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Subjunctive forms. Fal como indica el titulo que encabezat estas lines, el centro de atencidn de kt presente unidad lo constituyen fas formas de subjuntive, Quizsi estas formas le sorprendan y -tras haber estudiado fay normas que ¢ ‘cian las encuentre le parezcan extras 0 ineluso aplicadas erréneamente, las frases cuyo verbo esta en subjuntivo, De hecho, en anteriores unid, cconstruidlas con formas de subjuntivo, A continuacién puede ver algunos ejemplos: n el sistema verbal inghés— ero, como veri, No es ditieil comprender ya ha encontrado diversas expresiones 1) ‘Tire capmensiont yor say tty smmcume whe has sncezcu: Bless 9 2) An expression which is used wher If L were you, ... (See p. 859.) IL were you, I'd work harder. The traffie’s terrible. I wouldn't take a taxi, if L were you. 3) The verb were, used when talking about imaginary present situations. (See pp. 118-1019, 1025.) “If L were a rich man .. IF the meet ng were at 12.30, 1 could come. 4) An expression which is often written on postcards: Wish you were here. (See p. 1183.) En esta unidad averiguard exactamente por qué se dice que las formas verbales de los ejemplos anteriores estin en subj antes de llegar 8 este punto. en los apartadoy Destiny (Destino) e Instru estudiar dos usos especiales del verbo he que todavia no conoce, Ademas, en las tltimas paginas de la unidad diversas maneras de expresir sus reaceiones. un extracto de un cuento de Edar Atlan Poe y algunas indicaciones acerea de ka forma de obtener informacion de un diccionario, tivo, No abstante. ions (Instrucciones) encontrar e Fe O1FAS COS Confusiones que debe evitar. fica “demandar”. “exi no confunda ask for. que significa “pedir”, con demand, que es decir, “pedir con insisteneia no confunda earry, que significa “Mevar”, “tr con wear, que signifi —no confunda leave ili. que significa “partir”. “dejar”. con live /lv/. que significa “viv cuando el término live se pronuneia /latv/, se trata de un adjetivo que significa “vivotva vivo” (a live concert. playing live) Ia look at. que significa “mirar™. von regard, que tiene un sentido mits 1" (Henry Moore is regarded as one of England’s greatest sculptors). Recuerie t regard como sustantivo cn la expresion Best regards evar ropas puestas” Recuerde que ‘consi En as pi iis de la presente «nid tendra ocasin de ver algunos ejemplos del empleo de las palabras anteriores. 1341 Ih Speaking and listening Destiny. En la pagina 1491 de la unidad 73, donde se han comenta- do algunos usos especiales de los verbos auxiliares moda les, ha visto la siguiente frase: In 1564, a boy was born in Stratford-upon-Avon — a boy who would become England’s greatest dra El verbo would sc utiliza en esa frase con el sentido que generalmente se denomina “futuro del pasado”, Con este sentido también es posible utilizar el tiempo pretérito del verbo be (was/were) seguido de to + infin In 1564, a boy was born in Stratford-upon-Avon — a boy who was fo become England’s greatest dramatist En el texto grabado en Ia cassette encontraré la contin io acerca de William Shake- junto con otras dos secuencias de comentarios, cin del anterior comen speare. una de cardeter serio y otra de cariicter menos serio. In 1756, a boy was born in Salzburg ~ a boy who would become one of the world’s greatest composers Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. (Portrait by Lorenzor Destiny. Listen. (64, in Stratford-upon-Avon, England, a boy was — 4 boy who was to become England’s greatest dramatist, = whose name was to become the most famous name English literature, = and whose plays were to be perforn world. His parents’ name was Shakespeare, son William. ed all over the nd they called their In. 1770, in Cockermouth, England, another boy was born: =a boy who was to become one of England's greatest poets, = whose name was to become one of the most famous names in English literature, = and whose poems were to be read all over the world. His parents’ name was Wordsworth, and they called their son William. I 1935. was born: yc, England, another boy one of wland’s. greatest whose name was to become one of the most famous names in the travel business, and whose couriers were to travel all over the world. His parents’ name was Jones, and they called their son Wit S Practi Read aloud thes been mentioned in texts about other Williams who have previous. units completing. their In 1697, in London, a boy was born — a boy who was to become one of England’s greatest painters and engravers. His name was William H_g_r_h. In 1897, in New Albany, Mississippi, a boy was born ~ a hoy wha was ta hecome a great novelist, and whose novel ‘The Sound and the Fury” was to be read all over the world. His name was William F_ul_n_r. Answers on page 1560 Instructions. La estructura inglesa compuesta por el verbo be seguido de to + infinitivo también se puede utilizar para dar ins- trucciones. Por ejemplo, en la grabacién de la cassette correspondiente a esta pagina oira, entre otras, las frases que figuran a continuacién: ‘These are your instructions. You are to read them, ‘memorize them, and then destroy them. Estas son sus instrucciones. Ha de leerlas, . y luego destruirlas. If anyone asks to see me, you are to say that I am out. Si alguien pide verme, ha de decir que he salido. Realice el ejercicio de comprensisn oral grabado en ta cassette. Probablemente le resultaré bastante facil, pero por si tuviera alguna duda, encontrara las respuestas al mismo en la pagina 1560. Unicamente aparecen en él dos expresiones que todavia no conoce, seeret mission (mi- sion seereta)y further orders (nuevas Srdenes, érdenes adicionales). Practice. receive. UNIT 76 el isten to the following extracts. One is from a film called “Business Difficulties”, one is from a film called “Danger at Army Headquarters”, and one is from a film called ". Can you identify them? Man: (Reading.) These are your instructions. You are to read them, memorize them, and then destroy them. 1, You are to travel to Vienna, using the enclosed Australian passport. 2. You are to check into the Excelsior Hotel, using the name in the enclosed British passport. 3. At precisely six p.m. on Friday evening, you are to telephone the following num- ber Number 2. Woman 1: Oh! Mrs Jenkinson! Good morning. Woman 2: Veronica, 1am going into my office, and I am not to be disturbed. Is that clear? Woman 1: Yes, Mrs Jenkinson. Woman 2: If anyone telephones, you are to say that Tam out. If anyone asks to see me, you are to say that Iam out. And if the bank manager calls, you are to say that I have left the country. Number 3. Man 1: jergeant! Man 2: Man 1: You are to remain at this gate until you receive further orders from me. Man 2: Yes, si Man J. No-one is to go in, and no-one is to come out. Is that clear? No-one. Man 2: Yes, sir! (=) ‘When you have done the exercise on the cassette, read the cassette text aloud. Be careful with the pronunciation of the following words, which all have the stress on the second syllable: destroy, enclosed, disturbed, remain, 13