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Revision Date: 03/2013
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1 Isilon Fundamentals
Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. Do not copy - All Rights Reserved.
This course covers EMC Isilons Scale-out Storage Platform powered by the OneFS operating
system. It also covers EMC Isilons product lines and broad range of options and software
applications. This course is intended for anyone seeking to establish a basic understanding of
the EMC Isilon platform.



2 Isilon Fundamentals
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This module describes EMC Isilons scale-out solution. Business requirements by industry are
also presented along with information on how EMC Isilon meets these requirements.
Isilon Fundamentals 3
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Lets start with Life Sciences research. Capacity and performance are two key considerations.
Researchers plan for hundreds of terabytes to petabytes.
Storage systems can become a research bottleneck without the right level of performance.

The ability to deliver high-performance data access in parallel to a large aggregate of clients
is typically the determining factor for total processing time.

Most research facilities simply dont have the staff to manage complex storage solutions. The
management of an ideal storage system should not require any additional or dedicated
workers.

The surveillance industry is interested in data security, in addition to massive storage
capacity requirements. Protecting video surveillance data from accidental or malicious
alteration or deletion is a must. Video streams, especially higher resolution and with longer
retention periods, can consume storage rapidly, which means storage

Administrators must be able to scale their storage infrastructure quickly and non-disruptively.
A video surveillance storage system can quickly become overloaded as more cameras are
brought on-line. Systems that cannot keep up with a growing surveillance workload will
cause data to be dropped.


Isilon Fundamentals 4
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When it comes to financial institutions, speed and depth for performing quantitative analysis
is vital in gaining a competitive edge. These analysis require high performance and scalability.
Companies often cant afford work stoppages or slowdowns to upgrade equipment.

The media and entertainment industry is made up of a variety of organizations and
workflows. Broadcast organizations need to reduce capital and operational expenses for
storage equipment. Post production companies need to store video and audio models with
thousands of frames resulting in hundreds of terabytes of data. There is constant pressure to
meet aggressive time to production deadlines, which adds complexity to management.
Today, media file sizes continue to increase as resolutions grow from HD to 2K, 4K, and 8K,
making scalability an important issue to consider.

Isilon Fundamentals 5
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With the technological advances in Healthcare applications, the data being generated is
growing at an unprecedented rate. Applications are increasingly dense with millions of slides
and 3D rendering. Having a storage system that can grow large enough to support these
applications is challenging.

The different requirements for storage within the Healthcare environment are often solved
by creating multiple "silos" of storage. Data with different retention guidelines or
performance needs cannot exist within the same storage system in traditional environments.
Managing multiple, differentiated storage solutions for different departments requires a
large IT workforce and is becoming increasingly difficult to manage.

There is a huge amount of data growth in the Oil and Gas industry as demand for energy has
never been higher. In order to make the massive amounts of data useful, there are two key
challenges; processing the data in an adequate, timely manner and enabling more detailed
data to be available and correlated when necessary. These are technical, algorithmic and
organization challenges and lead to large expenditures of compute, storage, and network
power.

Isilon Fundamentals 6
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In order to meet all the previous business requirements, a solution should be designed with
the capability to scale capacity, memory, CPUs and networking by simply adding nodes to a
cluster. Nodes can be added to the cluster whenever more performance, connectivity, or
capacity is needed. The resources of all nodes are pooled to create a powerful aggregate
system.


Isilon Fundamentals 7
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EMC Isilon provides highly scalable, ultra-high performance, modular storage systems. In
storage systems with limited processing capabilities, there is a clear trade-off in terms of
IOPS or throughput. In a scale-out system such as Isilon, a trade-off is not necessary; files and
directories which require high IOPS can be optimized for such, whereas others which require
high throughput can be optimized for throughput. EMC Isilon can control performance and
layout characteristics on a per-file, per-directory basis as well as scale-out both CPU, cache
memory, and disk in a single volume.

