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Sexual
desire and
gender
OUTzINE
1. Introduction
2. Desire: Attraction and Arousal
3. The Biology of Desire: Natures Exlanation
!. The Influence of "or#ones
$. The %echanics of Arousal
&. 'ocio(iology and E)olutionary *sychology
+. The 'ocial ,rigins of Desire
-. The 'ocial .onstruction of 'exuality
/. 'ocial .ontrol of 'exuality
10. An Integrati)e *ersecti)e on 1ender and 'exuality
11. 'exual Identity and ,rientation
12. The .ontinuu# of Desire
13. 1ender as the Basis for 'exual Identity
1!. .onclusion
HOW TO AROUSE:
2
A %AN
2
A 3,%AN
2
Desire: Attraction
and Arousal
Although sex is exerienced as one of the
#ost (asic and (iological of acti)ities4 in
hu#an (eings it is affected (y a lot of
things other than 5ust sexual urge.
3ho 6e are attracted
6ith4 and 6hat 6e find
sexually satisfying is not
5ust a #atter of 6hat 6e
are 7e8uied9 6ith.
SEX has a biological and social
context
Biological
2
"o6 eole use
their genital
e8ui#ent to
reroduce
'ocial
2
,ur actual (odies
#a:e the exerience
of sexual leasure
a)aila(le
2
'ex is not confined to
actual reroduction
Di#ensions of sex
'exual (eha)ior
2
sexual acts that
eole engage in
;courtshi4
seduction4
intercourse<
Di#ensions of sex
'exual desire
2
#oti)ation to
engage in sexual
acts ;6hat turns
eole on<
SEXUA
IITY
is (oth (eha)ior and
desre
71endered9
2
social rocesses ha)e deter#ined 6hat is
#asculine and fe#inine
2
1ender defines heno#enon
Sexual Desire:
E)eryone is interested in sex.
'o#e are o(sessed 6ith it.
'o#e are ic:y 6ith it.
'o#e do it out of lo)e.
'o#e do it (ecause they are
#arried.
'o#e do it 5ust (ecause.
*eole differ in 6hat they find
attracti)e and arousing.
Differences in Sexual
Desire:
%en reort #ore fre8uent sex4
6ith #ore artners 4 and in
#ore di)erse 6ays4 than
6o#en
Men and o!en "a#e
funda!entall$ different
%iological iring &
'ulture (roduced !ar)ed
differences %eteen !en
and o!en&
It is ulti!atel$ "ard to
c"aracteri*e %iological and
social sexual differences+
1endered exeriences ha)e a great deal of
influence on sexual desire.
.o#eting Aroaches:
2
Biological Exlanation
2
'ocio(iological Exlanation
2
'ocial .onstruction of 'exuality
2
T"e ,iolog$ of Desire:
-ature.s Ex(lanation
T"e Inf luence of Hor!ones
T"e Mec"anics of Arousal
Hormones
Testosterone
2
%ale sex hor#one
2
.o##only :no6n as an
indicator for #ale sexual
arousal4 (ut this is not
necessarily the case
2
Also lin:ed to #ale
aggression
Testosterone
2
Testosterone (eing lin:ed to
aggression is also false
;Angler4 1//$<
2
=o6 testosterone
le)els: Aggression
High testosterone
levels:
Calmness,
Happiness,
Friendliness
Testosterone n Women
2
3o#en
only ha)e
1>$ of the
testosteron
e #ales
ha)e.
Estrogen
2
Associated to
6o#ens #enstrual
cycle
2
?no6n as the
fe#ale hor#one4
(ut can also (e
found in #en
2
@esearchers are
currently trying to
find a connection
(et6een
adolescents
#oodiness and
their estrogen
le)els ;Angler4
1//$<
Estrogen
2
,=D BE=IEA: Natural selection fa)ored
6o#en 6ho 6ere sexually aroused (efore
o)ulation.
B
@eroducti)ely successful 6o#en 6ould ass
on their roensity>tendency for arousal to
their children.
2
Theory has (een de(un:ed ;Bancroft4
1/-!<.
B
3o#en 6ere actually aroused (efore
o)ulation.
