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GeneralInformation

VISHAY

VishayESTA

PowerFactor Correction
ESTAprop@/ESTAdry'
CapacitorsLow Voltage

GENEFAL TECHNICAL INFOBI'ATION


MKP.TECHNOLOGY
Capacilorsare used in many divercs applications,and
technologis
areavailable.
In low
manydilferenl
capacitof
[,4KPiypecapacitorswhichare made
voltageapplications,
lechnology
in accordancewiih metallizedpolypropylene
haveprovedlo be moslapproprialeandalsolhe mosicosl
elfeclive.Dependenton the nornlnalvoltageof ihe
theihickness
of thepolypropy
enetilmw ll difler.
capacitor,
tilm)
MKP-TYPE
CAPACITOR
{metalllzedpolypropylene

Designof a MKP-type
o capacilor
(metalized)
1 Electfodes
2 Polypropylene
fim
3 Eleclricconlacl
(schooping)
4 Non-melallized
edqe

regulaiionsregardingits desiructionso it can be safely


disposedof with ordinafyreJuse.

(esrapnop9
rupneereror
Aftsr an exlendeddryingperiod,the impregnation(filling
the capacilorcaslng wilh oil) is carried out under high
ihis process,
Following
vacu!mfor removalof moislure,
lhe capacilorwill be hermeticallysealed. This process
ensures excellenl heal dissipationand conslant
capacitanceoverfull serviceiife,

rru-lttclceu 6sreon$

MKP-typecapacilorsare'dry'. Thatis, alterlhe


ESTAdry@
exrendeddryingperiodand beiorelhe hermelicsealingoi
lillingagenlis used insleadoJ
the casing,a non-liquid
naturaloil.In caseoJtubularcans,it is an environmenlally
iriendlylnertgas-filling
10avoidcoffosionoi the winding
elemenlsand inner eleclriccontacts,For larger dry
capacltorc,e.g. lhe DW-TypeFilter Capacitors,the lilling
SELF-HEALING
elecirical agentis a resin,
Ai lhe endol servicelife,or dueto inadmissible
may occur.
breakdown
or thefmaloveioad,an insulation
in lhe lype designation
A little g showsihe dilference
A breakdowncauses a small arc which evaporateslhe
(Ph[,4KP)
andthe dryversion
belween
lhe oil-impregnaled
melal layer around lhe point ol breakdownand (PhMKPg).
re-establishesthe insulauonal the place ol perloralion.
standard
the use of our oil-impregnaled
We recommend
After electrc breakdown,the capaclor can st ll be used.
possible,
especially
lor iilter
The decreaseof caiacilancecausedby a sell'healing tubularcantypewhenever
is verylowandit
as itslhemal resislance
processis lessthan 100pF.The selihealingprocesslasts
applicalions,
thefefore orovides excellent heal disspation, which
tor
lor a tewmicroseconds
on y andlhe enetgynecessary
healinqcan be rneasured
only by meansof sensitive helpslo overcornevery high loads.

class
Bolhvercionscomplywithlhe highesltemperature
version
Theoil'impregnated
D, specified
by theslandards.
has morc safelyrnarginby design.

Self-heallng
breakdown
WITHE.ECTHC@NTACTS
1 Electrodes(metallized) PR(MI]II'IGIHE WNDI|GEIEN,|EIIT
ESTApfopo
and
ESTAdry'
l\,lKP-lypecapacitors,
For
iilm
2 Polypropylene
metalized electrodesare used. A winding element
3 Polntof bfeakdown
lilms, wound
consisisof lwo displacedpolypropylene
9
winding
e ements is
The
Jronl
surtace
ol
lhe
toqether.
insulaling
area
joinedby meansof a meta sprayprocess.This processs
of the two
Due lo the displacemenl
caled Schooping.
polypropylene
films, only one fllm wlll be elect cally
impregnalion
is basically
nol
For a self-healnq
dielectric,
connectedon one side ol lhe element.The terminalleads
required. However, our l,4KP'lypcapacilors are can be solderedontothis sDravedmelalsurJace,
to eiiminaie
environmental
influences
andto
impreqnaled
gr,raranleereliable, long{erm operation, Vacuum
i'npreg'rario,1
el minales air and moisture.'.nproves
"sell-healing'
andreduces
thermalresistance
IMPREGNATING
AGENT{ESTAPBOP)
ESTAprop@
l\,4KP-lype
capacitorsare lmpregnatedwith a
insuationoil
specially
lrealedoll.The hiqhlyfire-resisling
poinl315'C)
on vegetable
base(flashpoint285'C,ignition
is lully biodegradable
and nonloxic.Thereare no Iegal

