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Observation One
Tuesday, January 28, 2014
Time: 9:00AM-9:58AM

Description of the Location: LOTR Fellowship of the Ring is a journey that spans across Middle
Earth, but begins in the Shire. The Shire is a quaint, isolated region that belongs to Hobbits
whom are naturally very small creatures that resemble children, excluding their large bellies and
big hairy feet. They live in small homes that are often built into the sides of hills under the
ground. Hobbits are a quiet folk who prefer the privacy and comfort of their homes and to never
venture beyond the Shire or do anything unexpected. Bilbo Baggins and Frodo Baggins live in
Bag End where the Ring has resided for nearly fifty years. Samwise Gamgee, Frodos gardener
and later his key companion, Meriadoc Brandybuck, and Peregrin Took are all Hobbits from the
Shire that accompany Frodo on his quest. The village of Bree is located right outside of
Hobbiton and is a settlement where men and hobbits live together. At the Inn of the Prancing
Pony Frodo and his friends waited for Gandalfs promised arrival. Rivendell is a very important
place in the Movie and in Middle Earth. Located on the edge of a mountain it is where Lord
Elrond, a high elf, and Arwen reside. It is a beautiful, peaceful place surrounded by waterfalls
that pour into the valley below. Another mentionable stop on the journey are the Mines of Moria.
These are dark tunnels that travel deep within the Misty Mountains. Abandoned by the Dwarves
it is a dangerous place where goblins, orcs, cave trolls, and the dreaded Balrog live. After the
misadventures of Moria the Fellowship travel to Lothlorien, a forest where Lady Gladriel lived.
Figured World: a figured world is a social place fixed with predetermined actors,
characteristics, ways of communication, and rules and conventions.
Rules and Conventions: There are not many rules in Lord of the Rings because there is no
common law governing all of Middle Earth. Rules change with location and whoever reigns that
territory, but since the characters in Lord of the Rings are always moving these conventions are
hardly ever followed. There is a lot of violence and fighting against evil. There is constant
traveling and searching for safe places to rest. There is an expected level of honor and courage
among every soldier, man, dwarf, elf, and hobbit. Loyalty is also important because throughout
the movie strong friendships and alliances are formed.
Actors: Actors are people who play specific roles that fulfill a purpose within the figured
world. I have not listed all of the actors within the film but only a few significant roles.
Frodo Baggins Is the ring bearer. He has a very important role in the movie because he
has the unsavory task of destroying the ring in the fires of Mount Doom. He is an
ordinary hobbit who is strangely curious about the world outside of the Shire. He is very
brave for volunteering to go to Mordor. He is not very strong and he is not a good fighter.
He is very fond of his Uncle Bilbo and his old adventure tales. At the beginning of the
film he starts out a very innocent and happy hobbit who enjoyed the carefree Shire, but as
the movie continues he becomes more serious and reserved because he has to make
difficult decisions that could claim the lives of his friends.
Samwise Gamgee - is an incredibly loyal companion to Frodo Baggins and was forced to
accompany him as punishment for his prying into Frodos and Gandalfs secret business.
He is Frodos gardener and is in love with Rosie Cotton. He loves the Shire but had
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always had an interest in Elves. Hes courageous and without his help Frodo would have
never survived his quest.
Gandalf the Grey Gandalf is a knowledgeable wizard that starts Frodo on his quest to
save Middle Earth, he is also known for his snarky remarks and amazing advise. He

Aragorn Raised in Rivendell by the Elves, he is Isildurs heir, so the heir to the throne
of Gondor. He is in love with the elf Lady Arwen, Lord Elronds daughter. He is also
known as Strider, because he was a ranger who roamed the lands and kept his identity
secret. He does not accept his destiny as King of Gondor in The Fellowship of the Ring
but by the Return of the King he realizes how important he is in the fight for mankind and
the leadership of Gondor. He is an excellent fighter with great skills with the sword. He
protects Frodo and is known for his bravery.

Sauron Is the main antagonist within the movie and a powerful dark lord. He is
portrayed as an all-seeing eye that sits above the Tower of Barad-dur, in Mordor. He
forged the Ring in the flames of Mount Doom, a master ring to control the Rings of
Power he gave to each race. He is endlessly searching for the Ring so he can regain all
his power. He sent the Ring Wraiths to retrieve the ring at all costs.
