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33

96 38 33-64

34

2000

Invasive Species
Specialist Group, ISSG, 2003

2005

1979
(Mochida, 1991)

2005

35

2005

30

1987
Collins and Brown (1982)

2000Cornell Martin, 1987; Hegarty, Carpenter


& Just,1991

36

1.

2.

Elton2000

2000

ISSG2003

The International Union


for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, IUCN2000
(Guidelines for the
Prevention of Biodiversity Loss, IUCN)Alien species

37

Introduced species 1985

2000
Alien invasive species

IUCN2000
1.2.3.
4.5.6
200420062006Callaway, 2004; Wilson,
1992 Pimentel,
McNair, Janecka, Wightman, Simmonds , Connell, Wong, Russel, Zern, Aquino
and Tsomodo.(2001)
1230

2004IUCN2000

2006

38

1992

2002

2003

(United
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESO, 1978)

Hines, Hungerford and Tomera1986


Hines1985

39

Dimopoulos, Pantis, 2003;


Hines et al., 1986; Sandiford, 1992

(
2005)
(2005)Hegarty, Carpenter and Just1991

(Bunzel, & Morris, 1992)

2006
2005

Cornell and Martin1987

20042006

20042005
2006

40

2006

Doty, Popplewell & Byers, 2001; Matthew, 1997

p0.807

63
65

41

1
1

ASCT

ASAT

ASBT

0.831

0.804

0.847

Likert

Likert

Alien species cognition test, ASCT

42

225 KR21
0.831 0.20~0.79 0.11~0.60
Alien species attitude test, ASAT

Likert

ASCT
Cronbach 0.80
Alien species behavior test, ASBT

Likert

ASCT
Cronbach 0.84

43

ASCTASAT ASBT

ASCTASATASBT
SPSS12.0 t
F pearson

ASCTASATASBT

ASCT t
2
2 ASCT t

M/SD

M/SD

M/SD

10.38/3.25

16.43/2.662

-17.236

0.000**

15.25/3.547

-10.226

0.000**

9.92/3.299

14.66/3.397

-12.001

0.000**

14.34/3.434

-12.058

0.000**

**p<0.01

44

2 ASCT
t t=-17.236p<0.01t-10.226 p<0.01t
-12.001p<0.01t-12.058 p<0.01

3 4
3 ASCT

362.590

362.590

55.585

74.508

74.508

11 . 4 2 2

815.392

125

6.523

ES

P
.000

0.52

.001*

*p0.05, **p<0.01

ASCT

M/SD M/SD

10.38/3.25

16.43/2.662

16.308

0.322

9.92/3.299

14.66/3.397

14.778

0.317

10.15

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F11.422P<0.05
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14.778

ES0.52

45

5 70
70
5 ASCT

90.6

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11

63.5*

63.1*

73.4

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12

96.9

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13

69.8*

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65.1*

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70 3~4
70%
6

46

6 ASCT 70%

1
2

3
4

1
2

2
3

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13

20

(interview
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(interview
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(interview
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47

ASAT
t 7
7

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M/SD

M/SD

M/SD

73.56/7.291 81.52/7.278

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-5.449

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-5.007

0.000**

**p<0.01

7 ASAT
t t=-9.442p<0.01t-4.634 p<0.01t-5.449
p<0.01t-5.007 p<0.01

ASAT
8 9
8 ASAT

827.726

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5594.973

125

44.760

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ASAT

M/SD M/SD
73.56/7.291
71.52/7.060

72.52

81.52/7.278
77.78/7.003

81.155
78.142

0.847
0.834

48

8 9 ASAT
F6.360P<0.05

ASBT 81.155
78.142

2006

1991
2003Dimopoulos Pantis, 2003 ; Stepath, 2004

ASBT t
10
10

ASBT t
t

M/SD

M/SD

M/SD

68.25/12.008

73.75/12.159

-4.154

0.000**

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-2.842

0.006**

67.17/11.124

71.80/12.887

-2.289

0.025*

70.06/13.927

-1.325

0.190

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10 ASBT
t t=-4.154p<0.01t-2.842 p<0.01

t=-2.289p<0.05

49

t=-1.325p>0.05

ASBT
11 12
11 ASBT

2431.271

2431.271

17.503

.000

75.125

75.125

.541

.463

17363.066

125

138.905

12

ASBT

M/SD M/SD

68.25/12.008

73.75/12.159

73.553

1.575

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71.80/12.887

70.248

1.551

67.70

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73.553 70.248

2005

2003
Gaye, Hamide, Ceren and Semra2005

50

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1999Dimopoulos Pantis,2003; Hines
et al, 1986; Sandiford, 1992

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19971999Stepath, 2004
Moseley, 2000

Stepath, 2004

57

Hines1985

Dimopoulos and Pantis2003

1993Stepath, 2004

58

NSC
94-2511-S-152-007, NSC 95-2511-S-152 -002

59

2006
13(3)
12-14
20022006 5 3
http://www.biodiv.org/meetings/final-reports.aspx
1985

2006
5464-69
200536(7)536-541
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2006 8
12 http://www.etech.ncyu.edu.tw/~etechoffice/download/doc/
2005-08-12/paper2005
2000
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2006 8 12
http://www.etech.ncyu.edu.tw/~etechoffice/download/doc/2005-08-12/pap
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2006-
13(3)1
1993
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1999

2004

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http://www.etech.ncyu.edu.tw/~etechoffice/download/doc/2005-08-12/pap
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200423(4)10-13
2003-
200438262-67
2005
50(2)159-180
1991

2005
095-010
1997
2004-

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423, 14-27
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1999
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900-906
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64

A Study on the Application for Instruction


of CD-ROM Storybooks of Alien Species

Chow-Chin Lu , Wen-Hsuan Peng

Abstract
This study applied to the teaching technique with topical instruction
strategies of alien species by using the CD-ROM storybooks of alien species.
We also found a variety of species through the rich multimedia materials
inclusive of the characters, sound, pictures, animations, etc. can concrete the
concepts. It significantly helped the students to understand the alien species, the
influence of local natural environment, the superiority of alien species, and the
latter prevention and control for alien species. Besides, this study used the
quasi-experimental method to administer the teaching research. The assessing
and testing process utilized various tools, alien species cognition test, alien
species attitude test and alien species behavior test, etc. This result
indicated that the experimental-group students taught by CD-ROM storybooks
of alien species were definitely superior to the control-group students for
cognitive concepts and attitude value of alien species. However, the both groups
had no major difference in the behavioral expression for alien species. In
addition, the students seemed highly related to the cognitive ability, attitude
value and behavioral effectuation for alien species after executing the
instructional strategy with CD-ROM storybooks of alien species.
Keywords: alien species, alien invasive species, CD-ROM storybooks

Professor, Department of Natural Science Education, National Taipei University of


Education
Master, Department of Natural Science Education, National Taipei University of Education