Windingelementwith
and
schooping
conncting
slripes

oocumentNumber:13001

GeneralInformation
VishayESTA

VISHAY

ESTAprop@/ESTAd4P
PowerFactorCorrection
CaoacitorsLowVoltage

OVERPRESSURE
TEAB-OFFFUSE
If al the end of servicslite, due to inadmissibleelectrical
or lhormaloverload,an overpressure
buildsup andcauses
an expansionol lhe cover Expansionovera ceiain limil
causes th tear-ott oi tho internal fuses, The aclive
capacitorlernenisare thus cut otf lrom the source of
supply. The pressure within lhe casing separatesthe
breakingpointso rapidlythai no harmlularc can occur

CHARACTERISTICS
OF DIELECTRIC
MKP.POLYPROPYLENE,
METALLIZED

ro2

OPERATING
CONDITION

3
t

TOBN.OFFCONDITION

20

40

60

30 100

rd =remp,
["c]

CE.MARKING

ULANDULC.MARKING

ESTAprof low voltage


ESTAdy

capacilo|sconformwith the
regulations
ol ihe fottowing
Eurcpean
dkectives:

89/336/EWG

Eleclromagnetic
compalibility

92/31 /EWG

Electromagnetic
compatibility

93/68 /EWG

Directiveto changelhe directives


. . . 89/336/EWG

ESTApfop"andESTAdlf cylindricaltype capacilorshave


been iested and approvedby independenttaboratoris
such as UndeM trs Laboralorieslnc.(Ul). ESTApropo
and ESTAdIPlow voltage capacitorsconlorm wilh ULstandard810 and CanadianstandardC 22.2. UL and ULc
marksare jncludedin standardcomponentmarking,

All ESTAprop6
and ESTAdrf low voltage Power Faclor
CorrectionCapacitorsare suppliedwith CE - marking.

Documonl
Numben13001
Revision
05-Sep-01

Termsand Definitions,ApplicableStandards

VISHAY

VishayESTA

PowerFactorCorrection
ESTAprop@/ESTAd4f
CapacitorsLow Voltage

TERIIS A D DEFINITIONS, APPLICABLE STANDANDS


ESTAprop'and ESTAdry"powef lactor co(eclion times the lundamentalcurrnl thal occurs al rated
10VDE0560'46+ 47, IEC60831- sinusoidalvoltage and rated lrequency,excl!ding
capacitors
aredesigned
tolerances
transients.Takinginto accountthe capacitance
latesledilion.
l+2 andEN 60831-1+2,
currenlcanreach1,5"ln,
of 1,1s'Cn,the maxlmum
OEFINITION
OF RATINGS
These overcurrentlaclors are iniendedlo take lnlo
vollage,.,
Ucn, laledvoltage:lhe r.m,s.valueof lhe altemating
accounithe combinedeffectsof harmonics,overvollages
cu(ent...
ratedcuftentlhetm.s-valueof lhealtemaling
In,
lolerance,
andcapacitance
lhe capacitance
value,,.
Cn, raledcapacilance:
VOLTAGE
MAXIMUM
PEBMISSIBLE
hasbeendesigned.
...lorwhich
lhecapacitor
CURRENT
MAXIMUM
PEBMISSISLE
capacitorcare suitable
ESTAdry'l\,4KP-type
ESTAprop,and
lor contlnuous
operalionat an r.m.s-line currenlol 1.3
FFEOUENCY
tR.M.S,)

VOLTAGEFACTOB, Ucn
OURATION
1.0

capacitorsare
ESTAprop'and ESTAdryN,4KP-type
suitablelor operalional voltagelevelsas indicaledin the
lable (exlracifrom IEC60831' 1 par.20 - Tablelll) below:
OBSEFVATION

H ghestaveragevaloeduringany periodot
capacilorenergzaion. For energizalionperiods
less lhan 24 hours,exceptionsappLyas indicaled

1.10

systemvohagoregulationand

1 1 5

Syslemvohageregulationand

1.20

Vohaoe rise at low load

1.30
Such that the cutrent does nol exceed the value g ven above.

resuliedin feducedresistanceof modern[,4KP-type


Especiallyswilchingcapacilorsin parallello
capacilors.
Capacitorscan be overloadedin networksdislo ed by
causevery high inrush
being
alreadyene.gized,
others
harmonics.
Thissiluallonls evenmorecrilicain the case
reduced
lo < 100 x In. As a
which
should
be
curfents
of resonance,Wherethe capacitorcurrenlor vollagecan
the life cycle oJ contaclorsand also
Therelore, consequence,
be a lew limesas highas lhe nominalvoltaqe.
(e.9. seriesfllter circuitreaclors) capacitorswill be alfecied.
speciaLprecautions
shouldbe taken in networksdistodedby harmoncs. Our
In caseol detunedcapacitorbanks,the jnrushcurrentwill
warranty on y applies for operaling conditionsin
be limitedby ihe inductivilyof the seriesliller reactors.
slandards.
accordance
wilhthe abovementioned
DISTOBTION
HARII4ONIC

OAMPING
OF INRUSHCURRENT
suitedfor capacilor
switching
devicesespecially
Swilching
shall be used.For example,lhe deviceshall be such lhat
whlchmay fesui in
operations,
restriking
duringbreaking
cannoloccur,
highovervollages,
The operatingexperlenceof ESTAprop"lt4KP-lype
in 1978hasshownlheif
sincetheiriniroduction
capacilors
whenbeingswitched.
excellent
behavior

we recommend
Forcapacitor
bankswithoutlilterreactors,
wiihseriesresistors,
contactors
the useof capacitor
We recommendthese special contaclorsinstead ol
theinrushcurrenlby coilingup theconneciion
damping
cable betweencontaclorand capacilor.This is due to
superiordampingbenaviora']d redJcedlosses in
connectingcables,resultingin temperaturereduclion
insidethe cubicle.