Artifacts: are object in the figured world that are important the specific society being studied
or a specific actor.
The Ring: This is the most important artifact within the film series. It is the reason for the
war expanding across Middle Earth. The Fellowships ultimate goal is to destroy the ring
in the Fire of Mt. Doom. The Ring possesses many powers. If the ring is put on by the
person wearing it they will be invisible. It can corrupt its bearer and fog their mind. It
attracts evil things and is constantly trying to get back to its master, Sauron. It was made
to rule over the Rings of Power given to each race. Without the Ring Sauron cannot
exist.
Gandalfs Staff: It is a very important wizarding instrument that allows Gandalf to
perform certain spells. He uses it in many situations and he carries it everywhere. He uses
it to defeat the Balrog, assert his dominance, light the dark, and many other things.
Discourse Communities: Discourse communities are groups that are formed in a figured
world that categorize actors with similar characteristics and have specific way of
communicating.
Fighters: Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli, and Boromir all joined the Fellowship of the Ring to
protect Frodo from harm, they work together to fight off the many threats of Middle
Earth. They each have a unique weapon of choice but they stick to together and protect
each other and fight for one another. They eventually become very close friends. They
communicate face to face and will follow each other anywhere, even into danger.
Wizards: They are very intelligent and can have a lot of power depending on their rank
in the order. Gandalf and Saruman are the only wizards in the LOTR but they have
many interactions. Saruman has joined Saurons force and Gandalf is fighting against
them. They communicate through spells, face to face, and possession.
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Hobbits: they are an optimistic, light-hearted group that serve as a support group for
Frodo, their kin and friend. They do not fight as often due to their size but they are brave
and committed to the Fellowships mission. They communicate face to face.
Literacy Practices: ways of communication, verbal or nonverbal, old or modern.
Face to Face interaction: In LOTR there is no technology and this makes it difficult for
people who are far apart to communicate. Riding horses to deliver messages is not
uncommon but still requires physically speaking to someone.
Signals and Hand Gestures: Sometimes when distances are too great, theres not enough
time to send a message, or maintaining secrecy is important it is best to use signals. Fire
signals between kingdoms or hand signals during battle.
The Observation:
9:00 AM: The Shire is preparing for Bilbos An Unexpected Party." Bilbo explains to Gandalf
his retirement arrangements. He also plans on leaving the Ring with Frodo before he leaves for
Rivendell. The party begins and dancing, eating, and drinking commence while Bilbo tell the
children stories. Gandalf lights his famous fireworks and Bilbo is asked to make a speech.
During his speech he disappears with the ring and leaves the Shire shortly after. Gandalf tells
Frodo to keep the Ring safe and hidden while he leaves to research the Rings history. Gandalf
comes back shortly after to confirm that the Ring is the Ring of Fire. Once it is settled Frodo
knows he must leave the Shire because the Ring Wraiths are searching for him.
9:30 AM: Frodo and his companions, Sam, Merry, and Pippin leave for the village of Bree where
they are supposed to meet with Gandalf who never shows. Accidentally, Frodo trips and the ring
falls on his finger allowing for the Ring Wraiths to discover his location. Luckily, Aragorn is at
Bree and he protects them. They begin to follow Aragorn though they do not know where.
Unfortunately, the Ring Wraiths are drawn to their campfire and stab Frodo with a Morgul blade.
They rush to find Frodo medicine but they need Elvish medicine which is too far of a distance
for Frodo to survive on foot. Arwen, an elf from Rivendell, comes to their aid and takes the
sickening Frodo to Lord Elrond.
9:35 AM: Frodos wound heals and he finally rejoins his friends and Bilbo who are now all in
Rivendell. The hobbits decide that they are ready to go back to the Shire. A secret meeting is
called to Rivendell to discuss the fate of The Ring. Elves and dwarves and men are called to
Rivendell to discuss the matter. Discord breaks out amongst the party and nothing can be decided
upon except that the ring must be destroyed in Mordor. No one wants to take the Ring and more
arguing ensues. Finally, Frodo decides he will take the ring though I do not know the way.