Estrogen n Men
Sexua Roe of Hormones
",@%,NE INA=CEN.E 3EA?NE'' T,
T"E,@D
Testosterone
;#ale<
Triggers sexual
arousal

Also resent in
6o#enE also
triggers their
sexual arousal

.al#ness4 not
aggression
Estrogen
;fe#ale<
Triggers
#enstrual cycle

Also resent in
#en

Aggression4 not
cal#ness
Impcatons
2
'ocial
circu#stances4
and not (iology4
#ay (e the cause
of sexual
fluctuation
2
Exeri#ent of the
#on:ey
Arousa
Willia! Masters / 0irginia
1o"nson
2
'tudied the hu#an sexual
arousal syste#
2
"oo:ed u articiants to
#achines to #easure
their arousals
How they dd t:
2
*hotograhed the
insides of 6o#ens
)aginas during
arousal
2
'ho6ed these
ictures to their
articiants
2
%easured the rise
and fall of #ens
enises
Lmtatons of the
experment
2
Aocused on the (iological factors only4 instead of
sychological and contextual factors
2
*articiants 6ere sexual extro)erts ;rostitutes<4
therefore4 6erent reresentati)e of the general
oulation
Wam Masters & Vrgna
|ohnson
2
'exual differences (et6een #en and
6o#en:
9 %en get excited sooner4 therefore get
aroused sooner
u3o#en ta:e longer ti#e to get aroused
Arousa Tmes
3o#en
B
Ta:e a longer ti#e
to get aroused
B
Arousal re#ains
longer after the
orgas#
B
Do not re8uire a
refractory eriod
B
3o#en are 7#ultiF
orgas#ic9
Arousa Tmes
%en:
B
1et erections
sooner
B
=ose erections
sooner
B
7@efractory eriod9
(efore getting
another one
Arousa Tmes
2
3o#en
considered to (e
suerior sexual
athletes
co#ared to
#en
2
%en need to
learn to ad5ust to
6o#ens slo6er
arousal ti#es
Fake Orgasms?
2
2&G 6o#en fa:e
their orgas#s ;ND
Daily Ne6s4 2011<
2
Csed as a 7#aleF
retention9 tactic
2
3o#ans insecurity in
the relationshi
23 4ood to ,oost Testosterone
;fro# htt:>>ne6s.#enshealth.co#>(etterFsexF
foods>2012>0$>20> and htt:>>666.#enshealth.co.u:>foodF
nutrition>6hatFtoFeat>eatFuFtoF#anFu<
1. Nuts: .ontain a#ino acids that
hel (lood circulation
2. ,ysters: @ich in Hinc4 6hich is
useful in ser# roduction and
(lood circulationE ideal a#ount
is six oysters4 1$#g
3. ,at#eal: ,ats ha)e =Farginine4
that has (een used to treat
erectile dysfunctionE =Farginine
hels relax #uscles around
enis (lood )essels
!. =esser alcohol: %en 6ho dran:
regularly for three days had a
+G dro in testosterone le)els
;Dutch study<
$. ,rganic food: 30 of the 3+
esticides used on food can
har# your reroducti)e syste#
;Environmental Health
Perspectives, 2011<
23 4ood to ,oost Testosterone
1. @ed 1raes: $ B 10 gra#s of grae s:ins
raised testosterone le)els and ser#s
a(ility to s6i# ;.hinese study<
2. Tuna: @ich in Iita#in D and can (olster
testosterone le)els (y u to /0G
;Austrian study<
3. A)ocado: Decreases a#ount of =D
cholesterol4 6hich (loc:s arteries and
cuts off (lood flo6 ;*enn 'tate
Cni)ersity<
!. %il:: A#ino acids (oost ana(olic
hor#one roduction4 6hich leads to (uilt
#uscles and tri##ed fat ;Cni). of
*itts(urgh<E ideal a#ount is three 200#l
glasses a day ;D,"4 C'A<
$. Egg: 7Dol:s cholesterol is a recursor for
testosterone.9 ;?i# *earson4 nutritionist<
2
,nion 5uice triles testosterone roduction.
2
Testosterone le)els can dro after #astur(ating4 #a:ing it
an unhealthy ractice for athletes. It is reco##ended that
the athlete (e exosed to sexual sti#uli (efore training4 then
using the a#ed le)els of testosterone during their 6or:Fout.
2
?a#a 'utra .ontents: 10 tyes of :isses4 &! different
caresses4 - )ariations on oral sex4 and -! ositions for
intercourse.
2
The 6ord 7testify9 ca#e fro# the @o#an tradition of #en
s6earing on their testicles (efore the court.
2
A#ong sexually acti)e adults4 les(ians ha)e the lo6est
incidence of 'TDs.
Trf#ie:
Tr(#*a:
2
$0G 6o#en ha)e one (reast that is larger than the other.
2
The 1 in 1Fstring stands for groin.
