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Adapters for TIBCO


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Active Database Adapter (ADB)
- A real time bi-directional gateway between databases and applications

- Supports both publish-subscribe and request-response interactions

- Proactively notifies applications of changes that occur inside the database

- Subscribe to messages from other applications and capture the messages into target
tables in the database

- Requests from applications are processed by the adapter and replies containing the
processed request are sent back by the adapter to the requesting application

- Works with ODBC and JDBC compliant databases (Oracle, Sybase, and MS SQL Server)
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ADB Architecture
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Publications - Method to monitor an individual table & publish any change as entire
record over the TIB with flag (I, U, D)

Subscriptions Method to take incoming information in and store it on the database

Request/Reply - Allows adapter to query (request) the database and send back
immediate response (reply)
Request - Multiple SQL and/or procedure statements to be processed
Reply - Answer for these messages processed by the agent

Listener -
- To configure a publisher agent that sends messages on subjects using the RVCM
- Adds a subscriber agent (called a listener) to the publisher agent's preregistered list
- Subscriber agent is certified to receive all messages sent on the specified subject

Parent Child Relationship
Publications
Table Relationships - To send out extra information with a publication
Subscriptions
Child Table Mapping - Used by subscriber agent to process a message that
includes data from the publishing (parent) table and related data from another
(child) table


Services of the ADB
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Features
- Automatically publish data as TIBCO RV messages when rows in pre-specified DB
tables are modified

Publish data by value creating a copy
Publish data by reference w/o creating a copy
Publish on parameterized subjects subject created from contents of PT columns
Publish data using TIBCO RV reliable delivery, certified delivery or both
Pre-register certified subscribers with a certified publisher
Publish both parent and all related child rows when user set up to publish child
data

- Automatically subscribe to data published as TIBCO RV messages and modify the data
in pre-specified DB tables

- Use request-response semantics to publish SQL statements, stored procedures, or both
on a specified subject
Support both RV Message and AE Message wire formats
Support RPC (Remote Procedure Calls)
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Publish by Value
- Modified data in the source table is duplicated in the PT
- ADB selects the data from the PT, compose a message and sends it to RV
- Advantage - Publish by copy is fast
- Disadvantage - Does not support some data types(Oracle LONG and LONG RAW)
Publish by Reference
- Publish data directly from the source table without copying to a publishing table
- Operate on the key value of source table copied into PT
- Advantage :
Data to be published is stored just once
Data types such as Oracle LONG and LONG RAW are supported
Publishing by value from a top-level table is unsupported due to database trigger
limitations
- Disadvantage : Small time gap between source table modification & picked up by
adapter
Parameterized Subjects
- Created from contents of one or more columns in a publishing table
eg - TIBCO.ORDER.$ORDER_ID.$ORDER_DESCRIPTION
- Allows receiving applications to filter publications based on value of certain fields
- Supported with certified & reliable delivery
- Restrictions : Max 255 char in length, with each component max 127 char (Content <=
Col Name)
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Publication-Subscription Services Flow
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Typical Request-Response Service Flow
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ADB Architecture Components
Run-time Adapter - A bi-directional bridge between your database and the TIBCO environment

Design-time Adapter - Used at design-time to fetch the tables from your database that need to be
configured for an adapter instance.

TIBCO Run-time Agent - Provides connectivity to other applications configured for the TIBCO
environment.

Polling or Alerter -
Polling - Monitor frequent changes to PT
Alerter - Asynchronously alert the adapter of infrequent changes in PT

Referencing External Schemas - External schema can be referenced when specifying a publisher
source table or subscriber destination table

Exception Table - If a subscriber adapter fails to write data to its destination table, it will write the
data to the exception table.

Loop Detection - If a source table is used both as the source and destination table on the same
subject, the loop detection feature should be enabled, to prevent the same changes from being
published repeatedly
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Publish-Subscribe Exercise
ORDER_TABLE Pub_Order
XXX XXX XXX XXX XXX XXX
Sub_Order
Order_ID
Order_Description,
Order_Price
Order_ID
Order_Description
Order_Price
ADB related columns
Order_ID
Order_Description,
Order_Price
Agentone Agenttwo
ADB.agentone.ORDER
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Parent/Child Tables Exercise
CUSTOMER
Order_Details
XXX XXX
XXX XXX
XXX XXX
Internal_Order_Items
XXX XXX
External_Order_Items