Gandalf, Gimli the Dwarf, Legolas the Elf, and Aragorn and Boromir the men swear to protect
Frodo on his journey. Of course, Sam, Merry, and Pippin dont want to part with their friend and
they insist on going with him. They create the Fellowship of the Ring.
9:40 AM: The Fellowship heads towards the Misty Mountains and must quickly find a safer
route because Saruman was creating a storm too strong to travel the mountain pass. Gimili
suggested to Frodo to travel under the Mountain through the Mines of Moria where his relative
Balin resides. Gandalf was wary of the Mines for he knew a great beast dwelled in them. Frodo
chose the passage through Moria.
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9:45 AM: When the group reaches the Mines they realize that the Dwarves that once lived there
had all been killed by orcs and was now probably infested with them. They could not turn back
because they were now trapped inside due to an attack of an octopus like monster that pushed
them through the door. Shortly after their arrival Gandalf came across a crossroads and had
forgotten the correct path to travel. They were stuck. Frodo realized that the group is being
followed by the creature Gollum and Gandalf advises him to spare the poor creatures life.
Suddenly, Gandalf remembers the correct route and pushes the group onward. Through the
Mines they come across Balins grave and learn of his death. It confirms their fears of orcs in the
mine.
9:50 AM: Just as the Fellowship learned of the death of Balin, Pippin drops a skeleton down a
well and sends a fury of orcs in their direction. The Fellowship fight off many orcs and a cave
troll. Once they defeated them all they ran back out into the halls of Moria and are faced with a
swarming amount of orcs. There is no way they could have fought them off when a low rumble
begins to shake the corridors. A red glow falls upon the hall as the orcs flee. Boromir asks what
it was and Gandalf knows its the demon Balrog. There was nothing they could do but run. They
ran as fast as they could but the Balrog chased close behind. Gandalf turned to face the beast and
they both fell from the bridge deeper into depths of Moria and were not seen again.
9:50 AM: The group makes it out of the mines safely. They grieve for Gandalf, whom they
presume to be dead, but Aragorn knows that they cant waist time in the open because orcs will
soon be after them. They head for the Forest of Lothlorien where the Lady Gladriel lives. She
tries to take the ring form Frodo but she resists the temptation and decides to help him in any
way she could. She offered them food and rest and gave Frodo light from the Earendil star. What
the group doesnt know is that Saruman has sent a pack of Uru-kai to take the hobbits back to
Isengard. The group continues to travel unaware of the threat headed in their direction.
9:55 AM: Frodo still grieving over Gandalf and beginning to fully feel the effects of the Ring
wanders off into the woods to be first confronted by Boromir who attempts to forcibly take the
Ring from him. Fordo manages to escape but then runs into Aragorn who feels the same feelings
of temptation. Aragorn is able to restrain himself and promises to protect Frodo. Suddenly
Aragorn realizes the Uru-kai on their way to attack. Aragorn, Boromir, Legolas, and Gimili
protect the hobbits. Frodo realizes this is his chance to make his escape away from the Uru-kai
and his friends where he decided he will travel alone the rest of the way to Mordor. Merry and
Pippin understand this and distract the Uru-kai away from Frodo where they end up being
captured.
9:58 AM: Frodo safely makes it to the boat and attempts to leave but Sam wont let him leave
without him, because he made a promise to Gandalf that he would stay with Frodo. Boromir ends
up getting killed by the Uru-kai and Legolas, Gimli, and Aragorn chase after them for Merry and
Pippin who the Uru-kai believe to be the Hobbits who have the Ring.
Observation Two
Monday, February 3, 2014
Time: 11:00AM-12:40PM

Description of the Location: LOTR Fellowship of the Ring is a journey that spans across Middle
Earth, but begins in the Shire. The Shire is a quaint, isolated region that belongs to Hobbits
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whom are naturally very small creatures that resemble children, excluding their large bellies and
big hairy feet. They live in small homes that are often built into the sides of hills under the
ground. Hobbits are a quiet folk who prefer the privacy and comfort of their homes and to never
venture beyond the Shire or do anything unexpected. Bilbo Baggins and Frodo Baggins live in
Bag End where the Ring has resided for nearly fifty years. Samwise Gamgee, Frodos gardener
and later his key companion, Meriadoc Brandybuck, and Peregrin Took are all Hobbits from the
Shire that accompany Frodo on his quest. The village of Bree is located right outside of
Hobbiton and is a settlement where men and hobbits live together. At the Inn of the Prancing
Pony Frodo and his friends waited for Gandalfs promised arrival. Rivendell is a very important
place in the Movie and in Middle Earth. Located on the edge of a mountain it is where Lord
Elrond, a high elf, and Arwen reside. It is a beautiful, peaceful place surrounded by waterfalls
that pour into the valley below. Another mentionable stop on the journey are the Mines of Moria.
