Está en la página 1de 28

RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4

RANCANGAN PELAJARAN TAHUNAN 2012
SEKOLAH

: SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI, CHEMOR, PERAK.

SUBJEK

:

WEEK

BIOLOGY

TOPIC

LEARNING
OBJECTIVES
1.1 Understanding the
study of Biology

TINGKATAN :

LEARNING OUTCOMES

4

REMARKS

A student is able to:
a) State what the study of Biology is
b) Explain the importance of Biology
c) List the different fields of study in Biology
d) List the careers related to Biology
e) State various ways of studying Biology

1

1.0 Introduction
to biology

A student is able to:
1.2 Applying scientific
investigation

a) Identify variables in a given situation
b) Identify the relationship between two variables to form
a hypothesis
c) Design and carry out simple experiment to test hypothesis
d) Record and present data in a suitable form
e) Interpret data to draw conclusions
f) Write a report on an experiment
1

RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4

g) Practice scientific attitudes and noble values
1.1 Understanding cell
structure and function

A student is able to:
a) Draw and label an animal cell and a plant cell
b) Identify the cellular components of an animal cell and a
plant cell

1.0 Cell
structure and cell
organisation

c) State the function of the cellular components in an animal
cell and a plant cell
d) Compare and contrast an animal cell and a plant cell
e) Relate the density of certain organelles with the functions of
specific cells
1.2 Understanding cell
organization

2

A student is able to:
a) State the necessity for cell specialization in multicellular
organism as compared to unicellular organism
b) Describe cell specialization in multicellular organisms
c) Describe cell organisation in the formation of tissues
,organs and systems in multicellular organisms
d) State the meaning of internal environment
e) Identify factors affecting the internal environment
f) Explain the necessity to maintain optimal internal
environment
g) Describe the involvement of various systems in maintaining
2

Explain the movement of substances across the plasma 3 . State the substances required by living cells b.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 optimal internal environment A student is able to: 1. Explain the movement of water molecules across the plasma membrane by osmosis h.Describe the structure of the plasma membrane e.Explain the necessity for movement of substances across plasma membrane d. Explain the movement of soluble substances across the plasma membrane through the process of passive transport g.1 Analysing the movement of substances across the plasma membrane 3 2.State the substances that have to be eliminated from cells c. Describe the permeability of the plasma membrane f.3 Appreciating the uniqueness of the cell a) Predict the state of certain cells without a particular cellular component i) Illustrate that most cells are specialised for the job that they perform 2.0 Movement of substances across the plasma membrane A student is able to: a.

hypertonic and isotonic solutions are b.deplasmolysis.Relate the movement of substances across plasma membrane with concentration gradient g.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 membrane through the process of active transport i. Explain the process of passive transport and active transport in living organisms by using examples j.Design an experiment to determine the concentration of external solution which is isotonic to cell sap e.haemolysis and crenation 5 d. hypertonic and isotonic solutions on plant cell and animal cell c.Explain the effects of hypotonic. Compare and contrast passive and active transport CUTI TAHUN BARU CINA (23/1/12-28/1/12) 4 2.Make an inference on the concentration of cell sap in plant tissues f.Explain what hypotonic.Explain plasmolysis.Explain the phenomenon of wilting in plants using examples 4 .2 Understanding the movement of substances across the plasma membrane in everyday life A student is able to: a.

3 Appreciating the movement of substances across plasma membrane a.State the elements in the cell 6 3.Explain the necessity of movement of substances across the plasma membrane which occurs in continuous and controlled manner for survival of cell A student is able to: a. Explain the formation and break down of disaccharides and polysaccharides 5 .State the elements in carbohydrates b.List the chemical compounds in the cell c.Explain the preservation of food using examples A student is able to: 2.2 Understanding carbohydrates a.0 3. State the types of carbohydrates c.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 h.Explain the importance of organic compounds and water in the cell A student is able to: 3.1 Understanding the chemical composition of the cell Chemical composition of the cell b.

Explain the formation and break down of fats and oils e. Explain the formation and break down of dipeptides and polypeptides d.3 Understanding proteins c. State the elements in proteins b.State the elements in lipids b.4 Understanding lipids c. State the various structures of proteins 3.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 A student is able to: a.State the components of fats and oil d.Compare and contrast saturated fats and unsaturated fats 6 . State the main types of lipids 3. 7 A student is able to: a. Explain the meaning of essential amino acids and nonessential amino acids.

