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APNDICE

1. Constantes y coeficientes
de propiedades fsicas

Este apndice es un banco de datos de propiedades fsicas para 176 compuestos,


dividido en los grupos de inorgnicos y orgnicos. Dentro de cada grupo se encuentran ordenados por orden alfabtico de los elementos en su frmula emprica.
Sin embargo, los productos orgnicos que contienen carbono e hidrgeno estn ordenados segn la convencin del Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.
En la Parte A se presentan las siguientes constantes de propiedades fsicas:
M = masa molecular
Tb

= temperatura normal de ebullicin, R

T, = temperatura crtica, R
P,
ZC

= presin crtica, psia


= factor de compresibilidad crtico

= factor acntrico de Pitzer

6
VL

= parmetro de solubilidad de Hildebrand a 25C (cal/cm3)*


= volumen molar del lquido a la temperatura del superndice (OC),
cm3/mol; los valores entre parntesis son para lquidos hipotticos.

En la Parte B se indican los coeficientes para las siguientes propiedades fisicas:


1. Capacidad calorfica del gas ideal.

CP, = aI + a2 T + a3 T2 + a4T3 + a5 T,

Btu/lb-mol.F .

donde T = F.
783

784

Constantes y coeficientes de propiedades fsicas

2. Presin de vapor de Antoine.

donde Pf = presin de vapor y T = F.


Un valor de la lista, por ejemplo, como 0,8334 E-3, representa 0,8334 X lOe3
0,0008334. La mayora de los valores de las Partes A y B del Apndice 1 fueron
tomados, con permiso de Monsanto Company, de la coleccin de datos del programa de simulacin FLOWTRAN.*

* Scader, J. D., W. D. Seider y A. C. Pa&, FLOWTRAN Simularion


sachussets Avcnue,
Cambridge, MA 02139, 1977.

- An Introduction,

2nd. Cd., CACHE. 77 Mas-

Parte A
Nmero

Frmula
emprica

Nombre

Tb

Te

PC

z,

Ar&n

157.1
597.5
629.5
147.0
505.3
350.4
574.9
704.1
338.6
430.4
428.0
36.7
671.7
383.1
431.5
49.1
218.5
530. I
139.3
330.7
162.3
473.7
572.2

271.2
1051.5
1001.5
239.3
819.3
547.6
993.6
1061.4
584.2
750.9
761.7
59.7
1165.1
672.4
730.2
80.1
324.0
775.8
221.3
557.5
278.6
775.2
883.6

705.4
1499.0
661.3
507.4
823.0
1070.5
1146.3
594.6
1198.5
Il 18.4
1190.4
190.8
3206.7
1306.5
1653.7
395.3
940.5
1469.6
492.9
1053.7
736.9
1144.8
1 l%.8

0.293
0.2%
0.277
0.289
0.279
0.273
0.285
0.275
0.267
0.278
0.305
0.321
0.232
0.283
0.248
0.306
0.267
0.247
0.289
0.277
0.291
0.267
0.252

-0.0034

Nen
bxido ntrico
Dixido de nitrgeno
Nitrgeno
xido nitroso
Oxgeno
Dixido de azufre
Trixido de azufre

39.948
159.808
153.823
28.010
98.916
44.011
76.131
181.833
36.461
70.906
127.912
2.016
18.015
34.080
17.031
20.183
30.006
46.006
28.013
44.013
31.999
64.063
80.058

0.1242
0.1938
0.048
0.203
0.177
0.115
0.359
0.133
0.0743
0.0290
0.0
0.3477
0.0868
0.2582
-0.0299
0.5877
0.8499
0.0206
0.1601
0.0250
0.2402
0.4384

5.330
ll.442
9.338
3.1300
8.4170
7.1200
9.8640
12.0540
7.0110
8.708
8.270
0.0
18.0
8.8
l2.408
0.0
0.0
16.208
4.440
5.414
4.0
6.0
15.329

