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EE2302 ELECTRICAL MACHINES II

QUESTION BANK
Short Answer Questions
1. Calculate the distribution factor for a 36- slot, 4 -pole, single layer three phase
winding.
2. Define voltage regulation of an alternator.
3. hat are the two co!ponents of field current re"uired for the predeter!ination of
regulation by ##$ !ethod %
4. hat are the conditions to be fulfilled for connecting two alternators in parallel %
&. Define short circuit ratio of an alternator.
6. hy is the field syste! of an alternator !ade as a rotor%
'. ()etch salient pole and non salient pole rotors.
*. hat is synchronous reactance%
+. Define ,itch factor.
1-. Calculate the distribution factor for an 1* slots, 4-pole three-phase winding.
11. Draw the phasor diagra! of synchronous !otor wor)ing with lagging power
factor.
12. ()etch the . and inverted .- curve of a synchronous !otor, clearly indicating the
/ and 0 a1es for each curve.
13. (tate the differences in construction between s"uirrel cage and slip ring rotors of
an induction !otor.
14. 2 3 phase, 4 pole, &- 34 induction !otor runs at a speed of 142& rp!. Calculate
the slip and fre"uency of the rotor 5#$.
1&. ()etch the circle diagra! of a 3 phase induction !otor.
16. Calculate the pitch factor for a 36 slot, 4 pole winding having a coil pitch of 6
slots.
1'. 2 & #.2, 1- )., 1&-- rp!, 3 phase, &- 34, 4 pole, star connected alternator is
operating on infinite bus bars. Deter!ine the synchroni4ing power per !echanical
degree of displace!ent under no-load condition. /s 6 2- 7.
1*. hen is a synchronous !otor said to be under e1cited% hat will be the nature of
power factor under that condition%
1+. hat is hunting in a synchronous !otor%
2-. 8nder what condition, the slip in an induction !achine is i9 negative ii9 greater
than one%
21. 3ow do you reverse the direction of rotation of a 3 phase induction !otor%
22. (how the construction of a double cage rotor.
23. 3ow !uch is the line current and starting tor"ue reduced in a 3-phase induction
!otor, when a star-delta starter is used, co!pared to direct on line starting%
24. hat are the four possible speeds that could be obtained in the cascaded operation
of two induction !otors with pole nu!bers, ,1 and ,2%
2&. Draw the phasor diagra! of a single- phase capacitor start induction !otor,
showing the stator applied voltage and the !ain and au1iliary winding currents.
Su!r" #uestions
1.:he open circuit and short circuit test readings obtained on a 3 phase, star
connected, 1--- ).2, 2--- . , &- 34 alternator are ;
$ield Current, 2 1- 2- 2& 3- 4- &-
<C ter!inal
voltage , . *-- 1&-- 1'6- 2--- 23&- 26--
(C ar!ature
current, 2 - 2-- 2&- 3-- - -
:he effective ar!ature resistance is -.2 = per phase. Draw the characteristic
curves and esti!ate the full-load regulation at a power factor of -.* lagging by
synchronous i!pedance !ethod.
2.Derive the 5#$ e"uation of an alternator.
3 hat do you understand by direct and "uadrature a1is reactance in a salient
pole alternator% Draw the phasor diagra! of this alternator for a lagging
power factor load
4. Derive the e1pression for power developed in a 3 phase synchronous !otor in
ter!s of 5, ., >s, ? and @ .

&. ()etch an e1citation circle and a power circle of a synchronous !otor and state
what each one represents
6. 8sing relevant phasor diagra!s, describe the effect of changing the e1citation,
on the ar!ature current and power factor of a synchronous !otor and thereby
obtain A.B and inverted A.B curves.
'. Deduce the 5"uivalent circuit of 3 phase induction !otors
*. :he power input to a 3 phase, &-- ., &- 34, 6 ,ole, induction !otor is 4- ).
:he !otor runs at a speed of +'& rp!. :he stator losses a!ount to 1 ) and
the friction and windage losses a!ount to 2 ). Calculate the i9 slip ii9 rotor
copper loss iii9 hp output and iv9 efficiency.
+. Draw the Circle diagra! for a &.6 ), 4-- ., 3 phase, star connected 4 pole
&- 34 slip ring induction !otor which gave the following test data ;
Co-load; 4-- ., 6 2, 36- ; Dloc)ed rotor ; 1-- ., 12 2, '2-
:he ratio of stator to rotor turns is 2.6. :he stator resistance per phase 6 -.6' = .
:he rotor resistance per phase 6 -.1*& =. Calculate the full load current and
!a1i!u! output.
1-. ith neat diagra!s , e1plain the wor)ing of any two types of starters used for
starting 3 phase s"uirrel cage induction !otors.
11. Describe the following !ethods of speed control of slip ring induction !otors;

i9 8sing e1ternal rotor resistance
ii9 (lip power recovery sche!e
12. Dased on double field revolving theory and using the tor"ue E speed
characteristics, e1plain the operation of single- phase induction !otors.
ii9 Draw the e"uivalent circuit of single-phase induction !otor.

