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# EE2302 ELECTRICAL MACHINES II

QUESTION BANK
1. Calculate the distribution factor for a 36- slot, 4 -pole, single layer three phase
winding.
2. Define voltage regulation of an alternator.
3. hat are the two co!ponents of field current re"uired for the predeter!ination of
regulation by ##\$ !ethod %
4. hat are the conditions to be fulfilled for connecting two alternators in parallel %
&. Define short circuit ratio of an alternator.
6. hy is the field syste! of an alternator !ade as a rotor%
'. ()etch salient pole and non salient pole rotors.
*. hat is synchronous reactance%
+. Define ,itch factor.
1-. Calculate the distribution factor for an 1* slots, 4-pole three-phase winding.
11. Draw the phasor diagra! of synchronous !otor wor)ing with lagging power
factor.
12. ()etch the . and inverted .- curve of a synchronous !otor, clearly indicating the
/ and 0 a1es for each curve.
13. (tate the differences in construction between s"uirrel cage and slip ring rotors of
an induction !otor.
14. 2 3 phase, 4 pole, &- 34 induction !otor runs at a speed of 142& rp!. Calculate
the slip and fre"uency of the rotor 5#\$.
1&. ()etch the circle diagra! of a 3 phase induction !otor.
16. Calculate the pitch factor for a 36 slot, 4 pole winding having a coil pitch of 6
slots.
1'. 2 & #.2, 1- )., 1&-- rp!, 3 phase, &- 34, 4 pole, star connected alternator is
operating on infinite bus bars. Deter!ine the synchroni4ing power per !echanical
degree of displace!ent under no-load condition. /s 6 2- 7.
1*. hen is a synchronous !otor said to be under e1cited% hat will be the nature of
power factor under that condition%
1+. hat is hunting in a synchronous !otor%
2-. 8nder what condition, the slip in an induction !achine is i9 negative ii9 greater
than one%
21. 3ow do you reverse the direction of rotation of a 3 phase induction !otor%
22. (how the construction of a double cage rotor.
23. 3ow !uch is the line current and starting tor"ue reduced in a 3-phase induction
!otor, when a star-delta starter is used, co!pared to direct on line starting%
24. hat are the four possible speeds that could be obtained in the cascaded operation
of two induction !otors with pole nu!bers, ,1 and ,2%
2&. Draw the phasor diagra! of a single- phase capacitor start induction !otor,
showing the stator applied voltage and the !ain and au1iliary winding currents.
Su!r" #uestions
1.:he open circuit and short circuit test readings obtained on a 3 phase, star
connected, 1--- ).2, 2--- . , &- 34 alternator are ;
\$ield Current, 2 1- 2- 2& 3- 4- &-
<C ter!inal
voltage , . *-- 1&-- 1'6- 2--- 23&- 26--
(C ar!ature
current, 2 - 2-- 2&- 3-- - -
:he effective ar!ature resistance is -.2 = per phase. Draw the characteristic
curves and esti!ate the full-load regulation at a power factor of -.* lagging by
synchronous i!pedance !ethod.
2.Derive the 5#\$ e"uation of an alternator.
3 hat do you understand by direct and "uadrature a1is reactance in a salient
pole alternator% Draw the phasor diagra! of this alternator for a lagging
4. Derive the e1pression for power developed in a 3 phase synchronous !otor in
ter!s of 5, ., >s, ? and @ .

&. ()etch an e1citation circle and a power circle of a synchronous !otor and state
what each one represents
6. 8sing relevant phasor diagra!s, describe the effect of changing the e1citation,
on the ar!ature current and power factor of a synchronous !otor and thereby
obtain A.B and inverted A.B curves.
'. Deduce the 5"uivalent circuit of 3 phase induction !otors
*. :he power input to a 3 phase, &-- ., &- 34, 6 ,ole, induction !otor is 4- ).
:he !otor runs at a speed of +'& rp!. :he stator losses a!ount to 1 ) and
the friction and windage losses a!ount to 2 ). Calculate the i9 slip ii9 rotor
copper loss iii9 hp output and iv9 efficiency.
+. Draw the Circle diagra! for a &.6 ), 4-- ., 3 phase, star connected 4 pole
&- 34 slip ring induction !otor which gave the following test data ;
Co-load; 4-- ., 6 2, 36- ; Dloc)ed rotor ; 1-- ., 12 2, '2-
:he ratio of stator to rotor turns is 2.6. :he stator resistance per phase 6 -.6' = .
:he rotor resistance per phase 6 -.1*& =. Calculate the full load current and
!a1i!u! output.
1-. ith neat diagra!s , e1plain the wor)ing of any two types of starters used for
starting 3 phase s"uirrel cage induction !otors.
11. Describe the following !ethods of speed control of slip ring induction !otors;

i9 8sing e1ternal rotor resistance
ii9 (lip power recovery sche!e
12. Dased on double field revolving theory and using the tor"ue E speed
characteristics, e1plain the operation of single- phase induction !otors.
ii9 Draw the e"uivalent circuit of single-phase induction !otor.