31.Bm
(53.0)25
35.9-m
(28.4)*
44.0-10
45.045

Cloroformo
Cianuro de hidrgeno
Formaldchido
Cloruro de metilo
Yoduro de metilo
Metano
Metano1
Metilamina
Tricloroetileno

119.378
27.026
30.026
50.488
141.939
16.043
32.042
3 I ,058
131.389

602.8
538.0
457.1
448.1
568.2
201 .o
607.8
480.1
648.1

W5.8
822.0
747.3
749.3
950.7
343.9
923.7
774.1
979.5

793.6
718.6
984.6
968.5
1061.1
673.1
1153.6
1081.6
727.5

0.277
0.172
0.222
0.270
0.283
0.289
0.228
0.260
0.278

0.2117
0.3752
0.22%
0.1530
0.1925
0.0
0.5556
0.2852
0.4281

9.236
12.192
10.604
8.585
9.863
5.680
14SlO
10.479
9.263

80.2
39.320
36.8-
55.220
62.3
(52.0j2
40.520
44.2-l
89.920

Vl

Productos inorgnicos
1

2
3
4
5
6
7
8

9
10
Il
12
13
14
15

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Productos

24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

AI
Br2
ca,
co
COCI,
co2
cs
CWI,

CIH
Cl?
HI
H2
H2O
H2S
H,N

Ne
NO
"402
N2
N2O
02

02s
0,s

Bromo
Tetracloruro de carbono
Monxido de carbono
Fosgeno
Dixido de carbono
Sulfuro de carbono
Cloruro de tricloroacerilo
Cloruro de hidrgeno
Cloro
Yoduro de hidrgeno
Hidrgeno
Agua
Sulfuro de hidrgeno
Amoniaco

51.220
97.12
(35.2j2
71.6m
(44.0)25

58.9
I 12.220
30.6+.
45.4-34
45.6-
(31 .O)z'
18.1m
34.3@
26.P

orgnicos

CHCI,
CHN
CH,0
CH,CI
CHJ
CH,
CH,0
CH,N
C,HCI,

Parte A (continuacin)
Nmero
Producror
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
SI
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66

Frmula
emprica

Nombre

rb

Cloruro de dicloroacetilo
Acetkno
Cloruro de cloroacetilo
Cloruro de vmtlo
Cloruro de acetilo
I,1,2-Tricloroetano
Acetomtrilo

147.388
26.038
112.943
62.499
78.498
Il3.405
41.053
28.054
98.960
98.960
44.054
44.054
60.052
60.052
64.5 15
30.070;
46.069
46.069
62.069
62.130
62.130
45.085
53.064
40.065
40.065
42.081
58.080
74.080
74.080
74.080
73.095
44.097
60.096
60.096

685.2
339. I
687.9
467.0
583.3
%9.5
638.6
305.0
594.8
641.9
528.4
510.6
705.0
548.9
513.8
332.2
447.0
632.1
847.1
558.9
554.7
521.5
630.8
449.9
429.6
405.8
592.1
589.5
594.7
745.5
767.1
416.0
639.8
666.7

1,

PC

2,

VL

0.3645
0.1917
0.3194
0.0929
0.3238
0.2273
0.3234
0.0872
0.2450
0.3064
0.2882
0.2121
0.4536
0.2562
0.1918
0.1064
0.1960
0.6341
0.1177
0.1951
0.1856
0.286 1
0.3853
O.ZI50
0.063 1
0.1421
0.3035
0.2784
0.3269
0.5322
0.7458
0.1538
0.6614
O.lll

12.679
5.329
13.856
7.717
12.485
9.628
12.049
5.801
8.913
9.828
9.844
10.271
10.05 I
10.018
8.471
6.050
7.608
12.915
16.604
9.045
8.933
9.427
I 1.029
8.010
6.854
6.208
9.566
9.311
9.014
12.385
1 1.775
6.400
ll ,512
12.050