EMC Isilon scale-out storage solutions provide significant value in the areas of simplicity,
scalability, performance, efficiency, data protection and security. Please take a moment to
review these areas displayed on the slide.
Isilon Fundamentals 8
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EMC Isilon will meet any of the business and technical requirements.
Scalability - Many organizations face unpredictable storage and capacity requirements. EMC
Isilon scale-out NAS solutions provide non-disruptive scale performance and capacity in the
right combination, depending on the usage access pattern or content type.
Availability - EMC Isilon offers the industry's highest level of end-to-end data protection. By
offering up to quadruple failure protection, EMC Isilon ensures that even if up to four nodes
or drives fail simultaneously, 100% of your data is still available. Automatic replication of data
to remote sites can be performed without impact on other network resources.
Complexity of the Environment - EMC Isilon is simple to buy, build, maintain, and grow. Its
easy-to-manage scale out NAS significantly reduces TCO.
Administration of the Environment - With EMC Isilon scale out NAS you don't need to add
storage administrators as your storage grows. One person can manage petabytes of data,
minimizing operating expenditures and keeping the IT staff focused on managing their data,
and not their storage.
Isilon Fundamentals 9
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Scale-up Network Attached Storage is the traditional file based storage platform. In a Scale-
up technology, scalability is achieved by adding more disks. There is a physical limitation to
number of disks that one can add to Scale-up NAS platform. There performance of a scale-
up NAS platform can be improved only by replacing the processing sytems (NAS head / filer).
EMC offers two scale-up NAS devices.
The EMC VNXe system is a unified block and file platform, specifically IP storage, i.e. iSCSI
and the NAS protocols.

EMC VNX configurations may be file-only, block-only, or unified. Core IT applications with
transactional workloads, such as Oracle, SQL, Exchange, or SharePoint are a good fit. Another
good fit for VNX is tier 1 or 2 server virtualization & end user computing/VDI.

EMC Isilon falls into large scale file-only environments, starting at greater than 50 terabytes
or supporting greater than one hundred terabyte home directories. Whenever a file system
larger than 16 terabytes is needed, EMC Isilon would be the correct option. EMC Isilon is
very effective as a large NAS archive or supporting big data needs.
Isilon Fundamentals 10
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This module covered the benefits and uses of an EMC Isilon solution.

Isilon Fundamentals 11
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This module describes EMC Isilons network architecture and provides an introduction of the
OneFS operating system.
12 Isilon Fundamentals
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This lesson covers an overview of each layer of the EMC Isilon clustering architecture,
including EMC Isilons network topology.
13 Isilon Fundamentals
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EMC Isilon's distributed scale-out storage solution contains clustered nodes encapsulated in
a private network. In a true scale-out architecture, the tasks are distributed uniformly across
all nodes enhancing scalability, access to data, performance, and availability. The EMC
Isilon clustering architecture consists of four layers: the client/application layer, the external
network layer, the storage layer, and the internal network layer. In the following slides we
will review each layer.

14 Isilon Fundamentals
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EMC Isilon supports several client access protocols enabling user access to the files stored on
a cluster. Multiple access protocols can be configured if a network supports many types of
clients.

EMC Isilon provides operational flexibility that includes integrated support for a wide range of
industry-standard protocols such as NFS, SMB, HTTP, FTP, and HDFS. The operational flexibility also
allows for flexible client connection capabilities without client-side drivers. VMware integration,
including VASA and VAAI APIs to simplify storage management in your virtualized infrastructure
environment is also part of the flexibility. As is, a Platform REST API to enable integration with a wide
range of third-party applications.



15 Isilon Fundamentals
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The External Network layer, also known as the front-end network, provides communication
between clients and cluster nodes. EMC Isilon nodes support 1 Gigabit Ethernet and 10
Gigabit Ethernet connections to the cluster.

The Internal Network Layer, also known as the back-end network, enables communication
between nodes in a cluster. Communication over the internal network occurs through
InfiniBand connections. InfiniBand is a copper-based, point-to-point, interconnect available in
10 gigabits per second, 20 gigabits per second, and 40 gigabits per second. InfiniBand
delivers the extremely low latency that enables the nodes to seamlessly function in a single
chassis. Using a switched star topology, each node in the cluster is only one hop away from
any other node. While the cluster can operate on one InfiniBand switch, two switches are
recommended for high availability.