2
E5aculation: ca#e fro# the =atin 6ord for 7thro6ing out9
2
The 6ord 7)anilla9 co#es fro# the 6ord 7)agina49 (ecause
the )anilla od rese#(led the fe#ale genetalia.
2
+$G #en co#e 6ithin three #inutes of enetration.
2
A #ans (eard 6ill gro6 faster 6hen he is anticiating sex.
2
'ex (urns 3&0 calories an hour.
70 Ways to Make
a Woman Happy:
Shoppng and
69
Socio%iolog$ /
E#olutionar$
5s$c"olog$
Socoboogy &
Evoutonary Psychoogy
2
The :ey
assu#tion of
these t6o theories
is that humans
have an innate,
genetically
triggered impulse
to pass on their
genetic material
through
successful
reproduction. This
i#ulse is called
reproductive
fitness.
2
The hu#an
secies achie)es
i##ortality (y
ha)ing children
6ho li)e to the
age of
reroducti)e
#aturity and
roduce children
the#sel)es.
Socoboogy &
Evoutonary Psychoogy
Reproductve
categores
@ strategy
secies
Reproductve
categores
? strategy
secies
2
"Men nsemnate and
women ncubate."
Hu!an fe!ales re(roducti#e
constraints s"a(e !ost of o!en6s
sexual and e!otional a((roac"es to
!en and !ating+
Differences in re(roducti#e
ca(acit$ and strateg$ s"a(e
sexual desire+
7ie H$(erga!$8
Healt" and re(roducti#e ca(acit$ !a)e
$out" generall$ sexier 7,uss 299:8+
B
"ourglass figure
B
Aertile #en 6ho
roduced children
%enJs tastes for
recreational sex4
una#(i)alent lust4
and a )ariety of
artners are
consistent 6ith
#axi#iHing their
roduction of
children.
%enJs sexual interest is also #ore
easily aroused (ecause sex
in)ol)es fe6er costs to the# than
6o#en.
Wo!en6s taste
for relations"i(;
%ased inti!ac$
and greater
in#est!ent in
eac" sexual act
is congruent
it" o!en6s
re(roducti#e
strategies+
Heen Fsher
Femnst
Perspectve
Di#orce and or its infor!al e<ui#alent occurs
!ost t$(icall$ in t"e =rd or :t" $ear of !arriage+
Wo!en see) to !axi!i*e (rogen$ %$ exc"anging
(artners "en i!(ro#ed o(tions are a#aila%le+
Socoogy: Faws
.annot (e
e#irically tested
Hypergamy
Social 'ontrol of Sexualit$
Social 'onstruction of Identit$
2
T"e Social Origins of
Desire
The Soca
Orgn of
Desre
2
Biology and genetics alone
do not shae hu#an
sexuality.
2
En)iron#ent tells us 6hich
(eha)iors are Knor#alK and
6hich are not.
2
,ur (eha)iors are highly
influenced (y our arentsJ
exlicit and i#licit rules.
2
Brea: the# or follo6 the#4
(ut you canJt forget the#.
The Soca
Orgn of
Desre
2
In '6eden4 re#arital sex is
acceted. They are exected to (e
:no6ledgea(le and exerienced. It
#ight e)en feel a (it #undane.
2
In Ireland4 .atholics are suosed to
heed the .hurchJs strict rohi(itions
against sex outside #arriage4 (irth
control and exression of lust.
Non#arital sex is clandestine and
sha#eful.
2
.ertainly4 (iology in '6eden is no
different fro# (iology in Ireland. The
differences lie in the rules. Ta(oo
adds excite#ent. The rules arise
fro# different nor#s4 un6ritten rules
of society.
The Soca
Orgn of
Desre
2
'ocial influences lay a
(igger role in shaing
sexuality. In history4 6o#an
6as ortrayed as the stor#y
te#tress and #an as the
reluctant articiant4 as in
Ada# and E)e.
2
At other ti#es4 #en 6ere
)oracious sexual (easts4
and 6o#en 6ere ure in
thought and deed.
2
'hifting of ideas a(out gender:
social clothing for sexuality.
2
The concet of gender
tyically relies on a dichoto#y
of #ale )ersus fe#ale sexual
categories.
2
HIH HEE!S
2
Distinctions are i#ortant
(ecause they ro)ide guidance
to hu#an (eings a(out ho6 to
(e a Kculturally correctK
The Soca
Orgn of
Desre
The Soca Constructon of
Sexuaty
2
TA"ITIAN
2
EN1=I'"
,ur en)iron#ent shaes us and our sexuality.