%.20
42.3-R4
79.5
64.5-14
7 1.02
92.6
52.5
(61 .O)?
84.7<
79.2O
(6.60
49.00
57.220
61.7*O
75.1
68.0)2~
69.1*
58.420
55.720
73.320
74.120
66.020
65.8
56.7-O
6 1.62
79.02
73.520
79.96
79.320
74.620
77.020
84.02
76.j20
74.720

orgnrcos
C:HCI,O
C>HI
CZH,CI,O
CH,CI
CZHICIO
&H,CI,
C,H,N
C3-b
C,H,CI
C2H,C12
WV
C?H,O
CzH,02
C,H,O>
C.H<CI
Cd,
C,H,O
C>H,O
C?H,O:
C:H,S
C,H,S
C:H,N
CJf,N
Cd-b
Cd,
C&
Cd%,0
C,H,C>
Cd-LO2
Cd-W,
C,H,NO
Cd%
WW
W,O

Etileno

1.1.Dicloroetano
I ,2-Dicloroetano
Acetaldehdo
xido de etileno
cido actico
Formiato de metilo
Cloruro de etilo
Etano
Dtmetllter
Etanol
Etknglicol
Sulfuro de dtmetilo
Etilmercaptano
Ethmma
Acrdomtrilo
~Metilacetileno
Propadieno
Propileno
Acetona
Formiato de etdo
Acetato de metilo
cido propimco
Dimetilformamlda
Propano
Isopropanol
n-Propano1

1039.1
555.0
1054.8
776.8
914.3
1101.9
986.2
509.5
941.7
1010.8
830. I
842.7
1070.6
876.9
828.7
5.50.0
720.1
929.3
1161.4
905.5
898.5
821.1
934.5
724.3
721.7
657.2
917.0
915.3
912.4
1102.8
1074.4
665.9
915.0
966.4

668.5
890.3
740.7
714.5
832.7
701.2
701.0
742.2
734.8
778.9
805.3
1043.4
839. I
870.7
764.2
709.8
764.2
925.3
1091.9
802.4
7%.5
815.6
512.9
816.2
747.2
667.0
693.7
680.4
680.9
178.9
683.1
617.4
691.0
737.1

0.271
0.267
0.255
0.266
0.270
0.267
0.194
0.284
0.274
0.267
0.238
0.260
0.220
0.259
0.268
0.282
0.27 I
0.250
0.242
0.268
0.271
0.264
0.186
0.27 I
0.284
0.279
0.247
0.258
0.256
0.249
0.236
0.278
0.249
0.250

67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
loo
101
102
103
104
105
106

C&N
C4H4
U-LS
Cd-W
3,
Cd,
GH,
C4%
Cd,
Cd%
3,
W,
C4W

GW
C4W32
C4W32
C4H,02
C4H,02

C,H,NO
C43,o
C,H,o
C,H,oO
C,H,&
C,H,oO
C4H NIO
C4H&,
3402

WI,
W,o
CY,,
Cd,,
C,H,o
Wto
WI,
C,H,oO
Cd,,%
Wn
V,2
VI,

WW,

Trimetilamina
Vinilacetileno
Tiofeno
Metacrilomtrilo
Dimetilacetileno
Etilacetileno
1,2-Butadieno
1,3-Butadieno
I-Buteno
cir-2-Buteno
Isobuteno
rrons-2-Buteno
fsobutiraldehdo
Metil-etil-cerona
cido n-Butrico
Acetato de etilo
Proptonato de metllo
Formiato de propilo
D~metilacetamida
Isobutano
n-Butano
Isobutanoi
n-Butano1
r-Butano1
Dietilter
Dietilenglicol
Furfural
2-Metil-l-buteno
2-Metil-2-buteno
3-Metil-l-buteno
Ciclopentano
1-Penteno
cis-2-Penteno
trans-2-Penteno
Dietilcetona
Acetato de n-propilo
Isopentano
n-Pentano
Neopentano
I ,2,4-Triclorobenceno