16 Isilon Fundamentals
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The internal network acts as the backplane of the cluster, enabling each node to be part of
the cluster.

The external network enables clients to access a node. OneFS supports network subnets, IP
address pools, and network provisioning rules to facilitate the external network configuration
process. OneFS supports both IPv4 and IPv6 address schemes. However, there are some
external services such as Active Directory authentication and the internal InfiniBand network
that still support only IPv4.

Redundant internal and external networks should be used for high availability. The primary
internal InfiniBand network uses a second InfiniBand switch as a standby. Failover to the
standby internal network takes place in the event of primary internal network failure or
anytime a part on a node is disconnected.
17 Isilon Fundamentals
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EMC Isilon Storage includes all Isilon series nodes in a cluster. Each node in an cluster is a
peer to every other node in the cluster. As each node is added to a cluster, it increases the
aggregate disk, RAM, CPU, and network capacity of the cluster. The nodes address file
requests from clients.

The key to EMC Isilon's storage cluster solution is the architecture of OneFS, which is a
distributed clustered file system. A single file system spans across every node in a storage
cluster and, as noes are added, that file system automatically redistributes content across
the entire cluster. There is no single master device that controls the cluster. As the system
writes data, it also protects the data at the specified protection level. The system
continuously rebalances data between the nodes which make storage space more efficient.
18 Isilon Fundamentals
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This lesson covers the basics of EMC Isilons OneFS distributed file system.
19 Isilon Fundamentals
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In scale-up NAS systems, the file system, volume manager, and the implementation of RAID
are all separate entities. The file system is responsible for the higher level functions of
authentication and authorization. The volume manager controls the layout of the data while
RAID controls protection of the data.

OneFS creates a single file system for the cluster that also performs the duties of the volume
manager and applies protection to the data. EMC Isilon uses software base protection
algorithms instead of hardware based RAID. There is no partitioning, and no separate
volumes. The entire file system is accessible by clients connecting to any node in the cluster.
By combining the file system, volume management, data protection, into one unified
software layer, management of the NAS environment is simplified. Since the single file
system spans the entire cluster, management of a single namespace also simplifies
administrative tasks like manually migrating data to rebalance content.
20 Isilon Fundamentals
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There are two ways to access the cluster. The first is the web administration interface and the
second is the CLI. Both allow the administrator to monitor and manage the cluster.

If using the web administration interface, all an administrator must do is enter the IP address
of one of the nodes into a web browser. The name of the cluster can also be used instead of
the IP address. Once in the web administration interface, the administrator is able the
monitor, configure, and manage the entire cluster from a single interface.

Through the command line interface, an admininstrator has access to the suite of isi
commands used to monitor and configure the cluster. The OneFS system is a free BSD-based
Unix operating system
21 Isilon Fundamentals
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Traditional RAID systems are aggregated for scale up, they compromise on data protection by
not being able to scale availability along with capacity growth. EMC Isilon uses a proprietary
system job called FlexProtect, which detects and repairs files and directories that are in a
degraded state. Protection is applied at the file level, not the block level.

FlexProtect distributes all data and protection information across the entire cluster and
ensures that all data remains intact and accessible even in the event of one or more
simultaneous drive failures. Protection settings can be changed without taking the cluster
or file system offline. OneFS allows different protection levels on files, directories and node
pools.

If a drive failure does occur, FlexProtect will only reprotect the actual data on disk and not
the disk itself. This significantly improves recovery time. OneFS offers N+1 through N+4 data
protection. An N+4 scheme means that up to 4 drives or nodes or a combination of both can
fail without data loss.
22 Isilon Fundamentals
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Data and metadata in OneFS are striped or mirrored across all nodes in a cluster or node
pool, which provides redundancy, availability, and in some cases performance benefits. There
are two types of protection that comes with FlexProtect. Data may be protected using FEC
(Forward Error Correction) or mirroring.

FEC is similar to how parity is used in traditional storage environments but is different. FEC
information is distributed across nodes and across drives. In the event of a drive or node
failure, the missing data is rebuilt from the mirror or calculated using the FEC and the
remaining data.

