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VISCOSIDAD DEL AGUA

Centigrado grado a grado


Temp
Temp
Viscosidad
C
F
cp
0
32.00
1.7918
1
33.80
1.7311
2
35.60
1.6736
3
37.40
1.6192
4
39.20
1.5677
5
41.00
1.5188
6
42.80
1.4723
7
44.60
1.4281
8
46.40
1.3860
9
48.20
1.3459
10
50.00
1.3077
11
51.80
1.2712
12
53.60
1.2362
13
55.40
1.2029
14
57.20
1.1709
15
59.00
1.1403
16
60.80
1.1109
17
62.60
1.0828
18
64.40
1.0558
19
66.20
1.0298
20
68.00
1.0049
21
69.80
0.9809
22
71.60
0.9578
23
73.40
0.9356
24
75.20
0.9142
25
77.00
0.8935
26
78.80
0.8736
27
80.60
0.8544
28
82.40
0.8359
29
84.20
0.8180
30
86.00
0.8007
31
87.80
0.7840
32
89.60
0.7679
33
91.40
0.7523
34
93.20
0.7372
35
95.00
0.7225
36
96.80
0.7084
37
98.60
0.6946
38
100.40
0.6813
39
102.20
0.6685
40
104.00
0.6560
41
105.80
0.6438
42
107.60
0.6321
43
109.40
0.6207
44
111.20
0.6096
45
113.00
0.5988
46
114.80
0.5884
47
116.60
0.5782

Temp
C
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97

Temp
F
122.00
123.80
125.60
127.40
129.20
131.00
132.80
134.60
136.40
138.20
140.00
141.80
143.60
145.40
147.20
149.00
150.80
152.60
154.40
156.20
158.00
159.80
161.60
163.40
165.20
167.00
168.80
170.60
172.40
174.20
176.00
177.80
179.60
181.40
183.20
185.00
186.80
188.60
190.40
192.20
194.00
195.80
197.60
199.40
201.20
203.00
204.80
206.60

Viscosidad
cp
0.5494
0.5403
0.5315
0.5229
0.5145
0.5064
0.4984
0.4907
0.4832
0.4758
0.4687
0.4617
0.4549
0.4482
0.4418
0.4355
0.4293
0.4233
0.4174
0.4116
0.4060
0.4006
0.3952
0.3900
0.3849
0.3799
0.3750
0.3702
0.3655
0.3609
0.3564
0.3521
0.3478
0.3436
0.3395
0.3354
0.3315
0.3276
0.3238
0.3201
0.3165
0.3129
0.3095
0.3060
0.3027
0.2994
0.2961
0.2930

48
49

118.40
120.20

0.5683
0.5587

98
99
100

208.40
210.20
212.00

1/ = 2.1482 ( ( T-8.435) + ( 8078.4 + ( T - 8.435)^2 )^0.5 ) -120 )


T en Centigrados
en poises: g / cm-s
1 cp = 0.01 g/cm-s
1 cp = 0.001 Kg/m-s
1 cp = 2.4192 lb/pie-h
1 cp = 3.6 Kgm/m-h

0.2899
0.2868
0.2838

VISCOSIDAD DEL AGUA


Fahrenheit grado a grado
Temp
C
0.0
0.6
1.1
1.7
2.2
2.8
3.3
3.9
4.4
5.0
5.6
6.1
6.7
7.2
7.8
8.3
8.9
9.4
10.0
10.6
11.1
11.7
12.2
12.8
13.3
13.9
14.4
15.0
15.6
16.1
16.7
17.2
17.8
18.3
18.9
19.4
20.0
20.6
21.1
21.7
22.2
22.8
23.3
23.9
24.4
25.0
25.6

Temp
F
32.00
33.00
34.00
35.00
36.00
37.00
38.00
39.00
40.00
41.00
42.00
43.00
44.00
45.00
46.00
47.00
48.00
49.00
50.00
51.00
52.00
53.00
54.00
55.00
56.00
57.00
58.00
59.00
60.00
61.00
62.00
63.00
64.00
65.00
66.00
67.00
68.00
69.00
70.00
71.00
72.00
73.00
74.00
75.00
76.00
77.00
78.00

