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ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/TC 28/SC 4
Date: 2011-03-21

ISO/DIS 12925-1
ISO/TC 28/SC 4/WG 10
Secretariat: AFNOR

Lubricants, Industrial oils and related products (Class L) Family C


(Gears) Part 1: Part 1 - Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear
systems
Lubrifiants, huiles industrielles et produits connexes (Classe L) Famille C (Engrenages) Partie 1: Partie
1 - Spcifications des lubrifiants pour systmes d'engrenages sous carter

Warning
This document is not an ISO International Standard. It is distributed for review and comment. It is subject to
change without notice and may not be referred to as an International Standard.
Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of
which they are aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Document type: International Standard


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ISO/DIS 12925-1

Copyright notice
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ii

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Contents

Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ iv
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................... v
1

Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

Normative references:........................................................................................................................... 1

Sampling................................................................................................................................................. 2

Specifications ........................................................................................................................................ 2

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................................................ 1

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

iii

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies
(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO
technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been
established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and
non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.
The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards
adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an
International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
ISO 12925-1 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 28, Petroleum products and lubricants,
Subcommittee SC 4, Classifications and Specifications, WG10, Classifications and Specifications of gear
lubricants.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO12925-1:1996), which has been technically
revised and including the technical corrigendum ISO12925-1/AC1:2002.
ISO 12925 consists of the following parts, under the general title Lubricants, Industrial oils and related
products (Class L) Family C (Gears):

Part 1: Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems

Part 2: Specifications of open gears lubricants

Part 3: Specifications for greases for enclosed and open gear systems

iv

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Introduction
Lubricants for gear systems are used in diverse types of gear designs, ranging from simple parallel spur to
gears to bevel gears (straight or helical), worm gears and hypoid gears. Industrial gear systems, which are
either of open type or enclosed type, vary in size from small enclosed systems used in machine tools to very
large systems used in mining, steel mills and cement plants.
Lubricants for these applications vary in composition from refined straight mineral oils to more complex
blends, based on mineral oils, synthetic oils (e.g. poly -olefins, esters, polyglycols) and additives friction
modifying and / or extreme-pressure. ISO 3448 viscosity grades vary depending on the type of application and
range from the low viscosity ISO VG 32 to high viscosity ISO VG 1 500, even more for the very low velocities
and very high loads. In exceptional cases, viscosity grades may be even higher. Temperature conditions to
which the gear systems are exposed also vary considerably, not only due to the ambient conditions of
operation, but also depending on the sliding between the gear teeth, on the size of the casings, on the
presence on the circulating systems of heat exchangers, on the vicinity of sources of heat like in the cement
industry or in the steel industry.
Greases may also be used for the splash lubrication of enclosed gears or for the application on open gear
teeth.
The present part of ISO 12925 was first published in 1996 to cover the lubricants applied in enclosed gear
systems gear most currently encountered in the industry. Since the first issue, the requirements for lubricants
for enclosed gear systems have largely changed to suit to new gear technologies and applications. More
demanding requirements have appeared with respect to extreme pressure properties (resistance to micropitting) and to foaming and air release characteristics. This revision of the part 1 of ISO 12925 includes new
requirements with respect to bearings lubrication capabilities (DIN 51819-3), resistance to micro pitting (FVA
procedure n54), foaming (ISO DIS 12152) .
This part of ISO 12925 does not pretend to cover the extreme cases of use in terms of gear design,
temperature and extreme charges conditions. For use in exceptional conditions, suppliers and purchasers of
lubricants should mutually agree on the testing methods and the acceptability criteria of the products, not
covered by this part of ISO 12925.

