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Paulino Vzquez Vzquez 803B

Science Fiction and Computing


The image of the mechanical brain or knowledge engine ha a ur!riingl" long hitor"
in #etern literature$ % far back a &onathan 'wift( )ulli*er( Tra*el +,-./01 we find a
gigantic engine that can create book on e*er" concei*able ub2ect$ #hile thi wa a
atirical 2ab at thinker who were uhering in a rational1 mechanitic como1 the idea
that the cunning mechanical automaton being created for the amuement of !rince
might omeda" think did not eem o far3fetched$ Thi belief would be trengthened in
the coming two centurie b" the trium!h of the 4ndutrial 5e*olution$ 4n &ule Verne(
Pari in the Twentieth 6entur" +written in ,8/301 giant calculating machine and facimile
tranmiion were ued to coordinate buine acti*itie$ % earl" a the beginning of
the .0th centur"1 writer had been e7!loring what might ha!!en if ome combination of
artificial brain and robot offered the !oibilit" of catering to all human need$ 4n 8$ 9$
:orter( The 9achine 'to!1 !ublihed in ,;0;1 !eo!le no longer e*en ha*e to lea*e
their inectlike cell becaue e*en their ocial need are !ro*ided through machine3
mediated communication not unlike toda"( 4nternet$ 4n the ,;30 and ,;<01 other
writer uch a &ohn #$ 6am!bell and &ack #illiamon wrote torie in which a
worldwide artificial intelligence became the end !oint of e*olution1 with human either
becoming e7tinct or li*ing tatic1 !ointle li*e$
'cience fiction writer had alo been conidering the ramification of a related
technolog"1 robotic$ The term robot came from =arel 6> a!ek( 5$?$5$ +5oum(
?ni*eral 5obot0$ %lthough the robot had a human face1 it could ha*e inhuman moti*e
and threaten to become 8arth( new mater1 di!lacing human$ 4aac %imo* offered a
more benign *iion1 thank to the law of robotic embedded in hi machine( *er"
circuitr"$ The firt law tate1 % robot hall not harm a human being or1 through inaction1
caue a human being to come to harm$ 4n the real world1 of coure1 artificial intelligence
had no uch built3in retriction +ee artificial intelligence0$
$
Cognados verdaderos
image
hitor"
literature
gigantic
concei*able
ub2ect
rational
idea
automaton
como
machine
4ndutrial
5e*olution
tranmiion
ued
coordinate
acti*itie
e7!loring
combination
artificial
robot
!oibilit"
human
ocial
communication
intelligence
e*olution
e7tinct
tatic
'cience fiction
technolog"
robotic
robot
?ni*eral
inhuman
moti*e
*iion
circuitr"
real
artificial intelligence
retriction
cognados falsos
centurie
!rince
calculating
!ublihed
conidering
ramification
face