Viscosidad
cp
1.7918
1.7577
1.7245
1.6924
1.6613
1.6311
1.6018
1.5733
1.5456
1.5188
1.4927
1.4673
1.4426
1.4186
1.3952
1.3725
1.3503
1.3287
1.3077
1.2872
1.2672
1.2477
1.2287
1.2101
1.1920
1.1744
1.1571
1.1403
1.1238
1.1078
1.0920
1.0767
1.0617
1.0470
1.0326
1.0186
1.0049
0.9914
0.9783
0.9654
0.9528
0.9404
0.9283
0.9165
0.9049
0.8935
0.8824

Temp
C

Temp
F

33.3
33.9
34.4
35.0
35.6
36.1
36.7
37.2
37.8
38.3
38.9
39.4
40.0
40.6
41.1
41.7
42.2
42.8
43.3
43.9
44.4
45.0
45.6
46.1
46.7
47.2
47.8
48.3
48.9
49.4
50.0
50.6
51.1
51.7
52.2
52.8
53.3
53.9
54.4
55.0
55.6
56.1
56.7
57.2
57.8
58.3
58.9

92.00
93.00
94.00
95.00
96.00
97.00
98.00
99.00
100.00
101.00
102.00
103.00
104.00
105.00
106.00
107.00
108.00
109.00
110.00
111.00
112.00
113.00
114.00
115.00
116.00
117.00
118.00
119.00
120.00
121.00
122.00
123.00
124.00
125.00
126.00
127.00
128.00
129.00
130.00
131.00
132.00
133.00
134.00
135.00
136.00
137.00
138.00

Viscosidad
cp
0.7472
0.7388
0.7306
0.7225
0.7146
0.7068
0.6992
0.6916
0.6843
0.6770
0.6699
0.6629
0.6560
0.6492
0.6425
0.6360
0.6295
0.6232
0.6169
0.6108
0.6048
0.5988
0.5930
0.5872
0.5816
0.5760
0.5705
0.5651
0.5598
0.5546
0.5494
0.5443
0.5393
0.5344
0.5296
0.5248
0.5201
0.5154
0.5109
0.5064
0.5019
0.4976
0.4933
0.4890
0.4848
0.4807
0.4766

Temp
C
66.7
67.2
67.8
68.3
68.9
69.4
70.0
70.6
71.1
71.7
72.2
72.8
73.3
73.9
74.4
75.0
75.6
76.1
76.7
77.2
77.8
78.3
78.9
79.4
80.0
80.6
81.1
81.7
82.2
82.8
83.3
83.9
84.4
85.0
85.6
86.1
86.7
87.2
87.8
88.3
88.9
89.4
90.0
90.6
91.1
91.7
92.2

26.1
26.7
27.2
27.8
28.3
28.9
29.4
30.0
30.6
31.1
31.7
32.2
32.8

79.00
80.00
81.00
82.00
83.00
84.00
85.00
86.00
87.00
88.00
89.00
90.00
91.00

0.8715
0.8608
0.8503
0.8400
0.8299
0.8200
0.8103
0.8007
0.7914
0.7822
0.7732
0.7644
0.7557

59.4
60.0
60.6
61.1
61.7
62.2
62.8
63.3
63.9
64.4
65.0
65.6
66.1

139.00
140.00
141.00
142.00
143.00
144.00
145.00
146.00
147.00
148.00
149.00
150.00
151.00

1/ = 2.1482 ( ( T-8.435) + ( 8078.4 + ( T - 8.435)^2 )^0.5 ) -120 )


T en Centigrados
en poises: g / cm-s
1 cp = 0.01 g/cm-s
1 cp = 0.001 Kg/m-s
1 cp = 2.4192 lb/pie-h
1 cp = 3.6 Kgm/m-h

0.4726
0.4687
0.4648
0.4609
0.4571
0.4534
0.4497
0.4461
0.4425
0.4389
0.4355
0.4320
0.4286