High oulpul densitiesand reductionol losses have


Documenl
Number:13002

Termsand Definitions,
ApplicableStandards
VishayESTA

VISHAY

ESTAprop@/ESTAdqP
PowerFactorCorrection
CapacitorsLowVoltage

OPERATING
TEMPERATURES
Capacilorsare classifiedlor ambient temperalure The leltrrepresentsupperlimitol operatingtemperaturc,
categorjes,each categorybsing specifiedby a number havingmaximumvaluesspcifiedin the tabl oetow.
followedby a letter. The numberrepresentsthe lowest
ambient-airtempratureai which the capacitormay be
opetat6d.

"C
AMBIENTTEMPERATUFE
IIIAXII/|UM
AVEFAGEOVER

itAx ruM

24 HOURS

1 YEAR

40

30

45

35

50

40

20
25
30

55

45

35

ESTAprcp.and ESTAdqt,PhMKPtype,cytindricat
capacitorsarc designedfor category: 2sl D

DEGREEOF PROTECTION,
IP CODE
Degrees of proteclion are dscribed bV lhe lP-code.
The designation
consistsof the tetters"tP"to owedby lwo
characlristic
ligures,e,g. "1P00"meansno prolection.
The first characteristic
figureindicatesthat:
-tho enclosufeprovidesprotectionof persons againsl
accessto hazardoosparts by preventingor limiiingthe
Ingressof a parl of the humanbodyor an objeclhetdby
a person;and simultaneously

CHARACTEFISTIC
NUUEBICAL

- the enclosureprovidssprolectionof equipmenlagainst


the ingressof solidforeignobjects.
The secondcharacterislicligure indicalgsthe degreeof
prolectionprovidedby snclosu.eswiih rospectlo harmlul
efleclson the eqoipmntdue to lhe ingressof waler,

lSr
2ND
PFOTECTIONAGAINSTACCESSTO HAZAFDOUS PROTECTION
AGATNSTTNGBESS
OF WATEF
PABTSANDPENETRATION
OF SOLIDFOFEIGN
OBJECTSINCLUDING
DUST

0
Prclctdagainsrsolidloreignobjcrsol

Protectedagainstverticallylallingwater

Prolecledagainstsolidrorignobjectsol
12.5mmO and greaier

Prolclsdagainsrvrticallylallingwatr
dropswhenenclosuretiltedup to 15.

Prote.tedagainstsolidloreignobjectsof
2.5mmO and greaier

Prolecledagainstsprayingwater

Protectedagainstsolidtorignobiectsor

Protectedagainstsplashingwater

oust-tighl

Prclecledagainstpowedutwateriets

5
6

Prctectadagainslwaterjers

Document
Number13002
Bevision
3l.ocr{2

and Tables
Calculations

VISHAY

ESTAprof/ESTAd4fPowerFactorConection
CapacitorsLowVohage

VishayESTA

TAATEFORPfCOFAECTRCALMOTOR
CAPAqTOB
S|E.,ECIIO'I
molorJor
Reactivepoweris requiredby an asynchronous
the magneticfield. The amount ol rsacljve power
consumplionof a motor dependson va ous parameters
such as power rating,loading,ratedspeed,and design,
The caDacitoroutDut should b maximum90'/" oJ the

apparentpower ol a asynchfonousmotor under no-load


conditions.This is imporlantto avoid dangerousslt
excitationof the motor, A measurementol the motor
currenlunderno-loadconditionscan be easilyperlormed
or may be obtainedfromlh manufaclurer.

GUIDELIIIE VALUES FOH CAPACITOR SEIECTIO !


CAPACITOBOUTPUTSELECTION{KVAT)

MOTOBPOWERRATINGftW)

approximarely
55'l. ol nominalmotorpower

3.9
4.0, . 4.9

5 . 0. . 5 . 9

2.5

6 . 0. . 7 . 9
8.0..10.9
11_0..13.9

14.0..17.9

18_0..21.9

7.5

2 2 . 0. . 2 9 . 9

10

aooroximalelv
35'/. ol nominalmotorDower

ERS
CAPACTTOB
SEtEfiOl'l TABLEFORPrC OFTnANSFOR|T
manulacturer,
The lollowingformulacan be used10check
For power factor correciion of lransfomerc only lhe
no-load reactivepower has 10 be covered.The rquired whethera certaincapaciloroutpulwill creaieproblemsfor
speciiichafmonicorderson highvollageside:
capacitoroulpulfor lhree-phasetranslormersdepsndson
ihe short-circuit
vollageand is belween3 and 12%of the
" =ito"ratedtransformeroutput.In case harmonicsare prosent
on the highvollageside,ll'e capaclorcan forn a sries n = harmonicorder
resonancecircuil with the inductanceof the lranslormet
OC = ratedcapaciloroulputin kvAf
Thereforethe capacitoroutpul has to be selecledvery
S = shortcircuilpow$ al tne poinlof capacilorconnectonin kVA
carcfuly togethefwith powerutililiesand lhe transfomer

GUIDELINE VALUES FOH CAPAGITOB SELECTIO !