59.112
52.076
84.136
67.091
54.092
54.092
54.092
54.092
56.108
56.108
56.108
56.108
72.107
72.107
88.107
88.107
88.107
88.107
87.120
58.124
58.124
74.123
74.123
74.123
74.123
106.122
%.085
70.135
70.135
70.135
70.135
70.135
70.135
70.135
86.134
102.134
72.151
72.151
72.151
181.449

4%.9
501.7
643.3
654.2
540.4
506.3
511.2
483.8
480.2
498.3
479.3
493.3
606.9
635.0
785.6
630.5
635.6
638. I
792.3
470.6
490.8
686.9
703.6
640.0
553.9
933.8
782.8
547.8
561.1
527.8
580.4
545.6
558.2
557.1
674.9
674.3
541.8
556.6
508.8
876.0

779.9
821.3
1062.3
998.2
819.7
834.7
834.7
765.0
755.3
779.7
752.2
770.7
909.7
964.2
1130.7
941.9
955.1
%8.6
1182.0
734.7
765.3
985.9
1013.2
912.0
840.2
1225.9
1182.8
850.0
870.0
831.0
921.2
853.0
860.6
857.0
1009.7
988.9
829.8
845.6
780.8
1322.9

590.8
704.8
705.4
563.3
737.4
683.2
578. I
628.0
583.0
610.0
580.0
595.0
609.0
603.0
648.1
556.0
578.0
589.3
583.7
529.1
550.7
623.0
640.5
576.1
523.2
668.0
714.2
514.4
527.6
507.0
655.0
586.0
512.0
508.4
542.3
483.6
483.0
489.5
464.0
578.2

0.272
0.264
0.246
0.228
0.270
0.269
0.276
0.272
0.274
0.272
0.274
0.273
0.26 1
0.25 1
0.249
0.254
0.256
0.260
0.230
0.276
0.274
0.256
0.256
0.255
0.264
0.244
0.243
0.274
0.273
0.278
0.274
0.273
0.272
0.272
0.256
0.253
0.270
0.269
0.276
0.262

0.2008
0.0970
0.0670
0.2823
0.1359
0.0610
0.0987
0.2028
0.2085
0.2575
0.1975
0.2230
0.3800
0.3188
0.6030
0.3718
0.3500
0.3154
0.3762
0.1825
0.1954
0.5917
0.5903
0.607 I
0.2800
1.1747
0.4239
0.2000
0.2120
0.1490
0.1966
0.2198
0.2060
0.2090
0.3407
0.3936
0.2104
0.2387
0.1950
0.3358

7.070
10.229
9.654
8.576
7.937
7.937
7.950
6.940
6.766
6.760
6.760
6.760
9.199
9.199
Il.861
8.974
9.046
9.024
10.788
6.730
6.634
10.949
Il.440
10.316
7.544
13.551
ll ,986
7.055
7.055
7.055
8.010
7.055
7.055
7.055
8.898
8.729
7.020
7.020
7.020
9.956

93.4'0
73.30
78.616
83.3?"
78.320
83.216
83.72'
88.0*<
95.6*
91.22'
95.42'
93.8"
91.420
89.620
92.0zo
97.8*O
%.32O
%.7'h
93.02'
105.5**
101.425
92.420
91.520
94.220
104.020
95.120
82.8*O
108.7*'
106.72'
I 12.8*<
94.725
110.425
107.82J
109.0*5
105.820
115.12
I 17.425
116.12
123.32'
124.820

Parte

Nmero
107
108
109
110
III
112
113
114
115
116
ll7
118
ll9
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
iji
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140

(continuacin)
Frmula
emprica

Nombre
m-Diclorobenceno
o-Diclorobenceno
p-Diclorobenceno
Bromobenceno
Clorobenceno
Yodobenceno
Benceno
Fenol
Anilina
Ciclohexano
Metil-ciclopentano
I-Hexeno
2,2-Dimetilbutano
2,3-Dimetilbutano
n-Hexano
2-Metilpentano
3-Metilpentano
Trietilenglicol
Tolueno
o-Creso1
Metil-ciclohexano
Et&ciclopentano
I-Hepteno
n-Heptano
Estireno
Etilbenceno
m-Xileno
o-Xileno
p-Xileno
Etil-ciclohexano
n-Propil-ciclopentano
n-Octano
Tetraetilenglicol
Indeno