These are dark tunnels that travel deep within the Misty Mountains. Abandoned by the Dwarves
it is a dangerous place where goblins, orcs, cave trolls, and the dreaded Balrog live. After the
misadventures of Moria the Fellowship travel to Lothlorien, a forest where Lady Gladriel lived.
Figured World: a figured world is a social place fixed with predetermined actors,
characteristics, ways of communication, and rules and conventions.
Rules and Conventions: There are not many rules in Lord of the Rings because there is no
common law governing all of Middle Earth. Rules change with location and whoever reigns that
territory, but since the characters in Lord of the Rings are always moving these conventions are
hardly ever followed. There is a lot of violence and fighting against evil. There is constant
traveling and searching for safe places to rest. There is an expected level of honor and courage
among every soldier, man, dwarf, elf, and hobbit. Loyalty is also important because throughout
the movie strong friendships and alliances are formed.
Actors: Actors are people who play specific roles that fulfill a purpose within the figured
world. I have not listed all of the actors within the film but only a few significant roles.
Saruman A white wizard that switched to Saurons side. He built an army made to
destroy the race of men. He was the highest of Gandalfs order in the Fellowship of the
Ring. He lived in Isenguard.
Gimli Gimli is a hot-tempered dwarf who has a serious problem with elves and believes
to be superior to them. He takes on a very pretentious air throughout the film. He thinks
he knows everything but normally his assumptions are wrong. It was his idea to travel
through the Mines of Moria.
Legolas He is skilled with the bow and arrow. He is an elf from Mirkwood that was a
part of the Fellowship. He formed a strong friendship with Aragorn and Gimli (even
though the dwarf and the elf were a bit hostile towards each other initially).
Thoden King of Rohan, he was a strong willed man who was possessed by Saruman
but later saved by Gandalf.
Tree Beard An Ent that saved Merry and Pippin in Fangorn Forest.
Artifacts: are objects in the figured world that are important to the specific society being
studied or a specific actor.
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Light of the Eldar was a gift given to Aragorn by his lover Arwen. It represented her
life and mortality and was very precious to him throughout his travels.
Discourse Communities: Discourse communities are groups that are formed in a figured
world that categorize actors with similar characteristics and have specific way of
communicating.
Fighters: Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli, and Boromir all joined the Fellowship of the Ring to
protect Frodo from harm, they work together to fight off the many threats of Middle
Earth. They each have a unique weapon of choice but they stick to together and protect
each other and fight for one another. They eventually become very close friends. They
communicate face to face and will follow each other anywhere, even into danger.
Wizards: They are very intelligent and can have a lot of power depending on their rank
in the order. Gandalf and Saruman are the only wizards in the LOTR but they have
many interactions. Saruman has joined Saurons force and Gandalf is fighting against
them. They communicate through spells, face to face, and possession.
Hobbits: they are an optimistic, light-hearted group that serve as a support group for
Frodo, their kin and friend. They do not fight as often due to their size but they are brave
and committed to the Fellowships mission. They communicate face to face.

The Observation
11:00AM: Frodo and Sam are lost and cant find their way to Mordor. They are being followed
by the creature Gollum. Gollum attempts to attack them in their sleep but he is captured. Frodo
and Sam use Gollum as a guide but they do not trust him. / Merry and Pippin are being taken by
the Uru-kai to Saruman and are being closely followed by Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli who are
trying to save them.
