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# ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

ANLISIS
ESTRUCTURAL I

OCTUBRE 2014

## A MI HIJA MARA ELENA,

CON TODO CARIO

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Esta obra est dedicada a mis queridos alumnos de la escuela de Ingeniera Civil de la
UNIVERSIDAD CESAR VALLEJO- SEDE PRINCIPAL TRUJILLO que gracias a su
entusiasmo y perseverancia hicieron posible esta gran obra maestra la cual presentare a
continuacin.

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
1. Calcular =?

= 20
(0) = 0
(20) = 400

= +
=
= ( )
=

(400)(20)
2

= ( )

(400)(20)
2
( 20)
2
3

160000
3

4000

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
2. Calcular =?

= 20
(25) = 500

= 10
(20) = 200

= 25
(20) = 125

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

1
15
=
500 25
1 = 300
2
10
=
200 20
2 = 100

=
= ( )
= (300) (10) (

200 10
100 10
125 5
)(
) (100 10) (
)
2
2
2
=

11625
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

2
2
+
16 16

12 =

12 =

2
8

FLECHA MAXIMA

=2

2
2
= 4

1 = . =
3

. =

1 2
( )( )( )
2 4 2 32

3
. =
48

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

3.

Calcular 1 , 2 , 2

DMF:

2 = ( )12 .
2
1
1
2
2 = ()() ( )
1
2
3
3
2 =
1
3

1 = 0

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
12

12 = 2
= ( )12

12 = () ( )
12 =

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Ejemplo 3:

Calcular 3 , 3 2

1 = 0

= 0

1 =

1 =

Barra 2-3
Barra 1-2

=
=
=
= 0

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

3 = 3 + 2
2

3 = ( ) (
2

3 =
2

3 =

2
) ( )
2
3

3
3

3
2

()
3

43
=
3

Calculo del 2

12 = ( )12
12 = ()()
12 = 2
12 =

2 = 12
* Por lo tanto:

2 =

Calculo del 3
23 = ( )23
23 = (

)()
2

23 =
23 =

2
2

2
2

23 = 2 + 3
3 = 2 23
3 =
3 =

2
2

32
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

EJEMPLO 4:
Calcular reacciones de las siguiente figura, , , , y flecha cuando = 3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## ECUACIN DE MOMENTO POR PARTES:

REACCION:
=

(4) = 4( )

=

(3) =

92
2

CARGA FICTICIA:
=

() =

2
2

MOMENTO DE EMPOTRAMIENTO:
=

(4) =

: =

2 = ( )21 .
2
1

4
1
1
1 2

0 = ( 4 ) ( ) + ( 4 )(4 ) ( 4 ) + (
) ()
2
2
3
3 2
4
2
1 9
1
(
) (3) ( ) (3)
3
2
4
32
4 27 4
3
0 = ( 8 ) +
( ) +

3
24
8
2

0 = ( 82 ) +
0 = ( 8 ) +

32
3

32
3

(3 )

( )

10
3

10
3

4 . (1)

2 .. (1)

Calculo de =
12 = ( )12

1
1 2
1 92
0 = ( 4 ) + 4 (4) + ( ) () (
) (3)
2
3
3
2
0 = ( 4 ) + 82 +

3
93
(
)
6
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

0 = ( 4 ) + 82 +
0 = ( 4 ) + 8 +

133
3

132
3

. (2)
. (2)

## Ecuaciones (1) y (2)

(8 ) +

32

( 4 ) + 8
(8 ) +

32

(8 ) + 16

10 2

3
13 3
=

(2)
3
10 2
=

3
26 3
=

3
=

16
16 2
=

3
3
Reemplazando 3 en 2
13 2

3
13 2
(4 ) + 8 ()
=

3
13 2
( ) + 22 =

12
11 2
=

12
(4 ) + 8

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
Regresando a la imagen General
11 2
=
12

11 2
=
12

= 0

= 0

2 = 0

11
2
12

4 + 2(2) =

11
2
12

42 + 42 =

11 2

12

=

11 2

12

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
Calculo de la Flecha cuando = 3 , (trabajamos de Derecha a Izquierda)
11 2
=

12

11 2

12

11 2

12

() =

11 2

12

() = 2

11 2

12

/ = ( )

11

/ = (2 )()
( 2 ) ()
2
3
12
2
1
11
/ = 4 4
6
24
/ =

7 4
24

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
EJEMPLO 5: Para el prtico Mostrado. Calcular el Desplazamiento en 2

Calculo de Reacciones
3 =

1 = 0
+ 3 () = 0
3 =

1 =
1 =

() =

() =
2

2
2
3/2

1/2 2
1/2 = ( )12
1
1

1/2 = 2 ()()
1/2 =

3/2 = ( )32
3

3/2 = 2 ()()

3
3

3/2 =

3
3

1/2 = 3

3/2 = 3

PL3 1
2 =
( )
3 L
2 =

PL2
3EI

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

H2 = T1 + 2 L
2

PL3 PL2
(L)
H2 =
+
3EI 3EI

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

t1/2 =

2 =

3
3

t 3/2

t3/2 =

2 =

3
3

2
3

H2 = t1/2 + 2 (L)

H2 =

3
3

2
3

() H2 =

Calculo del H4

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

1

3 =

EI t2/3 =
t2/3=

3 =

3 =

2/3

x
6

H4 = H2 + 3 L
H4 =

23
3

H4 =

+ 6

23
3

H4 =

+ 6

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

EJEMPLO 7: Calcular el H3 y el 3

EI 13 = (rea DMF)13
EI 13 =

1
2

(2

2 )(

) +

1 2
3

EI 13 = 23 +

() 3
6

13 =

2
2

- 3 -

3

43
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

1

EI tc/a =

44
3

4
24

1 2
3

()

2
2

## (2)() - (22 )()

24
3

tc/a = -

EJEMPLO 7: Calcular el v3 y el 3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EI t3/2 = (rea DMF)23 X3

EI t3/2 =

1
3

2 2
4

EI t3/2 = 2 +
t3/2 =

3
4

2 +

1 2
3

)
4

4
8

= v3

EI 13 = (rea DMF)13
EI 13 =
EI 13 =

1 2
3

3
6

()

1
3

(22 )(2)

43
3

13 =

= 3

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

EJEMPLO 8: calcular A B

1.

Clculo de reacciones:

A = 0
(RB) (3) - (300) (2) (2) = 0
RB = 400 N
C = 0
(300) (2) (1) RA (3) = 0
RA = 200 N
2.

Clculo de momentos:

M = 200x
M(0) = 0

M(3) = 600

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

M= - 300x2 / 2
M(x=0) = 0

M(x=2) = -600

DMF

Calculo de A = tC/A/3
EI tC/A = (rea DMF)CA Xc
1

## EI tC/A = 2(600)(3)(33) - 3(600)(2) (4)

EI tC/A = 900-200
tC/A =

700

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

700

A= 3
A=

tC/A
3

Clculo B = tA/C/3
EI tA/C = (rea DMF)AC XA
1

## EI tA/C = 2(600)(2)(33) - 3(600)(2) (1+4(2))

EI tA/C =1200-1000
TA/C =

200

B = tA/C/3
200

A= 3

## EJEMPLO 9: Calcular giros

1.
Clculos de reacciones:
A = 0
1

## RB (6) = 2 (600) (3) (4)

RB = 600

RA = 300

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

2.

Clculo de momentos:

M = 300x
M(x=0) = 0

M(x=5) =1500

600
3

h = 200x

M= -100x2(x/3)
M(x=0) = 0

M(x=3) = -900

M= 600x

M(x=0) = 0

M(x=1) = 600

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

DMF

Calculo de tD/A
EI tD/A = (rea DMF)DA XD
1

## EI tD/A = 2(1500)(5)(1+35)+ 2(600)(1) (3 1)- 4(900)(3)(1+3 3)

EI tD/A = 10000 + 200 - 1080
TD/A =

9120

Clculo tA/D:
EI tA/D = (rea DMF)AD XA
1

tA/D = 11130/EI

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 10: Calcular la pendiente y la deflexin mxima en la viga en voladizo.

W
A

B MC
L

RC

Calculo de reacciones:
B = 0

=0

MB = (WL/2) (2L/3)

RB=WL/2

MB= WL2/3
Trabajando de derecha a izquierda

Mx= WL/2
M(x=0) = 0

M(x=L) = WL2/2

Mx= WL2/3

h= Wx/L

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Mx=-Wx2/2L (3x)

Mx=-Wx2/6L
M(x=0) = 0 M(x=L) = WL2/2

DMF:
L
A

WL2/2

-WL2/3

-WL2/6

B

1

## EI tA/B = 2(WL2/2)(L)(3) (WL2/3) 2(L) - 4(WL2/6)(L)(3)

EI tA/B = WL4/12 WL4/6 WL4/120
11

TA/B = 120WL4

Calculo de A
A= AB= (rea DMF)AB
1

## A= 2(WL2/2)(L) - (WL2/3) - 4(WL2/6)(L)

A= WL3/4 WL3/3 WL3/24
A= - WL3/8EI

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

150 N/m
A

B
2m

C MC
2m

RC

## 1.- Clculo de reacciones:

C = 0
(150) (2) (3) MC = 0
MC = 900 N/m

A = 0
(RC) (4) - (150) (2) (1) - 900 = 0
RC = 300 N

150 N/m

Mx =

150 2
2

Mx = 75 2
x/2 x/2

M(0) = 0

M(4) = -1200

x
x
x/2 x/2

Mx =

150 2
2

= 75 2
Mx M(0) = 0 M(2) = 300

150 N/m

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
Diagrama de momento flector:

2m

2m
150

-1200
2m

2m

A

1

= =

4100

## EI tA/C = 3(300)(2)(2+42) - 3(1200)(4) (4 4)

EI tA/C = 700 4800

## Para el clculo de solo usamos el rea de la figura (AB).

Hacemos un nuevo DMF.

4m
A

B
+

-900

600

-300
EI tB/C = (rea DMF)BC B
1

## EI tB/C = 2(600)(2)(2+32) - (900)(2) (2)

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
EI tA/C = 400 1800
1400

= =

2KN

4KN

C MC

1.5 m

1m

RC

## 1.- Clculo de reacciones:

C = 0
(2) (2.5) + (4)(1) - MC = 0
MC = KN/m

V = 0
RC - 2 - 4 = 0
RC = 6 KN

2 KN

Mx = -2x KN.m
Mx

4 KN

Mx = -4x KN.m
Mx

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

- -4KN.m
- -5KN.m

A
.

A

1

EI tA/C =

125 .3
12

= =

13 .3
3

14.75 .3

clculo de .

1

EI tA/C = -

4
3

- -

= =

7
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 13.- Determinar la mxima deflexin para la figura.

Calculo de reacciones
=

= 0
3
( ) =
2 4
32
=
8

Primer mtodo

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

WX

Mx =

2
2

M(0)=0

x/2 x/2

M(L)=

2
2

x
x

Mx =

2
2

x/2 x/2

M(0)= 0 M(2) =

2
8

WX

DMF

1

EI tA/C =

tA/C =

74
384

3
4

(L)

4
8

414
384

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
Segundo mtodo

DMF

WL2/2

-3WL2/8
-WL2/8

M=

M(x=L)=

2
2

32

M=
WX

Mx =

x/2 x/2

8
2

M(0)=0

M(2)=

2
8

A

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EI tA/C = (rea DMF)AC XA

32

EI tA/C = 2(WL2/2)(L) - (
EI tA/C =
tA/C =

4
12

34
16

)(L) 2 3 (WL2/8) 2

4
384

414
384

## EJEMPLO 14.- calcular la deflexin y la pendiente en un punto x=2m.

CALCULO DE REACCIONES
= 0
= (

1200
) (3)(2)
2

= 3600 N.m

Calculo de DMF
= 1800 0 = 0 3 = 5400
= 1800
= 3600

=
1200 3
h = 400x

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

= (200 2 )

200 3
= (
)
3
0 = 0

2 =

1600
3

3 = 1800

## Calculo de cuando x=2m

/ =
/ =( )/

/ = (3600 2)

2 (3600 2)(1)

1 1600
4

1
3

/ = 2400-7200-320/3
/ =

14720
3

= -

14720
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## Calculo de la pendiente cuando x=2m

=
=( )
1

1 3600

= (3600 2) (3600 2)
=3600 7200
=

800
3

11600
3

= 100
(1) = 100
(3) = 300

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

= 100
(1) = 300

DMF

tB/A= ()B/A XB
1

tD/A= 2 (300 3)
tD/A=

1
3

1 2 (800 1)

400

A=
A=

tB/A
3

400
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

EIAC= 2 (100)()
A=

50 2

A= AC
400 50 2
=
3

8
3

= 2

X = 1.63

tC/A= ()C/A XC
1

tC/A= 2 (100)()

TC/A=

1
3

50 3
3

mx + tC/A
=
tB/A
3
mx =

(tB/A)(X)
tC/A
3

mx = (

400
50
) (1.63)
(1.63)3
3EI
3EI

mx =

145.155

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 16: Calcular la deflexin en el punto D.