TFANSFOFMER
FATING

50
75
100
160
250

PFIMAFYVOLTAGES
CAPACIOnO ,TPUTIN KVAFATTRANSFORIIIEF
25. .30 kV
5 , . 1 0k v
1 5 .. 2 0k V
6,0
5.0
7.5
6_0
5.0
6.0
10.0

10.0

7,5
12.5

15,0

15,0
16.7

16.7

20.0

315

20,o

25.0

400

20.0

25,0

30.0

630

30.0

33.3

40.0

1000

45,0

50.0

1250

50.0

55.0

55-0
60.0

Number:13003
Document

Calculationsand Tables
VishayESTA

VISHAY

ESTApropo/ESTAd4f
PowerFactorCorrection
CapacitorsLow Voltage

CALCULATION
ANDSELECTION
OF REOUIRED
CAPACITOR
RAI'ING
Qc = P' (lan91 - lan q2) = P' (lanarccoscose1 - tan arccoscose2)
requjredcapacitoroutput(kVAr)

qz

phaseangleof aclualpoworfactor

cos q2

= phaseangleof targelpowrfactor
= actualpowerfactor
= largel powerlactor

The table belowshowslhe valueslor lypical powerJactorsaccoding to lhe lormula,,lanel _tan o2":

0.70

0.75

0,80

TABGETPOWEFFACTOR
0.85
0.90
o.g2
0.94

0.96

0.96

1.00

1,54

1,67

1.81

1.47

1,93

2_OO

2.09

2.29

1.36

1.50

1.56

1,62

1.69

1,74

1.98

1,53

1.73

ACfUAL
POWEFFAqIOF

0,40

1.27

0,45

0,96

1.10

1.23

0.50

o,71

L11

1.25

1.31

1.37

0.50

0.85
0_64

0_98

0.55

o.77

0.90

1.03

1.09

1.16

1.23

1.32

1.52

0.60

0.31

0.45

0.58

o.7l

0,45

0.9i

0,97

1.04

1,13

1_33

0.65

0,l5

0.29

o.42

0.55

0,68

o.74

0,al

0.88

0,97

1.17

0.70

0.00

0,t4

0.27

o.4o

0.54

0.59

0,66

0.73

o,a2

1.02

0,00

0.13

0.26

0,40

0.46

o.52

0.59

0.68

0.64

0.00

0.13

o.27

o.32

0.39

0.46

0.55

o.75

0.00

0,14

0.19

0.26

0.33

o.42

0.62

0,00

0.06

o.12

0.19

o.2a

0.48

o.75
0.80
0.85
0.90

The rquiredcapacitoroutputmay be calculatedas

Capaciloroulputin caseot voltagsand/orirequencyditterent


lo thecapacilornominalvoltags:

. selecttho ractork
(malchang
pointof aclualand targei powerfactor)
. calculate
lhe required
capacitor
ratingwiththelofmula:

Note:U*"<U-

a-=/v!sl\'Inew 'o'
I ucn , tcn

Qc=k'P
Example:

actualpowerlactor = 0,70,
targetpowerlaclor = 0.96,
real powerP = 35 kW,
capaciloroulputQC = ?

Qc = k' P = 0.73' 35 kW = 25.5kVAr


I

U-.
l"O-"
UlQ-

=
=
=
=
=
=

supplyvollagethe capacitoris requiredlor


frequencylhe capaciloris requiredlor
cap36;1o,
orlput at U"- and f*
ld capacitorvoltage
ratedcapacilorfrequncy
ratedcapaciloroulpulal U- and lDocume.tNumbor:13003
Fvision11-Nov-02

Calculations
and Tables

VISHAY

ESTApropo/ESTAdnP
PowerFactorCorrection

VishayESTA

CapacitorsL ow Voltage
MINIMUM
BEOUIBED
POI',EBRA .|GOFTHERESISTORS(w):

DISCHABGE
FESISTORS
ESTAprop.MKPiype capacito|swill be providedcomplete
with discharge resislors. After the capacitor is
disconneclod hom ths source of supply, discharge
resislorsare requiredlor dischaqing 6ach unit within 3
minutesto 75V or less lrom initialnominalpeak vollage
(accordingIEC-slandard
60831-1+ 2). Dischargresislors
have 10 be connecleddirectlyto the capacitors,There
shall be no switch, fuse cut-out,or any olher isolaling
device belween lhe capacitor unit and the discharge