11:30AM: Frodo and Sam move through the swamps closer and closer to Mordor. Gollum
battles between his two personalities, Gollum and Smagol. Smagol makes an attempt to
befriend Frodo, his Master. / The Uru-kai fight over whether to eat Merry and Pippin but are
then killed by the Rohirrim who have been banished from Rohan. Merry and Pippin are chased
in to Fangorn Forest by a surviving orc. Luckily, Tree Beard the Ent kills the orc and captures
the Hobbits to take them to Gandalf. Gandalf survived the fall with the Balrog and has become a
White Wizard. Ally
11:40AM: Legolas, Gimli, and Aragorn encounter the Rohirrim and learn of the Uru-kais fate.
They believe that Merry and Pippin were killed in the massacre but eventually find their tracks
leading to Fangorn Forest. Frodo and Sam finally reach the Black Gate that leads in to Mordor.
They are overwhelmed by its size and protection. Sam falls off the cliff hiding them from the evil
men below. Frodo saves Sam and Smagol convinces them to take a secret, hidden road into
Mordor.
11:50AM: In Fangorn Forest, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli run into Gandalf the White who had
just spoken to Merry and Pippin before leaving them safely in Tree Beards care. Gandalf then
instructs Aragorns team to Rohan where the King Theoden is possessed by Saruman. Frodo,
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Sam and Gollum are making their way to the hidden passage but it becomes clear to Sam that the
Ring is starting to consume Frodo.
11:55AM: Gandalf the White is able to draw Saruman out of Thodens mind and this allows the
King to protect his nation again. Aragorn and Gandalf try to convince Thoden to strike Saruman
first but Thoden moves his people to the fortress of Helms Deep. Meanwhile, Frodo and Sam
are searching for food and come across a legion of men heading to Mordor to fight against the
race of men. They realized that some hidden force was attacking the evil men from all around
them and in the chaos they were captured by them, Faramir of Gondor, brother of the late
Boromir.
12:00PM: Gandalf rode to find the Rohirrim, soldiers loyal to Thoden, and left Aragorn,
Legolas, and Gimli so they could counsel the King during the upcoming battle with Sarumans
massive army of Uru-kai. Thodens people traveled the dangerous road to Helms Deep and
along the way were attacked by Warg Riders. Thodens men and Aragorns team fought back
the attack as the women and children escaped to safety. Frodo and Sam were now being
questioned by Faramir about their purpose for hiding in the brush. Faramir threatened to harm
Smagol and Frodo realized how much he had begun to care for Smagol. Unfortunately,
Faramir still captured Smagol and incarcerated him, which led to Smagols descent back into
evil and a bitter distrust of Frodo.
12:30PM: Sarumans army now amassed itself in front of Helms Deep where men and
sympathetic elves prepared for battle. / Frodo and Sam were in no better situation as Faramir
learned from Gollum Frodos possession of the Ring. Faramir decided to take the Hobbits to
Gondor and use the ring for their benefit but Frodo knew this was impossible and that the Ring
only had the power to do evil.
12:35PM: Aragorn and the men of Rohan fought valiantly against the Uru-kai but they still did
not have the upper hand. Just when it felt like they needed a miracle, Gandalf arrived as
promised with the Rohirrim and defeated the Uru-kai. / On their way to Gondor Faramirs
regiment was attacked by Ring Wraiths that were drawn to the power of the Ring. Frodo
presented himself to the Wraith so that he may be rid of the Ring once and for all but Sam saved
him. Sam was convinced that there was some good in the world, Mr. Frodo, and its worth
fighting for!
12:40: Sam then convinced Faramir that taking the Ring was a mistake and that his brother,
Boromir had tried to do the same thing and died. Faramir decided to free Frodo, Sam, and
Gollum. Frodo was very thankful to Sam for his bravery, but Frodo was still unaware that his
guide was no longer loyal to him and was scheming against him.

Observation Three
Tuesday, February 4, 2014
Time: 2:00PM-4:00PM

Description of the Location: LOTR Fellowship of the Ring is a journey that spans across Middle
Earth, but begins in the Shire. The Shire is a quaint, isolated region that belongs to Hobbits
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whom are naturally very small creatures that resemble children, excluding their large bellies and
big hairy feet. They live in small homes that are often built into the sides of hills under the
ground. Hobbits are a quiet folk who prefer the privacy and comfort of their homes and to never
venture beyond the Shire or do anything unexpected. Bilbo Baggins and Frodo Baggins live in
Bag End where the Ring has resided for nearly fifty years. Samwise Gamgee, Frodos gardener
and later his key companion, Meriadoc Brandybuck, and Peregrin Took are all Hobbits from the
Shire that accompany Frodo on his quest. The village of Bree is located right outside of
Hobbiton and is a settlement where men and hobbits live together. At the Inn of the Prancing
Pony Frodo and his friends waited for Gandalfs promised arrival. Rivendell is a very important
place in the Movie and in Middle Earth. Located on the edge of a mountain it is where Lord
Elrond, a high elf, and Arwen reside. It is a beautiful, peaceful place surrounded by waterfalls
that pour into the valley below. Another mentionable stop on the journey are the Mines of Moria.
