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Tema 1: Psychology of the Youth

Psychology of the youth

Due to the difficulty of addressing the fact as a general matter, in which the different
cultural and social aspects play a major role, it is necessary to define how we are
approaching this issue from the point of view of current European development, although to
be based on generalities certainly valid for all countries, so we're going to address from the
perspective of psychology, the life of the youth of today.
What is being young?
If we were to give a general definition of youth we could stay with the following:
Youth is the period of life that usually taes place between childhood and adulthood.
!ccording to the provisions of the agencies of the "nited #ations, determining e$actly the
span of years that occurs youth, we could say that it occurs between %& and '& years, thus
being one of the most important stages of life to intrinsically define the person, their interests,
their projects and their relationship to the world around her.
Youth is not only a biological, but psychological, social and cultural process, ie, it is
largely a social construction( depending on the historical period and society in which we find
young people of different ages will be considered. It is therefore necessary to place the youth
in the society in which they live.
)here is some consensus to thin youth begins with puberty and, therefore, biology is
who is determined, the fact remains that there is no biological event that mars its end, which
is mared by society as which is considered as the economic independence and the creation
of a new family unit arrives *in our day, and taling about young, eep in mind the diversity
and plurality+.
,urrently, we believe young people between %& and -. years. )he end of youth has
been dragging lately, from age '& to -., reaching -& years if we focus on socio/economic
aspects of juvenile status, including access to housing.
)hus we see the dynamism of youth and how the concept evolves and changes with
time and society when maing a hairpin ages who are valid to a society and a particular time.
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Tema 1: Psychology of the Youth
Youth living in society
I would lie to introduce this point through a small poem by 0ario 3enedetti, which
presents some challenges of our time as young people have to face:
What is left to prove to young
in this world of patience and disgust?
Only graffiti?? Rock?? Skepticism??
also left with no say amen
not let them kill love
restore speech and utopia
be young without haste and memory
placed in a story that is yours
not become prematurely old
What is left to prove to young
in this world of routine and ruin?
Cocaine? Beer? Hooligans??
is to breathe open eyes
discover the roots of horror
invent peace even if its the hard way
terms with the nature
and rain and lightning
and the feeling and death
that cra!y of binding and loosing
What is left to prove to young
in this world of consumption and smoke?
"ertigo?? #ssaults?? $ightclubs??
also left with arguing with %od
whether or not there e&ists
tender helping hands
open doors in own heart and your neighbor
above all they have left to do future
despite the ruins of past
scholars and rogues of this.
"ndoubtedly, with this te$t, you will not perceive a certain restlessness, and it certainly
is in this period of youth, where our choices, our concerns and our interests will be mared in
future choices in life.
3ut in a society lie ours, in which the importance of having before that of being,
where the immediacy *we have the opportunity to access what we want on many occasions
with a simple clic+ is more important than wor and meet strive for a goal, and in which new
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Tema 1: Psychology of the Youth
media 4communication4 are moving away *just need to see some friends in youth meetings
which, although they are all together around a table, are pending what happens in social
networs, or whatsapp without giving importance and care to people who are at that moment
!nd what are the values that support the actions of a society5 ,ertainly, as I
mentioned briefly before, in having. You need to possess even the people who are important
in our lives, and if this is really serious, because to 4objectify4 people *treat people lie an
object you were+ rendered any action that entitles one to get someone else to do what we
want them to do. )here is no ethical problem in using the people around us. )his is
particularly severe in people you have more confidence, ie families.
6hat is certain is that in today's society increasingly has less tolerance for that which
we do not want, and that translated to personal relationships promotes different types of
rupture *as we see in a dysfunctional families, in relationships ending friendship by things
that really do not matter, love relationships that brea through misunderstandings and not
gamble or fight to eep love and care that... +, and it is in this conte$t that the words fidelity
and loyalty lose their value. !nything that bothers us legitimi7es a brea, and we are not
faithful to that loyalty than any precise human relationship.
In our society it is also clear, as 3enedetti says, a loss of illusion arises. Individualism,
the loss of trust in others, the paradigm of competition versus collaboration have contributed
to a more limited view of 4social life4 that characteri7es us as a human species.
8urthermore, we find people who increasingly have more training, technically are far
better positioned to succeed *meaning I succeed as getting a good job in order to get a
standard of living that allows comfort and why not say it, some lu$uries+, and deal with the
situation we find ourselves in a deep crisis in which these young people are without access
to the positions that their preparation would allow them because of their lac of e$perience
and who are over9ualified for some jobs with which could have a beginning of adult life. #o
doubt this situation does arise if in fact the youth is actually worth training *thus emerging
generation called #EE), neither study nor wor+. ,all frustration appears.
!s we see this situation creates what is nown as 4the snae that bites its tail4, ie, it is
not possible motivation for these young people are formed, while the inability to mae them
aware that there is, to get to meet objectives, we must fight for them, because let's face have
a generation ahead giving you all your help, such as the generation of our parents, removes
many concerns.
In this environment of hopelessness all necessary escape. In many cases through
substances such as alcohol *statistics in :pain show increasingly lower age of onset of
smoing and greater fre9uency of use+, and occasionally by other drugs such as cannabis or
cocaine .
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Tema 1: Psychology of the Youth
:eeing all this conte$t, we see that being young is not easy, the economic crisis and
especially the crisis of values maes it evolve and grow to become more complicated,
especially when that growth rely on principles that are not solid.
