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IMS Overview

Contents

IMS Background
IMS Network Architecture
Addresses in IMS and their identification
approaches
IMS Service Mode
Typical IMS Networking Solutions

Traditional
Telecom
Carriers Face Evolution
e-Business
Perspective

Current Status

Near Future

Internets impact and pervasion on the


Telecom

Independent networks results in


expensive maintenance cost
Long development cycle of traditional
service

Transform

Fierce competition of telecom industry

Business mode integrates with Internet


Operation&maintenance mode cored by
customers
Multiple networks melts in
Standardize network service capability
and open to the third party

Ideal Architecture to Integrate Telecom and Internet


Abundant activists
become the main
purchasing power of new
service
Great cohesion and
enlargement effect helps
new service promotion
Great service
innovation power

Internet

Competition
Play
Integration

Integration of Internet
and Telecom completes
and develops the
industrial chain

Telecom Industry

Clear IMS network


architecture enriches
service openness
capacity
IMS provides the third
party with telecom
service ability through
service development
environment , which
could create more
abundant applications,
and finally Telecom is
everywhere

Carries transforms from service-driven mode to


channel provisioning mode

IMS Application in the International Market


So far, IMS draws attention of more
and more carriers and appears in the
NGN architecture more oftenly.

French Telecom

AT&T

IMS realizes the NExT strategy

IMS plays the most important part in


the AT&T NGN CARTS architecture

FT plan uses IMS to realize FMC


integration

BT
BT treats IMS as the core
network technique in the 21CN
plan and supports Web2.0
service

Speed up IMS Business Application all Around the


World
BT 2008Q1Business use
Vodafone 2008Business
use
FT 2007Q2 Business use

DT 2007Q3 Business use

Comcast
2008Q4Business use

Etisalat
2008Q2Business use
TM 2009Q1Business
use
SingTel
MTN 2008Q4Business use
2008Q4Business use

Verizon

AT&T 2007 Business 2007Business use


use

There are more than 200 IMS sites all round the world.
In 2008, speed up the IMS business useover 60% sites begin
business operation.

Oversea Carriers IMS Business Use Case


Main Services

VoBB
IP Centrex
VT
UC

Main Services
VoBB
ICS application
FMC integration service

Development:
2006 start
2007 VoBBBusiness use
2008-2010 deploy the FMC
service

Development:
2008Q1 start
2009Q1 VoBBBusiness
use
2009Q2 IP
CentrexBusiness use

Main Services
VoBB
RCS
IPTV service

IMS

Development:
2007 VoBBBusiness use
2008 Sep IPTV business
use in 25 cities

Main Services
VoBB
Integrate Centrex PBX
RCS(Rich Communication
Service)
IMS-based IPTV

Development:
2007 VoBB business use
2008 Centrex, PBX business use
2008 10 million line PSTN
reconstruction
2008 IPTV business use

Enter into IMS business application stage


its maturity is yet to be verified by the market

Related IMS Standardization Institutions

Mature IMS Technique Standards


CSI

VCC

Presence

Cellular Access to IMS

GLMS

PoC

Messaging

IP

Multimedia
Telephony

Multimedia
Telephony

Wireline Access to IMS

WLAN Access to IMS

Mobile

Residential

IMS R6 is terminated in 2005R7 is terminated in 2006R8 is


terminated in 2008

Contents

IMS Background
IMS Network Architecture
Addresses in IMS and their identification
approaches
IMS Service Mode
Typical IMS Networking Solutions

What is IMS?

IMSIP Multimedia Subsystem

IP =

IP-based transmission

IP-based session control

IP-based service implementation

Multimedia =

Combination of voice, video, image and text,


etc
Support multiple access approaches, varied
access approaches and terminals with varied
capacities

Subsystem =

Rely on existing network technique and


devices, reuse the existing network system to
the largest extent
Wireless network regards PS/GPRS network
as the bearer network
Fixed network regards the IP system based
on fixed access as the bearer network

IMSIP Multimedia SubsystemIMS), introduced at R5 phase by


3GPP, relays on the PS domain.
IMS provides mobile users with
muli-media services based on fullIP network

3GPP R9
-Improved
version of
R8

3GPP R5

3GPP R99
-CN: TDM

3GPP R4
- CN: MSC
Server & MGW

- CN: IMS subsystem and


abundant related
NEs

3GPP R6
- IMS QoS,
Billing, FMC,
etc.