Annotallon: Our capacilorsarc dischargedto 50V or less


wilhin 1 minutelo complyalso with L,Lstandard810.
MAXIMUM
RESISTOR
VALUE:
60s

*'(:#)

R-<

MAXIMUM
RESISTOR
VALUE:

R<

60s
'"'*'"('*)

Exsmple:

Cn= 165.8uF

PhMKP400.3.25
(DellaConneclion)

.-------l------_

165.8'10"F ln
R < 149.1KO

(%*)

(a thickfilm dischargeresistorwilh 145KOis used)

Atlention:
Tsrminals
havelo be short-circuited
beforehandlino.
D@ument
Number:13003
I

Calculationsand Tables
VishayESTA

VISHAY

ESTApropo/ESTAdnf
PowerFactorCorrection
Capacitors
LowVoltage

CROSSSECNONOF CONNECTING
CABLE BETWEEN
MAINSUPPLYAND
CAPACITOR
BANK,FUSEBATING
Crosssectionfor connectingcabteandJuseratinghave10
be selectedin accordancewilh ihe standardVDE 0100
paft 523. Valuesmenlionedbelow afe guidelinevalues
valjdlor operalionundernormalcondilionsand at an

FATEOVOLTAGE230V,5OHZ
OUTPUT

FATED
FUSE
CURRENT

CABLE./

ambrentlemperature
of 40"C. Highervatuesshatt be
selectedil condilionsdifier from normal (e.9. high
harmonicdislortionor higherambienttemperaiure).

NATEDVOLTAGE4OOV,
sOHZ

VoLTAGE
4r5V soHZ

FATED
CUBFENT

FUSE

CABLE/

FATED
CURFENT

FUSE

CABLE/

3.6

10

1.5

3.5

10

1.5

7.2

20

2.5

7.O

20

2.5

2,5

6.3

16

5.0

12.6

25

6.67

16_7

35

9,6

2A

2.5

9.3

20

2.5

7,5

19

35

10.80

20

2.5

10.4

2A

2.5

8.33

21

35

12

20

2.5

11.6

20

10.0

25

50

10

13.9

25

12.5

3l

63

16

18

15.0

38

63

16

21.7

16.7

42

80

25

24_1

50

20.o

50

100

35

28.9

25.O

63

125

50

30.0

75

125

33.3

84

40.0
50,0

2.5

25

35

20.s

35

10

23.2

50

10

50

l0

27.8

50

10

36.1

63

16

34.8

63

16

50

43.3

80

25

41.7

80

25

160

70

48,1

80

25

46.3

80

25

100

160

95

577

100

35

55.6

100

35

125

250

120

72.2

125

50

69.6

125

50

60.0

86.6

160

70

83.5

160

70

66_7

96.3

160

70

92.8

160

70

70.0

101

160

70

97

160

7A

75.0

t0a

160

70

104

160

70

s3.3

120

200

95

116

200

95

250

120

139

250

120

100.0

CAPACITOR
BANKINTERNAL
WIRING
The inlernalwi ng of capacilorbanks can be normally The contraryrcquircment
lor ljrnitingihe inrushcufientand
done wilh a low6rcrossseclion,Variousparamelerssuch reduction
of cablelossesis anotherimporiantaspectin lhis
as cabinelins'detemperature.
qualityol cabte,mtu(imum matlerif no inrushcurrenllimilingdevicesare used,
cableisolalion
lemperalure,
singleor multicore
cable,and
lemperalureralinghaveto be takeninto consideration
for
seleclionol the app.opriatevalue.
10

DoumentNumber13003
Revision
11-Nov-02

Calculations
and Tables

VISHAY

ESTApropo/ESTAdrlP
PowerFactorCorrection
CapacitorsLow Voltage

Vishay ESTA

CALCULATION OF THE REOUESTEDRATED CAPACIION OU'PUT IN DETUNED FILTER


CIRCUITS (FACTORSTO BE MULTIPLIED wlTH THE REOUIRED OUTPUT PER STEPI

SUPPLYVOLTAGE!4oOlvl
'
RATEOVOLTAGE
OF CAPACITOF
M

425

DETUNINGFACTOF IN I%]

7
1.150

1.143

'1.137

1.637

1.828

1.619

1.125
1.602

t3

1.507

1.499

'12.5

13

1.400

1 352

12,5
1.246

123S

12.5

13

1.481

SUPPLYVOLTAGE:4ls IVI
^
FATEDVOLTAGE
OF CAPACITOF
IV]

5,5

DETUNINGFACTORIN F/"I
6

1.068

1.062

1.057

1.524

1.512

1.504

I 488

SUPPLY VOLIAGE! 44O IVI


'
FATEOVOLTAGE

5
1.352

525

5.5
1 345

DETUNINGFACTOF IN I%]
6
7
1.324
I 338

l3

1.224

SUPPLY VOLTAGET4AO IVI


'
RATEDVOLTAGE
oF CAPACTTOF
[V]

