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Doc. No.

POS-QP-06

QUALITY PROCEDURE
HOT DIP GALVANIZING

Rev. No.

Page

1/9

Controlled Copy
Uncontrolled Copy

POSCO E&C-VIET NAM Co., Ltd.


Address:

Nhon Trach Industrial Zone


Dong Nai Province, Viet Nam

Tel No.:

+84 (0) 613 560 869

Fax No.:

+84 (0) 613 560 871

Website : http://www.poscoencvietnam.com

Prepared by

Reviewed by

Approved by

Name
Signature
Date

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Doc. No.

POS-QP-06

QUALITY PROCEDURE
HOT DIP GALVANIZING

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CONTENTS

1.

Scope

2.

Applicable codes

3.

Galvanizing procedure
3.1

Degreasing cleaning

3.2

Acid cleaning

3.3

Water rinse after acid cleaning

3.4

Fluxing

3.5

Drying

3.6

Galvanizing

3.7

Cooling

3.8

Chromate treatment

3.9

Finishing

3.10 Inspection
4.

Repair of damaged and uncoated area of hot-dip galvanized coating

5.

Marking

6.

Appendix

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QUALITY PROCEDURE
HOT DIP GALVANIZING

1.

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Scope
This procedure describes the requirement of hot dip galvanizing procedure/inspection for the
structural steel that is galvanized in the factory.

2.

Applicable Codes
Structural steel: Hot dip galvanize per ISO 1461

3.

Galvanizing Procedure
3.1

Degreasing cleaning
(1)

Class of degreasing solution: Chloride Methane

(2)

Purpose: It is cleaned by washing on a solution of Chloride Methane to remove all


traces of light oil

(3)

Method: Dipping

(4)

Dipping time: 3-5 minutes

(5)

The stage of solution in the standard operation


Temperature: 10 - 28oC (Room temperature)
Density: 99.9 %

(6)

Replacement method of solution


It is used by add the new solution in when the density of solution is reduced below
the standard.

3.2

Acid Cleaning
The method of hydrochloric acid
(1)

The cleaning solution: HCl

(2)

Purpose: To remove all rust and mill scales.

(3)

Method: It is pickled by immersing in hydrochloric acid

(4)

Dipping time: 20-120 minutes

(5)

The stage of solution in the standard operation


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HOT DIP GALVANIZING

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Temperature: 10 - 28oC (room temperature)


Density: 10 - 25%
(6)

Replacement method of solution


It is used by add the new solution in, when the density of solution is reduced below
the standard and solution must be changed after one month.

3.3

3.4

Water rinsing after acid cleaning


(1)

Purpose: to remove acid solution after the acid cleaning operation finished

(2)

Method: It is washed by immersing in a bath of fresh, clean and flowing water

(3)

Dipping time: 30seconds

(4)

Temperature: room temperature

(5)

The state of water: visual check

Fluxing
(1)

The solution: NH4CI + ZnCI2

(2)

Purpose: to remove iron salt, basic iron salt and oxidation film

(3)

Method: dipping

(4)

Dipping time: 2-3minutes.

(5)

The state of solution in the standard operation


Temperature: 60 - 90oC
Density: 15 - 25 %

(6)

Replacement method of solution:


It is used by add the new solution in when the density of solution is reduced below
the standard

3.5

Drying
After flux treatment, it shall be dried naturally

3.6

Galvanizing
(1)

Class of solution
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QUALITY PROCEDURE
HOT DIP GALVANIZING

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Molten zinc in the working volume of the galvanizing bath shall contain not less than
an average of 1.5% of impurities by weight.
(2)

Purpose: to prevent steel from corrosion

(3)

Method:
After putting ash aside on the surface of bath, it is immersed slowly in a bath, it is
withdrawn slowly by an inclined position after 0.5 - 10 minutes.

(4)

Dipping time: 0.5 - 10 minutes

(5)

Minimum coating thickness and mass on samples that are not centrifuged

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HOT DIP GALVANIZING
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Temperature
440 - 460oC (the stage of melting zinc in the standard operation) for shape steel
structure

3.7

Cooling
(1)

Purpose: to cool the galvanized material

(2)

Method: Dipping

(3)

Dipping time: 1 minute

(4)

The state of water cooling in the standard operation


Temperature: 35 - 45oC
State: visual test

3.8

Chromate treatment
(1)

Purpose: To prevent from white rust and rapid corrosion by forming a chromatin film

(2)

The state of solution in the standard operation


Temperature: room temperature
Density: 0.05 - 0.1 %
Chemical: CrO3

3.9

(3)

Dipping time: 20 seconds

(4)

Keep constant density: change one time a month.

Finishing
Lump, projection and other impurities must be removed

3.10 Inspection
3.10.1 The galvanizing inspection performed in accordance with ISO 1461
Thickness
Visual
3.10.2 Sampling
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HOT DIP GALVANIZING

4.

Number of articles

Minimum number of articles in the control sample

1 to 3

all

4 to 500

500 to 1200

1201 to 3200

3201 to 10000

13

> 10000

20

Repair the damaged and uncoated area of Hot-Dip Galvanized coating


The total uncoated areas for renovation by the galvanizer shall not exceed 0,5 % of the total
surface area of the component. Each uncoated area for renovation shall not exceed 10 cm2. If
uncoated areas are larger, the article containing such areas shall be regalvanized, unless
otherwise agreed between the purchaser and the galvanizer. Renovation shall be by t a suitable
zinc-rich paint where the zinc dust pigment conforms to ISO 3549 within the practical limits of
such systems, or by suitable zinc-flake or zinc-paste products.The coating thickness on the
renovated areas shall be a minimum of 100 m unless the purchaser advises the galvanizer
otherwise, for example, when the galvanized surface is to be over-coated and the thickness for
renovated areas is to be the same as for the hot dip galvanized coating. The coating on the
renovated areas shall be capable of giving sacrificial protection to the steel to which it is applied

5.

Marking
Identification marking on the Galvanized member shall be provided by die stamping the identifying
marks into the material.

6.

Appendix
Form: Galvanizing Inspection Report (2 pages)

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HOT DIP GALVANIZING

Form: Galvanizing Inspection Report ( page 1)


GALVANIZING INSPECTION REPORT
Project:

Report No.
Date

Item No.:

Sheet No.

CHECK SURFACE PREPARATION (Before hot dip galvanizing)


Slag

Oil, Paint

Rust

Mill Scale

Salt

Others

THICKNESS MEASUREMENT [mm]


Item No.
(Random check)

Bath
Temp
o

Category &
Required
Thickness

Tested Thickness
Ave. Max. Min.
1

VISUAL INSPECTION
Tag No.

10

FINAL RESULT

Holes Size Holidays

Sagging

Whited
Rust

Peeling

Roughness

Accepted

Rejected

Comment / Remark:

(Notes: Acc - accepted; Rej - rejected)


Prepared

Witnessed

Witnessed

Name
Signature
Date

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QUALITY PROCEDURE
HOT DIP GALVANIZING

Rev. No.

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Form: Galvanizing Inspection Report ( page 2)


GALVANIZING INSPECTION REPORT

Report No.

Project:

Date

Item No.:

Sheet No.

GALVANIZED ITEM LIST


No.

Item No.

Quantity

Prepared

Weight [Kg]

Weight Total [Kg]

Witnessed

Remark

Witnessed

Name
Signature
Date

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