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Lubricants, Industrial oils and related products (Class L)


Family C (Gears) Part 1: Part 1 - Specifications for lubricants
for enclosed gear systems

Scope

The present part of ISO 12925 establishes the specifications relative to family C (gears) for
lubricants, industrial oils and related products of Class L (see ISO 6743-6). This part of ISO 12925
deals only with lubricants for enclosed gear systems. Lubricants for open gears and greases for
gears (enclosed or open) are not covered.
It is advisable to read the present part of ISO 12925 in conjunction with ISO 6743-6. The following
categories of ISO 6743-6: CKB, CKC, CKD, CKS, CKT are covered by the present standard

Normative references:

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For
dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the
referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 1817 :2005
ISO 2160:1998

Rubber, vulcanized -- Determination of the effect of liquids


Petroleum products Corrosiveness to copper Copper strip test

ISO 2592:2000 - Determination of flash and fire points -- Cleveland open cup method
ISO 2909:1981,

Petroleum products - Calculation of viscosity index from kinematic viscosity.

ISO 3016:1994,

Petroleum products - Determination of pour point.

ISO 3104:1994 Petroleum products -- Transparent and opaque liquids -- Determination of kinematic
viscosity and calculation of dynamic viscosity
ISO 3170

Petroleum liquids Manual sampling

ISO 3448:1992,

Industrial liquid lubricants - ISO viscosity classification.

ISO 3675:1998 Crude petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Laboratory determination of density -Hydrometer method
ISO 4263-1:2003 Petroleum and related products -- Determination of the ageing behaviour of inhibited oils
and fluids -- TOST test -- Part 1: Procedure for mineral oils
ISO 4263-4:2006 Petroleum and related products -- Determination of the ageing behaviour of inhibited oils
and fluids -- TOST test -- Part 4: Procedure for industrial gear oils
ISO 6247

Petroleum products - Lubricating oil - Determination of foaming characteristics.

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/DIS 12925-1

ISO 6614:1994
fluids.

Petroleum products - Determination of water separability of petroleum oils and synthetic

ISO 6618:1997 Petroleum products and lubricants -- Determination of acid or base number -- Colourindicator titration method
ISO 6619:1988
method

Petroleum products and lubricants -- Neutralization number -- Potentiometric titration

ISO 6743-6:1990 Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L) -- Classification -- Part 6: Family C
(Gears)
ISO 7120:1987 Petroleum products and lubricants -- Petroleum oils and other fluids -- Determination of rustpreventing characteristics in the presence of water
ISO DIS 12152
Lubricants, industrial oils and related products -- Determination of the foaming and air
release properties of industrial gear oils using a spur gear test rig -- Flender foam test procedure
ISO 12185
Methods of test for petroleum and its products. Crude petroleum and petroleum products.
Determination of density. Oscillating U-tube method
ISO 12937:2000 Petroleum products -- Determination of water -- Coulometric Karl Fischer titration method
ISO 13226:2005 Rubber -- Standard reference elastomers (SREs) for characterizing the effect of liquids on
vulcanized rubbers
ISO 14635-1:2000 Gears FZG test procedures part 1 FZG test method A/8,3/90 for relative scuffing loadcarrying capacity of oils
ISO 20764:2003 Petroleum and related products -- Preparation of a test portion of high-boiling liquids for the
determination of water content -- Nitrogen purge method
ASTM D 2711

Standard Test Method for Demulsibility Characteristics of Lubricating Oils

DIN 51819-3 Testing of lubricants - Mechanical-dynamic testing in the roller bearing test apparatus FE8 Part 3: Test method for lubricating oils, axial cylindrical roller bearing

Sampling

Sampling of gear oils for the purpose of this International Standard shall be carried out in
accordance with the pertinent procedure described in ISO 3170. The sample shall be evaluated on
a representative portion. Any drum, barrel, tanker compartment or any type of container delivered to
the end user may be sampled and analyzed at the discretion of the purchaser.

Specifications

Detailed specifications for each category mentioned in this part of ISO 12925 are provided in tables
1 to 6, as indicated below

table 1: category CKB

table 2: category CKC

table 3: category CKD

table 4: category CKE

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/DIS 12925-1

table 5: category CKS

table 6: category CKT

The composition, properties and typical applications of each category are stated at the top of the
tables.