92.8
93.3
93.9
94.4
95.0
95.6
96.1
96.7
97.2
97.8
98.3
98.9
99.4
100.0

Temp
F
152.00
153.00
154.00
155.00
156.00
157.00
158.00
159.00
160.00
161.00
162.00
163.00
164.00
165.00
166.00
167.00
168.00
169.00
170.00
171.00
172.00
173.00
174.00
175.00
176.00
177.00
178.00
179.00
180.00
181.00
182.00
183.00
184.00
185.00
186.00
187.00
188.00
189.00
190.00
191.00
192.00
193.00
194.00
195.00
196.00
197.00
198.00

Viscosida
d
cp
0.4253
0.4219
0.4187
0.4155
0.4123
0.4091
0.4060
0.4030
0.4000
0.3970
0.3940
0.3911
0.3882
0.3854
0.3826
0.3799
0.3771
0.3744
0.3718
0.3691
0.3665
0.3640
0.3614
0.3589
0.3564
0.3540
0.3516
0.3492
0.3468
0.3445
0.3422
0.3399
0.3377
0.3354
0.3332
0.3311
0.3289
0.3268
0.3247
0.3226
0.3205
0.3185
0.3165
0.3145
0.3126
0.3106
0.3087

199.00
200.00
201.00
202.00
203.00
204.00
205.00
206.00
207.00
208.00
209.00
210.00
211.00
212.00

0.3068
0.3049
0.3030
0.3012
0.2994
0.2976
0.2958
0.2940
0.2923
0.2906
0.2888
0.2872
0.2855
0.2838

PRESION DE VAPOR DEL AGUA


Centigrado grado a grado
Temp
Temp
p vapor
p vapor
C
F
psig
mm Hg
0
32.0
0.089
4.6
1
33.8
0.095
4.9
2
35.6
0.102
5.3
3
37.4
0.110
5.7
4
39.2
0.118
6.1
5
41.0
0.127
6.6
6
42.8
0.136
7.0
7
44.6
0.146
7.5
8
46.4
0.156
8.1
9
48.2
0.167
8.6
10
50.0
0.179
9.2
11
51.8
0.191
9.9
12
53.6
0.204
10.6
13
55.4
0.218
11.3
14
57.2
0.233
12.1
15
59.0
0.249
12.9
16
60.8
0.265
13.7
17
62.6
0.283
14.6
18
64.4
0.301
15.6
19
66.2
0.321
16.6
20
68.0
0.341
17.7
21
69.8
0.363
18.8
22
71.6
0.386
20.0
23
73.4
0.410
21.2
24
75.2
0.436
22.5
25
77.0
0.463
23.9
26
78.8
0.491
25.4
27
80.6
0.521
27.0
28
82.4
0.553
28.6
29
84.2
0.586
30.3
30
86.0
0.620
32.1
31
87.8
0.657
34.0
32
89.6
0.695
36.0
33
91.4
0.735
38.0
34
93.2
0.778
40.2
35
95.0
0.822
42.5
36
96.8
0.869
44.9
37
98.6
0.917
47.4
38
100.4
0.969
50.1
39
102.2
1.022
52.9
40
104.0
1.078
55.8
41
105.8
1.137
58.8
42
107.6
1.198
62.0
43
109.4
1.263
65.3
44
111.2
1.330
68.8
45
113.0
1.400
72.4
46
114.8
1.474
76.2
47
116.6
1.550
80.2
48
118.4
1.630
84.3
49
120.2
1.714
88.6

p vapor
Kg/cm2
0.0062
0.0067
0.0072
0.0077
0.0083
0.0089
0.0096
0.0102
0.0110
0.0117
0.0126
0.0134
0.0144
0.0153
0.0164
0.0175
0.0186
0.0199
0.0212
0.0226
0.0240
0.0255
0.0271
0.0289
0.0306
0.0325
0.0345
0.0366
0.0388
0.0412
0.0436
0.0462
0.0489
0.0517
0.0547
0.0578
0.0611
0.0645
0.0681
0.0718
0.0758
0.0799
0.0842
0.0888
0.0935
0.0984
0.1036
0.1090
0.1146
0.1205

