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Critical Reviews in Environmental

Science and Technology


Volume 44, Issue 23, 2014

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Advanced Oxidation Processes in Water/Wastewater Treatment:


Principles and Applications. A Review
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DOI:
10.1080/10643389.2013.829765
Mehmet A. Oturana* & Jean-Jacques Aarona
pages 2577-2641
Publishing models and article dates explained

Accepted author version posted online: 25 Feb 2014


Published online: 02 Sep 2014
Article Views: 366

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Abstract
Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) constitute important, promising, efficient, and environmental-friendly methods
developed to principally remove persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from waters and wastewaters. Generally, AOPs are
based on the in situ generation of a powerful oxidizing agent, such as hydroxyl radicals ( OH), obtained at a sufficient
concentration to effectively decontaminate waters. This critical review presents a precise and overall description of the
recent literature (period 19902012) concerning the main types of AOPs, based on chemical, photochemical, sonochemical,
and electrochemical reactions. The principles, performances, advantages, drawbacks, and applications of these AOPs to the
degradation and destruction of POPs in aquatic media and to the treatment of waters and waste waters have been reported
and compared.

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KEY WORDS

anodic oxidation,
AOPs,
COT,
degradation products,
electro-Fenton,

Fenton's reagent,
hydroxyl radicals,
mineralization,
photocatalysis,
photo-Fenton,
toxicity assessment,
water treatment

Separation & Purification Reviews

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Volume 43, Issue 3, 2014

Water Treatment by Adsorption Columns: Evaluation at Ground Level


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DOI:
10.1080/15422119.2012.748671
Imran Alia*
pages 175-205
Publishing models and article dates explained

Received: 4 May 2012


Accepted: 23 Oct 2012
Accepted author version posted online: 11 Jan 2013
Published online: 14 Aug 2013
Article Views: 631

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Abstract
Water is the most important and essential component of earth's ecosystem, playing a vital role in the proper functioning of
flora and fauna. But water resources are contaminating continuously. The whole world may be in great water scarcity in
the coming few decades. Among many water treatment methods, adsorption is considered to be one of the best. Many
articles describe adsorption applications for water treatment in batch mode. Only few works report laboratory, pilot and
commercial applications of adsorption technology. This review is a critical evaluation of the contribution of adsorption

technology at laboratory, pilot and process scales. Water treatment, through column operations, has been divided into two
parts: removal of (i) inorganic and (ii) organic pollutants. Attempts have been made to evaluate the application of
adsorption columns at the ground level. Besides, efforts have also been made to emphasize the importance of adsorption
columns at commercial levels to tackle water treatment problems in the future.

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Keywords

Water treatment,
adsorption columns,
pilot and process scales,
inorganic and organic pollutants

Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering


Volume 3, February 2014, Pages 2529
Biological engineering / Materials engineering

Silver-based antibacterial surfaces for drinking water disinfection


an overview

Jacob Lalley1, 2,

Dionysios D Dionysiou2,

Rajender S Varma3,

Somashetty Shankara4,

Duck J Yang5,

Mallikarjuna N Nadagouda1, ,

Highlights

The use of nano-sized silver as drinking water disinfectant.

Immobilization of silver nanoparticles onto various surfaces.

Problems associated with silver disinfection including particle leaching.

Water disinfection.

Risks associated with current disinfection techniques, including the formation of disinfection byproducts and multi-drug resistant bacterial species, have prompted the exploration of advanced
disinfection methods. One such technique employs silver nanoparticle incorporation on various
surfaces (e.g. metals, plastics, polymers). While silver's bactericidal impact has been known
since ancient times, advancements in nanotechnology have improved the efficiency of silver
disinfection and have enabled the use of silver as a viable disinfection option. Yet silver particles
in drinking water can pose serious health risks. Consequently, before the immobilization of these
bactericidal particles onto a surface could be considered a safe and efficient method of bacterial
disinfection, various parameters including disinfection efficiency, silver leaching, and substrate
reuse must be evaluated.

Graphical abstract

Separation & Purification Reviews

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Volume 43, Issue 3, 2014

Magnetic Field Application and its Potential in Water and Wastewater


Treatment Systems
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DOI:
10.1080/15422119.2013.794148
Nur Syamimi Zaidia*, Johan Sohailia, Khalida Mudaa & Mika Sillanpb
pages 206-240
Publishing models and article dates explained

Received: 27 Jun 2012


Accepted: 27 Feb 2013
Accepted author version posted online: 22 May 2013
Published online: 14 Aug 2013
Article Views: 553

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Abstract
This review is intended to critically convey information on water magnetization and to discuss each application that
employs magnetic field as an aid in wastewater treatment. The magnetically assisted wastewater treatments are presented
and compared in terms of performances with those of conventional treatment systems. The advantages and limitations of
magnetic field application are discussed in order to evaluate their environmental benefits. The main conclusion from the
literature review is that magnetic field application has the potential to improve the physical performance in terms of solidliquid separation mainly through aggregation of colloidal particles. The application is also significant in influencing the
biological properties through the improvement of bacterial activity. Both of these enhancements lead towards increase in
efficiency of the water and wastewater treatment performances.

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Keywords

Magnetic field,
water and wastewater treatment,
solid-liquid separation,
aggregation,
performance efficiency