These are dark tunnels that travel deep within the Misty Mountains. Abandoned by the Dwarves
it is a dangerous place where goblins, orcs, cave trolls, and the dreaded Balrog live. After the
misadventures of Moria the Fellowship travel to Lothlorien, a forest where Lady Gladriel lived.
Figured World: a figured world is a social place fixed with predetermined actors,
characteristics, ways of communication, and rules and conventions.
Rules and Conventions: There are not many rules in Lord of the Rings because there is no
common law governing all of Middle Earth. Rules change with location and whoever reigns that
territory, but since the characters in Lord of the Rings are always moving these conventions are
hardly ever followed. There is a lot of violence and fighting against evil. There is constant
traveling and searching for safe places to rest. There is an expected level of honor and courage
among every soldier, man, dwarf, elf, and hobbit. Loyalty is also important because throughout
the movie strong friendships and alliances are formed.
Actors: Actors are people who play specific roles that fulfill a purpose within the figured
world. I have not listed all of the actors within the film but only a few significant roles.
Frodo Baggins Is the ring bearer. He has a very important role in the movie because he
has the unsavory task of destroying the ring in the fires of Mount Doom. He is an
ordinary hobbit who is strangely curious about the world outside of the Shire. He is very
brave for volunteering to go to Mordor. He is not very strong and he is not a good fighter.
He is very fond of his Uncle Bilbo and his old adventure tales. At the beginning of the
film he starts out a very innocent and happy hobbit who enjoyed the carefree Shire, but as
the movie continues he becomes more serious and reserved because he has to make
difficult decisions that could claim the lives of his friends.
Samwise Gamgee is an incredibly loyal companion to Frodo Baggins and was forced to
accompany him as punishment for his prying into Frodos and Gandalfs secret business.
He is Frodos gardener and is in love with Rosie Cotton. He loves the Shire but had
always had an interest in Elves. Hes courageous and without his help Frodo would have
never survived his quest.
Gandalf the Grey Gandalf is a knowledgeable wizard that starts Frodo on his quest to
save Middle Earth, he is also known for his snarky remarks and amazing advise.
Aragorn - Raised in Rivendell by the Elves, he is Isildurs heir, so the heir to the throne
of Gondor. He is in love with the elf Lady Arwen, Lord Elronds daughter. He is also
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known as Strider, because he was a ranger who roamed the lands and kept his identity
secret. He does not accept his destiny as King of Gondor in The Fellowship of the Ring
but by the Return of the King he realizes how important he is in the fight for mankind and
the leadership of Gondor. He is an excellent fighter with great skills with the sword. He
protects Frodo and is known for his bravery.

Sauron - Is the main antagonist within the movie and a powerful dark lord. He is
portrayed as an all-seeing eye that sits above the Tower of Barad-dur, in Mordor. He
forged the Ring in the flames of Mount Doom, a master ring to control the Rings of
Power he gave to each race. He is endlessly searching for the Ring so he can regain all
his power. He sent the Ring Wraiths to retrieve the ring at all costs
Artifacts: are object in the figured world that are important the specific society being studied
or a specific actor.
The Ring: This is the most important artifact within the film series. It is the reason for the
war expanding across Middle Earth. The Fellowships ultimate goal is to destroy the ring
in the Fire of Mt. Doom. The Ring possesses many powers. If the ring is put on by the
person wearing it they will be invisible. It can corrupt its bearer and fog their mind. It
attracts evil things and is constantly trying to get back to its master, Sauron. It was made
to rule over the Rings of Power given to each race. Without the Ring Sauron cannot
exist.
