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Engineers and Society

Technology, Engineering & Society


(Lecture 5)
EGE 3103
PowerPoint

Slides
by Ir Kua

Last Updated:18 July 2014

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Lecture 5
The Role of an Engineer towards Society
(Social Responsibility)
The Status of Engineers and their contribution to
wealth generation
Professional Code of Conduct



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LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Able to describe wider perspective of society,
emphasising the role of the professional engineer
To support the development of skills, knowledge and
qualities which are important as a professional
engineer in Malaysia and in the global marketplace
To have knowledge in the obligations, roles and
professional stipulated by the professional body in a
modern society






Social Responsibility
Engineers must develop a
fundamental understanding
of their professional
responsibilities.




Social Responsibility
Past Engineering practice:
Controlling nature
rather than cooperating
with nature.




Social Responsibility
population
Refugee Sanitation
Sustainable
development
Appropriate
Technology




Social Responsibility
Engineers have a collective
responsibility to improve
the lives of people
around the world.





Social Responsibility
Engineering Education for a Changing
World,"...engineering colleges must not only
provide their graduates with the intellectual
development and superb technical
capabilities, but following industry's lead,
colleges must educate their students to
work as part of teams, communicate well,
and understand the economic, social,
environmental and international context of
their professional activities"




Social Responsibility
Desired Characteristics
Strong analytical skills
Practical ingenuity
Creativity
Communication / Business skills
Leadership
High ethical standard / professionalism
Lifelong learning




Design Engineering

The essence of engineering is
design.
Design includes machine design,
product and process engineering,
manufacturing engineering, and
applications engineering.


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Design Engineering
The engineers first approach of the design process:
Ethical, Safety, Liability,
Environmental, Quality issues
in the first step of the design process, rather than
allowing the design to proceed without regard to these
issues.

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Design Engineering
This allows engineers to address and
analyze each element from the
problem statement to the release of
the product or service to the customer.

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Design Engineering
This allows engineers to integrate the
consideration of ethical and
other concerns directly into the
design process.


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Design Engineering
The design may be expanded to provide
alternative designs to potentially
eliminate or reduce problems.





Social Responsibility
The vision for Malaysian Engineers as
stated by IEM is, Engineers shall be
technically competent and well-
respected professionals
spearheading technology and
wealth creation in Malaysia.




Contribution of Engineers to Wealth
creation
Wealth creation $$$
Making a Country, group or person richer
and more successful





Contribution of Engineers to Wealth
creation
Identify business opportunities
Funding of pilot programs
Spark other New businesses
Wealth creation
Creation of new jobs

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Institution of Engineers Malaysia



The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM) -1959
Functions are:
To promote and advance the science and profession of
engineering
Uphold the engineering profession in Malaysia
Contribute toward nation building


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Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM)



IEM initiated the formation of BEM in 1972.
It is an authoritative body that ensures public interest and safety in
engineering.
Its primary role is to facilitate the registration of engineers and
regulate the professional conduct of registered engineers in order
to safeguard the safety and interest of the public.


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Lecture 5

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Code of Professional Conduct
1.0 A registered engineer shall at all
times hold paramount the safety, health
and welfare of the public.


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Code of Professional Conduct
1.1 Prepare and sign engineering documents that he has
prepares or under his supervision.
1.3 Shall not reveal facts, data or information without prior consent
of the Company except when withholding such information is
contrary to public safety
1.4 Violation of Code of Conduct shall be reported to professional
bodies or local authorities
1.5 When professional advice is overruled and may endanger life
or property, notify client or employer or local authority of
consequences.


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Code of Professional Conduct
2.0 A registered engineer shall undertake
assignments only if he is qualified by
education and experience in the specific
technical fields in which he is involved.


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Code of Professional Conduct
2.1 A Registered Engineer shall not affix his signature to any plan
or document in which he lacks competence or was not prepared
under his direction or control.

2.2 A Registered Engineer shall not sign and stamp and assume
responsibility for an entire project unless each technical segment
is signed by a qualified engineer who has prepared that technical
segment.

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Code of Professional Conduct
3.0 A registered engineer shall
issue public statements only in
an objective and truthful manner.

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Code of Professional Conduct
3.1 Objective and Truthful in professional
reports, statements and testimony. All
information shall indicate the date when it
was current.
3.2 Express opinion in public only on
matters he has technical competency and
knowledge of the facts of the subject matter.
3.3 Shall not issue statement or criticism on
technical matter that is paid for by
interested parties.

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Code of Professional Conduct
4.0 A registered engineer shall
act for each employer or clients
as faithful agent or trustee.


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Code of Professional Conduct
4.1 Disclose all potential CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
4.2 Shall not accept compensation (financial or
otherwise) from more than one party of the same project
4.6 Disclose in writing to Client if he has any commercial
interest with the company with which he deals on behalf
of his client.


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Code of Professional Conduct
5.0 A registered engineer shall conduct
himself honorably, responsibly, ethically,
and lawfully so as to enhance the honour,
reputation and usefulness of the
profession.


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Code of Professional Conduct
5.2 A Registered Engineer shall offer, give, solicit or receive any
contribution to affect the award of a contract.
5.5 A Registered Engineer shall not maliciously injure or attempt
to maliciously injure the professional reputation, business or
prospect of another Engineer.
5.6 A Registered Engineer shall not directly or indirectly
a) Supplant or attempt to supplant another Engineer
b) Intervene with work already entrusted to another Engineer
c) Take over work of another Engineer acting for the same client