A = 0
(3) = (500)(1) + (100)(4)
= 300
C = 0
(3) = (500)(2) (100)(1)
= 300

X = 300

M (3) = 900

M X = 500
M (2) = 1000

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

M X = 100
M (1) = 100

DMF

1. Calculo de tA/C
tA/C= () A/C XA
1

tA/C= 2 (900 3)
tA/C= 2700
tA/C

2
3

3 2 (1000 2)(1 + 3 2)

7000
3

1100
3

tA/C

1100
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
2. Por relacin de tringulos tenemos.

=
tA/C

1
3

tA/C
1100
=
3
3 3EI

1100
9

3. Calculo de tD/C
tD/C= () D/C XD
1

tD/C= 2 (100 1)
100
TtD/C
=100
D/C =

2
3

= + tD/C
= tD/C
1100 100
=

1100
9

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 17: Calcular el valor de la deflexin en el punto medio claro de la viga

Calculo de reacciones:

A = 0
(5) = 1200 + 4800
= 1200

Y = 0
+ 1200 1200 1200 = 0
= 1200

DMF

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
= 1200
(5) = 6000
(2.5) = 3000

= 3002
(2.5) = 1875
(5) = 7500

= 3002
(2) = 1200

= 3002
(0.5) = 75
(3) = 2700

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
Solucin N 01
tD/A= () D/A XD
1

tD/A= 3 (2700 3)

1
4

1
2

3 + (6000 5)

1
3

1
3

5 (7500 5)

1
4

1
3

1
4

5 (1200 2)( 2)

11000

tD/A =

tE/A =

4

3

2150

+ tE/A 2.5
=
tD/A
5
=

(tD/A)(2.5)
tE/A
5

= (

11000 2.5
2150
)( )

3350

Rpta.

## Solucin N 02 (OTRA SOLUCIN)

Trazar una tangente en el punto E.

= tA/E
tA/E= ()A/E XA
1

1
2

(3000 2.5)

2
3

tA/E= 3350

tA/E=

3350

Rpta.

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

RC=400N

RC = 400
Y = 0
400 + = 1200
= 800

= 400
(1) = 400
(3) = 1200

= 300 2
(2) = 1200

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
DMF.

400

tA/C= () C/A XC
1

tA/C= 2 (1200 3)

3 3 (1200 2)
3

1
4

tA/C= 1400
tA/C =

1400

tB/C= () C/B XB
1

tB/C= 2 (400 1)
tB/C=

1
3

200
3

## Por relacin de tringulos tenemos.

B + tB/C 1
=
tA/C
3
B =

/
/
3

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

B =

B =

1400 200

400

## EJEMPLO 19: Obtener el valor de bajo las cargas concentradas.

A = 0
RB(4) = (200 1) + (500 2)
RB = 300

= 400
(0) = 0
(2) = 800
(1) = 400

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

= 200
(0) = 0
(1) = 200

= 300
(0) = 0
(2) = 600
DMF

tD/A

tD/A= ()D/A XD
tD/A= 2 (600 2)

6400

tD/A= 800 +
tD/A=

2700

2 + 2 (800 2) 2 + 3 2 2 (200 1) 2 + 3 1
700
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

tC/A= 2 (800 2)
tC/A=
TC/A=

1600
3

1
3

2 2 (200 1)

1
3

100
3

500

tB/A= ()B/A XB
1

tB/A= 2 (400 1)
TB/A=

1
3

200
3

C + tA/C 2
=
tD/A
4
C =

2(tD/A)
tA/C
4

C =

2 2700 500

EI

C =

850
EI

B =

1(tD/A)
tB/A
4

B =

1 2700
200
(
)
4
EI

B =

1825
3EI

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

EJEMPLO 20:
Calcula el valor de la flecha bajo la carga concentrada de 100N.m

500 N

M = 1 0 0 N .m
C

A
1m

D
1m

2m

R A = 400 N

R B = 100 N

## CALCULO DE LAS REACCIONES:

= 0
(4) = 500(1) 100
= 100.

= 0
(4) = 500(3) + 100
= 400.

= 400
(0) = 0

(3) = 1200

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
= 500
(0) = 0

(2) = 1000

= 100
(0) = 0

(1) = 100

DMF:

1200

100

-1 0 0 0

A
1m

1m

2m
sc

t C /D

t A /D

/ = ( )/

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

/ =

1
2
1
1
1
2
(1200 3) ( 3) + (100 1) (3 + 1) (1000 2) (1 + 2)
2
3
2
3
2
3

/ = 3600 +
/ =

500 7000

3
3

4300
3

/ = ( )/
1
1
/ = (100 1) ( 1)
2
3
/ =

50
3

+ / 1
=
/
4
=

/
/
4

4300 1
50
= (
)( )
3
4
3
=

1025
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

EJEMPLO 21:
Calcular la deflexin en el centro de la viga, x = 2m.

8 0 0 N /m

1m

3m

R A = 300

R B = 900

= 0
(4) = (

800 3
) (3)
2

= 900

= 0
800 3 1
(4) = (
) ( 3)
2
3
= 300
= 300
(0) = 0

(4) = 1200

(2) = 600

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

=
800 4
= 200

100 3
3

(0) = 0 (1) =

100
3

(3) = 900
DMF:

1200
+

1 0 0 /3
-

900

sD

t D /A
t C /A

600

/ = ( )/
1
1
1
1
/ = (1200 4) ( 4) (900 3) ( 3)
2
3
4
5

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
/ =

2795

/ = ( )/
/ =

1
1
1 100
1
(600 2) ( 2) (
2) ( 2)
2
3
4 3
5

/ =

1180
3

## Por relacin de tringulos:

+ / 2
=
/
4
=

/
/
2

2795
1180
= (
)
2
3
=

6025
6

EJEMPLO 22
En la viga mostrada determinar la deflexin en el punto donde se aplica el momento

Ma=0
Rc (L)-M=0
Rc=M/L

Mc=0
Ra(L)-M=0
Ra=M/L

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

TRAMO A-B:

X
V

Mx

M/L

Mx = (X)
M(0) = 0
M(L) = M
M(a) =

TRAMO B-C:
X
M

Mx

Mx = M
() =
() =

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
DMF:

1

EI t B/A= 2(

EI t B/A=

T B/A=6

) 3

1

EI t C/A = 2 ()
2

EI t C/A=
EI t C/A=

2
6

()( )(

)
2

( )2

(2 2 + 2 )

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

EI t C/A=

2 3(2 2+2 )
6
1

EI t C/A=6 (2 32 + 6 32 )
1

t C/A=6 (22 + 6 32 )

t C/A=6(32 22 + 6)

= /( )
=
=
=

3
6
3
6

6 (32 22 + 6)x

6 (33 22 + 62 )

3 +33 +22 62
6

= 6 (43 + 22 6)

= 3 (23 + 2 3)

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

EJEMPLO 23: calcular el valor de p de manera que la viga elstica es apoyo derecha sea

horizontal
Ma=0

Mb=0

Rb(3) = P+300(5)
Rb=

Ra(3) = 2P-600
2

Ra= 3 200

+500

X
V

Mx

2
200
3
2

Mx=( 3 200)
M(3)= 2P-600

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
TRAMO B A LA IZQUIERDA

P
X
V

Mx

Mx=-Px
M(2)=-2P

TRAMO C A LA IZQUIERDA

Mx

300N
X
Mx

Mx=-300x
M(2)=-600

DMF:

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EI t A/B= CONDICION DEL PROBLEMA

EI t A/B=(AREA DMF)ABXB
1

0=2 (2 600)(3)

3 2 (2)(2)(1 + 3 2)
3

0= 6p-1800 -2p(3)
P=1350N

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
EJEMPLO 24: Calcule C

400N/m

200N

RB=750N

RA=50N
CALCULO DE LAS REACCIONES:

MX= -200X3/9
M(3)=-600

Mx=-200X
M(2)=-400

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

DMF:

200

-600

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 25: Calcular la deflexin en el punto medio entre apoyos de

la viga

CALCULO DE REACCIONES:

Mx= - x2
M(2)= -4

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Mx= 2x
M(4)= 8

Mx=-x2
M(4)= -16

Mx= x2
M(2)= 4

DMF:

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Como aqu vemos el resultado es negativo y la deformada anterior indica que tendra
que ser positiva, entonces tenemos una nueva deformada.
Ver:

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
EJEMPLO 26: Calcule (Extremo izquierdo de la viga con voladizo)

DMF:

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

P
Rtula
1

M1

2L

L/2

L/2

PL

R1=

R3=

R4=

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
DMF:

2L

3
2

L/2

L/2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 28: Calculas las reacciones, 2 y 2

2
w

Problema hiperesttico:
*Calcular DMF por partes (Derecha a izquierda).

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
= 2
(0) = 0

M
x

() = 2

R2

wx

M
x /2

x /2
x

2
2

() =

2
2

DMF:

(+ )

(-)

2
-W L
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

2
02

t 1 /2

Calculo de t 2/1 = 0

= ( )1/2 2
0=

1
2
1 2
3
(2) ( ) (
) ( )
2
3
3 2
4

23 4
0=

3
8
23 4
=
3
8

Calculo de

12 = 1 + 2

1 = 0

12 = 2
12 =

2
1 2
(
)
2
3 2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
1 32
3
12 =
(
)
2 8
6
12 =

33
3
(
)
16
6

12 =

3
48

VIGA:

2
w

L
R 2 = 3 W L /8

=0
3() 2
1 +

=0
8
2
1 =

2 32

2
8

2
1 =
8

Calculo de R1
2 = 0

1 + 1 = 0
2
1 = 1 +

2
2

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
2 2
1 =
+
8
2
1 =

52
8

1 =

5
8

3a

2a

P
a

=
P

() =
M
x

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
Mx

Pa
P

P
M

Pa

(0) = 0

() =
(3) = 2

-2 P a

DMF:
-

Pa

2a

2a

-P a
a

-Linea Punteada marco original y proyecciones.

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

3a
0B

VB
0B

0B
2a
0BC

P
a
D

C
0C
0C

0ca
VB

VB
HC

0D

= /
/ =

1
1
2
2 2( + 2)
2
3 2
3

/ =

3 143

6
3

93
=
=
2

= +
=

1
1
2 2
2
2

2
22
2

32
=
2

= 0

= +
= 2

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
22
=

=
22 32
=

/ =
/

1
2

2
3

3
=
3

/ = 2

2
2
/ =

23

= + + /
=

93 3 3
+
+
2
2 3

163
3

2 = / +
2

32 23
=
+
2

3
=

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 30.- Calcular ,

2a
3

a
3

1. Clculo de reacciones

= 0

A rtic u la c i n

2P
B=
3

= 0

() () = (3)

() () = ( 3 )

() =

() =

2
3

por partes
w

MB

Tramo A-B

MX
R
R

B=

2P
3

R C=

P
A=
3

P
3

Pa
3

(0) = 0 () =

MX
1

Pa
3

= (0) = 0 ( ) =

2P
3

MX
x
3

-2 P b
3

2
3

(0) = 0 () =

2
3

wx

w b2
2

MX
x

(0) = 0 () =

2
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

B

2 t
t

/ = ( ) .
/ =

1 2
2
( ) () ( )
2 3
3

1 2
3
(
)()( )
3 2
4
/ =

2 3 4

9
8

/ =

2 3 4

9
8

2 =

24
9

4
8

B /C

B /A

/ = 2

Rpta.

