escaped/carefree
aversion/disgust
strong/firm/confident/secure
necessary/obligatory
duties (plu. of waajib)
possessor/creator
unique/one/single/unit
blow/attack/stroke
like/resembling/possessing
day of the week/moment
heir
coming/arriving/happening
events/occurences (plu. of waarid)
account/sake/reason/means/motive
for/for the sake of
clear/evident/apparent
occuring/happening
really/actually/truly
true/real/proper
father
mother
distracted/mad with love
possessing/endowed with
imagination/fancy/whim
dignity/respect/beauty
ecstasy/rapture/excessive love
ecstasy/rapture/intuition
existence/essence/being
cause/reason/mode/manner/face/appearance
handsome/respectable/good appearance
solitude/grief/fear/sadness/loneliness
singular/unique/alone
friendship/love/affection
farewell
loving/friendly
possessing/having
and if not/otherwise
weight/measure/metre/rhyme/esteem/honor
handsome/fine countenance
like/resembling
praise/merit/virtue
collection/acquisition
testament/last will/legacy/bequest

wazaahat:
A
n.f.
vivid description
waza':
A
n.f.
state/position/situation
watan:
A
n.m.
native country
wa'dah:
A
n.m.
promise/agreement
waghairah:
A
adv.
et cetera/and so forth
wafaa:
A
n.f.
fulfilling a promise/fulfilment/fidelity
wafaa begaanah: adj.
faithless
wafaa daar:
adj.
faithful/sincere
wafaat:
A
n.f.
death
waqt:
A
n.m.
time/term/season/hour/opportunity
waqf:
A
n.m.
religious bequest
wakaalat:
A
n.f.
advocacy/attorneyship
wakeel:
A
n.m.
lawyer/attorney
wilaayat:
A
n.f.
a foreign country/abroad/realm/union with
God
walee:
A
n.m.
lord/prince/master/friend/guardian
wahm:
A
n.m.
imagination/idea/fancy/opinion/fear/suspicion
wairaagi:
S
n.m.
ascetic/recluse
weeraan:
P
adj.
desolate/ruined
weeraanah:
P
n.m.
a ruined place
weeraani:
P
n.f.
desolation/destruction/ruin
###########################################################################
#####

haatif:
haath:
haadi:
haar:
haar:
haalah:
haamoon:
haawiyah:
haa'ilah
huboot:
hibah:
hatauRa:
hatauRee:
hathyaar:
hathelee:
hijr:
hijrat:

P
H
A
S&P
H
A
P
A
A
A
A
H
H
H
H
A
A

n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.f.

hujoom:
hidaayat:
hadaf:
hazaa:
har:
har
har
har
har
hiraas:
harj:
harzah:
hargiz:
haryaalee:
hazl:

A
A
A
A
P

n.m.
n.f.
n.m.
pron.
adj.
adj.
adv.
adj.
adv.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
adv.
n.f.
n.m.

ek:
baar:
jaa'ee:
dam:
P
A
P
P
H
A

chhoTi he
--------angel/voice from heaven
hand/arm/clutches/power/slap/reach
guide/leader/director
necklace/garland
loss/defeat/fatigue
halo/nimbus/circle round the moon
desert/plain/level ground
the lowest region of hell
terrible/horrible
decline/downfall/descent
gift/bequest/grant
sledgehammer
small hammer
tool/weapon
palm of the hand
separation/absence from one's country
separation/flight (flight of the Prophet
from Mecca to Medina)
crowd/mob/tumult/assault/attack
instruction/guidance/righteousness
target/goal/object
this
all/every/each
every one
every time
vagabond/faithless
every moment
fear/terror/confusion/sorrow/disappointment
tumult/sedition/trouble/loss/harm/injury
nonsense/absurd/frivolous/vain
ever/never
greeness/freshness/grass
joke/jest/pleasantries

hasti:
hushyaar:
haftah:
hakaazah:
halaak:
halaak:
hilaal:
ham:
ham
ham
ham
ham
ham

P
P
P
A
A
A
A
P
bazm:
batn:
batn:
taa:
jalees:

ham jolee:
ham
ham
ham
ham
ham
ham
ham
ham
ham

dard:
raaz:
raah:
zabaan.:
saaz:
saayah:
safar:
mazhab:
nasheen:
humaa:
P
humaayun:
P
himmat:
A
hameshaah:
P
han.gaam:
P
han.gaamah:
P
hawaa:
A
hawas:
A
hosh:
P
haul:
A
hunar:
P
heeraa:
H
hai'at:
A

n.f.
adj.
n.m.
adv.
adj.
n.f.
n.m.
conj.
& adv.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
& n.m.
n.f.
& n.m.
n.f.
adj.
n.m.
adj.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.m.
n.m.
adj.
n.f.
adv.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.
n.f.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
n.f.

life/existence
intelligent/alert/awake
a week
similarly
ruined/destroyed
ruin/destruction/slaughter/death
new moon/the crescent
also/likewise/together/with/similar
of the same society
related by blood
blood-relation/close ally
equal/alike
close friend
playmate/equal/peer/friend
sympathizer/partner in adversity
confidant
fellow-traveller
unanimous/of the same language
friendly/unanimous
neighbor
fellow-traveller
coreligionist
playmate/associate
eagle/phoenix/bird of Paradise
august/royal/fortunate
spirit/mind/courage/desire/design
always
season/time/period
tumult/riot/uproar/confusion/disorder
wind/breeze/air/atmosphere
ambition/desire/lust
sense/mind/understanding
terror/horror/fright
skill/art
diamond
astronomy/face/figure;commission/delegation

###########################################################################
#####

yaa:
yaa:
yaad:

A
P
P
yaad daasht:
yaad gaar:
yaar:
P
yaaraa:
P
yaaraanah:
P
yaaraanah:
P
yaari:
P
yaas:
A
yaaghi:
T
yaaqoot:
P
yaawar:
P
yaawar:
P
yaawari:
P

chhoTi ye/baRi ye
----------------intj.
O!
conj.
either/or
n.f.
remembrance/memory/recollection
n.f.
a note/memorandum/memory
memorial/souvenir/keepsake
n.m.
friend/lover/companion
n.m.
strength/courage/power
n.m.
friendship
adv.
friendly
n.f.
friendship/assistance/love/intrigue
n.f.
despair/fear/terror
n.m.
rebel/enemy
n.m.
ruby/garnet
adj.
aiding/friendly
n.m.
assistant/companion/friend
n.f.
favor/assistance/friendship

yaawah:
P
yataamaa:
A
yateem:
A
yad:
A
yazdaan:
P
yasaar:
A
ya'ni:
A
yaqin:
A
yaqinan:
yak:
P
yak jaan:
yak dil:
yak rukhee:
yak zabaan:
yak sar:
yak soo:
yak lakht:
yaktaa:
P
yagaanah:
P
yagaanah:
P
yumn:
A
yamin:
A
yoorish:
T
yaum:
A

adj.
n.m.
n.m.
n.m.
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adv.
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adv.
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absurd/vain/futile/lost/ruined
orphans (plu. of yateem)
orphan
hand/power/authority/protection/succor
God
left/left hand; affluence/opulence
namely/that is to say
certainity/assurance/truth/confidence/trust
certainly/verily/assuredly/indeed
one/a/an
one soul
unanimous
one-sided
uniform opinion or speech
all at once
on one side/aside
all at once/suddenly
single/unique/matchless/incomparable
kinsman/kindred
unique/single/sole/agreed/unequalled
felicity/prosperity/good luck
right hand; oath
assault/storm/invasion
a day
(TAMAAM)