M
147.004
147.004
147.004
157.010
112.559
204.011
78.114
94.113
93.129
84.162
84.162
84.162
86.178
86.178
86.178
86.178
86.178
150.176
92.141
108.140
98.189
98.189
98.189
100.205
104.152
106.168
106.168
106.168
106.168
112.216
112.216
114.232
194.229
116.163

lb

803.1
813.9
804.7
772.9
729.7
830.7
635.9
819.0
823. I
637.0
621.0
606.0
581.2
5%.l
615.4
600.2
605.6
1008.7
790.8
835.5
673.4
677.9
660.3
668.9
752.9
736.8
742. I
751.6
740.7
728.9
727.4
717.9
1065.8
819.2

re

1231.1
1255.1
1232.6
1206.3
1138.3
1298.1
1012.7
1251.1
1257.8
995.3
959.0
920.0
880.9
900.5
914.2
8%.5
907.8
1282.2
1069.1
1255.6
1030.2
1025 .o
%3.9
972.3
1146.4
Il 15.5
I 114.6
1138.0
Il 1 2 . 8
1084.7
1062.5
1024.9
1432.4
1245.5

PC

562.9
595.3
566.5
655.4
656.0
655.8
714.2
889. I
768.6
591 s
549.0
471.7
450.5
455.4
440.0
440.1
453.1
481.0
587.8
726.0
504.4
492.8
412.2
3%.9
559.0
540.0
510.0
530.0
500.0
453.9
406.5
362. I
304.4
553.6

ze

0.252
0.256
0.253
0.245
0.266
0.266
0.272
0.279
0.261
0.272
0.27 I
0.269
0.275
0.272
0.266
0.269
0.270
0.243
0.263
0.272
0.27 I
0.268
0.262
0.261
0.261
0.265
0.264
0.266
0.265
0.265
0.253
0.258
0.205
0.250

0.3073
0.2720
0.2822
0.2508
0.2545
0.2470
0.2116
0.4201
0.3830
0.2149
0.2316
0.2463
0.2312
0.2447
0.2972
0.277 I
0.2745
I .2715
0.2415
0.4299
0.2362
0.2712
0.3467
0.3403
0.2885
0.2981
0.3086
0.2904
0.3304
0.3041
0.3386
0.3992
0.8162
0.3064

9.554
9.815
9.645
9.753
9.623
9.182
9.158
12.106
ll.461
8.193
7.847
7.400
6.712
6.%7
7.266
7.018
7.132
12.677
8.914
Il.139
7.825
7.739
7.168
7.430
9.211
8.783
8.818
8.987
8.769
7.739
7.894
7.551
12.113
9.647

VL

114.120
112.6
1 17.S5
lOS.Om
101.Sm
I l0.V
89.42J
88.940
91.12
108.72
l13.12
125.S2
122.72
131.225
131.62
132.02j
129.S2<
133.21s
106.82
105.2
128.325
128.S2<
140.920
147.T2
115.020
123.125
123.52
121.22
124.02
143.125
143.76
163.52
172.115
I 16.620