Mirroring copies data to multiple locations therefore creating redundancy. With mirroring,
you can have up to 8 copies of data in a single cluster, compared to only 1 with the
traditional RAID-1. Both mirroring and FEC protection generate additional storage overhead.
The percentage of FEC overhead can decline as the cluster becomes larger, especially for
larger files.

EMC Isilon allows you to define protection on a node pool (group of similar nodes), a
directory or even an individual file, as well as have multiple protection levels configured
throughout the cluster. This feature makes it possible to match the protection level to the
value of the data that is being protected.
23 Isilon Fundamentals
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OneFS uses the backend InfiniBand network to automatically allocate and stripe data
vertically across all nodes in the cluster. As the system writes the data, it is also protecting
the data at the specified level. No separate action is necessary to protect the data.

The system breaks files into smaller logical chunks called stripes units before writing them to
disk. Each OneFS block is 8 KB and a stripe unit consists of 16 blocks for a total of 128KB per
stripe unit.

As the system writes data across the cluster, it fills the stripe units until the maximum width
of the cluster is reached and a protection stripe unit is created. The stripe width is
determined by the number of nodes and the protection setting. With small files, due to the
way that OneFS applies protection in a cluster with N+1 protection, files that are 128 KB or
smaller are mirrored; in a cluster with N+2 protection, files are triple-mirrored; and so on.
24 Isilon Fundamentals
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The process of striping spreads all writes from a client across the nodes of a cluster. Even
though a client is connected to only one node, when that client writes data to the cluster, the
write operation takes place on multiple nodes.

The write process follows a certain flow:
First, the Client sends file data as a write, which is received by the write coalescer on the
client-connected node.
Then, the node breaks the file in up to 128 KB stripe units and a write plan determines
how to aggregate the data stripe units and calculates protection stripe units.
Finally, stripe units are sent to participant nodes over the InfiniBand network to distribute
the stripe and a write occur on each node.

The example on this slide demonstrates how a file is broken down into stripe units after
which it is striped across disks in the cluster along with FEC also known as protection.
25 Isilon Fundamentals
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When a file read is initiated by a client, the pieces of the files are fetched from the nodes
where they are stored. A client is connected to only one node at a time; however the data is
distributed across nodes on the cluster. The client's node retrieves and rebuilds the file
across the back-end InfiniBand network. The reassembled file data is then sent from the
clients node to the requesting client through the external network.

26 Isilon Fundamentals
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The OneFS AutoBalance feature enables administrators to add capacity or performance
nodes to an existing cluster while the system is online and in production.
Increasing the capacity or performance of a cluster is a simple three-step process

First, Install the new node in the rack
Second, Attach the InfiniBand network cable connecting the nodes
Lastly, Enter a command for OneFS to add the new node to the cluster

The Autobalance feature then automatically balances the node capacity across the InfiniBand
network. No interruption of service or perfromance is experienced by the user.
27 Isilon Fundamentals
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EMC Isilon systems can be accessed by users on different platforms, with Windows and
UNIX/Linux being the most common. Each OS has its own mechanism for assigning user
identities, and assigning rights and permissions to users. A system capable of multi-protocol
access must be able to allow simultaneous access to files from different platforms, and
correctly determine which actions individual users are permitted to perform.

OneFS is optimized for a mixed environment in which any file or directory can be governed
by either a Windows access control list (ACL) or UNIX permissions. Regardless of the security
model, access rights are enforced consistently across access protocols; that is, a user is
granted (or denied) the same rights to a file when using SMB (Windows file sharing) as they
would when using NFS (POSIX file sharing). OneFS can configure both UNIX and Windows
permissions on the cluster at the same time for the same data by storing Windows ACLs and
POSIX mode bits natively.