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 1 Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKB
Composition and properties: refined mineral oils with oxidation stability, corrosion protection (ferrous and nonferrous metals) and antifoam properties.
Typical application: gears operating under light to moderate loads
Property
Test method
Unit
Specifications
Viscosity class
ISO 3448
VG 32
VG 46
VG 68
VG 100
VG 150
VG 220 VG 320 VG 460
2
Kinematic viscosity at Min.
ISO 2104
mm /s
28,8
41,4
61,2
90
135
198
288
414
40C
Max.
35,2
50,6
74,8
110
165
242
352
506
1)
2)
2))
2)
2)
2)
3)
3)
3)
Appearance
B&C
B&C
B&C
B&C
B&C
B
B
B
Viscosity index, min
ISO 2909
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
3
Density
ISO 12185 or kg/m
Report
ISO 3675
Water content, max.
ISO 12937 ou % (m/m)
< 0,1
ISO 20764
Acid number
ISO 6618 ou mg KOH/g
Report
ISO 6619
Pour point, max.
ISO 3016
C
- 12
- 12
- 12
- 12
- 9
-9
-9
-9
Flash point, min.
ISO 2592
C
180
180
180
200
200
2 00
200
200
Foaming
ISO 6247
Tendency / stability max.
Sequence 1 at 24C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 2 at 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 3 at 24C after 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Copper corrosion
ISO 2160
rating
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3 h, 100C, max.
Demulsibility
ISO 6614
Test temperature 54C
Time to reach an emulsion
Minutes
30
30
30
value of 40/37/3 max
Test temperature 82C
Time to reach an emulsion
Minutes
30
value of 40/37/3 max
Demulsibility (45 ml water)
ASTM D 2711
Procedure A
Free water volume min.
ml
30
30
30
30
Emulsion volume max.
ml
2
2
2
2
Water in oil max.
%
0,5
0,5
0,5
0,5
Rust test (24 hours)
ISO 7120
rating
pass
A & B methods

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

VG 680
612
748
3)
B
85

VG 1000
900
1100
3)
B
85

VG 1500
1350
1650
3)
B
85

-3
200

-3
200

-3
200

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

30
2
0,5

30
2
0,5

30
2
0,5

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 1 (continued) Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKB
Oxidation stability
ISO 4263-1
Time to reach an acid number
Hours
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
of 2 mg KOH/g, min.
Elastomer compatibility
ISO 1817
4)
NBR/SRE 28SX 168 h 2 h
at 100C 1C
%
0 / +10
Volume variation, max
points
- 10 / + 5
Shore A hardness variation
max.
%
- 40
Elongation at break variation,
max.
1)
There is presently no accepted test method. Visual observation is to be reported as indicated. The objective is to ensure that the lubricant does not appear turbid or contain suspended
or settled impurities.
2)
Bright and clear
3)
Bright
4)
Standard reference elastomer according to ISO 13226

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 2 Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKC
Composition and properties : oils of category CKB with enhanced extreme pressure and anti-wear properties.
Typical applications: gear systems operating at a stabilized temperature that remains normal or medium, and under high load.
Property
Test method
Unit
Specifications
Viscosity class
ISO 3448
VG 32
VG 46
VG 68
VG 100
VG 150
VG 220
2
Kinematic viscosity at Min.
ISO 2104
mm /s
28,8
41,4
61,2
90
135
198
40C
Max.
35,2
50,6
74,8
110
165
242
1)
2)
2))
2)
2)
2)
3)
Appearance
B&C
B&C
B&C
B&C
B&C
B
Viscosity index, min
ISO 2909
90
90
90
90
90
90
3
Density
ISO 12185 or kg/m
report
ISO 3675
Water content, max.
ISO 12937 ou % (m/m)
< 0,1
ISO 20764
Acid number
ISO 6618 ou mg KOH/g
report
ISO 6619
Pour point, max.
ISO 3016
C
- 12
- 12
- 12
- 12
- 9
-9
Flash point, min.
ISO 2592
C
180
180
180
200
200
2 00
Foaming
ISO 6247
Tendency / stability max.
Sequence 1 at 24C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 2 at 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 3 at 24C after 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Copper corrosion
ISO 2160
Rating
1
1
1
1
1
1
3 h, 100C, max.
Demulsibility
ISO 6614
Test temperature 54C
Time to reach an emulsion
Minutes
30
30
30
value of 40/37/3 max
Test temperature 82C
Time to reach an emulsion
Minutes
30
value of 40/37/3 max
Demulsibility (90 ml water)
ASTM D 2711
Procedure B
Free water volume min.
ml
80
80
Emulsion volume max.
ml
1
1
Water in oil max.
%
2
2
Rust test (24 hours)
ISO 7120
rating
pass
A & B methods