Explain why enzymes are needed in life processes c. 7 . enzyme concentration and substrate concentration on enzyme activity i.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 A student is able to: a. Relate the name of enzyme to substrate e.Explain the involvement of specific organelles in the production of extracellular enzymes 3.State what enzymes are b. List the general characteristics of enzymes 8 3.5 Understanding Enzymes.State sites where enzymes are synthesised f. h. temperature.Explain the mechanism of enzyme action 9 j. Explain the effects of pH.5 Understanding Enzymes d. temperature.6 Realising the importance of chemical composition in cells k.State the meaning of intracellular enzymes and extra cellular enzymes g. enzyme concentration and substrate concentration 3.Explain the uses of enzymes in daily life and industry using examples. A student is able to: a) Predict the consequences of deficiency in carbohydrates.Relate the mechanism of enzyme action with pH.

Compare and contrast mitosis and cytokinesis in animal cell and plant cell. 8 .Explain the process mitosis and cytokinesis f.State the significance of mitosis d.Explain the importance of controlled mitosis and the effect of uncontrolled mitosis in living things.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 protein. h. lipid or enzymes in the cell. State the necessity for the production of new cells in organisms. Explain the necessity for the production of new cells identical to parent cells 10 4. b.Identify the phases in the cell cycle e. Arrange the various stages of mitosis in the correct sequences g.Cell Division 4.1 Understanding mitosis c. A student is able to: a.

2 Understanding meiosis b.Explain the advantages and disadvantages of cloning.17/3/12) A student is able to: a.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 i.State the necessity to maintain diploid chromosomal number from generation to generation c.Describe the application of knowledge on mitosis in cloning h. d.State the necessity of trait inheritance in offspring for continuation life 11-13 4.State the necessity for production of haploid gametes in sexual reproduction. UJIAN BULANAN 1 (5/3/12-8/3/12) SCHOOL HOLIDAYS (12/3/12.state the significance of meiosis e.Identifiy the type of cell that undergoes meiosis 9 .

Explain autotrophic and heterotrophic nutrition.State the types of nutrition b.Explain the factors affecting the daily energy requirement of the human body 10 .Describe what will happen when movement of chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis do not occur in an orderly manner.3 Appreciating the movement of chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis 1.Know and avoid things that maybe harmful A student is able to: a.1 Understanding types of nutrition a.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 4. Explain process of meiosis and arrange the various stages of meiosis in the correct order g.Compare and contrast meiosis and mitosis 14-15 A student is able to: 4.Explain the necessity for a balanced diet b. b.Compare and contrast meiosis I and meiosis II h.Classify organisms according to the types of nutrition 16 1. c.2 Applying the concept of balanced diet a.2 Understanding meiosis f.0 Nutrition A student is able to: 1.

State the substances required by the cell to carry out metabolic processes b. List the complex substances that need to be digested c. Determine the energy values and nutrient content in different food samples 17 1.Justify the selection of an appropriate balanced diet for a target group A student is able to: a. Explain the functions of water in the body.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 c.3 Understanding malnutrition 17 b. Explain the effects of malnutrition using examples c.Explain the necessity for digestion of complex substances 11 .Describe ways to reduce the effects of certain health problems A student is able to: 1.Explain what malnutrition is 1.Explain the functions and sources of roughage/dietary fibre in a diet f.Describe ways to reduce the chance of contracting certain health problem due to one”s diet d.4 Analysing food digestion a. Explain the functions and sources of vitamins and minerals in a diet to maintain health e.2 Applying the concept of balanced diet d. g.

Identify the parts of the digestive system involved in absorption of digested food b. Describe problems related to food digestion.Compare and contrast the digestive process in humans.4 Analysing food digestion h. Design experiments to study the digestion of starch and proteins in food samples l.5 Understanding the processes of absorption and assimilation of digested food.State the digestive juices and substances that aid in the process of digestion in human f.proteins and lipids in the human body 1. Explain the adaptive characteristic of the digestive system related to absorption 12 . Describe the functions of the digestive juices and substances 18 g. a. 18 A student is able to: 1.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 d. ruminants and rodents k. Explain the digestion of carbohydrates. Identify parts of digestive system in ruminants and rodents involved in the digestion of cellulose i. Describe the digestion of cellulose in ruminants and rodents j.Draw and label the human digestive system e.

Make an analogy on the process of absorption in the small intestine. Explain the process of absorption in the villus e.20 MID YEAR EXAM ( 14/5/12-25/5/12) MID YEAR HOLIDAYS 1. f.Describe the transport of nutrients by the circulatory system for assimilation h.Draw and label structure of villus d.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 c.Explain the main functions of the liver. Describe the process of assimilation.6 Understanding 13 . 19 . i. Explain the absorption of water and minerals in the colon g.