TISPAN R1
-- NGN/FMC
etc.

2000/03

2001/03

2002/03

2005/12

3GPP R7
- Improved
version of
R6

3GPP R8
-RCS,SC,S
R,VCC

TISPAN R2
-NASS/RACS,
etc.

2006/X

2008/06

2009/06

Primary IMS Features


Home network implements call control and
service control, which ensures consistence of
service provisioning, helps expansion of
private service, in this way, the home carriers
will try to offers more attractive services
Support multimobile/fixed access
approaches, which
brings convenience for
all service operation

Access
Independent

Home
Location
Control

Primary IMS
Features

Service
Provision
Service and control are
independent for the
convenience of flexible and
prompt service provisioning and
service integration, and finally
implement open service
provisioning mode

Security
Mechanism
Unified
Several security access mechanism coPolicy
existence transforms to Fully IMS
mechanism
Control
Deploy signaling protection mechanism
Unified QoS and
between security domains
charging policy
Deploy network topology concealment
control mechanism
mechanism

IMS System Architecture


Service Network
AS provides various value-added services. So
far, there are 3 service provisioning approaches:
SIP-AS provisioning, Parlay gateway
provisioning and SCP provisioning

Service Layer

Application

IM-SSF

SIP AS

(SIP/OSA AS,CAMEL
SE)

OSASCS
AS

ISC

Control Layer

BGCF

HSS

IMS core network


IMS Data
Made up by P/I/SHLR/AuC(CS/PS)
CSCFNE, SLF/HSS,
BGCF and
MRFC/MRFP, mainly
implement IMS user
management,
interworking between
networks andPOTS
service
AG
triggering.

S-CSCF

I-CSCF
MGCF

SLF

P-CSCF

CSCF
SGW

AGCF

CS Networks
(PSTN/SS,
PLMN)

MRFC
MRFP
PDF

Interworking domain
Covers SGW,
MGCF/MGW applied
in the traditional
PSTN, PLMN
networks
interworking in the
service domain

IMMGW

NASS

Bearer Layer
UE

UE

RAN

RAN

PDSN

SGSN

WAG/
AGW
GGSN

SBC

BAS
Fixed access

Wimax/WiFi

UE
UE

IP-CAN network
IP interworking network provides IP access bearer. The IP network can be any network, including
CDMA PS domain, WCDMA PS domain, WIMAX, WIFI and fixed broadband access

Logical IMS Entity Classification


Session
Control
and Route

P-CSCF
S-CSCF
I-CSCF

Data
Management
Authentication

HSS
SLF

Media
Resource
MRF

MRFC
MRFP

Service
Control

AS

Interworking
Function

Logical architecture of IMS NE functions can be configured together based on


actual deployment needs

MGCF
BGCF
MGW

IMS Logical Function NE

Proxy (P)-CSCF

First connection point from UE to the network

Establish security alliance between P-SCSCF and terminal

PDF function: implement authorized bearer resource and


QoS management based on service SDP

SIP header compression

Bearer, control binding and enable/disable of QoS


resource

HSS

S-CSCF
S-CSCF

Interrogating (I)-CSCF

External contact point of the IMS system

THIG function is to hide interior topological information of


the IMS network

S-CSCF distribution function

Positioning function of called S-CSCF

S-CSCF

I-CSCF

Serving (S)-CSCF

Users Registrar: responsible for users registration

Responsible for users authentication and authorization

Responsible for service control and triggering, and interact


with the service layer

P-CSCF

IMS Logical Function NE

HSS: (Home Subscriber Server)

Save subscription data of IMS users, Service


Profile, location information and
authentication information
Provide traditional HLR function, including
CS/PS contract data

AS

HSS
HSS
Centralized
Databases
AAA, Profiles,

S-CSCF

InterfaceDiameter(IMS)MAP(CS/PS)
S-CSCF

SLF(Subscription Locator Function)

Position HSS based on SIP URI

Invoke it when visiting HSS

No need of SLF in single HSS environment

I-CSCF

IMS Logical Function NE

MRFC: (Multimedia Resource Function Control)

