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CH-303: Chemical Reaction Engineering


Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Roorkee
B.Tech & IDD, Chemical (Third Year)
Instructor: Dr. Prakash Biswas


1. The reaction A B C are conducted in a steady state isothermal, continuous stirred
tank reactor. All reactions are of first order, with identical rate constants (k). The reactor
volume (V) and volumetric flow rate (vo) are constant. If the feed consists of pure A at a
concentration CAo, formulate material balance equation for A, B, C.

2. The rate of a liquid phase reaction of type, A +B products, is found to be independent of
concentrations of A and B and equal to 1 kmol/m
3
.min at 300 K. Find the conversion in a
mixed flow reactor having volume equal to 2 m
3
with feed concentration of A and B equal
to 5 kmol/m
3
, feed rate equal to 1 m
3
/min and reactor temperature equal to 300 K. If the
activation energy of the reaction is given as 83.1 kJ/mol, find the volume of an isothermal
plug flow reactor for the same conversion and feed conditions as in the case of the above
mentioned reactor but with reactor temperature kept at 320 K.

3. For a second-order liquid phase reaction, A products, occurring in an isothermal plug
flow reactor, the conversion is 50%. What will be the conversion if the plug flow reactor
is replaced by a continuous stirred tank reactor of the same volume?

4. An irreversible homogeneous liquid phase reaction AB + C is carried out in two
isothermal flow reactor of 100 liters capacity each operating at 60
o
C. Find the exit
conversion if both the reactors are operated in series, when

(a) Both the reactors are ideal plug flow reactors.
(b) An ideal plug flow reactor is followed by an ideal back mix reactor.
Additional data:
Feed rate = 20 liters/min, feed concentration = 1 gmol/lit, rate constant = 0.5 min
-1
.
5. In a homogeneous isothermal liquid polymerization, 20% of the monomer disappears in
34 minutes for initial monomer concentration of 0.04 and also for 0.8 mol/liter. What
rate equation represents the disappearance of the monomer?

Contd...

Tutorial-3 (Autumn-2012-13)
2

CH-303, Chem. Reac. Eng. Tutorial-3, Autumn: 2012-13, Dr.P.Biswas

6. Consider a municipal water treatment plant for a small community (Fig. 1). Waste water,
32 000 m
3
/day, flows through the treatment plant with a mean residence time of 8 h, air
is bubbled through the tanks, and microbes in the tank attack and break down the
organic material

(Organic waste) + O2 CO2 + H2O

A typical entering feed has a BOD (biological oxygen demand) of 200 mg O2/liter, while
the effluent has a negligible BOD. Find the rate of reaction, or decrease in BOD in the
treatment tanks.












Fig. 1


7. The first-order reversible liquid reaction
A R CA0 = 0.5 mol/lit, CRo = 0
takes place in a batch reactor. After 8 minutes, conversion of A is 33.3% while
equilibrium conversion is 66.7%. Find the rate equation for this reaction.

8. For the decomposition A R, CA0 = 1 mol/liter, in a batch reactor conversion is 75% after
1 hour, and is just complete after 2 hours. Find a rate equation to represent this kinetics.


microbes
200 mg O2
needed/liter
Mean residence
time t = 8 h
Zero O2
needed
Waste water
32,000 m
3
/day
Waste water
treatment plant
Clean water
32,000 m
3
/day

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