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

VG 320
288
352
3)
B
90

VG 460
414
506
3)
B
90

VG 680
612
748
3)
B
85

VG 1000
900
1100
3)
B
85

VG 1500
1350
1650
3)
B
85

-9
200

-9
200

-3
200

-3
200

-3
200

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

80
1
2

80
1
2

80
1
2

80
1
2

80
1
2

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 2 (continued) Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKC
Oxidation stability (95C)
Kinematic viscosity at 100C
increase, max.
Precipitation number increase,
max.
Load carrying properties
A/8,3/90
Failure stage, min.
Antifriction bearing wear test
FE 8 machine D 7,5/80-80
Rolling elements wear, max.
Retainer wear, max.
FZG Micro pitting

ISO 4263-4
%

0,1

ISO 14635-1
12
DIN51819-3
mg
mg
FVA
n54

30
200

proc

Failure stage
report
GFT class
report
Foaming and air release ISO
DIS %
characteristics Flender foam 12152
test
Total volume increase after 1
report
minute stand-by.
Elastomer compatibility
ISO 1817
4)
NBR/SRE 28SX 168 h 2 h
at 100C 1C
Volume variation, max
%
0 / +10
Shore A hardness variation
points
- 10 / + 5
max.
Elongation at break variation,
%
- 40
max.
1)
There is presently no accepted test method. Visual observation is to be reported as indicated. The objective is to ensure that the lubricant does not appear turbid or contain suspended
or settled impurities.
2)
Bright and clear
3)
Bright
4)
Standard reference elastomer according to ISO 13226

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 3 Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKD
Composition and properties: lubricants of category CKC, with enhanced thermal/oxidative stability that permits high temperature use.
Typical application: gears operating at a high stabilized oil temperature, and under high load.
Property
Test method
Unit
Specifications
Viscosity class
ISO 3448
VG 32
VG 46
VG 68
VG 100
VG 150
VG 220 VG 320
2
Kinematic viscosity at Min.
ISO 3104
mm /s
28,8
41,4
61,2
90
135
198
288
40C
Max.
35,2
50,6
74,8
110
165
242
352
1)
2)
2))
2)
2)
2)
3)
3)
Appearance
B&C
B&C
B&C
B&C
B&C
B
B
Viscosity index, min
ISO 2909
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
3
Density
ISO 12185 or kg/m
report
ISO 3675
Water content, max.
ISO 12937 ou % (m/m)
< 0,1
ISO 20764
Acid number
ISO 6618 ou mg KOH/g
report
ISO 6619
Pour point, max.
ISO 3016
C
- 12
- 12
- 12
- 12
- 9
-9
-9
Flash point, min.
ISO 2592
C
180
180
180
200
200
2 00
200
Foaming
ISO 6247
Tendency / stability max.
Sequence 1 at 24C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 2 at 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 3 at 24C after 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Copper corrosion
ISO 2160
rating
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3 h, 100C, max.
Demulsibility
ISO 6614
Test temperature 54C
Time to reach an emulsion
Minutes
30
30
30
value of 40/37/3 max
Test temperature 82C
Time to reach an emulsion
Minutes
30
value of 40/37/3 max
Demulsibility (90 ml water)
ASTM D 2711
Procedure B
Free water volume min.
ml
80
80
80
Emulsion volume max.
ml
1
1
1
Water in oil max.
%
2
2
2
Rust test (24 hours)
ISO 7120
rating
pass
A & B methods

