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1. The question paper will consist of five sections A, B, C, D and E. Section E will be Compulsory, it
will consist of a single question with 10-20 subparts of short answer type, which will cover the entire
syllabus and will carry 20% of the total marks of the semester end examination for the course.
Section A, B, C and D will have two questions from the respective sections of the syllabus and each
question will carry 20% of the total marks of the semester end examination for the course.
2. Candidates are required to attempt five questions in all selecting one question from each of the
section A, B, C and D of the question paper and all the subparts of the questions in section E. Use of
non-programmable calculators are allowed.

Ginning: Objective of ginning, study of ginning machineries, Pre and post ginning, baling of fibers,
latest developments.
Blow Room: Objectives, principles of mixing and blending, types of mixing and blending, mixing
and blending machineries, blending performance, latest developments in blending machinery.
Principles of opening and cleaning and its machinery, classification, study of opening and cleaning
machine and its modern developments. Details of lap forming mechanism, feed regulating motion,
calendar roller pressure, length measuring device, lap build, lap defects and its remedies. Chute feed
to card. Single line processing. Degree of opening and clearing. Performance assessment of blow
room line. Machine and labour productivity. Norms. Calculations pertaining to blow room.
Carding: Objectives, principles of roller and clearer card, flat card, detail study of flat card and its
components. Licker-in, cylinder, doffer and flats. Transfer of fiber. Card clothing. Web stripping and
coiler system. Semi high production card. High production card. Neps in carding web. Autoleveller
in card. Latest developments. Machine and labour productivity. Norms. Performance assessment and
calculations pertaining to carding.
Drawing: Objectives, principles of drawing and doubling. Detailed study of draw frame machine.
Top and bottom rollers, top roller cots, roller weighting, drafting wave, roller slip and roller
eccentricity. Various drafting system, modern drawframe, autoleveller in drawframe, Machine and
labour productivity. Norms. Performance assessment and calculation pertaining to draw frame
1. Klein W, Manual of Textile Technology, Vol. I III, The Textile Institute, UK (1987)

2 Oxtoby E, Spun Yarn Technology, Butterworth and Co. Ltd. (1987).
1. Foster G A K, Manual of Cotton Spinning, Vol. I IV, The Textile Institute, Manchester (1958).
2. Salhotra K R, Spinning of Man Made Fibres and Blends on Cotton Spinning System, The Textile
Association, Mumbai (1989).
3. Khare A R, Elements of Blowroom, Carding and Drawframe, Sai book Centre, Mumbai (1999).