Fiscal Year 1992

100

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1992

Table 10.1— SUMMARY OF OUTLAYS FOR THE CONDUCT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: 1949-1992
in Millions of Dollars
Fiscal Year

1949 ...................................

As Percentages of Total Outlays
National
De­
fense

As Percentages of GNP
National
De­
fense

In Billions of Constant (FY 1982)
Dollars

National
Defense

Nondefense

762

178

940

2.0

0.5

2.4

0.3

0.1

0.4

4.9

1.1

6.0

Total

Nondefense

Total

Nondefense

Total

National
De­
fense

Nondefense

Total

1950
1951
1952
1953
1954

...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................

772
846
1,204
1,553
1,551

282
279
291
295
297

1,054
1,125
1,495
1,848
1,848

1.8
1.9
1.8
2.0
2.2

0.7
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.4

2.5
2.5
2.2
2.4
2.6

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.4

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5

5.0
6.1
7.9
9.5
9.3

1.8
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.8

6.9
8.1
9.8
11.4
11.1

1955
1956
1957
1958
1959

...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................

1,550
1,898
2,134
2,459
5,364

345
428
577
729
1,020

1,895
2,326
2,711
3,188
6,384

2.3
2.7
2.8
3.0
5.8

0.5
0.6
0.8
0.9
1.1

2.8
3.3
3.5
3.9
6.9

0.4
0.5
0.5
0.5
1.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2

0.5
0.6
0.6
0.7
1.3

8.9
10.3
11.3
12.1
24.5

2.0
2.3
3.1
3.6
4.7

10.9
12.6
14.4
15.7
29.2

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

...................................
....................................
....................................
...................................
...................................

5,937
6,922
7,090
7,144
7,865

1,385
1,864
2,747
4,221
5,931

7,322
8,786
9,837
11,365
13,796

6.4
7.1
6.6
6.4
6.6

1.5
1.9
2.6
3.8
5.0

7.9
9.0
9.2
10.2
11.6

1.2
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.3

0.3
0.4
0.5
0.7
0.9

1.4
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.2

26.9
30.4
30.6
29.7
31.4

6.3
8.2
11.9
17.6
23.8

33.2
38.7
42.5
47.3
55.2

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

...................................
....................................
....................................
...................................
....................................

7,077
7,097
8,068
8,544
8,314

6,763
7,821
7,894
7,628
7,346

13,840
14,918
15,962
16,172
15,660

6.0
5.3
5.1
4.8
4.5

5.7
5.8
5.0
4.3
4.0

11.7
11.1
10.1
9.1
8.5

1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.9

1.0
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.8

2.1
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.7

27.4
26.0
28.8
28.7
26.4

26.4
28.8
28.3
25.7
23.4

53.8
54.9
57.0
54.4
49.8

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

....................................
...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................

8,021
8,108
8,837
9,139
9,406

7,132
7,301
7,466
7,896
8,028

15,153
15,409
16,303
17,035
17,434

4.1
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.5

3.6
3.5
3.2
3.2
3.0

7.7
7.3
7.1
6.9
6.5

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7

0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6

1.5
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2

23.4
21.8
22.1
21.5
19.6

20.9
19.7
18.7
16.5
15.7

44.4
41.5
40.8
38.0
35.3

1975 ...................................
1976 ...................................
T Q ......................................
1977 ...................................
1978 ...................................
1979 ...................................

9,715
9,819
2,455
10,874
12,077
12,129

8,821
10,169
2,745
10,569
12,455
14,196

18,536
19,988
5,200
21,443
24,532
26,325

2.9
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.6
2.4

2.7
2.7
2.9
2.6
2.7
2.8

5.6
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.3
5.2

0.6
0.6
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.5

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.6
0.6

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1

18.1
16.9
4.1
17.3
17.9
16.6

15.2
16.2
4.2
15.4
17.2
18.6

33.3
33.1
8.3
32.8
35.2
35.2

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................

14,643
16,937
19,809
22,298
25,765

15,592
17,231
14,850
13,602
15,221

30,235
34,168
34,660
35,900
40,986

2.5
2.5
2.7
2.8
3.0

2.6
2.5
2.0
1.7
1.8

5.1
5.0
4.6
4.4
4.8

0.5
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.7

0.6
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4

1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1

17.9
18.4
19.8
21.4
24.0

18.6
18.5
14.9
13.0
14.0

36.5
36.9
34.7
34.4
38.0

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

...................................
...................................
...................................
...................................
1 ................................

30,360
35,656
37,097
38,032
40,366

16,856
16,485
16,159
18,068
20,394

47,216
52,141
53,256
56,100
60,760

3.2
3.6
3.7
3.6
3.5

1.8
1.7
1.6
1.7
1.8

5.0
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3

0.8
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

27.4
31.5
31.9
31.4
32.0

15.0
14.3
13.7
14.8
15.9

42.4
45.8
45.6
46.2
47.9

1990 1 ................................
1991 estimate 1 .................
1992 estimate 1 .................

41,078
39,148
41,574

22,732
24,620
27,044

63,810
63,769
68,618

3.3
2.8
2.9

1.8
1.7
1.9

5.1
4.5
4.7

0.8
0.7
0.7

0.4
0.4
0.5

1.2
1.1
1.1

31.3
28.6
29.2

16.9
17.6
18.5

48.2
46.2
47.7

1 Includes off-budget Postal Service outlays of the following amounts (in millions of current dollars): 1989: 64; 1990: 82; 1991: 113. 1992: 98.