Interior media control resource function in the


IMS domain

Maintain and control media resources in


MRFPH.248

Interwork with S-CSCF and receive AS control


indirectly

MRFP: (Multimedia Resource Function


Processor ) media resource function

Interior media resource function in the IMS


domain

Receive MRFC controlH.248

Provide vocoder, notice tone and conference


bridge

IMS App
IMS App
IMS App

S-CSCF

MRFC

MRFP
MRFP
MRFP
Access
Network

User
Equipment (UE)

IMS Logical Function NE

BGCF: (Breakout Gateway Control Function)

Select proper outlet for the outgoing call from the IMS network

Select a MGCF in local network if the callee and IMS are in an


identical network

Handle to BGCF of another network interface if called does not


belong to local network

Maintain or visit topology information of network interface and exit


policy database

S-CSCF

BGCF

SIP

MGCF

MGCF: (Media Gateway Control Function)

Interworking point of IMS control panel and traditional PSTN/CS


network

Control IMS-MGW to finish interworking of the media panelH.248

IMS endinterwork with I/S-CSCF

H.248

PSTN/CS endprotocol switching from SIP to BICC/ISUP protocol

Media
Gateway
SG

IM-MGW: (IMS Media Gateway)

Interworking point of IMS media panel and traditional PSTN/CS


network

Receive control from MGCFH.248

Provide vocoder, echo elimination, notice tone, DTMF and


conference bridge

I-CSCF

MGC

SS7

PLMN|PSTN
TDM
PBX

IMS Logic Function NE

S-CSCF implements the triggered IMS services


Service triggering implements dynamic service trigger through iFC mechanism
After completing service logic, AS returns the request to S-CSCF for future
triggering

Initial Filter Criteria (iFC)


Download at
Registration
Application
Server

Application
Server

Application
Server

HSS
XML
iFC

Incoming
Messages

SIP

S
P
T

SIP

SIP

XML
sFC

F
Originating or Terminating Filters

S-CSCF

Filter Criteria

SIP

R
o
u
t
i
n
g

SIP

Outgoing
Messages

Other Logic Function NEs in IMS

SBC: Session Border Control

It locates at the boundary of IMS core network. As a signaling


proxy and a media proxy of the IMS network, it is responsible for
separating the access network and the IMS core network. Through
SBC, interoperating between public network and private network,
NAT traversal, firewall traversal, QoS control and network security
could be realized.

DNSENUM Server

DNS (Domain Name System)The server is responsible for the


analysis of URL address and IP address by seeking help from the
internet DNS server or creating a DNS server within the network.

ENUM (E.164 Number URI Mapping) server is responsible for


transforming telephone numbers to URL.

Other Logic Function NEs in IMS

AGCF: Access GateWay Control Function

It controls the premises gateway and the access media gateway


by using the H.248 protocol to conduct transformations between
SIP/SIP-I and H.248 protocol.

AGCF does not implement any services. The basic call service
is implemented in S-CSCF; the supplementary services and the
value-added services are implemented in service application
layer. Thus AGCF, similar to P-CSCF, is only a network
accessing point.

Contents

IMS Background
IMS Network Architecture
Addresses in IMS and Their Identification
Approaches
IMS Service Mode
Typical IMS Networking Solution

Address and Identity

Private User Identity (PVI)


Public User Identity (PUI)
Relation Between PUI and PVI
Network Node No.

Private User Identity (PVI)

PVIEvery user in IMS has one or more than one private


user identity (IMPI), or PVI. It is assigned by the operator
of the network to which the user belongs. PVI is used to
register, authenticate, manage and charge.

PVI is only used to identify a subscription in home network


instead of an user
FormatNAI, for example, username@domain_name

For exampleXiaomings PVI


1.
2.

xiaoming_private@abc.cn
myself_private@abc.cn

Public User Identity (PUI)

PUI Every user in IMS has one or more than one public
user identity (IMPU), or PUI. User uses it as a request to
communicate with other users, so PUI could be made
public.

PUI is used by an user to communicate with other users


FormatSIP URITEL URI

For example, Xiaomings PUI


1.
2.
3.

sip:xiaoming@abc.cn
sip:myself@abc.cn
tel:+8613912345678

Relation Between PUI and PVI

Relation Between PUI and PVI


Public User Identity 1
(SIP URI format)
Private User Identity 1
(For Mobile terminals)

Public User Identity 2


(Tel E.164 format)

Service Profile 1
(Enhanced Services)
Implicitly
Registered ID set 1

Public User Identity 3


(SIP URI format)
Public User Identity 4
(Tel E.164 format)
Private User Identity 2
(For Fixed terminals)

Public User Identity 5


(SIP URI format)
Public User Identity 6
(Tel E.164 format)

One PVI could match


several PUI
One phone, more than
one number

Implicitly
Registered ID set 2

Several PVI share one


PUI
One number, several
27
phones; number sharing.

