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Tema 1: What do we mean by Academic English?

Tema 2: Organising Academic Texts Coherently and Effectively


1. Write a short text comparing further education with getting a job.
Doing a non-compulsory education is beneficial to your future life. On the one
hand you would receive more preparation for your future job and you would be
more qualified. On the other hand, if you start working as soon as possible you
would get remuneration. As a result of this remuneration, you would be able to
buy whatever you want or live wherever you prefer. On the contrary, if you keep
studying more years, probably you will get a better job which will give you a
higher remuneration.
2. Include the word or phrase that best fits into each sentence:
a. Although
b. On the other hand
c. Because of
d. Therefore
e. As a result
f. Moreover
g. On the contrary
h. Thus
i. A result of
j. In this way
3. Translate the sentences in exercise 2
a. Los vuelos internacionales son cada vez ms baratos, sin embargo la
mayora de las personas son conscientes de los daos que esto causa al
medio ambiente.
b. La playa est llena de guijarros, pero por otra parte est bastante limpia!
c. Wilson fue despedido de su trabajo a causa de la seriedad de su ofensa.
d. Las observaciones astronmicas de Huygens requeran un medio exacto
para medir el tiempo, y por lo tanto en 1656 invent el reloj de pndulo.
e. Beber alcohol est altamente asociado con el riesgo de contraer cncer.
Ms an, hay algunas pruebas que sugieren que una consumicin alta de
alcohol est particularmente asociada con la aparicin de cncer entre
fumadores.
f. La paciencia no es pasiva; por el contrario es activa; es fuerza
concentrada.
g. Este certificado de matrimonio de Mara Luisa Smith est fechado en el
4 de junio de 1867. Por lo tanto, ella no puede ser la Mara Luisa Smith
nacida en Portsmouth el 17 de julio de 1865.
h. Los doctores concluyeron que el comportamiento errtico de la paciente
era probablemente el resultado de la contusin que sufri en el accidente.

4.

5.

6.
7.

8.

i. Las estrellas enanas rojas se fusionan con el hidrgeno y el helio, pero la


fusin es lenta debido a la baja temperatura del ncleo de la estrella. De
esta manera, estas estrellas emiten muy poca luz.
Complete the text:
a. Simply
b. Literally
c. Simply
d. Instead
e. Literally
f. Sheer
g. Utterly
h. Mere
i. Literally
Translate the text in exercise 4 into Spanish
El coche y el cambio en el siglo XX
El coche no solo se considera una mquina, sino un agente en el cambio social.
En Estados Unidos, nicamente, durante el siglo XX, los coches transformaron
la sociedad. En primer lugar, ms coches significaba ms movilidad.
Write a short text about the town/city you live in.
Select the best word or phrase in each case
a. First of all
b. As far as snakes are concerned
c. Such as
d. Alternatively
e. Utterly
f. Simply
g. Instead
h. From
i. In a way
j. A kind of
Rewrite each sentence so that it contains the words in capitals. Then translate
them into your language the sentence you have written in each case.
a. As far as there is no problem with money.
[TRAD] Tan pronto como no haya problemas con el dinero.
b. In a way, I think youre absolutely correct.
[TRAD] En cierto modo, creo que ests en lo cierto.
c. Apart from Jim, everyone else was there.
[TRAD] Aparte de Jim, todos los dems estuvieron all.
d. Those cards are yours and these cards are mine.
[TRAD] Aquellas cartas son tuyas y estas cartas son mas.
e. In final words, I would like to thank the organizer of this conference.
[TRAD] Como palabras finales me gustara darle las gracias al
organizador de esta conferencia.

f. In comparison to other European countries, this one has higher youth


unemployment.
[TRAD] En comparacin con otros pases europeos, este pas tiene la
mayor desempleo juvenil.
g. Due to his illness, Tom has been absent from college.
[TRAD] Debido a su enfermedad, Tom se ha ausentado de la escuela.
h. We both do think that it was a terrible film.
[TRAD] Ambos creemos que es una pelcula muy mala.
i. United played badly but at least they won the match.
[TRAD] United jug mal pero por lo menos ganaron el partido.
j. The tennis tournament has been postponed owing to the bad weather.
[TRAD] El torneo de tenis se ha pospuesto debido al mal tiempo.
k. Will you be here next year? I dont think so.
[TRAD] Estars aqu el ao que viene? No lo creo.
l. The extent of the scheme has been successful.
[TRAD]
m. As a result of the earthquake, many roads in the area have closed.
[TRAD] Como resultado del terremoto, muchas carreteras de la zona han
sido cortadas.
n. As respects the two artists, they seem to be very similar.
[TRAD] Con respecto a los dos artistas, parecen parecerse mucho.
o. I account that her poor eyesight forced her to give up driving.
[TRAD] Creo que su mala visin le ha forzado a dejar de conducir.
p. Instead of taking the bus, I went on food.
[TRAD] En lugar de coger el autobs, fui a pie.
q. To begin with, write down all your ideas.
[TRAD] Para comenzar, anota todas tus ideas.
r. Many animals, such as bears, sleep for much of the winter.
[TRAD]
s.
Tema 3: Useful language for academic texts
3.1 Key nouns
3. Look at these titles of academic books (A-H). Then match them to their subject areas
(1-8).
A-7
B-6
C-5
D-2
E-3

F-8
G-1
H-4
4. Match the beginning of each sentence with the most appropriate ending.
1. The study revealed a regular pattern of changes in temperature.
2. The research focuses on one particular case for restructuring parliament.
3. The writer makes a powerful aspect of modern society.
4. The writers take an original approach to their theme.
5. Until recently there was little awareness of the problem.
6. I think you should broaden the scope of your research.
7. To date, there has been little research into the environmental effects of
nanoparticles.
8. There are many important issues facing the world today.
3.2 Key nouns + prepositions

3.3 Key verbs

3.4 Key verbs + prepositions

3.5 Key adjectives


3. March the adjective on the left with the noun it often combines with on the
right.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Apparent discrepancy
Rigorous methodology
Principal problem
Potential cause

5. Choose the best adjective from the box to complete these sentences.
a. specific
b. rigorous
c. potential

d. qualitative
e. complex
3.6 Key adverbs
2. Choose the more appropriate adverb from the options
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Essentially
Simply
Basically
Precisely
Possibly

4. Underline the adverbs in these texts. Then answer the questions:


ADVERBS: currently, literally, artificially, increasingly, naturally, completely,
severely, recently, carefully, apparently, similarly, temporarily.
QUESTIONS:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

Similarly
Naturally/artificially
Currently
Increasingly
Severely
Temporarily

Tema 4: Useful functions and other essential terms for academic texts
4.1 Referring to sources

4.2 Reporting what others say

4.3 Relating to different points of view

4.4 Expressing different degrees of certainty

4.5 Essential vocabulary for facts, evidence and data

4.6 Establishing cause and effect

4.7 Statistical terms

4.8 Graphs and diagrams

Tema 5: Decribing aims and research methods


5.1 Expressing research aims

5.2 Summarising and concluding