Star of Earendil a phial of this star light was given to Frodo by Gladriel. It had the
power to subdue darkness, drive away evil, and was a handy flashlight.
Shards of Narsil These were the remnants of Elendils blade broken in the Last Alliance
of Elves and Men and was re-forged in Rivendell and given to Aragorn. It was proof that
he was the true heir to the throne.
Discourse Communities: Discourse communities are groups that are formed in a figured
world that categorize actors with similar characteristics and have specific way of
communicating.
Fighters: Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli, and Boromir all joined the Fellowship of the Ring to
protect Frodo from harm, they work together to fight off the many threats of Middle
Earth. They each have a unique weapon of choice but they stick to together and protect
each other and fight for one another. They eventually become very close friends. They
communicate face to face and will follow each other anywhere, even into danger.
Wizards: They are very intelligent and can have a lot of power depending on their rank
in the order. Gandalf and Saruman are the only wizards in the LOTR but they have
many interactions. Saruman has joined Saurons force and Gandalf is fighting against
them. They communicate through spells, face to face, and possession.
Hobbits: they are an optimistic, light-hearted group that serve as a support group for
Frodo, their kin and friend. They do not fight as often due to their size but they are brave
and committed to the Fellowships mission. They communicate face to face.
Literacy Practices: ways of communication, verbal or nonverbal, old or modern.
10

Face to Face interaction: In LOTR there is no technology and this makes it difficult for
people who are far apart to communicate. Riding horses to deliver messages is not
uncommon but still requires physically speaking to someone.
Signals and Hand Gestures: Sometimes when distances are too great, theres not enough
time to send a message, or maintaining secrecy is important it is best to use signals. Fire
signals between kingdoms or hand signals during battle.
The Observation:
2:00PM - Gandalf, Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli, Thoden encounter Merry, Pippin and Tree
Beard at Isengard. The group returns to Rohan where Pippin looks into Saruman's
recovered palantr. Sauron emerges and enters Pippins mind but he says nothing about Frodo or
the Ring. Gandalf realizes that Sauron is planning to attack Minas Tirith in Gondor. Gandalf and
Pippin ride to find Denethor, the Steward of Gondor. Pippin swears his service to Denethor for
the death of his son Boromir.
2:30 PM - Gandalf advises Denethor to ask Rohan for assistance, but Denethor refuses, he knows
that Aragorn is the heir to the throne and he doesnt want to lose his power. Denethor sends his
son Faramir on a suicide mission to reclaim the city of Osgiliath which is overrun by Nazgul and
an orc army. Pippin lights the distress beacon signaling to Rohan that Gondor calls for aid.
Elrond gives Aragorn the re-forged sword of Narsil to summon the Army of the Dead, who will
only answer to the King of Gondor. Thoden rides to war with his men (also Eowyn and Merry).
2:45PM - Sauron's armies approach Minas Tirith and begin to attack. Just before Gondor falls,
the Rohirrim army arrives and leads a successful counter-attack against the orc army. The orcs
begin to retreat, but reinforcements come, as sea pirates and evil men from the East begin to turn
the tide. The Nazgul king kills Thoden, but he is then also killed by Eowyn. On the verge of
defeat, the Rohirrim are saved when Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli arrive just in time with the
Army of the Dead and overrun Sauron's army, ending the battle.
3:00PM - Meanwhile, Frodo, Sam and Gollum continue to travel to Minas Morgul. Sam doesnt
trust Gollum and overhears his plan to kill Frodo. Frodo, still oblivious, struggles to decide
whom to believe. Gollum sabotages Sam by secretly tossing their food supply over a cliff and
blaming it on Sam. Gollum then persuades the gullible Frodo that Sam want the Ring for
himself. Frodo furiously tells Sam to go home.
3:15PM - Sam begins to leave and Gollum deceives Frodo in the cave where the giant spider
Shelob lives. Frodo is paralyzed by Shelobs bite but Sam comes back to save Frodo and fight
off Shelob. Sam believes Frodo is dead, but later learns from an orc patrol that Frodo lives. After
Sam recovers Frodo from the orc tower where he was taken they continue to Mount Doom.