Evaluate critically whether a particular eating habit is good or bad. 14 . Describe the problems related to defecation 24-25 1. Relate eating habits with health problems b.7 Evaluating eating habits A student is able to: a.Explain what defecation is and the importance of defecation e.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 21-23 the formation of faeces and defecation A student is able to: a. A student is able to: 1.Describe the formation of faeces c.Explain the role of microorganisms in the colon and the effects of antibiotics on them d. Explain the importance of high fibre diets f.Identify the part of the digestive system where the formation of faeces takes place b. Take care of the digestive system for one’s well being.Predict the effects of a defective digestive system on health b.8 Realising the importance of a healthy digestive system a.

c.State the function of micronutrients in plants g.State the effects of micronutrient deficiency in plants.10 Understanding photosynthesis A student is able to: a.Explain the function of each macronutrient in plants f.Classify elements required by plants based on the amount needed. State the substances produced from 15 . 27 1. List elements required by plants b.9 Understanding the importance macronutrients and micro nutrients in plants a. Design an experiment to study the effects of macronutrient deficiency in plants d.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 26 A student is able to: 1.Describe the development that leads to the discovery of photosynthesis b.State the substances required for photosynthesis c. Relate the effects of macronutrient deficiency with the function of macronutrients e.

State the function of each part of the leaf with respect to photosynthesis f.11 Understanding the mechanism of photosynthesis A student is able to: a. e.Relate light reaction with dark reaction in photosynthesis e.Explain the light reaction and dark reaction of photosynthesis 28 c.Explain how plants from different habitats are adapted to carry out photosynthesis.Draw and label the cross section of a leaf.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 photosynthesis. d. Identify the parts of chloroplast related to photosynthesis b.Compare and contrast light reaction and dark reaction in photosynthesis d. Write an equation to represent the process of photosynthesis 29-308 1. 1.12 A student is able to: Synthesising factors affecting a. Identify the factors affecting the rate of photosynthesis 16 . Explain leaf adaption to optimize photosynthesis g.

13 Practising a caring attitude towards plants A student is able to: a.14 Understanding the technology used in food production a. Explain the need for improving the quality and quantity of food b. Explain the effort to diversify food production c. Identify some ways to meet the need of increasing the productivity of crops based on the factors affecting the rate of photosynthesis UJIAN BULANAN 2 (7/10/12-10/8/12) SCHOOL HOLIDAYS (20/8/12-25/8/12) 1.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 photosynthesis b. Explain ways to improve the quality and quantity 17 .Design an experiment to investigate the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis c.Explain effects of temperature and concentration of carbon dioxide on the rate of photosynthesis e Explain the difference in the rate of photosynthesis in plants throughout the day based on the changes in light intensity and temperature f. Identify the factors that limits the rate of photosynthesis at different light intensity d. Identify cases of mishandling or destruction of plants 31 A student is able to: 1.Tell why we need to take good care of plants b.

State the conditions leading to anaerobic respiration in cells g. Explain what cell respiration is 2. identify the main substrate for producing energy c. Relate food processing methods with factors causing food spoilage d. State two types of respiration d.15 Evaluating the technological development in food processing a.Explain the energy production from glucose during the process of aerobic respiration f. 32 2. State that all living processes require energy b.1 Understanding the respiratory process in energy production A student is able to: a. Describe the development of food processing technology c. assess the methods of food processing to justify the choice of consuming certain processed food.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 of food production in the country 1.Explain the necessity for food processing b.Write the chemical equation for aerobic 18 .0 Respiration e. Explain the process of anaerobic respiration in human muscles g. Explain the process of anaerobic respiration in yeast h.

compare and contrast aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. Describe the breathing mechanism in human and other organisms e.2 Analysing the respiratory structures and breathing mechanisms in human and animal a.Compare and contrast the human respiratory system with that of other organisms 19 .RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 respiration and anaerobic respiration h.Describe the characteristics of respiratory surfaces in human and other organisms d. A student is able to: 34 2.State the respiratory structures in human and some animals b. Make an inference on the various adaptations in the respiratory structures c.

Describe the change in rate of respiration after completing a vigorous exercise b.5 Realising the importance of A student is able to: a. Correlate the rate of respiration with the rate of heart beat.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 35 2. Explain the human respiratory response and rate of respiration in different situations e. Explain the regulatory mechanism of oxygen and carbon dioxide content in the body 35 d.Explain the process of gaseous exchange between the blood and body cells d. Care and maintain efficient function of the 20 . 2. Describe the process of gaseous exchange across the surface of the alveolus and blood capillaries in the lungs b.Explain the transport of respiratory gases c.3 Understanding the concept of gaseous exchange across the respiratory surfaces and transport of gases in human A student is able to: a. Correlate the rate of respiration with the oxygen and carbon dioxide content in the body c.4 Understanding the regulatory mechanism in respiration A student is able to: a. Distinguish the composition of inhaled and exhaled air 2.

RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 35 maintaining a healthy respiratory system respiratory organs 2. Compare and contrast the process of photosynthesis and respiration f. Predict the situation when the rate of photosynthesis and rate of respiration remains at 21 . Explain anaerobic respiration in plants under certain conditions e. Explain the intake of oxygen for respiration c.6 Understanding respiration in plants A student is able to: a. Explain what compensation point is g. Explain aerobic respiration in plants d. Describe the energy requirement in plants b. Relate light intensity with the attainment of compensation point h.

Identify the biotic components of an ecosystem c. Explain the interactions between biotic components in relation to feeding.1 Understanding the abiotic and biotic components of the environment A student is able to: a. Identify the abiotic components of an ecosystem b.0 Dynamic ecosystem 1. Explain the interaction between biotic components in relation to competition. using examples 39 1. Identify the niche. State what an ecosystem is b. habitat. using examples e.2 Understanding the process of colonisation and succession in an A student is able to: a. Classify biotic components into trophic levels d. community and 22 .RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 compensation point 36 SCHOOL HOLIDAYS 37 HARI RAYA PUASA HOLIDAYS 38 1.

Explain the changes in habitat caused by successors at every level of succession until a climax community is reached i. Identify the adaptive characteristics of successors g.Identify the appropriate sampling technique to study the population size of an organism b.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 ecosystem population of an ecosystem c. Determine the distribution of organism in a habitat based on the density. Explain the changes in habitat caused by pioneer species h. Explain the process of colonisation and succession d. Identify the pioneer species and successors and dominant species in an ecosystem e. frequency and 23 . Identify the adaptive characteristics of pioneer species f.3 Synthesising ideas on population ecology A student is able to: a. Estimate the population size of an organism in a habitat c. Relate the abiotic components with the biotic components in an ecosystem during the processes of colonisation and succession 40 1.

State the five kingdoms used in classification of organisms.List examples of organisms in each kingdom f. d. Explain the meaning of biodiversity 41 1. Explain the need for classification of organisms c. Correlate the change in population distribution of an organism with the changes in each of the abiotic factors e. Explain through examples the method of naming organisms using the Linnaeus binomial system 24 . State the hierarchy in the classification of organisms using example g.4 Understanding the concept of biodiversity b. Design an experiment to investigate the effect of change in any one of the abiotic factors on the population growth rate of an organism A student is able to: a.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 percentage coverage of the species d.Identify the main characteristics of organisms in each kingdom e.

5 Understanding the impact of microorganisms on life A student is able to: a. Explain how the disease spreads i. Identify the pathogen. State the abiotic components affecting the activity of microorganisms c. Describe the methods for controlling pathogen 25 . Explain the effect of a change in each abiotic component on the activity of microorganisms d.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 h. Explain the importance of biodiversity 1. Explain the role of useful microorganisms e. Explain the meaning of pathogen g. Classify various types of microorganisms based on their basic characteristics b. Explain the effect of harmful microorganisms f. vector and symptoms of one particular disease h.

1 Evaluating human activities that endanger an ecosystem 42 A student is able to: a. Explain the impact of human activities on the ecosystem 2. Explain the use of microorganisms in biotechnology using examples 1. Evaluate critically the effects of unplanned development and mismanagement of the ecosystem d. Justify the importance of preservation and conservation of biodiversity b. Identify human activities that threaten the ecosystem b. Describe types of pollution and sources of pollution e.6 Appreciating biodiversity A student is able to: a. Explain the effects of pollution on living things and the environment 26 .0 Endangered ecosystem c.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 41 j. Preserve and conserve various living things around him/her 2.

Correlate the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere with global warming c. Interpret data on the level of water pollution in some rivers k. Make an inference on the sources of air pollution in some cities j. Make an inference on the sources of water pollution in some rivers l.2 Understanding the greenhouse effect and thinning of the ozone layer A student is able to: a. Explain the thinning of the ozone layer 27 . Suggest strategies to solve the problems related to air and water pollution in a particular location within the next ten years 43 2. Compare and contrast pollutants in the air from different environment g. State the sources of air pollution h. Explain what greenhouse effect is b.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 f. Interpret data on the level of air pollution in some cities i. Predict the level of air pollution and water pollution in a particular location within the next ten years m.

Participate in activities related to the management of the ecosystem FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION (29/10/12-8/11/12) END OF YEAR SCHOOL HOLIDAYS ( 10/11/2012 – 1/1/13 ) 28 . Care for the ecosystem e. Explain the effects of increase in population on the ecosystem c. Explain the impact of thinning of the ozone layer and global warming on the ecosystem 43 2. Explain measures taken in the management of development activities and the ecosystem to ensure a balance of nature is maintained d.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 d.3 Realising the importance of proper management of development activities and the ecosystem A student is able to: a.Justify the need for development b.