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1

....-..|


.t]| ,lL _..i

.>.i|_ ..>:.it.,
`











2


First Published 2008
By Madbt Writers & Translators
Western Cape
South Africa
muaadth_allie@yahoo.com




Any part of this book may be reproduced for teaching purposes on
condition that no alterations are made to it.


Books may be purchased via Madbut at the above email address.






3

Contents


Contents 3
Acknowledgments 4
System of transliteration 5

Introduction 6
Sanad for the Tuhfah 10
Sanad for the Jazariyyah 11
Text of the Tuhfah 12
Text of the Jazariyyah
24

Bibliography 45












4
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I thank Allah, the Almighty, my Nourisher, Sustainer and Provider.

Gratitude goes to my lovely wife and my adorable children.

I thank my brothers and sisters for their continuous support, and
my teachers for their guidance.

I would also like to thank Ridwaan Saiet, Ebrahim Floris, Abd al-
Rahmn Davids and their brethren, for their constant support of my
ideas and making this publication possible. May Allah reward all
their efforts and grant them success in this world and in the
hereafter.















5
SYSTEM OF TRANSLITERATION
Nr Arabic English Nr Arabic English
1
'
` 17

th
2
.
b 18
_

3
.
t 19
_
gh
4
.
th 20

f
5
_
j 21

q
6
_
h 22

k
7
_
kh 23
,
l
8

d 24

m
9

dh 25
.
n
10
_
r 26

h
11
_
z 27
,
w
12

s 28

y
13

sh 29


14

s 30


15

d 31
,

16

t 32
'
ay


33
, '
ou

N.B. Arabic words are italicized except in 3 instances:
1- When they possess a current English usage
2- When they occur as part of a heading
3- When they are the proper names of people

N.B. The sign for [ ] which is [`] will be omitted when the former appears at the
beginning of a word
6
,..,..>..i| _.....>..i| ...l..i| ,.....,
; .| .._ _. . ....| ...., .....| , _. .., .-., . ..-:.., ..-:.., ...-. . . ..-| ,
. , \ ..-, .| \ .. \ ,| .,:|, . .. _..- ; .... _., . .. _.. ..,. |..< ,| .,:|, . .
..., .

This booklet comprises two works in the field of Tajwd which are
probably the most read, studied and taught texts in the field; Tuhfah
al-Atfl of Jamzr and al-Muqaddimah al-Jazariyyah of Ibn al-Jazar. It
is aimed at the student who wishes to study and receive (ijzah)
license to transmit and teach these texts to others. I have named it:
.-..|, ..-:.., ..-j| ,.L _... ..-.|

; The Essence for the One Who


Seeks Ijzah in the Tuhfah and Jazariyyah. The book details how I
transmit these texts from various teachers.

The links transmitting the text of the Jazariyyah are numerous. With
regard to the Tuhfah, up until recently a sanad to the author
Sulaymn al-Jamzr was unheard of. As a result, many who give
ijzah for this text link their sanad to Nr al-Dn Ali al-Mh, the
teacher of Jamzr to whom he alludes in his poem. This sanad to al-
Mh is a link through which knowledge is transmitted, whether it is
the narration of Hafs, another narration, qir`ah etc. It is not
necessarily a link in which each individual in the chain had read the
Tuhfah to the previous link. This is the case since al-Mh is not the
author of the book, so the book cannot be transmitted from him but
should be done so through his student, Jamzr. Recently, I saw an
ijzah linked directly to Sulaymn al-Jamzr himself, claiming that
each person in its sanad had read the book in its entirety to the link
above it. However, I remain sceptical about this direct link to
Jamzr for the reasons outlined below:
7
The Tuhfah is a famous text, being taught and studied by
children and individuals across the globe. If it is so well-
known, why has a sanad to the author surfaced only recently?
The biographical details about Jamzr are extremely sparse,
resulting in no mention of the names of his students.
The student of Jamzr mentioned in the ijzah is written as
Sulaymn al-Baysn or Bsn. It should instead be
Sulaymn al-Baybn, the teacher of Ahmad Salamnah.
Though the time period in which he lived makes it possible
for him to have learnt from Jamzr, his name is incorrect. If
the person who wrote the sanad is not even sure of the name
of an individual who learnt this from Jamzr, how can he
guarantee that he transmits this entire text from him?
The scholar through whom this sanad goes is the famous
Sheikh Abd al-Bsit Hshim. Being blind he has memorized
all the texts in the field of Tajwd and Qir`t, quoting them
easily at will. This gained him title of al-Mutqin; he who is
extremely accurate and precise in what he transmits. In spite
of this, in his original ijzah of qir`t there are erroneous
discrepancies.
Numerous well-known teachers still give ijzah for this poem
but mention their sanad to Sheikh Mutawall, who is
considered a revivalist of this science. In this link there is
not much room for doubt that each link in the chain had read
the text to the previous link, since many other works are
transmitted via Mutawall in this manner. If they had links
directly to Jamzr, surely they would have mentioned it
instead of stopping at Mutawall.
My personal deliberations with shuykh of qir`t in which
they explicitly state that no direct link to Jamzr exists
wherein each link had read or transmitted this poem. Allah
knows best.
8

The original works do not have chapters or sections. These divisions
were included by later scholars. The last two verses of the Jazariyyah
are also not part of the original text but is an addition to the text.
Furthermore, with regard to the wording of these texts, it should be
borne in mind that there are countless possibilities which are
backed by sound grammatical laws. This work is not meant to
exhaust all these possibilities. I restrict myself to what I have read to
various teachers. If there is difference in the wording of the Tuhfah, I
will give preference to what I read to Sheikh Hasan ibn Mustaf al-
Warrq, relying on his research and editing of the text. In the text of
the Jazariyyah, I will give preference to what I gained from my
esteemed teacher Qri Ayyb ibn Ibrhm Ishq. This is because I
spent months reading line after line of the text at his feet, after
which he would explain the meaning of each line; expounding upon
each word, the grammar, every rule, including the differences in the
wordings of the text itself. Many of the differences explained to us
by Qr Ayyb can be found in Mull Ali al-Qrs explanation on
the Jazariyyah, Minah al-Fikriyyah. I pray that Allah blesses my ustdh
with a long life so that many more can benefit from his expertise.