Digitized for FRASER
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Fiscal Year 1994

137

HISTORICAL TABLES

Table 1 0 .1 - SUMMARY OF OUTLAYS FOR THE CONDUCT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: 1949-1994
In Millions of Dollars
Fiscal Year

1949 ........................................................

National
Defense

Non­
defense

762

178

As Percentages of Total
Outlays
National
Defense

Non­
defense

940

2.0

0.5

Total

As Percentages of GDP
National
Defense

Non­
defense

2.4

0.3

0.1

Total

In Billions of Constant
(FY 1987) Dollars

Total

National
Defense

Non­
defense

0.4

3.8

0.9

4.6

Total

1950
1951
1952
1953
1954

........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................

772
846
1,204
1,553
1,551

282
279
291
295
297

1,054
1,125
1,495
1,848
1,848

1.8
1.9
1.8
2.0
2.2

0.7
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.4

2.5
2.5
2.2
2.4
2.6

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.4

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5

3.9
4.0
5.6
7.1
7.0

1.4
1.3
1.4
1.3
1.3

5.3
5.3
7.0
8.4
8.3

1955
1956
1957
1958
1959

........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................

1,550
1,898
2,134
2,459
5,364

345
428
577
729
1,020

1,895
2,326
2,711
3,188
6,384

2.3
2.7
2.8
3.0
5.8

0.5
0.6
0.8
0.9
1.1

2.8
3.3
3.5
3.9
6.9

0.4
0.5
0.5
0.5
1.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2

0.5
0.6
0.6
0.7
1.3

6.8
8.1
8.8
9.9
21.1

1.5
1.8
2.4
2.9
4.0

8.4
9.9
11.2
12.8
25.1

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................

5,937
6,922
7,090
7,144
7,865

1,385
1,864
2,747
4,221
5,931

7,322
8,786
9,837
11,365
13,796

6.4
7.1
6.6
6.4
6.6

1.5
1.9
2.6
3.8
5.0

7.9
9.0
9.2
10.2
11.6

1.2
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.3

0.3
0.4
0.5
0.7
0.9

1.5
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.2

22.8
26.3
26.5
26.2
28.4

5.3
7.1
10.3
15.5
21.4

28.1
33.4
36.7
41.7
49.9

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................

7,077
7,097
8,068
8,544
8,314

6,763
7,821
7,894
7,628
7,346

13,840
14,918
15,962
16,172
15,660

6.0
5.3
5.1
4.8
4.5

5.7
5.8
5.0
4.3
4.0

11.7
11.1
10.1
9.1
8.5

1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.9

1.0
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.8

2.1
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.7

25.0
24.4
26.8
27.3
25.3

23.9
26.8
26.2
24.4
22.4

48.9
51.2
53.0
51.7
47.7

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................

8,021
8,108
8,837
9,139
9,406

7,132
7,301
7,466
7,896
8,028

15,153
15,409
16,303
17,035
17,434

4.1
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.5

3.6
3.5
3.2
3.2
3.0

7.7
7.3
7.1
6.9
6.5

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6

1.5
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2

23.2
22.3
23.1
22.7
21.7

20.6
20.1
19.5
19.6
18.5

43.8
42.3
42.6
42.4
40.3

1975 ........................................................
1976 ........................................................
T Q ...........................................................
1977 ........................................................
1978 ........................................................
1979 ........................................................

9,715
9,819
2,455
10,874
12,077
12,129

8,821
10,169
2,745
10,569
12,455
14,196

18,536
19,988
5,200
21,443
24,532
26,325

2.9
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.6
2.4

2.7
2.7
2.9
2.6
2.7
2.8

5.6
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.3
5.2

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1

20.4
19.2
4.6
19.6
20.3
18.7

18.5
19.8
5.2
19.1
20.9
21.9

39.0
39.0
9.8
38.7
41.2
40.7

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................

14,643
16,937
19,809
22,298
25,765

15,592
17,231
14,850
13,602
15,221

30,235
34,168
34,660
35,900
40,986

2.5
2.5
2.7
2.8
3.0

2.6
2.5
2.0
1.7
1.8

5.1
5.0
4.6
4.4
4.8

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.7

0.6
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4

1.1
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1

20.7
21.8
23.7
25.6
28.4

22.1
22.2
17.8
15.6
16.8

42.8
43.9
41.5
41.3
45.1

1985 ........................................................
1986 ........................................................
1987 ........................................................
1988 ........................................................
19891 ......................................................

30,360
35,656
37,097
38,032
40,366

16,856
16,485
16,159
18,068
20,394

47,216
52,141
53,256
56,100
60,760

3.2
3.6
3.7
3.6
3.5

1.8
1.7
1.6
1.7
1.8

5.0
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

32.2
36.7
37.1
36.7
37.3

17.9
17.0
16.2
17.4
18.8

50.1
53.7
53.3
54.1
56.1

19901 ......................................................
19911 ......................................................
19921 ......................................................
1993 estimate1 ......................................
1994 estimate1 ......................................

41,078
37,887
38,170
40,748
41,631

22,732
24,296
26,558
27,857
28,798

63,810
62,183
64,728
68,606
70,430

3.3
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.7

1.8
1.8
1.9
1.9
1.9

5.1
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.6

0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6

0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.4

1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1

36.4
32.2
31.5
32.9
32.8

20.1
20.6
21.9
22.5
22.7

56.5
52.8
53.4
55.3
55.5

1 Includes off-budget Postal Service investments of the following amounts (in millions of current dollars): 1989: 64; 1990: 82; 1991:116; 1992:152; 1993: 94; 1994: 98.

Digitized for FRASER
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

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