/ = ( ) .
1

1 1
/ = ( ) ()
( )( )( )
2 3
3
2 3 3 33
/ =

4 4

18 162

/ =

44
81

2 +/

2 4 4 44
+
+
9 8 8

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 31.- Calcular

Clculo de reacciones

1 0 m /m

= 0

A
B

4 m
R A=

4 = (40)(2) + (20)(5)

2 m

= 45

15 TN

R B=

DMF

45 TN

= 0

60

4 = (40)(2) + (20)(5)
= 45

4m

A
2

M x=15x
M (4 )= 6 0

15

MX

10x
2m

B
3

MX

M x = -5 x
M (4 )= - 8 0

10x

20

MX

M x = -5 x

80

M (2 )= - 2 0

2m

4 m
A

/ = =

160

B /A = 3 E I

/ =

/ = ( ) .
/

1
2
= (60)(4) ( 4)
2
3

1
3
(80)(4)( 4)
3
4

20

60

= ( )
1
1
= (60)(4) (80)(4)
2
3
=

40
3

/ = 320 320
/ = 0

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

/ = ( ) .
/ =

1
3
(20)(2) ( 2)
3
4

/ =

20

Rpta

2. Mtodo:
/ = ( ) .
1
3
(20)(2) 2
3
4
1
1
(604)(2 + 3 4)
2

/ =
1
4
4

/ =

60

3 (804) 2 +

Rpta

/ + / 6
=
/
4
/ =

3/
/
2

3 160
60
/ = (
)
2 3

/ =

20

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

() =
(0) = 0

( ) =
2
2
() =

() =
(0) = 0

( ) = 0
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTO FLECTOR

II.Clculo de
/ = ( )/

1
2
= (0 ) ( ) ( + ) ()() ( )
2 2 4
2
3

/
/ =

30 2 3
=

8
3

3(36)(8)2 3.8(8)3

8
3
/ =

3232
15

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
/ = ( )/

1

1 2
/ = (0 ) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( . )
2 4
2
2 4
2 2 2 3 2
/ =
/
/ =
=

0 2 3 3

8
16
24
0 2 53
=

8
48

2
(60 5)
48

64
(6(36) 5(3.8)(8))
48
/ =

256
3

## Calculamos las reacciones y momentos para graficar el DMF

= 0
20 = (200 5) + (120 15)
= 140

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
= 0
20 = (120 5) + (200 15)
= 180

() = 140
(0) = 0
(20) = 2800

() = 120
(0) = 0
(15) = 1800

() = 10 2
(0) = 0
(10) = 1000
Diagrama de momento flector

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

I.
/ = ( )/
/ =

1
1
1
1
1
1
(280020) ( . 20) (180015) ( . 15) (100010) ( . 10)
2
3
2
3
3
4
/ =

560000
25000
67500
3
3
/ =

332500
3

II.
/ = ( )/
/ =

1
2
1
2
(280020) ( . 20) (180015) (5 + . 15)
2
3
2
3
1
3
(100010) (10 + . 10)
3
4

/ =

1120000
175000
202500
3
3
/ =

112500

=

/
20

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
=

112500
20

5625

/
20

332500
60

16625
3

Para el clculo de mx

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

DF = D
DF = (rea DMF) DF
DF = 12 (140)() 12 (120)( 5)( 5)
DF= 70 2 60( 5)2
DF= 70 2 60( 2 10 + 25)2
DF = 70 2 60 2 + 600 1500
DF= 10 2 + 600 1500
DF= 2 + 60 150

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
EJEMPLO 34: Calcular el desplazamiento en B y la pendiente en A

I.

Clculo de reacciones
= 0
2
(2.5) = (85 ) + (170 1.5)
3
+ 150 3

914
3

= 0
1
(2.5) = (170 1) + 85 (1.5 + )
3
150 (0.5)

II.

301
3

(0) = 0

(1) =

301
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

914

(0) = 0

(1.5)) = 457

85 3
3

= 85 2

= 150

85
3

(0) = 0

(1) =

(0) = 0

(1) = 85

(0) = 0

(2) = 300

Clculo de desplazamientos
/ = ( )/
/ =

/ =

25

(75)(0.5)

2
3

0.5

/ = ( )/
/ = ( )/
=

1 301
2
1 85
1
(
) (1) ( ) ( 1) ( )
2 3
3
4 3
5
301
17
= (
)
9
12

1153
= (
)
12

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
/ = ( )/

1
2
1 301
1
1
3
1 85
1
1.5
(457 1.5) ( 1.5) + (
1) (1.5 + ) (85 1) (0.5 + ) ( 1) (1.5 + ) (75 1.5) ( )
2
3
2 3
3
3
4
4 3
5
2
1
2
(225 1.5) ( 1.5)
2
3
=

+

4
6
12
8
8
4
=

7247
12

Clculo de A
=

/
7247
=
(12)(2.5)
2.5
7247

= 30

Clculo de B
B =
B =

7247 1
1153
( )
12 2.5
12

/
/
2.5
B =

8729
12

Rpta

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 35: Determinar la mxima deflexin:

. :
+
3 =

= 0

1 + (2.5)
2
=

. :
= ( ) .

1 3
1
1
= ( ) (3)(1) (. 2) ( . 2)
2 2
2
3
1
1
(1) ( )

3 2
4
=

37 1
=
( )
3
24 3
=

37
72

9 2
37

=
4
3
24
24

:
= = ( )

1
1
2 2
()
( 1)( 1) =
=
( 2 + 1)
2 2
2 2
4
4

2 2
37
=

+
=

4
4
2
4
2
4
72
2
4

37 1
55
=

=
72 2 4
2 72

55
36

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

. :
=
=

= ( )

1
2
1
2
() ( )
( 1)( 1) (1 + ( 1))
2 2
3
2 2
3

55 3 55
55
2 55
= ( ) ( 1) ( 1) (1 + ( 1))
6 36
4 36
36
3 36

55 3 361 73
= ( ) (
)( )
6 36
4 1296 54

= 0.57 =

0.57

. =

0.57

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## EJEMPLO 36: Calcular las reacciones:

.

EI t A = 0
B

EI t A = ( )

0=

1
2
1
(5 5) ( 5) + (3)
2
3
2

5
5
3 5 + 2 (4)
(4 + ) [5 + (
)]
3
2
3
2+4
5

2
( 5) ( ) ( 3) (5 + 3)
2
2
3

0=2 (5 5) + 2 (3) 4 + 2
( 5)
0=

125
129
25
34
+

3
2
2
4

0=

637
89
315
6
4

637
89

= 315 I
6
4

= ( )
1

0=

De las ecuaciones I Y II

3 2 (30 3)

25
39
3
+ 5 45
2
4
2

637
89
= 315
6
4
(

89
13
= 45 II
4
2

637
89
= 315
6
4

= 5.36

1274 89
13
)
= 45
267 4
2

637
8281
19110
+
=
6
267
89
9361
8925
=
1069
89
= 11.45 . III

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

= 1.

EI15 = ( )
1

1 2

3
2

0=

92
1
2

2 1

31 23

31 =

3
6

132
()
6

51 = ( )51 .5
0=

92
3
1 () 31 2
2

2 1

91
2

23

2
3

3
6
4

11
2 ()
8

:
9
1
2
9

31 =

13
2
6

2 1 + 2 1 =
3

2 1

. 1 =

11
2
8

19

= 24 2

19 2
= 5 ()
36

:
5
1 = .
6

7
5 =
6

. =
31 = .
31 = ( )31 . 3
1 5

19

1
1
31 = ( ) ()
( 2 ) ()
()( 1)( 1) (
)
2 6
3
36
2
2
3
31 =

5 3 19 2 2 ( )3

36
72
6

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

31 =

0.144

. =

0.144

.
.

13 = ( )13 . 1
1 5
2
19

1
2
. = (
) () ( ) ( 2 ) ()
()( )( ) ( +
)
2
6
3
36
2
2
3
. =

5 3 192 2 ( )2
2

( + ( ))
18
72
2
3
. =

0.144

13 = ( )13 .
1 5
19
1
0 = ( ) () ( 2 ) () ()( )( )
2 6
36
2
5
19
2
0=
2 2
( 2 + 2 )
12
36
2
0=

5
19
2
3
2 2
+ 2
12
36
2
2
0=

1 2 17
2
+
12
36
2

0=

1 2 17
2
+
12
36
2
1 = 4.25733
2 = 1.409332709

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Se trabaja con diagrama de momentos reducidas:
La cortante de la viga conjugada es el giro en la viga real.
El momento de la viga conjugada es la flecha en la viga real.
Un apoyo de rtula viga real

## Calculamos Momentos (parte izquierda, parte derecha y luego lo igualamos

para calcular la cortante en la rtula).

:

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

1
2
1
2
M = ( )() ( ) () ( ) ( + )
2
3
2
2 2 32
=
+

3 5 3

3
24
=

1
2
1 2
= ( )() ( ) ( ) ( ) ( + )
2
3
3 2 2 2 32
=

3 5 3

3
48
:

. =

3 5 3 3 5 3

3
24
3
48

2 3 5 3
=
3
48
5
=

32

. 3 5 3

3
24

5 3
5 3
( )
32 3
24

5 3
32

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
38) Calcular el giro y la flecha en B y desplazamiento en el rodillo. EI= 84 ton x m2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
Calculo de reacciones en C y rtula
Parte derecha:
= 0
3 = 6(3)
= 6
= 0
3 = 66
= 36/3
= 12
Calculo de t b/c

1
2
= ( ) (183) ( ) (3)

2
3

54
=

= +

= | /| + | /|
=

54
33751
+(
)

16

4239
=(
)
16

Clculo de = 3
=

4239
(16)(3)

1413
16

Clculo
1
= ( )(183)
2
=

27

= +
=
= |

27
1413
||
|

16

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
=

981
16

= 84 2
=

981
1684

= 0.73
= ()
= (4.5)
=

1413
4.5
16

= 84 2
=

12717
32

= 4.73
Clculo = /

1
2
1
2
= (( ) (305) ( 5)) (( ) (7.52.5) ((2.5) + ( 2.5)))

2
3
2
3

625
= 250 (
)

16

3375
=
16

3375 3
(16)(84) ( 2 )
= 2.51
=

1
1
= (( ) (305)) (( ) (7.52.5))
2
2
=
=

525
8

525( 3 )
(884)( 2 )

= 0.78

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
40) hallar,

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

= 0
(()

) (()) + (()) = 0
2
() =

2
+ 2
2

3
=
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

() (()) (

)=0
2

2 () = 2 /2
2
2

= 2
=

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

I.

B = t B

EI = ( )

B
EI = ( ) B/A X

EI =

EI =

()

32

1
2

()

2
4

3
12

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

II.- Clculo
=

EI = ( )

EI = ( ) D/E
XD

EI =

EI =

1
2

32

1
2

2
8

3
24

=
=

2
8

= =

EI = ( ) C/A
XC

EI =

1
2

()

2
32

53
24

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
I.

Clculo de

EI = ( ) B/A
XB

EI =

II.

()

()

12

12

Clculo

EI = ( )
1

EI =

()

()

= 0 (

=
III.

Clculo de

32

2
4

24

2
8

3
24

EI = ( )
EI =

EI =

2
8

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
I.

Calcular B = t B
A
EI = ( ) B/A
XB

EI =

(400)(4)

6400

II.

6400
3

Calcular C

C = +
EI = ( ) D/B
XD

EI =

(400 4)

4
3

2 (400 2)

2
3

800

EI = ( ) C/B
XC

EI =

1
2

(200 2)

2
3

400
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
+

2
4

+ =

=
=

800
2

400
30

800
3

Por ultimo

= | | + ||
= |

6400
3

6400

2400

|+|

800
3

800
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

= 0

= 0
1868

169

169

1868

= 2 419 1257

9634

1257

1153
1257

EI = 0

B
EI = ( ) B/A X

EI =

1
2

(5 )(5)

0=

2
3

5 + 2 (5 )(5)

125
3

425
3

125 + 425 =
5 + 85 =

385
3

2
3

5 + (8 )(5)

5
2

(19)(5)

5
2

2 (10)(5)

2
3

1925
6

1925
3

(1)

32725
3

EI = 0

C
EI = ( ) C/B X

EI =

1
2

(200 2)

2
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
0=

5 5
2
1
2
13
1
2
(8 + (5)) + (13 )(13) ( 13) (3)(13) ( ) (26)(13) ( 13)
2
3
2
3
2
2
3
0=

425 + 2197 =

(-85)

+

3
3
6

10309
3

(2)

425 7225 =
425 + 2197 =

32725
3
10309
3

5028 = 7472

1868
1257

De (3) en (2)

425 + 2197 (

1868
10309
)=
1259
3

425 = 171.02

169
419

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

2
2

(0) = 0
(4) = 82

= 82

16
5

(0) = 82
(5) = 82

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
I.