p (psia) = =10^( 6.2675-( 3027/( 381.5+T[F] ) ) )

p vapor
m agua
0.0622
0.0669
0.0720
0.0773
0.0830
0.0891
0.0956
0.102
0.110
0.117
0.126
0.134
0.144
0.153
0.164
0.175
0.186
0.199
0.212
0.226
0.240
0.255
0.271
0.289
0.306
0.325
0.345
0.366
0.388
0.412
0.436
0.462
0.489
0.517
0.547
0.578
0.611
0.645
0.681
0.718
0.758
0.799
0.842
0.888
0.935
0.984
1.036
1.090
1.146
1.205

Temp
C
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

Temp
F
122.0
123.8
125.6
127.4
129.2
131.0
132.8
134.6
136.4
138.2
140.0
141.8
143.6
145.4
147.2
149.0
150.8
152.6
154.4
156.2
158.0
159.8
161.6
163.4
165.2
167.0
168.8
170.6
172.4
174.2
176.0
177.8
179.6
181.4
183.2
185.0
186.8
188.6
190.4
192.2
194.0
195.8
197.6
199.4
201.2
203.0
204.8
206.6
208.4
210.2
212.0

p (psia) = =10^( 6.2675-( 3027/( 381.5+T[F] ) ) )


1 atm = 14.676 psi
1 atm = 760 mmHg
1 atm = 1.033 Kg /cm2
1 atm = 10.33 m de agua
Ref. p (psia) = =10^( 6.267-( 3027/( 381+T[F] ) ) )

p vapor
psig
1.8013
1.8923
1.9873
2.0863
2.1895
2.2970
2.4090
2.5256
2.6469
2.7732
2.9046
3.0413
3.1833
3.3310
3.4845
3.6439
3.8094
3.9813
4.1597
4.3448
4.5368
4.7359
4.9424
5.1565
5.3783
5.6081
5.8461
6.0925
6.3477
6.6117
6.8850
7.1677
7.4600
7.7623
8.0748
8.3978
8.7315
9.0762
9.4323
9.7999
10.1795
10.5712
10.9755
11.3925
11.8227
12.2663
12.7237
13.1952
13.6811
14.1818
14.6976

p vapor
mm Hg
93.2
97.9
102.8
107.9
113.2
118.8
124.6
130.6
136.9
143.4
150.2
157.3
164.6
172.3
180.2
188.4
197.0
205.9
215.1
224.7
234.6
244.9
255.6
266.7
278.1
290.0
302.3
315.1
328.3
341.9
356.1
370.7
385.8
401.4
417.6
434.3
451.5
469.4
487.8
506.8
526.4
546.7
567.6
589.2
611.4
634.4
658.0
682.4
707.5
733.4
760.1

p vapor
Kg/cm2
0.127
0.133
0.140
0.147
0.154
0.161
0.169
0.178
0.186
0.195
0.204
0.214
0.224
0.234
0.245
0.256
0.268
0.280
0.292
0.305
0.319
0.333
0.347
0.362
0.378
0.394
0.411
0.428
0.446
0.465
0.484
0.504
0.524
0.546
0.568
0.590
0.614
0.638
0.663
0.689
0.716
0.743
0.771
0.801
0.831
0.862
0.894
0.928
0.962
0.997
1.033

p vapor
m agua
1.27
1.33
1.40
1.47
1.54
1.61
1.69
1.78
1.86
1.95
2.04
2.14
2.24
2.34
2.45
2.56
2.68
2.80
2.92
3.05
3.19
3.33
3.47
3.62
3.78
3.94
4.11
4.28
4.46
4.65
4.84
5.04
5.24
5.46
5.68
5.90
6.14
6.38
6.63
6.89
7.16
7.43
7.71
8.01
8.31
8.62
8.94
9.28
9.62
9.97
10.33