13. Describe the constructional features and the operation of the following;

i9 (tepper !otor
ii9 (haded pole !otor
iii9 3ysteresis !otor
14. 2 3 phase star connected synchronous !otor is rated for 66-- .. $or a particular
load, the !otor ta)es &- 2 line current fro! the supply. :he effective ar!ature
resistance is 1.- = per phase and synchronous reactance is 2- = per phase.
Calculate Fa9 the power supplied to the !otor and Fb9 induced 5#$ for a power
factor of -.* lag.
1&. 51plain why a synchronous !otor is not self starting. Describe the !ethod of
starting the synchronous !otor using da!per winding.
16. 2 41& ., 2+.*4 ), &- 34, 3 phase delta connected induction !otor gave the
following test data;
Co load test; 41& . 21 2 12&-
Dloc)ed rotor test; 1-- . 4& 2 2'3-
Calculate the para!eters of the e"uivalent circuit, draw the circuit and then insert
the values. (tator resistance per phase 6 -.3 =.
1'. Derive the e"uation for tor"ue developed by a 3 phase induction !otor. Draw a
typical tor"ue-slip curve and deduce the condition for !a1i!u! tor"ue.
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1*. Derive fro! funda!entals, the e!f e"uation of an alternator
1+. 2 3 phase, 16 pole, star connected alternator has 144 slots with 1- conductors per
slot. :he flu1 per pole 6 -.-3 b. :he speed 6 3'& rp!. :he coil span 6 ' slots.
Calculate the phase and line induc3ed e!fs.
2-. 2 3 phase, star connected alternator is rated at 1*-- ).2, 11)..:he ar!ature
effective resistance and synchronous reactance are 1.4= and 2*= respectively per
phase. Calculate the percentage regulation for a load of 12&- ) at -.* p.f. lag.
21. 2 3 phase, star connected alternator supplies a load of 1---) at a p.f. of -.* lag
with a ter!inal voltage of 11).. Gts ar!ature resistance is -.4 =Hphase while
synchronous reactance is 3=Hphase. Calculate the line value of e!f generated and
the regulation at this load
22 hat are the advantages of stationary ar!ature and rotating field type of
alternators co!pared to the other type% hat are the two types of rotors used in
alternators of rotating field type%
23 Derive fro! funda!entals, the 5#$ e"uation of an alternator.
24 Calculate the no-load phase and line voltage of a star connected 3-phase, 6-pole
alternator which runs at 12-- rp! having a flu1 per pole of -.1 b sinusoidally
distributed. :he stator of the alternator has &4 slots with 1* conductors per slot.
:he coil span is ' slots.
2& Discuss the nature of ar!ature ##$ in an alternator, bringing out its effect on
field ##$ at various power factors.
26. 2 2& ).2, 4-- ., 3-phase, &-34 star connected alternator gives rated current on
short circuit with a field current of 2 2. :he sa!e field current gives 2-- . on
open circuit. :he effective ar!ature resistance per phase is 1.- . Calculate the
full load voltage regulation at a ,ower $actors of i9 -.* lag and ii9 -.* lead.
2'. hat are the advantages of stationary ar!ature and rotating field type of
alternators co!pared to the other type% hat are the two types of rotors used in
alternators of rotating field type%
2*. Derive fro! funda!entals, the 5#$ e"uation of an alternator.
2+. Calculate the no-load phase and line voltage of a star connected 3-phase, 6-pole
alternator which runs at 12-- rp! having a flu1 per pole of -.1 b sinusoidally
distributed. :he stator of the alternator has &4 slots with 1* conductors
per slot. :he coil span is ' slots.
3-. 2 2& ).2, 4-- ., 3-phase, &-34 star connected alternator gives rated current on
short circuit with a field current of 2 2. :he sa!e field current gives 2-- . on
open circuit. :he effective ar!ature resistance per phase is 1.- . Calculate the
full load voltage regulation at a ,ower $actors of i9 -.* lag and ii9 -.* lead.