Calculo de t
1
2
1
2.5
= (82 )(2.5) (2.5 + (2.5)) (82 )(2.5) ( )

2
3
2
3
125 4 25 4
=

3
3
100
4
= 3

II.

1004
3

204

1004
3

5
804
3

= 103 103

Clculo

= 0
= 0

III.

= 0
EI = ( )

Clculo de

EI = 82 5
=

403

403

=
IV.

= 0

403

Clculo t C

5
= (82 )(5) ( )

2
=

100

100 20

80 4
=

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
V.

Clculo
= + +

1
3

(82 )(4)

32
4

3
4

40 3
(4)

80

32

656 4

Respuesta:

80

656

152
3

## EJEMPLO 45: Calcular las reacciones y los momentos:

Anlisis de la parte derecha
del marco
= 0

() + () = 0
2
2
+ 2 =
2
3
=
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

= 0
3
2

+ = 0

=
2

## Calculo del momento del empotramiento:

Se hace sumatoria de momentos de todo el marco:
= 0

3
(2) + + () 22 = 0
2
2
2
32 + + 2 22 = 0
2
2
= 32 2
+ 22
2
72
=
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## PROBLEMAS CON RTULAS

EJEMPLO 46: Calcular la flecha en la rtula.

Parte izquierda:

Parte izquierda

Parte derecha:

Parte derecha

= 0
1
2

( )()

3(
3

3
3

1 2

4
8

)()

3
4

(1)

= 2 ( )()(3 )

3
3

(2)

. =
3
3

4
8

2 3
3

3
3

4
8

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
=

3
16

. (3)

3

3
3 3

16
4

= 16
4

= 16

=
=

3
3

4
8

3 3
16
4
16

4
8

4
8

= 16

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

EJEMPLO 46-1: Calcular el desplazamiento vertical punto B

= 0

1 60 3 1
60 1 1
[(
) ( 3) + (
) ( 1)] + (3) = 0

2
3
2
3
90 10
+
= (3)

80
= 3

80
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
I.

Calculo de flecha en B

60

80

80

3
3

+
+

10 2

10 3

= (1) =
=

80
3
80

(0) = 3

3
80(1)
3

10 2

20

=3

10(1)2
3

80

= 3

70
3

Momentos (-)

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

=

EI = 0

EI = ( ) B/A
XB

0 =

0=

1 2
3

4
24

224
3

()

164
6

+ 2 (42 )(4)

8 2

( )(4)(2)

1
3

(3)

92

274
8

= 8 2
112
22

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Calculo con X = 3a
1 ( )2
112
1
= [
] ( ) + (
)

3
2
12
2
( )3 112 2
=
+

6
12
2

=3

+

6
12
2

=3

53
12

1 ( )2

112
1

= [
] ( )
+(
)

3
2
4
12
2 2
3
( )4 112 2 3
=
+

24
24
6

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

=3

24

334
8

=3 =

(3)4
24

94

112 (3)2

= =

24

(3)3
6

= 0
1 960
3

15360

(8)

1 240

8 3
4

2240

(4) 4 + 4 =
4

13120

+ = 0
1 960

= 3

2560

2240

(8)

1 240
3

(4)

320

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

=

13120

13120

2240

2240

1 15 2

+3

()

15 4

+ 12

=0 = =0 =

13120

=4 = =4 =

4480

= 0
1 6
2

72

(6)

324

137
18

1 36

6 3
224

(6)

3
4

1 24

6 2

(4) 2 + 4 = 0
3

=0

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
Viga original
= 0
= (12 3) + (6 4)
=

43
3

137
18

(6)

Clculo de R
+ = 0
1

+ 2 (6 6) 3 (36 6) 2 (24 4) = 0
+ 17 = 0
=

17

17

centro.

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

( )

EIAB=0

* EIA B = 2 [

0=

1
2

2
4

2
4

] 2 [()

12

2
96

24

96

1 2

] 2 [4

( )

(1)

(0) = 0

( ) =

( )3
2

83

24

( ) =
( ) =

= 0 (1)
1

+ = 2
+ =

+ 2 (2)

=

= (

96

)(4)

2
96

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
2 =
=

52
96

(2)

## EJEMPLO 51: El empotramiento B ha tenido un asentamiento vertical. De valor

6
comprobar que MB = MA = 2

EIt

( ) .

=
1

EI = 2 ()()
EI =

EI =

23

EI =

EI =

0 = ( )

()()( )
2

0 = 2 ()() ()()

AB = 0

0=

12

=
= 2

MA =

6EI
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

+ = 0
= 52.5
= 12.5 .

= 0

= 0

= 5

= 0

= 5 12.5
(0) = 12.5

0 = 5 12.5
5 = 12.5

(5) = 12.5

= 2.5

(2.5) = 0

1
2

1
2

AB = 0

A = 0

B = 0

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

H
B

tC/B

1
2.5
1
2
2 / = (2.512.5) ( ) (2.512.5)(2.5 + 2.5)
2
3
2
3
2 / =

625 3125

48
48

/ =

D
B CL tD/C
4 / = (12.5)(5)(2.5)

/ = 39.0625

(12.52.5) 2
( 2.5)
2
3

/ = 26.04

4 = (12.5)(5)
=

125
= 15.625
8

= +
=

125
= 15.625
8

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

625
24

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

MTODO DE 3 MOMENTOS
1. Trazar DFC Y DMF

= (1)(2) + (

5 Tn

2
) (2)(1) = 6.

3 Tn

6 Tn.m

4 Tn
2 Tn/m

2 Tn/m

B
3m

3m

C
2m

3m

D
5m

Tramo ABC
( ) + ( + ) + ( ) = ( ) ( )

()() + ( + ) + () = (
( ) ) (
+
) ( + )

()()()
() ()
(() ) ) (
+ + = (
+
) ( + )

()
()

+ =

()

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Tramo BCD

+ ( + ) + = (
) ( + ) (
)

()()()
()
+ = (
) ( + ) (
)
()

+ =

. . ()

= .

+ =

= .

+ =

MA=6 Tn
MB=-3.84
Mc=-3.85

## Para calcular las reacciones de nuevo se ahislan los tramos:

1 Tn
2 Tn/m

M1=0
2 Ra = (2 x 2 x 1)+6
Ra = 5 Tn

6 Tn.m
2m
Ra= 5Tn

3 Tn

RBA = 5.64 Tn

2 Tn/m
6 Tn/m

3.84 Tn/m

RAB=3.36 Tn

RBA=5.64 Tn

Fy = 0
RAB = 3 + 6 5.64
RAB = 3.36 Tn

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## RA= 5 + 3.36 = 8.36 T

RB= 5.64 + 2.40 = 8.04T

= 28

RD= 4.23T

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
1- TRAMO A*- A : [0 2]

Mx= - 2

V= 1- 2x
V(0)= -1

M(0) = 0

V(2)= -5

M(0) = -6

2.- TRAMO A* - A B: 2 5
V= -1 4 + 8 .36

## Mx= - x 4(x-1)+ 8.36(x-

2)
V= 3.36
V(2)= 3.36

M(2) = -6

V(5)= 3.36

M5) = 4.08

3.- TRAMO A* - A B: 5 8

V= -1 4 + 8.36 3 2x
V= 0.36 2(x-5)
Mx= - x 4(x-1)+8.36(x-2)-3(x-5)-(x-5)

V(5)= 0.36

M(5) = 4.08

V(8)= -5.64

M(8) = -3.84

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
4.- De derecha a izquierda:
D-C: 0 5

V= 2x 4.23
Mx= 4.23 - 2
V(0)= -4.23

M(0) = 0

V(5)= 5.77

M(5) = -3.85

V= 2x 4.23
X= 2.45 ( MOMENTO MXIMO)
Mmax= 4.23(2.45) (2.45)2

Mmax= 4.56

## 5.- TRAMO DCB: 5 8

V= -4.23 + 10 7.37
V= -1.6
Mx=4.23 10(x - 2.5) + 7.37(x-5)
V(5)= -1.6

M(5) = -3.85

V(8)= -1.6

M(8) = 0.95

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
6.- TRAMO DCB: 8 10

V=2.4
MX= 4.23X - 10(X-2.5) +7.37(X - 5) - 4(X - 8)
V(8)= 2.4

M(8) = 0.95

V(10)= 2.4

M(10) = -3.85

VIGA REAL:

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
2. En el sistema mostrado, calcular los momentos en los apoyos y el
desplazamiento vertical en B ( = 2x106 t/m2)

4T

A
1.5m

3T

1.5m

1m

I = 600cm4

3T

1m

1m

I = 800cm2

4T

3T

4m

I = 1000cm4

3T

A
A
L = 0m 1.5m 1.5m

I=

B
1m

C
1m

1m

D
4m

I1 = 600cm4

I2 = 800cm4

I3 = 1000cm4

I = 6x106 m2

I = 8x106 m4

I = 1x105 m4

L = 0m

I=

## FORMULA GENERAL DESPLAZAMIENTO

L1
L1 L2
L2
6(Derc. )1 6(izq. ) 6EhA 6EhC
MA [ ] + 2MB [ + ] + MC [ ] =

+
+
I1
I1 I2
I2
I1
I2
L1
L2

Tramo AAB
MB = 0 (Debido a que la rotula no genera momento)
MA (

0
0
3
3
6(0)
4 x 32
6 x E x 0 (6)(E)()
) + 2MA [ + ] + MB [ ] =
6[
]+
+
I
80 I1
I1
I
16 x I1
0
3
6MA
27
=
2E
I1
2I1

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
6MA =

27
27
2EI1 6MA =
[(2)(2x106 )(6x106 )()]
2
2
6MA = 6MA + 24

## 6MA + 24= 13,5 . (1)

Tramo BCD

(3)(1)[3 1]
3
3 4
4
0
6E( ) 6E(0 )
MB ( ) + 2MC ( + ) + MD ( ) = 6 [
] 6( ) +
+
I2
I2 I3
I3
2 x I2
I3
3
4

2MC

3
8x106

4
1x105

+ MD

4
1x105

36
2x8x106

2(2x106 )

## 1,55 x 106 MC + 0,4 x 106 MD = 2,25 x 106 4 x 106

1,55 MC + 0,4 MD = 2,25 4
1,55 MC + 4 + 0,4 MD = 2,25 (2)
Tramo CDE

4
4 0
0
MC ( ) + MB ( + ) + ME ( ) = 6(0) 6(0)
I3
I3

4MC 8MD
+
=0
I3
I3
4MC + 8MD = 0 . (3)
De 1, 2, 3 tenemos:

6MA + 24

= 13,5

4MC + 8MD = 0

MA =
MB = 0
MC =
MD =

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## MTODO REA DE MOMENTOS

Calcular giros A; C y TB

=MA=0
=

( )+
( + )
4 6
4 2 3

2 52
+
24
24

=
=

62
24

4
1920

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

1
=

2
1 =

2 =

=>1 =

( )

2 =

2(2 )

1 (2) 2
=
2

2 2 ( 2 )

2 2
=

( )
4

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
1

2 3 2
=

(2) 2 2
(2) 2

( ) =

( )3
2
4
3 2

2 2
( ) =

2
8
12

6
( ) =
2
24

2
24

= ( )
=

1 1
( )( )( )
4 24 2 5 2

3
=
1920

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

= ( ) .

1 2 4
1 2 1
(
)( )( . ) + (
) ( )( +
)
4 24
2 6 2
4 24
2 2 52

4 4
=
+
480 320
4

=
192
=

4
=>

192

3
=
192

( + )2

=
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
3
4
( )
=
192 2
1920
4
4
=

384 1920
=

4
480

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## MTODO DE PENDIENTE Y DEFLEXIN

1. Son vigas hiperestticas
2. La viga gira y se desplaza
3. Los MIJ y MJI rotan en sentido horario.

= +

2
3
(2 + )

= +

2
3
(2 + )

RESOLVER:

2
(2 )

2
(22 )
=

12 =
21

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

23 =

2
(22 + 3 )
+
8

32 =

2
(23 + 2 )
+
8

34 =

2
(23 )

43 =

2
(3 )

21 + 23 = 0
32 + 34 = 0
82 23
+
=

8
22 83
+
=

8 2 2
[
][ ] = [ 8 ]

2 8 3
8
2
2 =
48
3 =

2
48

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

M12

MBC

M12 =

PL
24

12 =

24

M21 =

PL
12

21 =

12

M23 =

PL
12

23 =

12

M32 =

PL
12

32 =

12

M34 =

PL
12

34 =

12

M43 =

PL
24

43 =

24

2 2

12

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

( )
2
2
12

( ) = ( )( )
2
2 2
2 2
12

( ) =
0
2
4
12

( ) =
8
6

12 = 8
23 =

23 = 2 = 2
34 =

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
DMF:

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
2. Encontrar todos los momentos de la viga mostrada en la figura usando el
mtodo de pendiente deflexin. EI = 7

SOLUCIN:
30 (7)2
12

100(3)2 (4)
72
100(4)2 (3)
72

= 122.5 +

14
7

(2 + ) = 122.5 + 2 2

562
59

= 122.5

3000

49

4800
49

1734
49

1734
49

562
59

=0

= 155.17 .