de frente
p vapor
mm Hg
4.578035

PRESION DE VAPOR DEL AGUA


Fahrenheit grado a grado
Temp
Temp
p vapor
p vapor
C
F
psig
pulg Hg
0.0
32.0
0.0885
0.180
0.6
33.0
0.0922
0.188
1.1
34.0
0.0960
0.195
1.7
35.0
0.1000
0.204
2.2
36.0
0.1040
0.212
2.8
37.0
0.1083
0.220
3.3
38.0
0.1127
0.229
3.9
39.0
0.1172
0.239
4.4
40.0
0.1219
0.248
5.0
41.0
0.1268
0.258
5.6
42.0
0.1318
0.268
6.1
43.0
0.1370
0.279
6.7
44.0
0.1424
0.290
7.2
45.0
0.1480
0.301
7.8
46.0
0.1537
0.313
8.3
47.0
0.1597
0.325
8.9
48.0
0.1659
0.338
9.4
49.0
0.1722
0.351
10.0
50.0
0.1788
0.364
10.6
51.0
0.1856
0.378
11.1
52.0
0.1927
0.392
11.7
53.0
0.1999
0.407
12.2
54.0
0.2074
0.422
12.8
55.0
0.2152
0.438
13.3
56.0
0.2232
0.454
13.9
57.0
0.2314
0.471
14.4
58.0
0.2400
0.489
15.0
59.0
0.2488
0.506
15.6
60.0
0.2578
0.525
16.1
61.0
0.2672
0.544
16.7
62.0
0.2769
0.564
17.2
63.0
0.2868
0.584
17.8
64.0
0.2971
0.605
18.3
65.0
0.3077
0.626
18.9
66.0
0.3186
0.649
19.4
67.0
0.3299
0.672
20.0
68.0
0.3415
0.695
20.6
69.0
0.3534
0.720
21.1
70.0
0.3657
0.745
21.7
71.0
0.3784
0.771
22.2
72.0
0.3915
0.797
22.8
73.0
0.4050
0.825
23.3
74.0
0.4188
0.853
23.9
75.0
0.4331
0.882
24.4
76.0
0.4478
0.912
25.0
77.0
0.4630
0.943
25.6
78.0
0.4785
0.974
26.1
79.0
0.4945
1.007

p vapor
pie agua
0.205
0.213
0.222
0.231
0.240
0.250
0.260
0.271
0.282
0.293
0.305
0.317
0.329
0.342
0.355
0.369
0.383
0.398
0.413
0.429
0.445
0.462
0.479
0.497
0.516
0.535
0.555
0.575
0.596
0.618
0.640
0.663
0.687
0.711
0.736
0.762
0.789
0.817
0.845
0.875
0.905
0.936
0.968
1.001
1.035
1.070
1.106
1.143

Temp
C
50.0
50.6
51.1
51.7
52.2
52.8
53.3
53.9
54.4
55.0
55.6
56.1
56.7
57.2
57.8
58.3
58.9
59.4
60.0
60.6
61.1
61.7
62.2
62.8
63.3
63.9
64.4
65.0
65.6
66.1
66.7
67.2
67.8
68.3
68.9
69.4
70.0
70.6
71.1
71.7
72.2
72.8
73.3
73.9
74.4
75.0
75.6
76.1

Temp
F
122.0
123.0
124.0
125.0
126.0
127.0
128.0
129.0
130.0
131.0
132.0
133.0
134.0
135.0
136.0
137.0
138.0
139.0
140.0
141.0
142.0
143.0
144.0
145.0
146.0
147.0
148.0
149.0
150.0
151.0
152.0
153.0
154.0
155.0
156.0
157.0
158.0
159.0
160.0
161.0
162.0
163.0
164.0
165.0
166.0
167.0
168.0
169.0

p vapor
psig
1.801
1.851
1.903
1.955
2.009
2.064
2.120
2.178
2.237
2.297
2.359
2.422
2.486
2.552
2.620
2.688
2.759
2.831
2.905
2.980
3.057
3.135
3.216
3.298
3.382
3.467
3.555
3.644
3.735
3.828
3.923
4.020
4.119
4.221
4.324
4.429
4.537
4.647
4.759
4.873
4.989
5.108
5.230
5.353
5.479
5.608
5.739
5.873

p vapor
pulg Hg
3.667
3.769
3.874
3.981
4.090
4.202
4.317
4.434
4.554
4.677
4.802
4.931
5.062
5.196
5.333
5.474
5.617
5.764
5.914
6.067
6.224
6.384
6.547
6.714
6.885
7.059
7.237
7.419
7.605
7.794
7.988
8.185
8.387
8.593
8.803
9.018
9.237
9.460
9.688
9.921
10.158
10.400
10.647
10.899
11.156
11.418
11.685
11.958