The student should remember that the Jazariyyah was written
around 798 A.H. The author lived another 33 years after writing the
text. During this period many changes and alterations were made
by the author; inserting words which he felt better suited to clarify
the intended meaning. Consequently, diverse readings do not
signify that one is correct and the other is not. Both stem from the
author, the one possibly being an earlier rendition than the other.
Recently, scholars like Dr. Ayman Suwayd collected all manuscript
copies of the text. Through his study and comparison of these
manuscripts he provided us with an edited text of the Jazariyyah.
The result is that many scholars across the world now read and
9
teach the Jazariyyah as edited by Dr. Ayman. This does not in any
way indicate that all other readings are incorrect since consideration
has to be made of the oral transmission of the text, as well as
subsequent generations like Sheikh al-Islam Zakariyy al-Ansr,
Khlid al-Azhar, Mull Ali al-Qr, Abd al-D`im al-Azhar and
Ibn Ghz who detail how the text had reached them. These scholars
would also clarify errors that are made in the text.

With this in mind, any student studying the text should firstly: not
make the differences mentioned in them a course of dispute
between themselves or their teachers, but understand that all these
readings are correct as long as the student had received it from
another who has been licensed in it by his teacher before him.
Secondly, that this work has been written by a person and thus
renders it open to flaws and errors, unlike the kalm of Allah.
Thirdly, this book should not be the object of a students study in
that it is just a means for him to gain the understanding and insight
into the science of Tajwd. It is a steppingstone for him to achieve a
higher and greater level of learning. Fourthly, the study of these
books does not in any way make an individual a better reciter. It is
incumbent on the student to humble himself before a well-versed
teacher and that he chooses to be rectified, since no reciter is
without error.
















10

Sanad for Tuhfah and Jazariyyah

Ali al-Mh


Mustaf al-Mh


Sulaymn al-Shahdw Sulaymn al-Jamzr


Ali al-Hilwu al-Samannd


Ali al-Abyr

Khall mir al-Matbas


Muhammad Sbiq


Hasan Bayym al-Karrk


Abd al-Majd al-Usyt Mahmd Uthmn Farj


Mahmd Muhammad Khabt Ahmad Abd al-Ghaniyy


Abd al-Bsit Hshim

Hasan Mustaf al-Warrq


Saleem Gaibie

11
Ibn al-Jazar

Ahmad al-Umyt Ridwn al-Uqb

Ab al-Jd al-Samads Zakariyy al-Ansr

Ibn Ghnim al-Maqdis Al-Tablw

Shahhdha al-Yemen


Abd al-Rahmn al-Yemen Sayf al-Dn al-Basr

Muhammad al-Baqar Sultn al-Mazzh

Ahmad al-Baqar Al-Bann al-Dimyt

Ahmad al-Isqt


Abd al-Rahmn al-Ujhr Abd al-Rahmn al-Shfi


Ibrhm al-Ubayd Abd al-Rahmn al-Ibshh


Ahmad Salmnah Ahmad al-Marzq Ahmad al-Awdal


Al-Tihm Ahmad al-Hulwn Muhammad Shat


Al-Mutawall Saleem al-Hulwn Ahmad Lakhbt


Al-Jurays al-Kabr Al-Shar Sharbn


Ibrhm Sad Attn Ibrhm al-Sdn


Abd Allah al-Makk Al-Dabb Muhy al-Dn al-Kurd al-Tarbsh


Abd al-Rahmn al-Makk Uyn al-Sd


Muhibb al-Dn Ysn al-Fdn A.F.Madkr Ilys al-Barmw


Ans Ahmad


Ayyb Ishq Al` al-Dn Hasan Mustaf al-Warrq


Saleem Gaibie
12










+ (

..

_.-|

..~

...-.|


1

...,.


,...i.

.-

_,..)|



: ( ...-|

. .

. ...i.

.. . i

. _.
.

. ...-

. .
_
.|,

. . . .

_...,

.. .. ;.
: ( .- ..-,,


. |.

.L...|

...i.

_.

,...|

.:.|,

. _

.,.....|,


+ ( ..

. ..:.

\| ....-:,

....i


_.

...-:

_.,.|

2
_.

...:.|


- ( .-|

..,

,|

....

..,;.L.|


..-\|,

.|,

. .,..

.|,

. ,|.:

. ..



1
Even though ..-.|

.

only has a kasrah on it, the sound will be pulled as if making


madd in it to maintain the rhyme with _,..)|



at the end of the line. This should
be applied on all the kasrahs and dammahs appearing on the end-words
throughout the poem e.g. ...-

and ..- . ..

in line 8.
2
May be read with a kasrah or with a fathah on the mm i.e. _,...|


or _,...|


. Dr.
Ashraf Fu`d Talat explains that the more correct pronunciation is with a kasrah
on the mm since he came from the village named Mha and not Maiha. Allah
knows best.
.|

....

13











- ( ,...i.

_.:...

_...:i.,

.,|

..:.-| _

. .-

. .

,.

. _...


: ( \..

..,ij|

_.,

..-|

_.i-i

,..

3
,.,.

i

. ..-.:

4

s ( .~

...,

..

_...

....-

,.

. .

. ,..:.i

..

. .

. . ..

. _

..-

. ..


- ( ,..:.|,

.....

..:..,
_

,...|

. _ .

. ,i

5
.-...

..

,.:,.


+ ( ..,.:.

,....

...

......

. ..

. ...- . .
_
,

. . . ..

. . . i

. .

. ..
++ ( \

|.

..... . ....i:,
_

;...


...

. .

6
.....

..

,|...
_

. . ;.

3
May be read as ,.

or as ,.