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
= 122.5 + 2(2 + ) = 122.5 + 2 2
= 122.5 + 2(2 + ) = 122.5 + 2 2
=

3600

4800

49
49

+ 2(2 + ) =

+ 2(2 + ) =

3600
49

4800
49

+2 2

+2 2

19
7
19
7

2533
98

562
59
562

59

2533

98
19
7

19
7

= 155.17 .

= 114.31 .
= 114.31 .
=0

ECUACIONES:
1. + = 0
122.5 + 4 + 2 122.5 + 4 + 2 = 0
2 + 8 + 2 = 0 . (1)

2. + = 0

3600
+ 4 + 2 = 0
49
4805
2 + 8 + 2 =
. (2)
98
122.5 + 4 + 2

3. = 0
4 + 2 = 122.5 . (3)
4. = 0
4 + 2 =
[k]
2
(0
4
0

8
2
2
0

4800
. (4)
49

[]
2
8
0
2

0
2)
0
4

( ) =

[F]
0
4805
98
122.5
4800
( 49 )

[][] = [] = [][]1

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

1734
49

562
59

19
7

2533
49

## Esto se reemplaza en cada una

momento respectivamente.

## Graficando diagrama de fuerza cortante y momento flector:

Barra A-B:
= 82.83 30

= 82.83 15 2

(0) = 82.83

(0) = 0

(7) = 127.17

(7) = 155.17

0 = 82.83 30

(2.761) = 114.35
= 2.761

Barra B-C:
= 110.84 30

= 110.84 15 2 155.17

(0) = 110.84

(0) = 155.17

(7) = 99.16

(7) = 114.31

0 = 110.84 30

(3.69467) = 49.59
= 3.69467

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Barra C-D:
= 59.19 100
(0) = 59.19

(0) = 114.31

(7) = 40.81

(7) = 122.45
(7) = 0

DFC:

DMF:

DEFORMACIN:

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
3. Encuentre los momentos de la viga si el soporte en B se asienta 6mm.

[
= 75 +
= 75 +

200 3
8

= 75

3
3 0.006
= 0.006
]=

2
2 284.378 56.25
[2 + 0.006] = 75 +
+
0.006] = 0
[
3
3

2
2 256.25 84.378
[2 + 0.006] = 75 +
+
0.006] = 56.248
[
3
3

2
2 256.25 28.122
[2 + + 0.006] =
+
+ 0.006] = 56.248
[
3
3

2
2 228.122 56.25
[2 + + 0.006] =

+ 0.006] = 0
[
3
3

ECUACIONES:
+ = 0
2 4 20.006
4 2 20.006
+

+ 75 +
+
+
=0
3
3
3
3
3
3
2 8 2
+
+
= 75 (1)
3
3
3
= 0
4 2
+
= 75.004 (2)
3
3
= 0
2 4
+
= 0.004 (3)
3
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
2
3
4
3
[0

8
3
2
3
2
3

2
3

84.378

56.25
=

28.122
=

75
[ ] = [ 75.004 ]

0.004

0
4
3]

4.- Calcular los asentamientos de la viga si los asentamientos en los apoyos son:
= 210 000 000 8 104

= 32

## = 180 000 KN/2

= 62
= 70
= 28
= 210 = 210 000 000 KN/2

14
= 800 10 = 800 10 6
8 104 4
4
10
6

200 KN

=
1 =

300 6
8

1 = 225
2 =

3m

200 6
8

2 = 150

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

TRAMO AB

TRAMO BC
B

6 000 mm

32

TRAMO CD

D
28mm

62
m
m

70mm

70

3 3 (0.03)
=

3 3 (0.008)
=

3 3 (0.042)
=

3
= +0.015

3
= 0.021

= 225 +

2(168 000)
6

= +0.004

[2 + 0.015]

= 0

= 154.07 .

= 154.07 .

= 107.27 .

= 107.27 .

## = 225 + 56 000 [2 + + 0.021]

= 0

Ecuaciones:
1. = 0
112 000 + 56 000 = 1065 (1)

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
2. + = 0
112 000 + 56 000 615 + 112 000 + 56 000 374 = 0
56 000 + 224 000 + 56 000 = 989 (2)
3. + = 0
150 + 56 000 [2 + 0.004] + (225) + 56 000 [2 + + 0.021] =
0
74 + 112 000 + 56 000 + 951 + 112 000 + 56 000 = 0
56 000 + 224 000 + 56 000 = 877 (3)
4. = 0
225 + 56 000 [2 + + 0.021]
225 + 112 000 + 56 000 + 1176 = 0
112 000 + 56 000 = 1401

112 000
56 000
[
0
0

56 000
224 000
56 000
0

0
56 000
224 000
56 000

0
1065

0
987
] [ ] = [
]
56 000
877
112 000
1401

= 0.0081

= 0.00810079

= 0.0028

= 0.00281627

= 0.0017

= 0.00170516

= 0.01117

= 0.01165635

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
4.1.- Calcular los momentos de la siguiente viga:
3.6 KN/m
1.2 KN/m

30 m

20 m

2 (3.6)(30)2
=
= 162
20
20
2 (3.6)(30)2
=
=
= 108
30
30
2 (1.2)(20)2
=
=
= 40
12
12
2 (1.2)(20)2
=
=
= 40
12
12
=

## Encontramos las ecuaciones:

2946
( ) =
15
17

1452
(2 ) =
= 108 +
15
17

= 162 +

= 40 +

1452
(2 + ) =
10
17

= 40 +

(2 + ) = 0
10

Ecuaciones :
1. + = 0

(2 ) 40 + (2 + ) = 0
15
10

+
= 68 (1)
3
10
108 +

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

2. = 0

(2 + ) = 40 . (2)
10
Resolviendo (1) y (2):
1
1

68
[ 3 10] [ ] = [
]
1
1

40
10 5
De la cual resolviendo de obtiene:
2880
17
1960
=
17
=

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

Y calculamos el DFC:
3309
3309
85
85
1383
85

1281
85

DMF:
2946
17
1452
17

657
85

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

3 Tn/m

4m

2 Tn/m

2 Tn

5m

De los momentos:
2 242 8
=
=
12
12
3
2 252 25
=
=
12
12
4
24
=
=1
8
8

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

8 2
3
12 = +
(21 + 2 ) = 0
3
4
4
8 2
3
89
21 = +
(22 + 1 ) =
3
4
4
92
25 2
89
(22 + 3 ) =
23 = +
4
5
92
25 2
1015
(23 + 2 ) =
32 =
+
4
5
92
2
3
1015
(23 + 4 ) =
4
4
92
2
3
= 1+
(24 + 3 ) = 0
4
4

34 = 1 +
43

Ecuaciones de equilibrio:
1) 12 = 0
8 2
3
+
(21 + 2 ) = 0
3
4
4
1 +

22 6 8

= . (1)
4
16
3

2) 21 + 23 = 0
8 2
3
25 2
(22 + 3 ) = 0
+
(22 + 1 )
+
3
4
4
4
5
21 92 23 6 43
+
+

=
. (2)
4
5
5
16
12
3) 32 + 34 = 0
25 2
2
3
(23 + 2 ) 1 +
+
(23 + 4 ) = 0
4
5
4
4
21 92 24 6
21
+
+

= . (3)
5
5
4
16
4
4) 43 = 0
2
3
(24 + 3 ) = 0
4
4
23
6
+ 4
= 1
4
16
1+

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
5) 1 + 2 = 6
1
1
(12 + 21 ) (34 + 43 ) = 3

1
1
(12 + 21 ) (34 + 43 ) = 3
4
4
1
(12 + 21 ) + (34 + 43 ) = 3
4
1
8
22 6 8
21 6
[( + 1 +

+ + 2 +

)
4
3
4
16
3
4
16
24 6
23 6
+ (1 + 3 +

+ 1 + 4 +

)] = 3
4
16
4
16
1 31 32 12 33 34 12
[
+

+
+

]=3
4
2
2
16
2
2
16
[

31 32 33 34 3

]=3
8
8
8
8
8

## En resumen tenemos la siguiente matriz:

1
2
4
0
0
3
[ 8

2
4
9
5
2
5

3
8
8
2
3

0
3
5
8 1
43

2
9
2
3
= 12

5
4
8 3
21
2
3 [4 ]

0
1
4
4
8
[ 1 ]
3
3
3 3

8
8
8 8 ]
0

Resolviendo tenemos:
2849
138
185
2 =
23
45
3 =
23
921
4 =
46
176
=
3

1 =

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
Se calcula lo siguiente:

=
(0) =

1561
2
368

1561
368

(4) =

1383
368

= 0
0=

1561
2
368

1561
736

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
=
(0) = 0

1561
2
368

1561
) = 4.498
736

=
(0) =

51
10

(4) =

89
92

51
3
10
(5) =

99
10

= 0
0=

51
3
10

= 1.7 0
=
(0) =

89
92

51
3 2 89

+
10
2
92
(1.7) = 5.30

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

=
(0) =

647
368

=
(0) = 0

647
+2
368
=

1383
368

647
+ 2( 2)
368

(2) =

647
169

(4) =

1015
92

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
DFC
51/10

1383/368

-1383/368

-99/100

1561/368

647/368

DMF

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
-1015/92

89/92

-1015/92

89/92

4.498
-647/164

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
6.- Trazar el DFC Y DMF, para la estructura mostrada:

B
E

2L

2P

D
A

2
31
97
(
) =

110

2
31
34
(2
) =

55

34
55

2
32
19
(2 +
) =

110

19
110

2
32
18
(2 +
) =

55

18
55

2
18
(2 + ) =

55

18
55

97
110

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

2
18
(2 + ) =

55

18
55

2
87
(2 + ) =

110

87
110

2
87
(2 + ) =

110

87
110

2
32
18
(2 +
) =

55

18
55

2
32
19
(2 +
) =

110

19
110

2
31
34
(2
) =

55

2
31
97
(
) =

110

=
=

34
55

97
110

Condiciones de equilibrio:
1. ) + + = 0
2. ) + = 0
3. ) + = 0
4. ) + + = 0
5. ) + =
6. ) + = 3

1
[( + ) + ( + )] =

1
[( + ) + ( + )] = 3

1. ) + + = 0
2
31
2
32
2
(2 + ) = 0
(2
)+
(2 +
)+

4 61 4 2 62 4 2

+
+

+
+
=0

12 2 2 61 62
+
+

= 0 . . (1)

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
2. ) + = 0
2
32
2
18
(2 + ) =
(2 +
) + =
=0

55
4 2 62 4 2
+

+
+
=0

2 8 2 62
+
+

= 0 . (2)

3. ) + = 0
2
2
32
(2 + ) +
(2 +
)=0

4 2 4 2 62
+
+
+

=0

2 2 8 62
+
+

= 0 . (3)

4. ) + + = 0
2
2
31
2
32
(2 + ) +
(2
)+
(2 +
)=0

4 2 4 61 4 2 62
+
+

+
+

=0

2 12 2 61 62
+
+

= 0 . . (4)

[( + ) + ( + )] =

1
4 2 62 4 2 62
4 2 62 4 2
[(
+
2 +
+
2 )+(
+
2 +
+

62
2 )=

1
6 6 6 6 242
[
+
+
+
2 ]=

6 6 6 6 242

2
+
= (5)
2
2

2
2

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

[( + ) + ( + )] = 3

1
2 61 4 61
2 61 4 61
[(
2 +
2 )+(
2 +
2 )] = 3

6 6 241

+
= 3 (6)
2
2
2

12 2
2
2
8
0
EI 2
0 12
0
2
2
6 0 6
[6 6 6
29 2

= 220

3 2
55

29 2
220

29 2
220

1 =

0
2
2
8
0
6

1
6
0
6
0
24
6

2
0

6
0

6
0
6 =

0
6
1
3
0
[
[
]

]
24 ] 2

21 3
100

89 3
2 =
660

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

18
55

36
55

18
55

2
87
55

19
110
34
55

87
55

18
55

87
55

19
110

55

3
2
3
2

3
2
97
=
110

97
110

3
2
97
D

=
123
110
=
55

18
55

E34

87
3 110
2
3
2

97
110

36
55

123
55

18
55

DMF

18
55

18 +
55

19

55

-19
110

97
110

87
110

18
55

87
110

34
55

123
55

97
110

34
55

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
DFC:

36
55

3
2

87
55

## 7. Determinar los momentos flectores y fuerzas cortantes

3Tn/m
2

Incgnitas:
2 , 3
Momento carga distribuida

12 =

3(2)2
12

12 = 1.