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

VG 460
414
506
3)
B
90

VG 680
612
748
3)
B
85

VG 1000
900
1100
3)
B
85

VG 1500
1350
1650
3)
B
85

-9
200

-3
200

-3
200

-3
200

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

80
1
2

80
1
2

80
1
2

80
1
2

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 3 (continued) Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKD
Oxidation stability (121C)
Kinematic viscosity at 100C
increase, max.
Precipitation number increase,
max.
Load carrying properties
A/8,3/90
Failure stage, min.
Antifriction bearing wear test
FE 8 machine D 7,5/80-80
Rolling elements wear, max.
Retainer wear, max.
FZG Micro pitting

ISO 4263-4
%

0,1

ISO 14635-1
12
DIN51819-3
mg
mg
FVA
n54

30
200

proc

Failure stage
report
GFT class
report
Foaming and air release ISO
DIS %
characteristics Flender foam 12152
test
Total volume increase after 1
report
minute stand-by.
ISO 1817
Elastomer compatibility
4)
NBR/SRE 28SX 168 h 2 h
at 100C 1C
0 / +10
%
Volume variation, max
- 10 / + 5
points
Shore A hardness variation
max.
%
- 40
Elongation at break variation,
max.
1)
There is presently no accepted test method. Visual observation is to be reported as indicated. The objective is to ensure that the lubricant does not appear turbid or contain suspended
or settled impurities.
2)
Bright and clear
3)
Bright
4)
Standard reference elastomer according to ISO 13226

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 4 Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKE
Composition and properties: lubricants of category CKB, ensuring low coefficient of friction.
Typical applications: gears whose teeth systems operate under high sliding friction (e.g. worm gears)
Property
Test method
Unit
Specifications
Viscosity class
ISO 3448
VG 68
VG 100
VG 150
VG 220 VG 320
2
Kinematic viscosity at Min
ISO 3104
mm /s
61,2
90
135
198
288
40C
Max
74,8
110
165
242
352
1)
2)
2)
2)
3)
3)
Appearance
B&C
B&C
B&C
B
B
Viscosity index, min
ISO 2909
90
90
90
90
90
3
Density
ISO 12185 ou kg/m
report
ISO 3675
Water content, max.
ISO 12937 ou
% (m/m)
< 0,1
ISO 20764
Acid number
ISO 6618 ou mg KOH/g
report
ISO 6619
Pour point, max.
ISO 3016
C
- 12
- 12
-9
-9
-9
Flash point, min.
ISO 2592
C
180
200
200
200
200
Foaming
ISO 6247
Tendency / stability max.
Sequence 1 at 24C
ml/ml
100/10
Sequence 2 at 93C
ml/ml
100/10
Sequence 3 at 24C after 93C
ml/ml
100/10
Copper corrosion
ISO 2160
cotation
1
1
1
1
1
3 h, 100C, max.
5)
Demulsibility (45 ml water)
ASTM D 2711
Procedure A
Free water volume min.
ml
Report
Emulsion volume max.
ml
Report
Water in oil max.
%
Report
Rust test (24 hours)
ISO 7120
cotation
pass
A & B methods
Oxidation stability (95C)
ISO 4263-4
Kinematic viscosity at 100C
%
Report
increase, max.
Precipitation number increase,
Report
max.