.
4
May be read as .-..


or .-.



. Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq gives preference to the
former, stating that it is what he read to many of his teachers.
5
.

. ,.

and .

. ,.

is allowed, though many have given preference to the former.
6
May be read as ... ;




or ... ;



.
,..| .:-|

..|

..:.

_.:.|,

14
+: ( ,..:.|,

.....

..-,

.....


_.

;..| ..|,

. |

7
..

. . .

. ..


+: ( ..:.|,

,.

,;.j|

....

...,..|

. . ...

. ....-
_
...

-j|

. ...

. ..


++ ( .,|.|,

....-j|

....

_.....|


..

.,.-|


-|,

. ,.

_....i.


+- ( _

..~
_

_.

.-,


.:.
_

..-.


_

. i

8
|.-

,.,.|


..

9
..,:...


+- ( ..

|.

...

10
.

..-

_-:

.

.

.,i

_..

11
..

. ....










+: ( _..,

....

..

.... |....:


..,

.. . ;

..-

. . . . ..
_
.,

. .. |



7
It should be read as |.|,

(without a hamzah) and not .|.|,


(with a hamzah).
8
May be read with a fathah or with a kasrah on the kf i.e. .. or ..

.
9
Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq says that ..

..,....


may be read making idghm of the
dl into the dd or with ith-hr. However, reading it with idghm is easier.
10
May be read as ...

or ...

.
11
May be read as . _.

or as _..

.
,..| .:-|

_...:.| .|,

15










+s ( .|,

_:..

_,

_.,

..,.|

...|
_

....
_

_....

.|

. ,.-

. ..
+- ( ..,..:-|

...;.
_....

i.,..

....-

....|

12
,

..,i

. ..

. i


: ( \..

....-j|

.....

...,..|

13

...,

. ..

...:.|
. _

14
i..

. ...

. .|


:+ ( ,..:.|,

....

..,.i:.,

_...|

.,

..

. ....

-.

. |.

..

. _.:
:: ( ,...:.|,

..,ij|

_.

....,.|

_..

..-|
_

..,..,


: . ....





12
....-|

....|



will be read with naql, as in the narration of Warsh, to maintain the
metre of the poem i.e. ... , ...-|


13
In some prints ..,.| _,



comes instead of .....

...,..|



.
14
The . of ...:.|
. _


will be read with a sukn to maintain the metre of the poem.
The same will apply to the . of : . ....


in line 22.
.:-|

..:...| .|

16

:: ( .-|,


_..

,|,
_

..,

,|

_..:-

..

. ..,.,

| \

...-..

15
.....









:+ ( ;..

16
|

,\..-

_.,

..-\|

..~\,|

. ..-..,

-.:i


. ..

17

:- ( _,

,| _

18
.

19
. ..:
_

..-

...i.

_.

.,

20
,.,-

..-,

....





15
,

| \

...-..


will be read with naql. Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq maintains that the dl
should be read without a tanwn. Dr. Ashraf Fu`d Talat states that it may be
read with a tanwn also; in this case the word will appear with lm al-tall (the lm
of explanation) i.e. ..-..\,


and not lm al-tarf i.e. ,

| \

...-..


.
16
Should be read as ;.

and not as ;..

.
17
May be read as .-..


or .-.



. Refer to line 7.
18
Will be read with a temporary hamzah i.e. ,| _,


.
19
.

is read with a sukn on the ayn. Idghm will then be made into the ayn of ..



i.e. .. .




.
20
It may be read with a temporary hamzah. Some argue that it should be read with
a permanent hamzah since the author includes the hamzah in the combination of ,|

.--

... .
_-..| \, | \ :-

17

:- ( ...,...

..,....

_..

..,|

.,

. : ..
_

. ... .,

. ..-

21
.

. .
:: ( ,i

_.

.~
22
..

..

|.

-.

_.

.

. .

_.i

...

.:i.


:s ( .|,

;.

23
_..,\|

24
..,..

...

25

.|,

_.-\


..,..


....:


:- ( ,.,.i|,

_.-.
_

....iL.

-.

_

.-.

...i,

_..:.|,






21
The zy may be read with a fathah or a dammah i.e. .-.,


or .-.,


.
22
It seems that Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq has given preference to the r` being
read with a dammah by citing it in the core text, but also mentions that it may be
read with a fathah. In both cases the h` is with a sukn. However, Sheikh Sayyid
Mukhtr mentions the h` with a kasrah in the core text. Linguistically this would
be most correct but it breaks the poetic metre; therefore it is best to read the h`
with a sukn. Preference is given to the r` being read with a fathah considering
the meaning to which the author alludes; the joining of family ties (.~ _.



).
However, it could also be read with a dammah.
23
The mm of ;.|,


in both places in this line may be read with a fathah or a
dammah. Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq mentions that a fathah is more common.
24
| _,\


and _-\|


will be read with naql i.e. _.


and _-..


.
25
The mm of .


...

and ....:



will be read with a sukn to maintain the poetic
metre.
18






: ( ,

..|

...

_..-.|,

_...|

. ,..

,;.:..

...,

_.-|


:+ ( ,,

....:

..-.<

..,....

_.,

......|

...i:-|

..,..i



:: ( :.

_..,..

26
,|

....:

.......|

_.< _

,,.

......|

....-

27

:: ( ..,

_.....,:

...

_.:..

,|

_...

...

. ..-

. _...


:+ ( ,|

:-

,.-|


_.

_..

_..

_..

,.

. .

,|,

. .....

...,

. _.:










:- ( ...|,

_.i.|

_..

....

..,

. .

\,|

. ,

. . ...-

.-,

. ..

26
May be read as _,....


or _,...


. In both readings the poetic metre will stay in
tact. Reading with a fathah on the t` i.e. _,....


, will break the poetic metre.
27
May also be read as ...-


.
_...-:.|, _,..:.|, _..| _





..| ..

19
:- ( ...

...

...

_.i.

,.,.

