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El verbo To Have

El verbo 'to have' tiene en espaol el significado principal de 'tener' y 'haber'. Puede tener tambin
otros significados, como 'tomar'. Conoceremos su traduccin apropiada dependiendo del sentido de
la frase.
I have a new car / Tengo un coche nuevo
I have worked / He trabajado
I have coffee / Tomo caf
INFINITIVO

PRETERITO

PARTICIPIO

to have
haber, tener

had
hube, haba, tuve, tena

had
habido, tenido

PRESENTE DE INDICATIVO
FORMA AFIRMATIVA

FORMA NEGATIVA

FORMA INTERROGATIVA

I have (I've)

I have not (I haven't)

have I?

he, tengo

no he, no tengo

he?, hengo?

you have (you've)

you have not (you haven't)

have you?

has, tienes

no has, no tienes

has?, tienes?

he has (he's)

he has not (he hasn't)

has he?

ha, tiene

no ha, no tiene

ha?, tiene?

we have (we've)

we have not (we haven't)

have we?

hemos, tenemos

no hemos, no tenemos

hemos?, tenemos?

you have (you've)

you have not (you haven't)

have you?

habis, tenis

no nabis, no tenis

habis?, tenis?

they have (they've)

they have not (they


haven't)

have they?

han, tienen

no han, no tienen

han?, tienen?

Oberva que la tercera persona singular se forma de manera irregular (cambia de 'have' a 'has').
EL PRETRITO (que corresponde en espaol al pretrito indefinido y al pretrito imperfecto)
FORMA AFIRMATIVA

FORMA NEGATIVA

FORMA INTERROGATIVA

I had

I had not (I hadn't)

had I?

hube, haba / tuve, tena

no hube, no haba / no tuve, no


hube?, haba? / tuve?, tena?
tena

you had

you had not (you hadn't)

had you?

hubiste, habas / tuviste, tenas

no hubiste, no habas / no
tuviste, no tenas

hbiste?, habas? / tuviste?,


tenas?

he had

he had not (he hadn't)

had he?

hubo, habia / tuvo, tena

no hubo, no habia / no tuvo, no


hubo?, habia? / tuvo?, tena?
tena

we had

we had not (we hadn't)

had we?

hubimos, habamos / tuvimos,


tenamos

no hubimos, no habamos / no
tuvimos, no tenamos

hubimos?, habamos? /
tuvimos?, tenamos?

you had

you had not (you hadn't)

had you?

hubisteis, habais / tuvisteis,

no hubisteis, no habais / no

hubisteis?, habais? /

tenais

tuvisteis, no tenais

tuvisteis?, tenais?

they had

they had not (they hadn't)

had they?

hubieron, haban / tuvieron,


tenan

no hubieron, no haban / no
tuvieron, no tenan

hubieron?, haban? /
tuvieron?, tenan?

USOS DE TO HAVE
- Indica posesin.
She has a big house in Ireland / Tiene una gran casa en Irlanda
- Tomar (alimentos)
I have breakfast at seven in the morning / Tomo el desayuno a las siete de la maana
I don't have coffee / Yo no tomo caf
- Dar (una fiesta, un paseo, una mirada...)
We're having a party next Saturday / Vamos a dar una fiesta el prximo sbado
I usually have a walk on Saturday mornings / Normalmente doy un paseo los sbados por la
maana
Can I have a look at your magazine? / Puedo dar un vistazo a su revista?
- Se usa habitualmente en modismos (frases hechas). La estructura ms frecuente (no la nica) es:
'to have' + 'a' + sustantivo
To have a rest / Descansar
To have a swim / Nadar
To have a walk / Pasear