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## ChE 321 EXAM II Name_________________________

10-17 April 2013 OPEN BOOK
200 points

This exam is open book. You may use your textbook, class notes, homework, and other course-
related material. During the exam, you may not access any other resources or discuss with
anyone the exam problems without the approval of Dr. Bowman. Cheating is prohibited and is
grounds for failure in the course.

(15) 1. Which reactor system would give the higher selectivity for product C. Both
reactions are exothermic and the feed temperature is 100C.
A +B C r
C
=k
1
C
A
C
B
2
E
1
=60 kJ /mol
A +B D r
D
=k
2
C
A
C
B
E
2
=90 kJ /mol

a) CSTR at constant temperature of 100C
c) Semibatch: Feed B to reactor containing A
d) 3 CSTRs in series, each at constant temperature of 100C
e) 3 CSTRs in series, each adiabatic

(15) 2. For the reaction conditions below, if UA increases from 10 kW/K to 20 kW/K,
what will happen?
reversible T
feed
=310 K
F
A0
=20 mol/s T
hxfluid
=350 K
H
rxn
=+120 kJ /mol UA =10 kJ /s-K

a) conversion and reactor temperature are unchanged
b) conversion increases and reactor temperature decreases
c) conversion increases and reactor temperature increases
d) conversion decreases and reactor temperature decreases
e) conversion decreases and reactor temperature increases
f) unable to determine (it depends)

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(15) 3. (One of my favorite student-written problems from past years)

Youve been in the research lab for the past 3 months. Dr. Bowman said he
would let you out of lab once you determined the rate law for the gas phase
reaction
W +X Y +Z

Twenty-two boxes of Ritz crackers and 37 tins of tuna fish later, the following

-r
W
P
W
P
X
P
Y
P
Z

(mol/m
3
-s) (atm) (atm) (atm) (atm)
100 1 1 1 0
60 1 1 2 0
200 2 1 1 0
300 3 1 1 0
1200 1 2 0 1
1200 1 2 0 2
400 1 2 1 1
900 1 3 1 0

What is the best choice for a rate law that fits the data?

a) -r
W
=k
1
P
W
P
X
P
Y
P
Z

b) -r
W
=k
1
P
W
P
Y
2
/(1+k
2
P
X
)
c) -r
W
=k
1
P
X
P
Y
2
/(1+k
2
P
Y
)
d) -r
W
=k
1
P
W
P
X
/(1+k
2
P
Y
)
e) -r
W
=k
1
P
W
P
X
2
/(1+k
2
P
Y
)
f) -r
W
=k
1
P
W
P
X
2
/(1+k
2
P
X
)
g) -r
W
=7

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The ignition/extinction plot shown below has been generated for a liquid-phase
exothermic reaction occurring in a catalytic CSTR.

(12.5) 4. How many stable steady states exist when the feed temperature is 200
o
C?

(12.5) 5. What is the approximate feed temperature at which ignition occurs for this
system?

200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
100 150 200 250 300 350 400
Feed Temperature (C)
R
e
a
c
t
o
r

T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

(
C
)

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(15) 6. The following set of gas-phase reactions is expected to occur in an
isothermal PFR fed a mixture of compounds A and B.

1. A +B 2 C
2. 2 C A +B
3. A +B D
4. A +C E
5. D +E F +G
6. 3 C +F H +C
7. G + C I +J

What is the net rate of formation of C?

(a) r
C
=2r
1
+r
6

(b) r
C
=r
1
- r
2
- r
4
- r
6
- r
7

(c) r
C
=2r
1
- 2r
2
- r
4
- 2r
6
- r
7

(d) r
C
=2r
1
- 2r
2
- r
4
- 3r
6
- r
7

(e) r
C
=kC
C

(f) r
C
=r
1
- r
2
- r
4
-1/3r
6
+2r
7

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(15) 7. An adiabatic CSTR is used for the following elementary, liquid phase reaction:
1. A +B C
A side reaction between B and C is also possible:
2. B +C D
The reactor initially contains pure A and then a mixture of A and B is fed at a
constant rate. Which of the following is the correct energy balance for this
system during startup?

(a)

pD D pC C pB B pA A
2 1 R2 R1 0 pB B0 0 pA A0
C F C F C F C F
V r V r ] H H [ T) - (T C F T) - (T C F

dt
dT

(b)

pD D pC C pB B pA A
2 1 r p
o
R 0 pA A0 a
C N C N C N C N
V r V r )] T - (T C H T) - (T C F T) - UA(T

dt
dT

[

(c) V )]r T - (T C H [ V )]r T - (T C H [ T) - (T C F 0
2 r p2
o
R2 1 r p1
o
R1 0 pA A0

(d)
pA A
2 r p2
o
R2 1 r p1
o
R1 0 pA A0
C N
V )]r T - (T C H [ V )]r T - (T C H [ T) - (T C F

dt
dT

(e)
pD D pC C pB B pA A
2 r p2
o
R2 1 r p1
o
R1 0 pB B0 0 pA A0
C N C N C N C N
V )]r T - (T C H [ V )]r T - (T C H [ T) - (T C F T) - (T C F

dt
dT

(f)
C F C F
V )]r T - (T C H [ V )]r T - (T C H [ T) - (T C F T) - (T C F

dt
dT
pB B pA A
2 r p2
o
R2 1 r p1
o
R1 0 pB B0 0 pA A0

(g)
pD D pC C pB B pA A
2 r p2
o
R2 1 r p1
o
R1 0 pB B0 0 pA A0
C N C N C N C N
V )]r T - (T C H [ V )]r T - (T C H [ T) - (T C F T) - (T C F

dt
dT

(h)
pD D pC C pB B pA A
D RD C RC B RB A RA 0 pB B0 0 pA A0
C N C N C N C N
V ]r H [ V ]r H [ V ]r H [ V ]r H [ T) - (T C F T) - (T C F

dt
dT

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(100) 8. The elementary gas-phase reaction 2 A 3 B is carried out in a CSTR. The
feed is pure A at 350 K, with a flowrate of 4.0 L/s and 0.14 mol/s. The
reaction vessel is heated by saturated steam (steam temperature =170
o
C)
within a heating coil (UA=25 J /s-K). The exit stream is a 25% A / 75% B
mixture by volume. What is the temperature in the reactor?

Assume: H
A
o
(298) =-50 kJ /mol
H
B
o
(298) =-30 kJ /mol
Cp
A
=30 J /mol-K
Cp
B
=15 J /mol-K

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HONOR PLEDGE:
I pledge my honor that I have neither given nor received unauthorized assistance during this
examination. My work complies with all of the provisions of the UND ChE Honor Code.

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