\,

...,.,

.,.-|

. . i.:,

. ,.


:: ( _,

_|

.-
_


28
~
_

,|

,.:.

..-

..-,

.

. .. _.-,L..

29
,.:


:s ( -\|,

30
_....|


...

_.i.

,,.

..,.
_

,|

,.:.
_

;.,..



:- ( ...,.-

....;..
..,..-

_.

i..


_|,
_

_.-,


31
_.

..,-.


+ ( :.|,

_,

..|

_,,

..|

,|

..

1.:

_.:,

_.,

.|

.. .
_
32
.:i


++ ( _.i.|,

33
..,..

...|

,|,,

....:.

34

,

..|

. _..:

. _.,

_...

.|

. ....i



28
The r` of .

may be read with a fathah or a kasrah.


29
The y` of _.-,L..




may be read with a fathah or a dammah.
30
-\|,



will be read with naql i.e. -..,

.
31
The h` will be read with a sukn i.e. _.-,


.
32
The lm of ..|

is read with a sukn to maintain the poetic measure.


33
_...|,

may be read with a kasrah on the lm or with a fathah i.e. _...|,


. Sheikh
Hasan Mustaf al-Warrq mentions that reading it with a kasrah is preferred
since this is what he read to his teachers, and what he teaches.
34
....:.

appears as ..:.

in some prints. Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq says that the
former is what he read to his teachers and is also in conformity with ....|


at the
end of the line.
20







+: ( ...i.

..:.-|

...;.
,....


_-,


35
,-.|

)|,

. |

,.i.|,


+: ( ,-|

...-

.~

..-,

...

36

_.

. . i

. ...
_

37
|.,

.,

. : . _..

-.

. ..
++ ( ...-,


...

..,

_..

_..

:,

. i

. ...
_

|...-,


.|

. . .. _....


+- ( _.:.,

|.

_..

,.:...|

....,

. . : . -

. ,...i

..-.:..

. _

38

+- ( ,|

..

...|

_.i.

...|

|.,

..,

39
. . |.....

40
,

. ......

|...-



35
The h` will be read with a sukn i.e. _.-,


.
36
The dl in ...

and -.

. .. is read as mushaddad and with a sukn.
37
The kf in ..

. .

. ...


here, and in the next line, may be read with a fathah or a kasrah
whilst the lm will be skin.
38
The dammah on the nn of ,.:...|


and ..-....

. _

should be pulled. Refer to


explanation of line 1.
39
May be read as .,

or as .,


, though the former is more popular and easier to
read.
40
May be read as ..|

or ..|

; both are in the Qur`n. Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq says


the former is better known, and is what he read and teaches.
-|

.:

..|

21


+: ( \,

,.:....|

;....|

;..,

...,,


..-,

.

. .. i

. \.









+s ( ....|

\ _

.,...

..-.,|

.,

. ,.i
.

. i

. _..

41
-,

. _.

. -.

. ..


+- ( ;.

....-

....-..

_...:..

.. .,

. ...

.,|

. .-

.. ..

.. . ..

. .

.. _.


- ( ,,.

...i:,
_

,.:..

...:-|

42

.

.-

. .

. .,

43
_..i.

. .


-+ ( ,|

_.

_..;.


44
.,.-|


|..-,

.|,

. ...

.,

. .L

. .

45

. _..-

.,

. |..

41
The kf may be read with a kasrah or fathah as mentioned previously. The kasrah
is more popular. The same will apply to ,

.:

in line 50.
42
Will be read as ..- _.:.

.
43
The h` will be read with a sukn i.e. ,

.
44
The y` is read as mushaddad and with a kasrah i.e. _.;.


.
45
The sn may be read with a sukn or with a fathah i.e. .L.,

or .L.,

. The former is
more popular. The t` can be read with a dammah or a fathah.
|

;.| ..| ..

22


-: ( ....-;.

_...:.

.......|

. -

. ...

_..

|.

...

. ....

. ..
-: ( ;..|,

_.-|

,|

....|

...-,

,

. _. .

. ,...
_

.| . ..-

.. .

46

-+ ( .,-.


.,-

_..

_...

.,

. _

,.

_,-,


L.|,

_.-|

47

-- ( ..,

_.

.-|


_.;:.|


48
\

...|

..

. ...

. |... i

. ,

. . ...-

..|

. ..
-- ( :|.,

..|

_.

_..|

...|

. _ i..

. _

-.i

.
_

. .

..-.|



-: ( ..,


_..|..|


.,\|

. .:

49

.i.

|-.

. _

-L


, |.

,::|




46
It is read as -.| , ,.






47
In place of the second stanza some prints have ,

. _

. ,.

:

L.|

_-

. The one in
the core text is more popular.
48
The y` is read with a sukn, unlike in line 51 i.e. _.;.


.
49
Idghm of the first ayn is made into the second ayn i.e. . ,\|

.
23









-s ( ..,

|.

.L...|

....-,

..i..|

_.i.

. . ......

.,

. ;. . . .-...

. _
-- ( ....,|

... |...,

....

_.,...|

..,_..

_.:,

_..

. .:

. ..,..


- ( ..

.;...|

;....|,

|...,|

_.i.

. ..:
....,.\|

...-|

. |.
-+ ( \|,

,.-..|,


_...,

.,...

.,

. _.

_...
_

_...,

.....

..


-|

..

24







+ ( ..

_..-|

....

.....

1

....<

_.,|

_.,..|

:.| _.-..


: ( .|

. .-

. ....

..i..

.i..,


. _ ...i..|

_..i..

...,..

. .

...,

. ...L.

. ..


: ( .....-..
_

..|,

.. ..

,.-..,


. ...

_....,

,|....|


2
...

..,.-..


+ ( .,,

. -

. ... ,

.-

. ...

.......

. ...

3

....

_.i..

.....

,|

....i.-

4

- ( .

,..-|,

.,..i.

:.-..

..