26.7
27.2
27.8
28.3
28.9
29.4
30.0
30.6
31.1
31.7
32.2
32.8
33.3
33.9
34.4
35.0
35.6
36.1
36.7
37.2
37.8
38.3
38.9
39.4
40.0
40.6
41.1
41.7
42.2
42.8
43.3
43.9
44.4
45.0
45.6
46.1
46.7
47.2
47.8
48.3
48.9
49.4

80.0
81.0
82.0
83.0
84.0
85.0
86.0
87.0
88.0
89.0
90.0
91.0
92.0
93.0
94.0
95.0
96.0
97.0
98.0
99.0
100.0
101.0
102.0
103.0
104.0
105.0
106.0
107.0
108.0
109.0
110.0
111.0
112.0
113.0
114.0
115.0
116.0
117.0
118.0
119.0
120.0
121.0

0.5110
0.5280
0.5455
0.5634
0.5819
0.6008
0.6203
0.6404
0.6610
0.6822
0.7040
0.7264
0.7493
0.7730
0.7972
0.8221
0.8477
0.8739
0.9009
0.9286
0.9570
0.9861
1.0160
1.0467
1.0782
1.1105
1.1436
1.1776
1.2124
1.2481
1.2847
1.3222
1.3607
1.4001
1.4405
1.4819
1.5243
1.5678
1.6123
1.6579
1.7045
1.7523

1.040
1.075
1.111
1.147
1.185
1.223
1.263
1.304
1.346
1.389
1.433
1.479
1.526
1.574
1.623
1.674
1.726
1.779
1.834
1.891
1.948
2.008
2.069
2.131
2.195
2.261
2.328
2.398
2.468
2.541
2.616
2.692
2.770
2.851
2.933
3.017
3.104
3.192
3.283
3.375
3.470
3.568

1.181
1.220
1.261
1.302
1.345
1.389
1.434
1.480
1.528
1.577
1.627
1.679
1.732
1.787
1.843
1.900
1.959
2.020
2.082
2.146
2.212
2.279
2.348
2.419
2.492
2.567
2.643
2.722
2.802
2.885
2.969
3.056
3.145
3.236
3.330
3.425
3.523
3.624
3.727
3.832
3.940
4.050

p (psia) = =10^( 6.2675-( 3027/( 381.5+T[F] ) ) )


1 atm = 14.676 psi
1 atm = 760 mmHg
1 atm = 1.033 Kg /cm2
1 atm = 10.33 m de agua
Ref. p (psia) = =10^( 6.267-( 3027/( 381+T[F] ) ) )

76.7
77.2
77.8
78.3
78.9
79.4
80.0
80.6
81.1
81.7
82.2
82.8
83.3
83.9
84.4
85.0
85.6
86.1
86.7
87.2
87.8
88.3
88.9
89.4
90.0
90.6
91.1
91.7
92.2
92.8
93.3
93.9
94.4
95.0
95.6
96.1
96.7
97.2
97.8
98.3
98.9
99.4
100.0

170.0
171.0
172.0
173.0
174.0
175.0
176.0
177.0
178.0
179.0
180.0
181.0
182.0
183.0
184.0
185.0
186.0
187.0
188.0
189.0
190.0
191.0
192.0
193.0
194.0
195.0
196.0
197.0
198.0
199.0
200.0
201.0
202.0
203.0
204.0
205.0
206.0
207.0
208.0
209.0
210.0
211.0
212.0

6.009
6.148
6.290
6.435
6.582
6.732
6.885
7.041
7.200
7.361
7.526
7.694
7.865
8.040
8.217
8.398
8.582
8.769
8.960
9.154
9.352
9.554
9.759
9.967
10.179
10.396
10.616
10.839
11.067
11.299
11.534
11.774
12.018
12.266
12.519
12.775
13.036
13.302
13.572
13.846
14.125
14.409
14.698