5.5

525

1 136

I r30

DETUNING
FACTOBlN P/61
6

1.125

113

Example:

Bequired
outputper slepat supplyvoltage:
Supplyvoltage:

50kVAr
400v

Detuning
factori
Ratedvoltageol the capacitor:
Factorof the lab ei

Requesled
ratedoulpulof the capacitors:

Selection:

1.125

sokvar' 1.125= 56.25kvar

lor nslance:2 x Ph[/KP440.3.28,1

' F o r f i l l e r c r c u i t st h e c a p a c i l o rr a l e d v o l l a g e h a s l o b e c h o s e na l w a y s h i g h e ri h a n l h e s u p p l yv o l t a g e .
i . e . : F u n d a m e n t a l v o l t a g ien c r e a s e db y t h e r e a c t o ra n d h a r m o n i c s .
Document
Number:13003
11

PhMKP...Cylindrical
Aluminum

VISHAY

VishayESTA

ESTAprop"/ESTAdry@
PowerFactorCorrection
CapacitorsLow Voltage

CAPACITORSIN CYLINDFICALALUMINUM CASING


APPLICATION
3.PHASE CAPACTTOR,
SGREW,TYPETENMI ALS
ESTApfopoPhl\,,lKP-type
capacilors

in cytindrical
aluminumcasinghave been dssignedfor PowerFaclor
Correctionin low voltageplants, Loadsas mororsano
transfofmercconsumereal power as well as reactive
powsr. Generatorc,supply cables,and olher electrical
dislituton equiprnertsholld be EtklvedJromFactivepower.
ESTAprop.capacitorsmay be used for:
. aulomaticPFC-equipment
. individualfixed
PFC(e.9.moiors,lnslormers,
tightning)
groupfiredPFC
iunedanddelunedcapacitor
banks
hamoniclrap(e.9.UPS,frequency
drives,converter)

3.PHASE CAPACITOB,
PUSH.OI{ TYPE TERMINALS

DESIGN
The ESTApropol\,4KP capacitor is a meta|ized
polypropylene
fiim capacilorwith setf-heating
propenies.
The currentcarryingmetal ayer ot an MKPcapacitoris
vaporised
onlo one sideol the potypropytene
titm.The
irontsurlaceof lubularwindingelemenlsare joinedby
meansol rhe rnetalspraymethod(schooping).
Three
windingelementsare encapsutated
in one arumtnum
casingand connctedto form a true 3-phasecapacitor,
The overpressuretearoff flse preventsthe capacitor
lrom burcting at the end of service liJe, or due lo
inadmissible
e gctricalor lhermalovedoads.
The assemblyis irnpregnated
with a naluraloit (firepoint
> 300'C)undervacuumand hermeticatty
s6ated.This
construction
melhodensuresexcellentheaidissipalion
and constantcapacitanceover an exlendedperiod ol
lime.

T.PHASE CAPACTTOR,
PUSH.ON TVPE TEHMINALS

Thecapacitor
is housedin a tubularaluminum
conlainer
with a melal lid press-rolled
onto it. The currenrrs
supplied
via screw-on([,15)or push-on(6_3, 0.8 mm)
connectors.
A ihreadedslud (M12)al the botiomoJthe
coniainer
servesfor bothgrounding
andmounling.
ESTAprop'and
ESTAdryo
capacitors
wit be detivered
logelherwith dischargeresislorsand hardwaretor
mounling
andconneclion.

THICK FILM IIISCHARGE RESISTOR UNIT

ESTAsiandardcapacitorsof 84.4mmdjameterwitt come


With A THICK FILIV DISCHARGE
RESISTORUNIT,
forked lerminalsfor easy mounringand tN-LtNEconneclionof lhe capacitorsto the supply.
Capacilorsare in accordancewiih prolectionclass lpOO,
For all iypes, plasliccoverslor a higherdegreeol
protectionare available.

12

DocunenrNumber:13004
Fevision11,Nov-02

PhMKP...Cylindrical
Aluminum

VISHAY

ESTApropo/ESTAd4P
PowerFactorCorrection
Capacitors
LowVoltage

Vishav ESTA

CAPACITORSIN CYLIIIDRICAL ALUMINUM CASII{G


TECHI{ICAL OATA
STANDAFDS:

(ln accodncewlth the abovestandardr)

IEC 60a31"1+2.EN 6043i-l+2. VOE0560-46+47

:upto 30 minulesdaily)

rf6r lo Tems and Oellnltlons

(in accordancs whh th abov sland.rds)

1.3'ln,
1.5'ln with l0% overvoltage,15'l, overcapacitance
and
hamonics included,conlinuousopeEtion
Pleasealso rfor lo Terms and Oellnltlons

Tolsranceon caDacllanc:

- 5/ + 10'l. in accordance with lhe slandards


i 5% as Vishay ESTA slandad

Testvollage,lermlnal/ termlnal:

2 1 5 ' U c n , A C ,2 s e c o n d s

Test voliage, ierminal / casing:

4800VAC,2 seconds
3 0 0 l i m e sr a l e dc u r o n l I n
app.0.25WkVAr(wilhoutdischargercsisto6)
app.0.35WkVAr(inclusivedischarsercsislo)

Srallsllcslllle erpeclancy:

> 150,000ope@tinghou6 (ESTApbp')


> 130,000 operaling hou6 (ESTAdtf)

Degreot proleclion:

lP00 (lerminalcovorror highsrproteclionclass,ror inslancelP54


uponrequesl),indoormounting

Ambienltenperaturecategory:

- 25lD (max.55"c), (- 40/D on fequesr)

Permltled caslng lemperature:

max.65'c (measuredon top ol tha can)

Permlsslblerelallvehumldlly:
Maximum allowed 6ltilude:

2000mslsrs abovesea level


vertical and horizontal

Mountingand grounding:

lhreaded[,112studat lhe bollomot the container


all-phase
overpressure
tearofi lus,sell healing

deep-drawn
aluminum
can
p o l y p r o p y l e fni e
l m ,s e l i h e a l i n g
(ESTAprop')
naturaloil, non-PCB,biodegladable
or dry/gas- filled(ESTAdf)
casinq @ a4mm: lM5screw-on lehinals
casinq O 64mm: double push-on (6.3'0.8mm) connecloF

Documenl
Number:13004

PhMKP...Cylindrical
Aluminum

VISHAY

powerFactorCorrection
ESTAprop'/ESTAdnp
Capacitors
LowVoltage

Vishay ESTA

IHNEE PHASE CAPACI"ONS IN CYLINDFICAL ALUMINUM CASING


HAIED VOITAGE 23OV,soHz, 3.PHASE, DELTA CONI{ECT|ON
TYPE

ARTICLE

OUTPUT CAPATANCE CURRENT

PhMKP230.3.02,5
PhMKP230.3.05

33476
30998

3'50.1
3"100.3

6.3

Pht\,thP230.310
Pht\,t
KP230,3.l25
Phl',1KP230.3.15

33486
33303
35457

10
12.5
15

3'200,6
3'250_7
3'300.9

25.1
31.4
377

DIMENSIONS WEIGHT
64'190
64'265

0.8
1 1

84.4' 265
44.4'340

DFAWING

2
2.4

2.4

nATEDVOLTAGE4(xrvr, sOHz,3.PHASE,DELTACON ECIIO|I


TYPE
Pht\,tKP400.3.02,5
Pht\,tKP400,3.05
PhMKP400.3.06,67
Ph[4KP400
3.07,50
PhMKP400.3.0a,33
. Phlv'|KP400.3.10
. PhMKP400.3.12,5

ARTICLE
26199
31116
33305
46228

OIJTPUT CAPACTIANCECUBFENT
2.5

31916
45745

. P h M h P 4 o 13 1 2 5

35459
35460

12.5

PhMKP400,3.15

46230

Pht\4KP40l.3.10

3.6
3'33.2
3 44.2
3'4S.5
3"55.2
3"66.3
3.42.9

6.67

7.5
8.33
10
12.5

46229

DIMENSIONS WEIGHT

10

3 66.3
3'82.9
3'99.5
3110.7

15
16.7
20
25

35482
' PhMKP400.3.20
33483
. PhMKP40O.3.25
45746
' C a n b o u s e da l s ol o r 4 1 5V , l u
l o v e r v o t t a grea n g e .

64'190
64.190
64'190
64'190

7.2
9.6

10.8
12

64.190
64"265

18

64'265
84.4'190
4 4 . 41 9 0
84.4'190
a44"265
84.4'265
44.4.265

18
21.6
24.1

2a.a
3"165.8

361

DRAwlNG

0.8
0.4
0.8
0.8
0.8
i.1
1.1
2

1.9

2
2
2
2
2

RAIED VOLTAGE4rOVr 50 t{a 3tHASE, DCLTA@f{NEcTtOf{ can be used atso tor 415v
TYPE
PhMKP440.3.05
PMKP440.3.08,33

PhlvlKP440.3.12,5

PhMKP440.3.12,5
PhMKP440.3.15

ARTICLE
33989

46231
36130
33307
45747
4574A
35597
35465
46219
45745
35467

35599
. P h [ / K P 4 4 0 . 3 . 2 2 , 5 45750
' PhMKP440.3.25
45751
45752
PhtvKP44o.3.30
35470
. maintype availableliom slock
Orawingsal end ot dala sheet.