141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176

CP,o
C,H,o
CvH12
WI,

Cd18
Wm
CIOHS
C,oH,o
CIOHIO
C,oH,2

C,oH,,
C,oH,,
CroHm
C,oHz2

CIJIO
C, IHIO
Gd24
C12H8

C,zH,o
C,2H,2

W-4,
C12H20

Cd,,
Cd,,
CnH,,
CnH2,

Cd,,
Cd-ha
C,sH,2

CI,HM
Cl5H32

Cd,,
CI,HIO
C,,H,2

CI&
C,8Ht2

Indano
Metilestireno
I-Etil-2-metilbenceno
n-Propilbenceno
n-Propil-ciclohexano
n-Nonano
Naftaleno
1-Mctilindeno
2-Metilindeno
Diciclopentadieno
n-Butilbenceno
1,2-Dimetil-3-etilbenceno
n-Butil-ciclohexano
n-Decano
l-Metilnaftaleno
2-Metilnaftaleno
n-Undecano
Acenaftaleno
Difenilo
2,7-Dimetilnaftaleno
1,2,3-Trimetilindeno
n-Dodecano
Fluoreno
1-Metiletilnaftaleno
2,3,5-Trimetilnaftaleno
n-Tridecano
Fenamtreno
n-Tetradecano
I-Fenilindeno
2-Etilfluoreno
n-Pentadecano
Fluoranteno
Pireno
I-Fenilnaftaleno
n-Hexadecano
Criseno

118.179
118.179
120.195
120.195
126.243
128.259
128.174
130.190
no.l!m
132.206
134.222
134.222
140.27
142.286
142.201
142.201
156.313
152.1%
154.212
156.228
158.244
170.328
166.223
170.255
170.255
184.367
178.234
198.394
192.261
194.277
212.421
202.256
202.256
204.272
226.448
228.294

810.3
797.7
788.7
n8.3
n3.8
763.1
884.0
851.7
866.1
797.7
821.6
840.8
817.4
805.1
932.0
925.6
844.3
977.7
951.1
965.1
909.3
881.0
1027.9
986.7
1004.7
915.5
1103.0
948.1
1071.3
1047.9
978.8
1199.1
1143.3
1076.7
1007.9
1298.1

1225.9
1192.6
1172.0
i 149.0
1114.5
1071.0
1347.0
1266.2
1286.2
1188.7
1188.8
1224.1
1162.4
Il 1 4 . 0
1384.5
1371.4
1152.0
1434.5
1420.0
1400.7
12%.4
1188.3
1480.1
1393.4
1418.9
1219.0
1581.8
1251.0
1518.6
1459.9
1278.0
1685.9
1605.7
1512.2
1305 .o
1788.5

526.6
500.0
441.0
464.1
369.2
331.0
576.1
483.0
486.5
773.9
418.7
453.6
353.9
306.0
517.6
508.1
282.0
467.2
557.0
467.4
384.1
261.6
434.2
408.6
408.6
250.0
420.4
230.0
391 .o
357.5
220.0
378.1
378.1
381.8
206.0
346.4

0.25 f
0.255
0.247
0.261
0.248
0.254
0.258
0.247
0.246
0.254
0.258
0.262
0.252
0.251
0.254
0.256
0.248
0.237
0.276
0.257
0.242
0.245
0.234
0.233
0.232
0.242
0.228
0.240
0.230
0.230
0.237
0.22 1
0.224
0.228
0.236
0.213

0.2912
0.3191
0.2970
0.3446
0.3617
0.4439
0.2934
0.3291
0.3367
0.2767
0.3929
0.3%8
0.4035
0.4869
0.3607
0.3647
0.52 1
0.3733
0.3638
0.4232
0.4271
0.561
0.4512
0.5044
0.5044
0.6002
0.43%
0.640
0.4644
0.5175
0.6743
0.4930
0.4988
0.5034
0.7078
0.5676

9.334
9.002
8.839
8.661
7.886
7.649
9.738
9.323
9.485
8.398
8.425
8.916
7.90
7.722
9.770
9.660
7.790
10.018
9.891
9.760
8.955
7.840
10.136
10.03
10.121
7.890
10.524
7.920
9.933
9.636
7.960
10.426
10.222
10.283
7.990
10.691

122.6m
129.720
136.4
139.420
I59.2m
179.6z5
1 32.090
b34.1m
142.1
156.12O
175.5m
1%.@5
I 39.4m
212.225
169.316
155.8

228.625

244.925

261.325

277.825

294.125