3m

21 =

2 3(2)2
=
12
12

21 = 1.

4
2m

2
12

3m

## MOMENTO DERECHO CAMBIA DE SIGNO

3
12 = 1 + [2 ] 1 + (
)
13

12 =

16
13

2 3
21 = 1 + [22 ] 1 + (
)
13

21 =

7
13

21 =

7
13

3
13

23 =

3
13

23 =

2
2 2 3 3
[22 + 3 ]
[
+ ]
3
3
13
26

23 =

32 =

2
2 2 3 3
[23 + 2 ]
[
]
3
3 26
13

32 = 0

21 =

16
13

32 = 0

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
24 =

2
2 2 3
[22 ]
[
]
3
3
13

24 =

4
13

24 =

4
13

42 =

2
2
3
[2 ]
[ ]
3
3
13

42 =

2
13

42 =

2
13

## Las ecuaciones de equilibrio esttico son:

a) 21 + 23 + 24 = 0
42 23 42
+
+
=0
3
3
3
142 23
+
= 1
3
3
1 + 22 +

b) 32 = 0

22 43
+
=0
3
3

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

14
[ 3
2
3

1 =

2
13

2
3] [2 ] = [1]
4 3
0
3

16
13

1
1 =

16
87 13
26

87
26

7
13

3Tn/m

3
13
3
3 =
26

3
13

7
69
69 13
26
26

4
13

2
13

Esto se reemplaza en
ecuaciones de momentos

2 =

1
13

Barra 1-2

3
1
13

1
13

1
3 =
13

3Tn/m
1

2
13

2
13

2
4 =
13

4 =

4 =

87
26

2 =

69
26

2
13

71
26

87
3
26

0=

87
3
26

29
26

16
13

87
26
69
=
26

(0) =

{
(2)

87 3 2 16

26
2
13

(0) =

16
13

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

29
62

= . 635

(2) =

7
13

DFC:
87
26
1
13

69
26

2
13

DMF:

16
13

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

## 8. Determinar DFC y DMF para la siguiente estructura

5T
2Tm

= 20

= 30

1
4.6m

2.2m
23 =

2(30)
[22 ]
4.60

23 = 13 . = 13 .

23 = [2 + 5 2.20]

32 =

2(30)
[2 ]
4.60

32 = 6.3 . = +6.3 .

23 = 13 .

Ecuaciones:
21 + 23 = 0
13 +

600(2 )
=0
23

2 =

13

13 23
600

4.24

299
600

6.5

13
5

2 =

4.24

9.24

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

DFC:
4.24

= 4.24 13

0 = 13
(4.60) = 6.5

0 = 4.24 13
= 3.07
DMF:

4.24

+
4.24

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
9. Determinar Momentos Flectores y Fuerzas Cortantes.

0.6T/m
3

BARRA 1-2:

9
30T

2
24

21

12 =
4

12 =

3
( 1)

60 9 3 21
(
1)
30
30

28

21 =

3
( 1)

21 =

60 21 3 9
(
1)
30
30

21 = 4.2

0.6T/m

BARRA 2-3:
2
12

2
12

0.6T/m

60Tm

23 = 60Tm
=
12
32 =

2
12

(0.6)(28)2
12

(0.6)(28)2
12

=-39.2 Tm

=39.2 Tm

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

12 = 19.8 +

2(1.5)
3

[2 ] 19.8 + [2 ] 12 = 11.201
30
30
10
10

21 = 4.2 +

2(1.5)
3

30
30
10
10

23 = 39.2 +
32 = 39.2 +

2(0.7)

28
20

2(0.7)

## [23 + 2 ] 39.2 + [23 + 2 ] 32 = 39.029

28
20

34 =

2(0.6)
3

[23 ]
[23 ] 34 = 39.029
24
24
20
8

43 =

2(0.6)
3

[3 ]
[3 ] 43 = 31.503
24
24
20
8

a) 12 + 23 = 0

2
2 3

39.2 +
+
=0
5
100
10
20
32 3
+

= 43.4
(1)
10
20 100
4.2 +

b) 32 + 34 = 0

3 2 3
+
+

=0
10
20
10 160
3
+

= 39.2

5
160
39.2 +

(2)

## |Las fuerzas cortantes de la columna son:

1
30

[12 + 21 ]

1
24

60

[34 + 43 ] = 2

= 2

1
2
2
1 3
3
[[19.8 +

] + [4.2 +

]]
[[

]+[

]] = 2
30
10 100
5
100
24 10 160
20 160

19.8 2

4.2 2

+
=2
30
300 3000 30 150 3000 240 3840 480 3840

2 3 19
63

+
=
100 160 32000 25

(3)

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

2 = 0
30 = 60
= 2

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
3
10
120
1
[ 100

1
20
1
5
1
160

1
43.4
100
2
1
39.2

[
]
=
[
]
3
160
63

23
19
25
16000]

2 = 40775137
3 = 20622137
23 = 525560137
19.694
+

19.694

16.964

7.709

0.6

39.029

9.091

9.091

39.029

2.939

2.939

11.201

2.939

2.939
31.503

60
2.939

2.939

4 = 31.503

16.464
16.464 -

4= 9.091

1 = 2.939

39.029
-

39.029

9.482

1 = 7.709

31.503

## Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras

ANLISIS ESTRUCTURAL I
11. Trazar el DFC Y DMF para la siguiente estructura

12 = 21

34 = 43

12 =

12 =

2
8

12 =

34 =

34 =

12 =

2
3
7
+
[2 ] =
4

10

21 =

23 = +

2
7
[22 3 ] =

80

32 = +

2
13
[23 2 ] =

80

34 =

2
3
13
+
[23 ] =
8

80

43 =

2
[22

3
]

7
80

2
3
11
+
[3 ] =
8

20

## Ecuaciones de equilibrio esttico

1.

12 + 23 = 0
42 6 42 23
+
2 +
+
=0
4

82 23 6

+
2 = (1)

2.

32 + 34 = 0
43 22 43 6
+

+
+ 2 =0

22 83 6

+
2 =
(2)

8
1

3.

(12 + 21 ) + (34 + 43 ) = 2

1 22 6 42 6
[
+
2 +
+
2 ]

1 43 6 23 6
3
+ [
+
2 +
+
2 ]=

62 12 63 12
3
+

+
=
2
2
2
3

[ 2

62 63 24 3
+

=
(3)
2
2
3
2

2
6

2
24

2
[ 3 ] =
12

8
30
2

92
2 =
160
112
3 =
160
33
12 =
32

143
7

80
10

(0) = 7/10

31
( ) =
2
160

17

80

97
80
=

13
17

( )
80
80
2

9
( ) =
2
160
() =

11
20

23 =

23 =
32 =

12 =
12 =

M21 =

16
3

M23 =

M32 =

16

(2 ) =

192

99

144
49

442 3
49

192
49

432 4
72
144
49

4 42
12
16
3

12 = 21 =

M12 =

L2

32 =

12

pb2 a
L2

32 =
2

pa2 b

(2 ) =

2
7

2
7

186

186

35

35

188

188

35

35

(22 + 3 ) =

188

188

35

35

(23 + 2 ) = 0

## Ecuaciones de equilibrio esttico

1.- M21 + M23 = 0
16
3

22
2

2.- M32 = 0
192
49

42
7

112 23
208
+
=
(1)
7
7
147

23
7

=0

22
7

43
7

144
49

(2)

## Resolviendo (1) y (2):

2 =

2 =

105

542

Reemplazando valores en

105

Ecuaciones de momentos

559
70

() =
(4) =

559

280

4
559
70
561
70

559
186

2 2
70
35

(0) =
(

186
35

559
) = 2.657
280

(4) =

188
35

## 14. Resolver la siguiente estructura: Trazar DFC y DMF:

12 =

[2
2

21 =

[22
2

23 =
32 =

25
6

4] = +0.909 +0.909 Tm

3
]
4

= +2.340 -2.34 Tm

2
[22
5

+ 3 ] = 2.340 -2.340 Tm

25 2
[23 + 2 ] = 4.389 4.389
+
6
5

34 = [23

3
] = 4.389 4.389
2

43 = [3

3
] = 3.236 + 3.236
2

Ecuaciones:

1.

21 + 23 = 0
2

3 25 42 23

+
+
=0
8
6
5
5

92 23 6
25
+

= (1)
8
5
8
6

2.

32 + 34 = 0
25 43 22
3
+
+
+ 23
=0
6
5
5
2
22 143 3
25
+

= (2)
5
5
2
6
1

3.

4 (12 + 21 ) + 2 (34 + 43 ) = 3

1 2 3
3
1
3
3
[

+ 2
+ 3
] [23
]=3
4 2
8
8
2
2
2

2 3 2 3
3 3 3
+

+
3 +

+
=3
8
32
4
32
4
2
4

32 33 27

= 3 (3)
8
2
16

## Resolviendo (1), (2) y (3):

2 =

389
136

3 =

883
766

12 =

518
373

12 =

518
373

1.- Determinar la deflexin en B

2.- Calcular A Y C

103

E = 2 x 2 x

1002

= 2 107 2

12

I = 40002

14

(100)4 4

I = 4x105 4

= 2 2( 3) 2( 7)
(0) = 0

(3) = 6 (7) = 6

(3) = 6

(7) = 6 (10) = 0

36

= 0

= 2107 4105

## (3X4)(2) + (9)(5) (157) =

=

36

= 0.045
= 4.5

RA = A

Calculo giro en A
+ = 0

1
1
(10) = (6 3)(8) + (3 4)(5) + (6 3)(2)
2
2
=

72 + 60 + 18
10

15Tn
EI

15Tn
4 105

107

3.-Determinar la deflexin en B.

EI =420Tm2

## Parte izquierda de la viga

+ = 0
2 (2) = 0
= 1

= 4 ( )
2
= 2 2

+ = 0
1
2
1
1
3
(2 2) ( 2) (3 3)(2) + (8 2) (1 + 2) (2) = 0
2
3
2
3
4
8
40
9+
= (2)
3
3
=

5
6

## Clculo de flecha en B: calculamos momento en B.

+ = 0
5
1
2
MB = ( 2) (2 2) ( 2) = 0
2
2
3
MB =
=
=

13 Tn. m
3EI

13 Tn. m
3 420Tn. m2

5 8
+
3 3

13
3EI

= 0.0103m

3.5 m

2I

4m

4m

3m

3m

MAB =

MBC =

2140
4

2140
4

MBC =

175
4

507
8

( )

70

(2 )

140

4 140
7

(2 + )

175
4

= .