;f course not everything in our society is negative. <aving information constantly on
hand maes the youth of today is perfectly informed *at least those things that interest you+.
8urthermore access to culture is much easier than the generations that preceded us
*just need to mae a comparison with the number of people with university degrees at the
moment and that was about ten years ago+.
)he new media, as seen above, mae relationships depersonali7e youth, but also
thans to these new media have come to see as the movements initiated in 0adrid in 0ay
'.%% and supported by multiple countries the thousands of young people and through social
networs were cited for changing a society and a system that does not wor and do it
peacefully and through dialogue
!ll this maes us to be nown as the 4=eneration Y4 or 40illenials4 *well nown to
born between the decades of the >.'s, ?.'s, until the early '...s+, the main feature *as I
mentioned above+ they are characteri7ed by widespread use of social networs and their
'familiarity' with innate communication, media and digital technology.
3ut it definitely maes a difference to the generation that precedes us is we're more
focused on getting the most out of this, to live what we love and see happiness in
everything we do. 6e have confidence in ourselves, we are connected to the world and open
to change, since we now that evolution is the ey to survival. 6e are driven by passion.
=eneration Y include our pluralism, pragmatism, lack of utopia and nonlinear
thinking. 6e are a generation characteri7ed with a clear multitasking behaviour, that is,
able *or need+ to do several things at once. Determined by connectivity and full access to
information, what most defines them is the taste for collaborative tasks and everything
related to crowdsourcing.
3esides all the above, we as 0illennials are characteri7ed for:
Being Critical and participatory' 0illennials grew up with the Internet and the
evolution of web '... 6e have a critical capacity: we do not believe things easily but
we investigate and contrast the information to create our own opinion. 6e prefer tools
that encourage sharing, such as communities, forums or social networs, as we
consider important to give our opinion.
The vision of carpe diem: we tae advantage of this, live in the moment and loo for
happiness in all that we do. 1assion governs most of our decisions and we are open
to change with a great adaptability.
Control over our work and personal life: 6hen a millennial feel that their wor is no
longer a challenge, lets find another opportunity that allows him to further develop his
talent. *)his is a challenge for companies as if they retain their younger employees,
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Tema 1: Psychology of the Youth
they need to generate a dynamic environment that encourages personal and
professional growth+.
Passion for Technology' Internet and =eneration Y were born almost
simultaneously. 8or 0illennials, technology is lie television for the generation of our
parents or radio to the generation of our grandparents. In this regard, we emphasi7e
the role of social networs that are essential to the development of our social life
Living Faith in youth
:o far we have seen a definition of what today is considered youth, and the
challenges that we as young people are facing today. 3ut, <ow do we face the challenges
that society imposes on us as young ,atholics5
Young believers are not outside society, and face the same challenges and difficulties
that any young at this time, but certainly the fact of living the faith and be consistent with it,
the challenges are even greater.
8or if we live in a society where it is important to have, how can you deal with that
ideology when you loo around and see so much poverty5 <ow to focus on having the latest
cellphone model when you have brothers who are dying *literally, unfortunately+ hunger5
<ow can we close our eyes to immigration and the treatment of immigrants in the host
countries5. ,ertainly the focus changes, there is a more global, more open to others, more
oriented to the needs of those around us, more social, and finally out to more community
#o doubt the fact of participating in faith communities, such as those created around
the Dominican Youth 0ovement, the youth we find surprise and misunderstanding, do not
understand the need to gather around =od, to spea of =od and =od. )he desire to delve
into issues 4so outdated4 lie the ,hurch, ,atholic doctrine or just do not understand the
prayer. :o we have a strong misunderstanding by those who do not understand our need to
actively live our faith.
;n the other hand, tried to form, we are heirs to the search for truth, as :t. Dominic
taught us, we are curious, we discover how the world around us. ;f course we are not
satisfied with that piece of truth, we want to get to share with our brothers, preaching and
proclaiming that all is not lost, there is hope for change and that everything is easier in
3esides all this we feel called to denounce injustice, as @esus taught us, and put the
emphasis on the lives of others, *which completely breas the idea of modern society+, and if
not, 6hat face looing at us when we say we will not go out for a beer because today we
volunteer or mission5
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Tema 1: Psychology of the Youth
Definitely be consistent with our faith, is to go against, is to be critical to the end with
everything around us is believing brothers and brea with the absurd idea of competing with
others. It is stop focusing on yourself and what you have. ItAs giving =od and others
importance in your life. 8ind value, see beyond, it's something that is simple and big at the
same time. 6e are called, from our youth, to mae the Bingdom.
3ecause, I do not deny, society will mae us all part of what happens is because we
are *or not, that's part of what we need to reflect+ defending our worldview.
,ourage brothers, we have the means, we have the desire, hope and the strength to
mae this world a better placeC
8inally, and in order to guide a possible reflection upon what has been said in this te$t,
I would lie to raise the following issues:
%. <ow would you define what you live every day with your friends, with your family or
your community5
'. Do you feel identified in the definition of 40illennial45
-. <ow do you live your youth as young engaged5
D. Did you find difficulties in fitting the two realities we live5 If so, <ow do you overcome5
!ndrEs FodrGgue7
Dominican Youth 0ovement of :pain
=roup El ;livar, 0adrid
,laves de la 1sicologGa Evolutiva: Infancia y @uventud. =erd 0iet7el
1sicologGa del Desarrollo: El ,iclo Hital. @ohn :antroc
0illennials Fising: )he #e$t =reat =eneration. #eil <owe, 6illiam :trauss
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