5

_.,

_,.:.|

\,|

,|

|...i-




1
The kasrah of .....


should be pulled to rhyme with .:.| _.-.

at the end of the
line. This has already been explained at the beginning of the Tuhfah.
2
Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq says that it may also be read ,|.


, as in the qir`ah of
Ibn Kathr. The former is more renown.
3
The dl may be read with a kasrah or a fathah i.e. .......


. ...

or .....


..

. ...

. The former
is preferred.
4
The h` in ...........


and ...-

is read with a sukn to keep the rhyme-scheme.


5
The dammah at the end of .,....




and ....-..


will be pulled i.e. ..,....




and
.....-..


.
.|

....


25


- ( _..-..

.,.-..|

.......|,


|.L...i.

6
_.....,


.-.i.|
...


: ( _.-..

...,.:.|

..|..|,

...,

_..|

7
_.

..-...|


s ( _..

_.

_.L.. _

..,
_

..

...,

_:.|

..

_.:.

,::.

.,

: ..-









- ( _..<

.,.-|


-.,.

. ..

:..
. .

_.i.

_...|

...:_

_...

.,.:-|





6
In other prints it appears as |.L..

. Mull Ali al-Qr states that in the last print


from the author |.L.


is used. He further explains that though the meaning in
both usages is the same, |.L.


implies correct pronunciation of individual letters
whereas |L..

would include words (a combination of individual letters) as well.


Thus the latter is more comprehensive.
7
In some prints it occurs as .

; with a shaddah on the sn. The one in the text is
more common.
.< ,.,


_ -|

.,

26

+ ( ....

..)|

8
..-..:-|,

-,

_..
.,..-

...

. . .|.,.i.


,.:...

. _.
++ ( ..

_..\

_.i.-|

...-

...-

...

. .L.

. .

9
.

. .-

. .

. _

.....


+: ( ......|

_...

..-,..-

......|,

_..|

,...i.|

_.

..

...:..|


+: ( _...|

i..|,

10
,

_:.|
..

......|,

_...

. ..:..

...,

. ..
++ ( \

_|

11
_.

..|

,|

..-...

;....|,

...-.....|

. ...

. .-..,.:

.. .


8
Mull Ali al-Qr states that in some prints it occurs as ..| .-..



which breaks
the poetic measure. Dr. Ayman Suwayd has given preference to this reading.
Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq mentions that if the lm of ..|

is given a sukn as is done


in the Tuhfah i.e. .. ..| _,



, then the poetic measure can still be maintained. Allah
knows best.
9
The sn of .L.,


may be read with a sukn or a fathah. Dr. Ayman Suwayds
research forwards it as: .L., _.,


. Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq cites this in his core
text. Mull Ali al-Qr also mentions .L.. ..,


.
10
The sn here is read with a sukn i.e. i..|,

.
11
Naql will be made in it, as in the narration of Warsh i.e. _|.




.
27

+- ( ,..|,

12
_..

..

,

|i--|


|...|,

....|..

L.

. ,.

. .
_
-.|

. _.


+- ( ...L.|,

|..|,

..,

.....

_.,

..i.

.....:.|

|, .....

_.:.:..



+: ( ...

_.,

_.

...:.|

_.i...|

...L..|,

..|,

. |..

..,

. .. ...i.-i.


+s ( _.

...,i


_.,

_L,

..:.|


.....

..

.i|

.|

13
....:.|

...|


+- ( _..:.:i.

,|...|

....,

....

......,

. ..,.-.-

.| . ..-

. .:









: ( ....

. ..,

.,.-

.

..-,

14
_...:..


..

. _.:..

. .

. ..:..

.....|,

_...



12
The nn may be read with a dammah or a fathah, though the former is more
renown i.e. ,..|,


or ,..|,


.
13
It should be read .|.. .


.
14
The r` may be read with a fathah, dammah or kasrah i.e. -



, -



or -



. The
latter is most read. The same will apply to -



which appears in line 22.
.,-| .... ,.,


28
:+ ( ..,..,.


..:.-


_.-:

,.:..

..-..:

i....

...-|

i..
_

,.:.,


:: ( _.,,

.-
_

....:.|,

_..

....

,.,

15
i.
_

_-

i-.
_

..-



:: ( .,

. ...

....

...i

.i

. ..

...,L.

. .

16

.,

17
_..

,..

.| . .,.-

.......|



:+ ( .

. .

. ..-.

.....

_|,

.

. _...

. i

. ..i..

,.L.


...-
_

18
.i..|,

_..


:- ( ,|,

,

. ...

. :. . ....
19
.-:....|,

. .
i,

. ....,

.|..-..\|,

20
..-.-..


:- ( _.

;.|
|..|,

.::,,
_

_.-.-

_.:.:i.,

_..:.|

|.....

_.L.:.|





15
The ayn may be read with a kasrah or a dammah i.e. ,.,

or ,.,

The latter is
more known.
16
May be read with a kasrah on the b` also i.e. ..,L.


.
17
May be read with a fathah or kasrah on the f` i.e.

or

.
18
The combination for the letters of qalqalah are well known as .- ,L


; with a
tashdd on the dl. This is how it occurs in the Shtibiyyah. However, to maintain
the poetic metre it is read without the tashdd here i.e. .- ,L



.
19
Appears as ..:.

in some prints.
20
It will be read making naql i.e. .|-..,

.
29






:: ( ..-\|,

...,.:..,

..:.-

_...

..

_.-.

21
....|


| ,

22
...|


:s ( \

.. .. ..

..,

. . .

..j|

.. ...

...|

.. \.

|..:.-,


....

. .

......

;....,


:- ( .-,

23
....|

.i.-

. ..

:..| . .,;.

.,

. .. .. . ..

.|.\|

...|,

. ..|....