3:30PM - Meanwhile, Aragorn amasses an army at the Black Gate of Mordor as a distraction t
allow Frodo and Sam safe passage through the orc infested land of Mordor. As Sam carries the
exhausted Frodo up the volcano side, Gollum returns and attacks them but they are able to
escape. At the Crack of Doom, Frodo submits to the Ring's control and refuses to throw it in the
fire.
3:45PM - Gollum tries again to get the ring and bites Frodos finger off. As Frodo tries to win
the ring back they both fall over the cliff towards the lava, but Frodo holds on to the edge of the
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cliff. Gollum and the Ring fall to their deaths and the volcano erupts and Sauron is destroyed.
Sam and Frodo are rescued by the Eagles.
4:00PM - Aragorn is crowned king of Gondor and marries Lady Arwen. The Hobbits return from
the Shire, but Frodo cant assimilate back into his normal life and leaves with Bilbo to the
Undying Lands.

I nterview:
Disclaimer: I will be conducting this interview and answering, to the best of my ability, for the
interviewee. Answers will be a guess as to what the actor might have said were they truly asked.
1. Gandalf, what were your feelings regarding the betrayal of Saruman, the highest of your
order? Did you feel like you had more responsibilities as a wizard to the survival of
Middle Earth? How were you going to help Frodo when you couldnt physically be with
him?
a. I was never really fond of Saruman, I had much respect for him and knowledge,
but he had always been a pretentious prick. I was still taken off-guard by his
alliance with Sauron. Someone who had so much knowledge and experience was
overcome with fear to the extent he betrayed his friends and reason. It was a
terrible loss for the fight against Mordor. I was very overwhelmed and unsure, I
turned to Elrond for assistance but I always knew that I would have to take on a
bigger role than ever before. As for Frodo, as much as I wanted to stay with him
and protect him I knew I would be more helpful other places, making sure that
nothing would hinder him from reaching Mt. Doom and that Sauron would be
occupied on other affairs.
2. Sam, how did you stay so loyal to Frodo throughout the Journey to Mordor when you did
not have the strongest relationship with him in the Shire. Were there any exercises or
extra effort you had to give to remain loyal? What were those?
a. Staying loyal was the hardest thing I ever had to do. It felt like every day I was
fighting for his trust when all I wanted was to get us home to the Shire. It was a
battle of the mind because each day the ring would get closer to taking him and I
knew the world would never be the same if I let that happen. I was fighting for the
Shire and everything I love. I did, have a routine to keep me motivated and it
began in the morning with an upbeat attitude and trying to keep Frodo as
comfortable as possible. I would save most of the food and resources for him as to
keep up morale. It was hard but everything was worth it.
3. Aragorn, you are the heir to the throne of Gondor. Why werent you interested and what
made you change your mind and accept your throne?
a. I didnt know about my ancestry for a long time and it was hard for me to accept
that many of the issues that involved the race of men were due to my bloodline.
The same weaknesses they possessed I possessed, and I as truly scared to let
down the people of Gondor. I just wasnt ready for that responsibility. As I
traveled further to the different kingdoms of men I realized that something had to
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change because everyone was divided. I wanted to make a difference and protect
the race of men.
4. Frodo, you told Bilbo that you werent like him when it comes to leaving the Shire. What
made you decide that you wanted to take the ring to Mordor even though you were ready
to go home? Can you give me an example of some moments you were proud to be the
ring bearer?
a. After the Nazgul ordeal, I was glad that I had finished the task given to me by
Gandalf and as much as I had dreamed of leaving the Shire and going on
adventures I had this longing for home. I had always imagined being some great
explorer but I just wasnt cut out for it. When I decided to take the ring to Mordor
I was a bit surprised at myself as well. I dont know if it was a choice made under
the influence of the ring but all I remember thinking is, It has to be me, it has to
be me. There are many moments, looking back, that make me proud, but I was
most proud at Aragorns coronation because thats when everything sunk in and I
realized that I had saved humanity.
5. Frodo, how have you changed as a person by the end of your ordeal and have you seen
changes in your companions?
a. Everyone has changed. We have seen things no other man has seen and we are
emotionally, mentally, and physically scarred. Me most of all because I was
surrounded by darkness for so long and I expected to die. Im more thoughtful,
sometimes distant, always careful, but most of all, tired. I just want to rest, take
things slowly, and enjoy peace.