## MBA = 27.16 Kg.m

175
4

+ 160 + 80

175
4

13.58

-27.16

MBC= -27.16

27.16

MCB =

175
4

4 140
7

(2 + )

175
4

+ 160 + 80

MCB = 30.36

- 30.36

MCD =

2 140
5

(2 + )

112 + 56

(2 + )

112 + 56

MCD = -15.18

- 15.18
MDC =

2 140
5

MCD = 0

MCE =

2 140
5

(2 + )

112 + 56

MCD = -15.18

(2 + )

112 + 56

MEC = 0

15.18

MEC =

2 140
5

Ecuaciones de Equilibrio:

1. MBA + MBC = 0
140 43.75 + 160 + 80 = 0
300 + 80 = 43.75. (1)
2. MCB + MCD + MCE = 0
43.75 + 160 + 80 + 112 + 56 + 112 + 56 = 0
80 + 384 + 56 + 56 = 43.75. (2)

3. MDC = 0
56 + 112 (3)

4. MEC = 0
56 + 112 (4)

13

= 67

133
736

59

= 653

59

= 653

## 16.-Trazar el DFC y DMF para la siguiente viga mostrada:

P1

P2

A
C

B
L

L
1 = 2 = 3
= 6
= 4

1 2
2
3 4 642
+

+
= 0.5
8

8
48
8
48

1 4 2 3 4 642
=
+

+
= 5.5
8

8
24
8
24

2 2 4 2 2 2 642 34 642

+
= 5 5
12
8

12
8
24
12
8
24

2 2 2 2 2 2 642 34 642
=
+
+

+
+
= 11.5
12
8

12
8
48
12
8
48

Ecuaciones de equilibrio:
+ = 0
1 4 2 2 4
+

+
=0
8

12
8

4 2
=

12
3
=
96
Donde:
02

= 12 6
(0) = 12
(2) = 0

= 12 6 2 5.5
(0) = 5.5
(2) = 6.5

24

= 123 2 3( 2) 5.5

= 12 6 3 =
(2) = 3
(4) = 15

(2) = 6.5
(4) = 11.5

Se concluye en:

DFC

12-3 Tn

-3 Tn

-3 Tn

-3 Tn
-11.5 Tn

-5.5 Tn

0.5 Tn

6.5 Tn

## 17.-Trazar el DFC y DMF para la siguiente viga mostrada:

10 KN

6 KN/m

8m

6m

Del grafico:

2
= 7.21 .
30

2
= 10.8 .
20

= 10 .
8

= 10 .
8

Ecuaciones de momentos:
Momento de la derecha cambian de
signo:

= 10 +
= 10 +

2
10.6
8

4
8.8
8

10.6
8.8

= 7.2 +

4
8.8
6

8.8

= 10.8 +

2
10
6

10

Ecuaciones de equilibrio:
+ = 0
4
4
10 +
7.2 +
=0
8
6
7
= 2.8
6
2.4
=

0 4

= 5.225 10.6
(4) = 10.3

06

= 5.8

2
2

= 0
2
0 = 5.8
2
= 3.406 ()
2
= 5.8 8.8
2
(0) = 8.8

(3.406) = 4.369
(6) = 10

DFC:
-4.775

5.225

-4.775

-12.2

DMF:

-10

-10.6
-8.8

4.396

10.3

## 18. Trazar DFC y DMF de la siguiente viga ocurriendo un desplazamiento de 10 mm en el

punto B [EI= 40000T.m2 ]

= 10 +

= 10 +

4
[2 + ]
8
0.00375(40000)

=0
2

4
0.00375(40000)
[2 + ]
= 68.945.
8
2

= 7.2 +

6
[2 ] + 0.005 40000 = 68.945.
6

= 10.8 +

6
( ) + 0.005 40000 = 148.873.
6

1. + = 0
10 + 0.5 75 7.2 + 2 + 200 = 0
0.5 + 3 = 127.8 (1)
= 0
10 + + 0.5 75 = 0
+ 0.5 = 85 (2)
6378

127.8
0.5 3
55
[
][ ] = [
]
3406
85
1 0.5
=
55

0<4

() = 13.618.
(0) = 0.
(4) = 54.472

## DIARAMA DE MOMENTO FLECTOR

= 30.303

2
2

2
= 30.303
2
V(0) = 30.303
V(6) = 48.303
() = 68.945 30.303
(0) = 68.945
(6) = 148.873

3
6

0 = 30.303

2
2

= 7.78

## 19. Determine las reacciones DFC y DMF e=200 gpa 50(106)mm4 y en c se

desplaza 10 mm

= 200 = 200000000. 2
= 50 105 4
= 0.01.
4
() = 20.08
=
3
4
(2) = 40.16
=
3
= 4.5 + (2 + )
3(0.01)

= 40.16
3
3(0.01)
= 4.5 + ( + 2) +
3
= 12
1. + = 0
14
3

+ = 104.5 (1)

6X

= 26.34 6
0 = 26. .34 6
= 4.4
= 26.39 3 2 40.16
(0) = 40.16
= 12

2. + 12 = 0
4.5 + ( + 2) +

3(0.01)

12 = 0
+ 2 = 83.5
14

104.5
{ 3 1} [ ] = [
]

83.5
1 2
15.06
=

34.22
=

DMF:

19.

## Trazar DFC y DMF para la sgt. Figura

AB
=

406
8

= 30KN

BC
1262
12

M=

76
3
118
= 30 + 2 =
3
2
148
(2 + ) =
= 36 +
3
3
2
(2 + ) = 0
= 36 +
3
Ecuaciones de equilibrio estatico
1. + + = 0
4 4
30 + 2 +
+
36 + 10 = 0
3
3
10 2
+
= 4
3
3
2. = 0
4 2
36 +
+
=0
3
3
2 4
+
= 36
3
3
= 14
10/3 2/3
4
3
[
]=[
]
2/3 4/3
= 88
36
= 30 + =

= 36

Equilibrio de nodos:

398
398
4
=
12 {
250
9
(8) =
9
398
0=
12
9
= 3.685 ( = 0)
148
(0) =
398
148
3
=
6 2
{
9
3 (3.685) = 32.15
(6) = 0
(0) =

76
53
76 (0) = 3
=
{
83
3
3
(3) =
3
OBTENEMOS EL DFC
396/3

-10

53/3

-67/3

-250/9

DMF

148/3
-10

-118/3
32.5

-76/3

83/3

21.- Trazar los DFC y DMF en el marco mostrado. Donde en el nodo C tiene una
articulacin y empotrado perfecto en A y D

Hay

## uno por la izquierda

Dos giros diferentes
Otro por la derecha

Articulacin
10 KN

4m

3m

2
= 5.625
2

2
= 1.875
2

MAB = 1.875 +
MBA = 5.625 +
MBC =

2EI
4

3
4

= 15.9375

2EI
3
(2B ) = 5.625
4
4

2EI
(2B + ) = 5.625
3

MCB =

2EI
(2C1 + B ) = 0
3

MCD =

2EI
3
(2C2 ) = 0
4
4

MDC =

2EI
3
(C2 ) = 8.4375
4
4

## Ecuaciones de equilibrio esttico

1.- + = 0
5.625 +

6
16

4
3

21
3

=0

7 2 1 6
+

= 5.625 (1)
3
3
16
2.- = 0
2 4 1
+
= 0 (2)
3
3
3.- = 0
2

6
16

= 0 (3)

4.- 4 [ + + + ] = 7.5
1

4 [1.875 +

2
4

6
16

+ 5.625 +

1 3 3 2 3
[
+

+ 3.75] = 7.5
4
2
2
2

3 32 3 135

+
=
8
8
8
16

6
16

+ 2

6
16

2 1
4

6
16

] = 7.5

7/3

EI

2/3

2/3

4/3

-3/8

-3/8

0
1

0 -3/8

B= 45/8EI

-5.625

C1= -45/16EI

C1

-3/8

C2

C2= 135/8EI

3/8

1.875

5.625

2.1094
1.875

2.1094

1.875

5.625
2.1094

10

7.8906

2.1094

2.1094
8.4375

15.937
5

RHD=2.1094

RHA=7.8906
MA=15.9375
RVA=1.875

MD=8.4375
RVD=1.87
5

+5.625
+5.625

+7.7343

D.M.F
-15.9375

+8.4375

=45

=45

C2
C2

2
3
( ) = 12.992
4
4
2
3
=5+
(2 ) = 2.603
4
4

= 5 +

2
3 3
(2 + 1 +
) = 2.603
4
44

2
3 3
(21 + +
)=0
4
44

2
3 5
(22
)=0
5
54

2
3 5
(22
) = 2.953
4
54

2
3
( ) = 12.992
4
4
2
3
=5+
(2 ) = 2.603
4
4

= 5 +

2
3 3
(2 + 1 +
) = 2.603
4
44

2
3 3
(21 + +
)=0
4
44

2
3 5
(22
)=0
5
54

2
3 5
(22
) = 2.953
4
54

1. + = 0

6
21 18
+ +
+
=0
16
4
64
21 3
2 +

= 5 . . (1)
4
32
5 +

2. = 0

3. = 0

2
9
+ 1 +
= 0 . . (2)
4
32

41 3

= 0 . (3)
5
10

## PARA EL ANALISIS DE FUERZAS HOTIZONTALES

+ = 10

ANALIZAMOS EL NODO C

= 0

+ +

4
5
4
+ + 3
1 ( ) =

( )
5
4
5
5
5 1
3
1 = [( ( + ) ( + )]
4 4
25
5
3
( + ) ( + )
1 =
16
20
1 =

= 0

2 = 1

+

5

3
+ 4
2 = 1 ( )
( )
5
5
5
5
3
3
+ 4
( + )] ( )
2 = [ ( + )
( )
16
20
5
5
5
3
9
4
( + )
( + ) ( + )
2 =
16
100
25
3
+
( + )
2 =
16
4
1 3
2 = [ ( + ) ( + )]
4 4

Cuarta condicin

= 0

+
(
) + 2 5 = 0
4
+
1 3
(
) + [ ( + ) ( + )] = 5
4
4 4
1
3
[ + ( + ) + ( + )] = 5
4
4

3
3 3 3
3
9
62 3
[
( + 1 + ) + (
)] = 5
4 2
4 4 2
2
16
5
5

3
3 9
91 27 62 3
[

+
]=5
4 2
4 8
8
64
5
5

3
91 62 567
[
+

]=5
4 8
8
5
320

3
91 62
567
+

+
= 5
32
32
20
1280

2
2/4
[
0
3/32

2/4
1
0
9/32

0
0
4/5
3/10

3/32

5
9/32
1
0
][ ] = [ ]
3/10
0
2
567/1280
5

=
1 =

145
657

4850
657

2 =
=

3565
657

14331
728

= 12.
= 2.603
= 2.603
= 0
= 0
= 2.953

## 23.-Trazar DFC y DMF

3
m
3I

3m

20 kn/m

Articulacin
C

2I
4I

4m

A
D

= 15 +

= 15 +

3
( ) = 53.918 .
3
3

3
(2 ) = 16.559 .
3
3

= 2 + (2 ) = 16.559 .
= 2 + (21 5 ) = 0
= 2 + (22
= 2 + (2

3
)= 0
4

3
) = 26.031
4

## ECUACION DE EQUILIBRIO ESTATICO

1:_ + = 0
15 +
20
3

41

+ 21

+ 1 + 21 = 0

4
3

= 15 (1)

2:_ = 0
2 + 41 = 0

3:_ = 0

(2)

42

6
4

= 0 .. (3)

4:_ 3 [ + ] 4 [ + ] = 30
1
4 4
8 4
1
5
6
[15 +

+ 15 +

] [42
+ 21
]
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
= 30

1
8
1
[ 4
] [62 3] = 30
3
3
4

4 8 82 2
+

= 30
3
3
4
4

4
32 59
+

= 30
3
2
36

20
3

2
0
4

4
0

0
4
3

[ 3 0 2

988
179

1= 494

179

3
0
3
2
59

36

15
1
0
[ ] =[ ]
0
2
30

2=

6703
515

17517
507

16.55
9
5.520
16.55
9

5.520

5.520

kN

kN

5.520

6.508

6.508
KN
6.508
KN
26.031
KN.m
RMA= 6.508 KN

20Tn/m
53.492
53.918

6.508
KN

KN

MA= 53.918
KN.m
RVA= 5.520
KN

RVD= 5.520
KN

## DIAGRAMA DE FUERZA CORTANTE

6.508

Barra A-B
53.918

2.6746

+6.508

-5.520

Mx

20 X

20 X

x
53.492

V= 53.492
V(0)= 53.492

V(3)= 6.508
Mx= 53.492X 10X -

0= 53.492 20
max. a esta
X

53.918

X= 2.6746

M(0)= -53.918
Mmax (x=2.6746) =
17.617
M(3)= 16.559

distancia

+16.559
+16.559

17.617

+

+
+B -C1

+B

+C2

6 km

18 km

20 km

3 km/m
2 km/m

3I

12m

() =

MCB = 156 +
MCD = -32 +

= =

MBC = -156 +

MDC = 16 +

12m

MAB = - 36 +
MBA = 36 +

2
I

10 I

12m

4m

2
I
8m

= .

= .

( + ) =

( + ) =

( + ) =

= .

= .

= .