24


21
In some prints it occurs as .-. ; _.


. In Sheikh Sayf al-Dn al-Fadls
explanation of the Jazariyya, he interprets .-.

and _-.

to be synonyms. Upon
this statement Dr. Ayman explains that .-.

holds a broader meaning than _-.


in that the former would include lahn jaliyy and lahn khafiyy whereas the latter
would not necessarily do so. Scholars agree that a person making lahn jaliyy is a
sinner (.|

) but regarding lahn khafiyy there is difference of opinion. Can it be said


that every person who leaves out a temporary characteristic e.g. ghunnah, qalqalah,
madd etc. is a sinner? If we use .-.

we would be including anyone who commits
lahn khafiyy as a sinner. Therefore using _-.

is better since we would not include
every individual who makes lahn khafiyy as a sinner. Allah knows best.
22
It is read with naql i.e. ,|.

and not ,|.


.
23
It will be read with a dammah on the h` i.e. -,

and not as -,

. This will also
apply to -,

in line 30.
24
The kasrah in .,;.....|



and ..|........|,




is pulled to keep the rhyme scheme. The
t` in both may also be read with a sukn i.e. .,;.....|


and ........|,




..|

. The
former is more common.
.-:.| ,.,

30

: ( .-,

...L..

.,.-..|

..,..-

_...

.....
_

..,..

:..,

. ..,...-

25

:+ ( .,

.... . _

....-|,
_

..i..\

. .

i...i.|,

_..

...L..

.i.:...

. .


:: ( ..:.

;

26
_..

...

....

..i.:.


..Li..,

_.

_.L..|

;.,

...-.


:: ( ,

_...

.....,

.,,

. _.

....

. .

. .....

_....|
_

.,

. ..

. ...:












:+ ( _...

;...:..


_..

...-|

,....-,


..-..

i....


....\|





25
In other prints it appears as .,.-..., ... _. _.



.
26
The mm mushaddad may be read with a fathah or a kasrah i.e. ;.:.

or ;.:.


.,-| -:.| ,.,


31
:- ( ...-,


27
....-|


28
....|

.-

. ....

.i..|

. ..

....

\
...i..

..

.. ... ... ..
:- ( ..Li:.,


.i.,

_ .| \,

....|
..|,

_..

....<
_

_..,

..

. _


:: ( ,,

. ...

_..,
_

_.i..,
_

.,.,


.,

. _.

_-|,

_.
:.| ...

,)|,

_...|


:s ( ..,

_.,

.)|

.. : ,-

.,..|


...,
_

29
-|

. ,.:.:

_..-,

30
,...|


. .


:- ( _....,,

;...i....

31
,

. :. .. ...
,,

_.:

_.

...|

,...
....,|


+ ( ...-,


_.-.-

,.L-|

_.-|

_...,

...:..


32
.L..

....



27
In some prints it occurs as .,..


. Note that in this reading all words joined to it
will also be read with a kasrah e.g. .|,


, ..,,


etc.
28
The hamzah of ....-|


is read as a permanent hamzah as if starting from the
word. The same will apply to |

.-

. ....

in this verse.
29
The tanwn is read with a kasrah i.e. ,:.- , .,




. It may also be read with a
dammah i.e. ,:.- , .,


. The former is more common.
30
May be read with a dammah on the jm also i.e. _-,

.
31
May be read as ;........

or as ;........



. The former is more common.
32
The final mm may be read with a kasrah or a fathah.
32












++ ( ,

_..

..| . .|.

|.

.. .. . . ..

. ..

:|...
..-,

:.|

,.-


,..:.


+: ( ,

_.:.

_.

_.,

..-

;.-:.|

,|

,....

...:.|

,....

;..|


+: ( ..i-|,

_.

_.
_

..:.
_

..-

....-|,

.. . |...:

|.

.:.. . ...














++ ( ,

.. .-

;...|

_..

...|

..i..|

_..

_.: _

33
...

.. : ..,..

..i..|

34


33
It is read with naql i.e. . _.



34
The dl should be read with a fathah or a dammah i.e. ..,..

or ..,..

.
.|.|.| ,.,



...;.| ,.,


33













+- ( .-,


.;.-:.\|

35
.-


....-|,

_..,i\|

.|

.-.

36
: ..

....-.|,


+- ( _.,,


_..,ij|

37
_..

,.L.-|

. .

,.L.,

..i-|,


.,

: .:.i-.


.,


+: ( _-|,

_.i.

,:..|

_.

...i--


-.|

. ,..

-.|,

. ,..

...

....ii.


+s ( _i-,

_..:..|

|,..-..

_....

..-

..-.,::|

.,

: |.L<

_....


+- ( _|,

.:

. .... .,

. .:. . ...
_
,,

. .:. . .
.. : ...:

. .:

.:..,

. _.

...:.

. : . ..




35
Will be read with naql i.e. .;-...

. The same will apply to _..,.\|



in this line. It
will be read as _.,L.


.
36
May also be read with a fathah i.e. -.

, though dammah is preferred.
37
It should be read without naql here.
,.,

.,.\|,.;-:.\|


34






- ( _,|,

_.:..
_

...-,

. _
_
,

_.:..

...|

.. : _.

,

_..,,

_..,|,


-+ ( _



..

|...

-,


_.,

.-.

. ..-.,

\

_...

,.i.


..

. ...:









-: ( ......|,

..,

. ....L.:

. .
_
-..,

_
.

. .

_..

...L..|

..,.i.,

.,..

. _
-: ( _

_-L.|

_.i

38
.,L.|

L.

39
i..-|


i..|

.L.|,

.L.

40
.,.i

i...i.|



-+ ( i

. .-.

_.L.

1|.:

41
.L..
_ ii

. ...

i.i.|
;.i
42
..i
_

.L.:.|


43
....i



38
May also be read with a dammah i.e. _.

.
39
May also be read with a dammah i.e. L.


.
40
May also be read with a fathah i.e. L.


.
41
The shn may also be read with a kasrah i.e. 1|:



.
42
May also be read with a fathah i.e. ;.


.
43
Will be read as L.. , ..





.
,.,

...\|

..L.|, ....| ,.,

35


-- ( ..i|

...i

...