28 Isilon Fundamentals
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This module covered the EMC Isilon clustering architecture including the network topology
and the OneFS operating system.
29 Isilon Fundamentals
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This module describes EMC Isilons hardware, which includes storage nodes and accelerator
nodes.
Isilon Fundamentals 30
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The are three different types of storage nodes: the S-Series, the X-Series, and the NL-Series.
S-Series nodes are ultra-performance primary storage for high-transactional and IOPs-
intensive applications that are for tier 0 and tier 1 workflows.
X-Series nodes make a balance between large capacity and high-performance storage. These
nodes are best for high throughput and high concurrency applications for tier 1 and tier 2
workflows.
NL-Series nodes are designed to provide a cost-effective high density storage solution for tier
3 workflows that are accessed infrequently, but still must be stored and protected.

In addition to the storage nodes, EMC Isilon offers two accelerator nodes: Performance and
Backup Accelerator nodes. The former adds CPU, memory and network resources to the
cluster, while the latter adds CPU, memory, and Fibre Channel connectivity for connection to
tape backup devices.
Isilon Fundamentals 31
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Storage solutions can be expensive. Tiering classifies data so that it can be stored in the
appropriate cost efficient manner. In a tiered system, timely data that needs higher tiers
needs faster, and more expensive, storage. In a simple 3-tiered system, tier 1 data is accessed
often and is mission-critical. Tier 2 data may be used less frequently or may have fewer
users, but it is still important data that users need in a timely manner. Tier 3 data is defined
as seldom accessed data that is archived for historical or regulation purposes. Additionally, as
the use of solid state drives, or SSDs, increases there is also a type of data that is so time-
sensitive and critical to the business that it needs the most efficient storage type.

In an EMC Isilon storage cluster, you can combine SSD and SAS or SSD and SATA drives in one
chassis to meet specific storage requirements. You can configure a cluster to keep metadata
or data on SSDs, and even to use SSDs in one part of the cluster to store metadata for nodes
that have no SSD drives.
Isilon Fundamentals 32
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The S-Series is purpose built for IOPS-intensive applications. It provides fast primary storage
for mission critical, high transactional and random access file-based applications. S-Series
nodes can use SSDs to store file system metadata, which improves performance for
metadata intensive operations, and to store latency-sensitive file data. You can combine SSD
and SAS drives in one chassis to meet specific storage requirements and create a tier 0 for
data tiering.

EMC Isilon S-Series nodes are suitable for digital media companies and financial institutions
that need high-transactional IOPs for editing and post-production, as well as calculations for
business analysis. Energy and surveillance organizations would also benefit from the S-series
by using nodes for performance applications that need tier 0 and 1 storage.
Isilon Fundamentals 33
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The EMC Isilon X-Series is a flexible and comprehensive series that strikes the right balance
between large capacity and high-performance storage. The EMC Isilon X-Series accelerates
high concurrent and sequential throughput applications, speeding access to massive
amounts of critical data, dramatically reducing the cost and complexity of managing and
storing data.

There are two types available; the 4U X400 and the 2U X200 platforms. The X400 provides
more capacity at a given performance level. This node would be ideal for someone who
needs more capacity then performance according to the requirements they have provided.
In the X200 space, this node is purchased because there are more performance
requirements than capacity. With the X200 there is also upgradability, SSDs can be added
after the fact, and memory can be upgraded as well. The X400 cannot be upgraded or used
with SSDs.

The EMC Isilon X-Series suitable for home directories and healthcare environments that have
large files. X-Series nodes are well suited for companies that produce digital media or deliver
video, audio, and image services. X-Series nodes are best used for organizations that
perform heavy computation such as life science companies or energy organizations.

Isilon Fundamentals 34
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The NL-Series is purpose-built for large capacity storage, enabling near-line storage
performance at near-tape storage costs. High density, massive capacity and maximum cost
per TB are the strengths of the NL-series. No SSDs are supported on this platform.

The EMC Isilon NL-Series is ideal for complementing and improving a companys existing tape
backup, archiving, data protection strategies, and provides economical storage. This series
uses low cost SATA drives. NL-Series products have the flexibility to configure different drive
sizes, memory, and network interfaces giving customers the ability to customize the EMC
Isilon product based on the environment.

