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Deductions. Deducciones. En esta unidad, bajo cl titulo genérico de “Deducciones”, practicara las expresiones inglesas que se emplean cuando se extraen conclusiones de datos conocidos, cuando se trata de exponer algo con claridad 0 cuando se explica que de determinado hecho cierto se deduce que otro también lo es. Como vera, en estos casos resultan utiles dos verbos auxiliares modales que usted ya conoce: los verbos can y must s, entre otras cosas, en la presente unidad oird el acento de una persona nativa de Escocia, aprender a escribir un tipo de carta formal que se emplea para reservar habitacidn en un hotel y realizar practicas de lectura con textos que iran en torno a los relatos de detectives. Consejos para el aprendizaje. El escritor de origen hiingaro Arthur Koestler (1905-1983) es famoso por muchos de sus libros, de los que quizé el més conocido sea la novela Darkness at Noon (1940). Koestler escribié en htingaro hasta 1922; después, en alemén hasta 1940, y desde entonces hasta su muerte, en inglés. En realidad, cuando era todavia muy joven, Koestler ya hablaba ademas de hingaro~ inglés, francés y alemén con-considerable fluidez. Una anéedota de su época de juventud, que relata en uno de sus escritos, incita a la reflexién. Koestler acababa de leer el Othello de Shakespeare, y lo comentaba con un amigo de la familia que era profesor de literatura inglesa. El profesor le pregunté: Are you sure you understand the meaning of what you are reading?, a lo que Koestler contest6 que no habia conseguido comprender el libro ple- namente. El profesor dijo entonces: If you understand that there are some things which you don’t understand, that is already something. Usted puede dar a esa obscrvacién una aplicacidn general, y acordarse de ela cada vez que se enfrente a un texto inglés cen el que aparezcan algunas expresiones que no entienda inmediatamente. En vez de desanimarse, identifique aquello {que no comprende y disfrute averiguando su significado y ampliando asi sus conocimientos. Observacién. Lea de nuevo el extracto de Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, de Lewis Carroll, que figura en las paginas 1068 y 1069, y también el de Women in Love, de D. H. Lawrence, que se encuentra en las paginas 1108 y 1109. En ambos extracts los personajes hacen deducciones; no obstante, en el apartado de Introduction de la presente unidad encontrara algunos de los didlogos que aparecen en dichos extractos. nq Speaking and listening Introduction. On the cassette, you can hear two conversations: Alice, the Hatter and the March Hare, tal and Gudrun and Ursula Brangwen, talking about marriage. ~ Listen to the cassette, following the first version of the text. ~ Listen again, following the second version. — Read the second version aloud, putting in the missing words. \g about the Hatter’s watch, Hatter: Alice: Hatter March Hare: Hatter March Hare: Alice: Hatter Allice: Hatter: Alice: ‘That conversation was from “Alice's Adventures in W¢ derland” by Ley Introduction. What day of the month is it? Um ... The fourth. ‘Two days wrong? I told you butter wouldn't sult the works! It was the best butter. Yes, but some crumbs must have got in as well. You shouldn’t have put it in with the bread-knife. It was the best butter, you know. What a funny watch! It tells the day of the month, and doesn’t tell what o’clock it ist Why should it? Does your wateh tell you what year it is? Of course not. ... But that’s because it stays the same year for such a long time together. Which is just the ease I don’t quite understand you. Carroll. This one is from “Women Love” by D.H. Lawrence. Gudrun: Ursula: Gudrun: Ursula: Gudrun: Ursula: Gudrun. Ursula: wm Ursula, don’t you really want to get mar- ried? T don’t know. It depends how you mean Well, it usually means one thing! But don’t you think. anyhow. you'd be ... in a better Position than you are in now. I might. But I'm not sure. ‘You don’t think one needs the experience ‘of having been married? Do you think it need be an experience? Bound to be, in some way or other. Poss- ibly undesirable, but bound to be an ex- perience of some sort. Not really. More likely to be the end of experience. Introduction. Hatter: Alice: Hatter: March Hare: Hatter: March Hare: Alice: Hatter Alice: Hatter: Alice: ‘That conversation was from “Alice’s »++++%09+» in Wor derland” »* Lewis Carroll. This one is «+++ “Women What day of the month is ++? Um ... The fourth. ‘Two «++» wrong! [told »+* butter wouldn't sult the wor It was the best ++++es. Yes, ss some crumbs must have got in «+ well. You shouldn't have put it in with the It was the +++ butter, you know. What a funny watch! It tells += day of the sens, and doesn’t tell what o'clock it is! Why Should if? Does your +++ tell you what year it is? Ofcourse »«»..... But that’s 2s»: itstays the same year +=* such along ¢++* together. Which is just the case with mine. T don’t quite »*sse%s9e» you. Love” «» D.H. Lawrence. Gudrun: Ursula: Gudrun: Ursula: Gudrun: Ursula: Gudrun: Ursula: Ursala, don’t you sseess want to get mar- I don’t +=, It depends how you mean, ‘Well, it usually means =» thing! But don’t you +=, anyhow. you'd be ... in a better seseseee than you are in now. I might, But I'm not »*+*. You don’t think one needs the experience of having been *+seese? Do you think it need be an +++s++++0+? Bound to be, in some way +» other. Poss ibly *+eeereeees, but bound ** be an ex- perience of some sort Not really. More likely to be the *=+ of experience. UNIT 63 Practice. Read these jokes aloud was having a meal in a restaurant. He said to the 'm sure this restaurant has a very clean kit- ‘hank you, sir. How did you All the food tastes of soap.” toa friend: “I've lost my dog. Tt he newspa per.” Her read.’ A teacher said to a small boy: “Johnny, if I had forty apples in one hand and fifty apples in the other hand, what would I have?” Johnny replied: “Big hands. ~ Read these imaginary film titles aloud, “The Last Cowboy.” jattle of the Tanks. “Laugh! Laugh! Laugh! “The Girl I Lov “Dracula's Castle. This film is probably a western. — Read these expressions aloud. a war film horror film ‘a comedy film ‘a western about the films, Complete these sentes I think “The Last Cowboy” I think “Battle of the Tanks” is probably a .. ugh! L Laugh!” is probably a ‘he Girl I Love” is probably a .. I think “Dracula's Castle” is probably a probably a western. Answers on page 1292 The Speaking and listening section in this unit has these parts: Ded tions about the present. Deducciones acerca del presente adel Deductions about the past. Deducciones ac pasado. Logical steps. Pasos l6gicos.