12.235
12.518
12.807
13.101
13.401
13.707
14.018
14.335
14.659
14.988
15.324
15.666
16.014
16.369
16.730
17.098
17.473
17.854
18.243
18.638
19.041
19.451
19.868
20.293
20.726
21.166
21.613
22.069
22.533
23.004
23.484
23.973
24.469
24.974
25.488
26.011
26.542
27.083
27.633
28.191
28.760
29.337
29.925

p vapor
pie agua
4.163
4.279
4.398
4.519
4.643
4.771
4.901
5.034
5.170
5.309
5.452
5.597
5.746
5.899
6.055
6.214
6.377
6.543
6.714
6.888
7.065
7.247
7.433
7.622
7.816
8.014
8.216
8.422
8.633
8.848
9.068
9.293
9.522
9.755
9.994
10.238
10.486
10.740
10.999
11.263
11.532
11.807
12.087
12.373
12.665
12.962
13.266
13.575

13.890
14.211
14.539
14.873
15.213
15.560
15.914
16.274
16.641
17.015
17.396
17.784
18.180
18.582
18.993
19.410
19.836
20.269
20.710
21.159
21.616
22.082
22.556
23.038
23.529
24.028
24.536
25.054
25.580
26.116
26.660
27.215
27.779
28.352
28.935
29.529
30.132
30.746
31.370
32.004
32.649
33.305
33.972

Conductividad Termica del agua

Temp F
32
86
140
176

k,
BTU/h-pie2-(F/pie)
0.333
0.356
0.381
0.398

Ok, correlacion conforme

T, C
0
30
60
80

k
k estimado
Kcal/hm2(C/m)
0.49617
0.495308
0.53044
0.531668
0.56769
0.568028
0.59302
0.592268

Error
-0.17%
0.23%
0.06%
-0.13%

k( BTU/h
k (Kcal/h

k( BTU/h-pie-F) =
k (Kcal/h-m-C) = 0.495308 + 0.001212 T[C]

referencias

referencias
Buscar
Process Development From the Initial Idea to the Chemical Production Plant-Vogel.pdf
aqui hay modelos para las propiedades del agua

ok. Correlacion conforme


DENSIDAD DEL AGUA
Temperatura, CDens, Kg/m3

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35

999.845815
999.966051
999.698718
999.095723
998.197353
997.035355
995.635086
994.017042

Formula de Tanaka

Densidad = a5 x (1 - ( (t + a1)^2 * (t+a2)/a3 /(t-a4) ) )


a1 = -3.9383035
C
a2= 301.707
C
a3= 522 528.9
C
a4=69.34881
C
a5=999.974950
Kg/m3
t = C +273.15
incertidumbre relativa es de 1.10-6
Presion:
101325 Pa
Rango 0 a 40
agua bidestilada
sin aire
desionizada

Densidad del mercurio

ok. Correlacion conforme

temperatura
calculada
literatura
t, C
Dens, g/cm3 Dens, g/cm3
0
13.596
13.596
4
13.586055
13.583
10 13.5711648
13.571
15 13.5587811
13.559
20 13.5464201
13.546
25 13.5340816
13.534
30 13.5217655
13.522
35 13.5094718
13.51
40 13.4972005
13.497

Error
0.000% Se toma como Referencia, 0C
0.022%
0.001%
-0.002%
0.003%
0.001%
-0.002%
-0.004%
0.001%

fuente, valores literatura: http://termodinamica.us.es/tecnicas/tablas/de


coef de dilatacion, 0.000183
Kc:
1/C
Probar y copiar la formula:

t/C
30

dens calc
13.5217655

Aplicando el coeficiente de dilatacion cubica, Kc


Vf=Vo(1+t.Kc) --> cuando Vf: Volumen final, Vo:Volumen inicial, t:Variacin de temperatura(Tf-to)

a.us.es/tecnicas/tablas/densidad.html

ratura(Tf-to)