..-

.,

i.
_
44
_.

_...


_.i

_-..|

.-
_

|.

45

-- ( ,.i.i,

. .:.i

,.,, _

.i.i

. |
.,.-..

,.i.i

|.-.:

.L..

. _


-: ( iL

_.i

|.L.<

..

.| . .

. -

. .L.:

,....,

..L.

-,

. ...

46
.L....|


-s ( \

.,

: _.,
_

47
_.-

_..,|,

......

i.-.|,

....|

..-,
_

.....

48

-- ( i.-|,

_.-|

49
_.i..

L.|

. ..-

_..,

. _...
_

50
.;.-..|

.....

. _

44
May also be read as i.,



.
45
The sn should be read with a fathah i.e. |.

. Reading it with a kasrah changes the
meaning and what is intended by the author.
46
The ayn may be read with fathah, dammah or a kasrah i.e. ~


, ~


or ~

.
47
May also be read with a dammatayn i.e. _,


.
48
Also read as .. .-, ...|\ i-.|,





.
49
Also read as _-| \ i-|,



.
50
May also be read with a th` i.e. _..

. Both readings are authentic amongst the


ten qurr`. When joining it to the next word it is read as -.. , _..



.;

.
36




- ( ,,

.. . ....;

..| . .,

. ..

. .. ,

_....|

:.,.i

_.-.

....L.|


-+ ( .L.|,

..

,L.,

..

.:..|

....,

...-

.,.-.,-

.i.

.,.

51






-: ( i|,

. .,

...-.|

_..

,...
_
_...,

...
_

|.

....

|....:

_....-|,


-: ( |

...

. . _.:..

. ....-
_
_....

...,
_

_.i.

..:-.|


_..

_..-|

\|

|.


-+ ( ..,,i|,

.....

_...,

..-\|

..-|,


_...

,|,
_

..,

,|

_..:-




51
The dammah in both ..|

and ,..

will be pulled i.e. ...|

and .,..

.
..:...| .|, _...:.| .|, ,..| ,.,




.| ,.,

.|.-:

37





-- ( .:.-,


. . _...
_

,..,
_

_...i.

..,.i

.....|

52
.,

. .i

. ,

.....-


-- ( ...-

..-

_.i-|

.,i|

...|,


_.

;..|
|...|,

. ....-
_
..

. .


-: ( _.....|,

. ....-
_
_.

...

. _.

. ....i.:
_

.. : .....

.... . |...

53

-s ( ,.i..|,


.....

..,..|

....-,
_

. . |..

...-\

54
_...

_.,

.,.-|


|..-|






-- ( ......|,

,...-|,,

..|

. _.
-,

. ....

. ..-,

55
,

. ....

,..

. ..:.

52
Read as ... , .,.|



.
53
In some prints it appears as |...

. This is preferred by scholars due to its
occurrence in the Qur`n.
54
Read with naql i.e. ..-..


.
55
Read as -,

.
_.:.|, ..:...| ,..| .:-| ,.,

..| ,.,


38
: ( ;.

...-

..-,

..-

....

_.....

_....-

.L...,,

....


:+ ( ,..-|,,

...-

_.,.

...-

. .

;...:..

..-

. .-.

...i.:.,

. .


:: ( -,

. .... . . |.

..|

. _. ........

. ;
_.. ,|

,.:..|

...,

;.,..







:: ( ..-.,,

..,..

. :.

i.

.,.-.

...,\

_...

. ...-

..|

. .

. ..


:+ ( \|,

.|...:.,

56
_..-,


57
...

. ...

,.

..

. ..;
. .

.. . ..

.,

.....
_
.-,

. ...

. _


:- ( _.-,


...

. ..

,,..

..

-.

. ..

_.i.-.

,|

,..
_..-.

_..:.,.


:- ( ..:..

..:..


. _ ..L...,

_.-...

_,,

_\|

..-

_...-...




56
Read with naql i.e. .|..,.,

. In some prints it occurs without the hamzah i.e. |..,\|,




.
57
The h` is read with a sukn i.e. _..-,


. It will be read like this in the next line
also.
.|.:,\|, ..| .-. ,.,


39

:: ( ...,


...

..

. ..,

. _

..,

. ..

. ..
58
.

. |.L..

,

|..,.

59
i.,

. ..
60

:s ( _.,

,|..|


_.

..,
_

,.

61

\,

|.-

62
. . .

63
....

..

. ..

..

. ,.,







:- ( ...|,

_.L.. _

.,

. ..
_

...,

_. ..-..

...j|

64
...

..

_..|


s ( .

. .L

.:.-.,

.....i..
_

,|

..

. ..

..

. .i

. .,

. ..

\,

..

. ....



58
In some prints it appears as ..|

|.L....

.
59
Also read as |.,,

.
60
Sheikh Hasan al-Warrq explains that considering the difference in wording of
this verse, it may be read as .., |.,, |L.. .


or |.,, |L.. ..|




..,


.
61
Also read as ,-.

.
62
May be read as |-

or |-

.
63
The r` may be read with a fathah, dammah or kasrah. However, if one reads |-


he should read .

, if one reads |-

he should read .

and .

can be read with


both |-

and |-

.
64
In some prints it occurs as ..j| .-....| _



.
..|, _L..| ,.,


40


s+ ( |,..,.-.,

_....

_....

..-

\

_.

:.:.

_i-.


|.i-.

_.i.


s: ( ,|

|....

...|

....

.....,

_.:..|,


_..

.,

_. ....


s: ( |,

|.-L|


_.

...

,, _

.....|,

..i.-

...|

. _...

_...

.....|


s+ ( ,.i.

.....|

_,., _

,..-

. ..
,|,

..

_.:...|


....

,

..

. ..
s- ( \|

. . ..-

65
.|,

. _.:..

,...

..-..

..i.-,

\|

.....

66
_.-..,
_

..-.,


s- ( _..,

...

....

. ....:

-|,

. .i.:.

