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# The Petroleum Institute, Electrical Engineering Department

Fall 2014

ELEG 530

DESIGN PROJECT
POWER FLOW AND CONTINGENCY ANALYSIS
OF A 400KV TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
Part of a 400kV transmission network is shown in the simplified one-line diagram below:
G2

G
4

G1

G3

The busbar and line data are given in Tables 1 and 2 respectively:

## Table1: Busbar and line data

Busbar
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Busbar data
Type
P L (MW)
Slack
PQ
400
PV
600
PQ
800
PQ
900
PQ
250
PV
250
PQ
600

P G (MW)
1500

1200

Line
1-2
1-8
2-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
4-5
5-6
6-7
7-8

Line data
Length (km)
50
50
120
110
168
38
142
170
27
86

- 2 circuits per line.
- Load power factor = 0.95.
- Phase conductors are Redwood, 2x850mm2, =41.04mm, material type AAAC
- Tower type: L6 (Ref Appendix 1).
- Earth conductor is Keziah, 1x160mm2, =19.53mm, material type AACSR.

Rating(MVA)
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700

## The Petroleum Institute, Electrical Engineering Department

Fall 2014

1. Calculate the line parameters (R, X and Y shunt ) per km of each line (use
expressions given in textbook for double circuit lines).
2. Construct a steady state model of the power system in ETAP, and enter the line
and busbar data.
3. Carry out a load flow calculation with the base load as given Table 1. Dtermine
line losses.
4. Study the busbar voltages and consider applying shunt reactive power
compensation where appropriate. Use 60Mvar units of compensation.
5. Investigate the system transfer capability under the following outage conditions:
- Line 4-5 out at full load
- Line 6-7 out at full load
- Lines 4-5 and 6-7 out at full load
Determine the additional reactive power compensation under outage
conditions. Discuss
6. Calculate the network voltages if the lines are returned to service with the full
amount of compensation connected. Discuss
7. Compare between voltage profiles under intact and outage conditions.
8. Recalculate the voltage profile at light load (50%) on the system, compare with
9. Increase the load at constant power factor of busbar 6 until the load flow fails to
converge. Plot P 6 against 6 and V 6 . (for intact and outaged network). Discuss
10. If new generation is installed at node 4 (P G =3000MW), calculate the load flow
under intact conditions. Investigate its effect on the circuits connected to this
node.
11. Carry out a short circuit calculation by simulating a 3-phase and phase-to-ground
short circuit at the following nodes:
- Node 2,
- Node 3
- Node 4,
- Node 7,
Use both IEC909 and ANSI/IEEE short-circuit calculation methods and compare
the results obtained between the two methods.
12. Report.
Permitted voltage variations: 2.5% of nominal voltage.
Under outage conditions: -5% and +2.5% below/above nominal voltage resp.
Marking scheme:
System modelling and data input
Var Compensation
Outage conditions
New generation
Short circuit analysis
Discussion
Presentation
Overall

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Fall 2014

Appendix 1:

a
6.93m

b
10.16m

a
c

## L6 STD type tower.

Conductor heights taking account of sag.
Operating voltage 400kV.
2
Phase conductors: 2x850mm , AAAC (max sag=9.18m, Avg
0
outer strand in conductor=2.28mm, D.C. resistance(/km) @ 20 C=0.03443,
0
Resistivity at 20 C=0.0312.m, spacing of conductor in bundle=300mm Hor.,
500mm Ver.
2
Earth wire: 1x160mm , AACSR (max sag=9.01m, Avg sag=(2/3)x9.01=6m),
0
conductor=1.395mm, D.C. resistance(/km) @ 5 C=0.1654, Resistivity at
0
5 C=0.0295.m.
Insulator string length=5.3m,
Standard span length=366m.
Tower dimensions:
Tower height: g=50.04m,
Upper arm, d=44.91m, width: c=6.93m
Middle arm, e=34.44m, width: b=10.16m
Bottom arm: height f=25.6m, width: c=8.33m
Earth resistivity= 20m

44.04m

33.50m

23.03m

14.19m

8.33m

Cable characteristics

Fall 2014