The Soca Constructon of
Sexuaty
'exual socialiHation
is co#lex.
'ocial circu#stances
shae sexual atterns.
The Soca Constructon of
Sexuaty
2
"igh re#arital sex
leads to high
extra#arital intercourse
2
I#ortant: Aa#ily and
'ocial (ac:ground
2
%acro )ie6 F societalF
le)el exlanations
2
%icro )ie6 F indi)idualF
le)el exlanations
The Soca Constructon of
Sexuaty
2
'ocial conflict theory
2
'y#(olic interaction
theoryFnor#s are
confir#ed or resisted
2
Bound feet of 6o#en
in .hina
2
Lallo6 #en to
control #o(ility of
6o#en
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
2
Social norms are
grouFheld (eliefs
a(out ho6 #e#(ers
should (eha)e in a
gi)en context
2
7!iberated9 B de)iant
fro# the social nor#
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
7There is no such thing as truly free
sexuality.9
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
2
Homogam" # #arrying 6ithin ones class4
religion4 and ethnicity
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
True
lo#e&&&
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
$isruptions to the
social order:
oor and richE
eole of different
races4 ethnicities4 or
faithsE and (et6een
#e#(ers of the
sa#e sex
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
7'ocieties control sexuality through construction of
a dichoto#iHed or gendered sexuality ;Aoucault4
1/+-<.9
'ource: htt:>>666.google.co#.h>i#gresM8NcultureOstartN10!Ou#N1OhlNfilOclientNfirefoxFaOsaNNOt(oNdOrlsNorg.#oHilla:enFC':officialO(i6N12-0O(ihN&0/Ot(#NischOt(nidNBshF
%C1+rC2PH%:Oi#grefurlNhtt:>>666.s#ithsonian#ag.co#>scienceFnature>TheF.ultureFofFBeingF@ude.ht#lOdocidNQE38
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
2
Is there an appropriate #ale and fe#ale
(eha)iorM
'ource: htt:>>666.google.co#.h>i#gresM8NcultureOstartN10!Ou#N1OhlNfilOclientNfirefoxFaOsaNNOt(oNdOrlsNorg.#oHilla:enF
C':officialO(i6N12-0O(ihN&0/Ot(#NischOt(nidNBshF%C1+rC2PH%:Oi#grefurlNhtt:>>666.s#ithsonian#ag.co#>scienceFnature>TheF.ultureFofF
BeingF@ude.ht#lOdocidNQE38
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
7'exual desire is fueled
(y the exerience of
ri)ilege and ta(oo
regarding sexual
leasure ;Aoucault4
1/+-<.9
'ource: htt:>>666.google.co#.h>i#gresM8NcultureOstartN10!Ou#N1OhlNfilOclientNfirefoxFaOsaNNOt(oNdOrlsNorg.#oHilla:enF
C':officialO(i6N12-0O(ihN&0/Ot(#NischOt(nidNBshF%C1+rC2PH%:Oi#grefurlNhtt:>>666.s#ithsonian#ag.co#>scienceFnature>TheF.ultureFofF
BeingF@ude.ht#lOdocidNQE38
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
2
T. @. %althus highlighted the
relationshi (et6een reproductive
practices and economics.
2
cur( the (irth rate FR inter)ention on the
sexual (eha)ior of indi)iduals
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
2
'ocietys interest in
controlling sexuality is
exressed in for# of
de(ates regarding sexual
education
2
7Does for#al learning
a(out sex increase or
deter early sexual
exeri#entationM9
'ource: htt:>>666.google.co#.h>i#gresM8NcultureOstartN10!Ou#N1OhlNfilOclientNfirefoxFaOsaNNOt(oNdOrlsNorg.#oHilla:enFC':officialO(i6N12-0O(ihN&0/Ot(#NischOt(nidNBshF
%C1+rC2PH%:Oi#grefurlNhtt:>>666.s#ithsonian#ag.co#>scienceFnature>TheF.ultureFofFBeingF@ude.ht#lOdocidNQE38
Soca Contro of Sexuaty
2
%roponents:
*ro)iding young eole 6ith
aroriate and accurate
infor#ation discourages early
sexual acti)ity and encourages
safe ractice
2
&pponents:
Infor#ation a(out sex 6ill
only lead to early and
inaroriate sexual (eha)iors
2
Conservatives:
B
A(stinence R infor#ation
2
'ex education rogra#s
actually ha)e little effect on
sexual (eha)ior.