Service Profile 2
(Legacy Services)

Service Profile 3
(Converged Services)

Service Profile 4
(Enhanced Services)
Implicitly
Registered ID set 3

Implicit registration
Register several
PUI

Service Profile 5
(Legacy Services)

PUI corresponds to user


service configuration

Network Node No.

Locating at the boundary of SIP domain and CS


domain, MGCF/IM-MGW has two equipment
identities:

Host name or domain name


SS7 signaling point code

For example
Domain name:
Mgcf. jiangsu.ctcims.com
xxx-yyy-001
IMMGW. jiangsu.ctcims.com
xxx-yyy-002

Contents

IMS Background
IMS Network Architecture
Addresses in IMS and Their Identification
Approaches
IMS Service Mode
Typical IMS Networking Solution

IMS Service Provision Mode


ISC IMS Service Control
SCIM Service Capability Interaction Manager
OSA Open Service Architecture
SCS Service Capability Server
IM-SSF IP Multimedia Service Switching Function

SIP AS
AS

AS
OSA Service
Capability Server
(SCS)

SCIM
Sh
(Diameter)

OSA API

OSA-AS

ISC (SIP)
ISC (SIP)

HSS

S-CSCF
Cx
(Diameter)

IMS defines the standard SIPbased ISC interface and


separates the service layer
completely from the control
layer.

IMS supports three service


offering modes, namely:

Mr (SIP)
Mp (H.248)

ISC (SIP)
Si

MRFC

MRFP

MAP

IM-SSF

SIP AS

OSA SCS

IM-SSF

CAP

CSE

The Domestic Network is Responsible for the Service Control


Offering Consistent User Communication Experience

IMS Service Trigger Mechanism


Sh

HSS

Cx

AS 1

SIP
Interface

ISC

Incoming Call leg

S
P
I

Sh

SIP message possibly


with modification by AS1

S-CSCF triggers services


through iFC

The processing mode of SCSCF is independent of


services, through which, the
components of S-CSCF
could be shared and reused
by many services

S-CSCF analyzes the


request from the terminal
according to the service
triggering point and triggers
the corresponding
application server which
then will complete the
service logic process

S-CSCF only triggers


services; it no longer
processes service logic.

AS 2
SIP
Interface

Service Logic

4.a

INVITE Match Initial Filter Criteria

ISC

Service Logic

5a

SIP me ssage possibly


with modification by AS2

Outgoing Call leg

S - CSCF

Filter Criteria X AS1


Filter Criteria Y AS2
6a
4.b
SIP message forwarded by
S - CSCF

SIP message forwarded by


S - CSCF

iFC Triggering Mechanism Separate Call Control From Service Logic

Contents

IMS Background
IMS Network Architecture
Addresses in IMS and Their Identification
Approaches
IMS Service Mode
Typical IMS Networking Solution

Object Architecture of the ZIMS Zhimei Solution


Unified
OSS/BSS

Rich
Services

VOIP

Multimedia Telephone

IM/PS/GM

MRBT/MRAT

Convergent Centrex

Enhanced Phone Book

Office Collaborate

Multimedia Conference

File Transfer

Web Call

X-sharing

Service Continuity

PROVISIONING

IP Network
HSS/HLR

PORTAL
SELF-CARE

Converged

I-CSCF

MRF
IBGF

MGCF

MGW/SGW

PSTN

S-CSCF

Core

BGCF

AGCF/mAGCF

IBCF

P/E-CSCF

PLMN

PCRF/PDF/SPDF/A-RACF/DPIC

EMS/NMS

AG

Various
Accesses
CCF/CDF/CGF/OCS

Multimedia
Terminals

TDM Access

SBC
xPON

xDSL

AGW
LAN/Wi-Fi

WiMAX

GGSN
WCDMA/GPRS/
TD-SCDMA

PDSN

SAE-GW/ePDG

EV-DO

LTE