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Advice to freelance translators on MT post-editing projects

By Pia Bresnan,

pb at e2f com




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MT post-editing projects can be divided into two main categories, depending on the expected
level of quality of the final output:

- Perfection: The objective is to get final files indistinguishable from files that would have been
handled only by humans through a standard translation process.

- Readability: The objective is only to get final files that have the same meaning as the source
files, are correct from grammar, spelling, and terminology standpoints, but whose style is not
necessarily perfect.

For marketing content, perfection is clearly a must, but for technical manuals, readability
can be deemed sufficient.

Thanks to the large number of projects we have been handling at e2f translations, the largest
English to French single language vendor, we have been able to categorize them as Good or
Bad from a production perspective. Unfortunately, we often had to wait until the post-
mortem phase to know whether the project was Good or Bad!

The following are some of the characteristics of a Good project:

Source files have been written or edited for machine translation: either the source text was
written in very simple and consistent language, with short sentences, straightforward word
order and little redundancy, or the files have been processed through a content cleaning
software such as Acrolinx in order to achieve the same results.
The glossary is comprehensive and well translated, and the engine uses it in a systematic
manner.
The project is large, it has been divided into batches and each batch is processed individually,
after incorporation into the MT engine of final output from the previous batch.
Specific linguist feedback is incorporated into the engine (fine-tuning of grammar rules,
updates to the glossary, etc.), and the linguist is financially rewarded for this step.
When all of the above is true, the linguist feels involved and the quality of the output increases
throughout the project, along with the productivity and happiness of the linguist!

In Bad projects, the opposite happens:

Source files are poorly written, terminology is inconsistent, sentences are long, grammar is
awkward, etc.
The glossary is too small or inadequate and/or its not being used consistently by the engine.
Even though the project is large, the machine translation engine has been run only once at the
onset.
In this type of project, the linguist gets increasingly frustrated, as the same mistakes have to be
corrected over and over again, while the overall productivity remains unchanged.
In order to increase productivity while editing MT output, we have found that it is best to
abide by the following rules:

Read the sentence in the target language first:
- If the sentence is very long, erase it and translate from scratch (the longer the sentence, the
more likely it is that the engine will have made a large number of mistakes and that it will be
faster to start over).

- If the sentence is short but does not make sense, erase it and translate from scratch (if you
are going to change most of the words, you might as well start over).

- Otherwise, read the source text and edit the target text, as little as possible.

Dont overcorrect for styles and synonyms.
To summarize, the best advice we can give to freelance translators willing to take the plunge
into MT post-editing is:

Clarify expectations at the project onset (so you dont end up getting paid for Readable
quality while providing Perfect quality).
Look for Good projects and stay away from Bad projects, unless you would rather feel
frustrated than involved!
Use best post-editing practices to increase your productivity.
Finally, calculate your productivity and adapt your rate accordingly!
Very similar advice can be applied to standard translation projects, which proves that MT
engines are just another tool and not the revolution some linguists are scared about!




Published - March 2013