Isilon Fundamentals 35
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Performance Accelerators are diskless nodes which increase overall throughput, CPU
memory, and networking support throughput workflows. By seamlessly adding a
Performance Accelerator to an existing EMC Isilon S-Series or X-Series cluster, you can add
more than 400 MB/s of single stream throughout and up to 700 MB/s of concurrent
throughput. Typically, one Performance Accelerator per storage node is recommended for
supporting write-intensive applications. For read-intensive applications, up to three
Accelerators per storage node is recommended.

Backup Accelerators enable high-speed backup of file system data to locally attached tape
libraries or media changer devices. The Backup Accelerator can be seamlessly added to any
existing EMC Isilon cluster to deliver up to 480 MB/s of performance across four concurrent
streams, speeding back-up operations and reducing the risk of business-critical data loss. It is
used to pre-fetch data from the file system and across the InfiniBand network efficiently push
the data to tape. Each Backup Accelerator can support up to four paths via Fiber Channel
ports. While EMC Isilon supports the use of Network Data Management Protocol (NDMP) for
backups, the use of a Backup Accelerator enables significantly faster backups.

Isilon Fundamentals 36
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With greater capacity, usually comes greater performance requirements across all storage.
For unstructured and dynamic data, EMC Isilons clustered storage provides predictable
growth with predictable performance.

The S-series platform is the answer for ultra-performance primary storage, purpose built for
high IOPS-intensive random access file-based applications. The EMC Isilon X-Series, is the
most flexible and comprehensive storage product line, striking the right balance between
large capacity and high-performance storage. The NL series focuses on cost and capacity
with much less attention paid to performance. The NL-Series combines high density and
efficiency, with massive capacity capabilities.





Isilon Fundamentals 37
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This module covered EMC Isilon storage and accelerator nodes. Node types may be mixed in
a cluster, and often will be in order to achieve the desired balance of performance and
capacity. Performance may also be improved through the use of SSDs in some nodes.
Isilon Fundamentals 38
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This module focuses on EMC Isilons OneFS software modules which provide a robust suite of
management applications.
Isilon Fundamentals 39
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SmartPools is a software module that enables administrators to define subgroups of nodes
within a OneFS cluster. Using SmartPools, multiple tiers of EMC Isilon storage nodes can all
co-exist within a single file system, with a single point of management. By using SmartPools,
administrators can specify exactly which files they want to live on which particular nodes and
disks.

SmartPools main components are node pools and file pools. Node pools are a set of nodes
that you can group into a single pool of storage. File pools enable you to filter files and
directories into specific node pools. File pool policies allow easy and powerful file
distribution among the tiers, cost alignment with aging or infrequently used content, and
eliminate the need for data migrations.
Isilon Fundamentals 40
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SmartPools is recommended for organizations who have multiple storage tiers who wish to
achieve cost efficiency in their storage system. Also, companies with multiple storage
performance requirements and who want the ability to have individual files or sets of data
on a specific storage tier. For example, clients that want to have older files on cheaper,
slower, storage and newer, frequently accessed files on fast storage.
Isilon Fundamentals 41
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SnapshotIQ is a licensed data protection software module for EMC Isilon's OneFS operating
system. A snapshot records a point in time snapshot of the data. Unlike a regular copy of
data which takes significant space, snapshots only keep track of changed data blocks. In
addition, SnapshotIQ has unlimited number of snapshots giving administrators another
option to meet their organization's recovery point and recovery time objectives.

SnapshotIQ allows for the deletion of out of order snapshots and has been integrated with
SmartPools giving the administrator the ability to store snap data on lower cost tiers of
storage. Windows users may also use the ShadowCopy service to recover deleted files or
directories.
Isilon Fundamentals 42
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SnapshotIQ allows users to easily recover files themselves. We also find use cases where
customers have stringent data recovery requirements and want low-impact data protection.
SnapshotIQ is a complement to a tape or archive solution, but should not be considered a
substitute.

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SyncIQ is a simple to manage file asynchronous replication tool that enables administrators
to synchronize mission-critical data throughout a globally distributed network. SyncIQ
delivers replication of files across multiple EMC Isilon clusters over the WAN or LAN.