( + ) = =

1. MBA + MBC = O
36 + +

+
= . ()

+
2. MCB + MCD = 0
+

+
+
+
=

+
+
= . ()

3. MDC + MDE = O

3m

+
=

+
= ()

8/3

8/6

5/6

7/3

1/3

1/3

7/3

120
=

-124
2

0.18 KN.m

73.623

73.623

18

18

RB=6.365 KN

RB=49.218 KN

35.417 KN
16.635 KN
9.045 KN
6 KN

-1.365 KN

-8.583 KN

-26.955 KN
-32.583 KN

6 KN

6 KN

1.365 KN

16.635 KN

16.635 KN

32.583 KN

32.583 KN

RB=62.372 KN

32.417 KN

RA=9.045 KN

18

2 kn/m

107.639

32.417 KN

9.045

26.955 KN

9.045

26.955 KN

M=0.18 KN.m

6KN

20 kn

-107.639 KN
-73.623 KN

-0.18 KN

-18 KN

- -

- +

13.455 KN

-7.082 KN

173.369 KN

24 KN/m
B
1.5m

12 KN

1.5m

I
A

1.5m

4m

= . +
= . +
= +

() =

() =

() =

1. + + =
. +

() + () + =

= .

10 KN

373
14

15
B
10
10

5151
112

163
14

24 KN/m

5151
112

67
7
12

17
7

R HA =

6271
112

=
.

5601
112

971
28

67
KN
7
C
971
MC =
KN. m
5601
28
5601
112
R VC =
KN
112
R MC =

515

DFC:

112

10

67
7

17

560

112

DMF:
15

373
14

163

17.423

14

2.714

17

14

+
+
+

24

10

1.5
12

1.5

4
= 32 +

2
971
( ) =
4
28

1.5
= 32 +

2
373
(2 ) =
4
14

= 4.5 +

2
163
(2 ) =
3
14

= 4.5 +

2
13
( ) =
3
14

+ 15 = 0
32 + 4.5 +

4
2
+
15 = 0
3
3

75

14

971

971

28

28

24/

373

= 9.571
= 50.009

15

14

45.991
50.009

10

10

45.991

10

9.571

12

2.429
13
14
= 2.429
= 55.991

971

28

373
14

163
14

17.423
2.714

13
14

50.009

45.991

9.571
2.429

EI=Constante

1000KN

1000
B

VAB

VDC

A
1m

1m

3m

4m

D
3m

## MAB= 2EI/4 (B - 3/4) = 98.214

MBA= 2EI/4 (2B - 3/4) = 276.786
MBC= -562.5 + 2EI/4 (2B+C) = -276.786
MCB= 187.5 + 2EI/4 (2C+B) = 223.214
MCD= 2EI/4 (2C- 3/4) = -223.214
MDC= 2EI/4 (C - 3/4) = -151.786
Ecuaciones Equilibrio Esttico.

2 1/2 -3/8

362.5

1/2 2

-3/8

-187.5

BC

## 2EIB + EIC/2 3EI/8 = 562.5......(1)

2.- MCB + MCD = 0
187.5 + EIC + EIB/2 +EIC 3EI/8 = 0

B= 2500/7EI

C= -1000/7EI

(2)

BC= 1500/7EI

## -1/4(MAB+ MBC) -1/4(MCD + MDC)= 0

-1/4(EIB/2 -3EI/8 +4EIB/4 3EI/8 + 4EIC/4 3EI/8+2EIC/43EI/8)=0
-1/4(3EIB/2 +3EIC/2 -3EI/2) = 0
-3EIB/8 -3EIC/8 +3EI/8 = 0

## 28. Trazar Diagrama de Fuerza Cortante y Diagrama de Momento Flector

2 2
5
52
MAB =
+
(B1 ) =
12

16
2 2
3
MAB =
+
(2B2 ) = 0
12

2
3
MAB =
(2B2 ) = 0

2
3
32
MAB =
(B ) =

16
ANALISIS EQUILIBRIO ESTTICO

1. MAB = 0
2 4
6EI
+
B1 2 = 0
12
2

4
6EI 2
MAB =
B1 2 =
(1)
2

12
2. MBC = 0
MAB =

4
6EI
B2 2 = 0 (2)
2

1
1

2

2
1 6
12A
1 6
12A
(
B1
)
+
(

B2
+
)=
2
2
2
2
2

6
12A 6
12A

B1
+
+

B2
+
=
2
2
2
3
2

6
6
24A

B1
+

B2
+
=
2
2
3
2

0
6
2

6
2

B2 =
24

B1 =

B1

73
96

33
B2 =
32
4

=
16

12

13wl
/16
13wl
/16

3wl/
16

13wl
/16

3wl/
16

3wl/
16

3wl/
16

3wl/
16

Rb=0
Rc = 3wl/16

5wl2/16
W

Mx
X

-3WLl/16

13wl
/16

-3wl/16

=13
16

92
(13
6 ) =512

Cuando v=0

-5wl 2/16

=13
16

3wl2/16

=13
16
=13
16

52
=13
2
16
16
2
52
(0) =16

9wl2/
512

(13
=92
6M)(l)=0
512

B1

mximo

-B2

MTODO ENERGTICO

Calcular

H4
W

2 =
2

1 =
2

2
M

1-2
2-3

2
2

L-x

= 0

4 = 0 ( 2 2 )Ldx
2 2
1

)Dx
4 = 0 (

4 =

1 22 3
(

)/0

4
6

4 =

1 4 4
(

4
6

4

## 4 =Escriba aqu la ecuacin.

12

2) Calcular
Escriba aqu la ecuacin.

1
20Kg
A

Barras

longitud

BA

0 20

M
-20X

= 0 1
=

VB
m1
-X

m1
-1

= ()(2 )

1
(20)(1)

= (10 2 )/20
0
=

4 000

1 20
(20)()
0

20 3 20
/0
3

160 000
3

3)

P
A
B

B
l/2

l/2

2
X

1
A

1
2
X

1
2

Barras

longitud

A - 1

0 l/2

B - 1

0 l/2

/2

/2
2

/2

= 0

(0

1
x)

(1

/2

m2
1

( 1)
2

m3

= 0 2

2
2

2
2

= 0 (
=

2 /2
)/0
4

/2

(0

2
2

2
2

)
2

)
2

= (
=

m1

= 16

2
16

1 /2
3
0

1 /2 2
( 4
0
1

2
)
4

/2

= 0 ( 2 )

3
=
48

H2= 0
1

## H2= [0 ()() + 0 ()()]

H2= [0 ( 2 + 2 ) ]
1 2 3

H2= [

H2= 3

]
0

4. - Calcular v en D

Pa

P
3a
a

B
P

Pa
C

Pa

1
C

D
D

vD = 0

2
3
EI vD = 0 ()() + 0 ()() + 0 ( + )( + )

EI vD =

EI vD =

EI vD =

EI vD =

vD =

3
3

/ 0 + / 2
+ 0 ( 2 + 2 )
0

3
3

+ 2 + 0 ( 2 2 + 2 )
+(
+

3
3

2 + 2 )/ 3
0

27

92 + 3

16
3

## 5.- Calcular el Vc de la estructura mostrada

P
2a

P
B 2P

2a

B 2a

R1=p

a
A

2a

Tramo
C-B
B-A
D-A
E-A

R2=p

Longitud
0-2a
0-a
0-2a
0-a

M
-Px
-2Pa
Px
0

R1=1

m
-x
-2a
X
0

a
R1=0

/ 2
+ 4/ 0 +
0

EIVc=0 + 0 4 + 0
3

EIVc=

EIVc=

28

EIVc=
6.- Calcular el V

a
A
A

2a

+ 4 +

8
3

/ 2
0

1
3

1
P/2

P/2

P/2
Tramo
12
23

Longitud
0l
0l

53
43

0l
0l

M
0

2
0

1/2

1/2

P/2

1
1/2

1/2

m
0

2
0

7.- Calcular Hz

2l
1

l
1 R1 = 2l

R = 1

R = 5l
2
1

R1 = 3l
3

R1 = 1

61 = 0

3 = ( ) + 2 2
2
3 =

5
2

## 7.- Calcular el VE, HE y E de la siguiente estructura

R1 = 1

1) Estructura real
P/2

2a

2) VE (carga unitaria)

P/2

a P

1/2

Pa

1/2

2a

C
D
F

RF = 3P/2

3) HE (carga unitaria)
1/2

2a

2a

2a

1
E

D
a
A

4) E Mancho unitaria

RA = 1/2

C
D

a
A

F
RH A=1

1/2a
1

RF = 3/2

RA = 1/2

a
1

1/2a

1/2

a
RA = P/2

1
E

F
a

RF = 1/2

## 3) Calculo de Giro en E (E)

RA = 1/2a

RF = 1/2a

EIE = 3
2

EIE =0

2 2

EIE =0

EIE =

EIE =

EIE =

E =

+ 0 + 0

+ 0 +
12 0

83
12

82
12

+ 2 +

+ 2 +

132
6

8. Calcular V C , H C , C .

2 + 0 ()(1) + 0 ()(1)

2
2

2
2

2
2

Barra
CB
BA

Longitud
0a
0 -a

M
M
M

EI V C

Mxdx

EI V C

EI V C

VC

Mxdx

Mx

2

Mx

2

VC
VC

Ma
2 EI
2

Ma

2 EI

2. Clculo de H C .
EI H C

Mxdx

EI H

EI H
EI H

3 Ma

Mxdx

Ma

Mx

2

Ma

-x

X
0
3. Clculo de C .

1. Calculo de V C

Max
0

Ma

2 EI

9. Calcular el , y .

-1
-1

1) Viga Real

1) Calcula

## EI = 0 ( )(0) + 0 ( )() + 0 ( )(2)

2

EI = 0 + 0 ( 22 + 2)
2a

EI =

Pax

EI =

2 Pa

4 Pa

2 Pa

2 Pax Pax
0

4 Pa

EI

2 Pa

2 2a

EI

2. Calcular
a

Px
2

Pa x
3

Pa

2a

( Pa )( a ) dx

2a

( Pa Px )( a x ) dx

Pax
2
Pa x
2

2a

2 Pa

2 Pa

2 Pa

Pax

2 Pa

3 Pa

( Px )( x ) dx

8 Pa

2a

Px

3 0
3

EI

3. Calcular
a

Px

Pax
2

( Px )( 1 ) dx

2a

( Pa )( 1 ) dx

Pa

5 Pa
2 EI

2a

( Pa Px )( 1 ) dx

2a

Pax

2a

Px

2 0
2

2a

2 Pa

2 Pa

2 Pa

2
2

10.- Calcular V, H,

5 Pa

2 EI

135

8qa

8q a 4qa

4qa

4a

4a

2a

5a

1
1

2a

Unitario

1 ()

2 ()

3 ()

DC

0 4a

-1

CB

0 5a

- 82

-x

4a

-1

0 5a

16
5
82

- 5
5

4
5

-1

1 = 4 cos

N2

1) Calculo de V

1 =

16
5

2 = 1

1 =

4
4( 5

)
N1

4qa

4a -

V Unitario Nodo B

B

5a

Longitud

N1

5a

BA

H Unitario

Tramo

V Unitario

Viga Real

2a

5a

2a

4a

5a

16qa
5

4
5

N2

3
5

2 =

3
5

5 16

EIV = 0 82 + 0 (
5

EIV = 0 82 + 0
5

EIV = 42 2 0 + (

16 3
25

82 )(

48 2

24 2

25
12 2

3
5

5)

162 + 403
5

82 2 + 403 ) 0

V =

804

2) Calculo de H
4

EIH = 0
322
5

9 3
2

5 642

+ 0 323 + 0

323

64 2
25

EIH =

4
8

322 2

0 +323 0 +[
4

323

H =
H =

64 3

75
3204

6564

162 2
5

+ 80

] 0

3
6564
3

3) Calculo de
4

EI = 0

4 2

EI = 0
EI =
EI =
=

2
2

82 0 + (
3

8 2
5

16
5

+ 82 )(1)
5

+ 82 ) 0

+ 40 40 + 403

1523
3

5 16

+ 0 82 + 0 (

2
3 4
+
6 0
323
3

82 (1)

3.- Calculo de D

4 2

EI D= 0

EI D=0

EI D=

5 16
5

8 2
5

+ 40 403 + 40

152

EI D=

5 16

+ 0 8 + 0

/ 4
+ 8/ 5
+ (
0
0

32

EI D=

+ 82

+ 82 )/ 5
0

82 (1)