. .
|,.

|..
_

..,

_..|,


...


s: ( _.:.i-


|,.::|,

_.

...

..-L|


_.-,|

:.

,.,::|

|i,


..-..




65
Read with naql i.e. .-..


.
66
Read with naql i.e. .... ..-,




.
41


ss ( _.....

. _.i.-

,.-.,

, _

67
..

. ;

. . . . _.

68
|.-.:

..-...,

69
;...

s- ( .....

_.-.....

_..

.,

. ..i.:-

70

_

|-:.|

\|

,|-

71
....|,

..,


- ( _..,

..,

..-

_...|

_.-.,.

72

..,.

;..

|..

|....

i..

_.
-+ ( _..-

,..i.

_.-

.,.-.L,



_. _..

...:

_.

_...


.-


-: ( ....,

|...-

_.....|,

\..-


_..-..

_.

...j|

_..

;..-,,


73



67
May also be read as ,

.
68
May also be read as _..


.
69
Some prints also have ,

;. _. .

.
70
The lm may also be read with a fathah i.e. ...<,



, although a kasrah is preferred
since it rhymes better with ..,


at the end of the verse.
71
In some prints it also appears as ,|-\| ..L.| _



.
72
The sound should be pulled when stopping i.e. ;--.


.
73
Some prints have \ _,

.
42
-: ( ..-..,,



74
.-.....,

_...

|...
_..

.., ..-, |

_.....

75





-+ ( -,

. ,..

76
..-..|

..:...,

.,

\|

.|..

77
, _

.-

78
.... ....,.|



-- ( .-.

. ..,.:

.;..

_.-..
_

..-.,


..-.

.|.-|

_
79
....


80
:..|

,..

.-


-- ( .

. ,.....

..

..i..

L.....
. .

,|....

. ,...-

..,.,

.|,

. ....


-: ( .|..|,

..

,|..

_....|


.

81
,.-.

...,

..

_._



74
Should be read by pulling the sound of the dammah i.e. ~.,,



.
75
Some prints have it as _...\ .-, ., | _. |..




.
76
The t` can also be read with a fathah i.e. ,~,

.
77
Read with naql i.e. .|-.



.
78
The dl may be read with a fathah or a kasrah i.e. .-

or .-


.
79
May be read as .|-|

or .|-|


.
80
The dl may be read with a dammah or a kasrah i.e. ...


or ...


.
81
The mm may also be read with a dammah i.e.

.
.|..:.| ,.,


43
-s ( ..,.:

82
,..-..|

,....

.i..

;...
\|,

.....

83
_..-|,

....

.
84

-- ( ..

_..
_

,...-

_.

,.-.

..L

,...,

,..,|,

,...i.,


+ ( i.,|

\|

.|.

85
_.,

..

..i:-|

~ . ..-

|..,

..

...,

: . ...

....







++ ( |.,|,

_...|

_..

_.-
_

..,

,...
,....

_..

_.-...|

...


+: ( ..|,

..-

:.|

_.:..|,

_.,

| .....\

86
..


87
;..| ..-.

_..,

+: ( _.,|
_

..

,...,|

_..|
_

.|,

. _...

..|,

. .|.
_

..|,

. .
_
...

.|

. .. . ..:

. _



82
May be read with a dammah also i.e. .-:

.
83
Must be read with naql i.e. ....,

.
84
In some prints it appears as .. .-,

; with a fathah or kasrah on the f`.


85
Read with naql i.e. -. i.,|




.|


.
86
Read with naql i.e. ...



.
87
The r` may be read with a fathah or a kasrah.
_..| ~ ,.,

44




++ ( ...-,


....|

_.:.,

.| . ....-

|.

,...

_.-.,.

88
...-|

. ..


+- ( \

_.:..., _

,|

...,

. ,..
_

..:|,

...:

....,

_.

.. _

...,






+- ( ..,

. . _....

_...L.

.| . .......

_....

..

. .

. _..

.| . ...

,|

89
.......

. .


+: ( ,|

. ..,.

..

.. _|,

_.

...-..|

_..

_.._

90
..,:.|

..L

..:..,


+s ( .|,

. ..-.

. .. . .

. ,.

. .. .-

. ...:

...

.| . .;...

.,

. ...-

.|,

. ...

. ;.


+- ( _.i..

...| . ,

. _.

..|

. _...L

.|,

. . . .

.,

. .-.

. ,

. ..

., . -.,..

. _. ....|....

(

88
The dd may also be read with a dammah i.e. _-,

.
89
Read as ,|.


and not ,|.

.
90
Some prints have _..

.
.:.| -|,| _. ..| ,.,

...-|

45
Bibliography

Al-Qr, Mull Ali: Minah al-Fikriyyah, Maktabah al-Dr, Medinah,
1998.
Ab Shd, Ab Abd Allah Sayyid ibn Mukhtr: Ithf al-Bariyyah
bi dabti matnay al-Tuhfah wa al-Jazariyyah, Maktabah al-Tabar, Egypt,
2007.
Talat, Ashraf Fu`d: Tahqq Manthmanh al-Muqaddimah wa al-
Tuhfah, Maktabah al-Imm al-Bukhr, Egypt, 2006.
Al-Thnaw, Ith-hr Ahmad: Al-Jawhir al-Naqiyyah f sharh al-
Muqaddimah al-Jazariyyah, Qir`t Academy, Lahore Pakistan.
Al-Deoband, Muhammad Sulaymn: Faw`id al-Mardiyyah sharh
al-Muqaddimah al-Jazariyyah, Qadm Kutub Khnah, Karachi
Pakistan.
Al-Warrq, Ab Ahmad Hasan ibn Mustaf ibn Ahmad: Inah al-
Mustafd bi dabti matnay al-Tuhfah wa al-Jazariyyah f ilm al-Tajwd.
Al-Qirsh, Jaml ibn Ibrhm: Dabt matnay Tuhfah wa al-Jazariyyah.

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