13. Describe the constructional features and the operation of the following;

i9 (tepper !otor
iii9 3ysteresis !otor
14. 2 3 phase star connected synchronous !otor is rated for 66-- .. \$or a particular
load, the !otor ta)es &- 2 line current fro! the supply. :he effective ar!ature
resistance is 1.- = per phase and synchronous reactance is 2- = per phase.
Calculate Fa9 the power supplied to the !otor and Fb9 induced 5#\$ for a power
factor of -.* lag.
1&. 51plain why a synchronous !otor is not self starting. Describe the !ethod of
starting the synchronous !otor using da!per winding.
16. 2 41& ., 2+.*4 ), &- 34, 3 phase delta connected induction !otor gave the
following test data;
Co load test; 41& . 21 2 12&-
Dloc)ed rotor test; 1-- . 4& 2 2'3-
Calculate the para!eters of the e"uivalent circuit, draw the circuit and then insert
the values. (tator resistance per phase 6 -.3 =.
1'. Derive the e"uation for tor"ue developed by a 3 phase induction !otor. Draw a
typical tor"ue-slip curve and deduce the condition for !a1i!u! tor"ue.
-------------------------
1*. Derive fro! funda!entals, the e!f e"uation of an alternator
1+. 2 3 phase, 16 pole, star connected alternator has 144 slots with 1- conductors per
slot. :he flu1 per pole 6 -.-3 b. :he speed 6 3'& rp!. :he coil span 6 ' slots.
Calculate the phase and line induc3ed e!fs.
2-. 2 3 phase, star connected alternator is rated at 1*-- ).2, 11)..:he ar!ature
effective resistance and synchronous reactance are 1.4= and 2*= respectively per
phase. Calculate the percentage regulation for a load of 12&- ) at -.* p.f. lag.
21. 2 3 phase, star connected alternator supplies a load of 1---) at a p.f. of -.* lag
with a ter!inal voltage of 11).. Gts ar!ature resistance is -.4 =Hphase while
synchronous reactance is 3=Hphase. Calculate the line value of e!f generated and
22 hat are the advantages of stationary ar!ature and rotating field type of
alternators co!pared to the other type% hat are the two types of rotors used in
alternators of rotating field type%
23 Derive fro! funda!entals, the 5#\$ e"uation of an alternator.
24 Calculate the no-load phase and line voltage of a star connected 3-phase, 6-pole
alternator which runs at 12-- rp! having a flu1 per pole of -.1 b sinusoidally
distributed. :he stator of the alternator has &4 slots with 1* conductors per slot.
:he coil span is ' slots.
2& Discuss the nature of ar!ature ##\$ in an alternator, bringing out its effect on
field ##\$ at various power factors.
26. 2 2& ).2, 4-- ., 3-phase, &-34 star connected alternator gives rated current on
short circuit with a field current of 2 2. :he sa!e field current gives 2-- . on
open circuit. :he effective ar!ature resistance per phase is 1.- . Calculate the
full load voltage regulation at a ,ower \$actors of i9 -.* lag and ii9 -.* lead.
2'. hat are the advantages of stationary ar!ature and rotating field type of
alternators co!pared to the other type% hat are the two types of rotors used in
alternators of rotating field type%
2*. Derive fro! funda!entals, the 5#\$ e"uation of an alternator.
2+. Calculate the no-load phase and line voltage of a star connected 3-phase, 6-pole
alternator which runs at 12-- rp! having a flu1 per pole of -.1 b sinusoidally
distributed. :he stator of the alternator has &4 slots with 1* conductors
per slot. :he coil span is ' slots.
3-. 2 2& ).2, 4-- ., 3-phase, &-34 star connected alternator gives rated current on
short circuit with a field current of 2 2. :he sa!e field current gives 2-- . on
open circuit. :he effective ar!ature resistance per phase is 1.- . Calculate the
full load voltage regulation at a ,ower \$actors of i9 -.* lag and ii9 -.* lead.