2
There is no e)idence that
co#rehensi)e sex education
ro#otes or reciitates early
teen sexual acti)ity.
2
Ainal analysis: students
resonse )aries on the
indi)idual le)el 6hile in grou
le)el4 trends ha)e sho6n that
sex ed delays sexual acti)ity
and #a:es teenage sex safer.
Soca Contro of
Sexuaty
'orms, (hether implicit or explicit,
influence sexual behavior.
An Integrati#e
5ers(ecti#e on
>ender and
Sexualit$
'o#e social constructionists (elie)e that there is no
inflexi(le (iological realityE e)erything 6e regard as
either #ale or fe#ale is culturally i#osed.
'ource: htt:>>666.google.co#.h>i#gresM8NcultureOstartN10!Ou#N1OhlNfilOclientNfirefoxFaOsaNNOt(oNdOrlsNorg.#oHilla:enFC':officialO(i6N12-0O(ihN&0/Ot(#NischOt(nidNBshF
%C1+rC2PH%:Oi#grefurlNhtt:>>666.s#ithsonian#ag.co#>scienceFnature>TheF.ultureFofFBeingF
@ude.ht#lOdocidNQE38I(t*8CTl(%Oi#gurlNhtt:>>#edia.s#ithsonian#ag.co#>i#ages>cultureFandFdiseasesF
&31.5gO6N&31OhN300OeiNShTPCa3',!)orTei)D.oATOHoo#N1O)edN1t:3$--4r:134s:1004i:!3OiactNrcOdurN13!!OsigN10&$/$3$-1$0!3/3-2!/2OageN+Ot(nhN1$$Ot(n6N310Onds
N20OtxN!2OtyN&+
Essentialists (elie)e that
eoles sexual desires and
orientation are innate and
hardF6ired and that social
i#act is #ini#al.
%an is the hunter4 6arrior4
and trail(laHerE and 6o#an is
the gatherer4 nurturer and
reroducer.
'ocial differences are the conse8uence of (iological
difference.
'ource: htt:>>cheeH(urger.co#>&1&2$22--0
Integrati)e : desire is contextual and hysical
Biology is only art of the
context of desire.
'ociological factors such
as fa#ily relationshis
and social structure also
influence sex.

Exa#les :
A. A study conducted that focuses on ho6 hysical excite#ent
influences a #ans reference for one 6o#an o)er another.
B. Anxiety resonse as an attraction resonse
.. *enile erection. "o6
#ight an erection (e
socially constructedM
'ource: htt:>>666.google.co#.h>i#gresM8NenileUerectionOu#N1OhlNfilOclientNfirefoxF
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ost>2-10/02+//&>)isitF#yFarchi)eFenileF
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$&3OhN+$0OeiNC.CPC(8s?D*orTe.Fo1gBgOHoo#N1O)edN1t:3$--4r:!4s:04i:-+
Shakespeare:
" Lechery, sr, (acoho)
provokes and unprovokes: t
provokes the desre, but t
takes away the performance.
Therefore much drnk may be
sad to be an equvocator wth
echery: t makes hm and t
mars hm, t sets hm on and t
sets hm off, t persuades hm
and t dsheartens hm, makes
hm stand to, and not stand
to; n concuson, equvocates
hm n a seep, and gvng hm
the e, eaves hm. (Macbeth,
Act II, Scene )
*enises are not nearly
so relia(le as the
#ythology of
#asculinity and
attraction 6ould
#aintain.
Erections aear to
co#e and go 6ith odd
ti#ing.
Erections are not
al6ays e)idence of
ro#antic interest.
"o#osexual #en had lo6er testosterone le)els
than a #atched grou of heterosexual #en due
to stress4 anxiety4 and si#ilar negati)e e#otions.
Biology influences desire4 (ut social context
influences (iology and gi)es #eaning to (odily
sensation.
'ource: htt:>>666.google.co#.h>i#gresM8NheterosexualU)sUho#osexualOstartN13-Ou#N1OhlNfilOclientNfirefoxF
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B':PCeau=ca1rAeu!IDDBAOHoo#N1O)edN1t:3$--4r:$34s:1004i:1&3OiactNrcOdurN/30OsigN10&$/$3$-1$0!3/3-2!/2OageN/Ot(nhN1&-Ot
(n6N213OndsN21OtxN//OtyN&1
1. An integrationist 6ill raise 8uestions a(out
(iology 6hen social context is e#hasiHed as
cause4 and 6ill raise 8uestions a(out social
context 6hen (iological causes are e#hasiHed.