SyncIQ is the industry's only policy-based file replication system designed exclusively for
scale-out storage, combining a rich set of policies for creating and scheduling storage
replication jobs with bandwidth throttling and cluster utilization capabilities. Replication
policies can be set at the cluster, directory, or file levels.
Isilon Fundamentals 44
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SyncIQ use cases include disaster recover, or DR, where we have a high-speed backup going
across a WAN link, and availability where two or more copies of data are required across
sites. This is often used for archiving where the production data is replicated to an offsite
location, and tiered to tape from there. Another use case is content distribution where data
is shared between sites.
Isilon Fundamentals 45
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SmartConnect is a client connection management module that enables client connections to
be balanced across all nodes within an EMC Isilon cluster or across selected nodes for
security or performance reasons. It provides a single virtual host name for clients to connect.

SmartConnects round robin method works on a rotating basis. As one node IP address is
handed out, it moves to the end of the list; the next node IP address is the used, and so on.

The advanced version of SmartConnect allows multiple network pools within one subnet. It
supports Dynamic IP allocation and NFS failover. It allows for policy driven connection and
failover based on metrics such as CPU utilization, throughput, and connection count.

Isilon Fundamentals 46
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In this example, all nodes are of one type. Well configure different access zones, and create
a performance zone simply by creating a pool with the interfaces from the first set of nodes
and giving it a different name. The high-performance clients then connect to a name
associated with that pool, say performance.isilon.com.

We then create another pool associating the interfaces from the nodes on the bottom, and
call that desktop.isilon.com, which will be used for general clients. We now have the ability
to segment the load from different types of clients; the idea being to not allow desktop
usage to impede any performance to the high-performance clients.

Isilon Fundamentals 47
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SmartQuotas is a feature that can provision, monitor, and report disk storage usage at the
user, group, and directory levels. Administrators commonly use file system quotas as a
method of tracking, and sometimes limiting, the amount of storage that a user, group, or a
project is allowed to consume. SmartQuotas can send automated notifications when storage
limits are exceeded or approached.

SmartQuotas allows for thin provisioning (also known as over-provisioning), enabling
administrators to assign quotas above the actual cluster size. With thin provisioning, the
cluster can be full while some users or directories are well under their quota limit.
Isilon Fundamentals 48
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Quotas are a useful way to ensure that a user or department does not infringe on the
amount of storage that is allocated to other users or departments. Quotas are useful in
enforcing an internal chargeback system, which is often found in the government and
education industries.

SmartQuotas contain flexible reporting options that can help administrators analyze data
usage statistics for their cluster. Both enforcement and accounting quotas are supported, and
a variety of notification methods are available.
Isilon Fundamentals 49
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SmartLock provides policy-based retention and protection against accidental deletions. Many
banks and financial institutions use this feature. Because SmartLock is a software-based
approach to an enterprise file-level retention solution, you can store SmartLock-protected
data alongside other data types with no effect on performance or availability, and without
the added cost of purchasing and maintaining specialty file-level retention capable hardware.
SmartLock is stored at the directory level and sets default retention times once.

Isilon Fundamentals 50
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The use cases for SmartLock are when organizations need data to remain available but
unchanged over extended periods of time. Examples include core revenue-producing
workflows, product designs, software schemas, and product component elements such as
image files, digital masters, legal documents, and critical communications. Legislation may
also require that data be kept unchanged for a specific time period.

Isilon Fundamentals 51
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InsightIQ provides performance and file system analytics to optimize applications, correlate
workflow and network events, and accurately forecast future storage needs. It elaborates on
drill-downs and breakouts and provides both historical and near-time data. It is a stand-alone
virtual application that is not part of OneFS but sells as a separate product.

Isilon Fundamentals 52
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InsightIQ is useful for organizations who want an easy-to-use, yet powerful analytics tool.
Companies who want to optimize their EMC Isilon storage clusters and the applications that
use them without requiring professional services, and who want to offload processing of
analytics from the storage system to a virtual appliance.

Isilon Fundamentals 53
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This module covered the additional software modules supported by OneFS and their various
uses.
Isilon Fundamentals 54
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This course covered the EMC Isilon scale-out Storage Platform powered by the OneFS
operating system. It introduced the EMC Isilon product lines and described the broad range
of EMC Isilon options and software applications.




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