CALOR LATENTE DE VAPORIZACION DEL AGUA


mala
(ref. 1)
Temp

l
kcal/kg
205117.2974
213916.7814
227583.8825
239409.4742
251638.969
304731.5372
469057.5535
469057.5535

Temp
k
283.15
287.15
293.15
298.15
303.15
323.15
373.15
373.15

c
10
14
20
25
30
50
100
100

ok
(ref. 2)
l
BTU/lb
1065.10901
1061.03107
1054.91416
1049.81673
1044.7193
1024.32959
973.355323
973.355323

(ref. 2)
(ref. 2)
l
l
cal/g
kJ/Kg
591.721312
2477
589.455811
2468
586.05756
2454
583.225685
2442
580.393809
2430
569.066306
2382
540.74755
2264
540.74755
2264

Ref. 1. Psicometria a bajas presiones. Tecnol. Ciencia Ed. 5,(1) 26-32 (1990)
Valido 0 a 210 C
Ref.2. Correlacion propia JORGE LEON. Rango de 50 a 115F = 10 a 46C)
Datos . Literatura: Foust o Himmenblau
Factor de conversion
1
1
1
1
1

BTU/lb
ATM
cal
BTU
kJ/kg

=
=
=
=
=

F
60
C

0.55555
1.01325
4.1868
1.055
0.42995

C
15.55555556
F

20

68

cal/g
BAR
J
kJ
BTU/lb

Ok. Conforme con valores de literatura

literatura
Error ref.2
kJ/kg
2477.9
-0.02%
2468.5
-0.03%
2464.3
-0.44%
2442.5
-0.03%
2430.7
-0.03%
2382.9
-0.02%
2257
0.30%

METODOS DE CALCULO DEL FACTOR DE FRICCION DE DARCY


Turbulento:
FUENTE
Colebrook

E/d

Re
0.0008

Modelos explicitos:
Turbulento: Re:

4,000

a
E/d

Streeter:
Swamce Jair (Moot, p. 242)
Zigrang Sylvester
Haaland

0.0008
0.0008
0.0008
0.0008

f
Error
100,000 0.02147767

100,000,000
Re
100,000
100,000
100,000
100,000

0%

Error
0.02224581
0.02162108
0.0211895
0.02124861

3.58%
0.67%
-1.34%
-1.07%

Observacion
Factor de Fanning Laminar = 16/Re

Laminar:

f (Darcy) = 4 f (fanning)
Transicin:
Transicin: Re:
e

2,200 a
E/d

4,000
Re
0.0005

TUBERIA LISA

Modelos aproximados

f
3,000 17777.7778

P.K Swance, A.K Jain, 1976


Explicit Equation for Pipe-flow Problems. Jou
New York. Amercian Society of Civil Enginee
Mencionado en Mott. Mecanica de Fluidos. P
en biblioteca

Haaland, 1986
Mencionado en M Jaric. Review Colebrook E
como una de las mejores
en biblioteca

Ok conforme, con cuatro iteraciones es suficiente para la buena convergencia


Colebrook-*White:
semilla
iteraciones..
fo
f1
f2
f3
f4
f5
0.02124861 0.02149065 0.02147694 0.02147771 0.02147766 0.021477666
error:
0.06%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%

el mejor

Colebrook - White:
de Fanning Laminar = 16/Re

(Darcy) = 4 f (fanning)
Tuberias lisas, zona turbulenta:
Prandtl-Von Karman:

Modelo de Swance

P.K Swance, A.K Jain, 1976


Explicit Equation for Pipe-flow Problems. Journal of the Hydraulic Division.
New York. Amercian Society of Civil Engineers
Mencionado en Mott. Mecanica de Fluidos. P 242

Haaland, 1986
Mencionado en M Jaric. Review Colebrook Equation
como una de las mejores

Zigrang Sylvester, 1982


Mencionado en M Jaric. Review Colebrook Equation
como la mejor
en biblioteca

f6
f7
f7
f8
f9
f10
0.021477666 0.021477666 0.021477666 0.021477666 0.021477666 0.021477666
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%

Modelo de Swance