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The Universality of the Golden Rule in the World Religions


by Todd Hebert (From the Internet)
World religions differ greatly in their individual beliefs, practices and traditions. But the one thing that
they all share is the Ethic of Reciprocity, or the Golden rule as it is commonly known. Here is a list of
several religious traditions version of the universal rule.
Bah Faith: Ascribe not to any soul that which thou wouldst not have ascribed to thee, and
say not that which thou doest not. Blessed is he who preferreth his brother
before himself.
Bahaullah And if thine eyes be turned towards justice, choose thou forthy neighbour that
which thou choosest for thyself. Epistle to the Son of the Wolf
Brahmanism: This is the sum of Dharma [duty]: Do naught unto others which would cause
you pain if done to you. Mahabharata, 5:1517
Buddhism:

a state that is not pleasing or delightful to me, how could I
inflict that upon another? Samyutta NIkaya v. 353
Hurt not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful. Udana-Varga 5:18
Christianity:

Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even
so to them: for this is the law and the prophets. Matthew 7:12, King James
Version.
And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise. Luke
6:31, King James Version.
and dont do what you hate, Gospel of Thomas 6. The Gospel of Thomas is
one of about 40 gospels that were widely accepted among early Christians, but
which never made it into the Christian Scriptures (New Testament).
Confucianism:

Do not do to others what you do not want them to do to you Analects 15:23
Tse-kung asked, Is there one word that can serve as a principle of conduct for
life? Confucius replied, It is the word shu reciprocity. Do not impose on
others what you yourself do not desire. Doctrine of the Mean 13.3
Try your best to treat others as you would wish to be treated yourself, and you
will find that this is the shortest way to benevolence. Mencius VII.A.4
Ancient Egyptian:

Do for one who may do for you, that you may cause him thus to do. The Tale of
the Eloquent Peasant, 109 110 Translated by R.B. Parkinson. The original
dates to 1970 to 1640 BCE and may be the earliest version ever written.
Hinduism:

This is the sum of duty: do not do to others what would cause pain if done to
you. Mahabharata 5:1517
Humanism:

(5) Humanists acknowledge human interdependence, the need for mutual
respect and the kinship of all humanity.
(11) Humanists affirm that individual and social problems can only be resolved
by means of human reason, intelligent effort, critical thinking joined with
compassion and a spirit of empathy for all living beings.
Dont do things you wouldnt want to have done to you, British Humanist
Society.
Islam: None of you [truly] believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for
himself. Number 13 of Imam Al-Nawawis Forty Hadiths.
Jainism:

Therefore, neither does he [a sage] cause violence to others nor does he make
others do so. Acarangasutra 5.101-2.
In happiness and suffering, in joy and grief, we should regard all creatures as
we regard our own self. Lord Mahavira, 24th Tirthankara
A man should wander about treating all creatures as he himself would be
treated. Sutrakritanga 1.11.33
Judaism:

thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. Leviticus 19:18
What is hateful to you, do not to your fellow man. This is the law:
all the rest is commentary. Talmud, Shabbat 31a.
And what you hate, do not do to any one. Tobit 4:15
Native American

Respect for all life is the foundation. The Great Law of Peace.
All things are our relatives; what we do to everything, we do to ourselves.
All is really One. Black Elk
Do not wrong or hate your neighbor. For it is not he who you wrong, but
yourself. Pima proverb.
Roman Pagan The law imprinted on the hearts of all men is to love the members of society as
themselves.
Shinto:

The heart of the person before you is a mirror. See there your own form
Be charitable to all beings, love is the representative of God. Ko-ji-ki
Hachiman Kasuga
Sikhism: Compassion-mercy and religion are the support of the entire world. Japji Sahib
Dont create enmity with anyone as God is within everyone. Guru Arjan Devji
259
No one is my enemy, none a stranger and everyone is my friend. Guru Arjan
Dev : AG 1299
Sufism: The basis of Sufism is consideration of the hearts and feelings of others. If you
havent the will to gladden someones heart, then at least beware lest you hurt
someones heart, for on our path, no sin exists but this. Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh,
Master of the Nimatullahi Sufi Order.
Taoism:

Regard your neighbors gain as your own gain, and your neighbors loss as
your own loss. Tai Shang Kan Ying Pien.
The sage has no interest of his own, but takes the interests of the people as his
own. He is kind to the kind; he is also kind to the unkind: for Virtue is kind. He
is faithful to the faithful; he is also faithful to the unfaithful: for Virtue is
faithful. Tao The Ching, Chapter 49
Unitarian:

The inherent worth and dignity of every person; Justice, equity and compassion
in human relations. The goal of world community with peace, liberty, and
justice for all;
We affirm and promote respect for the interdependent web of all existence of
which we are a part. Unitarian principles.
Wicca: An it harm no one, do what thou wilt (i.e. do what ever you will, as long as it
harms nobody, including yourself). Ones will is to be carefully thought out in
advance of action. This is called the Wiccan Rede
Yoruba: (Nigeria): One going to take a pointed stick to pinch a baby bird should first try
it on himself to feel how it hurts.
Zoroastrianism:

That nature alone is good which refrains from doing unto another whatsoever
is not good for itself. Dadistan-i-dinik 94:5
Whatever is disagreeable to yourself do not do unto others. Shayast-na-Shayast
13:29
Some Philosophers statements are:
Epictetus: What you would avoid suffering yourself, seek not to impose on
others. (circa 100 CE)
Kant: Act as if the maxim of thy action were to become by thy will a universal
law of nature.
Plato: May I do to others as I would that they should do unto me. (Greece; 4
th

century BCE)
Socrates: Do not do to others that which would anger you if others did it to
you. (Greece; 5
th
century BCE)
Seneca: Treat your inferiors as you would be treated by your superiors,
Epistle 47:11 (Rome; 1
st
century CE)

United Religions Initiative
From Wikipedia, the free Internet Encyclopedia
The United Religions Initiative (URI) is an international, grassroots, interfaith bridge-building
organization modeled after the United Nations. It aims to create social change by promoting enduring,
daily interfaith cooperation, ending religiously motivated violence, and promoting cultures of peace,
justice, and healing for the Earth and all living beings.
[1]

Guided by the vision of founder The Rt. Rev. William E. Swing the URI Charter was developed through a
series of international conferences and consultation with transformative organizational design
practitioners David Cooperrider and Diana Whitney.
[2]
The URI Charter was signed by more than two-
hundred people present, and hundreds more joining over the Internet, at a ceremony in Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania, USA on June 26, 2000.
[3]

Contents
1 Organizational structure
2 Activities
3 References
4 External links
Organizational structure
The URI is composed of 426 Cooperation Circles (CCs) in 72 countries worldwide as of November 2009.
CCs are groups of 7 or more individuals representing 3 or more different faiths or spiritual expressions.
CC members are all located in one of eight regions or span across multiple regions:
[4]

Africa
Asia
Europe
Latin America & the Caribbean
Middle East & North Africa
Multi-regional
North America
Southeast Asia & the Pacific
Activities
Before the formal charter signing in 2000, URI supporters around the world participated together in a
project called 72 Hours for Peace, in which more than 250 local organizations united in projects
promoting peace and justice during the turn of the millennium.
[5]

Examples of global and member initiatives documented in the public record:
The Acholi Religious Leaders Peace Initiative has played a key role in promoting peace in war-
torn northern Uganda.
[6]
The Ugandan groups are also participants in the Northern Uganda Social
Action Fund supported by the World Bank.
[7]

Members united in early support of U.S. action to prevent continued atrocities in Darfur through
the proposed Darfur Accountability Act of 2005.
[8]

The Interfaith Peace-building Initiative (IPI) is a peace organization which has been working
actively since 2003 to promote interfaith cooperation, a culture of peace, harmony, constructive
dialogue and the Golden Rule. It is a nongovernmental peace organization legally registered with
the Ministry of Justice in Ethiopia. IPI was established by concerned citizens from different
religions here in Ethiopia that strongly believe that religions should play an important role in
building trust and promoting a culture of peace, healing and reconciliation.
[9]

References
2. United Religions Initiative Charter.
3. Cooperrider, David L. and Diana Kaplin Whitney, Appreciative inquiry: a positive revolution in
change, page 31, Berret-Koehler Publishers Inc., 2005
4. Pittsburgh Post Gazette, June 28, 2000, Ervin Dyer, Charter Signed for Religious Coalitions
Google archive.
5. Cooperation Circles, United Religions Initiative
6. Talcott, Sarah, Building the Interfaith Youth Movement: Beyond Dialogue to Action, p78, ed. by
Eboo Patel and Patrice Brodeur, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2006
7. Religion News Service, January 8, 2008, Jason Kane, Ugandan Religious Leaders Set Aside
Rivalries in Pursuit of Peace Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life.
8. Marshall, Katherine and Lucy Keough, Mind, Heart, and Soul in the Fight Against Poverty, The
World Bank, 2004 pp232-233
9. Christian Today, April 12, 2005, Interfaith Group Backs Call to End Darfur Genocide,
christiantoday.com archive.
Interfaith Peace-building Initiative