2. E)erything sexual and hysical occurs and
achie)es #eaning in a social context
SEXUA? IDE-TITY #s+
SEXUA?
ORIE-TATIO-
Ter#s refer to ho6 eole tend to classify the#sel)es
sexually B either as gay4 les(ian4 (isexual4 or straight
'ource: htt:>>666.google.co#.h>i#gresM8Nles(ianUgayU(isexualOu#N1OhlNfilOclientNfirefoxF
aOt(oNdOrlsNorg.#oHilla:enFC':officialO(i6N12-0O(ihN&0/Ot(#NischOt(nidNF
.i,:B12!?/:%:Oi#grefurlNhtt:>>london.use#(assy.go)>lg(t.ht#lOdocidNTe0x$E#2TN&=%Oi#gurlNhtt:>>ho
tos.state.go)>li(raries>united:ingdo#>1&!203>ho#eage>lg(tSrightsS300x23!.5gO6N300OhN23!OeiN('-PCea@
1caIrAeC:o1ADAOHoo#N1O)edN1t:3$--4r:&4s:04i:/3OiactNrcOdurN$001OsigN10&$/$3$-1$0!3/3-2!/2OageN
1Ot(nhN1+-Ot(n6N23-OstartN0OndsN1$OtxN3-2OtyN2+$
Sexua behavor and sexua desre
= sexua dentty
'ource: htt:>>666.google.co#.h>i#gresM8NsexualUidentityOu#N1OhlNfilOclientNfirefoxFaOt(oNdOrlsNorg.#oHilla:enF
C':officialO(i6N12-0O(ihN&0/Ono5N1Ot(#NischOt(nidNn"yPyErC=C:i%:Oi#grefurlNhtt:>>idento(a.org>OdocidN"%!
*SAQsnh)Px%Oi#gurlNhtt:>>idento(a.org>6Fcontent>uloads>2012>0&>discussion3F
2&21!S!32x3!0.5gO6N!32OhN3!0OeiNV5EPCD"/"I&0rAf1+oDADTOHoo#N1O)edN1t:3$--4r:$34s:04i:2!&OiactNrcOdur
N--3OsigN10&$/$3$-1$0!3/3-2!/2OageN3Ot(nhN1//Ot(n6N2$3OstartN3&OndsN20OtxN10!OtyN11/
Hu!an desire@ is after
all@ organi*ed+
Unted
States:
homosexua
and
heterosexua
AHo!osexualit$ is an
essence rat"er t"an a
sexual actBC
Hstoran |ohn Boswe (1994):
Chrstan same-sex marrage
Soca Scentst Fred
Whteman (1983): men
who use effemnate
gestures & have dverse
sexua tastes
Genetcst
Dean Hamer:
sexua
attracton
may be
genetcay
programmed
The other sde
says, "Sexuaty
has aways been
nvented and that
sexua orentatons
are socay
created."
Hamer: Gay men have a genetc
makeup dfferent from that of
heterosexuas
Gene name: Xq28
Mchae Baey:
Homosexua twns
Bottom ne: Homosexuaty s not a
choce but a "naturay occurrng
phenomenon" n a predetermned
proportons of brths
Its BIOLOGY!
)HE C&')I'**+
&F $ESI,E
Mae Homosexuaty
vs. Femae
Homosexuaty
More men are more
dentfed as
homosexua than
women
E'$E, -S )HE
.-SIS F&, SEX*-!
I$E')I)/
Gender s the focus of our
sexua dentty
Gendered dstnctons and
preferences
Transsexuas
Peope who beeve they were born n
the wrong body
CONCLU
SION
SEXUAL DESIRE AS AN EXPRESSION OF
GENDER
Men and women have dstnct patterns
of sexua expresson, regardess of
orentaton.
Wde range of sexuates of men and
women demand further expanaton.
Sexua phenomena are socay-scrpted, but
hghy ndvduazed.

Sexua desre s a "chaotc payng fed".

Boogy s a promnent context for sexuaty,
but not wthout soca, nterpersona or
potca contexts; nfuenta factors are
present too.
What we need to earn:
Sexuaty s one of the most
dynamc, pervasve and engmatc
aspect of human experence.
There are as many sexuates as
there are peope.
SEXUA#
DESDRE
A-D
>E-DEt
A=IA@EP
A@.ETA
BA=ADAD
.A@IN,
."CA
DE=,' T@IN,'
1=,@I,',
V,IE'
%E=EN.I,
%E@.ADE@
@,B=E'
',@E
TAIA.,