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

VG 460
414
506
3)
B
90

VG 680
612
748
3)
B
85

VG 1000
900
1100
3)
B
85

-9
2 00

-3
200

-3
200

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 4 (continued) Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKE
ISO 1817
Elastomer compatibility
4)
NBR/SRE 28SX 168 h 2 h
at 100C 1C
%
0 / +10
Volume variation, max
points
- 10 / + 5
Shore A hardness variation
max.
%
- 40
Elongation at break variation,
max.
1)
There is presently no accepted test method. Visual observation is to be reported as indicated. The objective is to ensure that the lubricant does not
appear turbid or contain suspended or settled impurities.
2)
Bright and clear
3)
Bright
4)
Standard reference elastomer according to ISO 13226
5)
Does not apply to products containing friction modifiers with self emulsifying properties

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 5 Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKS
Composition and properties: lubricants with oxidation stability, friction modifying and corrosion protection properties, used in extreme temperature
(high and low). These are most often synthetic lubricants based on either poly a-olefins, or viscous esters or polyglycols.
Typical applications: gears operating at a very low, low or very high stabilized fluid temperature and under light to moderate load.
Property
Test method
Unit
Specifications
Viscosity class
ISO 3448
VG 46
VG 68
VG 100
VG 150
VG 220 VG 320 VG 460 VG 680
2
Kinematic viscosity at Min.
ISO 2104
mm /s
41,4
61,2
90
135
198
288
414
612
40C
Max.
50,6
74,8
110
165
242
352
506
748
1)
2)
2)
2)
2)
3)
3)
3)
3)
Appearance
B&C
B&C
B&C
B&C
B
B
B
B
Viscosity index, min
ISO 2909
report
3
Density
ISO 12185 ou kg/m
report
ISO 3675
5)
< 0,1
Water content , max.
ISO 12937 ou % (m/m)
ISO 20764
Acid number
ISO 6618 ou mg KOH/g
report
ISO 6619
Pour point, max.
ISO 3016
C
- 36
- 36
- 36
- 24
- 24
- 18
- 18
- 15
Flash point, min.
ISO 2592
C
180
180
200
200
200
2 00
200
200
Foaming
ISO 6247
Tendency / stability max.
Sequence 1 at 24C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 2 at 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 3 at 24C after 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Copper corrosion
ISO 2160
cotation
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3 h, 100C, max.
6)
Demulsibility
ISO 6614
Test temperature 54C
Time to reach an emulsion
Minutes
30
30
value of 40/37/3 max
Test temperature 82C
Minutes
30
Time to reach an emulsion
value of 40/37/3 max
6)
Demulsibility (90 ml water)
ASTM D 2711
Procedure B
Free water volume min.
ml
30
30
30
30
30
Emulsion volume max.
ml
2
2
2
2
2
Water in oil max.
%
0,5
0,5
0,5
0,5
0,5
Rust test (24 hours)
ISO 7120
cotation
pass
A & B methods

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

conditions

VG 1000
900
1100
3)
B

- 15
200

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

30
2
0,5

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 5 (continued) Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKS
Oxidation stability (150C)
ISO 4263-4
Kinematic viscosity at 100C
%
6
increase, max.
Precipitation number increase,
0,1
max.
Elastomer compatibility
ISO 1817
4)
NBR/SRE 28SX 168 h 2 h
at 100C 1C
%
0 / +10
Volume variation, max
points
- 10 / + 5
Shore A hardness variation
max.
- 40
%
Elongation at break variation,
max.
1)
There is presently no accepted test method. Visual observation is to be reported as indicated. The objective is to ensure that the lubricant does not appear
turbid or contain suspended or settled impurities.
2)
Bright and clear
3)
Bright
4)
Standard reference elastomer according to ISO 13226
5)
Does not apply to hygroscopic products (e.g. polyglycols or certain types of esters)
6)
Does not apply to products containing detergents and / or dispersing agents or to products that are partially soluble into water (polyglycols)