OUTPUI OUTPUT CAPACTTANCE


CURBENT Dl!,tENStONSWEIGHT DFAWING
5
8.33
10

8.9

12.5
14.05

10
rt . 1
12.5

't1,2

12.5
14.05
15
16.9
18.8

2A
22.5
25
24.1
30

111

12.5
15
16.67
17.4
20
22.2
25
26.7

3 27.4
3'45.7
3'54.8
3'61.4
3'68.5
3"76.7
3'68.5
3'76.7
3'42.2
3'92.6
3'103.0
3 109.6
3'123.3
3"137.0
3'154
3'164.4

s'H

xg
0.4

13_9114.7
15.4t16.4
17.4t18.4

64 190
64 190
64'265
64'265
64'265
64'265

15.4t16.4
17.4118,4
18.5n9.7
20.9122.2
23.2t24.7
24.4t26.2
27.4t29.5
30.9/32.8
34.7/36.9
37.1139.4

8 4 . 41 9 0
44.4.190
84.4'190
84.4'190
44.4'265
a4.4"265
a4.4 265
84.4.265
44.4"265
84.4'340

6.1/6.6

10.3/10.9

'12.4/13,1

0.8

1
1

1
1
1

1
2
2
2
1.5
1.9

1.9

2
2

1.9

2
2

2.3

2
2

Olher vollageralings,outputs,and irequonciesupon request.A ph[,tKp-typecapacitorsmay be used tor 60H2,ihe


ouiputwillbe 1.2timeshigher.
All oil-impregnaled
parllypescanalsobe producedin a Pht\,tKpg
dry version.Dimensions
and ratingsare unchanged.
Drytypesare nol standardstockitems,withproduction
uponrcquest.
Docurirenl
Numbe.13004
Revision
11-Nov-02

PhMKP...Cylindrical
Aluminum

VISHAY

ESTAprop@/ESTAd4P
PowerFactorCorrection
Capacitors
LowVoltage

VishaVESTA

THBEE PHASE CAPACITORS III CYLII{DRICAL ALUMINUTTICASING


RAIED VOLTAGE5:814 50 |ft, 3+HASE DCLTAGOf{NECflOf{ can be used also for 480V
TYPE

AFTICLE

OUTPUT OI,TPUT
525V

Phl',4KP52s.3.03
PhMKP525.3.05
PhMKP525.3.8,33
PhN4KP525.3.10

30210
33313
39314
33315

3
5
4.33
10

PhMKP525.3.10
PhMKP525.3.12,5
PhMKP525.3.l3,A
. PhltKP525,3,15
. PhMKP525.3.20
. PhMKP525.3.25

33316
33317
33318
35472
33320
45753

10
12.5
13.8

15
20
25

480V
2.5

CUFFENT DIMENSIONSWEIGHT DFAWING


(g
I'H
No.
4AU525V
3.0/3.3
64'190
0.8
1
5,0/5,5
64'190
0.8
1
8.419.2
64'190
0.8
I
1 0 . 11n. 0
1 1
64' 265
I

3'11.5
3"19.2

4.2

7
8.33

3'32.1

8.33
10.4
11,5

3"34.5
3'48.1
3'53.1
3'57.7
3'77.O
3'96.2

'12,5

167
20

3 3S.5

l0,l/11.0
12.6t13.7
13.4115.2
15.0/16.5

20.1t22.A
24.4127.5

8 4 . 41 9 0
84.4'190
84.4'190
84.4'190
44.4'265
84.4'265

2
2
2
2
2
2

1.4
1.9
1.9

RATED VOLTAGE 66OV,50 H2,3.PHASE, DELTA CO NECTIOI{


TYPE
PhMKP660.3.05

Ph1\,tKP660.3.08,33
Pht\iKP660.3.08,33
Pht\,tKP660.3.10
Pht\,tKP660.3.12,5
Pht\rKP660,3,15
Pht\,tKP660.3.16,7
. Pht\,tKP660.3.20
. Pht\,tKP660.3.22,9

ABTICLE

OUTPUT

41456
41457

5
4,33

3'12.2
3'20.3

41458

4.33
10
12.5
15
16.7
20
22.9

3'20.3

41459

41464
41461
41462
41463
41464

)APACITANCECUFBENT

3'24.4
3 30.4
3'36,5

3'40.7
3'48.7
3'55.8

7.3
7,3
8,7
10.9
l3.l

14.6
'17,5

20.o

DIMENSIONS WEIGHT
l'Hlmml
64'190
0.4
64"265
44.4'190
44.4'190
84.4'265
44.4'265
44.4'265
44.4'340
84.4'340

1.9
1,9

2.0
2.4
2.4
2,5

DFAWING
1

1
2
2
2
2
2
2

Can be used also for 690V,full overvoltagerange.


Drawingsal end ol data sheet.
FIaledvollages> 660 < 1000V/ 50 / 60Hzuponrequest.
Preleredvoltageratingsare accordingto delta-connected
types timesi 3
. mainlypesavailable
fromstock

Othervoltageratings,oulputs,and frequenciesupon request.All Phl\,4KP-lype


capacitorsmay be used lor 60H2,the
outputwill be i.2 limeshigher.
parttypescanalsobe producdin a Ph[/KPgdryvercion.Dimensions
All ojl-impregnated
andratingsa unchanged.
Drylypesare not standardstockitems,wilhproduction
uponrequest,
Documenl
Number:13004
15