10

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 6 Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKT
Composition and properties : : lubricants of category CKS with enhanced extreme pressure, used in extreme temperature conditions (high and low)
heavy loads These are most often synthetic lubricants based on either poly a-olefins, or viscous esters or polyglycols.
Typical applications : gears operating at a very low, low or very high stabilized fluid temperature and under heavy load.
Property
Test method
Unit
Specifications
Viscosity class
ISO 3448
VG 46
VG 68
VG 100
VG 150
VG 220 VG 320 VG 460 VG 680
2
Kinematic viscosity at Min.
ISO 2104
mm /s
41,4
61,2
90
135
198
288
414
612
40C
Max.
50,6
74,8
110
165
242
352
506
748
1)
2)
2)
2)
2)
3)
3)
3)
3)
Appearance
B&C
B&C
B&C
B&C
B
B
B
B
Viscosity index, min
ISO 2909
report
3
Density
ISO 12185 ou kg/m
report
ISO 3675
5)
< 0,1
Water content , max.
ISO 12937 ou % (m/m)
ISO 20764
Acid number
ISO 6618 ou mg KOH/g
report
ISO 6619
Pour point, max.
ISO 3016
C
- 36
- 36
- 36
- 24
- 24
- 18
- 18
- 15
Flash point, min.
ISO 2592
C
180
180
200
200
200
2 00
200
200
Foaming
ISO 6247
Tendency / stability max.
Sequence 1 at 24C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 2 at 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Sequence 3 at 24C after 93C
ml/ml
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
100/10
Copper corrosion
ISO 2160
rating
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3 h, 100C, max.
6)
Demulsibility
ISO 6614
Test temperature 54C
Time to reach an emulsion
Minutes
30
30
value of 40/37/3 max
Test temperature 82C
Minutes
30
Time to reach an emulsion
value of 40/37/3 max
6)
Demulsibility (90 ml water)
ASTM D 2711
Procedure B
Free water volume min.
ml
30
30
30
30
30
Emulsion volume max.
ml
2
2
2
2
2
Water in oil max.
%
0,5
0,5
0,5
0,5
0,5
Rust test (24 hours)
ISO 7120
rating
pass
A & B methods

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

and under

VG 1000
900
1100
3)
B

- 15
200

100/10
100/10
100/10
1

30
2
0,5

11

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Table 6 (continued) Specifications for lubricants for enclosed gear systems of category CKT
Oxidation stability (150C)
Kinematic viscosity at 100C
increase, max.
Precipitation number increase,
max.
Load carrying properties
A/8,3/90
Failure stage, min.
Antifriction bearing wear test
FE 8 machine D 7,5/80-80
Rolling elements wear, max.
Retainer wear, max.
FZG Micro pitting

ISO 4263-4
%

0,1

ISO 14635-1
12
DIN51819-3
mg
mg
FVA
n54

30
200

proc

Failure stage
report
GFT class
report
Foaming and air release ISO
DIS %
characteristics Flender foam 12152
test
Total volume increase after 1
report
minute stand-by.
ISO 1817
Elastomer compatibility
4)
NBR/SRE 28SX 168 h 2 h
at 100C 1C
Volume variation, max
%
0 / +10
Shore A hardness variation
points
- 10 / + 5
max.
Elongation at break variation,
%
- 40
max.
1)
There is presently no accepted test method. Visual observation is to be reported as indicated. The objective is to ensure that the lubricant does not appear
turbid or contain suspended or settled impurities.
2)
Bright and clear
3)
Bright
4)
Standard reference elastomer according to ISO 13226
5)
Does not apply to hygroscopic products (e.g. polyglycols or certain types of esters)
6)
Does not apply to products containing detergents and / or dispersing agents or to products that are partially soluble into water (polyglycols)

12

ISO 2011 All rights reserved

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD

ISO/DIS 12925-1

Bibliography

[1]

Forschnungsvereinigung Antriebstechnik.E.V., Test Procedure for the investigation of Micropitting


Capacity of Gear Lubricants FVA Information Sheet, Research Projects Nr.54/I-IV 1993

ISO 2011 All rights reserved